Writing Project 3 PrewritingFor this project I have chosen the issue of police brutality which is gradually crawling back specifically affecting youths and teens residing in low economic suburbs in Georgia. My project will therefore target the residents in these localities particularly the youth, parents and opinion shapers with regards to shaping public policies. These stakeholders include activism NGOs, social researchers and the local political leadership.This initiative was inspired by a presentation made by Isabela Robinson on Ted Talks in March last year where she suggested the evils subjected on young citizens by the police and the effect this has on their development (TEDx Talks, 2019). Research Question- The role of social media in reporting cases of police brutality in low economic status suburbs in Savannah.To collect primary data for my study, I have interviewed two victims of this social evil, their respective parents and have complemented this information with records of hospitalized victims and an expert opinion from a local researcher affiliated to social activism firm in Savannah. In this project I will persuade the residents of the suburbs to embark on forming social networks and giving these cases the publicity they need to be exposed and attended. To successfully convince the residence to use social media to root out police brutality I will use experts and opinions from authorities of the sociology of policing, present to them statistics of those affected by the issue and the worrying trend and later present the sorry states of those whose lives have been negative affected by the issue. However, disrespect for authorities in many instances prompt the police to apply violence (Silver, 2017). I will emphasize on cooperation with the police and a call for the youth to desist from violence and drug abuse as the police have cited these as their resolve to apply violence to apprehend some youths. To seek more information on this project, I have used the PsycINFO catalogue in the Cleveland State Community College to identify scholarly articles relating to the issue. Here is have found articles and videos which are more important as they have more elaborate data. I have not had any trouble sourcing information on the project. ReferencesSilver, A. (2017). The demand for order in civil society: A review of some themes in the history of urban crime, police, and riot. InTheories and origins of the modern police(pp. 23-46). Routledge. Retrieved from; https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781315084824/chapters/10.4324/9781315084824-3TEDx Talks. (2019, March 7).  Social Media’s Impact on Cases of Police Brutality. Retrieved from; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z_Y3_y_hzp8


McEwen, M., & Wills, E. (2014).Theoretical basis for nursing(4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Chapter 2: Overview of Theory in Nursing “Nursing’s Metaparadigm” ePages 40 – 45Chapter 6: Overview of Grand Nursing TheoriesChapter 10: Introduction to Middle Range Nursing TheoriesThere are global areas of knowledge in professional nursing that provide an organizing structure to theory and knowledge development. Nursing is organized by a metaparadigm, which consists of four concepts that define the discipline. The concepts within a metaparadigm help to form a central focus of the nursing discipline. Another way of thinking about this is that a dominant metaparadigm helps form the world view of a discipline (Parker & Smith, 2015). Research, theory, and practice are oriented around this dominant way of thinking about the discipline’s world.ReflectionLook at the theories in your text, think about the many concepts in those theories, and reflect on the values, beliefs, and principles that were part of your nursing education and are part of your nursing practice. All of these make up the dominant metaparadigm of nursing (Parker & Smith, 2015).Within any profession, there must be a consensus about the concepts of the metaparadigm. For a nursing theory to comprehensively reflect the profession of nursing, each of the key concepts must be addressed, explained, and applied to practice. In doing so, research ideas may be generated, resulting in knowledge development. Once the metaparadigm concepts are agreed upon, theory and knowledge development have organization or a central theme.Several nursing theorists developed different variations of terms and concepts for the metaparadigm. For professional nursing, consensus in the literature identifies person, environment, health, and nursing as being the concepts within our metaparadigm (Parker & Smith, 2015). This is the most commonly accepted metaparadigm and was initially developed by Fawcett in 1978 and revised in later years.MetaparadigmClick each term and review the definitionNursingPersonHealthEnvironmentBackgroundJaqueline Fawcett, RN, PhD, ScD (hon), FAAN, ANEF was the original theorist who identified the nursing metaparadigm. What follows is an interview with Dr. Fawcett conducted on July 2011 by a professor of nursing as part of a learning activity for an online nursing course.The InterviewRebecca Lee (RL): Would you please share with the students your own educational pathway to nursing?Jacqueline Fawcett (JF): I earned a baccalaureate degree in nursing in 1964, a master’s degree in parent-child nursing with a minor in nursing education in 1970, and a PhD in nursing in 1976.RL: What originally inspired you to develop the metaparadigm concepts?JF: I was asked to present a paper, “The What of Theory Development,” at a conference sponsored by the National League for Nursing in 1977 (Fawcett, 1978). Viewed through the lens of Kuhn’s (1970) work on the structure of scientific revolutions, Dubin’s (1969) idea of the central concepts of a discipline became nursing’s central concepts, which evolved into the concepts of the metaparadigm of nursing (Fawcett, 2005).RL: How did these concepts influence the discipline of nursing, both at the time of creation and in the years since?JF: The metaparadigm concepts, indeed the very idea of a metaparadigm of nursing, influences nurses’ understanding of what nursing is, and especially their understanding that nursing is an intellectual discipline and not only skills used in the care of people who are sick. I believe that a considerable amount of nurse burnout could be reduced if nurses took the time to step back from their concrete clinical practice activities and examine their practice from an abstract theoretical perspective. One theoretical perspective is the concepts of the metaparadigm of nursing. I think that in doing so, nurses will begin to realize that nursing is an intellectual enterprise that encompasses clinical practice activities that are guided by theoretical rationale. Thinking in this way requires nurses to embrace change, which can be scary! But all of us must be willing to take the risks that are inherent in change to grow.RL: How have your original metaparadigm concepts evolved over the years?JF: The central concepts I included in my 1978 paper (Fawcett, 1978) were man, society, health, and nursing. Later, I changed man to person in the interests of gender-neutral language, and I changed society to environment in the interests of a broad perspective of the surroundings of nurses and nursing participants. The most recent change, from person to human beings, was in response to the critique that person is not recognized in some cultures. I described these changes in detail in my book, Contemporary nursing knowledge: Analysis and evaluation of nursing models and theories (Fawcett, 2005). In that book, I also present other versions of the metaparadigm concepts offered by several nurse scholars There has been some discussion as to whether “nursing” is a tautological concept within the metaparadigm of nursing. However, I have maintained that the inclusion of nursing as a distinct metaparadigm concept is necessary to capture the notion of the definition, goals, and processes of nursing.RL: Would you please discuss the relevance of the metaparadigm concepts to the profession of nursing in 2011, and beyond?JF: The concepts of the metaparadigm of nursing, whether my version or another version, are as relevant today as at any other time in nursing’s history, because they are a way to identify what are the boundaries and scope of the knowledge of nursing. Specifically, the metaparadigm concepts identify the global areas of knowledge needed for nursing at the bedside and in administration, education, and research. Individuals who might dismiss the idea of a metaparadigm of nursing as dated should consider their position carefully. For if people do not accept that there is a body of knowledge that constitutes nursing that is distinctive and different from other disciplines, then they do not have the right to say that they are practicing a profession or that they are members of a professional discipline. Instead, they are functioning as trades people.RL: Could you share with us your own vision for the future of professional nursing?JF: I regret that I am not optimistic. Too often, we behave as if we are members of a trade rather than of a professional discipline by ignoring the metaparadigm of nursing and by denying the utility of nursing’s discipline-specific knowledge. Instead, we willingly assume tasks and functions given to us by physicians who would rather not bother with certain tasks and functions. See, for example, Sandelowski’s (1999) seminal paper about the history of intravenous nursing.RL: In closing, do you have any advice for my students as they embark on their educational journey?JF: Keep going! Don’t be afraid to envision possibilities in your own future. That takes courage! You will no doubt reach a point at which you want more education, so it is best to pursue that education while you are used to being a student. Above all, have the faith of your convictions and don’t be afraid of being alone.(Lee, & Fawcett, 2013, p. 96-97).The focus of this week’s content can be summarized by the following question: “Should the nature of nursing knowledge be abstract or concrete?” To answer this question, the following questions need to be considered first:How can something abstract be useful at the bedside?How can something concrete consider all of the diversity of possible nursing care situations with individuals, families, and communities?TheoryConsider the following questions: “Should the nature of nursing knowledge be abstract or concrete?”To answer this question, the following questions need to be considered first:How can something abstract be useful in nursing practice?How can something concrete consider all of the diversity of possible nursing care situations with individuals, families, and communities?How can something concrete consider different roles and practice settings of nurses?Definition of a TheoryA theory is a frame of reference on how individuals view reality. A formal definition notes that theory is a group of interrelated concepts, assumptions, and propositions that explains or guides action. For the nursing profession, a nursing theory provides a view of or a window into the reality of nursing. It guides the thinking about and the doing of nursing. A comprehensive theory includes an explanation of both the noun and verb aspects of the profession, as well as a consideration of the concepts of the nursing metaparadigm: person, health, environment, and nursing (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2011; McEwen & Wills, 2014). Theories go beyond interventions to consider, in both speculative and practical manners; the focus of the person using the theory; and the desired nursing outcome. Practitioners, researchers, and educators of nursing have a common discussion point of what is and what is not nursing (Parker & Smith, 2015).Level of AbstractionGrand TheoriesHow can something abstract be useful in nursing practice?Let’s first consider the level of abstraction and how it applies to the scope of a theory. Take a moment a look into the following picture.Image Description(Links to an external site.)How many objects do you see?The first time you read a grand nursing theory with its high level of abstraction, the words may seem fuzzy and unclear. But as you peer into the words more closely, the theory along with its concepts becomes discernible and comprehensible, similar to the picture (Parker & Smith, 2015).A grand theory uses a high level of abstraction so that its scope or picture of the nursing profession is very broad and generalized. Only by being abstract, ideal, visionary, and even transcendental is a grand nursing theory able to address all of the variables that a professional nurse may encounter while providing care to individuals, families, groups, and communities (Parker & Smith, 2015).By definition, a grand theory must consider all of the concepts of a profession. Remember, for the profession of nursing, the metaparadigm concepts are person, health, environment, and nursing itself (Parker & Smith, 2015). So the question becomes: How can something abstract be useful in nursing practice? Without careful thought, the initial answer may be: “It can’t be used, because it is abstract.”Actually, grand nursing theories are too broad to orchestrate direct patient-care activities, but they are useful in nursing practice because more specific theories (i.e., middle-range, practice) can be derived from the grand theories.Examples of Grand TheoriesPreviousBetty Neuman: The Neuman Systems ModelSince the 1960s, Betty Neuman has been recognized as a pioneer in nursing, particularly in the specialty area of mental health. She developed her model while lecturing in community mental health at UCLA. The model uses a systems approach that is focused on human needs and protection against stress. Neuman believed that stress can be modified and remedied through nursing interventions (McEwen & Wills, 2010). She emphasized the need for humans to maintain a dynamic balance that nurses can provide to patients by assisting them to identify problems and agreed-upon mutual goals. The environment component of Neuman’s model is both the internal and external forces surrounding the client and can be influenced or changed at any time. Neuman identified five variables of her theory: physiological, sociocultural, psychological, developmental, and spiritual (McEwen & Wills, 2014).Virginia Henderson: The Principles and Practice of NursingIn 1937, Virginia Henderson and other scholars developed a nursing curriculum for the National League of Nursing in which the education was focused on patient-centered care and nursing problems. Thus, her theory was derived from her practice and education. The major assumption of Henderson’s framework is that nurses care for patients until patients can care for themselves. For patients, the desire is to return to a state of wellness and health. The major concepts of the theory relate to the nursing metaparadigm (i.e., patient, nursing, health, and environment). Henderson believes that the unique function of the nurse was to assist the patient during illness and assist in performing those activities that restore the patient to health. She defined the patient as someone who needs nursing care but not limited to illness (McEwen & Wills, 2014).Faye Abdellah: Patient Centered Approaches to NursingFaye Abdellah was one of the first major nursing theorists. Her nursing theory was developed inductively form her practice and considered a human-needs framework. Abdellah and her colleagues developed a list of 21 nursing problems and 10 steps in identifying patient problems. They also identified 10 nursing skills to be used in developing treatment typology. Furthermore, her team distinguished between nursing diagnosis and nursing functions. Diagnoses were a determination of the nature and extent of the patient problems. Other concepts central to her work were: healthcare team, professionalization of nursing, patient, and nursing (McEwen & Wills, 2014).Dorothea Orem: The Self-Care Deficit Nursing TheoryDorothea Orem is well recognized for her conceptual framework of self-deficit nursing theory. Between 1971 and 1995, several revisions have been made to the model, but the premise underlying her theory is the individual and the idea of nursing as a system. The paradigms supporting her theory include: nursing meets the needs of patients for self-care; humans are defined as men, women, and children; the environment has a physical and chemical component; and health is defined as beings structurally and functionally whole (McEwen & Wills, 2014). Orem felt that humans engage in continuous interaction between themselves and the environment to remain well and live. Human agency is exercised and discovered by developing, engaging, and transmitting with others in a way that provides meaning to oneself. Self-care requisites are common to all humans, as is growth and development and deficits. Nurses play a major role in assisting patients with healthcare deficits. Orem’s theory has been adopted by many nursing school curriculums (McEwen & Wills, 2014).Betty Neuman: The Neuman Systems ModelSince the 1960s, Betty Neuman has been recognized as a pioneer in nursing, particularly in the specialty area of mental health. She developed her model while lecturing in community mental health at UCLA. The model uses a systems approach that is focused on human needs and protection against stress. Neuman believed that stress can be modified and remedied through nursing interventions (McEwen & Wills, 2010). She emphasized the need for humans to maintain a dynamic balance that nurses can provide to patients by assisting them to identify problems and agreed-upon mutual goals. The environment component of Neuman’s model is both the internal and external forces surrounding the client and can be influenced or changed at any time. Neuman identified five variables of her theory: physiological, sociocultural, psychological, developmental, and spiritual (McEwen & Wills, 2014).Virginia Henderson: The Principles and Practice of NursingIn 1937, Virginia Henderson and other scholars developed a nursing curriculum for the National League of Nursing in which the education was focused on patient-centered care and nursing problems. Thus, her theory was derived from her practice and education. The major assumption of Henderson’s framework is that nurses care for patients until patients can care for themselves. For patients, the desire is to return to a state of wellness and health. The major concepts of the theory relate to the nursing metaparadigm (i.e., patient, nursing, health, and environment). Henderson believes that the unique function of the nurse was to assist the patient during illness and assist in performing those activities that restore the patient to health. She defined the patient as someone who needs nursing care but not limited to illness (McEwen & Wills, 2014).Next1234Using Different Levels of TheoriesMiddle-Range TheoriesHow can something concrete consider all of the diversity of possible nursing care situations with individuals, families, and communities?The initial answer is that as a theory becomes more concrete or narrow in scope, something is left out. For example, a middle-range theory regarding chronic illness leaves out acute illnesses, as well as preventive healthcare. A middle-range theory regarding home healthcare would leave out providing healthcare to individuals in other settings such as an extended-care facility. A practice theory concerning abused children from chemically addicted parents would not consider abused children from other situations, such as economically stressed families (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2011).Middle-range theories were first suggested in the discipline of sociology in the 1960s and introduced into nursing in 1974. Middle-range theories were useful in other disciplines because they were more readily operationalized and addressed through research than grand theories (McEwen & Wills, 2014). Development of middle-range theories was supported by the critique that grand theories were difficult to understand and apply to the practice setting. Thus, the function of the middle-range theory is to describe, explain, or predict phenomena and be explicit and testable. Middle-range theories are more readily applied to research studies. In addition, middle-range theories are able to guide nursing interventions and change conditions to enhance nursing care. Furthermore, each middle-range theory addresses concrete or specific phenomena by stating what the phenomena are, why they occur, and how they occur. These theories support the connection between diagnosis and outcomes of care (McEwen & Wills, 2014).A major disadvantage to a middle-range and/or practice theory is that something is left out, but one advantage is that the information gained is far more focused and can be verified with research. This would contribute to evidence-based practice for nursing. To see the comprehensive picture of the nursing profession, a grand theory is needed. But to work with specific actions or develop researchable topics, a middle-range or practice theory is needed (McEwen & Wills, 2014).Examples of Middle Range TheoriesPreviousThe Synergy ModelThe synergy model for patient care was developed in the 1990s by a panel of nurses of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. The purpose of the theory is to acknowledge nurses’ activities, contributions, and outcomes with regard to caring for critically ill patients. The model identifies eight patient needs and eight competencies of nurses in critical-care situations. The nursing competencies depict how knowledge, skills, and experience are integrated within nursing care. The model describes three levels of outcomes—those relating to the patient, the nurse, and the system (McEwen & Wills, 2014).Benner’s Model of Skill Acquisition in NursingBenner’s model depicts five stages of skill acquisition: novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert. The model emphasizes the importance of rewarding nurses for their clinical expertise and leadership in clinical practice settings because it describes the process of excellence and a caring practice. Expertise develops when the nurse tests and refines clinical expertise and practical knowledge. The central essentials of Benner’s model are those of skill acquisition, experience, competence, clinical knowledge, and practical knowledge (McEwen & Wills, 2014).Leininger’s Cultural Care Diversity TheoryThe purpose of Leininger’s theory is to enhance knowledge related to the uniqueness of nursing care of each patient as well as to value the cultural heritage of human care. Major components of the model are culture, culture care, and culture-care similarities and differences pertaining to transcultural human care. Other major components are care and caring, emic view (language expressions), etic view (beliefs and practices), professional system of healthcare, and culturally congruent nursing care (McEwen & Wills, 2014).Pender’s Health Promotion ModelPender’s health promotion model was developed as the theory for integrating behavioral and nursing-science perspectives on factors that influence health behaviors. The model is used to explore and guide the psychosocial processes that motivate individuals to engage in behaviors directed toward wellness and health enhancement. The model has been used extensively in nursing research as a framework for predicting health-promoting lifestyles. Major components of the model include individual characteristics and experiences, self-efficacy, situational influences, and behavioral outcomes (McEwen & Wills, 2014).The Synergy ModelThe synergy model for patient care was developed in the 1990s by a panel of nurses of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. The purpose of the theory is to acknowledge nurses’ activities, contributions, and outcomes with regard to caring for critically ill patients. The model identifies eight patient needs and eight competencies of nurses in critical-care situations. The nursing competencies depict how knowledge, skills, and experience are integrated within nursing care. The model describes three levels of outcomes—those relating to the patient, the nurse, and the system (McEwen & Wills, 2014).Benner’s Model of Skill Acquisition in NursingBenner’s model depicts five stages of skill acquisition: novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert. The model emphasizes the importance of rewarding nurses for their clinical expertise and leadership in clinical practice settings because it describes the process of excellence and a caring practice. Expertise develops when the nurse tests and refines clinical expertise and practical knowledge. The central essentials of Benner’s model are those of skill acquisition, experience, competence, clinical knowledge, and practical knowledge (McEwen & Wills, 2014).Next1234ReflectionThink about your future professional nursing practice. Explore a theory identified below related to your specialty track and considers ways in which the selected theory could be used to guide your practice.Click here for link to theories related to your specialty trackNR 501 Specialty Areas Nursing Theories.docx(Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.SummaryA metaparadigm defines a professional discipline and provides a framework for theory and knowledge development. The most common nursing metaparadigm includes the concepts of person, environment, health, and nursing. These concepts are evident in nursing theories. A formal definition notes that theory is a group of interrelated concepts, assumptions, and propositions that explains or guides action. Grand theories are abstract, general, and broad incorporating all concepts of the metaparadigm. Mid-range and practice theories are narrower in focus, may include one or all of the metaparadigm concepts, and lend to practical application in practice settings. For the nursing profession, a nursing theory provides a view or a window into the reality of nursing.ReferencesLee, R.C., & Fawcett, J. (2013). The influence of the metaparadigm of nursing on professional identity development among RN-BSN students.Nursing Science Quarterly,26(1), 96-98. doi:10.1177/0894318412466734Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2011).Evidence-based practice in nursing and healthcare: A guide to best practice(2nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.McEwen, M., & Wills, E. (2014).Theoretical basis for nursing(4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.Parker, M. E., & Smith, M. C. (2015).Nursing theories and nursing practice(4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis.PreviousNextFamily Nurse PractitionerMcCormack and McCance’s Person-Centred Care Nursing (PCN) FrameworkAmerican Association of Critical Care Nurses (AACN) Synergy Model for Patient CareFawcett and Ellenbecker’s Conceptual Model of Nursing and Population Health (CMNPH)


“The Normal and the Pathological”Emile DurkheimAbridged from The Rules of Sociological Method, pp. 65-73. (New York: Free Press, 1964. First published 1895.)[… ]If there is any fact whose pathological character appears incontestable, that fact is crime. All criminologists are agreed on this point. Although they explain this pathology differently, they are unanimous in recognizing it. But let us see if this problem does not demand a more extended consideration.[… ] Crime is present not only in the majority of societies of one particular species but in all societies of all types. There is no society that is not confronted with the problem of criminality. Its form changes; the acts thus characterized are not the same everywhere; but, everywhere and always, there have been men who have behaved in such a way as to draw upon themselves penal repression. If, in proportion as societies pass from the lower to the higher types, the rate of criminality, i.e., the relation between the yearly number of crimes and the population, tended to decline, it might be believed that crime, while still normal, is tending to lose this character of normality. But we have no reason to believe that such a regression is substantiated. Many facts would seem rather to indicate a movement in the opposite direction. From the beginning of the [nineteenth] century, statistics enable us to follow the course of criminality. It has everywhere increased. In France the increase is nearly 300 per cent. There is, then, no phenomenon that presents more indisputably all the symptoms of normality, since it appears closely connected with the conditions of all collective life. To make of crime a form of social morbidity would be to admit that morbidity is not something accidental, but, on the contrary, that in certain cases it grows out of the fundamental constitution of the living organism; it would result in wiping out all distinction between the physiological and the pathological. No doubt it is possible that crime itself will have abnormal forms, as, for example, when its rate is unusually high. This excess is, indeed, undoubtedly morbid in nature. What is normal, simply, is the existence of criminality, provided that it attains and does not exceed, for each social type, a certain level [… ]Here we are, then, in the presence of a conclusion in appearance quite paradoxical. Let us make no mistake. To classify crime among the phenomena of normal sociology is not to say merely that it is an inevitable, although regrettable phenomenon, due to the incorrigible wickedness of men; it is to affirm that it is a factor in public health, an integral part of all healthy societies. This result is, at first glance, surprising enough to have puzzled even ourselves for a long time. Once this first surprise has been overcome, however, it is not difficult to find reasons explaining this normality and at the same time confirming it.In the first place crime is normal because a society exempt from it is utterly impossible. Crime [… ] consists of an act that offends certain very strong collective sentiments. In a society in which criminal acts are no longer committed, the sentiments they offend would have to be found without exception in all individual consciousnesses, and they must be found to exist with the same degree as sentiments contrary to them. Assuming that this condition could actually be realized, crime would not thereby disappear; it would only change its form, for the very cause which would thus dry up the sources of criminality would immediately open up new ones.Indeed, for the collective sentiments which are protected by the penal law of a people at a specified moment of its history to take possession of the public conscience or for them to acquire a stronger hold where they have an insufficient grip, they must acquire an intensity greater than that which they had hitherto had. The community as a whole must experience them more vividly, for it can acquire from no other source the greater force necessary to control these individuals who formerly were the most refractory. For murderers to disappear, the horror of bloodshed must become greater in those social strata from which murderers are recruited; but, first it must become greater throughout the entire society. Moreover, the very absence of crime would directly contribute to produce this horror; because any sentiment seems much more respectable when it is always and uniformly respected.One easily overlooks the consideration that these strong states of the common consciousness cannot be thus reinforced without reinforcing at the same time the more feeble states, whose violation previously gave birth to mere infraction of convention – since the weaker ones are only the prolongation, the attenuated form, of the stronger. Thus robbery and simple bad taste injure the same single altruistic sentiment, the respect for that which is another’s. However, this same sentiment is less grievously offended by bad taste than by robbery; and since, in addition, the average consciousness has not sufficient intensity to react keenly to the bad taste, it is treated with greater tolerance. That is why the person guilty of bad taste is merely blamed, whereas the thief is punished. But, if this sentiment grows stronger, to the point of silencing in all consciousnesses the inclination which disposes man to steal, he will become more sensitive to the offenses which, until then, touched him but lightly. He will react against them, then, with more energy; they will be the object of greater opprobrium, which will transform certain of them from the simple moral faults that they were and give them the quality of crimes. For example, improper contracts, or contracts improperly executed, which only incur public blame or civil damages, will become offenses in law.Imagine a society of saints, a perfect cloister of exemplary individuals. Crimes, properly so called, will there be unknown; but faults which appear venial to the layman will create there the same scandal that the ordinary offense does in ordinary consciousnesses. If, then, this society has the power to judge and punish, it will define these acts as criminal and will treat them as such. For the same reason, the perfect and upright man judges his smallest failings with a severity that the majority reserve for acts more truly in the nature of an offense. Formerly, acts of violence against persons were more frequent than they are today, because respect for individual dignity was less strong. As this has increased, these crimes have become more rare; and also,many acts violating this sentiment have been introduced into the penal law which were not included there in primitive times.In order to exhaust all the hypotheses logically possible, it will perhaps be asked why this unanimity does not extend to all collective sentiments without exception. Why should not even the most feeble sentiment gather enough energy to prevent all dissent? The moral consciousness of the society would be present in its entirety in all the individuals, with a vitality sufficient to prevent all acts offending it – the purely conventional faults as well as the crimes. But a uniformity so universal and absolute is utterly impossible; for the immediate physical milieu in which each one of us is placed, the hereditary antecedents, and the social influences vary from one individual to the next, and consequently diversify consciousnesses. It is impossible for all to be alike, if only because each one has his own organism and that these organisms occupy different areas in space. That is why, even among the lower peoples, where individual originality is very little developed, it nevertheless does exist.Thus, since there cannot be a society in which the individuals do not differ more or less from the collective type, it is also inevitable that, among these divergences, there are some with a criminal character. What confers this character upon them is not the intrinsic quality of a given act but that definition which the collective conscience lends them. If the collective conscience is stronger, if it has enough authority practically to suppress these divergences, it will also be more sensitive, more exacting; and, reacting against the slightest deviations with the energy it otherwise displays only against more considerable infractions, it will attribute to them the same gravity as formerly to crimes. In other words, it will designate them as criminal.Crime is, then, necessary; it is bound up with the fundamental conditions of all social life, and by that very fact it is useful, because these conditions of which it is a part are themselves indispensable to the normal evolution of morality and law.Indeed, it is no longer possible today to dispute the fact that law and morality vary from one social type to the next, nor that they change within the same type if the conditions of life are modified. But, in order that these transformations may be possible, the collective sentiments at the basis of morality must not be hostile to change, and consequently must have but moderate energy. If they were too strong, they would no longer be plastic. Every pattern is an obstacle to new patterns, to the extent that the first pattern is inflexible. The better a structure is articulated, the more it offers a healthy resistance to all modification; and this is equally true of functional, as of anatomical, organization. If there were no crimes, this condition could not have been fulfilled; for such a hypothesis presupposes that collective sentiments have arrived at a degree of intensity unexampled in history. Nothing is good indefinitely and to an unlimited extent. The authority which the moral conscience enjoys must not be excessive; otherwise no one would dare criticize it, and it would too easily congeal into an immutable form. To make progress, individual originality must be able to express itself. In order that the originality of the idealist whose dreams transcend his century may find expression, it is necessary that the originality of the criminal, who is below the level of his time, shall also be possible. One does not occur without the other.Nor is this all. Aside from this indirect utility, it happens that crime itself plays a useful role in this evolution. Crime implies not only that the way remains open to necessary changes but that in certain cases it directly prepares these changes. Where crime exists, collective sentiments are sufficiently flexible to take on a new form, and crime sometimes helps to determine the form they will take. How many times, indeed, it is only an anticipation of future morality – a step toward what will be! According to Athenian law, Socrates was a criminal, and his condemnation was no more than just. However, his crime, namely, the independence of his thought, rendered a service not only to humanity but to his country. It served to prepare a new morality and faith which the Athenians needed, since the traditions by which they had lived until then were no longer in harmony with the current conditions of life. Nor is the case of Socrates unique; it is reproduced periodically in history. It would never have been possible to establish the freedom of thought we now enjoy if the regulations prohibiting it had not been violated before being solemnly abrogated. At that time, however, the violation was a crime, since it was an offense against sentiments still very keen in the average conscience. And yet this crime was useful as a prelude to reforms which daily became more necessary. Liberal philosophy had as its precursors the heretics of all kinds who were justly punished by secular authorities during the entire course of the Middle Ages and until the eve of modern times.From this point of view the fundamental facts of criminality present themselves to us in an entirely new light. Contrary to current ideas, the criminal no longer seems a totally unsociable being, a sort of parasitic element, a strange and unassimilable body, introduced into the midst of society. On the contrary, he plays a definite role in social life. Crime, for its part, must no longer be conceived as an evil that cannot be too much suppressed. There is no occasion for self-congratulation when the crime rate drops noticeably below the average level, for we may be certain that this apparent progress is associated with some social disorder. Thus, the number of assault cases never falls so low as in times of want. With the drop in the crime rate, and as a reaction to it, comes a revision, or the need of a revision in the theory of punishment. If, indeed, crime is a disease, its punishment is its remedy and cannot be otherwise conceived; thus, all the discussions it arouses bear on the point of determining what the punishment must be in order to fulfil this role of remedy. If crime is not pathological at all, the object of punishment cannot be to cure it, and its true function must be sought elsewhere.

SOC520 T7 EvaluationReport

SOC-520 Evaluation Report Evaluation Data for AnalysisCollege instructors should be able to analyze evaluation data collected by various evaluation methods in order to assess pedagogy, learning outcomes, and curriculum to modify and adjust pedagogy and curriculum as needed. This assignment will assist you in learning this skill:Look at the evaluation data so you can answer the prompts that follow: 90 Sociology students were surveyed on the last day of Professor Independent’s class. These are the Likert scale prompts Professor Independent wrote for the Course Evaluation Survey he presented to his students:Teaching methods- The professor presented well organized curriculum in an interesting way that invited confident exploration of concepts. The Professor used a variety of teaching methods to create interest in the lessons and independent inquiry of concepts. Assignments-   All the assignments for this course were well developed and aligned nicely with assigned readings, objectives, and required skills students needed to be successful in the program. Well-written grading rubrics were provided for students to use for assignment completion. Lessons-     Each lesson was relevant and interesting.The lessons allowed for thoughtful exchange of ideas, students engagement, and inquiry of students. Each lesson was appropriate to the level of learning required for the course and was well structured for clarity and instruction. Appropriate workload- The volume of work in the course was appropriate and allowed students enough time to learn all the concepts presented in the course in a timely manner. I felt I had enough support, time, and resources to complete each assignment successfully and on time.Learning Environment-The professor provided a comfortable learning environment that made me feel safe to share my thoughts and opinions openly. The classroom was free of clutter, was organized well, and provided accessible resources for all students to use. Student Support- The professor provided relevant learning resources that were accessible to all students. The professor provided timely feedback that helped me complete assignments and revise my work. The professor made an effort to understand the difficulties students were having about certain sociology concepts. Review the Topic 4 Case Study and the evaluation data above to help Professor Independent assess his pedagogy and curriculum by answering the following prompts: Topic 7: Teaching and Course Evaluation After analyzing the results Professor Independent received from his student surveys, what can he deduce about the learning environment he provides his students? (50-75 words) After reading the statements Professor Independent wrote for his survey, explain why he wanted to collect data about these specific topics. (75-100 words) How can Professor Independent use the survey results to improve his teaching methods? Recommend ways he can improve his methodology. (75-100 words). Explain what you deduced about Professor Independent’s support of his students. Why do you think there is such a disconnect between his support of his students and his pedagogy? (75-100 words) Explain the possible connection between Professor Independent’s low results about his teaching methods, assignments, and workload. Recommend ways he can improve all three areas. (75-100 words) Citing one to three scholarly sources, explain the purpose of student surveys. Explain their reliability and validity. (75-100 words) References:


 Write 3-5 pages in which you discuss how the COVID-19 pandemic and shelter-in-place orders have impacted you personally, your family and friends, and society as a whole.  Relate these impacts to one or more concepts, theory   ( Karl Max, Emilie Durkheim, Max Weber, W.E.B. DuBois, Robert Merton, Michel Foucault.)For example, write about classism and the impact staying at home has had on different classes of people (i.e. those who can work remotely at home vs. those who can’t work at all).  You could also discuss new ways of connecting with others during this time, like Zoom, FaceTime, etc.  Did social constructs change during this time?  Will resocialization be an issue after the social distancing is relaxed? Or, you can talk about urban sociology and how Boston or your home city has changed due to the pandemic.  Or, how has globalization changed? There are many possibilities – be creative!Details: Introduce your topic and how/why it is relevant to what we learned this semester Describe the situation Include an explanation of the situation, specifics of the situation, how you feel about the situation and why.   Situate your topic within at least one concept discussed this semester (i.e. class, race, crime & deviance).
IMPORTANT: Cite at least 2 concepts or pieces of information from the readings or lecture. See under Format below on how to do it.  Write a conclusion summarizing the major points you made in the paper. Format: 3-5 pages double-spaced, Times New Roman size 12 font, 1 inch margins, indent your paragraphs instead of skipping lines. Use first person when writing (e.g. “The problems started when I left my parents’ house…”). Begin the paper with a title, your name, and date. Edit carefully for spelling and grammar. Think about the current pandemic, explain how it relates and/or will relate to other general social issues (class, race, crime & deviance, etc ) AND relate it to one of the major sociologist theories.


Reading Guide: Deviance, Social Stratification, and InequalityThis reading guide covers Chapters 7, 9, 11, and 12 in your textbook: Griffiths, H., Keirns, N., Strayer, E., Cody-Rydzewski, S., Scaramuzzo, G., Sadler, T., Vyain, S., Bry, J., & Jones, F. (2015).Introduction to sociology (2nd ed.). OpenStax College, Rice University.Review these notes to assist with your assignment this week.DevianceDeviance and Social ControlDeviance: behavior that does not conform with cultural norms or social standardsDeviance depends on a person’s culture and subculture; deviant actions may not be considered deviant in a different place or time.For example, actions such as smoking indoors, playing loud music, or being nude in public can be considered deviant or not, depending on when and where they happen. Deviance and Crime: Formal and Informal SanctionsInformal sanctions: forms of punishment for mild violations of social normsExamples of mild violations: cutting in line, eating with your fingers at a nice restaurant, texting during a film in a movie theaterExamples of informal sanctions: nasty looks, rude comments, isolation from social groupsFormal sanctions: forms of punishment for serious violations of social norms that are written lawsExamples of serious violations: murder, rape, theft, speedingExamples of sanctions: fines, jail time, criminal recordTheoretical Perspectives on DevianceFunctionalist perspectiveo A functional society needs deviance to reaffirm current social norms and to set boundaries for social control and morality.Conflict theorist perspectiveo Deviance and crime are caused by social and economic factors created by a wealthy elite class of people in power who maintain the status quo in society, decide what is deviant, and determine who gets criminalized for deviant behavior.Symbolic interactionist perspectiveo Deviance is behavior that is learned from social interactions with other people, either as a response to others’ reactions or by modeling their deviance.Social StratificationSocial stratification: society’s way of categorizing people by socioeconomic status, ranked by tiers based on factors that reflect an unequal distribution of resourcesSociologists recognize that social stratification is a society-wide system that makes inequalities apparent.Class system: a way of describing the level of someone’s social standing based on their individual accomplishments and social factorsExamples of class systems in the U.S.: lower, middle, and higher incomePrimary characteristics of each class serve as social boundaries between them.Socioeconomic status (SES) in a class system determines individuals’ life outcomes.Wealth: the value of assets owned by a householdWealth enhances one’s life chances by creating opportunities and desired stature, command over labor and businesses, and the ability to pass along status to children. Wealth is less equally distributed and more concentrated than income; wealth begets wealth and is more stable across generations from parentsTheoretical Perspectives on Social StratificationFunctionalist perspectiveo Different social classes exist because they serve a purpose needed in society.o Social roles that are more important for the functioning of society receive greater rewards. For example, doctors are part of a higher-class status than janitors based on their importance, due to society’s need for them. Conflict theorist perspectiveo Inequality is systematically created and maintained by those with control over resources.o Advantages are based on characteristics such as class, race or ethnicity, or age.Symbolic interactionist perspectiveo Social standing is affected at a micro-level in everyday interactions with people who typically share the same social group.o People often show symbols of their social status through preferences in style or appearance.Race and EthnicityRace: a socially defined category based on perceived physical differences between groups of peopleSocial construction of race: the belief that race is not biologically identifiable; race is a social construct because racial categories change over timeEthnicity: a socially defined category based on a group’s shared cultural factors, such as language, religion, nationality, or historyMinority group: any group of people singled out from the rest of society to be treated differently or unequallyStereotype: an over-generalized belief about a group of people who share a characteristicRacism: a set of beliefs and practices about the superiority of one racial or ethnic group over anotherPrejudice: a biased thought process based on flawed assumptions about a group of peopleDiscrimination: actions taken against individuals to treat them unequally because of their race or ethnic group; usually motivated by prejudicePrivilege: benefits or advantages that some people enjoy because they are part of a dominant group that receives preferential treatment over othersTheoretical Perspectives on Race and EthnicityFunctionalist perspectiveo Racial and ethnic differences exist because they serve an important function in society; racial inequality can strengthen bonds between in-group members through pushing away out-group members.Conflict theorist perspectiveo Conflict between racial and ethnic inequalities arises when the dominant group perceives a threat from a minority group to their power and control over scarce resources.Symbolic interactionist perspectiveo Everyday interactions between members of the dominant group reinforce their assumptions about the racial or ethnic identities that symbolize minority groups.Gender, Sex, & SexualitySex: biologically determined physiological differences between males and femalesGender: a person’s internal perception of their gender as determined by role differences in our society and cultureGender differences are a product of socialization and other forms of social control.Traditional masculine vs. feminine gender role stereotypes are reinforced agents of socialization.Sexism: the prejudiced belief that one sex is superior to anotherTheoretical Perspectives on Gender, Sex, & SexualityFunctionalist perspectiveo Gender roles function to regulate sexual behavior and ensure cohesion in a marriage and stability in a family.o Changes in gender roles undermine social institutions and are therefore dysfunctional to society.Conflict theorist perspectiveo Socially dominant groups actively work to promote their views of sexuality and can deny social and economic advantages to subordinate groups, causing conflict between groups over resources.Symbolic interactionist perspectiveo Gender roles are learned social behaviors that are reinforced through symbols of “femininity” or “masculinity” that society shares.


ANCSA and Native CorporationsAlaska was admitted to the Union as the 49th state on January 3, 1959. Under the terms of the Alaska Statehood Act, the federal government would transfer ownership of up to 104.5 million acres of land to the new state, but none of this would be land that was subject to Native claims. (Alaska Statehood Act, 1958. To read the law,click here.)Former Alaska Governor Walter Hickel. (Click button for citation)The law gave the state 25 years to select which tracts of land it wanted. In the 1960s, the state began to make its selections—but much of the land it wanted was subject to Native claims. Several Native groups filed lawsuits to stop the land selections, and theAlaska Federation of Natives*(AFN) was founded to advocate for a fair and comprehensive settlement to the land-claim issue. In response, the federal government shut down the selection process and told the state to negotiate an agreement with the Natives. (Jones, 1981)The discovery of oil at Prudhoe Bay in 1968 added urgency to those negotiations. Without a resolution of the Native claims, it would not be possible to build the massive Trans-Alaska Pipeline that the oil industry said was needed to carry Alaskan oil to markets in theLower 48*. (Naske, 1994)The pressure to come to a quick settlement in the interest of economic development was in fact reminiscent of the pressure to seize Native lands following the Georgia Gold Rush in the 1830s. In each case, the opportunity to extract a highly valuable natural resource suddenly made Native land even more valuable than before. But several factors helped to produce a very different outcome for the Alaska Natives: The Natives had effective political representation, through the AFN and other organizations; U.S. courts were more sympathetic to the Alaska Natives’ claims, ruling in their favor in several instances; The state government was willing to seek a negotiated settlement with the Natives; The federal government—including Secretary of the Interior Walter Hickel, a former governor of Alaska—also favored a negotiated settlement; and Greater public awareness of the injustices done to Natives in the past increased the social and political pressure to find an equitable settlement. (Jones, 1981)After protracted negotiations, Alaskan officials and the AFN reached an agreement in principle: Natives would receive land that they had historically used and drop their claims to any other land in the state in return for a cash settlement. The exact terms of that agreement would be for the federal government to decide and—after initially offering the Natives far less than they wanted, in terms of land and cash—Congress and President Richard Nixon eventually agreed to a historic deal.A map of the original 12 Alaska Native regional corporations. A 13th regional corporation was established later. (click map to enlarge) (Click button for citation)On December 18, 1971, President Nixon signed into law the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA*), which at the time was the largest land claim settlement in American history.In return for letting the federal government “extinguish” their claims to most Alaskan land, Natives received 44 million acres and a cash payment of $962.5 million. The 44 million acres was one-ninth of the total area of the state of Alaska; the monetary settlement represented a direct payment of $462.5 million from the federal government and another $500 million to be paid over time from state oil revenues. (ANCSA, 1971)Even more historic than the size of the ANCSA settlement was the way it was structured—a radical departure from the traditional model of Native reservations in the Lower 48, in which the federal government holds Native lands in trust. Instead of establishing reservations ANCSA set up a system ofNative corporations*to administer the land and invest the monetary settlement for the benefit of Natives. (Thomas, 1986)The law set up 12 regional corporations, each associated with a particular part of the state and the Natives who traditionally lived there. All Natives who were alive in 1971 could enroll in one of the corporations, and each received 100 shares of stock in the corporation in which they enrolled. (A 13th corporation was established later, for Natives who were not living in Alaska in 1971). The law also established more than 200 local or “village” corporations, in which Natives could also enroll and receive shares of stock. The corporations were given free rein to use the land and any mineral or other natural resources it might hold to develop for-profit businesses and to pay Native shareholders a yearly dividend based on those profits.The corporation structure was the brainchild of the AFN, which saw this proposal as an opportunity to extend “the transformational power of capitalism…to Alaska Natives,” while also preserving the land and cash settlement so that it could benefit future generations. (Linxwiler, 2007)A Tlingit totem pole in Sitka, Alaska. Click on the image to go to the Smithsonian’s Alaska Native Collections. (Click button for citation)ANCSA was generally well-received in Alaska by both Natives and non-Natives. After years of legal wrangling over exactly who was entitled to Native corporation shares, many of those corporations have grown into successful businesses that generate substantial dividends and provide thousands of jobs for Native shareholders. And, by removing one critical barrier to construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, ANCSA paved the way for the emergence of the state’s “oil economy,” which has generated substantial economic benefits for both Natives and non-Natives. (Alaska Humanities Forum, 2016)One unique aspect of Alaska’s “oil economy” is theAlaska Permanent Fund, a state fund that collects 25 percent of all oil-land royalties and invests those funds for the benefit of all Alaskans. The Fund, which in 2015 amounted to more than $51 billion, pays a yearly dividend to every qualified Alaskan; in 2015, that meant a dividend check of $2,072 for virtually every man, woman, and child in the state. (Klint and Doogan, 2015) By enabling construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, ANCSA in a very real sense made the Permanent Fund, and its yearly dividend checks, possible.Still, the law remains controversial, especially among Natives who believe it weakens ties to Native heritage. (Thomas, 1985) Almost a half-century after its passage, the jury is still out on whether ANCSA was a “good deal” or a “raw deal” for Natives. But it is, in almost every respect, a very different sort of deal than that received by any other group of Natives in American history.Week 8 Short ResponsesHistorians, like judges and juries, come to conclusions after considering all the evidence. Aconclusion*is essentially a brief thesis statement; it’s the judgment that a historian makes about a historical event, after considering the relevant evidence.In each of the following exercises, you will be asked to consider the evidence about ANCSA and Native corporations that was presented in this assignment. Based on that evidence, you will be asked to assess the validity of different conclusions. Be sure to respond to each question in one to two sentences, using proper grammar.Week 8 Short Responses – Question 1 Consider the following statement: The support of non-Native Alaskans was an important factor leading to the settlement of Alaska Native land claims. Is this conclusion consistent with the evidence presented in this learning block? Answer Yes or No, and then explain your choice in one or two sentences.Week 8 Short Responses – Question 2 Consider the following statement: ANCSA was a fair settlement for Alaska Natives. Is this conclusion consistent with the evidence presented in this learning block? Answer Yes or No, and then explain your choice in one or two sentences.Week 8 Short Responses – Question 3 Consider the following statement: ANCSA led to economic benefits for white Alaskans as well as for Natives. Is this conclusion consistent with the evidence presented in this learning block? Answer Yes or No, and then explain your choice in one or two sentences.Exercise: Applying Historical ThinkingDuring the course of your college career, you’ll probably take a wide variety of courses. The lessons you’ve learned inthiscourse—about how to think historically, how to conduct research and evaluate sources, how to construct a thesis and build arguments to support it—can be applied to most of them.Week 8 Short ResponsesOn this page you’ll find possible assignments from college-level courses that you might take here at Southern New Hampshire University, or at other similar institutions. For each assignment, please tell us—in two to three complete sentences—whichspecificskills from this course can be used to help you complete the assignment in question. Be sure to use proper grammar.The first assignment is a sample, designed to give you a sense of the sort of responses we’re looking for. SAMPLE QUESTIONFor a Marketing course:What skills from this course would you use to create a three-paragraph promotional tool that explains the value of a chosen product and a sales pitch aimed at individual buyers?Suggested/Sample ResponseTo explain the value of the chosen product, I will develop a thesis statement, based on research, which takes a strong position about the unique value of this product. The sales pitch is, essentially, a series of arguments that support my thesis statement. The sales pitch/arguments incorporate evidence of my product’s value, and can include assessments of the reliability of this evidence.The next activity uses a rich text area. You can tab to the editor body. Press ALT-F10 to get to the toolbar. Press ESC to return to the editor body. A save button is available in the top toolbar all the way to the right and will become visible when it receives focus.Now that you’ve seen a sample question and response, please look at the next three questions and for each one, tell us which specific skills from this course you would use to complete the assignment in question.Responses to the following three questions will be graded.Week 8 Short Responses – Question 4 For an American Literature course: What skills from this course would you use to develop a brief essay on the significance of Walt Whitman’s “When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d,” a poem written in the summer of 1865?Week 8 Short Responses – Question 5 For a Sociology course: What skills from this course would you use to produce an annotated bibliography for your course research project? Week 8 Short Responses – Question 6 For a Business course: What skills from this course would you use to decide between two different investment proposals?Reflecting on Your EssayWeek 8 Short ResponseThroughout the research process for your historical analysis essay, you have learned a lot about your topic. The historical thinking you have been using in this course has probably changed your perception of the event—and it may well have changed the way you look at other things, as well.Week 8 Short Responses – Question 7 How can history serve as a lens for the rest of the academic program you’ll pursue at SNHU? Has this course changed the way you think about what you want to study? Why or why not?Please respond to this question in two to three sentences, using proper grammar.Reflection and RevisionThink back to the historical case studies that have been covered in this course: Irish immigrant experience Québécois immigrant experience Women’s suffrage and the Nineteenth Amendment Equal Rights Amendment School desegregation in Boston Voting Rights Act of 1965 Cherokee “Trail of Tears” Alaska Native CorporationsWeek 8 Short Responses – Question 8 What did you learn about one of these topics or historical events that was new or surprising to you? Explain in at least two to three sentences; be sure to use proper grammar.Week 8 Short Responses – Question 9 In one paragraph, explain which parts of your historical investigation and analysis were most interesting to you. Which parts were less interesting? Be sure to use proper grammar.


NameStudent’s IdInstructorCourseDateSchool violence in the USThe school policies in the US have not been effective in addressing school violence. It is true that most schools in the US do not have laws to address school violence. Most if not all the schools apply the ‘zero-tolerance policies’ which clearly have not been as effective since violence in schools continue to be an issue of concern not only in individual schools but also nationally. It is time we looked the other way and came up with more effective measures that will enable us to curb the issue of school violence (Bell, 14).School violence in the US has been going on for ages and none of the measures applied nationally and in schools have been able to counter it. Staples describes violence in school as an individual effort toward destructive behavior. He says that it is mostly carried out by students in a bid to gain significance. According to Staples, violence in schools is more than what we think it is. He asks, ‘What if violence is more than this?’ In order to have a clear understanding of school violence, we have to relate it to the world and look at it as something wrong from the root. This way we will be able to understand it and consequently find a suitable way to counter it (Staples, 31).The zero-tolerance policies that have been used in schools date back in the 1990s and was adopted due to the increased cases of shooting in schools. These policies call for the immediate expulsion of the student who performs any violent act. The gun-free schools act is also part of the zero-tolerance policies. Any student found who brings a gun to school is expelled with immediate effect. The misconducts covered under the zero-tolerance policies range from one school to the other but converge at some point. Nearly all schools practice zero tolerance for students who carry weapons or bring drugs to school, fight or threaten other students, or perform any disruptive act or an act of insubordination (Ruiz, 803). The aim of the zero-tolerance policies was to ensure maximum safety in schools. There is however no evidence that these policies have been effective. Only the rate of suspensions in schools has gone high while security continues to be a concern. There are various reasons why these policies have not been as effective as they were expected to be. One of the reasons is that they have been cases where the policies are not applied evenly and fairly. Most of the students who carry out violence in schools do not really care about being suspended and for this reason; the zero-tolerance policies do not affect them in any way (Monteiro and Rudi, 215). Wike and Fraser analyze the factors that are associated with violence in school. These are not factors that can be countered through zero-tolerance policies. While many of the cases of violence are those of students acting against their peers, there are also cases of non-students using schools as a setting to perform acts of violence. For example, the case where a milk truck driver entered Amish school, took five girls hostage for hours before killing them and himself too. This shows that we need measures more that the zero-tolerance policies if at all we are to succeed in countering violence in schools (Wike and Fraser, 164).Most acts of violence in school are caused by painful memories borne by the perpetrators. At the time of deciding to carry out violence, the student usually is not in the right state of mind and they perform the acts without stopping to think of the consequences. Violence may also be triggered by the school or peer factors. Most students feel frustrated by their peers through either act of bullying and such. At some point, they cannot take it and result in violence which can be as extreme as to cause death. Schools also have policies that frustrate students especially academic policies. The student ends up being stressed which may cause them to result in violence (Wike and Fraser, 164). People are so bitter with life and this has played a significant role in school violence. Harris in his work addresses this concept. Life has so many rules; people telling you what to do and what not to do. This way there is no deciding on your own. One cannot enjoy their freedom and they always have to copy someone else. The author expresses so much bitterness in this that he wants to get rid of everyone. He is mad at anyone who feels like they are important that everybody else (Harris, 26). He says, ‘…snotty toadies at school…think they are higher than everybody else…should be shot.’Not everyone goes to school because they want to study. Some of the students go to school because the system advocates that every child should go to school. These students do not care to take part in any act of violence because they have no business being in school and the zero-tolerance rules do not scare them. They feel that the schedule at school is exhausting and that they would rather be doing something else. Such students will not hesitate to result to violence at the slightest provocation (Harris, 26). This is a dangerous group to deal with and no policies will stop them. They believe in changing whatever they feel is not good for them. They support violence and do not hesitate to use it ‘…because your dadsy and mumsy told you blood and violence is bad, you think it is the law of nature?’ This shows the negative attitude that these students have (Harris, 26). They believe that they are so different from other people and that they have every right to do what they want. They always feel like other people try to intimidate them and feel the need to defend themselves all the time. They feel like they are the most reasonable people and that other people are always out to get provoke them. These are some of the characteristics of students who practice school violence. It is clear that these kinds of students cannot be tamed using zero-tolerance policies. After all, these policies are just like any other rules that they are so fed up of. They believe that life is all about rules, people telling you what to do and what not to do. These students already have a negative attitude towards rules and enforcing further rules on them makes it even worse. It is important to have rules because institutions cannot run without rules. However, we need more than rules and policies to address school violence (Kennedy-Lewis, 147).Most of the students who bring weapons that turn out to be violence weapons in school do so because they have a fascination with these weapons. This may be caused by addiction to video games and movies. The exposure of students to violent stuff coupled up with the curiosity characteristic of teenagers contributes to them carrying weapons to school and the strong urge to put those weapons to use. Before anyone realizes it, the damage has been caused and even if the zero-tolerance policies are applied, there will be a victim who might be dead or incapacitated (Wike and Fraser, 164). Teenage is usually the time when relationships have the most impact on students. Most of the students in high school and colleges, where most school violence occurs, are in relationships. In case these relationships fail, the students fall into depression, become anti-social and withdrawn, among many other toxic outcomes. Such students lose focus in life and result in violence. They feel like their life is over and nothing scares them. The same case applies to students who have been victimized by their fellow students or teachers. The outcome is toxic and could be very harmful (Wike and Fraser, 165).All these reasons and factors behind school violence do not cover issues that can be prevented through zero tolerance. Not to mention that the zero-tolerance policies act after the violence has taken place. This means that the impact of the violence will still be felt. Even if the perpetrator of violence will go on expulsion or even to jail, someone already may be deal, incapacitated or mentally traumatized and that cannot be changed. What we need are not measures to punish people who take part in school violence, rather we need measures to prevent this violence from taking place (Cuellar and Sara, 99)). This way, there will not be offenders to punish. Punishment has always proved ineffective in countering bad habits. How about we adopt the ‘prevention is better than cure policy?’ We need preventive measures and strong ones if we are to win this war that has been going on for a long time.Someone may not agree with me on this because they feel that we cannot operate institutions without rules. That is true. Institutions need rules to run and put everything on track. However, you will all agree with me that rules do not solve everything. Some issues require more than just rules. As long as we want to train students to take responsibility for their actions in a bid to raise them into responsible citizens, we must also not be blind to other factors related to this. We must consider the victim and the perpetrator as well. Someone does not just wake up one day and decide, ‘well now am going to shoot someone or beat someone,’ for no reason. There must be a reason and we cannot close our eyes to this. Whether it is a problem with the victim or the person carrying out the violence it has to be addressed.Teachers, parents, and students should all come together and decide on better means to counter school violence. I would suggest something like education on the various aspects of life. Let not our education system only be focused on curriculum education. Peer education is equally important. Let us train our students on how to manage relationships, how to maintain healthy relationships, how to deal with rejection and disappointments in life, among others. These are issues that will affect their lives at some point and unless they know how to deal with them, they will always lose. Losing means they will result in harmful activities not only to them but their peers and school violence may be one of those. We must always teach our students to win no matter what (Thompson, 325).Strengthening security in the school may also be an effective measure. As Wike and Fraser say, ‘…increasing security and limiting access are often identified as high priorities in deterring school violence.’ Many of the weapons that find their way to school are a result of poor security measures. Schools should, therefore, be able to limit access to the premises and ensure that a thorough check is carried out on anyone who gets into the school including the students. Each school should also make an effort to have resource officers in the school compound. These may provide back-up in case of violence and hopefully, reduce the impact of the violence (Wike and Fraser, 166).The focus should also be given to the school climate. Schools should be focused on building strong relationships among students and between the students and staff. This will consciously reduce cases of rejection and bullying and consequently violence. Training students on effective problem-solving and conflict resolution methods will also go a long way in helping counter school violence. Students should be taught to solve disputes among themselves and while this will help them build their social skills develop their character, it will also help the school to counter-violence (Wike and Fraser, 166).Guidance and counseling sessions need to be arranged often for the sake of the student’s mental health. In these sessions, students will be taught how to make decisions and set goals. This will be helpful to those students who feel that going to school is like a punishment imposed on them by the system. It will help them have focus and a purpose in life. The school should also make an effort to identify students who are needy and make an effort to help them; this applies to mentally or any other kind of needs that a student may have. Ensure students do not fall into depression or have a feeling of being inadequate because this is what gradually turns them violent (Skiba and Daniel, 4).School violence has been going on for a long time and unfortunately no effort to counter the issue has been successful. This has been caused partly by the fact that the measures have been more focused on laws. The zero-tolerance measures are the most commonly used to counter violence in schools and these have not been effective due to the many factors that determine school violence. It is time we focused on other measures. Preventive measures will be more effective in this case. Enhancing the security on the premises as well as student education are some of the measures that will go a long way in countering violence in schools. Works CitedBell, Charles. “The hidden side of zero tolerance policies: The African American perspective.”Sociology compass9.1 (2015): 14-22. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/soc4.12230Cuellar, Alison Evans, and Sara Markowitz. “School suspension and the school-to-prison pipeline.”International Review of Law and Economics43 (2015): 98-106. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014481881500040XHarris, Eric. “SCHOOL SHOOTERS.INFO”. (2014): 1-3Kennedy-Lewis, Brianna L. “Second chance or no chance? A case study of one urban alternative middle school.”Journal of Educational Change16.2 (2015): 145-169. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10833-014-9242-0Monteiro, Joana, and Rudi Rocha. “Drug battles and school achievement: evidence from Rio de Janeiro’s favelas.”Review of Economics and Statistics99.2 (2017): 213-228. Retrieved from https://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/REST_a_00628Ruiz, Rocio Rodriguez. “School-to-prison pipeline: An evaluation of zero tolerance policies and their alternatives.”Hous. L. Rev.54 (2016): 803. Retrieved from https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/hulr54&section=26Skiba, Russell J., and Daniel J. Losen. “From reaction to prevention: Turning the page on school discipline.”American Educator39.4 (2016): 4. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1086522Staples, Scott. “Violence in Schools: Rage against a Broken world.” (2000): 30-41. Retrieved from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/000271620056700103Thompson, Jeremy. “Eliminating zero tolerance policies in schools: Miami-Dade county public schools’ approach.”BYU Educ. & LJ(2016): 325. Retrieved from https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/byuelj2016&section=16Wike, Traci & Fraser, Mark. “Shoot shootings: Making sense of the senseless.” (2009): 162-169.


Research PaperThe research paper is the most important out-of-class writing assignment of the semester.  It will be peer-reviewed before revision and submission in its final form.  The due dates for all drafts are given in your syllabus.  The essay will be graded on completion of the various phases of the assignment (topic selection, preliminary list of sources, outline, peer review) as well as the content of the final draft.Instructions:The paper must be written in MLA format, including a formal outline.The approximate length of the essay is 8 pages.The paper must cite at least 5 research sources, including the following:- Doctor Zhivago- One full-length text (book) by an authority on your topic.  Recommended sources are books and ebooks specifically on your topic that appear in the LAMC library catalog. This requirement may also be satisfied by citing a textbook for a relevant subject such as political science, psychology, sociology or history. – One scholarly journal article from the LAMC Library databases.  This will be an article designated “scholarly” or “peer reviewed” in one of the databases such as ProQuest, CQ Researcher, JSTOR and Gale literature sources.  – One other periodical.  This may be a second scholarly journal article, or it may be a major metropolitan newspaper or a news magazine.  – One Internet site.  This may be the web site of an organization that offers authoritative information on your topic or a web site that specializes in news reporting.In some cases, other sources such as interviews or government documents may be used as well.Do not use or cite informal sources such as web sites that collect or sell student papers (e.g. echeat.com or 123helpme.com), blogs maintained by individuals or groups that do not have solid academic credentials or Q&A sites such as ehow or about.com.  Acceptable web sites include those maintained by university departments, libraries, museums or government agencies.You may choose to consult dictionaries and encyclopedias or general overview sites such as history.com to gain a better understanding of terminology and the history of some aspects of your topic.  If so, these should be listed on your Works Cited page.  However, they are not substitutes for the required sources listed above, and the information you use from them should be limited to definitions and basic background information.
The required five sources must not only be listed on your Works Cited page, but must be either quoted or paraphrased in the text of your essay.Topic Choice Guidelines:- Biographical criticism, in which you research the author’s background and examine how the novel may contain parallels with his life experience.  This includes an analysis of how the author has chosen to represent people and events in comparison with the recorded biographical information and how that may relate to particular emphases in the message of the novel. MY CHARACTER WILL BE DR.ZHIVAGOGET INFO MOSTLY FROM HIS NOVEL FEW PDF’S AVAILABLE ONLINE.AND HIGLIGHT THE THESES STATEMENT, POINTS OF THE RESEARCH PLEASE.Outline / SAMPLEThesis:  In the characters of Yusef Galiullin and Pavel Antipov, Boris Pasternak traces the life paths of two young men as the 1917 Russian Revolution and its aftermath change their homeland forever, one remaining a loyal defender of national institutions and tradition, the other becoming the idealist revolutionary fighting to restore the honor of an exploited and abused country. 
I.  In their childhood in pre-revolutionary Moscow, Yusupka and Pasha face similar     limitations on their prospects for a good life.  A. Poverty and social unrest in working-class neighborhoodsB. Effects of anti-government resistance on communities and familiesC. Yusupka’s and Pasha’s personalities and circumstances as youthsII.  Russia’s entry into World War I leads the young adults Galiullin and Antipov into  military service.A. Mobilization of Russian men B. Effects of the war on the lives of Russian familiesC. Antipov’s education, marriage and military enlistmentD. Galiullin’s service at the battlefront with AntipovE. Antipov’s disappearanceIII.  The Revolution of 1917 and the Civil War that follows result in Galiullin and Antipov being aligned with opposing armies and ideologies.A. The war waged in the Russian countrysideB. The character and service of Lieutenant GaliullinC. The emergence of StrelnikovD. Pasternak’s representation of the two armiesIV.  The evolution of Strelnikov as the ultimate revolutionary warrior is revealed in     conversations between Lara and Yury and between Strelnikov and Yury A. Lara’s (Russia’s) unending loyalty to Pasha/StrelnikovB. Revelations of the full transformation of Strelnikov’s characterC. The survival of the corrupt social element exemplified in KomarovskyD. Strelnikov’s justifications and motivationsV.  The paths of the boys Yusupka and Pasha reveal the test of character that    confronted young working-class men in the revolutionary years. A. The end of the road for Yusupka and Pasha  B.
Pasternak’s sympathies revealed in the two men’s outcomes  C.
The outcome for RussiaAnnotated BibliographyGerschenkron, Alexander. “Notes on ‘Doctor Zhivago.’”Modern Philology, vol. 58, no. 3,   1961, pp. 194–200.JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/434994. Accessed 29 Apr. 2020.This is an academic article by a Russian-born Harvard professor specializing in economic history.  It was written in 1961 just after Pasternak was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for Doctor Zhivago. The author is responding to critics of the novel’s literary value, and he focuses on the characterization of several male characters, including Pasha Antipov, in comparison with each other.  I will use this as an example of one interpretation of Pasha’s symbolic significance in the story as well as a view of the corruption that Komarovsky represents in relation to Lara as the personification of modern Russia. … Additional sources


Cognitive Development ActivitiesChanda CrewsPSY 104 Child and Adolescent DevelopmentInstructor: Julian AchimDecember 7, 2019Cognitive Development ActivitiesCognitive development refers to how children interact with the environment surrounding them to interpret phenomena and acquire knowledge through learning (Pillow, 2015). This may include the criteria in which the children use to master wards pronunciations and interpretation of information availed to then by the surrounding environment.ActivitiesPlaying Games with the ChildPlaying sports may involve introducing some gaming activities to the child, and this will enable him/her to develop creativity to master the game and develop a high concentration towards the game. Playing games will help in the growth of brain cells and encourage the ability to think creatively. These games will improve the ability to think creatively and pay attention to instructions of the game to avoid messing up. Some of the games which would apply well to children include; playing with puzzles, playing the “peek-a-boo” with the child or even hide and seek, which improves their sensitivity and observation skills.Introduce the Child to SortingThe introduction may be achieved by giving children tasks to rearrange items according to their similarities, color or even size. The situation will improve their observation and sensitivity to some environmental factors like colors and shapes. This information can be used to enhance their understanding and also be used to gauge their level of learning ability and sensitivity as well.Creation of a Series of Countable Materials to the ChildThis will act as a challenge to the child by making him/her attempt to count or maintain particular arrangement criteria. This will enable the child to develop counting skills and be competent in arranging through following particular series and channels.Asking Them Questions and Enquiring for AnswersIntroducing children to questions to will enable then develop some learning and mastering abilities and hence help then not to for gate quickly. This will provide the child within an overview of how decisions are made and help him better understand the environment. Questions will make a child attentive to your words and better understand the local language as well as increase their thinking capacity. This questions will have to be answered and involve the child in actual language-speaking hence provide the child with more vocabulary on the mediate language improve in better understanding and interpretation of local language.Offering Them Chances to Make ChoicesAllowing a child to choose the things which concern them will continuously increase their involvement in decision making and be part of activities which relate them (Ojose, 2019). This will make them feel more independent and also help them make decisions in the environment.Taking Them to Identify Attractive SitesThese sites may involve big hotels, parks and even a library. Take them to this engaging sites make them explore the areas while asking them questions as per how they rate their territory and the level of excitement (Dasen, 2017). These visits will help acquire new knowledge from visiting new places and getting to know new vocabulary and further information as well. The exiting moments are rarely forgotten; hence, this knowledge will not be overlooked.Involving Them in Music and Sing AlongInvolving these children in music will improve their attentiveness and enable them to identify new words and ideas through listening to music and singing along them. This may also enhance their perfection in pronunciation and memorization of new vocabulary.Give Them Reading Materials to Study AlphabetsThis type of study will introduce them to more words and vowels, which will strengthen their pronunciation ability (Schaub, 2018). These alphabets may be breaker down into songs which are more comfortable for them to master every vowel hence enable then understand easily.ConclusionAccording to the above illustration, it is evident that it’s the role and responsibility of the parent to provide learning programs to their children which will enable them to understand the environment better and be right decision-makers. The more children are informed, the more knowledge they gain hence will be privileged to compete favorably in the outside environment and their next life stage.ReferencesPillow, B. H. (2015). Development of children’s understanding of cognitive activities.The Journal of Genetic Psychology,169(4), 297-321.Dasen, P. R. (2017). Cognitive development in Aborigines of Central Australia: concrete operations and perceptual activities.Schaub, M. (2018). Parenting for cognitive development from 1950 to 2000: The institutionalization of mass education and the social construction of parenting in the United States.Sociology of Education,83(1), 46-66.Ojose, B. (2019). Applying Piaget’s theory of cognitive development to mathematics instruction.The Mathematics Educator,18(1).

Unit 8 sociology discussion

Many people, particularly women, remain in abusive relationships. Why? Discuss one of the reasons they stay in these relationships. Who is at greater risk for abuse? Discuss the characteristics of some women that put them at risk for abuse.09/05/20208socialscience

Final essay

text book : Holdsworth, Clare, Nissa Finney, Alan Marshall, and Paul Norman. 2013. Population and Society. Thousand Oaks: Sage.ISBN: 9781412900652This paper will be in three parts, with a minimum of 5 pages. Please do not go over 20 pages. All papers should be typed with font 12, Times New Roman, double spaced, 1 inch margin on each side. All page numbers should be printed on the bottom center area. If you include a cover page and/or a reference page, they do not count toward the 5 minimum pages of the paper.An electronic copy of this paper is due by 11:59pm, Sunday, May 10, 2020. The paper must be uploaded at Blackboard Assignment folder in order to be graded. The paper receives an automatic 0 if any of the following situations applies:Emailed paperPaper submitted as hard copySubmitted as an image file or scanned imagesNot submitted to the Assignment folder by the deadlineThe primary goal of this paper is to analyze a current event that addresses“population issues” using sociological concepts and theories acquired from thisclass. Start thinking early, focusing on a specific topic of your choice, for examples, rural poverty, educational attainment, diversity, etc.Part I: Choose and then describe a current event relevant to “population and society” (1-2 page(s)A current event refers to something that is happening in the world at present, for example, more and more people choose to live alone, emergence of non-traditional families, adult children return to live with parents during the financial crisis, etc. Describe this current event in one page. This current event can be based upon your personal observation or a report from the mass media. If you use what has been reported in the mass media, you must properly cite the source from which you get your report. This is an upper division Sociology course and I expectproper ASA citations in the paper.Part II: Analyzing the Current Event (3 – 4 pages)Concepts and theory requirementThe most important thing is how you apply sociological concepts and theories to analyze an event that addresses population issues. A paper that is purely base upon your personal opinion does not fulfill this essential requirement. You will need to use at least 8sociological concepts and 1 theory in the analysis. For all the sociological concepts that are included in the paper to fulfill the requirement, they have to be defined first, provided with in-text citation, and then applied in the analysis. Since it is a sociology course, we’llbe using ASA formatting ONLY.Here is an example using ASA formatting. Please use your textbook as the ONLY source of reference. Any definition from outside sources, for example, online dictionaries will receive “0” points for this step.Example: define “household”Household is defined as the “basic units of living arrangements in most societies, usually formed around the nuclear family group” (Holdsworth et al. 2013:123). In subsequent FF citations, you can simplify multiple authors using this format: (Holdsworth et al. 2013:123).If a concept is used in the paper without definition and/or in-text citation, you have NOT fulfilled the requirement.Data requirementYou are required to submit a paper that profiles, or makes reference to a nation and/or select state/city/census block on this topic using data published by the Census Bureau (www.census.gov) and/or other peer reviewed data bases, for example, World Bank Development Indicators:https://databank.worldbank.org/reports.aspx?source=world-development-indicatorsPlease do not use Wikipedia as source of reference. This project provides you an opportunity to use numbers to support your argument and to further develop critical thinking skills.Part III: Conclusion (1 page). Please also include reference entry after the conclusion.Blackboard similarity score report and procedures for incidences of plagiarismOnce you have submitted the paper in the assignment folder, both you and the instructor will receive a copy of similarity score report.Any similarity score in between 33-50% receives a penalty of 50% point-deduction. For example, if your paper grade is 78%, only 39% is counted toward the final grade.Any similarity score between 51-80% will receive an automatic F for the final paper (0 points toward the final grade) and a report will be submitted to the Student Conduct and Conflict Resolution Services (SCCR).Any similarity score between 81-100% will receive an automatic F for the whole courseand a report will be submitted to the Student Conduct and Conflict Resolution Services (SCCR). Please note, in ASA formatting, if there are four or more authors, you can use “et al.” even it is the first time this citationappears in the article. If there are three or fewer authors, you have to list ALL last names of the authors, for example (Smith, Brown, and Li 2014:123), or (Smith and Brown 2014:123).JIANG SOC3810-001 Syllabus10/05/202022history

Sociology Research Essay

Please write an outline and a four-page sociological research paper using the following methods.The paper is due on 05/20/20. Conduct thorough research for writing your sociology research paper. Structure your sociology research paper in a logical sequence. Please state what the experts have to say regarding your topic. Please state if you agree or do not agree with the experts. Please remember to cite the experts and give them credit for their work. Finally, give the conclusions and your recommendations regarding yourtopic. Revise, revise, revise and edit your sociology research paper.Please use the following outline/format for writing your sociology research paper. Cover page (not numbered and does not count as a part of your paper) Statement of Problem Review of Literature and the Development of Hypotheses Finding/ Discussion Conclusion Reference page (not numbered and does not count as a part of your paper)Approaches to Sociological ResearchWrite down the first three steps of the scientific method. Think of a broad topic that you are interested in and which would make a good sociological study—for example, ethnic diversity in a college, homecoming rituals, athletic scholarships, or teen driving. Now, take that topic through the first steps of the process. For each step, write a few sentences or a paragraph: 1) Ask a question about the topic. 2) Do some research and write down the titles of some articles or books you’d want to read about the topic. 3) Formulate a hypothesis.Suggested paper topics: Gender stereotypes: Is it okay for a boy to cry? Who is to blame for today’s insane beauty standards? Top 3 misconceptions kids get from TV ads The pros and cons of mainstream schools Are women less privileged in today’s society than men? Are working women better mothers? When a couplehaschildrenwhoseresponsibility is it to raise the children? Does wealth always make people less ethical? Are only men to blame for the objectification of women’s bodies? Did the feminism movement contribute to the moral decline of America? Is intelligence more important than beauty for success in today’s society? Imagine your kid/brother/friend is gay/lesbian. Would you fight for his/her rights? How does social decline affect morality? Do we need a universal health care system? How to address the issues of the aging population. What is your responsibility as a member of a society? How can the problem of Racism be curbed in the U.S.? Discuss factors that perpetuate crime. Does Hegemony exist in Education? Examine the problemspersistentin community living. How is the individual personality conditioned by culture?The topics listed above are just suggested topics remember you do not have to use the suggested topics you can use the topic of your choosing.13/05/202025socialscience

Sociology Criminology

Question 1: How do conflict perspectives of crime differ from consensus perspectives? How would a conflict perspective of crime explain the illegalization of drug use? How would a consensus perspective do so?Question 2: In The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, Michelle Alexander (2012) argues that mass incarceration is, metaphorically, the New Jim Crow, and that something akin to a racial caste system currently exists in the United States. Using evidence from her text, explain how the United States criminal justice system has functioned as the New Jim Crow to perpetuate racial inequality within the United States.Question 3: Over the past 25 years violent crime and property crime have generally declined while the prison population has boomed. In this context, explain the concept of the prison industrial complex, as well as its connection to punitive (harsh) US penal policies and the War on Drugs. As part of your response, be sure to explain how social class and race and ethnicity impact legal outcomes in the United States.08/05/202015socialscience

Sociology of Aging SOC 349

Proposed analysis strategy—include what types of coding you plan to use (1 slide) Proposed timeline—make sure this is realistic and includes all steps/phases of the study (1 slide)r this assignment can be found under the Progress drop down menu under Rubrics.08/05/20204businessfinance

Watchman comic Annotated Bibliography Assignment

watchman comic Annotated Bibliography AssignmentSymbolism—these will mainly be images throughout the novel. Choose at least 10 symbols, then create and prove a claim that examines what you think they mean and why they are important to the story?Symbols to choose from: Clocks and Watches, the Doomsday Clock, Hiroshima Lovers, Nostalgia Perfume, Fall Out Shelter symbol, Rorschach’s mask, the Smiley Face pin, Biblical allusions, Gordian Knot, hydrogen atom symbol, symmetry, triangles and pyramids, the story-within-a story—Tales of the Black Freighter, repeated graffiti phrases like “Who Watches the Watchmen?”, colors purple, yellow, and red, Moloch, the name Ozymandias, Percy Shelley’s poem “Ozymandias”, William Blake’s poem “The Tyger”, Alexander the Great, masks, Gunga Diner, the Promethean Cab Company, Paradise Lost, mirrors and reflectionsFor this project, you will do some scholarly research for your Watchmen presentations. The finished project will be an annotated bibliography with 2 sources.Objectives:Find appropriate sourcesUse MLA citationDistinguish between types of sourcesSummarize sourcesEvaluate sourcesApply research to course textThe first step is finding 2 sources that would be helpful in preparing your Watchmen final presentation, so be sure to review the possible topics. This should help you focus on what types of articles that will be most useful. You should not simply use the first sources you find.The most successful library search term that I have found is : Watchmen Alan MooreYou will need to scan through the listings, and I have also found that the more specific your terms, like Ozymandias Monster, usually do not work.(For help, read the Research Overview section of Purdue’s OWL site (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/552/01/#resourcenav) (Links to an external site.)).Keep in mind that these academic sources don’t necessarily need to be directly about the particular work you are researching. You may use history, psychology, sociology, economics, or any approach that you can clearly apply to your chosen work. After deciding upon 3 sources, you will create an annotated bibliography.The Assignment: For each article, you will turn in a 1 ­page, single-­spaced response that includes the following. Label each section.Citation (Use MLA format. For help go to OWL(http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/11/) (Links to an external site.)Summary (Be sure to present the main points, and demonstrate by using examples and quotations)Evaluation (Explain the strengths and weaknesses of the content, type, and author of your source)Application (Briefly explain how you would use the source in a research paper about the literary work)10/05/202025english


For this project, you must write a 2-3 page double-spaced analysis of a video. You need to: Identify a video/DVD (from YouTube or elsewhere, like the Films on DemandLinks to an external site. database in the PCC Library) It is recommended that you select a 10 minute video clip. Provide a short summary of the video/DVD (What is the video about? Why did you select your video? Clarity is important!) Separately, explain how Comte, Marx and Durkheim would view – interpret your video/DVD. Thoroughly explain using sociological concepts/terms. (You may write as much as possible.). Use a separate paragraph for Comte, Marx and Durkheim. Which paradigm (Functionalism, Social Conflict or Symbolic Interaction) is most represented in your video/DVD? Explain. Note: Do not select a video that focuses on Comte, Marx and Durkheim. Why? You are using these theorists to analyze your video. What type of video clip should I select? Drama, comedy, music, documentary, home video, you-tube video, sport, relationships, school, prison, police, etc. (Please provide link). Please post your final document with all the above information included. Note: The structure and organization of your paper is located in files (Project 1: Video/DVD Analysis) Project 1 VideoDVD Analysis, Structure and Organization of Paper.docx Actions 17/05/202030socialscience

Sociology assignment 500 words

Discuss conflict and war and terrorism as inevitable aspects of human existence world-wide. Discuss the civil war currently taking place in Syria and the U.S. efforts to eradicate ISIS. What are your general feelings about war? What should the role of the U.S. be in solving crises around the world (if any)?Be thoughtful and thorough in your discussion and consider the huge number of refugees seeking the right to immigrate to the U.S. Since our government has been involved the creation of these refugees, should we accept them to our country? Why or why not?17/05/202012socialscience

Health Assessment

Assignment DescriptionInfographicChoose one older adult community population and create an infographic on a topic of preventative screenings or vaccines for this population. You may choose to focus on one specific preventative screening (like colonoscopy) or one specific vaccine (like pneumovax). You will create a one page infographic and then write an essay on the topic you chose. View websites on How to create Infographics:*http://blog.hubspot.com/blog/tabid/6307/bid/34223/5-Infographics-to-Teach-You-How-to-Easily-Create-Infographics-in-PowerPoint-TEMPLATES.aspx*http://blog.hubspot.com/marketing/free-ppt-infographic-templates-designs-htSubmit an 8 X 11.5 color (one page Word or pdf. document) infographic on the importance of one of the concepts found in one of the assigned websites.Include a detailed description of the infographic and the APA references in an APA-formatted essay.The description part of the essay assignment should be written in an APA-formatted essay. The essay should be at least 750 words in length and include at least two scholarly sources other than provided materialsPosted: 3 hours agoDue: 10/05/2020Budget: $15Tags: dueSundayAnswers 0Bids 99WORDPOWERTeacher A WorkDiscount AssignSteve JobsEssays GuruAmerican TutorAmanda SmithProf James KelvinPROFESSOR URGENThassan0906Quickly answer ProfRubbsProf. Eliud Petersonwizard kimBrainy BrianAgher Editorjuliusmu33RihAN_MendozaRosie SeptemberToniskyHomework ProElprofessoriEssay-tutorRanju Lewisbrilliant answersDr shamille ClaraUNDISPUTED GEEKMiss Alabamamichael smithSasha SpencerRanchoddas Chanchad PhDPROF. ANNWIZARD_KIMbennetsandovasmart-tutorCatherine OwensSaburBWendy LewisRESPECT WRITERMichelle Owensabdul_rehman_Super Proffkim woodsBill_WilliamsTutor Cyrus KenPhd christineMadam SarahTerry RobertsStano 001Prof.MacQueenNursing_MissEmily Michaelnadia tutorseniorwriterJOHN JUNIOR001writerlexprof avrilCasey CeliaTutorJoeKimsuraya_PhDperfectoPaula HogPROF_TOMMYRELIABLE PAPERSJessica LuisProf. BierceAbdullah AnwarA-Grade WriterSenior Advanced WriterRey writerwork solutionsquality work for allSaad Fahimfirstclass tutorAshley Ellie Asad UllahJudithTutorChrisProfphyllis youngJaqueDrNicNgaoimhmd.fJen Tech1ansRohanMadam JosephineClytemnestraMiss_AqsaPROFJUMAAAMiss Lily J.Tiny ChrisshujatHarris KhansuniyaziaGuarantee PassHawks EyeTutor-paulaEssayguru555Creative Geek Sir.JeffOther questions 10MGMT315 Unit 5 IPMegawriterpaper – Sociology HCS 567 Week 3 Business Organization Paper ratiosEmergency ManagementRunning CaseThere are numerous medications that may have oculotoxic side effects. List two of these medications and their possible oculotoxic side effects. Do not list categories of medications but rather specific medication names. Include the brand and generic namesPerfect Prof Only (2)MATH HOMEWORK PLEASE HELPPPPRated 1 timesInFOgraphic 750 word essay!! APA Assignment DescriptionInfographicChoose one older adult community population and create an infographic on a topic of preventative screenings or vaccines for this population. You may choose …Rated 1 timesHealth assessment #2Assignment DescriptionInfographicChoose one older adult community population (AGE 65 IN A NURSING HOME) and create an infographic on a topic of preventative screenings or vaccines for this …Rated 1 timesHealth Assessment 2InfographicChoose one older adult community population and create an infographic on a topic of preventative screenings or vaccines for this population. You may choose to focus on one specific …Not ratedinfographic and a pageAssignment DescriptionInfographicChoose one older adult community population and create an infographic on a topic of preventative screenings or vaccines for this population. You may choose to focus …10/05/202015nursing

Sociology assignment 500 words

Course Description/Student Learning Outcomes: Recommended for every student interested in race and ethnic studies in the United States. Identify the cultural, political, historical, and institutional factors affecting the social construction of race and ethnic relations Differentiate concepts such as prejudice, discrimination, segregation, assimilation, and pluralism Analyze the cultural and institutional factors involved in race and ethnic relations, relating the macro-level to the micro-level Compare and contrast the experiences of groups that have been historically marginalized, particularly groups defined by ethnicity and race. Analyze intersections of race and ethnicity with gender, class and other locations of identity Identify and analyze patterns of racial and ethnic interaction Identify, compare and contrast the experiences of major racial and ethnic groups Examine majority-minority group relations including issues such as power and privilege Evaluate debates on current socio-political racial and ethnic issues such as affirmative action, immigration policies, criminal justice policies, and the future of race and ethnic relations17/05/202012socialscience

“Sociology &quot

Watching video and Questions&quot on City Rising KCET documentary”Watch the KCET documentary City Rising: https://www.kcet.org/shows/city-rising/city-rising-broadcast-episodewatch the video and answer these questions. Minimum 7 sentences per question.1) Discuss one concrete example from the film that shows how the history of redlining still shapes the housing crisis in California today, specifically for people of color.2) Discuss Kevin Johnson’s redevelopment projects in Sacramento in terms of Logan and Molotch’s growth machine thesis.3) How did the segment on the Oakland protestors (blocking the bridge, delaying a city hall vote) shed light on the government’s role in the gentrification process?15/05/202020socialscience

Week 8 Discussion 2 Principles of Teaching and Learning

Clinical performance evaluation is subjective and involves the judgments of the evaluator. It is filtered by the evaluator’s perspective, values, and biases. With this in mind, select three clinical evaluation strategies that you believe are fair and accurate in order to measure student learning, and determine their competency and safety in the clinical setting. Explain your rationale for why you selected each of the strategies, and how they align with your personal philosophy of teaching. Make sure the strategies that you selected include ways to evaluate students cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains of learning.Posted: 14 hours agoDue: 01/05/2020Budget: $5Tags: grammarAnswers 0Bids 69Discount AssignMoen ZafarAmanda SmithEARNESTWRITERProfRubbsBridget YoungBrainy BrianDexterMastersAgher EditorProCastrol01Elprofessoribrilliant answersDr shamille ClaraUNDISPUTED GEEKmichael smithrunge-kutta acerWIZARD_KIMCatherine OwensMichelle OwensAll Works solverkim woodsWendy LewisPhd christineSaburBStano 001Dr WillymartinsProf.MacQueenCotton CandyNursing_Missnadia tutorseniorwriterEmily MichaelJOHN JUNIOR001Ultimate GEEKprof avrilMiss ProfessorCasey CeliaperfectoPaula HogkatetutorJessica LuisPhd isaac newtonPROF_TOMMYAbdullah AnwarRey writerfirstclass tutorJenny BoomYhtomitAshley Ellie Saad FahimChrisProfphyllis youngDrNicNgaoBentaylorJen Tech1ansRohanMadam Josephineprofessor mitchPROFJUMAAATiny ChrisHarris KhanGuruWriter24Miss_AqsasuniyaziaTutor-paulaElaine CarterCreative Geek Hawks EyeProf Nato(PhD)Other questions 10Vocabulary ScenarioUnit 4 Training and Development ***FOR MATHGUY18***Sociology If general pea plants with the genotype TTYy are crossed with pea plants with the genotype Ttyy, what percentage off…Week 1 Due Week 1: Project Proposal/Approval Java – BankAccount and SavingsAccount- inbox if you need this papersociology 1doctor mitch Performance Measurements-FPWeek 1: Response to discussion 1 & 2Not ratedW8 P2Clinical performance evaluation is subjective and involves the judgments of the evaluator. It is filtered by the evaluator’s perspective, values, and biases. With this in mind, select three clinical …01/05/20205nursing

SOC Final Essay

Examination #2 is a 5-page Essay Examination based on our course materials used in the Sociology of Sexuality in the second half of our course; it will require the use of at least 4 course readings.The attached handout includes detailed information about this examination and its requirements;The 5-6 page essay is due by 11:59pm MST on Saturday, May 16, 2020.Choose ONE of the following two essay options:1. The last topic that we examined in our semester together was sex work, which as you know is certainly a controversial subject. Take a moment to consider your own perspective on the topic, particularly in terms of the legal status of prostitution. Begin the essay by identifying and explaining two forms of evidence that support your own perspective at the legal/social/moral status of sex work, then identify and explain two forms of evidence that support a stance that differs from your own. Conclude by reflecting upon what members of society, regardless of their individual views on prostitution, can do to support the human dignity of individuals in this field. Be sure to use FOUR course readings in your essay.2. This essay option asks you to place yourself in a scenario and consider how you would concretely respond to it. Imagine that you have a cousin who is 16 and gay. They have recently come out to their parents (your aunt and uncle), who are very upset by this news and have offered to pay for your cousin to go through conversion/reparative therapy. Your cousin is not interested in this, but is considering it to appease their parents. However, your cousin loves and trusts you, and knowing that you have taken a course on Sociology of Sexuality this term, has asked you to email their parents about what conversion/reparative therapy actually entails, its legal status in the United States, and how it impacts those who have experienced it. Be sure to use FOUR course readings in your“email,” and feel free to be creative by making up names for all parties involved, biographical details, and any other personalizing information to contextualize your message to your aunt and uncle.Available ResourcesFor this assignment, students are required to reference 4 separate course readings in the text of their essays. Videos watched for class may be used as additional sources, but will NOT replace course readings for the four required references. Note that since our readings are all from a single edited volume, be sure to cite the author of each reading individually, rather than the volume editors.Course Readings1. Rye and Meaney, “The Pursuit of Sexual Pleasure,” pp. 345-356 [SEX]2. Fahs, “Getting, Giving, Faking, Having: Orgasm and the Performance of Pleasure,” pp. 358-374[SEX]3. Siebers, “A Sexual Culture for Disabled People,” pp. 375-384 [SEX]4. Sheff and Hammers, “The Privilege of Perversities: Race, Class and Education AmongPolyamorists and Kinksters,” pp. 387-402 [SEX]5. Carrington, “There’s More to Life than Sex? Difference and Commonality within the AsexualCommunity,” pp. 403-412 [SEX]6. Nash and Bain, “‘Reclaiming Raunch”? Spatializing Queer Identities at Toronto Women’s Bathhouse Events,” pp. 415-421 [SEX]7. Steinbugler, “Visibility as Privilege and Danger: Heterosexual and Same-Sex InterracialIntimacy,” pp. 422-431 [SEX]8. Weis, “Becoming a Practitioner: The Biopolitics of BDSM,” pp. 432-440 [SEX]9. Sterling and Simonds, “HPV Vaccines: Kids and Controversy,” pp. 470-474 [SEX]10. Mullis and Baunach, “The Social Control of Adult-Child Sex,” pp. 495-508 [SEX]11. Windsor, “Sick Sex,” pp. 513-520 [SEX]12. Lepore, “Birthright: A History of Planned Parenthood,” pp. 521-527 [SEX]13. Phillips, “Deconstructing “Down Low” Discourse: The Politics of Sexuality, Gender, Race,AIDS, and Anxiety,” pp. 535-541 [SEX]14. Kimmel, “Hooking Up: Sex in Guyland,” pp. 545-553 [SEX]15. Acosta, “How Could You Do This To Me?”: How Lesbian, Bisexual, and Queer LatinasNegotiate Sexual Identity with Their Families,” pp. 569-576 [SEX]16. Gavey, “I Wasn’t Raped, but . . .” Revisiting Definitional Problems in Sexual Victimization,” pp.583-593 [SEX]17. Edwards, Turchic, Dardis, Reynolds, and Gidycz, “Rape Myths,” pp. 597-607 [SEX]18. Fowles, “The Fantasy of Acceptable “Non-Consent,” pp. 608-611 [SEX]19. Armstrong, Hamilton, and Sweeney, “Sexual Assault on Campus: A Multilevel, IntegrativeApproach to Party Rape,” pp. 612-626 [SEX]20. Walker, Archer, and Davies, “Effects of Rape on Men: A Descriptive Analysis,” pp. 628-639[SEX]21. Nagel, “Rape and War: Fighting Men and Comfort Women,” pp. 641-648 [SEX]22. Bernstein, “Sex Work for the Middle Classes,” pp. 652-658 [SEX]23. Shapkina, “Not for Sale: Stopping Sex Trafficking in the United States and Worldwide,” pp.673-680 [SEX]24. Brents and Hausbeck, “Marketing Sex: U.S. Legal Brothels and Late Capitalist Consumption,”pp. 681-689 [SEX]25. Kelly, “Legalized Prostitution,” pp. 689-690 [SEX]26. Windsor and Burges, “Sex Matters: Future Visions for a Sex-Positive Society,” pp. 691-699[SEX]Videos1.“Modern Love: Polyamorous Family” (22 minutes)2“American Experience: Stonewall Uprising” (84 minutes)3.“The Long Night” (70 minutes)Nuts and Bolts1.References: 4 course readings2. In-text citations and References section in APA format3. 12-point font, Times New Roman4. 1” margins throughout5. Minimum total length = 5 pages (i.e. at least 4.5 pages, with the 5th page being at least to thehalf-way point of the page); Maximum total length = 6 full pages6. Page numbers on ALL pagesPAPER GRADENuts and Bolts Requirements (worth 5 points)References Page in APA Format IncludedMinimum Length Requirements Met (5 pages)Font, Margin and Spacing Requirements MetPage Numbers IncludedSubstantive RequirementsCogent and Thorough Substantiation of ClaimsAddresses all Components of Chosen Essay PromptMeaningful use of FOUR Course ReadingsGood Writing Style, Spelling, and Grammar16/05/202020socialscience

“Sociology Q&amp

A ONE FULL PAGED WORD DOC.”Watch the KCET documentary City Rising here: https://www.kcet.org/shows/city-rising/city-rising-broadcast-episode(Links to an external site.)ANSWER QUESTION BELOW:How does the documentary connect to what we have learned about housing as a commodity? Do you think our society could create housing as a human right? What would it take?13/05/202010socialscience

Sociology Essay Virtual Community and Social Media

write 2 short essays(paragraph form)ofapproximately 1000 words for each answer (approximately 4 pages double spaced PER answer for a total of 8 pages–you should NOT go over 9 pages in total).Format: Times New Roman, 12-pt font, 1-inch margins (all sides), double-spaced! Submit in .doc, .docx, or .pdf (.pages seems to not work with the bCourses SpeedGrader). When citing readings, please use the simple parenthetical citation, for example, (Baym 2010). If you cite lecture, please just cite (Lin, “Title of Lecture,” Date).No works cited/bibliography page needed–assuming you only cite course readings and lecture.Please write a short essay, which means a (very) short introduction and conclusion. As a suggestion (which means you do not have to), you may use a sort of 5-paragraph essay format for each question. Your short essay should have a thesis/argument that answers the question in the prompt directly. Then, your subsequent paragraphs should each be devoted to a key arguments, examples, or cases that prove your overarching argument. You may consider counter-arguments in your conclusion or where most applicable/obvious.Essay One:Technology is often thought of as a solution to many problems, including issues of social capital, political involvement, making friends, finding love, etc. Assess the strengths and weaknesses of social media and virtual communities. What kinds of problems do social media and/or virtual communities have the power to solve (or at least make considerably better)? And what challenges or limitations do social media and/or virtual communities have that limit their problem-solving capacity? Use at least three examples/cases from readings, lectures, in-class, videos, etc. to prove your argument.Question 2.Some have argued that the internet has made our physical, face-to-face lives less social but our online, virtual lives more social (Hampton 2010; Castells 2014). First of all, what are the most important ways that virtual communities have changed and shaped our physical, face-to-face communities? Second, using at least two examples from readings/lectures/videos, etc. in what ways are virtual communities an adequate replacement for face-to-face communities, and in what ways do they fall short?13/05/202085socialscience

Sociology question

Write a short essay, (about 1000 words), including an introduction and conclusion.The essay should have a thesis/argument that answers the question in the prompt directly. Body paragraphs should each be devoted to a key arguments, examples, or cases that prove the overarching argument. You may consider counter-arguments in your conclusion or where most applicable/obvious.The essay question prompt is attached in the file.You also need to use at least three examples/cases from the readings I attached in the file to support the argument.13/05/202030socialscience


Assignment #2–Socialization Paper: Using at least three agents of socialization (e.g., family, friends, school) that apply, describe how each agent socialized you to become the person that you are today. Trace your personal socialization from birth to the present moment.Be sure to include all of the following twenty-five terms: ascribed status achieved status role expectations stage role strain role conflict agents of socialization norms folkways mores values social control sanctions subculture cultural capital ethnocentrism cultural relativism sensorimotor stage preoperational stage concrete operational stage formal operational stage generalized other social class gender ethnicity devianceStructure and instructions for the paper: You must use an essay format. You must utilize a minimum of three agents of socialization (for example, family, friends, and school), and examine your life by fully discussing the impact of each agent of socialization on the development of who you are today. You must include all of the above twenty-five terms. Note: You must utilize each term in a manner that clearly articulates to the reader an understanding of the concept. You must use the key terms in a clear and logical manner that fits into your overall essay. You must highlight or underline the above 25 terms in your paper at least once. You must submit a typed You must keep the paper within four (full pages) to eight typewritten pages, double-spaced, 12 point font. Submit the assignment through Canvas by 11:59 P.M. on May 13, 2020. Please refer to the late assignment policy on the syllabus.13/05/202030socialscience


Disaster Cycle Research Paper (150 points).RESEARCH TOPIC: 2011 East African DroughtThroughout the course, you will be exploring the phases of disaster in a variety of contexts. Following the format provided in Chapter 4 of Women and Disasters, you will write an 8-12 page research paper on a disaster of your choice outlining the nine disaster phases as discussed in this course through a gendered and intersectionallens according to the following criteria:focuses on sociology, psychology, gender studies, and disaster studies.BOOK: Phillips, B.D. & Morrow, B.H. (2008). Women and disasters: From theory to practice. Philadelphia, PA:Xlibris.Additional reading on Blackboard in the Learning Modules.Assessment PointsIntroductionOne paragraph highlighting the importance of examining this particular disaster in the context of gender and intersectional identities with in the disaster cycle, including a thesis statement10 PointsBackground and HistorySummary of the disaster, including: type of disaster; date; location/region; scope of disaster; mortality; number of people affected/displaced/injuredPertinent information of gendered politics in this particular area that will help to understand vulnerability before, during, and after the disaster20 pointsDisaster CycleAt least one paragraphaddressing each stage in the disaster cycle (total of at least 8) as it relates to gender and other identitiesExposure to risk; Risk perception; Preparedness behavior; Warning communication and response; Physical impacts; Psychological impacts; Emergency response; Recovery and reconstruction (these two can be together or separateIf there is limited information in any section, explain why this may be the case and how it can remedied in the future80 pointsConclusionOne to two paragraphs to summarize findings, lessons learned, and ideas for improvement and growth10 pointsFormattingWritten in APA format, 1″ margins, 12 point Times New Roman, with a Title and References Pages according to APA Guidelines (not included in your total page count)Headers used to separate sections of paperIn-text citations in APA format10 pointsOrganizationPaper is organized, clearly written, with no spelling or grammatical errors10 pointsResourcesUtilizes a minimum of 10 scholarly resources (at least half must be sources not included in course materials)10 points 15/05/202025socialscience

Sociology Research Paper PowerPoint

******* Due in 8 hours******Create a powerpoint presentation summarizing research discussed in previously written paper.Presentation must be at least 10 minutes long and include speaker notes. Discuss main topics discussed in the paper 12/05/202015socialscience

Experience essay

Course: Sociology Sex MattersI welcome you to be creative in developing your essay ideas.Minimum length = 5 pages (i.e. at least 4.5 pages, with the 5th page being at least to the halfway point of the page); Maximum length = 6 full pages; required length does not include References PageTasks:1. Brainstorm ideas for an experience that you would like to have for our course. a. “Experiences” For this Assignment Can Include:i. Interviews with social service providers or professionals who work with communities of interest in this courseii. Interview a community member or family member who has first-hand experience or knowledge of the socio-cultural issue related to human sexuality that you want to more deeply understandiii. Ethnography at community eventsiv. Volunteer work at a social services or non-profit organization2. Select and concretize your ideaa. If you are doing volunteer work, locate an organization and find out the requirements to volunteer.b. If you are doing an interview, locate a potential interviewee and develop an interview protocol.4. Engage in the “Experience”a. If you are going to a particular location for the experience, be sure to take copious notes regarding what you observe, the community context, and who else was at the event location.b. If you are doing interviews, be sure to give interviewees the option of using a pseudonym and having any potentially identifying information obscured so that their anonymity is preserved.5. Locate a minimum of 5 peer-reviewed, academic resources that you will be using to inform your sociological analysis of this experience.a. Resources should be from books published by university and other academic presses or peer-reviewed articles from scholarly journals.b. Resources from non-profit organizations (i.e. “.org”) often make excellent supplementary resources, but are not technically peer-reviewed, despite sometimes being labeled as such by Google Scholar.i. One exception to this is the Pew Research Center (www.pewresearch.org), which is internally peer-reviewed and holds a very high standard of scholarly quality. However, no more than TWO PEW links may “count” as a peer-reviewed scholarly resource for this assignment, as I want all students to have to seek out and utilize academic journal articles/books.ii. Resources from government agencies (i.e. “.gov”), such as the Bureau of Labor Statistics or the Congressional Budget Office, may count as ONE of the five scholarly peer-reviewed resources for this assignment.c. Students are to incorporate in-text citations and a References page, both in APA style, for these 5 peer-reviewed, scholarly sources.d. If you are at all confused by APA formatting/citation, I recommend the following website:i. https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ (Just google “Purdue OWL”)6. Write your papera. If your “experience” involved volunteering or ethnography, provide a rich description of the physical location, what you did, what others around you were doing, and any lectures/speeches/orientation given at the event.b. If you are working with an organization, offer a brief history of that group, including how and when they were founded, how they are funded, and who they serve. What are their organizational goals and values?c. If you are interviewing a friend, family member, or community member, be sure to provide some basic demographic data on the person—age, occupation, hometown, and relationship to you. Offer “informants” the option of choosing a pseudonym.d. Be sure to follow the “nuts and bolts” listed below for formatting and referencesReferences Page and in-text citations in APA format required; minimum of 5 scholarly Resources used 5. The assignment does not require a title page or abstract 19/04/202020socialscience

Sociology question and answer (9 questions)

General Instructions: Your answers should be 2-6 sentences, depending on the question. Include page numbers in your responses so that you can refer back to the reading during the discussion.Questions for Uggen, Manza and Thompson (2006), “Citizenship, Democracy, and the Civic Reintegration of Criminal Offenders,” pp. 281-310:[Note: You may skip the appendix at the end of the article]1. How many ex-felons (i.e., non-incarcerated felons) are there in American society? How has this changed since the late 1960s?Questions for Uggen et al. (2006) and Alexander (2012), The New Jim Crow, pp. 140-178:[Please also review Alexander (2012), pages 93-96].2. What are the civic/legal consequences of having a criminal record – especially a felony conviction?3. What are the major economic consequences of having a criminal record? (The legal and economic consequences overlap some).4. Why/how does the treatment of ex-convicts disproportionately affect African Americans?Questions for Alexander (2012), pages 140-220:5. For ex-convicts (of any race), what are some of the informal consequences of having a criminal record?6. What are the main similarities between Jim Crow and mass incarceration?7. What are the main differences between Jim Crow and mass incarceration? In your answer, be sure to refer to, and explain, the idea that mass incarceration is an “officially colorblind” system (Alexander 2012, p. 183).8. Review Alexander’s (2012) overall explanation for the growth of incarceration (i.e., increasing number of prisoners since the 1970s). How is her explanation similar to, or different from, the ideas presented in lecture?9. create a question and answer by yourself ( the question should relate to the readings)13/03/201912socialscience


This is a group assignment but i have promised my group to do it for all of them . my group member have already started working on the assessment but i will want your help to complete the remaining part of assessment 3 . and then help making the powerpoint slides as indicated in assessment 2 ( only the synopsis of assessment 3 ) of the unit outline. for any other qweries please feel free to contact me . :)201803IM2250UnitOutlineCurtinCollegeSingapore1.pdfgroupassintermarketing.docxcontentspage-everygrouptouse.doccontentspage-everygrouptouse.docIMG_13241.JPGNewestIMreport.docxb75430e2-8ed9-4707-9107-d0fc648552f8.JPGdaa522e7-9f0a-43f7-8895-8baa4ca4ced21.JPGPosted: a year agoDue: 29/11/2018Budget: $30Answers 4kim woods4.7 (888)4.7 (27k )Chata year agoPurchase the answer to view itorder_108689_279926final.docorder_108689_279926.docTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $30kim woods4.7 (888)4.7 (27k )Chata year agoPurchase the answer to view itorder_108689_277885.docorder_108689_277995.docorder_108689_278333.docfinalpaper.docorder_108689_280057.docorder_108689_280057newsacticle.docArticle.docorder_108689_280071.docTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $60kim woods4.7 (888)4.7 (27k )Chata year agoPurchase the answer to view itorder_108689_280071.docTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $30amir sohail2 (Not rated)4.5 (11)Chata year agoPurchase the answer to view itTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $30Bids 67Bill TutorPROF washington watsonProf XavierProf. Nicholaswizard kimLady Taylor PhDMberiahMiss BrigitPerfectGuyThe_Ideas_TeamGenuine GeniusSasha Spencerprof avrilChrisProfChance Of a Lifetymtutor-mitchelleMichelle OwensCatherine OwensTeacher YoungFirst-rate writerAdrian MonroeSolution for xcoco_soboProf AllanAngelina MayZeek the GeekbennetsandovaCallie ThorneSophia MilesperfectoDrNicNgaoTop Grade Tutorkim woodsEpic Writer PhdWendy LewisBrilliantEzzayZbrilliant answersProf. GoodwillLindah-ProffMary Warnock PhDCharandrywriters cartelphyllis youngBusiness WriterAll Works solverMalik TutorDR.SAMUELSONMiss ProfessorProfessor workDr NawazishPh.D A GradeEssay-tutorMadam SarahClytemnestraPhd christineamir sohail2tutorthammyJaneetabatoolHu Jintaohafizfarhan647kisinziallenwest038vanessa chettleTutor UnitedThe Knightkatewjoelturtor munyoloOther questions 10Social Perception Phase 2 IPESL 523-0500 week 6A Solution Fresh with 100% Score!FLOVODOH ONLY!!! Due Sunday 10am Los Angeles Time 5 Page EssayDB RepliesFOR YAZMIN GREY Part 1Business Law Technology and Social Changegovernment homework discussion questionsChemicals of ConcernBlog ArchiveCopyright © 2019 HomeworkMarket.com Read MoreApplied SciencesArchitecture and DesignBiologyBusiness & FinanceChemistryComputer ScienceGeographyGeologyEducationEngineeringEnglishEnvironmental scienceSpanishGovernmentHistoryHuman Resource ManagementInformation SystemsLawLiteratureMathematicsNursingPhysicsPolitical SciencePsychologyReadingScienceSocial Science window.__REDUX__STATE__ = ‘{“appMeta”:{“serverRendered”:true},”apiRequests”:{“pendingRequestCount”:0,”succeededRequestCount”:4,”failedRequestCount”:0,”requestCounters”:{“GET_FIELDS_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_PENDING”:0,”GET_FIELDS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_ENTITY_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1}},”currentUserMeta”:{“id”:0,”isGuest”:true,”isReceivingEmails”:null,”authMethod”:null,”approvalTicket”:null,”fees”:null,”disputesAmount”:null,”earningsStats”:{“questions”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0},”tutorials”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0}}},”modal”:{},”joyride”:{“steps”:[]},”users”:{“guest-0”:{“role”:”student”,”isGuest”:true}},”usersStatuses”:{},”usersThreads”:{},”usersReviews”:{},”usersQuestions”:{},”reviewsPage”:{“results”:[]},”reviews”:{},”answersReviews”:{},”threads”:{},”questions”:{“16633999”:{“body”:”Chemicals of Concern in the EnvironmentAs scientists and engineers work to produce products that make people’s lives easier and safer, there is the possibility that these new products …”,”id”:16633999,”title”:”Chemicals of Concern”,”isTutorial”:true,”isEssay”:true,”budget”:20,”fieldOfStudyId”:1500,”userId”:668065,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2017-05-18T03:55:23.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1500,”name”:”Reading”,”anchor”:”Reading”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886175,”path”:”/fields/reading”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1574388,”path”:”/content/chemicals-concern-16633999-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”16634593″:{“body”:”Assignment 2Ok folks, let’s start connecting the chapter dots…think about the RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE SUBJECTS WE’VE LOOKED AT THUS FAR. This is the part where we pursue the real …”,”id”:16634593,”title”:”government homework discussion questions”,”isTutorial”:true,”isEssay”:true,”budget”:15,”fieldOfStudyId”:1100,”userId”:537153,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2017-05-18T05:05:48.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1100,”name”:”Government”,”anchor”:”Government”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886167,”path”:”/fields/government”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1574428,”path”:”/content/government-homework-discussion-questions-16634593-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”16634737″:{“body”:”Title :Technology and Social Change Paper type :Research PaperCourse Level :CollegeSubject Area :Sociology# Pages :4 ( or 1100 words Minimum) No of Sources :3Spacing :Double SpacingPaper …”,”id”:16634737,”title”:”Technology and Social Change”,”isTutorial”:true,”isEssay”:true,”budget”:3,”fieldOfStudyId”:200,”userId”:320301,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2017-05-18T05:27:53.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:200,”name”:”English”,”anchor”:”English”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886117,”path”:”/fields/english”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1574444,”path”:”/content/technology-and-social-change-16634737-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”16637397″:{“body”:”Monarch Associates, a U.S. computer parts manufacturer, entered into a joint venture with a Russian computer technology company, Vladir Unlimited. 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Specifically, discuss your understanding of the Israeli occupation, how it came about in the context …”,”id”:16641215,”title”:”FLOVODOH ONLY!!! Due Sunday 10am Los Angeles Time 5 Page Essay”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”budget”:20,”fieldOfStudyId”:200,”userId”:28485,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2017-05-18T13:11:21.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:200,”name”:”English”,”anchor”:”English”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886117,”path”:”/fields/english”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1574896,”path”:”/content/flovodoh-only-due-sunday-10am-los-angeles-time-5-page-essay”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”16642075″:{“body”:”Nursing: physical and health assessment (Neuro) APA style1.Assessment of the Neurological SystemRandy Adams is a 38-year-old male patient of Dr. Joseph Reynolds who was admitted …29/11/201830businessfinance

Social Inequality forums 500 words responses

Week 4 Forum Social Inequalityforums class response soc111 classDr. Avant 100 word response requiredback to her:Greetings, class. The introduction of Durkhiem’s theory coincides with major changes in modernization throughout the world in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Individuals in a rural setting may have completely differing norms than the city societies they were introduced to in search of jobs. With this merger of societies, the interpretation of deviant behavior outside of social norms would have needed to be changed. What do you think are some examples of deviant behaviors that rural people moving to the city landscape would have displayed? ~100 words response to scott:Good morning Class,I have decided to pick question 1 for this week forum. I will say this week forum was challenging for me to explain, but I think I covered all main points.Compare and contrast the functionalist view of social stratification and the conflict theory’s view of social stratification.Functionalist view of social stratification believe that society is like an organism. Like for example like look the unit in the military there one guy that really smart and know how work computer, some are really fit, and some are excellent marksmen’s. I think might lost some people with that example, so here one more every has a vital role in the military where it administration, communications, supply and grunts. We all need each like how a body need a heart, brain, blood, lung… to survive. Now the conflict theory’s view of social stratification is divided up in two groups the workers or the owners(capitalist). The example is how they describe in our lesson “Capitalists own the means of production, like factories and fields. Workers don’t own the means of production, and must sell their labor for income”How does social stratification influence the daily interactions of individuals? How do systems of class, based on factors such as prestige, power, income, and wealth, influence your own daily routines, as well as your beliefs and attitudes? Illustrate your ideas with examples.Well first to make it easy we currently live in an open stratification. But what dose that mean to me? It means we have the ability to change our social class (not easy task to do) define at birth what your class will be unlike a close stratification will be like you born from royalty, so hence that your class for most or all your life. So an example of an open Social stratification will be American dream where you can mold your life by taking time to achieve your goal and become most anything you want because you and every has the same opportunity reaching your dream job (granted not the case for some jobs). So let look the different of class it will be easy for someone who was born rich to live life with a sliver spoon and being hand everything and not worry to have to pay for school to get a education but let’s compare that man or women that grow up in poor family in order to change his social class he/she got wanted it and work hard for it by get great grades, job (to pay for if that was the case) and varies scholarships in order to get there dream job. If and only if they become rich and successful. Don’t get me wrong you also be any class and be successful but I feel the one that are successful always works hard, advance little by little and persistent toward there goal not just keeping busy for the time being. How you feel base on these factors? Do you feel like I to strict on this matter? Thank for reading this and I hope you have a wonderful day.ReferenceURLhttps://edge.apus.edu/access/content/group/arts-and-humanities-common/Universal/SOCI/111/elf/lesson-4/elf_index.htmlWebsite Title Login Required – APUS CLEArticle Title Login RequiredDate Accessed December 28, 2017Reply back to scott 100 words to what he asked me:Good morning James,Merry Christmas and can you have believed it is week four already because I can’t believe it. Time is a flying and it is good to see that you are working hard. I can tell because your forum took a lot of thought and has some great insight to. Can you give name of a nation that you know that are not develop yet? I do agree that the functionalist perspective is an accurate theory because everyone input is importance to this country (to a certain extent). Now I can see some inequality, when I was Station in Riyadh Saudi Arabia by how the women couldn’t drive and couldn’t have as many equal right due their culture which nothing wrong with that because that there way of living. Thank for reading this. I hope you have a wonderful day and keep up the splendid work.-ScottRespond 100 words to reed: 1. Compare and contrast the functionalist view of social stratification and the conflict theory’s view of social stratification. How does social stratification influence the daily interactions of individuals? How do systems of class, based on factors such as prestige, power, income, and wealth, influence your own daily routines, as well as your beliefs and attitudes? Illustrate your ideas with examples.In our lesson social stratification is discussed. There are a couple of different types of stratification presented early in the lesson described as closed and open forms of stratification. An example of a closed form would be slavery. Closed meaning that individuals do not have the ability and or opportunity to move up in the system. A good example of an open system would be, in most people’s opinion, a democracy. In this case people are stratified according to wealth and or income and presumable would be able to move up if their level of wealth changed.In a functionalist stratification of society, according to Durkheim, people are sorted according to their abilities and talents. Those who have the ability to produce something or to become successful will therefore be at the higher end of the social class. Durkheim likens this to organisms or organs in the human body. All doing different things but overall the efforts of individuals serve the ultimate purpose of making a society exist. The worth of these talents or abilities would determine where an individual ranks in the social stratification. (College, 2015)In a social conflict theory stratification, according to Karl Marx, there is not really a means for individuals to change their social status. They are more or less born into their class which is one of two areas. They are both the owners and operators of the wealth and control how it is made or they are not and therefore must cater to those with the wealth. In the lesson and example is made by comparing those who own a factory to being the ones in control of the wealth and power. They are able to maintain their position by using the wealth they have and or increasing it. Those who do not possess the wealth are forced to sell their labor to the factory owners in order to generate income and as a result will never rise to a higher level of wealth.(College, 2015)I prefer Durkheim’s model and I feel like that is the situation for Americans today. If someone works hard and has a skill or talent to produce they may move up in the social classes. There are still examples of Marx’s theory of conflict theory in today’s world as well. In third world countries we still see forms of slavery and a few individuals with wealth and or power controlling most of the others indigenous to the area.ReferenceCollege, O. (2015, January 12). Introduction to Sociology. OpenStax College. Retrieved from http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11740/1.3/Reply 100 words to reed on a question that he asked me: Hello JamesIn your forum, well done by the way, you mention that some countries or nations exploit others. Do you think the U.S.A is guilty of that? I wonder if there was a change accepted to move away from fossil fuel would the nations that are in power now be the same? I think that there is a good degree of social stratification based on wealth across the world and this stems greatly from the resources and goods that a nation or country can provide. Taking the middle east for example, I doubt there would much U.S. involvement in conflict there if there wasn’t a lot of oil and precious minerals at stake. Did you know that Russia initially invaded Afghanistan in the 1980’s to pave the way for a natural gas pipeline?I would agree that the functionalist perspective on stratification is most widely accurate in todays society however there are still examples of the conflict theory. I’ve been to several third world countries in my travels and experienced the people that live in them. There is an ignorance to the ways of most first world countries that practically precludes those individuals from aspiring to achieve a higher status. They just don’t realize that there is the potential for more out there and as a result don’t even try. They feel that what they were born into is what they deserve and no more or no less. The Western and American perspective is much different in that if you have the will and desire to achieve then usually that is exactly what you will do.Merry Christmas and good luck moving into the new year.31/12/201720socialscience

EHR Demo

Instructions Perform a web search to find and review EHRs. Select three (3) preferred EHRs. Compare each of the selected EHRs, using the attached assessment form. Fill in the right-hand column with your observations/assessment on why your EHR meets/does not meet each standard. Based on the depth of the information provided, you may have to use the knowledge you’ve gained thus far to make assumptions about the EHR functions. (Tip – Add three columns to the far right of the assessment form, one for each selected vendor) Write a 1-page summary to accompany your assessment form. The summary should include a comparison of the key functions and factors for the EHR. Your assessment form should be in Microsoft Word or Microsoft Excel format. Your summary should be in Microsoft Word format. Cite all sources in APA format. Submit your assessment form and summary for grading. Reminder: You must upload your completed documents using Browse My Computer. Then, hit the Submit button to successfully complete the assignment submission process. Do not copy and paste text into the text box.Posted: 25 minutes agoDue: 04/04/2020Budget: $10Tags: urgent urgent Answers 0Bids 94Rewrick PatandDiscount AssignMoen ZafarBethuel BestPapersGuruPROF. ANNMusyokionesuniversity workGuruu Mathquality work for allEmily ClareDexterMastersPaula Hogabdul_rehman_hassan0906Jah Providesprofessor mitchLisa-Randallprof avriljuliusmu33Brainy Brianmichael smithMiss LynnDr. Elahibrilliant answersrunge-kutta acerProf.MacQueenBrilliant GeekJane the tutorHomework Prowizard kimCatherine OwensQuickly answer Genuine GeniusEmily MichaelRESPECT WRITERProf. MassarraAngelina MayDrNicNgaoMathStat GeniusEssay-tutorJessica Luiskim woodsRey writerChrisProfansRohanperfectotutorjassTutorJoeKimUrgent TutorCasey CeliaNursing_MissMiss ProfessorWendy LewisJenny BoomPhd christineSaburBmbithehGreat-WritersNAFTALY Kimhmd.fphyllis youngTerry RobertsDr.Sanam sheikhseniorwriterSaad FahimTutor Cyrus KenUltimate GEEKJudithTutorWIZARD_KIMA-Grade Writerfirstclass tutorAbdullah AnwarMiss Emily BluntCotton CandyDr Candice_2547Harris KhanEva GreensuniyaziaDr R Judy Marksarapaul2013Allan-kingsMiss Lily J.geraldwaitaDr WillymartinsTutor-paulaExpert_ChristineHomeworkNerd2BentaylorAmelia IrisTop Notch AnswerGitaumanu7The KnightjohnmutuajmOther questions 10Assignment 2: Discussion Question: Family TherapyIn 4 pages discuss your view on what constitutes ethical behaviorstr 581 week onefinance investment portfolio project Reclassification of ReceivablesFor ExceptionalGeek Only!Home townStructure and Functions of OrgansEMPLOYMENT LAW CASE BRIEF AND PRESENTATION no plaigiarism sociologyBlog ArchiveCopyright © 2019 HomeworkMarket.com Read MoreApplied SciencesArchitecture and DesignBiologyBusiness & FinanceChemistryComputer ScienceGeographyGeologyEducationEngineeringEnglishEnvironmental scienceSpanishGovernmentHistoryHuman Resource ManagementInformation SystemsLawLiteratureMathematicsNursingPhysicsPolitical SciencePsychologyReadingScienceSocial Science window.__REDUX__STATE__ = ‘{“appMeta”:{“serverRendered”:true},”apiRequests”:{“pendingRequestCount”:0,”succeededRequestCount”:4,”failedRequestCount”:0,”requestCounters”:{“GET_FIELDS_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_FIELDS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1}},”currentUserMeta”:{“id”:0,”isGuest”:true,”isReceivingEmails”:null,”authMethod”:null,”approvalTicket”:null,”fees”:null,”disputesAmount”:null,”earningsStats”:{“questions”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0},”tutorials”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0}}},”modal”:{},”joyride”:{“steps”:[]},”users”:{“guest-0”:{“role”:”student”,”isGuest”:true}},”usersStatuses”:{},”usersThreads”:{},”usersReviews”:{},”usersQuestions”:{},”reviewsPage”:{“results”:[]},”reviews”:{},”answersReviews”:{},”threads”:{},”questions”:{“9650799”:{“body”:”Now that you have broken the social issue into smaller pieces in the concept map, you will explain the connections you made and how these connections will help you better understand the issue. …”,”id”:9650799,”title”:”no plaigiarism sociology”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2016-05-15T00:42:00.000Z”,”budget”:12,”fieldOfStudyId”:1000,”userId”:624041,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-05-13T10:30:58.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1000,”name”:”Psychology”,”anchor”:”Psychology”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886165,”path”:”/fields/psychology”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1108560,”path”:”/content/no-plaigiarism-sociology”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”9656019″:{“body”:”Createan 8- to 10-slide Microsoft� PowerPoint� presentation (80 points) using bullet or talking point slides in which your team members summarize the IRAC legal concepts and analyze how these …”,”id”:9656019,”title”:”EMPLOYMENT LAW CASE BRIEF AND PRESENTATION “,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-05-17T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:20,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:145743,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-05-13T19:27:08.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1108930,”path”:”/content/employment-law-case-brief-and-presentation-9656019-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1083177,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”9657331″:{“body”:”Identifyan organism (not including human) that lives within 50 miles of your home.Writea 1,050- to 1,400-word paper about how the organism has adapted to survive in their specific …”,”id”:9657331,”title”:”Structure and Functions of Organs”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-05-14T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:25,”fieldOfStudyId”:500,”userId”:622315,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-05-13T21:55:36.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:500,”name”:”Biology”,”anchor”:”Biology”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886133,”path”:”/fields/biology”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1109044,”path”:”/content/structure-and-functions-organs”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”9657793″:{“body”:”My Home TownUsing the skills you have learned in Modules 05 and 06, create a 2-3 page document about your home town. You may also want to use some of the search skills you learned in Module 02 …”,”id”:9657793,”title”:”Home town”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-05-14T10:01:00.000Z”,”budget”:5,”fieldOfStudyId”:1700,”userId”:242719,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-05-13T23:01:59.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1700,”name”:”Computer Science”,”anchor”:”Computer Science”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886179,”path”:”/fields/computer-science”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1109092,”path”:”/content/home-town”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”9660601″:{“body”:”Errors in Reasoning, Offering $35.00″,”id”:9660601,”title”:”For ExceptionalGeek Only!”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2016-05-15T17:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:5,”fieldOfStudyId”:2600,”userId”:348389,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-05-14T06:51:08.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:2600,”name”:”Human Resource Management”,”anchor”:”Human Resource Management”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886191,”path”:”/fields/human-resource-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1109354,”path”:”/content/exceptionalgeek-only-9660601-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1083231,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”9662813″:{“body”:”Respond to the following ethical issue concerning the reclassification of receivables in your initial post:Moss Exports is having a bad year. Net income is only $60,000. Also, two …”,”id”:9662813,”title”:”Reclassification of Receivables”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-05-14T01:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:5,”fieldOfStudyId”:1900,”userId”:512013,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-05-14T12:31:03.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1900,”name”:”Business Finance – Accounting”,”anchor”:”Accounting”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886183,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-accounting”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1109600,”path”:”/content/reclassification-receivables-9662813-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”9666591″:{“body”:”I have finance investment portfolio project:Portfolio ProjectMark and Lisa Knowles, 28 and 26 respectively, have recently gotten married. They are currently renting but …”,”id”:9666591,”title”:”finance investment portfolio project “,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-05-25T03:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:80,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”userId”:352727,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-05-14T17:47:24.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:900,”name”:”Business & Finance”,”anchor”:”Business & Finance”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886163,”path”:”/fields/business-finance”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1109864,”path”:”/content/finance-investment-portfolio-project”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”9667581″:{“body”:”In this class, for the WEEK 1 Individual Assignment, and all Learning Activities, you will select a specific target enterprise upon which to focus for the entire course.It should preferably be your …”,”id”:9667581,”title”:”str 581 week one”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-05-09T12:03:00.000Z”,”budget”:30,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:523423,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-05-14T20:10:04.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1109950,”path”:”/content/str-581-week-one”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”9677763″:{“body”:”NOplagiarism, simple, easy understandable words,dont need to be perfect but must follow all the rulesget a B is enough for it, and it should be clear and no high level sentence …04/04/202010humanresource-management

Final Accounting

Write a950 – 1250 word paper on the following topic:Compare and contrast financial and managerial accounting. Provide one specific, real-life example of how either financial accounting helps external stakeholders make informed decisions or how managerial accounting helps managers to improve operational and financial performance.Your paper must be formatted according to APA 6th edition guidelines, and you need to use at leastthree external references.Posted: a day agoDue: 28/03/2020Budget: $35Tags: buisnessaccounting Answers 1Catherine Owens4.7 (454)4.8 (20k )Chat14 hours agoPurchase the answer to view itfinancialandmanagerialacc.docxPlagiarism4.4.pdfTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $35Bids 86Emma BuntonQuality AssignmentsDr CloverGreat-WritersGuru OliviaMichelle GoodManMiss HilaryThe QuA lityDr. Michelle_KMEssays GuruMarissa jonesHomework ProCamile FaithAmanda SmithEmily ClareDr. ElahiGabriella MalkDr Ava_Miarunge-kutta acerRosie Septemberhassan0906Quickly answer abdul_rehman_Asad Ullahprof JamesStano 001ElprofessoriPROF. ANNbrilliant answersAngelina MayTerry Robertsimhmd.fDexterMastersCatherine OwensRESPECT WRITERwork solutionsCasey Celiakatetutorprofessor mitchansRohanEmily MichaelMalik TutorEva GreenRey writerProf.MacQueenNursing_MissseniorwriterDr Candice_2547mbithehMathStat GeniusSaburBJessica LuisUrgent Tutorkim woodsProff work phd Dr shamille Claraprof avrilMiss ProfessorAmerican TutorResearchGuru555Ranju LewisJenny BoomRihAN_MendozaTutor danielChrisProfquality work for allLisa-RandallDrNicNgaoTutor Cyrus Kenphyllis youngJudithTutorSaad FahimPROF_TOMMYPROFJUMAAAfirstclass tutorsuniyaziaAbdullah AnwarHarris KhanMiss Emily BluntCotton CandyTutor-paulaMiss Lily J.Expert_ChristinegeraldwaitaTop Notch Answersarapaul2013Other questions 10AC1420: Week 3 Inventory Accounting800 words – CEO Credibility of SourcesKim Woods: Sociology assignment 8accounting paper and powerpointchapter 7 testbad credit loans online Quick @ http://textloanslendersuk.co.ukEconomics homeworkeffective fluency strategiesENG125 Week 4 assignmentRated 1 timesFinancial and managerial accounting / For WIZARD KIMWrite a750 – 1250 word paper on the following topic:Compare and contrast financial and managerial accounting. Provide one specific, real-life example of how either financial accounting …Rated 1 timesACCT105Write a 750 – 1250 word paper on the following topic:Compare and contrast financial and managerial accounting. Provide one specific, real-life example of how either financial accounting helps …Not ratedCompare and contrast financial and managerial accountingWrite a750 – 1250 word paper on the following topic:Compare and contrast financial and managerial accounting. Provide one specific, real-life example of how either financial accounting helps …Not ratedCompare and contrast financial and managerial accountingWrite a750 – 1250 word paper on the following topic:Compare and contrast financial and managerial accounting. Provide one specific, real-life example of how either financial accounting helps …Not ratedaccountingWrite a750 – 1250 word paper on the following topic:Compare and contrast financial and managerial accounting. Provide one specific, real-life example of how either financial …Not ratedAccounting105need assigment :Write a750 – 1250 word paper on the following topic:Compare and contrast financial and managerial accounting. Provide one specific, real-life example of how either …28/03/202035businessfinance

Network Infrastructure Design Diagramming

Instructions for the work are attached. This task is very technical. I need someone with an in depth networking background (CCNA) to work on this task.Assignment1_NetworkInfrastructureDesignDiagramming-CMIT3507380InterconnectingCiscoDevices2198-UMGCLearningManagementSystem.pdfNetworkInfrastructureDesignTemplate.docxPosted: 6 months agoDue: 17/10/2019Budget: $15Tags: ITthursday Need Answers 1All Works solver4.7 (81)4.7 (901)Chatnetwork infrastructure template and diagram Answer rating:5Stars out of1ratings6 months agoPurchase the answer to view itNetworkInfrastructureDesignTemplate.docxnetworkinfrastructurediagram.pdfTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $23Bids 57WIZARD_KIMAsad Ullahwizard kimHomework ProDr Candice_2547RESPECT WRITERDoctor Okumuquality work for allsuraya_PhDuniversity workEmily Bluntsmart-tutorColossal GeniusChrisProfDr shamille ClarakelvinmwangiJenny BoomJessica LuisAll Works solvermbithehprof avrilrunge-kutta acerWendy LewisEmily MichaelAcademic MentorDrNicNgaoimhmd.fbrilliant answersQuickly answer Dr R Judy MarkRey writerMiss ProfessorAngelina Maycomputersciencehassan0906work solutionsProf.MacQueenkim woodsseniorwriterperfectoRELIABLE PAPERSTerry RobertsSamann060sarapaul2013Miss_KateFavouritewriterphyllis youngwriters carteltouchsmart solutionsJenifer Jones Dr.Sanam sheikhDr. ElahiElprofessoriSaad FahimUnique_ProfArshadch59Prof SolutttionsOther questions 10OceanographyEnglish homeworkPresenting Yourself as a Global LeaderQNT 561 Week 5 Wiley Finals as discussedAccounts 205 Final Financial Statement of Public CompanyPorter's five forces strategySarbanes-Oxley Act -How do unethical accounting practices affect internal and external stakeholders? The Sarbanes-Oxley Act Question Annotated Bibliography of Power Point Project—-at least 500 wordsCulture and TechnologyBlog ArchiveCopyright © 2019 HomeworkMarket.com Read MoreApplied SciencesArchitecture and DesignBiologyBusiness & FinanceChemistryComputer ScienceGeographyGeologyEducationEngineeringEnglishEnvironmental scienceSpanishGovernmentHistoryHuman Resource ManagementInformation SystemsLawLiteratureMathematicsNursingPhysicsPolitical SciencePsychologyReadingScienceSocial Science window.__REDUX__STATE__ = ‘{“appMeta”:{“serverRendered”:true},”apiRequests”:{“pendingRequestCount”:0,”succeededRequestCount”:4,”failedRequestCount”:0,”requestCounters”:{“GET_FIELDS_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_PENDING”:0,”GET_FIELDS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_ENTITY_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1}},”currentUserMeta”:{“id”:0,”isGuest”:true,”isReceivingEmails”:null,”authMethod”:null,”approvalTicket”:null,”fees”:null,”disputesAmount”:null,”earningsStats”:{“questions”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0},”tutorials”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0}}},”modal”:{},”joyride”:{“steps”:[]},”users”:{“guest-0”:{“role”:”student”,”isGuest”:true}},”usersStatuses”:{},”usersThreads”:{},”usersReviews”:{},”usersQuestions”:{},”reviewsPage”:{“results”:[]},”reviews”:{},”answersReviews”:{},”threads”:{},”questions”:{“8841367”:{“body”:”This paper should be five (5) pages long.Of all the technological breakthroughs since 2000, which will have the most influence on the next ten years of your life? Please answer this …”,”id”:8841367,”title”:”Culture and Technology”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2016-03-12T13:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:25,”fieldOfStudyId”:4000,”userId”:360525,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-24T02:40:58.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:4000,”name”:”Social Science”,”anchor”:”Social Science”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886207,”path”:”/fields/social-science”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1036346,”path”:”/content/culture-and-technology-8841367-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8841675″:{“body”:”The first semester long project for this course is the project creating a power point presentation onthe history of sociology.In this presentation, you will want to address the origins of …17/10/201915computerscience

Securing Systems Security Architecture and design

Length: Minimum of 600 wordsBriefly respond to all the following questions. Make sure to explain and backup your responses with facts and examples. This assignment should be in APA format and have to include at least two references.System architecture is the descriptive representation of the system’s component functions and the communication flows between those components.My definition immediately raises some important questions.• What are “components”?• Which functions are relevant?• What is a communication flow?Posted: 6 days agoDue: 24/01/2020Budget: $8Tags: asapurgent Answers 1Miss Professor4.6 (3k )4.5 (17k )Chat4 days agoPurchase the answer to view itJQ-0242435-Y.zipTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $9Bids 65Teacher A WorkDr.Qura-tul-ainAmanda SmithEssay-tutorMukul5078Prof. Esmeraldawizard kimMadem_Jenniferquality work for allAshley ClaireHomework ProMalik TutorDr shamille ClaraRasWriterMusyokionesWIZARD_KIMRESPECT WRITERabdul_rehman_professor mitchPaula HogCatherine OwensMegan TillmanDr. Elahiprof avrilDr Candice_2547ChrisProfbrilliant answersUltimate GEEKEmily MichaelAll Works solverJah ProvidesWendy LewisAngelina MayDrNicNgaoMiss ProfessorYhtomitmbithehProf.MacQueenprof bradleycomputersciencekim woodsRey writerQuickstack001perfectoEva GreenCasey CeliaJamie AckerFastExpertRELIABLE PAPERSTerry Robertskatetutorphyllis youngProf. Biercefastestwriter1Saad Fahim00000PLAGIARISMLiza_JulietElprofessoriSaburBElaine CarterQuickMentorPhd isaac newtonUnique_ProfNursing_MissSolutionsHutOther questions 10business week 5Motivating Employeesonly for A-plus writer Principles of Speech CommunicationI have a 4-5 pages paper about sociology and the reading source is Krog's “The Country of Skull”, could you…You plan to create a new business, which you want to be designated as minority and women owned (MWBD).Before you can incorporate your company, you must research the following: • How you can become certified as MWBD • The standards you must uphold • The peJournal Review Business PlanThe final project requires you to develop a comprehensive business plan. This plan should be a working document on…Multiple Questions AnswersMultiple Questions AnswersRated 1 timesBriefly respond to all the following questions.Briefly respond to all the following questions. Make sure to explain and backup your responses with facts and examples. This assignment should be in APA format and have to include at least two …Not ratedNeed around 2 pages with 600 words for below questions.Briefly respond to all the following questions. Make sure to explain and backup your responses with facts and examples. This assignment should be in APA format and have to include at …Not ratedSystem architecture Computer ScienceBriefly respond to all the following questions. Make sure to explain and backup your responses with facts and examples. This assignment should be in APA format and have to include at least two …Blog ArchiveCopyright © 2019 HomeworkMarket.com Read MoreApplied SciencesArchitecture and DesignBiologyBusiness & FinanceChemistryComputer ScienceGeographyGeologyEducationEngineeringEnglishEnvironmental scienceSpanishGovernmentHistoryHuman Resource ManagementInformation SystemsLawLiteratureMathematicsNursingPhysicsPolitical SciencePsychologyReadingScienceSocial Science window.__REDUX__STATE__ = ‘{“appMeta”:{“serverRendered”:true},”apiRequests”:{“pendingRequestCount”:0,”succeededRequestCount”:4,”failedRequestCount”:0,”requestCounters”:{“GET_FIELDS_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_PENDING”:0,”GET_FIELDS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_ENTITY_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1}},”currentUserMeta”:{“id”:0,”isGuest”:true,”isReceivingEmails”:null,”authMethod”:null,”approvalTicket”:null,”fees”:null,”disputesAmount”:null,”earningsStats”:{“questions”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0},”tutorials”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0}}},”modal”:{},”joyride”:{“steps”:[]},”users”:{“guest-0”:{“role”:”student”,”isGuest”:true}},”usersStatuses”:{},”usersThreads”:{},”usersReviews”:{},”usersQuestions”:{},”reviewsPage”:{“results”:[]},”reviews”:{},”answersReviews”:{},”threads”:{},”questions”:{“6868243”:{“body”:”1. If inflation is expected to steadily decrease in the future, the term structure of interest rates will most likely be: Answer upward-sloping. flat. humped. downward-sloping. …”,”id”:6868243,”title”:”Multiple Questions Answers”,”isTutorial”:true,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:3.1,”fieldOfStudyId”:1900,”userId”:556643,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2015-11-01T10:24:25.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1900,”name”:”Business Finance – Accounting”,”anchor”:”Accounting”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886183,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-accounting”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:844764,”path”:”/content/multiple-questions-answers-6868243-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”6868455″:{“body”:”Question 1 A 30-year zero-coupon bond that yields 12% percent is issued with a $1000 par value. What is the issuance price of the bond (round to the nearest dollar)? A. $33 B. $83 C. $8,333 D. $3,888″,”id”:6868455,”title”:”Multiple Questions Answers”,”isTutorial”:true,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:3.1,”fieldOfStudyId”:1900,”userId”:556643,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2015-11-01T10:46:36.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1900,”name”:”Business Finance – Accounting”,”anchor”:”Accounting”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886183,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-accounting”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:844796,”path”:”/content/multiple-questions-answers-6868455-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”6868627″:{“body”:”Business PlanThe final project requires you to develop a comprehensive business plan. This plan should be a working document on how to establish or acquire and operate a business venture.”,”id”:6868627,”title”:”Business Plan\n\nThe final project requires you to develop a comprehensive business plan. This plan should be a working document on…”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:999999.99,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:565061,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2015-11-01T10:59:50.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:844816,”path”:”/content/business-plan-final-project-requires-you-develop-comprehensive-business-plan-plan-should-be-“,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”6869447″:{“body”:” Journal Article Review InstructionsYou …”,”id”:6869447,”title”:”Journal Review “,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2015-11-01T18:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:20,”fieldOfStudyId”:1000,”userId”:340677,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2015-11-01T12:02:56.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1000,”name”:”Psychology”,”anchor”:”Psychology”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886165,”path”:”/fields/psychology”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:844910,”path”:”/content/journal-review-6869447-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”6870655″:{“body”:”Assignment and RubricsAssignment: Pg 147 Number 2 (Create a New Business)Do NOT write an email – write a memo in the form of a report as noted below in the rubrics. If you have any questions, please …24/01/20208computerscience

Need wk 4 discussion for my Leadership in 21st century MBA

Culture, Diversity, and Team PerformanceAfter reading the case,SatyaNadella at Microsoft: Instilling a Growth Mindset, and this week’s readings on diversity, share your perspective on how diversitycan be a critical factor in building a high-performance team. Cite examples from your own experience, and also consider the challengesthat can exist in aligning a diverse team around a common missionwhen trying to lead a large-scale change initiativLBS128-PDF-ENG.pdfPosted: a day agoDue: 29/01/2020Budget: $7Tags: discussionAnswers 1Bestclasstutor (Not rated) (Not rated)Chata day agoPurchase the answer to view itTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $700Bids 68Teacher A Workrunge-kutta acerDr. RocalGuruu Mathmichael smithbennetsandovaPaula Hogprof avrilMadem_Jenniferuniversity workElprofessoriPROF washington watsonbrilliant answersRosie Septemberwizard kimjuliusmu33Catherine OwensColossal GeniusProf.MacQueenHomework ProProCastrol01abdul_rehman_LastMinuteTutorRESPECT WRITERAngelina MayTiny ChrisDrNicNgaonadia tutorMath GuruuJessica LuisRey writerkatetutorChrisProfsmart-tutoransRohanperfectoUrgent Tutorkim woodsEmily MichaelMiss ProfessorDr. ElahimbithehGreat-Writersphyllis youngWendy LewisTerry RobertsProf. EsmeraldaTHE NERDCasey CeliaprofwachgraceSaburBSaad FahimFastExpertLiza_JulietDr Candice_2547CourseCrackerRELIABLE PAPERSEva GreenDr.Glaody01A SolutionsQueenSolutionMartkevin kamauNursing_MissProf SolutttionsBestclasstutorOneStopTutorssuniyaziaSupremeWorksOther questions 10sociologist views on Child abuse6346346Trade Secrets and Unfair CompetitionC Intro class, Bnk File Converter sociology essaysSEC 320 Week 7 Case Study 4 TF Dirty Bomb DevryKaplan MT450 unit 5 QUIZ (ALL CORRECT)”only for hifsa shaukat”Help with Discussion questions Management of Working Capital Case StudyRated 1 timesManagementone and a half pageRated 2 timesmarketing case studysee attached files for instructions.Rated 1 times1 page memo for a case due in 16 hours!check attachment for the case and the exampleRated 2 timesCase analyse Provide a summary of the case background.Describe the problem or opportunity to be analyzed (“problem framing”).Develop a set of alternative solutions for addressing the identified problem.…Rated 1 timeshmwrk.mrktRated 1 timesIna Food IndustryThe INA FOOD CASE is in your Harvard Course Pack. Your final writing assignment requires you to read it and understand it thoroughly. Please read before we meet next week.The writing assignment …Rated 1 timesqRated 2 timesVW in India MarketingPlease read the case and analyze it by answering these case analysis questions. You may answer each case discussion question in each paragraph and separate different paragraphs for different …Rated 1 timesIna Food IndustryNeed to be 500 words. Refer to the PDF for the paper. Use 2-3 references at least.Know that writing must be error free. Mistakes in spelling, punctuation and grammar, and failure …Rated 1 timesWeek 2 Paper (for Hifsa Shakaut)ReadingsTEXT: Government Auditing Standards, Chapters 1, 3, 6, & 7. Downloaded at http://www.gao.gov/assets/590/587281.pdf Note: you may have to type “The Yellow Book” in the search boxIn …Blog ArchiveCopyright © 2019 HomeworkMarket.com Read MoreApplied SciencesArchitecture and DesignBiologyBusiness & FinanceChemistryComputer ScienceGeographyGeologyEducationEngineeringEnglishEnvironmental scienceSpanishGovernmentHistoryHuman Resource ManagementInformation SystemsLawLiteratureMathematicsNursingPhysicsPolitical SciencePsychologyReadingScienceSocial Science window.__REDUX__STATE__ = ‘{“appMeta”:{“serverRendered”:true},”apiRequests”:{“pendingRequestCount”:0,”succeededRequestCount”:4,”failedRequestCount”:0,”requestCounters”:{“GET_FIELDS_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_PENDING”:0,”GET_FIELDS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_ENTITY_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1}},”currentUserMeta”:{“id”:0,”isGuest”:true,”isReceivingEmails”:null,”authMethod”:null,”approvalTicket”:null,”fees”:null,”disputesAmount”:null,”earningsStats”:{“questions”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0},”tutorials”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0}}},”modal”:{},”joyride”:{“steps”:[]},”users”:{“guest-0”:{“role”:”student”,”isGuest”:true}},”usersStatuses”:{},”usersThreads”:{},”usersReviews”:{},”usersQuestions”:{},”reviewsPage”:{“results”:[]},”reviews”:{},”answersReviews”:{},”threads”:{},”questions”:{“700207”:{“body”:”see attached files for instructions.”,”id”:700207,”title”:”marketing case study”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2014-05-24T16:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:40,”fieldOfStudyId”:2400,”userId”:213467,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2014-05-22T21:04:22.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:2400,”name”:”Business & Finance – Marketing”,”anchor”:”Marketing”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886189,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-marketing”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:288630,”path”:”/content/marketing-case-study-0″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:951811,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”8686407″:{“body”:”Describe working capital practices, including methods of capital budgeting analysis techniques.Analyze the potential pitfalls in his capital budgeting practices that George should be …”,”id”:8686407,”title”:” Management of Working Capital Case Study”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-03-14T17:10:00.000Z”,”budget”:5,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”userId”:60684,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-14T10:11:09.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:900,”name”:”Business & Finance”,”anchor”:”Business & Finance”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886163,”path”:”/fields/business-finance”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1024508,”path”:”/content/management-working-capital-case-study”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8686719″:{“body”:”Challenges in Policing and Law EnforcementThe criminal justice system is primarily concerned with law enforcement and the search for justice, and the police are the first point of contact in this …”,”id”:8686719,”title”:”Help with Discussion questions”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-03-15T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:3,”fieldOfStudyId”:2700,”userId”:609283,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-14T10:40:59.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:2700,”name”:”Law”,”anchor”:”Law”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886193,”path”:”/fields/law”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1024534,”path”:”/content/help-discussion-questions-0″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8688291″:{“body”:”Details:1) Write a paper (750-1,000 words) regarding the use of the Spearman rank correlation coefficient by Messina, et al. in \”The Relationship between Patient Satisfaction and Inpatient Admissions …”,”id”:8688291,”title”:”\”only for hifsa shaukat\””,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2016-03-16T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:35,”fieldOfStudyId”:6900,”userId”:613877,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-14T12:48:17.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6900,”name”:”Nursing”,”anchor”:”Nursing”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886229,”path”:”/fields/nursing”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1024642,”path”:”/content/only-hifsa-shaukat-8688291-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8689111″:{“body”:”Business: Marketing (12)Question 1.1. A market structure analysis is used to better understand the: (Points : 2)competitioncustomersemployeessocial environmentQuestion 2.2. A typical marketing …”,”id”:8689111,”title”:”Kaplan MT450 unit 5 QUIZ (ALL CORRECT)”,”isTutorial”:true,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2028-03-31T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:17,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:251572,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-14T13:46:22.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1024698,”path”:”/content/kaplan-mt450-unit-5-quiz-all-correct”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8692943″:{“body”:”SEC 320 Risk Analysis, Loss Prevention and Emergency PlanningSEC 320 Week 7 Case Study 4 TF Dirty Bomb”,”id”:8692943,”title”:”SEC 320 Week 7 Case Study 4 TF Dirty Bomb Devry”,”isTutorial”:true,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:15,”fieldOfStudyId”:3200,”userId”:409252,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-14T17:43:33.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:3200,”name”:”Applied Sciences”,”anchor”:”Applied Sciences”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886203,”path”:”/fields/applied-sciences”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1025036,”path”:”/content/sec-320-week-7-case-study-4-tf-dirty-bomb-devry”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8693775″:{“body”:”Intro to Sociology essay1. List and briefly discuss each of the early American theorists2. Compare and contrast the three major sociological theories. Which theory do you prefer? Why?…29/01/20207humanresource-management

Patho F

Open the attached files….AdvancedPathoResourcestoreadAssignmentquestion.docxPathoAssignmentquestionforwk6.docxPosted: 35 minutes agoDue: 03/01/2020Budget: $8Answers 0Bids 31wizard kimrunge-kutta acerbrilliant answersElprofessoriPROF_TOMMYCatherine OwensWendy LewisDr shamille Clarakim woodsTerry RobertsProf.MacQueenWIZARD_KIMhassan0906perfectokatetutorPaula HogDr Candice_2547Phd isaac newtonProf AllanMathStat GeniusMaham Maliksmart-tutorquality work for allRELIABLE PAPERSRasWriterAcademic MentorUmair_ArifDr.Sanam sheikhSaad FahimSaburBUnique_ProfOther questions 10Geography Map assignment9 Question Math testMedia analysis for sociology classAccounting help business I have a 20 page paper that I need and only have $60…can someone please help meAssignmentBESTCONSULTANT ONLYcan you deliver in 8 hours?assignmentRated 2 timesNURS 6501 week 6 AssignmentApplication: AsthmaComplications of asthma can be sudden. Consider the case of Bradley Wilson, a young boy who had several medical conditions. He appeared in good health when he went to school, …Rated 1 timesAssignment: AsthmaComplications of asthma can be sudden. Consider the case of Bradley Wilson, a young boy who had several medical conditions. He appeared in good health when he went to school, returned home, and ate …Rated 1 timesAsthmaComplications of asthma can be sudden. Consider the case of Bradley Wilson, a young boy who had several medical conditions. He appeared in good health when he went to school, returned …Rated 1 timespwk6assgnRated 1 timesRespiratory systemComplications of asthma can be sudden. Consider the case of Bradley Wilson, a young boy who had several medical conditions. He appeared in good health when he went to school, returned …Rated 6 timesNursing Assignment: ASTHMAAsthmaComplications of asthma can be sudden. Consider the case of Bradley Wilson, a young boy who had several medical conditions. He appeared in good health when he went to school, returned …Not ratedAdvanced Pathophysiology…Not ratedasthmaNURS 6501 WK 6 ASSIGNMENTAssignment: AsthmaComplications of asthma can be sudden. Consider the case of Bradley Wilson, a young boy who had several medical conditions. He appeared in good health …Not ratedAsthmaComplications of asthma can be sudden. Consider the case of Bradley Wilson, a young boy who had several medical conditions. He appeared in good health when he went to school, returned home, …Not ratedAsthmaComplications of asthma can be sudden. Consider the case of Bradley Wilson, a young boy who had several medical conditions. He appeared in good health when he went to school, returned home, …Blog ArchiveCopyright © 2019 HomeworkMarket.com Read MoreApplied SciencesArchitecture and DesignBiologyBusiness & FinanceChemistryComputer ScienceGeographyGeologyEducationEngineeringEnglishEnvironmental scienceSpanishGovernmentHistoryHuman Resource ManagementInformation SystemsLawLiteratureMathematicsNursingPhysicsPolitical SciencePsychologyReadingScienceSocial Science window.__REDUX__STATE__ = ‘{“appMeta”:{“serverRendered”:true},”apiRequests”:{“pendingRequestCount”:0,”succeededRequestCount”:4,”failedRequestCount”:0,”requestCounters”:{“GET_FIELDS_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_PENDING”:0,”GET_FIELDS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_ENTITY_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1}},”currentUserMeta”:{“id”:0,”isGuest”:true,”isReceivingEmails”:null,”authMethod”:null,”approvalTicket”:null,”fees”:null,”disputesAmount”:null,”earningsStats”:{“questions”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0},”tutorials”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0}}},”modal”:{},”joyride”:{“steps”:[]},”users”:{“guest-0”:{“role”:”student”,”isGuest”:true}},”usersStatuses”:{},”usersThreads”:{},”usersReviews”:{},”usersQuestions”:{},”reviewsPage”:{“results”:[]},”reviews”:{},”answersReviews”:{},”threads”:{},”questions”:{“8765167”:{“body”:”AsthmaComplications of asthma can be sudden. Consider the case of Bradley Wilson, a young boy who had several medical conditions. He appeared in good health when he went to school, returned …”,”id”:8765167,”title”:”Nursing Assignment: ASTHMA”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-03-19T16:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:3,”fieldOfStudyId”:3200,”userId”:590031,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-19T05:49:52.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:3200,”name”:”Applied Sciences”,”anchor”:”Applied Sciences”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886203,”path”:”/fields/applied-sciences”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1030374,”path”:”/content/nursing-assignment-asthma”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1070091,”grade”:100,”num”:6,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”8941847″:{“body”:”Application: AsthmaComplications of asthma can be sudden. Consider the case of Bradley Wilson, a young boy who had several medical conditions. He appeared in good health when he went to school, …”,”id”:8941847,”title”:”NURS 6501 week 6 Assignment”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-04-06T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:15,”fieldOfStudyId”:1800,”userId”:581407,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-31T11:46:47.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1800,”name”:”Science”,”anchor”:”Science”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886181,”path”:”/fields/science”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1044942,”path”:”/content/nurs-6501-week-6-assignment”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1072629,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”12055121″:{“body”:”NURS 6501 WK 6 ASSIGNMENTAssignment: AsthmaComplications of asthma can be sudden. Consider the case of Bradley Wilson, a young boy who had several medical conditions. He appeared in good health …”,”id”:12055121,”title”:”asthma”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2016-10-02T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:10,”fieldOfStudyId”:6900,”userId”:650111,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-09-28T21:06:47.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6900,”name”:”Nursing”,”anchor”:”Nursing”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886229,”path”:”/fields/nursing”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1264034,”path”:”/content/asthma-12055121-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”15572759″:{“body”:”Final ProjectHere is where you will submit your final project that you were introduced to in week 6, please review the instructions below and submit the project when you are finished by the due date.…”,”id”:15572759,”title”:”assignment”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2017-03-28T06:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:20,”fieldOfStudyId”:1800,”userId”:624209,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2017-03-26T17:44:11.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1800,”name”:”Science”,”anchor”:”Science”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886181,”path”:”/fields/science”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1495808,”path”:”/content/assignment-15572759-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”15578411″:{“body”:”Pain Management- Case Study: Write at least a one-sentence rationale.Ellen Watson is a 65-year-old white woman who just had a colon resection for a cancerous tumor. The surgeon ordered a …”,”id”:15578411,”title”:”can you deliver in 8 hours?”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2017-03-27T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:20,”fieldOfStudyId”:6900,”userId”:684445,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2017-03-26T23:06:40.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6900,”name”:”Nursing”,”anchor”:”Nursing”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886229,”path”:”/fields/nursing”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1496164,”path”:”/content/can-you-deliver-8-hours-1″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”15579283″:{“body”:”MAL HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT”,”id”:15579283,”title”:”BESTCONSULTANT ONLY”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2017-03-28T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:10,”fieldOfStudyId”:100,”userId”:674479,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2017-03-26T23:32:28.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:100,”name”:”Mathematics”,”anchor”:”Mathematics”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886107,”path”:”/fields/mathematics”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1496218,”path”:”/content/bestconsultant-only-15579283-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”15583329″:{“body”:”1. Drugs given to treat malaria are usually given in combination to attack protozoan at various stages of its life cycle. List three common drugs used to treat malaria. For each drug, …”,”id”:15583329,”title”:”Assignment”,”isTutorial”:true,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2017-03-01T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:3,”fieldOfStudyId”:2300,”userId”:334877,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2017-03-27T06:09:43.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:2300,”name”:”Business Finance – Economics”,”anchor”:”Economics”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886187,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-economics”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1496470,”path”:”/content/assignment-15583329-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”15587021″:{“body”:”I have a 20 page paper that I need and only have $60…can someone please help me”,”id”:15587021,”title”:”I have a 20 page paper that I need and only have $60…can someone please help me”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:999999.99,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:742217,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2017-03-27T11:11:48.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1496774,”path”:”/content/i-have-20-page-paper-i-need-and-only-have-60can-someone-please-help-me”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”15587519″:{“body”:”Catherine Owens only”,”id”:15587519,”title”:” business “,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2017-03-28T05:45:00.000Z”,”budget”:30,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:677235,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2017-03-27T11:48:09.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1496800,”path”:”/content/business-15587519-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1149975,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”15596271″:{“body”:”You are working for an elite accounting consulting firm and have been hired byOne-two-three Incorporated (“123 Inc.”) to assist them with a number ofquestions which have arisen while preparing their …”,”id”:15596271,”title”:”Accounting help”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2017-03-27T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:20,”fieldOfStudyId”:1900,”userId”:742267,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2017-03-27T16:31:00.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1900,”name”:”Business Finance – Accounting”,”anchor”:”Accounting”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886183,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-accounting”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1497310,”path”:”/content/accounting-help-15596271-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”15600663″:{“body”:”Evaluate a book, movie or television show episode/series. In writing your assignment paper, do not simply summarize, but rather interpret the book/movie/episode/series in terms of sociological …03/01/20208nursing

Discussion need done!

You will find Video 3: Sampling by navigating to the MSL Tools for Success link under Course Home. This video discusses sampling in the context of how estimates of population parameters are obtained. It refers to Video 1: What is an Average? where we obtained an “average of 1.89 feet per person.” It points out that applying this statistic depends on thinking through whom the population is meant to be, and that depends on the study question (i.e., “If you want to understand your answer, you really have to work out carefully what your question is.”).As the sample statistic was derived from a bunch of kids heading to the playground, plus a one-legged man who we asked to show up, we conclude that the sample was a bad one. We explain that random sampling is generally a good way of obtaining a representative sample such that you can be confident that the sample statistic is a good estimate of the population parameter.Respond to one of the following questions in your initial post: Are all good samples random? This is an opportunity to bring up opinion polling, which typically tries to obtain views from particular groups (e.g., men, women, older, younger, employed, unemployed, Democrat, Republican, etc.) and then “weights” the results by the prevalence in the population. Magazines often report surveys giving statistics such as “63% of women expect the man to pay on the first date.” Are these random samples? These surveys are most definitely not random – they are typically click-through from the magazine website – and so can provide an opportunity to discuss the sort of biases that can result from lack of random sampling.Your initial post should be 150 to 250 words in length. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7 in at least one paragraph.Posted: a year agoDue: 23/08/2018Budget: $5Answers 1Michelle Owens4.5 (13)4.8 (1k )ChatAssignmentAnswer rating:5Stars out of1ratingsa year agoPurchase the answer to view itstatisticsAssignment.docxTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $10Bids 46Dr Candice_2547Essays GuruMich MichieConvinient ProficientHigh FlierMark_TomAleena SheikhMichelle Owensbennetsandovacoco_soboThiagoPILOT RIGHTRima MakenziesamanthahTerry Robertsprofessor HarveyANN HARRISPROF washington watsonProf. GoodmanProf. ScriptUltimate ProffmbithehCallie ThorneBRENDAH LEEK_FAM SOLUTIONSProf. Moses Geekguru answerskim woodskatetutorProf. Kaylinlopezphyllis youngKATHERINE BECKSimhmd.fperfectobrilliant answersProf AllanCharandryMiss ProfessorMichelle Lewis PhdPROF. KATELYNFavouritewriterTeacher hyranksProf.MacQueenShrewdPenmankingzeroSeasonStarOther questions 10dropbox hwMultiple HomeworkWMD #3Work for Prof.StewartDiscussion Question Week 5 GUI components The architecture of the project Assignment 2: DiscussionPlease help me condenseFedora 21 workRated 1 timesMAT 232 Statistical Literacy week 1 due December 5 2019You will find Video 3: Sampling by navigating to the MSL Tools for Success link under Course Home. This video discusses sampling in the context of how estimates of population parameters …Not rated#35686 1 PG WITHIN 5 HRS#35686 Topic: MAT 232 Statistical LiteracyNumber of sources: 2 Writing Style: APA Type of document: Essay Academic Level:UndergraduateNumber of Pages: 1 (Double Spaced) Category: Sociology …Not ratedNeed discussion done for MAT232 Statisical Literacy You will find Video 3: Sampling by navigating to the MSL Tools for Success link under Course Home. This video discusses sampling in the context of how estimates of population parameters are …Not ratedNeed discussion for MAT 232 Statistical Literacy details listed belowYou will find Video 3: Sampling by navigating to the MSL Tools for Success link under Course Home. This video discusses sampling in the context of how estimates of population parameters are obtained. …23/08/20185mathematics

Sociology 13 two pages for these three questions 6 references everyquestion should have disussed in seperate

How does class stratification perpetuate systemic inequality? How does one’s class determine their life chances?How does individual discrimination differ from institutional discrimination? Explain.How has the family changed over the last 20 – 30 years? What do you think has contributed to this change?Posted: 29 minutes agoDue: 01/01/2020Budget: $10Tags: urgent Answers 0Bids 33Essays GuruProf Allanquality work for allElprofessorismart-tutorCatherine OwensProf.MacQueenPaula HogDr shamille Clarakim woodsbrilliant answersPhd isaac newtonPROF_TOMMYRasWriterkatetutorimhmd.fDr Candice_2547Terry Robertshassan0906Wendy Lewiswizard kimAcademic MentorMaham MalikDr.Sanam sheikhMathStat GeniusUmair_ArifperfectoSaad FahimRELIABLE PAPERSRyan GoslingSaburBUnique_ProfteamshaheryarOther questions 10developing mobile applicationsTerm Paper: Penetration TestingDistributed databasesLinear Programming (math)MKTG 420 Salesmenship Week 4 Discussions,Youdecide and QuizWeek 2 – Discussion – Marketing online class. APA format. Answer question and respond to 2 students.MKT 571 Marketing Week 6 DQWeek 8 On Your Own Homework 16-1Writingevidence base practiceNot ratedsociology14 2 pages with 6 references and discuss each question separatelyHow does class stratification perpetuate systemic inequality? How does one’s class determine their life chances?How does individual discrimination differ from institutional …01/01/202010appliedsciences

Quality Improvement Initiative Evaluation

PreparationYou have been asked to prepare and deliver an analysis of an existing quality improvement initiative at your workplace. The QI initiative you choose to analyze should be related to a specific disease, condition, or public health issue of personal or professional interest to you. The purpose of the report is to assess whether specific quality indicators point to improved patient safety, quality of care, cost and efficiency goals, and other desired metrics.Your target audience consists of nurses and other health professionals with specializations or interest in your selected condition, disease, or issue. In your report, you will define the disease, analyze how the condition is managed, identify the core performance measurements used to treat or manage the condition, and evaluate the impact of the quality indicators on the health care facility:Note: Remember, you can submit all, or a portion of, your draft to Smarthinking for feedback, before you submit the final version of your analysis for this assessment. However, be mindful of the turnaround time for receiving feedback, if you plan on using this free service.The numbered points below correspond to grading criteria in the scoring guide. The bullets below each grading criterion further delineate tasks to fulfill the assessment requirements. Be sure that your Quality Improvement Initiative Evaluation addresses all of the content below. You may also want to read the scoring guide to better understand the performance levels that relate to each grading criterion. Analyze a current quality improvement initiative in a health care setting. Evaluate a QI initiative and explain what prompted the implementation. Detail problems that were not addressed and any issues that arose from the initiative. Evaluate the success of a current quality improvement initiative through recognized benchmarks and outcome measures. Analyze the benchmarks that were used to evaluate success. Detail what was the most successful, as well as what outcome measures are missing or could be added. Incorporate interprofessional perspectives related to initiative functionality and outcomes. Integrate the perspectives of interprofessional team members involved in the initiative. Detail who you talked to, their professions, and the impact of their perspectives on your analysis. Recommend additional indicators and protocols to improve and expand quality outcomes of a quality initiative. Recommend specific process or protocol changes as well as added technologies that would improve quality outcomes. Communicate evaluation and analysis in a professional and effective manner, writing content clearly and logically with correct use of grammar, punctuation, and spelling. Integrate relevant sources to support arguments, correctly formatting citations and references using current APA style.Submission Requirements Length of submission: A minimum of five but no more than seven double-spaced, typed pages. Number of references: Cite a minimum of four sources (no older than seven years, unless seminal work) of scholarly peer reviewed or professional evidence that support your interpretation and analysis. APA formatting: Resources and citations are formatted according to current APA style and formatting.scoringguide2.docxPosted: 3 days agoDue: 20/12/2019Budget: $25Tags: MSN Answers 1brilliant answers4.8 (344)4.8 (13k )Chat2 days agoPurchase the answer to view itQI_Initiative.docx.pdfQIInitiative.docxTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $25Bids 72Dr. AmeerahProCastrol01Dr_Biyawriter respect WIZARD_KIMAmanda Smithrunge-kutta acerDr Ava_MiaPROF. ANNDr_inaayajim claireTeacher TrumahnJOHN JUNIOR001RESPECT WRITERProfessor Lizzquality work for allElprofessoriJessica LuisKATHERINE BECKSUSH soluTionsDr R Judy Marksmart-tutorCatherine OwensUrgent TutorProf.MacQueenLilliana_SmithPaula HogDr shamille Clarakim woodsbrilliant answersRey writerprof. SpeedstarDrNicNgaoPhd isaac newtonDexterMastersRasWriterUltimate GEEKANN HARRISWorld-Classprofessor mitchimhmd.fEmily MichaelChrisProfsarapaul2013Dr Candice_2547Terry RobertsMiss ProfessorAngelina Mayhassan0906phyllis youngWendy LewisColossal GeniusAll Works solverwizard kimSamann060Academic MentorDoctor Okumuprof avrilCasey CeliaDr.Sanam sheikhMiss_iqra_A Umair_ArifperfectoSaad FahimKaya ScodelarioPapersGuruLiza_JulietRELIABLE PAPERSJenny BoomEssayguru970Stano 001Unique_ProfOther questions 10Pop Culture Discussion question 75-300 words with references and citationswhat are the types of imagery used in “A Raisin in the Sun?” LEG 320 Week 3 DiscussionChapter 2 unit2-problemsNeed help in my Finance. Can i get this in six hours from now Kenyan time04 Written Assignment – Gender Inequality as it Exists Today- sociology homework 04 Written Assignment – The Money SupplyACC 421 W2 E2-4 Assumptions, Principles, and Constraints) Presented below are the Not ratedDesigning a raft??Not ratedAssessment#2Class#4See attached instructions.20/12/201925appliedsciences


For this assignment, assume the role of a researcher in the qualitative analysis phase of the study. The data are gathered imported into MAXQDA for analysis. At this point, there are parent codes and sub-codes. However, the software requires human intervention to move past codes to categories and subsequently themes. Clearly, a category of “interview guide topics” cannot be used in the presentation of research results. In this assignment, you will access MAXQDA and practice creating categories and themes.General Requirements:Use the following information to ensure successful completion of the assignment: Refer to the document, “Using MAXQDA Assignment Resource,” located in the Course Materials for this topic. This assignment requires the use of MAXQDA software available in the DC. A link to the software is in the Course Materials for this topic. Refer to “Getting Started Video Tutorial” found in the Course Materials for this topic. Doctoral learners are required to use APA style for their writing assignments. The APA Style Guide is located in the Student Success Center. This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. This assignment requires that at least two additional scholarly research sources related to this topic, and at least one in-text citation from each source be included. You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.Directions:Complete this assignment according to the directions in the document, “Using MAXQDA Assignment Resource.”RES-850-RS-UsingMaxQDA2.DOCXPosted: 2 years agoDue: 13/02/2018Budget: $25Answers 1work solutions3.9 (20)4.7 (1k )ChatA Answer rating:2.75Stars out of2ratings2 years agoPurchase the answer to view itStrategicPointsonCasteelDissertation.docxBuy answer $500Bids 22Arizona WriterTom mutungafarhatullahMadam A plusTalented WriterYhtomitwangang_akim woodsseniorwriterMiss Professorphyllis youngcaspianoDemasterJacobbsPROFESSOR_ELIUDComputer_Science_ExpertJohn Mureithiwork solutionsOnTimeAlphonsusAceDaronexperttutor173Other questions 10NONEBHR 4501 Test 5Sociology Research paperhttp://www.homeworkmarket.com/sites/default/files/q4/06/10/hw3.pdfneed it As Soon As Possible PLAESE, writing a sociology.Technological DevelopmentsWhat are key words and phrases from the preamble of the Declaration of Independence? Assignment 2: LASA 1—Crisis Leadership or Risk Management Report Organizations are susceptible to an array of crises. There are different types of threats with no “one way” to manage them. This reality presents multiple business challenges to those in leaDevelop a plan (beginning with this year's projected income statement) that will let him know ahead of time if external funds will need to be raised to carry out next year's plans and budget#healthcare2Rated 1 timesComplete TaskRead directions and complete the steps on the task. Make sure that its according to theattachmentsGeneral Requirements:Use the following information to ensure successful …Not ratedTask (Due in 4 hours or Less) Read directions and complete the steps on the task. Make sure that its according to theattachmentsGeneral Requirements:Use the following information to ensure successful …Not ratedComplete this assignment according to the directions in the document, “Using MAXQDA Assignment Resource.”Complete this assignment according to the directions in the document, “Using MAXQDA Assignment Resource.”Not ratedAnyone familiar and has a MAXQDA software ?For this assignment, assume the role of a researcher in the qualitative analysis phase of the study. The data are gathered imported into MAXQDA for analysis. At this point, there are parent …Not ratedUsing MAXQDADetails:For this assignment, assume the role of a researcher in the qualitative analysis phase of the study. The data are gathered imported into MAXQDA for analysis. At this point, there are …13/02/201825appliedsciences

“Rate yourself using the results from the &quot

Nurse Manager Skills Inventory&quot………”Details: Rate yourself using the results from the “Nurse Manager Skills Inventory”:http://www.aone.org/resources/nurse-manager-skills-inventory.pdfWrite a reflection of 750-1,000 words in which you identify your strengths and weaknesses related to the four content areas below: Personal and professional accountability Career planning Personal journey disciplines Reflective practice reference behaviors/tenetsDiscuss how you will use your current leadership skill set to advocate for change in your workplace.Identify one personal goal for your leadership growth and discuss your implementation plan to achieve that goal.A minimum of Five scholarly references are required for this assignment. solid academic writing is expected, and in-text citations and references should be presented using APA documentation guidelines, an abstract is not required, CITE WEBSITE SOURCEPosted: 2 years agoDue: 20/02/2018Budget: $29Answers 1Bethuel Best5.0 (246)4.9 (1k )Chat2 years agoPurchase the answer to view itNursingLeadershipcorrected.docxBuy answer $29Bids 31Bethuel BestmbithehBrilliantJobsA Michelle Kkim woodsSmartWriterPhDwriterlexStano 001All Works solvercoco_soboMich MichieProf Double RFavorite Tutorprof. SpeedstarTop-PerformerTutorJuddy-PHDCatherine Owenssmart solverphyllis youngEssays GuruWriterAtHeartProfRubbskatetutorcaspianoAmanda SmithfarhatullahEasy_TutormundiajAstro-TutorDr Joseph ColnessMiss EmilyOther questions 10SCIENCE 02-04EducationAnalyzing the Effect of TransactionsWho has experience writing reflective paper for Asford Univ, Must be under there their requirementsFinancial ManagermaggieeWrite discussion essay in sociology at least 500 words2 page Essay Ncarefully read belowFinal JournalRated 1 timesA-plus writerRate yourself using the results from the “Nurse Manager Skills Inventory”:http://www.aone.org/resources/nurse-manager-skills-inventory.pdfWrite a reflection of 750-1,000 words in which you …Rated 2 timesInventory paperAre you available to do this assignment due on thursday.Thanks.Rate yourself using the results from the “Nurse Manager Skills Inventory”:…Rated 1 timesFor Essays Guru – Combining Nurse Leader With AdvocacyDetails:Rate yourself using the results from the “Nurse Manager Skills Inventory”:http://www.aone.org/resources/nurse-manager-skills-inventory.pdfWrite a reflection of 750-1,000 words in …Not ratedAssignmentRate yourself using the results from the “Nurse Manager Skills Inventory”:http://www.aone.org/resources/nurse-manager-skills-inventory.pdfWrite a reflection of 750-1,000 words in which you identify …Not ratedCombining Nurse Leader With AdvocacyDetails:Rate yourself using the results from the “Nurse Manager Skills Inventory”:http://www.aone.org/resources/nurse-manager-skills-inventory.pdfWrite a reflection of 750-1,000 words in …Not ratedRate yourself using the results from the ''Nurse Manager Skills …Rate yourself using the results from the “Nurse Manager Skills Inventory”:http://www.aacn.org/wd/practice/docs/nurse-manager-inventory-tool.pdfWrite a reflection of 750-1,000 words in which you …Not ratedNRS 440V Week 5 Assignment Combining Nurse Leader with AdvocacyRate yourself using the results from the “Nurse Manager Skills Inventory”:http://www.aone.org/resources/nurse-manager-skills-inventory.pdfWrite a reflection of 750-1,000 words in which …Not ratedNRS 440V Week 5 Assignment Combining Nurse Leader with AdvocacyRate yourself using the results from the “Nurse Manager Skills Inventory”:http://www.aone.org/resources/nurse-manager-skills-inventory.pdfWrite a reflection of 750-1,000 words in which …Not rated Nurse Manager Skills due tonight February 5’at 9:00 pmNo plagiarism Rate yourself using the results from the “Nurse Manager Skills Inventory”:http://www.aone.org/resources/nurse-manager-skills-inventory.pdfWrite a reflection of 750-1,000 words in which you …Not ratednursing homeworkRate yourself using the results from the “Nurse Manager Skills Inventory”:http://www.aone.org/resources/nurse-manager-skills-inventory.pdfWrite a reflection of 750-1,000 words in which you identify …20/02/201829nursing

Sociology Nature and Nurture weekly assignment

Nature and Nurture: What do twin studies tell us about nature/nurture? Also, discuss the influence of heredity in explaining the process of one’s personality and intellectual development. Provide examples. What is the self? According to Charles Horton Cooley, explain the “looking glass self” (discuss the three phases). George Herbert Mead also discusses the stages of the self: identify differences between I and Me. What is meant by significant others? How are significant others related to the self? Identify Mead’s three-stage process of self-development. Explain the dramaturgical approach. What occurs on the front-stage? What happens in the backstage? How can Erving Goffman’s idea of impression management and face-work be used to understand social behavior? Identify the agents of socialization. What is the role of schools in gender role socialization? How has technology (computer, cell phone, email, & TV) influenced the socialization process? What are total institutions? Identify Goffman’s four traits of total institutions. Discuss how a degradation ceremony is used to mortify one’s sense of self. How does society deal with an elderly population? Discuss differences between disengagement theory and activity theory? Finally, provide solutions to ageism.Before you submit, remove the questions from your assignment submission, and remember to keep your Turnitin score under 30%.11/05/20208socialscience

“Why did Women’s Studies emerge in the academic community? Why are Women&#x27

s Studies programs inherently interdisciplinary? Mention one discipline that seems especially influential within Women’s Studies, and tell us why.”Women’s Studies emerged in the academic community in conjunction with the second-wave feminist movement whose goal was to bring women from different backgrounds together and to become more knowledgeable of their experiences. The academic discipline of Women’s Studies started during the 1970s and it observes women’s lives from around the world. It focuses on how gender interconnects with other differences such as disability, class, age, ethnicity, race, and sex-orientation. Women’s studies is an interdisciplinary field and it examines gender as a social and cultural construct, the social status and contributions of women, and the relationships between power and gender. Women Studies disciplines consist of history, politics, literature, theory, psychology, and sociology. Literature is one of the most important disciplines in Women’s Studies. We rediscovering of old texts and while trying to understand the symbolism in the writings so that the women’s point of view can not be ignored or lost by the males point of view and contesting sexism in mainstream literature. Old literature during the first wave of feminism that I really admired while taking me World Lit Class was “A Room of Ones Own”, by Virginia Woolf. She spoke of how the only way for a woman to thrive in society during that time was to have her own home and maintain her own finances. The only reason she was able to maintain her own way of life was because her Aunt had passed and left her money. However other women had to rely on the finances of men.Posted: 2 years agoDue: 13/01/2018Budget: $4Answers 0Bids 27Fadia NawazAshley ClaireProf. Dan.Dr. Claver-NNJamie AckerKesha A. GreyTerry RobertsAmanda SmithResearchProBlessedWriterTutor YvonneFLOVODOHkim woodsAisha WRITER.perfectoUltimate GEEKProf_DismuzMegan Tillmanphyllis youngaccuratearchyProf Tim WilsonAmber TutorhurrysonPedagogueTop-Performerunique2204AceDaronOther questions 10Reflectionprofessional research writer Constitution issue Psychological Testing4 discussion reply, 100 words eachExplain how ISIS restored the historic Islamic community in the minds of Salafists.research 1200 words. 20 T/F questionsPROF WashingtonRI, RC circuit homeworkBlog ArchiveCopyright © 2019 HomeworkMarket.com Read MoreApplied SciencesArchitecture and DesignBiologyBusiness & FinanceChemistryComputer ScienceGeographyGeologyEducationEngineeringEnglishEnvironmental scienceSpanishGovernmentHistoryHuman Resource ManagementInformation SystemsLawLiteratureMathematicsNursingPhysicsPolitical SciencePsychologyReadingScienceSocial Science window.__REDUX__STATE__ = ‘{“appMeta”:{“serverRendered”:true},”apiRequests”:{“pendingRequestCount”:0,”succeededRequestCount”:4,”failedRequestCount”:0,”requestCounters”:{“GET_FIELDS_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_PENDING”:0,”GET_FIELDS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_ENTITY_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1}},”currentUserMeta”:{“id”:0,”isGuest”:true,”isReceivingEmails”:null,”authMethod”:null,”approvalTicket”:null,”fees”:null,”disputesAmount”:null,”earningsStats”:{“questions”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0},”tutorials”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0}}},”modal”:{},”joyride”:{“steps”:[]},”users”:{“guest-0”:{“role”:”student”,”isGuest”:true}},”usersStatuses”:{},”usersThreads”:{},”usersReviews”:{},”usersQuestions”:{},”reviewsPage”:{“results”:[]},”reviews”:{},”answersReviews”:{},”threads”:{},”questions”:{“13480225”:{“body”:”I attached the homework,please show work and be on time ( due is after 16 hours from posting this)PDV version please!”,”id”:13480225,”title”:”RI, RC circuit homework”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-12-04T20:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:40,”fieldOfStudyId”:4700,”userId”:643401,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-12-04T03:18:36.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:4700,”name”:”Engineering – Electrical Engineering”,”anchor”:”Electrical Engineering”,”fieldOfStudyId”:4702,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886213,”path”:”/fields/engineering-electrical-engineering”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1360586,”path”:”/content/ri-rc-circuit-homework-0″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”13480473″:{“body”:”Novel:The PledgeChoose one:1. Explain how and why the cliche of good and evil breaks down in FriedrichDurrenmatt\”snovelThe Pledge.2. Analyze the function of the fairy tale motifs …”,”id”:13480473,”title”:”PROF Washington”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-12-07T15:01:00.000Z”,”budget”:50,”fieldOfStudyId”:300,”userId”:686713,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-12-04T04:02:18.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:300,”name”:”Literature”,”anchor”:”Literature”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886121,”path”:”/fields/literature”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1360606,”path”:”/content/prof-washington-13480473-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”13482919″:{“body”:””,”id”:13482919,”title”:”1200 words. 20 T/F questions”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:20,”fieldOfStudyId”:1900,”userId”:702615,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-12-04T10:57:29.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1900,”name”:”Business Finance – Accounting”,”anchor”:”Accounting”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886183,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-accounting”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1360838,”path”:”/content/1200-words-20-tf-questions”,”sitemap”:false,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1126307,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”13483017″:{“body”:”2 topicseach 10 pages”,”id”:13483017,”title”:”research “,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:40,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:704129,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-12-04T11:02:36.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1360848,”path”:”/content/research-13483017-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”13484367″:{“body”:””,”id”:13484367,”title”:”Explain how ISIS restored the historic Islamic community in the minds of Salafists.”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2016-12-05T06:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:5,”fieldOfStudyId”:1100,”userId”:705029,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-12-04T12:27:34.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1100,”name”:”Government”,”anchor”:”Government”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886167,”path”:”/fields/government”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1360960,”path”:”/content/explain-how-isis-restored-historic-islamic-community-minds-salafists”,”sitemap”:false,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”13488051″:{“body”:””,”id”:13488051,”title”:”4 discussion reply, 100 words each”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-12-04T19:40:00.000Z”,”budget”:5,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”userId”:598523,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-12-04T15:40:49.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:900,”name”:”Business & Finance”,”anchor”:”Business & Finance”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886163,”path”:”/fields/business-finance”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1361298,”path”:”/content/4-discussion-reply-100-words-each-0″,”sitemap”:false,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”13489185″:{“body”:”For extra credit, you can do this assignment. The file should not be longer than five pages. If you submit this assignment, which is purely optional, it will count for 15 percent of your …13/01/20184politicalscience

Sociology unit 8

Describe the context of violence introduced in Unit 8. Include a description of each type of violence presented. What interventions have been put in place to help alleviate violence? Do you think more interventions are needed?Written responses for this assignment should be at least three pages in length, using APA style of writing. A minimum of two references should be used to support your viewpoint.https://www.softchalkcloud.com/lesson/serve/O39dzl1D0gAbP6/html13/05/202012socialscience


Why Parents Force their Children to Study Science MajorsMahmoud AlmutairiCalifornia State University Fullerton4/28/2020The career choices people make usually have a serious impact on their future professions. This is because there is always a slight difference between the theories learned in the classroom and their application in the real world. Therefore, it is important that people be keen while deciding on which fields they would major their studies on in order to be competent in their industries. However, the parents, in most cases, try to get involved in the education of their children and try to encourage them, discourage or, in some cases, force them to study certain courses which are more preferred to them (Wong & Liu, 2010). For example, most parents try to force their children to study science-related courses such as medicine and engineering courses. (1) [1]This may be a great challenge for an individual either in academics or in the professional world. In this paper[2], we [3]will be discussing the reasons why most parents force their children to undertake science-related courses. Additionally, we will be able to understand the effects that this kind of situation may have on the future life of the student academically or professionally.[4](2)Reasons why parents want their children to study science-related courses.Parents have a very important role in identifying the talents of their children and nurturing them. Generally, it is the wish of every parent to have academically successful children (Wong & Liu, 2010). This is because it is believed that when a child succeeds in academics, there is a higher chance for them to get higher-paying jobs in the future. Additionally, most parents think that taking a science course like engineering assures someone ready job opportunity.  However, taking a science-related course such as nursing, medicine, or even engineering may be a great challenge for the child.(3) [5]A good number of parents base their argument on the fact that they want their children to be competitive in the job market and also be able to enjoy high living standards(4). [6]Some of the students live their lives to regret having taken certain courses instead of othersAnother reason why you [7]would find a parent encouraging or rather pressing their child to take a certain science course is the need for them to follow the parent’s steps (Varlik & Apaydin, 2020). For example, if one of the parents is an engineer, he will want the child to be an engineer like him in order to make sure that the legacy of the parent does not become extinct(5). [8]This, however, may be difficult for the child to fulfill since he or she may be talented differently. Besides, it is not a guarantee that if a parent likes a certain thing, the children would like it too.On the other hand, most people give a lot of superiority to science courses more than any of the other courses taught in schools and institutions of higher learning (6). [9]This type of stereotype has affected many people and made them think that other courses are less important. In such a case, if the parent supports that ideology, which beliefs on the superiority of science and engineering cases, then they may end up forcing their children to take these courses even if it’s not they are not interested in them.[10](7)Besides, science and engineering courses are expensive in terms of the tuition fees paid or even due to the resources needed for the study. However, whenever parents are more financially stable to meet these expenses, they may feel encourage their children to take the course, not because they have chosen to, but because they have the ability to meet the required costs(8). [11]However, this may pose very tough challenges to the student as they end up taking very challenging courses that they obviously not interested in.Generally, people measure career success by huge salaries or holding more favorable positions in different organizations (Wong & Liu, 2010). In this case, the science and engineering related cases are considered to be offering higher salaries, which leads to higher living standards. Therefore, most parents force the children to study courses which assure them well-paying jobs in the future (9). [12]However, the students may not have had what it takes to succeed in this, or simply they may not have an interest in them. Effects of forcing children to study science-related and engineering courses When parents get too much involved and try to control the choices for courses and universities for students, there is a great probability that the student may end up enrolling for a course that they did not wish to study. Also, the student may end up joining an institution which he or she was never interested in. On the other hand, parents may choose to force their child to undertake a course he or she is unwilling but later turn out to be a huge success. This means that parents’ involvement in the career choice of a student may have both negative and positive effects on the academic and professional of the student (Varlik & Apaydin, 2020).[13]Firstly, when a student enrolls in a course they did not want, for reasons like trying to follow the footsteps of their parents, they end up struggling academically. This struggle may be reflected in poor grades and academic performance, which is below average(11). [14]It is perfectly clear that when a person is less interested in something, he or she puts less commitment on them, and therefore the student may end up failing in their final exams or get expelled from the institution due to poor academic performance. When it comes to profession, when a person gets a job in a field he or she is less interested in, they may not serve as required. The person may end up making serious errors in the workplace due to work-related stress or depression, which may lead to huge financial losses to the company they work for (Wong & Liu, 2010). Besides, their conduct in the workplace may tarnish the name of the company, making it to lose customers. For example, a person who becomes a nurse or a doctor against their will may not put the lives of people in danger instead of saving them (12). [15]This is because these jobs are more sensitive, and any error committed may cost the life of a person. A nurse or a surgeon who ends killing three consecutive patients in surgery may scare away potential customers in that hospital and also give a picture of the competency of the services offered there. [16](13)Research has proved that students almost 20% of students in the universities and colleges regret wrong career choices, with a bigger percentage blaming the parents for forcing them to take the course or choose the institution[17].(14) These regrets usually make the students seriously ill, and most of them end up falling into depression (Varlik & Apaydin, 2020). In worst cases, stressed parents end up in drug abuse, poor academic performance in class, and in worst scenarios, suicide may be witnessed when the situation is not controlled early enough.On the other hand, parents force the children to take these courses, and they may prove to be completely difficult for the child to undertake them and therefore be a need to change them after some time. This will lead to huge financial losses to the parents as the science courses, and the engineering courses are very expensive. Hence, the parents will have to bear the cost of the lost finances, which were spent in paying for the fees. For this reason, parents should allow their children to conduct enough research on the courses they are willing to take based on their interests and potential[18].(15)  Even when they know the best potential of the child, they should use more polite ways to make the child accept the course and develop an interest in it (Wong &Liu, 2010)Possible solutionsMost challenges that people face in their academic and career lives result from the wrong choice of careers. And as we have seen above, this may be caused by the parents who force them to take various academic courses or even make them explore certain jobs. In order to minimize these challenges, proper investigations or analysis should be conducted before deciding on which course to undertake, the choice of institution. The following ways may help minimize the challenges.Firstly, parents should build a good academic relationship with their children so that they will be able to advise or guide them in academic matters without forcing them. The parents should also discover the innate skills and talents of their children in the early stages of life and also consider the interests of the children ber=fore offering life-changing advice on the choice of careers or institutions of higher learning. When offering advice, parents should also make sure they consider the ideas of the children instead of forcing them to take courses in which the parents feel that they will be more helpful to the child.[19](16)In the case of students who have already enrolled in the wrong courses due to pressure from their parents, they can change the courses if possible so that they can enroll in the courses in which they are more interested.  By doing this, they can be able to give their best performance and be able to acquire as much knowledge as they require for application in their future career jobs. This will help them avoid academic stress while in school and also give them an opportunity to enjoy the courses that they like. The results can be reflected in their better academic performance and quality services in their jobs[20].(17)Conclusion To conclude, as we have seen in the previous paragraphs, most people face academic and professional challenges resulting from wrong choices of careers or courses. The reason for the wrong choice of profession being pressure from parents who wish their children to follow their footsteps in careers. Additionally, we have seen that most parents force their children to study science-related courses or engineering is because they are more paying and are associated with higher standards of living.However, we have seen that forcing children to choose these courses may affect their academic performance as well as their performance in professional life. This may lead to work-related stress or depression. These problems can be solved by proper identification of the children’s talents, development of a good parent-student relationship in order to enable them to advise the students about their careers without having to force them. Mahmoud,This is a good start to your essay. Moving forward, build on your solutions to showcase how they alleviate the situation. Furthermore, think about focusing your ideas around parents that emphasize sciences, not that all parents emphasize the sciences. The comments above will help with this development.Grade: 30/30ReferencesWong, S. C. K., & Liu, G. J. (2010). Will parental influences affect career choice?.International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management.Varlik, S., & Apaydin, C. (2020). The Effect of Career Indecision on the Wrong Choice of an Occupation: A Mixed Methods Research. Journal of Mixed Methods Studies (JOMES),1(1).Sui-Chu, E. H., & Willms, J. D. (1996). Effects of parental involvement on eighth-grade achievement.Sociology of education, 126-141.What do you mean by most parents? Why the emphasis around science?You don’t need to be so meta.Who is we?What connects these two statements? Situate the reader.How is this a great challenge compared to any other field of study?What shapes these mentalities?Avoid second person.What makes this more universal?What shapes this superiority?How? Show the reader.How? Why? What shapes this mentality?Why is this such a point of emphasis?What are the impacts of these ideas?How does a lack of choice lead to this outcome?What shapes this mentality?What makes this hypothetical a reality?What shapes this data? Source?What needs to change to create this point of emphasis?How does this alleviate the situation?How does this alleviate the situation?


Part one: Your subjectDetailed Historical/Biographical Overview of your subjectW.E.B Du Bois was a social scientist, an activist for civil rights, writer, and editor. He was born on 23/02/1868 in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, where he was raised in an extended family. He made a significant contribution to social work in society. He was enrolled in Fisk University, Berlin University, and Harvard University between 1885 and 1894, where he had the opportunity to meet many sociologists (Katz & Sugrue, 1998). He became Harvard University’s first Black American to graduate in the doctor of philosophy in 1895. Black Folk Souls urged blacks to fight racial inequality in their practice and opposed black leaders like Washington’s civil rights policies. In the early 20th century, he spoke out for African American rights. At Atlanta Wilberforce University, he taught Greek and Latin, where he focused on teaching and engaging in liberation movements while questioning American discrimination.Discuss the successes and failures associated with your subject.Du Bois’ main objective was to speak out against racial discrimination suffered by African Americans from white people. In 1899, the Philadelphia Negro was the first case he studied about the African American community. He explained in this study of “the talented tenth” a term to show that one out of every ten African Americans will be rulers of their group. This also tried to point the employment discrimination and accommodation as the obstacles to prospering black people in the north and on racial justice (Du Bois, 2013). He questioned so much how blacks highly regarded vocational education than their social life, such as higher learning and politics. Washington’s assertion was always that the way African Americans would be able to eliminate segregation was by working hard and prosperity, so they should accept it because they never had any other way. Du Bois regarded this as an approach for weakening Black people to make them inferior. He fought for equality in every way. Du Bois co-founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. He also became the editor of its magazine (Broderick, 1958) However, Du Bois supported World War thinking that it could make the Blacks and White team together. He was wrong about this as the African soldiers faced racism even during the war. This failure haunted Do Bois till his death.Make certain that you highlight controversial Issues associated with your subject W.E.B Du Bois was affiliated with some controversial issues. He adhered to communist doctrines throughout his life. Du Bois visited the Soviet Union in 1917, the year that the Bolshevik revolution happened in Russia. It is the same year that the USA entered World War One. He was expelled from the NAACP, which he co-founded, in the 1930s for sympathizing with the Communist Party (Rabaka, 2003). Du Bois accepted the Lenin Peace Prize from the U.S.S.R. He is also said to have eulogized Joseph Stalin, the Soviet dictator, and mass murderer. In 1959, he supported the Mao communist regime in China, which killed millions. Du Bois also sympathized with imperial Japan and Nazi Germany.What are the Economic, Political, social, or Cultural issues that contributed to or “fed” the social issues/ biographical subject’s philosophy that you have researchedDu Bois’s motivation for his work was the racism in the United States. He advocated for equal rights among the African American people and the Whites. He further said that one out of every ten blacks was likely to be a leader. He promoted black culture as the editor of The Crisis, a magazine produced by the NAACP (Rabaka, 2003). Du Bois was also interested in communism which led him to become a supporter of progressive groups.Make certain that you discuss the lingering social/ educational issues associated with your subjectDu Bois has contributed greatly to the literature today. Most of his work is stored at the University of Massachusetts- Amherst school library. He studied and researched the social problems that were present at his time. He helped in the Pan Africanism, which advocated for independence in African countries. He also advocated for Black Nationalism. He helped to solve the social problems. He wrote several books that included The Philadelphia Negro, The Souls of Black Folk, Black Reconstruction and Dusk of Dawn (Du Bois, 2013). Du Bois promoted education. He said that education was power. According to him, education could help people promote all the necessary values and have healthy relationships among themselves. He also advocated for example teaching. This is teaching by examples. He observed that students learn more from behavior and not what they are taught.Discuss the 5 most important things we can learn from studying your subjectFrom studying W.E.B Du Bois we can learn many lessons. One of the most important lessons we learn is equality. Du Bois advocated for equality in the education system. According to him, African American citizens were supposed to obtain an education as the Americans were. He is a living example as he was the first postgraduate black student at Harvard University. Du Bois advocated the need to eliminate racism. He said that all people are brothers despite their skin color. We can, therefore, learn to promote harmony and eliminate prejudice in society.We can also learn to promote a just and fair society. Du Bois advocated for fairness and justice in the American system. The blacks were often accused of crimes and they did not receive justice (Lange, 1983). He stood against injustice until he died. He emphasized that the system could only hurt those involved and there was a need to streamline the systems. We can also learn to be courageous and stand for our course. Although Du Bois was met by a lot of critics in his activism, he did not give up. He kept on advocating for a just society for all people. Another trait we can learn from Du Bois is persistence and hard work. Du Bois worked hard and persisted on his call for justice, equality and promotion of education among the African American community. He did all that he could to achieve his goals. Today, he is one of the renowned social activists who ever lived,Part two: Democracy, Education and YouDescribe in your own words your views of “Democracy,” especially noting what it means to you in real-world principles and applications.Democracy is a form of government where the citizens practice power by electing their representatives. In a democratic setting, people can enjoy their rights and privileges as addressed by the laws and regulations governing them. Most of the countries today practice democracy (Rettig, 2016).In my opinion, democracy has promoted the rule of law today. The citizens of a given country are governed by the laws. This creates a restriction on how people should act and also ensure that the restrictions are followed. All the people are accountable to the law. Those who are found to have broken the law are punished accordingly. However, in some countries, vices such as corruption make its leaders and the rich to be prosecuted.Democracy promotes respect for human rights. Therefore, all people can express themselves in an acceptable way. Moreover, it protects peoples’ rights and freedoms from being misused by others. If a person disrespects another person’s rights or freedoms they should be punished according to the law. The rights and freedoms of the people make their lives convenient and protected.Through democracy, people can practice their political processes. There is no discrimination based on one’s political affiliation. Those that want to be representatives can ask others to vote them. All the people can decide independently on the leaders they want. The most preferred representatives are given the power to administer.Democracy promotes the freedom of the press. The press plays an important role in passing information. There are different players in the press but all align to one purpose, passing of information. Through the press, people are enlightened.What is the specific role of schools in preparing people for “Democratic forms of life?” Explain your position on these key issues.A democratic form of life is a life that embraces the values of democracy. Schools play a very big role in preparing students to be democratic. Schools should teach students about democracy. This creates awareness about what democracy is. In teaching about democracy, the schools should enforce the values of democracy. Some of the values advocated by democracy are equality, freedom, justice, and responsibility. Therefore, the school curriculum should be developed in a way that promotes democracy (Rettig, 2016). The syllabus should also include the history of democracy and how it is practiced in different countries.Teachers play the role of educating the students. The teachers should ensure that they enforce the need for such values to students. They should also set a good example for the students to learn from them. The values prepare the students for life after school. Whereas the values of democracy should be well understood by the students, living in a democratic environment is the best exercise. Therefore, schools should create and promote a democratic environment for the students. For example, in most universities, the students are allowed to choose their student leaders. The students are also punished for their mistakes and rewarded for their accomplishments. This promotes a democratic environment in the school. It also teaches the students how to be accountable and responsible for their actions. What specific skills do students need to develop to contribute to and benefit from America’s socioeconomic system? (the model of and for “social justice”)?Social justice is the concept of fair, just and equal relations between individuals and society. They are measured through the distribution of wealth and opportunities in society. The socioeconomic system is a discipline in social science that explains the relationship between the economic and social environments and how they influence one another (Casey, Morello-Frosch & James, 2017). The socioeconomic system in America revolves around individual incomes, their level of education, financial security and perceptions about social class. In general, it reflects on the quality of life. To contribute and develop in the socioeconomic system, students need to develop the necessary skills. Decision making is one of the skills. This skill involves the ability to respond effectively to situations. It allows individuals to make their choices. Another important skill is problem-solving skills. These are skills that are required to come up with solutions to problems. This skill is dependent on one’s decision-making skills. Communication skills also play a big part in the development of students. Knowing the correct way to communicate and when to communicate is paramount. It helps reduce communication barriers thus passing on knowledge and information. To take part in the socio-economic system, students also need to develop planning and goal-setting skills. These skills equip the student with the necessary tools to plan accordingly. Planning and setting goals is the first step to succeeding. Creative thinking and critical thinking skills are also relevant for students to contribute to and benefit from America’s socioeconomic environment. These skills will help the student to deal with challenges that he might face. The skills will also enable the student to contribute creatively to the system.In your opinion, what influence/ impact has your subject exerted on the capacity of schools to better prepare people for “Democratic forms of life”? In what way? Be specific in your responseDe Bios advocated for education among the blacks. At the time, most blacks worked in the informal sectors as laborers. He stressed on the need for them to acquire education. Education would lead them to liberation. In my opinion, De Bois had a very big impact on education for the African American communities (Rabaka, 2017). He emphasized on the need for equality and fairness in the education system. Through promoting education among the blacks, they liberated themselves. This made them live a democratic life and move out of slavery for good. From equality in education, all people learned the aspect of a fair, just and equal life.What is the most important aspect of this study that you believe will contribute to your development as a career professional educator?The aspect of equality is an important aspect of the study that will be helpful to me. Equality emphasizes on the need for giving equal chances and opportunities to all. Equality promotes a fair and just environment. This will contribute to the development of my career. It will help me to always act in a just and fair manner. This will help uphold my professional ethics.ReferencesBroderick, F. L. (1958). German Influence on the Scholarship of WEB DuBois. The Phylon Quarterly, 19(4), 367-371.Casey, J. A., Morello-Frosch, & James, P. (2017). Race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, residential segregation, and spatial variation in noise exposure in the contiguous United States.Environmental health perspectives,125(7), 077017.Du Bois, W. E. B. (2013). WEB DuBois on sociology and the Black community. University of Chicago Press.Katz, M. B., & Sugrue, T. J. (Eds.). (1998). WEB Du Bois, Race, and the City:” The Philadelphia Negro” and It’s Legacy. University of Pennsylvania Press.Lange, W. J. (1983). WEB Du Bois and the first scientific study of Afro-America. Phylon (1960-), 44(2), 135-146.Rabaka, R. (2017). WEB Du Bois. Routledge.Rabaka, R. (2003). WEB Du Bois’s evolving Africana philosophy of education. Journal of Black Studies, 33(4), 399-449.Rettig, P. R. (2016).Reframing Decision Making in Education: Democratic Empowerment of Teachers and Parents. Rowman & Littlefield.


CHAPTER 2MEASURING AND EXPLAINING CRIMELearning ObjectivesAfter reading this chapter, students should: Identify the six different main categories of crime. Identify the publication in which the FBI reports crime data, and list the two main ways in which the data are reported.  Distinguish between the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) and self-reported surveys. Discuss the prevailing explanation for the rising number of women being incarcerated in the United States. Discuss the difference between a hypothesis and a theory in the context of criminology.  Explain how brain-scanning technology is able to help scientists determine if an individual is at risk for criminal offending. Describe the importance of early childhood behavior for those who subscribe to self-control theory. Explain the routine activities theory of victimization.  Discuss the connection between learning process and the start of an individual’s drug use.Lesson Plan Correlated to PowerPointsI. Types of CrimeLearning Objective 1: Identify the six different main categories of crime.A. American Criminal Law focuses on six categories of misconduct i. Violent Crimea. Crimes against persons, which dominate our perspectives about crimeb. Four general categories1. Murder2. Sexual Assault3. Assault and Battery4. Robberyc. These acts are further classified by degree, depending on the circumstances surrounding the criminal act Class Discussion/Activity Ask students to discuss the differences between burglary and robbery as well as between assault and battery. ii. Property Crimea. Most common form of criminal activity, during which the goal of the offender is some form of economic gain or damaging of the propertyb. Four general categories1. Larceny / Theft2. Burglary3. Motor Vehicle Theft4. Arson iii. Public Order Crimea. Linked to the consensus model discussed in Chapter 1b. Outlawed activities that are considered contrary to public values and moralsc. Most common include public drunkenness, prostitution, gambling, and illicit drug used. Often referred to as victimless crimes because they only harm the offender (e.g. prostitution, illegal gambling) Class Discussion/Activity Ask students to discuss examples of public order crimes and why these crimes are classified as crimes. Ask them to discuss the consensus model and its connection to public order crimes. iv. White-Collar Crimesa. Business-related crimesb. Describes illegal acts or series of acts committed by an individual or business entity using some nonviolent means to obtain a personal or business advantage v. Organized Crimea. Describes illegal acts by illegal organizations, usually geared toward satisfying the public’s demand for unlawful goods and servicesb. Implies a conspiratorial and illegal relationship among any number of persons engaged in unlawful actsc. Employs criminal tactics 1. Violence2. Corruption3. Intimidation for economic gain d. The hierarchical structure of organized crime operations often mirrors that of legitimate businesses vi. High-Tech Crimea. Newest typology of crime, directly related to increased use of computers in everyday lifeb. Internet has become the site of cyber crime 1. Selling pornographic materials2. Soliciting minors3. Defrauding consumers with bogus financial investments Media Tool “Project 2020 – Scenarios for the Future of Cybercrime” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1B6zOXQOasY A news clip about the future of cyber crime Discussion: Discuss what the implications of the new technologies are for the criminal justice system. See Assignment 1 II. Measuring Crime in the United StatesLearning Objective 2: Identify the publication in which the FBI reports crime data, and list the two main ways in which the data are reported.A. The Uniform Crime Report i. Uniform Crime Report (UCR) released each year since its inception in 1930 as an attempt to measure the overall crime rate in the United States ii. The UCR is produced by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) iii. UCR relies on the voluntary participation of local law enforcement agencies, with three measurementsa. Number of persons arrestedb. Number of crimes reported by victims, witnesses, or police themselvesc. Number of law enforcement officers iv. Annual publicationa. The UCR presents data in three ways1. As a rate2. As a percentage v. Part I offenses a. Those crimes that, due to their seriousness and frequency, are recorded by the FBI to give a “general picture” of crime in the United Statesb. There are eight Part I offenses1. Murder2. Forcible rape3. Robbery4. Aggravated assault5. Burglary6. Larceny/theft7. Motor vehicle theft8. Arsonc. Reflects those offenses that are “known,” or reported to the FBI by local agencies vi. Part II Offenses a. Those crimes that can be designated as either felonies or misdemeanorsb. Measured only by arrest dataB. The National Incident-Based Reporting System i. Local agencies collect data on each single crime occurrence within twenty-two offense categories made up of forty-six specific crimes ii. Started in 1989 iii. Provides information about four “data sets”a. Offensesb. Victimsc. Offendersd. ArresteesC. Victim Surveys i. An alternative source of data collection attempting to avoid distorting influences of local police agencies ii. Victims are asked directly about their experiences of crime, using techniques of mail or phone surveys iii. The dark figure of crimea. Results of victim survey indicate a higher victimization rate than had been previously expected1. Researchers believe that a better understanding of the “dark figure of crime” is revealed through victim surveys2. Dark figure of crime is the actual amount of crime that occurs in the countryb. The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) (LO 3)1. Started in 19722. Conducted by the U.S. Bureau of the Census in cooperation with the Bureau of Justice Statistics of the Justice Department3. An annual survey of more than 41,000 households with nearly 73,500 occupants over 12 years of age4. Participants are interviewed twice a year concerning their experiences with crimes in the prior 6 months iv. A voice for victimsa. Supporters of the NCVS highlight a number of aspects in which the victim survey is superior to the UCR:1. Measures both reported and unreported crime 2. Unaffected by the police bias and distortions in reporting the crime to the FBI3. Does not rely on victims directly reporting crime to the policeD. Self-Reported Surveys a. Form of data collection, in which persons are asked directly through personal interviews or questionnaires, or over the telephone, about specific criminal activity to which they may have been a partyb. Victims may be more forthcoming because of anonymity Class Discussion/Activity Ask students to discuss the problems with victim surveys. Why is self-reported data not necessarily correct?   See Assignment 2 III. Crime Trends Learning Objective 3: Distinguish between the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) and self-reported surveys.Learning Objective 4: Discuss the prevailing explanation for the rising number of women being incarcerated in the United States. i. The UCR, NCVS, and other statistical measures represent only the tip of the iceberg of crime data ii. Since the 1990s, the violent crime rate decreased by 70% iii. Property crime dropped by 40% iv. Reasonsa. End of the crack cocaine epidemicb. Aging populationc. Improvements in law enforcementd. Gentrification of many former high-crime neighborhoodsA. Leveling Off: Crime in the 2010s i. UCR suggests plateau of crime rates ii. NCVS suggests increase in violent crime by 15% and in property crime by 12% iii. Reasons for the difference may be that many crimes are not reported to the police and thus are not reflected in the UCR Class Discussion/Activity Ask students to discuss possible reasons of the stagnation or even decrease in crime in the past few years. How should policy makers respond to decrease the crime rate? B. Crime, Race, and Poverty i. Race and Crimea. Official crime data indicate a strong relationship between minority status and crimeb. Black men are 12x more likely to be sent to prison for a drug-related convictionc. Black women are 5x more likely to be sent to prison for a drug-related convictiond. Racial differences in crime statistics are one of the most controversial areas of the criminal justice systeme. Regardless of race, a person has much higher risk of violent behavior if he or she lives in a poverty-stricken, disorganized neighborhood or in a household run by single parent ii. Class and Crime a. Lack of education, as a handicap faced by low-income citizens, seems to correlate with criminal activityb. High crime rates in low-income communities are at least partly the result of a greater willingness of police to arrest poor citizens and of the court system to convict them. Class Discussion/Activity Ask students to discuss why lower class individuals are overrepresented among offenders and victims. Then, ask them to discuss the relationship between race and class. Why does the prison population look so different from the general population? iii. Ethnicity and Crimea. Most research focuses on the differences between European Americans and African Americans, but many groups such as Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, Native Americans, and immigrants from the South Pacific or Eastern Europe have been underreported in crime studiesb. Latinos are the fastest growing minority group in the U.S. prison populationC. Women and Crime i. Crime is a predominantly male activity – more than 68% of crimes are committed by males ii. While women represent a small number of arrests, the number of female offenders in the criminal justice system is rapidly increasing, from 6,000 prison inmates in 1970 to 109,000 in 2012 iii. There are two possible explanations for these increases:a. The life circumstances and behavior of women have changed dramatically in the past forty yearsb. The criminal justice system’s attitude toward women has changed over that time period Class Discussion/Activity Ask students to discuss the causes of the stark increase in female arrests and convictions. What type of crimes are females most likely to commit? What are the possible consequences of incarcerating females who have children? IV. What Causes Crime?Learning Objective 5: Discuss the difference between a hypothesis and a theory in the context of criminology.Learning Objective 6: Explain how brain-scanning technology is able to help scientists determine if an individual is at risk for criminal offending.Learning Objective 7: Describe the importance of early childhood behavior for those who subscribe to self-control theory. i. The study of crime, or criminology, is rich with different philosophies as to why people commit crimeA. Correlation and Causation i. Correlation between two variables means that they tend to vary together. ii. Causation, in contrast, means that one variable is responsible for the change in the other. iii. Correlation does not equal cause iv. Studies may show a correlation between factors, but few criminologists would go so far as to show causation between factors Class Discussion/Activity Ask students to provide examples of correlations and causes to help them understand the difference.   B. The Role of Theory i. Criminologists have developed a number of theories that concern the causes of crime ii. Theories are designed as explanations of happening or circumstance and are based on observation, experimentation, and reasoning iii. Researchers test hypotheses to determine their validity iv. Scientific and academic researchers observe facts and their consequences to develop hypotheses about what will occur when a similar fact pattern is present in the future. v. Criminological theories are primarily concerned with determining the reasons behind criminal behavior, but can also provide practical guidelines for agencies of the criminal justice systemC. The Brain and the Body i. James Q. Wilson posits about rational choice theory that before a person commits a crime, he or she will weigh the benefits against the costs, and when perceived benefits are greater, the person is likely to commit the crimea. “Thrill Offenders”1. Sociologist Jack Katz has expanded on rational choice theory by suggesting that the rewards of offending may be sensual as well as financial; he calls this the seduction of crimeb. Rational Choice Theory and Public Policy1. The theory that wrongdoers choose to commit crimes is a cornerstone of the American criminal justice system2. Because crime is the end result of choices, policymakers have reasoned that severe punishment can deter criminal activity3. Supporters of the death penalty emphasize its deterrent effects as do legislators using harsh mandatory sentences Class Discussion/Activity Ask students to discuss the underlying assumptions of rational choice theory. How “rational” are people in every day life and how “rational” are criminals? Do criminals have enough information to weigh the costs and benefits of a crime? Ask students to plan a robbery and list the costs, benefits, and unknowns. How would they decide whether to commit the robbery? What If Scenario What if . . . you are asked to test rational choice theory with regard to whether the death penalty is a deterrent to the crime of murder.  What arguments can you make for?  Against?  Can rational choice theory accurately explain and/or interpret why people with diseases of the mind commit crimes?  c. Trait Theories of Crime1. Theories suggest that certain biological and psychological traits in individuals could incline them toward criminal behavior given a certain set of circumstances2. Genetics and Crime i. For example, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and low self control have been linked to antisocial behavior and crime3. Hormones and Aggression i. One trait theory states that biochemical conditions can influence criminal behavior ii. Criminal behavior in males can be linked to the hormone testosterone4. The Brain and Crime i. Neurophysiology ii. Exposure to lead increases propensity to violent behavior Media Tool “League of Denial – The NFL’s Concussion Crisis” http://video.pbs.org/video/2365093675/ Watch the documentary about football players and brain injuries. Discussion: Discuss the impact of concussions on behavior. Following, ask students if they can think of solutions to the problem.
5. Mental Illness and Crime i. More than half of all prison and jail inmates have mental health problems ii. For example, schizophrenia has been linked to high rates of suicides and harm to others iii. Alcohol and drug use increases the likelihood that people with mental health issues will behave violently Class Discussion/Activity Ask students to discuss the prevalence of mental health issues among inmates and what problems arise from these inmates within the CJ system, including court proceedings, corrections, and recidivism rates.    d. Psychology and Crime1. People have traits that make them more or less predisposed to criminal activity2. Social psychology focuses on how human beings relate to and influence one another3. Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Experiment focused on aggression in a mock-correctional settinge. Trait Theory and Public Policy 1. Trait theories suggest that antisocial behavior should be identified and treated before it manifests in first-time or further criminal activityD. Bad Neighborhoods and other Economic Disadvantages  Sociological theories indicate that crime is the result of social conditions in a person’s environment i. Social Disorganization Theorya. Clifford Shaw and Henry McKay studied high-crime neighborhoods in Chicago and found these “zones” were characterized by “disorganization”b. Breakdown of traditional institutions of social controls such as family, school systems, or local businessesc. Ecological factors that lead to crime in these neighborhoods are perpetuated by continued elevated levels of high school dropouts, unemployment, deteriorating infrastructures, and single-parent families. ii. Strain Theory a. Durkheim believed that anomie resulted when social change threw behavioral norms into a flux, leading to a weakening of social controls and an increase in deviant behavior.b. Merton believed that anomie was caused by a social structure in which all citizens have similar goals without equal means to achieve them iii. Social Conflict Theoriesa. Identify power (the ability of one person or group of persons to control the economic and social positions of other people or groups) as the key component in explaining crimeb. Often associated with a critique of our capitalist economic system1. Capitalism is seen as leading to high levels of violence and crime because of the disparity of income it encourages2. Laws reflect only the values of the segment of society that has achieved power and is willing to use the criminal justice system as a tool to keep that power What If Scenario What if  . . . a police officer killed an African-American, unarmed street-level marijuana dealer while he was attempting to serve a search warrant at his apartment in a predominantly African-American neighborhood.  Circumstances suggest that the police officer was mistaken about his belief that the suspect was armed.  If you were a proponent of social conflict theory, how would you interpret the man’s death?  E. Life Lessons and Criminal Behavior i. Social Process Theories a. The potential for criminal behavior exists in everyone and will be realized depending on an individual’s interaction with various institutions and processes of society ii. Learning Theorya. Popularized by Edwin Sutherlandb. Theory of differential association sees crime as learned behavior, where the  “teacher” is usually a family member or a friend who exposes the “student” to criminal behaviorc. The offender mimics the dominant values they are exposed to Class Discussion/Activity Ask students to discuss whether deviant friends cause a juvenile to become deviant or whether deviant juveniles flock together. You might also ask students to discuss peer pressures and the impact of social media. iii. Control Theory a. Hirschi focuses on the reasons why individuals do not engage in criminal acts, rather than why they dob. According to Hirschi, social bonds promote conformity to social norms. The stronger these social bonds the less likely that any individual will commit a crimec. James Q. Wilson and George Kelling describe control theory in terms of the “broken windows” effect. Neighborhoods in poor condition are filled with cues of lack of social control that invite further vandalism and other deviant behavior. iv. Life Course Theories of Crime a. Believe that lying, stealing, bullying, and other conduct problems that occur in childhood are the strongest predictors of future criminal behavior and have been seriously undervalued in the examination of why crime occursb. Self-Control Theory1. Gottfredson and Hirschi believe that criminal behavior is linked to “low self-control,” a personality trait that is formed before a child reaches the age of ten and can usually be attributed to poor parenting2. These two criminologists ascribe to what has been called the continuity theory of crime, which essentially says that once negative behavior patterns have been established, they cannot be changed.3. Someone with low self-control is generally impulsive, thrill seeking, and likely to solve problems with violence rather than his or her intellect4. The Possibility of Changea. Robert Sampson and John Laub have gathered a great deal of data showing that offenders may experience “turning  points” when they are able to veer off the road from a life of crimeb. Several researchers have studied the role that religion and spirituality can play as “hooks for change.” Class Discussion/Activity Ask students to discuss the underlying assumption of self-control theory. Is self-control a constant condition or does it vary within individuals? What are the implications of the answer to this question for the validity of the theory? Can they think of crimes that require high self control? Class Discussion/Activity Which of the criminological theories presented in this chapter do you believe is most sound?  What are the reasons you have for supporting this theory?  Do you think this chosen theory could be used to explain all types of crimes and the actions of all criminals? See Assignment 3 V. Victims of CrimeLearning Objective 8: Explain the routine activities theory of victimization. i. Victimology as the study of “relationships between victims and offenders and the interactions between victims and the criminal justice system.A. The Risk of Victimization i. Anybody can be victim of crime ii. Cohen and Felson devised routine activities theory to explain victimization.
iii. Three elements are needed for victimization to occur:1. A likely offender2. A suitable target3. The absence of a capable guardian iv. Repeat Victimization1. Cohen and Felson: offenders attach “values” to suitable targets2. The higher the value, the more likely is victimization3. Vulnerable victims: illegal immigrants, prior victims v. The Victim-Offender Connection1. Offenders are also more likely to be victimsB. Women as Crime Victims i. Often in connection with a prior relationship ii. Sexual Violence 1. Six in every ten crimes in the US are committed by someone known to the victim2. Highest victimization rate between 12 and 34 year olds iii. Other Common Crimes Against Women1. Domestic violence2. Stalking What If Scenario What if  . . . you were acquainted with a fellow female student who went on a date with an acquaintance, and, unknown to her, the “date” administered a date-rape drug to her during the evening.  Tragically, she is raped.  She seems to resist your insistence to report the crime to police.  What reasons can you think of that your friend might give for not reporting the crime? What would be the reasons you would give to your friend to report the crime to the police?  C. Mental Illness and Victimization i. People with mental illness are much more likely to be victims1. Mental illness often interferes with person’s ability to find and keep employment, and leads to poverty, which correlates with victimization2. The mentally ill are more likely to be homeless, a circumstance that leaves them particularly susceptible to crime3. Mental illness can interfere with the person’s ability to make prudent decisions in potentially dangerous situations Media Tool “Bureau of Justice Statistics – Characteristics of Crime Victims” http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=92 Report issued by the Bureau of Justice Statistics summarizing findings about victimization in the United States from 1973 through 2008. Assignment:  From this website, students can access victimization rates broken down by a number of victim characteristics, including age, gender and race.  Students can be assigned to small groups.  Within each group, have them discuss one of the individual characteristics and its impact on victimization.  Students should prepare a brief presentation to give to the entire class. See Assignment 4 VI. The Link Between Drugs and Crime Learning Objective 9: Discuss the connection between the learning process and the start of an individual’s drug use.A. The Criminology of Drug Use i. Theories of Drug Use a. Several theories have been proposed to explain drug abuse, including  
choice theory, trait theory, social disorganization theory, and learning theory. ii. Drugs and the Learning Processa. Learn the techniques of drug useb. Learn to perceive the pleasurable effects of drug usec. Learn to enjoy the social experience of drug use Class Discussion/Activity Ask students why it may be very difficult to stop taking drugs. What would they do if they thought one of their friends was taking drugs? B. Drug Addiction and Dependency i. Drug Use vs. Drug Abusea. Drug abuse is the use of any drug – licit or illicit – that causes either psychological or bodily harm to the abuser or to third partiesb. Despite their small numbers, abusers have a disproportionately large impact on the market ii. Addiction Basicsa. Extreme abusers are dependent on a drugb. When the drug is cut off, the abuser’s brain strongly feels the lack of dopamine stimulation, and the abuser suffers withdrawalC. The Drug-Crime Relationship i. Prescription Drug Abusea. Increased demand for these prescription drugs has led to home invasions, robberies, assaults, homicides, thefts—all kinds of crime.b. Prescription drugs are second only to marijuana in government rankings of the most abused drugs in the United Statesc. Legal, over-the-counter substances are the main ingredient in the manufacture of methamphetamine (meth), a highly addictive stimulant to the central nervous system ii. Meth and Heroina. Meth is easy to make and highly addictiveb. Heroin is also very popularc. When law enforcement concentrates on one drug, drug users turn to other drugs iii. Marijuana Legalizationa. Colorado and Washington recently legalized marijuanab. The question about the impact on crime and drug abuse are unknown at this pointc. 52% of adults favor legalization Media Tool “Reports: Miami  Zombie Attacker May Have Been Using Bath Salts”  CNN; Brad Lendon http://news.blogs.cnn.com/2012/05/29/reports-miami-zombie-attacker-may-have-been-using-bath-salts/ Assignment: Ask students to think about other drugs that may be linked to violent behavior. If drugs were legalized, how would that impact the crime rate? Will it have similar effects across different types of crimes or may the impact vary? See Assignment 5 Lecture Notes Chapter 2 introduces students to the major categories of crimes, how crime is measured and the various explanations for criminal behavior. In order for crime to be measured, it must first be identified.  The beginning of the chapter introduces the student to the six major categories of crimes.  They are:  1) violent crime; 2) property crime; 3) public order crime; 4) white collar crime; 5) organized crime; and 6) high tech crime.  Within each category, several specific crimes are discussed, as they form the actions that are collected, measured, and reported through the various statistical measures.  For example, murder, sex assault, assault, and robbery are defined under the major category of violent crime.Crime is measured in three primary ways. First, official crime statistics are collected annually and published by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The FBI’s Uniform Crime Report (UCR) presents data collected by law enforcement agencies throughout the U.S. according to rates per 100,000 persons and as a percentage change from the previous year. Encourage students to familiarize themselves with the UCR; you might spend some time accessing data in class and allowing students to observe. A second source of crime data is that which is collected through victim surveys. This method captures crimes that are never reported to police or are not associated with a criminal arrest. This method is also touted as being extremely successful in identifying and counting the “dark figure” of crime, defined as the figure of crime that is impossible to detect because these crimes are never reported to the police.  Finally, self-reported surveys allow offenders to disclose their own criminal behaviors, even those that may have gone undetected. Walk students through the advantages and disadvantages associated with each of these methods, and explain how, taken together, the nature and extent of offending can be revealed. Why might crime victims not report victimizations to the police?Chapter 2 also explores current trends in criminal offending, including declining crime rates over recent years. Special attention is paid to linkages between crime, race, and poverty.  Racial differences in crime rates are one of the most controversial areas of the criminal justice. In addition to race, what are some other correlates that are linked to crime and why might they be substantively more important in explaining criminal behavior? For example, statistically, poor people commit more crimes, and are victims of more crimes, than people of a higher socioeconomic status. Why does this occur? What risk factors can be found in low-income communities that might contribute to increased criminal activity?
In addition to racial differences, special attention is also paid to the tremendous explosion of crimes being committed by women.  Over the last three decades, male arrest rates for the crime of aggravated assault has remained relatively constant, yet female arrest rates for the same crime has nearly doubled.  What explanations are offered by the author?  What do the students feel about the expert explanation offered that “rising female criminality is the result of a criminal justice system that is more willing to incarcerate women?”  End your discussion by encouraging students to brainstorm ways that we can use these variables related to crime (guns, gangs, drugs, age, and poverty) to prevent crime from occurring.Midway through Chapter 2 students are introduced to criminological explanations for crime. Undoubtedly, most students will have their own theories as to why offenders break the law. It is interesting to brainstorm those causes prior to sharing information from this part of the chapter, and then compare those responses to the various criminological theories. Did students subscribe to one of the theories in the text without even realizing it? Encourage students to reflect on their beliefs as you move through this section of the chapter. Do their perceptions of the motivations behind offending remain consistent, or are the persuaded by a theory that is introduced in the chapter?Choice theories are based on the concept of free will. Offenders weigh the costs and benefits of a particular criminal behavior and then choose to offend. This idea can be illustrated to students by asking them to discuss a common illegal behavior like underage drinking. Many students engaged in this behavior prior to reaching the legal age for alcohol consumption, and did so knowing that it was illegal. In contrast, trait theorists believe that criminal behavior is not a rational choice, but the result of some biological or psychological condition. While students might be quick to dismiss the idea that traits compel people to commit crime, there are numerous examples of criminal defenses based on positivistic factors. Have them consider the case of Andrea Yates, who drowned her five children. Yates’s defense was based on her diagnosis of postpartum psychosis. After considering cases like hers, how viable do students feel that traits are as an explanation for criminal offending? Several sociological theories are also presented in the chapter. These theories assert that offending is the result of interaction between the offender and his or her environment. These theories can be grouped into several families, including: social disorganization theory, strain theory, social process theories, learning theory, and social conflict theories. This portion of the chapter may be the most confusing for students because there are so many theories from which to distinguish. It may be helpful to spend a few minutes distinguishing between each of the three types of sociological theories and then place each individual theory in the correct category on the board as you discuss them.Victimology, or the study of the interaction of the criminal justice system and victims, is another concept discussed in Chapter 2. Victimology first emerged in the 1940s. While anyone can be a crime victim, the risk of victimization is disproportionate. For example, some who are victimized will be victimized more than once. Also, data suggest that some who are at higher risk of victimization also have a greater propensity to commit crime as well. Why is this the case? Ask students to discuss the typical traits of criminal offenders and also to identify those of crime victims. Do they notice any similarities?The final part of Chapter 2 explores the link between drug use and crime and then closes with a brief discussion of the concept of the chronic offender, otherwise referred to as the career criminal. Ask students to discern the differences between illegal drug use, drug abuse, and drug addiction. Given the important role that illegal drugs may play in criminal activity, what might this mean for the kinds of treatment programs needed for inmates housed in jails and prisons?Key TermsAssault – a threat or an attempt to do violence to another person that causes the other person tofear immediate physical harm.  (p. 35)Battery –  the act of physically contacting another person with the intent to do harm, even if theresulting injury is insubstantial.  (p. 35)Biology – the science of living organisms, including their structure, growth, function, andorigin.  (p. 47)Burglary -the act of breaking into or entering a structure (such as a home or office) withoutpermission for the purpose of committing a crime.  (p. 35)Causation – the relationship in which a change in one measurement or behavior creates arecognizable change in another measurement or behavior. (p. 45)Control theory – a series of theories that assume that all individuals have the potential forcriminal behavior, but are restrained by the damage that such actions would do to theirrelationships with family, friends, and members of the community.  (p. 54)Correlation – the relationship between two measurements or behaviors that tend to movein the same direction.  (p. 45)Criminology – the scientific study of crime and the causes of criminal behavior. (p. 45)Dark figure of crime – a term used to describe the actual amount of crime that takes place. The“figure” is “dark,” or impossible to detect, because a great number of crimes are never reportedto the police.  (p. 39)Domestic violence – maltreatment, including physical violence and psychological abuse,that occurs within a familial or other intimate relationship. (p. 58)Drug abuse – the use of drugs results in physical or psychological problems for the user as wellas disruption of personal relationships and employment.  (p. 60)Genetics – the study of how certain traits or qualities are transmitted from parents to theiroffspring. (p. 48)          Hormone – a chemical substance, produced in tissue and conveyed in the bloodstream,that  controls certain cellular and body functions such as growth and reproduction.  (p. 48)Hypothesis – a possible explanation for an observed occurrence that can be tested by further investigation.  (p. 46)Larceny – the act of taking property from another person without the use of force with the intentof keeping that property. (p. 35)Learning theory – the hypothesis that delinquents and criminals must be taught both thepractical and emotional skills necessary to partake in illegal activity.  (p. 52)Life course criminology – the study of crime based on the belief that behavioral patternsdeveloped in childhood can predict delinquent and criminal behavior later in life. (p. 54)Murder – the unlawful killing of one human being by another. (p. 35)Organized crime – illegal acts carried out by illegal organizations engaged in the market forillegal goods or services, such as illicit drugs or firearms.  (p. 36)Part I offenses – crimes reported annually by the FBI in its Uniform Crime Report. Part Ioffenses include murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, motor vehicletheft, and arson. (p. 38)Part II offenses – all crimes recorded by the FBI that do not fall into the category of Part Ioffenses. They include both misdemeanors and felonies.  (p. 39)Prescription drugs – medical drugs that require a physician’s permission for purchase. (p. 61)Psychology- the scientific study of mental processes and behavior.  (p. 47)Public order crime – behavior that has been labeled criminal because it is contrary to sharedsocial values, customs, and norms.  (p. 33)Rational choice theory – a school of criminology that holds that wrongdoers act as if they weighthe possible benefits of criminal or delinquent activity against the expected costs of beingapprehended.  (p. 46)Repeat victimization – the theory that certain people and places are more likely to be subject torepeated criminal activity and that past victimization is a strong indicator of future victimization.(p. 57)Robbery – the act of taking property from another person through force, threat of force, orintimidation. (p. 35)Self-reported surveys – a method of gathering crime data that relies on participants to reveal anddetail their own criminal or delinquent behavior.  (p. 40)Sexual assault- forced or coerced sexual intercourse (or other sexual acts).  (p. 35)Social conflict theories – a group of theories that view criminal behavior as the result of classconflict.  (p. 52)Social disorganization theory – the theory that deviant behavior is more likely in communitieswhere social institutions such as the family, schools, and the criminal justice system fail to exertcontrol over the population.  (p. 50)Social process theories – a school of criminology that considers criminal behavior to be thepredictable result of a person’s interaction with his or her environment.  (p. 52)Sociology – the study of the development and functioning of groups of people who live togetherwithin a society.  (p. 50)Stalking – the criminal act of causing fear in a person by repeatedly subjecting that person tounwanted or threatening action. (p. 58)Strain theory – the assumption that crime is the result of frustration felt by individuals whocannot reach their financial and personal goals through legitimate means.  (p. 50)Testosterone – the hormone primarily responsible for the production of sperm and thedevelopment of male secondary sex characteristics such as the growth of facial and pubic hairand the change of voice pitch.  (p. 48)Theory – an explanation of a happening or circumstance, that is based on observation,experimentation, and reasoning.  (p. 46)Uniform crime report (UCR) – an annual report compiled by the FBI to give anindication of criminal activity in the United States. (p. 37)Victimology – a school of criminology that studies why certain people are the victims of crimesand the optimal role for victims in the criminal justice system.  (p. 56)Victim surveys – a method of gathering crime data that directly surveys participants to determinetheir experiences as victims of crime. (p. 39)  White-collar crime – nonviolent crimes committed by business entities or individuals togain a personal or business advantage.  (p. 36)Assignments1. Research two types of organized crime and explain characteristics of offenders and victims. What are the consequences of the crime? Which theory would you apply to organized criminals? Why do they commit those crimes?  (LO 1, 6-8)2. Have students go online and access the FBI’s Uniform Crime Report at http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/ucr. Ask them to analyze the report and prepare a short report on the offending rates in your area. Once they determine crime rates locally, ask them to compare offending in your area to offending in other locations nationally. How safe is your city?  (LO 2)3. Research the relationship between crime rates in economic factors of communities. Prepare a class presentation about your findings. Are crimes rates higher in low or high income neighborhoods? What may cause these differences in crime rates?  (LO 5-6)4. Ask students to research the connection between alcohol use and offending and victimization. Write a discussion paper about whether the results of your research would warrant the prohibition of alcohol.  (LO 8-9)5. Research the methamphetamine epidemic in Oregon and the impact of methamphetamine on communities. How did Oregon solve the methamphetamine problem? (LO 9)Answers To Critical Thinking Questions In The Text1. Do you agree that public order crimes such as prostitution and illegal gambling are “victimless” crimes? Why or why not?ANS: They are not victimless crimes because the prostitute, especially very young prostitutes can be victims of crime, such as violence. Also these public order crimes can create an environment in which property and violent crimes are likely to occur. Also, prostitutes, especially from foreign countries, may be forced into prostitution. 2. Assume that you are a criminologist who wants to determine the extent to which high school students engage in such risky behavior as abusing alcohol and illegal drugs, carrying weapons, and contemplating suicide. How would you go about gathering data?ANS: I would draw a representative sample of high school students in a certain city and give them an anonymous self-report. 3. Research shows that when levels of single-family mortgage foreclosures rise in a neighborhood, so do levels of violent crime. Explain the correlation between these two sets of statistics. Why is it false to say that single-family mortgage foreclosures cause violent crime to occur?ANS: If single-family foreclosures would cause violent crime then violent crime would have to occur every time there are single-family mortgage foreclosures. This is not the case. It is however possible that foreclosures lead to abandoned houses that may be used for criminal activities. If there are many empty houses, there is less supervision, or control. According to control theory, a lack of control will encourage criminal activity. 4. Why might someone who subscribes to rational choice theory believe that increasing the harshness of a penalty for a particular crime would necessarily lead to fewer such crimes being committed? ANS: Rational choice believes that harsher punishment will deter the individual criminal and the public in general because they will fear the punishment. The theory assumes that people rationally weigh the cost and benefits of a certain behavior. If the punishment is harsh enough, then the costs will outweigh the benefits and people will refrain from crime.     5. Research shows that female college students who have been the victim of rape or attempted rape are at unusually high risk of repeat victimization if they engage in binge alcohol drinking. What victim services should colleges provide to reduce the chances that this group of women will be revictimized?ANS: Services should include educating women about the consequences of alcohol use and vulnerability to sexual assault. Victims should also receive long-term psychological care and be integrated into a self-help group.


Agenda Comparison Grid and Fact Sheet or Talking Points Brief Assignment Template for Part 1 and Part 2Part 1: Agenda Comparison Grid Use this Agenda Comparison Grid to document information about the population health/healthcare issue your selected and the presidential agendas. By completing this grid, you will develop a more in depth understanding of your selected issue and how you might position it politically based on the presidential agendas.You will use the information in the Part 1: Agenda Comparison Grid to complete the remaining Part 2 and Part 3 of your Assignment. Identify the Population Health concern you selected. Mental Health Issue (Depression) Describe the Population Health concern you selected and the factors that contribute to it. Depression is the foremost cause leading young population to death in the USA. According to Cockerham, depression is a mental disorder, which is caused by psychological, persistent social and biological pain. This leads to disinterest of social life and committing suicide. Yet, if depression is not treated, it may lead to dementia, stroke and heart attack. In the past six to ten years, researchers such as Disease Control and Prevention found that youngsters at the age of 18 to 24 years, experience depression and going through suicidal thoughts. Unlike citizens 45 to 65 years of age, reports have reported that deaths among these particular group have been significantly rising. Mental health illnesses have brought many US presidents attention, which most of them have taken various steps allowing easy access to treatments and medicines. Administration (President Name) (Current President) Donald Trump (Previous President) Barack Obama (Previous President) George W. Bush Describe the administrative agenda focus related to this issue for the current and two previous presidents. – To renovate the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, president Donald Trump came up with a different strategy, a new healthcare bill. – Diminishing the amount of Medicaid is one of the undertaken steps of Donald Trump’s administration. This way, insurance plan will only cover substance use and mental issues meanwhile majority of them depend on low income. – Obama signed an act, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. It is also known to be Obamacare, allowing the extension of federal mental parity to Medicaid. – The purpose of the act is to support people with mental illnesses and people who are disable. In 2010, president Obama signed the Frank Melville Supportive Housing Investment Act.  – In 2002, George W Bush shaped a commission, which involved experts in the mental health field. – President George W Bush wanted to bring the anguishes undergone by mentally ill citizens to an end. President George W Bush signed the Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addictions Equity Act in 2008. An all-inclusive law that covers health insurance. The act states the treatment of drug abuse and other health conditions. – In 2003, W. Bush signed the Medicare Modernization Act. He also supported the formation of health savings accounts. Patients who have metal health can also access the savings scheme. Identify the allocations of financial and other resources that the current and two previous presidents dedicated to this issue. – Funds provision to mental health and abuse services has been reduced by $600 million in the economic year 2019. To the erection of new healthcare system, President Donald Trump proposed a provision of $500 million. – Obama proposed $500 million in 2008/2009. The money was to be used to increase Americans mental health medication and care.  Early identification permits doctors to prompt treatment for mentally ill citizens. Therefore, President Obama defied agencies to post additional data to check citizen’s background. None Explain how each of the presidential administrations approached the issue. – Regardless of the funds that have been planned for the new healthcare plan, Trump’s management happened to fail. The consideration of low-income earners depends on ACA and Medicaid. So the American Heal Care Act will not identify the Act compelling Medicaid. – President Obama came up with a healthcare plan that helped to rationalize the healthcare subdivision. The way it is done is by identifying the need for efficient use and that is deliberating all the Americans. – With President W. Bush’s management, it actually made a great breakthrough undertaking mental health and healthcare issues. Through Medicaid, the government was able to access to healthcare to low-income earners. Which administrative agency would most likely be responsible for helping you address the healthcare issue you selected? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention cooperates on creating the expertise, tools, and information allowing people and communities insure their health through health promotion, preventing diseases, injury, disability, alertness for new health threats. How does the healthcare issue get on the agenda and how does it stay there?Across the globe, there is a growing number of diseases being reported everyday. The need for healthcare wellbeing and planning must be recognized by political leaders. Many Americans are being affected by this matter, therefore the administrations must make these health issues part of their agenda. Healthcare issues can be deliberated through legislation and become part of the government’s agenda. With that said, leaders must come up with new ideas on how to reduce and accommodate medical bills that are paid by their people. The healthcare will stay on the agenda until a solution is made.  Who was the entrepreneur/champion/sponsor of the healthcare issue you selected?- 
John F. KennedyReferencesAlexander, L. M., Keahey, D., & Dixon, K. (2018). Opioid use disorder: A public health emergency.Journal of the American Academy of PAs,31(10), 47-52.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/Cockerham, W. C. (2016).Sociology of mental disorder. Taylor & Francis. Heller, B. D. (2016). Revolutionizing the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008.Seton Hall L. Rev.,47, 569. Thompson, F. J., Gusmano, M. K., & Shinohara, S. (2018). Trump and the Affordable Care Act: Congressional Repeal Efforts, Executive Federalism, and Program Durability.Publius: The Journal of Federalism,48(3), 396-424.

Feminism Criminology Contributions to Women

Other researchers through the years have tried to explain the importance of feminist criminology in the under-representation of women as victims within all social classes and societies. The theories developed in feminist criminology have advanced the interpretation of women’s roles as perpetrators of crime and women as victims of crime as they tend to be ignored among genders in all social classes.In analyzing the contributions feminist criminology has made to women as perpetrators of crime and as victims of crime, it is necessary to discuss the near-complete lack of female presence in criminological literature. In fact, it could be stated that up until the decade of the 1970s no specific study had been made on the involvement of women with a crime. The founding of feminist criminology can be credited in 1976 with the publication of Carol Smarts Women, Crime and Criminology: A Feminist Critique. This book put women’s crime on the empirical agenda for the discipline and was ground-breaking in its attempt to build a theory that would explain men as well as women’s crime. Smart (1976) states that up until at least the last third of a century, the majority of mainstream theories involved research into male criminals interpreted through the eyes of predominantly male researchers. The problems female crime did pose to theorizing were usually ignored or simply molded to fit male-based accounts. Smart expressed the concern that criminology, even in its most fundamental form, would be unaffected by the criticism of feminists. Smart (1976: 185) states, Criminology as well as sociology have to turn out to be more than the research of men along with crime if it is to have an important role in the development of our understanding of crime, law along with the criminal procedure and play some role in the complete transformation of current social practices.

Rituals as a Part of Everyday Human Action

motivations seem uniquely realistic (Geertz 1993 [1966] cited by Deeley 2004). The study of rituals and ritual actions contributes to an understanding of how and why symbolic culture affects behavior and cognition in religious contexts, and relates to mind, brain physiology, and the development, maintenance, and transmission of beliefs in general.Emile Durkheim, a French pioneer in the fields of anthropology and sociology, and author of The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life saw religion as a means of social cohesion where rituals strengthen the bonds attaching the individual to the society… (Bomar et al. 1999, citing Durkheim 1915). But what constitutes a ritual? Anthropologists express diverse opinions, and interdisciplinary discussions involving theologians, philosophers, cognitive scientists, and others create an even more complex picture.The performance of a complex sequence of symbolic acts is one definition suggested by Victor Turner (1967, 1979, cited by Borman et al. 1999). McGuire (1992) adds the dimension of a sense of awe and wonder that accompanies ritual acts and Kertzer (1988) refines further with the aspect of formalized, structured sequences carried out at specific times and places (Coleman Collins 2000).A hallmark event in the history of the study of the ritual was organized in the mid-1960s by Julian Huxley who brought together influential people like R.D. Laing, Erik Erikson, Edmund Leach, Victor Turner, Desmond Morris, Konrad Lorenz, Myers Fortes, and N. Tinbergen to discuss the topic. Huxley (1966) came up with a formal ethological definition of ritual as an adaptive formalization or canalization of emotionally motivated behavior under the pressure of natural selection specifying the functions of ritual as promoting better, less ambiguous signals for communication, more stimulation and release of behavior patterns in others, reducing intra-specific damage and serving sexual and social bonding behavior (Grimes, 2003).

Private Institutions vs Public Institutions

This report declares that sociology of education helps in understanding the entire education system, finding the strengths and weaknesses. In order to do proper formulation of guidelines and planning of a viable system to perfectly suit man and society. Sociology of education places the teacher in a better position of understanding social issues and their related problems in relation to the schooling environment thus enabling the teacher to relate morally, ethically and professionally. In other words, it gives the teacher in depth understanding of the student cultural background and socio-cultural setup, hence helping them to understand it better themselves.This paper discusses that education is a formal process through which society willingly passes down accumulated customs, values, skills, and knowledge from generation to generation. In light with this notion about education, there are many functions connected to its necessity hence its core basis. Some of the outlined objectives of education thus include development of value and attitudes. The basis of any society is inclined on its values whether social, cultural or political. These values act as the pillars on which the society’s stability rests upon. For this value to be existent, it calls for personal/individual orientation. Education through any of its institutional setups is formulated to create an environment geared towards the achievement of social integration. Individuals in school setups are drawn from different social backgrounds. In order for the school to function as a system, it calls for shedding of the self to allow for the inclusion of the otherness. By this, therefore, we mean that a much as one will hold unto individuality, individualism has to be suppressed if the school has to operate as a joint. The education, therefore, is designed to instill interrelation ability and foster national unity, despite the existing diversity among students in terms of class, race and gender. One of the many objectives of education is to foster a country’s national development and propagate its economic growth. In order for this to be realized, it follows that individuals ought to understand their obligation in relation to their contribution to this goal. Education enhances the achievement of this objective through two major ways: firstly, through education, on is able to know and understand the main pillars of economic development. By so doing, the system thus helps an individual to strategically, position himself or herself in carrying out this function. Secondly, education helps in shaping up people to act as tools of development. This is to say that educated people understand best about what to do, how to do it, where and when to perform the specified duties as expected

Dreaming of Sheep in Navajo Country by Marsha L Weisiger

The paper tells that Francis Bacon the great philosopher, author and notable statesmen of seventeenth century, remarked about books vey intelligently. He commented, Some books are to bee tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to bee chewed and digested: That is, some books are to be read only in partes. others to be read, but curiously, and some few to be read wholly and with diligence and attention. Dreaming of Sheep in Navajo Country by Marsha L. Weisiger is among those books, which should be definitely read with complete diligence and attention. Published in the year 2009 from the University of Washington Press, the book captivates an enlightened documentation of 391 pages building an innovative and fresh trajectory pertaining to the history of Navajo and its pastoral life. Dreaming of Sheep in Navajo Country is an engaging study that investigates and intrudes into the lives of the people of Navajo and their effect on livelihood and an age old tradition due to one of the very substandard policies of the federal government in the land. The author of the book Marsha L. Weisiger is an associate professor in the department of history at the New Mexico State University. At the same time, she has the precision and expertise of being a veteran environmental historian which definitely provided a leap in formulation of the thesis of the book and helped her to incorporate her first-hand experience and knowledge in making the book transcend beyond the periphery of mundane testimonies and comprehension. Thesis Statement The essay intends to evaluate and explore the subtle and intricate doctrine of social, economic and environmental changes that took place due to Navajo Reservations during the decade of 1930s imbibed in a very concrete and comprehensive way in the book, Dreaming of Sheep in Navajo Country. Summary of the Book The book Dreaming of Sheep in Navajo Country provides very new interpretations of the history of the pastoral life and livelihood depending upon in Navajo. During the 1930s, the federal government attempted to decrease the number of livestock in the areas where the government machinery saw it as an ambitious means to reduce the number of horses, sheep, and goats with a vision to stop over-grazing in those arid patches of land and standardize the lifestyle of the people in the Navajo area. In the book, Dreaming of Sheep in Navajo Country, veteran environmental historian tries to understand the effect the slaughtering of ten thousand livestock brought into the ecological, environmental and socio-economical balance of the Navajo area without any such mentionable or significant development in the condition of the land patches located for the conservation due to excessive overgrazing. Thesis of the Book After the reservation of the livestock in 1930s. the greatest victim of this ambitious attempt of the government was the womenfolk that were directly associated with the rearing of the livestock in the ranches of America. The policy of the Bureau of Indian Affairs could not see the complications that the reduction of the livestock would bring into the climate, culture and economy of an age-old legacy. Placing the story of women, who substantially depend on the rearing of the livestock in the ranches of Navajo, undergoes a complete socio-economic change. This forms the central thesis of the compelling and engaging study of history, environment and sociology in one platform, Dreaming of Sheep in Navajo Country. Theme of the Book An in-depth study of the enlightened document by Marsha L. Weisiger would definitely launch its readers to a plane where the theme of the book can be summed up as the

Organisational Behaviour and the Sociology of Work

It is important to understand that health can be influenced daily by personal circumstances, beliefs and actions, attitudes, and the cultural, social, economic, and physical environments in which an employee work. Hence it is important to maintain a healthy working environment. A healthy workplace is that which provides benefits for both the employers as well as the employees. This is possible because good health practices by both will lead to personal and organizational productivity and achievement of goals more easily. In other words, the main intention of any health promotion program is to enable employees to improve their physical, emotional, and social health and lead a much productive life.In a healthy organization, all employees especially the managers need to be aware of the goals and objectives and know where the organization is going. In order to accomplish all the goals and objectives, it is important to have a healthy team. The managers should understand the vision for the organization and can articulate it to others. In addition, they should also know the specific short term results that they have to achieve. This will enable them to put less pressure on the team in the last moment to achieve targets. This will also help in measuring the achievement and also give knowledge of how much more need to be achieved to accomplish the final objective. It is also necessary to have a clear connection between the organization’s strategic goals and objectives and work being performed at all levels and it is the responsibility of the managers to coordinate these activities (Miller n.pag).Today in many of the organizations it is common to hear terms such as stress management, organizational health, workplace violence, etc. it is good to understand that increasing workload has put pressure on employees and most of them complain of stress. Experts have defined stress as any physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental unrest. These stress factors may further be a reason for disease causation.

Gender Inequality Sociology

Sex differs from gender as the former is concerned in distinguishing men from women through physical differences while the latter is more of a social category comprised of sets of norms and behaviors that each sex must conform. A good example of social differentiation made to distinguish men from women is the role in the family as men are considered to be breadwinners and women are homemakers (Teacher’s Presentation slides 1 and 3). Another example is in terms of jobs wherein males or men focus on jobs that require physical strength while females or women get remedial jobs like office clerks. The second example is considered as a stereotype (Williams Students’ Presentation slide 12). The stereotype is the generalization made by people in society due to the popularity of certain beliefs and norms. Since gender is a socially-created concept, it is likewise a synthetic creation based on anatomical or physical features of men and women. The traditional point-of-view is like stereotyping which largely depends on sex. Although the tradition points out those men are usually the breadwinners and women are homemakers, some societies and cultural groups have their own gender stereotypes. For the Arapesh society in New Guinea, the feminine way of behavior is prevalent for both men and women who show their passiveness and gentleness while the opposite is true for Mundugumor society in which both men and women show aggressiveness and cruelty. Tchambuli society is really unique since its norms regarding gender roles is the opposite of the prevalent gender roles in European and American countries (Teacher’s Presentation slide 2). Although there are certain exceptions to the tradition, in general men are still more favored in the society than women despite the efforts being made to alleviate the discriminations faced by women. Discrimination may have been due to the separation of roles for men and women. The separation of roles of men and women is called gender roles, and the learning of roles is called gender socialization (Teacher’s Presentation slide 1).

Three Issues of Organizational Behaviour

The topics we have chosen from the context of organizational behaviour are motivation, leadership and organizational politics. We are first going to present the basic concept of each of the three topics of organizational behaviour and then relate them with our real-life examples- at the end. we will conclude our discussion by creating an association with any future actions.First of all, we need to refresh our knowledge and understanding of organizational behaviour. It is an interdisciplinary area meaning, it comprises knowledge and theories of various fields such as psychology, management, sociology and communication. Angeli Kinicki, Robert Kreitner (2009) states that organizational behaviour talks about how an individual will behave in a business environment where he has to interact with colleagues and groups. and also has to face and cope up with certain work-related situations. For instance, maintaining harmony, collaboration and peace when working in teams and groups and coping up with work stress, communication issues, organizational politics, emotions. and then practising mentoring, leadership and certain behaviours in specific organizational situations all come under the roof of organizational behaviour. Organizational behaviour also constitutes management and organizational theories which provide foundation and guideline for the study area.In this essay, we will be discussing the three issues from organizational behaviour and associate each issue with our real-life experiences either personal and work-related. The first issues we have chosen for our discussion is leadership.Ricky W. Griffin, Gregory Moorehead (2010) studies leadership on two approaches: one approach is process-based and the other is property-based. According to the process approach, leadership is the use of influence to direct and coordinate the activities and efforts of organizational members towards the achievement of certain goals.

The Adolescent Development

The Adolescent Development Adolescence is undoubtedly one of the strenuous, if not the most difficult phase in a person’s life. This is where identity and interpersonal understanding is at one of its most formative development and can at times be compromised without proper guidance. This stage is accompanied by a number of dilemmas. The current Western trend is known for its prolonged adolescence stage which brings forth the question of when it ends as another predicament. Developmental adjustments may be varied but the changes that are progressively specifically focused on peers are seemingly constant. It is said that 1 out of every 5 students enrolled in the public education system of the United States came from an immigrant family. This number is believed to be ever-increasing so much so that it is projected that by 2020 the ratio will be 1 out of 3. The subject of immigration comes along with a number of other debates that is indispensable when discussing the subject. The issue, no matter the stance is a different discussion altogether. Immigration is considered as the secondary reason for a nation’s increase in population other than natural means. But the question on the other hand of the diversity in the development of adolescents belonging to this background is a concern that is not tackled as explicitly. The importance of understanding how they adapt and develop base on their varied personal history creates a necessity for the study thereof. How do the people around them respond to the different needs they require? In the same way that the query of how do these adolescents interact and differ from those who are around them, both in the question of their relations with peers and others, vary? Studies such as ‘Beyond the Family: Contexts of Immigrant Children’s Development, New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development’ edited by Hirokazu Yoshikawa. Charles A. Ellwood’s ‘Sociology and Modern Social Problems’ will also be valuable in assessing the inherent sociological diversity at play in an adolescent’s life. Studies on adolescent development and immigration issues that go along with it available on www.cciserver.ums.maine.edu may also prove to be contributory for this research. Do Undocumented Students Play by the Rules? a journal article by Julian Jefferies will also be at hand as it contains information regarding the educational process of immigrant adolescents. Other related literature will also be reviewed for this study. Since it encompasses various psychological, sociological, political and educational segments it is understandable that the topic will cover a lot of ground for the study to be comprehensive. Adolescents belonging to immigrant families will be the core subject of this research. They will be interviewed and examined through the course of this case study. Adults surrounding their everyday life will also be part of the research. This includes family members, especially their parents, teachers, guidance counselors and their peers. Peer groups can be distinguished and classified whether or not the subject and the peer belong in the same category of immigrant origins or not. Some of the questions that will be asked are as follows:1. Are there inimitable characteristics present in an immigrant adolescent’s development?2. Is there a change, relative to the adolescent’s development, with regards to the family dynamics to cope with the prevalent culture?3. What influences the formation of the adolescent’s identities?4. What can be said of the community and overall surrounding in connection to the adolescent’s psychological development?5. How does their family’s culture, base on their country of origin, deviate and/or counterbalance from the current culture ubiquitous to the country of migration?

Cross cuiltur managment (Expatriation and Culture Shock in China )

Cardozo (2007) believes that these opportunities are being sought and preferred because of the excitement of foreign travel and the challenges presented by the new posts. It would appear, however, based on studies and recent developments on expatriation, that the figure is not altogether rosy for the expatriates. One of the undesirable effects of expatriation is culture shock, a condition defined as coming to understand and adapt to differences in culture by Kwintessential Ltd., a company engaged in cross cultural services. It is the objective of this paper to take an in-depth look at expatriation and culture shock in China, how expatriation leads to culture shock and how this condition is experienced by the expatriates. The choice of China is made for the simple reason that China is an interesting case for cultural study especially in its present role as the bearer of a new economic order, and for many expatriate managers, is a stimulating environment in which to live and work (Kaye and Taylor, 1997). The paper further aims to examine the causes of this undesirable state using research data gathered from secondary sources. It is hoped that the examination will add more insights into this problem and possibly contribute to a deeper understanding and resolution of the same. Extent of Failure of Expatriation According to Harzing (1995), almost every publication on the topic of expatriation defines and evaluates expatriate failure as the percentage of expatriates returning home before their assignment contract expires. Harzing (1995) cites Buckley and Brooke who claimed that expatriate failure would be in the range of 70 per cent for developing countries and 25-40% in developing countries. Rosalie Tung in Shilling (1993) puts a second to this claim by citing survey results among US, European and Japanese multinational corporations indicating a high percentage of failures in overseas assignments. In another report by Sharon Lobel, failed assignments were reported to have occurred in as often as 70% of the time in many developed countries (Shilling, 1993). Addler and Ghadar in Harzing (1995) attribute a range of 25-40% for failed American expatriates while Tung’s estimate of the failure rate among expatriates in Europe is 10%. It is easy to see from these percentages that the returning expatriates, known as repatriates, represent a substantial sum of money lost on their failure to adapt to the country of assignment. If the losses are substantial from the returning assignees, what is more disturbing is the finding in recent studies that showed the decreasing number of candidates now refusing foreign assignments (Rao, 2010) Other studies have shown, according to Kaye and Taylor (1997), that 16-40% of expatriates terminate their foreign assignments early because of their poor performance on the job or their inability to adjust to their new environment. Not only that, the same studies show that as many as 50% of those who stay would be functioning at low levels of effectiveness (Kaye and Taylor, 1997). It is estimated that the average cost to the parent company of a failed assignment would be in the range of $65,000 to $300,000 per failure (Mendenhall and Oddou in Kaye and Taylor, 1997). Culture Shock: A Major Cause of Failure The Oxford Dictionary of Sociology refers to culture shock as

Sociology of Mental Health

With this as a genesis, this essay will be aimed at discussing stigma as a core concept discovered in the case study and relating to the diary entries. Discussion Johnstone, (2001: 200-209) documented that mental illness and individual suffering from mental illness are among the most marginalized, vulnerable, discriminated, and disadvantaged members of the society. He affirmed that negative ideologies that revolve around the disease are worse than the actual disease itself. As a form of example, he related that people with schizophrenia can be viewed as violent people with no ability to take care of themselves. Moreover, people with depression are stipulated as lazy and associated with drug abuse. The way the society perceives individuals with mental illness, limits opportunities available for the individuals suffering from mental illness. With reference to the case study, Diary 1 January 12th entry. stigma as documented by Overton Medina (2008: 143-151) is evidenced by the individual’s lack of motivation to seek medical attention. Due to the stigma associated with depression, the individual feels reluctant and it is only following convincing, that she agrees to see the doctor. The individual distances herself from the mental illness as she says ‘the doctor said I had severe depression and gave me some meds’. She has no insight and prefers to distance herself from the reality that she has a mental illness. This can be attributed to the personal stigma that the society influences people with mental illnesses and their self-esteem. Additionally, Overton Medina (2008: 143-151) documented that stigma in mental health has since in the past been accompanied with subjective feelings. The individual due to the stigma becomes overwhelmed with the activities going on around him that he loses touch with reality. This consequently leads to individuals feeling of isolation and distancing themselves from their loved ones and in preference associating themselves with solitaries. With reference to the case study, Diary 1 January 12th entry clearly evidences the effects of stigma in the flow of thoughts evidenced in the writing. As a beginner, the client avows that for the past few months, things were not going well and she had lost interest in her kids and the sexual relation with her partner. Loss of interest is a key symptom in patients suffering from severe depression but aggravated with stigma associated with the inability to perform tasks that were previously performed competently. The individual in the case study is aggravated by the fact that even the children and the partner are aware of her condition, evidencing the highest degree of stigma within the smallest unit of the society: family (Overton Medina (2008: 143-151). Johnstone (2001, 200-209) with reference to the DSM IV psychiatric definition manual, stigma in mental health conditions is associated with inability of an individual to perform the activities of daily living. This interferes with individuals association with work, and in the interpersonal relationships. With reference to the case study, this is evidenced in Diary 1 March 12th entry. She asserts that she was not sure what was happening that day, but she is certain things were not okay. Her novelty speaking and impulsiveness is evidenced when she speaks with her partner and it is documented that she sounded suicidal, a

Sociology and criminology

Critical criminology views the punishment of crime and law as constituents of a system of social inequality and the reinforcers of inequality. In critical criminology, crime is seen as a result of workers’ oppression especially of those who belong to the poorer sections. Any area related to the topic of criminology that criticizes the topics that fall in the domain of the mainstream criminology or considers the contextual factors of crime can be defined as critical criminology. Mainstream criminology, on the other hand, places emphasis on the behavior of the criminal, refutes the perception that political authorities create crime, and approves of the legal interpretations and definitions of crime. Hence, the criminologists play the role of information givers for the government. the government uses this information to take action against those who offend others. A vast majority of the mainstream criminology theories are indeed, theories that address the problem at the level of a street crime and tend to overlook more affluent crimes. Labeling theory Deviance is violation of the norms of the society. Deviant is somebody who exhibits a socially unacceptable behavior. The label is successfully applied on the deviant after the display of the socially unacceptable behavior. … Labeling develops a tendency in people to act according to people’s expectations from their label. The label gets internalized when the individual accepts others’ expectations from him under that label (Wiesen, 2013). Classical vs neoclassical theory The classical theory of criminology is based on the assumption that man is hedonist and thus tries to avoid all means of pain. Punishment can thus help reduce crime as it would prevent the offenders from committing it again after receiving punishment. The neoclassical theory of criminology suggests that crimes should be prevented by increased policing, stiffened penalties, and increased supervision of the prisoners. It asserts that criminals should be locked in prison to keep the society safe. Furthermore the classical theory of criminology asserts that people have choices and they deliberately choose the wrong path and commit crime e.g. a person calling another a racially offensive name whereas the neoclassical theory asserts that people vary in their tendency to commit crime because of the influence of a range of factors including their mental condition and maturity e.g. a child killing another child cannot be held accountable in the same way as an adult killing a child can be. I agree more with the classical theory than the neoclassical theory because the former believes the power of punishment to deter people from committing crimes again whereas the neoclassical theory does not offer an objective solution to the problem. The neoclassical theory emphasizes on keeping the criminals locked up which could be financially and ethically unfeasible for the government. In my opinion, punishments should be made strict and the offenders should be

A New Developments in Screen and Film Theory The Magic and the Real

Aliens in the characters of Autobots (Optimus Prime et al.) and Decepticons were conveyed to be so real with the cinematography and so realistic that we are tempted to believe. The audience knew that Autobots, Decepticons and their planet Cybertron do not exist but the technological spectacle of putting them on screen was so incredible real that we couldn’t help think it was all true. The visual rendering was so effective and intense that it could even be taken as overkill in the use of technological visuals. the appeal of the film rests mainly on visuals in recognition of the audience’s increasing attention deficit disorder. According to Crary the 19th century Western mass entertainment is obsessed due to the perceived breakdown in attention of the audience such as the use of trance, reverie, monomania and hypnosis (1999), which in this case is technological spectacle. The argument of Jean-Louis Baudry could be valid especially in the trailer of the film Transformer that is being critiqued. The plot is really simple to the point of being predictable that inferring to street parlance, it is a no brainer because the story of two warring groups be it Autobots and Decepticons or other entities and the idea of the world being invaded by aliens is already a cliche yet we are engrossed with the film. The use of technological spectacle was so effective that the audience in general did not mind the simplicity of the story for as long as they are enthralled with the sophistication of the film that it blurred the line between what is real and fiction/magic. In general, the film can be taken as a mere eye candy whose appeal is anchored on its visual that if you cannot engage the audience with your plot, you can instead awe them, a principle consistent with Baudry’s argument in his work Ideological Effects of the Basic Cinematographic Apparatus. In the work, Baudry posits that the cinematography of the film itself, such as that of the movie Transformers is a process of transformation that is transcendental that the eyes itself is given a temporary sense of freedom and movement (1970) by forgetting the technological and even physical implausibility of benevolent aliens (Autobots) being with us and evil aliens (Decepticons) invading us. What used exist in our dreams about the existence of aliens was given reality in the film, presented in a technological magic that is so convincing we would like to believe it is real. Galison articulated how this technological development in film made possible. Film making is no longer an exclusive province of arts of retelling or narrating stories but also became a stage to showcase technology and its sociology. The intertwining of the streams of film and hard science provided depth and explanation in the rendition (1997) of a particular genre such as the film Transformers: Dark Moon where the audience became curious how would the film maker Michael Bay would make the animation Tranformers (its original version was animation) look real in the big screen interacting with humans. And the rendition and cinematography was so realistic that the film extended into three installments suggesting the successful integration between visualization and computational use of data that were so intense in the film that it became its central appeal. This phenomenon of integrating science in films (even if its logic is implausible) is not unique to Transformers but is also present in other

Intergrating Case Management

Harris Kamran Health Sciences Nursing 19 July Challenges of Integrating Case Management The practice of nursing has greatly evolved over the years, and today it involves much more than just managing patients inside a walled environment (Cohen Toni, 2005). Today, the concept of integration of case, care and disease management has received much attention, and this integrated approach has found its way beyond walls (Cohen Toni, 2005), and expended to patient care and management in the different sectors, such as acute care, ambulatory care, care at home and work, care in rural areas (Scott, 2000), on-the-go or mobile care, and even the access to this sector through the Internet and local web set ups (Carver, 2001) to provide management online to people who cannot be physically accessed. These developments mean that the nursing staff can no longer rely on just the medical training to perform well in the field, but rather have to be trained extensively in management, sociology, Information Technology, and even basic courses of economics to understand the implications of the patients’ social and economic status, limitations, and boundaries. This is especially true of nurses that would be working across the border in foreign territories (Kim, Woith, Otten, McElmurry, 2006). for them, a basic training in the culture, history, and traditions of that place is paramount for a successful relationship with their patients and other health officials of that country (Kim et al., 2006). As a result, it is recommended that such interdisciplinary training and courses should be incorporated in the curriculum of the nursing schools so that the students acquire these additional required skills for their profession along with the technical knowledge (Kim et al., 2006). It is evident that this profession has become increasingly competent and academically demanding, and so the selection of the candidates for the nursing schools should be made more regulated and stringent by keeping the changing requirements and the globally (Kim et al., 2006) evolving nursing environment in view. References Carver, T. (2001). Alternative case management. Nursing Management, 32(8), 33. Cohen, Elaine Liebman, Toni G. Cesta. (2005). Nursing case management: From essentials to advanced practice applications.U.S.A.: Elsevier Health Sciences. Kim, Mi Ja, Wendy Woith, Karine Otten, and Beverly J. McElmurry. (2006). Global nurse leaders: lessons from the sages. Advances in Nursing Science, 29 (1), 27-42. Scott, J. (2000). A nursing leadership challenge: Managing the chronically ill in rural settings. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 24(3), 21.

Sociology of Family &amp

Family ChangeThus, it is only but fundamental that changes in the family institution be discussed, as well as what is left of traditional family institutions, to give an insight as to how society has progressed, and continues to progress as the year goes by. Although the aforementioned question is not attempted to be answered, it is hoped that through this, future trends can be deduced and predicted to plot future goals and actions that would respond to such changes.Family institution had changed a lot since the dawn of the new century. Key to this transformation is the role of the parents, who initially valued private relationships with their children, more than the honor of a line, the integrity of an inheritance, or the age and permanence of a name (Hareven, Year), which later on transcended their values into their preoccupation with their own individual satisfaction to instinctively meet their obligations to their children (please cite the name of author year where you got Chapter 15 Social Change and Families). In an attempt to give a proper and decent living to their children, parents have sacrificed most of their time away from the family and too much on work. This is attributed to the rapidly emerging cultural trend that family stability is equated from the ability of parents to be able to constantly provide food and proper education for their children. And while they maintain their familial role, it has also been an emerging trend for parents, as individuals, to strive for their successes. as success is equivalent not only for emotional contentment, but as well as for a more economically stable family well-being. As they become more submerged with their work, the more they are steered away from their children, thus making them absentee parents or parents who are physically present but emotionally absent.

The Use of Steroids by High School Athletes

The Use of Steroids by High School AthletesThe Sociological Research Process can be either qualitative or quantitative, depending on the research question and the expected research outcomes. Quantitative research focuses on data that can be measured numerically whereas qualitative research focuses on interpretive description rather than statistics to analyze underlying meanings and patterns of social relationships (Quantitative and Quantitative Research, Slide 5). A researcher can undertake any research on the use of steroids by high school athletes applying either quantitative or qualitative approaches to the study. if necessary, the research can both be quantitative and qualitative at the same time. If I am asked to undertake a research on the use of steroids by high school athletes, I am most likely to follow the qualitative approach as it best suits the research topic under consideration. Such a research will take into account the previous studies (discussion and analysis of the existing literature) on the topic. the research would throw light on the various factors that lead the high school athletes be users of steroids and would come to a logical conclusion based on the study. On the other hand, applying the quantitative approach to the topic would lead to the analysis of the available statistical data on the number of high school athletes who use steroids. Thus, it can be concluded that the research outcomes can be different depending on whether one applies quantitative or qualitative approaches to the research.Three of the research methods sound to me better suited for the purpose of the study-survey, field research and analysis of the secondary data. An analysis of the existing secondary data will convince me of the underlying issues connected with the research question whereas resorting to field research would provide me with the first hand information on the use of steroids by high school athletes. Both participant observation and ethnography will be useful in this regard. participant observation would help me to be part of the activities of the high school athletes whereas ethnography would help me to have a detailed study of the target group by living with them over a period of time (The Sociological Perspective and Research Process, p. 32). However, survey sounds to me the best research method to employ on the use of steroids by high school athletes. Surveys are considered to be the most widely used research method in the social sciences because they make it possible to study things that are not directly observable-such as people’s attitudes and beliefs-and to describe a population too large to observe directly (The Sociological Perspective and Research Process, p. 28). Thus, to me, survey suits best the purpose of the study, and in order to bring out the best results out of the survey a comprehensive questionnaire is to be prepared by the researcher. I prefer surveys to the other research methods as I believe that surveys would give better individual freedom to the respondents (high school athletes who use steroids) to be open and sincere.Discussion Forum Modern man lives in a global world that is tormented by social inequalities, gender inequalities, and racial discriminations. the difference between the wealthy and the poor, and the disparity between the haves and the have-nots are still prevalent in the society. Competition governs the universe rather than cooperation. Many sections in the society are still being segregated and marginalized. Under these prevalent social and economic milieus that permeate the modern world, the social conflict paradigm propagated by Karl Marx and W.E.B Dubois makes the most sense to me in addressing the social and economic problems that govern man today. While the social functionalism focuses on social structures, social functions, interconnectedness of social structures, and social stability, the symbolic interaction theory views society as the product of everyday interactions of individuals (Paradigm notes). Even though these theories sound convincing enough, they fail to offer solutions for the power struggle over scarce resources, the social conflicts due to social inequalities, the inevitability of social change and the very fact that the natural state of society is imbalance (Understanding Social Problem, 2002, p. 15). I stand for the social conflict theory as it purports that individuals are primarily good and that the cause of social problems are the social inequality, dominance of groups of people over other groups, competition, oppression and exploitation (Understanding Social Problem, 2002, p. 15). Thus, Marx perceives social behavior as the process of conflict, the attempt to dominate others and to avoid being dominated (Babbie, p. 24). There are many who argue that the social conflict theory is quite Utopian in nature. however, effectively implemented, the theory can offer solutions to many of the problems that haunt the modern man-inequality, discrimination and economic disparity. Works CitedQuantitative and Quantitative Research, Slide 5. Power Point presentation on Research Methods (provided by the customer) The Sociological Perspective and Research Process (provided by the customer)Understanding Social Problem, 2002 (provided by the customer)Paradigm notes (provided by the customer)Babbie, Earl. The Practice of Social Research. Sociological Footprints Introductory Readings in Sociology. Leonard Cargon (Ed.). Tenth Edition, 2002.

Confederates in the Attic Book Analysis

He recalls his efforts for research, some bitter-sweet memories, the threat of physical violence and camaraderie he experienced, all for the sake of writing a good book with accurate historical details. Recollection of the past events is not always sweet, even when the present states of affairs are sound. For an individual, for an institution, for a race, for a language group and for the Nation as a whole, the original questions will always remain as the original questions with slight modifications here and there! During his extensive travel, Horwitz realized how sharply the viewpoints of the people were divided, over the fundamental issues, though taking into consideration the provisions of the Constitution, every citizen of America, was granted equal rights and continues to enjoy them. Tony Horwitz points out how a small initiative, even if it well-intentioned, has the potentiality of ending up in major conflagration and the pet up feelings of different sections of the people have chances of snowballing into a conflagration. He (1999, p.6) cites the example, the Walt Disney Company unveiled plans for a Civil War theme park beside the Manassas battlefield. This provoked howls of protest that Disney would vulgarize history and sully the nation’s hallowed ground.It seemed as though the black-and-white photographs I’d studied as a child has blurred together, forming a Rorschach blot in which Americans now saw all sorts of unresolved strife. over race, sovereignty, the sanctity of historic landscapes, and who should interpret the past. His interactions with the actors (people) in the re-enacting circles revealed their mind-sets and thinking processes and some humorous situations. About his impression of a bloated corpse Horwitz writes, ”His belly swelled grotesquely, his hands curled, his cheeks puffed out, his mouth contorted in a rectus of pain and astonishment. It was a flawless counterfeit of the bloated corpses photographed at Antietam and Gettysburg that I’d so often stared at as a child.” (p.7) What he wondered and took note off was the seriousness with which each actor acted, not with the sense of professional integrity alone, but to give vent to their feelings of personal loyalties and convictions. In the course of his trek, Horwitz comes across highly interesting personalities, which one cannot imagine even in the fictional dreams and it provides rare insights into the minds of the personalities. Besides such encounters and experiences are invaluable addition from the perspectives of sociology and human psychology. My impressions about the text: This is an invaluable book that provides insight into the working of the minds of common individuals as for the issues confronting the Nation today. By passing laws on equality and by securing the freedom of individuals through legislations, nothing tangible will be achieved. No legislation can change the color of the skin, and this is the issue, that boggles those who have concern for the welfare of the Nation, nay the ultimate good the humankind. The most dismaying trend Horwitz finds is the resurgence of anti-Federal hostility and racial separatism and I agree with the author one hundred percent about his genuine concern. This is a historical issue for which extraordinary efforts are needed at all levels like politics, economics, sociology and even religious and spiritual values of the Nation. The politicians of different parties have so far

The Welfare State

The government realized that the state’s duty is to look after its citizens from birth to death. After its implementation, the government tried to facilitate whatever conditions favourable for the citizens. The present essay tries to analyse the meaning of welfare state in Britain. Further the essay shows how the government had tried to eliminate the ‘five giants’, as stated by Beveridge, for the development of welfare state. Moreover an evaluation is made on the strengths and weaknesses of the welfare state in Britain. Thus the essay is an attempt to throw light on the various aspects of the welfare state in the United Kingdom. The meaning of welfare state in UK: The idea of welfare state began in the year 1942. William Beveridge proposed the suggestions for making the country a welfare state. The Clement Attlee government was favourable for implementing the project of William Beveridge. The period of the government from 1945-1951 witnessed many of the welfare programmes for the people. It aimed to reduce the social inequalities and bring up social justice to all in the British society. The Attlee government was in support of the common people and so the implementation of welfare state made many people friendly programmes for the total developments of the people. … 2-3). As stated above the nation has a great role to play for the wellbeing of the people. It should make programmes for the security and future of the citizens. It is the duty of the state to provide maximum programmes for child developments and health care. The educational requirements of the citizens are the duty of a welfare government. The concept of welfare state in relied upon the report of Beveridge. The report demands the destruction of five giants. Ken Browne in his Introduction to Sociology pinpoints that the development of welfare services aimed at the destruction of the five giants-of Want (poverty), Disease (ill-health and lack of healthcare), Squalor (poor housing), Ignorance (lack of educational opportunity) and Idleness (unemployment), and the creation of a society in which each individual would have the right to be cared by the state from womb to tomb (Browne 2011, p.383). When these five giants are reduced by the government to the lowest level, the society is said to be in favour of the people. In analysing the implementation of the welfare state, it can be seen that the government had tried its level best to eliminate these five giants from the land. Thus in the history of Britain anyone can understand that the government is worth enough to be called a welfare state. UK as a welfare state and the analysis of five giants: To analyse the welfare state in Great Britain, it is worthwhile to make an evaluation of the five giants and the governmental policies to eradicate the giants from the society. In the UK, the government headed by the Labour party was ready to implement some of the suggestions of Beveridge and implemented a series of laws to protect it. It had many up and downs. It remained up to Margaret

Sociology Literature Review and Analysis

Even so, the society can be sensitized to accept the gay community just the way they are. The Plight of the Gay Community There is an emerging trend that many states are increasingly legalizing gay marriages across the world. The trend is more predominant in western countries where there is what one may perceive to be spirit of liberty and human rights than anywhere else. However, it is pertinent to give a broader picture of issues to do with same sex marriage and issues that normally arise. One may observe that as gay people face their social challenges, lesbians, trans-gender people and culture also face the same challenges (Cock, 2003). Perhaps given that major religions do not have a place for LGBT (Lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans-gender) has been the reason these category of people have always faced stigma. For the purposes of this paper, social identity of the gay people in many parts of the world has been one that has been kept underground for so long. Based on the larger societal beliefs, many straight people perceive gay community as social deviants. Not so many straight people want to identify with the gay especially after they have confessed their sexual orientation (Petrow, 2012). As such, many gay people had always remained underground, keeping their orientation a secret for the fear of being judged negatively. In the latter period of the late 20th century and the first decade of the 21st century, there have been bold steps taken by the gay community to seek legal and social recognition. Perhaps the Obama administration has done the gay community some justice to recognize and accept them as they are. Clinton’s administration had set the ball rolling back in 1993 when he recognized homosexuals serving in the military under what became known as Don’t ask don’t tell (Emery, 2012). Analysis Research shows that same sex marriage first became a reality back in the year 2004 after a ruling by a Supreme Court. The Supreme Court in Massachusetts had maintained that there was a need to protect everyone equally as enshrined in the constitution. Right now one may observe that states ate increasingly becoming lenient with their reservations concerning the gay community. One may notice that states such as Iowa, Vermont, Maryland, and others had approved of same sex marriages even though they never came into force immediately. Political observers have noted that Obama is likely to have come under pressure by his loyalist to grant recognize not just the gay community but all homosexuals (Sears, 2005). Other scholars have observes that the issue to do with same sex marriages is one that has been very controversial. The battle must have been won only from the legal perspective and not from the social arena. Whether this implicates anything or not is something that is yet to be seen. The only undeniable fact is that the gay community has made more strides in the 21st century. Stigmatization may not end immediately and religious groups may not all agree to conduct same sex marriages just because the law recognizes the group. In fact, one may observe that the Catholic Church has never wavered on its disapproval of the same sex marriages. With an estimated population of nine million by the year 2011 for the LGBT group, one may observe t

Statistical Foundations

The study was conducted in order to understand which activities were taken simultaneously by couples and which of those were separately done. Furthermore, it was the concern of the study to find out if activities conducted together by couples were more enjoyable than those done separately by them. In order to find out the above objectives, the study was able to make use of diaries given to couples in order that they could provide information on the quality of time and ways in which they could manipulate their proportion of time in order to maximize their enjoyment of it. Thus, the time diary analysis can significantly provide information on the domestic division of labour, the quality of time and couples’ significant ways on manipulating time to increase the proportion of enjoyable time (Sullivan, 1996). Unlike any other studies, this study was able to make use of diary instead of survey questionnaires. The bottom line of this was to include the concept and important issues in sociology of emotions. The proponent of this study believed that it may be encompassed by the context of sociology of emotion when it comes to creating an empirical link between the debates on the domestic division of labour and affective relationship between couples (Sullivan, 1996). Detailed description of the statistical inference … The first consideration of this study was the selection of samples which primarily involved those coming from the whole population of married couples. However, the study was able to make use of stratified sampling considering that there were different categories of couples which primarily involved a.) young couples (under 40) with no children, b.) households with young children (youngest under five) and woman was employed, c.) households with young children (youngest under five) and woman was not employed d.) households with older children (youngest over five) and woman was employed, e.) households with older children (youngest over five) and woman was not employed, and f.) retired employees (Sullivan, 1996). This was all about setting parameters which in this case was trying to come up with information that the author of the study believed to have eradicated the probable bias in data gathering. The respondents who were couples were given diaries and out from them the following information were gathered: ‘the sequential pattern of activities for the entire day for both women and men, the proportion of men’s and women’s time spent in various activities, the proportion of that time spent doing the same activity as a spouse or known as simultaneous activity, women and men’s enjoyment of different activities, and the enjoyment of different activities undertaken and non-simultaneously’ (Sullivan, 1996). Since there was no generally accepted definition of enjoyment as discussed by the proponent based on the available related literature, the study was able to come up with enjoyment rating scale from 1 to 5, 1 – enjoying a lot, 2 – enjoying a little, 3 – neutral, 4 –

Medicine Health and Illness

In current norms particularly in western countries, health maintenance is at the hands of every individual with standards and health education supplied by the contemporary society in. But before all of these happened, with the knowledge confined to the ‘experts’, people tend to be dependent on physicians and whatever resources and methods of healing is available (Nettleton 2006). Through centuries, man explored things even unthinkable in order to restore health and salvage the dying and some, if discussed in the contemporary era, may seem ridiculous and ruthless. Porter (1997) revealed in his book an overwhelming history of global medical developments from the crudest practice to most sophisticated performance of medical and surgical procedures citing the earlier theories’ influence on the current medicine. What brought about the turning point is the Enlightenment legacy of the eighteenth century where progress is based on conscious reason and rational activity (Annandale 1998) weaning from the traditional healing beliefs associated with the heavens and gods or goddesses. For a long period, the biomedical model has been the sole, most reliable theory of medicine. This model states that the body can be treated separately from the mind like an engineer toiling over a machine. The birth of the ‘germ theory’ further made the practice centered to cells and its functions (Atkinson 1988, quoted in Nettleton 2006, pp. 2-3). Limiting the concept of health to only the body, the social and self outlook of the human was deemed irrelevant and left neglected. It was in early 1700s that medical practitioners learned the value of medical sociology wherein they considered the personal attributes of a person in judging its health condition (Annandale 1998). The alternative social approach developed widened the coverage of biomedicine from the rich to the poor patients and from the physical to mental and social aspect of each individual. Awareness on the effect of society and environment to the physical body further evolved the practitioners’ approach to biomedicine. Geographic location, gender, race, religious beliefs, activities and work are now considered in evaluating one’s health condition. And the treatment regimen for certain diseases related to these involves psychological, sociological and medical approaches (Turner 1995). With the biomedicine serving as the foundation of a strong body of knowledge and practice in medicine, health and illness in the contemporary era has been at its best shape throughout the years. It is with failures and success of early practitioners that we owe the convenience of today’s health. Greatness could not be nurtured overtime, just as the western medicine went through thousand of phases over centuries to be as refined as today. Porter (1997) strongly suggested that western medicine, amongst any other forms, is not only the most leading practice nowadays but also the most significant discovery and development of mankind. As he quoted what began as medicine of the west (Europe) is becoming the medicine of humanity. All the aforementioned evidence is just a speck compared to the entire history of biomedicine and with all these facts, one

Holocaust Hurricane Katrina Rwandan Genocide

3 Sociological Events Holocaust The first article. Social Representations of the Holocaust and Jewish Israeli Identity Construction: Insights from Identity Process Theory is based on the event Holocaust. Holocaust is described as a systematic, state sponsored, bureaucratic prosecution event which resulted to the murder of over million Nazi and Jews regimes and their allies Jaspal and Maya (203). This word Holocaust originated from the Greek and it means fire sacrifice thus describe the degree of inhumanity. Other groups were also targeted since they are perceived as being inferior to the Germans. This article demonstrates how the manner in which certain Israeli youths defined their social identities within the contexts of their peers. This article relates to sociology since it explores Social Identity theory to demonstrate how Jewish Israeli’s identity was constructed through social representations during this event (Jaspal and Maya, 205). This event applies to sociology because it represents an important social issue of representation. The understanding of this event and its root causes can well be demonstrated through the application of sociological theories. This makes it a sociological event since its analysis is informed by application of different sociological theories. First it explores Social representation and Identity process theory. In this regard, three different themes are evident. the interrelations and how this event impacted, Understanding conflict, and the loss that results from holocaust as an event. This event applies to sociology also because researchers use sociological methods in this study to bring solutions and remedy to the victims. For example, it was necessary for social scientists to conduct counseling as first aid to quench the impacts of trauma to the survivors. The danger of unseen damage mainly related to psychological, mental and social welfare of the victims can well be understood by sociologists and remedies derived from there on. This event therefore applies to sociology more than any other discipline since it involves different social issues leading to conflict and can be understood best under the same context. Hurricane Katrina The article. Hurricane Katrina and New Orleans: What Might a Sociological Embeddedness Perspective Offer Disaster Research and Planning? analyses Orleans as was affected by hurricane in sociological embeddedness perspective. Hurricane Katrina has been viewed as a natural disaster, an event that resulted into the disruption of organizations, lives, institution and spaces which were well functioning before the event occurred. It is therefore important to note that thus this kind of disruption called for interventions that would increase the rate of reestablishment and recovery of the initial state. This article holds the point of view that Hurricane Katrina- new Orleans is a social disaster and thus cannot only be viewed as a natural disaster since it requires social interventions. Hurricane Katrina interventions should therefore focus on interventions through social engineering and researchers should develop a mentality of expertism thus social actors cannot be separated from events (Versen and Annie, 184). Hurricane Katrina- New Orleans situation is also related to sociology because of the impact it had on the humanity. The economic situation of New Orleans has never been the same again since the disaster despite several efforts and is attributed to failure of the economic infrastructure of the city over decades. In is in this perspective that this article explores the sociological embeddedness in advancing the understanding of this disaster and possible sociological interventions. It also explores practical and theoretical inclusion of sociological embeddedness point of view in the study of other disasters both internationally and locally. Sociological embeddedness point of view shows the dynamic nature of the previous, current and future social actions and economic contexts. Generally, sociological perspectives explored in this paper demonstrate how sociological theory and sociological embeddedness based interventions could have been used in the restoration after the disaster. Rwandan Genocide The article Traumatic grief and traumatic stress in Survivors 12 years after the genocide in Rwanda examines the sociological impacts of the conflict in Rwanda. In this respect, it relates to sociology since it discusses other serious impacts that are sociological rather than economic or physical injuries. This event (conflict) relates to sociology due to the nature and intentions of the event. A part from physical injury, this event resulted into mental injury which demanded for sociological expertise to deal with traumatic impacts. According to Mutabaruka et al (290), this event exposed all Rwandese to high degree of violence with forty four percent having symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and other forty one percent witnessing the murder of their close members of the family like mother, brother, sister of father. These memories cannot just go away like that thus require immediate intervention. This article relates Rwandan Genocide to sociology since it explores the impacts of this conflict to the social health. This article studies different social disorders resulting from the impacts of the vent such as Stress, traumatic grief, peri-traumatic distress, Psychological trauma and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among those who survived. This article also relates the impacts and their root causes that may not be physical such as discrimination, deprivation, deportation, displacement, betrayal, detention, sexual violence. It is therefore important to note that the study approaches the impacts of the conflict from a sociological perspective rather than political or economic. Works Cited Jaspal, Rusi, and Maya A. Yampolsky. Social Representations Of The Holocaust And Jewish Israeli Identity Construction: Insights From Identity Process Theory. Social Identities 17.2 (2011): 201-224. Academic Search Premier. Web. 29 Nov. 2013. Mutabaruka, Jean, Sejourne Nathalene, Bui Eric, Birmes Philippe and Chabrol, Henri Traumatic Grief And Traumatic Stress In Survivors 12 Years After The Genocide In Rwanda. Stress Health: Journal Of The International Society For The Investigation Of Stress 28.4 (2012): 289-296. Academic Search Premier. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. Versen, Roberta Rehner, and Annie Laurie Armstrong. Hurricane Katrina And New Orleans: What Might A Sociological Embeddedness Perspective Offer Disaster Research And Planning? Analyses Of Social Issues Public Policy 8.1 (2008): 183-209. Academic Search Premier. Web. 29 Nov. 2013.

Omparison of Different Dentification of Subcultures

Abraham Maslow, a famous psychologist, suggested that all people have an internal motivation for belonging in order to reach their fullest potential (Changingminds.org, 1). This viewpoint offers that people in group subcultures will model their behaviors after others in the group as a means to find this belonging. This is very noticeable in The Vermonter group but occurs far less in the International group. Vermonters are very particular about their fashion and where these fashions are purchased due to their own stereotypes about the local shopping options and their focus on advertisements. Many students in this group enjoy retail magazines and regularly discuss the different trends and styles found within them. In some instances, it seems that this is the only social topic that some members have in common. The Vermonters are definitely a popular culture-oriented group that enjoys entertainment and considers issues of wealth, fashion and personal image. This group often looks to one another to validate their opinions, both male and female, but the method by which this is done in The Vermonters is quite different. Females regularly ask one another about their opinions on a new fashion item or social opinion while male students generally look for quality discussion through humor and studies.
&nbsp. &nbsp. &nbsp.The International group does not appear to have this same connection to popular culture because their individual viewpoints on issues of media and television did not show that these items were important to the International student group. Students in this subculture were not observed discussing pop culture and fashion/commercial issues at any point in the research. This could suggest a group that is focused mainly on studies or simply do not have the same consumer values as the local students.
&nbsp. &nbsp. &nbsp.There is a specific organizational culture which exists at Champlain College which begins at the leadership level. The college obviously has a long-term goal of creating students with many different talents (sociology, psychology, etc).

An Analysis of the Celebritized Snoop Dogg

The process of producing a celebrity undergoes a different kind of ‘commodification’. Celebrityhood, as it is specifically called, is a process in which people are transformed into ‘commodities’, that is, to be manufactured and consumed. The production of celebrities is facilitated by various forms of media, such as television, film, newspapers, magazines, the Internet, and others (Couldry 2003). The objective of this study is to analyze the mechanism of celebrityhood through an inclusive examination of one contemporary celebrity. for this case, the gangsta rapper Snoop Dogg. The study will attempt to discuss how Snoop Dogg was ‘celebritized’ across a range of media by applying the fundamental theories and concepts covered in the discussion on the sociology of celebrity.
Primarily, the paper will examine the systems of celebrity production relevant to Snoop Dogg’s rise to fame. Then, the concepts of cultural industries and cultural intermediaries will be taken into account so as to thoroughly analyze the various components that facilitated the production and consumption of Snoop Dogg as a celebrity. The next section will discuss the production of fame mechanism, involving the rise of celebrity journalism, tabloidization, and celebrity scandal. Finally, the paper will wrap up the discussion by providing sociological analyses of the ‘celebritization’ of Snoop Dogg, using the relevant theories of sociological imagination by C. Wright Mills and the ‘powerless elite’ by Alberoni.
The production of Snoop Dogg as a celebrity was facilitated by a variety of medium, namely, stardom and the movies, magazines, newspapers and tabloids, reality television and most importantly, the popular music’s star system. Snoop was introduced to stardom through the assistance of other famous rappers, such as Dr Dre, who gave Snoop’s biggest musical break (Haggins 2007). However, stardom presented Snoop differently as a rising celebrity to the public.

The Greatest Prime Minister in Canadian History for Promoting Ethnic Diversity and Communities was Pierre Elliott Trudeau

My Canadian Studies research argument is that Pierre Elliott Trudeau was the greatest prime minister in Canadian history for promoting ethnic diversity in communities.
Changes into the contemporary time frame in Canada have occurred because of ideologies of different leaders. A leader that has altered the course of history is Pierre Elliott Trudeau, the prime minister of Canada, who was in leadership from 1968 through 1984. One of the objectives of Trudeau was to create policies that promoted diversity within various communities, specifically with an agenda which pressured minority groups to become a part of the social, economic and political realm in Canada. Trudeau did this by coining the term multiculturalism, which was associated with was based on a sense of integration based on social initiatives within different communities. Declarations and policies which were centered on creating a diverse community were then made under his jurisdiction (Wood, Gilbert, 2005). The continuous agenda of Trudeau and the way in which he promoted multiculturalism is one which continues to be used today with initiatives through the policies and political actions which were first implemented by Trudeau.
The concept of multiculturalism was pushed by Trudeau because of the changing climate and environment in Canada and the world. Trudeau came into power after World War II and through various world revolutions based on cultural diversity and ethnic equality. Canada was also experiencing a large amount of immigrant pressures from other regions, specifically which began as an offset from World War II. The social pressures of this time were based on the desire to offer minorities the same potential as others in society while integrating opportunity. Trudeau followed these social pressures and stigmas with his own vision of creating an ethnically diverse set of communities through policies and procedures expected in society (Driedger, 2001).
Premise 1: The social demands in Canada before and during the 1960s pressured Trudeau to promote multiculturalism in the community.
When Trudeau came into power in 1968, his main agenda was to promote the concept of ethnic diversity. From the 17th century, Canada had a large influx of immigration that came into the country. Before this time, there were also diversity promotions in terms of both Aboriginal land and those who had found the contemporary nation of Canada. As this grew and continued to divide, ethnic communities began to be more visible within the Canadian territories, specifically because of physical and racial differences. The largest influx came during the World Wars, based on those from Europe that began to migrate to America from the war. Asian communities also began to establish during this time. As the racial differences were noted, it was also expected that a change in the ethnocentrism and division between communities be erased. The 1960s pressured this, specifically because of the need to change accommodations in Canada for ethnic diversity while allowing minorities to have the same equal opportunities as those within Canada (Forbes, 1993).
The complexities of the ethnic diversity can be traced back to the 1700s in Canada. French and English Canadians created the terms of democracy which were based on different hierarchies and policies which were within society. Through specific policies, an autocratic monarch was created. The immediate change in society was to divide those within specific regions while creating a sense of differences through ethnicity, community, physical features and background. The divisions which were a part of this caused the political structure to form based on the hierarchical structure and monarchy. The complexity created was based on the outside forces from Europe which created the system and which promoted division within the community (Trudeau, 1958). The perspective which Trudeau held was to break down the boundaries which were created in society.
The concept of ethnic diversity, as well as the terms of multiculturalism, became important in the social stigmas of Canada. The pressures that were surrounding from the immigration and wars, as well as the alterations in society, also led to the desire to a specific sense of leadership to be in place that would change the divisions within communities. The social desire that was arising during the time of Trudeau were then able to create meaning out of the initial development of multiculturalism, specifically to establish a different series of concepts related to what it meant to integrate ethnicity into the community.
“Multiculturalism has acquired many meanings. As policy, it variously thought of as designed to foster immigrant integration, improve race relations, reduce communal conflict, encourage good citizenship, support national cohesion, and enjoin cultural assimilation” (Karim, 2009).
The social meaning that was based around ethnic diversity then became the driving force of creating policies during Trudeau’s time. The different conflicts which society desired to resolve during this time, specifically which were linked to the concept of citizenship and national change, then became the basis for acquiring new political policies. Trudeau was able to take a sense of leadership in the pressures to develop new perspectives of good citizenship and assimilation within the community (Karim, 2009).
The changes within society and during the time of Trudeau were then furthered by the perception that was a part of each of the cultures in Canada. The attitudes toward equality began in 1948, specifically with Canada’s changing attitudes toward immigrants, changing cultures and the ethnic diversity that has grown. The philosophies began to accumulate in society as early as the 1950s and were based on creating a country that was a melting pot for immigrants. The main objective was to have a place which was more welcoming for ethnic diversity, specifically for immigrants as well as native cultures which persisted in holding onto their cultures. Race, ethnic and religious differences were already accepted into the communities by the 1960s with the belief that immigrants and natives could keep their original culture while accommodating to society. It was the attitude of creating and supporting a melting pot that Trudeau held to when moving into political influence (Stevenson, 2010).
Premise 2: Trudeau used both political policies and expected actions within communities to promote ethnic diversity.
When Trudeau came into power, there were driving forces that were based on the melting pot that were already within society. Trudeau was able to use this to create policies and to gain support from the community. The main role which Trudeau held was to promote ethnic diversity within communities and to allow the political arena to value the main components of this diversity. Even though social realms were promoting the melting pot, politics were not open to the liberalization of the area to enhance minorities and ethnic diversity. When Trudeau came into power, there was a lack of structural basis to promote ethnic diversity within communities. The beginning of Trudeau’s power was based on creating a sense of optimism with the idea of liberalized policies and social progress. The ideologies were juxtaposed with an economic crisis, which led many in society to question the politics and which demanded changes within society. Trudeau used these two elements to establish liberal policies based on opening a future that provided more opportunity to all individuals. The agenda was able to confront the social pressures and the economic alterations which were required during this time. Creating the idea of liberalism then allowed Trudeau to establish a set of policies and a framework that changed Canada into a set of territories into one which promoted ethnic diversity and which unified in terms of a national identity, as opposed to one which was based on smaller communities (Laxer, 1977).
The first problem which arose when Trudeau came into power was the October Crisis, which occurred in 1971. This occurred after two government officials were kidnapped in Quebec. The result was the force of militia action by the Canadian Forces, specifically which altered powers among civilians throughout Quebec. Many begin to criticize this move, specifically because of the War Measures Act, which gives citizens the right to have civil liberties. The result was a set of violent outbreaks with those who were interested in liberalism, changing powers within the government and having limits with what the militia could do in response to specific crisis situations. To gain order, Trudeau responded by setting in motion specific policies and options that liberated Quebec and Canada and which ensured peace by recognizing the civilian expectations within society (Just Watch Me, 1999).
The turn – around from the October Crisis led into a series of policies and declarations which were designed to show both a sense of liberalism a well as peace among the nation. Trudeau began in 1971 with the term multiculturalism, which stated that a nation should be open to multiple cultures, all which were able to freely express the traditions and values that were descended from the past. The Declaration of Multiculturalism was made in 1971 which declared two segments to the making of Canada. The first was a unified national agenda, specifically which was based on the policies of the land which individuals were designated to follow. The second was a promotion of immigrants, aborigines and citizens of Canada that were able to freely practice culture and various lifestyles within Canada. The agenda that Trudeau set with this declaration, as well as with the policies which followed, were based on providing equality to all while ensuring that cultures could continue to be recognized for their own ethnicity within Canada (Lammert, Sarkowsky, 2009).
To establish the liberalism and ideas of promoting ethnic diversity that the society demanded, Trudeau continued this same foundation throughout his career. By 1980, Trudeau had moved from the basic Declarations and policies to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The sections in this guaranteed equal rights to all citizens. The charter states
“Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability” (Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, 1).
The equal rights move into specific types of rights which are applicable to both those of aboriginal and immigrant cultures. The charter includes an understanding of minority rights and stated that there was the need to promote official languages of Canada while establishing regional languages which cultures could keep. Educational rights, multicultural expressions and the practice of keeping specific cultures were also guaranteed with these ideas of liberalism. The charter specifically announced how aboriginal rights and immigrant laws could be maintained, specifically to establish a sense of peace among different categories of individuals while creating and establishing a national identity Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, 1).
The Charter which Trudeau put into place was then furthered with continuous action to promote ethnic diversity and to ensure liberalism and equality among the citizens of Canada. The Charter led into other promotions which were easily implemented. There was an expectation of policies and actions to take place after the Charter, specifically which would promote ethnic diversity while allowing Canada to remain an established national identity. The Charter is one which is still used today in the understanding of multiculturalism, liberalism and equal rights and became the height of Trudeau’s leadership.
The establishment of the Charter led to other concepts of ethnic diversity which continue to propel forward. There are now several types of diversity and levels of multiculturalism which are a contribution to the community, specifically from the policies which Trudeau implemented. The creation of multiculturalism and the Charter led to the Canadian model for diversity which is based on a tri-partite structure. The structure consists of ethnic responsibility and diversity with specific types of communities, including Aboriginals, Francophones and immigrants. The importance of the legal frameworks which followed Trudeau’s implementation of this structure is one which broke the old agendas in the legal processes and began to change the way in which ethnic diversity was approached. Before this time, the political hierarchy created divisions with treaties and separation acts with the Aboriginals and native Indians. Trudeau was the first to break this through the Charter and with references to the Constitution. The objective was to create cultural preservation while supporting the differences in the community. The foundation which Trudeau laid in terms of the tri-partite structure propelled forward ideas of community into sets of diversity policies in the community, all which became rooted in liberal – democratic values (Kymlicka, 2005).
Premise 3: Coining terms such as multiculturalism and ethnic diversity into different documents allowed different ethnic groups to slowly become a part of Canadian society.
The approach which Trudeau took in response to society with the policies developed then created new definitions and an understanding of ethnic diversity. The definitions were established by perspectives which he created in relation to the term of multiculturalism. The term is one of the most essential in the establishment of ethnically diverse communities throughout Canada. Even though Trudeau’s main objective was to set specific standards and policies in relation to multiculturalism, others were able to redefine what this meant and how it could be applied to given situations. The concept of multiculturalism in terms of Trudeau was based on the passing of bilingualism first, which established both English and French as the national languages of Canada. The Official Languages Act was followed by the statements of Trudeau about multiculturalism, which established that all Canadians should be shown equal worth. The recognition of diversity. however, was attacked by specific groups, specifically through the Francophone elite. Trudeau responded by creating three categories for multiculturalism, including the Aborigines natives, immigrants and those who had established the country. The result was a reinterpretation of multiculturalism, which included social justice, inclusiveness and empowerment of the nation (Klid, 2003).
Changing the objective of multiculturalism and the way in which the term can be used is one which continues to change with Canada’s policies and belief in liberalism. Trudeau was able to establish a strong basis which defined the concept of multiculturalism and the identity of the nation. The agenda was furthered with interpretations that could be made from the policies in which he initiated as well as the alterations used to respond to given situations. The view of multiculturalism was able to allow those during Trudeau’s time more support to create more ethnic diversity in communities while establishing stronger ties with the policies and declarations which were a part of the decisions. By creating a constitutional multicultural state, it provided a different identity to Canada based on assimilation and pluralism based on diversity. The term of multiculturalism, as established in 1971, then became one of the most integral parts of Canada and the way in which policies and societal responses were attributed to the term. While there may be some clashes of culture, Trudeau’s terms and actions were able to implement a different understanding of equal distribution of power and the ability to keep the social identity of Canada alive (Khan, 2010).
The most important component of multiculturalism that came from the political realm was based on the ideologies established from this. The change from Trudeau’s announcements and Charters to multiculturalism led to shifts in how many looked at Canadian culture. Social status, incorporation of diversity in communities and the celebration of ethnicity slowly became a part of Canadian identity. Individuals in society began to associate with multiculturalism by identifying with the changes that Trudeau had incorporated into the community. The social stigma which arose from this began to change the functions in society while creating a sense of celebration and tolerance within the community. This was followed by an understanding by the community that was based on the belief in equal rights, liberalism and democracy. Multiculturalism was able to move beyond the aspects of policies by the government and became a term that created the identity of Canada in terms of an alternative culture and a liberal society (Bisoondath, 1994).
The importance of multiculturalism was built with the foundations of Trudeau. however, the establishment with identity and culture is one which is continuing to lead to changes within society. The discourses which are now associated with multiculturalism are coming not only from the policies and foundation by Trudeau. Now, the term is one which has established questions of how society should work in terms of diversity while working toward a true sense of equality among those in society. The discourse and practice of establishing communities that are multicultural in nature is the term and identity that is most pertinent to Trudeau’s work. The incorporation into modern society is one which is able to provide new and alternative perspectives that are a part of the works of Trudeau. The establishment is one that is now leading to urban spaces and revitalization of communities that are interested in creating more multiculturalism and who desire to stand with the liberal freedoms that were an offset of the Charter by Trudeau. From the current discourses, it can be seen that Trudeau promulgated a new foundation in society based on multiculturalism. Defining this term and using it in policies and Charters then led to a new foundation within society (Wood, Gilbert, 2005).
The focus on Trudeau and the way in which he approached ethnic diversity is one which is pertinent today and in terms of Canadian studies. The actions which were taken by Trudeau were important not only because of his identity in creating ethnic diversity. There is also a direct relationship to what was occurring in society before and during Trudeau’s leadership time frame. There is also a direct association with how his different policies and declarations were able to alter Canadian history, both during and after this time frame. Trudeau was able to lay a framework in terms of diversity that moved Canada into new policies, actions, economics and social values. More important, the changes which he made showed how Canada had evolved as a nation through immigration and accepted lifestyles within the nation. The challenges which Trudeau met were valuable specifically because of the way in which they associated with lifestyles, social movements, culture and political values within Canada.
While there is strong evidence over the values and changes which Trudeau made in terms of ethnic diversity, there are also several counter arguments that don’t believe in the leadership of Trudeau as changing the ethnic diversity of communities. While there is a direct relation to the term of multiculturalism and the Charter created by Trudeau, it is believed that these were related to responses from external sources, as opposed to Trudeau’s leadership. The same concepts in the United States and Europe, as well as alterations which were occurring to move into the contemporary time frame, all directly impacted the necessary movements toward ethnic diversity. More important, there is a direct relation to the idea of the melting pot which Canada accepted as early as 1948, which shows that the concept of ethnic diversity was occurring before Trudeau’s time.
Even though there may have been outside sources which altered ethnic diversity, it would have not been brought into political realization or a sense of realism without Trudeau’s continuous promotion of the terms of ethnic diversity. The definition of Multiculturalism in 1971 by Trudeau is what began this. The Charter was also one which was initiated by Trudeau and would have not been recognized or made outside of his leadership. The objections to this show the same fallacy, specifically by the Francophone elites who opposed diversity. Before this time, there was also opposition to terms of ethnic diversity which divided communities. This was seen in Canada’s history with divisions among communities, beginning with the aborigines of the country. The actions and commitment which Trudeau showed throughout his term as Prime Minister then show direct evidence to his ability to offer the most prominent terms and commitment to ethnic diversity.
The observation of Trudeau’s commitment to ethnic diversity is one which leads into a larger picture about Canada and the evolution which has been created over time. The creation of multiculturalism from the beginning of Trudeau’s time as prime minister was based on bringing peaceful commitments in society and to assisting with diversity that could help in the economy and with those in varying communities. The ability to have bilingualism and multiculturalism then began to spread with attitudes in society and in the political realms of Canada. Today, the terms and expectations are expected within the cultural values and political realm of Canada and are continuously displayed in other regions, such as Europe and the United States (Lammert, 2009). The affiliations which Trudeau made with multiculturalism and the approach toward creating a diverse Canada then became pertinent in recognizing how both equality and diversity can create a stronger foundation for society and a nation.
Secondary Sources
Bisoondath, Neil. (1994). Selling Illusions: The Cult of Multiculturalism in Canada. Toronto: Penguin Books.
Driedger, Leo. (2001). “Changing visions in ethnic relations.” The Canadian Journal of Sociology. 26 (3), 421-451.
Forbes, HD. “The Challenge of Ethnic Conflict Canada: From Bilingualism to Multiculturalism.” Journal of Democracy 4,no 4, (2008).
Khan, Asad. 2010. “Multiculturalism is Failing Canada, Needs a Review.” Winnipeg Free Press (October), 2010.
Klid, Bohdan. (2003). “Multiculturalism is About Inclusiveness, Social Justice and Empowerment, Says Former Director of Canada’s Multiculturalism Program.” University of Alberta: Canadian Institute of Ukranian Studies.
Lammert, Christian, Katja Sarkowsky. (2009). Traveling Concepts: Negotiating Diversity in Canada and Europe. New York: Verlag.
Laxer, James, Robert Laxer. (1977). The Liberal Idea of Canada and the Question of Canada’s Survival. New York: Lorimer.
Trudeau, Pierre Elliott. (1958). “Some Obstacles to Democracy in Quebec.” The Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science. 24 (3).
Wood, Patricia, Liete Gilbert. (2005). “Multiculturalism in Canada: Accidental Discourse, Alternative Vision, Urban Practice.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 29 (3), 679-691.

Primary Sources
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Canada Act, 1982.
Kymlicka, Will. (2005). “Ethnocultural Diversity in Liberal States: Making Sense of Canadian Models.” The Art of the State.
Stevenson, Garth. “Contrasting Images: ‘Multiculturalism’ as Conceptualized in Canada and the United States.” Presentation to the Annual Meeting of Canadian Political Science: Brock University, 2010.
Just Watch Me: Trudeau and the ‘70s Generation. National Film Board of Canada. Directed by Catherine Annau, 1999.

TOPIC Philosophy of Sociology

Arguably, the contemporary society has been divided along several lines that it appears impractical that the world will at one time achieve real freedom. Accordingly, it has become difficult to forecast what concepts of the society will make it be regarded as a free world. Currently, it is hard to claim that the world is free as there are a number of factors that are still determining how we act in the universe. Everyone in the world appears to have been colonized by a particular concept that consequently inhibits the possibility to act freely. Even as much as the colonized individuals would wish to gain their liberty and act with some degree of independence, the colonizers would persistently force their way into the colonized (Asad, 2013). In this regards, attaining a truly free society appears like an illusion. Nevertheless, the liberationists lay emphasis on the need to achieve a truly free society. The ideologies of liberalists are that the society can get rid of the current compartments and thereafter develop a society where every individual is allowed to make free choices and decisions.
With the primary focus being the need to attain a society that is functionally and truly free, there is a need to discuss what elements in the society make the society be considered as entirely free. Consequently, the aim of this paper is to examine how a truly free society would appear. In order to attain a truly free society, there would be a need to emancipate everybody in the society towards a particular socioeconomic and political level. This paper shall also discuss some of the ways in which individuals who perceive themselves as oppressed can emancipate themselves in order to attain parity in the society. Putting into consideration the role that the government plays in the liberation or segregation of the society, this paper shall investigate the type of government that would be appropriate for a truly liberated society.
Notably, the current

QL3 Inconvenience Facts Project

QL3 INCONVENIENCE FACTS PROJECT According to the chart provided in the inconvenient facts project, a person’s salary is based on merit. This may sometimes be used to back up a statement that people with the biggest salaries always get more than the rest because they earned it. Regardless of race and gender, all the participants income in the data collected tend to rise with attainment in education. It is essential to realize that despite all sexes going to colleges, the men seem to have a benefit of income proportion. This is because for all people who have attended college regardless of race, the men have a higher income than that registered for the women. Statistics show that education is essential in attaining a higher income because the white male who have nine years of education or less registered lesser income than females who attained associate’s degree. This information is an exception since earlier information stated that men had higher incomes than that of the women (Jurajda). Both Black and white women improve their income by going to college. However, it is essential to realize that there is a small difference on the income whereby the income of the Black women increases at a higher margin. For this reason, the black women appear to improve their earning power through a college degree to a greater extent than the white women.
In each and every society, there are numerous discrepancies between the ideal world and the real world. These indifferences are more often than not referred to as inconvenient facts since they are pieces of evidence that often offer contradiction of what someone believed and what they always want to believe. The empirical data on the income earnings of various groups in the chart support what a lot of people believe. First, almost all income for all women is lower than that of their men. Secondly, the different races in the world have different achievements and this is predicted in the varying of the income according to different races. Lastly, the higher the education level the higher the income and this is well depicted in the data provided hence confirming that the empirical data provided in the chart on the income earnings support what a lot of people believe. However, it is essential to realize that not always do what people believe in takes the ideal course. This is because some people with the big gets salaries do not always get more just because they have earned it as it is expected by all people. As most people can confirm, education requires hard work and perseverance. Regardless of race and gender, all the educated people have good and big paychecks. For this reason, the data provided indicates that hard work and perseverance can be the key to big paycheck (Jurajda).
Despite acquiring similar education as the males, females continue to gain lower income, as shown in the data. These gender income disparities can be explained using various sociology concepts and theories since they tend to explain the origin of gender wage gaps. Inequality in pay between male and females remain evident and can be explained by both structural and cultural basis of wage gap. Glass ceiling can be used to explain since it refers to the unseen and unreachable aspects that keep women from attaining same wages despite qualifications and achievements. Another one is the labor market segmentation that consists of different groups with little or no crossover capabilities which may result to the difference in wages between male and female. Cultural theory of devaluing and revaluing women’s work shows that all female’s wages average pay is less than men’s. The last theory t explains this is the cultural capital theory that refers to social disparities that create wage differences like education, intellect, and physical appearance. This theory tries to explain why women have lower income than men.
Work cited
Jurajda, Štěpán. Gender wage gap. New York: Centre for Economic Policy Research,
2001. Print.

A Reading and Referencing exercise

Referencing Exercise Referencing Exercise There are six journal articles selected for examining the module, “British Education Past &amp. Present.” Paul J. Devereux and Wen Fan’s article, “Earning returns to the British education expansion” is relevant to the subject as it talks about British Education System between the years 1970-1975. The study from UK education system showed that with the rise of education there was 8% increase in wages seen and percentage of women who received education also increased substantially (Devereuxa &amp. Fanb, 2011). The article, “The returns to Higher Education in Britain: Evidence from the British Cohort” is written by Richard Blundell, Lorraine Dearden, Alissa Goodman and Howard Reed. The article uses British birth cohort panel data to generate an understanding of how education and level of qualifications have an impact on earnings of the person in the long run (Blundell et al., 2000).&nbsp. The article, “learning styles and academic outcome: The validity and utility of Vermunt’s inventory of learning styles in British Higher education setting” is written by Dr. Elizabeth A. Boyle, Tim Duffy and Karen Dunleavy. The study was conducted in British University and provided examination of how Vermunt’s integrated model of learning provides varied academic results as they are based on the different learning styles (Boyle et al., 2003). Binsardi and Ekwulugo have written an article, “International marketing of British education: research on the students’ perception and the UK market penetration”. The article talks about education in UK and perception of international students about it. Moreover, it provides analysis of UK performance in the market with respect to their education system (Binsardi &amp. Ekwulugo, 2003).&nbsp. An article by Philip Brown, “The third wave”: education and the ideology of parentocracy “ talks about the different eras of schooling and education system and how children have shifted their priorities based on abilities and efforts to their parents’ wishes and consent resulting from ‘ideology of parentocracy’ (Brown, 1990). The last article relevant to the module is, “Testing the Relationship between Education and Political Participation using the 1970 British Cohort. “Mikael Persson writes the article, and it talks about education system of British Institutes and its effect on political participation. The data is extracted from British cohort study showing how the education system has evolved and how individual’s cognitive ability is being used. However, the study concludes that there was no significant impact of British education system on any political participation (Persson, 2014).
There are four books being used in the module. The first is an e-book by Trevor Corner (2002) titled, “Learning opportunities for adults.” The book talks about the significance of adult education. There are comparisons of the authors self-work in education sector with his colleagues that are present in other countries. The book is relevant as it talks in details the different methods of adult education that were carried in UK that can be used for further learning. The book, “Social Identity and Intergroup Relations” by Henri Tajfel (2010) provides examination of how British education system is perceived, there are details of qualifications of lecturing staff in UK, advantages and disadvantages of British system of education etc. Another book titled, “An introduction to the Study of Education” by David Matheson (2014) explores historical and sociological aspects of British Education with a focus on primary as well as secondary education and lifelong learning. It contains key insights and background of education system in the UK. The last book that can be used for the module is, “What is Quality in Higher Education” by Diana Green (1993). The book contains models from British Higher Education, and the discussions are based on findings from national research project, which was specially designed so that assessment methods of education can be tested for best quality.
List of References
Binsardi, A. &amp. Ekwulugo, F., 2003. International marketing of British education: research on the students’ perception and the UK market penetration. Marketing Intelligence &amp. Planning, 21(5), pp.318 – 327.
Blundell, R., Dearden, L., Goodman, A. &amp. Reed, H., 2000. The Returns to Higher Education in Britain: Evidence From a British Cohort. The Economic Journal, 110(461), pp.82–99.
Boyle, E.A., Duffy, T. &amp. Dunleavy, K., 2003. Learning styles and academic outcome: The validity and utility of Vermunts Inventory of Learning Styles in a British higher education setting. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 73(2), pp.267–90.
Brown, P., 1990. The ‘Third Wave’: education and the ideology of parentocracy. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 11(1), pp.65-86.
Corner, T., 2002. Learning Opportunities for Adults. London : Routledge.
Devereuxa, P.J. &amp. Fanb, W., 2011. Earnings returns to the British education expansion. Economics of Education Review, 30(6), pp.1153–66.
Green, D., 1993. What Is Quality in Higher Education? London: McGraw-Hill Education.
Matheson, D., 2014. An Introduction to the Study of Education. New York: Routledge.
Persson, M., 2014. Testing the Relationship Between Education and Political Participation Using the 1970 British Cohort Study. Political Behavior, 36(4), pp. 877-897.
Tajfel, H., 2010. Social Identity and Intergroup Relations. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Social concepts

Our Identity is a Basic and Common Social Concept Social concepts we have studied within the room are actually very familiar and very common inour daily lives. They are not foreign ideas rather they are actually our comfort zone. Strange as it may seem, each individual understands various sociological concepts without the need of an academic learning. One of the most important and basic sociological concept is culture. Culture has always influenced our actions and behavior since it is basically the primary link we have with our group or society. How we live and how we believe in certain things are shaped by our culture. Culture, as a sociological concept, is our way of life (Levin, 2008). Culture is basically the influential root of all other concepts such as social status, social institution, norms and identity (Stoley, 2005). Culture is not all encompassing as we still belong to different subcultures. Basically, as we grow up, we are socialized into the dominant culture’s way of living. As we mature, gain knowledge, and develop our own identity, we begin to see that there are also different values and norms depending on each subculture. One example of a subculture is the youth subculture. Within this subculture, the members have a different set of values or priorities, such as friendship and intimate relationship.
In connection to the concept of culture is the concept of norm. Every culture has its own set of norms and values. The values that the culture propagates influence the actions of its members, thus creating the norm, or the normal and accepted behavior within the society (Kirby, et. al., 2000). Because we have different cultures and subcultures, we have different sets of values and norms, as well. It doesn’t mean that we have similar norms all over the world. An example of this is the norm of marriage. In other cultures, such as the American culture, marriage can be dissolved through divorce. In most Catholic cultures, divorce is not readily accepted as they think of marriage differently, that it cannot be dissolved by man’s laws. Another example is having a patriarchal or matriarchal society. This doesn’t mean that one culture is right and the other is wrong. It just means we have a wide variety of values and norms that we believe in. This indicates that human nature is not at all simple. It is a complicated nature as it can vary depending on how one is socialized and how one accepts changes or at least tolerates that there are different sides to a pyramid.
With culture and norms, we create an identity of our own (Giddens, 2006). Who we are is greatly impacted by how we are brought up and with the social environment we grew up in. This concept is very important for our individual growth and success. Our identity is the combination of our culture, norms, values and the choices we make as we go through our lives. As each one belongs to a culture, a subculture or a group, each individual creates his own identity with a piece of how and what he believes in based on that culture, subculture and group he belongs to. Our identity is not fixed. We change from time to time. Although we have a strong sense of who we are, we can still change as we encounter various people from different walks of life and from different cultures and societies. This makes human very interesting as even if we have a strong sense of identity, we can still adapt to different social temperatures.
Giddens, A. (2006). Sociology, 5th ed. MA: Polity Press.
Kirby, et.al. (2000). Sociology in Perspective. Oxford: Heinemann Educational Publishers.
Levin, J. (2008). Sociological Snapshots. CA: Pine Forge Press.
Stolley, K. (2005). The Basics of Sociology. CT: Greenwood Press.

Issues in Contemporary Sociology Sexuality and Gender

While sexuality and gender roles appear to be synonymous, subtle differences in connotation exist between the terms as used in sociological studies. A person’s sexuality is innate in, or emanating from within, him or her. it refers to the sum total of his/her attitudes and preferences as determined by his/her sexual orientation. One might say one’s “sexuality” makes that person heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, or asexual, depending on the partners he or she is (or is not) attracted to. However, unlike sexuality, gender roles are imposed from without, in the form of a variety of social influences. Starting from the socialization phase of childhood and adolescence, gender roles exert influence on people’s actions throughout their lives. When one feels ill at ease, or even resentful, of gender roles, and internal conflict may result [Gender Roles Forum, 2008]. Gender roles vary over time, and as they evolve they, in turn, create social upheavals and reforms that spawn profound changes in society and the nation in general.
In post-Victorian society, the regulatory framework has evolved such that gender roles and, consequently, attitudes towards sexuality have essentially been redefined. Storry and Childs [2002] provide the following timeline of important developments in British history which indicate the trend towards an increasingly permissive outlook, until the 1970s:
Anxieties about the sexual mores of the younger generation certainly preceded the so-called sexual revolution of the 1960s [Storry and Childs, 2002]. The sixties and the seventies saw more liberal regard towards abortion, divorce and sexual discrimination. Likewise were new reforms given impetus on the issues of obscenity and censorship and homosexuality. The import of these developments was not lost upon the new Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, who was elected into office for the first time in 1979 and re-elected in 1983 and 1987.

The Social Workers Responsibility

Through my studies in sociology and literature as an undergraduate, I realized that scholastic research can add considerable insight into the processes by which society operates. Indeed, by studying and reading sociological texts I became more observant of the injustices in the world. After learning about discrepancies in social classes, I was inspired to read a famous sociology book by Mitchell Duneier’s called Slim’s Table: Race, Respectability, and Masculinity. The book is about the working-class culture of black men in Chicago. Upon reading I thought that it was an excellent analysis of this particular sub-culture. Throughout the semester I continued my studies in sociology and the insight I gained from the course has given me a completely new outlook on the role of the social worker and the pressing need for individuals to ensure social justice for the downtrodden members of society.
Another instance that drew my attention to the discrepancy of social justice in the United States was my study of the 20th Century Civil Rights Movement. In a speech at an event commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education Supreme Court decision, Bill Cosby offered an impressionistic indictment of the ills he found within contemporary culture and poor Americans to collectively engage in a process of increased social responsibility and personal agency. Cosby argues that while oppressive social structures and racism were the once the predominant reasons for the achievement gap, with the advancements of the Civil Rights movement — as exemplified in the Brown vs. Board of Education decision – today, progressive developments in African-American education and financial security will occur by turning the microscope inward and taking personal responsibility. “It’s not what they’re doing to us. It’s what we’re not doing. 50 percent drop out.” Cosby states, “It’s not about the money. It’s about the money. It’s about you doing something ordinarily that we do – get in somebody else’s business…What the hell good is Brown vs. Board of Education if nobody wants it?”

Ethnicity and Gender Effect of Education

Theories in sociology attempt to explain this function of education and the three most important theories are the functionalist, interactionist and Marxist perspectives on the function of education. (Burgess, G.R and Parker, A. 1999. Education. Pp.180-190).
The functionalist perspective on education finds its origins in the views expressed by Durkheim at the beginning of the twentieth century. These views of Durkheim laid stress on the significant manner in which could ensure an individuals commitment to society and in that manner contribute to the creation of social solidarity. According to Durkheim the contribution of the teaching of history could go along way in bringing about unity in society. For instance, by giving stress to British history in the curriculum of educational institutions in Britain unity of British society could be achieved, Contribution to this perspective of the functions of education were further contributed to by Talbott Parsons in the middle of the twentieth century by his concepts on the manner in which divisions of labour were a result of the teaching of specialised skills. Teaching institutions provided the basis between the ascribed roles of the family and the achieved roles of the larger society and were thereby responsible for the occupational roles that resulted. Parsons concept included the functioning of schools as open to competition or based on meritocratic principles and thereby led to the allocation of roles appropriate to the skills and merit. This meant that education resulted in the most talented in society benefits with the most important positions and in that manner got the best rewards.
According to the functionalist perspective, there exists only one set of values that need to be taught by the education and these set of values are those that belong to the ruling class or the elite class. This means that the functionalist perspective is blind to the possibility that there are other sets of values in society and these can&nbsp.be transmitted through education.

What is sex and what is gender What are the sociological arguments for distinguishing between the two Illustrate your position

What is sex and what is gender? What are the sociological arguments for distinguishing between the two? Illustrate your position. Even though sex andgender is more or less the same thing yet they are distinguished in more ways than one. Sex is the relation of two individuals with each other through a sexual intercourse while gender is the basis of his or her masculinity and femininity. The male gender is different from the female gender due to the physical characteristics of both these genders. What is most important is the link of sex and gender within the domains of the sociology. It is significant to note that both sex and gender are perceived differently because they are seen as entirely opposite things. There are certain sections of the society which feel offended if the word ‘sex’ is used. They would use the term gender to distinguish between males and females. The word ‘sex’ would therefore be substituted by gender as it is very respectfully substituted to suit the sociological settings (Quina, 2000).
My position is that sex and gender is more or less the same thing and could be used interchangeably. They can be related to the males and females but should not be seen differently from one another because they are two sides of the same coin. Hence it would be fitting to suggest that sex and gender are similar and have absolutely no opposite views with one another. The society needs to become liberal with its acceptance of the word ‘sex’ so that it does not have to be substituted by gender each time the former is made use of.
Works Cited
Quina, K. Sexual Communication in Relationships: When Words Speak Louder Than Actions. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 2000

What is International Political Economy

International political economy International political economy is defined as the basic efforts necessary to break down the barriers that bring disparity within the disciplines of politics, sociology, economics and their procedural methods of analysis whose aim is to unraeven a deep understanding of international besides, world issues and events. International political economics embraces three basic elements namely. sociology, economics and politics in giving adequate description and accurate explanation on how problems that are felt globally cannot just be explained with just a specific discipline (Rowland 108).
With respect to international political economy, the world is presumed to be very complicated and has several interdependencies among individuals, social groups or maybe nations. Initially, different kinds of elites gave constant reminders why everywhere across the world was actually interdependent for each other. However, all the current relevant issues faced by nations are related in one way or another to the international political economy making it very versatile in dealing with issues across the borders. Politically, international political economy focuses on the use of state powers in the distribution of resources within the society. Politics has been known to have a norm of collective choice characterized by competition, which draws conflicts amongst different people, trade organizations, governmental and non-governmental internationally. Comparatively, economics is just concerned with the distribution of resources which are otherwise considered scarce amongst the nations, people or states through the market process controlled by the forces of politics (Rowland 108).
It is considered very essential to engage in the study of international political economy since it helps in the understanding of crucial international market events to analyze the conditions of their existence and how to manage the situations, which has led to such conditions. More to the point, it is considered as a vital element by both private and public employers during recruitment since it becomes very easy while dealing with somebody who understands international and global context of human activities especially for those who have communication links across the borders. Moreover, international political economics broadens the understanding of life in relation to human beings across the globe. It also helps to understand the vents of the past, current and make projections about the future (Rowland 108).
One of the major political values enjoyed by both the state and the market is the feeling of security. Through international political economy, most states feel more secure from physical threats like violence or outbreak of epidemic diseases simply because they cannot just affect individual economy, but would be felt as a collective responsibility. Markets basically constitute the sphere of human action, which pertains to human interests, but controlled by the forces economic competition. For this reason a state, which is known for the production of a specific product for instance, Toyota would find its market niche globally (Rowland 108).
Because states, markets and society have been found to be perusing different goals in the economy especially in terms of security and culture, it has brought several dilemmas to the explanation of international political economy in relationship to the societal market and the state.
Works cited
Rowland, Maddok. The Global Political Economy in John Bayless and N.J Rengger, eds, Dilemmas of World Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. Print

Current Event Reflection 5 Education Religion or Politics

Current Event Reflection 5 Singer, N. Regulators Weigh In on Online Educational Services February 25, New York Times Online educational systemsLink: http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/02/25/regulators-weigh-in-on-online-educational-services/?gwh=658323445CC91EC0B44CAAD89B71BB89&amp.gwt=regi
With the current advancement in technology, it has found its way into school systems. Having been in a school where current technology is highly applicable, I have experienced a lot. The article relates to use of technology in schools to collect student’s information. The current use of online educational systems attracted my attention to this article. Most institutions are using online education systems but there is no guarantee of students information collected. Confidentiality of personal information is important. Parents and legislators are concerned about the safety of information collected by schools. Their concern is whether it is federally protected from sharing or selling to other vendors.
Sociology is study of human social behavior and tries to refine the theoretical understanding of social process. For example, the parents and legislators concern in this article is caused by some social dissatisfaction. They are not convinced about the safety of their children personal information. According to the textbook, sociology focuses on social class, social satisfaction, religion, law and sexuality. This issue falls under both social satisfaction and law. Parents are dissatisfied hence the reason for their concern. They also want the federal government to regulate schools on use of online educational services.
The social conflict theory is applicable in this case. It relates to struggle between two segments of the society. There is conflict between parents and schools over online educational systems. Schools are adopting technology at a high pace that makes legislators and parents feel their children confidentiality is threatened. Parents think that the government should come in and intervene. The introduction of technology in the society is causing conflict. People behavior seems to changes due to technological threats in the society. The education system, the society and technology are in struggle to come up with a solution to underlying problems.
This article has an impact on the world at large. With so many schools opting to adapt technology in education, confidentiality is important. Confidentiality of personal information is a right of every human. When schools require collecting such information from students, they need to engage students. Other institutions using online educational systems or intending to should treat confidentiality of information as a priority. Governments should also regulate the use of this information and adoption of online education systems. Ethics issues should be addressed and rules set. Parents and other concerned parties should be part of such decisions and information collected should have a limit.

Family Human Sexuality Health Care

[Teacher’s Sociology Family, Human Sexuality, Health Care. From a sociological point of view, family is a basic unit structure of society which can be defined in numerous ways depending on the culture of each individual. The community one lives in sets the standards for what family is a primary group and the key functions members of the family perform. The principles and values set in the community define family through sociological perspectives. The major principles which are used include gender roles, nuclear family and industrial capitalism. The nuclear family consists of only the children and parents. These families have however decreased over the years in the United States. Historical analysis shows that pre industrial nuclear families were tied together by kinship into the family which an individual was born in, the family of procreation, which is founded upon matrimonial agreements. The family also includes members of the spouse’s family. In other cultures the nuclear family may extend to numerous individuals due to the practice of polygamy and polygyny. The family can also be extended through common residents, when two or more families live together. This is known as extended family, and is practiced through out the world, particularly in India.
The family has a diverse role in society as an individual gains his principles form this institution and spends a majority of his life with his or her family. Some the major functions of family include, satisfaction of sexual needs and desires. Sex is a natural instinct and each individual needs to satisfy his or her sexual urges. This requires people to live together, in addition, sex and family in the sense of husband and wife is method of reproduction an procreation which is essential for human survival. The family is also a protective environment for the young and is used to give them the fundamentals of life and lessons for the future. The family is essential in building one’s character and esteem. The family also teaches the child social norms and the behavior which appropriate and acceptable in society.
However, in recent times there several problems which the institution of family is facing today. These include absence of father or mother figure, lack of discipline, lack of communication, balance of work and family, negative media influence and materialism(Issues facing family today, n.d).The absence of a father or mother figure can be attributed to the following, divorce and gay marriages. This deprives the child of certain attributes that are only possessed by a particular sex. Studies have been carried out and show that absence of one sex among the parents results in adverse effects and psychological problems in children (Issues facing family today, n.d).
The paper shows the value of family to society and its sustainability of the human race. It also helps maintain social norms which monitor each individual’s morals and values. The absence of the family institute would result in an uncivilized population and may result in extinction of the human race as procreation would be limited or uncontrolled which can lead to the spread of terminal diseases.
Works Cited
Biblical Foundations. Issues facing family today.n.d. Web. April 9, 2013

Sociology theories

164000 Later on, another functionalist, Emile Durkheim advanced the arguments in functionalism through his likening of society with the body of human beings (Appelrouth &amp. Edles, 2008). Discussion According to Ferrante &amp. Ferrante-Wallace (2008), functionalism argues that society comprise of various parts, which play a central role in enhancing its survival. The argument of functionalism is that, just like the components of the human body depend on each other, so are the components that make up society. To functionalists, therefore, society is like a system that has various components. Each component must contribute to the wellbeing and the survival of the entire system. Functionalists identify the role played by each of the parts that make up society. Some of the components/parts of society identified by functionalists include the government, religious institutions, the economy, health institutions, the judiciary, family, and school, among others. The government provides the structures necessary for availing essential services needed by the public. For example, amenities such as schools and education are a provision of government. Religious institutions (such as church) serve to maintain morals in society and ensure that people uphold acceptable norms of behavior. Economic institutions serve the financial needs of the population while healthcare institutions provide health services to the populace. The judicial systems such as the judiciary and other law enforcement agencies ensure that people maintain law and order, and provide security. Schools teach children and impart good morals in them. this helps in making children citizens who will obey the law (Appelrouth &amp. Edles, 2008). Functionalism sees society as basic unit used in analysis, and whose parts cannot be understood in isolation. Rather, the various parts that make up society can be easily understood in relation to how they relate to the entire system, as well as based on how they relate to each other. Thus, the contribution that the parts make to the whole is of central emphasis in functionalism. Functionalists also contend order can be regarded as the condition that dominates society. Consensus and stability reinforces this order, which means that there should not be conflict resulting from coercion. Failure to meet the functional prerequisites leads to a state of instability/disequilibrium in the entire system. In order for the system to go back to equilibrium, there has to be a state of balance in the dysfunctional parts (Delaney &amp. Madigan, 2009). Advantages One advantage of functionalism is that it provides an understanding of the roles played by the parts of society. The arguments raised by the theory can be termed as factual since every part contributes immensely to the survival of the whole. The other advantage of functionalism is its discussion of the effects of the dysfunction of some parts of society. Based on this, societies can strive to maintain peace, order, and stability in order to avoid imbalance in the system (Appelrouth &amp. Edles, 2008). Disadvantages or Critique Functionalism has faced criticism based on its explanation that people within a certain society tend to share common values. This may not be so since some members of society may have formed a subculture that rebels against the values of society. The theory can also be termed disadvantageous because of its explanation that social harmony in society results from social institutions. This

Human Organ Supply and Its Relation to the Social Stratification Theory

41000 Those who benefit are the rich who can afford to pay for the surgery and the cost of human organs. On the other hand, although some transplants were out of the donation coming from willing donors or were as a result of accidents which allow for the recovery of human organs from an accident victim to be transferred, there have been reports wherein the poor became the victims of this “transaction”. This is linked to the Social Stratification Theory. Those who have little in life become the victims, while those who are in the upper class or society look towards the poor for their source of human organs. How Sociologists Have Recognized Social Stratification People are identified, classified, perceived, and understood in a way that society has given corresponding positions for individuals, races, organizations or communities. The moment a person’s status in society is known, he or she is treated with actions or reactions that are known to be fit for the person. According to Davis and Moore. Novick and Cullen Social stratification is a set of verifiable, interrelated thoughts, understanding, and behaviour among people whereby members of society consider positions or status and identify themselves in one of those categories. Davis and Moore were described by Novick, S. and Cullen, J. (1979, p. 1424) to have considered the differences as necessary for critical reasons. They proposed that inequality characterizes the groups or class wherein each person belongs or identifies him to be a part of. Furthermore, they believe that the maintenance of functions and positions is necessary in order to have stability. From the point of view of Davis, Kingsley and Moore, Wilbert (1970) difficult jobs must necessarily receive higher incentives in terms of higher compensation. The inequality is based on the fact that every individual has a different set of talents. Some talents are more valuable other talents, just as some functions have greater value in society than the other functions. Because of scarcity and difference in value of some talents, rewards or compensation to acquire the people with valuable talents are greater while other talents are offered smaller rewards. According to Joseph Turek The book edited by Joseph Turek was entitled “Income Inequality and Social Stratification”. It gathered insights from various sectors (socio-economic, political, sociology, and philosophy) to clarify the variety of human differences which result in social stratification. As a result of differences in a person’s status in society, there is also a disparity in the income or compensation which leads to the formation of rich and poor. According to Wendy Bottero The book entitled “Stratification: Social Division &amp. Inequality” is about “Who gets what.” It also describes the fact that the present time inequality gives some people better choices in life. “Money, power, or influence give those who possess them greater control over the external forces which affect us all, and open doors which might otherwise be closed.” (Bottero 2005, p. 3). The Demand &amp. Critical Importance of Human Organ Donation A. Gap Between Supply and Demand The Economist (2008) reported that 7,000 Americans died due to absence of organs needed by patients. Out of 10 people who needed a kidney transplant, only one found a replacement kidney. There was a projected growth in the number of people who have to undergo dialysis and replacement of kidneys. 500,000 Americans in 2010 needed the transplant. In the UK, Nadey Hakim, an Ex-President of the International College of Surgeons, believed there was no other option for organ transplants because without it, the patient will die early although they can live longer if a replacement is made available for transplant. Kidneys are the most in

Contemporary Issues in Learning UK

The UK’s Department for Education and Skills (2003, p.4) points out that our education system is still weak when it comes to vocational offerings and still provides a narrow academic track. About 50% of these young people do not get at their schools five good GCSEs, especially in English and mathematics. In addition, many still leave school without passing any GCSE. These negative statistics have an impact on the social and economic sectors of the country. For the country to be competitive, young manpower must show high levels of educational standards.
The changes implemented in our educational system are oftentimes based on research and theoretical propositions advanced by analysts, critiques, and people who work for the educational system itself. Many of these theories that have shaped and continue to guide the system were developed a long time ago. Some have given birth to newer theories, while some were results of criticisms and deviations from certain ideas.
According to Reid (1978, pp. 10-12), Structuralist Sociology states that all individuals play a part or a role in society. This perspective on sociology is based on two theories: Consensus Theory (the most common example of which is Structural Functionalism) and Conflict Theory (reflected in many theories including Marxist Theory), which are not mutually exclusive. Consensus Theory states that norms are important because these are the consensus or shared values and beliefs of people. Conflict Theory states that society is created by the interests of people, but the levels of interests and access to resources are not the same for all groups, which leads to the existence of conflicts in society. Meanwhile, Interpretative Sociology, on the other hand, states Reid (1978, pp. 13-14), emphasizes the importance of a man who is an active component of the processes in sociology. This perspective implies a more dynamic, incomplete process. It is only by knowing the views of people and their reactions to certain situations can be understanding and achieved.&nbsp.

To demonstrate how the field of’globalisation studies’has moved on

Sassen, S. (2008). Neither global nor national: novel assemblages of territory, authority and rights.&nbsp.Ethics &amp. Global Politics,&nbsp.1(1-2), 61-79.
The author of the journal article is Sasskia Sassen from Columbia University at the department of Sociology in USA. In the article, the author engages in an indepth insight regarding the proliferation or influx of normative orders that were once ruled by state normativity. Furthermore, the article asserts that the influx of normative orders have equally shifted from the sole normative framing as a logic. To this end, the author reiterates that the change in dynamics have been due to the shift to ‘centrifugal multiplication of specialized assemblages’ from ‘centripetal articulation of nation states.’ The sources of information in the article are based on library research on books , journal and projects. Furthermore, Sassen has utilized internet based research on drawing information pertaining to globalization of institutions, authority, territory and rights. To this end, Sassen draws several conclusions in the article. Foremost, the author contends that denationalization and global dynamics distort existing systems and meanings. In addition, the author believes that sovereign authorities of states are partially disaggregated whenever the unitary structures of states conform to a globalized structure. In addition, the author is quick to point out opportunities for exit that are available for the disadvantaged due the weakening of centripetal nation dynamics. Furthermore, the author asserts that denationalization dynamics, such as inclusion of human rights paradigms, post significant consequences. These include the disassembling of bits and pieces of the nation state and state machinery as containers. In general, Sassen concludes that there are political and normative implications of centrifugal dynamics that arise out of globalization.

The Various Elements of British Social Structures

A professor of sociology at Warsaw University, he suddenly found it necessary to locate a new home and position when communist authorities questioned the value of his lessons. From Warsaw, Bauman went on to lecture at the universities of Tel Aviv and Haifa until 1971 when he traveled to England and accepted a permanent post at the University of Leeds (Decjusza, 2000). He has also been a visiting professor at Berkeley, Yale, Canberra, St. John’s and Copenhagen. Throughout, and especially after his retirement from Leeds in 1990, he has written numerous books and essays, identifying and introducing the concept of postmodernism, turning in recent years to new terminology that describes a liquid culture. To understand the impact he has had on the world of sociology, it is necessary to understand what he meant by postmodernism, itself requiring an investigation into modernism, and to understand how and why he has recently adopted the new concepts of a liquid society.
Before one can gain a perspective of what Bauman meant when he discussed postmodern, it is necessary to understand what he meant when he defined a modern society. “Modernity is a project and not only a period, and it is, or was a project of control, the rational mastery over nature, the planning, designing and plotting which led to planomania and technocracy” (Beilharg, 2001: 6). The basic concepts of modernism were to take a hard and fast look at various social processes to determine the universal truths of existence. These could then be canonized and applied across all cultures, individuals and time periods as a means of progressing toward a more ideal civilization. The tripod upon which the theory rested was economic, political and scientific rationalization (Mourad, 1997). Economic rationalization would bring&nbsp.all the forces of nature into the understanding and control of intellectual processes.&nbsp. In a similar fashion, a political rationalization would subject and control the governing bodies as well as the value systems by which the ‘correct’ society would measure itself and others.

Is it correct to claim that the study of politics constitutes a science Discuss with reference to case study research

d the various studies concerning man and his multifarious activities like philosophy, economics, natural sciences, history, psychology and of course politics. The Renaissance saw the enquiring minds of Europe and no doubt earlier, where advanced cultures existed (pre-renaissance), delving into studies in various disciplines that were analysed and documented, until the latter half of the nineteenth century and the dawn of the twentieth century saw the thrust towards making studies of most disciplines empirical, meaning that information had to be gained by experience, observation or experiment2.
Studies conducted had to follow certain set criteria and measurements to be valid. In the modern state, for proper planning, such was the demand. Many North American political scientists, notably Jon R Bond, believe that a ‘hard science of political behaviour’ is possible and someone would come along and do for political science what Newton has done for physics3. In an essay on this subject by James W. Skillen, he quotes Bond as saying that, ‘the beginning of scientific enquiry is the fact/value dichotomy’ and that ‘the core goal of scientific methods is hypothesis testing and theory building that would yield quantifiable results’4. Indeed, one cannot dispute the fact that without such empirical studies, in terms of politics, economics, sociology and natural sciences amongst others, that planning commissions of various authorities worldwide would have been successful in the implementation of their programmes. Much of the developed and developing world relies on these studies to implement development programmes with a view to pre-empting failure. Statistics, objective data, all factual and tangible rule the day.
However, the question of how accurate we are, when the human element is involved is a question for debate. Here is a discipline that is dependent on so many vagaries of man. Kenneth Minogue, in his book Politics, aptly encapsulates this when he

(Risk Management Global Perspectives on Risk) Q Globalisation has led to a significant degree of convergence in markets and in business practice As a consequence of this the risks associated with international business operations have decreased

arkable growth has been observed in such form of trade or exchanges that had been observed not only within the traditional international trade of goods and services, but was also observed in the exchanges of country currencies, in various capital movements and many more. One aspect featuring the extent in globalization has been the volume in international financial transactions that peaks over $1.2 trillion every day as per the New York currency markets (Intriligator, 2003, p.4). Globalization has also led to greater openness within the international economies resulting in integration across worldwide markets. A second aspect of globalization has been the liberalization of trade and other different forms in economic liberalization. This has resulted in reductions in the trade protection norms thus establishing a more free world trading system (Intriligator, 2003, p.5). The third aspect of globalization has been the changes as seen in the institutions where the organizations had wider reach apart from the technological advancements and the wider horizons for the managers that were facilitated by the advances made in communications (Intriligator, 2003, p.6).
An assumption seen across industry analysts is that globalization has led to an increased convergence in the traditional national economies, labor regulation and ability for tax capital (Drezner, 2001, p.1). The globalization concept says that an increased trend in bringing together the lower economies of the world by increasing world trade would contribute in capital mobility as well as the global operations in the multinational companies that would propel technological changes, even out the wage and productivity differences across economies. The term “convergence” has been found to have an ambiguous definition. As had been mentioned by Daniel Drezner “the scholarly work on this subject is spread across multiple disciplines, including law, economics, political science and sociology. The problem leads to a

Durkheims Social Facts with Webers Bureaucracy

Social facts are a unique subject matter, according to Durkheim. This separate category of facts “consists of ways of acting, thinking and feeling, external to the individual, and endowed with a power of coercion, by reason of which they control him” (Durkheim, 1982: 4). Weber’s views were different, he firmly opposed the idea “that history had some ultimate end, and seriously doubted the possibility of human liberation through a socialist revolution” (Hughes et al, 2003: 55). According to him, the organisational form of rationalisation is that of the Bureaucracy, and this too contributed greatly to the meaninglessness of modern life, with the individual becoming increasingly insignificant within the vast administrative structures. Weber perceived Bureaucracy as an “iron cage” resulting from industrialism, stifling unique human qualities in both socialist and capitalist societies.
The two scholars differed in their purpose and approach to sociology. Durkheim extended the study of science to the study of social facts, whereas Weber attempted to provide existing social studies with a better foundation. Hence, Durkheim consistently expressed his belief that social facts had distinctive properties which must be recognized in order to make the study of society more scientific. On the other hand, Weber did not pioneer a new field, his work treated old themes and known materials with new precision and from the standpoint of new questions. Durkheim’s and Weber’s different definitions of “social facts” and their divergent sociological studies of religion reveal the differences in their perspectives (Bendix, 1989).
Similarities in the work of the two social scientists include the fact that both Durkheim and Weber refer to ways of anthropomorphising society, that is, they provide a human form to society. In their individual ways, they emphasise the knowledge that both Social Facts and Bureaucracy theories respectively, dominate lives and therefore society is seen as a living thing, as seen in the&nbsp.comparison.

Sociology Written Review

This review however is limited by the fact that the chapter is merely a small part of the author’s entire book and many of the points and issues taken refer to some other parts or chapters of the book. Nevertheless, Pusey is more than emphatic on the debilitating effect of orchestrated economic reforms on the Australian community life.
The fundamental premise of the author in this chapter is, as previously stated, that the economic reforms being undertaken by the Australian government is not good because instead of making these reforms suit the needs of the Australians, it is the people who bear the brunt of the effects of these reforms. This is ultimately bad because it tends to weaken the very foundation of society which is community life. To illustrate his point, Pusey utilised the different impressions and experiences of 400 middle class Australians (hence, the title The Experience of Middle Australians) of several aspects of modern Australian life like membership in voluntary organisations, crimes, the Australian social and economic structures, the media and institutions and people they give their trust to.
The control group of 400 middle class Australians, according to the data gathered by Pusey, constituted highly mobile individuals, who have moved around most of their lives, due to labour markets which necessitated frequent relocation of homes. Pusey interpreted this as causing the dissolution of “associational density” which characterises communities. This is certainly true especially if one’s concept of community is that of a communal association of old and long-time friends, neighbors and associates. However, the opportunity of meeting and associating with new neighbors and striking new acquaintances can be viewed from a positive perspective. This allows a person to broaden his perspectives and besides, if individuals are open to association with other individuals

Is social class still a useful concept for understanding the divisions in society

82000 Social class is the most widely used term in sociology which refers to the primary structure of social stratification broadly used for defining the modern capitalist societies. Social stratification has given rise to inequality in the society. It clearly defines the privileges that are enjoyed by the most advantageous individuals (Fulcher and Scott, 1999). However, Haralambos and Holborn suggest that social inequality is the most prominent feature of all the human societies. From the beginning of the formation of the human societies, this system of social stratification has prevailed as the most important component of the human societies. According to Bilton et al, (1994), traditional Indian caste system, feudalism and other societal systems based on caste and status are the most highlighted and the distinct societal structures. In human societies, individuals are classified on the basis of their economic power, distribution of wealth and other materialized advantages they enjoy. These factors have given rise to the development and division of social classes. According to sociologist Karl Marx, to understand the structure of social strata it is highly important to know what constitute social inequality in a system. For Karl Marx, class stratification was of important value and he thoroughly argued that all societies were established on the basis of class system except for the most primitive ones (Fulcher and Scott, 1999). Karl Marx further adds that all class struggle has always existed in the history of all the societies. According to Marx and Engles (1848), class struggle is the important component and almost all the societies go through this phase of struggle. Marx has always classified the structure of the society on the basis of class system. According to him the society is divided into two basis classes. the capitalist class. This class possesses the capacity of production and the working class which possess labor power. The labor class sells their services to the production class in return of wages. Marx has highlighted the exploitation caused by the capitalist class to the working class in terms of the wages paid to them which is just a fraction of their services they put in making and raising the value of the products they sell in markets. Marx believed that the capitalist class earns their profits and other benefits at the cost of laboring class. Labor class is deprived of their fundamental rights and benefits by the capital class as they hold power, wealth and prestige over them. He further believes that this trend would eventually lead the capitalist class to turn into a communist society which in other words, it will be the downfall of the capitalist class. According to Marx, economic structure is the important element in structuring the social classes. However, Haralambos and Holborn (2004), different groups in the society are emerged from the rise of different classes and hence, this has given rise to inequality in the society. Marx Weber also agrees with the opinion of Karl Marx that competition in market to gain economic resources and other benefits among individuals that has further given rise to different social classes. According to him, other factors also play an important role in the better understanding of composition and division of class system in the society. According to Weber, the class system is divided into four types in a capitalist society (Haralambos and Holborn, 2004). Bocock and Thompson (1995) highlights the Weber?s idea in which he agrees with the opinion of Karl Marx that the division of major classes is between the capitalist cl

Reference groups

Reference Two examples of my own reference groups are my college dormitory mates and my football team. The former is an informal referencegroup since my classmates have no authority over me, whereas in the latter case my football team including myself are under the authority and direction of the coach and quarterback who stipulate when I must attend practice, what players will play in different situations and what plays will be used in games. On the other hand, while my classmates have no authority over my behavior, I want to feel part of the group so I wear similar clothes, study about the same amount, and hang out with them at parties and consume about the same amount of alcohol so that the others consider me part of the group as I display similar norms, behaviors and attitudes.
Three examples of the sociological significance of the concept of reference groups are the family, religious organizations and celebrities. Such groups are sociologically significant because they influence vast numbers of people to behave in similar ways.(Williams). For example, the formal family is the reference group an infant interacts most with in early life. Therefore the family is the institution charged with the responsibility of nurturing the child not only physically by providing adequate food and shelter, but also with socializing societal norms so that the child learns what his/her society consider to be right and wrong behavior. The importance of this socialization can be seen in the lack socially acceptable socialization when parents are absent, abusive or they are incapacitated by alcohol and/or drug dependency. Formal religious institutions can be very sociologically significant especially in populations considered disadvantaged. For example, in Muslim culture mosques can exert tremendous influence in either curbing unrest by teaching their members to accept their situation or they can foment strife by fostering anger towards Western values and encouraging people to join terrorist groups such as ISIS. Celebrities, an informal reference group can influence behavior especially among adolescents as they are role models encouraging by example their fantasies of mimicking their glamorous, successful and wealthy lives and selling their endorsed products .For example, girls starve themselves trying to develop model like figures in the hope of becoming movie stars. Boys become addicted to working out trying to become wealthy adulated athletes. In both cases few will achieve this sought after success, but this reference group is sociologically significant in influencing adolescent aspirations and norms.
Work Cited
1). Williams, Yolanda “Reference Group in Sociology Definition Examples &amp. Types” retrieved from stidy.com/academy/lesson/ reference=groups-in-sociology-definition-examples-types/htm.

Socal and developmental psychology

In today’s modern world where there are hundreds of different brands selling the same products, it has become essential for the manufacturer to know the psychology of the consumer in depth, in order to stay in the competition. It should not be surprising to know that in the developed countries the costs of manufacturing are much less compared to the costs of marketing the products (Hansen &amp. Christensen, 2007, p.18). However, manufacturers and brands have realized that to sell the products, they need to convince the consumers of their idea and gain their confidence. Hence, understanding the psychology of the consumer has become extremely important for the manufacturers and service providers (Hansen &amp. Christensen, 2007, p.17). Different studies and theories in the field of psychology, management and sociology have been developed to explain how the consumer makes choices (Hansen &amp. Christensen, 2007, p.18). These theories help people in the field of marketing and advertising to understand the way consumer behaves and takes decisions. On the basis of these theories, manufacturers design their marketing strategies and persuade consumers to buy their products. One such important theory of persuasion is the ‘Elaboration Likelihood Model’ which explains the likelihood of receiver getting pursued on the basis of his involvement in the message.
Petty and Cacioppo (1986) presented the ‘Elaboration Likelihood Model’(ELM) to explain how consumer processes the information while forming their attitude towards the product (Hansen &amp. Christensen, 2007, p.59). According to ELM, “elaboration likelihood is determined by an individual’s motivation and ability to elaborate” (Sher &amp. Lee, 2009, p.139). ELM suggests that the involvement of the consumer depends on different important factors of the communication and hence, these factors are responsible for the amount of consumer’s engagement in the communication (O’Keefe, 2002,

Functions of Deviance

Task Functions of Deviance Deviance is defined as actions or behaviours which are perceived to be different from the expectations of the society. Individuals within a society are expected to conform to the norms which form the guidelines governing the behaviours of other within the same society (Clinard and Meier, p 5). The understanding of deviance can enable one to define what constitutes the norm within a society and that which is not. As a result of deviance within the society, different elements within the same societies are understood on the basis of the social normal and standards which have been established within the society. This results in reality becoming elusive as people act on the basis of the social expectations while ignoring the need to act in a certain manner.
As a result of the established standards within the society, the interactions that occur between different people are based on their perceptions of the norms. Due to the differences which cause deviance, people are able to impact positive changes upon others following their interactions within the society. As change begins to set in upon the behaviour of people, certain negative elements within the society become eliminated and this can enable people to refrain from committing crimes (Clinard and Meier, p114).
Due to the role which deviance plays within the society, it would be extremely difficult to have a society without deviance. This is mainly because people think differently and there are individuals who must question why some actions are considered norms within the society. A society without deviance would be relatively dull, as the activities which people undertake would become routine and similar. Their lives would become monotonous due to the lack of challenges as everyone conforms to standards like machines.
Works cited
Clinard, Marshall, and Robert Meier. Sociology of Deviant Behavior. 14th ed. Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.

Social Stratification

Sociology Discussion 5: Social Stratification Questions Q Briefly, explain the social construction of reality and how it applies to social stratification
Social construction of reality is a sociology theory that explains how a group of people develop a mutual understanding of the realities in their environment. Social construction examines social behavior of people in relation to each other and how they institutionalize these behaviors and make them their tradition. Social stratification is a ranking process where people categorize themselves hierarchically using the resources that they control.
Social stratification and leadership are forms of social constructs of reality. This is because societies form a tradition to respect and follow the rule of certain people whom they have institutionalized as leaders in the society. It was the task of the privileged black people to champion the rights of other black people, but this is not what is there in reality (Hooks, 2000).
Q. 2. Describe how race or gender is a social construction
Gender is a social construction of reality. In different societies there is segregation of roles between men and women. Through this segregation of roles, societies define behaviors and character expected from people who carry out different roles. Evidence of gender being a social construct comes out clearly as children grow. When a child is a toddler, the treatment for female and male children is relatively the same. However, as they grow up, the society introduces rules specifying different roles for female and male children.
Race is a social construct which was used to discriminate against people of different races. As noted by Hooks (2000) early historic scholars suppressed the information of early African explorers because of the fact that they were black. Race is a social construct in that society’s group people based on the color of their skins.
Evidence of race being a social construct comes because despite people of different color pigmentation having similar body features such as blue eyes or black eyes these people are usually not grouped as same race.
Hooks, B. (2000). “Chapter 8: Class and race.” In Where We Stand: Class Matters London: Routledge.