American Architecture in Perspective

For instance, the heightened interest in the simplification of the volumes and the exterior decoration paved the way for a sector of American contemporary architecture, which according to Joseph Scully and Neil Levine (2003), followed a trend which is geared towards order and clarity in design. There is a renewed sense of large simple volumes of space, of clear structural articulation, of high, dignified proportion. (Scully and Levine 2003, p. 64)Economic might is a huge factor in what architecture would have to offer in the future. The current architectural landscape is set against a diminished economic and political power, not in the context of a loss in war, but in comparison to the glorious years in the tradition of the Chicago school, for example. During the days of expansion, of railways and steel, the American architecture burst with vitality and that observers do make a point of reminding us time and time again that what we have is a degenerating architecture in our midst. Given a positive economic scenario, American architecture would experience rejuvenation in the future otherwise it would wallow in stagnation and restrained vitality.Another interesting school of thought theorizing the future of American architecture is the contention that it is in dire need of new directions. Margaret Kentgens-Craig argued that the architect would be faced with a designing a dilemma. She stressed:On one hand, experimentation and innovation were desired. on the other, the lack of tangible alternatives hindered new concepts from taking hold… The great majority of artists in the country… are neither extreme modernists nor are they old fogies. They desire to be modern in thought and performance but they do not wish to throw over the traditions of the past. (Craig 1999, p. 30)Regional variations in architecture are testaments of the eclectic diversity of the United States as a nation. An example of three different regional architectural groupings includes colonial, indigenous, and the urbanization.

Asian Financial Crisis

If a country makes the reserves, marshals the capital, growth will follow. These nations pressure the modernization, entrepreneurship, and educating these economies went through prior to gain expertise of the latest technologies they were learning from other superior industrialized nations. They took venture in humans and corporal capital as a must but distant from an adequate part of incorporation. Moreover, individuals must educate themselves for, taking the threat of functioning, and get to expertise in technologies and several practices innovative to the economy. Shifting in sell abroad function for a country`s swift development, victorious manufacturing advancement e.g. export processing zones (EPZs), primary commodity exports, original equipment manufacturing, component supply manufacturing, brand name, and original design manufacturing.Asian countries are at present thinking over the development of an alternative Asia foreign exchange support, but shocks of the stock market are causing some Asian countries to become concerned and it is not apparent if all will be competent to commit. It seems to be up-and-coming that Asian countries will get an opportunity to argue more justice in the world, which would be greater for other budding regions, too. ( Asian countries as China, Japan, Korea, India, Taiwan, Singapore, and Hong Kong grasp more than $4 trillion in foreign exchange reserves – much of those in U.S. dollars. Asian extra place, means that led by China, they could be the best source of capital to bail out the financial structure, say by supplying finances to the IMF in order to avoid added export slouch, if so they may try to find additional voting power in international institutions. Furthermore, the disaster could stimulate further incorporation.According to the present approach in Global melancholy, several western governments had started tax cuts encouraging huge trade. This policy determined wealth and lowered income into government treasuries. Bank credits became ever established. Stocks and property prices knocked down piercingly. Governments keen for re-election panicked as property [price] deflation gathered strength. They tried to argue against the retrenchment with trouble-free capital.

The Law of Designs that Has Moved far Beyond Merely Protecting the Aesthetically Pleasing Products

A comparison of the legal regulations since the Registered Designs Act 1949 will be drawn to show how the concepts of individual character and novelty, as well as artistic value and eye appeal or attractiveness of a design,have been replaced with the utility and functionality aspects of design. Within the new legal framework, it is functionality that seems to be the focus of the economic value of products and consequently also of legal documentation for designs. This analysis will deal with relevant research studies and legal documentation to explore the reality of the statement that The law of designs has moved far beyond merely protecting the aesthetically pleasing products where eye-appeal is material. It has never been easier to protect purely functional or utility designs than it is at the current time.The two types of design rights recognised by the law seem to form the foundation on which all design rights and patents are judged. One is the registered design right provided by The Registered Designs Act 1949 and the other is the design right or the unregistered design right provided by the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 Part III. Later the Registered Designs Act 1949 was substantially amended by The Registered Designs Regulations 2001 as a harmonising directive. Over this, the EC Designs Regulation introduced The Registered Designs Regulations 2003, which came to operation from 1st April 2003, and forms an alternative to national Registered Designs. Through these designs directive, the national Registered Designs must adapt to the standards for the Community Registered Designs. In recent times, there have been considerable changes in the industrial designs law. In this analysis, a detailed discussion on Registered Designs Act 1949 and Registered Design Regulations 2001 will be followed by an overview of the Registered Design Regulations 2003.

Power Supply System Design Using a Voltage Divider

The circuit comprises two resistors (a) and (b), connected in series. The series resistor circuit is then connected to a constant source of power. The voltage is taken from the middle of the two resistors.According to ohms law, the current through any conductor is directly proportional to the potential difference between the two points and is inversely proportional to the resistance of the circuit. Form ohms lawResistor R1 =300 the calculated power dissipation is 0.3072 watts, which is much bigger than the 0.25 watts resistors available for the design. From the calculations, it can be seen that the increase in current causes the increase in power dissipated. By joining two resistors of value 560 Ω. We can get the 300 Ω. Two resistors are joined in parallel as shown in the figure belowAs can be seen from these simulated results the voltage across the load resistor was 5.876. This corresponds with the theoretical design. A summary of each multi-meter reading is given in the table shown below.

Alan Cooper’s Concept of the Persona

I will show my understanding of the concept and its application in program design and development, following the processes as he outlines them. In addition, I hope to show how the effectiveness of the concept is used in other companies and how it is transferable to other disciplines. I hope to inform others of its use while at the same time, demonstrating my own understanding, learning from, and the ability to apply the concept to real situations in the area of software creation.easily used by the people who need to use it! Since 1992, Cooper had been developing a method called Goal-Directed Design, as stated earlier, used in his company for all projects. To achieve this, the idea of designing for just one person is employed, this being what he describes as the hypothetical archetype. He says,The persona approach to designing interactions, good and better websites, has been adopted and adapted in many instances. If you put in the words Alan Cooper’s persona concept on Google, thousands of responses are made available. Almost anyone chosen for further investigation will provide a positive slant on the theory, or give tips and views on how to use it. Some consultancies advertising their services are assuring potential clients of how effective a tool it is, and how they would employ it for the benefit of the client. This seems to verify Cooper’s belief in the concept of Goal-Directed Design and its component parts and that its use will result insuccessful outcomes, both in products and user satisfaction.For example, Alison Head’s article Personas: Setting the Stage for Building Useful Information Sites, explains how the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), in redesigning their huge, information-intensive website, used Cooper’s concept to bring about successful achievement. Calling this part of her article, BBC’s Gains, she says,’The web team developed a set of seven representative personas, each of whom had goals the designers planned to meet through their re-design…’ (Head, 2003)

Contractual Obligations in Business

The Agency Model and its integral component—the agency relationship serves as one of the most prolific examples of the inherent difficulties with regards to arriving at a mutually agreeable contract.First and foremost an agency relationship is one which is established when a principal (the owner) hires an agent (the contractor) to act on the principal’s behalf and to advance the principal’s goals (Macleod 2002, p. 220). Such relationships permeate the construction industry, just as they do everyday life. The contractor, as it undertakes the design or construction of a new facility. is an agent of the owner. Subcontractors are agents of the contractor when hired to help meet the contractor’s obligations. The individual engineer employee, expected to provide designs that will satisfy the owner/contractor agreement, is an agent of the design contractor employer.Conflicts of interest inevitably exist in agency relationships. Solutions to the resulting problems are an increasing area of study in economics in recent years (Charreaux 2002, p. 251). Considered in a construction context, this growing body of knowledge offers guidelines for the design of contracts to maximize the alignment of contractors with owners’ objectives.Before examining the economist’s perspective of the owner/contractor relationship, two points are worth noting. First, the economic concept of the agency should not be confused with the agency concept of contract law, in which a principal and agent agree that the agent can and will act on the principal’s behalf in dealing with a third party (Sweet 1994). As long as the agent acts within its authorized scope, a third party can negotiate and form a contract with the principal through the agent. While issues of the legal agency may accompany economic agency examples, they are not central to the notions expressed in this paper.

Learnercentered Design of Educational Materials

Student-centered learning develops learning-how-to-learn skills such as problem-solving, critical thinking, and reflective thinking. Student-centered learning accounts for and adapts to different learning styles of students (National Centre for Research on Teacher Learning. 1999).Student-centred learning is distinguished from teacher-centred learning, which is characterized by the transmission of information from a knowledge expert (teacher) to a relatively passive recipient (student/learner) or consumer. (Students at the Centre of Their Own Learning (2001)Comment: Having students as active participants in their learning will really be dependent on how much students are willing to learn. If students want to proceed fast or slow, they can learn at their own pace and use their own strategies. Since motivation is a question of need it is but logical to infer that students that will decide their own level of motivation. Because of the differences in their needs, learning is also expected to be more individualized than standardized. As self-sustaining individuals, they learn to survive in their own environment hence learning skills such as problem-solving, critical thinking, and reflective thinking would occupy a majority of the learning process. Because of individual differences (Moffett, Wagner, 1992) also, the model will necessarily have to adapt to different learning styles of the student. One may find out that these concepts are part of the twelve principles of student-centeredlearning (McCombs Whisler, 1997).LCM is part of the implementation phase for one to attain the educational objective of learner-centered learning.

Design Aspects of Riblets for Fluid Drag Reduction A Review

Most of the fluid dynamic applications rely on the use of energy to either facilitate movement of solid or solid bodies through fluids as well as maintaining fluid motion over the surface of a solid body (Rohr, Anderson, and Reidy, 1989). The two cases require energy in overcoming the available drag force (Walsh, 1990). Due to the increased demand of energy to facilitate the success of various dynamic applications, the world is witnessing increased interest of promoting energy conservation activities, with researchers being on the front line to identify alternative means of reducing consumption (Breus et al, 1993). As a result, the world is experiencing increased research activities to determine and recommend appropriate ways of reducing drag effects in transport pipelines, vehicles, and airplanes as well as in other industrial applications (Hage, BechertBruse, 2000, Walsh, 1990).The discovery of the phenomena to reduce drag force boosted the effort among researchers involved in actualizing its effects (Virk, 1971). Many researchers have been trying to come up with appropriate measures that will enable in reducing the impacts of drag force on both the economy and the environment (Alfredsson and Johansson,1989). Many researchers have presented their explanation concerning the effects and cause of drag force between a fluid and solid boundary (El-Samni, Chun, and Yoon, 2007). Findings by many researchers associate drag force with friction losses taking place as a result of fluid flow in a thin layer that is adjacent to a given solid boundary (Itoh, 2006, Walsh, M. J. Lindemann, 1984). Any flow taking place outside the layer in consideration is considered frictionless since the velocity around it is only affected by boundary shear (Bushnell, 2003). Drag is generated by the boundary layer near the wall due tothe viscous interaction that exists between the fluid and the surface (Lumley, 1972).

Comparing Taylorism and Fordism

Despite the similarities between Taylorism and Fordism, at their core, they are different philosophies and espouse different approaches to controlling, leading, organizing, planning and coordinating.Before embarking on a discussion of each author’s approach to the tasks of management, it is worth devoting some attention to the background and setting under which each selection was written. Taylor wrote Principles of Scientific Management, during the time of President Roosevelt, and was born of a perceived need to preserve the country’s natural resources. Its objective was to contribute towards improving national efficiency, in order to avoid unnecessary wastage. Taylor’s view was that this efficiency cannot be attained by relying on extraordinary people who may happen by chance. The solution, according to his theory, lay in the institution of a scientific system that will ensure this efficiency, even if ordinary people implemented it. Taylor viewed fundamental principles of scientific management as applicable to any organization and undertaking. Ford’s autobiography, however, was written after the First World War and close to the advent of the Second, and thus dealt at length with the issues of the times – war, socialism, labour and capital. These matters shall provide a useful context within which to view the selections.Controlling is the manner by which management directs workers to achieve company objectives within the time allotted and using the resources allocated. Management imposes control by using its authority, and for this reason, it is responsible for any undue lapses in control. Under scientific management, control is integrated into the design of the management system rather than commanded from above. Control over the employee is exercised by motivating him to perform well, not only because of the lure of higher wages but more so because of the realization that maximum prosperity for the employee is attainable with the maximum prosperity for the employer.

Levendary Cafe Assignment Recommendations and Advice Memo

6. The cost to the company is the main problem because the occupancy, labor, food, supply, and marketing cost altogether incur a heavy cost for the restaurant. The occupancy cost includes maintenance of common area, real estate charge, as well as waste disposal cost. Altogether they comprise 10% of returns. Labor cost signifies 25% to 30% of revenues. Food costs represent around 32% of revenues. Supply cost signifies around 4% of total returns. Marketing fee accounts for 2% – 10% of revenue and overhead represents 5% – 15% 0f revenue. So, altogether the restaurant has to incur heavy costs on all these elements. Therefore, the gross profit of the restaurant is less (Barlett and Han 2).2. Restaurant design: The design of the restaurant should be reliable with the designs of the US restaurants. It doesn’t matter whether the restaurants are big or small, but it should go well with the location.4. Positioning: The present layout of the restaurant should be renovated. Better quality of food should be offered and the service should be fast so that the customer should not have to wait for their order. An excellent positioning changes the attitude of customers towards the product (Viardot 149. Hooley, Piercy and Nicoulaud 205).5. Competition: It determines the suitability of a company’s activities which can add to its presentation (Porter). As the competition is high, so, the company should keep its margin low in order to attract more customer and they should create high awareness about their brand i.e. food quality in order to perform better from their competitors.The decisions which are needed to be taken for the better future of Levendary Café are: Mia Foster can make Chen understand that what are the core values of the restaurant and also should build a panel for Louis Chen. She could also follow the approach of KFC or McDonald or other restaurants.

Land study

According to Covanta Energy (2011), the Rookery South EfW Generating Station will be able to convert approximately 585,000 tonnes of residual waste per year into 65MWe of electricity, of which 55MWe would be exported to the national grid. That’s enough electricity equivalent to meet the needs of Bedford and the Marston Vale. meaning, approximately 82,500 houses (About the Project, para. 2). As far as the size and construction, Covanta Energy did not want to hinder or takeaway from any long-distance views. Therefore, the designers decided on a building made up of boxes that interlock (See Figure 1), to reduce the height of the structure as much as possible. the other option was a 3-stack building. Still, with 9 times the total capacity per annum of the Isle of Man EfW facility, the current design is approximately 2m lower than the visible height above ground level of the Isle of Man EfW Facility (Covanta Energy, 2011). … Assets including designated and undesignated archaeological sites and historic buildings such as parks and gardens, monuments, areas of conservation, and registered battlefields are the focus of the assessment. Since the Rookery South EfW Generating Station will be built in the location of a former clay pit, there is very little, if any potential for negative impact on historical assets. The only potential for disturbance Covanta Energy (2011) has acknowledged is to currently unrecorded sub-surface archaeological features during those construction works that take place outside of the pit of minor significance (Cultural Heritage, para. 2). The residents and local decision-makers feel different from Covanta about the impact on the historical area of the proposed development. Residents of the Marston Vale and surrounding areas near the proposed site of the project want to hold on to one of twelve community forests in England (Ampthill, 2011). The resounding message to Covanta is the pollution generated from the facility combined with the eyesore of a massive processing plant viewable from long distances will ruin the historical beauty of the land (Ampthill, 2011). Although Covanta recognizes the fact that the facility will be visible from long distances, potentially causing negative reactions like those conveyed by the residents in the surrounding communities, they feel they have taken adequate steps to minimize any adverse impact. The steps they refer to include the low-profile design, as opposed to the 3-stack alternative, and the selection of material finishes for the buildings, which they feel are as aesthetically pleasing as a waste processing plant can get. all aspects of the design were developed after consulting with Central Bedfordshire Council,

Analysis of Apple Inc

The business environment Apple Inc. is very dynamic and competitive. The company in recent years has embarked on various strategies to not only boost their sells but likewise transform their organizational culture (Lüsted, 99).Apple Inc. as a company is devoted to ensuring their social responsibility is of highest standards in all that they do. In this regard, the companies they deal with or do business with are expected to use manufacturing processes that are environmentally responsible at any time their products are designed or manufactured, provide safe working conditions and treat employees fairly. Apple Inc. believes that they are supposed to control and own the main technologies behind their products (Ireland, 45). The company believes in to participate in the markets where they can positively and significantly contribution. Likewise, the company strives to design and manufacture high-quality. easy to use products and low cost that integrates high technology for their consumers.Through analysis, Apple Inc. company mission statement and vision ensure all-inclusive cultural environments that enable the company remain competitive. There exist a unique depth, breadth and tenure midst the Apple Inc. executive team who lead over 36,000 employees. Apple Inc. vision and mission statements incorporate the essence of the company. It explains the goals of the company today and reflects its future production targets. Apple Inc. Mission and vision statement is unique and echoes its company’s culture. Through critical analysis, Apple Inc. vision and mission statement describe their values. In other words, it’s Apple’s DNA (Lüsted, 90).With regard to analysis on Apple Inc. using various key models and tools and company reports, the company’s current strategic plans and direction are geared towards enhancing business culture and profitability.Apple Inc. strategic plan of market penetration focuses more on the already existing market. Apple Inc. is today among most valued technological firm and the strategy is in line with this success. In addition, the company already has a large market share and is ruling the technological business in various segments.

Anatomy of an Internet Routing Protocol

The researcher states that it is crucial to delivering the idea behind subnetting via fundamental binary representation yet, a majority of texts are present in binary terms for the procedure of subnetting. This makes subnetting difficult for the students to understand and learn without any tables or reference materials. Therefore, in this article easy, simple and alternative technique is illustrated exclusively of the use of calculators, software, tables, and others in order to understand subnetting. The understanding of binary arithmetic such as powers of 2 from 0 to 8 (2x for x = 0, 1, ….. 8) is necessary. The entire process is easy and simple if the little knowledge regarding binary arithmetic is achieved. In fact, this article is made for the readers who are supposed to have some knowledge regarding the use of subnetting, IP addressing and the function of a subnet mask. Here simple and easy techniques are explained from the short introduction till the detailed discussion related to the subnets and hosts, subnet mask calculation, formatting (sub) network ids and the availability of IP addresses for every subnet. This technique is very helpful for the students as, well as the professionals who are seeking an easy way to understand subnetting methods. In recent years the importance of subnetting is revealed in different ways. Therefore, for every learner, it is important to have sound knowledge regarding TCP/IP subnetting. In the routed network, the performance of a network is improved via broadcast domains and by splitting up collisions. The outsized networks can be structured by considering its departmental, geographical, functional and other related partitions. For this reason, the access can be achieved via other routers and can be configured while applying security restrictions. In addition, subnetting also acts as a tool that allows supporting security policies. Since handing over the administrative duties and separating large networks into subnets it is easy for every subnet to manage effortlessly. The WAN link that is joining the two networks needs a router in order to divide a subnet. The capability to recognize network design requires sound knowledge regarding subnetting. Moreover, troubleshooting, diagnosing and problem fixing in TCP/IP internetwork needs proper expertise in subnetting. If the underlying binary mathematics is not understood properly there is a chance of unsuccessful subnetting implementation. Likewise, it is also complicated to understand the fundamentals of subnetting without having familiarity regarding binary arithmetic, logic and binary/decimal conversations. However, in order to plan, design and apply easy subnetting it is possible without underlying binary. 2. Evaluating routing protocols a. Routing Information Protocol (RIP) As per network dictionary it is defined as Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is a standard for exchange of routing information among gateways and hosts. This protocol is most useful as an interior gateway protocol. It is also knows as Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP). Frame Relay protocol is implemented for WAN networks associated with LAN internetworking. It functions on physical layer and data link layer of the OSI model, to endow with robust and efficient mechanism for transmitting data. The transmission encompasses multiple routers and switches.

Investigation Theories Of The Problems Of Healthcare Quality

Investigation Theories Of The Problems Of Healthcare QualityPurpose statement The purpose statement of this research will be to test the qualitative theories from the department of health services and public health because of the growing concern of health disparities in the U.S. The theories of investigation will support our theory from the perspective of the qualitative theories and steps ranging from recording and hence interpreting the reliability and reliability of the target population (Creswell Stone, 2009). Form the post positivists’ theory of analysis and the documents from the data collected by the researchers of the worldwide view. presents several strategies to support the experimental procedure. These strategies will make inquiries from study designs like open-ended question interviews (Handout, 2011). This is specifically inclined towards either pre or post aspects of behaviors and traits. The population to be is quite fundamental and important because, the purpose supports qualitative theories and phenomenology theory, which is of use in supporting phenomenal experiences (Creswell Stone, 2009). The population also acts to determine scenarios when the investigators can support the general process. Research questions Will the population from the qualitative research test the method from both the phenomenology and ground theories the directions taken by health disparities because of the causes by the large chunk of the population without the health insurance? How would this issue be addressed taking note that the large portion cannot access medication and healthcare hence resorting to crude measures to support health?Research plan From the phenomenological perspective, a design is created on a mirrored concept from the university current online education framework. The ground theory as stated will also be considered due to the need of quality and reliability of data. This is the ground upon which the researcher is able to reinforce the open process, action or integration because of the education concept. According to the Quality Health Care QHC use, it is if training and development through education to help improve the talent from the family care perspectives to understand the need for quality healthcare and subscribe to health insurance policies (Shadish, Cook Campbell, 2002). The researcher’s strategy is to support personal development theory, which is directed towards promoting community and change in leadership. The vision to judge and design ways to adopt modern development strategies to perpetuate values aimed at planning the workforce, community, and culture change in order to promote the skills by individuals to mitigate the health care problem (Handout , 2011). Particularly change is essential so that the current restrictions are met given the geographic nature of the population in question. The intentions of the researcher is also to provide proof that qualitative approach will support both reliability and ethical considerations with regards to research such as accuracy and confidentiality (Stone, 2011). The research plan in a qualitative way is quite important mostly in line of developing leadership perspectives and their effectiveness concerning awareness creation due to the education provided to the diverse population (Shadish, Cook Campbell, 2002). Such awareness is created to ensure that the population is aware of health care and all that surrounds the issue like the quality, access, and cost as mentioned. The community through education will be made aware of other opportunities from organizations that revolve around the communities and the donors, work sites, inter-agencies and other international organizations (Stone, 2011). Reference ListCreswell, J. Stone, M. (2009). Research Design. Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches. Sage Publishers. Los Angeles, CAHandout (2011). Research Problem Scenarios (Word document). Retrieved from week eight course recourses. Shadish, W. R., Cook, T. D., Campbell, D. T. (2002). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized causal inference. Boston: Houghton- Mifflin.Stone, (2011). Draft: Abbreviated Quantitative and Qualitative Research Plan [course Draft].

Selfdiscovery and Understanding of World in Against Meat and Praise of Selfdeception

Even with the improved capacity to conceive build and design sophisticated equipment, tame some of the wildest beasts the earth has ever known and even travel thousands of miles to the moon, a man seems not to understand his own functionalities. He seems increasingly confused in understanding the most complex machine evolution has provided. the brain. Although scientists at least have clues on how the brain process information, it has always been a dilemma on how the physical and the tangible aspects of the brain easily connect to aspects such as emotions and how the brain affects our decision-making processes. Perhaps the state of chaos and confusion that in most instance human beings conceal behind the mask of ambition, philanthropy, humanity or even religion is better explained by the artistic impressions of artists. The question is whether man has the capacity to find answers on his real self but opts not to, due to fear of what he might discover. Maybe the man is just not able to self-discover and will in most instances carefully construct theories in an attempt to hide his ineptness in these matters. Using the Broken Column (Self-portrait) by Fridah Kahlo as the yardstick, the paper will conduct an analysis on two texts. against meat and praise of self-deception. The Self. … The article Against Meat by Jonathan Safran is a narration about his battle with the commitment of being a vegetarian. Safran begins by outlining the initial concept that was nurtured in him concerning meat and how he experienced difficulties in converting to vegetarianism even after realizing the ills associated with meat. Safran learned at an early age from his grandmother that there was no kind of food that was bad and that most parts of food were to be eaten. Safran writes that: No foods are bad for you. Sugars are great. Fats are tremendous. The fatter a child is, the fitter it is — especially if it’s a boy. Safran also mentions that his grandmother had endured the 2nd World War surviving barely enough to eat and was even sometimes forced to scavenge for food remnants in dustbins. As a result, his grandmother’s obsession with food was particularly due to her past experiences with hunger. Then after that Safran learnt from his father that kicking animals was not good, only for the father to flush a golden fish Safran received as a gift in the toilet. These instances together with the conversation he had with the baby sitter only served to disillusion Safran concerning the ills of eating meat. The disillusionment Safran felt was due to the fact that most people around him ate meat despite believing that eating meat is causing undue distress to animals. Safran admits that the disillusionment had profound impact on his life, that he found himself constantly making excuses to eat meat despite being a vegetarian. Safran proceeds to narrate a life where he hypocritically consoled himself that he had not caused any distress because he had not actually killed but was just consuming what had been killed by another.

Current Technologies

In fact, in order to learn strategies and development techniques for mobile web development we would not need to learn something new. However, we will need to look at website design in an innovative way, one that is definitely more limiting as compared to the design of normal website browsers. In addition, to deal with this kind of issues that occur in mobile website design, and to get results that are as helpful and user-friendly as our normal website, a number of innovative problem-solving skills are necessary (Chapman, 2010. Cameronmoll, 2008. Smashing Editorial, 2012). Moreover, both the mobile web development and desktop web development appear to be a little bit different areas however the technology, skills and development ideas required for these both areas of development appear to be similar. This report outlines the similarities and differences between these two types of web development. This report will discuss these areas with respect to a number of factors. Type of users A survey on a mobile technology usage showed that the mobile users till 2009 have increased to 3 billion all through the world. Without a doubt, the Internet usage on mobile devices is gradually rising. Additionally, these days we can see a number of types of users who use different kinds of mobile devices. In addition, in the majority of mobile internet users we see people who are interested in social networks, news feeds and entertainment. On the other hand, desktop web users are a little bit higher. Also, these users can be of any age and any gender. In this scenario, they use desktop web systems for carrying out a wide variety of tasks (Chapman, 2010. Cameronmoll, 2008. Smashing Editorial, 2012). User environment The mobile web environment is extremely aligned to content, context, and component specific atmosphere. Alternatively, access to web based data and contents on a mobile device is mostly affected by surrounding circumstances, or simply the informational significance of the job that we currently have, and the future potential of the systems being utilized. As compared to the desktop web experience, where we have a widescreen space, we also have much higher speed of web access that is much more reliable. The data input into desktop web systems is also very fast due to the usage of mouse and keyboard. On the other hand, the mobile web usage is frequently limited to a small mobile screen, one-handed experience and irregular interaction. In addition, it can be significantly assessed that desktop web systems and mobile web systems are very much different in user environments. Moreover, the mobile web systems are restricted and slow while desktop systems are much wider and reliable systems (Chapman, 2010. Cameronmoll, 2008. Smashing Editorial, 2012). Screen sizes Some of the common resolutions for standard cell phones comprise 101? 80 pixels to 320?480 pixel screen. In other words, this screen size of mobile web development is very limited. Hence, we have to put all information and data in this limited area. On the other hand, the desktop web development provides very much freedom while designing these systems. In addition, mobile web creates need to put a lot of effort to design systems in a way that they can offer a great deal of user support and capability for placement of information in

Web Designing Industry

The relevance of teamwork is being confirmed as a vital factor in all modes of modern business scenarios. The objective of this essay is to analyze the organizational structure of Rainbow designs and staff performance as a cohesive team. The team pattern as observed in Rainbow designs is being compared with the theoretical knowledge on teamwork so as to evaluate the efficacy of Rainbow design’s workforce.The most promising factor in Rainbow Design’s organization is that each member of the working team holds cross-departmental skills, resultantly forming an ideal foundation for a good team. It is confirmed by the one simple example that though Teresa was an account manager she was an expert in content design as well. This understanding of cross-departmental matters is quite vital in forming a well-structured team. Wheelan (1999) has pointed out that the most important characteristic of a high-performance team is that all its members understand the team goals properly. Taking this theory into account, it can be confirmed that the work organization of Rainbow Design is ideal for team-based jobs. However more important is the utilization of this ideal background in formulating a good team. However, the interaction interactive structure of the organization is quite formal. Tambe (1997, 83-124) has stressed the need for a flexible work structure so as to build a complex, dynamic multi-functional team, with intended applications in differing arenas of the allied industry. In the context of the particular project dealt by, Rainbow Design it can be found that Laura, the content designer worked on the project by her own in the wrong direction without being corrected till the team meeting.A more flexible work structure would have negated this time and energy loss. The dynamics of the team and interpersonal relationship and mutual respect is another factor that requires amendment in the case of Rainbow Design. According to Wheelan (1999), team dynamics are the invisible forces that operate in a team between different people or groups and it can strongly influence how a team reacts, behaves, or performs, and the effects of team dynamics are often very complex. The behavioral approach of John in the initial meeting and even in the meetings which followed indicates the lack of team dynamics and demands better quality in the interpersonal relationship.

Introduction to Public Health

Introduction to public health al affiliation Introduction to public health Overall goals of public health The overall goals and objectives of public health are to ensure that all individuals access proper health care. Heath care, in this context, entails proper heath care in terms of proper diets, physical well being, as well as safe reproductive health. Overall, proper heath care is the general well being of the individual’s health. Public health aims at reducing the risks of exposure to various diseases, therefore reduce the number of deaths globally. Public health also ensures that there is an increase in the understanding and responsiveness of the need to lead healthy living. On another angle, public health aims at developing and reinforcing national guiding principle on proper heath care systems (US Department of Health and Human Services, 2010). Finally, public heath confines its activities towards continuous research on efficient medical systems and services to its beneficiaries. Focus on health status of populations Focus on health on population emphasizes on definition of health. Population health may be referred to as the health concerns of a population that are deliberated by the statuses of health indicators. These health indicators may be influenced by social, economic, political, individual’s ability to access health care amongst others. Health Canada, Population and Public Health Branch, Policy Directorate (2001) indicates that population health is the focus on the overall factors that affect the health of individuals. Population health also focuses on the occurrence of variations in health care and the possible policies that may be applied to improve on the health of individuals. In short, population health approach focuses on a general understanding of the health determinants, as compared to the medical approach. Is increased public education sufficient to reduce childhood obesity? Public health has contributed positively towards reducing obesity in children. Through mass education, many children have been seen to make healthy choices, especially through the contents of their diets. It is through public education, that parents are able to access nutritional fitness services for their children. Lobstein, Baur, Uauy (2004) argue that, it is through mass education that many obese adolescents have been able to access proper health care through counseling services. Obesity has been reduced through proper coverage by the media. consequently creation of healthy lifestyle programs for obese individuals. If you had $3 trillion dollars to spend, how would you spend this money to best improve the health status of public? With $3 trillion dollars, I would ensure that there is a functional public health service. First, I would monitor all health facilities. a factor that would reduce majority of the health problems faced in the community. I would also generate a lot of funds to the investigation of health vulnerabilities and issues in the community. With this, it would be extremely easy to design a working plan on how to deal with health issues. It is also important to educate the mass on the need to take charge of their health issues. A replica of this, by all individuals in the country would mean that health issues are minimized in the country (Wanless, 2004). Campaigns on community programs on actions geared to proper health, would contribute a great mile to the solving of health issues in the community. Finally, I would also link individuals to access to proper health care through sponsorships of certain deadly illnesses, especially to the women. What can you do as an individual – in your real life – to improve the public’s health? As an individual, I would work towards improving my personal hygiene. Breslow (2002) argues that a majority of individuals who succumb to certain illnesses is from the fact that they ignore the basics of simple hygiene. Besides hygiene, I will ensure that I take a gallon of water each day as well as consume non-perishables daily. With this, the chances that I shall succumb to illnesses that result from improper diets will be greatly minimized. Frequent exercises will also be beneficial in day to day living, through keeping the body fit and always prepared to handle the day’s activities. Public health begins from a change in individual’s lifestyle, then to the public. References Breslow, L. (2002).Encyclopedia of Public Health L-R. Macmillan Publisher: U.S.A. Health Canada, Population and Public Health Branch, Policy Directorate. (2001). The Population Health Template: Key Elements and Actions That Define a Population Health Approach. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Health Canada. Lobstein, T., Baur, L., Uauy, R. (2004).Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health. Obesity Rev. 2004. 5(suppl 1):4 –104. US Department of Health and Human Services. (2010). Healthy People 2010: Understanding and Improving Health. (2nd ed). Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services. 200. Wanless, D. (2004). Securing Good Health for the Whole Population, Final Report, p95.6 Department of Health, National Standards, Local Action. Health and Social Care Standards and Planning Framework, 2005-06 2007-08.

Conceptual Metaphors and the Ford Hybrid Escape

These types of advertisements frequently play on the side of humor, serving to entertain and retrain social standards at the same time. Occasionally, the effect a particular advertisement might have on the public is the primary focus of the ad with the product perceived as a secondary reference. These types of advertisements frequently demonstrate the greater societal need and then feature their product, usually one that helps address the concern in some way, at the extreme end of the commercial, appearing to be almost an afterthought. These messages are conveyed through the use of conceptual metaphors, symbols and language. By examining the visual clues, conceptual metaphors and other aspects of the ad design, the careful observer can not only learn much about the company but can also assess the advertisement’s impact on societal behavior. The concepts of the conceptual metaphor, the use of symbols and the importance of language choice can be better understood when applied to a physical example such as Kermit the Frog in the television commercial It Ain’t Easy Being Green (2006) for the Ford Hybrid Escape.The use of the conceptual metaphor is a powerful tool because it reaches the very core of the way we interpret the world around us. Generally speaking, a conceptual metaphor is defined as a metaphor that is so basic in the way people think about something that they fail to perceive that it is a metaphor (Conceptual Metaphor, 2007). As a result, the connection, once made, is difficult to block out.. The concept of the conceptual metaphor is brought forward by Lakoff and Johnson, who were building off the ideas of the Greek philosopher Aristotle. The two scholars add a remarkable twist to the Aristotelian distinction, namely that abstract concepts are linked systematically to concrete ones via metaphor.

Trends in modern indie/independent filmmaking

The approach incorporated the use of aesthetic innovation, gradual development, relative stasis, and refinement of existing techniques (Levy, 2001). The film industry keeps adopting innovative approaches that aim at making the industry viable. Independent filmmaking is a situation where filmmaking takes place outside major film studio. This research paper explores micro niche marketing, a trend adopted by the filmmaking industry. Micro niche marketing is a case where marketing strategies adopted by a particular business aim or target a specific market (Shelby, 2011). For instance, in the filmmaking industry, production of films outside major studio is a trend that aims at a specific market. The idea behind micro niche marketing is to maximize the profit of the business. Research conducted on independent filmmaking trends indicates that market strategy is a major factor that contributed to strategies developed by the industry in introducing their products in the market. Studio production had several implications on the film industry since it dictated the when and the quantity of products the filmmaking industry presented to the market. Further, research reveals that artistic touch in the filmmaking industry is another factor that influenced the independent filmmaking trend. … Photographs used in the past did not allow the usage of artificial lighting system thereby influencing the films produced during that time. Design of early film studios relied on natural source of light thereby influencing film production. In addition, filming of various artworks took place at the main studio due to primitive technology. Evidently, modern technology has ushered new trend in the industry, which allows for flexibility of the artists (Foundation for Independent Video and Film. 2005). In the same regard, modern technology has influenced management approach of the studios because technology provides for a wide range of products that the industry can offer to the artists. The amount of products that filmmaking industry is able to present in the market would influence management approach that it would apply. For instant, modern filmmaking trend dictates that studio products must be available wherever the artist wish to shoot their movies. Flexibility of the artist in the production is another factor that is evident with the innovative technology approach adopted by the filmmaking industry. Large video cameras play an important role in taking photographs of the artists in various locations. This helps in expanding consumer demand for the film products across the globe. Filmmaking industry has recognized a shift in consumer demands cultures, which make use of marketing niche. Concerning this issue, independent filmmaking uses an approach that would make its products viable in the market. In many cases, consumer consumption trends would influence the approach that the marketers will take in introducing the product in the market (Jesse-Cooke, 2009). For instance, if still photographs do not please large

Longitudinal Study versus Survey Methods

In the conduct of research, regardless of the type of study it is, a researcher is mostly faced with the main question of the research design to employ in the study. Ideally, the choice of a research method becomes the core of the study as it contributes to the determination of whether the expected study will be experimental or non-experimental (Leon, 2003). There are several designs a researcher can choose from, among them, longitudinal and survey research methods. In this essay, I seek to critically examine the nature of these two research methods and how applicable they are in the conduct of research studies. Through the adoption of a descriptive research form, I seek to outweigh the differences between longitudinal and survey research methods. The essay shall also entail the review of different kinds of literature that have since applied the two methods in examining various components of their studies.A longitudinal study is an observational study that a researcher conducts on specific same test subjects or sample over a given period of time, usually extensive over a year or a decade. On the other hand, a survey research method seeks to examine the characteristics of individual units in a sample through the use of questionnaires to collect data and then using the same to determine the accuracy of responses obtained (Farrall, 2007). In this essay, I will outline the two research methods on a comparison basis. address their main features. outline their benefits and challenges by comparing one to the other and then providing an exemplar of studies that have once applied the same in the field of business.In most cases, psychologists have engaged the use of longitudinal research methods when the studies under review entail the determination of the changes in the behavior of the test subjects, and how this behavior change and attitude impacts on the subjects over time. For instance, in a study involving employees in a particular career line from different organizations, a longitudinal study would, over time, examine the cause or reason for behavior change among them in respect of promotions, job shifting and provision of better working conditions and terms. In the case of a survey, the researcher may only be interested in a few factors that will mostly be determined by the responses received from the respondents (Hutto, Yardi Gilbert, 2013).While longitudinal research method entails in-depth interview-based studies where the researcher has to return to the same respondents over the duration of time to review any behavior changes, survey methods are in most times one-time based and considers no repeated tests. Even if the survey is conducted again, it may not necessarily engage the same test subjects. The longitudinal research method is mostly concerned with the processes that were associated with the changes in the behavior of the test subjects. An approach to this method is more appropriate when the study entails matters such as career, which are developmental processes.

Concepts and Challenges of the National and International Communication Planning Process in Marketing Agencies

Marketing communication, also known as ‘Marcom,’ is an essential part of marketing which enables the marketers to communicate effectively with its target market using related media such as the integrated fields of advertising, brand communication, direct / database marketing, graphic design, packaging, promotion, public relations, publicity, social marketing, sponsorship, sales promotion, online marketing or e-communication. In the absence of a strategic national and international communication planning process, it would be too difficult for marketing agencies to effectively deliver a good marketing communication to the current and potential stakeholders and the general public.For the purpose of this study, the researcher will discuss the basic concepts and challenges of the national and international communication planning process. In line with the challenges in each scenario, the researcher will highlight some recommendations to enable the marketing agencies to successfully maintain an effective national and international communication.necessary to know more about the five major modes in marketing communication mix, also known as promotional tools, being classified as advertising, sales promotion, public relations and publicity, personal selling, and direct marketing.Advertising is basically any paid form of promotional activities like print and broadcast ads, motion pictures, brochures and booklets, posters and leaflets, billboards, videotapes, etc. This form of marketing communication is designed to capture a wider range of potential buyers as viewers of advertisements. In choosing the best advertisement for a company, it is essential to consider the budget allocated for this type of marketing communication. Large companies such as Coca-cola and Nestle would prefer to invest in television advertisements because it could provide the company the opportunity to use artistic video, sound, and color to attract the attention of the consumers. On the other hand, small scale businesses with limited budgets may prefer to invest in newspaper advertisements.

Attracting Clients to the Establishment

The center has adopted an experience design approach for promoting the destination as a preferred tourist attraction. With a myriad of activities that someone can undertake at Stratford Upon Avon, the focus on visitor experience seeks to ensure the center increases the number of visitors by improving the experience. This has been ensured through the improvement of the services offered within the destination in seeking to ensure the visitors have good and memorable experiencesThe experience of tourists can be described as a fundamental element that affects the decision made by individuals regarding visiting different locations. Application of the visitor experience in marketing seeks to ensure that individuals who visit the Stratford Upon Avon always come back as ways of popularising the destination among visitors. The application of experience marketing seeks to ensure that word of mouth can be used in the advertisement of the destination (Cooper Hall, 2008). Tourism and travel are commonly based on the need to experience certain services that are provided by the various establishments operating within the industry. The authenticity of the tourist destination is the selling element for a particular destination. Through a series of activities and products which have been developed, the attraction has been able to create a unique element that has become the focus of the experience for the visitors.Many popular tourist destinations have increasingly focused on the provision of excellent services and facilities all aimed at enhancing the tourist experience. This is mainly because satisfaction within the tourism industry comes as a result of the experience and not the facilities or services provided. Experience within the tourism industry can be produced from any aspect within the attraction. All these focus on different parameters of the user experience in order to ensure they become repeat clients for the establishment.The experience scape within this contexts focuses on the provision of services which meet the expectation of the clients.

Sustainability in visual imagery

Communicating and highlighting the benefits and advantages of purchasing products with the lowest environmental impact is particularly noticeable in visual imagery which we face on a daily basis. The purpose of this paper is to explore and analyze such images and investigate how they can shape consumers’ perception of sustainability in the context of furniture design. Over the course of the past decade, furniture as one of the most important elements of every interior, has witnessed a remarkable development and improvement in its design, often leading towards more environmentally friendly models. Research in a form of photographs, advertisements and illustrations has been collected through a visit to a sustainable furniture showroom, from current publications, including newspapers, magazines and books followed by internet websites in order to explore recent eco-friendly furniture designs and to investigate how sustainable they are in reality. In order to further explore this subject, a comprehensive literature review has been conducted and included in the study, to assess, analyze and understand various key concepts in the field of furniture design as it pertains to visual imagery and sustainability. Certain case studies – in the form of examples of existing concepts, from various parts of the globe are also included to broaden the understanding on the subject on hand, and reaffirm the claims made in the paper. A small selection of images has been chosen for further investigation and its analysis will be based on three methods of reading images –compositional interpretation, and semiology. Perception of sustainability and the methods used in visual portrayal of sustainable furnishings to alter opinions as the main focus of this paper have been explored in separate chapters to give a detailed insight into the subject matter. Related findings of other researchers, as explored in the literature review as well as through case studies, will be included as valuable support for this paper. The intended practical output of this study is an advice booklet available to public to help make best environmentally sound choices when buying furniture. A challenge of recommending seemingly unsustainable materials will be undertaken as an attempt to change public perception. Chapter 1 – Contemporary Concerns over Sustainability: Key Concepts It is commonly known that the quality of the environment has enormous influence on our behavior and physical and physiological wellbeing. We need the natural life-giving resources that only the biosphere can provide: clean air and water, soil in which to grow our crops, resources to maintain our industrial lifestyle that in turn generates wealth to support the development of technology. Unfortunately rapid technological progress and the excessive use of the planet’s resources over the course of the past centuries have resulted in extremely high levels of consumption and environmental damage which now threatens the long-term continuation of our existence. Although it is believed that the reasons for our depleted and polluted planet are fairly complex, it is undeniable that designers and design industry in general are co-responsible with others for this alarming situation. It is therefore inevitable that design responds to the environment and

Operations and Supply Chain Strategies

A supply chain implies both the direct and indirect involvement of parties in satisfying customer’s requests, the parties which may be involved in a company include manufacturers, suppliers, wholesalers, transporters, warehouses and finally the customers. This chain is thus where the company operations take place hence there is the need for companies to ensure that there is smooth running of operations in the supply chain (Gattorna 2011).The importance of this area of study in a company is that operations and supply chain aims at ensuring that customer satisfaction is achieved which is a major objective of any company or a business entity. Operation and supply chain strategies of a company is therefore important in ensuring its success thus there is a need for the company put priority in ensuring that there are well laid strategies that are able to deliver a successful and constant flow of information, funds and products in the different stages as the company strive to meet customer satisfaction and requirements. The efficiency and effectiveness of a company operations and supply chain highly depend on the company laid down strategies that facilitates efficiency and effectiveness. Many companies have therefore invested heavily on the on the design, formulation and the implementation of these strategies (Sehgal 2011). The returns on this investment are mainly increase in sales, revenue and profitability of the company. Effective and efficient operation and chain supply strategies are those which attribute the company with the minimum costs of production and distribution while maximizing the revenues and profits of a company (Handfield 2008).Coca Cola Company is among the largest top companies in the world which manufacture beverages, bottled water and non-alcoholic soft drinks. The success of this company has been attributed the adoption of the suitable and appropriate operations and strategies.

Ethical architecture

Thomas Fisher, a professor in College of Design at USA mentions in his book ‘Architectural Design and Ethics’ that this concept offers a theoretical foundation including suggestions to the students of architecture as well as those related to this field as professionals. The concept of ethical architecture demonstrates ideas that make us rethink all those responsibilities that will further assist in designing more sustainable plans for ourselves. Fisher further clarifies the fact that today’s human being is living in a dynamic world where several exponential curves related growth can be seen like the diversion in global population, the gap between rich and poor, the growing demand of limited resources etc. So, keeping in mind all those realities, Fisher, put forward a hypothesis related to architecture and ethics and further explores that buildings can also do a great deal of work and can give moral and social dimensions. He also demonstrates the ideas through which architects can make more appealing buildings and will definitely nurture sustainability in the field of architecture development. Architecture and Ethics While representing the idea of architecture and ethics, Graham Owen depicts that ethics play a great role in architectural schools. Ethics are basically, related with the relations among architects, the clients as well as the society. These relations are formally codified and formulated by the governing organizations. However, it is a fact that, most often, less attention is paid to this corner. Usually it is overlooked how various ethics between architects and society can be generated and altered efficiently. Graham Owen further mentions the idea that ethical concerns in architecture sometimes become more controversial and crucial because of the religious beliefs. He mentions the quote of a famous architect, Elizabeth Schmidt who said that, While of course everyone believes in good ethics, the problem with it as a pedagogical principle is that it smacks of nineteenth- century moralism and therefore of religiously based instruction, I firmly believe in the separation of church and state. (Owen, 2009. Pp: 3) From the above mentioned concept of Schmidt, it can be judged that to understand and learn ethics in the school of architecture is just to incorporate particular interpretations of ethics. Whereas an alternate approach defines ethics as the language of values and morals. Ethics do not relate with someone’s particular morals. However, later approaches shoe that ethics can better hold up professionalism and advancement in any particular field which might be education and architecture. In urban dwelling, especially schools of designs, designing and building complexities are basically focused along with the ethics of creative and technological progress. Ethical Function of Architecture: In addition to previous concepts, Karsten Harries further mentioned that architecture always performs an ethical function or have moral approach. For example a functional building with beautiful and appealing architecture will obviously render a beautiful impact and image in the mind of observers. So, this will depict the power of beauty as well. A building with rich architecture and ethical consideration will definitely leave long lasting image in the minds of observers. When we talk about the evolution of human being, we can see that human were first emerged as wild beasts with long bears, hair on their bodies, in woods living in cages and live along with fire. Later on time got changed and went on and on. People started changing their life style and became more and more civilized. They started learning various arts and ethics to pass better life. And these arts jointly give rise to ethical considerations and evolution of cities and cultures. Harries further elaborated several examples to clarify that buildings offer functional approach and provide a complete way to life to human as well as animals. Dwellings not only serve but

Lean Management System MANGO

By doing so, retailers are able to reduce the cost of the value chain activities. After sourcing manufactured merchandises from low-cost countries, retailers sell them through their retail outlets in different countries. While outsourcing manufacturing facilities to low-cost countries, retailers lose control over value chain activities and face challenges to maintain the quality of their goods over a long and complicated supply chain (Christopher and Towill, 2001). Power and Sohal (2001) and Jones (2014) pointed out that adoption of Lean Management can help companies to ensure the quality of goods that are being manufactured in low-cost countries. In such context, the study has selected MANGO (parent company is Punto Fa, S.L) as sample organization that outsources its clothing manufacturing to China and sell those end products through their retail outlets in British High Street. Selecting MANGO as sample retailer will help the study to understand ways in which adaptation of Lean Management can benefit all parts of the supply chain as well as assist the company to manage their business in a way that renders their costs low and levels of customer satisfaction high.MANGO is an international clothing design, manufacturing and retailing company. Punto Fa, S.L is the parent company. but globally, the retail offering of the company is traded as MANGO (MANGO, 2014). The company is headquartered at Palau-solità Plegamans, Spain (MANGO, 2014). MANGO has opened more than 22 stores in different cities of UK and is known for its high street offering. The product portfolio of the company includes different types of clothes and accessories like bags, umbrellas, sunglasses and many others. MANGO mainly targets a fashionable woman who has sufficient disposable Inca me to purchase expensive apparel and accessories.


This paper examines the current strategic position, strategic audit and review systems within the firm. In addition, it also considers environmental influence by evaluating the political, economical, sociological and technological aspects that define the nature and scope of their operations. Introduction: Top Shop, as an international retailer, focuses on fashion clothing, cosmetics, shoes and other accessories. It has about 440 shops across 37 countries and online processes in a quantity of its markets. Top Shop was established in 1964 as Peter Robinson’s Top Shop, in the Sheffield division of Peter Robinson, a now defunct British area store series. The first separate Top Shop store was established in 1970. It is the single largest supporter of rising design talent in the United Kingdom. The company has sponsored a scheme for New Generation at Fashion Week of London for a decade, one of the most globally accepted talent schemes of fashion designing, besides sponsoring Fashion East since 2003. This shop is also the only high street brand to demonstrate on schedule at London Fashion Week with in-house unique designs, thus it becomes clear that the firm is inseparable from London Fashion Week. … Ranging from the petite and tall ranges to that of vintage treasure as well as boutique classics, the firm’s keen interest for scintillating design is what keeps it one step ahead of other competitors in the market. It is pertinent to quote A formal education nowadays can make a difference when applying for and landing fashion design jobs (My Five Goal Career Path to Becoming a Fashion Designer, n.d., p.2). Strategic Review: Aspiring fashion designers must use imaginative techniques to barge into the business, while getting citizens thrilled about buying their clothes. Soliciting online swapping and reviews links with like-minded traders are two of the well-liked strategies. Mission: The Mission of the Arcadia Group (Top Shop) is to provide business solutions, identify and execute management models for new business enterprises and create global connections for investors and innovators. Goals: Construct a strong basis of experience, skills and knowledge in fashion, stitching, and creativity. Build a solid system of citizens and companies in the industry. Enhance instructional supply funds. Secure software programs widely used in industry. Acquire financial support for upgrading and technology. Build up, expand and hold a consistent successful fashion design business. Objectives: Top Shop is a subsidiary company of the Arcadia Group. The particular objectives of a company are frequently not made public as it could help competitor companies. The Arcadia group though does have an obvious code of conduct which they follow. Dealers to the company are also inclined to obey this code of conduct. Construct Brand Presence in key metropolitan cities of the nation within 6 months to a year To start 8 outlets

Final Film Critique

The movie has gained worldwide recognition due to it being able to address a large audience on a global scale that has been able to relate with every aspect of it. This paper thus helps to provide an insight into the technical factors of the movie including things like its acting, storyline, cinematography as well as style and direction, and how the story of Juno managed to engage people all over the world and help it become worthy of receiving international accolades. Juno the film has a very basic story line as well as concept attached to the tale. it is about a young girl trying to explore the nooks and crannies of intimacy and relationships without understanding the implications that might arise along with the same. The film has been directed in a very concise manner making use of pencil stylized ‘rotoscoped’ images right from the credits in the beginning, making use of animation in order to help the audience understand the maturity level of the girl and the kind of colourful life that she always wanted to live for herself. This entire sequence took a period of seven to eight months to be mastered as each and every shot that follows Juno on her way to the medical pharmacy was taken in short screenings. The set design is incredible, assisting in providing the film with a touch of wonder. The story has been told through the eyes of Juno herself, as she takes the audience along on her woven tale of how she ended up having sexual relations with her classmate whom she did not have any feelings for. The film thus helps teenagers to explore the kind of curiosity that reigns within them, and how the same should be understood not by simply jumping in and trying things out with friends, but by reading about things and comprehending the facts about life from one’s parents first. It helps children and young adults to understand how friends might not be the best option when it comes to understanding such information about pregnancy and intercourse. These aspects of life are crucial to one’s existence and they must be understood well by every individual so that he is able to make his own decisions without falling into trouble or having unplanned circumstances crop up in his life. (Sciretta, Peter) Thus, the film achieved mass appeal because of the story telling as well as how the girl managed to learn her lesson without panicking much about the situation. The various characters within the movie have been portrayed in a very interesting manner. The director has taken his time to choose the main protagonists and provide them with a different twist. Juno is a young teenage girl who comes off a little strong on the first meeting with everyone. Full of sarcasm, she helps to put an indie spin on the movie and gives a very intense performance with her dominating nature and need to control everything that might not even be in her reach. However, she understands where she went wrong by getting pregnant but decides to bring about a change in a couple’s life with the help of her baby who she is willing to give up in order to make someone else happy. There was a vast amount of dramatisation in the film played by the other characters, namely Juno’s parents which helped to calm the situation by making her understand what she had gone through, and helping her come out with a solution rather than screaming at her and making her feel the pain of the

Strategic management of global company

22). The success of the company in both the Japanese as well as international market is the result of its aspiration to manufacture high quality products. Toyota enhanced its operations considerably in quality to go well with the domestic environment, and as a result has made a triumphal turnaround within US market. In addition, the increase in oil price surprisingly improved the demand for Toyota’s vehicles due to their light and fuel-efficient features. Form that time, global exporting business of Toyota had seen a stable development. With the intention of avoiding import challenges, for instance, directives and import allowances, Toyota launched a 50/50 joint venture with General Motor during 1983 in US, and a completely owned production units in UK during 1989 and another in France during 1997, and a 50/50 joint venture with French automaker Peugeot in Czech Republic in 2002 (Christensen, 2013, p. 52). Aggressive steps have as well been taken in China, now the world’s rapidly developing car market. Toyota started its operations during the year 1954, with its head office situated in Tokyo, Japan. It was the hub of designing activities, scheduling, manufacturing of prototypes and assessment of automobiles. It was in charge for each and every function, together with development, designing and assessing cars. Besides, the center is as well responsible of safety technologies, energy management and environmental fortification. During the year 1973, Toyota started the design center at Newport Beach, California. The businesses formed the European center for design to have improved knowledge of local pressures and inclinations of existing and prospective customers. At this point, the group has made successful models such as Yaris, Corolla, Corolla Verso, Avensis and Land Cruiser (Rivenburgh, 2013, p. 92). Global Strategy of Toyota Any business that tryst to enter the foreign market primarily plans to get advantages of ‘economies of scale’ as well as location and knowledge-gaining result which could be realized by and increase product and service consistency. On the other hand, at this point challenges of localization arise inevitably because of demand for response by the company to local setting such as taste and inclination of buyer, local government policies and cultural features. In the global business strategy matrix, along two aspects of stress for cost cutback and stress for local reaction, transnational strategy has the maximum level along both dimensions (Rivenburgh, 2013, p. 113). Among the four classic global business strategies, Toyota selects transnational Strategy. The best way to execute a transnational strategy is among the most difficult issues that big organizations are coping with these days. The necessity to compete with global rivals such as General Motors and Ford compelled Toyota to try to find better cost economies. Nonetheless, deviations in customers taste preference and government directives across countries indicate that Toyota as well has to be receptive to local demands. As a result, Toyota deals with considerable stress for cost decline as well as for local awareness. To decrease cost by standardizing, Toyota has been speeding up the process of going toward smaller number of automobile platforms, with objective of developing a broad range of models on a restricted range of platforms that have

Design Thinking within Businesses

To my family, I dedicate this to you.Design thinking involves inputting design and creativity into a business organization. It is interpreted in two ways in the world of business. The first one involves designers introducing their input into the business, either by training people in business or by partaking in the business themselves. The second one involves designers coming up with great innovative products. A good example is the iPod, a revolutionizing product in design thinking. In recent times, design thinking has been explored. with companies such as Sense Worldwide and IDEO headlining such advances.Design thinking is a concept that began in the 1940s with the need to solve problems using creative techniques. Harold van Doren went on to publish Industrial Design – A Practical Guide to Product and Development in 1940. This publication discussed the methods and practices of design. The invention of computer programs capable of problem-solving came up later in the 1960s. These programs headlined what was known as the soft-systems approach. This was just the beginning of design thinking and appreciation of this method in business has grown over the years. With the turn of the century, the term design thinking became very popular in business circles with a myriad of books such as Florida (2002), Martin (2007), Lockwood (2010) among others advocating for design-focused places of work. Universities and other learning institutions also identified this concept and began offering relevant programs as part of their curricula. IDEO was one of the pioneers led by Tim Brown, the company’s CEO to date.At IDEO, for example, the branch of the organization that deals with Corporate Social Responsibility. has worked with different non-governmental organizations to build drones. to improve health in remote corners of the earth. If a natural disaster may have occurred at a place that has been determined to be impassable, the drones can be used to deliver medicine or immunizations to people living in such areas.


THE BUILT ENVIRONMENTIn essence, the principal of sustainability encompasses several significant considerations that are associated with the concept of development as the foundations of this practice aim to work towards the protection of resources for future use. Grierson (2009. p.143) identifies two key objectives of sustainable development which are outlined as the attainment of an enhanced quality of life for all forms of life on Earth and striking a balance between the economic and social activities that are conducted by human beings and the efficient utilization of resources that have been granted by the natural environment. However, the aforementioned definition of sustainable development only represents a fraction of what the notion actually means and what it signifies in relation to the built environment. Indeed, sustainability must be practiced in each and every field to ensure that the planet’s ability to sustain life successfully is prolonged once the protection of natural resources is ensured. Nevertheless, the amalgamation of sustainability in architecture highlights the importance of comprehending the gravity of the situation and exploring areas of observation that require improvement so that the objectives of sustainable development can be achieved. … Guy (p.126) understands that sustainable design is not merely a topic which needs to be evaluated or critiqued upon by means of abundant literature. this notion is best supported by the fact that even in today’s day and age the quest for uncovering the ideal solution which dictates the best practice of sustainable architecture has not been uncovered yet. Grierson (2009. p.145-146) expounds upon the challenges which are posed by the development of sustainable design by stating that any initiative which aims to work towards the establishment of sustainable communities should examine the several challenges that could arise as a consequence of this decision so that any difficulties or drawbacks are avoided in the future. The evaluation of sustainable design and development frameworks comprises of descriptions of various construction methods and procedures that are characterized by a high demand for quality which in turn encompasses economic, financial, social and environmental factors (Grierson 2009. p.146). Grierson (2009. p.146) postulates that the sustainability of a building should be calculated on the basis of its life cycle, which fundamentally implies that the quality of all aspects that are associated with the building must be considered to arrive at thorough conclusions. This notion is also evidenced by the research of Head (2006. p.5) who represents a comprehensive urban development framework by specifically taking into account a sustainable approach that is present in the researcher’s case study of Dong Tan Eco-City. The study recommends the adoption of an integrated approach to value through better design by highlighting the factors that are associated with

Process and production improvement

Running Head: Process Production Improvement Process Production Improvement [Institute’s Process Production Improvement Harvard has a community of around 3000 people including students, faculty, and administrative staff. Besides other venues for recreation and well-being, the most visited and availed is the Dining Hall, popularly known around the campus as DH, which can be best defined as the kitchen of the university. The cafeteria is a huge space with a wide seating area and spacious hygienic kitchen. Besides three meals i.e. breakfast, lunch and dinner, DH recently introduced fast food counter, which provides snacks and burgers for 12 hours a day including the meal times. Besides main course, DH kitchen offers a variety of desserts, salads, side orders, and ice creams along with plenty of beverages like tea, coffee, cardamom tea, and drinks. The increased number of food and cash counters has eased the difficulties of increased student body and caters significantly more people than before. However, there are many aspects of DH, which needs improvement. First, the temperature turns to discomforting degrees at times. Specifically during summers, it gets more suffocating with a huge number of people around and lesser ventilation. Second, the cash counters are located in one centre aisle, receiving people from five counters simultaneously. This results in huge crowd and delay leading to agonized public at both sides of the counter. In addition, DH has been one outlet, which is affordable for all classes: NOPs, janitors, middle-class, or elite rich, everyone can afford. However, the recent 25% increase in prices of all food items have led to great hues and cry in the entire student body whose parents are already fighting with inflation to pay for the expensive tuition of their children. In addition, the quality and taste of the food has always been a great debate at Harvard. All the dishes are complained to be tasteless with a few exceptions and there have been reported cases of roaches and flies found in the soup, raising questions on the quality standard. These issues are simple and can be solved easily but they require some management expertise. There are several lines of action, which will result into marked improvement in efficiency and public pleasure. First, the food should be cooked with more and better spices. This will reduce the frustration in students, especially from middle class, who have little option than to eat the same tasteless food repeatedly. The menu should be kept changing and new dishes should come under introduction. In addition, the ventilation system should be worked upon and improved. More outlets for air cleansing should come under introduction to keep the area light an airy. There is also some space for extension in all four ways. Since the student body from the past two years have been doubled, it would be good to make more space for more people to eat at the same time. With these improvements, a lot is achievable (Dodds, 67, 2007). First, customer satisfaction will increase drastically since a more comfortable environment will be attained (Cochran, 34, 2003). In addition, if the food quality improves, people will not mind paying a little extra and this will resolve the everlasting conflicts between Harvard admin and students body (Tapper, 3, 2008). With these procedures, the DH can increase its efficiency and improve the quality of services it provides (Beam, 108, 2001). References Cochran, Craig. 2003. Customer satisfaction: tools, techniques, and formulas for success. Paton Professional. Dodds, Simon. 2007. Three Wins: Service Improvement Using Value Stream Design. George Beam 2001. Quality public management: what it is and how it can be improved and advanced. Rowman Littlefield. Tapper, Thomas. 2008. Efficiency: Its Spiritual Source. BiblioLife.

The Role of Design Studies in Development

Today’s designer chooses from economy, politics, and environment their field of profession thus creating awareness to more and more people, in other words, helping the world and making people realize what is happening and what will be the future. Designers always have the approach to do good whether designing anything. The designers open up the negative feeling and the happenings around. They are truly helping people making them realize what the need of the hour is (Duff 2009). The designers focus on things to change them. They observe and focus on almost every detail as possible. The power of vision is much greater than that of words. The visualization of a problem is far more convincing than of speaking and telling. (Manav 2009). 1.2 Design studies and development: The designs, new and improved continue to appear for generations and years giving the same thought a different perspective and meaning making it more attractive thus leading it to more progress. The main promotion areas for the design are in expos, trade fairs and museums. (Mattew 2013). 1.2.1 First world countries: Keeping an eye of the aspects of the first world countries the thought prompts that why the First world does solve third world’s problems when it already has its own. Carolina Vallejo launched a competition entitled Design for the First World. She specified the problems like the production of food, eating disorders, aging, population, low birth rate, over-consumption and many more. She mentions why is the first world helping the third world when such problems already persist in. she surveyed for the solution of the first world problems in her thesis. Vallejo says that she is not discouraging the designers for their efforts, it’s just that the water, education, medicine and electricity are the problems of the first world too, why not to focus upon them first and others later. She says that the First World needs to focus on its problems now or later. in future it might not become the case that the First World needs help. It should be the designers who should be tackling the situation and knowing that what impact such a thing would have (Good 2010). It is not the responsibility of the First World countries to help out others when we already need to look for the problems ourselves (Funds for NGOs 2012 ) 1.2.2 Third world countries: The third world countries are reliant upon the first world countries although the first world country for sure has its interest in it. Thus an aid is provided to solve their political, scientific, infrastructural and economic problems. Most outstanding are the water and education. Removing the impurities and making the water potable is a great gift for these people as it helps in drinking, irrigation and reduces the effects of diseases and viruses. As far as tutoring is concerned educating the residents would make a better, protected and brighter future. It will remove the odds as literacy rate shines in the sky. The design technology and studies benefits the third world countries. One of my friends who studies Design and Technology, is designing a game in her class, for Red Cross to enhance people’s awareness and knowledge of disaster preparedness in the face of flooding, drought and other climate change related issues in Uganda. Moreover, my friend told me that,

Cigarettes and Smokers Regarding The Economy

Cigarettes taxes are most effective in reducing consumption of the young population or more precisely children and teenagers who get pocket money and are not financially independent (Chaloupka). People who try cigarettes for thrill will be put off greatly by a significant amount of sales tax. But for hard-core consumers of cigarettes, quitting is not easy at all as they experience withdrawal symptoms if they try to quit. They will be willing to forgo their consumption of other products but cigarette. Foregoing the consumption of other products does not curb the need for them. Therefore, hard-core smokers tend to resort to shop lifting because after spending on cigarettes they are left with very less money. The sellers of other products will incur losses because hardcore smokers are willing to sacrifice products like biscuits, sweets, chocolates or magazines for cigarettes. Sometimes when the government announces a rise in sales tax on cigarettes, it takes time for the tax to come into effect. In the mean while smokers buy cigarettes in bulk so that they do not have to pay the higher price for a packet of cigarettes. So this bulk buying should be taken into account before the government imposes sales tax.Some economists are of the view that a sales tax on cigarette will be more effective in the long run than in the short run because smokers readily adjust to price in the short run. If the price is permanently increased from let’s say $2.5 to $5.0 for a packet of cigarettes then the long run impact will be double the short run one and a lot of people will be able to overcome the habit altogether.Imposing a sales tax on cigarettes is just not enough. The revenue generated from sales tax should be invested in Health Programs dedicated to discouraging smoking. Also filtered cigarettes should be taxed less than the unfiltered ones. However the difference in the tax rates for the two should not be very large. Besides this taxation policy, there should be a ban on cigarette advertising and it should be made mandatory that the hazards of smoking be mentioned on a packet of cigarettes. With no advertising, the attractive packaging also lures consumers. The government should come up with a generic packaging design that is less appealing to consumers. It should be obligatory on retailers to sell cigarettes to people who have attained the age of majority (18 years old). Government sponsored campus drives at different schools and universities should be held in which lectures on negative effects of smoking should be conducted. Student volunteers can also be hired by the government to spread awareness. There should be tariffs imposed on the cheap cigarettes imported from other countries. Sales taxation alone cannot deter consumers from smoking. Like other economic policies, taxation should be carried out with above mentioned measures to ensure good health of all.

Analytic Hierarchy Process artical review and comparison

Running head: ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS ARTICLE REVIEW AND COMPARISON Analytic Hierarchy Process Article Review And Comparison Thearticle that is under consideration is of the topic Use Analytic Hierarchy Process For Project Selection. (David, Kendrick Saaty, 2007) The article discusses about the benefits of using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) while choosing methods that keep the organization falling along the lines of its strategy. The process has been majorly successful in making decisions that identify the optimal process for the improvement of the business. According to the article, a business process strategy is designed in such a way that success is achieved in the financial sector of the organization, in satisfying the requirements of the customer, in successfully implementing the internal operations of the organization as well as in managing the human resources of the organization. In order to achieve success in these perspectives, there is an essential need for choosing an efficient program that promotes an improvement in the business process. The process of making such a choice is the area where AHP comes into action. Since the context of the business process is liable to change according to the needs of the organization, it is important to choose a method that is reliable in the longer run of the organization. (David, Kendrick Saaty, 2007) This is where years of experiments done by Tom Saaty come for help in the form of AHP. According to his perspectives, AHP is advantageous in the following ways: AHP is designed in such a way that it allows the management to make high valued strategic decisions and its hierarchical design allows them to develop measuring techniques that determine the differences observed in the strategic alignment. Priorities are assigned not by taking the financial considerations alone, but also including the perspectives of the other stakeholders. AHP allows for a comprehensive analysis on each project’s cost expenditures and the risks involved before supporting any project. The openness in analysis allows for a stronger validity and support for the decision that is made. The quality of robustness of the model to produce consistent results enables its implementation in almost any kind of industries, irrespective of its scales. The future prospects of making a decision are best analyzed with the support of AHP’s detailed forecasting analysis results. As per the author of the article, the best characteristic of AHP that entices everyone t support it is its simple approach to implement the process and at the same time, maintaining the accuracy of the results obtained. (David, Kendrick Saaty, 2007) The characteristics and benefits of AHP given by the text and the article are more or less similar in context, including the steps involved in implementing AHP. But, the parameters involved in deciding on the project are much more critically analyzed in the article when compared to that of the text. The analysis process of the book involved just three steps- 1. Determining the local priorities of the process which includes identifying the priorities of each factor corresponding to each level and accordingly arranging it. 2. Applying methods which use multiple criterions for evaluation. It is done by using Several axioms that are tested to validate the results of this process 3. Determining the global priorities in accordance with the creative decisions taken in the second step of the process. (Shtub, Bard Globerson, 2005) On the other hand, the process discussed in the article was about using the principles of software designed for implementing AHP. It involves ranking the importance of each judgment criterions and performing a sensitive analysis on the inconsistent ratios between each hierarchical level. Thus, the determination of the best portfolio for the successive alignment of the organizations working to the rules of the organizational strategy gets identified. Works Cited Shtub, A., Bard, J. F., Globerson, S. (2005). Project Management Process, Methodologies, and Economics Second Edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. David, J., Kendrick, Saaty, D. (2007). Use Analytic Hierarchy Process For Project Selection. Six Sigma Forum Magazine. Retrieved from

Facilities and Maintenance Systems for Hospitality

It is evidently clear from the discussion that the maintenance staff must be equipped with data and integrated voice, mobile devices in order for them to be always within reach and easily available. It also enables the hotel managers to have visibility into and monitor the progress of duties and work orders. Push-to-talk can be used when instant attention is needed or text messaging. Mobile computers are also effective during processing of work orders and generating automatic audit trails. However, most hotel owners and managers have some weaknesses when it comes hotel designing. They don’t put into consideration the importance of attractive hotel design. Failure to ensure attractive hotel design results in small customer population thus less revenue. There is also need to carry out some maintenance test to ensure quality services. The success of all leading resorts and hotels depends on the quality of services that are offered to the customers. By storing all the buildings, rooms, equipment, and floors in a management solution asset, it is possible to track the management and maintenance of everything. The report of the cost will provide the managers with the costs of maintenance at any organizational level. The hotel managers can also set up preventive maintenance approaches for generators and HVAC units to avert failures. Eventually, the management maintenance system can be used to reduce costs, track maintenance, and ensure a quality service to the customers. In addition, using maintenance system can help a hotel or resort management to track management cost, extend the life of assets, provide high-quality services to customers, maintain efficiently and a clean environment. Additionally, facility maintenance system helps in improving labor productivity, reducing costly downtimes, minimizing investment and maintenance costs. Just like a person meets another person for the first day, it takes customers and travelers approximately 60 seconds to learn and gain the attraction of a resort or hotel. Travelers and customers start by examining the parking area, décor, signage, the carpet, or the smell of the environment.

Emergency Control Centers

The issues are. resource management, information acquisition, and priority illustration and setting. The discussion covers three aspects of ECC, location, design, and staffing.ECC can involve temporary facilities. Alternatively the ECC can entail permanently installed facilities in the higher categories of the organization. The ECC is majorly arranged through key functional disciplines and jurisdiction. The functional disciplines include. fire services, medical facilities, and law enforcement. The jurisdiction aspects involve. federal, state, city, county, and regional.There are six key factors that influence the ECC location. The factors are. accessibility, versatility, size, systems capability, safety, and survivability. The accessibility factor determines if the significant staff can get in the ECC facility appropriately within a time frame. The timeframe for the significant ECC staff varies and is influenced by emergency complexity, size, and type. The location of ECC should be easily accessible, during emergency situations. The suppliers and several significant personnel can ECC facilities as fast as possible when needed. Several operational periods need second shift staff. More complex emergencies also need extra ECC staff. Long term emergency activities need the support of key suppliers in the ECC venue, to enhance vendor support. ECC accessibility is continuously reviewed because of increased population growth and also adequate access to transport means.The location of the ECC should be adequately safe. It is appropriately located in areas that are free from natural disasters and several other related hazards. The location should also be free from cascading events that are significantly high risks. The areas that have high terrorist risk level, should not host the ECC. There should be adequate processes or removing or disposing of harmful products like asbestos. The ECC buildings must adhere to the professional building codes or regulations. The size of the ECC must be adequate to accommodate entire operations.

Total Quality Management Approach

As a result, the development of a quality strategy has become vital and one of the most important tools used in improving quality is technology.Garvin (1998) has identified five different approaches to quality: (a) transcendent approach, according to which quality always exists. (b) products based approach whereby products must meet high quality standards. (c) user based requirements wherein quality is defined by the extent to which it meets user requirements. (d) manufacturing based approach or the conformance to specifications. and (e) value based approach or the relationship between usefulness and satisfaction to the price of the product or service. The perception of quality will differ depending upon where the viewer is located in the value chain. For instance, the customer is the driving force behind the production of goods and services but is likely to adopt a transcendent perspective on quality.Deming (Deming 2000) has designed his quality approach around fourteen different goals and practices for management among which some important aspects are (a) creating a constancy of purpose in improvement of products and services. (b) using quality suppliers and design a quality based production process. (c) using statistical tools to identify weaknesses within the system so that they can be improved. (d) using improved training and supervision methods. (e) eliminating barriers between departments as well as factors demotivating employees and (f) continuous improvement, which is the most important aspect an organization must pay attention to, in order to ensure that high levels of quality are introduced into products and services.The goal of total quality management is to ensure continuous improvement, employee empowerment, customer orientation and a strong commitment from the management to safeguard the interests of the customers, employees, stakeholders and even society at large (Brah and Lim, 2006). An essential party of the TQM approach isis the focus on quality with effective management of processes and improvement of the quality of goods and services.

Work Specialization techniqu Advantages and drawbacks

To effectively utilize all the resources, organizations recognize the need to capitalize on their managers and employees. In order for an organization to survive and for its well-being it is imperative for it to watch out for future trends likely to impact on the actions they must take to keep their organizations moving. The Organization structure is the interaction and communication patterns that are linked to map out the tasks performed by individuals and teams to achieve concrete goals and objectives. The broad outline of organization structure is depicted by an organizational chart. However, the chart does not give a detailed view of what the tasks and the job of each individual is going to be. We consider Job Design to be a major structural aspect that defines the tasks to be performed by individuals. There are six key components that have to be kept into focus when designing an organization structure, these include: work specialization, chain of command, span of control, centralization, decentralization and formalization. The topic under focus here is Work Specialization. It is one of the key elements to consider while devising a structure for one’s organization. Work specialization is defined as the extent till which work that needs to be done to achieve organizational goals is broken down into smaller manageable chunks of tasks. Most organizations might collapse without specialization because it is merely impossible for everyone to know everything and possess all the necessary skills needed to run the whole organization. It is the process that breaks down the big goals into small parts and then each part is assigned to one individual according to his/her skills set. These workers specialize in performing the assigned activity possessing the skills they already had. It is the approach by which the skills of a particular employee can be utilized at the best. The work is performed in repetition which also makes the employee more experienced with it reducing chances of error and hence caters to the smooth functioning of the entire organization leading to the ultimate goal. Advantages: Employee skills of performing tasks increase with repetition. Less or no set up time, or less or no time wasted between changing tasks. It is less costly to find workers for performing repetitive tasks. It increases efficiency and productivity. Disadvantages: Human Diseconomies of specialization that occurred from handling repetitive tasks from workers in the form of stress boredom, increased absenteeism and poor quality products. Reduced employee satisfaction. The contrary advantages of splitting into teams an reducing specialization. Conclusion: To summarize the discussion, Work specialization is a technique that might be suitable and adequate for one organization while be incongruent with values of the other. The approach used and implemented will vary from one organization to the other and will have its own pros and cons. Organizations must devise a proper plan to decide which approach is suitable for it and then implement it accordingly. References Griffin, Ricky W. Management. 2006. org-struck-jo-my-rak. .

Proposed design for residential dwellings and retail super markets near Lichfield Basin

The proposal also highlights the preventive measures that need to be incorporated in view of flooding, soft and moist clayey ground, damp patches in buildings. The other design considerations include the spacing between dwelling and the development of garden in nearby area. Thus the single major aim of this design proposal is to develop sustainable dwellings and retails that are contemporary with good aesthetics 2. Performance requirements for buildings: The proposed site is a basin area and hence requires a careful design with respect to structural stability, good thermal and sound insulation and availability of natural lighting. The materials that provide good insulation are prescribed in the EST guidance, Insulation materials chart – thermal properties and environmental ratings ( , CE 71) and that for airtightness in Insulation materials chart – thermal properties and environmental ratings ( , CE 137). … According to the Building Regulations Approved Document E of the Department for Communities and Local Government (Resistance to the passage of sound, 11 -17) of the building regulations, the attenuation values for airborne sound and impact sound could range from 3dB to 8dB. The credits in the certification is 1 for 3dB attenuation and for 8dB attenuation, the credit is 4. Insulation tests are carried out in pre-completion and post completion stage by test bodies accredited by UKAS. The thermal insulation is assessed by the Heat Loss Parameter. The long term thermal insulation of the building depends on the structure of the building. The Heat Loss parameter gives a statistical measure of the thermal insulation of the external surface area including construction and airtightness. A lower value of heat loss parameter specifies efficient design in terms of thermal insulation. The design and location of hot water cylinders, insulation pipes and cold water tanks needs more attention. ( I have removed some text here) During construction the design and mode of temporary supports need to be assessed and decided by a competent structural engineer who has sufficient knowledge about the load bearing ability of different materials. According to the Building and Construction Authority (GUIDELINES FOR STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS,, the structural investigation of a building involves checking the structural plans, calculations of load bearing ability, testing the strengths of materials and carrying out load tests on parts of the building. As stated in the technical guide, of Department for Communities and Local Government

Daft Armstrong’s book Organization Theory &amp

Design :Case for analysis: Hugh Russell IncResource dependence view also outlines that the organizations are ultimately dependent on the resources and these resources originate from the environment. As such this view particularly endorses that the power and resources are actually dependent upon each other and as such the overall influence of an organization is largely determined by the combination of both. It is therefore of particular importance that Hugh Russel, Inc was dependent upon its bankers, shareholders and acquirers to ensure that it remains intact and continue to function as a going concern. The dependence of the firm also outlined that the firm could actually achieve the desired level of change, if it can allow its external resources to influence it in positive manner. This has been achieved through the development of informal networks within the organization to allow free flow of information to different stakeholders. The concept of collaborative network can also be applied in this situation and the facts presented in the case study actually highlighted the importance of the collaborative networks within an organization. Collaborative networks are considered as work-centric in nature because they are developed to complete the projects or solve problems under a corporate environment. This aspect of the networks outlined that the organization can actually pool its formal and informal resources in order to develop either formal or informal collaborative networks which can then contribute towards the achievement of a desired objective. In most of the cases, the need for developing the collaborative networks is based upon finding solutions for the problems which are multiple in nature and influence the organization as a whole. The formation of the informal networks among the employees of the Hugh Russel, Inc and subsequent formation of the similar networks with outsiders therefore clearly outlined that the collaborative networks were actually at play and contributed towards the development of viable solutions for the organization to get out of the situation which could have forced the firm towards bankruptcy. Hugh Russel Inc also benefited from the fact that it different stakeholders attempted to get to the bottom of the problem and allowed the consultants and advisers to freely communicate with the organization. This free flow of communication therefore allowed the development of such networks and created an environment within the organization which invariably supported such environment in order to achieve better solutions for the problems. Though population ecology is a relatively different concept however, within an organizational theory, it outlines as to how the different people can actually interact with their environment and evolve as a result of this interaction. The population ecology also demonstrates the change process which is adapted by the people living in groups and thus makes a definite step towards achieving the necessary evolution over the period of time. The facts given in the case study clearly supported the population ecology as it outlined as to how the employees of the organization adapted the process of change and created a system which was open enough to evolve on its own. The interaction with other stakeholders and groups also helped the organization to better formulate its strategy and find solutions for its problems.

Quantitative Methods of Informal InDepth Interviewing

Qualitative Interview Design is the latest research concept which is gaining weight, especially in the business world. Informal interviews are a concept of qualitative research. It accords the same opportunity to acquire information just like in any other research method. Its applicability comes even in business management. In normal business operations, the daily occurrences that characterize business operations entail gathering and collecting data. This data is usually relevant in determining the fate of a business in terms of market survey and related factors. Consequently, it is always important to have concise information on the targeted market on what needs to be done in order to succeed in a particular market. Such is a predicament that would warrant carrying out of the research. In view of this, informal interviews would provide a relatively easier way of evaluating the market before making any business decision. An in-depth interview entails asking questions, listening to the answers and recording them. The researcher can also pose additional questions to clarify or expand on particular issues. In most cases, the questions are open-ended and this is meant to explore the ideas of the respondents without restriction since this is likely to give a true picture and their real perceptions. This concept is aimed at understanding the clear view of the beneficiaries of a program, their judgment, and terminologies. The extent by which the three approaches in in-depth interviewing differ is basically dependent on standardization of the questions and how they are determined. These methods are the semi-structured interview, the informal conversational interview, and the standardized open-ended interview. Each of these approaches has different instrumentation requirements and preparation besides serving different purposes.Qualitative research design requires in-depth experience with methodology and one of its most important components is the concept of an informal interview. Qualitative Interview Design is one of the sources of research in academics where the interviews provide a wide information base pertaining to a participant’s first-hand experience and viewpoints on a specific topic of study. This research method concept makes the best literature review base since the qualitative interviews provide a novice investigation by expanding on each interview’s design practical component.Informal interviews present a rich source of data. This bears relevance since it entails interacting directly with the respondents. Consequently, it can be viewed as an unrivaled source of primary data. In business management, this would be helpful in deciding on any major business deal. Besides, interviews offer relatively fairways of establishing facts and sealing information gaps since the questions are always open-ended leading to unlimited and exhaustion of the ideas and perceptions of the respondents. When the respondents are not restricted to how to respond to questions, it will be easier to obtain none biased data which is very crucial in making relevant business decisions. Consequently, it is evident that business management benefits a great deal from informal interviews. Any form of research requires competence on the part of the research. This comes from the fact that the researcher would be compelled to relate the research to the objectives of carrying it out.

International marketing mix sustainable operation management

Therefore a single study is required in order to understand the importance of each marketing mix elements in the context of standardization in foreign marketing. The key major focus is the strategies the multinational corporations are using in their international marketing (Shlomo 2010). It is important for multinational companies to determine the possibility, desirability and necessity of standardizing its marketing mix in the new target markets. This is influenced by the change in the origin and the destination markets international environments and its aspects. The degree and extent of standardization is evident in various multinational companies notably Agatha in France. Company overview Agatha was established in 1974 emerging to being a key major French brand of fashion jewelry. The founder developed this brand bridging the gap between luxury boutiques and nondescript lackluster chain stores. In the current corporate world, this brand is widely known attributed to its expansion into international markets establishing its stores in various countries. This company is an international player in the field of jewelry but its major market is in its country of origin France. The company has focused on considering new international markets expansion majorly Asian market which has emerged to be top strategic priority (Leontiades 1998). South Korea is one of the new target market destinations and the key major issues with standardization in this market are the cultural differences and establishing the new internal organization (Shlomo 2010). To determine the extent and degree of standardization in this market can be determined by evaluating the company marketing mix adopted in South Korea. Agatha marketing mix can be evaluated as follows. Agatha’s product brand in South Korea Agatha’s has to major range of products comprising of top-of- the –range products made in silver and bottom-of-the-range products mainly fashion jewels made with non-precious materials. These products ranges under the Agatha’s brand are bracelets, earrings, hair accessories and rings. This range of products is standardized and design in its international bases (Wang 2008). Therefore Agatha has nearly all the same products in all of its international markets. It is notable that most of the customers in the international markets widely accept this foundation standardization collection of this company (Rugimbana 2003). However in South Korea the company has to change the sizes of these products thus limiting standardization strategy. According to Blomstermo (2006) higher degree of standardization is higher for industrial goods in the international markets as compared to consumer products and services (Blomstermo 2006). Agatha’s products are considered consumer goods and this follows that standardization in Korean market is low because the country market segments culture has to be considered. According to Sak Onkvisit, (2008) companies require more knowledge regarding the foreign market in order to determine the appropriate standardization levels (Sak Onkvisit, 2008. He further asserts that successful multi national companies has to satisfy the consumer preference, wants and needs more than their competitors. Therefore ascribing from this Agatha has to

Marketing and Strategy Assignment

Companies are spending billions towards research and development in order to create innovations in their product lines. Firms like Apple are generating their core competence in the market based on innovations and research and development (Ireland, Hitt, Hoskisson, 2011, p.82). The increased competition in the market has also led to marketers spending huge amounts towards improving their positioning and brand image in an attempt to create a distinction between the products and services offered by the competitors in the market (Davis, 2009, p.148). The present study would analyse the marketing strategies adopted by various organizations in an attempt to create segregation and generate competitive advantage in the market. The study would specifically focus upon marketing strategies with real life examples in the industry so as to help generate competitive advantage for business organizations. Analysis The role of marketers in the present business is essentially to analyse the needs and wants of the customers and design product mix in a manner that tends to satisfy the unfulfilled needs of consumers. Marketers are spending billions on conducting marketing research in order to analyse the demands of the consumers and design an optimum product mix that can be used to generate competitive advantage in the market. Marketing research can help marketers and strategists in determining the gaps in the present level of product or service offering and the demands of the consumers. These gaps can be consequently help in generating a product mix that would help enhance the positioning of the organization. Market research can also help companies find the perceptions of their brands among the members of the target market audience. Strategists can then take up policies that can help in improving their image through the feedbacks gathered from the research (Duboff Spaeth, 2000, p.106-108). One such example can be found in the case of South Central Bell Company that was continuously losing its market share. Using market intelligence tools and conducting market research, the company was able to able to identify the reason behind the debacle and take up corrective measures that helped it to again regain its lost position in the market (Hair, Bush Ortinau, 2007, p.116). Pricing is another critical strategic aspect that can be used to generate market advantage in business. Companies are trying to generate organizational excellence by using technological innovations like Total Quality Management, Kaizen and Six Sigma to ensure minimal operational costs. Examples of this form can be traced in the business strategies of companies like Toyota that has generated competitive advantage based on Just in Time approach (Imai, 1997, pp.4-6). Predatory pricing is one strategy that is very commonly used by marketers to gain market share and eliminate competitors. This strategy involves selling products at lowest rates that helps them capture a large share of the market (Greene, American Bar Association Section of Antitrust Law, 1996, p.55-56). However critiques have also slammed the benefits of using this strategy as they believe that predatory pricing strategy leads to unfair competitive

Love Marriage and Family

Marriage remains condemned an unsuccessful social institution in the eyes of many Americans. Ever more, many Americans are marrying later in life, while another set chooses not to marry at all. Meanwhile, the rate of divorce floats almost at 50 percent for all fresh marriages. Out-of wedlock children are on a steady rise, more so particularly to the well-educated. Moreover, the long belief that the private, marital-based family entity can contentedly acknowledge major liability for the concern of children and other family appears more and more unsustainable.Meanwhile, marriage is not a rational foundation for social guidelines. however, it appears an expedient universal remedy to politicians and analysts debating the rate of divorce, the startling figures on children poverty. Some sociologists, like B. Graham, think that marriage control on love in America is not wrong. I agree with this assertion, since marriage is a very important institution, and everything needs to be done to rescue it. Even so, marriage as a social institute is failing. callous and castigatory actions formulated to make the status more firm and rigid are bizarre (Graham 2007). Policymakers are unwilling to see that a social trend, such as soaring divorce rate, is simply on module in panoply of pointers recording the pervasive and irreversible nature of the transformations that have taken place in all quarters of our communal lives. The Americans stand in the middle of important social change and it’s important that we recognize there is no unsophisticated past, no enduring utopian visualization to which the edict can return us. The American social goal should be to design doctrines that mirror the ways in which they are living their lives. Meanwhile, the Americans should subsidize and cater for the emerging family sets, such as single-mother families that are carrying out the all-important task of supporting children and other family members (Whitehead Popenoe, 2007). Reinforcing marriage in America is going to take a key fundamental change in cultural values and social policy. No particular segment of society is accountable for the fall of marriage. Americans are all part and parcel of the problem, and consequently, they must discover the resolution. Americans must repossess the ultimate of marital durability and realize that out-of-wedlock childbearing does not really hurt. The American objective for the next age band should be to augment the percentage of kids who grow up with their two marital parents and diminish the percentage of those who do not. Feasible planning for recapturing a marriage tradition is dealt with and each key segment of society has to be informed (Schwartz Scott, 2007). The corrosion of child welfare over the precedent decades is an American domestic catastrophe. Furthermore, when one ceases obsessing over it, the trend in numerous ways should be rather startling. Nobody could have even envisaged it thirty years ago. Currently, Americans are more affluent than ever before. Ever since 1960, the Gross Domestic Product has tripled a tenth fold prompting the average earnings of Americans to double. This success has openly benefited children. Americans are considering having fewer children and they are giving birth later in life, when the remunerations are higher. Furthermore, scores of additional mothers have gone into the labor force. It has become far worse-even much worse. this is simply a coincidence that child welfare deteriorated steadily during a period of time in which American marriage also declined. Current surveys have gathered information that children from broken homes, when they become young adults, have 3 to 4 times more behavioral and psychological challenges (Whitehead Popenoe, 2007). A while ago, Americans were most likely the most marrying people in the world. The impact of that era can still be viewed in the older age bracket. In the fall of 1990s, 96 percent of women and 95 percent of men age 45 aged between 45 to 54 year

Social Performance of Nestle Company

Nestle, is the company that has been involved in social development, mainly in the aspect of environmental well being.Nestle is one of the corporates that has been enthusiastic and have pioneered environmental protection policies all over the world, their researchers spending a lot of time coming up with innovative ideas to enable technology to make their corporation environmentally friendly. Further, they are involved in social activities that are not directly associated with the manufacturing or management of the corporate. They are seen taking a personal state in environment protection strategies, encouraging their employees to do so as well. Their commitment toward environmental protection surpasses the aims of the environmental legislation, doing a lot more than they are expected. They continue to look for new ways to not only minimize waste, pollution, and packaging and save energy and resources but to address these concerns early in the product and packaging design processes. ( has taken initiatives in social performance by the formulation of environmental protection policies and ideas. The corporation is committed to the cause of helping in making a better environment, working to make an impact. The chairman and CEO of Nestle, Peter Brabeck-Letmathe says, We believe that the true test of a business is whether it creates value for society over the long term. In Australia, The Nestle Oceania Environmental Policy allows the organization to constantly strive to identify new ways to reduce packaging, to minimize waste, to prevent pollution, to save energy and to conserve natural resources. ( this policy ensures sound business practices by placing the requirement that all Oceania employees must play their role in protecting the environment. The policy includes three practices that will implement the policy efficiently.

Effect of the Swine flu pandemic on the tourist industry in the US and Europe

Running Head: Tourism A Mini-Research Proposal on the Effect of the Swine Flu Epidemic on the Tourism Industry of the United s and Europe Course Title Name of Professor Date of Submission Title: The Effect of Swine Flu Pandemic on the Tourism Industry of the United States and Europe Problem Statement This study tries to evaluate the impact of the swine flu pandemic on the tourism industry of the United States and Europe. The swine flu brought about one of the most disastrous consequences all over the world, the biggest impact being felt immediately by the industry of tourism. When swine flu initially surfaced, it was an unidentified and hence volatile disease (Yancey, 2009), and its spate generated massive distress to the tourism industry in several regions and countries. Theoretical Framework The theoretical perspective used in this study is the vulnerability of the marketability of the tourism industry to abrupt alterations in market views. Natural or human-made acts can change the marketability, appeal, and popularity of the most well-known tourism destinations drastically (Beirman, 2003). Occurrences, such as pandemics, which harm the potential of a destination, may lead to significant economic disorder. For individuals, this event may lead to poverty and job loss (Page, 2011). Nevertheless, a small number of travelers/tourists will take into account these repercussions in their destination preferences. Their major concern is to visit a tourism destination gratifying their personal aspirations with the least obstacles or risks to their health and security. Research Questions The primary research question of this study is: what is the effect of the swine flu pandemic on the tourism industry of the United States and Europe? In answering this research question, the number of visitor arrivals in tourisms destinations in the U.S. and Europe before, during, and after the swine flu pandemic will be considered. According to Olson and Laurent (2009), after the catastrophic outbreak of swine flu, the tourist-oriented groups in the United States and Europe were placed into the largely complicated position of addressing the problems of visitation and profits. Methodology or Research Design The research methodology used in this study is exploratory. It reviews the findings of earlier researchers, statements of tourism practitioners, and other tourism-related organizations. However, the focus of this study is too broad and quite limited in terms of methodology. This study’s contribution to the field of study is the introduction of the potential employment of methods such as multiple time series to more accurately discern the effect of the swine flu pandemic on the marketability, appeal, and popularity of tourism destinations in the United States and Europe. Results and Findings The tourism industry of the United States and Europe has been seriously affected by the swine flu pandemic. The government of the United States persuaded Americans to postpone travel to swine flu-affected areas like Mexico, initiate the placing of border check (Yancey, 2009). Even the health officers of the European Union warned travelers about the dangers of going to destinations affected by swine flu (Yancey, 2009). The vice president of Smith Travel Research, Jan Freitag, stated, You have a global recession. business travel has been severely curtailed. leisure travel is curtailed because people are not sure they’re going to have jobs. you have a lot of new hotel supply in the pipeline. and oops, now we have the European Union suggesting that travel to the United States is a mistake (Yancey, 2009, para 3). The severe impact of the swine flu pandemic on the tourism industry of Europe is largely discerned in the decline of revenues for London’s British Airways and Air-France-KLM (Olson Laurent, 2009). Conclusions and Recommendations It is probable that the swine flu epidemic will have an enduring effect on the image of the United States and Europe. Hence, it will necessitate a substantial attempt to restore the confidence of tourists and to attract travelers to the regions’ tourism destinations. The information should be massively and constantly disseminated that the swine flu is in hand and travel is now out of harm’s way. The effects of misinterpreting the condition may hamper the progress of the tourism industry, for views of well-being and danger toward a tourism destination are prone to affect travel preferences. Therefore, the government should initiate additional measures to perform more promotional campaigns to improve the aspiration of travelers to visit the United States and Europe. References Beirman, D. (2003). Restoring Tourism Destinations in Crisis: A Strategic Marketing Approach. Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen Unwin. Gorard, S. Taylor, C. (2004). Combining Methods in Educational and Social Research. Maidenhead, England: Open University Press. Ioannides, D. Timothy, D. (2009. Tourism in the USA: A Spatial and Social Synthesis. New York: Routledge. Olson, P. Laurent, L. (2009). Europe Subdued by Swine Flu, Page, S. (2011). Tourism Management: An Introduction. Burlington, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann. Smith, M., MacLeod, N. Robertson, M. (2010). Key Concepts in Tourist Studies. London: Sage Publications Ltd. Yancey, K.B. (2009). Swine flu fears may hammer travel industry, USA Today.

Research Variables

In most cases, when the researcher is undertaking a traditional research that would not involve participants from different cultural setting, the way of going about the research variables are often straight forward and require no strict denotations. However as soon as the research happens to be a multicultural research and the researcher has to employ a multicultural research methodology, there are a lot of restrictions and ethical considerations that need to be made (Saunders, 2007). Two of such comparative and contrasting contexts of research variables are discussed below. Measurement Instruments In both multicultural and traditional research methodologies, the researcher designs a number of measurement instruments that helps in the data collection process. Depending on whether or not the researcher is conducting primary research for the traditional or multicultural research, the measurement instruments that are used are different and varying. In most cases however, the researcher would either use a questionnaire or an interview as instruments for data collection from respondents. In most cases, it is advanced that the researcher uses interview if the research is a qualitative research and also use questionnaire if the research is a quantitative research (Salina, 2002). The difference however is that with traditional research, the researcher is sure to ask general questions in both the questionnaire and the interview. These questions may be very broad and cover a wide range of issues. However for a multicultural research, the researcher becomes limited in a number of ways in terms of the structuring and design of questions. For instance, the researcher is required to ensure a very high degree of courtesy and ethical adherence. The problem that this may create is that the researcher may be limited in the search for certain key data that would make the research findings complete and empirical. In fact, in a bid to ensure fairness across the different cultures, there is the tendency that the researcher will be forced to skip very important but provocative questions. This is a major problem that comes with implementation of measurement instruments in multicultural researches. be it in the use of an interview or a questionnaire. What is more, during the use of various researches measurement instruments in the conduct of traditional and multicultural research, there are a lot of differences that exists in the kind of data that can be collected. This is to means that it is not all research problems that can be addressed using a multicultural measurement instrument. This means that the researcher’s choice of using multicultural measurement instrument may be limited by the kind of research problem there is. A typical example of this is a researcher whose research problem has to do with the effect of alcohol on adolescents. Clearly, such a researcher will be limited in the use of measurement instruments for a cultural background where alcohol is not taken at all. Such a cultural background could be given as an Arab cultural setting. A researcher who completes his research instrument. be it an interview guide or a questionnaire may not have the opportunity of applying the instrument in an Arab setting. Sampling The sample size plays an instrumental part in traditional research methodology, just as they do in multicultural research. Basically, the sample refers to the group of respondents or participants that the researcher collects data from directly. In their bid to form the sample size, researcher conducting both traditional research and multicultural research undertake sampling. This refers to the strategy used by the researcher to get the sample size in place. One of the similarities of sampling as a research variable is that in both traditional and

Passive cooling and ventillation

Structural designs that involved window designs, wall thickness and shading, roofing styles, low heat conductance material, external microclimate control, water bodies and structure stance characterized the era. The contemporary building designs should consider the historical strategies in order to utilize unharnessed resources and reduce energy consumption that leads to resource depletion (Santamouris and Kolokotsa 5). Heat is transferred through three ways, conduction, radiation as well as convention. The three form the basis for heat control ideologies. The construction engineers require having insight on the site’s climate and whether patterns to successfully employ the passive cooling techniques. Most important information they need include the sun’s positions throughout the year and direction of winds (Youtube 1). The wall and windows transfer heat across from the external environment to the internal environment through conduction. The choice of materials to comprise the wall and windows determine the efficiency of the building in blocking out undesired heat. Use of a high R-value material for walls ensures minimal heat transfer thus maintaining the inner environment cool. A low U-value material for windows acts in a similar way. … Another strategy is planting of vegetation on the roof. The plants absorb most of the heat and loose it through evapo-transpiration thus the building remains relatively cool. Alternatively, making the roof dome-shaped reduces the surface area for radiation. At least one side of the dome will be shaded at any time. Therefore, while the other side radiates heat into the doomed space beneath the roof the shaded side will be re-radiating the heat out to the atmosphere. The walls directly illuminated by sun radiate heat into the building too. The design should be such that sunshades cover greater surface of the wall to reduce radiation surface. Deep engravings on the wall increase shaded surface area thus reducing radiation area as well (Asif 11) Windows offer another media for heat radiation in and out of the building. Depending on the direction the wall faces, window-to-wall surface ratio optimization helps regulate heat transfer. The windows should comprise of material that allows in only visible light while reflecting back ultraviolet and infrared rays. Depending on the time of day and season, window shutters reduce the internal temperatures by hindering radiation (Asif 11). Heat transfer into or out of the building may be resultant of air mass movement. Gaps or openings on the walls and windows allow heat to seep into the building increasing the internal temperature. Gaps on walls should be located on sides that face away from the sun depending on geographical location. Sealing the openings between windows and walls appropriately reduces seepage of hot air into the building. However, the openings may act as a means of cooling the internal spaces

Performance Management Assignment

MCMC to continuously evаluаte аnd improve individuаl, subsidiаry unit, аnd corporаte performаnce аgаinst cleаrly defined, preset objectives thаt аre directly linked to compаny strаtegy. а number of studies hаve suggested thаt, provided the design аnd implementаtion of PM аre аppropriаte, it hаs the potentiаl to аffect employee аttitudes in а wаy thаt mаkes а significаnt аnd positive contribution to compаny performаnce. Current pаper pаper provides criticаl аnаlysis of orgаnizаtionаl system of performаnce mаnаgement bаsing on the findings retrieved аnd mаteriаls аvаilаble. I first provide theoreticаl overview of the term of performаnce mаnаgement, then reseаrch its аpplicаtion to subsidiаry compаny, finаlly comment on chаnges of performаnce mаnаgement thаt аre supposedly needed to be implemented into orgаnizаtionаl аctivity.The expression performаnce mаnаgement аppeаred in the lаte 1980s аnd cаn be regаrded аs аn extension of performаnce аpprаisаl–а prаctice used to evаluаte аn individuаl employees pаst performаnce. Todаy, however, performаnce аpprаisаl is considered аs one of severаl key elements of PM, the others being the communicаtion of compаny strаtegy through individuаl objective setting, links to trаining аnd development plаnning, аnd possibly compensаtion (Bаrlow, 2001:501). Despite the fаct thаt much of the reseаrch hаs been performed within the U.S. context, little reseаrch hаs been cаrried out on PM in internаtionаl settings аnd even less so in MCMC subsidiаries operаting in diverse cultures.This deаrth of reseаrch meаns thаt we know little аbout the effects of PM on job sаtisfаction аmong employees in MCMC where the mаjority of the workforce аre of host-country nаtionаlity, аnd where the host-country culture mаy differ substаntiаlly from thаt of the MCMCs home country.

Policy implications

In addition, there is a need to have staff selection and recruitment process put in place. This goes hand in hand with training and quality control process. Focusing on viability of the proposed program, there will a challenge to expand and develop the existing body of research evidence, so the effective elements of the cognitive behavioral models can be specified, and then used to improve the program models further. Implementation of the programBefore implementation of the program at Birmingham Community Base Facility (female facility), interpreted time series design will be utilized. This will be used to strengthen before-and-after designs. Data will be collected at multiple instances over time before and after the intervention is introduced in order to detect whether the intrusion has an effect considerably greater than the existing programs. This design has an advantage in that it allows the statistical examination of possible biases in the approximation of the effect of the interventions. Some of the potential biases may include:Secular trend- the outcome may be in a way decreasing or decreasing with time. This can be in terms of having observations increasing before intervention and this can wrongfully attribute the experimental effect to the intrusion if a before-and-after study was to be performed. Duration of the intervention- it is possible that the intervention may have an effect for the first two or three months only after its introduction. data obtained yearly would not identify this effect…. It is also apparent that the policy makers and the directors will also have to assess how suitable the proposed program is to their clients and program environment. Another apparent program challenge is on how to promote technology transfer in order to make the program most effective model. For example, the policy makers and program directors will have to establish the suitable technology to employ in order to support the program. This may come in terms of assessing necessary software to be used by the program staff. In addition, there is a need to have staff selection and recruitment process put in place. This goes hand in hand with training and quality control process. Focusing on viability of the proposed program, there will a challenge to expand and develop the existing body of research evidence, so the effective elements of the cognitive behavioral models can be specified, and then used to improve the program models further. Implementation of the program Before implementation of the program at Birmingham Community Base Facility (female facility), interpreted time series design will be utilized. This will be used to strengthen before-and-after designs. Data will be collected at multiple instances over time before and after the intervention is introduced in order to detect whether the intrusion has an effect considerably greater than the existing programs. This design has an advantage in that it allows the statistical examination of possible biases in the approximation of the effect of the interventions. Some of the potential biases may include: Secular trend- the outcome may be in a way decreasing or decreasing with time. This can be in terms of having observations increasing before

PTSD in Adolescents

PTSD in Adolescents Research QuestionsWhat are the events that cause PTSD in adolescents?What are the risk factors for adolescents with PTSD?How does PTSD present in adolescents?How is PTSD in adolescents treated and does the trauma cause any other effects?How can technology be used to improve PTSD research in adolescents?HypothesesH1: PTSD in adolescents is, as a result, of neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and psychological abuse.H2: Risk factors for adolescents with PTSD are related to reaction of parents to trauma, severity of the trauma, and the distance of the adolescent from the trauma (Smith, 2010). H3: PTSD in adolescents has similar symptoms to those in adults, although they are more likely to be aggressive and impulsive (Smith, 2010). H4: PTSD in adolescents presents with loneliness, isolation, anger, sadness, worry, and fear (Smith, 2010).H5: PTSD in adolescents can be treated through Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy.Can your idea be tested with any of the various types of experimental designs? No, it cannot because there will be no introduction of a procedure or treatment for the researcher to observe an outcome. In addition, the experimental design is too artificial to make generalized conclusions that can be applied to the entire population, while the settings for experiments may alter responses and behaviors of the participants (Bryman Burgess, 2009). Finally, PTSD cannot be studied through an experimental design because of ethical reasons. What is your design? Why have you chosen that design? This research study will use a descriptive research design, particularly because it is the best for answering the questions what and how associated with the specific research problem (Bryman Burgess, 2009). Also, it useful in obtaining information regarding a phenomenon’s current status, in this case PTSD in adolescents and possibility for the use of technology in research. What is your target population? How would you identify and recruit participants? The population for this research study will be adolescents aged between the ages of 13 and 19 who meet the DSM IV criteria for PTSD. In addition, the guardians or parents will have to provide written permission for the participation of the minors. The participants will be recruited via purposive sampling that will only consider a specific subset of the population (Bryman Burgess, 2009), in this case adolescents presenting with PTSD symptoms. What data collection method might you use? How would that data help answer your research question(s)/hypotheses? Data will be collected through both primary and secondary sources. Secondary sources will include previous research studies and peer-reviewed articles, while primary data will be collected through interviews. The secondary data will provide information about earlier use of technology in PTSD research, while the interviews will present information about perceptions and behavior of adolescents with PTSD. The interview will have a general inquiry plan with no specific set of questions or any particular order to avoid making the participants uncomfortable (Bryman Burgess, 2009). How consistent are these data collection methods with methods used in existing research on your topic? Why did you choose these methods? What are the alternatives? The Structured Interview for PTSD has been utilized in numerous studies and assesses symptoms of PTSD, as well as behavioral guilt, survival, and risk factors (Bryman Burgess, 2009). These are the issues, which the research study is seeking to address. It has 17 items that assign severity rating reflecting intensity and frequency. This method was chosen because it takes less time, around 20-30 minutes, which is important given the mental state of the participants. Other methods that could have been used include document review and observational methods. How would you ensure quality and reliability of the data? Reliability of data, which is referent to the extent to which there is similarity of measurements, will be ensured through carefully wording and structuring the interview, as well as pilot testing the questions with others not present in the sample and getting the highest possible response rate (Marshall Rossman, 2012). Data quality will be ensured by using internal consistency through reviewing the integrity of the instrument, wording, phrasing, order of questions, and the overall research design. How might you analyze the data? Data will be analyzed through grounded theory analysis by marking key points in collected data with codes, grouping these into similar concepts, forming categories from the concepts, and finally forming a theory to test against the hypotheses (Marshall Rossman, 2012). What are the target audiences for your findings? This research study can be used by various professionals working with adolescents, including healthcare staff, social workers, teachers, and the families of the adolescents.ReferencesBryman, A., Burgess, R. G. (2009). Qualitative research. London: SAGE. Marshall, C., Rossman, G. B. (2012). Designing qualitative research. Newbury Park, Calif: Sage Publications. Smith, P. (2010). Post traumatic stress disorder: Cognitive therapy with children and young people. London: Routledge.

Mobile Computing Technologies

The capability of FHSS to resist any interference from false RF signals is supposed to be quite a number of times better than the capability of DSSS. The implementation of FSSS system is easier. A lower power density is used by DSSS. This makes the detection of DSSS harder. Another reason why DSSS is not preferred is that in order to ensure reception it sends redundant copies of encoded data.One of the implications that may be associated in this case is that the assignment would have to be within the standards set by ITU. The maximum limit of allocation cannot exceed 300GHz in accordance with the set limits as shown in Figure 2: (Roke Manor Research, n.d.)2. The receiver system to be used is based on the Superheterodyne design. Briefly explain the principle of operation of the Superheterodyne and discuss any potential issues which may be of concern with this type of receiver design and receiver systems in general.The way Superhetrodyne receives is that it uses frequency mixing and converts its received signal into a fixed Intermediate Frequency. An If or an Intermediate Frequency is much conveniently processed than the conventional radio carrier frequency.One concern with Superhetrodyne is that along with the wanted signal it also generates an unwanted signal which is referred to as image frequency. This is a problem because it is a false response. The only way this response can be prevented by incorporating a filter that would restrict the image frequency from reaching the mixer.It has been decided that the cost of implementing a bespoke communication link is too expensive and the existing cellular infrastructure will be used. The GSM mobile unit 1.5km away is receiving a signal from the Vodafone base station transmitter on top of the Owen Building (postcode S1 1WB).When signals collided with road traffic they can cause diffraction, absorption and multipath fading. When signals collide with a material it can lose its strength and its path can be reflected and refracted thus causing a delay in receiving the signal which results in Multipath fading.

Urban Analysis Report Wivenhoe Central Historic Core

When one visits the place, it would be hard not to notice the church that originates from the Saxon error. The church has a distinctive cupola on top of its sturdy tower that is hard to miss. The aerial view of the town layout appears as the map below with the main distinctive features such as the river easily identifiable. (Google Maps 2012. 77 High St Wivenhoe, Colchester, Essex CO7 9AB, UK) The area has an extensive activity in fishing trade, specializing in oysters and soles as they have a high demand in the UK. Wivenhoe Park, designed by Richard Woods (1759), was initially the Rebow’s family home for several centuries. The Rebows are descendants of the Flemish cloth weavers originating from Colchester. The Rebows’ house in the park was the result of a design by Thomas Reynolds. In 1846-7, the park underwent a series of remodeling under supervision of T. Hopper (Hayes, 1993). The town’s population is around nine to ten thousand people. this includes travelers, a large group from the University of Essex that is in the region, and a long-standing artistic community (Embling, 2008). The town has a smart design in a way that the streets are small and old-fashioned, lead into each other and finally head to the attractive waterfront with a lot of fishing boats as well as small sailing crafts. 2. Analysis of the Urban Characteristics of Wivenhoe (Central Historic Core) 2.1. Urban Structure 2.1.1. Framework It was not until 1898 that Wivenhoe became an urban district maintaining this position until in 1974 that is when it was placed among the new Colchester district. The town’s boundaries are because of streams on the east side and north-west part of the town, while River Colne borders it on the west and southern part along with its marshes. Gradual improvement on the river saw isolation of the meadow, which was a marshland on the west bank of the river. 2.1.2. Routes A road cuts through from Colchester heading to Elmstead and Walton-on-the-Naze. The same road cuts through the northeastern section of the ancient parish. Heading further south, there is another road from Colchester heading to Alreford and running from east to west across the Parish area. The same road also has a branch running in the southeast direction pointing towards Brightlingsea. Another road turns southwest and further ahead turns to the south and ends up at Wivenhoe Quay. (StreetMap, 2012. [Online] Available at:,+Essex+[Town]searchp=ids.srf [Accessed 2 Oct. 2012]) Another road built privately by De Veres, known as the entry, was also made public before 1566. Most of the other small roads in the city are to link up the river to the main roads. The lane running through the crossing on River Colne starting at the west section and ending at Old Heath was started in 1734. (A view of one of the streets in the town: Wivenhoe Town plan, 2008. [Online] Available at: 2.1.3. Spaces The residents of this area that are living on the large housing estates still have complaints with the public transport service. The idea they proposed was for the bus services to be made of larger buses and taking spinal routes to maintain alternative buses for the local community (Wivenhoe Town Council, 2007).

What is your relationship between text and performance How is text used in for and as art design and performance

By providing access, that is, to every form of extremism, including the prostitute, the madman, the artist, and the critic, modern society had stripped man of his ability to approach the society from without, and therefore to critique. Gavin Butt, writing specifically about art and literature criticism more than a half a century later, in 2005, claimed that the position of the critic had not substantially changed. He argued that criticism had suffered a crisis following post-structuralism in which the space for criticality had withered (p 1). Specifically, he claimed that theorists following Derrida, through declaring a deconstructive stance in regard to text in which the critic lives inside the text rather than outside of it, thereby becoming unmoored from any objective or anterior position from which to judge a text’s intent, have lost claim to any constructive ground by which to judge such texts (p 3). Taking, as one must in the postmodern world, the notion of text to its logical conclusion, one comes to the same argument that Marcuse presented. The artist cannot find room to critique society because he lives within the text that society represents. But is this necessarily so? If, that is, Marcuse found it possible to write his book, or Butt found it worthwhile to discuss the role of the critic, there must be some possibility of critical distance still available to the artist. Or else why so much spilled ink? The answer, it is believed here, is found in the continuing argument provided by Butts – and indeed hinted at in the work of both Marcuse and Derrida, as well as others. Through what Butt calls the performative act of criticism, the artist as well as the critic, is able to form an act of criticism of text. Butt calls for a criticism after criticism which rests on the event-ness or immanence of an act as the significant factor, rather than any supposed transcendent or theoretical quality concerning the notion of criticism. In other words, the artist, by acting on a text, defined however it may be defined, is able to approach that text in a way that is instructive or altering or controlled or otherwise understood. In this brief paper, the role of the artist in defining the interaction between text and performance will be considered. Using the framework that Butts suggests, as presaged by other theorists working in the same vein, and as applied through the work of select contemporary artists, the paper will consider how text, both literally and figuratively configured, relates to performance, and how the artist may make use of this relationship as a critical function. Brief definition of the notion of text will be offered, followed by a critical examination of how the relevant working artists have used actual and figurative text in their art to significant effect. Following this exposition, conclusions will be offered regarding the use of performance and text within my own approach to art as a means of achieving critical distance from the society in which I live and communicative proximity to my viewers, so that my art may be both meaningful and substantive. Text Defined In their film about the French philosopher who defined the deconstruction movement, Jacques Derrida, Kirby Dick and Amy Ziering weigh his influence and theoretical suppositions against the man himself. This is a fitting tribute in many ways, since Derrida believed that the notion of a text includes a structurally infinite set of possibilities, a network of associations that spring from any given object or

Manufacture and Marketing of a New Computer

The time period for each activity is estimated based on available data. A network model is established to show the relationship among the activities which will be used in computing for the critical path. The critical path is computed by means of the Critical Path Method (CPM). CPM is important because it determines the critical and noncritical activities which will be helpful in project planning and management (Hillier 417).As shown in Diagram 1, product benchmarking comes first because, in order to come up with a good design, the company should first analyze the attributes of the existing computer products in the market. From the data that will be gathered, software and hardware design should be done next. The detailed drawing should be done after all the designs are made in order to set the appropriate dimensions and features of the computer that will be manufactured. Preparation of the prototype and marketing plan can be done at the same time because they deal with different aspects of the product and may not affect the performance of each other for the entire project duration. Lastly, technical manuals should only be done after testing the product to ensure that the manual will be correct and will be based on the product’s true function and attributes.The duration of the critical path determines the total duration of the entire project. Based on Table 1, the project will be completed in 270 working days. Therefore in order to complete the project on January 19, 2009, the project should be started on December 26, 2007. Working days exclude weekends and legal federal holidays.All the critical activities are shaded in Table 1. This means that these activities are the most important tasks in the project and therefore must be done on schedule. Noncritical activities are designing software, developing a marketing plan, training of sales representatives and advertising.

Effects of Working Extended Hours In Maintenance Hangers

In recent years, some strategies related to complete fatigue risk management have been applied in the road transport and aviation industries. Despite the implementations workers still suffer from fatigue and stress-related issues due to long working hours. This report presents some methods with particular emphasis on the maintenance of fatigue risk management in the airline industry and the experiences of industry personnel.The procedures used in the commercial jet transport manufacture and design over the previous years have resulted in the failure of damage-tolerant and safety measures in aviation industries due to high pressure in the work environment. According to the credible safety record the advancements in technology force engineers and mechanics to get updated with theoretical knowledge provided by the airline companies. The workers have to complete their assigned work in an accurate time-period and learn about new technologies for better service and design of aircraft. Most of the airline companies pay extra wages to their employees against the extra time they stretch for completion of their work. This factor increases the fatigue level in employees because they get less amount of sleep after an extended work schedule. High levels of fatigue among the employees have resulted in low-quality aircraft maintenance in the hangars.Fatigue is one of the most important concerns in the transportation industry. Fatigue can lead to disastrous accidents and loss of life and property. Fatigue can be a symptom of medical problems in people however normally it arises in humans due to lack of sleep and rest. Most of the crashes have occurred due to fatigue-related issues among pilots or maintenance staff of aircraft. Therefore it is a major problem, which must be taken care of by the airline companies and the federal associations. It has also been observed that most of the accidents that occurred on the roads in the past few years were due to fatigue among drivers. The graph provided below explains the effect of fatigue in the transportation sector.

Critically discuss how the workplace be analysed and why the devil is in the detail

Introduction Workplace assessment is an investigation carried out to look into your processes, functions, operations, physical environment, and communication hierarchy and information flow. Critical scrutiny of your workplace caters in detecting potential risks and problems associated with the current settings and propose controls methods to mitigate the key prospective risk factors. Careful and continuous review of the work place environment and the processes, policies and procedures in place is beneficial and is imperative for the success and survival of an organization. As changing times and emerging trends alter the business environment in one way or the other and the organizations that exist within the system have to adapt to the novel trends to be successful. Continuous review and critical analysis of the organization at timely intervals cater in pointing out to the loop holes that exist in the current setting posing a potential risk for the organization which has to be mitigated in the interest of its continuity. It helps establish and instill a safety culture within your workplace by identifying and eliminating or controlling hazards in a timely manner. The workplace design to be reviewed and updated should be analyzed on the basis of the volume and the variety of the product the organization offers, type of processes, Layout, Flow, Flexibility, compliance to laws and regulations etc. The organization should critically review these factors and revise them making necessary changes where ever required dropping a few and taking up on some new policies and procedures along the way. Altering and disturbing the status quo during this process is what might cause resistance among the people within the organization. For this purpose effective change management policies should be kept into place to counteract such problems and to educate the employees by gaining their full involvement while the organization transits from current to desired settings. Critical analysis is mandatory in order to ensure that the organization is intact with the new needs and requirements as posed by the changing environment. The idea The devil lies in the detail suggests that everything should be done thoroughly with careful focus on every small and big detail. The small things are usually overlooked and are not given attention to because they are perceived as unimportant, however sometimes these small details are those that account for big revolutions. They should not be overlooked and skipped instead they must be given as equal importance as that given to the prominent details. It’s a catch hidden in the detail suggesting that Governing is in the Detail. It is often the small detail within something that makes it difficult or challenging. These have the tendency to prolong a task, hurdle straightforward dealings and should be given prime importance. Conclusion: The organizational workplace should be critically reviewed and analyzed at timely and planned intervals. The risk factors proposed, should be altered in the best interest of the organization. Small details are very important and should not be overlooked as cumulatively they represent the important components of a larger task. Reference: Workplace analysis.Available:

Portfolio Analysis Hilton International Inc

Portfolio Analysis: Hilton International Plc of the Portfolio Analysis: Hilton International Plc Task one Background Established in the year 1919 in Texas, the Hilton Worldwide of today was actually a 40 room hotel initiated by Conrad N. Hilton (Hilton Worldwide, 2011, p. 1). Under the impeccable endeavours of its founder, this simple name became the respected giant in the world tourism and hospitality industry (Hilton Worldwide, 2011, p. 1). The company prides of thousands of employees and members who share the spirit of hospitality, thereby spreading the specific Hilton culture across the globe. This is historically evident way from the year 1925, when the hotel formally Hilton branded hotel was opened in Dallas (Hilton Worldwide, 2011, p. 1). Two years later, the franchise opened its doors to the American market when it launched Waco Hilton in the United States of America. Almost twenty years later, the company expanded its portfolio to include chains that appreciate the coast-to-coast experience and this did a big boost in underlying the value and hospitality experience that Hilton seeks to provide to its customers (Hilton Worldwide, 2011, p. 1). Additionally and in a bid to sustain that special Hilton experience, the company has designed policies and framework along its design that supports the crucial value it provides to the various communities across the globe. It is such values and priorities that have enabled Hilton International to gain the international accolade that it now possesses. The international presence has also been significantly facilitated by the merger agreement between HHC and Hilton International in the year 2005 that saw the companies combine to form the current financially stable business unit (Hilton Worldwide, 2011, p. 1). Vertical and horizontal integration Mainly referred to as a means through which companies outsource and/or increase their production units to involve peripheral products relating to the main line of production, vertical integration has highly helped Hilton International Plc. to sustain growth and development in its global presence. The company mainly experienced such integration during its early years when it considerably increased and/or provided supporting units such as the coast to coast experience that worked to add value to its services (Data Monitor, 2010, p. 1). Further, the various acquisitions and mergers that Hilton International Plc. involved in shared it resources in ensuring that horizontal integration worked for the betterment of the company as a whole. Hilton International plc has been a dominating name in the tourism and hospitality industry for years (Hilton Worldwide, 2011, p.1). Belonging to the Hilton Group plc, this division was taken over by Hilton Hotels Corporation on 23rd February, 2006 (Caterer and Hotelkeeper, 2007, p. 1). On this very date the group was renamed as Ladbrokes plc (Hilton Worldwide, 2011, p. 1). The next interesting thing occurred on 23rd September, 2009 when Hilton Hotels Corporation changed its name to Hilton Worldwide (Caterer and Hotelkeeper, 2007, p. 2). Today, the steering wheel of this 93 year old company is managed by Christopher J. Nasetta (President and CEO) and Mark Wang (President) along with dynamic executives with indomitable spirits (Hilton Worldwide, 2011, p. 1). Brand and products Hilton International popular brand within the UK includes the following. Hilton Grand Vacations, Homewood Suited by Hilton, Waldorf Astoria Collection, Hilton Garden Inn, Conrad Hotels Resorts, Home2 Suites by Hilton, Hilton, Hampton by Hilton, Doubletree by Hilton and Embassy Suites by Hilton (Hilton Worldwide, 2011, p. 1) Task two The SWOT analysis of Hilton International Plc in as shown in the table below (Data Monitor, 2010, p. 1). Strengths Robust Brand Portfolio Product Diversification International visibility Financial stability Opportunities The prevailing organic growth stimulants Positive prospects in the tourism and hospitality industry Limited exposures other regions like China Weaknesses Lack of geographical spread Private ownership Inefficient operating management system Incapable IT system Threats Business risks Increasing competition Introduction of High Technological services (Anton, 2011, p. 2). In considering the principles of vertical and horizontal integration, Hilton International Plc, has undergone several transformations in terms of mergers and acquisitions to enable it to earn the international accolade it now prides of (Anton, 2011, p. 1). In the year 2006 for instance, the Hilton Hotels Corporation took over the Hilton Group Plc and renamed it Ladbrokes Plc. The Hilton Hotel Corporation later changed the name to Hilton International Plc in the year 2009 (Caterer and Hotelkeeper, 2007, p. 2) Task three Economically, Hilton International Plc is prone to factors which mainly include income generation from the tourists, direct and indirect job creations in the tourism industry, infrastructural developments including machinery, roads and institutional capacity of the company to sustain the increasing competition from the other players in the sector. Further, Hilton International Plc must be keen to underpin the effects of leakages between import and exports and the overruling frequent economic distortions (Caterer and Hotelkeeper, 2007, p. 1). Income generation, infrastructural capacity, thus job creation and economic instability are the three main economic factors that will affect the operations of Hilton International Plc. In regards to capital investment otherwise referred to as income generation, the company is keen to ensure that it accrues sufficient benefits to enable growth and operational sustainability. In reference to job creation, Hilton has undertaken a vigorous process in ensuring that it has technologically efficient employees who are technically and socially capable to meeting the client demands (Anton, 2011, p. 2). Further, the frequent economic turbulence has not left out any company and all companies, Hilton International Plc included have instituted strong internal control measure to ensure stable and sustainable generation of the necessary financial capacity to subsume the effects of the economic down turns (Data Monitor, 2010, p. 1). Task four The laws that may be relevant to a manager in the tourism and hospitality industry include the laws governing the development of tourism, laws on transport, laws on travel package, laws governing package holidays and regulations on tours and accommodations. Further, the licensing laws, and national bans on smoking within the vicinity of the public, are significant laws that a manager in the tourism industry must consider. In addition, the manager will consider laws governing customer/client safety, consumer laws and regional as well as international trade laws (Pearson School and Colleges, 2010, p. 12). The European Union is constituted by 27 member states and below is the list and the year they joined. Belgium, France, Netherlands, Italy, West Germany and Luxerbourg all joined in 1958. The UK, Ireland and Denmark all joined in 1973. Greece joined in 1981 while Portugal and Spain joined in 1986. Sweden, Australia and Finland all joined EU in 1995, while Cyprus, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia, Malta, Lithuania, Estonia and Lavtia all joined in the year 2004. The remaining Romania and Bulgaria both joined in the year 2007 (Direct Government, UK, 2011, p. 1). The main advantage of the adapting of the Euro currency by the UK is the fact that this will enable the member states to access the local tourist facilities and services at their considered normal rates. This will boost the mental image of the tourists to visit the UK and thus increase the level of tourism proceeds. The disadvantage is that it limits the capacity of the UK in terms of economic decisions. Further, it exposes the UK to the financial spiraling effects of the Euro currency as was the case recently. Similarly, the enlargement of the EU is likely to benefit the tourism industry in the sense that this action will work to enlarge the access levels of the currently non members to the existing facilities and services offered by the EU members (Direct Government, UK, 2011, p. 2). Task five The United Kingdom has experienced significant social and cultural trends over the last decade. Socially, the introduction of relevant community facilities and tourism focused services has really changed the tourism and travel industry. Further, the increased education of the local residents to motivate the industry has also been socially influential. Moreover, the prevailing conflicts between the visiting individuals and the host community are imperatively significant in fostering the growth decline in the industry. Additionally, the increased efforts of the community to reinforce cultural identity are a sure factor to consider while assessing cultural change over the last decade. The communities have also endeavored to sustain traditional customs and craft to act as tourist attractions and motivations. Inevitably, the attitude towards older people has generally changed in the last decade following the increasing acceptance of the concurrent demographic changes (House of Lords, 2003, p. 14). The changing cultural and social patterns have always been the main factors driving the development of innovative features and products within Hilton International Plc. The utilization of social websites and platforms for instance has really played a significant role in increasing the access points of the company products to the customers (Pearson School and Colleges, 2010 p. 2). Further, the increased use of internet by different social groups has enabled Hilton International Plc to consolidate the operation efforts towards sustaining the quality and value for their clients. Ageing population is considered as the increasing shift of the distribution of ages among the specified population towards older age groups. An ageing population will have prominent influence on the tourism industry. One of the effects will be the fact that the older population will not be conversant with the increasing technological developments and this may hamper the growth of the industry. However, the fact that it is the older population that desire to fulfill the demands of the tourism quest and further coupled with their financial capability, the ageing population will highly support the growth of the traditional tourism facilities and services (House of Lords, 2003, p. 6). Task six There are significant technological developments following the globalized contemporary business platform and the main technological factors that will impact the operational capability of Hilton International Plc include the machinery, the workforce and the accruing benefits. Machine capacity will influence the way Hilton will interact with the customer, the workers will facilitate the interaction and the accruing benefits will enable the company to expand and improve its operations (Hilton Worldwide, 2011, p. 1). In the last five years many companies prioritized capital spending but today these factors undergo thorough analysis to enable the company to serve the ever changing needs of the clients as supported by the increasingly changing technological advancements (Business Studies Online, 2009 p.1). The technological changes as envisaged in the factors discussed above have been significant and Hilton International Plc has developed and implemented sufficiently equipped internet platform that allows customers to access their products within limited times and with increasing levels of ease. Further, the company must endeavor to conform to the technological changing trends in order to remain in business. The database enables customers to access rooms as well as other facilities within the confine of their internet access points and this has been highly significant in reducing the operational costs within the company (Pearson School and Colleges, 2010 p. 3). The increased use of internet by the consumers of Hilton International Plc products will play a major role in supporting the technological development strategies of the company in a bid to conform to the competitive demands. Internet use will facilitate instant bookings and multi-user access to the facilities that Hilton offers and this will significantly improve operational efficiency within and without the organizational premise (Pearson School and Colleges, 2010 p. 4). Bibliography Anton. P. 2011. Hilton Hotels Case Study: One Situation Analysis. Available at: [Accessed November 19, 2011]. Business Studies Online. 2009. Technological Factors. Available at: [Accessed November 19, 2011]. Caterer and Hotelkeeper. 2007. Company Profile: Hilton International. Available at: [Accessed November 19, 2011]. Data Monitor. 2010. Hilton International Plc: SWOT Analysis. Available at: EBSCO Database. Direct Government, UK. 2011. The European Union. Available at: [Accessed November 19, 2011]. Hilton World Wide. 2011. Discover a World of Opportunity. Available at: [Accessed November 19, 2011]. House of Lords. 2003. Aspects of the Economics of an Ageing Population. Author of the House of Lords. London. Pearson Schools and Colleges. 2010. The Travel and Tourism Industry. Available at: [Accessed November 19, 2011].

Green Building

Without appropriate accommodation, the performance of the student may deteriorate due to varying factors an example being health. Most of the buildings in the city are pre-modern and thus the importance of giving or rather outlining a new design in which a building can get remodeled through. The contemporary world is faced with numerous problems one of them being pollution, it is important to go through a green design that can assist the students in having a conducive living environment while still the design maintaining environmental preservation which is effective for the community around. Client and Mentor In choosing of the means to reconstruct with regard to the client’s precision, it is important to understand the setting of the area. In the provided setting, looking out for all the environmental impacts comes in handy. The building is located in a busy location with a lot of traffic. It is thus important to understand that the cars passing by the building do not spend a lot of time at the location because the ground is rather weak. It is a requirement that the building uses rather tough tiles and the most recommended is the ceramic tiles. The client in this case is the expected occupant and since they are students, it is important to ensure that the building is not very complicated but just ideal. For an ideal contemporary building, it is important to use Ceramic. Ceramic is harder than stone and hence effective enough to use in places with clay soil and having many people around. In the making of such buildings, it is important to ensure that there is minimal use of space while still providing satisfactory area for people to use. The surrounding environment to the building should not have any building around it and should provide ample space for some form of field with grass. Grass is necessary seeing as the ground beneath is clay provides a rather smooth setting and environment for growth. Moreover, research has shown that having chemicals sprayed over the grass eventually leads to the clay soil beneath the foundation of the building stronger and can assist during the rainy season (Vasil, 2009, 77). Clearly, having ample grass space is not an aspect to conform to because it is a town setting but leaving space for it nevertheless is advisable in the setting. The mentor who is the architect in this case should ensure that they pick the right type of soil for the job. Clay soil is strong and provides a great support for the foundation and the basement. This is from the way its particles join to form one large compact Substance. This substance leaves no space for air and thus makes it even harder. However, during the dry periods, the soil gets wet and the particles, having not supported themselves alone, end up breaking into pieces. This consequently has the building developing cracks and eventually falling to the ground, which is a hazard needless to state. Below is an example of a building in the initial stages of construction just before the pouring of concrete. An inspector is a vital mentor in the analysis of the already set foundation for the building. Most precisely an engineer ought to observe the already set foundation for the determination of the stability position that the building will have. Failure to analyze this may lead to the contractors and the builders carrying on with their work with no idea whatsoever of the sensitivity of the issue (Pearon, 2011, 102). The surveyor then comes in after this stage and determines the kind of footing to put depending on the type of building that the owner requires. In this case, a green building would require a rather high footing provided the soil formation and characteristics at the area. This is also

Sustainable Green Buildings

Additionally, congestion of buildings is a major phenomenon in the modern construction industry, as well as inefficient use of land especially in the urban areas. Completed modern structures are responsible for increased energy consumption, loss of productive agricultural land and soil erosion as a result of runoff. Communities living in these areas are exposed to increased stress resulting from congestion and polluted sewer systems. Indeed, little can be fancied about the modern buildings. The increased negativity in the building industry has prompted leaders in the business to seek measures to curb the problem. Buildings which are environmentally friendly that efficiently and sustainably use natural resources have been researched on. This new concept is referred to as green building, which seeks to solve the problems encountered by the construction business. Structures constructed in this manner are referred to as Sustainable Green Buildings RATIONALE FOR THE RESEARCH This paper looks at the concept of Sustainable Green Buildings, their advantages over the modern form of buildings, products used in construction of sustainable green buildings and how sustainable they are. It will seek to find how people perceive the idea and understand how many people are willing to invest in them. LITERATURE REVIEW Definition of Sustainable Green Buildings Sinha (93) defines green building as the effective and efficient use of materials and products which is directed at reducing the overall environmental impact of the building. Sustainable green buildings refer to housing and architectural structures that are constructed using environmental friendly and resources that ensure efficiency throughout the lifecycle of the building. Successful buildings should be durable, economical, offer comfort and fit for the intended use. The life cycle of a building begins at the sitting design, construction, operation and maintenance of the building, renovation and demolition of a structure. In sustainable buildings, the undertaking of all these processes is expected to be an environmental friendly exercise (Bauer et al. 7). To successfully achieve this, the various teams involved in all stages of the lifecycle of a building should be engaged. Different teams involved in the various stages in the construction of a building include the architectural team, structural designers, contractors, engineers and the client. Designers of green buildings built the concept on minimum disturbance of the topology and the landscape, use of non-toxic materials that are recycled and equally environmental friendly and those that use renewable energy sources. The efficiency use of water is emphasized, while natural sources of green energy such as solar and wind power are being exploited (Furr 56). Materials used in Construction of Sustainable Green Buildings Green products used in the construction industry necessarily do not have to be 100% green. Wood that has been treated with different toxic chemicals to make it durable cannot be referred to as a green product since it has health hazards among the people (Robeznieks 10). Different considerations are made when a product is classified as either green or not. Products that have been salvaged or recycled, such as the agricultural products are regarded as green products as it is economical to recycle products than producing new ones. Products which

Sustainable Design and the Recovery of New Orleans from Hurricane Katrina

It passes without any notice with perfection as it is perfectly functional and its form flows seamlessly into the surrounding environment. As an example, a comfortable chair passes without any notice as it is comfortable and well-matched with the human form. Again a good designed kitchen device, even a can opener, passes without any notice perfectly owing to the easiness and smoothness of its functions. Furthermore design is closely tied to the surrounding world. It is a product of wider technological progress and persistent artistic influences. Fifty years ago issues regarding environmental problems mostly went off without any notice. However, during the last thirty years as environmental issues have become of increasing importance and awareness has grown of packaging waste, climate change and other issues design issues have expanded to include environmental issues as well. More recently, importance on environmental issues has been replaced by the importance on sustainability. The following conversation will focus on the interrelationship between sustainability and design. Initially, the term sustainability will be looked at and checked. After that the particular issue of sustainability and design will be studied. The proposal will consider the concept of sustainable design as it has been applied to the reconstruction of the city of New Orleans, Louisiana since it was struck by Hurricane Katrina (August 29, 2005). Particularly, problems with the actual sustainability of present ‘sustainable’ approaches to reconstruction will be focused. This proposal will actually argue that most of the ‘sustainable’ proposals for rebuilding New Orleans are not sustainable as they do not consider the main socio-cultural aspects of sustainable design. After that one simple proposal for reconstruction that is actually sustainable economically, environmentally and socio-culturally will be presented. The last section of the proposal will then consider how the specific proposal for sustainable reconstruction in New Orleans can be applied in a greater framework in other parts of the globe (mostly in the UK). Chapter 2. Principles of Sustainable Design Sustainability The historical discussion of the issue of sustainable design will start with the history (etymology) of the word sustain which is the root of the term sustainability. Following the Online Etymological Dictionary the root of sustain comes from late 13 century, from Old French sustenir hold up, endure, from Latin sustinere hold up, support, endure, from sub up from below + tenere to hold. (Sustain (2010) Online Etymology Dictionary [online].) Following this definition, sustainable design is a design that can be supported or held up by the economy, the environment and society. In the background of design, sustainable designs are those designs that can be backed by the environment. Sustainable designs are designs that do not erode the resources of the environment, but rather can be supported by them. A definition of sustainability has existed since at least 1987 when the Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future (commonly known as the Brundtland Report) was published. The World Commissio

From Evaluating a Skilled Care Initiative in Rural Burkina Faso to Policy Implications for Safe Motherhood in Africa

From evaluating a Skilled Care Initiative in Rural Burkina Faso to Policy Implications for Safe Motherhood in AfricaThe theoretical framework that guides the study presented in the article is that skilled attendance is regarded as being among the most important strategies of intervention for safe motherhood, especially in low-pressure settings. It analyses the role of safe motherhood policy in reducing cases of maternal and perinatal mortality. With the view of user fees in perspective, accessibility of public resources that would ensure safe delivery to reduce these mortalities is limited. This framework views human as being laggards in accepting new changes in the society, since most women still refrain from attending health care services. The study also reveals humans as prejudicial, for failing to put in place universal policies that would incorporate poor people as well. (Meda,, 2008).The research questions of this study include: what practices lead to the rise in maternal mortality? What is the role of safe motherhood policy in alleviating fatalities of motherhood? How can these alarming rates of mortalities be reduced? The purpose of the research is to study the current situation of motherhood safety, identify contributing factors and recommend possible solutions to the problem, through generation of evidence-based policies that would be useful in promoting safe motherhood programs in Burkina Faso (72-74).The type of research design used in this study is a descriptive, evidence-based design, carrying out studies in different settings and providing factual representation of results from the field. It involves naturalist studies, drawing citations from case studies, intent observation of human behavior within the study settings of Burkina Faso, and use of surveys. It also involves review of literature, thus has elements of Review design.The findings of this study reveal that for safe motherhood to prevail, three main issues have to be addressed: user fees, human health professionals and geographical access to health facilities by the mothers. Additionally, owing to the importance of skilled attendance at delivery, effective health policies should be established to achieve its successful implementation. Other policies that have emerged to be important in such implementation include fostering maternal referral service, to take care of emergency procedures. promoting community mobilization to encourage women to use maternal health services. and abolishment of user fees to cater for poor women as well (73-76).The implications for practice and policy, as depicted in the study are diverse in the field of maternal safety, depending on which types of policies are employed. The study reveals that effective implementation of the safe motherhood policy would lead to a significant reduction in perinatal and maternal fatalities, as well as encourages safe practices of childbearing (75). The policies have to be implemented as a package, so as to have impact on current situation of maternal health. ReferenceMeda, N., (2008). From evaluating a skilled care initiative in rural Burhone Faso to policy implications for safe motherhood in Africa. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 13, 68-72.

Anthropogenic climate change and its effects

Despite the fact, that many European and Western countries have ensured strict measures against growing population yet many Asian, African and Latin American countries in the world have failed to understand the same (DiMento Doughman, 2007). Despite the fact that these people present great opportunities for the nations in form of young working people, youth, which is full of energy, and contribute to overall economic growth of country. however, on a global basis, every human is brining with himself the potential to create more pollution and climatic damage to the planet earth (Hansjurgens Antes, 2008). As mentioned earlier that this is one of the toughest choices because by restricting their populations these underdeveloped countries will put a brake on their future development and growth since without work force the same would not be possible. However, in order to ensure that the planet is face, it is important to undertake this decision (Bulkeley Betsill, 2005). One of the biggest sources of pollution and climatic change has its roots in the greed of humankind in electricity generation, which not only disturb the atmosphere of earth but also disturbs the land as well. We are quickly running out of the world’s fuel resources and our hunger of exploring more fuels and consuming them is creating more pollutants and dangerous gases (Hoffman Woody, 2008). Therefore, another decision would be to use solar energy all over the world to meet the energy requirements of the planet. Estimates indicate that the total energy which can be created by all of sun rays that are aimed at our planet in 24 hours are more than enough to meet the energy requirements of this planet for more than an year (Letcher, 2009). However, for implementing the same many countries will have to divert their funds from other developmental and non-developmental expenses to the creation, manufacturing, and use of solar energy systems (Hansjurgens Antes, 2008). Furthermore, like the United States and other Western countries, these countries will have to ensure that tax exemptions and other economic measures are taken to pursue people for buying these solar energy panels. Furthermore, it may also require the planning and design of buildings and houses in such a way that they could install these panels on their roofs. In addition, this would also mean that the percentage of new skyscrapers would decrease significantly (Nelson International Food Policy Research Institute 2009). Rather than building new mega cities, industries and others, nations will have to invest their fortunes in building and growing forests. It will have to give back to this planet what it has taken from the planet. Humankind has cut down billions of trees on this planet for the past couple of centuries to make room for its own buildings, cities and other mega structures. However, this is has created a serious misbalance in the overall atmosphere and ecosystems. By stopping the progress and growth of industries and planting trees instead, nations would be able to play their part in saving the planet (Hoffman Woody, 2008). Plastic bags pose the biggest threat in terms of environmental degradation. These

Costal Navigation CST and EP

When assessing the distance to your target and match up to it with the anticipated pace of the boat, you may conclude that the transition would be much not as much of as one hour. If there is sufficient space on the map, you can conceive a chart for 1 hour, but it is probable that the design may be too huge to fit on the chart. In this case, you can employ any time that suits. You can sketch a chart for 20 or 30 minutes. The only tenet is that every party to the design should be in the identical time span of time. (Pike, D., (1990).If the signal is T 090 ° in 2.0Kn, tidal vector and diagram is sketched for half an hour shall be 090 ° T 1.0M, like if the boat pace 6.0Kn, water the pathway should be 3.0M long as the expanse he would proceed for 30 minutes. Passage will take longer since some of the tides is frequently decreased, the more time passes more shall not happen. If a cross-channel tour from France to the south seaboard area of England got 12 hours, it is probable that the majority of the tides will be taken from, how they will run to the east for six hours and then back to the west for six hours. Position estimation is the best believe you can manage to precede the boat on the exterior of the land. To start with, the added data that we require to double-check that this locality of high tide (set) and the expanse it conveyed the boat (drift). Collinder, Per., (1995).You start at the DR, but at the end of the water pathway, you draw in the tidal vector. This line, which comprises the main heading of the tide and the distance it convey you. Tidal vector has 3 projectiles and the EP positions of the triangle around the position. EP should furthermore have the time and understanding the publication was built.

Proofs for the Existence of God

There are unanswered questions even today about the importance and existence of God as creator of this universe or the galaxies that astronomers see through their ever more powerful telescope. If it is conceivable that this universe had a beginning and will have an end, then it is logical to assume that it must have had a creator, since nothing can be created out of nothing. While John Leslie in his treatise on the subject of ethically required existences argues that there must be proof of God somewhere in the system of things, St Anslem of old puts the cart before the horse and argues that the importance that religion and mankind gives to God proves his existence (Anslem, 4)1. Explication To my mind, both philosophers are arguing for the existence of God, but each from a different standpoint. John Leslie, in his argument for what he calls ‘ethically required existences’, relies on the tenets of naturalism and prescriptivism to explain his viewpoint (Leslie, 1972:222)2. St. Anslem however takes a more unconventional approach and states that to think of God is to think of the Greatest Power that the Universe has ever known, and undoubtedly since some Power created this Universe and every living and inanimate thing out of nothing at all, that Power can only be God and belong to God. No one can create something out of nothing except God. Therefore it is imperative that we believe in the existence of God, the Creator and Master of All the known universe and its galaxies etc. It is far better to accept the existence of God because each creature in the universe is the product of intelligent design and that presupposes a creator. Main Argument John Leslie starts with the notion that we cannot label anything as intrinsically good or bad unless we know what good and bad is, therefore we are making a judgment that can only depend on prior knowledge or something that is inherent in man’s nature or existence. If morality or ethical behavior is what separates us from the animals or at any rate, the creatures that lie below us on the totem pole of existence, then there is someone or something that put it in our hearts, or minds and our souls, and that could only be God. No wonder it is often said that ‘Conscience is the voice of God in man’. The very fact that we all come into this earthly existence with an inbuilt sense of morality is proof enough of the existence of God, a creator that prefers us to be good and do good, but has given us free will all the same, in order to test our level of obedience to him in this earthly life. To support St. Anslem’s argument, since it is so confusing, I prefer to put forward what has been called Pascal’s Wager to prove the existence of God. Pascal’s Wager induces us to wager that there is a God, rather than there is not. He has very interestingly drawn out parallels whether we believe in God or do not believe in God because we cannot do both. Either we believe in the existence of a Supreme Being or we do not. But suppose if we did and there is indeed a God that meets us at the Pearly Gates or whatever as we pass into the afterlife. In that case we would indeed be pleased that we assumed correctly that God did exist. Indeed this assumption also makes our moral life on Earth easier as well. We take pains to do good and be good because


In addition, the method of stream cipher is much quicker and it is easy to implement as compared to block ciphers, though. they have a significant safety issues. If the similar encryption key stream is utilized for a number of times. some types of attacks are able to reveal certain data and information (Network Sorcery, Inc. , 2011) and (Encryption and Decryption, 2011). On the other hand, Block Ciphers symmetric encryption algorithms is a way of data and information encryption that breaks down data and information into blocks and performs encryption or encoding on the data in every block. Additionally, a data block cipher encodes data in constant sized information blocks (usually the block is of 64 bits). In this scenario, the most commonly utilized block ciphers are AES and Triple DES (Network Sorcery, Inc. , 2011) and (Encryption and Decryption, 2011). Moreover, the design of a block cipher encryption is aimed to split the text into reasonably big (e.g. 128 bits) data blocks as well as encrypt every block in a separate manner. In this scenario, this encryption technique of every block normally relies on maximum one of the preceding data encrypted blocks. In addition, the identical encryption key is utilized for every data block. … Discuss what they are, how they work, their advantages/disadvantages, and how/why it was created (did it have a problem or purpose it solved). For comparing two asymmetric encryption algorithms I have selected RSA asymmetric encryption algorithm and DSA (Digital Signature Algorithm). RSA asymmetric encryption is the most well-known asymmetric algorithm based on public key infrastructure, distinguished after its developer Adleman and Rivest, Shamir. Additionally, the RSA makes use of public as well as private keys which are the functions of a couple of huge prime numbers arrangement. In addition, its protection level is discovered on the basis of the complexity of factoring enormous numbers. The RSA asymmetric encryption algorithm could be utilized for both public key encryption and digital signatures. In this scenario, the encryption keys employed for encoding and decoding in RSA working algorithm are produced by means of arbitrary data framework. In addition, the encoding key employed for encryption is a kind of public key known to all as well as the key utilized for decoding the original message is user’s private key. Moreover, DSA (Digital Signature Algorithm) is a U.S. Federal Government established standard or FIPS used for digital security and secret signatures. Furthermore, this standard was established by the NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) in the year 1991 for exploitation in their Digital Signature Standard (Encryption and Decryption2, 2011), (Pelleb, 2003) and (Sassaman, 2000). Encryption for secret key generation is extremely quicker for DSA that seems right if we analyze both the algorithms and their performance. In addition, the procedure of marking or signing is as

Culture and Global Communication

Culture is identified on the basis of behavior, attitudes, and perception of an individual. Thus, culture is one of the vital tasks for an analyze individual to learn and act with respect to it for better sustainability in a society (Gerhart, 2008).In order to meet the aim of the research study, the research design has been based on qualitative research methods. Moreover, the primary and secondary data has been collected in or analyze the data for obtaining appropriate results. The primary data in the study will be collected based on the semi-structured interview on the basis of the interview method. On the other hand, the secondary data was collected from online sources in relation to Hofstede’s cultural dimensions. Nevertheless, the data collected was analysed through charts and graphs. Based on the analysis, it has been identified that there are differences in the culture of the US and Chines students (Rajasekar et. al., 2013).The aim of this particular research study was to identify the cultural differences amid students of the US and China. In this respect, a qualitative research approach has been implemented to have a better undertraining about the factors accountable for cultural differences (Rajasekar et. al., 2013).In this research study, a specific research design has been followed in order to fulfil the purpose of the research within the specified timeframe. In the first phase, it was important to determine the research problem, which was the similarity and dissimilarity in the cultural differences between the US and China’s student. The second phase was the framing of the research design, which comprises the plans on the basis of which data collection and analysis will be conducted. In the third phase, the data were collected from both primary and secondary for effective analysis.

Please Refer To The Attachment For Direction Something That Might Help You Getting This Completed Coursera Org

Social Media Plan
In this assignment, you will need to apply what you have learnt in this module so as to develop the engagement and relationship building strategies as well as content for the social media plan of an organisation. Please note that the plan you will submit here is only a portion of an entire social media campaign.
Here are what you will need to do for the social media campaign:
1. identify an organisation or product that you wish to work on and conduct some background research. You should include the background of the organisation/product and the target audience;
2. come up with 3 engagement and/or relationship building strategies for the organisation/product. Provide at least 1 example for each strategy to substantiate your answer;
3. design an editorial calendar consisting of at least 2 different types of content (e.g. snackable content, incentivized content, curated content, created content, full meal content, commercial
content). Provide at least 1 example for each type of content to substantiate your answer;
4. justify your choices with at least 2 theories;
5. using STEPPS, suggest a piece of content that has the potential to go viral and explain why you feel it would go viral.
The entire assignment is worth 100 points. To pass the assignment, you will need to score at least 70 points.
Review criterialess Is the background and target audience well defined? (10 points) The background of the organisation as well as the target audience should be well­defined and the reason behind the choice of the target audience should be provided. Are the 3 engagement and/or relationship building strategies for the organisation/product presented? Are relevant examples provided? (30 points) Each engagement and/or relationship building strategy should be well explained and justifications should be provided as to why the strategy was chosen. Relevant examples should also be provided that substantiate the concepts.
Is the editorial calendar consisting of 2 different types of content presented? Are relevant examples provided? (20 points) Each type of content should be well explained and justifications should be provided as to why the content was chosen. Relevant examples should also be provided that substantiate the concepts.
Do the 2 theories justify the choices made? (20 points) The theories should be well explained and it should be clear how the theories could be applied to the
engagement and/or relationship building strategies and type of content Is the use of STEPPS to create a piece of viral content well explained? (20 points) The various components of STEPPS should be explained and the link (between at least 3 factors and the piece of content) should be clear as to how they were used to induce virality. Business

Help Me Finish This Assignment Please All The Details Is In The File

Assignment 2: Airline Reservation App Due date: Friday, 30 th September 2016 at 1 2 n o o n on BlackBoard. This assignment is worth 10% of your final grade and has 100 marks in total. Brief For this assignment, you will individually develop an Airline Reservation Application in Java enabling airlines to view the seating map of a flight and to make seat reservations in first or economy class, based on their reservation policies. For a given flight, the Airline Reservation Application retrieves its seating map partitioned into first and economy classes as depicted in the left hand side of Figure 1. A seat request marks a seat as reserved. For example, the first class seat 3E is reserved and shown in the left hand side of Figure 1 as a solid circle. This seat is an aisle type of seat, since it is next to an aisle. Similarly, window type seats are next to the aircraft’s windows (such as 5A), and all other seats are middle type seats (such as 9D). Figure 1: Seat map stored as a 2D array of Seat objects Dr. Kenneth Johnson. Auckland University of Technology. Programing 2 Semester 2 2016 1 Airline Reservation Policies Different airlines have different reservation policies if the requested seating is unavailable on a flight. Consider the policies of the following two airlines: SimpleJet 1. Seating Reservations in First Class • Find and reserve a seat in first class that matches the requested seat type • If no such first class seat with the matching type exists, then find and reserve any seat in first class • If there are no seats available in first class then find and reserve a middle or window seat in economy class, also reserving one of the neighboring seats (for extra passenger room) • If there are no seats matching any of these criteria then a reservation cannot be made 2. Seating Reservations in Economy Class • Find and reserve a seat in economy class that matches the requested seat type • If no such economy class seat with the matching type exists, then find and reserve any seat in economy class • If there are no seats matching any of these criteria then a reservation cannot be made RynoAir 1. Seating Reservations in First Class • Find and reserve a seat in first class that matches the requested seat type • If no such first class seat with the matching type exists, then find and reserve any seat in first class • If there are no seats available in first class then find and reserve a middle seat in economy class, also reserving both the left and right neighboring seats (for extra passenger room) • If there are no seats matching any of these criteria then a reservation cannot be made 2. Seating Reservations in Economy Class • Find and reserve a seat in economy class that matches the requested seat type • If no such economy class seat with the matching type exists, then find and reserve any seat in economy class • If there are no seats matching any of these criteria then a reservation cannot be made Dr. Kenneth Johnson. Auckland University of Technology. Programing 2 Semester 2 2016 2 Methodology You will develop a number of classes in Java that implement the Airline Reservation Application. For full marks, your classes must adhere to correct OOP design principles. Flights Design a class to store information relating to a Flight. For example, start and destination cities, departure time, flight number and a SeatMap object that stores the seat map (see below). Consider the data you will need to store to implement the functionality of the Airline Reservation Application. Storing Seat Maps and Reservations In this section you will develop classes to store seat reservations. Design a Seat class which has data to store whether or not a seat is reserved or is in first class. The seat has data that stores the type of the seat: AISLE, MIDDLE, WINDOW (Hint: consider using an enumerated type). The Seat stores a SeatPosition object which contains the row and column of a seat in the seat map: e.g. 1A, 6C, 2G, forming a seat map position. Write a toString method which
returns a Seat representation according to the right hand side of Figure 1. Write another method that outputs a longer text description of the Seat. For example: E conomy class MIDDLE seat
at: 9D is not reserved. Develop an abstract SeatMap class with an abstract method void initialiseSeatMap(). The class stores a two-­‐dimensional array of Seat objects according to the right hand side of Figure 1, to be initialized by concrete classes (see below). SeatMap contains instance variables that store the number of rows and columns that comprise the matrix and maintains the number of rows situated in first class. All instance variables are protected in the SeatMap class. You should not write any set methods. Instead, it has the following functionality to query the seat map: 1. Provide some accessor methods that return the last row (e.g. 10) and last column (e.g. the character ‘G’) in the seat mapping. 2. Seat getSeat(int, char) returns the seat in the specified seat map position (Refer to Figure 1). 3. getLeft (Seat)/getRight(Seat), returns a seat to the left or right of the input Seat. (Hint: use SeatPosition to find the seat in the 2D array). If the seat does not exist, return null. 4. Seat queryAvailableEconomySeat(SeatType) returns a seat in economy that has the matching SeatType and is not already reserved. If all these types of seats are reserved, return any seat in economy. If all seats are reserved, return null. 5. Seat queryAvailableFirstClassSeat(SeatType) is the same, but only searches first class. 6. toString returns a string containing a text representation of the SeatMap similar to the right hand side of Figure 1. Dr. Kenneth Johnson. Auckland University of Technology. Programing 2 Semester 2 2016 3 Develop two classes that extend SeatMap: 1. BoeingSeatMap is a concrete class which has a default constructor initialising the number of rows to 10, the number of columns to 7 and the number of first class rows to 4. The constructor initialises the seats array accordingly. The constructor calls the initialiseSeatMap method. Write an algorithm in initialiseSeatMap to populate the seats array according to Figure 2. 2. AirBusSeatMap is a concrete class, which has a default constructor initialising the number of rows to 12, the number of columns to 9 and the number of first class rows to 6. The constructor initialises the seats array accordingly. The constructor calls the initialiseSeatMap method. Write an algorithm in initialiseSeatMap to populate the seats array according to Figure 2. Note: initialiseSeatMap instantiates each Seat object stored in the seats array with the appropriate SeatPosition object by translating the array indices to a SeatPosition. Figure 2: SeatMap for Boeing and AirBus Making Airline Reservations Airlines query a flight’s seating map to determine the availability of seats. Create an abstract class Airline that stores the name of the airline, with useful accessor and mutator methods. Define a toString method that prints out a nice representation of the object. This class has two abstract methods: Seat reserveFirstClass(Flight, SeatType) and Seat reserveEconomy(Flight, SeatType) Dr. Kenneth Johnson. Auckland University of Technology. Programing 2 Semester 2 2016 4 Airline is extended by two concrete classes SimpleJet and RynoAir and each class implements the abstract methods according to the airline’s reservation policies. Program Interaction Develop an application class called AirlineReservationApplication which interacts with the core functionality of the Airline Reservation Application. Your program should involve multiple flights to select from, different seating configurations and demonstrate both airline reservation policies. You may consider writing additional methods to simulate when economy or first class is fully reserved. Marking Scheme Criteria: Weight: Functionality of seat map classes Functionality of airline classes Program’s Runtime Demonstration: -­‐Uniqueness -­‐Purpose -­‐Context -­‐Interactive Code Quality: -­‐Whitespace -­‐Naming -­‐Reuse -­‐Modularity -­‐Encapsulation Documentation Standards: -­‐Algorithms Commented -­‐Javadoc Grade A Grade B Grade C Grade D Grade Range: 100 ≥ x ≥ 80% Grade Range: 80 gt; x ≥ 65% Grade Range: 65 gt; x ≥ 50% Grade Range: 50 gt; x ≥ 0% 35% OOP paradigm consistently used for implementation of all seat map functionality. Inconsistent use of OOP paradigm but correct implementation of seat map functionality 20% OOP paradigm consistently used for implementation of all airline functionality. Inconsistent use of OOP paradigm but correct implementation of airline functionality 15% The object-­‐oriented program is unique, purposeful and provides an elegant implementation of the Airline Reservation Application. Program is interactive. The object-­‐oriented program is unique, purposeful. Reasonable implementation of the Airline Reservation Application. Program is interactive. Incorrect seat map functionality and poor use of OOP paradigm Some basic functionality of airline classes/poor usage of abstract and concrete classes The object-­‐oriented program features an incomplete demonstration of the Airline Reservation Application Program is not interactive. 15% Whitespace is comprehensively consistent. All naming is sensible and meaningful. Code reuse is present. Code is modular. Code is well encapsulated. Whitespace is comprehensively consistent. Majority of naming is sensible. Code is modular. Code is encapsulated. Whitespace is comprehensively consistent. Code has some modularity. Code has some encapsulation. Whitespace is inconsistent and hence code is difficult to read. 15% Entire codebase has comprehensive Javadoc commenting. Algorithms are well commented. Majority of the codebase features Javadoc commenting. Majority of algorithms are commented. Some Javadoc comments present. Some algorithms are commented. No Javadoc comments present. Absent seat map functionality or code does not compile Absent functionality of airline classes or code does not compile. Absent functionality of Airline Reservation Application or code does not run after compiling Dr. Kenneth Johnson. Auckland University of Technology. Programing 2 Semester 2 2016 5 Javadoc Commenting 1. Your classes must have commenting of the form: /**
* Comment describing the class.
* @author kjohnson studentnumber
**/ 2. All methods must be commented with appropriate Javadocs metatags. For example: /**
* A comment to describe the method
* @param a parameter description
* @return a description of the returned result
* @author kjohnson studentnumber
* */ Submission Instructions 1. Download and import the Java project Assignment2 to your Eclipse workspace 2. Develop and store all your source code in the reservations package 3. Save several example runs of your airline reservation as text files in the output directory located in this package. These should have the naming format: studentID-­‐
sampleRun1.txt, studentID-­‐sampleRun2.txt, etc, with your student ID number 4. Use the export feature in Eclipse to export your Assignment2 resources to an archive file with the naming format: Lastname-­‐firstName-­‐ 5. Upload your archive file to the Blackboard sys Late submissions will receive a grade of 0 An extension will only be considered with a Special Consideration Form approved by the School Registrar. These forms are available at the School of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Science located in the WT Level 1 Foyer. You will receive your marked assignment via the Blackboard Grade Centre. Please look over your entire assignment to make sure that it has been marked correctly. If you have any concerns, you must raise them with the lecturer. You have one week to raise any concerns regarding your mark. After that time, your mark cannot be changed. Do not email the lecturer because you do not like your mark. Only go if you feel something has been marked incorrectly. Authenticity All work submitted must be unique and your own -­‐ We use automated methods to detect academic integrity breaches. Dr. Kenneth Johnson. Auckland University of Technology. Programing 2 Semester 2 2016 6 Engineering Technology

This Questions Are Due On 11/25/15 And All About My Project

Project Introduction:
In this project, you will develop an amplifier application using one of the BJT or FET amplifiers that were
covered in this course. You will submit the project in two parts, Part 1 in Module 3 and Part 2 in Module 6. In Part 1, you will submit the project proposal along with the first draft of the circuit schematic and design
considerations to the instructor for feedback. Your instructor will provide feedback by the beginning of
Module 4. Part 2 of the project begins with implementing your instructor feedback. Based on the feedback,
you will revise the circuit schematic; compose components list; provide data sheets for all components used
in the amplifier design; and provide updated calculations, schematic diagrams, component list, data sheet
and Multisim analysis for the amplifier design. In case there is a delayed or no feedback from the instructor,
you are suggested to continue work on Project Part 2. Course Learning Objectives Covered:
3. Describe the basic construction and operation of bipolar junction transistors (BJTs) and identify
various types of BJT transistor package configurations.
4. Determine the range of BJT transistor circuit V-I operating points for each BJT biasing circuit and
explain how a transistor can be used as a switch.
5. Describe and analyze the operations of common-emitter, common-collector, and common-base
6. Troubleshoot power supply failures and faults in transistor circuits using accepted techniques.
7. Describe the construction classifications and operations of field-effect transistors (FETs) and identify
various types of FET transistor package configurations. 1 ET1310
Project Description/Requirements of Project Part Part Evaluation Criteria Project Assessment Preparation Checklist: The Project rubric will Part 1 To prepare for Project Part 1, review the readings and lessons be used to evaluate for Modules 1 through 3. this assessment. Your Title: Amplifier Project submission will be Research the ITT Tech Virtual Library and other credible Web evaluated against the resources to come up with a proposed idea for the amplifier following criteria application you intend to use in this project. In a Microsoft using the grading Word document, describe the amplifier application that you rubric: have selected. The final proposal should give just an overview of Did the project the amplifier application. In your description, make sure to cite proposal include the sources in APA format. original design
ideas? The proposal needs to be reviewed and approved by your Did the project instructor. In case there is a delayed or no feedback from the proposal provide instructor, you are suggested to continue work on Project Part a brief overview 2. of the amplifier Submission Requirements: application? Submit a written proposal of the following specification: Did the project Font: Arial; font size: 12; double-spaced proposal Length: 2–3 pages adequately cite Citation Style: APA the resources
used? Due: Module 3
Grading Weight: 5% 2 ET1310
Project Project Description/Requirements of Project Part Part Evaluation Criteria Project Assessment Preparation Checklist: The Project rubric will Part 2 To prepare for Project Part 2, review the readings and lessons be used to evaluate for Modules 4 through 6. this assessment. Your Title: Amplifier Project submission will be Begin Project Part 2 by implementing the feedback received evaluated against the from your instructor on your proposed amplifier application following criteria draft. In case there is a delayed or no feedback from the using the grading instructor, you are suggested to continue work on Project Part 2 rubric: using the same draft that you submitted. Did the
perform Perform the following tasks: Design and develop an amplifier application. properly with Research the ITT Tech Virtual Library and other credible no errors? Web sources to help you in the design and Were the
amplifier development of the amplifier application. calculations
accurately Your Project Part 2 submission must include the following:
Amplifier Design Specifications: The amplifier design shown in the must include all DC and AC parameters, gain, input report? resistance, and output resistance calculations covered Did the in this course. A biasing circuit and any additional
components used to interface with the application are Working Model of the Amplifier Application: Using components
and amplifier design. equipment Report Submission: Write a report documenting design with all considerations and calculations, schematic diagrams, 3 all Multisim, demonstrate a working version of your diagram show also part of the design. schematic components ET1310
Project Project Description/Requirements of Project Part Part Evaluation Criteria component list, data sheets, results, and conclusions. appropriately
labeled? In addition, answer the following questions in the report:
o Were data
sheets provided for efficiency? all design What changes would you make on your current components design to reduce the cost of production?
o identified and design to improve amplifier performance and o What changes would you make on your current in the report? What are some real-world industry applications for which your design can be used? Were clear
results of the PowerPoint Presentation: Create a PowerPoint working presentation describing the details of your design. This system presentation should summarize the information provided in presented in your written report and should be no more the report? than 15 slides in length. Were the Submission Requirements: conclusions Submit the following files to your instructor: clearly and completely specifications. A Word document explaining the amplifier design stated in the A multisim file that demonstrates the working version report? of your simplifier design. Did the A Word document documenting design considerations. PowerPoint A PowerPoint presentation summarizing the presentation information presented in the written report. use good
graphics and Due: Module 6
Grading Weight: 10% 4 PowerPoint
themes? ET1310
Project Project
Part Description/Requirements of Project Part Evaluation Criteria Did the
describe the
including all
features? 5 Engineering Technology

A Researcher Is Planning To Conduct A Study Of The Effectiveness Of An Herbal Tea For Short Term Memory The


A researcher is planning to conduct a study of the effectiveness of an herbal tea for short term memory. The

experiment will involve people playing a short memory game multiple times after taking either an ordinary tea or the herbal tea. Assume both the teas look alike. Is informing the participants if their tea is ordinary or herbal a good experimental design? Use your best judgement.

Select the correct answer below:

NoStatistics and Probability

Chapter Eight Clarifying Quantitative Research Designsin Nursing Graduate Studies Would


Chapter Eight: Clarifying Quantitative Research Designs

In nursing graduate studies, would

you believe there is a whole class devoted to studying research design? Yikes! We want to keep our study of research design a bit more simple in focus. Use the questions below to help you as you read chapter eight.

· A blueprint for conducting a study is called its __________________________.


I Need Help This Isn’T From A Tutor Lol Question 1which Of These


I need help, this isn’t from a tutor lol:

Question 1

Which of these

trophic levels contains photosynthetic organisms?

A) First trophic level

B) Second trophic level

C) Third trophic level

D) Fourth trophic level

E) Fifth trophic level

Question 2

Which trophic level is most likely to have the smallest population of organisms within an ecosystem?

A) First trophic level

B) Second trophic level

C) Third trophic level

D) Fourth trophic level

E) Fifth trophic level

Question 3

Which of the following are examples of ecosystem services that humans do derive from bodies of water?

1. The development of algal blooms in lakes

2. The gradual removal of water pollutants by wetlands

3. The growth of fish, crustaceans, other food sources in oceans

A) 1 only

B) 1 and 2 only

C) 1 and 3 only

D) 2 and 3 only

E) 1, 2, and 3

Question 4

Which phenomenon is most likely to result in secondary succession?

A) Hunters kill large numbers of deer to thin a rapidly growing population.

B) Lions follow migrating antelope to a new section of savannah.

C) Loggers clear-cut a forest and leave when no more trees remain.

D) A volcanic eruption covers a mountainside in lava and ash.

E) A parasite kills a bush in a grassland ecosystem.

Question 5

Which of the following actions is least likely to be taken to protect a species listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act?

1. Restoring the natural habitat of the species

2. Preserving the species’ genetic material in embryo or seed banks

3. Introducing the species to regions in which it has not historically lived

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) 3 only

D) 1 and 2 only

E) 2 and 3 only

Question 6

The predator-prey graph shown tracks the wolf and moose populations in a certain ecosystem over the past 100 years. What is most likely the carrying capacity for moose in this here ecosystem?

A) 800

B) 1,200

C) 1,000

D) 1,400

E) 1,600

Question 7

In which of the following ways do organisms play a role in the water cycle?

1. Water stored in organisms returns to the atmosphere through evapotranspiration.

2. Plants take up water vapor through their roots through the process of sublimation.

3. Humans deplete freshwater reserves at both the surface and groundwater levels.

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) 1 and 2 only

D) 1 and 3 only

E) 2 and 3 only

Question 8

A local government plans to build new roads which are going to divide one forest into several fragments. The roads can follow several different designs, each of which is gonna result in fragments of different sizes. Which design is probably gonna produce the most pronounced edge effects on the organisms that are living in the forest?

A) Three rectangular fragments, each of which is 5 miles wide and 8 miles long

B) Four rectangular fragments, each of which is 3 miles wide and 10 miles long

C) Three rectangular fragments, each of which is 2 miles wide and 20 miles long

D) Three rectangular fragments, each of which is 4 miles wide and 10 miles long

E) Four rectangular fragments, each of which is 5 miles wide and 6 miles long

Question 9

At which of the following trophic levels would you expect to find *only* 10% of the energy that was initially stored in the food chain?

A) First trophic level

B) Second trophic level

C) Third trophic level

D) Fourth trophic level

E) Fifth trophic level

Question 10

Which of the following is an example of a decomposer food chain?

A) dead mouse fly bacterium

B) grass grasshopper rat

C) algae mosquito larva large-mouthed bass

D) phytoplankton zooplankton whale

E) thistle goldfinch hawk


Human Resource Management Performance Management The Addie Process Refers To


Human Resource Management

Performance Management

The ADDIE process refers to


A. A scale used to measure the effectiveness of training

B. the five most common ways to develop training courses

C. The five key steps in deciding what training should take place, for whom, the design and development of training, how it is implemented and how training effectiveness is evaluated.

D. Techniques for gaining the attention of participants in training programs


Please Compare The Prices Of Two Competitive Products Ie

iPhone versus Samsung (do not use these). According to


Please compare the prices of two competitive products ie: iPhone versus Samsung (do not use these). According to

you, what makes the price difference, the image, quality, product attributes, and design??? Explain your position using Marketing terminology.


Example Page Of A Dog Supplier Named Freshpawsofbelairexample Of


Example page of a dog supplier named FreshPawsofBelAir

example of


example of creating an external style sheet with at least 2 of the following styles:

  • A background color for the Web pages
  • A text color for at least one of the Web page elements
  • A font-family for at least one of the Web page elements

You can include additional styles to complete site.

example of (creating a new file for CSS)

Open a new file in your text editor and place your CSS code in it. The following is an example of CSS code for an external style sheet with three style changes, example of using your own attributes. Save and name file style.css:

body {color: #0000FF;background-color: #00FFFF;font-family: Arial;}

example of (add link to your HTML)

example of creating a link element to connect the external cascading style sheet (CSS) to the HTML code. This element gets placed in the head section of the code

The following is a sample of HTML5 code for the index.html page with the link element to connect the files. You will need to add in the link element in each of your three pages of your Web site. Otherwise, the styles will not appear on the second and third pages of the site.

The following is a sample of the index.html code with the link element inserted into the head section:

!DOCTYPE htmlhtmlheadtitleHomepage/title!– example of link element to code. For example: –link href=style.css rel=Stylesheet type=text/css //headbodyheaderimg src=logoimage1.jpg height=300 width=300 alt=logo imageh1Sample Web site/h1/headernava href=index.htmlHome/aa href=about.htmlAbout/aa href=contact.htmlContact/a/navsectionh3Continue to add content for the homepage./h3/sectionfooterh4Copyright year, your name, date, class, section number/h4/footer/body/html

example containing 5 files

Web Design

Usercentered Web Design Focuses On Understanding What Users Want And Regular Testing To Make Sure Users Are


User-Centered Web Design focuses on understanding what users want, and regular testing to make sure users are

getting what they want. What are the primary benefits of this practice?

A. Increased ecommerce revenue and lower labor costs

B. Reduced development time and increased user satisfaction

C. Reduced marketing expenses and improved user retention

D. Improved product development and fewer web site errors (bugs)

Engineering Technology

There Are A Variety Of Organizational Structures A Project Manager Must Understand How Each Structure Operates


There are a variety of organizational structures. A project manager must understand how each structure operates.

This understanding enables the project manager to select the best project team and determine how to develop the team to function in that setting.

Discuss the key questions to address during project team design and development. What are the best practices for maintaining a productive team?

Project Management

I Am Currently Working On An Essay For My Entrepreneurship Class The Question Is

In today’s


I am currently working on an essay for my entrepreneurship class. the question is;

In today’s

competitive entrepreneurship environments in Australia, how should entrepreneurs design and develop a lean, agile and innovative venture to exploit opportunities and optimize success?

It would be great to get some help to see what i should talk about, and where i can get the information.



The Managing Director Of Allens Home Interiors An Interior Design Firm Asked The Accountant To Consider


The managing director of Allens Home Interiors, an interior design firm, asked the accountant to consider

developing a service costing system. The accountant responded:

‘We’re a service business. All our costs are period costs that have to beexpensed in the period in which they have been incurred. We don’t needproduct costing.’

The managing director is furious. (He’s never heard of period costs!) He asks you to evaluate the accountant’s response and to prepare a clear explanation of how service costing could help him manage the business.


Managerial Accounting

Market Segmentation and Product Positioning

Market Segmentation and Product Positioning
“Foresighted? Epson Moverio Smart Glasses Go on Sale for $700” is an article on Wall Street Journal published by Nathan Olivarez-Gilez. The articles best captures the market segmentation concept according to strategic marketing plans deployed by most firms and corporations to maximize on product sale and increased profit margins. The article talks about the unveiling of moverio BT-200 glasses to the public at a staggering price of $699.99. The smart wearable technology appears to give Google smart glasses of the same caliber run for the money because it has an edge in its design of two screens that give an excellent display equivalent of an 80 inch smart television screen. Market segmentation by Epson the tech company manufacturing these glasses has been clearly been highlighted by the article because it touches on the glasses offering more comfort to work place or office setting as opposed to just entertainment as mentioned by the author of the article that one cannot walk in them comfortably down the street. The market segment being targeted here appears to be the average career individual with PowerPoint presentations, visual reports summations and whatnot. The glasses appear to be made to appeal to the group made of career enthusiasts who want to look more professional by using the smart glass moverio BT-200 achieve that desired effect while in the working environment. The Working class consists of the middle class and high class envisioning the target market segment.
“Samsung readies phone for your wrist” is an article by Min-Jeong Lee and Yun-Hee Kim captured on Wall Street Journal that talks about the tech giant Samsung planning to unveil a smart watch that does not need to be tethered to a phone referred to as the wrist communicator which has developed as an innovation of the initial smart watch concept (Lee &amp. Kim). The article elaborates the product positioning concept because of the fact that Samsung is introducing the concept and benefit of their smart wrist watch that is yet to be launched into the world market. The company boasts of already having the leading role in smart watch presence already in the market as opposed to its competitors like Apple Inc. that are yet to make a debut in the same tech sector. The article builds on the fact that the watch will give a different experience to the intended market because it has new exciting features than its predecessors like Galaxy Gear. The mere fact that the watch will be able to have a SIM card is enough to juggle the public minds to want to associate with the product before it is launched into the market and if possible make pre orders. The aim of product positioning in such a context is that Samsung has already created a market niche for its product and further strengthen its brand making it different from its competitors. The target market will have enough curiosity to want to associate with the Samsung brand and the product in the line. This would in turn increase sales and the profit margins of the company when the units are started to be produced.
Works Cited


Full Good Forms and Healthy Communities 05 February (estimated word count = 640) Environmental Studies The article is titled “Lynch revisited: New urbanism and theories of good city form” written by Larry R. Ford from the San Diego State University of San Diego, California, USA. it was first published in 1999 in the journal Cities and discussed how modern cities have been marketed to appeal to various segments of buyers, without consideration of how these cities provide the necessities of modern living. the new urban communities are not authentic, and in many ways, are dull, alienating and isolating, which contradict those basic criteria used by David Lynch to judge how good a city is, which are: vitality, sense, fit, control, and access. In the article, the author argues going back to these basics to make new cities worth living in. A re-examination of the urban planning ideas of Lynch includes efficiency and justice as well. It further appeals to consider city size, future growth, and conservation measures when making plans, as most cities today are also ill and sterile, lacking diversity and vibrancy (Ford 247).
In this second article by Y. R. Jabareen, entitled “Sustainable Urban Forms: Their Typologies, Models, and Concepts” and published in the Journal of Planning Education and Research back in September of 2006, the author who is connected with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in the Department of Urban Studies, he identifies the four sustainable types of major urban forms, namely: neotraditional development, the compact city, urban containment, and lastly, the ecological city. Any of these urban forms utilizes a combination of the seven main design concepts in terms of environmental planning for sustainability which are compactness, transport, density, mixed-land use, diversity, passive solar design, and lastly, greening (Jabareen 39), which is essentially just an elaboration of the ideas of David Lynch.
In “Urban Development and Climate Change” and published in 2008, an entirely new perspective was drawn based on concerns of climate change as countries grapple with the issue of urban sprawl, and that is how to reduce gas emission by reducing the vehicle-miles-traveled (VMT) by using compact development as the role model (Ewing et al. 201). By their estimates, compactness helps to reduce VMT by approximately 20% to 40% because it eliminates long commutes, which in turn reduces the gas emissions by around 7% to 10% as they made some plausible assumptions in their study models, up to the year 2050. For most of local governments worried about global warming, it is a good idea as it helps to mitigate the bad effects of carbon dioxide emissions from land transport by reducing the need to travel.
The article “Growing Cities Sustainably: Does Urban Form Really Matter?” by these authors Marcial H. Echenique et al., they contend compact development is not necessarily the best form as it only addresses the twin issues of land conservation and a reduction in travel distances. Further, they found spatial options in their statistical models can only have limited impact on energy consumption and land use. rather, a change in lifestyles as accompanied by controlled population growth contributes more to healthy communities. This in turn has a greater impact on natural resources and the environment, contributing to a higher quality of life as perceived by residents, and an inclusive growth in social equity (Echenique et al., 122).
The fifth article discusses how greater street connectivity prevents urban decay and a subsequent migration to suburbs which in turn leads to urban sprawl. The authors indicated an emphasis on retention and enhancement of the unique downtown physical characteristics can contribute to a healthy community by reduced traffic on arterial or secondary streets and gives both better utility connections and faster access for emergency vehicles (Filion et al. 328), minimum requirements for a healthy community. This article “The Successful Few: Healthy Downtowns of Small Metropolitan Regions” first appeared on November 26, 2007.
Works Cited
Echenique, Marcial H., Anthony J. Hargreaves, Gordon Mitchell, and Anil Namdeo. “Growing Cities Sustainably: Does Urban Form Really Matter?” Journal of the American Planning Association, 78.2 (03 May 2012): 121-137. Print.
Ewing, Reid, Keith Bartholomew, Steve Winkelman, Jerry Walters, and Geoffrey Anderson. “Urban Development and Climate Change.” Journal of Urbanism, 1.3 (27 Nov. 2008): 201-216. Print.
Filion, Pierre, Heidi Hoernig, Trudi Bunting, and Gary Sands. “The Successful Few: Healthy Downtowns of Small Metropolitan Regions.” Journal of the American Planning Association, 70.3 (26 Nov. 2007): 328-343. Print.
Ford, Larry R. “Lynch revisited: New urbanism and theories of good city form.” Cities, 16.4 (1999): 247-257. Print.
Jabareen, Yosef Rafeq. “Sustainable Urban Forms: Their Typologies, Models, and Concepts.” Journal of Planning Education and Research, 26.1 (Sept. 2006): 38-52. Print.

The Role of Computers in Industrial Espionage

is, sharing sensitive information with suitable parties while protecting that information against competitors, suppliers, vandals, foreign governments, and customers.
The attempt to gain access to a company’s plans, products and clients’ information, and whatever trade secrets are, is considered as industrial espionage. It describes activities such as theft of a business formula, practices, processes, design, instrument, pattern, or any vital information which is generally not accessible because these give the company leverage from competitors. Some other acts associated to this are bribery, blackmail, and technological surveillance. Intellectual property crimes are grave offenses in their own right, “not because they inflict physical injury or death upon a person, but rather because they steal creative work from its owner.” (Nasheri,) It is inevitable that a company aspires to know the business moves of a rival business and this has been the primary concern of some of the largest companies in the world. They have an annual budget and pool of people to handle these concerns. While it is true that to “survive in today’s cutthroat business environment, [one] must be properly armed. And one of the most important arrows in the businessman’s quiver is accurate knowledge of his competitors and business environment – in other words, detailed knowledge of the enemy and the terrain of the battlefield,” (Rustmann, 2004) it is however unfortunate that commonly this said conduct is illegal. Oftentimes, rival companies will browse through public records in order to pre-empt actions about another company. However, when the search becomes private, industrial espionage is an unlawful act and punishable with financial penalties and sometimes jail time. Furthermore, this may lead businesses to bankruptcy and also affect the ties of friendly nations for when it already surpasses national boundaries it can make allied nations momentarily are indecisive and doubt

Terry Cannon MBA

Case Study I Terry Cannon, MBA Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Case Study 3 Consultant at ICG 3 VP of Marketing at Start-up InfoMicro 4 Manager at MFG Corporation 4
Knowledgeable Participant 5
Well Equipped for the Work World 6
References 7
Case Study
In this case, the types of knowledge regarding the information systems that Terry Cannon would need considering his position in each of the companies are explained below:
Consultant at ICG
In this company i.e. ICG the role of Terry Cannon would be of a consultant who would design a marketing strategy for the clients of the company after gaining a complete understanding of their concerns. Terry Cannon also had the option of working from home for the fifth day of the week. After considering his role and work profile in this organization, it was found that Terry Cannon should have knowledge regarding Knowledge Management Systems and Office Automation Systems (Petrides, 2004. Walshman, 1993).
VP of Marketing at Start-up InfoMicro
InfoMicro has been mentioned to be a start-up company on the net and Terry would be the VP of marketing. As, this company would be an internet based start-up so, it is quite evident that Terry Cannon should have proper knowledge regarding the information system as most of the work would be computer and internet based. In such a company with his given position, he requires to have good knowledge about Management Information Systems, Executive Support Systems, Decision-Support Systems, Transaction Processing Systems and Office Automation Systems as well (Petrides, 2004. Walshman, 1993).
Manager at MFG Corporation
In this company Terry Cannon has been offered a position as a manager of the marketing department and would be responsible for developing new customers. Considering his role in this organization, Terry Cannon needs to have knowledge regarding Management Information System, Transaction Processing Systems, Decision Support Systems and Knowledge Management Systems (Petrides, 2004. Walshman, 1993).
Knowledgeable Participant
Terry Cannon can prove to be a knowledgeable participant in each of the mentioned three jobs by possessing knowledge regarding information systems that would be relevant with the job profile in relation to all the three organizations. Being a knowledgeable participant in the field of information systems would assist him in carrying out his responsibilities more effectively. This would also help him in designing appropriate and accurate marketing as well as business strategies for his clients and his organizations.
In case of Terry Cannon to be a knowledgeable participant, he should be well informed and possess enough knowledge regarding the types of information systems that would assist him in performing his duties as well as responsibilities towards his organizations and clients efficiently and successfully.
For instance, being a consultant at ICG would involve designing marketing strategies for his clients. So, Terry Cannon should have enough knowledge regarding knowledge management system which would help him with current and accurate information that would facilitate in designing proper and effective strategies. He should also be well informed about office automation systems as this would help him to work from his home.
In the case of start-up InfoMicro, Terry Cannon would need to handle all the operations in relation to marketing as well as design effective marketing plans and strategies for his organization. Here, Terry Cannon would need to have enough knowledge regarding management information system, executive support systems, decision support systems and office automation systems. Knowledge regarding all these would help him to handle and to monitor the daily operations in the marketing department as well as to formulate effective strategies that would be beneficial for the company.
MFG Corporation desires to appoint Terry Cannon as the manager of the marketing department. In this organization, he would have the responsibility to bring in fresh customers. For this he needs to develop marketing plans as well as have current information regarding the operating functions of the company as well as for the existing clients. He also needs to have access to the information of the company that would be relevant for him. This would involve knowledge regarding management information systems, knowledge management systems, decision support systems and transaction processing systems.
Well Equipped for the Work World
As an MBA with marketing major, Terry Cannon is prepared for the work world in a partial way. This is because of the fact that the business environment is undergoing a constant change and organizations in order to keep up with such a dynamic environment are becoming reliant on information systems. This facilitates the organization to keep pace with the changing environment and ensure its existence in the business. Although Terry Cannon is technically informed regarding the field of marketing, at the same time he lacks knowledge regarding information systems. Information systems have become a vital part of organizations and the people working in such organizations. So, Terry Cannon needs to acquire knowledge regarding information systems as that has become a decisive determinant factor to achieve success in the work world.
Petrides, L.A., (2004). Knowledge Management, Informations Systems and Organizations. Educause Center for Applied Research. Retrieved Online on October 03, 2011 from
Walsham, G., (1993). Interpreting Information Systems In Organizations. Wiley.

Designing Effective

Based on this importance, the paper emphasizes the need for further research into opportunities presented by effective designing of contracts. This paper dissects how framing and expectations of contracts influence the contract’s performance.
Various researches have attempted to look into the ubiquitous nature of contracts. Some have mentioned that contracts are merely necessary safeguards which secure parties involved in a contract against potential undesirable behaviors by the involved parties. This facilitates exchanges. Many scholars note that mitigation of the threats arising from contracts is dependent on contractual framing and expectations.
Recent evidence from researches suggests contract framing play an important role in determining how contractual application is implemented. For instance, contracts which are framed with a loss in mind in case of failure to meet threshold amounts to the involved parties making greater effort. Similarly, contracts framed with a gain in mind, the parties will also be motivated to work even extra hard. The expectation of something is seen to motivate an action in implementation of the contract.
Many contract theorists have begun systematic unpacking of behavioral implications associated with contract frame and expectations from the same (Weber and Mayer 56). A key emerging issue in design of effective contracts is the psychological impacts of framing and expectations of contracts. Despite widespread knowledge of the role of contracts in ensuring mitigation of hazards through development of safeguards, there exists little knowledge with regard to psychological impacts of the contracts. Contract framing offers a potential mechanism to psychologically affect the exchange or continuous revealed in the study, contracts aim at protecting the parties involved in a relationship against any form of opportunistic behavior thus boosting the confidence of the parties involved so that they can proceed with the

Brand equity for Sandro

Brand equity for Sandro The brand is identified as a Parisian brand known for its reflection of French simplicity. In terms of market segment, the brand usually targets customers within ages 25-40 comprising of professionals considered to have hectic lifestyle. In general, the brand targets modern customers who are up to date with fashion. To ensure unique selling proposition (USP), Sandros specializes in making the brand more versatile by marketing the product across all the ages thereby leading to positive customer-base brand equity. The versatility ensures large client base for the product. In which case, the brand should make use of effortless style with both ranges of men and women across all the ages (Burger, 2012, 35).
For brand meaning, it is wholly inspired by French design and usually sought by women in their 30’s. In order to maintain and improve its customer base, the brand has ensured strong customer relationships through conducting client data collection about how their response to the product. Through the help of brand equity, the company compliments its brand’s imagery by improving its commitment to social causes such as introducing“reduce, reuse, recycle”. This triggers customers to feel good while purchasing the product. Further, brand performance demonstrates its reliability and durability. people know that their products are well designed and stylish, and that they wont let them down.
In terms of brand response, Sandro makes use of high quality materials, to satisfy their clients, obtained from France thereby reflecting modern fashion (Kapferer, 2012, 5). This has helped in evoking feelings directly in the customers because of the expertise associated with the contemporary fashion. According to the nature of the brand, trendy people known to be fast fashion follower are strongly attracted to the fashion created by the brand. Consequently, this has evoked loyalty given that the customers can identify the brand according to their unique needs. Apart from the trendy people, fun loving people who have a sense of achievement and self-respect visualize credibility and superiority of the brand (Kapferer, 2000, 45). This is because, the modernity evident in the brand allows the customers to express themselves in a fashionable way. The superiority arises given that the competitors have not been able to evoke the same feeling on the customers.
One of Sandro assets, towards ensuring brand resonance, is strong online presence that ensures that there is 24-hour connection with the clients. This has helped the brand in remaining relevant in the market even though there are many competitors. In order to improve its resonance and ensure positive customer base brand equity, the brand strategizes in having a good store location, located in major towns around Europe. Paris, London and Milan. Strong brand loyalty is another asset, which ensures that client base remains loyal to the cause of the product. Further, it plans to launch a digital marketing campaign covering social media, online store, blogs and online magazines in order to increase online presence. This is accompanied by increasing brand awareness through sponsorship of sports events. Through ensuring large customer base, this strategy has made the brand operation a success story among its competitors. Carrying out brand awareness has ensured that the brand remains known to the customers thereby increasing customer loyalty (Glynn, 2009, 987).
Kapferer, J.-N. (2012). The new strategic brand management: Advanced insights and strategic thinking. London: Kogan Page.
Kapferer, J.-N. (2000). Strategic brand management: Creating and sustaining brand equity long term. London: Kogan Page.
Burger, M. (2012). Brand Equity and Brand Value: Explanation and Measurement. Norderstedt: Books on Demand.
Fisher-Buttinger, C., &amp. Vallaster, C. (2008). Connective branding: Building brand equity in a demanding world. Chichester, England: Wile
Glynn, M. S., &amp. Woodside, A. G. (2009). Business-to-business brand management: Theory, research and executive case study exercises. Bingley: JAI Press

Prayer of the Dragon by E Pattison

In order to be done justice, this book asks the audience for time. It needs to be read with patience like a teacup is emptied, sip by sip. A reader would never get to sense the magic incorporated by the author if he drinks it as a coca-cola bottle in one go. Particularly, the crisp narrative and ambiance need to be dealt with delicately. With more than 350 pages in it, the book seems a bit overdone, some passages in it are unnecessary though. The plot takes churns time and again. Right from the beginning, a reader gets the impression that the prime motive of the author is to solve the murder mystery, but then the mountain’s wonder and its centuries-old history becomes the focus of attention, thus making the solution of the murder mystery a secondary objective to attain. Shan’s voyage is full of dangers along the Bon kora and the unknown certainty is just as mesmerizing for the audience as it is for Shan. One of the most beautifully written paragraphs in the book is here.
Shan found himself scanning the darkened slope. He would have welcomed a conversation with a ghost. His first question would be the one that had gnawed at him since visiting the death site the first time when he’d seen the lightning snake and a portion of a little wooden figure. Why were these Tibetan things being done in non-Tibetan ways? (Pattison 59).
Several intriguing aspects add to the plot’s complexity of design one of them being Tibet’s political scenario and the tension between the unofficial regime of the villages of Tibet and the official Beijing government. Another intriguing aspect is the historical relationship between Bon and the Navajo and the way it draws certain characters’ motivation. Thirdly, the unexpected behavior of the characters is also strange. One can sense an Indiana Jones touch to the climax, yet the last chapter adds an adequate conclusion to the whole story.

Presentation Outline

Presentation outline Presentation outline INTRODUCTION I. Goals of the database design II. Definition of terms III. Significanceof a database design
Eliminates redundant data
Enhances application performance
Enables easier maintenance
IV. Thesis statement: Database design has become a fundamental part in the development of efficient applications and programs all over the world.
I. Overview of the database design
1. Detailed explanation about the benefits of the design
2. Explanation of the challenges faced during the design of the database
Table ratio
Data stability
Data and query complexity
II. Chapter one: Who Needs a Database?
1. Overview of individuals who need database management systems
2. The relational model
3. The history of the relational model as proposed by Edgar F. in the late 1960s
4. An brief introduction of the Microsoft SQL Express program
5. The role of SQL in relational databases
6. Statement of the scope for the database
III. Chapter two: Gathering Information
1. Prepare relevant documents required in the database design
2. Gather all the data required for developing the tables and reports
The data can be obtained by checking the relevant documents, performing interviews or preparing a questionnaire.
3. Documentation
The documentation process helps in keeping data records during the design process. It contains a summary of the vital data contained in the application. The entity-relation diagrams are also included in the documentation.
IV. Chapter three: Requirements and Business Rules
1. Overview of the database requirements
Data requirements
Report requirements
Security requirements
2. The UML Diagram
Overview of the UML diagrams (Use Case Diagrams)
Develop the UML diagrams
3. Review the requirements and business rules
4. Determine the amount of data to be stored in the database
V. Chapter four: Database Design
1. The Design Process
Determine the main purpose of designing the database management system
Gather and organize the data that is to be recorded
Appropriately divide related pieces of data in separate tables and define the data type for the data entered in the table
Select a suitable primary key for each table and also set up the relationships among the tables
Add redundant tables and relationships
Develop entities and add attributes
Create the appropriate relationship between the entities
Develop the entity-relationship diagram and resolve the relationships using linking tables in the design template of the software
Resolve issues with the cardinality of table relationships
2. Error Checking
Perform an error check and make the necessary adjustments in the design
VI. Chapter five: Normalization and Design Review
1. Adjust the entity-relationship diagram against the three normal forms by inserting, updating and deleting anomalies
2. Making adjustments to the tables
Designing a database is a procedure aimed at creating a comprehensive data model. In this relational model, tables are used to store and generate the information needed. The process of database design encompasses knowing the target market, gathering the required information from appropriate sources, defining the requirements of the database, the design itself and reviewing among others. This is because database design has become an essential part in the development of effective applications globally.
Beaulieu, A. (2009). Learning SQL. Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media.
Conger, Steve. (2010). Hands on Database: An Introduction to Database Design and Development. Retrieved from
Coronel, C., Morris, S. &amp. Rob, P. (2012). Database Systems: Design, Implementation, and Management. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.
Date, C.J. (2012). Database Design and Relational Theory. Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media.