Cause and Effects of Texting While Driving

Cause and effects of texting while driving an essay can be written in the following manner. Taking whatever right into factor to consider, texting has improved the lifestyles of several folks along with the convenience and also the flexibility to connect along with one an additional having said that. using this procedure while steering is a risky habit that is certainly not merely prohibited in several states, however, additionally possesses significant outcomes if the vehicle driver is certainly not centered responsible for the primary concern of steering safely and securely. Everybody may perform their component to remove this challenging problem through merely taking one action as well as bring in the roadways a little bit of much safer through quickly transforming off their phones while steering.Besides that, informing while simultaneously driving affects the speed at which the vehicle moves. The people who read and type the texts in the driver’s seat are most likely going to decrease their rate of accidents, growing the space between the cars before them. This driving behavior agitates the road balance.It is comparable with driving off the way. On the other hand, the cause and effects of texting while distracted driving is also affected by rules creation in different of the lessening of speed are compensated by visual interference fairly. In any case, informing while simultaneously driving interferes with a fitting driving introduction.Some people may vary with the contrary effect of the informing while simultaneously driving. Countless, they continue doing it a lot after all the estimations and egregious records of the minor collision. Furthermore, according to opinions, 77 % of young adults in different regions are very or genuinely sure that they can safely send messages while driving, and 55% of energetic adults promise it is not hard to content while they drive (Marino, 2012). Such safe drivers legitimize them informing while simultaneously driving with a segment of the common reasons. They express that examining a book isn’t as unsafe as making and sending messages. In the meantime, they don’t see anything mistakenly in holding the phone while steering as they keep it near the windshield for better detectable quality. Another standard exculpation is that drivers who content in the driver’s seat do it precisely at a stop sign or red light. Likewise, what urges people to partake in informing in the vehicle is the situation of various drivers. Regardless of all of these reasons, one can, without a doubt, see that telling while simultaneously driving has many negative results and doesn’t have an alone positive one. Reasons are essential reasons, and they don’t legitimize the injuries and passing of guiltless people who suffer considering the minor accidents. In case a given issue has such a cynical impact, people should avoid it and endeavor to appreciate it.Thinking about the troublesome scale, the organization of the U. S. has quite recently taken a couple of measures to thwart the negative results of informing while simultaneously driving. The laws denying texts and using PDAs were gotten in various states. Now, 10 states forbid all drivers from using dealt with cell phones, 32 states limit youngster drivers from remote users, and 39 regions block from content educating (Marino, 2012).Regardless, these measures seem, by all accounts, to be insufficient. One can add to them a game plan or technique proposed to raise the social nature with the negative results of informing while simultaneously driving—some open assist revelations with offering changing the transparent manner towards the given issue. Until people comprehend the threats related to telling while simultaneously driving, they would continue doing it.To close, informing while simultaneously driving has many negative results. It impacts all pieces of safe driving execution. In the first place, it sets up a visual interference for the driver. Examining and creating the messages controls the drivers not to look at the road and decreases his care. Second, informing while simultaneously driving moreover prompts physical driver interference. It impacts driver’s sidelong vehicle control as involved hands lead to all the more moderate responses to threats. Third, the people who content while driving contribute about 10% of their vitality outside their way. Accordingly, the drivers put the individuals by walking and various drivers under the danger. In like manner, informing while simultaneously driving is damaging for the prosperity and security of the entire people. It is for the overall population to keep the laws and raise the recognition with the aftereffects of informing while simultaneously driving in different.The main reasons may differ upon why an individual would undoubtedly text message and also disk yet, one probability could be connected to its comfort. It is certainly not rare to find an individual completely delighted in their gadget, checking out e-mails and also messages or even social networks systems like Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter. Along with the advancement of the content together with messages being the procedure of the option to interact within this community, folks have ended up being thus infatuated on their gadgets that it is ending up being a day-to-day event to include it in their daily programs, consisting of steering.I am sending out a text message out while steering may possess different results, which consists of sidetracked steering. For a lot of components, texting is the worst interruption for any individual steering because each job calls for attention, which virtually, the steering experiences as a result of the shortage of interest coming from the driver’s capability to concentrate on the roadway in different regions.The text message is coming to be the often made use of the approach in our hooked up community today. Individuals of every age may be viewed utilizing current tools, including cellphones as well as tablet computers.I was writing texts through the phone while steering is a significant concern impacting today’s community. As an outcome, distracted steering usually develops, eliminating the primary purpose a chauffeur ought to be concentrating on. the street ahead of time.The results of texting while steering additionally can easily result in remarkably serious driving problems that jeopardize the security of the drivers as well as their travelers along with various other chauffeurs discussing the freeways and also streets. Given that texting demands at the very least one palm on the drivers as well as the gadget’s eyes away coming from the roadway, the concentration of the chauffeur is certainly not committed to handling the lorry.One of the most basic strategies an individual may administer while steering– one that may potentially spare a lifestyle– will be actually to transform their tissue phone off. In add-on, in March 2010, ATT– currently assisted through Verizon, Sprint, T-Mobile, as correctly as additional than 200 various other institutions– has introduced their It May Stand by initiative along with the efforts to finish texting while driving (M lot 2013).Along with texting-related collisions raising, brand new techniques and also sources are being established to remove this wide-ranging trouble. It is vital to show recognition of doing the unlawful show of texting. At the same time, distracted steering is a hazardous habit that indeed not merely results in sidetracked steering however additionally hinders the driver’s capability to shed pay attention to the street along with the opportunity of intense repercussions.Their multi-million buck recognition project features a text-while-driving simulation and also an outreach course aimed in the direction of teenagers highlighting the risk as well as hazards of text responsible for the steering wheel. The DOT has likewise released several distracted steering administration and also advertising and marketing initiatives making use of the words U Travel. In short, accidents and collisions connected to text while steering may effortlessly have stayed clear of if motorists observe the alerts of these understanding initiatives or even through merely switching over off their phones, which might probably spare a lifestyle.The motorists could accidentally be distracted and rotate the tire suddenly and the resulting in the reality their concentration was actually on their gadget. Along with all factors thought about, texting is a risky habit while steering that might influence positively, not merely their protection, however, the safety and security of their guests, various other drivers as well as their passerby’s, travelers, as well as bicyclists.Their research located that regions, along with principal forced regulations, discovered a 3% (approximately 19 accidents annually) decrease of casualties in each generation whereas. states that imposed indirect stipulations possessed no notable decrease. The best influence presented was texting restrictions that affected youthful chauffeurs (aged 15-21) along with an 11% decline in accidents. Offered these aspects, challenging documentation ends that these states applying and also implementing these texting restrictions are likewise conserving the lifestyles of lots of folks.6 billion SMS (quick answering service) information are sent out daily in different regions, while 2.2 mountain is delivered a year within the USA regions as well as 8.6 mountain SMS message is sent out around the globe every year ( These gadgets permit its customers the range of motion and also prompt availability to interact along with one another. Using this in thoughts, several of these outbound notifications are sent out while steering.It was delivering a content out while steering can easily possess several results, which consists of distracted steering—texting while steering is the worst of all vehicle driver diversions considering that it concurrently makes use of intellectual, aesthetic, and also hands-on acknowledgment. For the many components, texting is the worst distracted for anybody steering, considering that each duty needs attention, which mostly, the steering goes through as a result of the absence of focus coming from the vehicle driver’s capability to center on the roadway.The impacts of texting while steering likewise may create remarkably harmful driving and distracted health that endanger the protection of the vehicle driver as well as their travelers along with various other drivers discussing the roads and also streets. The DOT has additionally introduced many sidetracked steering administration and even advertising and marketing projects utilizing the critical phrase U Travel. Taking everything in to point to consider, texting has enriched the lifestyles of several individuals along with the convenience as well as the flexibility to connect along with one yet another having said that. using this strategy while steering is a hazardous action that is certainly not merely unlawful in numerous states, however, additionally possesses severe outcomes if the vehicle driver is certainly not centered responsible for the significant concern of steering properly.

Course Summary

I have also learned that remaining happy in life can protect one from any kind of disease.In this course, I have also learned that spirituality is an important element in healing drug addicts. Although addiction is primarily a psychological, social, and medical problem, it is also a spiritual problem. This is because some forms of addictions can be caused by false religious beliefs. misrepresentations of some important religious tenets such as God, Sin, and Grace can lead to some forms of addictions, or prevent people from seeking spiritual solutions to their addiction problems. For instance, misrepresentation of sin can make addicts afraid of seeking spiritual solutions to their addiction problems because they are afraid of being judged wrongly by society. For that reason, a holistic addiction healing program should involve a spiritual approach to the addiction problem.In this course, I have also learned that coincidences may not be merely happenstance occurrences as many people believe. Coincidences may actually be a pointer to a reality that we do not know. That is why some scientists are of the view that coincidences are windows into a world where thought can change reality. This issue, however, is quite controversial, some scientists view coincidences as mere happenstance that obeys the law of probability. Despite this controversy, however, I have learned to look at coincidences critically as something that may be a pointer to something else.Another important lesson that I have learned in this course is on the difference between the terms synchronicity and synchronism. Synchronicity simply refers to the simultaneous occurrence of two meaningfully related, but causally unrelated events. Synchronism, on the other hand, refers to the simultaneous occurrence of two things which are not meaningfully or causally related. Both synchronicity and synchronism refer to different forms of coincidence. Understanding the difference between the two forms of coincidence is quite important in investigating the phenomenon of coincidence.

Biostatistics Advantages of a randomized controlled trial over a trial with systematic allocation

Random controlled trials are experimental set ups with treatment and control groups, and elements of a study’s sample space have an equal probability of selection and allocation to either the treatment of control group. Systematic sampling however follows a defined approach with unequal probability for each sample space elements. One of the advantages of randomized control trials over systematic allocation is its ability to eliminate bias. Researchers and participants in randomized controlled trials lack influence of sample selection and allocation to either of the experimental groups and this eliminates chances of sampling bias. Eliminated bias in the randomized trials has significant effects on research processes such as enhanced reliability and validity which systematic allocation into biased sample may compromise (Miller, Strang and Miller 2010, p. 38). Randomized controlled trials also offer higher probability of homogeneity of background information on research participants within control and treatment groups as compared to systematic allocation that may have a set of background characteristics in one group and generate another group with different background characteristics. Such variations may result from bias, challenge comparability of observations from a study’s group, and identifies systematic allocations with validity and reliability challenges. Randomized controlled trials also have the advantage of probability sampling basis, which offers validity to data analysis, over the non-probability based systematic sampling (Friedman, Furberg and DeMets 2010, p. 71-72). Lack of a standard approach to systematic allocation also identifies benefit of randomized trials because variation in sampling criteria may be formulated to achieve bias and periodic sampling is an example (Miller, Strang and Miller 2010, p. 38). Variable data type and justification Number of adverse events Number of adverse events is a quantitative variable because it assumes numeric values. It can further be classified as discrete quantitative variable because it can only assume positive whole numbers (Weiers 2010, p. 8). Air blast sensitivity Air blast sensitivity, based on applied scale in the study, is a quantitative variable because of its numeric value on an ordinal scale that further classifies it as a discrete quantitative variable (Weiers 2010, p. 8. Neuhaus et al. 2013, p. 352). Tactile hypersensitivity Tactile hypersensitivity, based on the research, is a qualitative variable because it lacks numeric values. Its values are either yes or no and are further subjective, subject to study participants’ judgment (Weiers 2010, p. 8. Neuhaus et al. 2013, p. 352). Age Age is a quantitative variable because it assumes a numeric values and can further be categorized as a continuous quantitative variable because of its scope that can assume unlimited range of non-negative real numbers (Weiers 2010, p. 8). Gender Gender is a qualitative variable because it lacks numerical value (Weiers 2010, p. 8). Question 2 Graphical summary of the mean tactile sensitivity and variability The table bellow summarizes the mean and standard, for variability, for the tactile sensitivity values across the three groups at the end of 28 days. Table 1: Mean and standard deviation after 28 days Treatment Mean Standard deviation test A 21.48 11.86 Test B 20.58 11.32 Control 11.77 5.95 This data can be presented in graphical form as follows. Graph 1: Graph of mean and standard deviation after 28 days Interpretation of the sample mean and standard deviation of each group Mean of test group A indicates that each of the group subjects is expected to have an average score of 21.48. The group’s standard deviation, 11.48, defines the mean deviation of each of the group’s scores from the group’s mean. Mean for the test group B shows that members reported an average score of 20.58 and the standard deviation

Mathematical Concepts in Registered Nursing Career

They would normally be stationed in hospitals, home healthcare service providers, physicians’ offices and in nursing care facilities. Before licensing, prospective registered nurses should have acquired relevant academic qualifications in approved nursing program ranging from diploma to bachelor’s degree. To further understand the roles played by registered nurses, it would be critical to examine their specific duties.Specific Duties of a Registered Nurse Borrowing from the registered nurses’ outlook as documented by BLS, nurses observe patients and record symptoms of patients and their medical histories. Patients’ medical histories serve to give indications of their current medical condition. By analyzing the patients’ medical histories, the nurse would in essence be considering the past statistics. The nurse would be majorly concerned with relative frequencies of past medical conditions. To effectively achieve this, these nurses would appreciate the important role played by measures of central tendencies including the median, mode and mean as documented by Meerschaert (214), in evaluating these historical observations. To make these numerical data useful to the registered nurse, there would be need to understand the concepts in probability and statistics so as to evaluate the chance and collect, organize, analyze and describe numerical data ). These mathematical functions help organize these observations in a meaningful manner.BLS also notes that nurses operate and monitor some medical equipment. This therefore means that the nurses have the ability to perform diagnostic tests and analyze the results thereof. Probability and statistics mathematics finds key application in nursing in the diagnosis of medical conditions. To be particular, relative frequencies of observed phenomena would give crucial leads to diagnosis of existing medical conditions. As discussed by Timmons, Johnson and McCook (351), relative frequencies would show the frequency of each category, in this case the categories being the medical conditions. Higher frequencies of a particular pathogen could point out at the medical condition being a consequent of such. Probability being a study of random events helps nurses in diagnosis such that higher relative frequencies indicate a higher probability of recurrence of such medical conditions. In consultation with doctors and other available healthcare professionals, nurses set up the plans for the care of patients or advise on the existing plans. They teach the patients together with their families on ways of managing their injuries or illnesses. Since public health and home health nurses travel to the location of patients to deliver such services, they would appreciate the knowledge of statistics and probability in planning their schedule so as to effectively utilize their resources. To be specific, nurses would plan to visit their patients densely distributed in a region at a go so as to save on time and resources. In offering care, nurses also give medicines and treatments to patients as observed by BLS. The quantity and frequency of drug intake they prescribe referred to as dosage in nursing terminology would be determined by the

Mitigation phase

The common contribution from these agents is giving precautionary measures to the public in case of earthquake and educating people about this natural disaster. 2. Define these occupations and discuss the different roles of each in mitigation. What kind of information would help people in each occupation work together to help mitigate the impacts of future earthquakes? School board is an organization appointed by the government in order to govern the overall activities of schools in a particular state. According to (Usavage,2011)A school board is a legislative body of citizens called school directors who are elected locally by their fellow citizens and who serve as agents of the state legislature. A psychologist is a doctor who specializes in treating mental illness and disorders. Geologists is a scientist who studies about the constitution of earth .Construction engineer is the one who plans , designs and construct buildings. An architect mainly is a creative person who designs a building layout and a politician is an individual who make public policy and administers national affairs. These people also have different roles to play in mitigation of earthquake. School board can alert students regarding earthquake occurrence and preventive measures. The psychologists can pacify and treat the people traumatized by earthquake. Geologists can make public awareness about the aftermath of an earthquake. Construction engineers can help the public to built earthquake proof building for safe future. Architect can analyze and plan building structure which can survive earthquake to an extent. Politicians can implement strategies and earthquake funds to aid the victims of earthquake hazard. The kind of information that would help these parties to mitigate the impacts of earthquake is as follows: a) Understanding the nature of earthquake activity b) What action needs to be taken by common men in order to not get victimized by earthquake? c) Which regions in a country are most prone to earthquake? 3. Outline the tasks you need to do. These tasks include making internal assessments and working together toward long-term solutions in a collaborative manner with multiple agencies. Some internal assessments include determining potential risks, prioritizing activities according to life safety, number of people exposed, cost, and probability the hazard will occur again. On the occurrence of earthquake there is a high chance of development of tsunami or landslides. The rescue plan for saving the people living in coastal areas should be structured efficiently. Moreover there should be warning and alert to people living in suburbs regarding the arrival of landslides. Due to the ground shaking there can be considerable loss to buildings which are vulnerable and equipments which are lose fitted. Damage to this equipments and building can lead to exposure of toxins and chemicals into the environment. This can cause serious damage to the people in the area affected by earthquake. It is also highly essential to keep a record of people living in specific area in order to estimate the loss of life which can happen during the occurrence of earthquake, tsunami and landslides. The earthquake risk assessment must be carried out by different agencies of government and action must be taken according to the arrived outcome. As per

Antibacterial Prophylaxis

Supportive evidence came from a meta-analysis of twenty-six trials over a period of more than fifteen years done by Baum et al, which concluded that antibiotic prophylaxis was an efficient means of reducing postoperative surgical site infections, and was so significant as to no longer justify the use of placebos in such trials. This led to reduced clinical research in this are till about a decade ago.In recent studies that have gone into antibiotic prophylaxis in certain specific surgical procedures like colorectal surgery, the findings have led to the practice of antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent postoperative superficial and deep surgical site infections being challenged. These challenges arise from two factors. New data has led to the identification of specific predictors of postoperative in certain specific surgical procedures like colorectal surgery that calls for modifications in the antibiotic prophylaxis in selected patients. The second factor is that there are indications from data compiled that the postoperative infection rate may be higher by nearly a hundred percent, when independent surgeon-trained observers are used for detecting postoperative infection rates, calling for better observation of the benefits of antibacterial prophylaxis in surgical procedures. (Jimenez, C.J., Wilson, E.S., 2003).According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately five hundred thousand surgical site infections (SSIs) occur every year in the United States of America. SSIs are considered among the highest common causes of nosocomial infections. While two to five percent of patients that undergo clean extra-abdominal operations develop SSI, nearly twenty percent of the patients undergoing intraabdominal surgical procedures develop SSI. Patients with SSI have a sixty percent chance of spending more time in intensive care units, and five times more probability of the requirement for readmission.

Methodologies for Determining the Efficiency of the Coaching Staff to Select a Football Player

The World Cup, an only football event, is the world’s largest single event. Therefore, the masterminds behind each of the games, the coaches, have the special task to allow for fans of the respective teams not to be disappointed after a game. Their job involves selecting the efficient player for the match out of the whole team. Coaches tend to have problems in choosing the first eleven players to field for crucial football matches. Most football teams have more than twenty players yet. only fourteen players—eleven active players and three substitutes take up the slots. To beat this dilemma, the coaching staffs have come up with various strategies that help them to determine the finest players for the crucial matches facing the teams. For a player, good performance in the preference list for the coaching staff means that he is able to deliver for the team. The overall performance for any team relies solely on the effort of each player because a win for any football team is an ultimate goal for any football team in the world. The Castrol EDGE index is the latest common technology that analyses and ranks each player’s performance in a football match. The ranking system is a creation of Castrol, which initially was to rank the players at the Men’s club association football under the sponsorship of FIFA. The system considers the duration for the player’s actions and the power of the opposition team. Currently, the Castrol EDGE index is used to rank the performance of all the footballer players participating in the top five Europe’s leagues in the football season, 12-month period. To build the Castrol Index Ranking, the first step involves finding the Castrol Index Score for every player in each tournament, league, or Championship league match. The second step is to weigh the Castrol Index Score to get the Castrol Ranking Points. The final step, the cumulative points, earned in each match played in the tournament or 90 then divided by the total number of minutes the player played multiple leagues. The Castrol Index Ranking = {(90 x the Total Castrol Ranking Points) / Total minutes played} During the UEFA EURO 2012, for each player, the Castrol EDGE Index considered every save. pass, tackle and shot to determine the effect of such actions on the respective team’s probability to either score or concede a goal. The number of points that a player receives depends on the zone of the action within the pitch. So are the number of points awarded for blocked shots, intercessions, and tackles. As for attempts to score, the Castrol EDGE index points to the attacking player but penalizes the goalkeeper conceding the goal. Deductions results for the fouls that arise. Table 1 The Table beside shows the top ten Players of the UEFA EURO 2012 according to the Castrol EDGE index ranking. The ranking scales down the magnitude of prowess the football player ever displayed during the UEFA EURO 2012 event alongside the rest of the players. The ranking also determines a player’s ability to perform in the game of football and further helps to estimate the market value of a football player during the inter-clubs transfer window. The coaching staffs around the world easily rely on the Castrol EDGE index to prepare line-ups for various matches ahead of their football teams.

Neurexins Induce Differentiation of GABA and Glutamate Postsynvariants

Neurexins Induce Differentiation of GABA and Glutamate Postsynvariants Bolliger et al., 2001. Ichtchenko et al., 1996. To better understand how neurexins are expressed in both excitatory and inhibitory neurons, as assayed by in situ hybridization (Ullrich et al., 1995), Bolliger and his collaborators investigated whether neuroligin could induce presynaptic differentiation in both ex-citatory and inhibitory axons. They cultured COS cells transferred with neuroligins on top of one week olddissociated hippocampalcultures grown by the banker method. The interaction of neurexins with presynaptic scaffolding proteins such as CASK and Mints and direct bin ding formation requires alignment of neurotransmitter receptors. Neuroligins induce presynaptic differentiation. Findings show that the neurexin-neuroligin link is a core component mediating both GABA and binding to EphB receptors can promote MMDA receptor aggregation. The introduction of a specialized function by narp in regulating the synaptic de3nsity of AMPA receptors on spiny neurons.Neuroligins have been found to induce presynaptic differentiation in glutamatergic activity of neuroliginaxons. Absence of immunoreac-tivity for postsynaptic antigens distinguished GAD65 culture and with either COS or CV1 cells. Immature neutrons lacking endogenous lapses exhibit clus and VGlut1 clusters induced by neuroligins from the few endogenous synapses that happen to lie under ters of gephyrin and PSD-95. Neurexins also induce clustering of the cyan fluorescent protein at its intercellular essential NR1 sub-unit of NMDA receptors. The family of excitatory postsynaptic scaffolding proteins number and total integrated intensity of these clusters in conducting dendrites. In addition, even though neurexins are unable to attach to neuroligins (Ichtchenko et al., 1995), they may undergo Mechanisms of Postsynaptic Differentiation. Control of Excitatory and Inhibitory Synapse Formation by NeuroliginsBen Chih, Holly Engelman, Peter ScheiffeleTo better understand whether the b-neurexin–neuroligin complex acts bidirectional and controls postsynaptic differenti-ation trigger formation of functional presynaptic terminals in axons through interaction with its axonal receptor b-neurexin, Ben Chih and his collaborators overexpressed NL-1 in cultured hippocampal neurons (7). The excitatory and inhibitory synaptic inputs determine the proper functioning of the neural networks. Bidirectional signaling between pre- and postsynaptic cells is thought to regulate synaptic formation. RNA interference in down-regulation of the neuroligin isoform results in a loss of excitatory and inhibitory synapses. Electrophysiological analysis concealed a major drop of inhibitory synaptic function. Adhesion molecules link the pre- and postsynaptic compartments of synapses in the central nervous system. A member of the Neuroligin family of postsynaptic adhesion molecules, can cause formation of functional presynaptic terminals in axons through line with its axonal receptor b-neurexin E(1–3), re-viewed in (4–6)^. Analysis of den-dritic morphology, postsynaptic scaffolding molecules, and postsynaptic glutamate recep-tor distribution revealed that NL-1 promotes assembly of the postsynaptic apparatus.Final findings suggest that NMDFA receptors are primarily recruited to NL-1 induced synapses independently of PSD-95 and that synaptic recruitment requires ability of NL-1 to interact with neurexins or additional cellular regarnds.Stably maintained dendritic spines are associated with lifelong memories Guang Yang 1, Feng Pan 1 Wen-Biao Gan1To better understand how dendritic spines are associated with lifelong memories, Guang Yang and his collaborators used transcranial two-photon micro-scopy to examine how fluorescently labelled dendritic spines of layer V pyramidal neurons in the mouse cortex are altered and maintained in response to skill learning or novel sensory experience. For learning and memory formation purposes synaptic connection changes are considered vital. The degree of spine remodeling correlates with behavioral development after learning, signifying a fundamental task of synaptic structural plasticity in memory formation. Remarkable feature of the mammalian brain is its capacity to two seemingly mutually exclusive attributes of the brain to the brain are elasticity and stability of the synaptic connections 1-11.Synaptic connections have the capability to undergo rapid changes in response to new experience. Novel sensory experience on spine formation was examined in order to understand experience of the dependent spine plasticity. Switching from SE to EE young or adult mice spine formation over 1-2 days was significantly a 5% than the SE (Fig. 1a). Final findings indicate that at different stage of the animal’s life learning and novel sensory experience induced rapid and extensive spine formation n functionally relevant cortical regions.Locally Synchronized Synaptic InputsNaoya Takahashi, 1 Kazuo Kitamura, 2,3 Naoki Matsuo, 3,4 Mark Mayford, 5 Masanobu Kano, 2 Norio Matsuki, 1 Yuji Ikegaya 1,3T o better understand locally synchronized synaptic inputs Dr. Naoya Takahashi and his collaborators monitored spontaneous synaptic inputs using dual patch-clamp recordings under confo-cal visualization from different apical dendritic branches of individual CA3pyramidal cells in rat hippocampal slices that were cultured for 12 to 19 days. Synaptic inputs on dendrites are nonlinearly distorted to act as potential outputs, yet the spatiotemporal patterns of dendritic activation continue to be elucidated at single-synapse resolution.The voltage was clamped aneuronant -30 mV and imaged the dendrites in an area of approximately 100100mm that contained an average of 98.5 spines. The mean frequency of dendritic computational power was 15 events /min. The Gini coefficient of the spine activity was 0.78 approximately 20% of the spines exhibited 80% of the calcium activity.The activity frequency and the spine head size, each of which approximates to a log-normal distribution correlated only weekly with each other (Fig. 1g). Calculations were made in the partial correlation of spontaneous spine activities.Spine co-activation was significantly more frequent within inters-pine intervals of 8mm as compared to the channel level which is defined here as the mean probability of observing spine activity at distances greater than 10mm. Dendrites were spatially heterogeneous in emitting assemblets (Fig. 2, E and F).

Physio Cardio Lab Report Answers

Our bodies utilize a similar mechanism to ascertain fluids flow well. The pressure gradient supports this. This relies on the force of flow coming from either end of the pipe being the same. However, the pressure gradient is opposite to resistance, which depends on a pipe’s diameter or radius. Therefore, many factors come into play when moving fluids through a vessel. If everything falls into place, and the pressure is sufficient, then fluid flows, but the pressure and rate alters because of various factors.Therefore, for the entire body’s fluids to flow well in any vessel, there ought to be an ideal pressure gradient to ascertain that blood flow distributes perfectly to other organs. Any blood vessel possesses a higher potential of passing more fluid. A small radius means less flow rate. Hence, the radius is the biggest determinant of the flow rate.Based on my findings, any slight alteration to the vessel’s radius influences the flow rate. We noticed that whenever we altered the radius by expanding it, we saw more liquid flow and a tremendous flow rate. The opposite of the vessel is also true. These two variables are directly associated.When one generates more space, they allow more room for liquid and increase flow rate, making it go a lot faster than if it were smaller. We started with a 1.5mm radius for the vessel and noticed a low flow rate. However, after a progressive increase from 2mm, 3mm, and subsequently to 5mm, the flow increased significantly that led us to the conclusion. How the Radius Influences Laminar FlowLaminar flow is the movement of a viscous liquid. Each particle of the liquid possesses the same flow velocity but is in move differently relative to its neighboring zones of the vessel. When considering various factors determined from the test, it is evident that any alteration to the radius transforms laminar flow. Hence, the radius is undeviatingly related to laminar flow.If a vessel possesses a small radius, more increased blood will be touching the walls. Therefore, the blood vessel will maintain less laminar flow, massively affecting the speed. However, when the blood vessel possesses a bigger radius whereby it is more dilated, there will be a better laminar flow.Plot LinearityWhat is the correlation among these determinants and mostly the flow? The chart symbolizes the bond connecting the radius and flow rate. The former is on the X-axis while the latter is on the Y-axis. The pupil was supposed to moderately add the radius of the vessel and plot the alteration. It is clear, as represented by the graph, that everything is linear, which suggests that a particular flow rate is undeviatingly associated with the vessel radius. It represents an increase in one variable makes the other increase. Comprehensive Replies to Inquiries for the Second ActivityBlood flow is affected by various factors, and stickiness is amongst the biggest. However, how does this stickiness arise? Blood possesses various proteins that move in any vessel. These are white blood cells, erythrocytes, and platelets. The presence of these elements that combine to create blood is the biggest contributor to viscosity. The moment that these blood plasma proteins meet when moving, they generate a flow resistance that makes viscosity. Therefore, the flow rate is affected by density in the vessel, but how does this happen?Although my physio cardio lab report answers the essay is not conclusive, the results will show exciting findings. Blood sliminess is just friction or stickiness: the stickier the fluid, the more extraordinary the rate of thickness. When you compare a fluid’s viscidity and flow rate, it will be apparent that they are inversely related. Therefore, any increase in blood viscidity amplifies the flow rate. The outlined diagram skillfully depicts how these variables are inversely related. An increase in stiffness makes the flow rate go down significantly, meaning less fluid.What is the perfect representation of the numbers as portrayed by the blood flow against viscosity visualization mean? The diagram is an absolute visual representation of the inverse correlation. The constants of the analysis are apparent, and they are the radius, pressure, and range.On the Y-axis, there is the flow rate, while blood thickness is on the X-axis. Therefore, when we increase blood stickiness, the flow rate diminishes hence the inverse correlation represented by the curve moving downwards. What other factors can affect the consistency of blood?One of the common determinants that massively alter the blood’s viscosity is the polycythemia condition. This blood condition means that your body is producing more red blood cells than other plasma proteins. Hence, your blood will have a higher concentration of red blood cells. In our earlier findings, we figured out that increasing red blood cells make blood viscous.The consequences even go further to switch the flow rate regarding the coherence has risen. What does this mean? If you are affected by blood polycythemia, you are going to lower your blood flow. Hence, polycythemia is inversely linked to the blood flow rate. What Other Factors Affect Blood Flow?What possesses the most eminent probability of happening in a human’s body? A variation in radius or alteration of the measure of your blood vessel? It is hard for your blood vessel to adjust the scope, but it happens when we grow. During adulthood, the blood vessel cannot continue to grow. It indicates that the only change that can occur in your body is for the radius to increase or decrease depending on various changes happening in your body.The only way that your body’s blood vessel length is going to happen is if you lose or gain significant weight. One of the ideal means of increasing the growing radius is via vasodilation. You can even smoothen the blood vessel muscle to alter the radius. Therefore, you can utilize various ways or strategies to increase your vessel’s radius, but the length is hard to change.In case blood vessel length adjusts, in what way will the flow rate be affected? Of course, the alteration in it would create a profound influence on the flow rate. We tested its impact on the body’s liquid vessel in a controlled environment in the lab. The moment that you increase your blood vessel length, fluid experiences more friction or resistance.This blood resistance makes it even harder for blood to flow smoothly, signifying there will be added viscidity. It represents a converse association between blood vessel distance and flow rate that means an increase in one leads to a reduction in the opposite. Based on the blood results, whenever we increase the blood vessel length, blood flow is significantly reduced.Blood vessel radius creates the biggest difference and influence on human anatomy than an alteration in length because of various reasons. As you can see from the blood flow computation, blood flow is undeviatingly proportionate to the fourth power of the vessel radius. This way, massive modifications appear to the flow rate of blood whenever there is an alteration in the blood vessel radius.It is evident that the more minute the radius, the higher the endurance and a decrease in the flow rate. The radius stands out as the most integral factor when seeking to conclude the impedance flow of blood in any vessel. Regardless of any slight changes happening on the radius, there is always a more considerable influence on the flow rate in the vessel, which is influenced by friction.The experiment clearly shows that weight, whether a gain or loss has a massive effect on blood vessel length. Also, the only way that one can alter their blood vessel length is through changes in weight.According to the experiment, any time that blood vessel length increases because of an increase in weight, resistance, or friction increases. And as evidenced by earlier results in the experiment, any increase in blood resistance reduces blood flow rate as they are inversely related. When someone is obese, they increase weight, meaning that they lengthen their blood vessel. As stated earlier, the change in the blood vessel’s length will cause more friction, which will decrease blood flow. Therefore, the flow rate in the vessel will be lower.What Are The Different Effects of Pressure Fluctuations?The pressure is an excellent determinant of the flow rate. Whenever pressure increases, your vessel flow rate also increases. This finding implies that the pair are undeviatingly proportionate. According to my prediction, which stated that pressure increase boosts the flow rate, the realities prove that I was accurate. The plot for tube radius, stickiness, and conduit length have considerable variations. Based on the graph outlining the correlation between pressure and flow rate, there is a direct connection.It indicates that whenever we increase pressure, the flow rate hikes as well. The graph’s line is a straight one and sloping upwards. When looking at the map potting the tube breadth, the line was more curved but followed the same direction upwards. Therefore, any addition to the vessel radius raised the flow rate.However, the thickness and flow rate produces a very different link as represented by the results. Any increase in viscosity by altering certain factors like the radius diminished flow rate considering there existed more hardness in the edges of the blood vessel. The test on tube length also showed an inverse relationship with the flow rate producing a downward slope.Whenever tube length progressed, there was more opposition, minimizing the blood flow rate. Once I figured out that the radius is the most important determinant influencing the flow rate, I concluded that a pressure increase would increase blood flow. Therefore, they are undeviatingly comparable.Is Pressure Alteration the Ideal Strategy to Control Blood Flow?The blood pressure originates from the heart, and it is the primary organ pumping blood everywhere. Therefore, it is not a good idea to alter the pressure of blood transmitters to control the flow rate, as it will place more stress on the heart. It makes the heart change its force of contraction, which is not healthy whenever this happens.Another reason why pressure alteration is not a proper method of controlling blood flow is that vessel requires sufficient time to adjust, including the massive arteries around the heart. They have to develop more tissue in their tunics so that they can easily accommodate the heart’s pressure and the sudden force change. The safest way of changing blood flow and controlling it is via changing the radius. The experiment gives sufficient evidence to support this claim, and it is better not to affect the heart.In the test, the radius and resistance represented by viscosity and length were constants, while flow rate and pressure were variable. I used these figures to compute the increase in flow rate in ml/min/mm Hg. My starting figures for pressure was 25mm Hg and a flow rate of 35mm/min. Every time I increased the pressure by 25mm Hg, the flow rate altered by 35 mm each minute.Right Flow Tube Radius and the Human Heart: How Do the Results Compare?There is a direct link between the right flow pipe radius and flow rate, meaning the increase either makes the other increase as well. This happens because of lowering the viscosity. The left beaker depicts the area of the heart for pumping blood. The right represents the other side of the heart that delivers blood to other organs.By what means does the heart counterbalance for alterations in flow rate to regulate the blood pressure? The heart is the primary human organ that regulates blood flow and force. Therefore, it compensates for any fluctuations in the flow rate by changing the stroke volume. When there’s a higher speed in a blood vessel, the heart rate hikes as it is the only way to balance this power. The vice versa is also true.Activity Six: What Are the Results?The Frank-Starling law clearly shows how our body’s blood flows within any vessel from the heart. Whenever the heart receives more blood, it stretches its capacity. Therefore, the heart elevates a more considerable amount of wood than it applied to extend the stroke volume. This harms the pump rate of the heart. The strength of your heart determines stroke volume.The heart is a beautiful organ with incredible capabilities. Therefore, any time the heart alters the pump strength, the stroke volume varies as well. Intrinsic factors are affecting the heart and its stroke volume, which greatest determinants of cardiac output. Your blood flow in either vessel is undeviatingly comparative to cardiac output. Whenever stroke volume goes down, your heart rate’s rhythm increases to par with the cardiac output.How Is the Heart Affected by Various Changes?Peripheral resistance is an excellent factor in fluid movement. And it matters much when looking at the effect of the heart after adjusting the blood flow rate. The heart counteracts peripheral resistance by lowering blood resistance and via altering contraction force. Whenever this happens to the heart, it makes it easier to deal with afterload and blood’s viscosity.Before embarking on the experiment, I predicted that developing the left flow conduit radius would massively affect blood flow into the right tube, mimicking the heart. Another result of my findings from the experiment is what happens when the pump and beaker’s force is the same. The valve will not open whenever this happens because of an insufficient driving force that cannot force fluid out. This result was contrary to my prediction.It would be easier and more straightforward to change the heart rate when looking to alter blood flow. Although the lab outcomes have explicated that blood vessel radius is an excellent means to increase flow rate, I think exercise makes blood flow more as it makes the heart beat faster. Therefore, the heart rate creates a better ground for better blood movement.

Health Care Managmeant

Health Care Management Health Care management submitted) Health care Management Implementingchange in a workplace is a challenging task more so in a health care setting. The demand from the initiators of change does not only call for their knowledge in health care but also their expertise in causing change. Since change does not happen overnight, the knowledge of the difference in the process of implementation, behavior of employees towards change, and strategies are essential. The process of implementation for a small scale change differs from that of a large scale change in a way that it directly involves individual employees. Most often, the change starts small to include daily tasks of the employees in a shorter span of time. Large scale on the other hand, embraces to change the entire culture of the organization with a longer duration. For changes to occur in a small scale organization, the behavior of the employees has to be positively influenced. Observation has it that employees tend to comply readily if they know that a reward is at stake as an incentive of their performance. While implementing change without something to compensate the employees’ effort will take time or even resisted. This observation is supported with Vrooms expectancy theory where it states that motivation depends on certain variables (Miner, 2007). One is valence which simply means reward. Employees are expected to work hard if they know the valence available is of their interest. For instance, promotion as a valence is something vital for employees so the tendency is for them to positively accept change whether the change would include additional responsibilities or trainings. Such behavior may result to another variable that is expectancy believed to be the effort that results in the attainment of the desired performance. However, to have a higher expectancy, employees have to be trained to improve their self esteem necessary to increase performance. The probability or degree of achievement by the employees that may lead to valued outcome refers to instrumentation. All of which are important to cause change positively. Compliance and non-compliance to changes could be observed in employees’ behavior. Positive behaviors like openness to discussion changes are a proof that the employees put into action needed changes. For instance, changing the charting practices of nurses in the ward as a form of change to deliver quality patient care is being discussed by nurses as to its effectiveness, relevance, and time constraints. In some instances, employees would even ask others how the incorporation of changes is going. Others would even advocate its implementation to their colleagues. While the above scenario is true to acceptors of change, non-acceptor behaviors like disengagement, disorientation, and disenchantment shows resistance. Employees who are disengaged lack the commitment and drive in their work. They show the difficulty in doing the basics to start the change in their job. Disorientated employees are confused and unsure of how to do things. They have many questions and appear to need detailed guidance. The worst is to sabotage which is observed in employees who are disenchanted. Anger maybe expressed in bad mouthing and starting rumors. Although, resistance is a form of reaction to change, it should be dealt with properly. Strategies to increase the rate of implementation require participation of employees during the planning. This technique may motivate employees to interact, contribute, and assumes responsibility. Doing this may give them the feeling that they are among the prime movers of change and would support it. This has the same idea in the study of Henning (2009) in promoting health among employees who found out that dynamic reaction between the individual and workplace is essential to succeed in implementing change. Another strategy is to adopt the structured approach where it includes informing the group of the change, followed with soliciting support, setting of goals, assigning roles and responsibilities, build employees competency, and finally set the change within the institution. Works cited: Henning, R., et al (2009). Workplace Health Protection and Promotion through Participatory Ergonomics: An Integrated Approach. Public Health Reports. 124(1): 26–35. Miner, J., (2007). Organizational behavior: from theory to practice. Sharpe Inc. United States.

Security Policy Document for the ABC Electronics Company

Security Policy Document for the ABC Electronics Company A security policy is a compilation of documents that develops a company’s understanding of its property, as well as, its worth, the threats or risks to which these properties along with its worth might be bare. Furthermore, the kinds of gears and methods it applies to stay away, diminish, or remediate those terrorization and risks. The basic idea is to tabulate the company’s property and wealth, disperse them certain value, and then evaluate the probability that the terrorization or a threat may actually be realized in the shape of a loss. It is evident to take a risk based approach policy when carrying out this, using no more than the allocated in order to decrease the risk to a suitable level (Overly, 1999). Therefore, in this case, the ABC electronic company security policy is going to be a living document. It will exist over a period of time to meet fresh challenges and transforming goals, as well as, philosophies on a diversified security associated issues, from the hardware configuration to the human actions. The security policies to be discussed will be concerning governance issues. this is because these policy formulations require beginning at the top that has broad principles that are dignified by experienced and top level personnel. These brads and specific concepts along with statements are later translated into higher level protocols and processes with IT together with security experts in order to cover up certain concerns. Each and every security policy starts by covering up certain security agendas with a wider relevance of the company, but what pops up as an exaggerated level of governance agendas to secure crucial systems, data, as well as, information about the company from precise vulnerabilities. In the case of ABC electronic company, some categorical conditions affect to any grievance by computerized business that relates to the company. A very secure and safe computing environment for the ABC electronic company environment ensures that all end user actions are very secure from manipulation by outside users, accepted or unaccepted that involves even outside users malicious programs along with their processes, should possess information that is secure. This information needs a powerful, solid equipment complete with an oriented cyclical exercise for auditing, monitoring, as well as, reviewing processes to ensure procedural operational effectiveness. Some vital elements construct a centered value to every security policy (Overly, 1999). The most fundamental centered value principles are referred to as the CIA that represent confidentiality that enables the private communications together with messages are only shared by the accepted personnel of the company, integrity which eradicates that communication together with the messages are genuine, precise, as well as, complete from a trustworthy source, the last one is the availability that refers to the protection of resources being available to accept users that require it. The two fundamental objectives of ABC electronic company are. efficiently communicate top down objectives and views of the company issues, describe gearshift to implement fulfillment in connection with such objectives and views. The vital objectives for any suitable comprehensive security policy must: guard people and the company business property, formulate foundation expectations for the behavior of all available personnel, command security personnel to come up with an audit that monitors and evaluates incidents to be able to reduce the company’s security risk to the minimum. Some of the prescribed policies to the ABC are as follows: The asset classification and control The function of this policy is to establish the defensive gearshift related to each ABC Electronics company’s information equipment and to offer a groundwork for all employees to comprehend the security along with the handling of such possessions. ABC Electronics Company’s data categorization structure has been premeditated to sustain admission to information based on the requirement to be acquainted with so that information will be sheltered from illegal revelation, apply, alteration, and removal. Reliable employ of this data classification structure will make possible business actions in addition to facilitating to maintain the costs of information security to a smallest amount. Devoid of the reliable employ of this data classification structure, ABC Electronics Company excessively risks loss of associate dealings, failure of public self-assurance, interior operational disturbance, extreme expenditure, and aggressive disadvantage. Information categorization This policy requires that all information possessions be categorized as well as labeled in a method that permits the possessions to be willingly recognized to conclude management and safeguard level for that possession. The concern will be in use when evaluating the categorized structures from other companies as their categorization structure may contain diverse parameters. Information tagging and management It is imperative that a suitable set of measures may be defined for information tagging and management in agreement with the categorization system adopted by ABC Electronics company. These measures must plaster information possession in substantial along with electronic formats. For each category, management measures should be clear to wrap the following types of information dispensation activity. Copying, saving, communication by post, fax, as well as, electronic mail, demolition. Information preservation Information should not be preserved any longer than the company needs it to be preserved. This decreases the gap of time that data can potentially be accessed for exploitation. Management should be articulated to erase data that exceeds necessary preservation occasion. A suitable Electronic member data should be preserved up to five years at most. Protection against malicious software ABC Electronics Company shall execute measures, user consciousness, along with revolutionary controls to sense and avoid the preamble of malicious software into the company’s computing surroundings. This policy will guard the veracity of software, as well as, information by promoting measures also other measures to alleviate the risks of the prologue of nasty software into the company (Overly, 1999). Reference Overly, M. R. (1999). e-policy how to Develop Computer, E-mail and Internet Guidelines to protect your Company and its Assets. NY: SciTech Publishing Inc.

Costing for the 21st Century

So that they may experience long-term profitability, careful planning and decision-making are necessary. The primary reason why people engage in business is to earn profit. Companies who have great knowledge in the mathematics of business are more likely to survive in the changing business environment (Foster, 2007). The management of businesses applies costing methods to help them make the right decisions. The use of cost, price, and volume analysis (CVP analysis) for the 21st century organizations is becoming an issue nowadays. Because the focus of CVP is to deeply understand the correlation of cost, quantity sold, and price, it enables the firm to gain knowledge on important financial data (Hansen, Mowen, Guan, 2009). The application of cost, price, and volume analysis (CVP analysis) is a way to precisely assess the impact of the major decisions that the firm’s management has made (Cost/Volume/Profit Analysis). The Notion of Value Costing for the 21st Century Organizations There are many complexities in today’s method of accounting. Its essentiality to the entire business operation is the reason why the careful analysis of accounting is becoming crucial. The idea of value costing for the 21st century is still vital to any organization, although others seem not to agree with its implementation. This method is undeniably helpful to managers, especially in determining the impact of management decisions to the firm’s operations. The stiff competition in the various industries of the business sector compels the management of companies to seek for precise and extensive methods of estimating costs. Managers who are given the task to gather relevant information for decision making sometimes find it hard to determine the appropriate method to use. Even though others consider CVP analysis as traditional, it is still absolutely applicable in today’s enterprise environment. Managers need to have an approximate calculation of the expected revenues, cost, and profits so that they can devise strategies and keep an eye on the firm’s undertakings. Because of these, they conduct the CVP analysis. It gives them a hint as to the extent of operating activities needed to not incur losses. When losses are avoided, there is a huge probability of obtaining the target profit. CVP analysis also helps managers figure out operational risks while in the process of selecting the appropriate cost structure (Eldenburg Wolcott, 2004). The Application of Costing Methods Entrepreneurs are sometimes careless when launching a new product. They tend to hurry with its introduction to the market without even analyzing the price and the total costs of its production. The outcome of this sudden decision is the inability to earn profit. One costing method used to avoid the inefficacy of management decisions is the break-even analysis or the cost-volume-price (CVP) analysis. It provides an assessment on the impact of the decisions made by the management. Break-even analysis is imperative to any organization because it determines the point in time when the business is able to make a profit (Small Business Development Organization, 2011). It is an effective tool that can be used to examine the total revenues, cost, and profit variable. In this method the break-even point is identified that shows the point of equilibrium between sales and cost. In particular, the break-even point signifies a no profit and no loss situation (Siddiqui, 2005). Usually, manufacturing firms are the ones that use CVP analysis. Apparently, it is because these firms produce a product. In order to determine the value of the product, the total fixed and variable costs associated with its

Martial and Partner Harmony in Relation to Positive Outcomes for Children

According to various researches conducted, it has been proved that authoritative parenting is more common among the European-American parents in comparison to ethnic minority parents. Furthermore, the Asian-American and African-American parents are extremely authoritarian in their practices of parenting than the white parents (Bowman et al., 2007). It is also argued that, parenting that is authoritarian might have positive outcomes on the psychological adjustment of ethnic minority especially in their academic achievement. Thus, the research will seek to investigate if the latter statement is true. Methods of Data Collection In qualitative data deriving, the method of data collection will be conducting of interviews with the participants constituting the research sample. The interviews will be face to face for purposes of ensuring information free flow since the participants might become reluctant to participate in observations and focus groups. As such, the end result will be yielding of data that is not rich as intended. Sampling Design The sampling design that will be used in my research is the non-probability sampling. This is because the number of authoritative ethnic minority parents is unknown to me as a researcher. … Thus, it can either be greater or lower than expected. Sampling method The method that will be used under non-probability sampling is convenience sampling. In that case, I will use college students primarily as a way of convenience. As such, I will sample by requesting for volunteers. The only limitation with this method is that an individual has no evidence whether they are population representatives a researcher may be interested in for purposes of generalization. In addition to that, the sample is always suspected not be a clear representation of the population. Participants’ Protection Ethical care will be applied in the qualitative study. The research sample determination for the survey will rely on my judgment as a researcher in the determination of possible respondents basing on the criteria. This means that I will have to stick to the criteria while assessing the possible research participants. In addition to that, I will avoid interacting directly with the subjects of the research. Their identity will be protected for purposes of protecting them from their parents, teachers, peers and school administrators. I will also be discrete while asking questions that are sensitive to the respondents. Budget Convenience sampling requires a longer period before completion as the researcher needs to be assured that the sample will have the capability of providing in-depth data needed by the qualitative study. In that case, it requires a significant amount of the proposed research budget. However, it is less than that required in the phase of data collection. Sampling Plan for the Proposed Quantitative Study The quantitative study aims to find out the correlation between ethnic minorities parenting in correlation to positive outcomes for children via

Poor and Minorities in the Criminal Justice System

190). Observations and importance: For a considerably long time, in the US two different types of criminal justice systems are active. One is for the white and rich people and the other one is for the poor minority people. These were the findings of judges, attorneys, and law professors. They have found that there are inequalities, disparities, and injustices in the treatment of crimes according to races and social, political, and financial power. Different government criminal agencies, courts, and police are highly biased in respect to justice. Sometimes courts take only few minutes to finish the hearing of the case for the minority people, without even considering all the possible aspects and witnesses’ statements. Sometimes the hearing of a poor black person is attended by a white jury, who is naturally supposed to be highly biased against the black community (Cole, 1999, p. 190). All these affect negatively the large number of poor and minority people living in the country. But the most striking feature of the problem is that the law of the US does not allow court and police to be biased against any race and community. This has been rather a social tradition that has been going on and on for a long time. The problem is immensely serious in the sense that these decisions of invoking bias in the criminal justice systems are creating anger and passion for revenge and feelings of social discrimination among the poor and minor people living there. This is also violating the social peace in the country. Evidence shows that a black judge has announced punishment for a white without even completing the hearing, just because the judge has in mind the history of justice system regarding the bias for whites (Banks, 2004, p. 60). It is also shown that for the same crime a black gets more punishment compared to a white. Sometimes the racial discriminations become larger than the financial discriminations. There are also some evidences that reveal that discriminations are available in questions like who will be arrested and who will enter into the system, but not in the judgment of terms of sentencing. There are lots of informal sources of discriminations like police and local courts. In the presence of these informal sources it is evident that the African Americans are the most discriminated ethnic society living in the US. The dangerousness or the seriousness of the crime gets more importance for the blacks than for the whites (Bank, 2004, pp. 60-61). Discriminations are also shown in case of the jury selection (Bank, 2004, p. 62) and giving death penalty (Bank, 2004, p. 67). The massacre of 9/11 has created new disparities for the Muslims around the world, especially for the Asian Muslims. Even American people think that there are discriminations against poor and minorities (Greenhouse, 1999). Reasons: There are various reasons for discriminations in criminal justice systems in the US. Most of the reasons are completely social and conventional and have least or no resemblance with the law or the rules and regulations of the system. For instance, the police may arrest a person completely based on the kind of respect the person shows to the police. A lower respect for the police increases the probability of getting

The Effects of Gender Inequality amongst Female Students

Variables explaining academic performance and career attainment In the study, the IVs were selected based on literature and availability of research data. The IVs are categorized into two main areas, i.e. school based and home based. Based on these criteria, there are three sets of IVs identified: school characteristics, home characteristics, and student characteristics. The first set of IVs comprise of family characteristics that include variables for household occupation and income, parents education level, size of the family, and home ownership. This needed information covering the home environment of the students that could have an effect on academic performance and, by extension, career attainment. This interview is to request information regarding family structure, income, occupation, educational background, and age (Faid-Douglas, 2010: p12). The 2nd IV set comprises of the characteristics of individual students in relation to class attendance level, gender, year of study, scholastic activities, and the perceptions held on parental participation, perceptions, and support. It also covers the time spent by the student on studies, parental involvement level, and their willingness to follow up. This should help elicit information regarding various motivational, attitudinal, and situational characteristics inherent in the students (McCray, 2010: p11). The third set of IVs is school characteristics that involve school facilities and infrastructure, model female lecturers, commitment and qualification of teachers, and lecturer to student ratio. The questions were structured to generate information on the lecturers from the students that could help the research study explain the variations, in the student profiles of… This paper stresses that one ethical issue that was considered during the study was consent. The researcher explained to the participants what the study was about, as well as what was involved. The participants were also informed that they possessed the ability to deny their consent or even to withdraw their consent any time that they wished. Failing to inform them fully of what the study entailed or even using the results after the withdrawal of consent was totally avoided. Another ethical issue that was considered was anonymity where the participants were not identified using their real names or used in any other way, for instance, in books or articles concerning the research. The participants were not identified in any way, and wherever it was necessary, an alias was used. The author stresses that these are some of the major constraints and limitations of the research study based from the collection of data, its analysis, and interpretation. The first is minimal coverage of the available secondary data in the topic being studied and the probability that their quality is low. In the University, data on female performance in comparison to their male counterparts were not well documented and organized. This report makes a conclusion that the requirement for the study included trips to the research survey areas and foot travel around the campus, which was difficult to follow according to plan. The budget shortage, along with other consequences, had caused the sample survey to be limited in the number of departments and schools covered.

Why the Rich Are Getting Richer and the Poor Poorer

These three aspects have been a characteristic of society since the creation of the first social group. This then highlights the intrinsic extent of inequality. However, in the aim of maintaining the objectivity of this paper, economic inequality will be the principal focus. This is hinged on the fact that the main distinguishing element in the contemporary society is phrased in economic terms. The economic power and potential of an individual is used to elevate them into higher status. As such, the main rationale for this eventuality is the wage inequality of the contemporary society. A majority of the people are dependent, wholly, on the wages as their principal source of income. This translates to mean that changes in level of wage are bound to instigate a change in economic capabilities of the household. In this way, the rich continue to increase their wealth while the poor continue to struggle out of economic troubles that are continuously becoming difficult. In the endeavor of explicating on this pertinent issue, this paper will expound on the complexities of this subject matter. As such, it will include the work of Richard Reich, which tackles this issue. Economic inequality is at times regarded as an intrinsic element that cannot be removed. However, with the proper policies and attitude changes, this much needed realignment will be eventually be realized. In the absence of this, the level of inequality will continue to increase rapidly. The existence of inequality is imperative for the growth of a society. This is hinged on the rationale that this inequality is at times an element of motivation. As such its absence will lead to many looking for external motivating factors to work hard in life. There is always going to be those individuals I society who does not want to work hard like the other kinfolk. As such, with persons such as those in the society, it is a remarkable feat to counter the effects of such behavior. These assertions do not signal the absence strategies and subsequent policies that have been structured to aid in the reduction in the level of inequality. Rather, these assertions propagate the notion that these pre-existing policies are not efficient towards realizing this goal. As such, there is a need to offer fashion new strategies and polices that have a higher probability of realizing this goal of equality reduction. However, prior to embarking on the exercise of strategizing, it is essential to understand, first, the complexities of economic inequality. Robert Reich dedicates his article, Why the Rich Are Getting Richer and the Poor, Poorer to this increasing economical gap between the upper, middle and lower class of people. To this fact, he employs the use of metaphors that are characterized by three boats. He continues to assert that these three boats are rising and falling. The rate with which these boats are sinking is varied. Additionally, it is dependent on the occupants and their role in corporate America (Reich 309). The boat representing the workers involved in routine processes is sinking at a rapid rate. The second boat represents the in-person servers and its rate of sinking is slow. However, in contradiction to the two previous boats, the third boat is rising steadily. This boat represents the symbolic analysts. Instead of simply stating the members of each boat and their respective rate of sinking, Reich gives the adopted rationale for the theory. The rapid rate of the first boat of routine workers is because of outsourcing initiatives employed by American firms (Reich, 310). What is referred to as cheap production alternatives is detrimental to the welfare of these routine workers. American firms, and many international firms, are

Vulnerable Populations

Running Head: Vulnerable Populations Vulnerable Populations [Institute’s INTRODUCTION People who have the propensity of being physically or psychologically offended by nature of their residential place, financial conditions, age, developmental or practical status, health, personal characteristics, communication skill, and presence of persistent disability or illness refer to vulnerable population (Kartikeyan, 2007). According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), when vulnerable population was compared with the common population, major differences has been recognized in terms of morbidity, disease incidence, mortality, prevalence and rate of survival (Kartikeyan, 2007). Besides this, vulnerable population also refers to those whose needs are unfilled by the conventional service providers. Due to this reason, vulnerable population refers to people whom percept that in case of any danger or disaster, they cannot take help from the available resources of recovery and relief. Vulnerable population includes people who are mentally or physically disabled (deaf, cognitive disorders, blind, hard of hearing, mobility limitations), culturally or geographically isolated, chemically or medically dependent and homeless (Kartikeyan, 2007). PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/ AIDS AND VULNERABILITY: ­ Different combinations of personal factors, such as social mobility, age, education, gender identity etc are a reason for vulnerability to HIV. Besides this, gender discrimination, status, and inadequacy of services are also the cause. Since vulnerable population has low access to the protection and safety tools, they have limited ability to use the prevention tools for HIV (Kartikeyan, 2007). The deadly disease of AIDS and HIV is being fueled by inequalities across ethnicity class, gender, age, and race. The degree of impact is based on several factors such as demographic crimes, natural disasters, incapacities of state, armed fights, degradation in surrounding, poverty, and famine. The effects of this dangerous disease on girls and women are extremely dangerous. During the third decade of the HIV pandemic, the growing group of infected and affected people by HIV was of young girls and women. Women between the ages of fifteen to twenty-four years constitute nearly half of the HIV population around the globe. Besides this, this rate of positive HIV in women is much larger in sub-Sahara Africa where the probability of having HIV in women is three times greater than that of young men. Women and girls in many societies face social and cultural pressures. due to this, they turn themselves vulnerable to HIV. For instance, many cultures restrict women’s and girls’ of getting knowledge regarding sexual and reproductive health (Kartikeyan, 2007). In recent times, the epidemiology of the deadly disease has been explained principally in behavioral biomedical and terms. More consideration is now towards the economic, political, and social factors that shape individual behavior and the efficiency of responses. However, without understanding the profoundly rooted cultural and social norms, which augment risks for young women, girls and several other populations at risk, the collision of HIV deterrence will keep on reducing as the epidemic unfolds more generations (Huba, 2011). For addressing the pandemic’s gender dimensions and the implications for practitioners as well as policy makers, it is imperative to have a detailed understanding regarding the different ways to support communities and families as they intervene in the epidemic’s repercussions for academic planning, reproductive decision making, restructuring of house, intergenerational and gender relations, civic participation and financial status. In the same way, it is the urgent need to build up the awareness compulsory to fortify national response capacities so that those with elevated impact by HIV and AIDS do not also have to bear its related burdens. It is imperative to understand the Aids epidemics in medical as well as socio-cultural terms (Huba, 2011). The policies adopted by Iran have revealed that a customizable approach is necessary for the HIV and AIDS because of the distinctive characteristics of this disease. Socio-political and historical contexts offer vital access to the dynamics of the pandemic. Consideration of the semantic relays in the AIDS and HIV discourses adjoining, illuminating and attempting to interfere in the outbreak is essential (Huba, 2011). Uniformly essential is to consider the route of the development of an endemic in an assessment of the psychology of sex, speech and specialized discourses. According to various number of specialized Physicians who did research in HIV and AIDS, there were around one hundred thousand cases of the acquired immunodeficiency condition (AIDS) to confined and state fitness departments in the United States ever since 1981 (Godinho, 2004).This includes thirty –four thousand recent cases of only twelve months. Examination of HIV and AIDS in the United States accounts for almost sixty percent of cases reported to the World Health Organization by 152 states, both the level of the individual immunodeficiency virus (HIV) endemic in this nation and the comprehensiveness of the treatment in comparison with the rest of the countries. Previously in this decade, transfusion recipients, intravenous drug users, heterosexual partners, homosexual men, gave information related to HIV and infants (Burbank, 2006) and features of HIV and AIDS in advance on the detection of this deadly disease. A therapy known as antiretroviral therapy ART, during the last five years revealed that the mortality rates were (8–26%), and many of the people died in the early stage. Not much fruitful results came out. Effective steps are necessary in order to stop this deadly disease from spreading more and more (Burbank, 2006). REFERENCES Burbank, P. M. (2006). Vulnerable Older Adults: Health Care Needs and Interventions. Springer Publishing Company. Godinho, J. (2004). HIV/Aids and Tuberculosis in Central Asia: Country Profiles. World Bank Publications. Huba, G. J. (2011). Evaluating HIV/Aids Treatment Programs: Innovative Methods and Findings. Routledge. Kartikeyan, S. (2007). HIV and AIDS: Basic Elements and Priorities. Springer.

Societys Fascination with Reality TV

Society’s Fascination with Reality TV The term reality associated with a TV program itself suggests that the events transpiring on the television screen may be true and based upon actual life events. This may be one of the prime reasons society is fascinated by such programs because they appear to offer glimpses of reality and truth. Events in such programs purportedly play out exactly as they actually happen, without any kind of editing or revising to make it palatable for public consumption, which is a powerful lure for viewers. As opposed to this, standard TV programs are based upon fictional accounts and viewers are well aware of this. Watching a standard TV program is like escaping into a world of fiction and fantasy, where the shocks and jolts that are associated with real life may sometimes be absent. But reality TV offers the lure of so called truth. It portrays life as it happens, with all its disappointments, hope, anxieties and unexpected events, as well as its mundane, daily grind. The fascination of reality TV for the viewer is in gaining insight into the fears, dreams and expectations of real people. Reality TV programs focus on ordinary, working and middle class citizens, so it becomes easier for viewers to identify with the characters. To some extent, the fascination for reality TV may also lie in the fact that participants reveal some of the most intimate aspects of their lives. For example the Celebrity Big Brother TV show in the UK where celebrities are asked to live together without contact with the outside world and satisfy certain conditions ( Such programs offer viewers the opportunity for a voyeuristic look into other peoples’ lives, while for the ones participating in the programs, the focus is a narcissistic one. With the onset of more and sensational kinds of programs on TV, reality TV which attempts to compete with it, offers an equal amount of shock value but drawn from reality, which packs a bigger thrill for viewers as compared to standard TV programs, where viewers are aware that the events are fictional or doctored up in some way. For example, TV shows like The Bold and the Beautiful and Dynasty are enjoyed by viewers, but they are aware of the fictional content of these programs. Reality TV however, does not represent fluff in any sense of the word. In some instances, it may offer valuable insight into the fears, perceptions and feelings of actual people and viewers are irresistibly drawn by the lure of participating, even temporarily, in other peoples’ lives. Another reason for society’s fascination with reality TV is that it allows a forum for the expression of what may sometimes be unacceptable political or cultural norms. Some of the most popular shows for example, are those which deal with real life filming of police events or dangerous stunts. In the TV show, COPS, police officers are filmed on duty as they apprehend criminals, and their uncensored comments may be racial or littered with bad language, since they react on impulse in a stressful situation. While caught in a crisis like situation, characters may often reveal their inner views in an uncensored form, without the necessary filtering that occurs in the case of standard TV programs. While news programs for example, also report on reality, it is generally the more sensational kinds of reality shows which are popular among audiences. so in all probability, it’s the shock value and uncensored expression of opinion and belief which attracts the audiences. These shows which fall into the class of reality offer a glimpse of life at its most shocking, intimate, bizarre moments which is an endless source of fascination for ordinary people living dull, humdrum lives. The root cause of the fascination for reality TV shows appears to be the underlying desire of viewers to peek into the private lives of other people. Caught up in the mundane reality of their own lives, viewers are looking for sensationalist elements in the TV programs they watch. Reality TV offers the element of the unpredictable, since the shows are not pre-programmed beforehand but taped as the events occur. When such programs can also add the shock value of being drawn from real life, they offer an endless source of fascination for TV viewers. Reference:* Celebrity Big Brother. Retrieved November 8, 2007 from:* COPS Retrieved November 7, 2007 from:* Kang, Kyoung-Lae, 2006. Reality TV: Remaking television culture Journal of Popular Film and Television, 34(2): 94-96 Critique This report deals with reality TV, asking the question, how is society’s fascination with reality TV to be explained? It offers an explanation of what constitutes reality TV and how it differs from standard TV programs. The major reasons that are offered for the fascination experienced by viewers is the lure of so called truth and the opportunity that viewers have to peek into the private lives of other human beings. An example offered in this context is the Celebrity Big Brother TV show, which allows viewers to vicariously experience the life of celebrities locked into a house for several days, devoid of contact with the outside world. This article also points out how some reality TV shows directly tape officers in action when they are dealing with stressful incidents, for example police officers when they are dealing with criminals. An example offered for this kind of program is COPS, which films police officers on their beat as they deal with dangerous or risky situations. This article suggests that the uncensored nature of reality TV shows may also play a role in the attraction experienced by viewers towards such shows. One of the merits of this report is that it successfully explains the reasons for the underlying fascination that society experiences towards reality TV. It is able to successfully address the question of why there is so much of interest in reality TV shows. The article is able to point out the distinction between reality TV shows and standard TV programs in that the outcomes of standard TV programs are predetermined, while reality TV shows film events as they occur without attempting to refine or censor them in any fashion. There are also some limitations in the article. It ha snot addressed one of the most popular reality TV segments – game shows. TV shows such as Who dares wins where ordinary individuals are approached and dared to do something funny, outrageous or dangerous in order to win a prize. This is the most popular category of shows on reality TV, which has the highest percentage of viewers among international audiences. Such game shows generally introduce ordinary individuals involved in dangerous, death defying activities. The audiences are able to participate in the thrill of the activities pursued by the participants without being exposed to any of the real risks and dangers that are also connected with the acts. In this way, reality TV is able to combine sensationalist and adrenalin boosting viewing activity with the aura of real that sets it aside from fiction which is tailored and modified by the creators. Reality TV appears to represent unfettered TV, whose outcome is indeterminate and viewers may enjoy the feelings of uncertainty and thrill associated with such viewing. Another limitation in this essay is the lack of detailed explanations of the concepts presented through examples. While a few examples are included in the essay, a more specific explanation of how exactly they demonstrate the underlying concepts presented in the article, would have helped to boost the quality of material presented.

Review of Research Literature

b. What inferential test was done to test changes over time of caregiver characteristics (Table A4-2)? Is this test parametric or non-parametric? Does Physical Function change over time at a statistically significant level (compare the p-value to the alpha level)?Inferential statistics allow researchers to generalize findings from sample size to that of an entire population with a certain amount of confidence regarding the research findings. To estimate the stress associated with caregiving Burden Index, a 22-item measure, has been completed by caregivers. Burden index is designed to assess feelings of anger, frustration, and stress as well as the burden of being a caregiver. This is a parametric test because ‘t-tests’ were used to compare variables. The data analysis showed that social function (SF) subscale (SF-36) increased significantly between the first and second years of caregiving and the probability error value (p-value) is given as plt.0.1.c.What inferential test was done to test predictors of Health-Related QOL: MCS and Health-Related QOL: PCS (Table A4-3)? What three predictor variables are in the model for HRQL: MCS at the first interview? Which one has the largest sB? What is the R2 value for the model at the first interview? What does this mean?Health-related quality of life (HRQL) was measured using the medical outcome study, a generic scale 36-item short-form health survey. The mental component summary (MCS) and Physical component summary (PCS) are standardized to have a mean of 50 and a standard deviation of 10. In the study of White et al internal consistency of the subscale ranged between 0.78 and 0.94.The overall quality of living (QoL) was measured using a 0-10 numerical rating scale that has a single-item measure for a global construct. A series of linear regression models, developed for first and second years of caregiving, was used to measure the impact of patientcharacteristics and caregiver characteristics on caregiver HRQL.

Court Systems Paper

This is the system that protects us from chaos. We need to know more about it so that we can understand who we truly are as a people. One of the most significant court cases in recent years was the OJ Simpson trial which took place in California. This was a criminal case, involving an allegation that Simpson had killed his wife and her friend (Hunt). The difference between a criminal and a civil case is very important and is the result of burden placed on the accuser. In the criminal context, the accused must be found guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. In a civil suit, they must only be found guilty on a balance of probability. Criminal cases are usually brought by the People, as represented by a prosecutor. This happened in the OJ Simpson trial. In this case there was a jury who found Simpson not guilty. The defence and prosecution both make their cases before the jury, trying to convince the twelve people sitting there that they are right and the other side is wrong. Some court cases are very exciting, like the OJ Simpson trial, because they involve a lot of human passions (Cotterill). In the Simpson trial, television cameras were also permitted into the courtroom to televise the proceedings. This was something that hadn’t really happened before. People get excited about the adversarial nature of the proceedings, which is something that is different than in other countries, where a more inquisitorial, or judge-directed proceeding, occurs. How did we come to have this system? In part, the courts were created by Congress and the Founding Fathers. Today, Congress has a lot of power over the system. As one site remarks: Congress has three other basic responsibilities that determine how the courts will operate. First, it decides how many judges there should be and where they will work. Second, through the confirmation process, Congress determines which of the President’s judicial nominees ultimately become federal judges. Third, Congress approves the federal courts’ budget and appropriates money for the judiciary to operate. The judiciary’s budget is a very small part — substantially less than one percent — of the entire federal budget (US Courts). There are a number of elements that go into the proper administration of justice in the United States. Indeed, there are so many elements that it is impossible to describe them all here in one place. One of the most important and preliminary issues is that of jurisdiction. Who should hear a matter and where should they hear it? If you commit a crime in another country, American courts will not concern themselves with it. They do not have jurisdiction over the matter. Likewise a court in Detroit does not care what happened in Orlando. There is also the matter of the level of the court. The Supreme Court, for example, is an appellate court and hears appeals. You cannot sue someone in the Supreme Court. Making sure that a court has jurisdiction to hear a case is a very important issue for lawyers. Making this rookie error is sure to get your case thrown out. The system exists as it is for a reason. The Constitution lays out the jurisdiction of the federal courts as follows: The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority. to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls. to all Cases of admiralty and

Discovering Statistics Using SPSS

The data for this report was collected using a standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire contained three sets of questions. The first set comprised 21 separate questions concerning five dimensions of service quality. Sub-questions 1 through 6 focused on tangible elements of the service. Sub Questions 20 and 21 measured the empathy dimension, whilst 16 through 19 measured the assurance dimension. Questions 7, 10,11,12 focused on reliability with 8, 9, 13,14,15 measuring responsiveness.These questions followed a similar format to previous research in this field, such that measurement validity was maintained. a 5 point scale was used to allow respondents to rate the service performance. The second set of questions attempted to get the respondents to weight the importance they attached to each of the five dimensions of service quality. The third set of questions were ‘key independent variables’ which measured respondent characteristics. These allowed us to ascertain the demographics of the sample and facilitate analysis of variance later. The questionnaire was pre‐tested for face validity with potential users of the sports center. There were no problems with face validity and the questionnaire was deemed to be reliable.The sampling method took the form of a probability sample of students at the University in question. The sampling frame was composed of the email addresses of all students. Using simple random sampling a sample size of 200 was deemed appropriate ‐ with the potential sampling error of 9%. The research used a structured questionnaire which is characterized by a diverse scales. the questionnaire was divided into three categories. The first questionnaire was determined to assess the service quality of the sports center. the results obtained on a five-point Linkert scale. The second part of the questionnaire attempted to evaluate the most important sports’ services and facilities according to the views of the students. the importance was measured on a scale of one-hundred percent.

Decision Modelling and Decision AnalysisJOB SELECTION

A research on the job location revealed the most expensive and least expensive cities. Probability scores in the range of 1-10 were used to rank the various alternatives on criteria. Final scores of the product of weights and probability scores helped to reach the conclusion that American Systems Developers provides the best opportunity to Claire. Table of Contents S.No. Topic Page No. 1 Introduction 3 2 Problem statement 3 3 Goal statement 3 4 Background 3 5 Main criteria for job selection 4 6 Various alternatives available 5 7 Linking interests and alternatives 6 8 Methodology 7 9 Assumptions 8 10 Results 9 11 Conclusion 10 Introduction Claire Dale has job offers from five different companies. Each company has different salary structure to offer and a different job profile. Some are offering a job requiring a lot of travel while others are offering single location jobs. Claire also needs to look at the location where she will be working from so that she is able to balance her professional and personal life. She has a number of criteria which she has to look at before deciding which job has the potential to offer her maximum job satisfaction as well as compensate her financially and allow her to pursue her personal interests. Problem statement The candidate has been presented with five job offers. She is unable to decide which is best for her. Goal statement Selecting the right job offer which helps to satisfy the financial, professional and personal expectations of Claire. Background In real life situations, it sometimes become very difficult to decide which options to choose from when there are many criteria for deciding upon an option. MCDA techniques help us in deciding the best possible option in a scientific and methodological way. MCDA has a number of techniques to help in zeroing on an alternative and they all follow similar steps of organization and decision matrix construction (Linkov et al. 2006). However, each differs in the way it analyses the data. Some of the commonly used approaches are MAUT (Multi-Attribute Utility Theory), MAVT (Multi-Attribute Value Theory, AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) and Outranking. The first three approaches are grouped under optimization approaches. For example, MAUT tries to provide a numerical criterion to evaluate the various alternatives. It gives scores to the various criteria to show the merits of each. The final scores can be seen by summing up the individual scores. Similarly, AHP tries to judge alternatives based on their scores and chooses the one with the highest score. It compares pairs. Outranking is a technique assumes that one alternative has more dominance over the other (Linkov et al. 2006). This technique does not assume that one alternative can be identified. It compares two or more alternatives at a time and tries to find out the extent to which one can be preferred over the other (Linkov et al. 2006). This method looks at favoring an alternative that performs best on maximum number of criteria. Thus, the weaknesses that one criterion has are compensated by the advantages that are there in the other criteria. Main criteria for selecting the job After a discussion with Claire and the project team, following criteria were identified which would impact her, the most (in order of importance, first one being the most important) once she decides on a particular offer: 1. Financial –

Motivation What is Motivation Students’ Motivation

Introduction Motivation is that drive that is responsible for initiating, guiding and maintaining a goal oriented behavior in an individual. It can also be termed as the internal condition or state that activates behavior as well as giving it direction. Motivation is what compels an individual to wake up every morning and go to work or do what they do daily. It also drives them to study new things regularly – it best explains the reason behind individuals devoting a lot of time doing something, at times going to the extent of spending a lot of money and energy to achieve the result (Cherry, 2011). In most cases, rewards and reinforcement are used in motivating people and consequently influencing their behavior so that they can get an assurance of the future. Students who are motivated for instance will always take their studies seriously and excel over and above completing their course in the required time. This does not mean that each of these students is fully interested in the study but it means that they have an inner persuasion that they must complete their assignments and courses in time even when the task seems uninteresting. According to Tilestone (2010), learning begins in the self-system with or without input and the students usually get motivated when they are directly involved in the process of learning. Students who work on the goal, which they have set for themselves, are usually more motivated, efficient and they achieve better results as opposed to when their tutors have set goals for them. At times students derive their motivation from a tangible promise and due to their great hope of attaining the promise, they work harder. This type of reward is known as the extrinsic motivation and it involves influencing a person’s behavior either by rewarding or by punishing them (Tilestone, 2010). Intrinsic motivation on the other hand refers to the motivation that students achieve from within themselves due to either persuasion to excel or their self-determination to attaining goals. In other words, a student’s willingness to do something is not due to pressure from their teachers and parents but owing to the fact that they really want to. The reward for this is the interest and the enjoyment they get as they do the work. When the task is judged to have a probability of successes, student will be motivated to do the task. On the contrary, if the task has a low probability of success, students will not engage in the task. For a student to be successful, they must not only have a positive attitude toward learning but also must believe that there are enough resources to make them successful. It is important to take note of an invaluable factor in motivating students, that is, feedback. Students ought to receive feedback from the concerned parties often – it is crucial that they know where they do well and where they need to put more efforts. Encouraging remarks as well as consistency makes students have high expectation and they remain aware of their goal. Students would prefer challenges that match to their current skill levels and especially if the reason is important to them. upon completion, the students will experience satisfaction. When the challenges are too demanding, students will prefer boredom and report low involvement in their work and eventually the flow will erode away (Brophy, 2010). There is need for teachers to understand that students require from them all motivation they can possibly give in order to encourage them. They can do so by teaching enthusiastically and acting as role models. urging students to attain challenging but reasonable goals. and providing emotional support to students, which would help them to approach learning skills in confidence. Additionally, teachers should sustain students motivation in order for them to learn and find learning activities meaningful and worth trying, thereby getting the intended benefits from them (Brophy, 2010). Conclusion Framing an incentive plan that allows needs and wants of an individual to be tackled means motivation to them. Among others, creating willingness within individual students to perform in the best of their abilities is one of the most important functions of teachers. Together with parents as well as other concerned bodies, teachers ought to embrace the role of arousing interest in performance of students in their studies. If the students strive to meet a strong urge from within for excellence, then they indeed excel, which it the ultimate goal. References Brophy, J.E. (2010). Motivating Students to Learn. London: Taylor Francis. Cherry, K. (2011). What Is Motivation? Retrieved from Tileston, D.W. (2010). What Every Teacher Should Know About Student Motivation. Thousand Oaks, California: Corwin Press.

Meat Industry in the United States

There are many processes that come in between slaughtering of animals and the final packaging of meat. These processes carry an element of high risk of contamination. The meat procured from the slaughtering of animals can carry fecal matter which can contaminate the meat with a high quantity of harmful bacteria like E. coli. The meat can also be contaminated by various animal diseases like salmonella and campylobacter. There is also the high probability of mad cow disease which can infect the meat. The most effective way to protect human beings from this disease is to carefully remove materials of the nervous system from the beef. Other than animal diseases, there is also the matter regarding the safety of workers because in meat industry dangerous machinery and sharp knives are common elements. It is also necessary to follow stringent methods of safety in the meat packaging industry which is the final link between the meat industry and the general public who consume meat. Since the early twentieth century, the activities inside meat packaging plants in the United States are done under unhygienic conditions. In 1906, the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Federal Meat Inspection Act were passed. These Acts encouraged labor organizations to improve the working conditions of the meat packers. In the last few decades, the nation has seen a sharp decline in the meat processing industry. The slaughterhouses and meat packaging facilities are still almost in the same condition as they were a century ago. In the 1930s the Congress of Industrial Organizations drove the trade unions to focus on the working conditions of employees in different industries including the meat packaging industry. In the 1960s the United Packinghouse Workers of America with its progressive ideals successfully improved the pay and working conditions of the meat packers. During 1960s and early 1980s the average pay of meat packers was higher than that of the workers in the manufacturing industry. In the 1980s the meat packing industry went through a development phase. Meat distribution channels increased and this resulted in meat packing companies to be located in rural areas near the rearing of farm animals. The Iowa Beef Processors

American Literature Neighbor Rosicky by Willa Cather

He is diagnosed with a heart problem, which puts immediacy in his affairs. He is determined to see his family do well in terms of happiness and health wise, which he considers more vital than material wealth. This illustrates his concern for his family’s well being when he contemplates on whether the crops, on his farm, will survive the coming harsh winter season. The news from his doctor about his weakened heart leads him to reflect upon his life more than he used to before receiving the news. Anton Rosicky finds himself engaging in story telling with members of his family about past events. For example, when he joins his wife in recalling their most memorable times during their long marriage (Werlock 38). The story in the book also tells of how he reflects upon his times in London and New York before he had become a farmer. Common to all immigrants, the city proved to be a useful place to go because work was easier to find there enabling someone to earn a living. Thus according to Anton’s contemplation, his stay in the cities afforded him the opportunity to meet his future wife. He was able to earn enough money to acquire a farm where he would raise his family. His reflections about his past also give the reader an opportunity to learn that, despite the fact that he appreciated what the cities enabled him to achieve, he still had misgivings about cities. The thistles in Anton’s garden can be construed to represent the negative attitude he had about life in a city and the lifestyle it offered. The alfalfa crop represents Rosicky’s notion of an ideal lifestyle, but this lifestyle is threatened by city life, which is represented by thistles. Anton had this negative attitude about city life, which made him believe that it was not a good place for his son. This is because the lifestyle in the city, according to Anton, was not fit for a man to thrive in ways that he appreciated as being worthwhile. Anton was afraid that his son Rudolph would be influenced, by his wife Polly, to move away from the farm and go live in the city. This is because Polly was a city girl and there is a reference in the story where her marriage is termed as an American wedding (Werlock 86). This is Anton’s referral to his son’s marriage to a city girl and possibly because she was not of immigrant parenthood. Anton believed that it was because of Polly’s background that she did not appreciate features and values what he deemed as vital, in his family’s life. Rosicky also reflects on the impact that Polly’s influence would have on the principles about life that he had taught his son. This was because Polly’s perceptions and concepts about the city lifestyle were entirely different from his convictions. In the story, thistles are used to metaphorically to represent Anton’s main problem of the probability of his son Rudy moving to live in the city with Polly his wife. His problem is further agitated by the fact that he has a heart problem an indicator that he does not have long to live. Thistles among his cultivated alfalfa crop represent his fears and limitations that Anton is facing in life. Thistles compete and threaten the welfare of his Alfalfa crop by reducing nutrients available to the crop (Werlock 22). Thistles metaphorically represent his ‘bad heart’, which threatens his life and his continued efforts to provide and care for them. The alfalfa crop

In The Following Regression X = Total Assets ($ Billions) Y = Total Revenue ($ Billions) And

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A) Perform The Hypothesis Test To Answer The

Regression Statistics
Multiple R
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Standard Error
Coefficients Standard Error
t Stat
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1) Compare The F Value To The Critical Value

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Reject Or Fail Why And Probability ? How Do You Know ?

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Statistics and Probability

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Case Study Analysis 2:
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Company B
Company C
Total Assets
$ 8,000,000.00
$ 11,000,000.00
Working Capital
Retained Earnings
Operating Income
$ 10,000,000.00
Market Value of
Total Liabilities
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x2 = Retained earnings/Total assets (%)
X3 = Earnings before interest and taxes/Total assets (%)
X4 = Market value of equity/Total liabilities (%)
X5 = Sales/Total assets (number of times)
Company A- Z= (1.2) 0.625 + (1.4) 0.125 + (3.3) 1.25 + (0.6) 4 + (1.0) 1.875= 9.325 (Favorable financial
Company B- Z= (1.2) 0.005 + (1.4) 0.001 + (3.3) 0.01 + (0.6) 0.009 + (1.0) 0.19 = 0.2358 (Bankruptcy)
Company C- Z= (1.2) 0.3 + (1.4) 0.004 + (3.3) 0.42 + (0.6) 0.057 + (1.0) 0.92 = 2.7 (Probability of
Bankruptcy in the next couple years)Managerial Accounting

Construct A 95% Confidence Interval For The Mean Mathematics Sat Score For The Entering Freshmen Class Round The

SAT scores: A college admissions officer takes a simple random sample of 100 entering freshmen and computes their mean
mathematics SAT score to be 466. Assume the population standard deviation is o = 116.
Part: 0 / 4
Part 1 of 4
(a) Construct a 95% confidence interval for the mean mathematics SAT score for the entering freshman class. Round the
answer to the nearest whole number.
A 95% confidence interval for the mean mathematics SAT score is
lt; u lt;Statistics and Probability

Braindata In The Comments It Is Believed That The Larger The Head Circumference Thea B C D E F G H 815 816 Hypothesis Test Independent Groups (Ttest Unequal Variance) 817 818 Group 1 Group 2 819 56 125 1 125 95 Mean 820 1 827 124 94 Std

Braindata IN THE COMMENTS: It is believed that the larger the head circumference theA
816 Hypothesis Test: Independent Groups (t-test, unequal variance)
Group 1
Group 2
1, 125.95
std. dev.
20 n
19 df
824…Statistics and Probability

Using Statistics And Probability Calculate The

0 .19
0. 24 041
Multiplication Rule
4. Calculate P(M amp; S), the probability that X is male and smokes. (+2)
5. Is P(M amp; S) equal to P(M) multiplied by P(S)? (+2)
6. Is P(M amp; S) equal to P(M) multiplied by P(S| M)? (+2)Statistics and Probability

Hi I Have A Discussion For Class This Week Here Is What We Had To Do

Think ofSouthern New Hampshi
@ Discussion 5-1 Option 1 x Homework Help – Qamp;A x
Home – gt;gt; Students
@ 5-1 Discussion: Applicat X
3 X f N
Two sample T hypothesis test:
67 84
H1 : Mean of vari
H2 : Mean of var2
H1 – H2 : Difference between two means
Ho : H1 – H2 = 0
HA : H1 – H2 lt;0
(without pooled variances)
Hypothesis test results:
Difference Sample Diff. Std. Err.
H1 – H2
-18.857143 2.8749445 11.941555 -6.5591327 lt;0.0001
Type here to search
6:44 PM
10/2/2019Statistics and Probability

To Study The Effect Of Music On Production In A Cell Phone Factory Two Experimental Treatments Are Planned


To study the effect of music on production in a cell phone factory, two experimental treatments are planned:

day-long classical music for one group versus day-long rap music for another. Which of the following groups would serve best as a control for this study?

Group of answer choices

A third group for which no music is played

A third group that listens randomly to classical or rap music each day

A third group that listens to country music

A third group that splits the day with classical music and rap music

A third group in which each worker chooses either classical music or rap music and listens via headphones

Statistics and Probability

One Of The Variables Collected In The Ontario Birth Registry Data Is Pounds Gained During Pregnancy According To


One of the variables collected in the Ontario Birth Registry data is pounds gained during pregnancy. According to

data from the entire registry for 2018, the number of pounds gained during pregnancy was approximately normally distributed with a mean of 30.23 pounds and a standard deviation of 13.84 pounds. Showing your work, calculate the probability that a randomly selected mother in Ontario in 2018 gained:

a) Less than 15 pounds during pregnancy.

b) More than 40 pounds.

c) Between 14 and 40 pounds.

d) Less than 10 pounds.

e) Between 10 and 20 pounds.

I do not believe I am reading the z-table correctly.

Thank you.

Statistics and Probability

Answer The Following Questions With Respect To The Following Details Based On Anthropological Reports In


Answer the following questions with respect to the following details:

Based on anthropological reports in

which the status of women is scored on a 10-point scale, the mean and standard deviation across many cultures are known. A new culture is found in which there is an unusual family arrangement. The status of women is also rated in this culture. Do cultures with the unusual family arrangement provide lower status to women than cultures in general?

(a) What is the dependent variable?

(b) What is the independent variable?

(c) What kind of test (one tailed high/low or two tailed) are you going to use, and why?

(d) State the research hypothesis (include notations):

(e) State the null hypothesis (include notations):

Statistics and Probability

Engineers At A Semiconductor Manufacturing Facility Want To Test Whether Different Wafer Implant Material Dosages


Engineers at a semiconductor manufacturing facility want to test whether different wafer implant material dosages

have a significant effect on resistivity measurements after a diffusion process taking place in a furnace. They have 4 different dosages they want to try and enough experimental wafers from the same batch to run 3 wafers at each of the dosages. There is only enough capacity to put 4 wafers in the furnace at any one time.

Which of the following is best described as the block in this experiment?

Group of answer choices

The dosage level

The furnace run

The experimental wafers

The resistivity

Statistics and Probability

Dr Frankal Is Concerned About The Long Wait Times In His Vet Office The Following Table Presents Six


Dr. Frankal is concerned about the long wait times in his Vet office.

The following table presents six

random observations for the patient waiting times over a period of 10 days.

  1. Construct R-chart and -chart.
  2. Is the process in statistical control? Explain.
  3. If patient surveys indicate that they are willing to wait between 10 and 30 minutes before seeing Dr. Patel, is the process capable of meeting this demand at the three-sigma level?

Statistics and Probability

I Am In A Psychology Statistics Class And This Weeks Discussion Is To Explain And Give An Example Of The Mean Of


I am in a Psychology Statistics class, and this weeks discussion is to explain and give an example of the mean of

sampling distribution. I can explain it using my textbook, but am struggling to come up with an example. My classmates have used age, height , GPA scores, so I need to have a more original example. If you could just help me think of a scenario that I could use to explain the process, I would be so grateful.

Statistics and Probability

Assets Inc Plans To Issue $5 Million Of Bonds With A Coupon Rate Of 7% A Par Value Of $1 000 Semiannual


Assets, Inc. plans to issue $5 million of bonds with a coupon rate of 7%, a par value of $1,000, semiannual

coupons, and 30 years to maturity. The current market interest rate on these bonds is 6%. In one year, the interest rate on the bonds will be either 9% or 5% with equal probability. Assume investors are risk-neutral.

a. If the bonds are noncallable, what is the price of the bonds today?

b. If the bonds are callable one year from today at $1,080, will their price be greater or less than the price you computed in (a)? why?


Can Someone Help Me Interpret The Results Statistically And In Words? For A Independent Group T Test? It’S For


Can someone help me interpret the results statistically and in words? For a independent group t test? It’s for

the results section of my final paper.

t-Test: Two-Sample Assuming Unequal Variances
Male/ Words Recalled
Female/Words Recalled
Hypothesized Mean C
t Stat
P(Tlt;=t) one-tail
t Critical one-tail
P(Tlt;=t) two-tail
t Critical two-tail
t(83)= 0.165898963,plt;.05Statistics and Probability

Can You Help Me Answer Questions 110? I Do Not Understand How To Compute And Solve These Problems


Can you help me answer questions 1-10? I do not understand how to compute and solve these problems.

Scenario: Imagine that a psychologist working with veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder wants to compare the effectiveness of several therapies focused on reducing symptoms of anxiety. The psychologist randomly sampled 20 veterans who recently returned from combat and randomly assigned each of them to receive one of four interventions for 8 weeks. A survey was used to measure the participants’ anxiety at the end of the 8 weeks. Higher anxiety scores indicate more anxiety. You can find the data for this Assignment in the Weekly Data Set forum found on the course navigation menu.

1. Before computing any analyses, state the null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis in words (not formulas).

Statistics and Probability

Y = Running Pulse Rate Iv’S =X1

5. Variables .\
Age Pushups Rest FulLEE Max PULSE Run FULEE
Pearson Correlation Coefficients , # = 50
Frob = IT under HO : Rho = [
Rest FulSE*
Max Pulse*
Fun_ Pulse*
2. 40TT4
– 0. 49030
– 0. 45010
0. 01 40
2. 621 12
0. 20582
_ ^.45010
2. 621 12
0. 250 07
– 0.045 5.5
2. 63034
1.000 00
0.01 40Statistics and Probability

Can Someone Help Me Answer The Following Questions About The Article Below?Do You Believe


Can someone help me answer the following questions about the article below?

  • Do you believe

the results? Why or why not?

  • State the reported confidence interval(s) estimate in two ways:
  • the upper and lower limits
  • the sample proportion ± the error term
  • (don’t forget to include the confidence level)
  • State the meaning of the confidence interval(s).
  • Can a reported mean of your article data be treated as a value from a population having a normal distribution? Why or why not?
  • The question How statistically significant are the results of a study? can be answered in several ways. For example, the difference in mean blood-pressure lowering effect between a new drug and placebo from a specific study can be expressed as:

    Difference= 8.5 mm Hg; P=.03

    However, the true effect of the drug is unlikely to be exactly 8.5 mm Hg–if the study were repeated, the results would be somewhat different. The variation is not explained by the P value. The P value is prone to misinterpretation, as will be explained in a future Language of Evidence. It tells us only that a difference is significant; it says nothing about its magnitude or precision.

    Confidence intervals are a better alternative. Consider the difference above expressed as a confidence interval:

    Difference=8.5 mm Hg; 95% CI, 6.3-10.8 or, graphically:


    The probability of obtaining a result of 8.5 mm Hg, assuming the true value is not within the interval of 6.3-10.8 mm Hg, is 5% or less. In other words, one wouldn’t get the result above very often if the true value is outside the interval. This interpretation seems convoluted. It is easier to think of it this way: The true value for the difference is most likely between 6.3 and 10.8. It is unlikely to be outside of this interval.


    1. The wider a confidence interval, the less precise the estimate. Precision depends upon sample size. Therefore, the larger the sample size of a study, the narrower the confidence interval and the better the estimate. In the example above, a similar study with a much larger sample size may yield a narrower difference: 8.5 mm Hg; 95% CI, 7.4-8.9.

    2. The 90% (or lower) confidence interval for an estimate is narrower than the 95% confidence interval; a 99% confidence interval is wider. This makes sense, since we are surer that a true value lies between 2 widely separated numbers than 2 more narrowly separated numbers.

    3. If the confidence interval includes no difference(in this case, zero change in blood pressure), the corresponding P value must be .05. No difference for a result expressed as a subtraction is zero; for a result expressed as a ratio (such as an absolute difference or a relative risk), it would be 1. It is important to keep this difference in mind when interpreting confidence intervals.

    Statistics and Probability

    21 21

    A social scientist wishes to determine whether there is a relationship



    A social scientist wishes to determine whether there is a relationship

    between the attractiveness scores (on a 100-point scale) assigned to college students by a panel of peers and their scores on a paper-and-pencil test of anxiety.

    The data is quantitative since they are based on attractiveness scores and anxiety scores.

    Suppose a number of students are selected. A social scientist wishes to determine whether there is a relationship between attractiveness scores (on a 100-oint scale) and their scores on a paper-and-pencil test of anxiety. We have 3 groups or 3 observations on each student and the observations are paired and hence not independent.

    Therefore, apply the t-test for the population correlation coefficient in testing whether there is any relation between the paired observations of the attractiveness scores. And their scores on a paper-and-pencil test of anxiety. Assume the relationship between the 2 variables can be described with a straight line and that the sample originates from a normal bivariable population in applying the t-test for a single correlation coefficient.

    t for a correlation coefficient

    Observational study, no manipulation of variables. Compare data. Statistics and Probability

    A Manufacturing Group Mass Produces One Product

    It has 10 manufacturing locations and the manager of each


    A Manufacturing group mass produces one product. It has 10 manufacturing locations and the manager of each

    location only reports the average quantity made per location each week. There are 9 production lines per location and each average reported is made up of one individual data point per production line. The Corporate Operations Manager claims to have made improvements that increased output.

    The historical corporate-wide output reported per line is 10,510 units with a standard deviation of 450 units.

    The Corporate Operations Manager claims that his lean events have increased output.

    A corporate-wide sample was reported the next week and the average reported was 11,020 units per line.

    Can the Corporate Operations Manager claim an increase in the performance of the historical average based on the week reported for production per line based on a statistical significance level of 1%?

    *Use and show the 5-step process.

    Use Z or t values , not p-values

    Statistics and Probability

    Question 1 Explain What Each Part Of The Fallowing Statistical Phrase Means As It Would Be Reported In


    Question:1.Explain what each part of the fallowing statistical phrase means, as it would be reported in

    APA format:

    r(4) = 2.87, p = 0.032.

    2.Calculate degrees of freedom and identify the critical t value for a single – sample t test in each of the fallowing circumstances.

    a.Two-tailed test, N = 8,p level of 0.10

    b.One-tailed test, N =42, p level of 0.05

    c.Two-tailed tests, N =89, p level of 0.01

    Statistics and Probability

    Joy Reed A District Manager Performance Evaluation And Reward Is Made On The Basis Of Adhering To The Confines


    Joy Reed, a district manager, performance evaluation and reward is made on the basis of adhering to the confines

    of a flexible budget. Joy, the assistants, and operation managers are all eligible to receive a bonus if actual district net operating income is between budgeted net operating income and 130 per cent of the net operating income. The bonuses are based on a fixed percentage of actual net operating income. Net operating income greater than 130 per cent of budgeted net operating income earn a bonus at the 130 per cent level (in short, there is an upper limit on bonus payments). If actual net operating income is less than budgeted net operating income, no bonuses are awarded. Consider actions taken by Joy: 1. Joy overestimates expenses and underestimates revenues. This increases the chances of the district in reaching the budgeted net operating income. Joy believes the action is okay, because it increases the probability of receiving bonuses and helps keep the managers morale high. 2. Near fiscal year end, Joy sees the district will not achieve budgeted net operating income. So, she tells the sales group to defer the closing several sales agreements to the next fiscal year. She also wrote off inventory which was worthless. Deferring revenues to following year and writing off inventory in a no-bonus year increases the probability of a bonus for next year. 3. Make the assumption that towards the end of the year, Joy sees actual net operating income will exceed the 130 per cent limit and she takes actions similar to those described in Item b. Although there are ethical issues to address, there are additional concerns impacted by ethical lapses in decision making, such as the budgeting and impact on the various parts of the organization, or the 1 / 3 whole organization which should be discussed. The following are required for discussion: Discuss Joy’s ethical behavior; are her actions right or wrong? What role does the company play in enabling the actions taken by Joy? If you are the marketing manager for the district, and receive instructions to defer closing of sales until the next fiscal year, what would you do? If you are the operations manager, and know your budget has been padded by the district manager and the padding is common knowledge among other operations managers, who support it because it increases the probability of coming under budget and receiving a bonus, what would you do? If you are the district controller, and receive instructions from the district manager to accelerate the recognition of expenses which legitimately belong to a future period, what would you do?

    Please cite sources


    2 Suppose The Average Commute Time Of Your Employees Is Unknown The Standard Deviation Of Their


    2.Suppose the average commute time of your employees is unknown. The standard deviation of their

    commute time is estimated as 28.4 minutes.

    How many employees must be included in a sample to a 99 percent confidence interval for the average commute time with a confidence interval width of no more than 20 minutes?

    Note that the correct answer will be evaluated based on the z-values in the summary table in the Teaching Materials section.

    Remember to round your answer up to an integer.

    Note that the correct answer will be evaluated based on the full-precision result you would obtain using Excel

    Statistics and Probability

    On The Document

    OM 210: Statistical Analysis for ManagementQuiz 5: Discrete Probability Distributions, howNAME _ANSWER KEY______________________________________ TA _______________ OM 210: Statistical Analysis for Management Quiz 5: Discrete Probability Distributions
    Directions: For the questions below,…Operations Management

    In A Survey Of 100 Randomly Selected Taxi Drivers In A City 76 Support Increased Government


    In a survey of 100

    randomly selected taxi drivers in a city, 76

    support increased government

    spending on roads and bridges. In a survey of 100

    randomly selected bus drivers in the same city, 82

    support such spending. Test the alternative hypothesis that the population proportion of taxi drivers in the city that support such spending is less than the population proportion of bus drivers in the city that do. The test statistic is z=−1.04

    . What is the corresponding p

    -value? Compute your answer using a value from the table below.

    Statistics and Probability

    All Of The Following Describe The Appropriate Application Of Perform Qualitive Risk Analysis In Project Management


    all of the following describe the appropriate application of perform qualitive risk analysis in project management


    *Large complex and expensive projects stand to benefit from the additional rigor of qualitative risk analysis techniques

    *quantitative techniques are used when it is critical to predict the probability of completing a project on time or within budget with confidence

    *brainstorming techniques are used by the ,team and other stakeholders to identify as many project risks as possible

    *decision tree analysis and simulation techniques such as Monte Carlo analysis are examples of useful quantitative analysis techniques

    Project Management

    Did The Same Proportion Of Intervals Include The Population Proportion Each Time? What Proportion Did You Expect


    Did the same proportion of intervals include the population proportion each time? What proportion did you expect

    to include the population proportion? Im in a statistics class and we are doing margin of error. we put this in a generator and got out proportion stats and our sample size with confidence level. So what does it mean when they ask the question on top

    Statistics and Probability

    What Condition Should Be Met Before Proceeding With A Hypothesis Test For The Slope Of A Regression


    What condition should be met before proceeding with a hypothesis test for the slope of a regression


    Question 1 options:

    A: n=30

    B: The residual plot has not pattern.

    C: The sample are independent from each other

    D: The scatterplot has not pattern

    Question 2 (1 point)

    Question 2 options:

    Statistical software is generally used to test the significance of a regression model. The table below shows software output for a least squares regression line.

    Statistics and Probability

    The Regression Between Average Sat Reading Scores In 2014 And Average Sat Reading Scores In 2010 For The 51 States


    The regression between average SAT reading scores in 2014 and average SAT reading scores in 2010 for the 51 states

    has the following partial table of co-efficients:

    You are testing if the slope is significantly different from zero using α = 0.001.

    What is the value of the test statistic? Answer to three decimal places.

    1 Stat
    Standard error
    SAT Reading score
    0.057Statistics and Probability

    I Need Help Sloving This Applied Statistics ProblemScreen

    8. 2.4
    * = Question Help
    In a certain survey , 502 people chose to respond to this question : quot; Should passwords be replaced with biometric security ( fingerprints , etc ) ? quot; Among the respondents , 51 % said quot; yes . quot; We want to
    test the claim that more than half of the population believes that passwords should be replaced with biometric security . Complete parts ( a ) through ( d ) below .quot;
    a . Are any of the three requirements violated ? Can a test about a population proportion using the normal approximation method be used ?
    O A . The sample observations are not a random sample , so a test about a population proportion using the normal approximative method cannot be used .
    O B. One of the conditions for a binomial distribution are not satisfied , so a test about a population proportion using the normal approximationg method cannot be used .
    @) C. All of the conditions for testing a claim about a population proportion using the normal approximation method are satisfied , so the method can be used .
    OD. The conditions nip 2 5 and 19 2 5 are not satisfied , so a test about a population proportion using the normal approximation method cannot be used .
    Click to select your answer and then click Check Answer .
    Clear All
    THE ! ChecksStatistics and Probability

    In A Study Of The Effects Of Diet On Blood Pressure One Group Of 85 People Followed A Vegetarian Diet For 4


    In a study of the effects of diet on blood pressure, one group of 85 people followed a vegetarian diet for 4

    months, after which time their mean systolic blood pressure was 15mm Hg lower than at the start. Another group of 75 people followed a non-vegetarian diet for the same length of time, after which their mean systolic blood pressure was 1 mm Hg lower. if a vegetarian diet had no effect on blood pressure, there would be less than 1 chance in a 100 of getting these results. Which statement is valid based on these results?

    A. The recommended diet for lower blood pressure is vegetarian.

    B. The result is not statistically significant.

    C. The result is not practically significant.

    D. The difference in the sample size of the two groups makes a conclusion impossible.

    Statistics and Probability

    You Are A Project Manager For A New Product Development Project And You Know That You Need To Execute Your


    You are a Project Manager for a new product development project and you know that you need to execute your

    Risk Plan. Your first step should be:

    a) Be sure to capture the impact and probability of each risk so that you can prioritize them and document the contingency required.

    b) You have the risks already identified in the Project Charter, so you can go right to the analyze risks step in the process, and begin to prioritize and then assign risk response strategies to each.

    c) Gather your team so that you can begin the process to identifying the risks associated with the project.

    d) Document all your response plans for all your risks.

    Project Management

    WALNA Assessment Year 7

    WALNA Assessment- Year 7
    Part A of the numeracy assessment contains practice questions some of which are too simple for a year 7 student, such as counting objects and simple sums. Logical questions like finding the shortest path possible, finding which number comes next in the list and calculating possible combinations, geometrical questions, graphs and charts, and questions about weight conversion, area, volume, mass and percentage that are of right degree of complexity for year 7. Probability questions are somewhat complex for year 7. The questions are well constructed and are in proper sequence.
    Part B includes problems like simple and somewhat complex calculations. Simple multiplication sums are too easy for a student of year 7 and should be eliminated from the assessment. Of course, a year 3 student can also do it. Fractions and decimal questions are well constructed and properly placed. Diagrams have properly been used to make the question clearer.
    The literacy assessment contains questions related to a magazine given to the students. They have to tell the title of the magazine which is a very easy question and does not have anything to do with the assessment. There are questions related to different topics in the magazine, such as, telling the right statement for which the students have to go through the relevant topic. This is a good way to assess the students’ understandability of what they have read. Questions like what the writer means when he says a particular thing are very appropriate and assess whether the student has comprehended the actual idea of the subject in question. All the questions are in good sequential pattern and appropriate for year 7.
    The spelling part of the spelling and writing assessment deals with the students’ knowledge about correct spellings of what he fills in the blank spaces. It assesses whether they are able to fill in the correctly spelled words in appropriate places or not. But there are no choices of words given which make the task somewhat difficult for year 7 students.
    The writing part asks the students to write a story based on the given idea and should include the setting, characters, events and conclusion of the story. This is a very proper means to assess the students’ writing capability. The difficulty level is appropriate for year 7.

    Answer One Question

    Teacher Q1 WHAT IS IMAGINATION? Using concepts and examples from EEE378 materials (anything posted on BB), a) Explain what imagination is (in your own words), and state clearly what imagination is not.
    Imagination is the act of letting one’s mind fly its fancy thinking and exploring possibilities about anything. It is looking at things differently which is like Weakland’s reframing of changing “the conceptual and/or emotional setting or viewpoint in relation to which a situation is experienced and to place it in another frame which fits the facts of the same situation equally well or even better, and thereby changing its entire meaning”. Or in short, looking at things differently.
    b) Provide an example that illustrates how and why imagination matters for problem-solving and entrepreneurship.
    Imagination enables one to explore the possibilities of approaching a certain problem thereby increasing the probability of solving it due to the numerous ways of tackling the problem. Imagination is also the mother of innovation that enables entrepreneurs to create new products and services that would add value and profit to the business. It also enables entrepreneur to look for better ways to improve the business to make it competitive and profitable.
    Q1-2: IMAGINE….
    Take an every day object (any object of your choice) and use imagination to transform it into something new and different. Your transformation should minimally reflect insights from three factors:
    The every day object chosen that could be transform into something new and different is the hairbrush. Typically, we just used the hairbrush to comb our hair. Other than that, it no longer has any use. If one will dry his or her hair, one has to use a dryer. And if one wants to set his or hair, he or she has to use a gel or a setting wax. I am thinking of having all these devices rolled into a one hairbrush. Thus, taking into account my definition of imagination of reframing or seeing things differently, I would transform the brush not just a device to comb my hair but also a device that would dry and set my hair all rolled into one. The hairbrush is now transformed to a dryer and a setting wax in addition to its regular function of combing the hair (or scratching one’s back).
    My major is Entrepreneurship and Emerging Enterprises and my major would be surely put to use by this object because I could further develop the object to become a revolutionary product that people could use. I would transform how people would look at the application of brushes as merely objects that combs the hair. Instead, it would now become a complete device that would dry and set the hair. With this object turned into product, people can now discard their hair dryers and setting wax because they will be replaced by my new version of hairbrush. I would also patent the object to make sure that it will not be copied.
    The element of my blog that served as the source of my inspiration are design, format &amp. customization of own blog. I will have the design of the product to be attractive and will customize it according to the target market’s needs.

    Ethically acceptable research

    The regulation of ethically acceptable research conduct may take one of three forms. Discuss these and include your opinion (and the reasons for such) as to which of these forms is the most effective.
    Before conducting any research, the important point is to be aware fit its uses and the appropriate was of conducting it. Studying and conducting research only has one main answer and that is to gain knowledge. The knowledge usually used to come simply from the teachings that obtained from the experiences of generations of practitioners and most of it had no factual scientific data on which to validate various practices. The concept of “evidence-based practices” or (EBP) is established on the account of being as ethically responsible concerning criminal justice and criminology. These rules were made regarding overflow of putting predication on nonscientific explanation and experiences rather than on proof. The primary practices at the origin of evidence-based practice can be categorized into three steps:
    – an inquiring method to perform leading to scientific testing
    – detailed inspection, listing, and study replacing subjective case report
    – recording and classifying the evidence for systematic recovery
    Evidence based regulation specifies the way in which criminologists make decisions based on the identification of rating its reliability scientifically. Hence, it eliminates exceptionally dangerous practices in favor of those that have better results.
    One of the forms that the regulation may take is a form based on social control theory which is expressed through law as bills, rules, and policies against any nonstandard behaviors. It measures the amount of people connected to their society to the probability of them committing a crime. This can be situational and not as much reliable as evidence based regulation as instances have been seen where people commit crime as a habit or other strange examples. Moreover, as social control theory is based on hypothesis it can always be proved wrong. It is based on the explanatory and predictive form of research research.
    Probabilistic assumption is another form of the regulation in which professionals assume that an effect will likely occur if specific causes are present. It eliminates the need for any scientific research which is, again, much more accurate and reliable than probability.
    Criminology and criminal justice are social sciences meaning that these are highly influenced by any political or social incidents taking place in a particular society. Ethically, invasion of privacy, potential harm and deception are protected by law. In addition, researchers should be aware, at all times, of the influence of the research on the society. Hence, to me, evidence based regulation is the most reliable and effective use of proving the crime as it uses reasonable explanations of reality.
    – Hagan, F. E, 2009.Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology. United Kingdom: Addison-Wesley.

    Organization context of practice in nursing

    This paper will comprehensively analyze the fall prevention program at Oilfields General Hospital in Black Diamond, explaining its relevance, roles and responsibilities of various parties in the program, as well as its strengths and weaknesses. Additionally, the QA/QI models and principles underlying the program will be explicated to ultimately enable the derivation of recommendations on how the program can be improved to take care of the Canadian aging population.
    According to Zerwekh and Garneau (2014), fall prevention programs are best suited for the prevention of fall-related deaths and injuries that cost Canada over $3 billion every year. In its broadest and vaguest form, a fall is an unanticipated occurrence where an individual or patient suddenly comes to rest on the floor, ground, or any other lower level. The fall prevention program is thus the consultation with a nurse, occupational therapist, physiotherapist, and geriatrician where the client’s health is assessed to determine their probability of falling thus aiding in providing apposite safety nursing care and guidance (Capezuti, Malone, Katz &amp. Mezey, 2014). The hospital outlines that anybody who is over 65 years of age, and experiences falls or is likely to experience a fall, those in a position to walk for 25 metres, and those who can securely take part in a controlled exercise program should participate in the program. After enrolling in the program, individuals are expected to attend exercise and consultation sessions twice a week for a duration of six weeks. The hospital’s commitment to plummet fall-related deaths is seen through its provision of consultants including nurses and physiotherapists who are often ill-equipped, but enthusiastic to guide participants through the program (Zerwekh &amp. Garneau,&nbsp.2014).
    The depression, confusion, grander sequestration, loss of independence, and mobility resulting from falls among the seniors is more devastating, a factor that reiterates

    Macro and Micro Economics and their Predictions for the Future

    Research has it that this growth began in the postwar period from 1955. Between this year and 1973, there was a rapid growth in the GDP at 8% but later, the GDP per capita was at 3%. Most of this growth has been attributed to the increase in the manufacturing sector. Various spheres of human development also improved greatly during this period, for instance. infant and maternal mortality rates declined such that by 1993 it was one of the lowest in the world.
    Some researchers say that over the past decade, Japan’s economy has been stagnant due to poor population growth, debt, deflation and natural disasters. According to Buttonwood, however, the growth per capita over the last ten years is at 1.6% greater than that of the United Kingdom, Germany, France and even America ( Apparently, Japan has plans to start trans-pacific partnership trade to increase its economic growth. Another indicator of economic growth is the Human Development Index, currently in Japan. it is at 0.901, the 12th out of 187 countries. The purchasing power parity according to the wall street journal is 1$= 110.784 yen.
    The main industry in Japan is the manufacturing industry inclusive of electronics, automobile, biochemistry and optical media. Agriculture is not that well developed due to lack of farming land. These two industries provide the population with employment and according to the economist, in 2008, the ratio of job offers to applicants is at 0.59. However, the low birth rate is troubling this economy due to the high probability of lack of available indigenous workforce in the next few years. Japan is known to be one of the easiest and best places to do business due to its low tax rate.
    This is one of the members of G-20 countries, an upcoming economy. Currently, its economy has an expectation to expand by 8.5% (the Economist). The increase in the workforce is one of the reasons why there is a high expectation of its economic growth. The growing national income per capita has been seen to triple at a&nbsp.percentage of 13.7% according to the wall street journal. Human development index in India is still questionable but expectations of improvement are very high.

    Marketing Channel

    implementation and management of proficient, cost effective streaming of raw materials in process catalog, finished products and other information reversing from the consumers point back to the origin.
    This topic may as well include remanufacturing and renewing. Remanufacturing involves manufacturing of products that the company had manufactured while renewal involves renovation of already manufactured goods. It encompasses the sale of superfluous goods, other paraphernalia and machines that customers return to the manufacturer, and leasing businesses because of different reasons.
    Talking of logistics, we refer to the events surrounding the movement of goods from the producer to the consumer and reverse takes the goods at least a step or more backwards the supply chain.1 A manufacturer may produce a product which, through a supply chain, moves through the distributor to the consumer. Any other process after the sale of the product is reverse logistics. if the product is substandard of defective, then the customer would certainly return it. This would mean that a manufacturer has to incur shipping expenses to fetch the product, test the product, 2possibly dismantle the product, repair, recycle or even dispose the product. This means that the product reverses the chain of supply network for manufacturers to gain any use from the defective product.
    This has effects on the market and the overall business enterprise since most retailers consider products that their customers return as personally dislodged deals. The retailers have the main challenge in processing the returns at an expertise level for faster, proficient and money-making collection and return of the product3. The probability of product returns depends on the consumer requirements which end up aiding high service standards including accuracy and timeliness.
    Retailers can address all the operational and customer base retention issues in regards to merchandise returns through following the best

    Hedging Strategy

    Hedging strategy of the of the Is a hedging strategy the best plan of action? Clark should consider the Treasury bond futures hedging strategy because it is the most efficient fundamental tool of risk management for all the investors around the globe. If Clark plan to buy fixed income/returns securities in the upcoming period and is concerned regarding the probability of high prices, then he can purchase treasury futures as well as secure an utmost purchase price. By selling the Treasury bond futures, Clark can lock in a higher selling price as well as protect the worth of individual security or portfolio against likely decreasing prices. By considering the Treasury bond futures hedging strategy, he can minimise his risk as it is an effective instrument of risk control and can also enhance his returns. As Treasury bond futures cover up a broad range of maturities from the bonds of long term to short term notes, so it will help Clark to construct trades depending on the disparities in the movements of interest rates alongside the yield curve.
    There is negative connection between the fluctuations in interest rates and the bond prices. The increase in the interest rates is bad for bonds because when the rate of interest rises, the shareholders or investors in the bond fund prefer to liquidate or settle their shares. Due to this, the finance manager might be compelled to sell its bonds prematurely to raise sufficient cash in order to meet its requests of redemption. This could have a pessimistic effect on the regular price of bond fund (Forbes, 2013). Conversely, a fall in the interest rates results in the increase in the bond prices. This happens because, if rates of interest fall after the purchase of bond, the worth of bond will rise as investors will not be able to purchase a new bond with a high coupon rate. In this situation, the value of bond will be more than the actual value. Consequently, it will be traded at a premium (Bodie et al, 2009).
    2. Consideration of short term strategy
    Clark should consider the short term hedging strategy. Investment in the short term bonds is recommended because long term maturities bond would be hit tremendously when there is an increase in the rates of interest. Along with this, he should consider the individual bonds but require being cautious with the issuer’s credit quality. Clark also needs to be sure that the company is monetarily strong and proficient to repay his principle on the maturity of bond. A short term bond is suggested because this will facilitate Clark not to become locked in a low interest rate for an extended period (Forbes, 2013).
    3. Reason behind suggestion
    The reason behind suggesting the Treasury bond futures hedging strategy is that Clark can lock in a higher selling price against the decreasing interest rates. Similarly, investment in short term Treasury bonds will allow Clark not to become locked in a low rate of interest. Assuming the maturity period of the bond is five years and the coupon rate is 10%. Clark will get return of $16,500,000 i.e. (15,000,000 + 10% of 15,000,000) after five years. Thus, Clark could lock himself in a selling price of $16,500,000 against $15,000,000. If the interest rates rises also, he will not suffer much loss because he will prefer investment in short term Treasury bonds.
    Bodie, Z., Kane, A., Marcus, A.J. &amp. Mohanty, P. (2009). Investments. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill Education Pvt. Ltd.
    Forbes. (2013). Why Rising Interest Rates are bad for Bonds and What you can do About it. Retrieved from

    Major point

    School makes children to become intellectually dependent. According to John Taylor G (pp.148-155), it is clear that a schoolmakes children to become intellectually dependent. A School can be defined as an institution that is designed for teaching where teachers guide the students. School makes the children to be intellectually dependent this means that whatever children are taught in school is what the children will rely to use in his life. The children will depend on knowledge he/she acquires in school and apply it solving life challenges. According to Taylor (150) it is advisable to stick a particular profession especially after training has been accomplished, for instance a child taught and graduated in medicine to become a doctor has no point in time that children can think of training again in order to become an athlete.
    In this context, school children are taught on how to be morally upright but majority of parents in the United States are concerned by the morality of their children because they do not practice it at home which is in contrary to what is expected of them. This shows that teachers in school only teaches but does not ensure that what he taught is practiced by the children. In addition, It has also been observed that children who performs better in school and attain good grades are unable to solve basic problem. This is especially true if the problem they were solving is twisted in one way or another (Taylor 153). This shows that children acquire intellectual knowledge alone in the school and if children are only academically equipped then there are going to be ill-equipped in the society since Schools teach children to solve a problem by use of formula whose behavior can be controlled and be predicted. When these children finally graduate they expect to solve life problem using formulas in their area of profession. However, not all those who graduate eventually get jobs and to apply these formula in real situation and therefore, end up becoming frustrated in their lives because they cannot cope up with challenges of life in the real world.
    In some cases what the school teaches the children is not connected to his future, for example some topics in school syllabus are not relevant in the children life e.g. solving a matrix question, most children will not make use of this learnt knowledge this topic only makes them intellectually knowledgeable but when it comes to life, they will not have knowledge in solving real life issues and challenges that face them.
    It also noticeable that school is not connected to the feature of the children, this is reflect after the children is through with education whereby when a children finally graduates, and for instance was taught to became an engineer, in case he/she does not get a job and indulge in another field for example Business. The probability that he/she will end up failing is high because he lacks the knowledge in business, this also shows that school only make children to be intellectually dependent because they fail in other areas not trained in the school (Taylor 154) .
    In conclusion, prior to introduction of school children acquired different knowledge in home which they made use in their life as opposed to schooling which only gives unlimited knowledge to children only in one area making them venerable in life.
    Work Cited
    John Taylor Gatto .Dumbing us down: the hidden curriculum of compulsory schooling. Gabriola Island: New Society Publishers, 2002. Print

    South Korea as the Most Sensitive Optimal Option

    The country has also been found to have the lowest inflation rates meaning the stability of cost will be on high. The reliability of suppliers in the country can be interpreted to mean that the quality of products will be at an all-time high. With the best cumulative probability risk for cost labor, planning ahead for the cost of labor is possible. The probability of the cost changing is very low. All these builds on the weight measure trait of maximum cost stability. The infrastructure status of the country and the supplier reliability minimizes the cost of operation for the company. The high number of students enrolling in schools and the high number of people speaking English within the country, project an attainment of maximum geographical and demographic location.
    The second-ranked country is the Czech Republic with the best G.D.P growth, regional vehicle production, currency issuer credit rating, investment cost, supplier reliability and school enrolment. All these features are traits that propel the Czech Republic to be ranked the send best option after South Korea based on the four weight traits. The locally produced vehicles enable maximum use of the geographical and demographic location. The vehicles are customized to cover the terrains of the country more suitable than imported cars. An advantage of the locally produced vehicles is that they are affordable since there is no importation fee on them.
    The best decision is not perfect without any challenges. It is also surrounded by a number of challenges that make it not be an ideal situation. The Republic of South Korea is faced with a high corruption perception index, and labor cost. These were the two traits that ranked lowest compare to all the other nations. The investment cost and regional vehicle production of the country are moderate compared to the other countries.&nbsp.

    Buffron Needle Problem

    The assumption would be that the lines are parallel to the x-axis. Two variables exist in this scenario. the angle with which the needle would be tilted to the lines, Ɵ, and the distance between the closest line and the center, which would never exceed half the distance between the equidistant lines (See fig. 2 below)
    The assumption is that the needle would land at a random point between the lines and the angle of inclination would be another random variable. It should further be assumed that the random variables are a result of uniform distribution. This picture depicts the needle missing the line and the needle could only be on the line if the distance closest to a line, D would be less than or equal to ½SinƟ, that is D ≤ ½SinƟ. This could be illustrated better using figure 3 below.
    From this, the values representing a hit would occur below or on the curve, D ≤ 1/2SinƟ. The probability of hitting the line would be computed as a ratio of the shaded curve to the area of the entire rectangle. The area under the curve would be computed using integrals between zero and π. This will give a result of 1. The rectangle would have an area of ½π. The probability of hitting the line would therefore be 1/ (½π) = 2/π, which is approximately 0.6366. To work out π, the number of needle drops, say N would be multiplied by two and then divided by the number of hits, N’. That is:
    This would be a situation where the needle is long and its length, l, would be greater than the distance between the equidistant lines. Hence, x = l/d &gt. l. The probability that the needle would intersect a line would be computed using the expression below:
    Consider the size parameter x = l/d. Taking N as the number of crossings and n as the tosses made by a short needle of size parameter x, then N would have a binomial distribution as a function of n and 2x/π. The point estimator with regard to

    Why Do Retail Consumers Buy

    Today, retail shopping is not only a necessity that enables retail consumers to acquire goods or services for use in everyday life, but it is also a leisure activity that combines delight, relaxation, amusement and the chance to spend ‘quality time’ with friends and relatives. In a few cases, retail shopping is an arduous, time-consuming and unpleasant activity where consumers are obliged to line up in long queues for long hours to purchase popular items {for example, during holiday shopping}.
    The retail consumer’s decision to buy is a successful culmination of eight consecutive stages: ‘need’ which convinces the retail consumer to buy certain goods or services, ‘awareness’ involving advertisers of goods and services reaching out to prospective buyers using persuasive brand communication, ‘preference’ when retail consumers decide that they prefer certain brands, ‘search’ involving consumers initiating searches for retail outlets where their preferred brand is being sold, ‘selection’ involving choosing their preferred item, ‘purchase’ involving the consumer conveying final confirmation by paying for the item, ‘use’ involves the consumer making practical use of the item, and ‘satisfaction’ involving the consumer’s firm conviction that the item purchased has fully lived up to expectations (Sharma).
    Phil Kotler defines Atmospherics as “the effort to design buying environments to produce specific emotional effects in the buyer that enhance his or her purchase probability.”&nbsp.The shopping environment is thus transformed from a relatively neutral place to one that urges consumers to behave in such a way as to be beneficial to the store but financially detrimental to the consumer.

    What are the main areas of risk facing a mediumsized developing housing association explain what might influence its response to those risks and what a risk strategy might include

    Risk is often seen as possibility of an undesirable event. Under scenario analysis, risk is differentiated from threat. A threat is considered an event with very low probability but possessing serious harms. Analysts are often unable to allocate a probability to threat and for that there is no effective preventive measure is available. The only precautionary measure that can be taken to cope up with a threat is to reduce the set of definite risks before proceeding to an experiment, project, action or innovation.
    If any of the above-mentioned variables reduces to zero, then the overall approaches to risk will be zero. For instance, humans are extremely vulnerable to the threat that aliens might control their minds, which would have a severe effect. But since we have never seen aliens therefore, we can say that they might not pose such amount of threat so the overall risk reduces to almost zero.
    Every type of business possesses some level of risk. Many risk-averse people prefer not to do business, since it includes a large amount of risk i.e. a business might work, and a business might not work. So there are 50/50 chances that one will be successful in respective business. Every business has certain risks, some of which are foreseeable while others cannot be predicted and are therefore uncontrollable risks. Risk is an important component of small and medium sized business as well. Some common types of losses in SMEs include fire, theft, flood, injury, legal liability, disability, etc.
    Undoubtedly, every business entity requires vigorous risk assessment and management system but Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) need to put even more attention to risk management since they may not have means and resources to control and manage risks due to several limitations and their varying size. However, this is not the case in large multinational corporations because organizations take special

    What Will Iris Have on Her Todolist

    1. What will Iris have on her to-do-list?
    Iris should have a lot of tasks on her to-do-list that would required to be managed and handled by her in order to achieve her objective. As per the discussion of Iris with Mike regarding revising the risk management documentation, I believe that the tasks on her to-do-list should include but not limited to a complete analysis of risk management including identification of risks / treats to the assets, specification of vulnerable assets, evaluating the risks by assessing the probability of happening the risk, assigning the value of probability and impact of the risks, risk reporting and communication, selection of responses (risk treatment) like preventing, reducing, transferring, accepting and contingency plans. Moreover, the planning and organizing the processes so that a common or uniform input can be taken and evaluated company wide, development of asset inventory, and one of the most important tasks is to document all the findings and assessments.
    2. What resources can Iris call on to assist her?
    I believe that the Iris should not rely only on the higher management and team members, but she should also involve all the stakeholders and end users, as they are always helpful resources. Moreover, it is required that the Iris should also do a little bit research over the internet (major resource after the stakeholders) to find out and follow the best practices, standards and guidelines to develop, manage, organize / categorize the tangible and intangible, moreover, prioritizing the assets along with their values to the organization.
    Work Cited
    AIRMIC. A Risk Management Standard. 2002. Web. 19 Nov. 2012

    How to Eliminate Workplace Violence

    Certain professions increase the risks of workers being victims of workplace violence. Factors including exchange of money with the public, interaction with volatile characters, lone work or working in small groups and isolated work areas increase the probability of workplace violence occurring. Work areas with high crime rates and serving of alcohol, like in bars, also increases the likelihood of workplace violence occurring (Giraffe, 2011).
    Millions of American employees are subjected to work violence annually. However, many of these cases go unreported. In 2009, approximately 572,000 nonfatal crimes were orchestrated against members of the work force aged 16 years and older while at their places of work. In the same year, a reported 4 in every 1000 workers aged 16 and over were victims of violence while at work. Across the USA, workplace violence is the second leading cause of occupational injury. Individuals in certain professions are more vulnerable to this kind of violence. These include nurses, taxi drivers, mail carriers, law enforcement officers, customer service employees and utility workers. Additionally, most of these crimes are perpetrated by strangers. most of the homicides at places result from robberies (Shumaker &amp. Feldstein, 2004). Homicides are the second leading cause of fatal occupational injury in the USA. In 2011 alone, 458 workplace homicides took place. Between 1997 and 2010, 79% of workplace homicides involved shooting and between 2005 and 2009 70% of the homicides committed were by robbers and assailants while approximately 21% were by work colleagues. Increased access to firearms by individuals play a role in the prevalence of workplace violence. Vindictiveness paired with access to firearms enables an individual to settle scores with those they believe offended them. Lax security measures, as well, create opportunities where individuals are able to access buildings while carrying firearms. In addition, the

    Involvement of Bank and Foreign Trade

    92250 In this assignment, selling prices of the USASuperCars has been given below along with the name of the countries. Thus, the aim of this assignment is to identify the consequences according to the situation given in the case. At the same time, involvement and occurrences of a bank in case of foreign trade have been demonstrated through the study. In order to identify the probability of exceeding the revenue $ 2,200,000, it can be ascertained that if the company USASuperCars will incur loss approximately around (17%) due to foreign exchange and for other reasons such as distribution purpose, even then the company will definitely be able to ensure a revenue approximately $2,200,000 or more. Rationally, the cost of cars is found to be recorded as $2207607.45, which signifies that during the global trade if the company will perform their trade operation with a loss of 17%, instead of that the company will able to earn revenue around at least $ 2,200,000. Thus, it can be claimed that the probability is high of exceeding the revenue level of $2,200,000 (Niepmann &amp. Schmidt-Eisenlohr, 2014. Economy watch, 2010). In order to identify the probability of exceeding the revenue $2,225,000, it can be claimed that if the company USASuperCars will incur loss approximately around (15%) due to foreign exchange and other reasons that include distribution purpose, then the company will be able to ensure revenue of approximately $2,225,000 or more. In this regard, rationally the cost of cars is $2659767.84. In this regard, if the company will incur a loss of $484,767 even then the company can witness at least $2,225,000 in revenue. Thus, it can be claimed that the probability is very high at exceeding the revenue level of $2,225,000 (Niepmann &amp. Schmidt-Eisenlohr, 2014. Economy watch, 2010). In order to identify the probability of not exceeding the revenue $2,160,000, it can be identified that if the company USASuperCars may incur loss approximately around (18% – 20%) due to foreign exchange and distribution purpose among others, then revenue of approximately $2,160,000 or more.