Master in Human Resource Mgmt Case study Roles &amp


An example of lifelong learning is continued professional development. Learning continually throughout life is vital if we are to make informed choices about our lives and the societies in which we live (Smith). If the engineers that graduated 40 years ago did not seek any further knowledge, their knowledge would be so outdated today that despite being very old and experienced, they would not qualify for a responsible position in a reputed company. Companies these days require demonstration of such skills as technical expertise, competence in the use of computers and software, and working as part of a group in a multicultural setting. If the 40 year old graduate did not seek any further education, he would be totally incompetent to work in the contemporary work setting. On the other hand, if he learns the use of computers and software, and keeps reading journals and articles about the latest developments and research in his field, his knowledge would be updated and he would qualify as a lifelong learner.
The terms core skills and competences are frequently used interchangeably and the difference in their meanings is mostly ignored (Oman), though the two terms do have some difference in meaning. Core skills are specific activities that are learnt and are thus part of a broader context. On the other hand, competency is an umbrella term that is used for knowledge and behavior in addition to skills. It is much easier to teach and develop core skills than competences for a trainer because developing competences in the learners takes much more than developing their skill to perform an act. It requires manipulation of their behaviors and personality traits in such a way that they help in the achievement of the goal. Taking calls from the customer is a competency for an operator, for the behavior and personality traits of the operator affect the customer directly. If the operator is rude, the

How Much Does Culture and Lifestyle Affect Behavior

Running Head: HUMAN BEHAVIOUR How Much Does Culture and Lifestyle Affect Behaviour?
This paper summarises a published article that analyses the impact of culture and lifestyle on human behaviour. The article maintains that these factors are major contributors in formulating one’s behaviour. This paper also specifies the principles that managers must follow in order to affect human behaviour in multicultural organisations.
How Much Does Culture and Lifestyle Affect Behaviour?
Human behaviour is believed to be the derivative of various factors. Out of a number of influencing elements, culture and lifestyle tend to have immense affect on human behaviour. Social development of human beings determines the way people act as individuals, and in a group.
Our societal lifestyle is the out come of our social values, norms and customs which are deeply rooted in our behaviour. This idea supports the fact that a person accustomed to a negative habit or situation would perceive it in a positive way. Consequently, he would be inclined towards it despite various restricting rules. Excessive restrictions or binding laws in a society may often compel people to adopt a particular behaviour out of curiosity. Although biological impressions tend to develop innate behaviour, culture and lifestyle maintain a significant impact on peoples’ social behaviour.
Education, training and religious preaching are considered to be the effective ways of controlling negative impacts of a society. A learned fellow is believed to be more mature in handling the negative societal impacts than a person not cultured to perceive the difference between good and bad.
Technology is another determinant of measuring cultural influences on human behaviour. People living in a technically advanced area are more affected by the good and evil that technology brings into their lifestyle. Technology may nurture a rather advanced culture that accepts certain notions which are otherwise condemned in a conventional society.
Scientists also regard certain psychological disorders as the outcome of a person’s culture or lifestyle. These may include obsessive compulsive disorders or the psyche of over doing things etc. Thus, it can be deduced that culture and lifestyle play major role in affecting human behaviour.
Learning Principles that Managers can Use to Affect Human Cultural Behaviour
In today’s world of globalisation managers often come across a culturally diversified workforce. Such dealing demands a little more than the conventional management concepts. Managers can exercise effective influence in multicultural organisations through learning few simple principles. To start with, managers must get familiar with the culture, traditions and native language of their employees. In addition to this, mangers need to maintain effective communication system, develop a liberal organisational culture that accepts the diversity, and formulate policies/rules that do not conflict with the cultural background of their employees. Training of personnel is another important factor that would help regulate their behaviour and direct them towards the organisational goal.
Melton, Myelita (2008). Managing in a Multicultural Environment. Retrieved June 23, 2010, from
Oyedele, Olufemi (2009). How Much Does Culture and Lifestyle Affect Behaviour? Retrieved June 20, 2010, from

Ideology and public policy

The policies are meant for the betterment of the society and people living in the society. There are endless ways through which public problems raise. There are different policies being coined in order to fight with those public problems. The policy responses that are made to fight these public issues can be of local, national and international level (Sharkansky amp. Hofferbert, 1969).
Education is the fundamental right of the citizens of any country, whether it is under developed country or developed or developing country. Though the country has lot of schools, colleges and other educational institutions, there are various issues come up the education sector. Hence the government makes changes in the education policies in order to better fight the issue the issue. While creating the policies sometimes independence is given to the policy making authority or government does intervene in the policy making. The education system is a very dynamic field and it changes according to the time and trend of the modern world. As there have been changes in the education system it is necessary to make changes in the policies as well to match with the change. Different governments coin different policies as per the views of their political parties. Thus it is evident that every time there is change in the government in the central position the change in the education policy is evident (Katsinas, 2005). Because of these changes the policies get revamped, which shows that the policies are highly influenced by the politics thus showing the government intervention in policy making.
One of the major issues that the education sector faces is the issue of further and higher education for example the colleges and other training providers providing various vocational skills and trainings. The students demand that these institutions should offer high

Unauthorized Practice of Law by Legal Assistants and Paralegals


The ABA adopted in 1997 the following definition: nbsp.A legal assistant or paralegal is a person qualified by education, training or work experience who is employed or retained by a lawyer, law office, corporation, governmental agency or other entity who performs specifically delegated substantive legal work for which a lawyer is responsible. nbsp.The ABA adopted in 1997 the following definition: nbsp.A legal assistant or paralegal is a person qualified by education, training or work experience who is employed or retained by a lawyer, law office, corporation, governmental agency or other entity who performs specifically delegated substantive legal work for which a lawyer is responsible. nbsp.According to the National Association of Legal Assistants, or NALA, certain standard determines the qualifications of a paralegal ( nbsp.To be accredited a paralegal or legal assistant, one has to undertake the following: nbsp.1. Successful completion of the Certified Legal Assistant (CLA)/Certified Paralegal (CP) certifying examination of the National Association of Legal Assistants, Inc..2. Graduation from an ABA approved a program of study for legal assistants.3. Graduation from a course of study for legal assistants which is institutionally accredited but not ABA approved, and which requires not less than the equivalent of 60 semester hours of classroom study.4. Graduation from a course of study for legal assistants, other than those set forth in (2) and (3) above, plus not less than six months of in-house training as a legal assistant.5. A baccalaureate degree in any field, plus not less than six months in-house training as a legal assistant.6. A minimum of three years of law-related experience under the supervision of an attorney, including at least six months of in-house training as a legal assistant. or7. Two years of in-house training as a legal assistant. nbsp.For purposes of these Standards, in-house training as a legal assistant means attorney education of the employee concerning legal assistant duties. In addition to the review and analysis of assignments, the legal assistant should receive a reasonable amount of instruction directly related to the duties and obligations of the legal assistant.

Implementation and Analysis Proposition 30 ( increase tax for education )

Implementation and Analysis of Public Policy Lecturer This paper seeks to analyze and focus on the Proposition 30, a policy of increasing tax for education. The measure increases temporarily by 9.3% of the state sales rate of tax for all personal income tax and tax payers of the upper income. The temporary increase in tax will provide additional revenues in order to fund programs that are budgeted for in the state budget. The 2012/2013 budget plan of the state that was approved by the Governor and Legislature in June 2012, assumes the passage of this measure. In the event that the voters reject this policy measure, the budget have a backup plan that demands reduction in spending, also referred to as trigger cuts. The policy affects the upper income tax payers because they are the one to pay additional tax for the funding of the state’s budgeted programs. However, the beneficiaries of the policy range from community colleges and schools, universities, department of development services, department of parks and recreation, department of fish and game, city police departments among other funded educational programs (Williams, 2011).
The Proposition 30 will increase the rate of Sales Tax from 2013 all the way to 2016 by 9.3%. This policy measure will increase statewide rate of sales tax by almost one quarter for each dollar of purchased goods. The policy will be effective for four years. The Proposition 30 will also increase the rates of Personal Income Tax from 2012 to 2018. The policy measure will increase the already existing 9.3 percent rates on the higher incomes. The supplementary marginal rate of tax will increase with the increase in taxable income. The policy will add state revenue from 2018 through to 2019. Through the fiscal years in which both the personal income tax and sales tax increases as stated above due to phasing in and phasing out of the higher rates of taxes, the smaller increases in revenue are likely to be seen in 2011/2012, 2017/2018, and 2018/2019 (Jeffrey And Aaron, 1984).
The revenue could also be seen changing from year to year significantly. This would be so through multibillion dollar swing either below or above the projected revenues. This could be because the majority of extra revenue would result from the increase on rates of personal income tax on the upper income taxpayers. Additionally, the bigger part of the reported income by the upper income taxpayers is associated with their businesses and investments, rather than their salaries and wages. The policy as mentioned before will also benefit schools, because the new tax revenues will be made available to help balance the budget and fund schools. The constitution of the state specifies what happens if the policy measure is approved or if not approved. If Proposition 30 fortunately receives more yes votes, then provisions of the measure will prevail entirely in their entirety and any other provisions from any other measure (Proposition 38), will not be effected, and the reverse is also true if Proposition 38 gets more yes votes (Jeffrey And Aaron, 1984).
Jeffrey P. And Aaron W. (1984), Implementation, 3rd edition, Berkeley: University of
California Press,
Williams, J. (2011). Implementation and Analysis of Public Policy, Boston: McGraw Hill

The Significance of World Religions


Religion is one such issue that is much misunderstood and raises passions to unexpected limits. Given the two sides of a coin, religion can be used constructively for the betterment of society or to serve the vested interests of a few. It is intriguing that intolerance in the name of religion has grown in spite of increased literacy and education on the one hand, and a better standard of living on the other. The fanaticism of today has its parallels in man’s hoary past. It is this past that communities repeatedly invoke to settle scores with those with a different outlook. It is in this backdrop that religious leaders the world over are endeavoring to facilitate dialogue not only among religions but also among the adherents of various religions. One such leader is His Holiness The Dalai Lama of Tibet who is a vocal advocate of religious harmony besides being a role model for Buddhists everywhere. Fisher opines that there is an inexplicable reality experienced by all cultures. The material world fails to provide answers to all our questions. It is this void that religion tries to fill. The man has overcome nature and is in a commanding position vis a vis nature many a time. It is questions that defy logic or are beyond his comprehension for which he turns to religion (12-13). Fisher mentions a set of human needs that religion fulfills. One of these is the question of the afterlife. Rational thinking cannot explain the journey of the self after death. Similarly, the aspect of perfection beyond the five senses is alien to human experience. Man strives to find the answer to perfection beyond sensory perception (14-15). Likewise, religion can give the true reason behind personal problems and how man overcomes these when there is no hope left. Apart from the physical self, man can also discover his true self, the soul, which cannot be easily described in a material setting.

The Perspective of Chinese Women Writers

Chef, the one who had just bought the Hunan Cafe, deemed that she was just trying to loosen up the atmosphere a bit and just uttered a joke with the best of intentions (Chen 29). On the contrary, one of Han Weizhongs soldiers just chimed in and inquired all about divorce (Chen 29). The daughter of Han Weizhong and Bizhu was not delighted on how the joke was going too far so she stopped her and stressed that the marriage of her parents was rare for they will be having their thirty-fifth birthday next year and other couples are even having difficulty to stay together for that long. she even mentioned that her brothers are even coming home for the United States to celebrate the upcoming event (Chen 29).
Divorce would split the family apart and will interrupt the education of the children. during that time, their sons Dawei was in college and Xiaowei was in high school while their daughter was in junior high (Chen 30).
Han Weizhong was constantly talking about his hometown which he did not do before. moreover, he was continuously connecting with relatives from his hometown especially his grandson through travel visits and phone calls (Chen 32-33). In addition, he was now eager to sleep in separate beds compared to before that he was uneasy with the idea of sleeping without Bizhu by his side (Chen 33).
Bizhu highlighted that Han Weizhong is longing to be back in his hometown with the way he is acting and implying. she even pointed out whether he wants his father to be labeled as a bigamist for the rest of his life (Chen 35).
Bizhu did not wish to leave Taiwan because she was thinking of Zhong Tianyou (Chen 35). Tianyou was Bizhus childhood friend and they were childhood sweethearts (Chen 36). Tianyou expressed his unaltered feelings toward her and expressed that he will get a divorce to marry her (Chen 38-39).

Strategic Management in the Higher Education Context

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia controls most of the territory that define the roots of Islam and its origins (Alshamsi, 2009). This is because Saudi Arabia encompasses the geographical scope of the area that was inhabited by the Prophet of Islam and the various activities he was involved in, during his life and the founding of Islam.
Due to this, the King of Saudi Arabia has the title Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (Ramady, 2010). This is primarily because Saudi Arabia controls the two holiest sites of Islam: Mecca and Medina. Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy that is controlled by the core principles of the Islamic faith (Niblock, 2006).
The King of Saudi Arabia has absolute power over activities in the kingdom and his decrees are obeyed without question (Bowen, 2008). This is necessary to preserve his authority as a major figurehead in the world of Islam. Also, the king has the right and power to appoint authorities to run the various public institutions of the kingdom (Roberts, 2007). Until the 1930s when oil was discovered in Saudi Arabia, education was mainly steeped in Islamic study and Islamic law (Roberts, 2007). By the 1940s, the need to acquire higher education institutions in Saudi Arabia was recognized by the King of Saudi Arabia (Abiur, 1988). This is because Saudi Arabia had two main options: to either rely on foreigners who had the skills or send their nationals to Europe, America or other nations with modern institutions of higher learning to get educated. This was seen as undesirable because it exposed Saudis to lifestyles that were not seen as complementary. In 1949, the King of Saudi Arabia commissioned the first college in Mecca but it was to operate a religious curriculum (Abir, 1988). A teacher training college was established in 1952 but the Ulama or religious elites controlled these institutions. Finally, in 1957, the King commissioned the University of Riyadh. Several universities and institutions of higher learning were opened after this.

Pick a topic from the link provided in the details section

In recent times that unfortunate reality has began to change. The Department of Education along with other government agencies have made curbing violence in schools a priority. More so than ever, schools now have the information and encouragement necessary to make sweeping improvements in this area.
Bullies threaten students. The act of bullying threatens the effectiveness of education process. Students cannot learn as well while dealing with both physical and emotional trauma during the school day. Emotional scars due to abuse at school are hidden but can run deep affecting a persons general outlook on life and detrimental patterns of behavior for years following graduation. A 2010 Center for Disease Control study involving middle and high school students revealed more than one-fifth had been teased or otherwise verbally shamed within the past year on school property, most on at least a weekly basis. One in ten students had been lightly assaulted (pushed, spit on) or threatened with physical violence. A national survey asked teachers if they thought bullying to be a moderate or major issue. Nearly half said it was with 40 percent saying they witnessed bullying on a regular basis, at least once a week. (Bullying/Cyberbulling(a), 2014)
Its sound reasoning to prevent bullying. The relatively minimal effort involved seems very small when comparing the unknown human costs associated with long-term physical and emotional scars of the victim. Prevention programs instituted by schools have shown to drastically reduce the instances of aggressive behavior. Simply talking about the issue is a good first step in prevention. Bring parents and students together to talk about the problem. They can help assess how rampant and serious the problem is at a particular school. In addition, schools must understand the types of bullying as well as other possible contributing factors such as drugs and race relations. When students, parents and school

Individual report investigating the mobile phone usage by the UBIC students

The increase in use of smart phones in this institution has grown to the height that is commercially important especially to the mobile manufacturing companies. This was the major reason behind conducting a research on the use of mobile phones in this institution.
There were several driving factors towards conducting this kind of research. An escalating use of mobile phones had raised legitimate concerns that were both positive and negative in different ways. Some could be derailing education while others were equally profitable. In the aspect of profitability the use of mobile phones in this institution could be exploited businesswise. This includes. to know if students use mobile phones in the University of Brighton’s International College and the type of mobile phones they use, to know their rate of use of the mobile devices, to determine the impact of the use of mobile phone in this institution, to help know how viable the business of selling mobile phones could be, to gather vital information that could be useful in improving the quality of education in the institution, to determine how various mobile applications are useful to consumers, specifically students and how their usage could lead the growth of mobile business.
Several data elicitation methods were put into place with the primary source of data gathering being face to face interview and questionnaire filling in. Nevertheless, every aspect of data gathering methodology was vital in the final report. The following were the methods used in finding out what exactly was going on in the institution.
Interview has been one of the major data gathering methodology of all time since it involves one on interaction with the correspondent. This therefore leads to gathering of first hand information that could reflect the true state of the mind of sincere correspondents.
In this study thirty students from in The University of Brighton’s International

Recruitment Selection and Deployment of Human Resources

Case Study: for Recruitment, Selection and Deployment of Human Resources
Sodexo identified several major problems the management was having in the running of the company. One of these was shortage of staff. This problem was not an initial issue but soon became a burden with an increase of over 1000 constructors and sub constructors of OPG in just less than six weeks. The other problem was the long recruitment and selection process of new employees. This discouraged most of the prospective employees and the few who were willing to put with the lengthy process complained of unequal benefits and the high costs they would incur including fare charges or lack of parking space in the company.
The company lacked proper human resource planning when it came to recruitment and selection criteria which led to the problems above. The lack of proper motivation, unclear job specification and minimal advertisement has been major deficiencies in Sodexo’s human resources. Effective HR planning and management should have been exercised to take care of the shortage of employees beforehand which is one of the organizational models lacking in Sodexo. Organizational and HR strategies should have been in line in order to meet the HR demand and supply of employees.
The only way to solve these problems in Sodexo is for the HR to come up with new planning strategies and adopt an organizational model that will address their problems. This will ensure that their recruitment and selection process is motivating, enforces comparable evaluation methods and considers cultural diversity. Individual motivation according to Herzberg’s theory is a main source of motivation for the recruits and will ensure lasting solution to the problem of staffing facing Sodexo currently (Weihrich and Cannice, 2010). Incentive theory which deals with positive reinforcement can also be applied in this case where more reinforcers including certificates of merits and promotions can act as motivators.
Weihrich, H. and Cannice, M. (2010). Management. New York: Tata McGraw-Hill Education.

Public School Uniforms

Annotated Bibliography Public School Uniforms Annotated Bibliography Alleyne, Sylvan I., Velma LaPoint, Jennifer Lee and Harold W. Mitchell. Black Educators Views on Middle School Students Dress and Uniforms: Addressing Challenges from Commercialism. The Journal of Negro Education. Vol. 72, No. 4
Retrieved From:
In this article, Alleyne, Sylvan I., Velma LaPoint, Jennifer Lee and Harold W. Mitchell analyze the views of black educators on the challenges facing the middle school learners as a result of the use of school uniform. Even if they concur that it is the surest way of attaining equality amongst the multicultural learners, the use of uniforms still pose a very great challenge especially to the underprivileged blacks.
Therefore, when doing a research on the use of school uniforms, I would argue against it by citing this article. As they claim, it mightnot be easier to obtain equality. In fact, it might result into a conflict between the two social classes.
Brunsma, D. amp. Kerry A. R. (September–October 1998). Effects of Student Uniforms on Attendance, Behavior Problems, Substance Use, and Academic Achievement
This article was written by Brunsma, D. amp. Kerry A. R and published in 1998. Here, these scholars conducted a research on the influences of the use of uniforms on the learners’ behaviors and academic performance. In their analysis, they report that there is no direct relationship between behavior reforms and academic improvement and school uniform.
The article can be of a great value when conducting a research on the demerits of school uniforms on the learners. It can help in justifying that school uniforms should not be mandatory since they can only contribute to poor academic performance, increased behavior problems and rampant cases of substance abuse.
DaCosta, K. (2006). ‘Dress Codes Blues: An Exploration of Urban Students Reactions to a Public High School Uniform Policy.’nbsp.Journal of Negro Education,nbsp.75(1), 49-59.
The above article was authored by DaCosta, K. and published by the Journal of Negro Education in 2006. In this article, DaCosta examines the reactions of the urban learners towards the use of uniforms in school.
While conducting a research on the advantages of school uniforms, I would have to incorporate the use of this article. It has a lot of resourceful information on how uniform can be instrumental in creating equality amongst the learners from diverse socio-economic backgrounds. This is a very important component which must be included in the research.
Draa, V. (2005, November 30). ‘School Uniforms in Urban Public High Schools.’nbsp.Online Submission.
This article was written by Draa, V. in 2005. It presents a candid discussion about the significance of school uniforms amongst the urban-based high school learners. As reported in this article, uniform is necessary in the urban set up in which cases of gang violence, peer influence and classism are rampant.
When carrying out this research, I would have to use this article. It is quite resourceful and would provide me with adequate information about the significance of school uniforms amongst the urban-based high school students.
Lillian O. Holloman, Velma LaPoint, Sylvan I. Alleyne, Ruth J. Palmer and Kathy Sanders-Phillips. (1996) ‘Dress-Related Behavioral Problems and Violence in the Public School Setting: Prevention, Intervention, and Policy–A Holistic Approach.’ The Journal of Negro Education. Vol. 65, No. 3, Educating Children in a Violent Society, Part I (Summer, 1996), pp. 267-281.
Retrieved From:
This article was written by Lillian O. Holloman, Velma LaPoint, Sylvan I. Alleyne, Ruth J. Palmer and Kathy Sanders-Phillips. It provides a detailed research concerning the use of uniforms in taming the behaviors of learners in schools. Although there exists a heated debate between the proponents and opponents of school uniforms, these researchers report that school uniforms still play a very important role in schools.
When carrying out my research on school uniforms, I would have to include this article as one of my resources. It would equip me with detailed information about contributions of school uniforms towards eliminating misconducts in the learners.

A Memorable Experience from Childhood

I have always considered lucky to be a luxury among a few people who either have lost hope or prefer receiving free things. During the family vacation in Africa, I had a chance of visiting Maasai Mara national park in Kenya. At first I was reluctant to make the trip. however, after my parents convinced me that it will be a memorable experience, I decided to give it a try. Previously, I preferred visiting playgrounds, friends and making good use of my bicycle. however, I gave up this opportunity for a memorable experience. Our journey to Kenya was interesting considering that we had many stopovers. It was not my first time to board a plane. however, I felt new and encouraged to work hard and reach the highest level of education. Arguably, this would allow me exploit-varied fields of development while also quenching my thirst for adventure. Consecutively, the opportunity allowed me to have an aerial view of different towns ranging from Amsterdam to Nairobi.
Upon our arrival in the city, we received tour guides at the airport, which had earlier been booked by my parents. The first day involved having a taste of the variety of foods prepared by the many cultures. The opportunity gave me a first-hand experience to taste what felt like food and others that I found limited interest in having a bite. Nevertheless, my parents were receptive to the diverse cultures hence an encouragement. Day two was the day to remember that confirmed my worst fears while at the same time changing my view of the entire world. This was a day to take a view of the beautiful wildlife and nature, which has been admired by many people. It was a day to have a personal encounter the lion, Giraffes, baboons, monkeys, and other exciting sceneries only common to many in pictures and national geographic programs.nbsp.nbsp.

A NonProfit Organization Solve Inc

This has answered the needs of customers in a timely manner and provided return trade-off.
Price entails the charge of the services that we are offering. this has been tricky since it determines customer base of our company. We are offering low priced services and products to allow customers afford. In addition, we are non-profit Non-Governmental Organization thus our services are public oriented. We have been able to observe the market environment and competitors’ price strategies to ensure we are relevant.
Business location is a critical ingredient in success and expansion since it increases convenience between suppliers and the organization. Our location has been strategic especially in residential areas, high traffic and main roads that are easily accessible. In essence, the strategy is focused on the commuting families and individuals. In addition, the company aims at supplying their products and services to local businesses, offices, and schools. On the other hand, the location of business should be close to processing facilities, market, and source of supply.
We have committed to advertising our products and services through internet Web site, which has proven to be effective. Notably, the internet is fast turning into a major promotional avenue, and the institution believes it will advance with regards to the importance over time. Furthermore, it is the most convenient means for us to wide presence from the onset.
Our major customer at the moment is the S.S Conner Elementary School. After we are successful with the school we will extend our services to other poor performing elementary schools within the area before we expand to other institutions of learning within and outside the state.
The image of our institution is very vital because it finds out the relationship with our customers in the education sector. Having a good image will attract customers and clients to our table. We intend to do what we do best.nbsp.We intend to do what we do best. By being the best in the education industry, we will become a respected leader in the field. The level of education in Texas should be top-notch. We also seek to promote and offer quality services. This way, clients, and prospects will acknowledge our services.

Fluid management in dialysis patient

When a patient is on dialysis, circulation of the blood is on one side of a semipermeable membrane, while, on the other side, a special dialysis fluid is circulated. Blood composition must be closely matched by the dialysis fluid. Urea and creatinin, metabolic waste products, are diffused through the dialysis fluid membrane and discarded, while necessary substance diffusion is prevented by its presence in the dialysis fluid. ( Dialysis treatment is demanding for the patient, as they must spend four hours during thrice weekly sessions hooked up to these machines. (Sonnier, 2000, p. 5). Because patients must observe strict dietary and fluid restrictions, there is a great mortality rate that is directly related to non-adherence with the dietary and fluid restriction protocol.
Patients must self-care when they are on dialysis, and must comply with their prescribed regimen that is assigned to them when they start dialysis for the first time. Self-care and compliance are different, yet related, terms. There are reasons why patients do not self-care or comply correctly with their prescribed health regimen, and there are solutions that have been put forth. The solutions include increased education about the necessity of self-care, empowerment through education regarding how to self-care and behavioural modification. Self-care is defined as 鍍he patients deliberate actions regulating his/her functioning and development for health and well-being.(Ricka, et al., 2002, p. 329). Self-care is pertinent to the patients survival and well-being.
Compliance is a related term, what that focuses mainly on the correlation between medically prescribed therapeutic regimen compliance and the outcome behaviours. (Ricka, et al., 2002, p. 331). Dietary factors that require compliance include regulating protein intake. limiting electrolytes, such as potassium and sodium. taking vitamin supplements. and lowering fluid

For graduate school

Personal ment Personal ment Serving in the air force for 10 years as an air force militant has been a great experience for me. I feel great to have served my nation and stood with the troops in Afghanistan for two years. I went to college and completed my studies after which I maintained full time employment. By joining the army and going out to Afghanistan has transformed me personally to seek perfection and nothing less. Not to mention that the experience has made me more organized with life and has evolved me to a disciplined individual. My term at the air force has developed me personally to a great extent because anything less than perfection in the air force cannot be accepted. By serving at the air force, I have developed a very scheduled and organized lifestyle. Spending my time at the air force has allowed me to gain the skills that help in responding, reacting, interacting and dealing with different types of people. Working with the air force has really helped me to recognize my limits, abilities, skills and true potential.
My experience with the air force has taught me to be calm, tolerant, and cool. It has trained me to work under all sorts of pressure and stress, and still gain the best possible outcomes. I am currently working at the airport and in order to advance professionally, I need to be equipped with management skills. Hence I firmly believe that having a master’s degree in Business Management and Leadership will not only enhance the leadership and management skills but will also open the doors of opportunities for me. Choosing what is best for me and looking at the best available options I have applied at CUNY School of Professional Studies to gain the extra skills to become a successful and highly qualified airport manager. Looking at the extensive business education that is being provided by CUNY and the analytical leadership skills that I will gain from the school, I can anticipate that it is really going to be helpful for me in managing and handling the affairs that I will encounter at the air port.
I, being a single parent, have learned how to organize my time, my priorities and how to get things done in the best possible way even during emergencies. Living the life of a militant and a single parent, I have learned not take everything for granted. Being the air force and serving for the troops at Afghanistan, I have discovered what volunteering means and how it pays off when you see the smiles on people’s faces who had given up on everything, who had given up on hope. Learning is an ongoing process and I believe managerial skills can greatly help me advance in my career. I wish to polish my skills in management and leadership which is why I have considered opting for a degree after years of serving at the military and at the airport. Thus, obtaining a degree in business administration and leadership will help with my career in the airport industry.

Award Thank you letter

5/11 RE: Maria C. Mansella Merit Award Dear Ms. Concetta Nicolosi, I want to sincerely thank you for honoring me with the Maria C. Mansella Merit Award. I greatly appreciate your thoughtfulness in designating me for this award and helping me reach my educational goals. It is an honor with humility to be associated with your kind program besides having an opportunity to pursue my education.
This scholarship is particularly important to me because it will aid my financial resources as I pursue my academics. Finances in fees, accommodation, and basic support have been my major challenge forcing me to hope for loans and grants for my expenses. The scholarship has therefore revived my hopes of undertaking my course, establishing a stable and prominent career with a ‘well-established’ company besides being an entrepreneur. Because of the scholarship, I will be able to concentrate my studies instead of worrying about finances. The scholarship has therefore been a milestone in career dreams.
I therefore thank the committee and the entire institution for offering me a chance to pursue my career goals. I pledge my total commitment to my studies and the organization’s interest in me. I will abide by the stipulated terms of the scholarship to avoid conflict of interest. This opportunity has also challenged and convinced me to be an instrumental member of the society through social responsibility. I have therefore purposed to contribute to future scholarship programs, through funding or service delivery. I thank you again for your generosity and support in my pursuit of education.
(name and signature)
(Bond, p. 51)
Works cited
Bond, Alan. 300+ Successful Business Letters For All Occasions. New York, NY: Barrons Educational Series, 2005. Print

CoxsackieAthens High School Valedictory Speech

In this discussion about the American education system, the controversial issue is whether academia has adequately prepared its students for the challenges of higher education. On one hand, Goldson argues that she is graduating at the top of her class only because she did her best to follow what she was told to do within the system that is already set up before her. On the other hand, academia contends that they stress not only memorization, but also understanding, challenging, and innovating when engaging new ideas. My own view is that the potential to learn and the probe cannot be suppressed if we do not allow it. I believe, too, that academia does not wish to see its students fail to thrive in school. It is about time that people begin to see that grades do not make the person. Such thinking could lead the way towards, hopefully, important and effective changes.

Transcription of the 2005 Kenyon Commencement Address


This clearly indicates that almost all thoughts are self-centered, which gets in the way of appropriate thinking as per the author’s argument. All points that the author presents make sense. Wallace is correct when he maintains that thinking should be acquiring the capacity to exercise some sense of control with respect to what people think. This can also be said to be being conscious of what to pay attention to as well as choosing how to construct meaning from life’s experiences. These claims are correct. In addition, people should interpret the real meaning of education as a way of guiding people on how to live consciously and how to avoid being a slave to the default setting. For instance, Wallace states that the default setting makes people think that daily activities such as daily traffic and lengthy queues at supermarket checkouts are frustrating. If a person views this situation as still frustrating to the other people in the supermarket queues, there would be a sense of appropriate thinking. I can confirm that traffic and supermarket queues are the most frustrating experiences for me. I think people should alter their modes of thinking. This is because even the other person could be thinking that I am in their way. In fact, maybe the Hummer that just cut me off is maybe being driven by a father whose little child is hurt or sick in the seat next to him, and he’s trying to get this kid to the hospital, and he’s in a bigger, more legitimate hurry than I am: it is actually I who am in HIS way.

Explication of Death of a Salesman

Willy tries to offer good parenting to his two sons starting from when they were in school, but fails at it too. For instance in play 1 when Bernard, a neighbor’s son comes claiming that Bill is going to fail mathematics. Willy tells the small boy to give Bill the answer to the equation and just disappear. Attention on such a weighty issue would have been expected from a good parent, but Willy just brushes off on such matter such as his son’s education and good moral (Miller, 2010).
His wife Linda is however more realistic and tries to maintain the stability of her family. Most of the time she tried to make her husband understand that the family was still struggling financially even if he earned the exaggerated amount that he was stating. They would still be in debt. Linda tries to do her best in helping her family save for instance she does the laundry manually and mends her worn out clothe like the stocking she was doing in act 1.this might not gain much since her extravagant husband is spending the little earnings on a mistress (Miller, 2010). Linda is also a better parent than Willy and shows more concern about their son’s welfare. She was more concerned about Bill’s possibility of failing in mathematics, but her husband talks her out of the worries. She tries to communicate with the sons in a sober mood explaining to them their financial woes. She also makes them aware that their father was depressed by the situation but keeps on evading it, but they could see all the symptoms of a depressed man since at night he would start sleep talking and talking to imaginary people .he was hallucinating and nostalgic about their high school days (Miller, 2010).
WILLY: Biff Loman is lost. Such a young man with personal attractiveness and a hard working person gets lost in the worlds greatest country. And such a hard worker. There’s one thing about

Personal perspective paper

Personal Perspective MBA is indeed the success criteria for any individual who wants to make it big in the business world. For that to happen, it is significant to know that hard work and commitment are the cornerstones and the keys towards achieving that. Having said that, once a person has side tracked his education over a period of time, it is pretty difficult to get back on track and start all over again to gain something new. However perseverance and dedication are the keys to achieving what this person has ever dreamt about.
At the present, I work for a small organization which does not pay me enough at the end of the day to make me feel contented. Being a female and the first born, I have understood the different responsibilities that life brings with itself. If I am given a chance to study in the business school and do my MBA, I would be better able to understand the world markets as I already have an idea about the mannerisms in which the different markets already exist within and the methodologies they have adopted towards the foreign traders, marketers and the like. The undergraduate degree in management that I have attained is something that I can look up to when I pursue my MBA degree program. This MBA would eventually make me stand in a league of professionals who are on the go and want to achieve more and more out of life. I will get a better paying job and the ease of mind that I have so much wished and yearned for, with the passage of time. All said and done, I wish to see myself getting established in a financial institution and see progress happening for me left, right and center. I want to make money, more and more of it, so that I could make my career strong and a better living is bestowed upon me nonetheless. Thus I decided to pursue my MBA because I felt I was lagging behind in life and I needed to do much more than I had already done. I needed to understand myself a whole lot more and for that, I must study further and an MBA is the key to know more about things, more about the world in general. A better and more comforting life is what I dream of, in the long run and for it to happen. it is pertinent to attain the education that I am longing to have.
Having said all that and after the details that I have given about myself and my personality, I would request the said authorities to consider me for admission to the business school so that it could polish my personality as well as fulfill my dream to gain more and more about the big world of corporate giants and all that comes along with that. I would be really grateful if I am considered worthy enough to be granted admission.
Yours faithfully,
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What are three reasons why students fail universitylevel classes 3 reasons why they pass

Reasons why fail or pass es Here are the reasons why fail or pass level es.
First, one of the reasons why they fail university classes is that they probably taking the right course for them. This leads to the second reason, and that is they will not take their classes seriously. They will not study that hard or enjoy discovering things concerning the classes relevant to their course. Finally, they find it boring to attend or study their subjects leading them to receive lower marks especially during exams.
On the other hand, one of the reasons why university students pass university classes is their level of enthusiasm associated with the course they are taking. If they love their course enough, they will study that hard, or even discover more things in order for them to learn more. This means learning must have become the primary concern for them. Students who aim for higher learning are making it good especially in their class performance (Hunt 83). Second, those students who pass university classes are setting for themselves vital goals for them to achieve. This means that it will be harder for them to be involved in some sort of distractions, as going to school and learning things have become their primary considerations why they are in school in the first place. Another potential reason why students pass university classes is because they have the specific level of intelligence required to understand and pass the course. With this in mind, they will be able to pass exams, actively participate and be involved in class discussions and so on.
Work Cited
Hunt, Lester H. Grade inflation: Academic standards in higher education. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 2008. Print.

Engendering of Militarism and Warfare

Therefore, feminists’ rationale that militarism and warfare have been gendered is very plausible, as shall be seen further, in the discussion that ensues forthwith.
According to Cock (1992, 2- 3), one of the ways by which militarism and warfare are gendered is through the assigning of military department and functions, patriarchal features. It is not a rarity to find that in some countries, all terms of identification for military officers, their functions and offices are patriarchal. The Gulf War (1991) is a clear epitome of this development. During the Gulf War, female personnel was represented differently. Having totally rejected the notion of female soldiers coming to its aid, the Saudi government designated female personnel as males with female features. As opposed to the common rationale that the media plays a pivotal role in the emancipation of women, the media at the time referred to this female personnel as liberated women.
The forgoing could have been tolerable if women had not been participating in military expeditions. According to the Women’s Research and Education Institute (WREI) which is based in Washington, women have served in combat-support positions in the army. For instance, 26,000 females served in the Persian Gulf. female combatants heavily participated in the Iraqi and Kuwaiti invasions. 270 female officers served in the US Patriot missile battalions in Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey. The import of the foregoing is that the very Saudi Arabia wherein female personnel are referred to as males with female features is the very place 11 Saudi army women lost their lives.
Policies that govern military recruitment and operations have also gone a long way in solidifying the engendering of military activities and warfare. Mostly, these policies factor biological constraints to push women to the fringes of military operations. Particularly, the fact women have less physical strength compared to men and get pregnant has been exploited towards these ends. Women who turn positive for pregnancy tests are usually turned away from the army and other disciplined forces recruitment exercises. In like manner, women who test positive for pregnancy are usually exempted from the war.

Personal assessment

[Supervisor Personal Assessment of Management Skills (Associates Version) Following is a of assessment of my colleague’s abilities and skills on the basis of scores I have given to each set of statements in light of his personality:
As far as the self knowledge of my colleague is concerned I slightly disagree to this. Although he is always up for criticism and happily accepts both positive and negative feedback, but he misinterprets some of the feedback given to him causing him discomfort in decision making.
When faced with stressful or time pressured situations, he keeps track of time and normally completes his task before deadline. He, however, fails to identify what is important from what is not. He likes to keep himself fit and is very health conscious.
I slightly agree with his abilities to face a typical, routine problem. Though he sometimes fails to identify a problem, he has always more than 1 solution for it. He goes step by step when faced with a problem. When faced with a complex or a difficult problem that does not have an easy solution
He lacks the vision to define a problem in more than just one way saying all this he comes with the most creative ideas when solving these complex problems.
When trying to foster more creativity and innovation among those with whom he works, he is very supportive and appreciates ideas coming out of people. He knows how to motivate people to get the best out of them. Therefore I agree with his abilities in this respect.
As far as his abilities related to counseling is concerned I slightly agree with his abilities. While giving a feedback he tends to avoid being personal with others and focuses more on the problem.
In a situation where it is important to obtain more power , my colleague keeps himself involved in events and activities. He tries to improve himself and tries to think out of the box in order in order to generate creative ideas. He refuses to come under anyone’s influence and does not agree to other people’s terms.
When someone needs to be motivated, he does not believe in rewarding people, though he is always there to help them out. He takes charge of the situation when productivity is insufficient. He does compliment those who deserve it.
When he sees someone doing something that needs correcting, he is not one of those who sit back after giving their views. He is always encouraging people to challenge his perspective and ask him questions.
I slightly disagree with the fact that he cannot take the criticism into account in situations when someone complains about something he has done. In fact, he asks the other person to adjust his behavior.
When two people are in conflict and he is the mediator, I agree that he is able to negotiate such issues. He cleverly tackles this kind of a situation and helps the two groups reach to an agreement.
I slightly disagree with his consistency in giving feedbacks in situations where he has an opportunity to empower others. He could do much better in providing people with information they need.
I slightly agree that he is very specific about the work he wants while delegating work to others, but does not keep a close check.
I disagree with his ability to influence his team members, when he is in the role of a leader in a team. But is clear about what his team can achieve.
He is not a very compromising team member. The relationship he shares with other members is not strong enough. Therefore, I disagree with his role as an effective team member.
With respect to situation in which he desires to make my team perform well, regardless of whether he is a leader or member, I disagree slightly with his competence in doing so. He does not encourage his team enough to make some serious innovation and achieve the best possible results.
With regard to his ability to lead change, I disagree with his abilities, because when he is leading change he does not keep any track of things that go wrong. It would be a lot better if he was more responsible (Robbins).
Work Cited
Robbins, Stephen. Self-Assessment Library. New Jersey: Pearson Education, 2009.

Diversity Training Manual Part IV

Diversity Training Manual Diversity Training Manual This Section of the Diversity Training Manual focuses on religious discrimination under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII). Title VII protects workers from employment discrimination based on their race, color, religion, sex, national origin, or protected activity.nbsp. Solely with respect to religion, Title VII also requires reasonable accommodation of employees’ sincerely held religious beliefs, observances, and practices when requested, unless accommodation would impose an undue hardship on business operations.nbsp.Title VII prohibits employers from harassing employees because of their religious beliefs. When an employee isnbsp.harassednbsp.because of his religious beliefs, it usually takes one of two forms: hostility or proselytizing. With either scenario, an employer must determine whether the employee is being harassed because of his sincerely held religious belief.
The three religion to be considered are Orthodox Jewish, Hindu and the Church of Jesus Christ Latter-Day Saints. Religious practices that could easily be accommodated by management incorporate: Dressing, some of your staff who may wish to dress in a traditional way for reasons related to religion or belief e.g. sari for the Hindu. If your organization has a policy on dress or appearance, you should try to be flexible and reasonable concerning clothing, items of jewelry and markings which are traditional within some religions or beliefs. Employees who wear beards for religious reasons generally must be accommodated when your interest is simply professional appearance or neatness. Hindus vegetarian and will not eat meat, fish or eggs. None eat beef. They should be allowed to practice their beliefs without interference and their meals should be prepared and stored differently from the other employees.
Supervisors should accommodate only those religious beliefs that are sincerely held like the Sabbath for the Orthodox Jewish. Therefore, whether or not a religious belief is sincerely held by an applicant or employee is only relevant to religious accommodation, claims of disparate treatment or harassment because of religion.nbsp.Adherents to the Mormon faith do not smoke, drink alcohol or consume caffeine. they should not be discriminated against for that. In fact, this means that they are sober to perform their duties diligently.
Religious practices that would be difficult to accommodate by management incorporate: Safetynbsp.issues like the prohibition of wearing loose garments around machinery, however, don’t need to be overlooked for the sake of accommodation. Sexual discrimination against sexual orientation of a certain individual at work place by the LDS should not be tolerated. The LDS do not practice homosexuality or lesbianism and therefore would go and discriminate against certain individuals. Allowing individuals leaves that could harm the production capacity of the company should not be allowed. For example, allowing Mormon missions that usually last for two years. Most of the practicing orthodox Jewish don’t believe in college education which in turn harms the company’s productivity since they most likely will be lacking the necessary skills for the job there are undertaking. Employers that encourage their workforce to be tolerant of diversity, including respecting individuals religious beliefs, dress to observing and decorating the office for all holiday observations, if possible, will ultimately make for a happier workplace
Best Practices for Eradicating Religious Discrimination in the Workplace
EEOC Compliance Manual on Religious Discriminationnbsp.(2008) at Example 39.nbsp.EEOC v. Heartland Employment Services, LLC d/b/a Manor Care Health Services-Citrus Heights, Case No. 2:08-cv-00460-FCD-DAD (E.D. Cal.) (consent decree entered May 2010).nbsp.EEOC v. Healthcare and Retirement Corp. of America d/b/a Heartland Health Care Center – Canton, Case No. 07-13670 (E.D. Mich. consent decree entered Dec. 2009).
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C.S. 2000z et seq) and Implementing Regulations, Making Religious Discrimination in Employment Unlawful, 22 A.L.R. Fed. 580, 602 (1975).

The Role of the Founder in Creating Organizational Culture

That is, Organization is an organized human activity, apportioned into different ‘organs’ or departments by a leader. ‘Organized human activity’ in the sense, ever since our origination, we humans have been showing activeness both mentally and physically, which have transformed our globe from a primitive one to an advanced one.
Physically speaking, this activeness is due to the functions or ‘organized activity’ of the various body organs. And even though various organs play their part, it is the brain, which plays the chief part, by initiating and controlling the various parts. Likewise, the organization will be active, physically, statistically, economically etc due to the organized activity of the workers and the departments. And like the brain in the human body, the leader of the organization in the form CEO (Chief Executive Officer), MD (Managing Director), Chairman etc will put his/her brain and manage the various human filled departments. So, organized human activity is planned and controlled the flow of human energy.
So, if organized or planned activity is carried out with precision, the organization will be a success. But, precision in organizing or planning cannot be done without the initiatives of the workers and departments and also without a knowledgeable, capable and powerful initiator. Like the five different fingers in one’s hand, each human is different from one another having different characters, attitudes, education, background etc, etc…And the union of these different humans under a single organization to reach a target is, and will always be a difficult proposition. As these different humans could only create a different working culture, the success rate will be minimal. And, if a common working culture, if correctly said, the perfect, feasible and winnable working culture is ‘operationalised’, throughout the organization, the organization will be a success story.nbsp.

Evaluation of your learning

The drive to establish student self-worth is a part of the hidden curriculum within the Lifelong Learning Curriculum. The hidden curriculum is characterized by its intention to unconsciously include learning experiences into the overt curriculum. The hidden curriculum aspires to help students acquire social values and skills (Cornbleth 1990, 50).
Another significant feature of the Lifelong Learning curriculum is that the students acquire a relevant range and high quality groundwork of knowledge and skills that are conducive to preparation for the workforce, the maintenance of good interpersonal relations and for sustaining a life replete with creativity and imagination (Chapman and Aspin 1997, 76). Ultimately, the Lifelong Learning curriculum seeks to ensure that education and training are arranged so as to meet the wider societal need of producing workers who can become engaged in the world’s labour market in a competitive manner (Chapman and Aspin 1997, 76).
The Lifelong Learning curriculum makes provision for student learning assessment. By taking this approach students take on responsibilities for managing their learning. They are encouraged to state their objectives and to periodically assess and have their progress toward those goals assessed. Ultimately, this approach not only improve the student’s learning, but also contributes to it (Wankel and DeFillippi 2008, 157).
Cumulatively, the Lifelong Learning Curriculum is designed to ensure that teaching focuses on student learning. The focus is on learning so that students gain attitudes and skills necessary to learn for themselves in both during education and after completing their education. The Lifelong Learning curriculum takes an approach that reflects a recognition that learning takes place in a number of different contexts in both academic and non-academic constructs as well as in the community, employment and at home. In this regard, the Lifelong

The Effective Leader

nbsp.Instead, one accomplishes prominence by leading the field with one’s ideas. If one thinks of some of the most renowned people in the field of Effective education, one knows they got to their positions not by demonstrating high scores on examinations of knowledge of books on effective education, but by being leaders with their ideas about how to educate the effective.
Effectiveness in leadership is, in large part, a function of creativity in producing ideas, analytical intelligence in assessing the quality of these sort of ideas, practical intelligence in executing the ideas and convincing others to value and follow the ideas, and wisdom to ensure that the decisions and their execution are for the common good of all stakeholders.
Creativity, intelligence, and wisdom are not merely inborn. Even though these attributes may be partially heritable, heritability is distinct from modifiability. Leaders can develop their creativity, intelligence, and wisdom. Therefore, in the present view, one is not born an effective leader. Rather, effectiveness in wisdom, intelligence, and creativity–the ingredients of effective leadership–is, somewhat, a form of developing competency and expertise that one can decide to utilize or not in actual leadership decisions. The environment strongly influences the extent to which we are capable to utilize and develop whatever genetic potentials we have.
Leadership entails both skills and attitudes. The skills are developing competencies and expertise based on how well one can perform certain functions of leadership. Effective leaders are highly skillful in making and implementing decisions that represent creative, intelligent, and wise judgments. The attitudes are developing proficiency-based on how one thinks about these functions.nbsp.

Application Letter to the University of Fairleigh Dickinson

Application Letter to the University of Fairleigh Dickinson
Most of us aspire to have a very good career and life and in the quest for the best possible things that life can bestow upon us, the primary thing that everyone tries to achieve is to have a very sound education that they believe will lay the foundation for a good career. Apart from a having a sound career, many of us also aspire for developing our personalities on an overall basis. As such, people who aim to mould their lives in such a direction can be termed as being serious with them and their inner conscience and I consider myself to be one among that group.
I have always wanted to get a degree from a reputed university that will offer me innumerable opportunities in life from numerous perspectives. When considering applying to a university, I have based my choices and preferences on a number of criteria such as the reputation of the university, the cosmopolitan nature offered at the campus, the range of courses offered, importance to activities apart from study and lastly the emphasis laid on the exposure to internationalism.
I strongly believe that among the choices that I have considered and researched, the Fairleigh Dickinson University certainly has come to outscore the others as it has provided me with such an insight that has left me mesmerized and created an urge in me to come in and experience the rich heritage personally. The first and the foremost things that captivated my thought when I had a look at the university web portal was the vast number of campuses, colleges and the range of mediums over which priceless education was being offered to prospective students. I sincerely felt that such an extended range of courses left me with much more than I could expect to choose from. I believe that it is extremely important in terms of my career to choose a course of my choice as I firmly believe that in order to succeed at work, true commitment and a liking for the job is a must.
At a personal level, I have always wanted to support the expenses for my education and I was delighted and encouraged upon finding the extensive range of scholarship options that the university offers. I was also encouraged by the fact that the university plays host to a large contingent of students from other countries and I have always been willing to meet new people of different cultures and see the world through them. I strongly believe that if I get an opportunity to meet people from as much as 80 countries, my self belief of being a global citizen will be further strengthened.
I am also happy and encouraged by the number of partnerships that the university has forged with the corporate world and I am eager to participate in the various exchanges that take place at all levels. I have also had a chance to get positive feedback from friends and acquaintances about the success of the university in projecting its students as worthy candidates capable of being recruited by corporate entities.
These facts, which I consider to be the most notable and a number of fairly notable ones have made me look at Fairleigh Dickinson University with a sense of pride and has led me to believe that if there is any place I would like to have a degree from, then it definitely has to be FDU. This assertion within me is not just from the facts that I have been able to hear and see through different mediums, but by just looking at what FDU’s alumni have been able to achieve over the years.

Two or More Sample Hypothesis Testing Paper

In this case, we want to test whether the average salary of a person who has been to school for less than 16 years in less than that of another who spend more than 16 years in school.
In hypothesis testing, there is the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis. The null hypothesis is the assumed truth while the alternative is what the researcher/analyst will settle for if the assumed truth (null hypothesis) if found to be false. The hypothesis is below.
A sample is used instead of using the whole population to draw inferences about the population since it is cheap, it takes a shorter while and has scope like a complete observation of the whole population. In this case, the People who spend less than 16 years in education were 79 while those who had spend more than 16 years in education were 21. Thus, a total of 100 were selected for this study. The people who spend less than 16 years are denoted by 1 while those who spend more than 16 years are denoted by 2.
This is a single tailed test to the left, the average salary for those who have been in education for less than 16 years is 26,998.68 with a standard deviation of 13,305.31. The average salary for those who have been in education for more than 16 years is 45,259.52 with a standard deviation of 21,322.18.
For those who spent less than 16 years, the salary range was 72,604 with a minimum of 10,997 and a maximum of 83,601 while those with more than 16 years, the range was 73,690 and a minimum of 9,879 and a maximum of 83,569. The maximum and minimum of both less than and more than 16 years are almost he same.
From the above results, it is evident that the calculated value for Z lies in the critical region. is not in the acceptance region but in the rejection region as shown above. The null hypothesis is rejected and the alternative accepted.
We conclude that, the average salary for those who have been in education for less than 16 years is less than the

The Google Maps Road Rally

Supervisor The Google Maps Road Rally of Austin Austin is capital of Texas located in American Southwest in the United States. I have chosen to write about Austin as it is one of fastest growing city in the country ranking third in the list. Austin prides in positioning three fortune 500 companies’ headquarters such as Whole Foods Market, Freescale Semiconductor, and Temple inland. Facebook is also opening its office in the downtown to create better job opportunities in the city. The livability factor of the Austin provides the second places in the best big city category published by the MONEY magazine (Google Maps).
Austin spreads into 271.8 squares miles in which 6.9 square miles occupies the water. Austin is located near Colorado River along with three beautiful artificial lakes prefixing with lake named as Bird Lake, Austin, and Walter E. Long. Google maps provide the location of lake Austin as shown in the below figure from the website of Google maps after zooming the location. There is beautiful wildflower meadow and shrub/sapling habitat is evolving as the trees grow in stretch of riverbank besides Colorado River. Other species is also showing presence. Biological diversity, better water quality, improvement in oxygen level and flood control is also helpful maintaining sustainable ecosystem in area. The reservoir created in 1939 supports the electricity generation and flood control measurement in the area. Mount Bonnell is another place of interest in the vicinity of Lake Austin to serve as watchtower for the city dwellers. This serves to provide sightseeing to the visitors from the height of 780-feet with nickname Covert Park in the area of 5.36 acres to enjoy the nature’s beauty present in surrounding hills (Google Maps).

Population of city is dominated by 63.7% of White Americans in which 49.9% are non-Hispanic according to the survey of 2005-07. The Hispanic population contributes to the 30.5% of the population. Weather condition of city supports the prevalence of subtropical humid climate that can provide sunny days across most of the time in the year. Snowfalls are rare but, it occurs at the interval of two years. City administration comprises the member of council to maintain the governance and law in the Austin. Politically the city remains divided into the groups of environmentalist and promoters of urban advancement (Google Maps).
Economically Austin remains one of the thriving city of the US acting as hub for high tech companies including IT giants such as Dell, IBM, Motorola, HP, Apple. University of Texas remains one of the premium education centers in the country to provide resources to these technical organizations. There are significant presences of Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Companies touching. Transportation to major business center increases the importance of Austin in US economy as interconnectivity is reflected in the above satellite images from Google maps (Google Maps).
Work Cited
Google Maps. Get Directions, 2010. Web. 27 Apr. 2010.


The concept of the Welfare State, as Barr (2004) postulates, lacks precision and as such no single faceted definition can be best termed as best describing it. The reason behind the above statement is as a result of the fact that welfare stems its meaning from an array of sources that go beyond activities that fall within the province of the state. Moreover, there are a whole range of modes for delivering services to citizens that are deemed welfare services. Some of the services that are entailed in the welfare kitty are funded by the state but the same state does not produce this services. Some of the services are produced publicly but their delivery is free. Some of the services are brought by the private sector with some acquired by persons whereupon they get financing from the state. Despite the fact that the limits of welfare are not clearly stated the concept of the welfare state is used as a diminutive hand for the activities of the state in 4 wide areas. Barr (2004) postulates that primarily, these services are education and healthcare as well as housing, food and other services that are enjoyed on welfare. Our study will be based on education.
The major aims of the Welfare State are best described under 4 general groups. Welfare ideally, is formulated with the objective of supporting living standards, and diminishing the inherent inequalities and by doing so it strives to desist from cost explosion as well as deters actions that are conducive to adverse selection as well as moral hazard. All the above stated aims of the Welfare State are achieved through maintaining administrative costs on the low as well as structuring the welfare system with models that do not condone abuse of power by those that are charged with running the welfare system.
The road that led to assenting to the above objectives in the U.K commenced with the liberal reforms in 1906 to nineteen fourteen as Marcuzzo (1996) observes. The kingdom was not fully

Introdyction to psycological theories and issues

According to this theory, the individual inherits all his behaviours due to the complex interaction of genes. Most of his characters and behaviours remain constant throughout his life, as outside environments do not affect his individuality in any way. His individuality is predetermined. From this standpoint, types and characteristics measured with personality are constant and even if we sharpen our wits, types and temperaments to some extent successfully, we can never change them. We do as our genes dictate. As Darwin’s theory was applied to this psychological theory, it also implies that our personality connects with the secondary theory of natural selection for survival of the fittest.
Distinct personality and individual differences differentiate a person from the commonalities. One of the main personality theories, Nurture theory, connects with the Operant Conditioning of Thorndyke who talks about conditioning of man, dog or any other animal through conditioning or nurture. Every situation that is connected with the nurturing of a child till it grows up and even later as an adult produces a positive or negative reinforcement of the behaviour in the individual. Nurture theory says that every behaviour depends upon the atmosphere, circumstances, education, bringing up of a child, teachers, friends, well-wishers, neighbours, community, society, and the results of a person’s behaviour are all responsible for his personality. It argues that nature or genetics, or heredity have nothing to do with the personality of the individual. Here life becomes a saga of actions and reactions.
Skinner applied this theory on the experiments like training an animal, through rewarding or punishing and assessing how the animal gets used to a certain behaviour, showing absolutely no signs of his hereditary behaviour, but adapting himself to an entirely new behaviour, a result of the present nurture.
There is no doubt that nurture through education, training and

The Education system of China

The other stage is secondary education. this stage is classified in two groups, specialized education and the academic secondary education (Wang 27). The academic lower and upper middle schools are obligated to provide academic secondary education. On the other hand, a student going for vocational secondary education or specialized education can attend training for two or four years. This system provides training more low skilled personnel, technician, managers and farmers.
A student at this category can attend undergraduate level of either two or three years. The two options are also known as short cycle colleges, four-year colleges and universities. They provide both academic and vocational training to students. The Chinese universities and colleges provide graduate programs that make it possible for students to attain Masters or Ph.D. degree.
Additionally, undergraduate level is available in either three years or four-year educational program. Three-year program is available in short cycle colleges, universities and four-year colleges. The four-year program is offered in universities and four-year colleges. The difference here is that a student taking four-year program does not attain a bachelor’s degree (Chapman et al. 271).
Adult education in Chinese educational system is a reflection of the other two categories, higher education and basic education. They include adult primary education that covers, workers primary education, education for illiterate persons and peasant farmer’s education. Secondary education covers TV and radio specialized education. Peasant and some adult workers are also provided with adult specialized secondary education. TV and radio universities are some of the categories included in Adult higher education program. Other systems available in adult higher education include worker’s colleges, cadre institutes and the correspondence colleges. The mentioned systems of adult education are available in a

SelfEsteem and the Education System

This is why it is vital to understand how modern theorists and educators are using innovative methods for improving the self-esteem of youths in the eight to 16-year-old age brackets so as to provide them with more positive self-concept well into adulthood. Failure to assist these youths in developing positive self-esteem is a failure to provide the cardinal requirement of a fulfilling life (Reasoner, 2009, p.2). With this statement in mind, it reinforces the importance of understanding the motivations and social/academic drivers which best reinforce positive self-esteem development in primary/secondary-aged youths and identify the most appropriate models available for this objective.nbsp.This is why it is vital to understand how modern theorists and educators are using innovative methods for improving the self-esteem of youths in the eight to 16-year-old age brackets so as to provide them with more positive self-concept well into adulthood. Failure to assist these youths in developing positive self-esteem is a failure to provide the cardinal requirement of a fulfilling life (Reasoner, 2009, p.2). With this statement in mind, it reinforces the importance of understanding the motivations and social/academic drivers which best reinforce positive self-esteem development in primary/secondary-aged youths and identify the most appropriate models available for this objective.nbsp.The theories
A child who develops poor self-esteem in their primary and secondary school years is consistently worried about making mistakes, being embarrassed, or exposing themselves to social ridicule (Reasoner, 2009, p.1). These students who view themselves negatively will also skirt conversation which focuses on the youth and is hyper-sensitive to any perceived signs of rejection from others and will, over time, begin creating strategies to deal with living which are both defensive and protective to the youth (Reasoner).nbsp. For the educational practitioner, understanding the potential impact of minimized self-esteem should be of considerable classroom focus, as the negative outcomes of poor self-concept can lead to long-term problems adjusting later in life. This would point toward the educator as being a form of a mentor so as to identify these social behaviors in low self-esteem youths and then work toward creating a more inclusive environment and one in which students begin identifying positively with their own skills and aptitudes. If students do not feel they are being accepted by their peers or the general academic environment, they are more prone to depression and also have greater impulses for acting aggressively or resentful (Reasoner).nbsp.

Parimary Article Summary

Primary Article Summary Primary Article Summary Leininger, M. (1997). Future directions in transcultural nursing in the 21st century. International Nursing Review, (44)1, 19–23.
The concept of transcultural nursing (TCN) was first introduced by Madeleine Leininger. Her theory emphasized the need to conduct a thorough study of human behaviors and their cultures, whether Western or non-Western. The basic idea of transcultural nursing is to study the connection between the various cultures and relate these findings to the core concepts of nursing.
Keeping in view the challenges of the 21st century, the author briefly explained the relevant factors and their roles in getting a positive outcome in the field of nursing, taking into consideration the diversities and universalities of cultures. She asserted that in order to achieve success in the implementation and execution of the goals of TCN, it is essential that efforts are directed based on qualitative research, which can guide the future directions of the TCN paradigm. Doing this will ensure delivery of quality nursing care and resolution of diverse ethical issues, which are desired to achieve TCN goals.
The nurses should be educated with a mindset of planning appropriate policies and understanding the cultures of different communities and how they are circuitously connected with the concept of care. This practice will help the nurses to educate the future generations and students about TCN.
The foreseeable development towards TCN will surely help the world as a whole. The teaching of nurses on all possible levels of all cultures will help this multi-cultural world become a better place. To achieve success, it is necessary to develop the right strategies, training procedures, and education policies for nurses. TCN is still in progress and needs much hard work and dedication. Nonetheless, the theory of TCN and the efforts behind it are appreciable.

How Cultural Differences Affect Conflict Management within Lenovo


Conflict of any of the business establishment is extremely embedded in cultural dissimilarities in the circumstance of communal, financial, and chronological conflict. The Chinese habitual clothing reveals that they were very much informed about the monument of stitching and binding, subsequent to the prehistoric era. Chinese culture and civilization are one of the extremely elder culture followed in the world. At the same time, Chinese culture and customs express a contradiction amid a variety of towns and regions. A subject on Chinese civilization and customs would be imperfect with no mentioning of their foodstuff, clothing, education and construction and transportation. Since then three different cultures, the old Lenovo culture, Dell’s management culture, and IBM Pac’s existing culture, have existed uneasily at Lenovo simultaneously. Three years have passed and still, the cultural conflict has not been resolved. (Botched integration and Lenovo faces reorganization, 2009). Culture is a vital ingredient of conflict and Conflict Management. Also, cultures are one of the most influential aspects of the organization that are regularly unconscious. Cultures are entrenched in all conflict for the reason that conflicts happen in human relations. Culture is constantly an aspect in conflict, whether it acts as a central position or influences it finely and smoothly. Conflict management necessitates a managerial Ombudsman to be responsive to how civilization may have an effect on the views and actions of those concerned. The beginning of a conflict stimulates citizen’s gray matter and this is valuable for the business. The key characteristics of cross-cultural incorporation of human resources are the organization and execution of a collection of reliable principles in the course of the business. Cultural amalgamation of every organization is a must and also it has a most significant result on the organizations strong expansion.

Post Soviet Eurasia


Speaking about the collapse of the Soviet Union, it is important to note that the its main reason was killing of established regime by the crisis, caused by the internal contradictions of the Soviet system and the inability of the Communist Party to resolve them. The end of the Soviet Union led to the ethnic and other conflicts that resulted in thousands of victims and became the cause of instant impoverishment of millions of people as well as the development of the widespread criminality and massive loss of life guidelines. The question of the Post-Soviet reality is more complicated. All former Soviet republics managed to transform themselves into the independent states, which could be hardly imagined in 1991. Today the economic situation in these areas is different. Before the beginning of the global economic crisis, almost all countries of the former Soviet Union managed to overcome deep financial default, caused by the collapse and reconstruction of all-union economy. Most of the armed conflicts that accompanied the collapse of the Soviet Union took place in the Caucasus. The independent countries of the south – Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia – are beset by the economic problems, social unrest and territorial disputes (King, Charles, 2008). The origins of the Georgian-Ossetian conflict lie in the events of the late 1980s, when the activation of the Georgian national movement for the independence from the Union center and the radical actions of its leaders led to a sharp deterioration of relations between Georgians and ethnic minorities (primarily, the Abkhazians and Ossetians, who had their own autonomous education and demanded to enhance their status). In 1992, South Ossetia was an independent state, with its own constitution (adopted in 1993), and state symbols. Georgian authorities continued to accept it as the Tskhinvali region, but they did not take active steps to establish control over it. In

Problems in Australian Politics and How to Solve Them

Wages that include overtime allowances and travel allowances for the staff of Members of Parliament reveal a sudden increase just before the elections and this reveals that they are being utilized as a part of the election campaign (McLennan, 2004).

Estimating corruption is always difficult because people never reveal the facts of corruption that they are involved in. Politicizing public service often becomes a major problem and this reprehensible practice was introduced during the regime of the Labour party government and was continued by the Coalition government. Due to this, the public servants have slowly commenced to divest themselves of accountability towards parliament or to the code of conduct (McLennan, 2004).

In order to curb this ministerial use of public servants, certain recommendations were propounded by Professor Hindess that include the introduction of Commonwealth whistleblower protection legislation and anti-defamation legislation that provide protection for persons who make disclosures in the public interest. It has also been recommended that registers of interests and code of conduct for parliamentarians and ministers should be maintained in every region. These codes of conduct should include particulars regarding post-separation employment and an independent ethics commissioner vested with necessary powers has to be appointed so as to control these registers (McLennan, 2004).

The various Australian political systems are broadly democratic and undemocratic in nature. The electoral system is democratic. whereas federalism, bicameralism, etc are not democratic. Democracy is not fundamental political value, hence no assurances can be made that it accords justice to society’s minorities. Democracy has to be guided by extant culture and institutions like the liberal legal tradition, education, etc. It is essential for the minorities to demand such measures as will accord justice to them.nbsp.

Kaffir Boy An AutobiographyThe True Story of a Black Youth’s Coming of Age in Apartheid South Africa

Racism in Kaffir Boy: The True Story of a Black Youths Coming of Age in Apartheid South Africa of Submission
Racism in Kaffir Boy: The True Story of a Black Youths Coming of Age in Apartheid South Africa
Mark Mathabane’s story of his own life, Kaffir Boy: The True Story of a Black Youths Coming of Age in Apartheid South Africa, was published in 1986 when Apartheid was still a very large part of the South African way of life. His story talks of the trials that people of colored races had to face in such a historical setting. His story also talks of the personal efforts of his that led to his success. His story is thus one that inspires one to rise above the trials and tribulations caused by circumstances and inspires one to work hard for success.
Mathabane’s account of racism in South Africa is able to show how the colored people of this nation during the era of apartheid did not receive the same opportunities that the whites did. Apart from this, it also points out the fact that in such a society, it required an extraordinary effort from someone of non-white races to secure a successful future. The exclusion that Mathabane faces from certain tournaments is proof of the racism that was practiced in most parts of South Africa during the time when he lived there. He is able to participate in such tournaments as a result of the kindness that is shown by some whites.
The crippling poverty that Mathabane has to live through is also something that reveals another side of racism. Racism resulted in a certain kind of poverty in the colored races of South Africa and prevented them from receiving the kinds of opportunities that the white citizens of their own country had. The reason as to why a certain part of this poverty is alleviated is the kindness that is offered by the Smiths. They offer him their sympathetic support and this goes a long way in helping his cause. However, as in the earlier instance, this too is an example of the kindness of the whites which only reveals the extent of the helplessness that the blacks in South Africa faced during the apartheid era. They were in such situations completely at the mercy of the white establishment. This shows a racist government that fails to take the humanity of the colored races into account.
Mathabane’s account is not wholly pessimistic though. In the midst of the gloom, he makes it clear that it is possible for change to happen. For this transformation to happen, education plays a central role and even prior to education, family ties and especially motherly love and obstination trigger change and progress (Kaffir Boy, An Autobiography, 2012). The training that Mathabane receives in tennis enables him to participate in tournaments and ultimately migrate to America. This success of his comes despite the racist environment that he had to live in. this is a constant provider of inspiration. It reminds the reader that despite the presence of obstacles, it is possible for one to attain success if one is ready to persevere. Matahabane’s account is as much an account of the South Africa of the apartheid era as it is of the power of the human spirit.
Mathabane, Mark. (1990). Kaffir Boy: The True Story of a Black Youths Coming of Age in Apartheid South Africa. New York: Macmillan. Print.
Kaffir Boy, An Autobiography. (2012). The Daydreamer’s Diary. 23 May, 2012. Retrieved 10 Nov. 2012 from

On Life Home and Education

If Buddha was my father, he might have gladly given me my needs for such a ridiculous idea. Unfortunately, my father is a hard-working man who believes that my decisions and actions today will have consequences which I will either enjoy or suffer tomorrow. As a parent, he says he needs to guide me through my reckless and naïve stage in life so that I do not have to waste my youth on anything. Who am I to fret when he means well? Anyway, for the Chinese, a father is an authority that cannot be questioned.
I wanted to run away, to find my place under the sun. I wanted to be independent, out of the grip of any man. However, I have great fears about not certainly knowing what might happen to me. Therefore, I will have to be content of running to my sanctuary, away from my father’s observant eyes that will forever be fixed on me until I break down. Ah, yes. The temple is my home, my sanctuary. This is where I feel safe and more importantly, it is where I sit and think for hours without being disturbed.
This is not the first time I have been here. For countless days, my mother brought me to this place to pray and reflect on the important things that matter to both of us. My mother is a firm yet gentle person she has always been an inspiration to me. She has spoken so many wise words to me that have been inscribed in my heart. As I sit here alone, I can almost hear her words resounding through the walls. In times of troubles, meditate. It will clear your mind and make you choose things more wisely, she would always say. Her words were always strong and powerful for some reason I cannot quite see from where it is coming from. I reckon her words stayed with me because I have always watched her do things before she instructed me to do them.nbsp.

Summary &amp


Summary and Critical Response: Working at McDonald’s Summary In Working at McDonald’s, Amitai Etzioni argues that working in fast food chains, of which McDonald’s holds a pioneering status, is not good nor educational for the youngsters these days. Etzioni claims that while working in fast food chains may seem to be beneficial at first as teenagers ought to learn to be self-reliant, productive and has the drive to be productive. it can, however, subvert their attendance and involvement in school in the long run. Etzioni further justifies his arguments by presenting some studies regarding this matter, wherein some of the key findings stated that while teenagers may learn new skills at work, there is only little attention given in terms of the amount of time provided for acquiring a skill, or what significance it contributes. Another study found that those students who did part time job while in school could reduce the unemployment rate. however, this implies that many of those who started working in fast food chains eventually stopped their schooling and end up in low-skill jobs. Etzioni concludes that youngsters should balance their needs and other endeavors, but education must be their utmost priority.
Critical Response
The discussion of the arguments presented in the article, Working at McDonald’s, by Amitai Etzioni is highly persuasive as the author supported and justified his arguments on practical grounds as manifested in the real setting. He cited similar studies to bring out factual information, although the discussion is limited in the context of the American culture. However, he further justified that there are various differences in work culture from one place to another. this is clear enough to say that some cases may not be true, or are only partially true in other cultures. From the tone of the language he used, it can be implied that he sympathizes with the present real experience of the youngsters today such that he considered how their values formation, as well as their character as individuals, could be affected if they are being hooked up from the influence of working in fast food chains.
In addition, he emphasized that parents should not forget about their lifelong commitment and responsibility towards their children. They should not always consider that teen employment is educational but rather something like an activity that can provide a better opportunity for education and work. At the same time, it should consider that such activity can also be abusive.
Finally, his persuasive discussion supported the validity of his arguments such that his presentation of evidence is clearly understood and transparent in the actual lifestyle of most American teens. Most importantly, Etzioni’s concern for putting great value for education highlights its significance, which makes the article more interesting as to some extent. the readers especially the youngsters could gain valuable insights in terms of prioritizing their education above everything else. By and large, the article criticizes the possible adverse effects of working in fast food chains that can be highly influential to the teens, although at some points, it also provides advantages and benefits. Also, it is still much better to weigh things in accordance to something that can bring out the best of their potentials and skills at work.

The Best Practices for Recruitment Selection and Induction

The workers only form the crucial ‘cog’ in the running of the organization. And, only if these crucial workers are recruited or staffed optimally through an effective recruitment process, the organization can achieve optimum success. In the case of running an enterprise or organization, the recruitment function is a continuous process, and so the leader or the manager particularly the Human Resource Manager should perform the staffing function at all times.nbsp.

nbsp.It is necessary that the management must ensure constant availability of a sufficient number of efficient employees from managers, executives, technical persons to laborers, for the efficient functioning of the enterprise. Overall, the recruited or selected person should be physically, mentally, emotionally and temperamentally fit for the job. This can be achieved by adopting or by having an optimal recruitment process. So, only if the workers are recruited perfectly and trained effectively, they can work perfectly and provide optimum productivity.nbsp.

Recruitment forms the first and the main part of the staffing process, whatever is the type of the organization. The HRM perspective stresses that each activity including Staffing should form part of the whole process of people management. Normally, organizations or its management or its leader in the initial stages will recruit or build a working group of employees, by associating individuals who came from the same ‘stable’ like friends, workmates, family members, etc. This mainly happens at the start of the organization. Then, as the organization continues to function, setting different targets, will give rise to different needs, necessitating the recruitment of new employees. These employees will be recruited based on their education, skill level, knowledge, experience, attitude, etc. That is, as Schein said, … The best way to build an organization was to hire very smart, articulate, tough, independent people and then give them lots of responsibility and autonomy.

On the City of Tulsa

On the City of Tulsa
The City of Tulsa and Tulsa County has owed its success on private enterprise that has flourished and allowed room for substantial economic growth. New and existing infrastructure projects allow the retention of jobs and the advent of new ones that are highly beneficial to the residents and provide a welcome for potential residents.
The Arkansas River as Tulsa’s greatest untapped natural resource has recently been tapped for full development as a prominent physical capital for real estate and tourism hubs that coordinately improves the city’s economy. Despite the economic potential further development brings in, we must recognize the ill-effects that comes with it. A study on population dynamics has questioned the sustainability of our natural resources amidst the current population boom and the influx of illegal immigrants in the country not to mention the legal immigrants. The law of supply and demand may create an imbalance if the natural resource is scarce. No matter how we try to accommodate improvement but nature refuses to provide the demands due to over-population and over-usage will thereby result to a tangible scarcity of resources. Man’s basic needs for food and water can no longer be met and that is an ill-effect of too much economic improvement.
On illegal Immigration:
The issue of illegal immigration has been placed in the background in favor of several more pressing issues. However, we cannot ignore that our country is approaching a population 280 million of which illegal immigrants are not even accounted for. If we continue and allow the influx of illegal immigrants, food and water scarcity will be experienced in the later years to come. Compassion should start within us all and consider these illegal immigrants have a home country to return to when dire consequences would hit us, but we only have this country to return to, therefore it is our sole responsibility to make our country sustainable and viable for us all.
On the issue of jobs taken in by illegal immigrants:
All Americans must be educated on the effects of the current population boom. Education creates consciousness for every American to focus on his responsibility towards his country and work on acceptable jobs to help reduce the influx of aliens. The aim is not to discriminate anybody in particular, but to work towards the common goal of having jobs for everyone. Americans are complaining of less jobs available to them. But, we come to the conclusion after realizing that there are indeed jobs which Americans refuse to take because of the low wages that are offered by companies who favor aliens working for them due to the low wages they are offered.
Cheap labor is good and beneficial to the capitalists but as a whole, it has created a number of jobless legal immigrants and Americans. What good does illegal immigration do for the country when most aliens scrimp on their wages so they can send them to the waiting mouths to feed back home.
Note: Please get back to me if you are not in favor so we can revise. That is just how I think.

The Relationship Between Richard Rodriguez and Richard Hoggart

In using Richard Hoggart’s definition in The Uses of Literacy of the scholarship boy – the working class, whose members are for the most part destined to academic failure – here is how Rodriguez (1983) defined it in his terms in his book, The Achievement of Desire: The child is moderately endowed, intellectually mediocre, Hoggart supposes – though it may be more pertinent to note the special qualities of temperament in the child. High-strung child. Brooding. Sensitive. Haunted by the knowledge that one chooses to become a student. Here is a child who cannot forget that his academic success distances him from a life he loved. As in his works, Rodriguez would detail how he marveled that for the first time he had found that there are also other students like him and that this made him come to terms with his plight. With Hoggart’s help, Rodriguez understood a kind of multiculturalism wherein the translation of difference means shedding one identity in favor of another as the student moves between worlds that are at cultural extremes. In his reading of Hoggart, he commented that what Hoggart grasps very well is that the scholarship boy must move between environments, his home and the classroom, (par. 8) which are cultural at odds with each other. This led Rodriguez to his point out a view that leads to the assimilation of the marginalized into the mainstream and the loss of intimacy to one’s own culture, such as a first language. In the reconstruction of his early life in The Achievement of Desire, he moves from the intimacy and security of his Latino heritage to the American middle-class education, moving from his home to the school – two locations that have very different conceptions of time and space. With Hoggart, he is able to view his past in less harsh terms and perhaps a little more optimism that some gaps can be filled and guilt, lessened.

Module 6 Practice Exercise

Module 6 Practice Exercise Question One The loan committed is 4.35 US dollars. The upfront fee is 0.70%. The back-end fee is 0.35%. The take down value on the loan is 60 percent. One basis point is equivalent to 0.01%.
The total fee incurred is 2.61+0.02+0.03=2.66 million US dollars
Question Two
The fitness studio inc. issued a new debt of 43.225 million US dollars. The price of the offer was 1.00 dollars per bond. The underwriter’s spread was 8 percent of the gross proceeds. The total gross proceeds assuming all bonds were bought are 43.2258*1= 43.225 million dollars. The underwriter’s spread is 0.08*43.225=3.458 dollars. The total capital funding that the studio raised is 43.225-3.458=39.767 million dollars.
Question Three
DiPitro’s Paint and wallpaper Inc issue 70,000 shares priced at 44 dollars per share. The total funds remaining after deducting the net proceeds of the sale of the stocks amount to 2.870 million dollars. The gross proceed from the stock sale is 3.080 million dollars.
The net proceed is 3.08-2.87 =0.210 million dollars
0.21/7= 3 dollars per share of the stock. The underwriter’s spread is 3 dollars per share.
Part b of question three requires a percentage
0.21/3.08*100= 6%. The underwriter’s spread is 6% of the stock issued.
Part Two
Question One
Lil John Industries’ equity includes 1.6 million outstanding shares selling at a price of 33 dollars per share. The total funds raised from equity are 52.8 million dollars. There are 26,000 bonds outstanding selling at 104 percent. The total debt is 26000*1.04*1000=27.04 million dollars. The debt equity ratio is 27.04/52.8=0.5=1:2.assuming the par value to be 1000 dollars.
The total capital funding is 52.8+27.04=79.84 million dollars.
The weight of equity is 52.8/79.84*100=66.13%. The weight of debt is 100-66.13=33.87%
Question Two
nbsp. Recession Average Boom
nbsp. EBIT (Net Operating Income)
– Interest Expense (@8%)
nbsp. Earnings Before Taxes
– Taxes (@25%)
nbsp. EAT (Net Income)
nbsp. Earnings Available to Common (EATC)
nbsp. No. of Common Shares
nbsp. Earnings Per Share (EATC/# of shares).)
Question Three
In scenario one where there is no debt, the EPS is obtained through dividing the outstanding shares with the EBIT. In the recession, the EPS is 4.8/9.44=0.51. In the average condition, the EPS is 9.8/9.44=1.04 million. In the boom condition, the EPS is 16.8/9.44=1.78 million.
In scenario two, where the debt is introduced, the EBIT is adjusted for the interest and tax.
In recession 4.08*0.92=3.7536*0.75=2.8152 the outstanding shares are 7.552
Dividing the 2.8152 by 7.552=0.37
In Average condition, 9.8*0.92=9.016*0.75=6.762 6.762/7.552=0.90
In the booming condition, 16.8*0.92=15.456*0.75=11.60 11.60/7.552=1.54
The breakeven of the EBIT in BOOM=(X-0)*(1-0.25) = (X-15.456) (1-0.25) = 77.27 million
9.44 7.552
Part Three
Question One
The retention ratio refers to that proportion of the net income paid out through other means and not paid as dividend. It is calculated by subtracting one from the dividend payout ratio (Springer, 2011).
1-0.27=0.73 0.73*4.2=3.066. The amount paid in dividends is 3.066 million dollars.
Question Two
Last dividend paid = 1.60, Dividends growth rate= 0.05, required rate of return is 0.12.
D1 = 1.60*(1+0.05) =1.68
Stock price = 16.10/ (0.12-0.05) =230 dollars.
Springer L. (2011). How to Find a Stocks Value Using the Dividend Discount Model. Retrieved from

Discuss the aspects of triumph in Booker T Washington’s Up From Slavery and Emily Dickinson’s poem 112

The aspects of triumph in Booker T Washington’s up from slavery and Emily Dickinson’s poem 112 The textUp from Slavery is authored by Washington is an autobiography of the author talking about the slave years. The contradistinctions and the complexity of the author’s life make the autobiography intriguing intellectually. In this text, the author traces his journey from being a slave to an educator. The beginnings of this story capture his childhood being a slave and the effort he puts to attain or get education. He credits his education directly with his success later as a man of action in his nation and community. The aspects of triumph are depicted when Booker outlines his own development as Tuskegee institute (Alabama) founder and as an educator. The aspects of triumph or success that this text portrays comprise of having an agenda and being successful in achieving goals.
The focus that Washington had makes him talk about his desire as a child showing though a slave. From my early or beginning childhood I have had a longing or a desire to do something and make the world a better place and then to have the ability of speaking to the world concerning that thing (Washington 47). The author manages to triumph and become successful in a background that required him to operate smartly. His life began as a mulatto slave with an unknown father, and yet he rose to become a prominent individual worldwide. In his text up from slavery, he says that, There is a mental, physical, and spiritual enjoyment or fulfillment that comes or is drawn from a consciousness of one being the absolute master of his work, and in all its details. This is very satisfactory and inspiring. (Washington 183)
The author talks of Tuskegee’s growth story, from the time classes were held at a shantytown to campus having several buildings. Booker also talks about his career as a civil rights activist and a public speaker. Another success that the author is credited with is the role that he played in education. His comments on education that are found in chapter three of his book indicates the ideologies that the author holds concerning education. Booker T says, Instead of so constantly studying books, how I wish that our colleges and schools might learn to study things and men! (Washington 38)
The aspects of triumph are also captured by Dickinson Emily’s poem 112, entitled success is counted sweetest (112). The poem comprise of three stanzas taking the form of iambic trimester apart from the first two lines of stanza two. This poem has taken the form of what is called homilies also called the short moral sayings appearing simple yet describes complicated psychological and moral truths.
The expression given by this poem is that of homiletic point meaning that people usually tend to desire for different things in an acute manner, when they actually do not have them. The lines that follow from line three of stanza one seeks to develop the axiomatic truth, given by the first two lines of stanza one, by offering a pair of images exemplifying this truth. The nectar is used in line three as a symbol of triumph, success or luxury, and can only be comprehended best by someone who needs this triumph. The dying defeated man is at a better position to understand victory as opposed to a victorious army man (Spark Notes editors).
This poem indicates the complicated nature and truth of human desires that Washington also talks about during his slavery period in order to realize success or triumph at the end.
Works cited
Dickinsons, Emily. Poetry Foundation. Poetry Foundation.2011. Web. 20th Feb. 2012.
SparkNotes Editors. SparkNote on Dickinson’s Poetry. SparkNotes LLC. 2002. Web. 20 Feb. 2012.
Washington, Booker T. Up from Slavery. United States: Amereon Ltd, 2007. Print.

New technology Getting Mixed Grades in School

New technology Getting Mixed Grades in School a. Should technology funding be tied to professional development for teachers?
Technology funding should not be tied directly to the professional development of teachers since both may be quite independent of each other. A school may need computers for education as a general purpose tool and may need technological equipment for the teachers for which training and professional development is required. Additionally, a school may need to have a separate professional development budget for training and educating the teaching staff on non-technical matters. On the other hand, untrained teachers may take away the value derived by the students from the technology. The ideal solution in such a situation would be to earmark training funds wherever there is going to be new technological equipment to be used in any classroom across America.
b. Are our state legislators, district leaders, and school administrators doing enough to ensure that technology will be used appropriately?
While it is easy to say that school administrators fully understand what their school needs, the same may not be true for state legislators or lawmakers which have a greater circle of influence (Lifto and Senden, 2006). They may know in general that computers are good for a school and may even help them win more votes if they are able to convince the voters that they supported more technology for the school but the question would remain if it was the right technology. Further, the appropriate use of the right technology can only be governed by school administrators since they control what equipment would be used and by which classes.
c. What specific technology is Lewis describing? Why do you think so?
While at first it seems that Lewis is describing some magnificent work of technological greatness such as a smart board which is in use in many schools today, the year of the article, i.e. 1840, makes that proposition a very unlikely one. A clear picture of the article and an explanation of what exactly Lewis (1840) is describing comes from Donawerth and Seeff (2001) who note that, This article was describing the blackboard (Donawerth and Seeff, 2001, Pg. 238). Knowing that makes the article all the more interesting since it shows that problems in using new technologies in teaching have existed for more than 150 years.
d. What other technologies (remember that software programs do not count as a technology) have met the charges indicated in the article excerpts?
Computers themselves have met the charges since they were expected to revolutionize teaching with things such as CBT and self guided lessons that let students explore and learn on their own. However, the failure of computers to improve our children’s education levels has also been blamed on the lack of training that our teachers may have with regard to using them. In fact, any modern technology such as projectors, media systems or even VCRs could fir the charges since they all may confuse the individual using them.
Word Count: 518
Works Cited
Donawerth, J and Seeff, A. 2001. Crossing Boundaries, University of Delaware Press.
Lewis, P. 1848, ‘New technology Getting Mixed Grades in School’, New York Times.

Corporate Citizenship

Corporate Citizenship is a trend that has gained huge momentum in the corporate circles for the last two decades or so. The management and stakeholders have changed their focus drastically in trying to make their corporations more socially responsible. In so doing, they ensure that their corporation has adopted policies that aim at benefiting the community (while also benefiting itself) through initiatives related to ecological and social wellbeing (BSD Global 2010). Different organizations exhibit this in different ways but there are three basic forms: waste management and reducing pollution, social welfare e.g. in education and earning satisfactory returns on resources drawn from the community by avoiding exploitation.

This concept in many instances is taken to be a philanthropic move by companies but this is not the case. It is rather a well thought out process whose execution has followed clear business strategies. This process for the management is not that easy as they need to balance the company’s profitability goals as well as society’s needs (both in short and long-term basis).nbsp.

Businesses engage in Corporate Citizenship primarily to benefit the community in which they operate. However, this act trickles down to the business in form of. better financial performance due to marketing concept coupled with the program, lower employee turnover and higher morale, reduced regulatory supervision, customer loyalty, and brand image enhancement being one of the key benefits.nbsp.



The assessment has been made in accordance with theories provided by research scholars regarding the benefits of work based learning and the skills obtained from this process which will help an individual to secure a better job. The report also highlights the researcher’s future plans in terms of the developments that are yet to be made in order to enhance his/her skills. Following that suitable conclusions and recommendations have been made. Table of Contents Summary 2 Introduction 4 Self-Appraisal 4 Skills and Experience relevant to my career goals 6 Future Plans 7 Conclusions and Recommendations 7 Reference List 8 Introduction Over the past few decades, the field of education and occupational learning has witnessed a shift of regime. There has been a significant change in how students and policy makers perceive higher education and the role of universities. The idea of enrolling in a university to become intellectually enlightened has been replaced with the idea that the primary objective of higher education is to serve the industry (Huq and Gilbert, 2012). The fundamental of work based learning (WBL) is based upon the fact that individuals will thrive to understand the meaning of theory and thereafter attain wisdom through real life experience. This is also known as experiential learning. WBL is of utmost importance which helps an individual to be self directed, competent, self managing, constructive, reflective and autonomous who will be able to extract and articulate the meaning of learning from their everyday routine of work. As such this report will primarily involve a self assessment of the researcher on the basis of the internship that the researcher underwent and thereby highlighting the importance of internship and work based learning and the outcomes from them. In addition to that, the self assessment of the researcher will also describe personal skills and experience possessed by the researcher prior to the internship and how those implemented and what additional skills and experiences were earned. Based on the points explained, a suitable conclusion will be reached as to how important is work based learning/internship to the modern day education system and recommendations will also be made regarding the changes that are required, if any, in order to bring upon improvement in this system of education. Self-Appraisal As has been explained by Gault, Redington and Schlager (2010), work based education also referred to as experiential education, plays a crucial role in shaping lives of undergraduates thereby enhancing their preparation in order to achieve success in the entry level job market. It provides a means by which both students and faculties can bridge the gap between the career expectations developed during classroom tutorial and the reality of employment in the field of work. Similar conclusion has been presented by Gault, Leach and Duey (2010), who also highlighted the importance of experiential learning. They explained that, experiential education is of paramount importance at the initial stages of an individual’s career thereby uplifting the prospect of employment candidates in job market. Similar theories have been outlined by Bridgstock (2009). Having the same belief, as has been explained by the authors mentioned above. I also enrolled for an internship in order to undergo the experiential learning process while pursuing my degree education. My job title was that of a


The issue of ethics in a real world setting can indeed be murky. As Nussbaum puts it, The moral world is not neat, thatfulfillment and loss do not cancel each other out, that values are plural diverse, and incommensurable, not simply superficial versions of some underlying and unitary value expressible in terms, for example, of money or pleasure (1986). This only suggests that there is no one best way, or right way where one can resolve an ethical dilemma with moral precision because the realities of everyday day life makes it messy.
Though resolving ethical dilemma can be a challenge, one must not give in to resignation. Instead, one must strengthen its ability to discern morally which can be developed through a regular and thoughtful deliberation of any ethical issue. Education is a pre requisite to be able to discern what could be morally appropriate in a given situation. This was demonstrated in the dialogue between Steed and Paxmore in the book The Responsible Administrator where Steed wondered how could the Watergate scandal happened. Paxmore explained that it is because men without character . . . never comprehend the awful downward course they’re on. Paxmore attributed this to lack of education where they went to chrome and mirror schools where procedures are taught but not the principles. Thus, they cannot contemplate about a moral problem in the abstract where character is formed.
Having a grounded and educated moral compass within is necessary especially in public service where the interest of diverse groups collide that it would be difficult to discern what is ethically appropriate. Unlike in the early stages of the Republic where governance was truly intended to serve the greater good of society, governance today is already murky and peppered with self-interest after the adoption of spoil system. Thus, it becomes difficult what could be right or wrong and this pervades in all spheres of our public life.
We need not look far for example how lack of ethics could be damaging. The recent financial crisis that made everybody’s life difficult where millions lost their jobs and thousands more lost their homes can be attributed directly for people lack of ethics or willful disregard for any concept of ethics. The financial scandals that rocked America from Enron, Worldcom to mortgage crisis all redound to greed which is a byproduct of lack of any sense of any ethical consideration. Worst, the crisis was not solely a financial crisis but also a crisis of trust. Investors and the general public suddenly became wary of the ethical practice of American business that they stopped investing their money that made America’s economic recovery more difficult. This was evident with businesses having extra cash but are not investing to expand the operation of their business that would create jobs because they do not trust America’s economic environment. This created a vicious spiral where the anticipated crisis becomes a reality because the economy will naturally contract if businesses are not investing or expanding. And all of this can be traced back to lack of ethics.

What are the ways in which the Early Years Foundation Stage supports practitioners in thier planning for young children’s learning

Many theorists have presented their own views on children. Behaviorists led by the prominent B.F. Skinner, John B. Watson, Edward Thondike, etc., see children as organisms that learn by reinforcement. The Maturationists, led by Jean-Jacques Rosseau, Maria Montessori, Friedrich Froebel, etc. see the child as like a seed that contains all the elements to produce a fruit if given the proper amounts of nutrients from the soil and water along with sunshine and an ideal climate (Brewer, 2001). The Constructivists, founded on the works of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, believe that children are not passive recipients of knowledge, rather, they actively work at organizing their experience into constructing their own learning.
In many ways, children have proven that they indeed are capable of many things originally unexpected of them. Constructivists are consistent in their belief that children’s capabilities in terms of learning can even match that of adult’s. Because of their clarity of thinking, unobstructed by pressures put on by society, they may even surpass the learning abilities of adults. Children are seen as active and competent in their own learning, fully participatory in co-constructing their learning through social interactions, as opposed to this somehow being shaped by more knowledgeable others. (Mitchell amp. Wild, 2004, p. 734)
In an effort to meet children’s developmental needs, the education of teachers is now putting emphasis on child-centered approaches. The growing awareness that children are indeed capable of becoming contributing members of society has prompted the UK government to consult children themselves, of things that matter to them most in order to be the basis of proposals for change. These key outcomes—being healthy, staying safe, enjoying and achieving, making a positive contribution and economic well-being are detailed in the Every Child Matters report

America via Erika THAT Valedictorian Speech and the influence of her ideas on corporate America

He considers workers as slaves- slaves of the system that has been set before them. Besides, the education system is the reflection of the environment around it. the reflection of American materialism and corporatism. The system set up students to work for big corporations which in the long- run make them to be the corporations’ slaves. People are no longer motivated by passion to work but rather money is their motivational force because the system has failed to inspire those who go through it, it simply trains them. The education system products should use their minds to innovate and not memorize, for creativity and not futile activity, which in America is a diminishing scenario. He challenges those already fully entrenched in the system to be critical, ask questions, and create their own perspective so as to change the system’s incompetency.
The valedictorian speech by Erika has pointed out to critical concerns of the American education system. These concerns have also been raised by other people, academicians, and institutions. Their concerns are informed by their view that the American education system is not achieving the original goal of education which is learning (REF). Erika notes that the system has its goal which is for students to pass test. According to him, this goal does not facilitate a holistic learning. As a result, the students are programmed to work rather than being thinkers and adventurers. In the speech, Erika considers being a worker as being a slave to the already established system. that is what the American education system teaches people to be. Erika concurs with John Gatto’s argument that there is need for the education system to encourage youthfulness qualities namely resilience, adventure, and curiosity. Unfortunately, the system doesn’t allow this to happen, rather, it expects everyone to be the same and those who deviate are seen as not worthy to the scheme of public education.
The system is aligned to what Erika

International Students

From this study it is clear thatnbsp.the main reason for many universities and governments to attracts a higher percentage and/or ratio of international students to their universities might have to do with the fact that they are attempting to promote diversity and understanding between peoples, the fact the matter is that the economics surrounding international exchange students tells quite a different story.
This paper highlights thatnbsp.whereas the local students might receive stipends, scholarships, and a variety of different aid to pursue higher education, the international student is almost always without any of these benefits. and left to rely fully upon their own ability to fund such an endeavor. Moreover, the amount of money at the local student discharged, not even counting the scholarship aid or other funds which might be applied to assist them, is invariably much cheaper than the amount of money that the international student pays per semester/per year.nbsp.Oftentimes the differential intuition is nearly double. The many schools would like to promote themselves as liberal centers of learning that pride themselves upon a diverse and ethnically varied student body, the fact the matter is that the economics ultimately drive the push towards more and more international students within the system.nbsp.The reason for this is the fact that growing a university based upon the local resources of students does not provide a rapid degree of growth.


A Reflection on Margaret Edson’s Wit Margaret Edson’s play Wit invites dis on various aspects of knowledge such as meaning, types, and values the society places on each type. Language and its use in creating and maintaining authority, and how it relates to different types of knowledge, is another pertinent question the play addresses.
Knowledge, as depicted from the play, is any learning experience that allows an individual to make meaning out of the world, therefore, gain power. Vivian, Dr. Kelekian and Dr Jason were absorbed in their quest to gain knowledge at the expense of mercy and humanitarianism evidenced by Jason’s yells, She’s research! (82).
Two major types of knowledge emerge in this play. Academic knowledge represented by Vivian, Dr. Kelekian and Dr. Jason gained through proper university education whose actions displays academic elitism between teacher-student and doctor-patient. Humanitarian knowledge gained through interaction. Vivian gained it after interacting with Susie when this nurse was always available during the time when in pain and lonely (69).
Academic knowledge bestow on the bearers power and high regard in the society as demonstrated by Vivian’s feeling of helplessness at the hospital compared to the power she wielded over her students at the University. Once I did the teaching, now am taught (37). On the other hand, other forms of knowledge are poorly regarded as Jason asserts this regarding his take on bedside manners as colossal waste of time for researchers (55).
The two types of knowledge are related since they complement each other. Vivian realized the significance of human contact when under lots of pain and alone appreciated the role Susie played during this moment. Acquisition of knowledge should not be at the expense of humanity.
Edson, Margaret. (1993). Wit: A Play. New York: Faber.

Sun Exposure

Sun Exposure Affiliation: Sun rays are both essential and destructive to the humanskin, a concept that dermatologists critically account for. Patient education is fundamental as to the extent of sun exposure that is necessary or destructive to the skin (Reichrath, 2008). Conducing patient education in relation to sun exposure accounts for minimization of sun exposure to protect patients’ skin from harmful sun radiations. In so doing, patients need to be equipped with vast information about the functionality of the skin and the influence of sun exposure on the skin. Among the vast and intensive information about this topic, there are specific aspects that are critical to account for in the patient education.
The most important information to capture in educating patients about the skin and sun exposure relates to the benefits and damages that the sun causes to the skin. The patients need to understand the extent of sun that is necessary for their skin. This is in the view that vitamin D. a crucial vitamin in the human body can be derived from sun rays (Reichrath, 2008). However, excessive exposure of the skin to the sun is harmful, and can result in skin diseases. among them skin cancer. The patients have to be equipped with vast explanations as to how such scenarios may arise. On the other hand, the damaging aspect of sun exposure to the skin would be crucial to account for, making patients understand the process behind the harmful aspects of sun exposure to the skin.
Personally, the underlying risks of sun exposure are well understood. On the simple step towards reducing such risks, covering the skin in extreme sunny days comes in handy. Over and above this, use of certified products that protect the skin from harmful aspects of sun exposure also works. On the same note, having regular checkups by a dermatologist and seeking relevant advice and information towards minimizing sun exposure, or actually alleviating the underlying risks altogether.
Reichrath, J. (2008). Sunlight, Vitamin D and Skin Cancer. New York: Springer.

Why people should see or read A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry

Raisin In The Sun The play d as Raisin In The Sun was ed by Lorraine Hansberry and the play is about the dreams of a family that belongs to the low income earning groups (Morrin 5). The play depicts that a family is supposed to receive $10,000 and the adults of this family have various dreams based on this amount. The script of the play or the movie that was based on the play is of immense usefulness for people belonging to different professions and field of work. The play is particularly important for those who are studying the field of media and visual arts. The book teaches a lot to media students. It can help them in identifying how they should develop their artistic and literary pieces. Media students need to realize that they can only sell their creative pieces if their creative pieces contain something or some elements with which their audience can connect. The way a creative individual allows his/her piece of creativity to connect with the audience is something that can be learned from the play. The play is about the dreams and the issues of the majority members of the society who either belong to the lower income or middle income earning families. Due to this the dreams that have been depicted in the book are quite related to the dreams that every common man experiences in their daily lives. The depiction of these dreams allows the audience to relate themselves with the characters of the play. Similarly, when students of media are creating their creative pieces they should ensure that their audience connects with the content and the characters of their creative pieces and that is only the way how audience attention can be grabbed.
Works Cited
Morrin, Maxine A. Lorraine Hansberrys a Raisin in the Sun. Piscataway, N.J: Research amp. Education Association, 1994. Print.

Human Relations And Organization Behavior

Some behavioral rules imposed in the working environment of some teachers have proved to be beneficial to the individual who would have had their personal rights infringed on. The professional relationship between people ensures confidentiality and formality in the service delivery.
In the education sector, imposing rules and regulations that affect the employees’ cultural diversity may have both positive and negative effects on the employees. Organizations behavior monitoring encourages a professional relationship between workers hence the teachers are able to have a good teaching environment. This would boost the service delivery of the employees because they are in a good environment.
However, it can be argued that for the proper working environment in an institution, the teachers have to relate in a free manner. Organizational behavior regulations may hinder such socialization hence interfering with the service delivery to the students. This is because the teachers and lecturers may become unsocial and hence there would be cooperation and teamwork.
In the United States education system, the cultural diversity affects the organizational level of the teaching institutions. This is because, in the planning of strategies in the institution, the cultural diversity of different employees has to be put into consideration (Debra 1996). For example, consultations have to be made between the teachers and the management before new rules are imposed.
The attitude and perception of employees in the education sector play an important role in the performance of their work. In a psychological view, a positive attitude towards the teaching profession contributes to good service delivery as opposed to those with a negative attitude.

Obligations of Nurses

Nursing Ethics Obligations of Nurses Nursing profession is one of the crucial professions among the different set of professional obligations. This could be identified as nurses play the integral role associated with saving life of individuals and serving people at times of emergencies related with health. Nurses play a very significant role to provide the best services to the patients and standardize the effect of taking utter care of patients. The major roles of nurses are guiding patients and providing treatment along with care based on the different types of disease the patients suffer from. Nurses are bestowed with the diverse needs of taking care of patients and handle their needs of physical support in a professional way so that the health needs of the same could be met. Based on the level of their education nurses are able to deliver better healthcare services to the patients. In the healthcare organization the responsibilities of doctors and nurses are different based on their own professional needs both are able to meet with their roles in a more effective manner (National Association for Healthcare Quality, 2011).

The ranges of the diverse complexes that are evident within the system are identified to be having a certain amount of implication within the domain of having conflicts of ideas. These conflicts could lead to develop the effectiveness of the system so that the chances of complications could be reduced. Additionally, this has also been noted that as there are a number of nurses who are providing services there can be a conflict of ideas that may lead to chances and issues associated with the standard of services that are being provided (National Association for Healthcare Quality, 2011).


National Association for Healthcare Quality. (2011). Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice for Healthcare Quality Professionals. NAHQ Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice, 1-4.

The Role of a PPC Manager in a Leading Company

Goals could be varied for clients. For some clients, the aim is branding and for some others, it could be a direct response. Some clients focus on improving their return on investment and some others focus on improving the traffic to their website. The role of the PPC Manager also involves identifying the goals of the clients, setting up, and maintaining the campaign in such a way that the aim of the client is fulfilled.
Based on job analysis, the key aspects of the role include managing a portfolio of client accounts, interacting directly with the clients to understand their business, driving revenue and improving customer satisfaction. The PPC Manager should be able to optimize the performance of the campaign, set and implement strategies to achieve the goal of the client and demonstrate product expertise on PPC models. Apart from being an expert on analytics and reporting, they should also demonstrate their expertise on industry trends and customer education.
nbsp.The basic pre-requisite of the candidate is to have around 3 years of experience in key account management, have proficiency in Microsoft Excel, be flexible and open, have very good communication and interpersonal skills. The candidate also should be a graduate with a good academic background.
The HR Executive would conduct the phone screen interview. The aim of this interview is to see if the candidate fulfills the basic criterion required for the job.nbsp.

Management Skills and Organisation

But not all persons learn well nor do they learn in the same way. In many cases there are barriers to learning that prevents effective transfer of knowledge, which can be social, economic, technical, or cognitive. This paper is a personal reflection on social barriers to learning.
The importance of learning: In the context of this paper, learning is related to management and employment and not to university or school education. Hence education can be of a personal nature or a part of the organization (referred to as organizational learning). Learning on an individual level can be defined as an exercise of constructing personal knowledge that requires the learner to be mentally active rather than passive. interpreting rather than recording information (Maine Higher Education—Glossary 2007). Personally, I have another perception with regard to this topic. For me, learning is a lifelong process which can include both formal and informal approaches.
As mentioned earlier, it is not always easy to keep updated because of certain socially constructed barriers. Another factor that signifies the need to learn is the concept of credential inflation which simply means the need for additional credentials in instances of equal qualification (Bills, p. 35). So, when I apply for a job, my architectural qualification alone may not be sufficient. I have to be proficient in communication skills, working in teams, cultural diversity, and any other skills that may be required by an employer.
Apart from individual learning, an employee is required to be a part of the organizational learning as well. Argyris and Schon provide a simple concept of organizational learning which they define as detection and correction of errors (Dodgson, 1993, p. 52). Learning, according to them, can be single-looped or double-looped. The mere detection and correction of errors

Cultural competency and special education

Cultural Competence and Special Education Number: Introduction Basically, cultural competence in special education refers to the ability (of the teacher, instructor or the learner) to interact effectively with persons of diverse cultures, particularly in the context of a learning environment in which children or learners with special needs are involved as the center of focus. Many scholars have penned their schools of thoughts on the essence and requirements of cultural competence in special education.
According to Friend (120), understanding the emotional and social characteristics of students with learning disabilities is key. The same is the case with understanding a child’s academic and cognitive traits. This will have the teacher learning how learners esteem themselves and their peers and their adeptness in social situations. The import of what Friend is saying is underscored by her persuasion that 75% students with special needs have a deficit in social skills, lower self-esteem and lower status. Friend explains the lower status as occurring through the consistent act of the peers viewing the disabled student as less-desirable. Secondly, the attribution of lower status to the disabled student is brought about by the absence of social competence, which Friend sees as the capacity to accurately receive, decode and give appropriate response to subtleties that accompany interpersonal intercourse.
In respect to the immediately foregoing, Friend charges that children with poor social competence and learning disabilities have a knack for forming and consigning themselves to distinct subgroups with nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD).
Friend (121) charges that one of the most important ingredients that ought to be added to these children’s social lives and academic endeavors is motivation. Friend gives the proposition that the learner and the teacher’s desire to engage in a particular activity must be spurred onwards with both intrinsic (curiosity and zeal) and external (good payment and rewards) motivation. Friend classifies motivation as being applicable to students with either learning disabilities or behavioral problems.
Shelton (75) also tackles the same problem of cultural competence on the side of the student. Shelton maintains that in order that cultural competence is realized in tending to the needs of students with special needs, there should be the recognition of the very learning disabilities besetting the student(s). In this case, Shelton is categorical that the teacher should be able to distinguish cognitive challenges, emotional disabilities and behavioral problems from one another.
In another wavelength, Shelton observes that there is dire need for the maintenance of successful teacher-parent conferences. The rationale behind this proposition is that parents know their children best and therefore play a critical role in unlocking the problems that accost the learner with learning disabilities. Thus, through teacher-parent conferences, the teacher can make a distinction among cognitive challenges, emotional disabilities and behavioral problems.
Shelton also advances the idea that effective plans for professional training and learning should be put in place to help inculcate cultural competence. To Shelton, It is these learning and training programs that equip teachers to understand students’ needs and how to deal with them. Shelton also proposes the need to consistently make alternate assessments, modify educational terminology and make provisions for emergencies throughout the school setting (Shelton, 92).
In a closely related wavelength, Shelton advances the idea that there should be put in place, best instructional practices which aim at getting the best or the most out of the students.
Personal Reflection/ Reaction
From the foregoing, it is clear that in order to entrench cultural competence, it is best that Friend’s and Shelton’s postulations are both integrated into one formula. The indispensible nature of Friend’s postulation that external and internal sources of motivation should be applied is underscored by its resonance with behaviorism. Behaviorism acknowledges the application of appropriate stimuli to bring about a desired effect and can therefore not be discounted in learning and teaching. Shelton’s proposals are equally important, in that they help capture the fluid dynamics that characterise learning and the personality of students with learning disabilities. Thus, Friend’s and Shelton totally need each other, in order for cultural or social competence to be realized. For instance, Friend’s internal and external motivation cannot be inculcated without the teacher knowing the student, and the student cannot be known without Shelton’s facilitation of consistent teacher-parent meetings.
Friend, M. (2005). Special Education: Contemporary Perspectives for School Professionals. Boston: Allyn amp. Bacon/Longman.
Shelton, C. F. (2000).The Exceptional Teachers Handbook: The First-Year Special Education Teachers Guide for Success. Corwin Press.

Poverty across Cultures

Persons undergoing poverty in Paris during the 1930s and 1990s in the U.S. had a lot of valid things in common as well as major diversifications. And this is because of reasons relating to: The working poor in both Paris and U.S. had minimal access to the healthcare. they both worked long tiresome hours and had antagonistic relationships with their employers (Brown amp. Orwell, p3). On the other hand, Parisian workers were able to take pride in their work entirely free from the low-wage workers in the U.S.
Poverty varies greatly across the population depending on education, age, family arrangements, work profession and place of residence just to mention but a few. Still under the poverty description, the average family of four was measured poor in the year 2013 if its yearly income was below $23,834.nbsp. The measure of poverty presently at use was designed 50 years ago and was embraced as the formal U.S. statistical poverty measure in 1969. Apart from the less complicated changes and variations in economic prices, the poverty line is still similar to what was designed half a century ago.
nbsp. A considerate look at Orwell’s Prize Down and Out in Paris and London, we are directed to the way Orwell tries to display the existing poverty he lived through while in Paris and London. Orwell employs the use of an anonymous narrator and through him describes his daily life within the poorer areas of Paris during the 19th century (early 1900s). He talks of the dirt, din, bugs and everything else in details (Brown amp. Orwell, p3).

Andrew Carnegie egoist an altruist or both

Andrew Carnegie: egoist, an altruist, or both? of Andrew Carnegie: egoist, an altruist,or both?
This paper aims to study the theories of egoist and altruism in the context of philanthropy from the case of Andrew Carnegie who is known as the richest man of the history.
Introduction to Theories
It should be noted that theory of altruism states that a person practice devotion for the welfare of others. Altruism has remained a virtue in the custom beliefs of many communities in past and at present. In its contradiction, egoist theory explains characteristics of a person who separates himself from sharing any property or mindset with others simply because of personal gratification.
Looking at the case of philanthropy of Andrew Carnegie, it becomes easy to note that he has practiced both the implied theories of altruism and egoism in his life but in different phases.
Traits of Egotism
The traits of egotism prominent from the personality of Andrew were the exploitation of laborers by him for earning wealth. He felt gratification on earning money that he did not want to share with anyone else which is a common trait of egoism as per its theory (Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, 2013).
Traits of Altruism
His act of altruism becomes visible at the latter age when he underwent ageing and felt devotion in the shape of welfare of others. The traits of altruism in the personality of Andrew Carnegie includes his fondness to spread of education among children (for which he opened up libraries and educational institutions), charity (in the shape of $350, 000, 000, 00 that he had given away and opening institutions from which general public could receive
References List
Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh. (2013). Bridging the Urban Landscape. Retrieved from Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh:

The Business of Fast Food Eric Schlosser’s Fast Food Nation

Eric Schlosser in his book ‘Fast Food Nation’ states that Americans are spending more on fast food than they spend on other things such as higher education, purchasing personal cars, or personal computers (3).
The whole business of selling fast food is now becoming so routine and thoroughly unexceptional. Those who operate these businesses in America are now taking it for granted just like stopping in traffic for a red light or brushing your teeth. This business is becoming a social custom in American as a rectangular, small, frozen, handheld, and reheated apple pie.
The book of Eric Schlosser ‘Fast Food Nation’ is about the growth of the fast-food industry in America, the values the business embodies, and the way it has changed the world. Fast food business in American proves to be a radical force in the nation’s life. Eric Schlosser argues that the complex interplay of economic, social, as well as technological forces determines what people eat (3). Citizen farmers and slave used to feed in the early Roman Republic. Currently, more than a quarter of the American adults visit fast-food restaurants. Eric Schlosser further states that the business of fast food has not only changed the American diet, but also the country’s landscape, workforce, economy, and people’s culture. The consequences of fast food business are currently inescapable even if you eat them twice a day, have not taken them, or try to avoid them (4).
The fundamental societal changes in Americans play a vital role in driving the extraordinary spread and growth of the business of fast food. United States worker was high in the year 1973 and declined steadily in the following twenty-five years (4). During this time, the number of women who entered the workforce increased motivated by the perspective of feminist. In 1975, only a third of the women with young kids worked outside their homes. Currently, more than two-thirds of mothers with young kids are underemployment.nbsp.

Should Abortions Be Legal

According to the American Heritage Dictionary (2011), abortion is defined as the induced termination of a pregnancy, achieved via the destruction of embryo or fetus. Abortion, therefore, refers to ceasing the process of childbirth before the child is born. Opting for an abortion is not an easy decision, but there are many unfortunate circumstances where women find themselves with no other choice. Several reasons for opting for an abortion may include rape pregnancies, accidental pregnancies, divorce, illness of the mother or the mother being underage etc.
Abortion has for long been viewed unfavorably by most societies. In America, abortion was legalized only in five states in 1970 and in all states in 1973 (Levitt amp. Donohue, 2001). Women who do opt for abortion to avoid giving birth to unwanted babies face many difficulties in areas where abortion has not been legalized. If a woman is too young or unhealthy to bear a child, or if the baby is unwanted, she should have the right to terminate her pregnancy before bringing the child to life. This will not only save an unwanted or abandoned baby from being born but will also give the woman a chance to live a healthy life and make a career after attaining whatever education she may seek chances of which would be rare if she gave birth to a baby while being in her teens. Unprepared couples or those not wanting another baby do not prove to be good parents and it is not fair for any child to be born in a home where he or she is not welcome and where his or her parents cannot support the baby.
In worse cases where abortion is not an opportunity and the baby is not given for adoption either, the baby is either abandoned, or is brought up very poorly by the parents or parent.nbsp. nbsp.

Reading Response #3

the article describes, about how the class room atmosphere or its appearance imposes an impact on the teachers, children and education system of the school and the process through which it develops the structure of the education and intellectual capabilities of the children in the later stages of their life. Secondly, it further discusses about the critical aspects of school environment by analyzing different kinds of methods such as Macro Analysis, school appearances and classroom analysis among others. Thirdly, the article portrays the expectations and influence of the kindergarten teachers about the chances of the success and failure of the children within the available education environment. The final and the fourth stage reflect on the fact that the article expresses the thought of equal distribution and educational opportunity among the children. The author plans to observe the poor children in formal and informal ways as well as record their activity and development within the school and clarify the benefits that have been derived from the analysis. The article provides the information regarding the process of that the school environment follows in terms of the teacher’s involvement and expectation, which influenced and benefited for increasing a diverse view towards the future development of the children.
In the provided article, the author discussed about the distribution of Socio-Economic Status of the children in the kindergarten school. He divided the family based on the number of the children who were associated with the school. Following the segregations the author classified those selected in 3 tables that are designed based on the sitting arrangement specified for the children. The children who are the only child of the parents have been depicted under Table-1. The depiction under Table 1 is reflects on the fact that the lifestyle followed by the people is more sophisticated and quite different from the other people who are listed under Table-

Week 2

Counselors’ Decision-Making Tools Task Introduction In decision-making, there are various factors that limit the application of practices before execution of the actual activity is undertaken. There are several factors that humanity has to adhere to before deciding on the right channel of material to apply in dealing with a crisis. The similar concept extends to the policy-makers and individuals who determine the livelihood of the society. Without proper ethical codes, there may be difficulty in adjusting to nature’s provisions. There may be severe physical complications involved especially when the element being described is toxic. Ethics are essentially the codes governing the actions of individuals that require positive or negative response to a situation. Mostly ethics are based on the necessity to justify a meritorious action that does not limit the freedom or positive behavior in an individual. The legal elements articulate the law elements that support an activity. The restrictions against the counselor’s scope of activity or performing duties that they are not specialized to undertake. LCDC need to apply various tools to complete their functions properly fulfilling NAADC’s requirements and produce better diagnosis.
Counselors are required to uphold the element of discretion when handling their clients. There are lists of ethical and legal values that must guide them when handling vulnerable clients they contact daily. Licensed Chemical dependency counselors (LCDC) are obligated to service delivery that upholds the law and limit any forms of injustice of flaw in client satisfaction. To achieve this fete, there are numerous guidelines that the ethical and legal guidelines offer to promote work efficiency. They are required to identify the rules that the government have invented to control the scope of their duties. Each nation holds a provision for its workers to adhere to when conducting their selected duties. These principles are specifically created by the nation to help them serve the clients better and aid in referring to the different case being handled. There may be variable examples of the client’s constraints that may require separate actions to be undertaken. The decisions made by the counselors need to uphold the societal ethics and system of governance because the majority of the cases are instigated via experiences in the family setting. An added concept that would help produce a better result in counseling involves consultations with other professionals who may better comprehend the diagnosis (Levin, Culkin amp. Perotto, 2001). Finally, the counselor should hold the concept that lies in the realization of their specialty. A counselor should undertake his/her duty according to their scope of function. A counselor possesses a limited amount of expertise especially in coping with multiple cases. They should limit their services to the areas that they find suitable to their qualification. This attribute would ensure excellent result and create a successful outcome in their diagnosis.
NAADAC articulates a set of principles for the counselors to possess in accomplishing sufficient results. Counselors are required to respect the client’s freedom in the decisions they incorporate in their lives (Baugus, 1996). They should allow them to make choices on the nature of treatment they would want applied. Another code necessitates the clients to be just and perform their duties sufficiently. They should channel their efforts towards the virtue of helping other and promoting customer satisfaction. Finally, NAADAC provides an entity of being just. There should be a similar level of client satisfaction and attendance. No discrimination or unequal service should be offered to some clients and all clients deserve fair treatment.
These qualities help the counselor to advance further in their discipline with most clients bearing several challenges upon the profession. The society normally dictates a corrupt system and a difference in unequal service delivery. Through following these provisions, counselors are able to contribute to better individual and societal development than in an unqualified counselor (Toriello amp. Benshoff, 2003).
Baugus, M. (1996). Reducing the risk of malpractice in chemical dependency counseling.
Journal of Addictions amp. Offender Counseling. Vol. 17: p 35-45.
Levin, J., Culkin, J. and Perrotto, R. (2001). Introduction to chemical dependency counseling.
New Jersey. Jason Aronson.
Toriello, P. and Benshoff, J. (2003). Substance Abuse Counselors and Ethical Dilemmas: The Influence of Recovery and Education Level. Journal of Addictions amp. Offender Counseling. Vol.
23. Retrieved 19 January, 2012.

Antiinfectives and Natural/herbal products

Anti-infective and Natural/Herbal Products: Nursing Anti-infective Critical Reflection on Article :Hoefel, HH. and Lautert, L., (2006). Errors committed by nursing technicians and assistants in administering antibiotics. Am J Infect Control. 34(7): 437-42.
In this article, the nursing practice in relation to anti-infective administration has been investigated in order to research the errors and their reasons. This is an important research since success of treatment and safety of the patients are related to many parameters associated with anti-infective administration. These are dose, concentration, and time of infusion. These three parameters are related closely to the expertise of the nursing care. In order to delineate these in a hospital work area, the authors performed a survey through direct observation of nurse-administered anti-infective dosing on adult patients in a University Hospital. If any error was noted, it was classified according to type. This research is significant since nursing errors in anti-infective administration has implications in therapy outcome, and error in administration may lead to resistant strains which may lead to hospital-acquired infection, which may be largely prevented through quality interventions. In this study 33 nursing assistants were observed and interviewed when they prepared and administered cefepime on 99 occasions. From the data analysis, it was evident that 80% of the administration had errors of any type. These errors could not be correlated to any lack of education, meaning the error is done by imitating conventional practice in the wards. Moreover, there was lack of specific procedures and guidelines which could be displayed in the nursing dispensing area so the errors could be minimised. Moreover, instructions also lacked in terms of specified infusion time and time schedules. This study indicated that practicing nurses may make errors while administering anti-infectives which may have implications in outcome and other sequel. While these errors may be largely prevented by generating awareness, display of guidelines, and specific instructions, there is a role of clinical governance in eliminating these.
Natural/Herbal Products
Critical Reflections on Kuhn, MA., (2002). Herbal Remedies: Drug-Herb Interactions. Crit. Care Nurse. 22: 22 – 32.
This is a best practice article where the author discussed the background of herbal medicine usage in population and following an elaborate discussion on different commonly used herbal and natural preparations and discussion of their pharmacokinetics, the author draws attention to the fact where the nurses need to remain cautious and alert. Many people who get admitted and are treated with allopathic medications may have serious drug interactions despite the popular belief that natural and herbal preparations are harmless, useful, botanical medicines. Nurses must be aware that herbs may be very potent in terms of interactions, and they must make all efforts to prevent concurrent medications with different types of herbal agents. In fact, in practice it is better to eliminate all herbs or like preparations since many interactions have yet not been delineated. Moreover, there is no established standardization or quality control on these products since they are sold over the counter as dietary preparations. The author has provided a comprehensive table of herbal and natural preparations which is extremely informative and should be used as a guide in practice. The author has proceeded on to describe the interactions from both pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic points of views. Although the subject is vast and the need for knowledge for practice is enormous, as a brief, the author has selected some very popular herbal agents and their prospective interactions with drugs. Moreover, many patients sincerely think these to be harmless, and they never record or disclose the history to the nurse or the physician. Therefore, for safety reasons, the nurses must develop their own base of knowledge on these products, and as far as possible, they must record the herbal substances in use. This is specially more applicable in patients who are on medications with narrow therapeutic indices such as warfarin, tricyclic antidepressants, digoxin, lithium, phenytoin, theophylline, procainamide, cyclosporine, and hypoglycemic agents. In cases of unexplained adverse reactions, the first through should be an interaction with herbal products, and in this way, the nurses may be able to prevent many calamities.
Hoefel, HH. and Lautert, L., (2006). Errors committed by nursing technicians and assistants in administering antibiotics. Am J Infect Control. 34(7): 437-42.
Kuhn, MA., (2002). Herbal Remedies: Drug-Herb Interactions. Crit. Care Nurse. 22: 22 – 32.

Criminal Justice Scenerio

Rule Governing the Denial or Grant of Parole Factors to Consider when Denying or Granting Parole In order to deserve a grant of parole, the parole department must conduct an investigation that discloses whether the applicant will live and conduct themselves as law-abiding and respectable person. In addition, the parole authority must prove that the person, upon being released, will be compatible with the society and his or her own welfare. In this case, the individual will be denied parole if the parole authority concludes that he or she will be incompatible with the personal or societal welfare, Carson, Bain, (2008).
To carry out the investigation, the parole board must consider the vocational education, work assignment or training, institutional records, therapy and performance during temporary release programs. In addition, the board will conduct an investigation with the victims, if any, of the incidence that lead to the imprisonment of the applicant, Dawes, (2014).
Does John Qualify for Parole Grant
In my opinion, John White qualifies for consideration of parole grant. According to the case study, he has already acquired a considerable level of education as compared to the pre-imprisonment period. In this case, he will be more productive to the society than before. In addition, his brother has offered to give him a job and hence John White will be able to cope with his dairy need.
Parole Agreement for John White
I John White do hereby surrender expatriation to the united state of America and agree to faithfully abide by all laws, by-laws, regulations and federal and state governments policies. I hereby submit that I am a corrected person and I will be able to be absorbed by the society to join other persons in the nation building. In addition, I will not engage myself in any unlawful endeavors nor associate myself with persons likely to ruin my morals. I entirely understand the consequences involved should I, in any conduct, breach the abovementioned conditions.
Carson, D., amp. Bain, A. (2008). Professional risk and working with people decision-making in health, social care and criminal justice. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Top of Form
Bottom of Form
Dawes, R. (2014). House of cards. S.l.: Free Press.
Top of Form
Bottom of Form
Waldron, R. (2009). The criminal justice system: An introduction (5th ed.). Tulsa, Okla.: Kamp.M.

Effect of Sex in American Family System

nbsp.Today, sex has become an essential component of entertainment and has become omnipresent with the aid of media. over the Internet, mobile phones, television, and magazines. The collective effect of changing attitudes toward sex has been of weakening the family as the building block of the society. American society is becoming increasingly approving of gay rights. Unlike the past, when homosexual tendency was considered as abnormal behavior, homosexuality is being increasingly approved of and is being given similar status to heterosexuality. A positive effect of these changing attitudes toward sex is that sex education today has become more of a need than a choice. More people can be educated on the risks of unhealthy sexual behaviors. A negative effect, however, is that more educated people advocate in favor of abortion associating it with women’s liberty and freedom, thus increasing the rate of abortions in the country (Aulette, 2010). Overall, circumstances have become conducive for an increase in the premarital sex amongst teens.

Why is successful change management difficult to achieve What factors would be most likely to lead to success


Organizational personnel oppose the introduction of any sort of change for different reasons. change can alter the hierarchy of positions and induce fundamental shifts in the distribution of power, thus raising concerns among the already powerful workers. Change brings changes in the way work is done while the workers are accustomed to doing things in the traditional way. Changing the way they work seems odd because they are not used to it. Change can require the workers to display new set of skills that they might not already have. Every worker is educated, trained, and skilled to a certain extent and displaying skills beyond that requires further education and training. This becomes even more daunting for the workers when they have to afford the expenses of improving their skills themselves and the organization does not provide for them financially to upgrade their skills. Besides, motivating the workers is one of the most important challenges in front of the management. Within the context of an already existing system, it might be possible to keep the workers motivated. However, when change is implemented, workers come up with new concerns and develop different kinds of needs, thus making it difficult for the management to address those needs and keep a highly motivated workforce. Factors that play an important role in making change management successful in an organization include but are not limited to demonstration of the need for change to the workers, communication between management and workers, training of the workers, and the anticipated positive outcomes of change both for the workers and the organization as a whole. Management assumes the main role in making change management successful since most of these factors are under the control of management. The management should start the process of change management by briefing the workers about the need for change. This can be achieved by calling the workers upon a meeting and telling them what issues and challenges that organization faces under the current circumstances, and what possible measures can be taken in order to help the organization deal with those challenges successfully. Many a times, management tends to assume that workers understand the organization’s challenges whereas in reality, that is not the case. Workers do need to be shown the true picture as the management sees it, so that they consent with the management that a change needs to be made. After demonstrating the need for change, management should tell the workers what changes in the hierarchy of the power distribution would be made, what technological components would be added to the present system, what skills would the workers need to display, and how they can get those skills. The management should arrange training sessions for the workers either in-house or by rendering the services of an internal trainer. It is imperative that the management upgrades the skills of the workers according to the needs of the changed system to motivate the workers to cooperate with the management in implementing the change. Finally, management needs to closely supervise the workers and resolve any interpersonal issues that are encountered because of the implementation of the change. A potential example of successful change management is British Airways. It all started with the recruitment of a new chairperson in 1981 who noticed the inefficiency of the company and the wastage of valuable resources. So he decided to restructure British Airways to make its business more profitable. The best way realized by him to achieve this was with the help of a change methodology management plan (Faucheux and Scheid,

Development of human resources in small business

the paper, it is going to have the following structure: introduction, theoretical concepts of human resource management, analysis of recruitment process, background information about small business, analysis of the situation with human resource management in small business, conclusions, and recommendations.
HRM is the organizational function that deals with issues related to people such as compensation, hiring,nbsp.performance management, organization development, safety, wellness, benefits, employee motivation, communication, administration, and training. (HRM Definition).
However, it is the whole concept that consists of various different processes. For example, one can mention looking for potential employees, education of students, continuous training, and education of own employees, etc. It has been already much said about the importance of this process. That is why any company should build an effective strategy of human resource management.
Among the most important process of human resource management the following ones may be pointed out: recruitment, education, performance management, promotion, etc. Recruitment is probably one of the most important processes. Recruitment process consists of internal and external recruitments.
Simply speaking, internal recruitment is the process of evaluation and hiring own employees of a company to occupy new positions in a company. Usually, this process is associated with promotion of employees.
Simply speaking, external recruitment is the process of hiring people who are not the current employees of a company. Usually, these processes are toughly related and used together in the process of recruitment by a company.
It should also be mentioned about recruitment methods and strategies. There are many recruitments strategies, methods, and instruments. A company uses those ones that are the most appropriate foot it in a given circumstances. Some of them are more expensive, some of them are less. Some of them require

Use of Torture to Gain Intelligence


There are various reasons for torture. They include punishment, revenge, political re-education, deterrence, interrogation or coercion. Mostly the torture proves to be deliberately fatal, however, most of the time this is not the case and killing and injuring the victim is not the sole purpose. According to research, torture is not a very good way of obtaining information and actionable intelligence. This is because after a person received physical or psychological punishment, the mind breaks down as a result of which the information is subject to inaccuracies in memory recall. It was until the development of Humanism in the 17th century, deliberately painful methods of execution for severe crimes was taken as granted as part of justice. Torture was sanctioned by some states previously. In the 21st century, most of the countries have prohibited torture under the international and domestic laws. Under the UN convention and declaration of human rights, it is unacceptable and is considered the violation of human rights. One of the most controversial aspects of the global ‘war on terror’ was the use of torture during interrogations. The United States of America administration for combating the threat of global terrorism developed several new methods. This happened after the terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001. The detention and interrogation of the suspected terrorists have been the central to the United States struggle against global terrorism (Walton, 2008). According to the international laws of warfare, the same rules of lawful combatants were not applicable for detained terrorists since they were not fighting as lawful combatants. However, some policymakers of the US argued that the use of torture should be legalized to gain intelligence under certain extreme circumstances. During the Algerian war of Independence (1954-1962), the French armed forces along with the Algerian National Liberation Front (FNL) made use of torture.

Difference Between Two of the Most Influential Nations of the World

Among the biggest differences between China and America are their cultural values and these have been cultivated over a long period. China is an extremely conservative nation with most of the cultural practices of its people being influenced to a certain degree by the teachings of the philosopher Confucius. This influence has been paramount in China for over two millennia and has guided the Chinese nation throughout all its incarnations. The culture of the United States, on the other hand, is very liberal with individuals living their lives as they see fit, making Americans very independent people from a young age. Moreover, Chinese culture dictates that younger people be subservient and submissive towards their elders, obeying them without question. Young Chinese people tend to be obliged to take care of their elders until the latter die and in most cases, elderly Chinese are very revered in society. This is not necessarily the case in America where younger people tend to live their own lives without any consideration to the wishes of their elders (Weston). The elderly people in America tend to be highly independent and often live by themselves. going into homes for the elderly when they can no longer take care of themselves rather than living with their children.
Another difference that arises between America and China is their systems of education, which are in many ways managed diversely. The Chinese system of education tends to be slightly more difficult than that of America because students have to undergo a rigorous system of examinations almost at every level of their education to ensure that they are competent enough to proceed to the next level. The American system, on the other hand, is less rigorous with the number of people whose performance in school is below average being extremely high.

I think alcohol shouldn’t be legalize for all ages

Legal Age for Alcohol Consumption It has been widely proved through research that consuming alcohol irrespective of the age will lead to addiction and is risky to the general health of the individual, the effects of which slowly manifest as one ages. People tend to begin the habit at any stage of their lives. Peer pressure, and other personal or problems related with work could be a triggering factor for starting the habit. However, continued consumption of alcohol can cause more severe financial, social, family and health related problems which could have a lasting effect on the individual. Problems such as pancreatitis, heart and liver problems are associated with alcohol use. Individuals who already have a health problem and those under medication who take to drinking as a regular habit can encounter life-threatening situations. Furthermore, in case of pregnant mother’s who take to this habit they are additionally risking the life of their unborn child. Intake of alcohol, especially from a young age, only increases the risk to alcohol related diseases and problems later in life. Study estimates reveal that between the ages of 19-29 one in every four men die of alcohol related problems (Merrett). Though the minimum age for consuming alcohol is 21 in most countries, there is heavy lobbying to decrease this age to 18. In places where the age limit has been decreased there are concerns raised about the ill-effects induced by consuming alcohol from a young age. Young people are generally less tolerable to the effects that alcohol imposes on them as they have a naïve physique and their socializing habits increases the risk of accidents and other injuries. Young people who drink tend to become more violent and engage in unwanted habits and land up with legal problems. This could have an irreversible effect on their future that could include education, work and family. Thus such people live a less fulfilled life and become a source of unhappiness for both their immediate family and peers.
A private website has revealed that about 74% of adults in US support legal action taken against those who host parties where underage drinking is allowed. They believe that such actions would help to prevent injuries to innocent people who are victimized in drunken driving and other accidents. The survey also revealed that some adults approve underage drinking when supervised by parents or a guardian (Alcohol Consumption under Parental Supervision). However, the health of the individual is compromised irrespective of being supervised or not. Hence by and large the ill-effects related to alcohol drinking outweigh all the other effects such as drinking due to social status and peer pressure. Hence the legal system must enforce more sever laws concerning alcohol consumption especially with regard to young adults. It would be better if it does not legalize alcohol consumption for all ages. More awareness about the effects due to alcohol consumption needs to be brought out and people educated well about them.
Alcohol is a slow poison that could have a devastating effect on the user when consumed in high proportions, which is likely to happen over a period of time. The major effects due to consumption of alcohol have been high lightened above and suitable laws need to be enforced to prevent legalizing this habit among all age groups. It is best to abstain from consuming alcohol to lead a healthy and successful life. Family also plays a vital role in helping people abstain from this habit. Hence parents and relatives must set a good example to their children and create awareness in the home about such habits which will alleviate the need for strict laws and rules.

1. Merrett, Neil. A half measure of alcohol reforms. Meatprocess. 7 Jul 2008. 13 Oct 2008. lt. 2. Alcohol Consumption under Parental Supervision. Lawyers. 10 July 2007. 12 Oct 2008.

Corts Conquest of Central Mexico

Cortés arrived at the Mexican coast at a place called Yucatan in 1519 a year after Spain had discovered the country. He named the place Veracruz a name that has remained in use to date. Accompanying him were 508 soldiers, 100 sailors 14 small canons which he used to defeat the natives during his reign here(Schwartz and Stuart B, 2000, pg 12). He first settled in Tabasco where he faced strong opposition from the natives. However, he fought back harshly and the natives surrendered. This was the start of his success in Mexico. Tabasco offered his food, women and an interpreter who was known as La Malinche or Doña Marina who acted as the go-between with the locals. The Native war-men were not trained and were easily killed easily due to lack of skills and weapons. (Schwartz and Stuart B, 2000, pg 17).
Few weeks after his arrival, he set sail from Yutican to the southeastern coast where he found Velasquez. Through orders from king charles1 of Spain, he dismissed the authority of Velasquez and declared himself king. Unlike many native leaders, Cortés had knowledge of army training and he trained his men to act as a disciplined united unit (Schwartz and Stuart B, 2000, pg 25). The country was rich in minerals and fertile land and Cortés was determined to dominate the land. He went to the extent of burning his ships to make re-treating, not an option.
During his stay here, Cortés learned that the Aztecs under the rule of their powerful leader Montezuma II were a powerful primary force in Mexico. Due to his high level of Education, he knew he had to find support from within in order to conquer this powerful group. After extensive research that took six months, he discovered the Tlaxcala’s who was a native group and great enemies of the Aztecs (Schwartz and Stuart B, 2000, pg 41).

Organization Behavior Reflection Paper

One of conditions of successful choice of profession is presence of a complex of psycho-physiological and the personal qualities necessary for successful work. As leading characteristics of a person’s readiness to the certain professional work should be considered not only theoretical knowledge, the mental abilities, and special skills, but also own outlook, personal characteristics, valuable orientations, motivations, physical development, and particularities of behavior.
On coming to some company or organization a worker has his own purposes, needs, values, norms, style of behavior and certain demands to the employer (conditions of work, salary, etc). A company in turn has own purposes and goals, and makes certain demands to an employee’s education, qualifications, productivity, discipline, etc. It expects the worker will fulfill all rules, social norms, and respect and follow the developed traditions of the organization. Except for a professional role a worker of any company carries out some social roles (becomes the colleague, subordinates, or the head, a member of the trade-union organization). Here we deal with the process of adaptation of own personal style, values, and preferences with job preferences, skills, and ability to work with others Process of adaptation will be the more successful, the more values and norms of behavior of the company will become simultaneously values and norms of behavior of a worker.
As for me I consider myself as a person who should be occupied with some job connected with communication with people. I am really communicative and open person. I can easily come to an understanding with different people. Moreover to my opinion one of the most necessary features of character that a person working with people should process is a capability to keep out of conflict situations. All my friend and relatives admit that I am very sociable person. I am sure that sociability on one

The Indian Economy

Two sources of economic growth in India are the demographic situation and Indian governments reforms. A rise in working age population in the near future will create more workers. The government reforms are also another source of growth. From infrastructure to less restrictive trade measures, the government has provided a favorable atmosphere for Indias economy. Both of these measures are helping the economy grow in India. With the right plan, these two sources could make Indias economy boom.
The rising working age of India is important for several reasons. This rising working age means more workers in the future. More workers are important, because of the concern about demand increasing over supply. The Economist reports that demand is outpacing supply and hence the pace of growth is unsustainable. A greater number of workers could increase production, raising the supply, to meet the demand.
More workers are also important, because the number creates more consumers. This makes the demand higher, but the supply raises as well. This circle makes an economy more stable, than just the demand rising with no increase in supply. However, if just the demand was rising and not the supply, inflation and depression follow. Workers and consumers are good for an economy.
The one thing that more workers will need is education. Job training should be put into place by the government. New industries, especially computer related, should be taught in vocational schools. This would help the new workers coming of age to find jobs. It would not matter how old a worker, if they had no skills. The Economist states 60% of Indias labour force is engaged in low productivity farming. These farmers will need skills to gain production jobs within urban areas.
India government reforms have made the economy grow. The trade friendly reforms have created an import/export business that is lucrative. It is also easier for foreign investment, although this has not been as widespread as hoped. Lower oil prices make the economy better. Government regulation on employees in the workplace have made for happier workers. All of these reforms are good, but more need to take effect.
Another good reform concerns the infrastructure and public services. The Economist reports:
Indias government has ambitious plans to increase total infrastructure spending to 8% of GDP over the next five years. This will involve some increase in government spending, but the idea is for the bulk of it to be financed by public-private partnerships.
This will help build trade routes, make public services more of a business, and boost the economy.
Although this is a good start, but the infrastructure is in poor shaped. More needs to be done. Money needs to be diverted to the infrastructure. The Economist explains According to the World Bank, the average manufacturing firm loses 8% of sales each year from power cuts. The need for a better infrastructure cannot wait another day. The sooner the better. Five years is too long to wait. The plan needs to be speeded up drastically. It is good that India has plan, but a more effective one needs to be implemented. It would be better to devise a plan that would attract foreign money. The two sources of growth in India, the growth in workers through age and reforms, are a good start. The economy is growing so fast, stability could be introduced through these two measures. Both measures have drawbacks, but can be focused to improve the economy.
Indias economy: India on fire. 1 February 2007. The Economists.

Chapter 2 disscussion

Contrast conflict theory v. Structural functionalism Structural functionalism insists and stresses that the community operates as a whole. The individuals, politics, families, education system and economy all interact to form a functioning society. If any of the social parts experiences dysfunction, the whole society has to pay a price. An example is when families fail to raise disciplined children, churches, courts and schools must take the slack. At the end the society has to adjust as a response to the transformation of the social institution. Conflict theory insists that the society can’t come together as a whole for one common purpose or agenda. The theory suggests that tension and conflict are the main foundation of life and they are the concepts that make up ultimate society and social change complete. Conflict theory stresses more on class conflict
2. Symbolic interactionism
Symbolic interactionism depicts that interacting with other people and meaning behind gestures and words is what forms the society. From this concept people act on things depending on the meanings derived (Ferris amp. Stein 49). The meanings are derived through social interaction then modified by interpretation. Symbolic interactionism views face-to-face interaction as the foundation of everything in human society. Without interaction, there is no successful society.
3 how the theories of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber all reflect a concern for the consequences of modern life.
The views of Karl, Emile and Max have shaped the various ways of interpreting social structure in the modern society. Marx suggests that issues such as family values, religion and politics stem from the economy. They believed that religion had no importance and it is only a burden to the society. The theories reflect that as the community becomes more advanced then more tasks become essential for the society to be stable. The theories also suggest that the social struggle is the significant cause of social struggle. They all insist that the division of labor and responsibility is important in the modern society
4. Types of functions that social structures can fulfill
Social structures can fulfill various functions like giving distinction to a particular society. Social structures ensure the society exists in harmony and everyone has a role to play. The structures make the society more orderly and systematic (Ferris amp. Stein 65) . It also makes the society meaningful and functional. Social structures ensure than every person in the society is responsible and accountable.
Works Cited
Kerry Ferris, Jill Stein. The Real World (Fourth Edition). New York: W. W. Norton, Incorporated, 2014.


The Impact of the lack of knowledge management in municipal police agencies The police all over the world have been grappling with various challenges that have been brought up because of the challenges that have been brought up by the changing lifestyle patterns and security systems. The 21st century has been characterized by several challenges that are completely different from those that existed before, around 100 or 1000 years back (Ugelvik 45-6). While the police of that time dwelt more on preparations for new problems and their ability to intervene and bring immediate solutions, those of the 20th century had few advantages, they predicted future challenges and prepared to deal with them effectively.
Currently, the police are facing different challenges that are affecting their output as far as security and efficiency are concerned. For instance, the police in several municipal agencies are experiencing unlimited access to information, sharing of ideas and global experiences with the friends in other places, limited education and training on modern security and surveillance systems among others. These among other issues in the police agencies play a big role in determining the quality of life that a nation expects to have, quality systems mean better quality and standards of life.
Information and effectiveness of police agencies
It is a common observation that information sharing is the backbone and lifeblood of policing, despite this. information and knowledge sharing among police agencies continues to remain scanty across several municipals and various security organizations (Gottschalk 132).
In a research that was conducted over the impediments standing in the way of police efficiency and effectiveness, there are a number of mutually exclusive impediments that were cited as affecting the effective process of knowledge management in police agencies as shown.
Adapted from: Gottschalk and Geoff 219
Impacts of ineffective knowledge sharing among policing agencies
The prevailing inefficiencies arising from the impediments to knowledge and information sharing have brought huge challenges to effecting policing in municipalities and the nation at large. It has given room for lawless groups to tamper with people’s confidential matters through cyber crime among other ways.
There has been a public outcry over the porous nature of security systems. this has led to public exploitation and loss of property as well as information about people’s financial welfare and investments among others. In some states, there have been decreased levels of investment by locals and foreigners because of the reduced confidence levels in the security systems.
In general, the idealized and normative conception of democracy in information and knowledge sharing suggests information ha to flow freely within and across all levels of municipals, the society and country at large (Gottschalk and Geoff 234). In fact, everyone has right to access certain information that is deemed to be of public or personal significance.
Nonetheless, this free flow of information, within the context of contemporary policing, has to be creatively designed within the realities and influence of information and knowledge accessibility, politics, need for information security, values, as well as the organizational context (Gottschalk and Geoff 238). All this, as well as cooperation and coordination of all stakeholders, is essential in ensuring effective and efficient policing not only in municipals, but also in the entire country.

Works Cited
Ugelvik, Synn.nbsp.Justice and Security in the 21st Century: Risks, Rights and the Rule of Law. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2012. Print.
Gottschalknbsp.Peter.nbsp.Knowledge management in policing: Enforcing law on criminal business enterprises. New York, NY:nbsp.Hindawi Publishing Corporation. 2008. Print
Gottschalk, Petter and Geoff Dean. Knowledge Management in Policing: The Case of Police Complaints and Police Crime.nbsp.The Police Journalnbsp.5.2 (2012): 1-17. Print

D3 Whistleblower

Whistleblower In 2001, Coleen Rowley who was a special agent with the FBI revealed that the Bureau made mistakes and inaction which may have allowed the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Centre and even the Pentagon on September 11, 2001. The above provides an incidence of a whistleblower (
A whistleblower is a person in an organization or institution whether private or governmental who reveals to people in authority or to the general public about the misconducts or ills going on in that organization or institution. These individuals may be in danger after the whistleblowing. The tort law aims to protect individuals against harm from unreasonable actions of other people (Lipman 2011). The law therefore protects the whistleblowers from being hurt legally by those they have blown the whistle against.
Intentional tort law protects the whistleblower. Whistleblowers are protected by this tort law because even though their actions intentionally hurt those involved in the organization, they do so with an intention of ending the misconduct hence the action is justified and law offers protection (McBride and Bagshaw 2008). This law protects the special agent because even though the FBI’s integrity was questioned, the action will enable other intelligence organizations to be vigilant in future hence her action was justifiable in court.
The Lloyd-La Follette Act is a congressional act that was passed as a way to protect civil servant whistleblowers against abusive or even unwarranted removal of the whistleblower for revealing misconduct or furnishing information. It also guarantees the rights of employees to reveal any inefficiency information about the institutions to the congress or authorized committees. All this is in a bid to improve the integrity of such institutions and organizations and protect their employees at the same time.
2011. Web.
Lipman, F. (2011). Whistleblowers: Incentives, Disincentives, and Protection Strategies. California: John Wiley amp. Sons.
McBride, N. and Bagshaw, R. (2008). Tort Law. New York: Pearson Education Limited.

Refutation for the DREAM Act

It is an American legislation drafted by both the Democrats and the Republicans that would give students who were raised and studied in the US a chance to contribute to the country’s growth by serving the military or pursuing higher education. Some of the benefits that the government reaps from the act include. making the US more competitive in the global market, improving the national economy, contributing to the military’s recruitment efforts and readiness and allowing the immigrants and border security experts to focus on those who pose a serious threat to the national security. Opponents are however against the DREAM Act and they provide various reasons to prove their argument. They claim that the DREAM Act would encourage more students to immigrate illegally into the US and applicants would use it to petition for relatives. They also add that the DREAM Act would result in taxpayers having to subsidize student loans for those students who are registered through the DREAM Act. (The White House FactSheet). The DREAM Act is purely beneficial to the American people and I will illustrate the reasoning of the critics and provide the factual information that is contained in the Act.
Most critics think that the DREAM Act, when passed will imply that the government would be awarding privileges and rights to individuals who have broken the law by violating the immigration laws and to those who have not worked for them and therefore they do not deserve those privileges. Critics argue that the DREAM Act is amnesty since the immigrants are being pardoned after breaking the immigration laws. (Lamar)
The above argument is fallacious since the DREAM Act requires responsibility and accountability of young people who will apply in order to adjust their status under the requirements of the DREAM Act, which is a lengthy and rigorous process. Young people applying for citizenship under the

Now we can get congress going

Reflection on Now We Can Get Congress Going The article is about the refocus on various policies that have beenadopted by the curreent administration. The concern has been rampant after the republicans gained control of the two houses. As a result, the republicans have come up with a list of proposals.
In my opinion, it is true that americans are faced by various issues than it has been the case before. One of the significant problems is a lack of opportunity by the citizens. This has been the case especially to those coming out of school. I think this is one of the challenges that need focus by the houses. There should be adoption of policies that will ensure new graduate and majority of youth get enough opportunities after getting out of the education system. Addressing these issues will boost confidence on elected leader and also esnures that the current administration is seen as doing something on policy issues.
On the other hand, I belive that addressing issues of enrgey will help in reviving areas of the economy that are not performing well. Energy sector is a key driver of various parts of the economy. This is because energy drives various sector of the economy such as prodcution. Most of the prices of goods and services enjoyed by americans are determiedn by the prodcution process. Hence, addressing issues of enrgy will be paramount in esnuring that Americans are not faced by high prices of goods and services. Moreover, americans will be able to purchase more commodities with less. Therefore, a proposal to construct Keystone XL pipeline should be a priority of the new elected house.
Works Cited
Boehner, Johnnbsp.And Mcconnell, Mitch. Now We Can Get Congress Going. Posted Nov. 5, 2014.

Teaching and Learning in Higher Education

These findings have shown that the process of building and managing a small group in a learning environment is very important. Small groups are a critical way of observing and developing various skills necessary in learners’ life thus giving group work a new status. It’s only within group work that self-confidence, teamwork and interpersonal skills can be nurtured and assessed. The development of communal activities is reported by students to create environments whereby they can observe their own learning, adjust the learning to suit different situation thus get more engaged in their subjects. These attributes are part of a deep approach to learning and ensure higher retention levels buy the learners (Hogan 45).
Cognitive research has revealed that even with what is considered to be good instruction, many learners, including academically gifted students have an inferior level of understanding than perceived by most. With commitment, students taking an examination are normally capable of identifying what they have learned or what they have read. cautious probing, however, often reveals that their understanding is imperfect or distorted, if not altogether mistaken.
People have to build their own understanding regardless of how evidently teachers or books tell them things. Mostly, a learner does this by relating new information and ideas to what he or she already believes. Concepts—the basic units of human thought—that do not have numerous links with how a student reasons about the world are not likely to be memorized or useful. Or, if they do remain in theory rather than practical, they will be tucked away in some corner of the brain and may not be available to influence thoughts about any other facet of the world. Concepts are best retained when they are met in a variety of contexts and articulated in a variety of ways since that ensures that there are more occasions for them to become embedded in a student’s knowledge system (David and Tina 43).

Dentistry as a Career

This is usually denied by the most institution regardless of their depth and quality of education. My objective to enroll in Rutgers Medical School and New Jersey City University is possible. The New Jersey State also provides quality education to students in my field. The pre-dental course would provide me with the idea required to excel when I enroll in the school of dentistry.
Dentistry as a career objective was developed by my dream to become a medical practitioner. However, I chose the career based on the fact that it requires few legal and certification requirements when in regards to operating practice (Zedikamp. Levin 82). Moreover, the career also allows autonomy. In addition, the United States has no enough dentists as compared to the number of people who need dental care. This provides me with an opportunity to succeed in a career. Dentistry also provides me with an easy opportunity to develop my own practice after attaining experience in organization settings (Zedikamp. Levin 82).

Radioactivity experiment

This also goes to the extent of explaining the practical sense involving radioactivity in the conclusions and recommendation segment. It clearly brings out the sense of radioactive decay in that, it ascertains on the fact that it indeed has to do with spontaneous disintegration of atomic nucleus that leads to release of matter and energy from the entire nucleus.
This form of radioactivity experiment might seem simple but the logic behind it is very critical. The main objective behind the lab experiment was the aspect whereby I was investigating the radioactive decay concept by use of coins to simulate the decaying nuclei. Here, tossed coins were taken to have decayed when they came up as tails. The other objective and conclusion that was arrived at was on the importance of using coins in such an experiment, as well as the aspect of coin variations in terms of numbers with regards to both experiments.
Radioactivity generally refers to the emission of particles or substances from the nuclei mainly due to nuclear instability. On the other hand, radioactive decaynbsp.refers to spontaneous disintegration of atomic nucleus that leads to release of matter and energy from the entire nucleus. Radioisotope has got unstable nuclei with little binding energy for holding the nucleus collectively (EDUCATION RESOURCES, 2014). Radioisotopes often experience constant motions with the ultimate verge of trying to gain stability. That kind of process often leads to release of matter and energy, hence leading to a sort of transformation into a new substance. This entire process is known asnbsp.transmutation, and has to do with the aspect of transformation of one element to another due to nucleus change. The transmutation process and radioactive decay will persist until new elements with more stable nucleus are formed. This process can either occur naturally or artificially.
There exist three main categories of

Types of Planning Strategic Tactical Operational

Planning is one of the essential aspects of the policy formulation and implementation process. effective planning is essential for the success of organizations in pursuit of organizational goals and objectives. There are various types of organizational plans and the main types of planning include operational, tactical, strategic and contingency planning (, n.d). the synergic relationship between all the above types of planning is essential for the attainment of organizational goals and objectives. In this respect, each subsequent type of planning paves way for the next from operational planning to strategic planning. Strategic planning encompasses the whole organization and it offers the blueprint for the desired future and organization long-term goals. Designed by top-level management, strategic plans provide a framework/guideline for lower level organizational planning. in other words, strategic plans outline the organization’s future direction. Tactical planning entails a systematic translation of the strategic plans into specific plans that can be implemented at departmental levels within the organizational structure. In this respect, tactical plans are department specific as opposed to strategic plans. Operational planning involves the organization of the day-to-day activities at the lowest level of the organization. operational plans are developed by low-level managers and they outline routine departmental procedures and processes within the organization. Finally, contingency planning provides alternative courses of action for the organizations, especially in the event of unforeseen eventualities that might impede successful implementation of initial plans.
Various sources of government funds go towards government operations, for instance, governments fund their operations through taxes, licensing, fees and borrowing, among other sources (Lutzenberger, n.d). Taxes are the most common source of government funds and they range from direct taxes, such as deductions on paychecks or contributions to Social Security and Medicare insurance schemes, to indirect taxes paid on commodities such as Value Added Taxes (VAT) and sales taxes. Governments also generate income through fees charged in licensing programs such as the issuance of Driving Licenses, business/ trade licenses among other programs. Governments can earn extra funding for its operations through borrowing from external sources such as the World Bank, IMF and donor countries. this money is normally borrowed to meet budget deficits for capital projects, and is paid back with interest. Bonds and treasury bonds are effective ways of generating long term borrowing that provides governments with ready cash for long-term projects. this also establishes favorable conditions for investors. Some of the different types of taxes that governments use to raise revenues include but are not limited to the following: Personal Income tax, Corporate Income Tax, Sales Tax, Property Tax, Value Added Tax, Import Duty and Fuel Levy (Karl, n.d). Personal income and corporate income taxes are charged on annual personal incomes of individuals and annual corporate incomes respectively. sales tax or VAT is charged on all the products that are purchased. Property tax is charged on real estate (homes, factories, malls) motor vehicles and airplanes. import duty is imposed on all goods entering a country while fuel levy is charged at pump stations and is used for road maintenance and other services.
Types of Planning: Strategic, Tactical, Operational amp. Contingency Planning. (n.d). Retrieved from
Lutzenberger, T. (n.d). Sources of Government Funds. Retrieved from
Karl, B. (n.d). What Are the Different Types of Government Taxes? Retrieved from

The Value of Playdough in Social and Emotional Development

This has changed my previous perception that the playdough is an irrelevant component of the kindergarten program and I started perceiving play as an important child’s work. As a teacher, observation of children’s interactions with the playdough should be observed to ensure that early learning standards are appropriately met. Similarly, I have to persuade parents about the value of resourceful play experiences in a classroom.
Ch.10 Play and the Learning Environment
A substantial concept that I perceive to be new is the importance of imaginative games. This information will make my classroom more interactive and make students more creative by allowing them to engage in activities such as dressing up and constructing cubby houses using blankets or boxes. Moreover, it will help children connect and enhance pathways in their brains making them more adaptive to the changing global education environment. However, time and financial resources will prove to be barriers since there is the stipulated curriculum to be followed and purchasing toys and other play materials are substantially costly. However, these constraints must be overcome by the utilization of readily available time and materials.

Position 7 Is advertising good for society

Is advertising good for society? Yes advertising is good for the society. Even though most people often put much emphasison the negatives particularly when they talk about the effects of advertising, it is very crucial to note that it does have positive effects on the society (Pardun, Carol 1943). In fact, a good number of the society’s most vital messages have originated from advertising. For instance, a message such as like Friends dont let friends drive drunk. such advertisements are informative and helpful thus making people to the each others’ caretaker. Advertising is very important to the society as the information that it imparts often assist consumers in making better decisions (Alexander and Hanson, 113).
This therefore implies that though it has both positive and negative effects, in real life, its positive side and benefits far outweighs its negative criticisms. For instance, other than promoting vital social messages, advertisements are also able to spark economy by fostering and advancing innovation and competition (Pardun, Carol 1944).
Advertising encourages companies to compete thus providing new innovating and high quality goods thus improving the lives of people. On the other hand, this encourages many people to purchase such products because they meet their needs and wants. As a result, the increased demand positively affects the economy and the society in general (Pardun, Carol 1943). additionally, advertising helps create new and more jobs, for instance, as the demand for products and services increases as a result of advertising, many people are required to produce, ship, supply and test those services and products. Hence, creating more jobs. This helps in raising the standard of living of people and the society in entirety.
While advertising can be an annoyance, not so pleasing and bothersome to the eye there are other benefits it creates for the society. One of such benefits is that it reasonably drives all media outlets ranging from radio and TV to internet and magazines. These media outlets derive most of their incomes from the advertisers enabling their products and services to be free or less expensive. Since all major networks as well as radio stations operate this way, they offer free service to the users and listeners (Pardun, Carol 1943). A lot of internet sites also offer free services since they generate revenue through the advertisements. So basically it is the advertising that greatly makes the world of mass media to go round.nbsp.
In addition, advertisements create awareness of products and services or message to the society. It supports privately owned media thus eliminating the monopoly control of the media by the government. Advertisements provide information thus stimulating the economy and improves competition as well which helps in keeping costs down for the society. Advertising is a free speech and can work in promoting free speech especially in nations where the free speech has been suppressed. Advertising is therefore able to encourage the notion that free speech is vital in any society (Alexander and Hanson, 123). Therefore, it promotes freedom of choice component of the society. It helps individuals to make choices in societies where there are too many to make. Advertising is good for the society because it gives the need information in an entertaining way which is actually helpful in a person’s life.
Work cited
Pardun, Carol J.nbsp.Advertising and Society: An Introduction. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley Blackwell, 2014. Internet resource.
Alexander, Alice and Hanson Jarice.Taking Sides: Clashing Views in Mass Media and Society. New York: McGraw-Hill Education (2013)


A person must fulfill the needs at the bottom of the ladder before gratifying those at the top. In the hierarchy, the most fundamental needs of human beings are the psychological needs that include food, water, shelter, air, and sleep (Maslow, 2013). The next needs include safety, esteem, belonging and love, and self actualization.
Maslow then postulates that once human beings have satisfied their psychological needs, they move up to gratify their want for security and safety. After finding security, they then find friends who love and accept them in their lives. This satisfies the third hierarchy, which is the need for love and belonging (Lester, 2013). The last need that individuals seek is that of self actualization. This is the level where human beings strive to maximize their education, career, and achievements in the community to earn respect from others. Maslow (2013) argues that this is the last phase of the hierarchy because it is in it that people achieve their maximum potential.
Sigmund Freud, on the other hand, developed a theory of development known as psychoanalytic development. Freud postulates that humans develop in four stages. In the first stage when children are born until they reach two years, they mainly focus on eating and breastfeeding through the mouth (Hoffman, 2010). Freud argues that it is at this stage that sexual desires develop when children love their mothers who are always close to them and feed them. while they dislike their fathers who keep a distance from them. In the next stage that is known as the sadistic-anal phase when children are between two and four years, the researcher argues that children concentrate on discovering how the society requires them to conduct the elimination process (Newman, B., amp. Newman, P., 2007). This is the process where children go to the toilet and excrete waste from their bodies.
The next stage that is known

Assigm 6

Question two The family Bill of Rights aims to correct the various negative occurrences and flaws in a family setup by pointing out fundamental and civil liberties. This setup offers both the children and their parents’ guidelines upon which each executes their diverse roles. By doing so, the process uncovers critical imperfections in the arrangements that weigh down, estrange, and keep out family units from the conduct of an inclusive entity. A family Bill of Rights ought to encompass various entities. the right to participation, right to dignity and respect, right to affordable healthcare, right to quality education, right to inclusivity, right to excellent working conditions et al (Stone et al 48). The Bill of Rights entails fundamental interior attitude alteration.nbsp.The attitudes entailed in this mode of Bill of Rights outline our daily resolutions hence ruling our individuality and clarifying our rights as admirable, decorous values, hence in the process getting rid of imprecise viewpoints.nbsp.However, the model should be modified to entail occurrences that happen due to various changes generally.
Question three
Worker’s Bill of Rights comprises the diverse aspects that make sure that employees are treated in the right way. The entire regulations alienated in this module ensure that employees are not exploited or unfairly treated in their duties to execute work. Universally, employers should respect every worker – basic rights as a human being take precedence. In this regard, all the labor policies that aim to develop the relationship between an employer and the workforce ought to be implemented for the long-term goal. Equal treatment, fair working conditions, sensible salary and remuneration scales, as well as considerate process form the core upon which workers in the entire world ought to be treated through (Lahey 71). Despite these aspects being universally accepted, other elements are not recognized by some entities. For instance, some cultures would not accept the input of diverse genders in certain fields, while others would dispute the duration of work and the input of certain racial orientations. This heavily impinges on the collective operations as regards workers.
Question four
The two settings – work and family, ought to be factored in when coming up with any model for both given that they are intertwined for the better good of the society. However, the two entities seem to be far apart as the variation between both as regard Bill of Rights is visible. Most families face a deficit of time and cash for care, whilst occupations divide workers into those with elevated pay, remuneration, but extended hours and slight time for spare time, along with those with squat earnings, hardly any benefits, and inadequate flexibility along with monetary possessions to take care of their family units. This yields an unbalanced situation between the work related instances and the family setup. Socially, those in the better job scales have a tendency to treat those with lower salaries along with their families in a negative way (Kuschel 113). Collectively, the family-worker Bill of Rights ought to be relevant to all irrespective of sexual category, race, customs, age, religious conviction, sexual orientation, matrimonial and disability status.
Work cited
Kuschel, Rietzsch K.nbsp.The Work-Family Interface in a Flexible Workplace: How
Academics Deal with Workload and Family/home Demands. , 2011. Print.
Lahey, Carol D. V.nbsp.The Work-Family Interface: How Men and Women Cope. , 1999.
Stone, Geoffrey R, Richard A. Epstein, and Cass R. Sunstein.nbsp.The Bill of Rights in the
Modern State. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992. Print.

The Link between Poverty and Teenage Gang Culture

Over the past decade, there has been a strong connection between poverty and teenage gang culture. It expanding its geographical territory and the gang violence is becoming a huge problem in the society. This group of young people are engaged in various criminal activities like graffiti, drug dealings, violence etc. The teenagers of the gang are having ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds. The teenage gang culture started in the 17th century in Britain. There are many factors involved in motivating and influencing the poor teenager to get involved in these criminal activities. The aim of doing research on this topic is to discuss and find the link between poverty and teenage gang culture.
Research is mainly of two types. One is primary and another one is secondary. This research on this topic of teenage gang culture and poverty is done on the basis of secondary data. Both quantitative and qualitative research work has been done here. Relevant information is derived from different books and journals. Study of various websites is done for gathering secondary data. Primary research is done on the basis of raw data which are directly extracted from people by conducting interviews, filling up questioners, observations etc. here primary research is not done because it is very much time consuming. Moreover the target market of this topic is vast and located in different places. Therefore it becomes difficult to extract data from individuals in many cases. The main filter applied for this research paper is based on the countries. Secondary data from different westernized countries are used in this paper. I have got nine relevant sources for this topic which had described the link between poverty and teenage gang culture. The youth crime is a social problem which has become an important part of the gang culture. The young people who are not employed and do not have proper education provokes the antisocial activities.

Strategies for Sustainability


Capital, in this case, is defined as that stock of instruments, which exists at an instant of time, while income is a flow of services running from this supply of wealth. The maximum maintainable consumption of human beings is the quantity that they can use without depriving themselves (Arms 45). Therefore, economic competence plays a primary role in making sure optimal consumption, as well as production. Social sustainability entails decreasing vulnerability, as well as maintaining the health of both social, along with cultural systems. together with their ability to withstand shocks. it is extremely beneficial. Improving human capital by means of education, along with reinforcing social values, traditions, and equity will enhance the pliability of social systems, as well as governance. The majority of such damaging changes happen slowly, while their long-term consequences are condoned in socio-economic scrutiny. Protecting cultural capital, as well as diversity around the globe is a necessity.

5 Page Personal Administrative Project to be done in APA format

cy of a university handles the administration of the university and is not that hands on regarding academic matters, the Academic Dean is directly involved in the decision-making and the management of the specific college he or she is assigned to. Drawn from the senior faculty ranks, academic deans are seen by many as serving a dual role, that of scholar and administrator (DiFronzo, 2002). In this sense, the Academic Dean is the symbol of true academic leadership and responsibility.
Hence, the Academic Dean is one of the most sought after positions in the university. However true this is, the fact still remains that the Academic Deanship is a position that is riddled with challenges and difficulties as higher education continues to evolve and universities try to keep up with the changing times. On top of this, the Academic Dean is also expected to possess personality traits that are deemed to be necessary in becoming a good and effective academic leader that everyone will respect, ranging from a sense of humor to stamina and good listening skills (Ferren and Stanton, 2004, pp. 1-2). This underlines the importance of the Academic Deanship in the ever-changing world of higher education (DiFronzo, 2002). For this reason, the role of the Academic Dean must be clearly defined through the establishment of the dean’s key responsibilities. for only in knowing completely what the Academic Deanship entails can one become an effective academic leader.
The responsibilities of an academic dean are many and complex, with each set varying with every university. In fact, Dean Herbert Hawkes of Columbia College has been quoted in saying that there is no such thing as a standardized dean. There is a dean of this and that college, but I have never seen any two deans who could exchange places and retain the same duties (Gould, 1964, p. 9 as cited in DiFronzo, 2002). This must be remembered in laying down the key responsibilities of the Academic Dean as one duty

Service Experience Diary Report (restaurant) A

Through such an analysis, the researcher provides a list of recommendations for improvement of the business scope and activity for Diner’s Eden.
I am a 25 year old man who has had post graduate education. I seek high quality dining experience and am primarily health conscious. I live in Manchester city in United Kingdom, which is renowned for its sporting interests and hence, health consciousness.
Before eating at the restaurant, I was looking for a fine dining experience and wished to have a continental dinner with authentic cuisine. Although my cuisine preference for the dinner would have been Japanese, I was also willing to look into other Asian preparations. Along with fine dining, I desired for live entertainment at the restaurant, which would help me relax after a long and tiring day at work. Price was not an issue and I was willing to drive for about 60 minutes to arrive at the restaurant of my choice. I looked over the internet and found out that there was a new and upcoming restaurant right in the heart of the city, close to the university area, which was serving Asian preparations. It also had live entertainment facility. Since both my primary objectives had been fulfilled, I chose the restaurant by the name of Diner’s Eden and prepared to visit for the evening.
As I entered the restaurant, the red interiors were quite relaxing and the aroma of spices was indeed refreshing. Overall opinion regarding first look of the restaurant was indeed impressive. The waiters were uniformed and dressed in traditional Thai, Chinese and Indian attires separately for each section. The interiors were a mix of Indian, Chinese and Thai cultures with decorative and wall arts, depicting the three different nations. The seating arrangements were a little cluttered as they tried to fit in a large number of people at the dining space. However, the live entertainment system was a separate enclosure, which


Educational impacts of computer games Number Educational impacts of computer games The main perception of those who contemplate computer games is that they encompass videos of flowery images, confusion in violent scenes, and pounding repetitive tunes. Most people have a perception that video games are a presentation of fictional but funny video scenes developed from real-life stories. Notably, these products of computer technology make people glued to the screen and highly entertained. It is arguable such uncontrolled, hilarious presentations of scenes, can never be of any educational significance. Indeed, many instructors do not seem to receive well the thought of setting aside precious class time for playing a computer game (Shelton, amp. Wiley, 2007). Nonetheless, the current approach to learning among youngsters is highly related with the use of technology, unlike the learners of the previous century who rarely had the opportunity to see, let alone use computer technology in their studies.
Individuals who can flash memories of popular tunes or feel the impact of cutting edge technologies in entertainment have undoubtedly been accustomed to the use of video games, though in different ways. As a result they have transformed memories of significant social events in history remain etched on the minds of the viewers and consumers. Videogames offer an innovative sense of conventions, which are inevitably being assimilated at a very high speed by children in their early childhood (Shelton, amp. Wiley, 2007). Their mental development would definitely mature faster to reflect what is presented in the video games, just as the perception of the current geriatrics were influenced by the advent of television toward the mid-twentieth century. The current technological innovation is more complex than the advent of television, however. With video games, children are set to gain more cognitive skills in their attempt to not only become well-conversant with playing the game, but in identifying what actually make the games tick. As a result, current crop of children will be screen manipulators rather than screen watchers.
The combination of educational material to entertainment content or edutainment has been well taken care of under videogames. The current generation of learners has already triggered the development of a persuasive, attractive and entertaining mode of education. According to Shelton and Wiley (2007) if the learning facilities and classrooms in particular were to lack entertainment tools, children would not learn as well. Some would be reluctant to stay in school or concentrate in class for that matter. Present day students have developed low levels of concentration, than was the case before the technological revolution. More present day students tend to grasp what is taught in the class through visual learning approach than their predecessors. The current trend of student behavior is not an issue of their own liking. Cultural Revolution drawn from technological innovation impacted on the changed education trends. It can be noted that the integration of new technologies into learning processes only serves to enhance the interfacing of students with the technologies, but does not make them careless. Interfacing, therefore, improves the likelihood of reaching out to students.
Higher IQ
The interfacing of computers and students also improves student Intelligent Quotient. According to Shelton and Wiley (2007), the increased interfacing of people and computers, video games and television has improved human visual skills. The hypothesis holds that the exposure of people to visually rich media has raised the bar of IQ tests, as more and more people are able to effectively interpret visual information. The world has been transformed to a largely tech-savvy society over the past few decades. This positive impact of media has conditioned human persons to perform better on IQ scales. It is therefore rational to argue that technology not only provides new things that human beings need to know, but also how to identify new things more easily and faster.
Shelton, B.E., amp. Wiley, D.A. (2007). The design and use of simulation computer games in education. Hague: Sense Publishers.

Hardsellling the Homeless

nbsp.Ethical principles together with the doctrine of social responsibility, however, develop a more intrusive understanding into the matter. Based on the ethical principle of utilitarianism and the general need for social responsibility, the institutions’ move to campaign for education for homeless is called for. Utilitarianism advocates for consequential judgment and the need to ensure social good (Carroll and Buchholtz, p. 228).
2. While it may be argued that some of the sponsored individuals do not complete their studies and pass the financial burden to tax payers, it should be noted that cutting the funding would block some of the homeless who are determined complete the university programs but lacks the opportunity. This is because even though the institutions rely heavily on government expenditure for their revenue and that the government has increased allocations for financing the program, the government has a responsibility to undertake such expenditures (Carroll and Buchholtz, p. 228).
3. The ‘for profit’ institutions may similarly be exploitative in their initiative but the results of their drive, if the recruits complete the programs are beneficial. Though most of the recruits into the for-profit university programs are also motivated by the availability of funds rather than academic needs, stopping the funding may unfairly hinder education to genuine students (Carroll and Buchholtz, p. 228).
4. The program also facilitates self-reliance upon completion of education by the homeless to the society’s benefit (Carroll and Buchholtz, p. 228).

Request for letter of recommendation

John Doe ABC Street Tokyo. February 6, Prof. Madison Smith 123, Coppin February 6,2015
Re: Recommendation Request for Graduate School Application
Dear Professor Smith,
In fall term of 2013, you were my professor for the Labor Relations class at Coppin State University. After successfully completing my undergraduate program at the university, I am eager to further my education by enrolling for a human resources graduate program. Application for the graduate program requires a letter of recommendation from one of my previous professors. This letter expresses my request for your assistance in providing the required recommendation.
During my undergraduate program, I performed exemplary well in management courses, particularly in your labor relations class. As the class representative for the labor relations course, I consulted with you personally one several occasions. Besides my good academic performance and active leadership roles in your class, I also received your commendations on my punctuality. It is my hope that you will explicitly mention these positive attributes in my recommendation letter.
Deadline for submission of the recommendation letter is in exactly three weeks from the date on this letter’s addresses. Expectedly, failure to meet the submission deadline will result in rejection of my graduate school application. Therefore, kindly complete formulating the letter approximately one week before the mentioned deadline. In case of any other relevant requirements for the graduate school application in future, I will rely on your sincere willingness to assist me.
All the urgent details concerning the requested recommendation letter are contained therein. However, I will be available for response through my email or on phone whenever necessary. Kindly find time out of your tight schedule to facilitate the materialization of my request. Thank you for your efforts and understanding, and I am looking forward to receiving your confirmation to assist me. Best regards.
Sincerely, John Doe

Wage and Hour Division

Luxuries, such as vacations and dining out, are out of reach for the minimum wage earner that earns the $6.55 per hour as prescribed by federal law (Compliance Assistance). In addition, the low wage earner is not able to save for emergencies or make any plans on financing the college education of their children.
While raising the minimum wage does help reduce the hardship on the poorest workers, it is often met with political resistance that claims it costs business too much money and reduces the number of jobs available. Another practical way to raise wages would be to increase the federal Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC). This is money given to the working poor through a yearly tax credit. In addition to increasing this allowance, it could be disbursed on a monthly basis, which would help workers meet their budgetary and immediate needs. The current maximum amount that can be claimed is $4,824 with two or more qualifying children (Earned Income Tax Credit). This equates to approximately $93 per week or an additional $2.32 per hour in a 40-hour workweek. Increasing this amount would help the low wage earner significantly.