Individual course project proposal

Individual Course Project Proposal – Outline (80-points) due Week 1 The OrganizationSelect an organization to be used for this Individual Course Project10-pointsHistory / BackgroundDescribe the history / background of the organization10-pointsCurrent BusinessDescribe their current business. What do they do? Why?10-pointsM, G & ODescribe the mission, goals and objectives of the business10-pointsCurrent T & D DepartmentDescribe in as much detail as you can find the current Training and Employee Development department. What do they do? Why? Do they seem proactive? Or, mostly reactive? Why? How can you tell?20-pointsProblemsLook at the entire organization. What challenges / problems are they experiencing? Why? Does it seem like they have a clear path forward using a training and development intervention? Why? How can you tell?10-pointsYour Reason(s)Why do you wish to research, study, and write about this company from a Training and Development perspective?10-points Total Points80-points11/05/202030humanresource-management

ACC 561 Week 3

Financial Analysis:1. Open the Excel spreadsheet provided. Prepare a vertical analysis of Bridgford’s income statement. Enter the percentages in columns C, E, G, I and K. For additional information regarding vertical analysis, please review the following.Vertical Analysis2. Prepare a projected income statement assuming sales increase by 3% in 2020 and 6% in 2021. 1. Average your vertical analysis percentages for each income statement account and enter the results in column L, rows 5 – 11. Example: Add columns C, E, G, I and K and divide by 5. (64.07 60.58 63.17 67.57 67.34)/5=64.55%. Column L, row 5 = 64.55%. 2. Enter your projected sales number in columns M & N, row 4. 3. Columns M and N: Multiply projected sales by the average percentage for each income statement account. 3. Ratio Computations. Use Excel formulas to calculate financial ratios listed with the income statement and balance sheet tabs. Calculate ratios for seven years (i.e. 2015-2021). Do not prepare ratios that require data from the 2020 and 2021 balance sheet. In this case, “N/A” is entered in the appropriate cell. For additional information regarding ratios, please review the following.Financial RatiosNote: If there is a discrepancy between the formula used in our text versus the formula included with the above link, use the formula incorporated with the above link. 4. Loan: The written section of the project includes a loan discussion and CFO questions and explanations. Use the following resources to complete your analysis.Form 10-KCorporate Annual and Earnings Report5. Chief Financial Officer Questions: Using the results of your spreadsheet, what questions would you ask the CFO of Bridgford Foods? Explain.Bottom of FormReplyWeek 3 Ratio Analysis and 10-K Review (Due Monday)Top of FormBottom of FormAssignment Content1. Top of FormPrepare an analysis of the assigned company (600 – 2,000 words) in order to secure a loan for the company. The loan will increase the company’s total liabilities by 3%. The assigned company is posted to the conversation section in the upper right corner. The contents of the plan should include the following:1. Discuss the loan amount and how you plan to use the loan proceeds.2. Use the Excel spreadsheet provided and complete the following.o a. Prepare a five year vertical analysis of the company’s income statement.o b. Prepare a projected income statement for 2020 and 2021 assuming sales increase by 3% and 6%.o c. Compute the ratios listed with the income statement.o d. Compute the ratios listed with the balance sheet.3. Using the results of your spreadsheet, what questions would you ask the CFO of the company? Explain.The assigned company, spreadsheet, detailed instructions, and guidance are provided during week three. To review this information select the conversation icon in the upper right corner.Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. Deliverables: Paper (MS Word) and Excel Spreadsheet. Review your Originality Report generated from SafeAssign. A new originality report is created with each attempt. Your last attempt is used for grading.11/05/202018businessfinance


Part 1Select a research topic area for Project 1 based on which of the following areas interests you the most. You will explore the selected topic a little later in this theme. Mark your selection in the right-hand column. Drafting of the U.S. Constitution Mao Zedong’s Rule Over China South African Apartheid ü Choose Your Own Topic In the space below, write a short paragraph about what you already knew about the topic you selected prior to this course, based on your personal history or experiences. This may include assumptions, beliefs, or values related to the topic. Be as detailed as possible. I recall when I was still in school the first time through the South African Apartheid was continually on the news. I recall the arrival of Nelson Mandela following 27 years of detainment in my sophomore year of secondary school. It’s my understanding that Apartheid was much similar to the racial isolation Martin Luther King battled against in the United States. I’m uncertain yet anticipate examining the effect that had on South Africa’s relations with other increasingly ground breaking nations. Part 2Now that you have identified your topic and described what you already know about the topic, what questions do you still have about the topic that you would like to know? Place your answers in the right-hand column. Identify one question about the topic that you are curious about. How did other nations respond toward the South African Apartheid? Describe why this question matters to you personally. I experienced my childhood in a community where prejudice didn’t exist superficially (or maybe I was blind to it, yet black colleagues have affirmed it wasn’t there when we were growing up). I trust the more I think about it the more I can battle it. Describe why this question matters to society. Discussion of the “racial division” is more common now than I can ever recall it being. I believe it’s vital for individuals of all races to think about and get bigotry and how it’s not to anybody’s advantage. Identify a second question about the topic you are curious about. When was politically-sanctioned racial segregation established? To what extent did it last? Describe why this question matters to you personally. It doesn’t Describe why this question matters to society. Understanding the timespan may help decide the mood of the members. It appears that racial discrimination was endured all the more amid certain timespans. Part 3You are now ready to complete the final part of your Topic Exploration Worksheet. You have chosen a topic, posed some research questions, and are ready to start thinking about what kind of sources you will need to investigate your research questions further. Using the library guide in the Shapiro Library provided for your chosen topic, skim through the suggested resources (or find your own) and complete the following information for your research questions. List which secondary sources would be helpful for investigating your first research question. Baines, G. (July 01, 2010). South Africa: Remembering Sharpeville. History Today, 60, 7.) List which primary sources would be helpful for investigating your first research question. Remembering Sharpeville – Gary Baines explores the impact of the massacre of black South Africans that took place 50 years ago. (January 01, 2010). History Today, 60, 3, 34. List which secondary sources would be helpful for investigating your second research question. Lodge, T. (2011). Sharpeville: an apartheid massacre and its consequences. OUP Oxford. List which primary sources would be helpful for investigating your second research question. Dlamini, P. (2018, March 21). Sharpeville massacre: Survivors say their dreams of better days are fading. Retrieved from Times Live:    (Continued on next page) Now that you have gone through the research, describe what you have learned about your topic in one to two paragraphs. Since I have a greater comprehension of the task (I think) and where I turned out badly, I’ve chosen to concentrate on the Sharpeville Massacre. On March 21, 1960, 69 black South Africans were murdered, and another 186 were injured amid a demonstration organized outside of the police headquarters in Sharpeville. The dissent was organized by Robert Sobukwe, a leader in the counter politically-sanctioned racial segregation Pan-African Congress (PAC). To limit the likelihood of brutality, Sobukwe composed a letter to the Sharpeville police official reporting the up and coming challenge and underscoring that it would be a peaceful event. Around 7000 Africans united in Sharpeville for the dissent against restrictive pass laws. About 300 police were there to stop the peaceful dissent. Most exploited people were shot in the back running from police. The slaughter brought overall thoughtfulness regarding the loathsomeness that was politically-sanctioned racial segregation. It likewise started several mass challenges crosswise over South Africa. On March 30th the South African government proclaimed a highly sensitive situation which made dissents unlawful. The challenge boycott went on until August 31, 1960, amid this time there were about 25000 arrests across the country. The South African government’s reactions to the massacre escalated politically-sanctioned racial segregation resistance inside the nation and expanded objection from world leaders.


STUDENT_______________________________________HCD 1025FINAL PROJECTProf. Martin HyattCompletion of this project demonstrates that you have the ability to do a high-level college research paper full of strong critical, sociological, cultural and/or historical implications.This project demonstrates that you are a college-level writer capable of skills that are essential before you move forward in both your educational and professional lives.TOPICSUsing the research you have already done, drawing on the information you have compiled and the writing you have produced in the first two essays, please complete a final research paper based on one of the following topics:1.How did these two people (the writer and the artist/musician) influence society?2.What is the unique connection that these two people (the writer and the artist/musician) share?OR 3.  Present your own research question/thesis!
These must be approved first.Please use the following outline to complete the paper.I.Introduction. Introduce your question.(1 paragraph)II.Briefly discuss both people.(1 paragraph)III.Discuss the visual artist/musician in more detail. (4 paragraphs)IV.Discuss the writer in more detail.(4paragraphs)V.Explore the answer to your question. Remember, the question is:“How did these two people (the writer and the artist) influence society?”OR “What is the unique connection that these two people (the writer and the artist) share?”Also, remember, do not use “I”.Draw conclusions based on your research. (2 pages)VI.Conclusion. (1 paragraph)The paper MUST:1. 5-7 pages typed, double-spaced2. Contain at least six in-text, MLA citations3. Contain at least six sources in a Works Cited Page.4. THIS PAPER MUST BE MLA FORMATTED.  Please note that failure to incorporate all these elements of a standard research paper will affect your grade._______________________________________________________________________


Dimension/Task Limited Acceptable Proficient Total 1.Presentation: Quantity (4 Points) Student has limited amount of data (0-1) points) Student has acceptable amount of data. (2-3 points) Student has correct amount of data. (4 points) Points 2. Presentation: Quality (4 Points) Student has limited logical flow of information (0-1 points) Student presents information in logical flow (2-3 points) Student presents information in logical, interesting flow (4 points) Points 3. Presentation Style: Clarity of Verbal Communication (3 Points) Student reads the presentation with minimum-eye-to eye contact; mumbles and incorrectly pronounces terms; speaks too softly for audience to hear. (0-1 points) Student maintains good eye contact most of the time; voice is clear; audience can hear the presentation. (2 points) Student maintains superior eye- contact; voice is clear, correct and precise; all audience members can hear the presentation. (3 points) Points 4. Presentation Style: Ability to Handle Q&A (2 Points) Student answers showed limited depth of knowledge. (0 points) Student answers showed adequate depth of knowledge. (1 point) Student answers showed great depth of knowledge. (2 points) Points 5. Presentation Style: Quantity and Quality of Slides (2 Points) Insufficient number of slides to describe the lesson/project in the allotted time; difficult to read, cluttered, lacked appropriate detail. (0 points) Sufficient number of slides to describe the lesson/project in the allotted time; easy to read, not too cluttered, appropriate detail. (1 point) Precise number of slides to describe the project/lesson in the allotted time; easy to read, not too cluttered, appropriate detail. (2 points) Points Total. 15 Points


Student’s NameProfessor’s NameInstitution AffiliationCourse DateWhy We CiteCiting sources is a crucial part of writing academic works and completing credible research papers on any topic of choice. Some of the most basic advantages of citing works include ensuring credibility, avoiding plagiarism, and confirming that the paper is researched (Ennser-Kananen, 2019). Make proper citations ensures that someone who reads the paper and wants to get further explanations or information about the topic can follow the cited sources and research further. The sources cited in the paper should be the ones that were used to acquire the details even if there are paraphrased and additional information (Pears, 2019). A responsible scholar is seen through giving credit to the researchers who contributed to the information included in the paper. Providing a reliable citation in the footnotes, a bibliography, or a reference list enables further development of the research because a reader can find the exact sources or related sources. Besides, the writer can refer to the first work when developing the next projects.Citing involves acknowledging the contribution of other sources to the words, concepts, graphs, images, and figures to the final work or a project. The citations use short forms to show the specific work, chapter, web site, or article that was used (Ennser-Kananen, 2019). The most important information to include in a citation include the author name, title of the article, or journal, dates of publication, volume and issue numbers, or the page numbers, depending on the citation style used. The style can be indicated as part of the completion instruction, or the writer can choose the most appropriate approach to cite. Including a proper citation in the work allows the writer to use other people’s work and avoid the challenge of finding every bit of information (Pears, 2019). Through the use of proper citation, the writer saves time and allows for further development of the subject.ReferencesEnnser-Kananen, Johanna. “Are we who we cite?: on epistemological injustices, citing practices, and# metoo in academia.”Apples: Journal of Applied Language Studies13.2 (2019).Pears, Richard, and Graham J. Shields.Cite them right: the essential referencing guide.  
Macmillan International Higher Education, 2019.


1)I am posting this YouTube video from 2014; it is the culmination of activities my students in Cheyenne, Wyoming participated in that year. Every time I watch I am amazed at the accomplishments of these students and it even gets me a little teary-eyed. What can you do to make a difference in your community?Moylle, J. (2014, March 25). Laramie County Community College Human Services Program 2013-2014 Video]. YouTube. to an external site.)  Copy the link to watch the video, then write 100 words response on what you can do to make difference in the community 2)I thought I would post this TedxTalk posted on YouTube title “TheImpending Human Service Traffic Jam”; I think it is an interesting perspective. Do you see any problems with the way in which some of the Human Services programs are working with vulnerable populations for example, the housing project Gray discusses?Gray, E. (2014, April 23). The impending human services traffic jam: Ernie Gray at TEDxHamburg. [Video]. Ted. The impending human services traffic jam: Erine Gray at TEDxHamburg


Deliverable 07 WorksheetScenarioYou are currently working at NCLEX Memorial Hospital in the Infectious Diseases Unit. Over the past few days, you have noticed an increase in patients admitted with a particular infectious disease. You believe that the ages of these patients play a critical role in the method used to treat the patients. You decide to speak to your manager, and together you work to use statistical analysis to look more closely at the ages of these patients. You do some research and put together a spreadsheet of the data that contains the following information:● Client number● Infection disease status● Age of the patientYou need the preliminary findings immediately so that you can start treating these patients. So, let’s get to work!Background information on the Data:The data set consists of 65 patients that have the infectious disease with ages ranging from 41 years of age to 84 years of age for NCLEX Memorial Hospital. Requirements:1) Answer the questions below in a PowerPoint presentation. 2) Include the summary calculations and the formulas in your slides either symbolically or from Excel.  Do not round your results. 3) Show calculations in your Excel spreadsheet.Submit both the PowerPoint and Excel files.PowerPoint Presentation Requirements Slide 1 Title Title Slide Slide 2 Overview Provide a brief overview of the scenario you are given above and the data set that you will be analyzing. Slide 3 Classification Classify the variables in your data set. Which variables are quantitative/qualitative? Which variables are discrete/continuous? Describe the level of measurement for each variable included in the data set (nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio) Slide 4 Measures of Center What are the measures of center and why are they important?  Describe each individually and list any advantages or disadvantages that each may have. Slide 5 Measures of Variation What are the measures of variation and why are they important?  Describe each individually and list any advantages or disadvantages that each may have. Slide 6 Calculations Show your results for the following calculations. Include formulas used in Excel. Interpret your results in the context of the scenario and include units of measurement for each. Mean Median Mode Mid-range Range Variance Standard Deviation Slide 7 Confidence Intervals Show your responses for the follow questions: What are confidence intervals? What is a point estimate? What is the best point estimate for a population mean?  Explain. Why do we need confidence intervals? Slide 8 Confidence Intervals Construct a 95% confidence interval for the population mean ages of the patients. Assume that your data is normally distributed and σ is unknown. Show results for the following calculations in constructing the confidence interval. Include formulas used in Excel. Interpret the confidence interval. Critical Value Margin of Error Upper and Lower Bounds Slide 9 Hypothesis Testing Perform the following hypothesis test based on the claim that the average age of all patients admitted to the hospital with infectious diseases is less than 64 years of age. Write the null and alternative hypothesis symbolically and include the following additional information: Which hypothesis is the claim? Is the test two-tailed, left-tailed, or right-tailed?  Explain Which test statistic will you use for your hypothesis test, z-test or t-test?  Explain. Slide 10 Hypothesis Testing Continue the hypothesis test based on the claim that the average age of all patients admitted to the hospital with infectious diseases is less than 64 years of age. Show your results and formulas used for the following calculations: Test Statistic Critical Value P-value Slide 11 Hypothesis Testing Complete the hypothesis test by explaining the following: Decision to reject the null hypothesis or to not reject the null hypothesis. Explain your decision using the critical value method. Explain your reasoning using the P-value method. Restate your conclusion in non-technical terms. Slide 12 Conclusion Conclude by recapping your ideas by summarizing the information presented in context of the scenario. Include the mean, standard deviation, confidence interval with interpretation, and result of the hypothesis test. What conclusions, if any, do you believe we can draw as a result of your study? What did you learn from the project about the population based on this sample? What did you learn about the specific statistical tests you conducted?


Topic 2:  In Topic 2, you will submit the Capstone Project Needs Analysis and Organizational Approval  assignments. These are key planning assignments for the implementation of the capstone. During this topic, you will begin the formal planning process for the capstone project. Your needs analysis should help you articulate the scope of the project, including its value to both the organization and your leadership development. You will also secure approval and support from a representative within the organization. This will be documented in the approval form submitted to the instructor.Follow directions and answer question filly and with understanding. Each question should be answered separately with 100% original work in a timely manner.1.  At the end of this topic, you will submit a needs analysis for your capstone project. After reviewing the Capstone Project Needs Analysis assignment parameters, describe the primary goal(s) of your capstone project in one or two sentences.2. Based on the planned scope of your capstone project, what type of needs analysis tool (e.g., coaching, training) would you need to select? Provide a brief rationale.3. As you conducted your needs analysis, were there any results that surprised you? Did your assessment provide new insights on other projects that could be conducted? Did they support the initial scope of your project4. In this topic, you will submit your Capstone Project Overview, which includes a description of your action plan. Use this discussion forum as a space to briefly describe your plan. Do you have any areas of concern?Use the leadership skills and knowledge you have developed in this program to provide feedback and suggestions about your peers’ action plan steps. 


Course Paper Assignment:
30% of course grade, Final Paper due in Week 11 Proposal Due:
April 22, (1 page) – Description of proposed project (abstract), Proposed Case Studies (3 to start), Bibliography with at least 3 sources
 Final Paper Due:  May 19, Week 11 
  Course Analytical Paper – Assignment   In this paper you will provide a rigorous and thoughtful analysis on your chosen theme, to include an analysis of one case study project or several projects, as a comparative analysis. The paper must include a clear and concise Thesis Statement, shown in “bold” at the end of the introductory paragraph. Please use proper paragraph form, beginning each paragraph with a Topic Sentence and ending with a Concluding Sentence. Keep your paragraphs approximately the same length, throughout. Use our course readings, along with 10 or more sources, to help you construct arguments. Cite using proper APA form, when using text from sources. The goal of your paper is to prove (or disprove) the Thesis Statement. Writing a detailed outline is highly recommended. Include the following:  1. Title Page – Include a unique title for your paper topic, your name, my name, course name/number, and the quarter: “Spring 2020”  You may also include an image or multiple images on the cover.   2. Final Paper (at least 8-10 pages of double-spaced text, images not included) – Font size: 11 or 12; Margins: ½ inch or 3/4 inch max on sides.
 3. Bibliography (include at least 10 sources, 6 of which must be books or articles. The remaining 4 sources, or more, can include video lectures and other multimedia). Use APA format. You may use more than 10 total.  4. Include illustrations and project documents. Analytical sketches and/or diagrams created by you are optional. You may wish to include sketches and/or diagrams which relate to your concept and Thesis Statement. These elements may be used to help you to prove the Thesis Statement. Do not provide “random” sketches that do not relate to your concept or analysis. Illustrations may be placed throughout the text or at the end. Include APA citations and captions. Include all project documents which you have gathered, and present these in the Appendix of the Paper.
Evaluation Rubric:   From our Course Syllabus:  Evaluation is based on the course learning outcomes as well as these four standard School criteria:  • Completeness and timeliness – all work submitted on time; all submitted requirements met. • Craft and communication – all work meets established academic standards for the program.  • Process and development – submittals evolve to a higher level of complexity, correctness and refinement.  (Note: take special care to see that your paper develops to a higher level of complexity, correctness, and refinement from the midterm draft).  • Critical Thinking – is evident in critical observation, use of relevant criteria and contexts for making judgments, appropriate application of source materials, use of methods and techniques for forming judgments and in application of theoretical constructs.  Course Learning Outcomes  Student learning aspirations for this realm include:  PLO 1: Develop and Employ Critical Thinking Skills PLO 2: Graphic Communication Skills ILO 1: Utilize critical thinking skills in the formation, analysis, and evaluation of ideas ILO 3: Demonstrate knowledge of diverse cultures and environments ILO 4: Communicate effectively through written, oral, and visual media  Grading Criteria for the Final Paper:  Completeness and timeliness:  25% (all deliverables, including title page, full 8-10 pages of text, bibliography, and illustrations are included; paper is submitted on time in Wk.7 and 11) Grammar, spelling, writing technique and correct use of paragraph structure:  25% Evidence of critical thinking skills throughout the paper; Quality of writing (effective written communication); Strength of Thesis Statement and Evidence: 25% Evidence of research and correct use of APA format: 25% 


u05a1 – Hypothesis, Effect Size, and PowerComplete the following problems within this Word document. (Do not submit other files.) Show your work for problem sets that require calculations. Ensure that your answer to each problem is clearly visible. (You may want to highlight your answer or use a different type of color to set it apart.)Submit the document to your instructor by Sunday, 11:59 p.m. central time.Problem Set 5.1: Sampling Distribution of the Mean ExerciseCriterion: Interpret population mean and variance.Instructions: Read the information below and answer the questions.Suppose a researcher wants to learn more about the mean attention span of individuals in some hypothetical population. The researcher cites that the attention span (the time in minutes attending to some task) in this population is normally distributed with the following characteristics: 20  36 . Based on the parameters given in this example, answer the following questions:1. What is the population mean (μ)? __________________________2. What is the population variance ?  __________________________3. Sketch the distribution of this population. Make sure you draw the shape of the distribution and include the mean plus and minus three standard deviations.Problem Set 5.2: Effect Size and PowerCriterion: Explain effect size and power.Instructions: Read each of the following three scenarios and answer the questions.1. Two researchers make a test concerning the effectiveness of a drug use treatment. Researcher A determines that the effect size in the population of males is d = 0.36; Researcher B determines that the effect size in the population of females is d= 0.20. All other things being equal, which researcher has more power to detect an effect? Explain. ______________________________________________________________________2. Two researchers make a test concerning the levels of marital satisfaction among military families. Researcher A collects a sample of 22 married couples (n = 22); Researcher B collects a sample of 40 married couples (n = 40). All other things being equal, which researcher has more power to detect an effect? Explain. _________________________3. Two researchers make a test concerning standardized exam performance among senior high school students in one of two local communities. Researcher A tests performance from the population in the northern community, where the standard deviation of test scores is 110 (); Researcher B tests performance from the population in the southern community, where the standard deviation of test scores is 60 (). All other things being equal, which researcher has more power to detect an effect? Explain. ______________________________________________________________________Problem Set 5.3: Hypothesis, Direction, and Population MeanCriterion: Explain the relationship between hypothesis, tests, and population mean.Instructions: Read the following and answer the question.Directional versus nondirectional hypothesis testing.Cho and Abe (2013) provided a commentary on the appropriate use of one-tailed and two-tailed tests in behavioral research. In their discussion, they outlined the following hypothetical null and alternative hypotheses to test a research hypothesis that males self-disclose more than females:H0: µmales− µfemales≤ 0H1: µmales− µfemales< 01. What type of test is set up with these hypotheses, a directional test or a nondirectional test? __________________________________________________________________2. Do these hypotheses encompass all possibilities for the population mean? Explain. ______________________________________________________________________Problem Set 5.4: Hypothesis, Direction, and Population MeanCriterion: Explain decisions for p values.Instructions: Read the following and respond to the prompt. The value of apvalue.In a critical commentary on the use of significance testing, Lambdin (2012) explained, “If ap< .05 result is ‘significant,’ then ap= .067 result is not ‘marginally significant’” (p. 76). Explain what the author is referring to in terms of the two decisions that a researcher can make. ____________________________________________________________________________Problem Set 5.5: Create Your HypothesisCriterion: Create a hypothesis and a null hypothesis for a research project.Instructions: Write a hypothesis and a null hypothesis for the two variables you downloaded from GSS. This hypothesis and null hypothesis will be part of your final project.


Directions: Answer each question individual and respond with full knowledge and understanding. Use 100% original work and turn in on before or date requested..1. How did you apply the knowledge, skills, and attitudes from previous courses to the application of your capstone project? What did you learn from those experiences that prepared you for the capstone?2. After implementing your capstone, you will have an opportunity to conduct a post-assessment and evaluate the success of the project. Before getting the results, what do you expect to learn from the post-assessment? Do you feel your capstone project was successful? What could you have done differently or improved upon?3. Now that you have finished your capstone project, reflect on its function, purpose, and success with your classmates. What do you wish you had known before starting? If you wanted to continue the project, what would be your next steps?4. During this topic, you will compile a leadership portfolio that encapsulates key assignments that helped shape you as a leader. How will this portfolio reflect your vision as a leader? How does it demonstrate your growth throughout the program?


NAME: INSTUCTOR:DATE: Assignment 4LEADERSHIP & MANAGEMENT – LEADERSHIP CONSULTANT AnalysisDue Date: Week 9Note: All scenarios in this assignment are fictional.Real BusinessIt can be difficult for a business to improve how it operates from inside the organization. Sometimes, an outside perspective is needed. The large discount retail store you work for wants to improve its in-store restaurant management team.Your RoleCompanies like Target and Walmart often works with outside consultants—people who are not employees of the company but who are hired on a contract basis to help with a specific project. As a Leadership Consultant, you’ve been hired by a large discount retail company to help the company improve its leadership structure and approach to management. What Is a LEADERSHIP CONSULTANT? A leadership consultant is a person called in to a company, be it a large corporation or a small business, to evaluate how it operates and make recommendations for improvement. Leadership consultants are typically hired when a business is struggling and needs to make changes in order to remain profitable. Such consultants are often highly educated in the field of business and have experience in managerial roles. InstructionsStep 1: ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURETake a look at the Organization Chart provided by the company.Based on your knowledge of hierarchies, would you say that this team has tall structure or flat structure?Underline your selection:Tall StructureFlat StructureExplain your answer.Step 2: HUMAN RESOURCESThe company would like to improve the culture of its team and the quality of its work. Its leadership has provided you with a Process Chart detailing how it currently applies Human Resources best practices.What step of the Human Resources Cycle is missing? Explain why it is important to include this part of the process.Note: You should complete Steps 3 & 4 after reading the material in Week 9.Step 3: LEADERSHIP STYLEYou have been asked to help improve the leadership style of the team leader in order to meet the team’s performance goals. The team leader has given you a description of what is most comfortable in terms of leading others.Identify this leader’s style of leadership. Underline your selection:PacesettingVisionaryAffiliativeCoachingCoerciveDemocratic Explain your reasoning and list two benefits and two drawbacks to the style of leadership you identified as it relates to the performance of the team. Provide advice to the team leader on how to overcome the drawbacks of this leadership style.Step 4: REAL-WORLD APPLICATIONApply the thinking in Steps 1-3 as if you were a Leadership Consultant hired by the company where you work or for a previous employer. Review the organization chart for your company. Based on your knowledge of hierarchies, would you say that your company’s team has a tall structure or flat structure? How does this affect the way your team works? Explain your answer. Consider the work conducted by the Human Resources team at your company. What steps of the Human Resources Cycle do they implement well? What steps of the Human Resources Cycle might be missing from your company or are not implemented as well as they could be? What is the effect of this on you and your team? Explain your answer. Lastly, reflect on the leadership style of either yourself or your supervisor. What leadership style do you have, or what leadership style does your supervisor have? What are the benefits and drawbacks of this style for your team? What might you or your supervisor do to improve leadership? Explain your answer.


mportant notes about grading: 1. Compiler errors:All code you submit must compile. Programs that do not compile will receive an automatic zero. If you run out of time, it is better to comment out the parts that do not compile, than hand in a more complete file that does not compile. 2. Late assignments:You must submit your code before the deadline. Verify on Sakai that you have submitted the correct version. If you submit the incorrect version before the deadline and realize that you have done so after the deadline, we will only grade the version received before the deadline. A Prolog interpreter In this project, you will implement a Prolog interpreter inOCaml. If you want to implement the project inPython, download the source codehereand follow the README file. Parsing functions and test-cases are provided. Pseudocode Your main task is to implement thenon-deterministicabstract interpreter covered in the lectureControl in Prolog. Thepseudocodeof the abstract interpreter is in the lecture note. Bonus There is also a bonus task for implementing adeterministicProlog interpreter with support for backtracking (recover from bad choices) and choice points (produce multiple results). Please refer to the lecture notesProgramming with ListsandControl in Prologfor more details about this algorithm.Bonus will only be added to projects implmented in OCaml. How to Start (OCaml): 1. Download the source codehere. 2. You will need to implement your code infinal/src/ We give detailed instructions on the functions that you need to implement below. You only need to implement functions withraise (Failure “Not implemented”). Delete this line after implementation is done. 3. The test-cases (also seen below) are provided infinal/test/ usingDune) andfinal/ usingMake). 4. To compile and run your implementation, we provide two options: Option (1): UsingDune: typedune runtest -fin the command-line window underfinaldirectory. Option (2): UsingMake: First, to compile the code, typemakein the command-line window underfinaldirectory. Second, to run the code, type./main.bytein the command-line window underfinaldirectory. Randomness Because randomness is the key to the success of the non-deterministic abstract interpreter (please see the lecture noteControl in Prologto find why), we first initialize the randomness generator with a random seed chosen in a system-dependent way. In[]: open Stdlib let _  = Random.self_init () Abstract Syntax Tree To implement the abstract interpreter, we will start with the definition of prolog terms (i.e. abstract syntax tree). In[]: type term =   | Constant of string       (* Prolog constants, e.g., rickard, ned, robb, a, b, … *)   | Variable of string       (* Prolog variables, e.g., X, Y, Z, … *)   | Function of string * term list  (* Prolog functions, e.g., append(X, Y, Z), father(rickard, ned),                               ancestor(Z, Y), cons (H, T) abbreviated as [H|T] in SWI-Prolog, …                               The first component of Function is the name of the function,                               whose parameters are in a term list, the second component of Function.*) A Prologprogramconsists ofclausesandgoals. Aclausecan be either afactor arule. A Prologruleis in the shape ofhead :- body. For example, ancestor(X, Y) :- father(X, Z), ancestor(Z, Y). In the above rule (also called a clause),ancestor(X, Y)is theheadof the rule, which is a PrologFunctiondefined in the typetermabove. The rule’sbodyis a list of terms:father(X, Z)andancestor(Z, Y). Both are PrologFunctions. A Prologfactis simply aFunctiondefined in the typeterm. For example, father(rickard, ned). In the above fact (also a clause), we say rickard is ned’s father. A Prolog goal (also called a query) is a list of PrologFunctions, which is typed as a list of terms. For example, ?- ancestor(rickard, robb), ancestor(X, robb). In the abovegoal, we are interested in two queries which are PrologFunctions:ancestor(rickard, robb)andancestor(X, robb). In[]: type head = term      (* The head of a rule is a Prolog Function *) type body = term list (* The body of a rule is a list of Prolog Functions *) type clause = Fact of head | Rule of head * body (* A rule is in the shape head :- body *) type program = clause list (* A program consists of a list of clauses in which we have either rules or facts. *) type goal = term list (* A goal is a query that consists of a few functions *) The following stringification functions should help you debug the interpreter. In[]: let rec string_of_f_list f tl =   let _, s = List.fold_left (fun (first, s) t –<   let prefix = if first then "" else s ^ ", " in   false, prefix ^ (f t)) (true,"") tl   in   s (* This function converts a Prolog term (e.g. a constant, variable or function) to a string *) let rec string_of_term t =   match t with   | Constant c -< c   | Variable v -< v   | Function (f,tl) -<  f ^ "(" ^ (string_of_f_list string_of_term tl) ^ ")" (* This function converts a list of Prolog terms, separated by commas, to a string *) let string_of_term_list fl =   string_of_f_list string_of_term fl (* This function converts a Prolog goal (query) to a string *) let string_of_goal g =   "?- " ^ (string_of_term_list g) (* This function converts a Prolog clause (e.g. a rule or a fact) to a string *) let string_of_clause c =   match c with   | Fact f -< string_of_term f ^ "."   | Rule (h,b) -< string_of_term h ^ " :- " ^ (string_of_term_list b) ^ "." (* This function converts a Prolog program (a list of clauses), separated by \n, to a string *) let string_of_program p =   let rec loop p acc =   match p with   | [] -< acc   | [c] -< acc ^ (string_of_clause c)   | c::t -<  loop t (acc ^ (string_of_clause c) ^ "\n")   in loop p "" Below are more helper functions for you to easily construct a Prolog program using the defined data types: In[]: let var v = Variable v     (* helper function to construct a Prolog Variable *) let const c = Constant c   (* helper function to construct a Prolog Constant *) let func f l = Function (f,l) (* helper function to construct a Prolog Function *) let fact f = Fact f (* helper function to construct a Prolog Fact *) let rule h b = Rule (h,b)  (* helper function to construct a Prolog Rule *) Problem 1 In this problem, you will implement the function: occurs_check : term -< term -< bool occurs_check v treturnstrueif the PrologVariablevoccurs int. Please see the lecture noteControl in Prologto revisit the concept of occurs-check. Hint: You don't need to use pattern matching to deconstructv(typeterm) to compare the string value ofvwith that of another variable. You can compare twoVariables via structural equality, e.g.Variable "s" = Variable "s". Therefore,iftis a variable, it suffices to usev = tto make the equality checking. Note that you should use=rather than==for testing structural equality. In[]: let rec occurs_check v t =   (* YOUR CODE HERE *) raise (Failure "Not implemented") Examples and test-cases. In[]: assert (occurs_check (var "X") (var "X")) assert (not (occurs_check (var "X") (var "Y"))) assert (occurs_check (var "X") (func "f" [var "X"])) assert (occurs_check (var "E") (func "cons" [const "a"; const "b"; var "E"])) The last test-case above was taken from the example we used to illustrate the occurs-check problem in the lecture noteControl in Prolog. ?- append([], E, [a,b | E]). Here theoccurs_checkfunction asks whether theVariableE appears on theFunctiontermfunc "cons" [const "a"; const "b"; var "E"]. The return value should betrue. Problem 2 Implement the following functions which return the variables contained in a term or a clause (e.g. a rule or a fact): variables_of_term : term -< VarSet.t variables_of_clause  : clause -< VarSet.t The result must be saved in a data structure of typeVarSetthat is instantiated from OCaml Set module. The type of each element (a PrologVariable) in the set istermas defined above (VarSet.t = term). You may want to useVarSet.singleton tto return a singletion set containing only one elementt, useVarSet.emptyto represent an empty variable set, and useVarSet.union t1 t2to merge two variable setst1andt2. In[]: module VarSet = Set.Make(struct type t = term let compare = end) (* API Docs for Set : *) let rec variables_of_term t =   (* YOUR CODE HERE *) raise (Failure "Not implemented")   let variables_of_clause c =   (* YOUR CODE HERE *) raise (Failure "Not implemented") Examples and test-cases: In[]: (* The variables in a function f (X, Y, a) is [X; Y] *) assert (VarSet.equal (variables_of_term (func "f" [var "X"; var "Y"; const "a"]))      (VarSet.of_list [var "X"; var "Y"])) (* The variables in a Prolog fact p (X, Y, a) is [X; Y] *) assert (VarSet.equal (variables_of_clause (fact (func "p" [var "X"; var "Y"; const "a"])))      (VarSet.of_list [var "X"; var "Y"])) (* The variables in a Prolog rule p (X, Y, a) :- q (a, b, a) is [X; Y] *) assert (VarSet.equal (variables_of_clause (rule (func "p" [var "X"; var "Y"; const "a"])      [func "q" [const "a"; const "b"; const "a"]]))      (VarSet.of_list [var "X"; var "Y"])) Problem 3 The value of typeterm Substitution.tis a OCaml map whose key is of typetermand value is of typeterm. It is a map from variables to terms. Implement substitution functions that takes aterm Substitution.tand uses that to perform the substitution: substitute_in_term : term Substitution.t -< term -< term substitute_in_clause : term Substitution.t -< clause -< clause See the lecture noteControl in Prologto revisit the concept of substitution. For example,휎={푋/푎,푌/푍,푍/푓(푎,푏)}σ={X/a,Y/Z,Z/f(a,b)}is substitution. It is a map from variablesX, Y, Zto termsa, Z, f(a,b). Given a term퐸=푓(푋,푌,푍)E=f(X,Y,Z), the substitution퐸휎Eσis푓(푎,푍,푓(푎,푏))f(a,Z,f(a,b)). You may want to use theSubstitution.find_opt t sfunction. The function takes a term (variable)tand a substitution mapsas input and returnsNoneiftis not a key in the mapsor otherwise returnsSome t'wheret' = s[t]. In[]: module Substitution = Map.Make(struct type t = term let compare = end) (* See API docs for OCaml Map: *) (* This funtion converts a substitution to a string (for debugging) *) let string_of_substitution s =   "{" ^ (   Substitution.fold (  fun v t s -<    match v with    | Variable v -< s ^ "; " ^ v ^ " -< " ^ (string_of_term t)    | Constant _ -< assert false (* Note: substitution maps a variable to a term! *)    | Function _ -< assert false (* Note: substitution maps a variable to a term! *)   ) s ""   ) ^ "}"   let rec substitute_in_term s t =   (* YOUR CODE HERE *) raise (Failure "Not implemented")   let substitute_in_clause s c =   (* YOUR CODE HERE *) raise (Failure "Not implemented") Examples and test-cases: In[]: (* We create a substitution map s = [Y/0, X/Y] *) let s =   Substitution.add (var "Y") (const "0") (Substitution.add (var "X") (var "Y") Substitution.empty) (* Function substitution - f (X, Y, a) [Y/0, X/Y] = f (Y, 0, a) *) assert (substitute_in_term s (func "f" [var "X"; var "Y"; const "a"]) =    func "f" [var "Y"; const "0"; const "a"]) (* Fact substitution - p (X, Y, a) [Y/0, X/Y] = p (Y, 0, a) *) assert (substitute_in_clause s (fact (func "p" [var "X"; var "Y"; const "a"])) =    (fact (func "p" [var "Y"; const "0"; const "a"]))) (* Given a Prolog rule, p (X, Y, a) :- q (a, b, a), after doing substitution [Y/0, X/Y],     we have p (Y, 0, a) :- q (a, b, a) *) assert (substitute_in_clause s (rule (func "p" [var "X"; var "Y"; const "a"]) [func "q" [const "a"; const "b"; const "a"]]) =    (rule (func "p" [var "Y"; const "0"; const "a"]) [func "q" [const "a"; const "b"; const "a"]])) Problem 4 Implementing the function: unify : term -< term -< term Substitution.t The function returns a unifier of the given terms. The function should raise the exceptionraise Not_unfifiable, if the given terms are not unifiable (Not_unfifiableis a declared exception You may find thepseudocodeofunifyin the lecture noteControl in Prologuseful. As in problem 3, you will need to usemodule Substitutionbecause unification is driven by subsititution. (See API docs for OCaml Map: You may want to usesubstitute_in_termto implement the first and second lines of the pseudocode. You may want to useSubstitution.emptyfor an empty subsitution map,Substitution.singleton v tfor creating a new subsitution map that contains a single substitution[v/t], andSubstitution.add v t sto add a new substitution[v/t]to an existing substitution maps(this function may help implement the∪∪operation in the pseudocode). You may also want to useSubstitution.mapfor the휃θ[X/Y]operation in the pseudocode. This operation applies the subsitition[X/Y]to each term in thevaluesof the substitution map휃θ(thekeysof the substitution map휃θremain unchanged) f sreturns a new substitution map with the same keys as the input substitution maps, where the associated termtfor each key ofshas been replaced by the result of the application offtot. UseList.fold_left2to implement thefold_leftfunction in the pseudocode ( In[]: exception Not_unifiable let unify t1 t2 =   (* YOUR CODE HERE *) raise (Failure "Not implemented") Examples and test-cases: In[]: (* A substitution that can unify variable X and variable Y: {X-


Careers within Data AnalyticsOverview and RationaleAs you look to start your program and look towards your future job prospects, it is important to have a clear picture of your career prospects. In this assignment, you will research career opportunities in analytics. Course OutcomesThis assignment is directly linked to the following key learning outcomes from the course syllabus:Describe the major steps of an analytics project, the various job functions and who performs them with a focus on identifying where they want to participate in the data analytics ecosystem.Articulate the value data analytics provides to a business’ goals and strategies based with respect to the business’ industry.Visualize data in a compelling way to enable data driven storytelling.Assignment SummaryYou are asked to create a small 5 minute presentations that provides an overview of the industries recruiting Data Analytic and Data Scientist professionals.  Some suggested ideas for information you may highlight in your presentation include:Number of corporate search postings on LinkedIn.Classify the corporate postings into industry buckets. Select 3 corporations in industries of interest to you and write a brief synopsis about what you learn about those corporations.What would you expect as a starting salary.Identify the key skills ought by corporations offering careers in DAIdentify the growth in career opportunities over the next 5 years.How will you market yourself to potential corporations offering careers in DAThe above is not a list of required data points, but suggestions. You are expected to go beyond these and think of other data points and use these data points to provide an analysis of the role and future expectations. This is another opportunity to dive in and showcase your ability to present data, as well as showcase your presentation skills. Be creative in your presentation. Be sure to reference the data visualization best practices resources to create powerful visuals.  You should also structure your presentation to tell a story, and annotate your data to highlight key points you wish to cover.Submission RequirementsYou must include data visualization along with your presentation. The data must be equivalent to 4-5 slides of a PowerPoint presentation.  Cite all sources using APA. If you are giving your presentation live, (face-to-face or online) allow 2 minutes for Q&A. Submit your presentation file for grading.If not, record yourself giving the presentation and post it to the discussion board and answer classmate questions via the discussion board. Submit both your recording and presentation file for grading.Rubric Category Meets Standards Approaching Standards Below Standards Not Evident Job Function ALY6000-CO6 Articulate a well-focused and insightful overview of the job function and its future using storytelling and visualization. Articulates an overview of the job function and its future using story and visualizations, but the story and visualizations do not connect or the overview is generic Outlines a function and future of the role, but does not do so with a story and data or the overview does not clearly communicate a specific purpose or future of the role Does not identify the function or future of the role. Does not connect the visualizations and data with the role or function Business Value of Function ALY6000-CO6 Articulates a clear current and future business value for the job function using story and visualization. Articulates a current business value for the role using story and visualizations, but the visualizations and story do not connect or are generic Outlines a business value for the job function, but does not do so with story and data or does not clearly communicate a specific business value of the role Does not identify a business value for the job function. Does not connect the visualizations and data with the business value. Data Visualizations ALY6000-CO6 Accurately and creatively visualizes data in a useful and compelling way that tells a story. Visualizes data in a useful way but visualizations may not be compelling, or valid. Data visualizations are actuate, but not visually appealing and hinder the story being told. Data visualizations are inaccurate, not creative and inappropriate for the story being told. Research Effectively incorporates sufficient scholarly resources that reflect depth and breadth of research Incorporates scholarly resources but does so ineffectively or the resources do not reflect a depth and breadth of research Incorporates insufficient scholarly resources to suggest a depth of research. Use of resources is awkward. Does not incorporate scholarly resources that reflect depth and breadth of research Writing and Format Assignment work follows normal conventions of grammar and spelling and has been carefully proofread. Appropriate conventions of style and format are used consistently. Minimal errors in spelling, and grammar, and/or other writing conventions. Some transitions are choppy but not difficult to follow. Frequent errors in spelling, grammar, and/or other writing conventions that distract the reader. Transitions are choppy and difficult to follow. Limited connection to the topic. Writing contains numerous errors in spelling, and grammar that interfere with comprehension. The viewer is unable to understand the intended meaning. Limited connection to the topic. Presentation Narration or delivery is clear and concise with variation in volume and inflection, holds attention, and emphasize key points. Narration or delivery is clear and concise, holds attention, and emphasizes key points. Narration or delivery is clear and concise, emphasizes key points. Narration or delivery is unclear, does not holds attention or emphasize key points.


Unit 7 Assignment Criteria Ratings Pts Step 1-Preparation 3.0pts Full Marks 0.0pts No Marks 3.0pts Step 2-Starting the Project and Entering the Field 3.0pts Full Marks 0.0pts No Marks 3.0pts Step 3- Being in the Field 3.0pts Full Marks 0.0pts No Marks 3.0pts Step 4-Successful Strategies 3.0pts Full Marks 0.0pts No Marks 3.0pts Step 5-Recording and Notetaking 2.0pts Full Marks 0.0pts No Marks 2.0pts Step 6-Conducting Interviews 4.0pts Full Marks 0.0pts No Marks 4.0pts This Format-Exiting the Field 2.0pts Full Marks 0.0pts No Marks 2.0pts Total Points:20.0


Deliverable 06 – WorksheetThe market research team working on this project creates this payoff matrix that represents the scaled values that customers give to the different levels of service and the corresponding payoffs for the telecom company: Customer Telecom Company Buy Don’t Buy Upgrade (2, 2) (0, 1) Don’t Upgrade (3, 0) (1, 1) You recognize that the payoff matrix is not the best way to analyze this scenario.  You will construct a game tree to model the scenario and perform backwards induction to find the optimum strategy, explaining all of your reasoning along the way.  Slide 1Explain why a game tree must be used in this scenario instead of a payoff matrix.Identify who will go first in the gameSlide 2Draw the game tree that represents the scenario using the payoff matrix given above.Identify and explain any non-credible threats.Slide 3Redraw the game tree with any non-credible threats removed.Identify and explain where the first step of backwards induction will occur.Slide 4Using the game tree from slide 3, perform the first step of backwards induction.Explain your reasoning behind the step you took.Slide 5Redraw the game tree after the first step of backwards induction.Identify where the next step of backwards induction occurs.Slide 6Using the game tree from slide 5, perform the next step of backwards induction.Explain your reasoning behind the step you took.Slide 7Redraw the game tree after the step you took in slide 6.Identify the optimum strategy of the game.

Strategy Implementation in Management

Project management is a regulation that frequently acquires less attention when frustrating to move strategy from the meeting room to back places of work and the market. There is an obvious link among achieving objectives and implementing special levels of business strategy (Quinn, 2000). On the working point, the strategy focuses on the assignment of dissimilar functions and departments, as well as their association in performing the development work (Rumelt et al, 1991). On the industry level, strategy decides the marketplaces for its goods and the customs of contending in those marketplaces so that every product attains its business intention. On the business level, strategy is concerned with the accomplishment of the business altogether, illustrative what reimbursement should be required and why (Kanter, 2002).Over the past few years, there has been mounting interest in project management as a way for strategy accomplishment. This interest has resulted in noteworthy advances in the understanding of how strategy can be more successfully implemented. Dealing first with (a), it has been recognized for many years that implementation is frequently the graveyard of strategy (Rumelt et al, 1991).The task of project management, project management core concern is to carry a definite outcome in a particular time and at a particular cost. Traditional project management focuses on deliverables, on scheduling and coordinating tasks, and on mobilizing resources (Kanter, 2002). Primarily, traditional project management deals with hard task-based business issues, as opposed to softer, less tangible factors, except for defining the responsibility of the project manager and the project team (Hofstede, 1994).The design theory of strategic management promotes the notion of a neat strategic analysis-selection accomplishment process. However, the substitute process-based school of strategic management stresses the primacy of incremental management.

The Basics of the Construction Process

The construction process involves many stages ranging from the initial agreement to the closing of the agreement when the structure has been fully assembled, the whole procedure requires to get past many stages starting with the Planning phase, which as the name suggests includes all the preliminary planning that will include the demands of the client to what to do’s and what not to do’s or if the client requires any special features in the building or a special structure, etc. After the planning process has been successfully implemented the next stage in the construction process will be the design phase, which is considered as the building block for any construction process and will usually require several meetings amongst the client and the chief engineer. After the designing process is finished the next and the most crucial process will be to implement on the outcome of both the planning and the designing processes which is the initialization of the construction process and is called the Production Phase. The central element of the Production phase is to launch the construction process practically.The principle hurdle faced by any construction company with regards to any novel project is to vigilantly comprehend all the requirements of the client. This is considered a tough task because of the fact that many clients are not perceptive about the basics of the construction process (Case Study, Contractor).It is very necessary for the chief engineer or the supervisor of the project to be well experienced and responsive to the clients’ needs because most of the time experience with other clients and superiors is what counts to understand what the engineer is being told to do. As the engineer gets more and more experienced, he will successfully be able to comprehend the exact requirements of any clients because at some point or the other the engineer has experienced identical situations, if not faced the situation himself at least the engineer has observed his superiors handle such situations.

The International Labor Organization

While no other U.N. organization has announced a clear intention to take the lead in these areas, this has been happening by attrition as the financial institutions, various bodies οf the United Nations itself, and others gradually move to occupy part οf the same terrain. However, the ILO itself appears not to have clearly enunciated and defended its own particular vision. For instance, the investment οf the ILO in relation to the other organizations οf the global socioeconomic system has been limited.The ILO must be clear that its message deserves to be communicated. When officials and deliberative bodies οf other organizations are informed οf ILO standards and procedures, the most frequent response is that they are excellent, but are not truly authoritative if they have not been adopted by the United Nations itself. (Kang 2007) The ILO must ensure that its standards and vision are not undercut by, but conform with, the work οf other organizations. This will require a more constant ILO presence in meetings οf other deliberative bodies. The second strategy is for the ILO to articulate a clear and persuasive message for the future throughout the global economy.This task relates in large part to the eventual resolution οf the problem οf competing visions but it also requires that the ILO make itself better known. Also necessary are more discussions on the ILO’s work in such fora as academic circles as well as in discussions between the United States and other countries on compliance with international standards on workers’ rights.The opinion that deregulation is the solution to all economic problems is no longer as popular as it was, but a great deal remains to be done to define the limits οf deregulation and re-regulation. The ILO itself has been doing this for the past 2 years in a special Interdepartmental Project on Structural Adjustment.

Islam and Violence

The global ramifications were widespread. In addition to the direct economic costs associated with terrorism and the threat of further terrorism to the City of New York, 9/11 also had important political ramifications. The events that fateful morning have renewed interest in the global terrorist phenomenon and the manifestations of terrorism as a political tool by Muslims seeking political change through violent means (Bram et al. 2005, 33).Islam is a world religion that is one of the three great monotheistic religions and has its heart in the Middle East. Seeking to explore the relationship between Islam and political violence, this research proposal will analyze the terrorist phenomenon and explore the linkages between Islam and modern manifestations of terrorism. Whether acts are carried out by nationalist organizations such as the Irish Republican Army in Northern Ireland and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in Sri Lanka or by a global jihadist network such as al-Qaeda and the Muslim Brotherhood, terrorism remains one of the greatest threats to global stability and world peace. Terrorist acts threaten governments, weaken economies, and effectively destabilize societies. Accordingly, in the post-9/11 world, terrorism and Islam have become synonymous in the minds of many. Whether this is a true correlation or a simple abstraction and overgeneralization remains to be seen. Aiming to be as complete and concise as possible, this proposal will be structured in the following manner: we will begin with an introduction to the modern terrorist phenomenon and discuss Islam in a general sense. This Introduction will be followed by a Literature Review which will discuss the major research on the linkages between Islam and political violence, expressed through modern terror. Our comprehensive Literature Review will be preceded by a section devoted to our Research Questions and Objectives, to be followed by a brief discussion of the methodology used. Our Timetable for Completion will be followed by a Resources section that will tie up this research proposal. Any and all citations in this proposal will be included in a Reference list at the conclusion of this project.

Management of Projects and Project Planning

Nowadays, communication is treated as an intellectual discipline, and the departments of communication vary from organization to organization in accordance with the nature and scope of the relevant fields of operation. Due to the intervention of recent technologies, there is overall development taking place in the industrial world. However, in every enterprise proper project management is a key factor that determines the success or failure of the venture. Certain factors are highly based on the project work such as:It is very essential to take into consideration the SMART objectives, which are relevant to the proposed project. These can be identified as four characteristics: Specific, Measurable, Achievable, and Relevant. Among these, the most relevant concepts are Specific and Achievable. Because the objectives of the project should be specific and these should be achievable within the time limit it is crucial in determining whether a project can be concluded successfully. Other than this, for undertaking the project work, SWOT Analysis is also very essential. Project management is a carefully planned and organized effort to accomplish a specific (and usually) one-time effort, for example, construct a building or implement a new computer system. Project management includes developing a project plan, which includes defining project goals and objectives, specifying tasks or how goals will be achieved, what resources are needed, and associating budgets and timelines for completion. It also includes implementing the project plan, along with careful controls to stay on the critical path, that is, to ensure the plan is being managed according to plan. (Project Management. 2007).For undertaking the project work of the IT field, it is very important to take into account significance the importance of the network diagram. Not only this but also the timing of activities is also a matter of priority. The basic and fundamental managerial functions play a pivotal role in analyzing and evaluating the task of relevant projects in a systematic manner.

Customer Service Operation and excellence (Scenario Based Project Report)

It is therefore important that the management of academic libraries understand that successful service organisations like successful product oriented firms, must understand the way the customer goes about making a decision to purchase a service, how quality is evaluated, and in what ways a company can present a differential advantage relative to the competition (Berkowitz et al. 1997, p. 352). According to Quinn (2007) in recent times the educational community, generally and the library profession in particular have placed increasing emphasis on the service quality model. This model has customer satisfaction as its primary objective as traditional measures of academic library quality such as collection size becomes secondary. In assessing service quality the customer compares expectations about the service offered to actual experience with the service. Gap analysis is a tool that is used to identify the differences (gap) between what is expected and what is experienced. According to Berkowitz et al (1997, p.353) this type of analysis requires consumers to assess their expectations and experiences on dimensions of service quality as described in the table that follows. Dimension Definition Reliability Ability to perform the promised service dependably and accurately. Tangibles Appearance of physical facilities, equipment, personnel and communication materials. Responsiveness Willingness to assist customers and provide prompt and efficient service Assurance Knowledge and courtesy of employee and their ability to convey trust and confidence to customers Empathy Caring, individualised attention that is provided to customers. Table 1 – Dimensions of Service Quality Adapted from Marketing 5th Edition – Berkowitz et al (1997, p. 353) Dimensions of service Quality in Academic Libraries In the context of service quality and customer satisfaction, of importance, is the need to look at the service that the library provides in order to see how it can fulfil expectations. The role of the library is to provide resource materials for its customers. But, who exactly are these customers? They are students, administrators, faculty members and the general public. Reliability In terms of reliability the library must be able to provide the student with a book, journal or other resource material which will enable the completion of a required task. While the librarian is expected to provide the service in a timely manner, there is the need for the student to exercise some skills in how to access required materials to carry out his or her role. The librarian however, is available to provide some guidance but the student independence is of extreme importance in the development of worthwhile skills which will be required in the future. The student or faculty member will need, at some point in time, the necessary guidance from the librarian, who possess the necessary skills and experience, and who will be able to provide information and resources that will be useful in carrying out the required task in a timely manner. Tangibles While the aesthetics of the environment is of extreme importance, it is not very important in a non-profit making environment as it is in a profit making organisation. However, the library as a facility for research and a learning environment should provide a measure of relaxation and comfort that is conducive to studying. The emphasis is on providing an environment that will allow for the

UNWTO Analysis of a press release

On the other hand, other nations refused to join the cause to agitate for a safer environment hence increasing more emissions into the atmosphere. This has in turn led to deterioration of water bodies and rain-forming clouds hence the increased drought and lack of food around the world. There are several ways in which green innovation in tourism can trigger major economic, social and environmental benefits. This is when the situation is through the assessment of a nation and possibly a single hotel. For example, in a country such as South Africa, fundamental shifts in its tourism sectors would propel it to greater heights in terms of green innovation. This is possible especially when the spotlight is on the major economic benefits (Dahlstrom, 2010). First, it will cut costs of maintaining pollutants that always become irritants in main tourism hotels. Therefore, it is imperative to focus on sustainability whereby the eco-friendly ventures of the green innovation project create and expand jobs. This is attainable through the increase of competitive merits for other existing organizations in South Africa. Additionally, there should be an emphasis on destinations in different roads that lead to a major tourism hotel found in South Africa in order to boost the experience of visitors. Another better way for green innovation to trigger economic benefits is through production of low-carbon economy products. This is because they retain their eco-benefits when imported from other nations. On that account, the supply of these commodities will increase a demand for eco-friendly products in a hotel such as Blue Star in South Africa. In the same breadth, green innovation also inculcates the reverse innovation system whereby there is innovation in a developed market in response to a pressing need (Ottman, 2011). Therefore, in a big hotel such as Blue Star, it is essential to use a few technologies that boost investment and development in the tourism industry. Moreover, it will propel sales revenue in terms of the number of tourists visiting the Blue Star hotel. On the other hand, green innovation may also trigger social benefits for the tourists who visit Blue Star hotel. For example, such development will ensure that tourists have awareness in the conservation of their surroundings. Similarly, sustainability of policy integration in the sectors that affect tourists in an African country such as South Africa is also beneficial in green innovation. However, it is crucial to observe that the supply chain and other industries that implement eco-friendly practices in hotels bring exuberance. This suggests that green innovation inspires tourists through engaging in eco-friendly practices such as suggesting designs that augur with their interests. In the same view, tourists will have the opportunity to report their waste and water consumption, hotel energy and even benchmarking on other similar eco-friendly. It also improves on the health of the tourists especially for those who do not smoke because it’s a green innovation implemented in the rooms within the hotels. However, other arising social needs that enhance the life of tourists in the Blue Star hotel entail purification of water and utilization of energy-efficient lights bulbs (Cohen, 2010). For example, they should also practice the recycling of bottles and materials discarded in the

Kepplewray project

The team management experience at Kepplewray shall now be explored in depth. Teams have been traditionally defined as dynamic, emergent and adaptive units that are rooted in systems involving multiple levels (Kozlowski Ilgen, 2006). The Kepplewray project also required us to form teams that adapt to multiple situations such as climbing on uneven rocks, aiming at the right target and jumping into the water. As part of this project, all team members were required to engage in activities such as Ghyll Scrambles, Rock Climbing, Abseiling, Canoeing, Archery, Mountain Walking and Tree Climbing. However, this project was not merely a venue for recreation but also a venue for learning team management with diverse members as it brought together both disabled and non-disabled individuals. One of the first steps in this project was that of building a team. This is necessary to enhance the effectiveness of the team, satisfy members’ needs and enhance work conditions (Brawley Paskevich, 1997). Tuckman has explained the stages of team development as forming, storming, norming and performing which occur as the team sets goals, expands, faces challenges, tackles issues and finds their solutions and delivers the output (O’Connell Cuthbertson, 2009). Although Tuckman suggests storming to be the most difficult stage, performing proved to be the most difficult stage in our case (Scholtes et al., 2003). While forming a team, identifying the issues (in this case the problem of climbing up steep rocks and canoeing in fast waters) or setting mutual goals was not a problem, executing tasks such as abseiling was. At the very least, group dynamism was weak as some individuals lacked energy and vitality to take up challenges owing to fear. It is believed that successful coaches possess the quality of creating and developing a vision that incorporates the differing levels of ability amongst group members as well as varying motivations, perceptions and personal characteristics (Desjardins, 1996). Good visions have the power of enhancing the emotional commitment of group members and uniting them around a task (Stevens, 2002). Since our group also contained individuals who were either disabled or obese, our coach set realistic targets and assigned certain activities such as abseiling only to those individuals who were not obese. This way group conflict was minimized. Cohesion has primarily been defined as social cohesion (the extent to which team members like each other and task cohesion (the extent to which members work together to achieve common objectives) (Hodge, 1995). Although social cohesion was weak at first, as time passed a positive environment was created as members got to know each other and started interacting. Task cohesion was also reflected in instances where one of us got stuck while climbing the mountain which urged one of my friends to assist that person so that he could catch up with us. Role acceptance also generates significant challenges for the team. Furthermore, role clarity and role acceptance are generally interrelated (Weinberg Gould, 2011). One of the major issues our team faced was who will do what? There was a lot of ambiguity initially. however, right before the activities were to start the coach clarified everyone’s roles which enhanced our team’s cohesion. Although everyone would be a part of the activities, someone had to lead the team and coordinate with the coach. While climbing for instance, one of the leaders was supposed to be behind the team and one was

Fields of dreams

This film’s theme was about a man’s search for his father. He hears heavenly voices, develops a field of baseball on faith and converses with famous dead players who appear to be angels. In the film, Terence Mann tells Ray Kinsella that crowds will come, because they have money and lack peace. He also states that the crowds can even dip themselves, just like a religious rite, in magic waters (Wood et al, 70- 72). Both the Natural and Field of Dreams show how baseball is redemptive. In The Natural, Roy Hobbs, in his journey of becoming the best there ever was, experiences a short fall when his career is ended before he achieves his dream. Through baseball, however, sixteen years later, he comes back and manages to redeem himself by achieving his dreams and being able to fulfill his role as a patriarchal family figure. This is also demonstrated in Field of Dreams, whereby the voice of Ray’s dad drives Ray to generate this illogical field as is brought out through the personification of the Voice. However, it represents a space whereby ghosts from the past can come back from the purgatory of a cornfield to be with the present-day people (Wood et al, 72). 2. Hearing plays a very important role in Field of Dreams. Ray Kinsella, played by Kevin Costner, creates the ball field for Joe, the Shoeless Joe. … This happens also because a voice had instructed him so. Compared to the role of sound in The Exorcist, while in Field of Dreams hearing is excellently used to build more on the theme of the film, this is not the case in the Exorcist. In the Exorcist, sound is several decibels higher compared to the visuals, which augments the tension of the audience. When for example, Regan is brought in the foreground, as she listens to her mother, the sound of the voice of Chris is shrill and piercing. In Field of Dreams, cause-and-effect is demonstrated by Costner’s clear view of his logic supporting his intuition. Having a clear vision of the cause-effect judgment behind his intuition, Kevin Costner followed his instincts and then went on to take action to ensure things happened to keep the farm. Costner says If we build it, then they will come. This quote is about a principle that is profound for not just Costner but for the film as well. At the time he was saying the words, the farm was in foreclosure, which makes it justifiable to presume that the higher objective was to save the farm. It is this goal of saving the farm that focused his project, and ended up contributing to the objective of using baseball to reconnect with his father (Baltov, p. 40). 3. Imagination plays a very important role in the discussion of God. Imagination answers the question of how people can begin to perceive God. The most appropriate manner of trying to perceive God is using our minds that are limitless. our imagination. Imagination is limitless and beyond the primitive logic of people, which makes it important when discussing God. Worth noting is that coincidentally, God is described in the same way, a limitless way. When forming an image of God, it is important that

The Successful Business Plan for Ann Taylor

ANN TAYLOR should extend their brand to the cosmetics line as well so that they can secure their name as the complete brand for women offering from shoes, jewelry, casual dresses, and formal event dresses as well, this will give them a complete edge over the other competitors and secure a niche for them. The main objective of the introduction of the new line is to add value to the existing brand. The mission of the business is to provide any women belonging to any class to dress in a fashionable and pleasing way and be able to accessorize their personalities with the best possible dresses, jewelry, footwear and now makeup. The vision of the business is to be the world leader for women all over the world and to be the fashion leaders. As far as the stakeholders of the project are concerned, the major stakeholders include the management, employees and customers of the organization. For instance, management is highly concerned about the effectiveness of the project because it has incurred a huge fund for its success. The employees are the primary target as their skills would be improved from the entire training process and customers concern can be addressed in the sense that they would get a better delivery of products and services once the employee’s skill is improved. The development of the employees should be done at two levels. Two of the departments are responsible for this together. In the first place, it is the responsibility of the department’s manager for the employees to make sure that the employees working under him are motivated and are giving their performance as is required by the company.The departmental head is responsible to make sure that the development of his employees is not neglected and takes place duly. The easiest way to find the gap in the requirements by the company and the kind of work that is delivered by his staff is constant research within his department. When the manger is designing the strategy that is required for the department, the core competencies for the department should be defined as per the requirement, also the skills that are required to be possessed by the employees to reach the goal task of the department. The skills and competency of the team should also be analysed on a constant basis. It is the duty of the manager to relay any kind of gaps that he discovers after the analyzing of the skills and the competencies to the Human resource department of the company and inquire if there are any kind of related training available, and be able to convince them that this sort of training can help the organization achieve better and improved results. It is necessary that the training requirements of the department are clearly identified and relayed with the exact gaps that exist so that adequate training is provided to the employees to fulfill that gap. It is a very common practice that departmental heads do consider finding and defining gaps as their own personal duties, they consider it as the duty of the Human Resource department. They consider that the HR department of their firm should identify and provide the training.

The Cost of the Modern Olympics Far Outweighs the Benefits

The perceived benefit of the Olympic Games is a major reason why more countries are investing into the bidding process to become the next country to host the event (Malfas, 2004). Another reason for increased financial investment into Olympic Games is increased commercialization of sports as a whole (Malfas, 2004). However, countries miscalculate and overestimate the expected benefits of hosting such events and join the bidding process in the hope of achieving long-term benefits (Baarclay, 2009). Rosenblum (2009) notes that those who receive the benefits are construction companies, local politicians and IOC, while the people facing costs are local residents, TV Networks and local economy representatives (Rosenblum, 2009). Rosenblum (2009) also notes that the representation of figures given by IOC is inaccurate and shows underestimated figures of cost. The costs that a country bears during this event are immense. The host country may perceive that they would get a huge amount of revenue. by building infrastructure and due to tourists visiting the country economy will get better. But in reality this is not the case. It is a temporary solution to the lavish costs that are spent on the projects within the context of the Olympic Games. Olympic Games require construction of stadiums, roads and infrastructure, which may not have been needed should there be no Olympic Games taking place in the host country (McHugh, 2006). Instead, such costs and labour could have been used up on public projects. By giving up on public projects and taking up work to create stadiums just for hosting a two weeks’ event creates an opportunity cost that is not accounted when calculating the overall cost of the project. The Olympic book indicated that the estimated cost of athletic venues for Vancouver Olympics was $366 million, such lavish cost for a limited utility. The primary reason for a country to host such a mega-event is to show the world its prestige and power and if it is an emerging country than the major reason is to display its ability to host such an event and gain limelight (Zarnowski, 1992). It is agreed that the infrastructure of a country gets better, more tourists visit the country and it is a colourful spectacle but what about the problems the local public communities face and the delay in public projects? The costs that a country actually bears when hosting an Olympic event are the event costs and infrastructure costs. The benefits that may be counted are the infrastructure benefits and tourism demand in the secondary market (McHugh, 2006). Event costs are bidding, administrative, security, translation, promotion, opening and closing ceremony costs, as well as insurance costs (Billings Holladay, 2012). Infrastructure costs are costs of housing, venues and supporting transit (McHugh, 2006). McHugh (2006) in his model took into consideration all the event benefits and the direct event costs associated with deriving of those benefits for Vancouver Winter Olympics. The cost-benefit analysis pointed to a negative benefit of $101 million showing that the cost of the project far outweighed the benefits associated with the project. Owen (2005) notes that the Summer Olympic Games in Atlanta provided a small boost to the economy and that too was short lived. It has not been seen

Leadership and Management Essay

Though the two concepts are completely different, they are linked with each other. It is quite significant for the organizations to pay due attention towards the leadership as well as the management aspects in order to increase the efficacy of the overall organization (The Wall Street Journal, 2012). The main objective of the paper is to identify the changing nature of the work environment and the relevance and the application of recent approaches to organizational structure. The study will also endeavor to identify if any association between organization structure and culture exists or not. The paper will also attempt to offer examples from recent organizations such as Ford Motor Company and McDonald’s and will demonstrate the organizational structures of these two organizations and how it tends to impact the culture as well. organization Structure By the term ‘organization structure’, it can be comprehended as the framework around which a group is organized, the groundwork that keeps the coalition functioning. It serves as an operational manual directing the members how the organization is put together and how it tends to operate. … One of the most significant functions of the organizational structure is related to decision making. One of the imperative benefits related to the organization structure is that if the organizational structure is flat then the decisions can be made quickly. organizational structure can perk up the efficacy. In a functional organization, where there is a considerable number of departments, the department heads delegate project tasks to both directors as well as managers. These individuals generally take up tasks with the help of numerous coordinators as well as analysts. Employees are held responsible for their individual tasks since all the employees work hard to complete their project on time. Those employees belonging to small companies are often organized in terms of product or geographical region are found to be more motivated. This implies that the organizational structure of a smaller organization is quite flexible enough to motivate the employees of the organization. The organizations subsist in order to integrate corresponding activities in the presence of specialization. The numerous structural dimensions of the organizational structure are connected with various activities happening within any controlled group of components behaving in a certain way to follow objectives. The information activity which is concerned with information flow among the members of the group is generally related to the coordination dimension. The monitoring activity which is related to the recuperation functionalities of the organization is associated with control dimensions. A good organizational structure may assist in developing and administering a culture which is conducive for the members of the organization.

How to Use a Wood Material in Computer Hard Disk Drives

Therefore, coming up with new and easily available materials for the manufacture of hard disks would lower the cost of their installation. This report aims at coming up with a hard disk made up of wood materials. The report will commence by outlining the main parts of the device, as well as their main functions. Further, the choice of materials for each part of the appliance will be discussed. This will be tackled in two broad areas of the usage of wood currently where the same can be utilised to come up with efficient and effective hard disks. The report will conclude with a highlight of the importance of the use of wood in the manufacture of hard disks and the recommendation for the same. Breakdown of the Main Parts of the Hard Disk and the Main Function of Each The hard disk is made up of various components for data storage. Every computer possesses a hard drive. a majority of computer users are not much familiar with the hard disk and its composition. It is the brain of the computer and contains the following parts: (a) Heads or the Head Stack Assembly This part of the hard disk is very crucial in the sense that it magnetically reads and writes data to the platters that are in an incredible high-speed motion. This is done in extremely precise positions to achieve its function (Rubtsov, 2009). The heads can be termed as the eyes of the drive and float slightly higher from the platters approximately one micron. It is a sensitive, precise instrument and is generally the most frequent cause of hard drive malfunction (Braun 2009). (b) Spindle The spindle is highly crucial in rotating the platters at a certain speed that is measured in revolutions per minute (RPM). According to The Computer Technology Documentation Project, modern spindles have been modified to move at speeds as high as 4800 and 7200 rotations per minute. This is expected to be higher in the future with innovations to enhance the seek speed: this is the amount of time it takes the hard disk to search for a certain area of data. With growing file sizes and the speed of transfer, like a crucial part of computing, the platter must spin extremely fast (Rubtsov, 2009). (c) Platters Platters are found at the centre of the hard disk to hold all data on the hard disk. A hard disk may have one or more platters depending on the intended capacity. They are round with holes in the centre similar to a record used on a record player. In cases of a platter having a motor, it holds the platter together and rotates it at a certain speed measured in revolutions per minute (Braun 2009). The result is the creation of air pressure that lifts the read of write heads of the platters. The platters are very effective in holding the hard drive’s information and their sensitivity is very high (Rubtsov, 2009). A number of drives have contained more than one platter while others have only one. In cases of a drive having multiple platters, the spacing between them is consequently very precise, and in case of misalignment, the data on the drive is mostly lost forever. (d) Electronics The green circuitry found at the bottom of the hard drive is the electronics board. It constitutes of all the electronic resistors, capacitors, and other bits holding the parts in place (Osborne, 2010.). Their function is the provision of connection with the rest of the computer and contains information referred to as firmware that informs the hard drive on how to

The Paradoxical Twins Acme and Omega Electronics John F Veiga

This system offered higher productivity as there was clearly defined specialisation and repetition. Admittedly, the company was prone to making mistakes in decision-making and problem-solving because there was an absence of a multi-dimensional system approach. 1.2 Analysis of Acme issue From Jain’s (2004, 3) point of view, Acme exhibits a proper structure according to Webber’s bureaucratic approach (Bureaucratic form according to Max Webber- his six major principles). It is found that the company has a proper structure with the president at the top, and vice presidents and a controller at the next level, which is followed by plant managers and various departments. Moreover, there is clear specialisation, as is evident from the details provided about the company. However, one can see that there is an absence of rationality in the authority exhibited by the company. In Acme, the President, John Taylor, takes all the decisions on his own, independent of any support or help from his management team. Thus, relying on the traditional authority that believes in the supremacy of the dictator, John Taylor failed to distribute the authority among various leaders, thus failing to ensure rationality. In the present case, it becomes evident that the decision to go ahead with the production of the memory unit was taken by John Taylor himself without consulting anyone in the company about the technical viability of the project. This was the reason for his failure to understand the problems involved such as the limited time, the non-availability of materials and so on. One can find two shortcomings in this case. Firstly, he did not understand the problems involved in meeting such a short deadline as he did not utilize the expertise of the management team. Secondly, he ruled like a dictator, so the department heads did not have any chances of appealing to him on decisions. Instead, they were simply forced to meet his deadlines. In addition, when the purchasing department could not procure a particular component, Taylor single-handedly decided that the production would start without that particular component. Admittedly, had he formulated a system of management team that met and discussed progress and hurdles regularly instead of taking decisions for each department independently, someone might have suggested another component that could replace the missing component, as happened in Omega that will be discussed later in this work. The mistakes on the part of Acme become very evident when the issue is analysed through the lens of a systems approach (Haaf. Bikker Adriaanse, 2002). According to this approach, a system is a whole that is composed of various elements that are related to each other. Problem-solving, according to the systems approach, is not the task of a single person. This approach believes in multi-disciplinary problem-solving. Thus, if it is found that the solution of a problem requires the cooperation of a number of specialists, each specialist conducts an analysis that is primarily based on his or her own discipline. Thus, each of them will come up with the possibilities and hurdles from his or her own field in order to meet the requirements. This will also make each participating department understand how its performance is linked to other departments. Now, a look back into Acme proves that the issues

Applying for the PhD DBA Program in University

From the said professional job experiences, I have developed a strong inclination and motivation towards learning the inner rudiments of any subject area. I have realized that the aspects of research as well as comprehending the research methodology are the key areas for reaching an eventual and well-developed outcome. I have been able to comprehend that the DBA program’s objective is also set on the same line to offer the learners an opportunity to assimilate knowledge and apply general research to rectify issues or problems in the workplace (Northwestern Polytechnic University, 2012). Therefore, I have complete faith and believe that through completing the course, I would be able to better understand the real world scenarios in the workplace, which would, in turn, facilitate me to make rational decisions in difficult circumstances. In order to illustrate my background preparations and my eligibility towards pursuing the said program, I would like to inform that I have completed my Master of Business Administration (MBA) in 2011 from Texas A M University-Corpus Christi, with a grade point average (GPA) of 3.8. I have also graduated with a Bachelor of Public Administration degree with a grade point average of 3.1 from the National Academy of Public Administration in Vietnam. Therefore, I possess an academic background in the field of business administration which would certainly enable me to grasp the intricacies of the DBA program very promptly. In relation to my work experience, I would like to mention that at present I am employed as a sales and marketing manager (business analyst) in Acronics Systems Inc. in San Jose, California. The work experience gained in the organization has facilitated me to work on the development of a proprietary system in order to manage and measure each day’s operations. Thus, in the course of developing such a system, I started to grow my interest in research, which has also motivated me to gather more knowledge and develop my skills even more so that in future I can provide benefit to my organization. I have experience in the teaching field as I worked as a teaching assistant for two months in Texas A M University-Corpus Christi, College of Business. This experience has also made me inquisitive towards learning in depth about research as I was involved in conducting research on e-commerce and relating the benefits of the Internet in business during my tenure as a teaching assistant. Moreover, in Texas A M University-Corpus Christi, I participated in certain invaluable activities as the Vice President of Public Relations. I was part of the Vietnamese Student Association. I participated in a student research symposium during this period and prepared a thesis on e-commerce websites influence the purchase intentions of online shoppers in the United States. These involvements have not only enriched my knowledge and made me more inquisitive to pursue higher studies but also have earned me certain awards and certificates. I received a certificate of business analyst and a certificate of project management that acted as motivation for me to reach greater heights in the future.

Analysis of Profitability Liquidity and Solvency to Determine the Recommendations on Contracting Business

A general contractor or a main contractor of the project has the key responsibility to complete a project effectively within the time period. The company is responsible for the day to day oversight of an ongoing project to track the work performed. It needs to effectively manage the vendors as well as the traders who are related to the project. General contractors provide a wide range of services to the clients for a tendered fee and a possible duration of completion of the project under an authorized contract for proposed services. A contractor can charge the fees for its services by an hour of work basis, by day or lump sum basis. They generally ask for payment from the clients after completion of each part of the whole project or they can charge in pre-mentioned work duration. General contractors take contracts of the new project as well as the renovation of an old or damaged project. For this type of services, they do an effective site visit fpo0r proper understandings of the current situation of the project which is essential for the projection of required work on that project as well as to estimate the overall cost for the renovation. In the process of estimating the total cost of a project, they consider the cost of required raw materials as well as the labor and other possible costs. All these are mentioned in detail in the budget. General contractors who work for government agencies are referred to as a prime contractor. For a business owner perspective, they hired a contractor than a group of permanent employees to get the cost advantage. Contractors provide services at a competitive rate as there is also huge competition in the contracting market. Apart from this, the client can release the contractor after one project and they do not need to provide training.

Leadership and Ethical DecisionMaking

The consultation of the ethics review committee with the ethics consultant group is therefore very important in decision making. Business ethics provide that the contractual obligations of a company to its clients must be fulfilled (Solomon, 1999). The situation presented in this case demonstrates that the business partner did not meet his end of the bargain because the responsibilities given to him are not met as illustrated in the case. The failure of the business partner to meet the obligations provided is the basis on which the decision of the ethics review committee is to be based so that proactive action is taken against the partner. Furthermore, the failure of the business partner to meet the timelines under which the business research shows that the obligations are not met in this case. As a result, the ethics review committee in consultation with the ethics consultants group will base their leadership decision on the lack of compliance to the business obligation of the partner. The action to be taken against the partner is motivated by the fact that the client is always the most important person for any business. This is due to the fact that it is the client who provides revenue to the company through investment and therefore capital for the company is assured through which revenue is acquired. The business partner by failing to encourage the consulting team to conduct timely business research shows that the ethical values of business practices are not practices. this is illustrated by the fact that the presentation of the research findings to the client is due in a very short time which would not enable proper research to be carried out. This is a failure of business ethical practice which is shown when the business partner uses previous research related to the one presented in the case. Because of the time differences in the business researches, and due to the changes in the business environment, application of the previous research will not be reliable in business decision making. This would result to the loss of faith by the client on the company which will lead to eventual loss of the client. The steps of leadership decision making will be applied by the ethics review committee in this case in consultation with the ethics consultant group. This will ensure that the business partner will take business responsibility for the failure to meet the business contractual obligations by not enabling timely business research as required. The first step p in decision making is the identification of the problem or the opportunities available to the business (Di Norcia Joyce, 2000). In this case, the problem to be identified by the ethics review committee is the failure of adherence to business ethics by the business partner. The opportunity that the business has is the possibility of convincing the client to invest in the project despite the ethical defiance by the business. Therefore the ethics review committee will base its decision of the negative implications of the problems that the non-compliance to business ethics on the firm. The ethics review committee will then gather all information relevant to the development of the business ethics case. Through the consultation with the ethics consultant group, the committee with therefore make its decision. The situation is then analyzed in the third step of decision making.

Streaming DVDs via NBN project

The aim of this report is to present the (DVD streaming service) via the National Broadband Network NBN in the library. It is to be noted that the target audience are individual users such as the library patrons. The project shall further take into consideration the overall project plan, the potential benefits that can be obtained from implementing the plan, the target audience for the new service, the stakeholders and the resource requirements. It shall also consider the impact of new service on current library service. Table of Contents 1 Executive Summary 2 3 Project Plan 4 Project Initiation 4 Accessing the DVDs Streaming Permission 4 Availing Permission 5 Selection of Name 5 Planning For Interactivity 5 Estimate Labour Cost 5 Look For Employee 6 Planning For Guidelines 6 Adding To Library Pamphlet 6 Advertisement 6 Link to Service Library 6 Send Email for Library Membership 7 Introducing the Service to the Market 7 Potential Benefits 7 Target Audience 9 Stakeholders 9 Anticipated Resourcing Requirement 10 Impact on Current Library Services 11 Issues/ Areas for Further Exploration 12 Conclusion 13 References 14 Task List 16 Appendix B 17 CIPP Framework 17 Project Plan Project Initiation Preparation of the project plan involves considerable efforts and decision making capabilities so that the project can be completed and executed successfully. The National Broadband Network (NBN) is considered to be one of the Australia’s first speed internet services, which includes three technologies such as optic fibre, satellite and fixed wireless (Media Access Australia, 2011). It has been recognised from the case study that the Department of Broadband, Communication and the Digital Economy offered funds so that it can extend the Digital Enterprise and Digital Communities initiatives. After the creation of the National Broadband Network, it will be significant for the service provision agencies to initiate to identify the ways in which they can exploit the increase bandwidth as well as connectivity that the network is capable of providing. It can be mentioned NBN is linked to the libraries. The project aims at identifying the ways of involving with the NBN in order to improve the services offered to the users. Accessing the DVDs Streaming Permission Through public libraries the members are capable of accessing a variety of services as well as programs. It has been identified that the DVDs are considered as one of the topmost formats for movies and most of the users consider libraries to be the main source for movies. Hence, in light of the altering media landscape there is greater demand for the DVD streaming services by the individual users (Swank, 2012). A wide range of services that the libraries offer can gain advantage from the use of NBN services such as computer as well as internet class, story time along with author events. The main idea of this project is to make use of NBN so that the library services, in particular, DVD service can be supported (Alemna Adanu, 2005). Availing Permission It is significant to avail the permission

Grid Technology and The Globus Project

The Globus Toolkit (now in its 4th version) is a fundamental enabling technology for the ‘Grid’, letting people share computing power, databases, and other tools securely across corporate, institutional, and geographical boundaries without sacrificing local autonomy. (, entry into the Globus Project website is virtually similar to many other open-source code websites in that the main purpose of the actual site is not to be graphically pleasing, but, rather the principal purpose of software development.This analysis of the site will show merit as to the benefits of using just the Globus Toolkit as a major development into the grid anatomy or could it perhaps be better served by alternate technologies such as .NET or CORBA.The Globus site and grid technologies are utilized by many high-end performance sites mainly those that are in need of resources that cannot be handled by just one server, or one computer. Much like SETI’s @home project of using a grid made up of thousands, if not millions, of computers to evaluate millions upon millions of data modules, the grid concept is used in the same capacity. The toolkit is the most important functionality of using grid technology and this is evaluated here with the Globus Project website.As Grid technologies are poised to move into commercial computing, standards become critical. (Lumb 2003) and to compete against such powerhouses software companies such as Windows and Unix, it may prove to be a valuable need that is fulfilled where others fail or come close to failing.

The Opportunities and Challenges of Transforming Dubai Government Entities

The intention of the government is to increase government efficiency in developing the economy and in providing public services (Fakhri, 2010). 3Dubai is currently experiencing an extraordinary development phase with high ambitions and opportunities for the future by keeping the welfare of people, tourists, and organizations. Upfront in February 2014, the government of Dubai has launched a new initiative called Government of the Future through the announcement of Dubai 2021 strategy. what aims at making a global move from providing faster services to providing instant services by transforming Dubai government entities into smart organizations. A smart government is one that successfully utilizes technological advancement to improve service delivery and stimulate economic growth (Chourabi, 2012). The intention of the government is to increase government efficiency in developing the economy and in providing public services (Fakhri, 2010).In view of that, all organizations associated with the government of Dubai are instructed to support the Smart Government project and to immediately work towards the required transformation through creating a unified platform which delivers integrated services of all government entities (Kim Mauborgne, 2009). Like any other project, it is undeniable that although Dubai has a wide range of opportunities to transform its government entities into smart organizations, the project may undergo numerous challenges that if not overcome will probably disturb the development plan.A wide range of researches has been conducted on the use of technology to have smarter business operations, smarter organizations, and smarter cities (e.g. Seoul, Singapore, Amsterdam, and Barcelona) (Kim Mauborgne, 2009). It is clear that over 50% of the cities attempting to develop smart cities have failed in the first initiative.


An increasing number of people in this group also have problems with substance misuse, often resulting in contact with the criminal justice system. These problems often interact and can appear intractable. Recent years have seen a paradigm shift in mental health, from a focus on illness and disability towards the promotion of recovery and social inclusion (Repper and Perkins, 2003). Underpinned by a stress vulnerability model of mental health problems (Zubin and Spring, 2004, 105. Nuechterlein, 2004, 300), a range of psychosocial interventions (PSI) can be used to enable service users to build on strengths and develop skills in order to manage their own mental health more effectively. This in turn can facilitate attainment by service users of socially valued roles and relationships taken for granted by most people. One of the available interventions is a structured approach to the prevention of relapse, developed by Birchwood and colleagues (Birchwood et al, 2000, 5), building on the early work of Herz and Melville (2006) and Birchwood himself (Birchwood et al, 2000, 652). This work had demonstrated that it was possible to predict relapse in psychosis on the basis of recognition of early warning signs. The intervention incorporates a strong educative element. This aims to increase understanding of the typically episodic nature of psychosis and to enhance service users’ self-efficacy in relation to the management of their mental health. A Cochrane Review (Pekkala and Merinder, 2002) concluded that psychological education significantly reduces relapse rates, increases compliance with medication, and may have a positive effect on a person’s well being. To deliver the relapse prevention intervention effectively calls for the use of a set of specialist knowledge and skills, in addition to general mental health nursing skills. Aims Our primary aim was to enhance the quality of service provided to users of the inpatient areas of the local mental health rehabilitation service by making the relapse prevention intervention available routinely and sustainably. An essential interim aim was to equip the multidisciplinary team with the knowledge, skills and confidence required to deliver the intervention effectively. To address these aims and evaluate whether they were achieved, we developed a project plan in six stages. In the event, workers from community settings also sought out the training, and so the original scope of the project was broadened to include all areas of the mental health rehabilitation service. This paper will focus on the aspects of the project relating to service users. Intervention The project was jointly led by the clinical nurse leader of the mental health rehabilitation services and a lecturer practitioner. At the outset we sought guidance from the Trust’s research and development coordinator as to whether we should seek ethical approval for our planned project. The advice received was that the project represented service audit/evaluation rather than research and, as such, ethical approval was not required. We began by attending clinical meetings at which we described our plans and encouraged discussion and questions by the multidisciplinary team. We refined a previously developed two-day training programme in order to meet the needs of a multidisciplinary group

Preventing Drug Use And Promoting Health Behaviors

The universal type of program is directed towards everyone and is rather comprehensive as it involves all the various aspects of one’s social environment. An example of this is the PROSPER Partnership Model of substance abuse prevention where the states of Iowa and Pennsylvania are pioneers. On the other hand, selective substance abuse prevention programs are directed only towards high-risk groups. Two examples of this type of program include the Adolescents Training and Learning to Avoid Steroids program, or more popularly known as the ATLAS program, which is directed towards young male athletes with a drug abuse medical history. and the Focus on Families, or FOF, program, which is directed towards families with parents who are drug abusers.PROSPER, which is short for Promoting School-Community-University Partnerships to Enhance Resilience, is actually a community-based universal intervention program which mobilizes and sustains community-based teams in several local communities in Iowa and Pennsylvania that implement evidence-based programs. Moreover, among the important features of the PROSPER project are an intervention focused on the family during the 6th grade and one focused on the school in the 7th grade (Spoth et al., 2007). The PROSPER Partnership Model is led by the educators of the Cooperative Extension Service, or CES, which is known as the land-grant university outreach arm (Mincemoyer et al., 2008).In the PROSPER Partnership model, there is cooperation among several educators, local schools, community agencies, parents and their children, particularly those affected by substance abuse. The goal is recovery from substance abuse through the cooperation of various areas of the community and the environment of the affected youth while following around three developmental phases.

Potential TORT Liabilities of Parties

While the project manager designs the construction of infrastructure, the main contractor conducts the actual construction. Therefore, at common law, a duty of care exists between the parties. The existence of a duty of care gives way to liability in all tortuous claims. Lord Diplock opined in Dorset Yacht Co Ltd v Home Office that sometimes it is important to determine whether or not ‘a duty of care ought to exist,’ as a matter of policy. (Dorset Yacht Co. Ltd v Home Office (1970) AC p. 1004)Lord Diplock took pains to explain that a duty of care is owed for the safety and security of persons on premises under the custody and control of another. (Dorset Yacht Co. Ltd v Home Office (1970) AC p. 1004) In this sense, it is safe to assume, that the project manager is vicariously and jointly liable for foreseeable damages sustained to a third party by the main contractor. Likewise, the project manager is vicariously and jointly liable in respect to foreseeable damages sustained by employees of the main contractor. This is so because to a certain extent the project manager as the actual director of construction has custody and control of the premises under construction, together with the main contractor.This application of the common law doctrine of a duty of care rests in large part on concepts of propriety rights. Lord Diplock said. ‘In the context of proprietary rights, the concept of a duty of reasonable care was one with which the courts were familiar in the nineteenth century as constituting a cause of action in negligence.’ (Dorset Yacht Co. Ltd v Home Office (1970) AC p. 1004)The applicable test for the existence of a duty of care has long been established by the hallmark case Donoghue v Stevenson. In this case, Lord Atkin developed the firmly established and respected neighborhood principle in determining to whom a duty of care is owed. He maintained that a duty of care exist to the extent that one must take all necessary precaution to prevent injury to one’s neighbor. ‘Who then in law is my neighbour?

Audit Failure in Result of Shredded Reputation to Auditors

Auditors occupy a prominent status, and the expression of opinion made by them should be relevant and unbiased in nature. Whereas, the reputation of an auditor is based on the quality and independence of their nature of work, without making any comprises of any sort, which reflects the potential capability of an auditor to handle several inclement circumstances. However, at the same time, even though the auditors are holding an outstanding image, as far as the public is taken into consideration, if there is any misconduct or malpractices taking place, and the auditor does not report about it, the status so held by the auditors will fell down in a drastic manner. However, sometimes it happens that the auditor himself gives unlawful instructions to the client, as is evident in the Enron case.Instead of being advised to preserve documentation so as to assist Enron and the SEC, ANDERSEN employees on the Enron engagement team were instructed by ANDERSEN partners and others to destroy immediately documentation : (United States District Court Southern District of Texas 2007).The working nature of carrying out auditing work is quite risky. Because based on the expression of opinion and the reports signed by the auditor should become one of the prime evidence in the eyes of Laws and Legislations. In this particular project, it is necessary to make an evaluation of why should the work of audit became a failure as a result of the opaque nature of auditors. Therefore, it is very essential to make a discussion about this matter, it is very important to analyze the fact behind the reason of Enron audit failure causing the shredded reputation of auditors. The fundamental reason underlying such an audit failure is that of its share prices. Because the share prices of Enron were inflated, as a result of this, the stock price movements were adversely affected. Due to this, a subsequent aftereffect took place in the case of Arthur Anderson also.

Luxury Marketing Project Loro Piana

The context of this essay will not only facilitate to understand the current status of the brand in the market but will also provide further ways by virtue of which the firm would be able to augment its sales in future(Rogers, 2001). LoroPiana LoroPianais a luxury clothes-producing company that is based in Italy. The company produces high-end woollen garments and cashmeres. The LoroPiana merchant family founded the organization in the early nineteenth century. The family did business of woollen garments initially from Trivero, located in Northern Italy, and over time in the twentieth century. the family shifted their business to Valsesia. Moet HennessyLouis Vuitton (LVMH) is another luxury goods company. it has purchased almost 80% of LoroPiana’s shareholding on the 8th of July 2013, which is worth almost 2 billion Euros. LoroPianais a famous luxury brand company with almost 132 stores across the world (Roberts, 2013). Brand Identity Prism Jean-Noel Kapferer had introduced prism analysis for a brand. This included six aspects that help to identify a brand. These aspectsare culture, personality, physique, self-image, relationship and reflection. These six aspects were classified further in two dimensions. Figure 1: Brand Identity Prism (Source: EURIB, 2009) Constructed Receiver vs Constructed Source: this dimension explains that a brand that has gained enough popularity in the market virtually acts as a person and can also be analyzed as a stereotypical user. Internalismvs Externalism: this element explains that its social aspects create a brand’s external expression. These social aspects of a brand also influence the different aspects incorporated by the brand itself. This essay will consider the prism analysis of LoroPianabrand. Physique: it was believed by Kapferer that a company could never win the loyalty of consumers if they did not work over the material benefit of its products. The quality of a product largely helps to attract potential buyers. LoroPiana’sfine woollen and cashmere garments are famous around the world. The company is the largest buyer and weaver of wool and cashmere. Itsproducts are excellent sportswear and accessories. The garments manufactured by the company are marks of unique tailoring. Not only design, the LoroPianaproducts have their own establishment in the market subject to their distinctiveness in quality. The trousers made by the company are not only stylish, but are symbols of status and class. Personality: an iconic star can often correctly give the idea about the nature and quality of a product. The personality dimension explains that in certain situations the practice of endorsement gives meat and flesh to a brand. LoroPianahas endorsed its products by many iconic models. These advertisements have added feather to the cap of LoroPiana’s brands personality and image (Shaughnessy, 2013). Culture: culture closely attaches a brand to its organization. The appeal for the products produced by a company significantly depends on the culture that the consumers possess. LoroPianagarments and accessories are western informal dressing attires. The people wearing traditionally western dresses hence favour the brand. Since the products manufactured by the company are expensive, it can be analyzed that the potential customers of the products are the rich buyers living in the developed economies. A company must possessbrand culture

The of CocaCola will be provided by file pdf Read throught it and then answer 4 questions in there After that di

Moreover, by early 1985, Pepsi had managed to acquire 2% sales of the huge market that amounted to $960 million in retail sales. Therefore, this called for change of strategies by Coca-Cola and their option was to introduce a new product that offered the same feature like their competitors. In this case, they had to conduct a research in order to introduce new product to market. After the investigation, they identified that Pepsi was offering a product that had a sweeter taste and this contributed to a growth in the preference resulting to increased market share. Coca-Cola commenced a research project, whereby they spent two years and $4million prior to settling on a new formula. They conducted 200, 000 taste test on the final formula and a blind test, whose results were sixty percent of the consumers choosing the new formula over the old one. In fact, fifty-two percent of the customers choose it over Pepsi, and this was an indication that new coke would assist in dealing with the problem of losing the market share to Pepsi. 2. … Moreover, Coca-Cola should have focused on the conducting a marketing research considering these emotions. Furthermore, there was a poor judgment during interpretation of research planning strategies by the managers. The poor judgment occurred when they found sixty percent of consumers who preferred the new Coke taste and this led to an assumption that the new coke would be the solution to their problem. However, this did not view this assertion in the basis on the other 40% who were still royal the old Coke. thus, they ended up trampling with the tastes of the royal customers who were not willing to accommodate the change of the taste. Therefore, the company should have focus on introducing the new Coke as a brand expansion and leave the old Coke like what happened with Cherry Coke. Coca-Cola Company had an advanced marketing research operation and their strategies have made them to be at the top of the market. However, in this their market was not based on scientific theories that could have assisted in understanding the consumer behaviors. 3. Companies such as Coca-Cola often test new products in plain white paper cups with no brand names or other marketing information. What does this ‘blind’ testing really measure? Does applying these results to the ‘real’ world raise any issues? Bind testing is aimed at measuring the actual response of the customers to a certain feature of the product without the influence of the brand name or other marketing information. Therefore, the consumer is expected to review the product without the ideas of the manufactures in their minds and these reviews are applied in rating the new product that is yet to be introduced into the market. For instance, Coca-Cola was seeking to settle the new


The paper seeks to identify the practical significance of the concepts of Problem Solving, Group Decision Making, Group Conflict, and Leadership that relate to Group activities and how members embody them in their actions. Class Concepts Group A’s task was primarily concerned with engaging in research work pertaining to abuse arising from human trafficking. In order to build relationships and bonds to facilitate this research, Group A scheduled a meeting on the 10th of October. The purpose of this meeting was to familiarize the members with each other and draft a plan of action, so as to delegate specifics to the relevant members of the group which in effect would cause them to present their own input towards the goal, thereby dividing the workload between them. In the meeting, the class concepts of Problem Solving, Group Decision Making, Group Conflict, and Leadership came into play. Problem Solving Problem Solving is the process that centers on accomplishing the group task, which is the primary motive of forming the group. Hirokawa discovered that successful groups tend to start the process of task accomplishment by analyzing it at the outset instead of directly jumping into offering solutions. A similar process was initiated by Group A, as at the very outset, the members were called upon to present their own ideas into the discussion on the subject of human trafficking. In the ongoing analysis of the research topic, the members shared 6 ideas which were to contribute towards effective research on the subject of abuse related to human trafficking. This was the first step towards Problem Solving that the group engaged in, and it formalized a conduct which would further allow these 6 ideas to be filtered into tasks which can then be dedicated to members of the Group. These 6 ideas were then formulated as 5 topics that were to be delegated to each member of the group. This allowed each member to be assigned a specific task that pertains to the research work scheduled to be presented at the next meeting. Each topic was to be agreed upon by the respective member so that no topic was enforced upon anyone and there was general consensus on the delegated work. Lauren, a member of the Group who was absent at the meeting, was also communicated his respective topic and given the choice of agreeing or disagreeing to work on it. This conduct allowed each member to enjoy personal autonomy in decision making. By separating topics in this way, the emphasis was on solution multiplicity as each member would then present their own solution to the problem. This paved way for multiple solutions to the same problem. Group Decision Making Communication within the Group is an essential part of Problem Solving, and is largely characterized by Group Decision Making. Group Decision Making is important when building relationships and is in some part dependant on group size. A group of 20 people, for example, designed to produce a written report can be considered overcrowded and might lead to feelings of insignificance and lack of acknowledgement amongst individual members who may not be actively involved in the project. Such people are often referred to as social loafers (Comer, n. p.). Thus, adequate size is important for efficiency. In

Corporate environmental management business paper

Although there has been increasing awareness about the connections between business and the environment, there is a gap in the knowledge base about how to best address the environmental issues that affect business performance. The project with McDonald’s contributed to this knowledge base by providing an example of how best to manage resources in order to minimize environmental pollution. The collaborative project was highly publicized so that EDF’s work received numerous accolades. Because the research project received widespread attention, it enhanced industry-wide awareness regarding EDF’s corporate environmental agenda. It had a positive effect on the public perception of EDF so that the company could continue to pursue its agenda of promoting the use of economics in the analysis of environmental problems. EDF specialized in advocating the use of market based incentive systems to improve the environment. The joint project with McDonald’s enabled EDF to capitalize upon this expertise. EDF was an environmental group that possessed a combination of economic, scientific and legal expertise enabling the company to address environmental concerns effectively. The focus of the collaborative project with McDonald’s was to reduce the restaurant’s use of material and generation of solid waste. It involved economic analysis in which the company possessed expertise. Therefore the project was concluded successfully and received positive press coverage. By collaborating with large corporations, EDF would be able to keep pace with the change that is taking place in the industry. In order to maintain the effectiveness of its program, the company would have to keep pace with the changes in market drivers and regulatory drivers. This objective was met when EDF participated in the collaborative project with McDonald’s. The environmental group specialized in the use of economic analysis to address environmental problems. When McDonald’s implemented the plan, it improved the effectiveness in supplier chain management. By implementing new management mechanisms and accountability procedures, McDonald’s was able to improve business performance. Because the project was highly publicized, it raised awareness about the connections between business performance and environmental issues. Although the project focused upon materials improvement and waste reduction opportunities, it raised awareness about the effectiveness of using market-based incentive systems to address environmental problems. Since this was the area of EDF’s specialization, the collaborative project contributed to the company’s ability to affect market-based behavior. As a result the company gained reputation that would interest other companies to hire their expertise as well. Therefore from EDF’s perspective the collaborative project with McDonald’s was a success. Question 2 The successful completion of the collaborative project with McDonald’s enabled EDF to promote the use of economic analysis in addressing the connections between business performance and environmental issues. Therefore the environmental group should follow up the McDonald’s project by developing innovative solutions for environmental dilemmas. In setting the strategic focus, EDF would have to consider several factors. One of these factors was maintaining the diversity of approaches. After the

Terrorist Attacks on the US

Rather, they have left their undesirable harmful effects on a lot of countries around the world. In fact, it would not be an over exaggeration to say there is hardly any country that has not impacted by these attacks in one way or another. Pre September 11 Attacks: After the collapse of socialism and the remaining of capitalism as the only political and economic power in the world, several theories emerged in an attempt to predict the kind of conflict that may emerge in the future. The end of History and the clash of civilizations are among the various theories that tried to put a framework for international relationships in the future. Francis Fukuama was the first political analyst to coin the phrase End of History, in his article that bore the same name and published in 1989. In that article, Fukuyama argued that there is a remarkable contemporary achievement concerning the legitimacy of liberal democracy, constituting a system of government. This system, which had emerged in the eighties throughout the world, replaced all other known ideologies like hereditary monarchy, fascism. Accordingly, Fukuyama proposed that liberal democracy may constitute the end point of mankind’s ideological evolution. Thus, he explicitly introduced liberal democracy to be the final and most ideal form of human government, which human minds can not think of any better form of government. This leads him to think that this current status and ideologies marks the end of history. That’s because this form of government is free from any defects, unlike previous ideologies, which were characterized by various defects and irrationalities that led to their eventual collapse. Consequently, Francis Fukuyama argued that 1989 represented the triumph of market capitalism and liberal democratic ideology. Since then, market power was set to become the modernization project of choice for all countries of the world. So, the future of the international system, according to Fukuyama and many other political analysts, was to be characterized by the gradual democratization of market-democratic institutions, policies, values and culture. Liberal institutionalism would replace international anarchy by the international rule of law. Thus, it is believed that the ‘End of History’ paradigm was upon us. the triumph of Western-style modernity was set to create one universal world civilization (Herd, Graeme P. Martin, Weber). In our contemporary world, it is obvious that the world market has fully dominated the role of the state in most countries of the world. There have been many economic and political analysts who believe that states are loosing their traditional roles in the face of the growing international market. An example of these economists is Herman M. Schwartz. Drawing on an assessment of the historical evolution of the world economy, Schwartz shows how the 21st century world has come to resemble the late 19th century, in which markets typically overwhelmed state policies, more than the mid-20th century in which states were often able to control or contain markets (Strange). In that sense, globalization has been playing a major role in this transformation process from state-based markets into free ones. Schwartz shows that globalization is a much more complicated term and more multi-faceted phenomenon than its current protagonists generally argue. He also believes that globalization provides a clear account of the complex interdependence of modern states and

IT Projects for MDCM

Moreover, this can also improve the positioning of the company among competitors and in the international market (Jeffery, M Norton, F. J., MDCM, INC. (B): Strategic IT Portfolio Management).In this report, the most efficient and value-added IT project for MDCM is discussed as well as recommended in a brief manner being a member of the IT Portfolio Management executive committee working along with the CIO of the company. Moreover, with the help of a scorecard, each of the top projects is evaluated as well as compared with Portfolio Application Model Matrix and is arranged in a sequential manner in order to maintain a sustained brand image and position in the market.MDCM is one of the foremost contract manufacturers of medical devices with the main headquarters in the United States with subsidiaries all around the world. But due to its mismanaged IT services, the firm could not sustain itself in the market. The reports of audit initiated by Shawn Atkins suggested the utmost need for an appropriate IT system in the organization for the free flow of information regarding product requirements as well as enhancement of market share. This led to the establishment of a disciplined IT Portfolio Management (ITPM) executive committee with the task of discussing and recommending the top IT projects that can maintain MDCM’s strategic business objectives and brand image. The various projects and initiatives are stated below:This is one of the important projects discussed for improving the global IT of MDCM. This project would facilitate the sharing of IT knowledge and also enhance the IT methodologies among all the teams as well as the members across the organization. It would require 195 internal IT professionals and a single technically educated consultant (Jeffery, M Norton, F. J., MDCM, INC. (B): Strategic IT Portfolio Management).

Impact of Oil Exploration Extraction and Transport

In the drilling processes, the petroleum industry in general has to comprehend the significance of making a proper assessment of any spillages that may happen in the course of the drilling process effectively. Thereafter, it has to lay down measures to take care of the risks that may arise from this process, in doing this, the companies, give primary focus, as well as priority to the process of reducing the risks associated. In addition, it has to put into place strategies by which it can use to minimize and prevent future occurrences of the spills.Other ways of reducing the risks arising from oil spills include creating systems that enhance a positive response whenever these incidences happen. This process can be achieved effectively by creating reliable source controls, as well as preparedness programs for the risks (Schirmer 2011 67).During drilling, the spillage that happened at the project may have been triggered by several incidents. Most often, oil spills may happen during drilling at various stages, in addition it sometimes happens during the process of repairing the vessels used in the process. In both cases, the oil spills into the water and can have serious health concerns for aquatic animals.The stages that are often associated with spillages are often characterized by wells that are found offshore, at the same time, it also happens in the process of transporting the oil to the offshore (Trefry 2003 151). The transportation process may take various forms. it is done by the use of underwater pipelines, using special tankers as well as flow line vessels. In all these cases, chances are that the spillage that happened at Sankofa projects may have been triggered by the drilling and transportation processes.It is important to note that the process that is used on the transportation of drilled out are highly interconnected. In this case, oil spillage from a particular faulty line can trigger the same process in other machines and equipment, the exact scenario that happened at the project.

Thirty Acres by Philippe Panneton (Ringuet) and Two Solitudes by Hugh MacLennan

It will show this through evaluation of difficulties related to the effect of progress, family structure and industrialization. Difficulties related to progress In the novel Thirty Acres, Euchariste Moisan is an archetype of a French Canadian society and he is destined to lose his property, his farm and ultimately his family. Moisan was a staunch follower of French Canadian values like the attachment to the land and strong attachment to Roman Catholicism. Having been oriented to the French Canadian traditional social and religious lifestyles, Moisan is disengaged from cosmopolitan economies. One stabling block to progress in the novel is the Roman Catholic Church. which does not encourage local people of Quebec to migrate to growing cities, and prosperous industrial towns of New England. The church feared that if French Canadian peasants moved to these liberal places, they were likely to lose their faith. It is this conservative cringing into traditions that led to the failure of Moisan because industrial progress could not be stopped. Since he remained adamant to progress, the change came radically. Moisan is a paragon of idealization of peasant agriculturists who thrived well in the occupation in the 19th century. The writer places this thus. The Moisans are farmers. Farming’s always been good enough for the Moisans, and they’ve always been pretty good at farming (Ringuet 130). However, it was too difficult for the Moisans to maintain this occupation without accepting the change that came with industrialization and modernization. Difficulties related to Family structure Ringuet begins the novel by the illustration of the emerging relationship between Euchariste Moisan and his wife to be. This sets the stage for the subjective sense of the occurrences which are to unfold as it were in the 19th century Quebec. The family, which we meet in the first instance, is not a normal one as it constitutes of people who had no blood ties at all. Moisan’s family is made up of his childless uncle Ephrem, his distant elderly cousin Amelie Carignan and himself. This structure supposedly typified the human trinity: man, woman, child. father, mother, son (Ringuet 20). This family set up is an illustration of the way French Canadian way of life pretended to be normal under the new lifestyle but in real it was not. change was inevitable in order to reassert the normal family. Moisan’s entire family was burnt to death when he was only five years during colonization and French Canadian expansion. Although he holds on to the family project of settlement and community building, he faces circumstances that depict the intolerance of the new social structures to the traditional family set up. Moisans failure to accept change is reflected in the way he strictly ruled his own family. His wife bore thirteen children, and she died from child-birth fatigue. This is contrasted by the Larivieres, Moisan’s relatives from the United States. who visit for a week and Moisan is startled by the family’s small size. He is later told, against the chagrin of his catholic expectations, that they used birth control (Ringuet 136). The final blow into the traditional family is when Moisan’s son Ephrem espouses the idea of Franco-Americans. Difficulties related to Industrialization In this novel Franco-American force is seen when Ephrem leaves

Sustainability of Russian Platinum

The costs associated with environmental degradation of platinum exploration investment are usually higher compared to other major minerals like gold. This has raised concerns over the long-term feasibility of relying on platinum supply to meet technological needs in future due to the social and environmental impact it causes like unfair relocations, compensation issues, air pollution and water pollution (Shields Solar, 2005). The high environmental cost faced in exploring platinum mineral in Russia has become a major concern on the sustainability of the investment. This is because the higher environmental cost in future will diminish the attractiveness of the investment.Accordingly, this paper explores the Russian platinum industry that is the second major supplier of platinum globally and its associated environmental costs like greenhouse release, energy and water. In undertaking the review of the platinum industry of Russia and its associated environmental cost, the project examines on better ways of extracting the minerals that will reduce environmental impacts. This will help in ensuring the platinum resource exploration remains sustainable in future.Platinum exploration is a major economic activity in Russia due to the foreign currency it generates. Russia has over the years been the second largest supplier of platinum in the global market after South Africa (Piskulov, 2012). In 2011, the world supply of platinum component amounted to 3.48 million that consist of 47.3%. This reflects that the platinum supply from Russia is essential in sustaining the growing global demand. The demand for platinum in the global market is due to its application in military, commercial and industrial new technology needs. This implies that platinum exploration under the current market demand has the potential of enhancing revenue for Russia and firms involved in explorations.

Analysing Conflict

A rookie metallurgist, who had been responsible for monitoring furnace conditions during melting processes and oversee casting processes, was also assigned the task of manually operating the overhead crane to fill in the molds with the molten steel. A foundry, being a stressful work environment, often makes things delicate with no chance for error and apprentice engineers are often made to undertake all responsibilities of the technicians for them to get acquainted with the equipment and work process. Under such circumstances, the fresh metallurgist filed a complaint against the foundry manager for assigning him tasks he was overqualified for, feeling that the task was below him and further took it as a personal insult or at minimum, an obstruction to his career. This case became the center of contention in the workplace hindering work shifts causing a rift between the technical labor and the engineers. To avoid spreading this chaos to other departments, the company decided to deal with the case by giving the metallurgist a hearing with the top management. Most of the top managers being in favor of the current process turned down most of the suggestions by the metallurgist which resulted in legal threats and further complication of the case. The contention, shortly followed by a previous cooled down conflict between labors and the top management, that had put the fresh engineers on wrong side of technician workforce had now also put the top management, engineers and managers alike, on a third stance further complicating the situation. In this case, experienced employee engineers were requested to intervene, to prevent legal ramifications or work process hindering, as a process of informal mediation. Conflicts can generally be divided into three main categories: relationship conflict, process conflict and task conflict. A relationship conflict would mainly consist of issues like personal discrimination and interpersonal conflicts between employees or the involved people, task conflicts on the other hand are less of hindrance to the work process itself in general and often results in positive discussions about task improvement and goals. Process conflicts are more negative and often invite combinations of other conflicts to increase complications since the main issue is about the work process and the way things are being handled at work or a project. Greenberg (2003) describes a process conflict to be a clash of views about how task accomplishment should proceed in terms of assigned duties and tasks, responsibilities and accountability. A successful mediator needs to gather some essential data about the conflict in order to be fully equipped for dealing with the situation. The first thing to do is to understand the nature of the conflict. The three basic types defined above are essential to be considered. Once the nature of the conflict is known, the mediator would determine the underlying needs of the involved parties. Irvine and Adam Gersch (2002) suggest such data gathering to be one of the basic roles of the mediator. Statistical data gathering has been termed as a best practice for mediation in contentious issues for satisfaction of the conflicting parties. Further data gathering would involve the types of tasks the perceived aggrieved party was made to perform in regards to the example of the metallurgist. These tasks would then be

Solving the Problem of Hurricane Disasters in Houston Texas

Likely though, it could not still be denied that through the years, amidst all the natural disasters happening around the region, the situation has been rather dealt with conscientiously by the local government of the said city, thus allowing for better systems of progress within the area.Even though this is the case, Houston still needs to considerably deal with the natural disasters such as hurricanes that visit the city annually. Likely, with this particular matter in mind, anyone could picture the devastating effect of the sad disaster especially in terms of the life safety of every individual living within the area. One of the most dangerous matters that should be considered in this matter is that of the existence of aerial electrical lines. When hurricanes hit the area, almost 54% of the people dying from the said event results from being electrocuted by cut live wires from aerial electric connections (HOUSTON TEXAS REAL ESTATE DAILY, 2008, 3)Besides that, it could also be denied that because of the current situation of the city with regards the regularity of hurricanes coming in the area every year, the rate of power interruption just after every hurricane becomes much enticingly disturbing to many residents and even business owners of the city.Hence, as a proposal, it has been moved and continuously suggested that the electric connections around the city be linked underground. Like modern systems of Internet connections which uses fiber glass protection while placed underground, the electric system of the city is moved to be placed underground so as to ensure the safety of the people living within the area during the occurrence of certain disasters as well as to ensure the convenience of both the residents and the owners of the business establishments within the area.It is rather believed that through this, about 60% of hurricane caused deaths could be reduced and at least 36% of power interruptions issues could be solved. The project seems certainly feasible and beneficial for everyone living within the city of Houston, Texas. However, with a closer look, like other projects,would certainly be subjected to certain issues that might jeopardize the level of effectiveness as well as the benefits that it is expected to offer the human society living within Houston.

Renewable Energy Opportunities

The research will be conducted using both primary and secondary sources, whereby, primary research will entail field surveys that will be conducted in areas where solar and wind energy has been used. The main method for data collection during the study using this method is going to be interview and observation. The residents shall be interviewed on the motivation that has made them invest in renewable energy. Additionally, they will be required to give a list of challenges that they have faced in harvesting energy from renewable sources. Similarly, the researcher will observe to give a report on the possible factors that might have made the region a suitable place to set up energy harvesting plants.Secondly, in secondary resources, the researchers will be required to read from relevant materials that have been researched and recorded by others in the past. The researcher will be able to have enough material in supporting the research topic. The research is conducted to establish useful measures that can be implemented to increase energy production from secondary sources to reduce overreliance on non-renewable sources electricity. The research will create a platform where the researcher will be able to get feedback from the public hence will be able to make informed recommendation about the steps to be taken to improve the situation. Globally, there have been organizations and institutions that are keen on ensuring the implementation of projects on harvesting energy from sustainable sources…. researcher will be able to get feedback from the public hence will be able to make informed recommendation about the steps to be taken to improve the situation. Project Background Globally, there have been organizations and institutions that are keen on ensuring the implementation of projects on harvesting energy from sustainable sources. There are organizations that have received international recognition in renewable energy and they include: international Energy Agency among others. This organization supports the use of renewable energy to diversify energy sources (Langwith 112). Motivation Overreliance on non renewable sources is leading to depletion of the resource. Additionally, such sources of energy lead to pollution of environment since global gases are released to the air during combustion. Continued exploitation of fossil fuels to get energy will lead complete depletion of the resource. Use of renewable sources of energy will lead to flexibility in energy provision system and residents will not suffer following failure of energy supply (Bazia Abdollah 26). Research objective The aim of this research is to establish whether there is a way in which harvesting of energy from renewable sources can be implemented for large scale harvesting of the energy. After carrying out the study, it will be established that it is possible to harvest energy from renewable sources in large scale as an alternative to non renewable energy. Literature review Across the world, the market for renewable energy is growing rapidly. Most people who are focusing in renewable energy are motivated by high prices for oil, climate change due to global warming and support from the governments. Government agencies in many countries are for the idea of investing funds and skills in improving

Use of Remote Sensing for Development by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

National development normally requires a comprehensive survey of the available natural resources in a country. This will help to optimize the management and sustainability of the available resources by making use of the strengths of remote sensing (Navalgund et al, 2007). India as a country has embraced remote sensing in development activities through various institutions such as the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in various fields such as agriculture, water resources management, management of forests and ecosystems, climate change and urban planning. These areas in which ISRO has employed the use of remote sensing for development activities are as discussed below. Agriculture normally supports 60 % of the total population of India and normally contributes about 2.5 % of the gross domestic product (GDP) of the country. Remote sensing techniques have been extensively used as a tool for improvement on crop production by providing solutions for the current problems. A joint operation between the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Agriculture resources inventory and survey experiment (ARISE) and the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has been used to forecast the production of crops in the country. Aerial color infrared photographs were used to estimate the acreage of crops in the district of Anantapur and in Patiala district of Punjab (Navalgund et al, 2007). In the year 1986, a project referred to as the crop acreage and production estimation was created under the umbrella of remote sensing application missions.The CAPE project provided the district-level forecast of production of all the major crops in India including Wheat, rice, sorghum, cotton, and groundnuts. The acreage of land under each crop was estimated using satellite imagery obtained using remote sensing techniques.

Goodwood Park Hotel and the Management of It

It is located in the West Sussex. Good Wood is one of the oldest hotels in England. The hotel has 94 rooms. Excellent service is what helped Good Wood to be one of the most preferred hotels in the country. There is also a good setup health club in the hotel. When the city develops the opportunities also grow with it. Major companies are showing investment interest in Portsmouth. This development necessitates the need for a conference center in the region. Since Good Wood is very much experienced in the hospitality industry the project execution is not a complex task for them.Development of management: Management has been around since the dawn of civilization. (21st-century management, 2001). In the primitive years, there were very less managers. Management functions were rest in the hands of the urban population. There were a sole supervisor and numerous workers. Those times the function of managers is only to force people to work and to monitor whether the assigned task is being completed properly. Later in the 19th century the management style got wider in scope. But the approach remained autocratic itself. By the 20th century developments in every aspect of management came into being. Concepts like Total Quality Management (TQM) emerged in this period. 21st-century management is an era of trends. The trends were mainly the results of growth in technology, competition, and economy.Management of an organization like Goodwood Park Hotel is a challenging job. The nature of the industry is one of the major reasons for that. The major feature of the industry is that there is no product produced. Instead it is the service that is delivered. Managing of service business is very challenging when compared to the management of product business. The competitive situation of the sector adds more to the basic challenges. It is also very difficult to fix a quality standard for the services unlike products.

Internationalbusiness interview

Another challenge comes in the scenario where a business is established in the home market, but would like to operate internationally while assisting the home market. The extension of the operations is faced by massive challenges in a turbulent operation environment where the exchange rates ad differential in the inflation values is different. (peng). 2. Recommendations for an American firm which wants to operate overseas As an expert, I would advise an American firm that wants to operate in an overseas country in the following manner. In the establishment of the business, they have to ensure that they know the kind of business they would wish to engage into. This depends on whether it is a green field project or a merger and acquisition. Then they have to study the rules and regulations that guide business operations in the target country. This is majorly to ensure that, immediately they establish the operations of the firm. there would be no conflicts in terms of laws and regulations which impacts negatively towards business operations. … fluence the formation of international business strategy in the company They construct a dynamic market entry strategy for the business Design an organizational and management strategy which highly responds to the changing needs of the consumers and the market environment The managers are also advised to be on the lookout in searching for competitive edge in the foreign market (peng) 3. Recommendations for a student who wants to develop a career in international business A student who wants to develop an international career in business has to ensure the following:- They have to ensure that they undertake relevant courses to ensure that they are well versed with international business. Such students must specify their career goals quite clearly as this would facilitate the choice they make in terms of the professions they intend to engage themselves in in the international arena. In their career choices, they have to learn on how to serve customers in the international markets and the strategic developments to take the businesses in the international arena. Concerning this they have to undertake courses like. strategic planning, government relations and policy analysis. A student interested in international business should carefully conduct a research on the potential job market, as well as a school of choice to do the course alongside the school’s reputation in the field prior to enrolling for an international business course. This allows one to choose the best career path and the best school to pursue it before they begin their studies. 4. Challenges when communicating tax policies and laws to someone from another country When communicating tax policies and laws to someone from another country there are a variety of challenges that the person explaining the

Capacity Planning and Performance Modeling HW

Capa Planning and Performance Modeling HW ID Lecturer Describe the information environment within which capacity planning must be conducted. The information environment within capacity planning realms is important to ascertain because this marks the basis for the success of the organization in the long run. What this signifies in essence is the need to comprehend that capacity planning shall be the torchbearer for determining the production capacity that is required by the organization under consideration and which shall change with the growing demands for the different products and services (Robb 2005). The information environment makes sure that the changing demands are being met properly and that there are no hindrances in getting the message across to the relevant domains and quarters. Under the aegis of the production department, the information works to good effect as it underlines the need for aligning the requirements of the stakeholders as well as how the organization finds its feasible to invest in different areas and zones. The information environment tackles the quandaries which the organization faces in terms of the capacity planning ranks whereby different activities and tasks are streamlined in a quick and hassle-free way. The capacity denotes the maximum amount of work that can be done within an organization as it is capable of accomplishing within a set time frame and the information realms always make sure that these capacity domains are utilized to full potential without any hindrances coming to the fore (Author Unknown 2011). The people involved in different capacity planning stages are in touch with each other to tackle the problems which might arise at any given time and thus settle the major issues which are proactively being monitored by the information environment that has thus been created. 2. Outline the major issues in capacity planning and modeling. Since capacity planning and modeling is employed in long term and short term. However the issues at each stage are very significant to decipher. The long term capacity planning and modeling issues are related with the location decisions whereby technology and transferability of the entire process towards other products is connected with the long term capacity planning regimes. When short term changes in capacity planning and modeling are insufficient and are unable to play their significant roles, the long term capacity planning might evolve as a result of the same. Within the short term capacity planning and modeling, issues of balancing resource capabilities, labor shifts and scheduling take place. The goal within the short term capacity planning is to take care of the unexpected shifts within the demands in a productive manner so that there are no anomalies whatsoever (Haughey Adelman 2006). Since the time frame for the short term capacity planning and modeling is just a few days, the same might just prolong to about six months at a stretch as well. The remedy for the short term capacity planning and modeling changes are many in number and might just include the decision to meet the demands or the lack thereof. Working overtime is one of the possible solutions behind tackling the short term capacity planning and modeling realms which have come to the fore. The capacity planning and modeling techniques guarantee that both the long term and short term issues are taken care of as soon as these are addressed by the management. References Author Unknown (2011). Capacity Planning. Found Online at: Haughey, T Adelman, S (2006). What activities need to be done in capacity planning for a data warehouse consolidation project? Found Online at: Robb, D (2005). Sidebar: Making Plans. Found Online at:

MDG’s and the Post WW2 Development Project

Development and globalization are terms that came into existence after the catastrophe and devastation of the Second World War. Development was used to refer to the western ideology toward the relationship between the industrialised world and the third world. Since it was created during the period of decolonization, it encompassed the ways of utilizing the resources of third world countries through a system that would see the third world achieve some economic and political progress. The millennium development goals (MDG’s) represent the consolidation of development and globalization that set the benchmarks for progress in economic, social and political areas. Therefore, there is no doubt that the post-WW2 development project is best exemplified by the millennium development goals (MDG’s) which not only symbolize the economic, political and social agenda but also an outline towards a fresh era. The history of development since the conclusion of the Cold War offers grounds for optimism that MDG’s are progressing because after the collapse of the USSR, there has been no considerable resistance to the pan-European development design of third world states, particularly concerning the attainment of the MDG’s. … e conclusion of the cold war and subsequent debacle of the communist giant paved way for the attainment of MDG’s by developing countries (Biccuum 2011, 1331-1346). When discussing the progress status of MDG’s it is appropriate to consider that this development concept was derived from the pan-European agenda for the world after the fall of colonialism immediately after the Second World War, and that it was derailed as a result of the fierce ideological and political battles between the USSR and US, which were the essence of the cold war. There is optimism that MDG’s are progressing in spite of several setbacks of the western approach to politics, economics and society. a) To what extent do you agree that MDG’s are the most useful definition of the post-WW2 development project? MDG’s effectively epitomize the most constructive description of the development of the post-second world war period owing to the vastness of the parameters envisaged in the framework along with the pan-European interest. Though universal in context, the constituents of the MDG’s were conceived by considering the aspects of globalization and development. As a result, the development framework envisaged after the conclusion of the war is perfectly represented by the MDG’s. Basically, globalization was the perspective of the pan-European world throughout the colonial period relating to economic expansion in the entire world. Development was established on tangible actions developed by Europeans to utilize and earn profit from the reserves of the non-European countries. There were several assumptions in this perspective: Non-Europeans would not be capable or possibly even eager to develop their reserves without the vigorous interruption of the pan-European world. But such growth

Automated State Machines Applied in Client Honeypots

The main advantage is that the state machine is not predictable while moving from one state to another, and it is driven by events coming from outside.A state machine is divided into a series of states and transfers from one to another through transitions, which are generated by events. An example of an event is a user turning on the system: the system transfers from the off state to the on state. A state machine cannot be in two states at one time. this makes it easy to query the state of the workflow. The basic idea of this project is to generate the state machine, automatically according to the system state, to build up a map of the system states from the first interaction of the honeypot with the server until the end of the session.The state machine includes four main states that will be monitored with 18 possible transitions between the states. The finite state machine can be described as the state table which shows the possibility and direction of each transition to/ from the state, the table is shown in Table 1.As mentioned earlier, there are several issues to discuss the finite state machine as well as the client honeypot in order to get a better understanding. Some of the issues such as the system states to be monitored, the transitions from one state to the next, the information saved with each state, and the tools for monitoring changes in each system state are worth mentioning here. These issues are discussed in the next section.The previous section described the state machine and its benefits for client honeypots. In order to incorporate an automated state machine into a client honeypot, the issues listed in section-1 are addressed below.The first question is what are the monitored system states? To answer this question we have to understand what are the system states during infection by malware, and other benign states.

Massive open online course (MOOC)

Despite such obstacles if the stated solutions are adapted, the program can be developed as one of the best ways of updating an individual’s learning skills. Overview Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) is determined to be one of the most common topics amid many institutional critics over the years. It is considered to be an online course generally developed for large scale, cooperative involvement and open admission via the web with the prime motive of providing mas education facilities. The process of MOOC is measured to be much advanced than traditional course materials. As it not only provides videos, readings and problem sets but it also offers an opportunity to interact with users which facilitates the students, professors and teaching assistance to build a cooperative community. With the rapid development in the technological periphery and an increasing number of people aiming to continue studies along with their jobs, it has provided a major opportunity for academic centers to adopt the new technique of providing education via the web. However, there have been significant developments which cite MOOC to be a threat in the educational sector (Educause, 2013. Weiss, 2013). The main objective of this paper is to provide a descriptive study that would explain the importance of MOOC in today’s educational context. … However, it has been viewed that there exists very limit sources that can be considered as an effective mode for learning modern procedures and gathering knowledge. In addition, it has been measured that there exist numerous people who do not get adequate time from their working schedule to gain updated knowledge simultaneously with their work, as they need to earn their livelihood for managing their family (Pope, 2013). MOOC was developed with the prime motive of delivering learning contents online to any person located anywhere in the globe with no limit on attendance. It is generally an online program which provides an opportunity to connect with different people in terms of sharing thoughts, ideas through webinars, articles and online discussion on the individual’s specific topics of interest. Additionally, another prime advantage of MOOC is that it provides a list of resources gathered from different academic initiatives along with updated learning syllabus. It has also been viewed that MOOC form of education involves project based learning that guides individuals to create plans to increase their intellectual and technical knowledge. In an era of financial reductions by federal bodies, it has been viewed that schools and colleges have cut budgets related to developing professional developments within individuals. It has been viewed that MOOC is a relatively new innovation in the education sector that provides a major prospect for individuals to help bridge their achievements in their academic aspects along with offering a scope to earn income to support their livelihood. However, it has been viewed that many critics suggest that the

Leadership in Teams and Decision Groups

There are various types of teams in an organization include functional work teams, self managed teams, top executive teams and cross-functional teams. The differences in the teams emanate from the autonomy in determining the team’s mission, authority of the team leader, stability of team members and diversity of the members. Cross-functional teams These teams are formed in an organization to enhance coordination of interdependent activities among the diverse units. Cross-functional teams are composed of representative from all the units and sometimes include representatives from outside the organization like suppliers and partners (McCallin, 2003). To ensure their smooth operations, the teams are given the role to plan and conduct complex work that demands high level of coordination and cooperation among the parties. This type of team is formed when an organization is involved in the development of new product or in the introduction of a new information system that affect the operations of the different units. The members of the cross-functional teams will always remain the same individuals from other particular units and most cross-functional teams are temporary i.e. they are formed to achieve specific organization mission. In order to benefit the organization, the teams must be flexible and efficient in deploying resources and personnel in order to unfold the solution to the problems and challenges. The representatives from the various units should be persons with expertise to help add value to the team’s decision. These teams have the potential to generate new and innovative ideas from the diverse members with differing backgrounds and improved coordination (McCallin, 2003). Moreover, the team have to view the problems in a wider perspective if the organization successes to be achieved. However, cross-functional teams are faced with challenges. The use of jargon creates communication barrier that might impair the realization of the team goals. Secondly, the loyalty of the members to their respective functions should not override the objectives of the team but rather focus on how their diversity can help in realizing the team’s objectives. Managing the disagreements and tight deadline is further essential in the successful operation of the team. A leader with good interpersonal skills and expert position power is needed. This will ensure he leads the people with conflicting interests and resolve the likely problems with the power that is vested on his position (2011). Additionally, the leader should have technical expertise, project management skills, and cognitive skills that will enable understanding of the complex problems. Finally, the leader of a cross functional team should also have political skills necessary in formation of coalitions and in gaining resources. Apart from the skills, a cross-functional leader needs to exhibit some leadership behaviors i.e. being visionary to help in formulating strategic objectives and generating ideas. The leader should also require to have the ability to organize and plan activities by creating deadlines and standards. Besides, the leader should be self-integrating i.e. promoting cooperation and equal participating on top of dealing with the external parties. A cross-functional leader should be one who can forecast emerging challenges and problems and influence outsiders. Self managed work teams As opposed to the cross

Project Management Governance

Contents presented in the project management plan are analyzed and whether the information presented in each section of the report is appropriate and informative for the audience. Each of the heading presented in the project management plan is analyzed and then the report presents the conclusion and recommendations for improving the project management plan.The project management plan is well-prepared however there is certain information missing in the plan. Moreover, the report has analyzed that some parts of the project management plan are very comprehensive and different project management tools and techniques are applied correctly. On the other hand, some sections of the report are missing important and critical information and if this information was included then it would have further improved the quality of the project management plan.Project management discipline of management has added a unique ability to the organizations for accomplishing unique objectives. Successful projects are critically dependent on well-defined plans. Therefore project management plan is vital to successfully completing the project. Project plans if are not prepared well then it often results in failure of the project and the project is not able to achieve the desired objective despite incurring an excessive cost, time and effort on the project. KJ Consulting Company has proposed a Project Plan for the Ottawa–Carleton Water Park on behalf of Carlington Aquatic Parks for the scheduled opening on May 21, 2005.This report is aimed at evaluating the project management plan prepared by KLSJ Consulting Company for the Ottawa–Carleton Water Park. This report assesses the level and quality of the considerations given to the aspects that are to play a critical role in the project success.

National Bowel Cancer Screening Program

The Australian Department of Health and Ageing and Medicare Australia with strong power and similar positions on these divergent views are able to have their way in the implementation of the program. The National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP) is a health action program of the Australian Government that is conducted with the cooperation of all the States and Territory health departments, with the objective of early detection of bowel cancer for reducing the morbidity and mortality rates that are a consequence of the disease (General Practice Queensland, 2009). The relevance of the NBCSP lies in the fact that bowel cancer is among the most frequently found cancers in Australia, with a high rate of attrition. Detection in the early stages can alleviate this situation, as early detection results in the successful treatment of bowel cancer (Department of Health and Ageing, 2009). NBSCP targets the age group above the age of fifty and resulted from the success experienced by the pilot screening project in 2005. The first phase of NBSCP commenced in the middle of 2006 and targeted the age group of between 55 and 65 years (Lin, Smith Fawkes, 2007). The ongoing second phase started in 2008 and will run till the end of 2010, targeting the older Australian population above the age of fifty and the Indigenous Australians above the age of 45 at specific ages. The Australian Government has committed $67.2 million towards this second phase of the NBCSP (General Practice Queensland, 2009). Eligible individuals under NBCSP are invited to the program by mail. The screening process involves a simple fecal occult blood test (FOBT) done at home, followed by testing at a competent laboratory facility. Individuals with a positive result, then consult with their GPs, refer them for further investigations to the specialists (Department of Health and Ageing, 2009).

Research Final Project

The sampling technique used in this research is simple sampling. This helps in random collection of samples leading to impartial conclusion as it is easy. On the other hand, the research design used various data techniques such interviews, tape recording and internet sources to determine a number of issues. For instance, the citizens affected by crimes perpetrated by the immigrants and the number of illegal immigrants in the country. Illegal Immigrants and Crime Introduction The problem of illegal immigrants in the US has continued to pose a threat to its citizens in terms of many factors. These include scrambling for scarce resources and engaging in various crimes. For instance, these immigrants engage in murderous activities, robberies, burglaries, and even rape cases. These people who do not have adequate protection of the American law also scramble for the limited hospital services, public schools and the strained local budget. For instance, during the 2007 findings involving the crime rate of the illegal immigrants, it was found that out of 100 cases, 73 illegal immigrants had a chance of repeating a crime. Different reports also say that illegal immigrants who had been previously jailed can easily get back to jail (Pollock, 2011). Hypothesis H1: Illegal immigrants are the main cause of rising crime in most states of America. H2: The law is to wholly blame for the influx of illegal immigrants in America who compete for the limited resources in the US and resort to crime. Core objective The core objective of this research will be to determine if there is a link between rising crimes in most American neighborhoods with the increase of illegal immigrants. Specific Objectives 1. To determine the presence of crimes in different neighborhoods in America. 2. To determine the rate of these crimes. 3. To evaluate the number of illegal immigrants infiltrating into the country. 4. To determine the link between a relaxed police system at the border and the rise of illegal immigrants who commit crimes. Limitations To accurately measure the rate of crimes among illegal immigrants is a challenging due to their secretive identities. This is because most of these immigrants do not report anything to the police. Another problem is the integrity of the officers at the border system. Some of them illegally smuggle immigrants into the country hence complicating the real number of illegal immigrants. Independent and dependent variables The independent variable in this paper is the rise of illegal immigrants in the US. Alternatively, the dependent variable is the rate of hate crimes among these illegal immigrants in the US. Background and Literature Review Crime experts and sociologists define hate crime as a felony that has a motivation from racial, prejudice or sexual drives and it is associated with acts of violence. These crimes have been mostly perpetrated by illegal immigrants who enter into the country through various borders in Texas, Mexico, California and other porous border points (Maxfield, Michael Earl 2006). These people are known to bully, harass, intimidate and apply other forms of hate crimes that have adverse effects on their victims. These include physical and psychological pains that interfere with the basic rights of the victim. According to Rivera, the existence of illegal immigr

Office Management report

Communication Every person who wants to become a professional must have good communication skills. These skills include writing and oral communication that has a large influence on how one conveys ideas about products or services. For example, we learned how to take down notes of a meeting as well as prepare an agenda for meeting. Even beforehand, we had to inform attendees about a certain meeting, and this calls for writing skills. Some format must be followed and writing must clearly convey the purpose of the said meeting. Likewise, the minutes of the meeting would be disseminated later, which must not only be free from typographical errors but factual as well. When it comes to oral communication, this is very useful when making presentation to a group. Besides, we also learned how to facilitate a meeting so the group would not be sidetracked to other topics that may be irrelevant. There were many instances wherein we had the chance to improve our communication skills. thus, everything we learned can be useful one day. Telephone Techniques The telephone has been the medium for dealing or transacting with customers for almost fifty years before computers came into the scene. Good salespeople always used the telephone to make sales calls and close contracts. No matter how advanced technology may be using online transactions ( chat support) ,nothing comes close to the assuring human voice at the other end of the line. The lessons about telephone techniques were helpful but each company has their own way of using the telephone for business means. The lesson about telephone technique was rather basic, but it covered enough details so new employees can transact over the phone politely. Customer Service In this lesson, I learned that the success of a business largely depends on the type of customer service that it renders. Why? Simply, because competition among companies is very intense nowadays. hence, buyers are not only after a good price. They also value after sales support and this where the value of customer service comes in. Some of the things that I learned included good customer service behavior, handling customer complaints and determining customer/client satisfaction. I realized that from the very moment that employees start greeting customers, a relationship is established that can lead to satisfaction or dissatisfaction. In real life, I have witnessed bad examples of sales people making the wrong choice of words that can turn away customers. When customers feel that their needs are given due attention, they feel valued and get interested about a certain product. During the sessions, I practiced the steps of good customer behavior by looking myself in the mirror. I tried to analyze how I project warmth or if my expression were sincere enough. Indeed, I realized that successful sales people have charisma because they can easily persuade a person by just using their charm. Lastly, I also gained a lot by understanding the LEAF Theory regarding handling customer complaints. This is a very touchy subject since dissatisfied or angry customers can bring bad business by telling other people about a company. This lesson made me interested in jobs that handle complaints on services because it is challenging to appease customers. Nevertheless, the more you experience such situations, the better your customer service skills become. Time Management Even as a student, time management skills are crucial because

Individual 4 international financial market

Mean is often used to determine the expected future returns of mutual funds since it is the best estimate that can be used from the past data. Resources such as NASDAQ stock prices or Yahoo finance are used to provide to help project the future returns of securities. As long as any positive trend or negative trend is noted and taken into consideration, the use of historical data is therefore appropriate in predicting future mutual fund performance. We can also use the mean to project the future and also deliver the obligatory caveat that past returns are not necessarily indicative of future returns. Discussion The mean return is used to analyse the current market performance of the business and to make future projection. The expected mean is sometimes appropriate best estimate available of future returns, where the actual return is likely to be equal to the expected return. Due to this reason investors would prefer to have an idea of how precise their estimates might be. To assist in quantifying the managers and investors estimates, standard deviation and variance are always preferred to be used. Standard deviation is the measure of variability which is also used as the standard measure of the total risk of individual assets and portfolio assets. It measures how far from the expected return the actual return might be. The two companies discussed has the same positive return but their level of risk as measured by the variance cannot be seen to be the same. ConocoPhillips (COP) It is a multinational energy corporation with its headquarters located in Texas in the United States. The company is viewed as one of the largest independent pure play exploration and production and it is also one of the big fortune 500 companies. The company was founded in 1875 as the continental oil and Transportation Company. The company have gone through different stages to reach this far. It is considered the top performing company financially in the NASDAQ financial market. Most of financial analysts use standard deviation when working with historical returns since they are deemed to be samples unless 100% of the data points are used in the calculation. The company recorded a negative average mean of -5.64%. Even though the company is the best performing in the current stock market its long term financial plan has failed and they have recorded a loss. On the other hand the company strategy for the upcoming trade is more profitable as shown by their projected return shown by the standard deviation measurement that have indicated a positive percentage of 4.41%. The variance of the company stock also shows a positive percentage of 19.46%, therefore showing that the company obligation to meet long term goals is positive. Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories This is an international pharmaceutical company that is based in Hyderaband, Andhra Pradesh in India. The company was found by Dr Anji Reddy who had been working in a publicly owned Indian drugs pharmaceutical limited. The company manufactures and markets a wide range of pharmaceuticals in India and overseas, with over 90 different types of medication and 60 active pharmaceutical ingredients, for drug manufacture, diagnostic kits, critical care, and biotechnology products. The historical performance of the company has indicated a good financial market. The result of the return from the past 10 month’

ECONIMICS 405 Assignment2 Externalities

Externalities Externalities Introduction Externalities are those effects of a project to the environment around them, which are indirect and were never intended as the major purpose for that project as from its initiation. Externalities can either be negative or positive depending on whether it causes a cost or benefit to the stakeholders and the nearby environment. When the cost of the effect exceeds the benefits, we say that the externality is a negative one. whereas when the benefits of the effect exceed the cost, then it is said to be a positive externality. This paper is intended to identify and discuss just three examples of externalities and their effects to the stakeholders and affected parties. Discussion An access road network might be constructed from the sugar company to various sugar belts to ease transportation of sugarcane from the farms to the company. In the minds of the initiators of such a project, their major aim is to solve the problem of inaccessibility to the remote farms. However, the resulting beneficiaries of good road services become more than predetermined. With the same road project, other farmers, who are not even for sugarcane, may benefit as they will also be able to access market easily due to well constructed roads. Those dealing in transportation of passengers and goods will also benefit with the road construction, which was not specifically meant to benefit them. This is an example of a positive externality, where the whole community around where the road has been constructed may benefit due to the construction even though the major intention of constructing the road was for something else. A paper milling factory emits gases like Sulphur Dioxide to the atmosphere during their paper processing (Armon, Duncan, Lance, 2009). Some of the dangerous compounds are also directed to the nearby rivers as wastes to flow downstream. The result of such careless acts of the factory with time may be that the people living around the company may be affected by the gas emissions. At the same time, the people downstream may also be affected by the heavy dangerous compounds as they use the water downstream to drink, water their plants, and water their livestock since some of these compounds like Lead are heavy and take too long in the system to dissolve, hence interfering with the proper functioning of the body system. This is an example of a negative externality. The third example, which is the second negative example, is in a cement manufacturing Company where a lot of dust is emitted, and this affects the workers and the people around where the plant is located (Gene, 2001). When the workers and the people around this place inhale the dust from the factory, their breathing system gets interfered with. The dust blocks the organs like the nostril and the windpipe and eventually gets accumulated in the lungs, disabling the proper functioning of these organs. The resulting effects are difficulty in breathing and suffocation. The victims may finally die if no proper measures are taken in time. These externalities might be allowed to exist since the major projects that bring the externalities are as well important and necessary to humanity. Therefore, for positive externalities, the remedy is that subsidies may be provided by the government to promote such projects. In the case of negative externalities, the government might put heavy penalties like ban, expensive license, and regulation of waste management on the Companies that are involved so that many such Companies may not exist. Both affected parties and the stakeholders therefore have a role to play in mitigating the externalities. The government can remove waver taxes and duty charged on the materials used in the road construction in order to promote road construction. In addition, they may also offer subsidies to help in the road constructions. The affected people can also participate by maintaining the project started and making sure it does not fail to run. For negative externalities, the government should put unfriendly measures to make sure that the externalities are controlled and the affected people are compensated. Conclusion Externalities are identified by either costs or benefits they bring to the people affected, who were not the intended beneficiaries of such project outcomes. The positive externalities are benefit associated while. the negative ones are cost associated. The government and the stakeholders need to promote the positive externalities while, at the same time, try to reduce the effects of the projects that produce negative externalities through various measures. Various stiff measures and penalties are necessary to reduce negative externalities applied by the government on the stakeholders involved. On the other hand, friendly measures like subsidies are applied to promote positive externalities whose benefits cannot be excluded from the resulting users of the economic activity or project. References Armon, R., Duncan, K. F., Lance, T. (2009). Global Warming and Economic Externalities. A Journal of the Schwartz Center for Economic PolicyAnalysis and Department of Economics , 1-22. Gene, C. (2001). The Free Market. The Mises Institute Monthly Journal , 19 (8).

Peer Relationships and Social Adjustment in Childhood

An individual who exhibits control over their stressors, frustrations and challenges is able to maintain a healthy opinion about themselves. Every community is governed by a set of rules and regulations and it takes a properly socially adjusted individual to respect laws, culture and have healthy relationships with people regardless of their age. Inspiration to write this paper stems from the fact that we cannot divorce ourselves from the world around us. The only way to develop a society that is pleasant to live is to ensure that children grow up with strong influences around them which eventually determine what sort of adults they will become. Research relevance to the outcome of social adjustments among children Efforts by governments around the world in partnership with community based organizations help to show how important it is to nurture children’s behavior when they are still young. There is an obvious difference in social interaction especially among adolescence of children from different backgrounds (Barnett Belfield, 2006). The simple truth is that if children do not find emotional stability from their homes, they will look for it elsewhere and often in the wrong places. It is often easier to brand someone as a social misfit than to take the time to understand why they behave the way they do. From the works of psychology researchers, the bulk of them focus on finding the relationship between early emotional attachments within the family setting to future social adjustability to the outside world (Barnett Belfield, 2006). Research on children has proven to be very tricky in recent works because a lot of factors do affect the outcome of such findings. Most of these studies are carried out in homes where children are likely to be most comfortable. The biggest challenge however is that the nature of these studies failed in isolating the needs of the children to those of the family as a whole. Outcomes like these offer researchers an opportunity to think about ways in which child development can be influenced directly without the need to involve the parents. It is true that parents play a significant role in shaping the kind of individuals their children become, but their influence alone might not be enough to prepare their children for the world. It is also important for researchers to realize that the success of any program depends on the intensity and duration of any given project. Even well thought out programs carried out briefly without giving enough time to study various angles of the study have no chance of giving conclusive findings. Nothing good comes easy and this is the reality of expenditure when it comes to research funding. Future research projects that better understand peer interactions and social adjustments Even small children worry at how successful they will be in being able to make and keep friends as well as if they will be able to make it to the bathroom in time. There is a lot of anxiety which surrounds the first day of school especially at kindergarten and preschool. The worry that preschool teachers have is if they did well enough to equip in these children for them to be able to blend into the next stage of their lives. In their course of their lives, children go through many transitional phases and each of these is very significant in shaping who they will become when they grow up (Keyes, 2006). From meeting

Project Report 3

It began in December 2007 and lasted 18 months which was the longest recession since World War 2. By observing the U.S Gross Domestic Production (GDP) and the employment data, we can conclude that the current state of the U.S economy is recovering from the recession. The GDP is an important variable because GDP represents the total dollar value of all goods and services which being produced in the period time. The GDP is also related to the real income, employment and industry production. These reasons are why GDP is an important indicator to a country’s economy state. By looking at the Quarter-to-Quarter growth in real GDP graph (Bureau of Economic Analysis) the GDP in the last two quarters of 2008 and the first two quarters of 2009 are negative. Especially the last quarter in 2008, the GDP is down by 9% which means the economy of U.S had dropped 9% in the over the last quarter of 2008. However, from the third quarter of 2009 the GDP had grown back to positive and it stayed positive from 2010 to 2012. By using the previous data we can conclude that the recession is over and the U.S economy is recovering now. The other important variable is the employment data. … mic Analysis), we can easily tell the number of employees dropped from 127,383,000 to 121,078,000 during 2008 to 2009 which means there are about 6,000,000 people lost their job during 2008 to 2009. In 2011, the number of equivalent of employees bounced back to 121,757,000 which is a good sign for U.S economy. There are many factors which can cause the economic recession. The most common reason is the declining in GDP growth and it brings the high unemployment rate, inflation and other economic problems. The latest recession in 2008 is because of the bubble burst in housing price. In 2006 the housing price in U.S peaked too high and the price started falling since 2007. The homeowners and the people who invested in real estate were facing a huge loss. Comparing the current GDP to the GDP before recession, we can realize that the GDP before recession is slightly lower than the current GDP. Therefore, U.S economy is recovered from the recession which was started from 2008. However, by observing the gross domestic investment data (Bureau of Economic Analysis table 5.2.3), the gross domestic investment in 2011 is still lower than 2004 to 2008. We can assume that the U.S economy is not fully recovered because people cannot have that much money to invest comparing to the time before the recession. We compared the recession between 2001 and 2008. These two recessions are interesting because they are really close to us, and most of us should remember how it was, and what was happening at that time. There were few main reasons that why the U.S. economy was slipping into recession in 2001. One of the most memorable reasons was the terrorist attack. the terrorist attack bringing down a $10.2 trillion dollar economy is dramatic. Another main cause of 2001 recession was the crash

Project Management in a Nutshell

used for planning, estimating, and controlling work activities to reach a designed result on time within the budget and according to specification. There is no single factor that makes a project successful. There is a series of successful steps, a sequence of successful steps that leads to a project towards a successful project. We will discuss these factors in detail.How often have you heard it said that planning is a waste of time? No sooner is the plan completed than someone comes along to change it. These same naysayers would also argue that the plan, once completed is disregarded and merely put on the shelf so the team can get down to doing some real work. In people management, the planning activity involves deciding on the types of people resources that will be needed to discharge the responsibilities of the department. That means identifying the types of skills needed and the number of people possessing those skills. Project planning is a basic technique of Project Management that gives us a summary of whole the project. For example how many people needed for this project, how much resources we required, how much time we need, how we can manage the time and resources? All these questions are handled in the project planning. In other words we do project planning for making getting the answers to the above questions. So project planning makes a project successful.Without proper planning a project can not achieve success. There is successful planning behind every successful project. The key to a winning project is in the planning. Forming a project plan is the first thing managers should do when taking responsibility for any kind of project. Often project planning is disregarded in for saving time. However, many people fail to recognize the significance of a project plan in saving time, money, and many problems. There are many software applications for project planning easily available in markets. We should use that software for the implementation of our planning.

Classroom engagement

room engagement room engagement When teaching vocabulary, the teacher can use activities such as games. Thesegames are conducted in a manner that makes the language activity interesting to the learners, and motivated to take part in the learning process. For this activity, the teacher will break their classroom into units where every section utters one segment of a new word as an additional activity of drilling students to learn new vocabulary. In small groups, the teacher can direct some training activities on vocabulary (Marzano and Pickering, 2010). When learners became interested in learning they tend to be active, and concrete during the learning process (Marzano and Pickering, 2010). However, the activity should start with simple words to make the game interesting and build on variation. This is an interesting and easy way of teaching vocabulary, as opposed to describing a difficult activity from the start of the lesson. By challenging students, the teacher maintains their interest into learning activities, and classroom participation (Marzano and Pickering, 2010). The teacher can also use pair activities to drill students’ comprehension. This drilling in pairs is normally conducted when the teacher has already introduced a topic and taught instructed it to the learners (Marzano and Pickering, 2010). Here, the teacher constructs short pair classroom activities where their partner confirms learners’ comprehension. Using a vocabulary list, the teacher can ask the student to read the words to their partners as their partners translate the words in English stating their vocabulary (Marzano and Pickering, 2010). Student can then put a mark on the unidentified words for correction at the end of the activity. During correction, the students can check their work and correct one another under the supervision of the teacher. This activity, when conducted regularly, will improve students’ vocabulary (Marzano and Pickering, 2010). Choral repletion could also be used before pairing up the students to practice vocabulary (Marzano and Pickering, 2010). The teacher can call on the students to give a synonym of the words learnt. This activity improves students’ understanding and in turn improves their classroom interests (Marzano and Pickering, 2010). Here, the teacher asks for volunteers instead of calling their names, which might result to intimidation. The teacher can use flashcard to show the students an image of what is being leant. The flashcards are used to read and practices pronunciation (Marzano and Pickering, 2010). By showing, the learners the image and not the word, the teacher assists in developing the learner’s comprehension on the material taught (Marzano and Pickering, 2010). They can use matching pictures to numbers. Here, the teacher describes the picture and asks the learners’ to match the picture to the numbers provided (Marzano and Pickering, 2010). Objectives By the end of the project activity, the students should identify the differences and similarities of concepts in language by using pair drilling activities. By the end of the project, the learners should be in a position elaborate and make notes on concepts acquired during the project activity by using flash cards and matching pictures to numbers displayed by the teacher. By the end of the activity, the students should be able to work on their assignment and complete assignment assigned to them by sharing with their partners their comprehension. The learners should be able to take part in collaborative learning conducted during the activity. This can be achieved through discussion with partners assigned by the teacher or discuss with the teacher. Assessment procedures that will be used during this classroom activity include direct observation of what the students are actually doing and their responses (Marzano and Pickering, 2010). During classroom discussion, the teacher observes and assesses the learners to check if they have understood the concepts presented to them. The teacher can also give a simple quiz after the classroom activity to check the students understanding (Marzano and Pickering, 2010). The additional activities that will elicit positive responses are the use of pair drill, the use of flashcards and picture marching, as well as the use of games. In that, these activities will make the students feel that they can do the activity and be interested in the teaching and learning process (Marzano and Pickering, 2010). Reflection These revised activities like games will make the learners active members during the teaching learning process and in turn makes them active members of the society. Use of pair drill will make learners learn to work with others and develop critical thinking skills. Flash cards and matching pictures develop students’ comprehension skills and in turn develop intellectual skills. These activities are cognitively complex because they aim at developing comprehension skills. When the student is in a position to use these skills and understand concepts, they in turn develop self-efficiency. Reference Marzano, R. Pickering, D. (2010). The Highly Engaged Classroom. New York: Marzano Research Laboratory.

Demand Shock in Economy

The movements from A to E represent the reactions of the parameters due to the demand shocks (Mankiw, 2006). At period t+4 since the DAS curve continues to move downwards as a result of the low inflationary pressure in the period t+3. As the negative demand shock that is described in this situation persists the DAD curve returns to its actual position which is DADt-1, t+4, thus the economy moves to point F. Since the DAS curve is lower than it was earlier, so a recovery process will cause the curve to move upwards to point A. This may be due the rise in employment level or an increase in the wage rate by the workers in the economy or a general rise in the output level owning to the inflation prevailing in the economy. Source: Mankiw, 2006 Answer to question 2 As the economy undergoes a demand shock, the central bank responds immediately to combat the ill effects of such a shock. Generally in real case scenario the shock persists for several time periods. A negative demand shock calls for a fall in the output and the inflation level. Therefore the Central bank responds by lowering the level of interest rate. Now as the interest rate falls, so the level of goods as well as services demanded rises. Thus the contractionary effect of demand shock is offset. As the inflation level falls, so does the expected inflation level. As a result of the demand shock the nominal and the real rate of interest falls, however as the shock disappears the interest rate too increases (Mankiw, 2006). From the adaptive expectation rule we have Et (?t+1) = ?t, so Et-1 =?t, or ?t = 2% i.e. 2 The nominal interest rate is given as i= ?t + ? + ?? (?t –?*) + ?y (Yt – Y) i = 1.091+.02+0.5(1.091-0.2) + 0.5 (96.36 – 100) = -0.1745. Real rate of interest Rt =… As the economy undergoes a demand shock, the central bank responds immediately to combat the ill effects of such a shock. Generally, in real case scenario, the shock persists for several time periods. A negative demand shock calls for a fall in the output and the inflation level. Therefore the Central bank responds by lowering the level of interest rate. Now as the interest rate falls, so the level of goods, as well as services, demanded rises. Thus the contractionary effect of demand shock is offset. As the inflation level falls, so does the expected inflation level. As a result of the demand shock, the nominal and the real rate of interest falls, however as the shock disappears the interest rate to increases.Inflation targeting is basically an economic policy whereby the Central bank of the economy tries to project a targeted level of inflation and tries to drive the economy towards that level by using various monetary tools. If the prevailing rate of inflation is above the target then the Government raises its interest and the opposite happens when the inflation is below the target.A negative demand shock causes the inflation level of the economy to fall. Therefore the Central bank loosens the monetary policies so that the economy comes back to the targeted level of inflation, this further causes the economy to go back to the full employment level. Since the interest rate rises as the inflation are above the targeted level, this prompts the Central banks to go for inflation targeting.

The Impact of Sports on Politics and Cultural Representation

Likewise, sports have increasingly incorporated elements of politics and nationalism, depending on the public sphere in which they represent. This can be effectively elucidated by the move by the Sri Lankan theatres to adopt a play that stages in the form of cricket. In this case, cricket is a significant element of the Sri Lankan public sphere. The same case applies for various forms of public spheres across the regions of the globe. The eventuality of these has been that the growing relationship between cultural elements, sports and, and national politics. In turn, even the spectators to all these bring themselves out as the subjects of the nations. In close reference to UK, the subjects of concern have pertained to the question of culture and politics, in relation to sports. In the UK, sports are viewed as an area where everyone can venture and succeed. hence, may be referred to as the source of unity. However, upon close examinations, the UK sports are also a form of divisiveness, as well as exclusion. This is what may have sparked irrational fears, especially from the neighboring nations with groups with similar orient. Some sports have been associated with elite groups, especially those by the Anglo-non-indigenous groups. In other cases, some sports have spectatorship to certain sports have either been dismissed on the account of feminism, such as belonging to men or women hence, delimiting the interests. As such, this has tended to exclude the indigenous groups, who also view such sports as pure legacies of colonialism. Whether it would ever be possible for spectators to cheer sport teams on the virtue based on how they are organized, rather than as a nation is an issue subject to debate. Sport is presented as a symbol of cultural orientation, political empowerment, economic empowerment and nationalism, and the spectators are drawn to act as nationalists. However, not all have supported this view. This has been in consideration to the fact that a there is general lacking understanding of the link between sports, politics and cultural orientation. Moreover, the sense of nationalism is increasingly being diluted by the immigration and establishment of Diasporas, as facilitated by the trending wave of globalization. The proposed research project shall discus the impacts of sports on cultural orientation and politics. Objective/Purpose of the Study The key aim of this study is to establish the link between sports, politics and cultural orientation. This way the proposed study shall seek to establish the impacts of sports on politics and cultural orientation. Research Questions The following research questions shall be considered: What are the effects of sports on the identity politics? What are the impacts of sports on different cultures? Does politics influence on the way politics of any given country play out and how closely related are they? Do the histories of politics, culture and sports have any link? Significance of the Study Successful completion of this research work will come with a lot of significance to a lot of people, especially the politicians, those affected by culture, as well as the sportsmen. First, data, results and conclusions from this research shall serve as updated literature on politicians and sportsmen within the population size targeted for this research work. To a large extent, this research shall help in coming out with new models on the type or kind of challenges sportsmen go through as they try to overcome

Market Evaluation and Strategic Planning Project for Dubai Refreshments Energy Drinks

Begun in 1959, Dubai Refreshments originally was located on Maktoum Street in central Dubai. In such a way, it comes as no surprise that the full power of the most potent geographic market for the firm’s offerings exists within the continents of Africa and Asia. Although the firm has experienced a great deal of growth domestically, it has yet to fully leverage a degree of potential international growth. In such a fashion, for the nation of the United Arab Emirates, Dubai Refreshments exhibits nearly a 70% market share with regards to energy drinks. Similarly, due to the fact that population of Dubai and the surrounding region has grown exponentially within the past several decades, the firm is able to integrate its products with a broader and broader market segment than it would have before thought possible. As a direct result of this, profitability has increased alongside this population growth. Although Dubai Refreshments is considered a bonafide distributor of PepsiCo drinks, the firm in and of itself exhibits complete autonomy and is not a subsidiary of the global beverage giant. Such a level of autonomy means that Dubai Refreshments is able to integrate within the global market and seek to leverage a degree of success for itself without being under the constraints of any contractual obligations or limitations placed upon it by a third party or ultimate conglomerate of ownership. Market Analysis/Evaluation Although it is ultimately the intention of Dubai Refreshments to engage in a broad marketing plan that will see each and every one of its sectors grow in overall sales, the purpose of this specific strategy is with regards to seeking to leverage a degree of growth within the market of Vietnam. seeking to promote the drink company in an emerging market as a means of breaking out from the formerly domestic only label that the firm has crafted for itself. As will be discussed below in the analysis, the reasons for choosing Vietnam are multiple. however, the nation itself has not been chosen merely on one or two determinants. Rather, it has been chosen due to the fact that it is the belief of these authors that this particular nation represents the greatest overall possibility with regards to future growth and international development of the brand. Social Issues Although long overlooked as something of a backwater communist relic, the nation of Vietnam has experienced a rapid amount of economic growth within the past several years. Due to the rapid level of economic growth, the human development index and the gross domestic product of the nation of Vietnam has risen precipitously alongside this form of development.A further reason why the nation of Vietnam is been chosen with regards to the international expansion of Dubai Refreshments is with regards to the fact that both the nation of Vietnam and the nation of the United Arab Emirates are both extraordinarily hot climates. In such a way, even though there are a differential and culture between these two peoples, it is the belief of the promoters and stakeholders of Dubai Refreshments that the very same forces which have promoted Dubai Refreshments into a position of popularity and appreciation within the market of the United Arab Emirates will necessarily promote the farm within the nation of Vietnam as well.

Egypt and shifting power / influence structures in the Middle East

Happenings in Egypt and shifting power equations in Middle East Introduction The popular conception that international media is working overtime to project is Egypt is experiencing a popular uprising motivated through years’ of tyrannical misrule of Hosni Mubarak. But, as days go by it increasingly seems that Egyptian Army is pressing for a change of regime, sooner the better. Though there can be no denial of the fact that people of Egypt were genuinely fed up of Mubarak’s oppression and rampant corruption but the movement got a genuine boost when the army decided to remain neutral. The situation is indeed complex and needs a little more elaboration for the uninitiated to get a real grasp of the situation at ground level and the forces that are at play in this violent drama (Blair 2011). Role of US United States is one of the biggest donors in Egypt but those donations and aids measure up to hardly around 3% of the country’s GDP thus an average Egyptian rarely considers such aid as being worthwhile and is thus not very concerned about US reaction to the current happenings in their country. Moreover, the current emphasis of providing US aid to a handful of business men and the remote possibility of creating permanent job opportunities in that country also have made Egyptians rather indifferent copious volumes of US aid that regularly flows into their economy. However, United States is vitally interested about Egypt due to its control over Suez Canal and consequent impact on global transportation of crude oil and would under no circumstances be willing to let go of its hold over the country. Perhaps it is because of this reason. United States wants a speedy end to the current turmoil and wants Vice President of Egypt to assume power with the direct help of the army. This would also preclude any possibility of a chaotic interlude in a post Hosni Mubarak scenario (Brady 2011). Role of Israel Though Israel has kept a very low profile in the current situation it is nonetheless very eager to know the outcome of the current unrest in Egypt. It is the only country in the Middle East with which Israel has a peace treaty. so if we factor in the potential threats from Hamas and Hezbollah, Israel would like a pro-American regime take control of Egypt. If that happens, Egyptian army, though nowhere as well organized as Israeli armed forces, would still remain under tight American leash and Israel would have no cause to worry about any aggression from this front (Friedman 2011). Role of Saudi Arabia Faced with economic pressures, Saudi Arabia had given up its role as a ‘swing producer’ of crude and accepted the quota and control regime that other OPEC countries adhere to. Saudi foreign policy is centered on maintaining its paramount position in the Arabian Peninsula what with its prominent position in International Monetary Fund and several other Arabic and Islamic funds and aids institutions. Saudi Arabia frequently intermediates in internal crises of other Arabic countries and often plays the role of arbitrator in inter-country disputes in this region. With largest crude reserves in the world under its control and with enormous financial clout, Saudi Arabia is indeed the single most important factor in Middle East geopolitics (Greenwald 2011). Current unrest in Egypt surely has immense implications for Saudi Arabia. There is absolutely no doubt that Saudi Arabia is a prosperous country in terms of GDP but a major part of that wealth is barricaded within the four walls of the palace and the inequality of income distribution is too brazen to escape the attention of even the most casual observer. The urban population of Saudi Arabia is almost of the same age as that in Egypt and subsidized bread and petrodollars might not be able to stave off the spillover of popular resentment for long. It is therefore no wonder that 86-year old King Abdullah was one of the first to denounce the popular uprising in Egypt as the handiwork of a bunch of infiltrators (Palmer 2011). Conclusion Popular uprising against autocratic regimes have become commonplace in Middle East. Starting with Yemen and Tunisia, the wave has hit Egypt now and might any day spill over to the mightiest of Arab nations – Saudi Arabia. Regime changes will surely induce a fresh bout of instability in this already volatile region and will have worldwide implications with its invariable impact on production of crude oil. Reference Blair, Edmund. Egypt’s Mubarak sends in army, resists demands to quit. Reuters. January 28, 2011. (accessed February 6, 2011). Brady, Jeff. Unrest In Egypt Spurs Worry Over Oil Supply. npr: Find a Station. February 3, 2011. (accessed February 6, 2011). Friedman, George. Stratfor Geopolitical Reports on current situation in Egypt. Dangers of Allah: Only false prophets feel the need to kill in order to spread their faith. February 5, 2011. (accessed February 6, 2011). Greenwald, Igor. Egypt Today, Saudi Arabia Tomorrow? Seeking Alpha. February 1, 2011. (accessed February 6, 2011). Palmer, Elizabeth. The Social Instability Leading to Egypt’s Unrest. CBS News. January 29, 2011. (accessed February 6, 2011).


The term DIY itself is a self-explanatory terminology. Many individuals and companies are coming forward and making DIY a commercial venture especially with the advent of internet and modern advertisement techniques. Question # 3 (b) The most important thought that can be observed by the interview in the article is about the documentation of the things made locally on DIY principles. The sole idea of creating new things is that it can be improved by another person. This can only be done if proper videos and documents are present of the original thing. Limor Fried explains that a simple invention can be converted into a complex one when two or three people work on it simultaneously. This can only be done when the information is transferred from one DIY worker to another. To prove her argument, she explained an example about wave shield, which is a self-made audio add-on for the Auduino board. It adds audio quality to the already present audio hardware. Limor explains that this is the first step. Not a long time will be required by someone to convert into a complex machine. Question # 3 (c) The kind of equipment being used by the young generation is very high-tech state of the art which includes microcontrollers and computers. The software which are being used more nowadays are, the ones which help in simulating a scenario. These software include CAD/CAN which help in simulating 3D objects and speculate their properties rather than wasting time and money on making the actual thing physically. This equipment is cheap when compared to the prototype equipment or the ones that were first used in their respective categories. The equipment that I have seen in the article and which is familiar to me is the microcontroller and the lathe machine. I haven’t used the lathe machine but with the proper training, it would not be very difficult. The microcontroller is the one device I have actually used and programmed using PIc device. Question # 3 (d) The article How to make stuff out of plastic was picked because there is not a lot of heavy machinery that has to be set up for this kind of a project. Making miniature plastic items, which are scaled down versions of actual size objects, is a very unique and eye-catching theme. If I get the required hardware and software for such project, I will make small decoration pieces, for placing in show cases. A lot of different kinds of cars, buildings and decorative objects can be carved out of plastic using the 3D model technique that has been described in the article. This can be taken up as a hobby as well as small business, selling miniatures online. Question # 3 (e) Arduino Laser Tripwire is the article I have picked. I chose this article because the thought of having a personal security alarm system is a very attractive feat for me, if somebody actually achieves it. I will put this system outside my corridor and wire the alarm or flash light in my room so that if somebody is coming towards my room, I know it before they come. It can be very handy when one is awake and you parents wanted you to sleep. Even before the parents enter the room, one will be tucked up it bed nicely. Question # 3 (f) Kickstarter is a website where armature inventors can post about their ideas and request for financial assistance. Eager people find what projects they like and can help the inventors on the financial side

Analysis of a Business Narrative

Both, Baidu and Google history describes the story of their origins. However, narrative style adapted to describe their history of origination by both companies, is quite different (Reissman, 1993). It is very important for any narrative to have a plot, a central idea, theme on which the entire construction of narration relies. The plot for business narratives can change according to the customer’s response and needs for that particular company. For example, if a company wants to build an emotional connection with its customers, it will try to make the narrative empathetic and would demonstrate the understanding of emotional, social and cultural values. Similarly, if a company emphasizes on the product, it will focus on its product development procedure and how that product can help provide the consumers with the solutions they want (Fritz, 2008). By keeping the above mentioned key point. Baidu search engine narrative and Google timeline is analyzed. Baidu narrative chooses an emotional plot. It shows cultural connection through one of the poem of the Song Dynasty. Then it further describes, as to how this search engine is best suited to the Chinese people as it is sensitive to the various nuances of the Chinese language. Consequently, Google narrative also builds an emotional connection with its consumers, but the style varies. … The way the story of Google’s initial years is written, it develops a sense of familiarity for American youth. Almost every university student and graduate in America can identify the sentiments for aims, fears, and unleashed zeal to achieve targets and to find a person who shares the same dream as yours and who works along to fulfill those dreams. The story for Google tells the consumer how this conglomerate was started as a university project by two students, who were no different than the average student today. Thus, it develops a relation of similarity with it users by describing the originators as average students. The timeline mentions every person who has been associated with Google in its initial years, even the cook. This shows the emphasis on the element of respect and contribution for even the smallest participation by people who chose to believe in the company at a time when there was no guarantee of success. By telling the story of its inception in a simple manner and recognizing the input of every person, Google conveys the idea of valuing its employees and their contribution even if it’s of a meager kind. Thus, Google considers its employees as an asset, which are important enough to be mentioned in its history. The company conveys the idea of following one’s dream, even if there are numerous hardships and obstacles along the way. The story of Google is a perfect example of how a small startup, which started in a garage, has now become the world’s largest search engine. The company went against the odds, and even though there was competition present in the form of Yahoo and MSN, Google still managed to create a place for itself. Google’s startup and its values represent American culture from which

Validation of Vehicle Fuel Consumption

Using a comparison of different driving cycles, the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) was taken as the basic framework for testing. The research was carried out in two different phases i.e. laboratory testing and real-life drive tests. Laboratory testing was utilized to generate the major parameters that affected vehicle fuel consumption. This was then used to derive an empirical correlation that was then tested in the field to determine its validity. The proposed empirical correlation was tested against real-life driving conditions which proved the reliability of the empirical correlation.A number of different driving conditions were simulated including urban driving, extra-urban driving and highway driving. The varied testing scheme ensured that the empirical correlation was valid for various driving situations at the same time. The derivation of such an empirical correlation through this work removed one of the chief defects of different driving cycles which were the lack of standardization for testing. With the application of this tested model, it would be easier and convenient to control pollution considerably through additional research in the future.I dedicate this work to my dear parents for the lifelong and boundless love that I received from them as well their unwavering support. This work is also dedicated to my wife for her unfaltering encouragement throughout my study and my son Abu Bakr and daughters Yakootha and Remas. Without their support reaching this point would not have been possible. Firstly I would like to thank almighty God for providing the strength to complete my Ph.D. and his guidance throughout my life.Few goals are ever achieved without the help of teachers, mentors, colleagues, family, and friends. For the assistance, support, and guidance I have received while completing the postgraduate studies I am indebted to my director of studies Professor Andrew Ball at the University of Huddersfield for all his guidance, encouragement and support throughout the four years duration of this research project.

London Stock Exchange

This research objective to evaluate and present aim of the Taurus London Stock Exchange Project that is to turn stock trading paperless, with the aim of making transactions smoother and more convenient for London Stock Exchange traders. The Taurus project started in 1986 from the ‘big bang’, an event at which the London Stock Exchange was turned into a self-regulating operation which was overseen but not fully controlled by the Bank of England. The offshoot of this ‘big bang’ was that many of the restrictions that were previously placed upon the London Stock Exchange were no longer in place and the Exchange could now enforce rules, regulations and software to improve the service. The United States and Japanese Stock Exchanges were primarily electronic at this time, with the London Stock Exchange taking three to six weeks to complete a transfer and the other international exchanges providing transfers in days. The London Stock Exchange needed to move from this paper-based time-consuming style of trading and move onwards into the future, and this was one of the main aims of the Taurus project. Taurus (Transfer and Automated Registration of Uncertified Stock) had the aim of providing a paperless service to the London Stock Exchange and reduce the burden on those in the back office. The project had the aim to move to computerized shareholdings which would reduce both time and cost to the London Stock Exchange. … The offshoot of this ‘big bang’ was that many of the restrictions that were previously placed upon the London Stock Exchange were no longer in place and the Exchange could now enforce rules, regulations and software to improve the service. The United States and Japanese Stock Exchanges were primarily electronic at this time, with the London Stock Exchange taking three to six weeks to complete a transfer and the other international exchanges providing transfers in days (Currie, 1994). The London Stock Exchange needed to move from this paper-based time-consuming style of trading and move onwards into the future, and this was one of the main aims of the Taurus project. Taurus (Transfer and Automated Registration of Uncertified Stock) had the aim of providing a paperless service to the London Stock Exchange and reduce the burden on those in the back office (Bergman et al, 2002). The project had the aim to move to computerized shareholdings which would reduce both time and cost to the London Stock Exchange. Taurus was originally planned to be a software database containing a computerized database of all the investors and shareholders plus their stocks and holdings that operated through the London Stock Exchange as a central operator (Keil et al, 2002). The ownership of stocks would be as simple as an entry into this database, something which is represented by the stock markets of today. There were several aims of the project beyond those mentioned above. Firstly, the movement to a paperless system would remove the need for countless jobs and resources and could potentially have saved the London Stock Exchange millions of pounds. This movement was backed by several prominent economists and politicians of the day, as well as by those residing in the City

CostBenefit Analysis of an Oil Fuelled Power Station

Sensitivity analysis also examined project responses to varying discount rates.2. Once constructed, the station will begin immediate delivery of electricity and will continue to do so (at a constant rate) over a period of 45 years from its first operation. Its operational life is 45 years.A Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) of the above project has to be done given the assumptions and cost/revenue details. An appropriate discount rate is essential for conducting a CBA. In the following paragraphs, we would detail the reasons for choosing a particular discount rate. Thereafter sensitivity analysis would be conducted varying critical parameters of the CBA to conclude if such variations do affect accept/reject decisions materially. It would be followed by an appraisal report covering the CBA and the sensitivity analysis.The discount rate is the rate by which benefits/costs accruing in the future project running periods may be adjusted so that a comparison with present values is made possible. Conceptually this rate should be the rate which is the equilibrium rate in demand and supply of savings in the present time. In order to save investors compare the value of current consumption to its future value and seek a rate of compensation required to curtail present consumption. An appropriate discount rate choice becomes important as funds are required for a large-sized public project which seeks to increase the social welfare of society at large. The funds are derived from the public and their benefits would accrue to the public. In case a decision other than the correct decision is arrived at due to inappropriate choice of discount rate either the society would not have the benefits of the project or they would have the project but suffer more in terms of costs than benefits.

Sustainable Container Ports Development

Certain ports may be handicapped due to obsolete machinery or being understaffed. In such cases, they find it hard to handle voluminous business, leading to backlogs. Such contingencies can damage business and lead to huge financial losses.
‘The need to improve Terminal Efficiency was addressed amongst other things during the execution of the 5th EU sponsored 5th FWP project THERAPIST. Of particular interest was the contribution made in Work Package 4, the aim of developing “means” for gathering and intelligently using Data from Identified Sources. These “means” comprised of Object Oriented, Relational Database and Electronic Terminal Planning Board. Together they addressed very comprehensively, the bottleneck ‘Port’ described in the EC publication “COM99 317 en final Development of SSS in Europe”, 1999 (EC, 1999) , where shortcomings of port infrastructure and port inefficiency were commented upon and ‘port turn-a-round time’ was singled out as one of these inefficiencies. WP4 proposes “Means” aimed at increasing the efficiency of small to medium-sized ports by specifically increasing their commercial attractiveness to regional exporters and importers’ (Felix A Schmidt, Felix A Schmidt and Robert Young, 2005). This was a method thought to reduce the operational backlog and enhance coordination between different wings of the port.
Situations like that of above and others wherein ports are too small to handle create extreme pressure on the exporter and port authorities. The government then takes up a feasibility study to modify or develop a new port/terminal to ease the pressure. China and India are two countries that have witnessed such a situation, due to their surplus volume of imports and exports. The major ports faced innumerable problems due to the high-density flow of bulk consignments, such as automobiles, heavy machinery, and food products and so on.

Strategic planning and control

In order to sell more in the beginning, the production capacity had also been increased, but the result demonstrated that the demand was only half of the production. So, I have learned that it is not necessary to utilize all the resources as inventory got larger and it is not good for the company. We need to observe the internal position of the organization which will enable us to determine how well the company can manage the competitive and external environment. I also came to know that a strategic planning and critical success factors need to be developed for the products and services. SWOT (strengths, opportunities, weaknesses, and threats) analysis must be carried out, which will allow the company to evaluate their strategic situation. The product life-cycle model needs to be taken into consideration in order to discuss how the cost of product can vary over a product’s life cycle. I also discovered that key performance indicators of the company need to be analyzed, through which we can know what factors are leading to its success and competitive advantage. I also learnt that working in a group is more beneficial than working as an individual as it comprises the ideas of four to five people and involve more communication and consequently leads to an enhanced decision making process. Soft skills need to be developed in order to resolve the conflict which arises in the discussion process within the group. At the same time, time management is also important for successful completion of a project.
Strategic planning is defined as the method of defining the plans of the companies for achieving their missions. The strategy of an organization is therefore a derived approach towards attaining that mission. Organizational level and divisional level planning should be directly related to the strategic plan of the organization (Gates, 2010). Through the module, I came to know the elements of strategic planning and why it is important


Project Part B: Where’s the Intersection Can two lines be drawn with the given intersection? Support your answer with a diagram, an example, a real life situation, or an explanation. Be sure to answer the question for all four intersections given.
a. a point
Yes, two lines can be drawn with a point as the intersection. Below figure shows a point as the intersection for the two lines.
b. a line
Yes, two lines can be drawn with a line as the intersection. However, both lines will be same that is dependent system (the same line drawn twice). Below figure shows a line as the intersection for the two lines.
c. a region
No, two lines cannot be drawn with a region as the intersection. As shown in below figure, two lines can be drawn with a point or a line as the intersection or with no intersection (red and blue line).
d. no intersection
Yes, two lines can be drawn with no intersection. In this case, both lines will be parallel. Below example shows two lines with no intersection.
2. Can the graphs of two linear inequalities be drawn with the given intersection? Again, support your answer. Be sure to answer the question for all four intersections given.
a. a point
No, the graphs of two linear inequalities cannot be drawn with a point as the intersection. This is because whenever we draw graphs of two linear inequalities, there will be a line as the intersection, a region as the intersection or there will be no intersection. However, there will not be a point as the intersection.
b. a line
Yes, the graphs of two linear inequalities can be drawn with a line as the intersection. Below figure shows a line as the intersection for the graphs of two linear inequalities.
c. a region
Yes, the graphs of two linear inequalities can be drawn with a region as the intersection. Below figure shows a region as the intersection for the graphs of two linear inequalities.
d. no intersection
Yes, the graphs of two linear inequalities can be drawn with no intersection. Below figure shows no intersection for the graphs of two linear inequalities.
3. Compare the possible intersections of two lines with possible intersections of the graphs of two linear inequalities. What do you notice?
The possible intersections of two lines are a point and a line. The possible intersections of the graphs of two linear inequalities are a line and a region. Thus, we notice that a line can be possible intersection of both, that is the intersection of two lines and two linear inequalities.
4. Find the possible intersections of more than two lines. Support each possibility with a diagram or an explanation.
The possible intersections of more than two lines can be a point, a line (the same line drawn more than twice), a region (an area enclosed) or no intersection at all (more than two parallel lines).
5. Find the possible intersections for the graphs of more than two linear inequalities. Support each possibility with a diagram or an explanation.
The possible intersections of the graphs of more than two linear inequalities are a point, a line, a region and no intersection at all (for all the linear inequalities).
Below figure shows the graphs of three linear inequalities. Here the intersection is a point (3, 0).
Below figure shows the graphs of three linear inequalities. Here the intersection is a line (x + y = 2). One thing we can notice from here is that the linear equation for all the three inequalities is the same that is x + y = -2.
Below figure shows the graphs of three linear inequalities. Here the intersection is a region.
Below figure shows the graphs of three linear inequalities with no intersection (for all the three linear inequalities).


Marketing Positioning of Domino The possible segments held by Domino include geographic, demographic, psychographic and behavioral perspectives. Demographically, Domino bases its target on everyone in the market space. There is no specific category of persons it targets. This makes it quite unique from other companies like Pizza Hut that base their strategy on culture. Geographically, Domino has its presence on a global market scale with over 60 establishments in the top international Pizza trade centers. It uses the global positioning technology and software to locate its hot spots on a global rating. This provides a representative data on her market share trends. In its behavioral paradigm, Domino is able to meet the demands of its marketing by basically employing online services. This has proved instrumental since a wide variety of people are reached. It also ensures populous numbers are informed on the same in a span of a very short duration.
Domino has an international presence as one of the strategies to reduce the debts that are tied to the company. This debt is to the tune of $ 1.5 Billion, whereas her financial standing as regards her assets is only estimated at $ 450 million.
The market share in favor of Domino is based on the price sensation amongst Pizza consumers. Those that need a quick cheap Pizza will be favored by Domino’s Pizza. This makes them focused simply to delivery contrary to services offered in restaurants. However, for a long time, poor taste has been a derailment of her trade. To address this, two strategies have been deployed, that is, using trial periods as a tool to maintain the customers after presenting them with a better alternative. The other strategy is the projection of her future growth and implement the means to do so. This can be achieved by maintaining loyalty as well as expanding her presence in China, where her current standing is at 5-times-customer-orders per year against a 17-times-customer-order per year by Quick-Service Pizza.
The market share for Domino in totality stands at 18.4 % in the United States which is a leading franchise globally. In China, Domino’s standing percentage against Pizza Hut’s is 3.7 % which is quite insignificant.
Fortunately, Domino’s online strategy on sales can remedy it greatly since its current standing of 20% is estimated to project to 50% after a few years.
Work cited
Fredrick, H. (2000) Marketing Strategies for the Growing Business, Kansas state University. Manhattan, Kansas.
McQuarrie, E. (2005) The Market Research Toolbox: a Concise Guide for Beginners. 2nd ed. SAGE.
Tai, A., Vanesa, B., Ben, S., Partap, S. &amp. Joe, Y. (2010) Integrated Company Analysis: Domino Pizza. Team BC.

Midterm film analysis paper

The primary strategy of Dom Cobb comprised of his ability to project himself into the subconscious minds of other people to steal ideas and information, which even the most virtuoso of hackers could not pillage with all the technology and skills lying at their disposal. So, Cobb is projected in the movie as the ultimate tool specializing in corporate espionage. However, as is common with most of the capable men, Cobb has many accounted issues imbuing his past, to redeem which he is made to embark on a mission that is to become his way to redemption. However, this mission tends to be different in the sense that this Time Cobb is required to plant an idea into rather than gleaning some information from the mind of his target. Cobb and his ensemble team of espionage specialists would have certainly entered into a new dimension of psychic espionage had they succeeded. However, this time their mission is made complex and complicated by a capable adversary who not only knows what they are up to, but also possesses the power to stop them. To put it simply, in Inception, Christopher Nolan has managed to come out with a fantasy scenario, unraveling in the realm of the mind that is not only awesomely fantastic, original and innovative, but also requires multiple viewing to grasp its full potential and scope. It is a movie that exploits the existing technical expertise in the realm of cinematography to come out as being something interestingly stunning and audaciously bold.
There is no denying the fact that Nolan’s primary theme in Inception is the dream world. The mastery of Nolan lies in his ability to use the cinematic devices to bring to the life the hitherto unexplored dynamics of the dream world. Not only Nolan manages to create a complicated maze meandering into the dreams of the characters in the movie, but also succeeds in soliciting the trust and confidence of his viewers in his

Value Creation In Ebusiness in Xtra Company

This is the project plan.
The motivation for adopting IS Development is the improvement of efficiency, protecting market share, assisting in innovative activities, and increasing, productivity and profitability. (Wang et al, 2004. Pateli &amp. Giagles, 2004). What the company is selling is a novelty item that catches the attention of Hollywood fans and moviegoers. What they only have to do is to be able to reach a wider market based and the moment that they can establish a wide market, they have to come up new means of reaching it. And the way to reach it is via eBusiness.
The transition to eBusiness requires two important aspects of the internal aspect and the external aspect. In the internal aspect what is necessary are the following: effective individual, effective team and an effective organization. In the external aspect what is needed include the basic website, interactive website and e-commerce. These two aspects should converge for the plan to work (Arunatelika &amp. Gigi, nd).
Furthermore, of primary importance is the satisfaction of the customers.customers have greatly appreciated the personalized services that they have been receiving in the virtual market (Dubosson-Torbay et al, 2001). And Xtra Company cannot deviate from this trend, this current value creation in e-business (Ahmet &amp. Zott, 2001). With all the important points laid down, the plan is simple, they are going to use the internet to sell their products. As such, they have to create the IT structure, the creation of an interactive website and e-commerce should be undertaken. But it is not only that, they should have good collaboration links with the suppliers, links with the distributor and definitely a good interactive website that can be accessed 24/7. Aside from that, they should have a strong IT infrastructure, Business systems, IT policies, IT security measures and IT maintenance. Likewise, they also have to establish a strong and effective organization who are made up of people who are highly motivated, of a team that shares the vision, goals and values of the company.&nbsp.&nbsp.

London Underground Limited Management Project

The London railway network is the oldest underground railway system on earth. It begun as a 6-kilometer stretch between Baker street and Paddington in the 17th century. The role of the 6-kilometer stretch was to avail a small continuous railway service meant to connect to the main overground station, which connected to the London City.
The London Underground is also called the Tube or The Underground. This public metro system reaches a big section of the UK including counties such as Buckinghamshire and Essex. It is characterised by 270 stopping stations and more than 400 hundred kilometers of laid tracks on 24 different tracks, 55 percent of the track is on the ground and 45 percent underground. During its the initial formation of underground tunnels, the tunnels were only dug and covered. Later, the circular tunnels were dug and sunk deeper. Initially, to access the underground stations, people employed lifts, but now a day it has been modified and made easy to access. Its initial owners were several private organisations, which later merged to form a London Passenger Transport Board, which has evolved with time. Currently, London Underground Limited manages the railway system.
The passengers meet operational costs. Within one year, the company manages to transport billions of passengers. The Transport for London assumed the responsibility of running the transport across the UK`s capital.
The railway LUL experiences delays and overcrowding as some of problems to customer`s comfort.

Compare Financial alternatives for major purchases

What are the positive aspects of dams? The construction of dams has long been acknowledged as one of the most efficient ways to divert water flows inorder to be used for many potentially beneficial uses such as agricultural irrigation, human water consumption, and controlling devastating floods that use to happen in many flood prone areas around the world. Another one of the most significant advantages of artificial dams is the ability to harness the flow of water in order to produce hydroelectric power. This method is long acknowledged as one of the cleanest of producing electricity of all the currently commercially available technologies (Americanrivers, 2011).The construction of dams also allow for the creation of many opportunities for water sports, the construction of campsites, hiking and biking trails as well as hotels, lodges, and many other businesses around the lakeshore. The increase in tourism in the area along with all the improvements in infrastructure around the area will help develop the local economy and benefit all surrounding communities.
What are the negative aspects of building a dam?
The subject of dam construction has been a hotly debated issue especially since the 1960’s when the environmental impact of dam construction started to be considered and analyzed. To start with constructing a new dam is an incredibly expensive and complex undertaking, usually with total project costs running into the billions and taking numerous years to complete (Pottinger, 1996). When a dam is constructed in a river system the whole balance of the ecosystem upstream and downstream of the newly constructed dam will be negatively affected or even completely destroyed as a direct consequence of disrupting the natural seasonal flow of the river system. Prior to the construction of the dam, the river has a natural flow that responds to the seasonal changes and brings a constant flow of debris and sedimentation that helps bring food and nutrients for all the natural wildlife living in the river system. After a dam is constructed the flow of the water is artificially limited and controlled so the flow is usually constant and very restricted and only increased to decrease water levels or increase power production and does not correlate natural seasonal fluctuations. Furthermore all the sedimentation and the necessary food and nutrients carried with it will now be deposited in the impoundment upstream of the dam, destroying the ecosystem and killing most of the natural wildlife downstream. The evaporation rate of the river system will be significantly higher because of the vastly greater surface area exposed to the wind and sun of the artificial lake created after dam construction. Another negative factor of eliminating the natural sedimentation will be increased erosion of the water banks and embankments. The water temperature and average oxygen levels of the river system will be decreased since the water is usually released from a considerable depth in the dam where water temperature and dissolved oxygen levels will be inevitably much lower than normal. This will affect the ability of wildlife to adapt and survive. The magnitude of the environmental effects is correlated directly with the size of the dam itself. The environmental effects are profound and varied and must be carefully considered before a new dam project is authorized.
What are some alternatives to dams?
Reusing or recycling non-potable water resources for irrigation, industrial processes and flushing toilets. Water use efficiency and conservation measures should be considered first and foremost in any project considering new dam construction. These types of initiatives can be extremely cost effective ways in controlling the use of water resources and are usually sponsored by local and federal government agencies. Programs designed to conserve water can help save considerable amounts of resources through measures like water-efficient retrofits in residential and commercial establishments which can save upwards of 35% as demonstrated by the results achieved by the city of Boston, Massachusetts in the 1980’s, costing taxpayers $40 million instead of the $500 million required for the small proposed dam (Americanrivers, 2011).
References (2011). Dam Alternatives. Retrieved November 18, 2011 from
Pottinger, L. (1996). Environmental Impact of Large Dams: African Example. Retrieved November 18, 2011 from

The Project Manager/Customer Interface

Changes may occur to the customer’s policies or the personnel who are supposed to handle negotiations between the two parties. There are, however, cases in which the contractor has been in a good relationship with the customer previously, leading to assumptions in the process, as well as informal handling of activities in the project. This may lead to misunderstanding between the customer and the contractor, causing project failure.&nbsp.
The case involves two organizations. Nita Light and Power (NLP), and Special Products and Integrated Services Division (SPIS). The two companies had a good relationship in the past, as SPIS had performed a number of services for NLP successfully during the 1980’s. In 1989, NLP needed three of its generators to be serviced. Therefore, NLP got a contract with SPIS. They developed a fixed price contract which initially totaled to $500,000 (Filliben and Colley 470).
Before the project could commence, Reggie Brown, the project manager, noticed a problem in time allocation of the badging process. He immediately contacted Sam Goodsen, NLP’s site manager about his concern. So, Goodsen requested for the budget and the schedule for the process and gave a go-ahead for the time-and-materials billing. This transformed the project to a time-and-materials and Brown’s concern about time delay was resolved (Filliben and Colley 471).
The badging process, which involved a series of tests, was conducted by NLP since the utility did not want to involve SPIS in the process. This became a problem because it took longer and the generators were not handed over to SPIS on time.&nbsp.&nbsp.

Ethical Marketing issues by Trump on Aberdeen Wind Farm

71750 It is evidently clear from the discussion that the Aberdeen Wind farm has resulted in ethical and legal battles between the Scottish government and entrepreneur, Donald Trump who believes the construction of the wind farm will result in an ugly sore adjacent to his greatest golf course. According to Trump, building his $ 1 billion golf course in Aberdeenshire was because he was informed that the wind farm project would not continue. However, “former and current first ministers, Jack McConnel and Alex Salmond” denied that they agreed to have the project stopped owing to the plans for the building of the golf resort by Trump. The current minister says Trump wanted the current government to be held accountable for the promises of the previous government, which he believes is not possible and resulted in a court battle filed by Trump’s legal team. In a bid to halt&nbsp.the development of the wind farm, Trump appeared before the Scottish Parliament’s committee on economy, energy, and tourism and he said the wind farm was the most serious problem facing Scotland. From the research, the aim of the wind farm includes the creation of 28,000 jobs, generation of 100 MW of electricity that would supply power to half of Aberdeen city, and act as a pilot project for the aims of turning the country into Europe’s green energy. The Scottish government approved the development of the wind farm resulting in Trump taking to the courts to challenge the project to which he subsequently lost despite the use of misleading campaigns and threats about the fall of the Scottish economy. He also made use of his celebrity status through different media channels and campaigns to influence the court decision, but he was not successful.

The aim of the project is to find a Competitive inhibitor which will inhibit the methylation of Protein phosphate 2A (PP2A) Via LCMT1

This means that the methylation of PP2A may be an important regulatory mechanism on the condition that the PP2A methylation is tightly regulated.
Tamanoi and Clarke (2006, p. 316) further presents that there are two main levels of regulation of the PP2A. This is may be achieved either through demethylating enzyme LCMT1 or PME-1 or the regulation at the C-terminal tail of PP2AC site (Tamanoi and Clarke, 2006, p. 316). Furthermore, they advance that the methylation of PP2A can also be regulated or deregulated by certain diseases(Sheng 2013). Seshacharyulu, Pandey, Datta and Batra (2013, p.9) elaborates that PP2A serves to regulate the function by dephosphorylating numerous important cellular molecules such as the p53 and Akt. The PP2A is significant in critical cellular processes including signal transduction, proliferation and apoptosis.
PP2A is structurally multifarious made up of catalytic, support and regulatory subunits. The support and catalytic sub-units of the PP2A comprise of two major isoforms, whereas the regulatory sub-unit has four distinct families of different isoforms. Of these sub-units, the regulatory sub-unit is considered the most diverse in terms of spatial and temporal specificity.
The PP2A usually undergoes certain post-translational changes such as methylation and phosphorylation that serve to regulate the enzymatic activity of PP2A. Certain somatic alterations, mutations and aberrant expression of the PP2A support and regulatory sub-units have been common in a variety of malignancies in humans including skin, breast and lung cancers. This demonstrates that the role of PP2A as a tumor suppressor (Seshacharyulu 2013). A group of heterogeneous genes encode the individual subunits of the enzyme. This gives rise to a multitude of various PP2A holoenzyme complexes (Schönthal 2013, p.2). Some of the observations that PP2A puts certain stimulatory and

Case study

This will result in many followers and will raise the popularity of cloud computing.
a) For a new entrant it is hard to invest huge amount in infrastructure to build own data centre. Here cloud computing lessens their cost to substantial level (Pay-Per-Use facility might be recalled of as an example).
Capacity Planning: – This is a course of action that an organization use to determine the production required to meet varying demands for its products. Here though Amazon is a retail organization, they shift their business from retail to cloud computing technology, since lots of small organization who are dealing with large data sets are opting to be their clients. In the long run to reduce the risk of server downtime they are simultaneously useing public and private cloud.
Scalability: This is the capacity of a system to accomplish large number of works in a competent style with ultimate achievement of growth. Amazon is handling a large number of data of many organizations with flexible computing power, messaging and other services. Circumscribing this dimension, Amazon is equipped with huge resources directed towards helping an array of small firms entering new business and struggling to maintain huge database. On the other way, subscribers of Amazon for example, Zynga is using a business model where they use private and public cloud jointly. At the juncture when Zynga decides to launch any new application they use public cloud because they are uncertain about their future applicability. Once this application stabilizes in the market they shift to its own cloud computing dynamics for the reduction of risk related to the server downtime problems.
TCO: Total cost of ownership is an estimation of cost method and is used to assist consumers and project managers to establish direct and indirect costs of a product or

Higher ratings and wider range of the audience

The new late night show program has been aired for three months now but still suffers from low ratings. At first, we had high ratings because our program is officially the first late night show that directed and produced similarly to an American late-night show but then ratings went down from 16% to 7% during last three months. From the survey we conducted, the style of the production is unfamiliar to the viewers because they have not seen this style of the production before. To increase viewer ratings, the program needs more promotions and system that makes the audience engages in the program. For the above reasons, Taeho Kim assigned me to find ways to increase ratings and promote the program. Mr Kim gave me a set of criteria for the new system. First, the total budget allowed for the project is $15,000. Second, the new system must give the evidence that we have higher ratings and wider range of the audience. Third, the new system needs to be more cost-effective and has a long-term effect.
Through the research I have conducted, three appropriate options were realized for the improvement of the program. Social networks, hiring of celebrities as co-host, and changing and improving the script are among the options that this paper will be dealing with.
Locally, it is relevant to say that all these networks have the capacity to promote shows especially the late night shows and thus, could give people the idea and the knowledge of the advantages the viewers could get by watching the show.

Alternative Work Arrangements

Flextime is the arrangement where the employees report to work for a fixed number of hours which is not less than 50 percent of the required total for a day, say 5 hrs. It is after this that the employees chose the other time to continue working within the day or week to compensate for the deficit (Sharing 2010). This increases efficiency since employees do work at times of their choice.
Job sharing is the other arrangement that can be adopted where two or more employees are to share the same job at different times (Sharing 2010). This will enable employees to work in the sort of shifts one taking from where the other has left.
Consulting is adopted where experts in certain fields like human resources need not report to the office but offer their advice when required (Sharing 2010).
These are good ways to solve the highlighted issue although only the hardworking and good performing employees can be enlisted into the program (Sharing 2010). A pilot project needs to be conducted first to attest feasibility in our particular company context.&nbsp.

Interview with an adolescent

She made sure that I went to church regularly and she taught me never to say lies. As for my father he didn’t care about anything like that.
Puberty has not been too easy. I get quite annoyed that I do not have proper parents to take care of things because my grandparents are old and yet I have to depend a lot on them and it is very stressful.
The interview with Michael’s dad was scheduled for another day. I asked Michael to arrange to meet with his dad at the same pond because it was quiet and peaceful here. Michael had telephoned his father and he arranged to meet us there on Saturday by 11:00 in the morning.
From this interview I learned to show restraint in dealing with a young child. I also learned to be patient, understanding and the polite and show a lot of care. Listening to Michael’s story I empathized with him because I could understand the way he felt about his parents. This project gave me a lot of interest and kindled my curiosity. It also helped me to gain experience in engaging in a case history interview. This experience has encouraged me to shed some of my own inhibitions and impatience. The theory part of the project has helped me to gain new knowledge as well as improve my analytical and problem solving skills.
Michael’s story made me realize how different parents, dealt differently with their children. In Michael’s case he had parents who were totally different not only in their outlook in life, but also in dealing with their son Michael. Michael seemed to love his mother with all his heart because she had been a kind, loving and understanding mother. But in the case of Michael’s dad he seemed to be aloof and did not seem to like him much because Michael had been a victim where he was concerned. Since Michael’s mother had passed away when he was very young, the parenting style of the father could be taken into consideration.
Michael’s father was very strict

5 Discuss the characteristics of group decision making Identify the benefits and issues in a hospitality or tourism context using relevant examples

GROUP DECISION MAKING al Affiliation) According to Kusluvan (2003, p.12), “decision making is one of the primary responsibilities of managers in tourism and hospitality organizations and it occurs in 3 levels: individual, group and organizational level. Decision making is done on a daily level basis and ranges from small to large scale. An area examinable day in day out remains the issue of what decisions should be made by individuals or taken on by groups. also the type of group decisions are they programmed ones or non-programmed, as well as when best to use group decision making in the hospitality industry.
There are certain situations that group decision making is more preferable to individual decision making as it may be more efficient. In the hospitality industry however, its particularly stated that when creativity and efficiency is most essential, and there is relatively limited time group decision is the least preferred (Kusluvan 2003, p.18). Nevertheless, group decision making is beneficial as it has the advantage of individuals having diverse skills, experience and knowledge. Organizations in the hospitality industry are encouraged to incorporate more group decision making as its participative. Participative decision making in the sense that employees at different levels are asked to participate in the decision making process more so in decisions that affect them. Groups that are incorporated include task forces, project teams and committees as an attempt to achieve better decisions and more commitment to include employees.
Decision making at group level will enhance the effectiveness of decision making and enhances problem solving. The combined effort of individuals is believed to improve the quality of decisions made. Some of the characteristics that are exhibited by successful groups include the following: the group is quite small, it exudes open communication among its members and they all have a common mind set, the group members easily identify with each other and they are all agreeable on acceptable group behavior (Walker, 2009, p.43).
Group decision making does work best however when all the group members are accustomed to working together and there’s some overall commitment. Setbacks associated with group decision making however are it can be seen as a time consuming activity and more so when the members have a differing expertise point of view. There is also the fear that mediocre decisions are more likely to be made as group leaders at times tend to be more manipulative and dominating and likely to take credit when the group is commended for making good decisions (Walker 2009, p.50).
When it comes to group decision making however, there are several setbacks associated with it. interpersonal influence is one such setback. Some individuals in the group may have outgoing personalities that override those who are less outgoing. Another limitation of using group decision making is groupthink. a phenomena that is characterized by immature decision making as a result of hasty decision making so as to avoid conflicts (Pizam 2010, p.15), or as a result of anxiety leading to the less likely chance of exploring new options. Group decision making sometimes does lead to suboptimum decision making and the desire to avoid non-traditional ideas.
Kusluvan, S. 2003, Managing employee attitudes and behaviors in the tourism and hospitality
industry, Nova Publishers, London.
Pizam, A. 2010, International encyclopedia of hospitality management, Butterworth-Heinemann,
Boston, MA.
Walker, J. R, 2009, Supervision in the hospitality industry, John Wiley and Sons, New York.

The Perspective of Project Management

After a simulation is analyzed, project management can discover many aspects of the project. The first of these is that it may be possible for a project to have a concrete starting point but not a predetermined finishing point. As an example, a project to do with rehabilitating endangered animals has some unplanned risks that could delay the project from being completed. In this situation, no fixed end date would be set because it is possible that the project would yet to be completed.
Although the Work Breakdown Structure breaks activities down into more manageable tasks, one downside is that some unforeseen circumstances may arise. Let’s say that a project has many problems through on each stage of execution. During the beginning stage, a project may face the difficulty of trying to fix a broken down car in the middle of the highway. In the next stage, a weather problem could prevent an airplane from landing, which would decrease its fuel. In the final stage, a project may face a problem of dealing with the heath of a newborn animal, and this may delay a project further. Therefore, every project can contain many different perspectives that derive from project management.
As was mentioned above, we have now increased our knowledge about the positives and negatives of project management concerning any given problem. This background will assist in understanding all the holdups that occur in project management. In addition to this, also to be discussed are the issues that can harm the objective of a mission statement of a company.
Understanding the basics of project management helps companies and employees alike to make decisions based on project management techniques. Forecasting can assist in identifying results in terms of scope, scheduling, price, and quality.&nbsp.

Recommendation Letter for East Sussex County Council for Two Comparative Development Projects

In reconstructing an existing pier, one requires considering the level of rot in the old one and the costs needed to redevelop the project to the specifications of the county. In this quest, it is, therefore, necessary to consider a number of options to arrive at a well thought through decision regarding the project. Considering the social impact that the project will have the business viability and the cultural significance of the project to the people of Sussex County. The details of the study aim at unveiling the information with regard to these that will help the county government arrive at a decision in relation to the two projects.
The two projects under consideration are part of the development plan of the East Sussex County Council and ensuring that these are achieved provides for the county a good reputation and an improved livelihood for the locals. The county has interests in this project for a number of reasons but most of all because of the need to provide credible services for the people of East Sussex County. Banking on the renewed debate over the proposal of whether to build a new pier or reconstruct the old one, many of the Sussex County residents would like to see a new pier. According to the polls conducted by Argus, 44% of the people considered a new pier while 35% considered the remainder being left and 21% would want the pier demolished. According to these reports, the government is considering options in either reconstructing the old pier or developing a new one in another location (Fletcher, 2014). The county government seeks to make a decision that best applies resource application needs and ensures that the resources are utilized well and provide value for money for the people of Sussex. It is basing on these grounds that the government seeks to obtain information on the recommendations on which pier project option to consider as a viable one for the locals.

Why is an understanding of research techniques important

Understanding research techniques Question The press release and news story here, provide the findings of the study by the Pew Research Center, an organization that focuses on analyzing the attitudes, trends, and behaviors that have characterized American politics and the polarization of the same. The survey on how Americans view and perceive other religious groups was conducted one thousand adults and the funding for the research came from part sponsorship from the John D and Catherine T. Mac Arthur Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation in conjunction with Jeane M. Bertsch and Don C. Essentially, the June 2014 press release meets the requirements posted by CASRO (Council of American Research Organization) in which a study has to have a sponsor so as to support its successful completion. The director of Survey Research at Pew Research Mr. Scott Keeter explains why they chose to sample 10,000 instead of 1, 000 in which the reason is that the research was able to describe the attitudes of people in smaller fragments within the larger public.
Another requirement by CASRO met in the July 2014 article by Pew Research is that it provides actual dates of when the survey was conducted are documented and also indicates the actual group that conducted the same, which in this case is the American Trends Panel, an arm created by the Pew Research Center. However, neither the press release nor the article provides the exact wording for the questions as required, hence influencing one of the shot falls on the same. Other information available as presented in the survey finding that a person reading the report would find helpful are data coding for easy interpretation of confusing data and analysis of the same. The survey also provides the data collection methods applied in order for the panelist to obtain the required attitudes of the sampled population as part of studying political polarization. In total the guidelines applied in the press release are five while one is applied in the full survey report.
Question 2
The media coverage of the June 2014 press release partly serves the public interest, but is somehow a political tool that politicians can use to gain popularity and win in elections. The positive trait brought about by this press release is that it helps in promoting ethnic tolerance among ethnic groups as it does not portray any of them in bad light. It also serves as a way of evaluating the stereotypes associated with certain ethnic groups and trying to work against for the good of the American population despite the religious affiliations that each may belong to.
Additionally, the study report also provides insights on the religious affiliation that Americans are not most receptive towards based on existing prejudices and stereotypes. This can be used as a unifying factor in which politicians can advocate for the elimination of these prejudices in order for people to be treated as individuals and not based on whether they are Muslims or Hindus. Based on this, this proper media coverage of this July 2014 article will help in creating awareness and sensitization of the American public against the prejudices that they hold towards people from other ethnic groups, which is a matter of public interest.
Work cited
Goo, Sara. “How Pew Research conducted the polarization survey and launched a new research panel.” Pew Research Center. 12 June 2014. Web. 21 October 2014.
Pew Research Center. “How Americans Feel About Religious Groups: Jews, Catholics &amp. Evangelists Rated Warmly, Atheists and Muslims More Coldly.” Pew Research Religious &amp. Public Life project. 16 July 2014. Web. 21 October 2014.

Europe in the International Economic Order

The European Union was formed with the aim of strengthening the economic and political powers of the European countries and emerge as an international superpower. The emergence of the Euro is also a part of this project. Euro was introduced as a common currency for the participating European nations to remove the exchange rate risks within the internal market, to boost up trade across nations and most importantly to bring in monetary stability in Europe. (Fedee, n.d.) Another major purpose was to challenge the increasingly monopolistic power of the currency dollar as a single international currency and to rescue its members from the fluctuations of the dollar. The introduction of Euro has been the most important development in the international economy. it has become the major medium of trade especially in the euro area and other European countries. “ Euro has played a major role in fostering harmony among diverse economies, which had conflicting monetary and fiscal policies, tariffs and other restrictions on trade and investments” quotes Haruhiko Kuroda, head of Asian Development Bank at this years Brussels Economic forum (Vucheva, 2009).
The Eurozone formed covering 11 countries in 1999, “Belgium, Germany, Spain, Italy, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal and Finland” (Q&amp.A: Euro basics, 2002). Greece was allowed to join only after 2001, later Slovenia Malta and Cyprus followed the suit, Slovakia became the 16th country to join the group. (Vucheva, 2009) Joining Eurozone it had the advantage of trading its inflation prone home currency to the stable Euro. It also gained an upper hand in the borrowing activities, which led to an increase in liquidity in the market which in turn improved the standard of living of the Greek citizens. Loans for individuals, governments as well as corporate houses were available at very low-interest rates, which are available only among the developed nations like Germany.&nbsp.