Escape from the Western Diet

To emphasize the pending concern, Pollan explains the factors influencing the western diet factors to evaluate what Americans believe they should be consuming. All the underlying factors include experts applying the theories related to nutarianism, whereby the American food industry in support of the theory is motivated to make products. Moreover, health companies make medications that are meant to support these theories.Generally, Pollan feels that it is essential for citizens to escape this form of diet. Apart from that, Pollan stresses that the idea of consuming American food should be deleted from people’s heads since it is harmful to their health. Pollan provides his guidelines that are essential for avoiding the western diet, including the notion of nutritionism that has been created by scientists. With that being said, Pollan stresses that these theories from scientists related to nutritionism focus on personal nutrients instead of focussing on food in general.Pollan continues to refute his claims by correlating that the theories and theories contradict each other. Pollan concentrates on the scientists who blame the health issues and the problems of micronutrition. These are not the same scientists that view sugar-soaked nutrition diet as a significant influencer of metabolic signs and symptoms. Based on the assumption, Pollas focuses on putting his point across since these theories are a standard definition of western illnesses. According to Pollan, food experts can conclude anything they feel like concerning the techniques behind this sensation. However, whichever theories they make, the remedy will appear to be the same: people should stay away from the western industry diet. In simple language, irrespective of what the food experts conclude about the western illnesses, the most dominant factor of all is the western diet, which should be the viewpoint of the remedy.Moreover, to shed light on the misleading theories from scientists, Pollan proceeds too include how the philosophies are advantageous to the diet industry and the health sector. Pollan is concerned with the community believing in the scientists who provide assumptions meant to develop the diet industry and how people should eat. Novel theories are intended to focus on the introduction of new drugs, including new medications that are arranged to reflect on new theories and nutritional classes.Primarily, Pollan stresses that the health sector is interested in profiting from the theories that have been created around the manufacturing of the drugs about nutritional limitations. Correspondingly, Pollan stresses that the nutrition industry is coming up with novel products to correlated to the introduced theories related to the western diet. Pollan further reminds the readers that it is essential to escape the western diet even if it seems hard to do so since companies are looking forward to benefiting instead of worrying about what people eat.To investigate what categorically differentiates the western industry meals, Pollan compares the recommended nutrition categories and the processed ones. He further mentions that other than getting worried about nutrition, it is essential to stay away from any meals that have been manufactured with more preference to the industrial objective than its intended purpose.Pollan agrees with Scrinis, who also has the same idea of avoiding processed food, but complicates it by stressing that whole meals are taken over by manufacturing processes. Apart from that, Pollan reminds his audience that ignoring the western diet will not be easy. However, he was able to convince his audience that it is possible to find a solution to the food issue. Pollan encourages the people of American to eat the right nutrition and not too much of it. All his regulations and pieces of advice focus on consuming real meals and eating habits that are accepted by society. Pollan stresses that eating plants is what people should consider as the right eating habit.According to the arguments of Pollan, he is against scientists theories about nutritionists. He further brings out what he considers are contradictions and a revolution of the novel theories that define new products. These novel products are stereotyped by Pollan to formulate new medicines. He further informs his audience that the theories are created by the food industry with a significant intention of making profits. The ambition of these health companies is channeled for benefit instead of transforming how, as typical American citizens eat. Apart from that, Pollan stresses to the readers that it is essential to evade the diet due to the evident effects of western illnesses. Pollan provides a remedy on how people can escape consuming American food. Pollan further recommends the best ways to eat using traditional feeding habits.

Lord of the Rings’ True Heroes

Political concepts related to the novel have abounded, including everything from an examination of the relationship of steward/king to the kingdom and an analogy drawn between the events of the trilogy and the personalities of Joseph Stalin and the West. Perhaps most often, though, the trilogy is used to illustrate the nature of what is meant when we think of the concept of the ‘hero’. The word hero is defined in several ways. In mythology, a hero is often defined as a man with divine ancestry who demonstrates great strength, physically and morally, and great courage. He is typically celebrated for accomplishing impossible deeds, sometimes for the betterment of mankind, and is always favored by the gods, or at least a majority of them. A hero is also a person who gains notoriety as a result of showing great courage or nobility of purpose in the accomplishment of a deed or a lifetime. Those who gain the greatest notoriety are those who have risked their own lives to save the lives of others. In the story, there are a number of characters who emerge as an example of a true hero including Frodo Baggins, Sam Gamgee, Aragorn and Arwen with several minor characters showing definite heroic tendencies.Frodo Baggins easily falls within the category of a hero because he steps up to take on the burden of the ring even after he has been nearly killed just for trying to get it to the elves and knows the heavy price it will inflict on his soul. His greatest wish, once he reaches Rivendell and regains his health, is to return to his comfortable home in Hobbiton and spend his days eating, smoking his pipe and joining his friends in the Hobbiton tavern. While he does not have any family or sweetheart to return home to, he is not a hobbit infected with the wanderlust that had infected his uncle Bilbo and has no desire to acquire the same kind of dubious reputation Bilbo had among his neighbors.

The Implication of the ROHS Directive

This study attempts to review the implications of the directive to the electronic industry as to substantial compliance and to the implications in the product quality, reliability and expense.1. Details. The Restriction on use of Hazardous Substances was initiated by the European Union in answer to the growing concerns of environmental and health issues that endanger mankind and its environment. The European Union issued directives that were enacted to a legislation in July 2007 restricting the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipments. ROHS directive complements the Waste in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEE) that controls the disposal of the electrical and electronic equipment (EEE).This regulation is directed to manufacturers or assemblers of electrical or electric equipment in the UK, importers of electrical or electronic equipment from outside Europe, and those who re-badge electronic products as their own. An exemption from this directive is those individuals who make purchases from abroad, and retailers who purchase their products from within the UK. (RoHS home)RoHS has confined the restricted hazardous elements to the use of lead, mercury, hexavalent chromium, cadmium, and a large range of flame retardants such as polybrominated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers. RoHS has exempted the use of hazardous elements for a certain number of products wherein substitutes do not exist and have allowed certain permissible levels of these substances to be used.In this directive, manufacturers are obliged to conform to the policy that their products placed in the market must be free from the hazardous elements above the prescribed level. Documentation to attest to this compliance must also be held for each product and must be submitted to the DOE and must be maintained for 4 years even if the product is out on the market shelves. (RoHS Home).

African Americans Living with Diabetes

Further complications associated with diabetes include kidney disease, blindness, and the threat of amputations. This health concern currently affects about 16 million people in the United States with an estimated five million of those unaware of their condition and a disproportionate number being of African-American descent.The odds of African Americans contracting diabetes are estimated to be at least double the national average. This disparity is increasing every year and has become the most significant health concern for the African American community. Approximately one in eight African Americans has diabetes. More disturbingly, of those with diabetes, African Americans are more likely to develop associated complications and become disabled than are the white community, possibly as a result of escalating health care costs associated with diabetes treatment supplies. Further, death rates for people with diabetes are 27 percent higher for African Americans compared with whites (National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, 2002).This paper first explains the cause of diabetes through an overview of its symptoms and who’s at risk, then delves deeply into diabetes from an African American perspective including the reasons for this racial imbalance, female-specific issues, and the amplified ancillary effect that diabetes has on African Americans. It will also speak to how physical activity, calorie intake, and obesity factor into the equation. Finally, a brief section is included that covers the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes and will discuss preventative measures as well as proper diet and care for those afflicted with the disease.A primary factor in diabetes is the level of insulin present in the body. Insulin is a chemical the body produces naturally to manage the induction of glucose into the system. When the body produces too little amounts of insulin, greater amounts of glucose are allowed to enter the bloodstream thereby causing the symptoms of the disease called diabetes.

Advertisements and Anorexic Models

While it can be argued that advertisers have a right towards free speech and should be able to present whatever images they want, the reality of the situation is that advertisers have to show restraint and have to be regulated since the people have to be protected from those who would seek to exploit them. The arguments for not allowing advertisements that show models that are clearly anorexic is both a moral argument and a business argument since advertising has a tremendous effect on people and their buying decisions. Unethical advertising may actually put people off a certain seller and this makes it a dangerous business decision to use anorexic models.To understand the effects of advertisements on individuals we must understand the disease itself and realize that advertisements can become a part of the cause of why anorexia exists in such large numbers today. ANRED (Anorexia Nervosa and Related Eating Disorders) (2007) suggests that advertisements and society at large makes several strange demands from women who are expected to be happy, have positive relationships, have a successful career, maintain her house and remain thin.This idea of remaining and being thin can become a mental disease that manifests itself as an eating disorder called Anorexia Nervosa. The disease itself has several symptoms for example. an individual may have a distorted personal body image and a very low weight that is extremely dangerous for their health. Individuals who suffer from this disease may seek to control their weight and their distorted body image with extreme dieting which may take them to the point of absolute starvation. They may even start vomiting their food intake, engage in too much exercise such as running or trying to lose weight through excessive weight training. They may even resort to using drugs such as Phen Phen in an attempt to reduce their perceived weight (Fry and Veatch, 2000).The advertisers of fashion and other goods are certainly a part of the problem when it comes to Anorexia since their idealized picture of what a woman should look like is nothing compared to what women in the realworld are used to.

Similarities and Differences between Baboon and Human Being

Based on social behavior studies, psychological and physical stress levels remain exceptionally higher amongst individuals within the lower hierarchy. The social behaviors results include high blood pressure, suppressed immune system and increased stress hormones. It is imperative to note that due to the social behaviors baboons can differentiate real menace and neutral factor in a similar manner as behaviors of neurotic persons. In addition, both human beings and baboons believe that violence control implicates less stress and good health.Mostly, the highly sociable baboons normally have a healthier lifestyle and with minimal stress in a similar manner to human beings. Minimize social stress directly relates to reduces mental and physical torture with consequent comfort in health. The social build up is indispensable in a realization of least social stress, and it begins at birth amongst both baboons and human beings.Besides health-related stress similarities, baboons also have a strong tendency towards competition and aggression just like human beings. In a similar way as human beings, baboons develop inherent competitive urge when relating to each other. In addition to competitiveness aggression, baboons also directly get involved in decision-making processes in a similar way as human beings. Typically, baboons develop thinking and take sides during discussions both emotionally and rationally just like human beings. However, human beings slightly differ with baboons mainly because their decisions may surpass the immediate situation and environment.Furthermore, both the baboons and humans manifest wickedness and envy friendship in all their social associations. Another important social behavior relates to the unique personality developed by an individual and baboons.

Stress in Pushing Tin Film

Further, stress can also make reference to a part of life which is ubiquitous in which researchers have intimated that there are different types of stress. Essentially, acute stress is one type of stress, which denotes the one in which an individual is excited, hence becoming an exciting stress where this type of stress keeps a person alert and also active. Chronic stress is the other type of stress whereby it affects the body by causing health problems in which this reaction may result from the body experiencing tension or when it senses danger. Based on this, the process in which the body reacts to these stimuli is known as fight or flight where the hormones react to the surge all through the body. Drawing from this, the Pushing Tin film outlines stress at the workplace clearly as portrayed by the characters in the same (Dewe et. al 1). For one, Nick Falzone together with his colleagues, where their job is to ensure that there is no traffic in the air, become proud and start to brag about the way they are capable of coping with extreme stress found in their job. These workmates go to the extent of comparing themselves with half of the new employees who have quit the job because they lacked the ability to manage the work-related stress. However, it does not take long before Nick and his fellow colleagues are joined by a confident man known as Russell Bell, who challenges them with his ability for coping with the work-related stress despite him applying difficult and dangerous techniques. Therefore, Nick becomes very stressed and even stubs Russell at the back by making false claims to their director, that include Russells being a reckless cannon, by saying that he had seen him daring an aircraft to be propelled violently making Nick even more stressful. Work stress is also experienced bythe members of the Tracon when they are threatened that there would is a bomb scheduled to destroy them together with the facility hence leading to physiological stress.

High Job Control

This research tells that high job control is considered by many to be a practice that empowers the employee and grants him this job satisfaction. It is seen as a practice that protects employees from the detrimental impacts of high work demands. High work demands refer to the complexity of the character of the job, alongside the possibility of the immense pressure an employee feels in getting the job done. Karasek affirms that it is mainly a low job control that leads to high job stress which in turn negatively impacts an employee’s health. He uses his job demands-control model to explain the impact of high and low job control on an individual based on the high or low demands made on him by the job. When it comes to scenarios where the demand is on the higher side while the control is on the lower side, higher levels of stress are felt by the individual leading to deteriorating health conditions. High demand from a job that is accompanied by high job control is termed ‘active’ because it allows the individual to learn and develop as well as use and enhance multiple skills. average levels of strain are felt. Low demand from a job along with high job control is seen as inducing little or no stress for the individual while low demand from the job accompanied by low job control is seen as ‘passive’, as causing average levels of stress and as contributing towards a loss of skills. The important feature to note of this model is the fact that it is fundamentally the lack of job control and not the high demand for the job that is leading to the stress. The model explains how high job control will be used to counter the negative impacts of high job demand, thus acting like a buffer. Karasek Theorell look at some developments that have been made to this model, one of which has been to include support (that is help and guidance from supervisors) as a moderator of work demands.

The Effects of Steroids

The first athletes to use steroids were Olympians and not baseball or football players as commonly believed. States sponsored steroid regimen during the Cold War, in the East and the West. East Germanys state-managed doping system was revealed after the fall of the Berlin Wall. It was then discovered that more than 10,000 athletes were treated with steroids. Some of the athletes were as young as twelve years and many did not know that they were being given steroids. This made them get Olympic medals but also gave them long-term health problems.The asteroid is a synthetically produced male sex hormone, testosterone which helps the growth of muscle mass and strength. Anabolic steroids as they are known, were isolated, and synthesized in the 1930s, and are now used for therapeutic purposes in medicine to stimulate growth, help treat diseases such as cancer and AIDS. It has been acknowledged that steroids along with an adequate diet increase body weight. According to Ron Woods (2006), Anabolic steroids are faster and more effective than any physical training program for increasing size, strength and speed. Sports coaches and trainers immediately saw the possibilities of using steroids.People use steroids for many reasons. They take them because a doctor has advised them for treating an ailment, or because they want to improve their physique and increase strength and endurance as in the case of athletes. There are many who use steroids as drugs as they are cheaper than marijuana or cocaine.The central issue about steroids is the abuse of steroids. Like any other medicine, steroids, when taken without the guidance of a doctor, can create health problems. The problems may be in the form of damage to the heart, lungs or liver.

Impression of the Advertisement

The immediate impression of the advertisement says that it is making the first appeal in Jib Fowles’ list which is the need for sex. As he says, this is more of a flirtation with the idea of sex rather than a direct reference to it. This advertisement flirts with the idea that these two people might get together, but it doesn’t really say anything about sex itself. This is instead just a little fun diversion. The two people might even be married to other people already but their actions in the advertisement would not violate the vows they took. The text helps to add to this flirty attitude by inviting the reader to participate with a suggestion of fragrance at the woman’s shoulder and in promising that men will be drawn to the triple benefits of soft skin, tanned skin, and alluring fragrance.Although it seems the ad is appealing to our need for sex, it really focuses more on our need for affiliation as it emphasizes the connections made between the woman and others who will ‘be drawn to it’ and her by extension. Her fun-loving athletic appearance is accented by her use of this particular lotion while her overall healthy skin is associated with the brand name, Nivea. She is available to be kissed, even invites it, but this is as far as the relationship goes while the guy’s intense look in her direction reinforces the idea that the use of this product will bring her positive attention. Her happy look and well-toned appearance give the impression of health and well-being, suggesting that using this product has contributed in some way to this state of health. Thus, the brand begins to be identified with health and well-being, suggesting Nivea has something to do with this glowing health.Through text,form, and expression, the Nivea ad attempts to promise fulfillment of our need for affiliation with others while giving the brand an association with fun, health, and being in touch with the female consumer population.

Sustainability and Built Enviornment

While several sustainable construction materials are now available, the criteria used to choose either of the same is informed by the desire to strike a delicate balance between the growing needs of the world today and the need to minimize the negative impacts that would emanate from such initiatives both to resources and to the environment. From the perspective of the environment, the building materials used have a direct impact on the energy consumption, the emission of carbon dioxides, how much waste materials are generated, the natural resources used, water consumption as well as how the utilization of such materials directly affects the health of the persons around the area.The first criteria that would be used in choosing a sustainable building material are the ability of the material to be recycled. Taking an example of steel, it is a building material that is recyclable for an indefinite time without necessarily suffering any losses in terms of quality. Steel can, for instance, be recycled 100 percent. However, for purposes of building, steel materials can be recycled i.e. used from one building to another to a degree of about 98%. There is, therefore, an economic loop that is sustained by the intrinsic quality inherent in the steel itself. Today, it is estimated that all over the world, recycled steel make up to about 40% of the total ferrous material in the steel industry. Mostly, such materials are used in the electrical furnace procedures and other processes like the blast oxygen furnace that play a role in generating building materials and even in direct construction processes. Through recycling, there are a significant cost reduction processes meaning that it can be sustained for a long time.

General Safety Planning

Employers should identify/set up a safety team who can train all employees and contractors. This is referred to as Safety Induction. In this program employees will be trained on the risks, safety issues, how to tackle these issues and how to escalate anything above their capacity. Outlined herein is the general safety induction for any construction or production company. Employees must be made aware and trained on how and where to protect themselves from what safety issue by using personal protection equipment (PPE). There are several areas in a company with various risks such as chemicals, hazard spills, noise that could impair hearing, falling object and carrying of heavy objects or tools among many others. Some of the PPEs are. reflective jackets/ high visibility reflectors. All employees must have this in order for them to be easily visible to avoid accidents e.g. being knocked by a forklift. Ear plugs or ear muffs for hearing protection in high noise area. Heavy-duty goggle for eye protection against flying objects e.g. bottle bursts. Helmets for head protection, different hand gloves for different tasks, safety boots for feet protection and also based on the kind of work, body protection clothes e.g. overalls for engineers or lab coats for technicians. Once the employees are taken through PPEs, they will be trained on the importance of observing laid down signage and other safety protocols such as observing walkways and its importance. On top of these, employees must be made aware of the protective policies adopted for their own safety. Some of the policies are. forbidding employees or contractors reporting to work under any influence of alcohol/drugs, any levels whatsoever, or reporting to work while sick. This could be disastrous especially if an individual is operating any kind of machine, neglect to this could be a risk to self and other coworkers. Also, employees must be forbidden to report to work with hanging jewelry, especially when working in the area or machine with belts as this can cause accidents. Smoking on the site should also be prohibited and employees who are smokers be provided with a smoking zone to avoid any fire blasts. On the other hand, the company should stipulate a maximum time for working in a particular area based on the health risks involved e.g. someone should not be allowed work for more that 6 hours when operating a high vibrating machine like a hand drill. Having finished with personal protection, the company should play a role in providing a safe working environment. This includes providing things like easily accessible emergency showers and eyewash, lavatories on-site, hand wash and sanitizers, cleaners to take care of the company neatness and spillages to avoid slippage accidents. Clearly marked emergency exits without any obstruction, emergency contacts and also an emergency clinic on site. Employees should be told of all this during the safety induction (Gupta, P 8, 2006). Safety induction could be made more exciting by a brief video to accompany the training. This could go a significant way to stress the importance of and possible accidents in case of neglect. By doing this, employees will have a real picture and will take personal safety to be their number one priority.

Racial Cultural Perceptions Associated with PPD

Since social factors also impact the health outcomes, nurses who are caring for postpartum patients will also have to take into account, the cultural aspects of care. This study proposes to examine the perspective of nurses’ duties in postpartum depression and how they can promote health outcomes through the application of Leininger’s culture theory.The birth of a child is associated with dramatic hormonal shifts. During the term of a pregnancy, the levels of endogenous glucocorticoids and estrogens in the body increase. however after the delivery of the child, the level of these hormones suddenly plummets, which causes a temporary hypoactivation in the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, which lasts for several weeks. As Cizza et al (1997) have demonstrated, this suppression of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis tends to be much more severe and lasts for a much longer period in women who are suffering from postpartum depression. While the extent of the hormonal impact does contribute to postpartum depression,Several studies have shown that a correlation exists between postpartum depression and the lack of social support. According to Hagen (2001), new mothers may tend to suffer from postpartum depression when they feel that they do not have adequate levels of social support. they may adapt by experiencing postpartum depression where they feel emotionally or financially disinvested in their infants. Some of the ante-natal risk factors which have been seen to be conducive towards the development of postpartum depression include experiencing depression or anxiety during pregnancy, a previous history of stress, lack of social support, low levels of self-esteem, low socio-economic status, single marital status or a poor relationship with one’s partner. (Stewart et al, 2004). Postpartum depression could have a potentially detrimental effect on infants because of the children of such mothers.

Nursing as Defined by Florence Nightingale

She paid visits to the sick and the underprivileged living in villages and rural settings. She undertook training for a nurse in Germany and France against fierce criticism from her family, who considered the job to be demeaning for someone of her knowledge and status because nursing was considered to be the lowest form of hired help (Aller, 2007). Later in October 1854, she was appointed as a nurse to a military base in Crimea. The terrible sanitation conditions of the place shook her, and she set about with her group of volunteers to improve the sanitation conditions of the place, and to provide the utmost nursing care to the injured soldiers. It was for her work in the Crimea military base that she got named as the Lady of the Lamp since she used to make rounds of the wards carrying a lamp (Lamb, 2008). Her contribution to nursing is not just limited to tending to the sick. When she came back from the Crimean War, she drew up a fund to establish the first nursing institute to give nurses proper training. She also penned down her thoughts and opinions about what nursing is and how it should be conducted in the book Notes on Nursing. Today the book is read by nurses all over the world and is also integrated into the core objectives of nursing training. Nursing is not merely about administering medicines into the sick but also requires the nurse to be more compassionate and to provide the utmost comfort to the patient. The following paragraphs portray how nursing has been defined by Nightingale.I consider every woman to be a nurse because she is involved in taking care of someone’s health at some point in her life. In my opinion, a nurse is someone who takes responsibility for somebody’s health. I adhered to the view that if every woman knew how to nurse, the product of their collaborated experience and efforts can be very magnanimous.

Dietary Quality and Eating Competence

The supposition is that people will deliberately choose foods that add to their long-term physical well-being by decreasing their threat of chronic disease. There is a slight doubt that a diet well-suited to human biological requirements is necessary to the existence of the species (Clifford, Keeler, 2002).Satter is a model developed by Ellyn Satter, and that is based on her clinical observations of how people do well with eating. Essentially, eating competence explains how normal people eat. It is descriptive in that sense, and rigid only for that group who are not comfortable with their current eating or who are concerned about their diet and health, and seek to make a dietary transformation.Still, Weight Watchers, which a lot of people hype as the finest of the diet centers because of its dependence on real, unmarked food and flexible menu options, does not help people in understanding and knowledge about the inner competence on eating. This comes down to the issue of trust against control, according to the nutritionist Ellyn Satter…who takes care of ‘dieting casualties’ in her practice. She trusts that people require learning to believe that they will get filled, even on the food they think as highly desirable, and recognize that they can reliably control their own food intake, instead of depending on exterior rules to control those choices. Weight Watchers is good at easing up food choices, teaching people how to eat carefully, and encouraging them to add to the diversity of food in their diet, states Satter. But it is still essentially a control stance they apply (Satte, 2007, p. 56). When people rely on exterior rules, ranges, and diet cops to control their eating, their association with food remains delicate.

A Critique of the Western Notions of Progress from an Anthropological Perspective

Trudyann Blackburn A Critique of the Western notions of progress from an anthropological perspective. Straughn- Williams SSA 101.1869 ACritique of the Western notions of progress from an anthropological perspective. The Western idea of progress stems from the period known as The Enlightenment which was an age of exploration and discovery. We like to think of it as the time in which modern scientific principles were developed. The industrial revolution had seen a huge rise in the population of the world, with an increasing concentration in cities. Western nations had colonized vast areas of the globe and had begun to exploit their resources in a systematic fashion. Old subsistence level work in agriculture was replaced by labor saving machinery, and mass production of all kinds of consumer goods. Goods became cheaper, and life, for those in the West at least, was made easier. This point of view treated all of the earth’s problems as matters which could be solved by mankind’s ingenuity. In recent years this notion that humans are moving in a positive direction, improving their lives as they move from caveman status, to hunter gathering, to farming and now to industrialization has been challenged. Jared Diamond (1994) reports these notions are widely assumed to be true but not proven. The theory that agriculture creates food surpluses, which allow people more leisure time, and thus the space to create cultural advances is just a theory, for example, and there are other possible interpretations of human history over the long term. Diamond cites the work of anthropologists with modern hunter-gatherer tribes as evidence that this lifestyle is precisely not inferior to the agricultural lifestyle: these people (= Kalahari bushmen) … have plenty of leisure time, sleep a good deal, and work less hard than their farming neihbors (Diamond: 1994, 106) When one adds to this the evidence of paleopathology, in which scientists work out the health and diet of prehistoric specimens, it becomes clear that agriculture may have been a poor choice, rather than a progressive one. There are three pieces of evidence cited by anthropologists who oppose a progressive interpretation of human history: hunter gatherers ate a wider variety of different foods and a higher quality of food, than farmers. hunter gatherers did not depend on two or three food sources, and so they could survive when there was a weather disaster. and hunter gatherers moved around more, which kept them safe from diseases and epidemics (Diamond: 1994, 107) Once again there is plenty of evidence from the modern world to support these ideas since one only needs to look at the waves of famine that hit Africa and Asia year after year to realize that a dependence on core crops like rice and wheat create huge health risks for millions of people. Even in relatively prosperous America there are problems with the reliance on agriculture and huge cities. As Striffler (2005) explains in his study on the harmful effects of mass production in the chicken industry, there are harmful effects built into every stage of mass production. From the antibiotics that are pumped into the animals to keep down infection in their overcrowded accommodation, to the decrease in diversity in the breeds that are used, everything indicated a system in a state of terminal decline. The only way to stop this and restore human food to an acceptable and healthy standard is to return to more humane and friendly ways of dealing with animals. The lives of animals and farm workers alike are blighted by the pressure to produce ever more cheaply. In the modern world there are many interlocking factors such as wage rates and prices in the local, national and international markets which can affect the ability of farmers to produce food that is fit for human consumption. This means that economic as well as physical pressures weigh down the system and make it susceptible to devastating diseases and disasters. When producers themselves are not enabled to look after the welfare of their animals, then there is little chance that those who process and sell the product further along the chain from farm to supermarket and dinner table can guarantee even minimum health standards. In the light of this, all the efficiency and scientific knowledge in the world is not able to guarantee a better lifestyle for modern citizens. In conclusion, therefore, it seems that the progressive view of human history is not proven and the reverse may indeed be true. Hunter gatherers have survived in parts of the world where agriculture has grabbed all the best land, and they demonstrate that even when pushed to the margins, they have a healthier lifestyle, and more leisure time than the majority of farmers. When seen through the eyes of an anthropologist, the narratives of Western societies show a huge progress in terms of theoretical knowledge, but a huge deficit in terms of real results. It looks as if the shift from hunter gatherer to farming culture has led the world into a trap of unsustainability. It seems that a regressive view, that recommends living on a scale and in a fashion that fits in with nature, rather than attempting to control nature and exploit every last possible calorie, would have been a far better choice than the one that the majority of mankind is forced to endure. References Diamond, J. (1994) The Worst Mistake in the History of the Human Race. In A. Padolefsky and P.J. Brown (Eds) Applying Cultural Anthropology: An Introductory Reader. London and Toronto: Mayfield Publishing, 105-108. Striffler, Steve. (2005 ) Chicken The Dangerous Transformation of America’s Favourite Food. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Assessment of Historical Growth in the US Economy

GDP is the best indicator to express the economic health of a country’s GDP is usually measured on an annual basis for easy comparisons. But quarterly figures are also being computed and recorded for the major industrially advanced countries. GDP can be measured as ‘Current Dollars’ values or ‘Constant Dollars’ Values. The Constant dollar GDP is also known as the ‘Real GDP represents the quantity of economic output. Real GDP is always used in measuring the overall rate at which an economy is grown. The current dollar GDP represents the market value of goods and services produced in a period in a country.And compare them to check for the trend of the growth in the US economy expressed through the GDP figures. Usually, such kinds of economic data can be obtained from the website of the Bureau of Economic Analysis. (BEA)An analysis of the US GDP is expressed in chained dollars in the BEA Website for the period from 1929 to 2006 last quarter. An analysis of the historical GDP figures indicates that the US economy has been continuously showing an increasing trend only except for some years where it shows a negative trend. Especially in the years where there were recessions of the economy the GDP has been continuously growing.From the following Chart, it can be observed that the growth of the US economy suffered slightly during the years 1974, 1982 and 1991. These are the known periods of recession where the US economy was recording a negative growth of -0.51 percent, -1.97percetn, and -0.17percent respectively which are very negligible. Apart from these small deviations in the near past, the US economy has been continuously doing well. The observed data is also produced below to show that in the real values also the GDP of the US economy is growing continuously except for intermittent reversals to negative figures.

The Contribution That Bottled Water Has on Climate Change

Global warming is further evidenced by the well-documented melting of glaciers along with the thermal expansion of the oceans, which have contributed to an increase in sea level over the past century of about 15 cm. (Trenberth 1997). It might be considered that something as small as a water bottle may not be all that great a concern in the grand scheme of things, but in truth, the trend that has everyone and their neighbor sucking on water bottles all day long could actually have a very detrimental effect on the environment, contributing a great deal to the global warming crisis.In response to a growing weight problem in developing countries and an increased focus on environmentalism, more and more people have taken to drinking bottled water, perceiving it as healthier than tap water and more convenient. Bottled Water – often considered a ‘healthy alternative’ is very popular in the States – we currently drink about 8 million gallons of it each year (Makay, 2007). True environmentalists have been arguing for years against the trend, but the case is a hard one to make because it is attacking a favorite product. According to Geller (2007), U.S. consumers spent about $15 billion dollars on 2.6 billion cases of bottled water in 2006 alone. Consumers have an affection for bottled water. It’s not an issue of taste or health, it’s about convenience … Try walking up (New York City’s) Third Avenue on a hot day and getting a glass of tap water (John Sicher cited in Geller, 2007). However, those against the use of bottled water have valid points as the process is highly environmentally toxic. Beginning with the production of the product, consisting of the making of the bottle and the concerns regarding the water supply, progressing through the transportation of the product to market and then ultimate disposal of the empty bottles, the best environmental action people can take is to ditch the bottle and turn on the tap.

Childhood Obesity What still needs to be done to fix the problem

The Issue Child obesity is assessed in terms of published guidelines of body mass index. As Ferry points out, child obesity is a condition where a child’s body weight is 20% more than actually needed height according to BMI criteria, or body fat percentage is 25% above in boys and 32% above in girls. The condition is again defined as the presence of excessive accumulations of adipose tissue that interfere with child health and well-being (Simonton 62). My research on childhood obesity is conducted in five stages. the reasons behind the health issue, the intensity of the issue, the possibility of any shortcoming in the current health policies, the effects of obesity in children, and the long-term consequences of the issue. The intensity of the issue According to the latest data published by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, among Mississippi’s children aged 2 years to less than 5 years 3, 14.9% were overweight (85th to lt. 95th percentile BMI-for-Age) and 13.7% were obese (? 95th percentile BMI-for-Age) (Mississippi’s Response to Obesity..). It must be noted that the risk of child obesity has been unequally distributed across the state. Researches indicate that certain ethnic groups are highly vulnerable to child obesity. To illustrate, children from some minority ethnic groups such as Black Caribbean and Black African are more likely to develop child obesity when compared to other ethnic groups. Causes The reasons for obesity range from lack of physical activity, variations in nutrition, environmental factors, and genetics. Although genetic factors may contribute to this disorder, sedentary lifestyle is the major cause worsening the rate of child obesity. Trost and Sirard et al have compared the levels of physical activity in overweight and non-overweight children between 3 and 5 years of age. It was found in the study that overweight children were considerably less active than their non-overweight counterparts in the preschool years. However, no such correlation was visible in the case of girls. Despite this shortcoming, the study proves that there is a relation between physical activity and obesity. Admittedly, physical activity only results in an increase in the calories used. That means if there is a rise in the calories consumed, the effects of physical activity will not be visible. As Pennings (n.d) reports, the changing environment has widened the food options available for consumption. Grocery stores have their shelves filled with a wide variety of products. In addition, there are pre-packed foods, fast food restaurants, and various energy and soft drinks. It is a known fact that these items often contain excessive levels of fat, calories and sugar. That means the people who depend on these food items regularly take excessive levels of calories. Consequences According to the findings of The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, obese children are at greater risk for bone and joint problems, sleep apnea, and social and psychological problems (Childhood Obesity Facts). Empirical evidences suggest that obese children are more likely to become obese adults and this feature adds to the severity of this disorder. Studies reveal that obese children are affected by a range of emotional as well as psychological problems. In addition, child obesity tends to develop life threatening conditions such as

Healthcare Qui Tam

Healthcare Qui TamIn Virginia, many hospitals were billing for outpatient procedures with codes kept for physician’s office visits rather than an outpatient procedure performed at the health center. Medicare pays a high rate for physician’s office appointments to mirror the cost of their operating cost (Warren Benson Group, 2009). Hospitals obtain a separate facilities fee to settle the overhead cost. Therefore, the correct repayment rates for hospital outpatient services are lesser. The hospitals agreed to a payment of $3 million.A Pennsylvania hospital settled on paying a $2.7 million defrayal due to its upcoding fraud. The center was submitting claims for a multifaceted form of pneumonia when the accurate diagnosis showed a simpler form, which is compensated at a lower rate. The hospital decided to pay $500,000 for other upcodings with counterfeit claims for septicemia (Warren Benson Group, 2009).A Florida hospital decided to pay $2,531,000 for issuing false claims for laser procedures executed as part of post cataract elimination surgery by demonstrating that the procedures were executed after the 39-day post-operative phase. It is also issued claims for actions, which were either never upcoded or rendered. Finally, they issued claims for two management services and evaluations per patient visit.Finally, a Hawaii doctor agreed to recompense a $2.1 million settlement for issuing false claims to Medicaid. The doctor operated a pharmacy in his hospital. The doctor billed Medicaid for providing expensive drugs when the clinic issued cheaper generic substitutes (Warren Benson Group, 2009). … A Florida hospital decided to pay $2,531,000 for issuing false claims for laser procedures executed as part of post cataract elimination surgery by demonstrating that the procedures were executed after the 39-day post-operative phase. It is also issued claims for actions, which were either never upcoded or rendered. Finally, they issued claims for two management services and evaluations per patient visit. Finally, a Hawaii doctor agreed to recompense a $2.1 million settlement for issuing false claims to Medicaid. The doctor operated a pharmacy in his hospital. The doctor billed Medicaid for providing expensive drugs when the clinic issued cheaper generic substitutes (Warren Benson Group, 2009). Question 3 The following procedure could be used to admit a patient to a hospital, which upholds the law about the required number of Medicare and Medicaid referrals. Permission letter always should be issued before the admission of the person in the hospital (McCarty, 2008). The patient should be given Pre-requisite permission for a medical procedure and not for general consultations. The beneficiary will be urged to furnish a photocopy of a valid CGHS card, a request letter from CGHS, or a photocopy of the specialist’s professional advice. After that, then the patient will be offered an admission memo. In case of a therapeutic emergency, the hospital accepted under CGHS, shall not refuse or deny admission or demand early deposit from the concerned patient. Nevertheless, the hospital accepted under CGHS, shall offer credit facilities to the respective patient on issuing of a valid CGHS card (McCarty, 2008). Rooted in the virtues of the case study on an

Learning and Culture

Generally, people are of the view that the minorities are in no way superior to them and hence are in no position to obtain the same level of education and social grounding because they are considered as coming from a poor cultural background. These minorities also face the risk of being discriminated against or excluded from other social activities such as good education, employment and other social activities in which the majority take part which is vital for any individual to live in dignity and harmony. Therefore, the integration of such minority groups poses a problem because inclusion into these activities in the bigger picture seems to be a rather difficult task because of their different cultural backgrounds.In the promotion of educational success for the youth in the minority sector, a peer-review study was conducted in a high school in California. Several primary factors were analyzed of migrant youth in the high school-aged group to gauge their academic achievement. As of July 2002, there were 819,000 migrant children nationwide. Fine, M., Weis, L., Powell, L. C. (1997). This group of children suffered the worst disadvantage due to the culmination of so many factors like poverty, poor health and nutrition, and a high rate of absenteeism.In a national study on school completion rates, it was estimated that only about half received a high school diploma (State University of New York [SUNY] Oneonta Migrant Programs, 1987. Vamos, 1992). When comparing the students of different schools it was found that 77% of migrant students of Hillside High School (HHS) completed their 12th grade in 1998. another 8% remained in school pursuing a GED. Gibson, M. A. (1998) in comparison to 39% of non- migrant Mexican students who graduated on schedule. In the Appleton Unified School District, there were two public schools.

Eating Healthy

t could be the underlying reason with the help of physicians and dieticians, it was realized that food plays a major role in determining the health outcomes of an individual.While this keeps running on one side, many Physicians and dieticians have been doing a lot of experiments to spread awareness among people on nutrition, balanced diet, and eating habits, and the health outcomes that are related to the three, if they are not maintained properly. Most of the people who suffer from these common health issues are often advised by their Doctors in such a way that either they are restricted from eating many food varieties or they give less work for their tasting sense. As a result to many of them eating has become a controlled activity without interest.Many Doctors and dieticians have published books on diet control, tips to maintain good health, etc. Some of the best selling among them are Dr.Atkins.s Quick and Easy New Diet Cook Book[ a companion to Dr.Atkins’New Diet Revolution], and Diets for Healthy Healing: Dr. Linda G.Rector Page’s Natural Solutions to America’s top ten health problems. Etc. These books are the best selling concerning diet-related topics. Even some of the versions of Dr.Atkins are focused mainly on diet and health, ways to improve health, etc. What they have intended to give was based purely on a restricted diet or food items, and low fat, low-calorie foods, but the concept of suggesting a new way of eating different food varieties of different countries will definitely be an innovative idea.People suffering from the health issue develop a tendency to trim down their interest towards life, and that too if eating becomes a medicinal process they become more and more disinterested towards food. In some cases people generally eat a lot, for them, diet restriction remains a tough task. The recipes mentioned in this book will serve as a new scope for them. People with health issues will not only get a new life but also realize the variety of taste and gratification in eating healthy food.

The Benefits of Drinking Water

If calcium-rich water is drunk on a regular basis, such problems can be avoided. Thus, water is also a cheaper alternative of providing important minerals like calcium to our body that not only helps to strengthen our bones but reduces the risk of bone injuries. Calcium is an important mineral especially for children, athletes and women. The growing bodies of children require regular and adequate amounts of calcium. while athletes depend on their strong bones and muscles for better performance. Calcium-rich water serves dual purpose of providing adequate amounts of calcium and hydrating their bodies, which is essential for their health and performance. Women constantly need calcium to sustain their health and to cope well during all their biological phases like menstruation, pregnancy and menopause. Calcium-rich water also lowers the risk of calcium deficiency in a natural way. Drinking water is a great gift of nature and it can be obtained from different sources. Common water varies considerably according to the source whence it is derived, and other circumstances. but all the varieties may be reduced under the three following heads: Rain water, Spring Water, River water. (Thomson, 1003) Whatever the source of drinking water may be, it is important that it should be clean, clear and free of any odor. Being an excellent solvent, water can absorb impurities and toxic substances if care is not taken. Rain water is considered to be the purest form of water as it contains huge amounts of oxygen which it absorbs from the air. … for medicinal purposes, we prefer rainwater, as what is naturally distilled by the sun… (Hoffmann, 17) This shows how important it is for the drinking water to be distilled. and if it is naturally distilled by the sun, it is deemed to be the purest form of water. Rain water also consists of Oxygen- an element on which life is heavily dependent on. Our bodies need oxygen not only for breathing purposes but for sustaining life in general. Oxygen is circulated throughout our bodies as each and every cell and organ of our body needs oxygen. Rain itself is the symbol of life as it nourishes everything on the face of earth. be it plants, human beings or animals. Rain water also fills the rivers with water and maintains water level underground. However, rain water might not be considered by many people to be fit for drinking on account of environmental pollution. as water being an excellent solvent absorbs all the impurities in the atmosphere and thus its quality as drinking water is doubtful. Spring water is an excellent natural source of water and the purity and freshness of spring water is unbeatable by any other type of water. Spring water gushes forth from the womb of the earth and being a direct source of water, it is free of any impurities or toxic substances. On the contrary, it might contain important minerals which are beneficial for our health. However, in urban areas, it is not possible to obtain water directly from this natural source. Even today, people are really fascinated by spring water and perhaps it is for this reason that resorts and spas have become so popular among tourists, who wish to taste nature by drinking directly from water springs. Tap and bottled water simply taste differently from spring water because they are either pumped or bottled

Critically evaluate Karl Barth’s theology of religion and work

Barth work resulted to great effect on how the society interprets and apply Christian teachings. The unpopular and radical approach of Barthian theological thinking about work and Sabbath earned him great criticisms from the mainstream society but his work remains an important component of the current theological scholars and knowledge about Christianity faith. Barth claims that work or human labor is solely utilitarian intended to keep us alive. In this regard, he emphasizes on the importance of observing Sabbath, in order for man to resist the temptation of worshipping work at the expense of serving God (Hughes, 2007). In Barth ideology of Sabbath, the command to rest does not validate man to work for the remaining days of the week. He argues that Sabbath should take precedence of all other activities that man does for the service of God, so that He can reveal His purpose for him. Therefore, Sabbath day according to Barth (2009) gives the meaning and direction of man’s activities for the rest of his working days in the week. During Sabbath, man should not consider it as leisure or passive time but rather a day to join God in celebrating His Creation (Barth, 2009). Work or active life is not entirely, what God requires from man, but an activity that man does for survival (Barth, 2009). In this case, Barth argues that Jesus Christ called his disciples to abandon their work and follow him in his ministry but not join work. From his arguments, it is not necessary for man to work because it is worldly and cannot lead to salvation. I disagree with Barth’s opinion on work and Sabbath. When God was creating the universe, all Creations were made in six days and on the seventh day, He rested (Alister, 1999). In this case, God did not rest and then proceed to the work of creation. Though man’s activities do not add up to God’s creations, his actions have a profound effect on the entire universe and its inhabitants. God created man to be the master of the universe and its creations, and to fulfill the purpose, man must work not only for his own survival, but for the sake of other creations (Alister, 1999). In poor and underprivileged societies, rest days are liability to such people who struggle hard to afford even a single meal in a day. To such people, taking a break from work in Sabbath amounts to starvation, psychological suffering including anxiety, self-humiliation and depression. Thus, considering economic and social status of people, Barth idea of work and Sabbath is a luxury only the rich can afford. A true Sabbath should result after six days of working earnestly, without deceit or oppression, so that all people regardless of their economic status can fellowship with God and celebrate His Creation. 2. Critically evaluate an issue affecting employers or employees in relation to religious faith and practice Different religions have distinct practices that they instill on their followers and believers. These practices normally dictate their daily activities such as mode of dressing, nutrition, duties and responsibilities, health, ways of praying among other behaviors. Alister ( 1999) noted that strict observation of these practices determine the commitment of the believers and more importantly, their desire to attain the highest form of spiritual purity dictated by the teachings of the respective religious denomination. Many religious teachings from diverse backgrounds contain punitive measures meted on followers who fail to comply with the said practices. The punishments are normally carried out by the leaders and/or, adherents of the particular religious grouping on the errant followers (Alister, 1999).

Community Pharmacy Placement Exercise

The nearest medical center, which is the Hawker Medical Centre, is located very near the pharmacy and there are also several Dentist medical surgeons located very near the pharmacy. There is also a complementary Health Centre which also offers services as a pharmacy. This is the only pharmacy in the area and the next pharmacy is located in the next suburb. The Hawker Medical Centre and Dentist Medical Centre complement the services provided by the pharmacy. The nearest public toilet is located across the road from the Hawker Pharmacy. The pharmacy is located near the bus stop and the taxi rank, making it very convenient for customers and employees to access. A large-sized car park is located in Hawker place, which is the main street in the Hawker suburbs. There is no Justice of the Peace in the pharmacy. I have been lucky to do my placement in Hawker pharmacy because it is very convenient for me as I live near it and it offers many advantages for learning.From a customer’s perspective, I was able to assess the pharmacy’s services and I concluded that the pharmacy is able to provide a wide range of retail services including skin and hair products. gift items. and glass wear. The pharmacy is also able to offer professional health services through its pharmacists and pharmacy assistants. These services are mostly related to medicine intake and health maintenance advice. The pharmacy is able to provide health-related products through its first aid program and methadone program. It is also able to cater to diabetics through its blood-sugar control and blood-sugar testing program. The overall message that I got from the pharmacy, in terms of the services and products it offers, is that the pharmacy is available and eager to care not just for the customers who are sick, but also for those who seek to maintain their health. The pharmacy also provides customers with other services that they need in order to stay healthy.

The effects of greenhouse gas

Discussion The destruction of the natural order of the environment through green gas emissions will have far-reaching ramifications on the survival of other living things and human safety on the planet. Many of the adverse natural calamities that have been witnessed in the modern times are largely attributed to the greenhouse gas emissions (Environment Canada, 2012). In terms of the environmental impacts, there is a high expectation of continued rise in the average annual temperatures around the entire globe. The rise in temperatures will lead to the melting of the melting of sea ice and a decrease in snow. It is also expected that the rising temperatures will have the effect of reducing the volume of glacier coverage and thaw the levels of permafrost in the Arctic. As a result, sea levels will rise above their current levels and increase the possibilities of coastal flooding. Flooding is generally disruptive to communities living along the coastlines and other economic activities such as tourism. Tourism is a major contributor to the economic development of many countries. Adverse disruptions of this sector could indirect contribute towards a rise in global poverty and general underdevelopment. The frequency and severity of storms and heat waves are likely to increase as the world continues to experience the effects of green gas emissions. For instance, the devastation of storms and heat waves has already been experienced in countries such as the United States, Canada, Cuba, Haiti, Mexico, and many other parts of the world (Maslin, 2002). The effects of the storms, hurricanes, tsunamis, have been devastating in terms of the loss of human life, animals, and property. Infrastructure in many of the affected parts has been rendered into states of disrepair in the aftermath of the storms. The natural calamities have also been disruptive to natural order particularly in the manner in which they destroy ecosystems and threaten the survival of certain species within the ecosystems. Scientists predict that global warming will adversely affect the lives of many wild animals that are accustomed to cold temperatures. In the long run, the world might witness a drastic decline in the population of polar bears and other animals that are naturally accustomed to cold weather. Source: World View of Global Warming. The green gas emissions will have significant impacts on the health of human populations in many parts of the world. Canada and the United States are mentioned as some of the places that will face significant health challenges with particular regard to the elderly and children. The rise in temperature will affect their bodies defenses in ways that could subject them to various diseases and health complications (Dinc?er, 2010). Such effects will also extend to the areas of basic comfort in ways that would make it difficult for the people to engage in constructive activities as they will not easily adjust to the weather and climatic changes. Health analysts contend that some of the factors that will affect the populations will likely result from the inability of the physiological processes to adjust to new environmental realities as conditioned by a surge in the global temperatures. Biologists link the status of health to environmental conditions within the understanding of human adaptation. The danger of dehydration remains a reality in the wake of

Implementation Plan BAMC

Good plans are those that have been systematically done with relation to what has been observed on the ground. This is why it is important in the first place to have all the stakeholders mentioned in the strategic plan’s revision to be part of the process of formulating these revised strategic plans. The basic perception of this move is geared towards ensuring that all the stakeholders first and foremost own the process by feeling part of what is being undertaken since at the end of it all, they stand affected by the decisions and actions put in practice. Failure or success of such strategic plans could be determined by that simple fact of not including the stakeholders or including them in the process respectively (BAMC-RSP 2-9). After a thorough evaluation of the revised strategic plans, BAMC has come up with an implementation plan that will see this paper of strategies put to practice and progressed into the future of the health facility (BAMC). This is what the paper seeks to address by systematically looking at the strategies proposed and coming up with tit bits of implementing them. 2.0 Strategic Control Mechanisms and Operational Recommendations Strategic control at BAMC will entail an additional tool which could be used in the provision of relevant information to gauge whether or not the plan is successful. This could also give feedback on the need to proceed with the overall plan or if it should be changed. This is benchmarked against the events that do unfold and the results that are related to the incremental steps and those actions that have been put into the implementation process. The control mechanism at BAMC will entail: Critical monitoring and accurate evaluation of the strategic thrusts which involves the revised strategic plan that is necessary to the success of BAMC. These benchmarks of thrust could be first agreed from the onset by identifying the critical factors. The other recommendation that I find useful in this control mechanism is the use of stop/go assessments. These assessments will be linked to the various thresholds that had been singled out and this will touch on the portfolios illustrated in the strategic plan namely costs, success, market domain, product domain, knowledge base, time, and research and development, among others. The other aspect of control mechanism will touch on the milestone reviews. These are the particular significant points which have been singled out in the program development. They will majorly involve the points at which huge resources of BAMC will be committed to push the strategic plan. A thorough review of these revised strategic plans will hence be of necessity as the implementation is carried out. I would recommend that the milestone points at BAMC touches on the following areas identified in the strategic plan: That JCAHO-Accreditation facility expanding to the tune of 653 beds from the current 450 beds. Resources have been pumped here to ensure that more beds are purchased to increase the capacity as well as use any idle space that has not been utilized to build more rooms for the beds. check on the recurrent costs and those that emerge so that the operational costs are cut

Putting Physical Activity Where It Fits in the School Day

Citation:Katz, D., Cushman, D., Reynolds, J., Valentine, N., Treu, J., Walker, J., et al. (2010). Putting Physical Activity Where It Fits in the School Day: Preliminary Results of the ABC (Activity Bursts in the Classroom) for Fitness Program. Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice and Policy, Vol. 7, No. 4, 1-10.Summary: The authors stated that their aim was to evaluate the effects of physical activity through classroom-based program on the academic performance, physical fitness, classroom behavior and the noted health outcomes of elementary students from the Independence School District (ISD) located at Independence, Missouri. There were a total of 1,216 students from grades 2 through 4 who were identified to have participated in the study. but two students apparently dropped from the study due to lack of parental consent . The intervention that was applied was the ABC (Activity Bursts in the Classroom) for Fitness, which was reported to incorporated brief bursts of activity in the classroom setting throughout the day at the discretion of the teacher. The results indicated that the proposed intervention, the ABC for Fitness Program, was effective in improving academic performance, physical fitness, reduce medication use, and even preserve teaching time. As disclosed, there were limitations in terms of the population not being an effective representative of the cross-section of the children. the use of a relatively small sample size. and virtually limited intervention and follow-up periods. Overall, the study provided relevant insights on the feasibility of classroom-based fitness program without impairment of academic instruction.Critique/Application: I found the study beneficial and useful to various academicians and health practitioners in terms of promoting health through the identified ABC for Fitness Program. Its applicability is relatively easy and would not hamper any existing instructional methods or the need to use special resources. As disclosed, the 30 minutes recommended daily physical activity could significantly improve identified crucial variables such as academic performance, physical fitness, and even the use of medications for ADHD and asthma. This study proves that through innovative techniques and with the assistance of dedicated and committed educators, the goals for health promotion programs (HPPP) could be achieved. I strongly agree that through integrating bursts of physical fitness through different creative physical exercises and activities on a regular and monitored basis, an endeavor to improve the health condition of people, or of students in this particular situation, could be measured effectively. Overall, I believe that the article provided good insights that would be highly beneficial to educators towards the promotion of health through programs that do not entail purchasing additional resources or following difficult instructions where expertise of trainers would be needed. The use of this ABC for Fitness Program should therefore be promoted to more schools in the country to enable children to benefit from them. By developing good practice and training to children at young ages, the appropriate behavior in instilling awareness and the need to engage in regular physical fitness through health promotion programs would be beneficial for them until the future.Reference

Theories and Models of Health Education

Theories and Models of Health Education Health issues are being investigated, researched and addressed by various people and in various ways. Health services aim to provide health services in an efficient and effective manner. There are a number of theories and models that aim at describing, analyzing and altering the behaviors and actions of individuals in the health area. This paper aims at analyzing different health education models and their effectiveness in the context of community health education. a. Health Belief Model Health belief model (HBM) suggests that an individual weighs his health actions against the perceived susceptibility to a disease or health condition. It further states that the health behaviors and prevention steps are dependent on the belief of an individual related to the gravity of the health condition (i.e. how severely the specific health condition or behavior would impact). HBM also suggests that health preventive actions by individuals are taken after an evaluation of an individual’s perceptions about the outcomes/improvements in the current or perceived health state. Hence, the beliefs regarding hurdles that may hinder the move towards preventive actions provide a more vivid image of how and why health interventions fail in the community setting(Nardi Petr, 2003). In community health education, HBM may have far-reaching impacts. The core idea of HBM is to affect or influence individual perceptions. Perceptions of a person are highly linked with the surrounding environment and beliefs of other people. The HBM, hence, encourages positive health behaviors by shedding light on the negative impacts of certain actions (Glanz, Rimer and National Cancer Institute, 1997). For instance, susceptibility to obesity as a result of fast-food reliance may be highlighted by community health educators as a negative impact to influence individuals’ eating habits. A preventive measure might be physical activities, avoidance of fast food and change in regular food consumption patterns. Community health educators may encourage individuals towards the preventive actions by referring to the success stories of such actions, making healthier food like vegetables and other food stuff available to them and by encouraging home-cooked food consumption. b. Social learning Theory Social learning theory identifies three major contributors of an individual’s behavior including personal experiences, environmental factors and behaviors. The social learning theory provides society or the environment as a learning setting where an individual experiences situations that affects his perceptions as well as behaviors regarding a particular action, health behavior or activity. In community health setting this theory may be used to promote long-term health promotional strategies by encouraging people to share their experiences and learn from others’. This theory, with proper efficacy and capability lessons, may discourage health risking actions and behaviors by providing real-life experiences to individuals. c. Theory of Reasoned Action This theory proposes that an individual’s actions and behaviors are reliant on the intention he holds. The theory further highlights three elements or forces that derive the intention of a person which consist of an individual’s attitude or point of view regarding the action or behavior, the subjective norms and their perceived behavioral control (Gochman 1997). If a person is more of the opinion that diving with a seat belt reduces the chances or injuries and the relatives would take him as a responsible individual even if some accident occurs (subjective norm), he is more likely to feel motivated and able to wear seatbelts. This suggests a strong intention to wear seatbelt and reduce the chances of injuries in case of accidents. This theory, in community health education, may alter or strengthen a person’s intention leading to their behaviors. The basic idea is to change the attitude and subjective norms of a person by educating and encouraging healthy behaviors. d. Diffusions of Innovations Theory Diffusion of innovation theory, unlike the other theories discussed, aims at a larger population. It does not take individual behaviors or change in individual behaviors in account but instead, it focuses on the wider community. This theory proposes to integrate innovative ideas. However, in order to select the innovative idea, out of the largely available innovations today, the theory suggests considering relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, treatability and observability of the innovation. It concerns with the dissemination of innovation throughout the community, organization or region. The main idea is to promote and sustain an innovative and beneficial idea in terms of health promotion and reduced risks. For community health education, this theory may be helpful in capturing the wider population easily. The spread of news about an innovation like a product, idea or program is easier to reach if planned properly (Bensley Brookins-Fisher, 2009). The community health improves as the ideas develop, disseminate and evolve with the passage of time. This theory, hence, aims at educating people about innovations in the health field to aid the community. Strategy for Behavior Change in Elderly Elderly population has experiences, life-long struggles, less courage and more health issues than younger generation. The intervention for a behavior change related to Elderly must not highlight the negative impacts he has already conceived by a specific behavior. Such a strategy might further reduce the efficacy of the elderly to bring any change in his actions and behaviors. Instead, a rather optimistic approach with high motivation towards adoption of healthier practices might help in changing the behavior of the old-aged people. The diffusion of innovations theory is of particular importance to influence this age group. The elderly may be convinced on the effectiveness or benefits of a new idea, product or behavior as it did not exist before. The innovation, however, must take into consideration the factors like compatibility of the innovation with the age-group along with the age-related issues. For instance, to quit smoking elderly may be provided with e-cigarettes which provide an alternative that reduces the harms of smoking to a certain extent. References Glanz, K., Rimer, B. K., National Cancer Institute (U.S.). (1997).Theory at a glance: A guide for health promotion practice. Bethesda? Md.: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute. Gochman, D. S. (1997).Handbook of health behavior research I: Personal and social determinants. New York: Plenum Press. Nardi, D. A., Petr, J. (2003).Community health and wellness needs assessment: A step-by-step guide. Clifton Park, NY: Thomson/Delmar Learning. Bensley, R. J., Brookins-Fisher, J. (2009).Community health education methods: A practical guide. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

This is a medical law problem question

She breached that duty of care by acting in a manner inconsistent with the reasonable standard of care which caused Paulo to suffer injury as a result of her breach of the duty of care. She knows that it is mandatory to obtain the valid consent of the patient before any medical or surgical treatment is performed on the patient. Hence, she must also be made liable for the damages, together with the doctor for the injury sustained by Paulo. The hospital also has a vicarious liability for the tort of battery and negligence committed by their doctor and nurse. As their employers, the hospital can be sued in the event their employees cannot compensate Paulo for the damage caused to him. Under the law, Paulo has the right to sue the hospital, and in return, the hospital has the obligation to compensate Paulo for the unsafe medical practice committed against him. Paulo should also file a case for negligence and damages against Doc Torr for his failure to warn him of the risks and side-effects of the surgical treatment before the actual operation. Clearly, there was a breach of duty on the part of the doctor for failure to inform his patient that there is a 0.5% possibility that he will lose his voice. Such material fact should be made known to the patient since the doctor knows that the patient is an opera singer by profession. Paulo has the right to request for his health record, which consists of information relating to the physical or mental health or condition of an individual made by a health professional in connection to his care( BMA Ethics). Before a medical practitioner examines and/or treats a patient, a valid consent must be given by the patient. If the said doctor proceeds with the examination without obtaining consent from the patient, whether express or implied, and done against that person’s will and without any statutory authority to do so, that surgeon may incur civil liability for violation of the tort of trespass against the person and criminal liability in accordance with the provisions of Offences Against the Person Act of 1861. The truth is that most cases covered by this area are brought about due to negligence as the cause of action in the tort or damage committed by the doctor. However, in order for the action to prosper, the claimant must show proof that a valid consent from the patient to allow the medical treatment was absent. In this case, no valid consent was obtained by Dr. Torr from his patient Paulo. Thus, the doctor is liable for negligence. The term consent was best described in the case of Cardozo J, Schoelendorff v New York Hospital which provides: Every human being of adult years and sound mind has a right to determine what shall be done with his own body.1 While in the case of F V West Berkshire Health Authority, Lord Goff has stated that: Every human being of adult years and sound mind has a right to determine what shall be done with his own body. 2 In the case at bar, Paulo is an adult who has the capacity to give consent to the medical treatment that will be done to his own body. The requirement of consent to treatment reflects the basic right to self-determination. The act of Doc Torr makes him liable for two things: 1.) Failure to obtain a valid consent from his client. and 2.)Non-disclosure of the vital information of inherent risk

Analysis of Health and Safety in Chemical Industries Article

Health and Safety in Chemical Industries.1. The main purpose of the Safety and Health in the use of Chemicals at workarticle is to analyse the various chemical related factors that affect workers in a factory. The author is trying to evaluate the various chemical risks that affect workers in the chemicals industry, thereby enable a better understanding of the existing risks to facilitate a safe and healthy working environment.2. The article focuses on the problem of workers constantly getting injured while in the working place. The point of focus is the injuries that result from chemical accidents or mishandling of chemicals in a factory. Therefore,entire article is focused on the how workers are have to be careful regarding the use of chemicals, and the necessary caution that needs to be taken. 3. The background or context surrounding this article is the constant injuries that always define workers in the chemical industry. Current knowledge is short on the various types of injuries that exist, and the major chemicals and the hazards they pose to workers. 4. The author takes on the topic with a methodological point of view such that it is systematic in analysing the various factors involved in evaluating chemical risks in the factory such as identifying the different types of chemicals and the risks they pose. There are also ideological and theoretical perspectives in defining and assessing the characteristics of chemical injuries. 5. The key concepts that the article focuses on include the various types of dangerous chemicals that workers are constantly bound to be exposed to in their environments. There are also various descriptions such as the technical descriptions that differentiate the existing types of hazardous chemicals.6. The most important information from the article is that it is essential to understand the various types of risks involved when working with chemicals in a factory. A good understanding of the different types of chemicals and risks makes it easier to tackle them and consequently enable a safe and healthy working environment. 7. The author points out that it is important to understand the chemicals that workers often deal with in a factory. This makes it easy to effectively deal with storage and counter any injuries that may arise. This leads to the conclusion that it is necessary to understand the different types of dangers present in the workplace, and effectively deal with them. 8. The author’s findings that different types of chemical hazards need different handling mechanisms makes it easier for authorities and relevant bodies to work on the most effective chemical handling mechanisms. It is also effective for educating workers on understanding the best practices for dealing with the different types of chemicals. Summary. Workers are constantly injured in their workplaces due to contact with various forms of chemicals. Such injuries result in loss of working hours and general human suffering. This necessitates occupational health and safety oversight to facilitate the proper handling of the various types of chemicals that workers are exposed to in their respective workplaces. As such, this calls for risk assessment to evaluate the different types of risks, and an understanding of the occupational exposure limit to manage injuries. Therefore, emphasis is put on the various types of chemicals and their corresponding injuries. This creates awareness on the different types of management mechanisms, thereby enabling workers to understand the storage and labelling of the chemicals that they deal with. This enlightening ultimately leads to the creation of a safe and healthy working environment that prevents injuries and diseases. Works Cited.Safety and Health in the use of Chemicals at work, International Labour Organization. 28 April 2014. Print. Retrieved from:—ed_protect/—protrav/—safework/documents/publication/wcms_235085.pdf

Health Care and Transportation in Germany from a Cultural Perspective

Health Care and Transportation in Germany from a Cultural PerspectiveBeing the 5th largest global economy and first in Europe, the job market is fairly diverse and provides opportunities to many. However, from a cultural viewpoint, it can be problematic working in Germany considering how different its health care and transportation sectors are as compared to the same sectors in the U.S. From a cultural perspective, Germans view ailments as a result of normal scientific phenomena. Consequently, when in Germany, one must support the idea that combating diseases is through use of sophisticated technologies the fight microorganisms or through consumption of preventive foods. Moreover, the elderly are given preference when it comes to treatment as they are they perceived to be more delicate. They believe that an individual’s health is of utter importance and paramedics must be professional enough in handling health related cases. What’s more, a Drogerie or drug store does not sell medicines or drugs. it is more of a mart for detergents, toiletries, and beauty products. Since Germans are heath conscious and value prevention more than cure, consumption of biskost (biologically-grown foods), natural foods, vitamins, herbal teas and health foods is encouraged (Wiltenburg, 182). They can be purchased from a Bioladen (small shops that stock highly nutritious foods rich in vitamins and other minerals) at reasonable prices. When one is in need of cure, recovery, or preventive medicine, they should visit a Kurort (a pharmacy in the American context. it stocks common drugs but prescription is given).Germany enjoys a high level of health care with high life expectancy and low infant mortality rates. While working in Germany, one must comprehend the mix of the private and public health insurance (Expatica, N. pg). Employees are allowed to hold both private and public health insurance covers, but must display the aptitude and capability to meet the cost of both covers. To obtain a residence visa, foreign inhabitants must provide substantiation of being under a public health insurance coverage. Noteworthy, Germany operates a government-sponsored sickness fund called Krankenkasse which provides coverage against most predominant ailments in the country, and employees are expected to subscribe to this fund and contribute accordingly (Herb, 2). All employees, whether insiders or outsiders are expected to honor contributions since violation is criminalized and indictable. Similarly, while Americans are familiar with pharmacies, managers in Germany are required to operate or be linked to an Apotheker which does not only provide drugs such as aspirin, but also provides a considerable help to employees with a disorder (Herb, 2). It offers pharmacological advice and avoid a trip to the doctor by giving appropriate salve, pill or ointment. Some designated Apothekes stay open all night, and one can easily know those that will be open throughout the night by reading the German daily newspapers. Moreover, employers or managers, workers, and taxes all pay for health care insurance. On average, employees are expected to contribute 15.5% of their salary towards health care insurance and the insurance covers family members as first class beneficiaries (Herb, 2). Non-German residents can only be covered by the Krankenkasse upon entering the scheme through a German employer. For a hospital visit, the patient pays a modest share of approximately 10 euros a day. in case of treatment, the patient presents an insurance card, Versicherungskarte. It is, therefore, imperative that as a manager, you ensure your employees are subscribed to the Krankenkasse and hold a Versicherungskarte as this greatly plummets the cost of medication in case an employee falls sick due to the risks presented by working in a new environment as well as the culture shock which often bears heavily on unprepared managers. Germans are car lovers. While the country has an exceptionally well-developed road network, all bigger cities experience the problem of congestion (Eric, It is challenging to secure a parking space and if one is fortunate to obtain a parking space, they will have to part with several euros. One way streets are common and one is expected to observe all road use policies for safety of other road users. The country also has public procedures designed to dispirit car ownership by making sure that fuel prices are extremely high. While transit fares are high in the countries, employees are encouraged not to use personal vehicles since German transit authorities have organized great discounts for employees, students, and the elderly. Americans must observe all the aforementioned issues since it is through observation of the divergent cultural practices that managers and employees can thrive in the international arena (Rodrigues, 258). Works CitedEric Jaffe. 5 Reasons Germans Ride 5 Times More Mass Transit Than Americans. CityLab. N.p.,2012. Web. 13Mar.2015. .Expatica. Work in Germany: Finding a Job in Germany | Working in Germany | Expatica Germany. Gateway | Expatica. N.p.,2015. Web. 13Mar.2015. .Herb Kernecker. N.p.,2015. Web. 13Mar.2015. .Rodrigues, Carl. International Management: A Cultural Approach. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications,2009. Print.Wiltenburg, Joy. Crime and Culture in Early Modern Germany. Charlottesville: U of Virginia P,2012. Print.

Various Communities Inhabited the Region In New York City

In New York City, various communities inhabit the region. however, Indian community that is famously known as Desi is the most unique of all of them. They are believed to be the native long distance traders from India. they have lived in New York since the beginning of 20th century. By the time they arrived in New York City, the Indians were long distance traders who brought commodities from Asian continents to European countries and America. With time, they settled down and established themselves in retail business. (Jolly 2007). The modern Desi Indian community is assimilated with the modernity where most of them are no longer business individuals but has embraced other professions such as film industries, education sector, hotel, and restaurant industries among the rest. However, they have preserved their culture that makes them to be highly social beings. Every year, they engage in religious ceremony as a way of appeasing their ancestors. This ceremony last for a whole month where they dedicate their lives to the gods whom they believe to be behind their prosperity. In addition, the community also appreciates marriages where the parents identifies a partner for their children at a tender age and organizes for marriage (Jolly 2007). A striking fact about this community is that in most cases they attend Indian restaurants, attends every Indian social event, and buys items from local grocery stores as well as watching Indian movies at the theaters. Desi community believes in unity and love for one another. They consider the members of their communities as brothers and sisters. Therefore, the culture dictates that no Desi individual should oppress another but should offer assisted to the distressed ones. By doing this, they believe that they are appeasing their ancestors in return for their blessings. Therefore, it is responsibility of every individual to be kind to one another in order to appease the ancestors (Jolly 2007). According to the Indian people, it is the responsibility of the community to provide food, good health, and security to every individual. In particularly, every good thing that happens in the community is because of the interventions of the ancestors. Consequently, the Desi people believe that their existence is because of the mercies of their ancestor. In conclusion, as a member of this community, to be socially responsible means that, you must be responsible for the wellbeing of one another and the community at large. ReferenceJolly, P. (2007). The ideology of social hierarchies of Indians. New York City: Milestone.

Energe policy

(Fox-Penner and Peter S, 2010) A huge sum of monety is required before their implementation is attained. This may lead to tax rate increament. Although the regulations may affect people in terms of employment and costs, it is implemented for the advantage of the people. This is due to the health risks caused by these energy productions and also the environment. The life of a human being is more important than the money or the living standards of people. (Fox-Penner and Peter S, 2010) People should gauge the advantages and disadvantages in order to react to the effect of energy from Obama’s administration. In this paper we will be able to see two policies which should be considered and be implemented immediately and one which is not necessary for it to be implemented. Ozone is a combination of chemical reaction which includes methane, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and other volatile organic compounds. The Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards should be implemented in order to prevent its effects to the living things both animals and plants. This is in section 109 of the clean Air Act which includes both primary and secondary standards .The primary standards are used to protect the health of the citizens while the secondary standards are used in protecting the animals, vegetation, visibility and buildings. This act thus suggests that there should be control measure implemented on sources of air pollutants like industries and vehicles among others in order to reduce the effect of air pollution to the environment. (Implementation of the Clean Air Act National Ambient Air Quality Standards, 1998) This is because there effect will lead to an increase in health complication amongst the citizens subjected to the pollutants. The result of this will include spending money in solving these issues and many people might lose their lives. This will cost the government of about $19 to $90 dollars in order to be implemented which is high but it should also be considered that its effect will be affecting everyone. The effect of the ozone will affect the ecosystem at large as most of the plants will not be able to survive and humans will immune system will decrease increasing the chances of its effect to the human system. Emission reduction strategies should be used in both the local, state tribunal agencies from the menu of control measures in order to attain the national Ambient Air Quality standards on attaining a new primary ozone standard. Coal is a major producer of electricity in America by producing 54% of electricity supplied in the market. It is also used for cement among other purposes at home. Although it is useful to the American citizen it also has effects both to the health and the environment. The use of coal ash has many effects during combustion as they affect the human health for example they cause cancer and respiratory complications. They also affect the environment as it contains toxic elements like sulfur, mercury and fluorine among others which also affect the environment. Coal plants emit carbon dioxide which affects the climate change as it prevents the emission of heat from the Earth surface which leads to the global effect. This can be seen by the reducing level of waterways as a lot of water evaporates. The percentage of coal production is over million tons and about 78% million are disposed while the rest is sold. Coal also causes aid

Pregnancy Nutrition

This is the time when women take more care of their health, nutrition and lifestyle to ensure a healthy baby. The healthy habit acquired during this phase of life is beneficial for not only the mother but also her baby to preserve a healthy body throughout their lives. Scientific explanations to this concept also revealed that the food habits and the good lifestyle adopted during the prenatal phase by the expecting mothers have long term significance on the life of both the mother and her child. A healthy diet with nutritional value as per the body requirements of the mother ensures that the baby gets a healthy beginning during its infancy. Conceptually, proper nutritional diet for proper growth of the baby, regular physical activity and proper sleep are few suggestive measures that help in ensuring the health of both (Alberta, 2012). Discussion Healthy diet and a healthy lifestyle are the major prerequisite for pregnant women. During the pregnancy phase, women body undergoes many biological changes and hence requires special care and attention. Hence, to stay healthy and safe become the major priorities during pregnancy as this would help to have a comfortable nine months of prenatal phase (Ludwig Currie, 2010). During pregnancy, women need to eat food from various sources to make sure that all the necessary minerals, vitamins and nutrients are consumed in adequate quantity to have a proper development of baby. It is worth mentioning in this context that underweight and/or overweight might cause severe impacts on the healthy growth of the baby and can even hinder the certainty of a normal delivery process. thus, causing immense effects on the mother’s health too. In a recent report by Boston Children’s Hospital (2013) revealed that while underweightedness of mother in the prenatal phase may cause the birth of a child suffering malnutrition, overweightedness of the mother can similarly act as a major and unpreventable cause for childhood obesity. Therefore, to maintain a proper weight a proper diet is to be maintained along with performing proper physical activity (Ludwig Currie, 2010). The nutrients that are particularly important during pregnancy are the folic acid, iron and vitamins, calcium, omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids (Safe Food, 2008). Stating precisely, consumption of folic acid is important to ensure a healthy pregnancy. This acid intake helps to avoid conditions such as spina bifida or other neural deficiencies, which can affect the spine of the baby and its healthy growth. During the early pregnancy, formation of the baby spine takes place, which requires a proper intake of folic acid. In this context, recent researches such as Sure?n, Roth, Bresnahan, Haugen, Hornig, Hirtz, … Stoltenberg (2013) and University of Granada (2013) depicted empirical results showing a strong dependency of mothers’ consumption of folic acid as regular dietary supplement and the psychological development of the child. Experimental research conducted in Sure?n, Roth, Bresnahan, Haugen, Hornig, Hirtz, … Stoltenberg (2013) further elaborated the fact that folic acid consumption can reduce autism risks within the child. Additionally, eating food rich in folates helps in proper nourishment of the fetus. Few good sources of folates are green

Arguments for Low Fat Diet

3. Low fat diet meant less sugar intake thus prevents diabetes. 4. Gastrointestinal symptoms associated with fat intake is absent in a low fat diet. 5. Low fat diet usually leads to a fitter body that makes one attractive and enhances one’s self esteem. 6. Low fat diet meant less consumption of meat and poultry which is good for the environment. Meat and poultry requires a lot of energy to produce that strains the environment. 7. Low fat diet when done on scale could lessen our dependence towards foreign source of oil. This is because growing cows and other animals requires crude and gasoline to grow and transport them. 8. Over-all health improves. 9. When over-all health improves, one saves a lot of money from hospitalization or medicine bills. 10. A good health brought by low fat diet meant low opportunity cost that is foregone during sickness when one cannot work to make money. b. Five rebuttal statements 1. Low fat diet is very hard to sustain. Once the diet has been stopped, the dieters usually revert back to the old weight level. 2. Not all fat are bad. Fats coming from fish has Omega-3 that lowers cholesterol and reduces the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. 3. … It categorizes weight according to the following classification. 18.5lt. underweight 18.5 to 25.00 (some table put this at 24.90) normal weight 25.10 to 29.9 overweight 30.00 and above = obese. BMI is computed by the formula weight / [height (in inches)]2 x 703. b. BMR (Basal Metabolism Rate) BMR is the amount of energy needed to sustain the body and energy used while at rest. It is computed as (BMR Calculator, nd). Women: BMR = 655 + ( 9.6 x weight in kilos ) + ( 1.8 x height in cm ) – ( 4.7 x age in years ) Men: BMR = 66 + ( 13.7 x weight in kilos ) + ( 5 x height in cm ) – ( 6.8 x age in years ) III. Criteria for evaluating diets, nutritional needs for dieters, and activity patterns. According to National Academies Press, there are three criterion for evaluating the efficacy of the diets which are (2012). a. The match between the program and consumer The efficacy of the diet really depends on the various factors and circumstances of the consumer. For example, calories restrained diet may be generally good because it limits the intake of calorie which could be turned into fat. But this would not be applicable to athletes who need calories for their excessive use of energy. Such, the profile of the consumer has to be determined first before embarking on any diet program. b. The soundness of the program This is particularly directed to novelty diet programs which eliminates certain food in its effort to reduce weight. Removal of certain food types also removes source of nutrients that the body needs which could be dangerous. c. The outcome of the program In the final analysis, the efficacy of the diet program depends on achieving the desired outcome. If the objective is weight reduction, then weight would be the

M9 …

According to these theories, some people may fail to recognize health preventive services because of their beliefs or environment conditions. The variables I would target when conducting health intervention are children aged 6-11, adolescents aged 12-19 years, and the poor who lack adequate treatment of tooth decay. Through social and behavioral theories, I would evaluate the conditions that promote tooth decay or oral health. In this case, I would recognize that community water fluoridation is the greatest public health achievement. I would spend every dollar in the community on water fluoridation to save the treatment cost of dental decay. To boost oral health program, I would create awareness on the importance of water fluoridation. School based dental programs would also help to deliver health to populations at risk of tooth decades such as low income households, children, and adolescents. I would increase the percentage of children participating in sealant programs to save the cost of public health. I would ensure that the poor, members of ethnic or racial minority groups, and elderly with severe dental decay receive good oral health. Reference Coreil, J. (2010).Social and behavioral foundations of public health. Los Angeles: Sage. Part 2 Oral Cancer In the United States, over 30, 000 people are diagnosed and 8, 000 die each year due to oral cancer (Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). Oral cancer is the leading cause of most deaths in the world. With this concern, many nations have established the need to enact preventive measures to reduce the risk of oral cancer. The direct risk factors of oral cancer include alcohol and tobacco use, sun exposure, HPV infection, and chemoprevention. It is crucial to communicate and collaborate with groups and individuals on oral health issues to reduce the risk factors that trigger oral cancer. Directive and Indirect Risk factors Tobacco use especially cigars, pipes, cigarettes, and smokeless tobacco is the major cause of oral cancer. Second-hand smokers are also at a high risk of getting oral cancer. Alcohol is a direct risk factor of oral cancer, especially hard liquor and beer increases the risk of developing the disease. Those who use both tobacco and alcohol are at a higher risk of developing oral cancer than those who do not. Sun exposure is a major indirect that increases the risk of developing lip cancer that often occurs on the lower. Avoiding the sun or applying sun screen lipstick may reduce the risk of developing lip cancer. People infected with HPV are at a high risk of developing oral cancer. People who have undergone chemotherapy are at a high risk of developing oral cancer. Tobacco users who may have had oral cancer are at a high risk of developing a second cancer within the oral cavity or nearby areas such as throat, vocal chords, nose, windpipe, and oesophagus. A study by Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (2013) indicates that, poor diet and nutrition show a small risk for developing oral cancer. People who eat less fruits and vegetables in their meals are less likely to develop the illness. Some people believe that the increase of Body Mass Index (BMI) is linked with the risk

Leadership and Management Delivery Care Models

Based on my interviews with the different nurses in my organization, I was able to establish that the different models being used in the organization are the following: total patient care. functional nursing. team nursing. and primary nursing. Variations of these models have also been used in the clinical setting and depending on the illness and the patient being cared for. In my interview with Intensive Care Unit (ICU) nurses, as well as Postanesthetic care unit (PACU) nurses, they indicate that they mostly use the total patient care model in the delivery of nursing care.Total patient care is very much like the case method. In the total patient care method, the nurse is responsible for the total care for the nurse’s patient assignment for the shift the nurse is working (Kelly, 2010, p. 226). This means that for the particular shift, the nurse is responsible for all the care requirements which a patient would need. The nurse is responsible for several patients during the shift. She may also be assisted by other nursing care professionals including licensed practical nurses (LPNs), but the main bulk of the work is the responsibility of the registered nurse.The total patient care model offers various advantages for the patient and for the nurse. Nurses enjoy autonomy with this model (Marquis Huston, 2009). They can independently implement nursing care with minimal dictation and control from doctors and other health care professionals. The lines of responsibility and accountability are clear in this model. The nurse and the other health care professionals are aware and well-oriented in this line of responsibility and they also know how the lines of accountability flow. The patients also receive holistic and unfragmented care in this model (Basavanthappa, 2000). Their care is comprehensive and continuous. From the time they are admitted to the unit, patients receive nursing care from the nurse who is in charge of the shift, and when the shift changes, the care is passed on to the next nurse, and so on and so forth.

Pollution in the Chesapeake Bay

The Chesapeake Bay is one of the initially beautiful regions and that have succumbed to the unbearable effects of environmental pollution.In the revelation of the Chesapeake Bay Foundation (CBF), Chesapeake Bay was considered among the healthiest regions in the world during the early 1600s. Chesapeake actually consisted of wetlands, resourceful lands and forest buffers that assisted in the absorption and cleansing of nutrients before getting into the water ecosystem. The filtered nutrients were allowed into the water body in their safest states harmless to the aquatic life. Chesapeake Bay Foundation in its yearly reports of health index of the Chesapeake Bay of 2010 compared to the 1600s indicated that in the early 1600s Chesapeake scored 100 out of 100 scales on health index. In 2010, the health index rating of Chesapeake watershed dropped to 31of the 100 scales of rating. Even up to date despite the efforts by the American government of allocating huge sums of dollars on the rehabilitation of Chesapeake Watershed, it has been hard to achieve and realize substantial achievements and results. The process of restoration is taking place at a dismal rate. However, Winter indicates that the administration of President Barrack Obama has shown some rays of commitment to the extent of introducing tuff and strict disciplinary measures against potentially discovered polluters.The Chesapeake Bay has an average of nine tributaries, which supplied fresh water into the watershed before the industrial revolution and haphazard the creation of industries that manufactured pollutant chemical substances. Among the main and recognized largest tributaries of Chesapeake Bay is the Susquehanna River initially supplied more than half the capacity of the total water in the Chesapeake watershed. The James and Potomac Rivers are the next largest tributaries of Chesapeake Bay. These rivers pass near industries, farmlands and homes from where hazardous chemical substances are channeled into the Chesapeake.

The Health and Safety at Work

The duties of each management level in relation to the provision of safety issues shall be arranged in accordance with the provisions of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974.Moreover, since the hotel industry deals with a wide range of customers and other stakeholders, the roles of the hotel managers are the provision of a safe environment for their customers and other stakeholders i.e. customers, shall be discussed in this discussion. The discussion shall also focus on various aspects of safety at the hotel i.e. occupational fire management et cetera.The roles of external stakeholders i.e. the UK Government shall also be discussed in this document. The United Kingdom government undertakes a crucial role in formulating and implementing various occupational safety and health rules. The hotel is one of the industries that adhere to the rules and regulations that govern businesses shall observe the Health and Safety at Work Act as stipulated by the United Kingdom government.The arrangement of the establishment will be arranged in a manner that the roles of each stakeholder and individual meet the pre-requisites of the Health and Safety at Work Act, 1974. To begin with, the hotel has a manager that undertakes various managerial responsibilities. The manager is responsible for the formulation and implementation of various internal rules and regulation in consultation with other pertinent stakeholders.Moreover, with the assistance of a monitoring and evaluation officer, the manager will identify whether the modus operandi of the hotel is in compliance with the stipulations of the Health and Safety at Work Act, 1974. Consequently, according to the Health and Safety at work Act 1974, the manager and other supervisors shall ensure that the safety of the workers and the customers are given greater consideration.In order to ensure that safety and health issues of both the workers are not jeopardized.

The Ethics of Health Care Reform

Observably, the number of health disorders among people all over the world has enhanced considerably (Rooney et al., 2008). This scenario is quite apparent in the US, wherein the number of health-related issues has augmented considerably over the years. Contextually, the healthcare authorities of the country have emerged with the notion of ‘The Affordable Care Act’, which potentially ensures a better position for the citizens of the nation in terms of dealing with health-related issues. This particular research paper intends to evaluate the ethics associated with the Affordable Care Act. In addition to this, the research paper will also discuss other vital implications associated with the Act.The Affordable Care Act (ACA), also known as Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), is a law, which was passed by the government of the United States and headed by the current President of the nation Mr. Barack Obama in the year 2010. It is regarded as one of the most significant developmental aspects in the healthcare setting of the country. It was enacted with the intention of enhancing the quality as well as the affordability of the healthcare insurance amid the citizens of the nation. The law includes various new rules for the insurance companies along with healthcare organizations towards enhancing the healthcare settings of the country. As per the law, all Americans who possess a healthcare insurance will able to avail treatment wherever and whenever he/she desire or need. The Act protects the rights of the patients towards obtaining proper and quality healthcare services. The act also reduces the number as well as the amount of premium of health insurance, further making it affordable for a huge number of people. The law also provides the customers with the right to access the cost of their treatment at large (Obama Care Facts, n.d.).

Course Evaluation Paper

During the course, most students identified with the outcomes. I expected to learn the various aspects of family dynamics, which exist in the society regardless of race, social class, or religion, and I did. I expected to learn the theories involved and to be able to learn various solutions to family problems. I was able to relate to some factors that influence family dynamics that apply to my real life. The factors I learnt include the effect of parent’s relationships on the family, aspects of strictness and lenience among parents, personalities, single parenthood, size of family and culture, and beliefs in the family. The course reflected issues that exist in many families in the world, and was able to broaden my knowledge and thinking about family life. I expected the course to highlight the various positive and negative issues that exist in the family and the impact they have on psychological health of family members. Some of the positive family attributes highlighted include success of children linked to good parenting practices, good parent’s relationships and good family values. Peace in the family always relates to good personalities in children and older family members among others. The negative attributes highlighted in the course include the effect of single parenthood on children, violence in the family most likely led to the fall of the family to factors such as divorce, and divorce affected children even in their adulthood. The lecturer was able to teach in the most practical way, making everyone to participate in asking and answering questions, making the course even more enjoyable. She always asked practical questions that apply in real life, used pictures and videos to teach and expected every student to relate to some issues raised during the course of study. This made the course very exciting and easy to learn. The outcomes had a great impact and were specific to the target population, which in this case were classroom students. The course highlighted many issues, which exist in different families. I related to some of the factors that I have experienced in my own family. Most students were able to relate and connect to most of the issues explained in the course. In some instances the mentioned examples and scenarios rekindled bad memories among some students and caused emotional grieve. These included students coming from a family that experienced violence in the past, drug abuse, families affected by issues such as unemployment, extramarital affairs, and divorce. Some students on the other hand connected well with their well-structured families, which had good values, proper parenting practices, and wealth among others. In either way most students lamented that, they learnt a lot from the course and expected to improve their lives in one way or another. The outcomes were measurable with the timeframe. The lecturer managed to teach various levels of family dynamics within the expected timeframe, and in the most systematic way. The mentioned outcomes on the students always revealed in each classroom session, and with time, the students had developed a sense of connection with the lecturer and would freely express their views and experiences without fear. The objectives and the outcomes related well in this course and at the end, the lecturer manage

Nursing Preceptorship

Preceptorship is defined as a one to one relationship between a registered nurse and a nursing student whose purpose is to introduce a student to a clinical environment and orient them to the intense experience of learning in a practical mode. Preceptors introduce orientees to gain nursing skills, patient dealing, protocols and unit culture of nursing. This program enables them to learn and become competent enough to demonstrate basic unit skills by the end of the course. Students recently graduated from nursing school face difficulties when it comes to implementation part. They are pushed into a situation where one needs time and observation to implement the acquired knowledge. The main cause of the under stress nurses was found to be , lack of confidence in learnt skills, incomplete in critical thinking and clinical knowledge, correlation with patients and preceptors, dependence, frustrating work environment. Thus preceptors are essential to role model the professional attitude and skills which enable the orientees to learn and grasp them practically. This researched discovered how quickly orientees learn to implement clinical knowledge and nursing skills through preceptor orientation learning programs.The significance of preceptorship during nursing school is accepted and has been a part of nursing training program. Collaborative preceptor models between nursing school and service agencies have sustained a positive relationship and facilitated the nursing students to learn to integrate skills with real-life situations. This model provides a single nursing student to be precepted by a registered nurse whereas in the integrated clinical preceptor model, students plan their clinical experiences and preceptor acts as a mentor, clinical teacher, role model. It revealed the positive outcomes in the complex and dynamic world of acute health care. (Sandau Halm, 2010) The importance of nurse prespectors in educating undergraduate nurses cannot be overstated. The guide and teach new nurses, the roles and responsibilities they have to face in a clinical setting. Thus the transition becomes easy for the undergraduates from the educational institutes to professionalism. It also facilitates the specialization in any nursing faculty. As a frame work for clinical teaching, these preceptors demonstrate professional practice and share patient care experience. The awareness of handling patient’s condition and providing care accordingly, which they will encounter is shown to them. Theoretical information is thus put into practice with the help of prespectors. It is a responsibility of nurse prespector to form a connection between theory and practical implementation for an orientee, in a patient care environment. Thus achieving the expected results in a given time frame utilizing the facilities in hand is the main objective. This program holds utmost significance for mentor, orientee and the organization itself. Preceptor ship program offers professional nurturance and development in social and professional roles, which reduces the reality shock faced by new nurses in a clinical setting. Orientees feel les stresses as the preceptors gear them into right direction through experience thus learning takes place with constant monitoring and under constant guidance. Therefore the confidence level of such nurses’ rise due to participation in preceptorship program and their knowledge expands due to experienced preceptors who steer them into right

Community needs assessment (public health)

Community organic gardens have also been documented in order to give people of the community a sense of achievement and boost self-confidence. The precise purpose of a community organic garden varies depending on the entity that developed it. For instance, the Park Heights Community Garden severs to improve dietary habits in the Park Heights neighborhood of Baltimore while the Community Organic Vegetable Garden at Morgan State University minimizes obesity as a part of their goals and objectives. In addition, people do participate in community gardening for different reasons. For instance, to some people, community gardening is a social interaction while to others it is the chance to learn a new skill (Paling, Miszkiewicz, Abbas Zambon, 2008). Community organic gardening challenges Community organic gardening is associated with various challenges ranging from planning phase to implementation and execution. The concerns and issues of community gardening heavily depend on the participants, their initiatives and their goals of the gardening. For instance, community gardening on campuses of college creates a complex situation. The season of community gardening conflicts the academic school years. … To other people, it is not very appealing to devote time towards something that does not improve immediately their educational experience (Tropman, 1995). Goals and objectives of community organic gardening Community organic gardening outlines the following objectives: To provide nourishing fruits, vegetables, and herbs to MSU surrounding community To bring forth homogeneity and cohesiveness within the MSU and the Stonewood-Penston Community To demonstrate student and community self-sufficiency To expand gardening efforts to a cooperative food initiative To improve sustainability In addition, the Adopt-a-Bed Cooperative will assist in increasing homogeneity and cohesiveness through bringing together communities members who would not ordinarily be exposed to one another. The main Strategy to increase the community engagement would be through the following: Expanding the community organic garden Increase and maintain the participation of the students and members of the community Provide organic nourishing vegetable, fruits and herbs to the Morgan campus and surrounding community Identify formal and informal leaders in the community to direct us towards different organizations in the community Demonstrate students and community self –sufficiency Increase the number of beds from 5 last year to 10 this year Organize farmer market in the community Create opportunities to recruit more students and more people in the community Target and recruit at least 5 organizations in the community (Tropman, 1995). Use of community organic gardens The efforts of community engagements involve some kind of incentivizing. This means that community gardening participates in its own incentive. The space of the garden may be used as a venue for various events that appeal

Business of Healthcare The National Health Service

While some of the claims made by politicians might be overstated and exaggerated, it is indeed true that the NHS is an indispensable and integral part of the lives of British citizens. Several public opinion polls also show that people living in the UK are generally happy and appreciative of the services offered by the NHS. There are good reasons why this is so. For example, the NHS provides free healthcare service to all citizens at ‘point of delivery, and made available on the basis of need and not on the ability to pay (Stewart, 2008). In the years before its creation, nearly half the general population could not avail of basic healthcare. Back then, access to basic healthcare was a matter of social class and the ability to pay. But all that changed for good with the unveiling of NHS in the year 1948. Going by the popularity and public opinion polls alone, one would be led to believe that it is a flawless system. But the situation is not as clear cut as that, for despite its overall popularity and its penetration into the collective consciousness of people in Britain. the NHS can be further improved.Beginning with the organizational structure of the NHS, it is essentially an umbrella organization that comprises four regional branches, namely NHS (England), NHS Scotland, Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland, and NHS Wales. The funding for all these organizations comes from a common source, namely the tax-payer money of residents of the UK, although they operate to an extent as autonomous institutions. In other words, the top executives of these four organizations take decisions independently for day to day operations although they abide by broader regulatory directives applicable to the UK region as a whole. Regulations are an important aspect of the functioning of the NHS, for without its exploitation by private vested interests is likely to happen.


Some of the ways through which this can be achieved is by assisted suicide. This is the main focus of this research. This entire issue of ending one’s life is one that has elicited a lot of debate in the modern times. The major reason that has sparked this debate is just because at the center of this issue is that it is a person’s life that is in question. There are proponents of both sides. There are the individuals who are for the idea with the thought that issue of mercy-killing is morally acceptable. In fact what is being said is that there is a right to death. The example of such proponents might be seen in the members of Voluntary Euthanasia Society of Scotland. At the same time there are those proponents who are totally against this whole issue of this type of life termination. These individuals are of the opinion that the taking of a person’s life is unacceptable under any circumstance. In some cases, it can be said that suicide is acceptable, only that it has not been put up in the books of law. However, the issue of doctors assisting the patient to commit suicide is a whole story altogether (Whiting, n.p.). One of the major opponents of the whole euthanasia issue since time immemorial has been the Catholic Church. There are some very few countries which permit euthanasia. However, this is under very specific circumstances. An example of such a circumstance is when a person is in excruciating pain. However, even though these few circumstances may allow for mercy-killing, there has to be sufficient evidence to furnish this sort of action (Manoj, n.p.). It is also important to note that there are those countries that are adamant in acceptance of this issue, regardless of the state of the patient. An example of such a country is Japan or even Columbia. What happens in these countries is that the patient is just left to be in the state in which he or she is in until his or her body eventually gives in. On critical examination of the position that is held in this case is that there will be the questioning of whether the right action has been taken. Would it be right to kill the person with the intention of helping them avert the pain that is associated with their current state or would it be logical and in order to let the person be in that state of pain in their deathbed (Whiting, n.p.). These and many others are some of the questions that leave people at crossroads when the issue of euthanasia pops up in forums and discussions. In the United States for example Euthanasia is not acceptable in all the states. This is under the homicide law. According to Wisconsin Laws, the act of mercy-killing is not acceptable in any way. So despite of all these arguments are there any good things or benefits that are associated with the act of euthanasia? Well the so-called benefits that are associated with this practice are also under question. The first benefit that is brought forth in this connection is that it alleviates the sick individual from the pains and troubles that are associated with his or her ailment (Manoj, n.p.). Another benefit that may be seen in this case will be realized by the family and friends of the patient. This is because it will save them on the health costs that they have been incurring for the purpose of taking care of the sick individual. In this same relation it is argued that the resources that are used on the person who is terminally ill could

Food Fundamentals

Canning was developed in the 16th century by Nicolas Appert, French military personnel and was identified as the main method of preventing the growth of microorganisms in foods. As a process that seeks to add value to peas and increase their shelf life, canning has grown in industrial application especially as a way of preserving peas. This is also attributed to the increased public concern on the dangers presented by botulism on low acid vegetables which are poorly preserved (Schafer, 2010). This paper will evaluate the process of canning peas to help highlight the value addition steps that are necessary for the final production of peas. In doing this, the paper will evaluate the production and processing methods of canning peas in Australia, the manufacturing practices and regulations and in the country and the quality control measures of the process. The nutritional value of canned peas will also be discussed in comparison with other forms of peas and vegetables that have not undergone this process. Production and processing of canned peas The major need that necessitates processing of vegetables like peas is the need to preserve them in stable and non perishable states for a longer period of time. The processes of canning destroy all microorganisms in the food thus preventing the possibility of recontamination which may result into health risks. The pea canning process involves a number of steps which are customized to suit this kind of vegetables and this differentiates it from other processes (NHRMC, 2012). As bean like products that have pods, the pea’s preparation steps involve the coring step to remove the peas from the pods before they can be prepared for canning. After the peas have actually been obtained, the next step involves cleaning, sorting and stocking in pots or cans from where the packaging will actually be done. Salt is then added to help enhance the flavour of the peas, even though this procedure is not necessary as this process adds no value to the food processing step. Standard canning jars which represent different market values are then filled with the canned peas. These jars should be properly cleaned if they are reuse can to eliminate recontamination after filling. With pressure canning, sterile jars are not used as the process of canning will eliminate any present microorganism. To increase the nutritional value of the canned peas, fresh vegetables at the peak of eating quality should be used (Nistor, Hodosan, Bahacio, and Vilau, 2010). Before the actual canning process, the canner and pressure gauges should be checked to ensure that it tally with monitoring and evaluation requirements of the process. Once the cans are ready, 2-4 inches of boiling water is placed at the bottom of the pressure canner which are then placed strategically in racks to allow steam to freely flow across all the jars. The provision for ventilation for around 10 minutes provides time for the escape of any trapped air in the scanner. Air trapped in the canner causes under-processing at lower temperatures which increase the susceptibility of the canned food to microorganisms. Once the process is completed, the jars are removed from the canners and placed in an upright position on a towel or a rack which is placed away from the drafts. After the cooling process is effectively completed, the integrity of the seals should be checke

Causes of Dizziness among Patients and Individuals over the Age of Forty

DIZZINESS. as noted through the experts’ understanding, dizziness is the uncanny feeling of not being able to see well, a deep feeling of not being in focus that causes vomiting as a result. It may also be described as a feeling of wooziness that may cause failure of seeing things straight. a notable feeling of lightheadedness which naturally brings the whole body system not capable of functioning well. Vertigo, as it is medically termed could be caused by many elements of medical incapacities. However, not all causes are to be considered in this study.True, dizziness may occur among everyone else of any age bracket concerned. However, for this study, the occurrence of the said symptom among older individuals at the age of forty and above shall be the main focus of the discussion. It could be noted that through this, the scope of the study would be more focused thus addressing how the said bracket of age limit naturally feel the symptom every now and then and what are the possible general treatments that could be provided to them as an ease to the situation.Most of the individuals concerned in the study [considering age bracket and health situation] are those who are undergoing healthcare assistance whether home-based or hospital care. It could be observed then that during these particular circumstances, the need for nurses arises. In the process, it could be considered that the need for nurses is necessary. Hence, the understanding of nurses in the situation is also essential in the process of advancing the knowledge of the said healthcare providers in the process by which they assist their patients, especially when their patients would feel the said symptoms during the medication.There are different diagnoses that may result in dizziness however not all of these diagnoses are to be carried into consideration in this study.

Unions and labor relations

New business concepts such as outsourcing and offshoring helped organizations to operate in a multicultural environment. In other words, employers started to deal with a much more diverse workforce because of globalization. The strategies needed to manage a diverse workforce are entirely different form the strategies needed to manage a workforce of single culture. Different employees may have different needs, especially when they operating in a multicultural environment. For example, Muslim employees always like to have a break for prayer during the mid-noon of every Friday. Same way Christian employees always like to have off on every Sundays. If the employers prevent them from taking such luxuries, they will develop dissatisfaction and their loyalty towards the management may come down. The needs of the employees are changing rapidly because of the advancements in living standards and the new challenges coming in front of them as the time goes on. For example, living expenses are growing day by day and it is difficult for an employee to find his livelihood if the employer is not ready to increase his salary. Same way, workloads are increasing day by day and as a result of that employees are not getting enough time for leisure activities. Work-life balancing is an important aspect of labor relations. If the employees struggle to find enough time to spend with their relatives and friends, their mental health could be damaged. Even if the employees get higher salaries for their extra work loads, they may not be satisfied if they fail to get time to spend with their beloved ones. Physical needs as well as psychological needs of the employees are important in maintaining better labor relations by the employers. American labor unions, taken… Unions and labor relations Trade unions are organizations to protect the interests of the working class. In other words trade unions always work for the betterment of the whole employees rather than the betterment of any individual employees. However, in some particular situations trade unions may work for the individual interests also. For example, if an employee was fired unnecessarily by the employer, trade unions may come for the rescue of that employee. The labor relation process includes recognition of the legitimate right and responsibilities of union and management. Better Employee-employer relations or labor relations is important for the smooth functioning of an organization In a troubled organization, employees may not deliver their bests and as a result of that the productivity and the efficiency of the organization may come down. This paper analyses the effect of changes in employee relations strategies, policies, and practices on organizational performance and the relevance of trade unions in America at present. Trade unions are organizations which argue for the rights of the workers and better labor relations from the employers. Current workplaces consist of extremely diverse workforce and the needs of the diverse employees could be different. Employers should help employees to meet their physical as well as mental needs in order to maintain better labor relations. Trade unions are losing grounds in America at present because of the better treatment American employees receive from their employers.

Health Sector Service Management

The research paper Health Sector Service Management discusses various aspects that include a brief overview of wait times of the patients relating with health sector, causes along with their consequences. It is worth mentioning that in order to gain an in-depth knowledge about the prevalence of wait times across the health segment, a cross-examination of two hospitals namely Tawam and Al Ain is considered. One of the critical challenges faced by the healthcare organizations in recent times relating to wait times of the patients is patient satisfaction. Thus, certain challenges and solutions to mitigate these challenges are also depicted in this research paper. In healthcare sector, waiting time is fundamentally regarded as the duration of time that passes particularly between receiving ‘Recommendation for Admission’ form by a hospital and the specific day of the admission of patient in the hospital. In general, waiting time associated with healthcare segment is viewed to be a time period between when a specific activity is mandated or requested and its happening. It has been apparently observed in this similar circumstance that if the aforementioned form is arrived at a certain delayed time at the hospital, the waiting time would generally appear quite shorter. Besides, waiting time in healthcare sector is also described as the total time taken by a patient starting from the registration till the consultation with the doctor. There generally exist two sorts of waiting time in this similar circumstance…. There generally exist two sorts of waiting time in this similar circumstance. One type of waiting time is viewed to be the time taken by a patient for making consultation with the doctor and the time taken for obtaining any medicine. The other type is the time taken by a patient particularly in registration is also regarded as one of the components of waiting time of a patient (Abdullah, 2005). The significant concern of waiting time can be related with triaging of patients. In this similar concern, the term triage is fundamentally regarded as a procedure that was initially executed especially by the militaries for the purpose of sorting their soldiers effectually who were wounded in any battle. Generally, ‘triage’is viewed to be the sole method through which healthcare professionals act proficiently towards categorizing the urgency of the medical requirements of the patients resulting in the deliverance of proper, secure and quality medical care to the patients. By taking into concern this particular approach of triage, it has been viewed that the prime intention of this process is to make sure that every patient is appropriately as well as timely treated at the time of their any clinical urgency. However, different healthcare organizations have been witnessed to face critical issues concerning waiting time that needs to be mitigated largely in order to support the patients by offering secure and quality medical care to them (Rambaran, 2009). In this research paper, a detailed investigation about a current management of service quality issue or problem faced by an organization today will be taken into concern. In this

Tactics in Afghan War The Past and The Present

The Soviets came up with a mind of exercising their military strength in Afghanistan through the large number of soldiers and advanced military equipment they possessed, however the conditions in Afghanistan were totally different and the strategy of massive march of forces headed by technologically advanced tanks was not applicable here. In fact tanks were of little use in the mountainous battle fields of Afghanistan, the only productive tactic that the Soviets could practice was the use of air assault and heliborne forces. The Soviets were over equipped with technologically advanced equipment however most of it was unusable in Afghanistan. Tanks were present in great numbers but helicopters which were later considered as the biggest asset in the war were never enough for fulfilling the combat requirements. The strategy of attacking in expanded formations only made it easy for the mujahideen to hunt the soldiers. Air assaults and airborne forces were most effective and were very often used to aid the ground combat forces. The strategy of enveloping the mechanized ground attacks by air assault forces which landed in various different locations around the target area and were used to cut the supplies, destroy the bases and block the routes of withdrawal in addition to initiating the attack from different directions (Grau, 1996). But everything other tactic other than the air assault forces was devised wrongly. The very basics of war strategies were wrongly worked out, the Soviet uniform for example, was not suitable for Afghanistan because it was a battle field for light infantrymen and overloaded troops were not able to travel and climb the mountains. As a result reconnaissance forces which were light but well-trained were used in combat and could not produce results. The primary function of reconnaissance forces was also not being fulfilled and the Soviets had to rely on air and radio reconnaissance, which were not correct. The rations soldiers carried with them were not suitable for mountainous battle field and their shiny tin packing helped the mujahideen in tracing the soldiers. Poor field sanitation conditions and unbalanced diets resulted in the spread of disease and an overall poor health of the soldiers. The tactic of massed firepower instead of accuracy only added to the burden carried by the soldiers and was never successful in killing guerilla fighters. The morale of the soldiers was not very high as well because before coming to the battle they were told that they were going to fight against the US and Chinese mercenaries in Afghanistan but after coming to Afghanistan the soldiers realized that they were the oppressors in foreign land and were not liked by the local population. They never managed to win the hearts of the local people and were involved in severe war crimes. Learning from the mistakes committed by the Soviets, the military tactics adopted by the international forces under the US have proven to be very effective. The success of the Soviet air assaults and airborne forces has helped the US to devise the basis of strategy in Afghanistan. Technological advancements, particularly the drones have greatly influenced the present tactics of war in Afghanistan and the airborne strikes are the primary way of successfully targeting the Taliban (King, 2009). As the US forces

Famous Leader

People often described Thatcher using terms such as decisive, determined, iron willed and confident. These terms typify Thatcher’s inherent leadership traits, thereby, affirming the trait theory of leadership. Trait theory of leadership differentiates a leader from a non-leader by concentrating on the individual’s inherent characteristics and qualities (Northouse, 2012, p. 65). Thatcher further demonstrated numerous behaviors that distinguished her from other leaders. These behaviors included a desire to lead, integrity, intelligence, job related knowledge and self confidence. Although the trait theory of leadership is a viable approach to people’s leadership attributes, the approach has certain limitations, for instance, there are no collective traits, which envisage leadership under all situations. Traits essentially foretell people’s behaviors, particularly in the context of adverse situations rather than constructive situations. Such limitations have pushed researchers to advocate the consideration of alternative leadership theories. This paper will examine Margaret Thatcher’s leadership traits, skills and behaviors in the context of the traits theory of leadership. … Effective leaders also have the capacity to appreciate how they can attain their objectives. Leadership traits or qualities differentiate leaders from followers. Thatcher had the aforementioned characteristics, which differentiated her as an effective leader. Some of Thatcher’s most notable leadership traits include courage and resolution, self-confidence and decisiveness. Thatcher’s courage was evidenced by her throwing herself into politics. a male dominated field in which women were not welcomed. Thatcher showed courage and resolution through her single-minded passion to fight off her opposition. Notably, Thatcher had the drive to confront her enemies. Thatcher also demonstrated exceptional conviction and confidence, which enabled her to remain in power. In the course of Thatcher’s premiership, Britain’s unemployment rates rose rapidly. However, Thatcher’s conviction allowed her to offer persuasive arguments, for instance, that a tightly-bound economy would offer future benefits. The mammoth patriotic enthusiasm that followed Thatcher facilitated her persuasive tendencies. Thatcher’s conviction further exemplified her decisiveness. She did not follow multitudes but rather made her own decisions and stuck to her choices. This decisiveness is primarily notable in Thatcher’s successful repulsion of Falkland Islands by Argentina. Thatcher’s decisiveness is also evident from her introduction of an internal market to the nation’s health care sector. Thatcher was a notable champion of capitalism and free markets. Leadership Skills Thatcher had many leadership skills through which she engaged with her followers. Notably, she had transformative skills as she always engaged her followers in processes of

Organisational behavior Case Study and Analysis

Aiken, equipped with a 30 years experience of working in management culture, disapproved the former CEO’s loose organizational structure as he replaced him and began to quantify every aspect of employees’ performance. The employees got irritated. Within 3 years, Aiken was fired because of dangerously high employee turnout rate. Meryl Francoli, the third CEO introduced the Output Matters Environment (OME) touchy feely system that provides employees with all the flexibility they have been longing to get for 3 years, though Francoli initially decides to implement the system in just 3 units, namely the Extended Warranty unit, logistics unit and a store in Victoria. This has raised controversies among various employees. A vast majority of employees disapprove the new CEO’s idea, and expose Franklin to new challenges of gaining employee satisfaction. Franklin needs to defend her decision, estimate its long term effects on the organizational culture, assess ways to implement it widely and make the process effective. Problem: Problem is the identification of nail head to hit upon. Aiken and Francoli have been sincere in their efforts of modifying the organizational culture. … On the other hand, Francoli has been criticized heavily for her decision of implementing the OME system in just three units. Taking into consideration the number of employees and managers who have criticized her, it can be estimated that her decision is going to create more tension than ease, though the true picture can only be defined with time. Aiken directed his efforts at increasing workers’ productivity but ended up increasing their turnover rate whereas Francoli directed her efforts at decreasing workers’ turnover rate but is quite like to end up decreasing their productivity. Something needs to be done that would increase their productivity while decreasing the employee turnover rate. That is the nail head that Francoli needs to find and hit upon to solve the problem. This is exactly the problem, which, if solved, will make the other issues go away. Analysis: CEOs are not identifying employees’ needs. They need to understand that they need to mould their policies according to the demands of employees. They can not expect employees to act according to their decisions without winning their confidence. The problem is fundamentally occurring because the CEOs have been implementing their decisions without checking their suitability to the needs of employees who have remained part of the organization for a long time and have been following different policies in different times. There are certain factors that are fundamentally the drivers of employees’ performance that include but are not limited to money, reward, appreciation, security and health benefits. All of these factors mutually function to develop job satisfaction in


TomyprofessorshereatStrayerUniversity,Iwouldliketoespeciallythankyou. OurCampusDean,Dr.TeresaGreenwoodhasbeennotonlyagreatprofessorbutagoodrolemodelineducation.Ithankyouforyouradvice,suggestions,conversationsand leadershiphereatStrayerUniversity.Yourteachingandleadershipstyleshavebeenmotivatingtopursuearoleineducatingouryouthoftoday.ToDr.Bretanthanksfor yoursupportandfriendship.Ireallyhaveenjoyedyourteachingsandfellowship.Yourapproachtoeducationhasbeenimpressiveandfulfillingduringmytimeinallofyour classeshereatStrayerUniversity.ToJ?r.Jordan,BassandGoldstein,thanksforallof yourteachingsandleadershipthathavebeensatisfyingandrewardingintheEducation ManagementprogramhereatStrayerUniversitysince2010.Finally,thankstoallfaculty andstaffmembersyouallhavebeeninstrumentalinthisendeavor. TABLE OF CONTENTS Acknowledgement Table of Contents Chapter 1: Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………1 Context of the Problem…………………………………………………………………………..4 Statement of problem …………………………………………………………………………….5 Significance of the study…………………………………………………………… ……………6 Research questions…………………………………………………………………………………6 Methodology ………………………………………………………………………………..……..7 Organization of the study …………………………………………………………………………8 Reference…………………………………………………………………………………………10 CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION Related to the wellbeing of children, childhood obesity is one of main issues these days in almost every part of the world. This medical condition adversely affects the mental and physical health of children, as well as their level of self-confidence.On academic level, it puts an unpleasant impact on the mind and confidence of obesity children because of which they usually do not show good academic performances (Sabia, 2007, p. 871). In developed countries, childhood obesity has become a serious health concern (Dehghan, Akhtar-Danesh, Merchant, 2005). Obese children usually do not perform well in their studies because they feel inferiority complex when their peers make fun of them. Their level of confidence and self-esteem go down as the result which makes them unable to talk to their teachers and peers in a confident way. It is obvious that at school level, children are not as mentally mature as they get when they grow up. So they do not have any idea whether they are doing a good act by laughing at a comparatively fat fellow or not. They laugh at him/her, make fun, and call him/her by improper names because of which the confidence level of the targeted fellow goes down and he/she becomes unable to cope with the situation. This results in making the child self-conscious and less focused towards studies. Moreover, obese children feel low due to such situations because of which

Language Therapy of Disorders of Fluency

Moreover, there is his mother’s cousin who stuttered at a young age but later grew over it. Most of the young children undergo a period of stuttering of up to 5% of their speech. Majority of such cases are resolved either through treatment or spontaneously. Thus, chances are also high that Cara would grow over it by the age of five but the mother is concerned that the cycle is deteriorating since her stutters are more obvious and rampant now occurring on a daily basis. The second benefit is visible in the way her mother is concerned about her (Cara’s) wellbeing and thus took her to a speech therapist. She was concerned about the intervention taking place for her daughter. She indicated that Cara’s speech and language skills developed at a similar rate to that of her peers. However, the problem began soon after her 3rd birthday when she began stuttering and having real difficulties in pronouncing words. The stuttering appeared to have gone and then come back worse than ever. Thus, the mother was concerned about the welfare of her daughter since she felt the condition had deteriorated and she could not wait for a longer period before she could intervene for her daughter. The third advantage is the way Cara lives in a well-integrated nuclear family. She lives at home with her mother, father and her baby brother who is one year old. This nuclear family provides her with the required parental support (Cummings 2008). Her health condition is good and she has a very active lifestyle where she is able to meet all her milestones in development. Her gross and even the fine motors skills are of appropriate according to her age and she presents excellent play skills. Cara has developed her language and speech at a similar rate with her peers. This is a good sign indicating that her stuttering could just be a phase that she was going through and she could come over it before the age of five.

National Service Framework

What measures can be taken to prevent this and in such cases how the patients should be treated. The goal of National Service Frameworks to deal with older adults in stroke pathway. The aim of this to report is to identify the health policy on care delivery from practical life. To ensure that the public and the professionals understand the cause of stroke, the symptoms of a stroke and what measures should be taken if someone gets an attack. The discussion of the report will follow the description on stroke and related issues, how efficiently NSF works towards its perspective to take care of the patient and their family. The main objective is to get the clear idea of the role of nurse, post stroke nursing care along with the inter-professional team. Apart from this other various health promotion to raise awareness also would be the part of the discussion. 2. Introduction to National Service Frameworks 2.1. What is a National Service Framework (NSF)? National service frameworks (NSFs) and strategies provides efficient quality requirements for care. These strategies are based on the available facts on which treatments and services can be effective for the patients. These strategies have various strengths that include building relationships with health professionals, patients, carers, health service managers, voluntary agencies and other experts. The historical perspective of NSF is to make a better world for the older people. England is said to be known as an aging society. Since the early 1930s the number of aged people was over 65 years. According to a recent survey, it has been found that every fifth population of England is over 60 and which will increase to 80 between 1995 and 2025. Thus the concept of NSF to build a better world for older people raised and they form this unit to take both social care and health care services. The National Service Framework is pioneer to ensure fair, high quality, integrated health and social care services for older people. This is a long term planning program which NSF ensures. It frames 10 year program of action raising awareness to promote good health, to support independence, special acre and services for any conditions and cultural change so that all older people and their carers so that they get respect and can live with dignity and equality. We need National Service Frameworks because it will give us support from every perspective to deal future condition of old age. It will help to create awareness for good health and making people conscious about stroke and hazards. The experts and hard work of NFS had led the way in developing the standards. The Goals and Purpose of NSF To improve standards of care To help older people to stay healthy Better long term funding Extending access to services The NFS will shape its services depending on individual patients, their families and their carers. [Standard 2] The NSF will support and value its staff. The NSF focuses on conditions like stroke, fall and mental health problems of older people. They have made 10 year framework to deal with arthritis, respiratory diseases in older people. To respect every individual Promoting healthy and active life 2.2. Introduction to National Service Framework for Older Adults- Stroke National Service Frameworks (NSFs) were established to improve various services by setting up national standards to check quality and care services. The main aim of this specific NSF Respecting the individual is

Thorntons Company Analysis

Despite the fact that Thornton has been in the industry for a lengthy period, competitors like Cadburys and other related companies in the same industry. However, thorntorns enjoys a loyalty from its clients and this eases the rivalry to some level. Thorntons has only one percent share of the total market indicating that it is facing a pressure from rivalry and must make moves to survive. The high rivalry is probably a result of the slow market growth. There is a marked slow growth in the market for confectionaries. Most of Thornton’s products sell during festivities and this makes sales seasonal. In addition, the company produces perishable goods that last in the market for a short period, a factor that increases rivalry. At some instances, low switching costs may be the cause to the rising rivalry since a customer can switch to a Cadbury product easily. Thorntons is facing a threat from the existence of substitutes. Customers can choose from a wide variety of gifts. The fact that a variety of gifts exists presents multiple substitutes. A customer can willingly opt from any other. Substitutes are product s from a different industry but that offer potential competition in the market. During festivities, customers do not limit themselves to confectionaries. This factor causes a rise in rivalry for Thorntons. Substitutes affect the prices of a company’s products. This is the case because if a substitute is cheaper then the company must consider lowering prices in order to compete more efficiently. The company also experiences the effect of the buyer power. The buyers do not need confectionaries as a basic need. People buy confectionaries mostly during festivities and can go without them the rest of the year. Then buyer can also choose from a wide variety of gifts. Although Thorntons enjoys a level of loyalty from buyers, the buyers have the potential to affect the prices of products (Hill and Jones, 2009: 51). It is likely that buyers can turn sensitive to the prices at times and the company cannot underestimate the power of the buyers. The power of the suppliers is another critical aspect that determines the efficiency with which a company can compete in the market. Thorntons faces a great effect from the suppliers. For its raw materials, it depends on two suppliers. In addition, the cocoa comes from developing countries that suffer the effects of political instabilities. The suppliers can exercise power over the company because Thorntons cannot substitute cocoa for anything else. In addition, the supply business likely makes more profits than the buying industry. Thorntons has no choice and experienced rising cocoa prices, a confirmation of the power of the suppliers. Concerning the threat of new entrants, Thorntons seems relatively safe. It has been in the market for a long time and has earned loyalty from buyer and established brand name for itself (Hill and Jones, 2009: 44). These form barriers for new entries. In addition, the market portrays slow growth and this scares away new ventures. The existing government regulations limit new entries as well. This industry faces must observe strict health and nutrition measures. Having existed for a long time, the company has established distribution channels that new companies cannot penetrate easily. In order to

Middle Class in Manchester in the 19th Century

Lack of social support system and health regulations are the grey areas which have to be improved for all sections of society in the present-day era.The middle class can be defined as a social and economic class comprised of those more prosperous than the poor, or lower class, and less wealthy than the upper class. Similarly suburbs are defined as towns or unincorporated developed areas nearer to a city. In the United States and other industrial countries, the term is generally referred to as white-collar, as opposed to blue-collar, workers. The term can either be applied to all those who are at neither extreme of the income strata or to a relative elite of professionals and managers. As recent economic trends have revealed that the statistical middle of American society cannot originally afford the lifestyle indicative of the middle class, the term middle class can also correctly be applied to a relative elite of professionals and managers. This group in the American context is referred to several classes such as the upper-middle class, true middle class or professional middle class is highly-educated, well-paid minority, largely immune to economic downturns which can have severe effects on those in the actual middle of society. The professional middle class are influential members of society due to the nature of their work and this class has largely been credited with establishing the American mainstream. The present discussion however refers to the working middle class who passed through tough phases during the 19th century in England.Suburbs had given occupation to several residents and were usually dependent on a city for employment and support services and are generally characterized by low-density development relative to the city. However, considerable industrial development has occurred in many suburbs so that their dependency on a city has been reduced (FN 1).

Investigative process/issues/challenges about Homicide

Shortly before 1 am in the wee hours of the morning, the paramedics and firefighters were at the place of residence in order to help the situation after 911 was called by the husband, however, they found a completely different situation at hand. The paramedics performed necessary procedures including a CPR on Karina while they waited to reach the hospital and put her on life support for the next two days. Her critical condition was enough to alert the investigative department that the death was not a normal accident but an intended one. As per the account of prosecutor Claudine Ruiz, Karina Ditto was found to be covered in a pool of blood, unusual for a mere fall down the stairs. Furthermore, there was a gash on the back of her head as well as injuries suffered on her forehead, especially noticeable near the right temple. Not only the wife, but the husband David was also found to have severe scratches and minor injuries on his face which were thought to have occurred because of the victim fighting back in self-defense, noticing which one of the firefighters made the call to the police, concerned that the situation was more than a mere domestic injury. Investigation was conducted on the body of the victim after she was immediately taken to the hospital. there, the nurses have reported that many bruises and injuries were witnessed on the victim’s body and had caused detrimental effects on the physical health of the victim. According to them, Karina had bruises on her lip, scalp, jaw, tongue, chin, shoulders, arms, legs, and even had a fractured rib, giving proof that she had been manhandled extremely painfully. After having conducted a comprehensive research on the life of the Ditto couple, it was found that they had been married for a period of 16 years and that their life together had been so rocky that the wife, Karina, was on the verge of separating herself from her husband. The cause of death for Karina finally was a brain injury because of the lack of oxygen in her body, due to all the injuries that she had suffered, and not in fact a mere fall from the stairs. she was taken off life support after two days of being kept in the hospital and declared dead. The Ditto family also had two children and it was stated by the attorney Claudine Ruiz that David Ditto beat his wife again and again, kicked, stomped and choked her within the confines of their home, while the two children were sleeping upstairs. Ditto has been described as a control freak by the prosecutors meaning that he liked controlling everything within the power of his reach, especially his wife and children. He did not let them live as they pleased and posed restrictions on the kind of lifestyle that they lead. All these aspects had lead Karina Ditto to have the desire to break away from the marriage as they had been facing issues for over two years. In 2010 November, Karina had discussed separation with her husband and at the time, he applied for a life insurance policy on behalf of his wife, in case she suffered an accident, giving enough evidence that he was still trying to clutch onto her life. This was probably done so that he could have access to the money after she was dead and gone and he would have made her death look like an accident that occurred by falling off the

Insurance Case Study

A further analysis in the case study reveals that Mr. Farid does not deny the answers he gave. He had stated he is the Manager and added that his work entailed inspection of construction sites and training of workers. With this information, the insurer still went ahead to insure him under non-manual work. A look at his medical health reveals a heart disorder which puts Mr. Farid at more risky state of leaving his employment. This analysis reflects on asymmetric information where full disclosure of the duties undertaken by Mr. Farid is not given. This led to adverse selection of Mr. Farid because the heart disorder deteriorated leading to employment forfeiture (Amy, 2007). The outdoor activities were the majority of tasks that Mr. Farid did. Prudent Insurance Inc. would not have given the income policy to Mr. Farid had the information about his activities been clearly outlined. Question 2 As an underwriter, I would not approve the claim from Mr. Farid. This is because the insurer should have assessed the kind of work Mr. Farid undertook on a daily basis of which he forfeited to do. A risk assessment would reveal his work jeopardizes his health condition further let alone the construction inspectorate job. There was very high risk of Mr. Farid losing his job based on his health. Mr. Farid had explained in his response that he also did construction inspections exposing him to activities like climbing ladders, lifting small items as a demonstration etc. The insurer ought to have done an observation of the daily activities to assess the work before issuing the policy. The heart disorder predisposes Mr. Farid to loss of his employment or forfeiture due to the kind of work he undertook. In light of this, the insurer should have assessed the daily duties to determine at what rate the disorder would have deteriorated. This is not measurable but an estimate would have been made. His age should have been put in consideration with the health status in mind (Thummuluri, 2010). Question 3 As an insurer, I would deny the claim. This is because the claim form clearly depicts the breach of the contract signed between the two parties. His work entailed office work and inspection of constructions and training. These kinds of duties would have delayed the health condition outburst. The claim clearly states lifting heavy items and further carrying these items. These are way off the inspection duties that entail a review of work done, work in progress, review of remaining work, budget analysis and further deduce necessary reports. His sentiments do not depict compliance with what his duties entails. Though he exaggerated the number of hours for each activity, this does not change my stand. He was not supposed to do these strenuous duties ab initio. Although his claim of loss of income is substantial, this is out of the context of disclosure of his work. Part II: Household items Insurance Question 1: Mr. Green’s earlier conviction would affect the underwriter decision by refuting or denying the policy. The acts of violence are not insured against in this kind of a policy. The policyholder stands at a risk of seizure of his goods or damage during the violent acts. A claim from the police department may necessitate auction of household goods if he cannot settle the damages inflicted in the violence. This insurance policy covers against loss of household items from fires, floods, or natural disasters. The violent acts predispose unforeseen loss to the Insurance Company. Full disclosure of

Critically discuss the optimal conditions required to achieve a healthy reproducing body ‘ Your answer should consider biologi

Critically discussing the optimal conditions, the paper thus evaluates biological, nutritional, psychological and sociological factors as the primary conditional requirements of having a healthy reproducing body. Biological Context Reproductive health frames a crucial part in overall development of a human. Healthy reproductive system is often signified as a reflection associated with health during childhood. Gradually, at the stage of adolescence and adulthood, this health issue becomes a crucial concern for an individual. Contextually, it becomes a major issue to be considered as it incorporates stages associated with health beyond the reproductive years of human and severely affects the next generation. Critically, it has been observed that health problems associated with the reproductive system of humans usually commences during the procreative years. Furthermore, considering few health articles related to healthy reproductive body, it has been observed that in the year 2002, 12% of women reported about not being able to conceive, who were also diagnosed with health issues during their procreative years. This signifies a correlation between the two factors, i.e. the health issues suffered during the procreative years and the ability to conceive among women. Articles also provided an insight about biological disorders such as fibroid, endometriosis and polycystic ovarian syndrome among other causes of infertility (Medicine Net Incorporation, 2013). Concerning health issues related to reproductive system in males, 60% of males around the world, were recorded to be facing testicular cancer as per the reports of 2003 (Medicine Net Incorporation, 2013). Moreover, it has been revealed through scientific research that disorders within the reproductive system of males reduce the sperm counts, which ultimately hinders the effective process of the male reproductive system. Correspondingly, all these aforementioned causes of health issues and disorder resulting from the inefficient functioning of human reproductive system entail certain biological conditions to ensure healthy reproduction body. To be mentioned, endometriosis is commonly referred as a disease, which signifies the abnormal growth of the ovarian cells resulting in infertility. Physical examination and proper medication is necessary to cure this disease, which lays positive impacts on a healthy reproductive body. It has commonly been observed that healthcare practitioners opt for surgery to cure endometriosis (Medicine Net Incorporation, 2013). Similar to endometriosis in female reproductive systems, testicular cancer is being identified as a greater rate among men in the current scenario. It is conceptually defined as a disease, which obstructs the male reproduction system from proper functioning. As per medical practitioners, immediate medical aid is required for this disease, as it may further lead to life threat of the patient. Correspondingly, all such diseases and disorders among others need to be

Health and safety (human resources) within an organization reported in the media

The HR department of an organization should ensure the safety and health responsibilities of the employees. Managing record of injuries and deaths, co-ordinating in occupational safety and health training programs and providing advice to the employers and employees will help the organizations to practice effective occupational health and safety management. Description An explosion in the Foxconn factory in Chengdu in May 2011 left four people dead and may more injure. Over the last decade or so Apple had become one of the largest and most successful companies in the world and hence there millions of people want to be a part of the organization. Among these there exists one certain Mr. Lai Xiaodong who was badly injured in the blast. As mentioned before there is little doubt over the achievements of Apple. But there is also no denying regarding the fact that various workers assembling the products of Apple such as the iPhones, iPads have to work in quite harsh conditions. Various reports have suggested that the problems are quite serious. as a matter of fact some are known to be deadly. Sometimes the workers have to do overtime and have to work seven days a week. Some reports also suggested that some of the workers of the company happened to underage also. Another major course of concern has been the disregard shown by the suppliers of the company towards occupational hazard. Few years back more than hundred workers of the company were badly injured as the workers were forced to use poisonous chemicals to clean up iPhones. There have been various reports in which the employees of Apple, both current and formed said that there were various cases where Apple was the first to report such abuses. ( Duhigg and Barboza 1). However, it seems that some major problems are still at large. According to reports since 2007 more than 50% of the suppliers were found to have violated the suppliers’ code of conduct. In the year 2010, few months prior to the explosion Mr. Lai joined the Foxconn factory, it was noticed by him shifts ran almost 24 hours a day. Mr. Lai was promoted quite quickly as he was made the in-charge of the maintenance group (Fox News 1). It is believe that just two weeks prior to the explosion an advocacy group in Hon Kong published a report regarding unsafe conditions at the plant in Chengdu. A copy of the report was sent to the authorities in Apple also. Unfortunately there was no response. It was believed that aluminium dust could be found all over the factory. Conclusion To conclude it can be said that health and occupational hazard are a major course of concern and need to be treated seriously. However, lack of monitoring and presence of ignorance among the authorities still looms at large across various companies, which includes multinational giants like Apple also. The case is a classic example of how negligence and lack of monitoring can lead to lethal accidents. Hence it is to be said the just like healthy pay outs respect for health and safety issue at work is of equal importance and needs to be treated to respectfully by the organizations to avoid such deadly accidents. Recommendations It is evident that, lack of monitory and negligence is the major reasons behind the workplace hazard in the Chinese manufacturing plant of Apple. The workplace environment was not healthy and safe for the employees. The supervisor has repeatedly sent

Critical Review of James Galbraith The predator state how conservatives abandoned the free market and why liberals should too

He further talks of the state being able to be in charge of the economy as a way of dealing with the issues of inequalities in the society. The gap between the rich and the poor he argues can only be cured by the intervention by the government. His main arguments are that there should be tax cuts for individuals. This he explains would ensure more savings and spur economic growth. He further argues that market forces have been allowed to rule and the unions that fight for market regulation have been assaulted. He claims that the government has been twisted and cannot deal with the rogue markets. He is of the opinion that there needs to be a tight regulation of the monetary system. Galbraith says this would stop the inflation that in turn brings a mess into the economy. He proposes that there should be a system of planning to help in planning for the future. Further, the government should regulate the amount of wages payable to an individual. Lastly he argues that the United States a global leader should help bring sanity to the world economies. His thesis is that markets should not be left on their own but regulated for the sake of fairness and objectivity. While I agree with some of the findings, I do not subscribe to some of his agendas. Markets cannot be subjected to regulation by the state. Markets best work when the market forces are allowed to dictate the operations that happen in the market. When the government takes part in the regulation process, profits may reduce and people may lose jobs, as production would be declined. Reason being that a government is all about politics and politicians only act to appease the egos of their constituents. This may not be viable for an economy because the government might introduce a system for example regulating the prices of commodities. This would be done without taking into consideration the input in terms of resources invested to produce the goods. This would make the companies run into losses, thus grounding to a halt. This would also affect competition that would in turn lead to undervalued goods in the market (Epstein, Allen, and Wood, 2008 p. 6). Galbraith does not give a clear argument for free trade and appears vague in trying to compound on the point. He is of the view that airlines and telecommunication industries need external markets to meet their expectations. These kinds of industries cannot meet their targets if they were to depend on the domestic markets. Nevertheless he argues that there is a danger in a very open system of trade. On this he does not give any proposal on what is the best that can better free trade. The government cannot provide all the essential social facilities. The private sector plays a huge role in complimenting the government’s work. Galbraith argues that liberals seek market solutions for social problems. In other words he is opposed to other institutions providing the services. He is about the idea that liberals should seek employers nod to seek universal coverage. He totally disregards the private insurance firms but favors the single payer system. The notion that conservatists are for the idea that health care should be privatized is a fallacy. The government controls a big portion of the health care system and by thinking that the private sector can take over the system would only lead to a collapse. The private sectors are only there to compliment. His argument for free markets and the central planning in my opinion does not hold

Poverty in America

It is also shown that 25 percent of females who enter poverty were head of households and lost a job. The following research will give some of the reasons that trigger poverty and homelessness and its relation to mental health. What causes poverty and is it directly related to mental health? (Rynell, 2008). Are the mentally ill sick because of poverty or is poverty a cause of mental illness? (Carney, 2012). What are Some of the Causes of Poverty? It is a fact that people who live in a household that has experienced the loss of a job are more likely to enter poverty. Loss of income is more often a direct cause of homelessness. Income determines a person’s lifestyle, the type of home they live in, what they eat, clothes they wear, medical and dental care, and their entertainment. In 1991 the poverty level for a family of four in the United States was $13,359. This number is what the Federal Government of the United States considers the cut off line for being poor. Anything below that number is considered to be officially poor. This transfers to 33.6 million people within the United States in the year 1990. And even more startling, is half of those are children. (Nichelason, 1994). It is further a fact, looking at overall earning more broadly. a decline in earnings can also trigger poverty. Almost half or 49.3 percent of poverty entrances begin when there is a reduction in earnings. It is also noted that 37.9 percent of these numbers are directly related to a fall in the head of household earnings and 11.4 percent are related to a spouse or other family member. Another contributing factor is employment history or weeks worked. If one does not have full-time yearly employment it plays a direct part in potential poverty. Changes in the secondary wage earner… It is a fact that people who live in a household that has experienced the loss of a job are more likely to enter poverty. Loss of income is more often a direct cause of homelessness. Income determines a person’s lifestyle, the type of home they live in, what they eat, clothes they wear, medical and dental care, and their entertainment. In 1991 the poverty level for a family of four in the United States was $13,359. This number is what the Federal Government of the United States considers the cut off line for being poor. Anything below that number is considered to be officially poor. This transfers to 33.6 million people within the United States in the year 1990. And even more startling, is half of those are children. (Nichelason, 1994). It is further a fact, looking at overall earning more broadly. a decline in earnings can also trigger poverty. Almost half or 49.3 percent of poverty entrances begin when there is a reduction in earnings. It is also noted that 37.9 percent of these numbers are directly related to a fall in the head of household earnings and 11.4 percent are related to a spouse or other family member. Another contributing factor is employment history or weeks worked. If one does not have full-time yearly employment it plays a direct part in potential poverty. Changes in the secondary wage earner within households also play a direct role in the potential poverty of children. (Rynell, 2008).

The effect of first gulf war on the gulf area

The consequence of war causes havoc and mayhem in the environment and ecological systems where battles are fought. The consequences of war are far-reaching not merely from the devastation and destruction of the fighting, but from the long-term repercussions and costs affecting culture, people, lands, water systems, and atmospheric conditions long after the fighting has stopped. Understanding some of the reasons why the first Persian Gulf War was such an environmental destructive war is the intent of this paper. The discussion in the paper will identify some of the effects of the first Gulf War on human life, its impact on animals and plants in the Persian Gulf region, and what made the war so environmentally reprehensible. The Persian Gulf War: The Mother of all Wars The Persian Gulf War fought in the Persian Gulf between August 2, 1990 and February 28, 1991 was a military effort fought in Iraq, Kuwait, and the Saudi-Arabian peninsula in the Middle East. The claims that Kuwait a former British colony was illegally extracting oil out of Iraqi territory ignited the fighting between Iraq and Kuwait. In response, international military forces were assembled in efforts to stop the action and a United Nations coalition headed by the United States and 34 other nations from around the world converged on the Middle East using aerial, ground, and chemical weapons of warfare. The number of military lives loss in the Gulf War continues to be debated and estimating the number of civilian lives loss is relatively impossible. However, the casualties of war are not only the loss of human life, but also include the demise of governments, economies, infrastructures, and other support systems in the countries in which fighting occur. The list of the casualties or losses of war can include the physical and emotional health of people, the resurgence of future generations, the use of lands, the loss of minerals, and domination from outside military forces. The stress of fighting depletes and weakens the natural properties of the environment destroying Natures ability to regenerate properties loss during times of war. The evidence that the effects of the Persian Gulf War are obvious, in retrospect and continues to manifest themselves as the area undergoes yet more destruction and devastation with the environment as its most vulnerable victim. The Mother of all Wars as Saddam Hussein described it was such a war of destruction that the aftermath of devastation continues to unfold in the Middle East. Tracking the wreckage, the most telltale signs and evidence of the magnitude of the destruction the Gulf War had on the environment is the erosion and depletion of the land masses in the areas. The damage whether intention or consequential resulted in irreversible damage to the region. The aftermath of the fighting continues to plague the area jeopardizing the health and well being of future generations. Whereas the fighting was primarily between Iraq and Kuwait the influence and impact of the fighting was experienced by military support from various nations from around the world and in neighboring countries adjacent to Iraq and Kuwait in the Persian Gulf. The map shows the general region in

Personal and professional development for business

As I reflect about my school life and attempt to gain success in professional field, I have understood the massive influence of my education on my present learning. I have historically infused education as a vital part and am currently improving myself through the way of higher education and training. These past experiences and present education will lead me to the outset of developing my personal career interests i.e. to become a gym instructor and to attain a commendable position in Tesco Plc. I desire to proposer my career in the field of fitness industry and retail segment and thus, there is a need for personal and professional development. Through personal and professional development plan, I can utilise my strengths and reduce my weaknesses for gaining better prospect of success in my career. Education and Training From the schooling days, I was quite obsessive regarding the selection of my profession which can provide me better enjoyment and where I can render my complete effort. Since I want to become a gym instructor, I have taken training on body building and exercising. I am quite good in workout and also have good physique which is an essential component of a gym instructor. I have also taken education on the subject of physical fitness. On the other hand, I have also the desire to perform as a top-level employee in Tesco. Due to this reason, I have also attempted to gain educational knowledge on business. Presently, I am pursuing BA Honours with specialisation in marketing. Since marketing is one of the vital activities of Tesco, this course will be helpful for me to obtain better understanding about different aspects of Tesco’s operations. I have a strong desire for utilising my learnings from present education in my future professional life. Key Lessons Learned from Education and Training In the past two years, I have acquired enormous knowledge about the basics of body building along with maintaining a good health. Through my training on physical fitness, I have learnt the ideas and principles which are associated with the development and application of individual physical activity plan. I have also gained an understanding about planning, applying, assessing and reviewing routine activities which contribute to health based fitness elements (Education and Advanced Learning, 2013). During by bachelor education, I also have acquired good communication skill which is regarded as vital trait for a gym trainer. This ability will allow me to deal with my clients effectively and to understand their interests and issues. Furthermore, in my educational career, I have also acquired the quality of inspiring other individuals. I have proper skill to guide people for accomplishing specific activities. In past two years while performing as a leader in my educational career, my performance was quite commendable as I have effectively motivated entire team towards accomplishing high performance. This ability would be helpful for me in order to become a fitness trainer and can also enhance my employability (Lendrum, 2014). Throughout my specialisation in marketing, I have understood the basic ideologies of business, management and marketing. This course has close relationship with the career I pursue, i.e. to reach in a top-level position in Tesco. I was also educated about the problems and challenges of the business world and the methods to deal with them (Narver Slater,

Local Initiative Action Plan is Health Promotion

Poor sanitation and hygiene increase morbidity and mortality rates by spreading different types of diseases. Children are highly affected by these diseases. Low awareness level is one of the main reasons for developing these problems. The target group of this program will be poor and uneducated people. The sense of sanitation and hygiene is very low among them. They don’t have proper knowledge regarding different problems arising in society for these issues. Different NGOs and governments are playing a vital role in conducting and developing such programs for the benefit of society and the country. If a locality is kept clean then people will get motivated to follow good hygiene habits and maintaining a proper sanitation system. Local parties and local government also contributes a lot in this process. Hygiene and sanitation program also includes building and maintaining clean road and disposal of garbage in proper places. This program teaches people to improve and implement safe hygiene processes and water quality. Teaching proper handwashing habits prevents people from getting affected by critical diseases. Recent researches and studies show that regular handwashing with soap reduces the possibility of diarrheal. For implementing this program of developing heath promotional initiatives different trainers are involved who provided different types of educational training to the people. The trainers assess the needs of local people and find outs of different hygienic and sanitation problems affecting that area. The trainers and social workers will teach all poor and uneducated people in that society. It will help those people to develop different essential changes in their behavior. This program helps the local people to adapt to different changing situations. Different levels of training are implemented in this program which educates the local people to incorporate essential steps. The process of learning and implementing this change is a difficult process. Educating those people and making them understand the necessity of those habits sometimes become very challenging for trainers. All the development activities and results are recorded in detail by the group who are promoting that local health program.

Global Warming

Global warming was started being considered as a threat which could cause many problems in the long-run like shortage of food and rise in the sea-level. Over the time, more negative effects like threats to the ecosystems and human health were identified. This paper discusses some of the most fundamental causes and effects of global warming. Key causes of global warming include human dependence on fossil fuels to meet the energy needs, growth of population, deforestation, natural processes generating methane in the atmosphere, and use of chemical fertilizers for agricultural purposes while the most significant effects of global warming include change of climate, rise in the sea-level, extinction of animal species as well as death of humans. Causes One of the most fundamental causes of global warming is increased dependence on power plants that burn coal to produce energy. Power plants generate a lot of carbon dioxide. According to EPA, electricity production in the US accounts for almost 40 per cent of the carbon dioxide, whereas 93 per cent of the carbon dioxide is released from the burning of coal in the electric utility industry. There is an ever-increasing availability of the electric gadgets in the market. Electricity for both personal and commercial use is largely produced from burning of coal in most of the countries around the world. The manufacture of globally sourced goods and car culture releases 33 per cent of the carbon dioxide in the US. Increase in the production of these goods can primarily be attributed to the growth of population. With the growth of population and the ever-increasing demand for consumer goods and vehicles, fossil fuels are being used in a greater amount for the manufacturing and transportation. Deforestation is a very important cause of global warming. In the photosynthesis process, plants consume carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and release oxygen which in effect is a two-way action directed at the decrease of global warming. Over the years, plants and trees have been cut in great numbers so as to make more land available for such reasons as construction and industrial development. One plant takes years to grow into a tree while it takes only few minutes to cut down the trees, which is why growing more plants is not a very effective measure to improve the environment. Second to carbon dioxide, methane is a potential contributor of global warming. Methane is produced as a result of decomposition of the organic matter by bacteria in anaerobic conditions which prevail in rice paddies. Methane is also produced in the anaerobic decomposition process that occurs in the intestines of animals that feed on grass and plants. In addition to that, increase in the production of concentrated livestock increases the amount of methane in the atmosphere. Escape of methane from the Arctic seabed also contributes to global warming. Use of chemical fertilizers to grow crops has increased rapidly since the second half of the 20th century. The high rate of application of nitrogen-rich fertilizers has effects on the heat storage of cropland (nitrogen oxides have 300 times more heat-trapping capacity per unit of volume than carbon dioxide) and the run-off of excess fertilizers creates ‘dead-zones’ in our oceans (Markham, 2009). Moreover, high content of nitrate in the groundwater caused by over-fertilization yields negative effects

Food and Beverage Operations Management

As a result of that different service and production system pertaining to the industry has been framed for the purpose of incorporating hygienic production and distribution system which ultimately results in health and nutrition of every consumer. Reports have also suggested that food and beverage industry has been the mainstay in the development of any country’s economy. According to Blazey (2009), whether it is a chemical or Pesticide Company, a biotech or a genetics firm, hotels, restaurants, or even large supermarkets such as the Walmart, Costco or Target Corporation. each of the business or industry revolves around beverage and food sector. Now, in the context of food and beverage production and service system, it has unique characteristics in comparison to the production and service delivery system of other products. The following are the characteristics: – The demand for food and beverages occurs at the peak time such as breakfast, lunch and dinner. However, other than these periods food industry generally experiences a lean phase. The demands for food might vary according to the time of the year as well as the events taking place in the surroundings. Hence, on the basis of the season and time of the year, the production and distribution system undergoes enormous amount of change. The food production and services are highly labour intensive. The industry requires both unskilled and skilled labour. The menu changes at regular interval of time and hence the production and distribution system changes (Dunne, Lusch and Carver, 2011). Both food and beverages are perishable in nature and as a result of that foods are required to be handled properly before, after and during the process of preparation. Figure 1 – Flow of Food (Source: Hollensen, 2007) 1.2 Discuss factors affecting recipes and menus for specific systems The recipes and menus get strongly affected by a number of factors. Broadly, food service systems are classified as a cook and chill, conventional, assembly and commissioners serve (Lamb, Hair and McDaniel, 2011). The conventional food service is the type of service where food is prepared and is eaten at the same place. Cook and chill are the service where food is prepared and is eaten after a certain period of time, the commissioner is the system where food is prepared and is taken somewhere for eating and lastly in assembly service the food is brought to a new location and it requires reheating before actually consuming it. The factors which affect the recipes and menus for a specific system are as follows: – Demand of customers: – The consumer demands are probably the most vital factor that affects the recipes and menus. The tendency of customer demands is observed and a menu is prepared on the basis of that only (Lingar, 2007). Seasonality: – Seasonality is a major factor. Being a perishable product, it has strong dependence on season. For example, ice cream or cold drinks are hardly consumed during winters and as a result of that menu needs to be changed and alternate items such as juice need to be on the menu. Budget and Ability: – The budget and ability of the restaurant are also considered before finalizing the menu. For example, if there is a shortage of staff members or lack of ingredients, the menu list needs of to be shortened (Nazarko, 2004). 1.3 Compare the cost and staffing

Cultural Perspectives on Nursing in Health Care

While they no longer rely as much on traditional medicine, many of those former beliefs and practices still influence people today.Lithuania is an independent Baltic state which was once a part of the Soviet Union. It is a diverse culture with Russia, Poland, Latvia, and Belarus for neighbors, with its western border on the Baltic Sea coast at the edge of the Eastern European Plain. Although it struggled valiantly for independence throughout most of the twentieth century, it remained under Soviet control, until August, 1991, when it finally overcame Soviet occupation and set up its own government, gaining admittance to the United Nations as an independent Baltic state on September 16, 1991. It became a member of NATO on March, 29, 2004 and also of the European Union on May 1, 2004. (U.S. Department of State, 2011)Due to its proximity to the Soviet Union and the prevailing air currents, Lithuania is exposed to air pollution from the factories, including occasional nuclear fallout. There are many chemical plants dumping wastes into the rivers and streams, and as of yet, no water purification systems in some of the cities. The beaches along the Baltic coast are frequently closed for contamination. Although Lithuania, as a Soviet republic, was a leader in passing environmental regulations, it was not largely enforced due to Soviet concentration on the race for productivity and industrial supremacy. As a result, the environment of today has many challenges to overcome. (U.S. Department of State, 2011)With a current population of 3,239,032, Lithuania, despite colonization by Russia and Germany throughout the last century has remained fairly homogenous with ethnic Lithuanians comprising nearly 85 percent. They have retained their language, Lithuanian. although the

Renal transplants

During this time, approximately one third of potential living donors are unable to donate to their potential recipients due to ABO or antigen incompatibility. Kidney paired donation (KPD) and kidney list donation (KLD) were the alternative options for candidates with incompatible donor (McKay, 2010, 103). The first KPD transplant was performed on South Korea in 1991. The United States performed its first KPD transplant in 2000 in Rhode Island Hospital while the first KLD occurred in England in 2001 (McKay, 2010, 104). The kidney is the most commonly transplanted organ in the world with more than 160,000 persons in the United States living with a transplanted kidney by the end of 2008 (Shoskes, 2011, 154). But despite this number, persons needing kidney transplantation still increases and a relative scarcity in terms of resource arise. A complete array of information about kidney transplantation was included in the databases of U.S. Renal Database System (USRDS), Scientific Registry of Renal Transplants Recipients (SRTR), United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), and Collaborative Transplant Study (Shoskes, 2011, 154). Procedures Before a patient undergo kidney transplantation, a series of laboratory tests and procedures are needed to perform and complete. Matching is the key tool is successful transplantation. The donor’s organ should match the recipient’s body in terms of ABO and antigen incompatibility to avoid risks of rejection. The patient with end-stage renal disease may choose from treatments such as peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, or transplantation. Transplantation is done if the patient wants the treatment or if according to disease severity, requires the transplantation procedure. The surgical team involves the pre-emptive living donor (LD) transplantation to minimize pre-operation transplant list and maximize operative choices. The LD transplantation decreases the risk of acute tubular necrosis due to ischemia, increases potential for matching, and offers opportunity to initiate and optimize immunosuppressive therapy, thereby reducing acute rejection episodes (McKay, 2010, 17). Background regarding the quality of the donor’s organ was predetermined and positive outcome was expected. Then, the transplant team prepares the patient for the procedure. However, if the patient has superior vena cava syndrome due to an AV graft in the previous hemodialysis, a different procedure is done by the nephrologists and cardiologists. The organ transplantation is divided into five separate procedures (McKay, 2010, 18) and discussed as follows: 1) Preparation – the surgeon discuss to the patient the surgical procedure. General anesthesia is introduced after and intraoperative measures are implemented. 2) Exposure – after prepping and draping, incision is made in the right or left lower quadrant. 3) Vascular Anastomoses – venous anastomoses first and arterial anastomoses must be last to avoid complications of bleeding and thrombosis. The kidney is chilled and topical iced is used liberally. Clamp is placed in the renal vein. 4) Ureteral anastomoses – is the preferred method to establish urologic continuity 5) Closing – wound/skin closure and measures to prevent complications. After completion of all the procedures in kidney transplantation, the patient is placed in the recovery area and post-operative interventions are applied. Health providers monitor for rejection signs post-operative

Analysis Paper on Barriers to Breastfeeding in Media

The message given by this product targets the parents and influences them into using their product which they consider to be the best substitute for human milk. The message is exploited intensively through marketing of this product. As nestle is a big name in food products industry, people are bound to get influenced by their marketing strategies. Consequently, people have adopted the practice of bottle-feeding instead of providing their babies with breast milk. WHO had taken an action against Nestle and international boycott was done of Nestle products due to its inappropriate marketing of breast milk substitutes (Huggins, 2010). In a mini-focus group survey, consumers were asked about the impact this message creates on them and the responses depicted that the message was intended to promote the use of bottle-feeding as compared to breastfeeding. The aim of the company in producing such a substitute milk is getting high revenues from the big market segment that gets influenced by their marketing. As people are misguided into believing that such product act as a complete replacement of breast milk, they tend to buy and use such products more often. A lot of dollars are spent on marketing of such products which is actually helping the company gain huge profits (Felton, 2006). A Letter to Company by Consumer Hello, I have been the frequent user of nestle products and I have always found your products good in quality. However, I have an issue with one product of yours which as a parent concerns me greatly. You have been manufacturing baby milk action that you claim to be a substitute for breastfeeding. I disagree with this point of view as no artificial milk can provide a replacement for human milk and cannot give a baby those benefits. The message that your product gives is misleading and it has actually promoted the use of bottle-feeding making in our culture. I would therefore suggest that you change the message that people can go for breast milk substitutes when they do not find time to breastfeed their children. It can be replaced by the statement that people could make use of this product only if a mother is unable to breastfeed her child due to unavoidable reasons and should not be used on regular basis. Analysis Paper on Women’s Health Portrayed in Advertising Women have been depicted in advertising world as the creatures who are beautiful physically. One can witness the billboards, media and advertising means that associate women with the value of being beautiful. Here an ad for a product has been selected that focuses on the need of a women to be have beautiful wrinkle-free skin. The message that this ad delivers to women and other people is that a women can have youthful skin even in her late fifties or sixties. Therefore, it focuses on the need of a woman to look beautiful and consider it their sole aim to get ideal beauty. Of course, it implies setting of an unrealistic goal for aged women as they cannot just look younger by using a particular cream without getting unhealthy effects of its use. The message more importantly targets aged females or those women who have started having wrinkles on their face (Marotz, 2011). The critical analysis of this product shows that it is not a necessary product and the one that could improve the women’

Body Shops USPs

The expansion of mergers and acquisitions around the world as also in the UK market is the result of the failure of companies to apply an effective strategic plan ensuring their position in their industry. Towards this direction, a report that published by DTI in December 2003 states that: if UK-based companies fail to innovate, jobs and profits will suffer, and UK’s standard of living will fall compared with other countries. Britain already has some sectors that lead the world in innovation: aerospace, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, financial services and many of the creative industries. and there are some firms in almost all sectors that are global leaders. however, overall, country’s performance is not good enough. although there is no single indicator of innovation, two measures of technological innovation – business RD and patenting – show the UK’s performance is only average compared with UK’s international competitors’ (Innovation Report: Competing in the global economy: the innovation challenge, DTI, December 2003, [2]. In other words, the cosmetic industry is a significant sector for UK economy while several profitable companies operate in it achieving high levels of profit on an annual basis. In accordance with the study of Black (2004, 5) ‘the value of the professional beauty industry in the UK in 1998 was £366 million, which represented a growth of almost 6 per cent on the previous year. this figure includes beauty therapy treatments in a variety of sites including mobile, hair and beauty salons and health clubs’ (Black, 2004, 5). The above findings are indicative of the performance of companies that operate in the British cosmetic market. Moreover, the above researcher refers especially to the cases of ‘Florence Nightingale Graham (later to become Elizabeth Arden) and Helena Rubenstein’ which ‘remain well-known names in the cosmetic industry.

Global Issue of TB

The researcher states that a third of the world’s population carries latent TB infection, which can appear at any time as symptomatic and at times life-threatening disease when the immune systems of the infected persons are compromised. While many will never become ill, those who get often suffer due to inadequate and incomplete treatment with an undesirable outcome because of their vulnerable and fragile health systems. A major cause of death, TB ranks as the eighth leading cause of death in low and middle-income countries. It is a third biggest cause of death, after HIV/AIDS and ischemic heart disease in the age group of 15-59 years. TB, generally, is a curable disease. people with drug-sensitive type can be cured in six months. However, treatment of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) that are resistant to isoniazid and rifampicin, the two most important first-line drugs used in the treatment of TB, is really challenging. There is around 0.4–0.5 million cases of MDR-TB each year. It requires the use of second-line drugs that are costlier with severe side-effects, and treatment has to continue for the longer period may be up to two years. Even then the prognosis is not always very good for, with success rate of 50% to 70%. According to the WHO, each year, there are around 9 million new cases of TB and about 2 million deaths due to TB infection. Almost every country of the world is affected by the TB, however, most cases (85%) occur in Asia (55%), and Africa (30%) with India and China alone account for 35% of all cases. Of all the world’s TB cases, 80% of the cases are reported from 22 countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Brazil, Cambodia, China, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, the Russian Federation, South Africa, Thailand, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Vietnam and Zimbabwe), which are known as high-burden countries (HBCs) and have been given special attention in TB control.

Historical and Economic Forces are the Key Determining Factors of Contemporary Debates Surrounding Health

1-16). Besides the strong health disparities that exist in the people between nations, there are evident disparities amongst citizens living within the social framework of single nation. This is evident in a recent health report that states that in terms of mortality rates, the mean difference between the upper and lower social classes, in terms of life expectancy vary anywhere between ten to four years (Siegrist and Marmot, 2006, p. 1). Considering the various technological innovations within the arena of medical sciences, and the persistently increasing amount of funds allocated for providing public healthcare services, especially in developed nations, it is difficult to comprehend class related disparities (arising from economic and historical factors) still exist within 21st century societies that create heath inequalities (Bartley, 2003, p. 5-8). Such class-based disparities or social stratification emulates a specific ‘social gradient’ as regards health, which takes into consideration the entire society. From the various reviews it is evident that a higher social status or a position higher up in the socioeconomic hierarchy, is inversely proportional to poverty related ill heath, mortality rates, morbidity, death frequencies, frequency of outbreak of diseases (Marmot, 2004, pp. 10-43). This implies that at an average count, higher social status allows an individual to lead a healthier life and a greater life span (Siegrist and Marmot 2006, pp. 4-5). Social stratification, which refers to structured inequality, is historically derived, starting with feudalism and its later transition to modern capitalism, is present within the society for many centuries. This has led to the formation of a hierarchy, based on many socially created inequality factors. From the theories of Marxism, we can derive that a society is generally distinguished by its mode of production, and the various relationships forged within a society on means of production form the basis of class division and subsequent class struggle. In such a scenario, social stratification that created hierarchical classes is composed of three multidimensional aspects, like economic standing (wealth and income), prestige, and power (Zanden, 1986, p. 156). Thus, one can assume that a minority group controlling the means of production, which has economic standing, power and wealth, would automatically be at the topmost level of this social stratification. Therefore, the study of social stratification is important, as it stands out to be an important factor in determining health and life style of an average person, residing within a state. While analysing social class it can be defined as empirical investigation of the consequences and corollaries of the existence of a class structure defined ex-ante (Breen Rottman, 1995, p. 453). Even though the concept of social classes had always been present in UK, studies show that this issue was strongly highlighted in 1980, after publication of the Black Report, which showed that there were health inequalities within British society based on various historical and socio-economic factors. It highlighted

Hi I Am Having Problems Answering These Questions Below Can You Please Provide Detailed Steps And

Strategic Analysis Of Starbucks Corporation
Appendix 5: Starbucks Corporation’s Financials
Starbucks Corporation’s Financials for Fiscal Year ending September of each year (All USD figures in millions)
Key Ratio’s/Accounts
FY 2008
FY 2009
FY 2010
FY 2011
FY 2012
FY 2013
Profitability Ratio’s
Gross Margin %
Operating Income (USD Millions)
Operating Income Margin %%
Net Income (USD Millions)
Net Margin %
Return on Equity (ROE) %
Return on Assets (ROA) To
Earnings Per Share (EPS)
Efficiency Ratio’s
Asset Turnover
Inventory Turnover
Fixed Asset Turnover
Days Sales Outstanding
Days Inventory
Payable Period
Cash Conversion Cycle
Liquidity amp; Financial Health Ratio’s
Current Ratio
Quick Ratio
0. 18
Financial Leverage
Year on Year Growth %
Revenue Growth %%
Source: All Financials used here are derived from Starbucks10-K Form for Fiscal Years ended
2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013Financial Accounting

I’M Really Poor At Java I Have No Clue About This (

gamemap.txt is input and sampleGamePlay.txt is outputimport
java.util.Scanner; class Monster {
int health;
int gold;
int dealtDamage; }…Engineering Technology

Microbiology And The Human Health Write A Research Paper On This

1. Science writers convey complex scientific
ideas to the public. They must be
knowledgeable in the sciences as well as
proficient in techniques of journalism. Good
science writing is thoroughly researched and
communicates the key ideas of scientific
research and topics in a comprehensible and
straightforward manner. Science writers are
also always on the lookout for new and
interesting discoveries and studies in
science. For this project, you are the science
reporter for your local newspaper. You have
just received an assignment from your editor.
She asks you to write an article on a major
topic within the field of microbiology. She
stipulates that in this article you must:
1. Generate a historical timeline of the major
scientific discoveries leading to our current
understanding of the topic.
2. Include a summary of our current
understanding of the topic.
3. Project where the next major advance or
breakthrough in your topic will come from.
For Part A of this project you explore possible
topics and do background research.
Specifically, you choose a suitable topic,
identify appropriate resources, and generate
a brief outline of the article you will write.
Your topic must fall under the following
1. Microbiology and human health
2. Microbiology and the environment
3. Microbiology and agriculture or industry
Procedure 1. Consult your textbook to choose a topic under one of the subheadings listed above.
For example, from the area microbiology and
industry, you might examine the use of
organisms by the alcoholic beverage
industry. More specifically, are you interested
in wine and the grapes that produce it? You
could investigate the actions of a fungus
called noble rot or the cultures involved in
the fermentation of the grapes. [Need help
choosing a topic?] 2. Email your topic to your instructor for
3. Once your receive instructor approval, do some background research on your topic to
get more familiar with it. Using the Credo
Reference and/or Britannica Online:
Academic Edition databases, find 1-2
articles/encyclopedia entries on your topic
that will help you complete your Project 2
article. You can access these databases from
the Library’s Background Information page. 4. Now that you have a basic understanding of your topic, find 5-6 peer-reviewed research
articles that will help you complete your
article using the Library’s OneSearch tool.
OneSearch is found on the Library’s
homepage. Watch the OneSearch Tips video
for assistance getting started. [Note: In
OneSearch you can limit your results to peerreviewed journals.] 5. You should now have a total of at least 7
sources to use for your article.
6. After reading the sources, think of the main points that you will cover and develop an
outline for your article. [Need help writing an
outline?] 7. In a single Word document, submit your outline and list of at least 7 sources
(references) in APA format and place it in the appropriate assignment dropbox. [Need help
with APA format?]
Compose your work using a word processor
(or other software as appropriate) and save it
frequently to your computer. Be sure to
check your work and correct any spelling or
grammatical errors before you upload it.
When you are ready to submit your work,
click quot;Browse My Computerquot; and find your
file. Once you have located your file, click
quot;Openquot; and, if successful, the file name will
appear under the Attached files heading.
Scroll to the bottom of the page and click
Your topic outline comprises 15% of the final
research paper project grade (2.25% of your
total grade). The final research paper
contributes 85% of your research project
grade (12.75% of your total grade ). Your
submission will be evaluated using the SLA
Outline and Thesis Rubric [67 KB PDF file].
Your research project grade is your outline
and your research paper combined (2.25% +
12.75%) and comprises 15% of your total
grade Science

Apply And Explain Any 3 Of The Risk Control Measures To Your Current Or Previous Workplace

Explain five roles of PCBUs in regard to Work Health and Safety. (5


1. Explain five roles of PCBUs in regard to Work Health and Safety. (5


2. Identify 5 duties of care of employees toward workplace health and safety. (5 marks)

3. Give 2 reasons why effective consultative mechanisms in managing health and safety are important. Explain your answers using the information from the WHS Act 2011.

(4 marks)

4. There are 6 ways to control risks. Apply and explain any 3 of the risk control measures to your current or previous workplace. (6 marks)

Hello Please




assist in addressing Cost Accounting in Health Care Financial question below if possible?

Cost accounting is one of the most challenging areas in accounting to understand. A cost accounting system is a system for recording, analyzing and allocating cost to the individual services provided to patients (e.g., medications, procedures, tests, room and board) (Becker’s Hospital Review, 2014). The healthcare industry has been working toward the goal of correlating cost with quality. Read Porter, M. E., Lee, T. H. (2016). From volume to value in health care: The work begins. Cost Accounting

As The General Population Has Aged There Has Been An Increase In The Number Of Nursing Homes Community Health


As the general population has aged, there has been an increase in the number of nursing homes, community health

facilities along with the development of home care facilities. All of these factors have produced an increase in the demand for nurses. Simultaneously, improved job opportunities for women other fields have reduced the supply of nurses. Despite these factors, hospitals, the major employers of nurses, have resisted wage increases. The resulting situation can be described as


See The Attachment

Don’t forget the APA references

Running head: HEALTH SERVICES Health Services
Institution 2
HEALTH SERVICES Health services
Question one Lack of focus on patients with chronic condition, post discharge care, disease…Science

Research Is Widely Used In The Field Of Psychology To Understand And Explain Human Behaviors Psychologists Are


Research is widely used in the field of psychology to understand and explain human behaviors. Psychologists are

interested in studying a number of topics including the brain, intimate relationships, violent behavior, mental health disorders, and the growing popularity of social media. Some researchers are interested in how social media is related to well-being. Give experiment to examine how social media affects happiness. How would you operationally define social media use and happiness? Identify the study variables. Be sure to describe the groups involved in the experiment. Which method(s) would you use to collect your data? What are the advantages and disadvantages to using the data collection method(s)? Who would participate in your study? How would you recruit your participants? What are the advantages and disadvantages of using an experiment? What are other research methods that can be used to study behavior? Explain how these methods are used

Social Science

Step One

Interview anyone in Health Information Management profession and see what he/sheHealth information management professionals are experts in processing, analyzing and reporting
the information which is necessary to the health care industry. They interact daily with the

Hello I’D Be Grateful If Someone Can Look Over My Paper For Grammar Sentence Structure Punctuation And


Hello I’d be grateful if someone can look over my paper for grammar, sentence structure, punctuation and

rewording if necessary. Thank you!


When first stepping into a church it can be hard. People will be in a new life and be reborn into the kingdom of God. The church and the people around you will build you up and be with you every step of the way. Becoming a disciple is not a easy task. It takes work and faith. However, with the help of the church and others you can become a strong disciple. A disciple will become a strong leader and that leader will become a disciple-making leader. Throughout this paper there will be discussion of four different topics. These topics are: The similarities between developing disciples and developing leaders, Compare and contrast the leadership chapters in Early/Dempsey with Putman, How and Why a Healthy Church is the Ultimate Goal for Discipleship and10 Kingdom Leadership. These will allow the reader to get a better understanding of what a disciple is and what a leader is. These topics are important for a church and the people in the church, so that they can become strong faithful people in the world. Allow us to see the meaning and power behind being a faithful disciple and leader in Gods kingdom.

The similarities between developing disciples and developing leaders,

One similarly is that they are all faithful followers of God. In Acts 1:8 the passage says, But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth. When we become followers of God we become baptized and become witnesses to Gods amazing work. We all grow and with God. In Ephesians 4:16 the passage says, From him the whole body, joined and held together by every supporting ligament, grows and builds itself up in love, as each part does its work. When we become followers are whole body is embraced by the Holy Spirit.

Disciples and leaders do the work of the Lord. No matter how big or small they do the work of the Lord. Rev. Andrew Murray says, God calls both disciple and leader to go work. God has given the command and the power to every child of His to work in His vineyard, with the world as the field. The majority of God’s children are not working for Him and the world is perishing. We all have been called t to do work and to be the best that we can be. Disciples and leaders have taken Gods commandments and have gone out and done the work of the Lord. When we go to Jesus we go for salvation, love and beyond. He could change their lives from sin and wretchedness to holy obedience and heavenly joy. Disciples and leaders all gave their life to God and have been washed clean. All our obedient To the word of God.

Everyone starts their journey the same. No matter who you are. We are born into the world and with the support around us we will begin to crawl, walk and then run. Disciples and leaders began at the same point. They began to crawl. Wondering who God is and asking questions. Crawling is a major step in a persons spiritually life. Then people begin to walk. They may understand who God is and is ready to take the next step. This step could be accepting God into their life and being baptized. Baptism is an act in which a Christian is immersed in water to symbolize the end of an old way of living, and a new start. When you get baptized it is a testimony to God and people that you, by faith, will live a new life as an overcomer. Once they do the act of baptism they are filled with the Holy Spirit and are ready to run. Run and become disciples and leaders and share the word of the Lord with everyone. It does not matter who you are or where you came from. In Gods eyes we are all equal and all can be disciples and leaders. We just need to take the steps to get there.

Disciples and leaders all love God and want to do the work of God. We all need to remember that we are only human. Disciples and leaders are only human. They make mistakes and they do not know everything. However, they both chose to be obedient to God. They both chose to be baptized and to share the message with the world. Disciples and leaders go down different pathways depending on what they are called to do, but they do the work of the Lord.they are all just faithful followers helping the kingdom of God grow one step at a time.

Compare and contrast the leadership chapters in Early/Dempsey with Putman

Leadership can be very different depending on the person. Peopke may experience things in a different way and may think of leadership in serval different ways. This is because people come from all walks of live and may have different be-live systems. Earley and Dempsey have a different view of leadership then Putman. This section will briefly describe the similarities and differences of leadership between these authors.

The area that Earley and Dempsey agreed with Putman the most was that good leadership allows and helps people grow. This is the same as the way that good leadership helps people grow in a spirtual way. Putman says, The solution involves a fundamental shift in our thinking from informing people to equipping them.. Putman is saying that the leader is not a ruler or better then the others. A leader is a teacher to allow people to grow into a leadership rule themselves. This echos what Earley and Dempsey say, our job as Christians-leaders is to help individuals grow, develop, and serve the King-and His kingdom. A leader is not a king, but is with the people to help them reach their full potential

Why there are similarities there are differences as well. Putman agrees on the side that a leader helps to equip people with the future of leadership. Earley and Dempsey take a different direction when discussing this topic. They say that ‘a leader influences others to follow God’s plan for their lives. They say that not everyone is suppose to be a leader. We are all called down different pathways and some people are called to be a leader.

and Why a Healthy Church is the Ultimate Goal for Discipleship

A healthy church is key to a followers growth. The word church comes from a Greek word that means an assembly of called-out ones. It denotes that before a church can ever actually gather, the people must first hear the call to do so. Paul questions this in Romans 10:14-15 the passage says, How, then, can they call on the one they have not believed in? And how can they believe in the one of whom they have not heard? And how can they hear without someone preaching to them? 15 And how can anyone preach unless they are sent? As it is written: How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news! The church is the provider for the people. They provide faith and fortress. Therefore it’s the responsibility of the local church to be a mouthpiece of Christ, calling all who would come to repentance and new life. But the new believer’s walk doesn’t end when they answer the call. Indeed, it has only just begun. The church is important to be there with the people and gather together to build the people into strong disciples and leaders of God.

Leadership is a larger part of haven’t a healthy church. No church can experience health without the leadership of the pastors that Paul described in passages. One passage that stands out is Ephesians 4:12 the passage says, to equip his people for works of service, so that the body of Christ may be built up. The church builds leaders. If the church is a healthy church then there will be leaders coming out and serving the world. The church is strong and God wants the church to have a strong foundation, so that God and his people can work and expand and help the world.

10 Kingdom Leadership Principles Applied

I love the church that I go to. Every week it is so enlighten and I love the worship and message that I receive every Sunday. When looking at any church you can often time see faults with them and see places where things can be leadership aspect that can be strengthened from my church is the small groups. They have them throughout the week. The one thing I like about the same groups is they have all different kinds. Some by age, one for single parents and some for centerline topics. Anyone can join a small group. One thing that I find that needs strengthened is the leaders in the small group. I have gone to two different small groups and I saw the same thing in both. The leaders where not really leading. They where always all over the place and I always felt like I could of learned more.

Warm building a small group the church needs to find strong leaders who know what they are doing and are ready to lead and answer the tough questions. The church should not stick someone who does not know much in to a position of being a small group leader. Before people enter into that role the church should have training sessions. Teach the leaders about small groups and make sure that they are capable of being in charge of a small group. Small groups are for all to learn more about Jesus Christ and to better understand the message and build relationships. We need strong leaders to guide us into become strong and faithful followers. We need a leader who can talk and ease outr thoughts and be there for us every step of the way.

On A Very Practical And Pragmatic Level I’M Not Sure If Everyone Knows That Each Time Some Tests Are Used The


On a very practical and pragmatic level, I’m not sure if everyone knows that each time some tests are used, the

practitioner must often either pay for the cost of the test, the cost of grading/assessment, or the cost of an ongoing subscription.

Given this information, do you think that you as prospective mental health practitioners might approach testing any differently?

Can you think of the impact of specifically supporting the requirement for every test used before the organizational administrative and financial committees?

Social Science

2 What Is The Rationale For Health Care Organizations’ Adoption Of Strategic Management?6 Why Are


2.What is the rationale for health care organizations’ adoption of strategic management?

6.Why are

conceptual models of management processes useful for practicing managers?

10. In an organization, who should be doing strategic thinking? Strategic planning? Managing strategic momentum?

11. Is strategic thinking enough? Why do we engage in strategic planning? What are the elements of strategic planning?

12. What is meant by realized strategies? How can strategies be realized if they were never intended?

13. What can cause well-thought-out strategies that were developed using all the steps in strategic planning to change?

Operations Management

Health Care Organizations Can Influence A Targeted Market Through The 4 Ps Of Marketing—Product Price


Health care organizations can influence a targeted market through the 4 Ps of marketing—product, price,

promotion, and place. The 4 Ps, also known as the marketing mix, essentially provide a framework for a marketing strategy. To effectively reach consumers, each of the four components must align. For example, you might have the right product, but if the price is too high or you are not marketing in the correct place, consumers will not buy. For this Discussion, you use the 4 Ps of marketing to assess a health care product or service.

To prepare:

  • Select a health care product or service that you have recently seen in a marketing campaign.
  • Use the four P’s of marketing to assess the product or service you selected.
  • Reflect on the impact of the marketing campaign on your own health care decision making. Consider how the campaign positively or negatively influenced your personal opinions of the health care product or service.

Describe the marketing campaign for the health care product or service that you selected. Assess the product or service using the four P’s of marketing. Then, evaluate the impact of the marketing campaign on your own health care decision making. Include how the campaign positively or negatively influenced your personal opinions of the health care product or service.Marketing

Which Of The Following Statements Is False?Question 18 Options Because Of Wage And


Which of the following statements is FALSE?

Question 18 options:

Because of wage and

price controls, employers started offering health insurance benefits during World War II.

The tax system lowers the relative price of health insurance with respect to other consumer goods.

Economies of scale may allow employers to purchase insurance at a lower price than individual consumers.

High marginal tax rates discourage the purchase of expensive health insurance plans.


1) When Attempting To Increase Intake Of The Essential Fatty Acids It Would Be Best To Adjust Your Diet


1) When attempting to increase intake of the essential fatty acids, it would be best to adjust your diet


Select one:

a. eat more omega-6 fatty acids because they are more abundant in food than omega-3 fatty acids

b. increase intake of fish containing EPA and DHA because of heart health benefits

c. consume foods that help the body to make linoleic and linolenic acid

d. include a fish oil supplement to make up for the deficiency in omega-3 fatty acids in your diet

e. eat more of any kind of fish

2) What is the most accurate statement to make about the process of hydrogenation of liquid vegetable oils?

Select one:

a. hydrogenation makes oils more healthy because of the addition of hydrogen to keep the oils liquid in foods

b. oils that have been hydrogenated are more resistant to oxidation that causes rancidity

c. hydrogenation will increase the activity of vitamins in oils

d. eating hydrogenated oils has the same health benefits as eating liquid vegetable oil

e. hydrogenated fats have no health consequences and this is all hype

3)Nutrient characteristics of nuts that may lower heart disease risk include:

Select one:

a. nuts are high in dietary fiber

b. nuts contain vitamin E, an antioxidant

c. nuts are low in total fat

d. a and b

e. a and c

4) The roles of enzymes formed by body proteins are important when foods are eaten because:

Select one:

a. each enzyme is responsible for numerous different chemical reactions

b. an enzyme acts as a catalyst to speed up a reaction without being altered itself

c. enzymes signal certain organs to respond to a change in conditions in the body

d. some enzymes can become chemical messengers in the nervous system

5) When comparing the digestion and absorption of proteins with fats it is important to know that that:

Select one:

a. proteins are broken down into individual amino acids and absorbed by all intestinal cells at an equal rate

b. larger peptide molecules must be completely broken down into amino acids to be absorbed into the blood stream from the intestine

c. cells in the small intestine preferentially absorb different types of amino acids, which causes competition by amino acids at the absorption site

d. amino acids need a carrier in the bloodstream because they do not transport well alone