Art Appreciation

Hereby we shall make an effort to have a feel of the creation of that artfully.Here, after having a glimpse of the art piece, one after the other, and knowing the year material of the creation, we move towards analyzing and understanding the art piece from all perspectives. Since both the pieces belong to the same category of art, we shall talk about both together.(i) The Sky Above The Clouds puts on canvass her imagination to bring out how the sky looks from a height above 30,000 feet from the airplane. The painting uses very few colors giving it a somber look and is one of the most appreciated art pieces of OKeeffe.(ii) The Gray Line puts on canvass a feeling of serenity. It is an abstract painting leaving it for the viewers to understand what it tries to speak. Most of the reviews written on it link it with the beauty of women and the tenderness of women.Both are essentially two-dimensional artworks. It is to be noted here that graphic designs, drawings, paintings belong to the two-dimensional art forms whereas the three-dimensional art form have length, breadth, and height which include sculptures, statues, etc.Both the artworks of OKeffee under discussion belong to the abstract form of art. This is so because the art itself on its look does not depict anything in the natural world in particular. Instead, it is making use of colors in a non-representational way. It depicts real forms, keeping just an allusion of the original subject that it wants the viewer’s mind to hit. These paintings carry an intrinsic quality of od abstraction making them non-figurative non-objective as well as non-representational.Both the art pieces belong to Fine Arts indicating a form of visual art and are concerned with beauty that appeals to the viewer’s mind. These paintings don’t choose a medium to convey what they try to put forth, but have a self-expression inthem.

The Ancient Art and Its Forms

The Ancient Art and Its FormsIt is believed that ancient art began before the 16th century. The ancient art included ancient forms of art by Chinese, Persian, Egyptians, Indians, Greece, and Rome. In Egypt, most of the ancient art includes works of god, goddesses, because of their religious background. On the other hand, the Romans commemorated certain events using different artistic styles. Chinese ancient artwork dates back to the prehistoric times of Shag and Zhou Dynasties, which led to massive production artistic bronze ware and vessels. Chinese artistic art also included graphics and sculpture of horses. The first Indian art is believed to be 5,000 years old, which included stone carving and bronze castings. With a great history of Hinduism and Buddhism, the Indians produced many religious pieces of arts. People in ancient Central America around Mexico region began their artistic work 1000 years BC. The region is famous for production of wonderful ceramics with kilns burning it over 900°C[Hen12]. The Christian era began during the ancient times and is believed to have continued evolving until the modern times. The most striking features of this period include monuments produced by Indians, Egyptians, Romans, and many other groups. However, we shall concentrate on two striking monuments like the Minoan Snake Goddess and Totem Pole. Minoan Snake Goddess is an ancient cultural piece of art that depicts the Goddess holds two snakes in each hand. The first production of Minoan Snake goddess dates back to 1600BCE. The piece of art resembles a totem pole by the manner in which it is decorated. An interpretation of the open breast reveals the fertile nature of the Goddess. The snakes are a symbol of renewed life since the snakes are regarded as immortal whenever they shed their skin and renew their strength. The above pieces of art resemble each other in the manner in which they are decorated [Ric92]. They are also symbols of religion. Indians in their temples use the Minoan Goddess symbol.Minoan Snake Goddess Totem PoleThe two pieces of art are 3 dimensional carvings mostly done using the stone. Indians used the stone to produce most of their ancient art and so was Minoan Snake Goddess. Use of colors was highly emphasized ancient artists because colors and decorations brought out the beauty aspect of the intended art. Use of line and shape has also been used in the two pieces of art. Shapes like triangle and cube boxes have been employed in the Minoan Snake Goddess. The same also applies to the Totem Pole piece of art which is also highly decorated with a lot of different shades of color. The two pieces of art are religious in their context hence the theme of religion is greatly emphasized. Minoan Goddess is shown holding snakes symbolizing power over death Totem pole picture also show the curving with open hands a symbol of open strength and power over the evil hence this symbolizes pride[Wal85].Minoan Snake Goddess and Totem pole resemble each other as they are tall and also form the sign of the cross. ReferencesHen12: , (Henry M, 2012, p. pg 123), Ric92: , (Richerson, 1992), Wal85: , (Burkert, 1985),

Medical Negligence

Medical negligence has, however, been a controversial area in tort law, because of the predominance of the legal precedent established in the case of Bolam, which allowed standards to be set by the medical profession. This precedent has been increasingly questioned in the UK itself as well as in other countries, as being violative of fundamental individual rights. The issue of establishment of medical negligence is still changing and no clear cut principle has as yet emerged that could fully replace the Bolam principle. This study proposes to examine the rationale behind the Bolam principle and offers a comparison with other countries that have adopted differing principles of tort law on the issue of negligence by doctors and medical personnel. This study will aim to analyze the different positions that have been adopted, primarily in the U.K. via the changes to the Bolam principle as compared to the United States and Australia.Medical negligence is the main concern with arriving at a determination of whether the defendant who would be a medical practitioner of some sort, has come up to the standard of care that is owed to the patient6. If it may be determined that there has been a failure to achieve that standard, then the doctor could be held to be guilty of negligence, in much the same way as a failure to maintain the required standard of duty of care would find a defendant guilty under tort law. Medical Negligence in the United Kingdom was governed by the Bolam test, set forth in the case of Bolam v Friern Hospital, which stated that a doctor is not guilty of negligence if he has acted in accordance with a practice accepted as proper by a responsible body of medical men skilled in that particular art….7 On the basis of this judgment, the question of whether or not a doctor is negligent is determined by whether or not his peers are of the view that s/he has acted within the parameters of standard practice.

Army Marketing Shift Snafu or Effective Exercise

Snafu stands for Situation Normal All Fouled Up and refers to an otherwise normal event that turns into a disaster. This paper analyzes the shift in late 2006 of the U.S. Army’s marketing slogan from An Army of One to Army Strong. Marketing slogans are used in advertising as a very good way to deliver an intense and strong message to the customer so that s/he decides to read the rest of the ad. Slogans also help in mind recall by instilling an image that sticks.The U.S. Army has had a long string of successful and effective slogans since it became an all-volunteer force in the early 1970s: Today’s Army wants to join you (1971-73), Join the people who’ve joined the Army (1973-79), This is the Army (1979-1981), Be all you can be (1981-2001), and An Army of One (2001-2006).The new slogan that would be tried out in the next two years with an optional extension for another three years actually has two related tag lines There’s strong, then there’s Army strong and It’s a strength like none other. The main reason cited by the Army for the marketing shift was its failure to meet its recruitment target in 2005, a trend that had already been somewhat predicted by declining recruitment figures since 2003.Essentially, while Army recruitment is similar to any normal company that wants to hire people to work for it, its critics cite one major difference: if you work for the Army, you would have to be ready to risk your life for your employer. It can be argued that the Army is not much different from companies that hire people for dangerous work in underground mines, offshore oil rigs, or outer space, so why are people not willing to work for it?Ironically, the word strategy comes from the Greek word strategos meaning art of the general and implies its initial application in warfare (Watson, 1993, p. 26). It is therefore easy to make the ‘wrong’ assumption that Army executives are proficient in strategic planning not only how to win battles and the war, but also how to get people to work for it.

Outcast Theme in American Literature

The leader was well aware of how much supportive press leaders who were behind him, such as John F. Kennedy, has gotten for their political support of arts, as well as how much goodwill the support of arts has generated home and internationally (Mihalache 34). He anticipated that through establishing a federal art agency that he might gunner more endorsement from the East Coast liberal development, which opposed most of his policies. The endorsement of arts is what constituted to the American outcast. Americas, prior to the arts act, were not always kind to the artists or people who basically opted to pull out of the traditional way of life so as to arrive at some knowledge and some individual integrity. The scientists, on the other hand, always seemed to receive all the praise whereas arts and humanities received mostly negatively reviews (Mihalache 34). The American outcast theme is also portrayed infamous American literature such as Rye, Huckleberry Finn, The Great Gatsby, Scarlet Letter, Star Wars and Finding Nemo (Mihalache 35). All these works have the major theme of the main protagonist breaking away from the traditional way of life to living by trying to fulfil way the society has set for them but instead fulfil what they have set for themselves. Historically, the outcast arose from the mystique concerning frontier life (Mihalache 35). The Frontier Life, also referred to as the Turner Thesis, was an argument developed by historian Frederick Turner back in 1893, which held that American democracy was developed by the country’s frontier. As the 1774 to 1778 Governor of Virginia argued, Americans, at all times, think of a land that is far off even though they seem content with the one that they are already settled. The governor went on to say that if Americans attained paradise, they would still move on with the slightest chance of being promised an advanced place (Mihalache 35).

Postmodernism can help in our understanding of ‘popular’ film

He went ahead to describe that this ideology of survival of humans was linked to as capitalism. Marxism described capitalism as a notion where there existed labour division among people and class separation was existence in the manner that where was a significant difference in power and wealth. As a result, Marxism theory was based on capitalism and he linked this aspect to explain how the society works in a cyclic manner. According to Birchall (2008) when Karl Marx theory of capitalism was related to art, capitalism sought to create a value of any object in terms of money, so art was no exception. With that, art was also reduced to consequent value such that, even if the piece of art was regarded as high art, according to the capitalist theory by Karl Marx , the art definitely had a price value that was attached to it. According to Freeland (2001) Sigmund Freud spoke about art as a way to express unconscious feelings that the artist may even lack (p. 157). He explained that, [The artist] is urged on by instinctual needs…. he longs to attain honour, power, riches, fame and the love of women. but he lacks the means of achieving these gratifications. So like any other with an unsatisfied longing, he turns away from reality and transfers all his interest, and all his libido, on to the creation of his wishes in the life of fantasy, from which the way might readily lead to neurosis (p. 157). This can be elaborated to mean that Sigmund viewed art as a matter that was related to an urge to produce art and get wealthy and famous but not as a means to express to the society. Discuss how Postmodernism can help in our understanding of ‘popular’ film Postmodernism in the film The Matrix Trilogy Baudrillard Jean was a philosopher who came up with theories related to postmodernism in art and the impact that this art had. Some of his works revealed aspects such as Simulacra and Simulations. According to Baudrillard (1994), thesimulacrumis never that which conceals the truth–it is the truth which conceals that there is none. The simulacrum is true (p. 1). He talked about the presence and use of simulation and simulacra in art such that it would relate to reality. He described it as the generation by models of a real without origin or reality: a hyper real. He went ahead to describe that a lot of models have been created and simulated in a manner that would look real without doubt whereas the real is produced from miniaturized cells, matrices, and memory banks, models of control-and it can be reproduced an infinite number of times from these (p.2). When Baudrillard Jean stated this, he meant that simulation could be produced from aspects such as matrices and the output could also be manipulated and repeated over and over again until the abstraction of the real object has been produced by the simulation vector. As a result, no clear distinction could be made between the real object or image and the false one as they both appeared inspiringly similar. When this methodology of Simulacra and Simulations was translated to the film, The Matrix

Madam X

Hence, combining with other aspects like line intended by the artist to draw viewers’ attention towards the central image, which occupies better part of middle ground. Line It comprises one of the essential aspects utilized by the artist in this work to highlight varied aspects that draw demarcation of varied objects and their respective shapes (The Metropolitan Museum of Art). This is evident in the extreme edges of painting parts whose demarcations with other is by use of lines besides detailing varied shapes in the entire image. For instance, the circular shapes defining the nearby table where the woman seems to be leaning on, which is also evident in the way line acts as a boundary between her body’s upper exposed physique and the black dress (Costache 94). Hence, line in this case besides showing outer forms of varied aspects characterizing the entire portrait, it also acts as detailing element evident from the table’s sharp edges. In addition, induces portrait’s movement marked by the way it directs eyes of the viewer from the fore front parts of the table towards where the main image seems to lean on besides detailing the entire shape including that of the woman. Color The use of color in this image besides making the image appear more lifelike it emphasized on the main image, which is the woman (Costache 95). This is evident from the skin’s color, which reveals her beauty besides the entire dress being darker compared to other objects comprising the portrait. Therefore, color in this case similar to line acts as a detailing aspect evident from its varying intensities when used for varied objects that characterize Madam X’s artwork. Emphasis This is noticeable in the way artist has preferred abstract colors with those comprising the woman’s settings with the intention of making her stand out. Mainly, this is by using shades or colors with less intensity compared to those of the woman’s dress and skin. Depiction of emphasis is also noticeable by use of the image’s central placement and subordinating other diverse objects towards making that of the woman appear a bit bigger besides being appealing (Brynjolson Rhian 129). Light This portrait lacks adequate illumination, which could have resulted to sharp shadows. However, by observing the woman’s face and darker areas from where she is standing towards the background, it is evident the light is in front and above but bearing extremely weak intensity. However, its low intensity contributes to the emphasis of the main image by ensuring other objects that do not have strong shading in comparison to the woman do not emerge to over power portraits core focus. Texture It ranges from smooth to rough. Smooth surfaces in the portrait comprise the table surface, woman’s skin and her silk like dress whereas rough embrace the wall and floor from which the main object (the woman) stands. Space Detailed placement of varied objects comprising the portrait create a three dimensional appearance, for instance, the table and woman standing a distance away from the wall or at the center of the portrait (Jarvis Irene 44). Hence, create the aspect of depth evident from the unclear illumination of rear objects. Mood The absence of clear and defined color of the wall presents the mood of ethereal or abstract. Hence, prompting a keen viewer to suggest there is what

Kim Jong II and His Leadership

His ruthlessness, calculating nature, and the unwillingness to compromise with other nations are traits that do not work in North Korea’s favor since they create the impression of a dictatorial state that is not amenable to diplomacy and therefore cooperation with the world comity of nations. Kim Jong’s unpredictability and his mental imbalances also work against the nation because it leads to dangerous actions such as testing nuclear weapons. In order to mitigate these effects, it is necessary for Jong to rely more upon the experienced and balanced advice from senior leaders in his country who are skilled in the art of diplomacy. Jong also needs to tone down his cruelty and unpredictability and introduce some elements of justice and fairness into his Government and leadership of the country. He must be less egotistical and impetuous and look to the interests of his country rather than resorting to vindictiveness when he is not the center of attention.2. This leader’s core values have been shaped by the totalitarian background that his father had created, which has also been the base from which Kim Jong has originated. The indoctrination under his father has produced three core values within him (a) to adhere to the family motto of breaking enemies instead of bending to them, as a result of which Kim Jong tends to adopt a confrontational rather than a conciliatory approach in dealing with perceived enemies (b) strong supporter of the Communist party principles which therefore encourages a dictatorial and dominating approach in dealing with the people of his country. It also suggests that the country is unlikely to employ the capitalist economy under his leadership since the communist agenda is so strongly advocated and enforced in his country. Lastly, Kim Jong also follows the Confucian principles, which state that any moral obligations that are owed to those who have come forward to assist in the time of need must be fulfilled. As a result, North Korea has been prepared to allow some concessions to the United States in return for the favors received from that country when Clinton was the President in the form of humanitarian assistance and condolence s upon the death of his father.

Video Games and Violence

It uses video-interface to harness the human interaction needed for the game to play. to have a visual feedback on a video device, usually a television. Videogames have been around for more than fifty years as it started in 1947.Two men, Thomas Goldsmith and Estle Ray Mann, invented and patented something called cathode ray tube amusement device and this was the game now that we know as the videogame.There are many platforms of videogames. One can play videogames in a personal computer, or in a videogame console. There are also videogames that can play in handheld devices too. Some videogames are specialized as they are only available in arcade platform. These were popular during the 80s and the 90s but then the advent of the personal computer made the arcade platform quite obsolete.Many people, especially the die-hard fans, have considered video games as an art form. many also consider videogames (or videogaming) as an industry. Videogames these days usually have extensive plotlines and characterization, and the player usually has to fulfill a mission that is parallel to the plot and the character he is taking on the game. Some games are quite complex with their plots and twists, with various characters that the player can be in the game. The graphics quality of videogames is also quite the thing for fans. Many videogames boast realistic images that simulate real-life situations. These graphics are top of the line, with a quality akin to Hollywood level special effects. Sounds of these videogames are also worth mentioning as they can also be quite realistic.There are many kinds of video games. There are strategy games, simulation games, arcade games and role playing games. Most people tend to say that role playing games like Call of Duty or Counter Strike, role playing games that involve the use of guns and killing, are the main reason for the surge of violent behavior in some people.

Demonstrating Communication Skills

Communication is one of the most important aspects required for a manager to build confidence and admiration among fellow workers. Displaying concern in issues that are essential to fellow colleagues assists to establish an encouraging relationship that may be very supportive when dealing with job-related problems. For example, team members will more often than not praise a supervisor who displays keen attention in them being humans, ahead of their ability to finish given jobs or resolve work-related issues (Watson, 2003).Misunderstandings are one of the most frequently the reason for disrupting manager/worker bond. Supposition about the terminologies and conduct of others is quite indifferent in most workplaces. Successful managers will discover the art of verifying any insight they have about what others are conceiving or saying before they respond. They will also understand effective and sometimes clever means to prompt team members and co-workers about essential jobs, conferences, and goals to abstain from chaos or troubles (Watson, 2003).4. Do not be rigid on present policies but be flexible to new potentials. Try not to explain the world in a traditional manner, like good and bad guys, sufferers and tyrant or marketers and engineers (Ancona, Malone, Orlikowski, Senge, 2007).5. Gauge the intensity of your current links: How well do you associate to theirs, when on the receiving end of advice? When handing out opinions? When trying to solve difficult issues? When asking for assistance (Ancona, Malone, Orlikowski, Senge, 2007)?Preparing for appraisal interviews – keep the review stats current so that the response is based on the current data. This data should include agreed performance parameters and any reviews that have been auctioned in the objective time-frame.

The Effect of Different Growth Factor Supplementation on Blastocyst Culture Media on the Outcome of Pregnancy

The literature review discusses how a major impediment to IVF success rate initially was male infertility which has been successfully overcome with the development of techniques such as subzonal insemination (SUZI) and partial zona dissection (PZD). Standard IVF procedures are discussed in comparison with the newer techniques such as intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and micro epididymal sperm aspiration (MESA). The review utilises recent literature to discuss in depth all aspects of IVF and associated treatment methods including current laboratory techniques and procedures for embryo culture. effectiveness of embryo transfer (ET) vs blastocyst transfer (BT). sequential media for culturing embryos to the later stage of the blastocyst. Data available on the adverse perinatal outcomes, birth defects and maternal health risks following IVF procedure is discussed.All the available data from the literature on the growth factors that affect embryo culture are discussed. Advances made in ART procedures that have yielded enhanced success rates with fewer transferred embryos, thereby reducing the risk of multiple pregnancies are elaborated upon. Embryo scoring systems for assessment of embryo quality based on early cleavage rate or on pronuclear morphology of the zygote that is helpful in the selection of embryos with the best implantation potential in embryo transfer are explained. New guidelines were issued by The British Fertility Society (BFS) and the Association of Clinical Embryologists (ACE) in September 2008 to help UK clinics introduce an elective single embryo transfer (eSET) policy for IVF treatment. The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) recommends a single- or two- embryo (cleavage-stage or blastocyst) transfer except in extraordinary circumstances.Against this backdrop, literature comparing the effectiveness of single-embryo versus double-embryo transfer in IVF/ICSI cycles with respect to implantation is considered.

Disneyland Historically Speaking

The park has proven to be more popular than Washington D.C. as a family destination and continues to attract more adults than children to its concrete walkways and thrilling roller coaster rides in spite of numerous ‘copy-cat’ theme parks being erected such as the Six Flags parks or Cedar Point. Although the park has been widely criticized for its inherent plasticity and its remaking of the American ideals, Disneyland has stood as a cultural icon and popular pilgrimage stop for any and all who wish to feel they have ‘experienced’ America. While many may consider Disneyland to be too full of modernistic pop art meaninglessness, others taking a closer look at the amusement park have found an authentic response to the ideals Disneyland presents to the average visitor as compared with other amusement parks of its type.Disneyland had its origins in Walt Disney’s desires to create a world of his own, in which people could enjoy the good life and live, if only for a day, in a world of fantasy. Disney, a consummate entertainer, wanted to find a way to make his filmic creations come to life for his audiences, giving them a chance to live in the world of fairy tales. At the same time, he wanted to provide families with a vacation destination that was cleaner and safer than the types of amusement parks that were available elsewhere (King, 1981). Disney’s dream was to create a park that reinforced and validated middle-class values and a connection to the nostalgic past through the properties of play. This concept has been proven in sociological research. Implicit in Bateson’s work … is the notion that culture is built upon the playful capacity since playing is the first step toward learning that a sign is only a sign (Moore, 1980: 208). Disney largely succeeded. Mike Wallace (1985) proclaims that the park saw 33 million visitors in 1983, with visitor numbers climbing every year.

Cultural Acceptance of Tattooing

Tattoos may have given the people with them a bad image, as people without tattoos rightly or wrongly associate tattoos with trouble – makers or criminals. Organizations ranging from private companies through to government departments or institutions have not always treated people with tattoos fairly for the reasons presented below.The art of tattooing is an old one that can be traced back many centuries to countries such as China and Japan. Admirers of tattoos would argue that it was the start of a new art form, whilst detractors would count that it was the beginning of an unnecessary or undesirable social practice that should be discouraged. Although as an art form it was most advanced in China and Japan that was also where people with tattoos got a bad reputation. The following quote describes the origins of tattoos:The word tattoo can be traced to the Tahitian tatu or tatau, meaning to mark or strike ~ the latter referring to traditional methods of applying the designs. In Japanese, the word used for traditional designs or those that are applied using traditional methods is irezumi (insertion of ink), while tattoo is used for non-Japanese designs.1Tattoos have therefore been socially unacceptable for the vast majority of the time that they have existed. In most societies, the majority of people that would describe themselves as being socially and morally respectable has shunned tattoos. Despite the stigma attached in many countries to tattooing, it seems to become increasingly popular. The art of tattooing has been put to many uses throughout many centuries. The quote below gives a strong indication of the number of uses for tattoos. This list is certainly not exhaustive by any means:Tattoos have served as rites of passage, marks of status and rank, symbols of religious and spiritual devotion, decorations for bravery, sexual lures and marks offertility, pledges of love, punishment, amulets and talismans, protection, and as the marks of outcasts, slaves and convicts.

History of Ancient Africa Zimbabwe Mali PreMuslim Ghana

Some of the countries that enjoyed great civilization in the Dark Continent before their colonization include Zimbabwe, Mali, and Pre-Muslim Ghana. The Great Zimbabwe The Great Zimbabwe is one of the ruined cities. The Great Zimbabwe that was once considered as the capital of the kingdom of Zimbabwe existed between 1100 and 1450 during its late Iron Age. The existence of Zimbabwe can be traced back in the eleventh century. The countries great history can as well be considered to have been constructed and well developed in the fourteenth century. The great Zimbabwe was the royal palace for the monarchy of the Zimbabweans. The monarchy was used as a seat for political power (Raftopoulos Mlambo 39). This country enjoyed numerous achievement including prominent wall features that were over five meters high that were constructed without mortar. Civilization of the ancient Zimbabwe was considered the most significant world civilization in the medieval period. Despite the great achievement or civilization that had been attained by the native Zimbabweans, several white settlers disputed and disgruntled such great civilization saying such degree of civilization could have not been achieved by this black nation. Most of imperialists including the British, Germans, and the Portuguese used their resources to dismiss civilization of the great Zimbabwe. They adamantly argued that there are some other more civilized nations in Zimbabwe. thus, the great achievements in that land (Raftopoulos Mlambo 172). However, the native had achieved the knowledge of art that they perfectly used to construct the monument: a fact that was greatly disputed by whites. Other than the monument that reflected the great achievement of the Zimbabweans, the great Zimbabwe had become an important center for both politics and commercial activities. In addition, the country had an extensive trading network and commercial activities. Notablely, Zimbabwe was a powerful center for political kingdom that had a central rule, which is approximated to have lasted for a period of 350 years that is between 1100 and 1450 AD. During this period, it is recorded in the historic books that the great Zimbabwe had accumulated much wealth that were misused by the European explorers, souvenir seekers, treasure hunters, and plunderers including Richard Hall (Raftopoulos Mlambo 139). It is recorded that European groups vandalized, destroyed, and hauled the artifacts that were found in the great civilization of Zimbabwe and later sent them to museums in Europe, South Africa, and America. Finally, the ancient Zimbabwe is remembered of its international or cross border trade. The trading items included iron, gold, tin, copper, cattle, and cowrie shells. The Zimbabwe traders in return exchanged for items including glassware from Syria, minted coin from Tanzania, Kilwa, and Persian alongside ceramic from Chinese people (Raftopoulos Mlambo 113). Pre-Muslim Ghana Ghana is one of the western kingdoms. It was founded along the upper Niger in the Fourth Century as federation of village states and the Soninke farmers inhabited it. According to some legends, Ghana was first ruled by Berber dynasty who was overthrown in the 700 A.D. During this period, Kaya Mughau led an uprising alongside his relatives, and managed to kill the last white ruler, and this is marked the establishment of the Soninke dynasty. Kaya was regarded a great warrior (Gocking

An Analysis of Jane Austin’s Emma

The protagonist belongs to the highest social position in Hartfield’s estate in Surrey, in the village of Highbury of Regency England. He has social responsibilities towards other members holding lesser or poor social positions. Emma is a young woman possessing great amount of charm and tenacity, but misguided by imaginative skills that cloud her judgment. Jane Austen’s Emma is a sophisticated example of fiction employing the art of high wit, elements such as irony, subtlety, diction etc to achieve overall effect to the narrative. Emma, set in a fictional village of rural England within the timeline of the early nineteenth century, is structured around consummated and/or anticipated marriages. The narrative implies the relationship among different characters in a subtle way, providing deeper understanding of the characters that are apparent to only a vigilant reader. The novel involves the development of the character, Emma, from being an ambivalent and naive person to a mysterious individual. The plot involves the courtship and romantic connections of three major couples and their ultimate marriages. Austin presents marriage as a fundamental aspect of the society that appropriates and solidifies the social status of individuals. In Emma the institution of marriage is also used as the reason for all conflicts and excitement among its characters. Apart from the primary theme of courtship and marriage, the theme of social class also plays a vital role in the novel. Through this novel, Austin asserts the necessity of compassion and charity among the members of higher classes, which is evident from taking Harriet Smith of the lower class and bringing her to almost an equal social level. The readers can also see Emma pointing out the lower – class distinction of Harriet and the assertion that she would not have been accepted by the higher class, if she did not have Emma’s influence. This causes confusion for Harriet who is caught between the desire of marriage and acceptance from higher class and the fear of rejection from her peers, like the Martins. Love is another major theme of the story. Even though Emma considers the possibility of her marriage to Frank Churchill, the reader finds that she is immune to romantic love. She even acknowledges that she does not love Churchill and that she is happy in his presence as well as in his absence. Here, Austin seems to argue that for the society, love is not a requirement for marriage. On the other hand, the social class, fortune and logical qualities become the decisive factors for marriages. However, we can see that Emma, who is financially independent, does not need to succumb to the above logical considerations and that she is able to marry Mr. Knightley solely for love. The marriages of Harriet Smith and Jane Fairfax also involve love, though their alliances also serve the purpose of financial and social security. The novel also involves the theme of imagination vs. reason, which becomes unraveled only to the eyes of the audience. There exists constant conflict between desires and judgment in this novel. When Emma misreads Mr. Elton’s behavior, she imagines that he is in love with Harriet. Mr. Elton, on the other hand, is in love with Emma and misreads her behavior for encouragement. Mr. Knightley is unable to form an infallible judgment of Frank Churchill, as he is jealous of Churchill’s

The Evolution of Complex Societies

This paper is trying to investigate the rise of different complex societies or civilizations in various regions of the world. One key technique of facilitating this investigation is to recognize the common features of these complex societies and the aspects that have influenced their development that can be distinguished from the archaeological evidence. The renowned authors have provided various methods with their theories for the advance of complex societies, such as the multiple effect theory. According to their works, innovations in one subsystem or aspect of culture boost and influence other cultural aspects via positive feedback. The authors argue that the cumulative impact of the interaction between these diverse subsystems due to these innovations is the emergence of civilization. This theory of multiplier effect in force is demonstrated by deducing the assortment of artifacts from the diverse cultures of the Aegean Bronze Age during the 3rd millennium BCE and examining seeds, animal bones, and architectural remnants collected from archaeological sites located in the area that date to this period. The authors’ explanation of the evolution of complex cultures during the Aegean period has persisted to dictate the way Aegean archaeologists approach this subject. Their ideas have widely endured the examination of Aegean archaeologists, raising the question of whether this theory can effectively explain the evolution of various diverse complex cultures worldwide. … For instance, questions have been raised as to whether the theory can explain the complex societies that emerged in the lower Mississippi valley in the 2nd millennium BCE. This culture is most recognized by the huge earthworks in northeast Louisiana at Poverty Point. Examination of the archaeological data and artifacts of the Poverty Point society offers a positive answer to the questions raised. Despite the despite the immense differences between the societies in terms of their religion, art, architecture, and economics, the archaeological data point out this theory, as the authors explain (Stanish 2005). For a study of two such contrasting societies, that exist in very different surroundings, showing that they were influenced by the same exact processes, the theory offers students an instrument which they can connect to the archaeological data to assist them understand the universal influence that the evolution of complex societies had on human societies. This comparative approach has an additional instructional advantage in that students are able to expand their appreciation for the distinctive factors of each specific culture based on the artifacts that each society produced (Tainter 1988). As a result, in the process of studying one early complex society after another, students can discover to acknowledge how particular kinds of relics expose similar practices at work in the evolution of complex societies and the diversity in these societies. This comparative approach can be demonstrated by first identifying the main factors that characterize a complex society as categorized by the two authors. The authors use the neutral terms simple and

Health Care Financial Management New York Downtown Hospital

In 1937, the New York Infirmary opened the Strang Cancer Prevention Clinic and in 1969, it formed an affiliation with New York University Medical Center to strengthen the university medical teaching program. This had lead to other structural and administrative reformation. From the New York Infirmary for Indigent Women and Children, in 1979, the hospital merged with Beekman Downtown Hospital, which was founded in 1945 as a product of a merger between St. Gregory’s Free Emergency Accident Hospital and Ambulance Station and became New York Infirmary – Beckman Downtown Hospital.In 1991, New York Infirmary – Beckman Downtown Hospital went through another administrative and organizational change. It consolidated both names into New York Downtown Hospital. Because it was affiliated with New York University Medical Center, New York Infirmary – Beckman Downtown Hospital went through another change in its name to NYU Downtown Hospital.Mergers and acquisitions are hot (Zweig, 2005). This hospital is not an exception because changing management, changing policy, changing programs (Austin, 2000), and changing procedure, but also brings opportunities (ibid). After the deregulation, Mayor Bloomberg suggested that nonprofit organizations should operate like businesses to raise funds for their operating costs and to make profits. NYU Downtown Hospital begins to raise funds to increase its revenue and to cover its operating costs without fully depending on government funds. Fundraising effort brings the hospital to come in contact with the Lehman Brothers from the Lehman Brothers Foundation who made a substantial contribution to the hospital. In recognition of its donation, the hospital built the Lehman Brothers Emergency Center with a new state-of-the-art emergency facility and whose size is twice its current size and can handle triple the capacity.

Crisis of Confidence in the Poetry of the Twentieth Century

In 1914, Gavrilo Princip shot Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo sparking World War One. All of the ideologies and technologies that had seemed so beneficial and speculative were brought into force: the result was massive destruction and death. The promise that had begun the 20th century was by 1918 beyond exhausted. The war had revealed, in the words of the poet Ezra Pound, a botched civilization. The war had been without meaning, without a cause, spurred on by byzantine alliances and obscure cultures: so many young men had died, in the words of Pound, For two gross of broken statues, / For a few thousand battered books. The War would be the great touchstone and impetus of modernism, bringing to fruition many ideas and strands that had been bandied about in the previous decades, seeking an event or crisis in which to gel.Indeed, prior to the War there had been the beginnings of a movement away from the rigid and mainstream culture that dominated the period. There had been cultural adventurers who began to describe an alternate human existence, one separate from the basic and largely accepted classical one which was shackled to religion, dependent on a strict, undisputable morality, and moving as one forward towards a distant goal—the grand journey called the Progress of Civilization. There was at the turn of the century, for example, the scandalous Vienna secession, an art movement that prized sensuality and naturalness over classical forms and was represented by artists like Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele. There had been the faint stirrings of Surrealism in the works of Giogio Di Chirico and Guillaume Apollinaire. And Picasso too had been on the scene. Many of these individuals had been influenced by the great Austrian psychologist Sigmund Freund who had begun to deconstruct what up until that point had been considered theunitary personality or identity of individuals.

Strategic Management of Technology and Innovation

With the growing competition and the fast-paced world, the importance of strategic management has also become very important. Companies with well designed and well-planned strategies have shown high levels of success and profits when compared to companies with a weak strategic plan. This paper aims at contracting and comparing two cases of strategic management. The two cases chosen here are and Xelebri. The reason for the choice of these two companies is the fact that although both companies have used technology and innovation in their planning there has been a strong difference in the results of the two companies (Mintzberg, Lampel, Quinn Ghoshal, 2002). Amazon has become a world-famous company while Xelebri has been quite unsuccessful and has not shown the desired results as would have been thought. This paper firstly provides a brief introduction to each of the cases with a focus on the issues of the companies and the factors that have led to their success. Furthermore, this paper will discuss the lessons learned from each of these cases and a was founded in 1995 by Jeff Bezos. The company only started marking profits in 2003 further which it has grown to become one of the most well-known brands in the world. The company has always maintained its strategy to emphasis on the widening of the business model by expansion and also customer innovation. The company has now grown to become one of the largest and most recognized brands in the world and is regarded as the number one online service. With a total of as many as six websites catering to almost thirty-two million customers across the world, the company has been very successful. The company has developed patented software for itself and the company has a number of other companies who like to put their content onto the website. The company has used technology to develop a state of the art website which caters to all the needs of the customers and includes browsing, searching, reviews and content, and also recommendations and personalization.

The Status of Literature in the Modern Society

Eagleton, contrary to their claim to be a ‘representative’ of humankind speaking with the voice of the people, Romantic writers existed more and more on the margins of a society which was no longer inclined to pay high wages to self-proclaimed or insinuated ‘prophets.’1 Such a passionate idealism of Romantic writers made the gap between poetic vision and social and political activity wider.At the beginning of the twentieth century, this material civilization provided an affluent and materially accessible society. Yet, it also brought on a new desolation of the spirit that cast its shadow on the industrial society in both physical and spiritual aspects. Another contributor to this desolation of spirit could be found in the ‘failure of religion’ that occurred in conjunction with the new sciences. In the Victorian age, religion, which had provided people with a mental fallback position, lost its previous unquestioned ideological dominance for the majority of people living in this time period. In other words, under these two influences of scientific development and religious/social change, much experienced ideological chaoses. Therefore, in order to put order to the chaos, artists attempted to identify their creative activities with an effective form of ideological control over societal concerns. However, we can find a discrepancy between the status of literature and art that modernists highlighted and the social value of literary and artworks in capitalist society.This essay will be devoted to analyzing the status of art and literature of the modern age. In other words, how did artists build up the position of themselves and that of art in society? Then, it will address the discrepancy between the status of literature and art that modernists, especially high modernists, highlighted, and the actual social demand. It will conclude with a discussion of the significance of literature and art in modern society.In the late nineteenth century, the organization of social and cultural life in Britain shifted severely as a result of increased social mobility with the introduction of the middle class, technical complexity with the advent of complicated machinery, and social diversity as the result of increased colonialization.

Sarcophagus Relief Depicting Labors of Hercules

Thesis statement: In the sculpture Sarcophagus Relief Depicting Labors of Hercules, the unknown artist portrays the deep relationship between Roman mythology and the growth and development of Roman sculpture during 3rd–4th century A.D. Background As pointed out, the artist behind the sculpture Sarcophagus Relief Depicting Labors of Hercules (see Appendix-1), is still unknown. But this ambiguity related to the sculpture does not reduce its scope within the scenario or art because it represents the Roman society during 3rd-4th century A.D. The sarcophagus relief sheds light into the social setting in Rome during 3rd–4th century A.D. Generally, sarcophagus relief works are used to decorate the tombs of the elite class in the society. One can see that the myth of Hercules or Heracles was popular among the people in ancient Roman Empire. So, this sculpture can be considered as a visual example for the usage of mythical characters in sculpture. This sculpture is preserved and displayed at the Honolulu Academy of Arts, which is in Hawaii. Besides, this sculpture was contributed by Anna Rice Cooke (say, the founder of the Academy of Arts/museum). So, one can see that the sculpture’s background is interconnected with the Roman society, mythology and culture. Source The unknown artist made use of the Greco-Roman myth of Hercules. To be specific, the theme of this sculpture is interconnected with the labors of Hercules. In the Greco-Roman mythology, Hercules is portrayed as a mythical figure, powerful enough to complete impossible labors. One can see that Hercules’s deeds were popular among the Romans and the artists began to make use of the same as their theme. The popularity of Hercules’s labors represents the Roman interest in hero worship and this is cunningly portrayed in the sculpture. In the sculpture, the artist portrays two of the deeds fulfilled by Hercules. For instance, the first figure in the sculpture is symbolic of Hercules’s fight with hydra (say, a multi-headed creature). Hercules had to kill the many-headed hydra (HYE-druh) for his second task.1 The second figure in the sculpture is symbolic of Hercules’s battle with the Erymanthian Boar (say, a giant creature). From a different angle of view, the position of Hercules in the sculpture is symbolic of hard labor. Besides, the seriousness that can be seen in the face of Hercules is symbolic of heroism and hard labor. Origin As pointed out, origin of the work Sarcophagus Relief Depicting Labors of Hercules is related to Roman culture and its relation with mythology and hero worship. One can see that the sculpture represents the Roman interest in the immortality of art. Besides, the usage of marble as the medium of sculpture proves the development of sculpture works during 3rd-4th century A.D. On the other side, one cannot neglect the fact that the decline of Roman Empire reduced the further development of Roman art and architecture. Still, some of the sculptures during 3rd-4th century A.D. are preserved in different museums. So, this sculpture is historically important because it represents the rich heritage of Roman culture. Besides, this sculpture was contributed to the Honolulu Academy of Arts, by Anna Rice Cooke (say, in the year 1932). The authorities at the Honolulu Academy of Arts show utmost interest to preserve and restore this sculpture. In addition, ArtafterDark (say, a volunteer group) at the Honolulu A

Submit a onepage Statement of Intent describing the events and ideas which led to your interest in this major

8 September, Personal ment Associate of Applied Sciences (AAS) in Fashion andMarketing is the right major for me because of my unusual interest in fashion and my creative designing and art skills. I had special interest in the designs of clothes and their color combinations in my childhood. I used to suggest my mum and aunts what to wear with what so as to dress fashionably and decently. In my high school, I designed clothes for all my classmates as well as for my self for a stage performance. I conducted a brief review of the role of each participant in the drama and designed clothes that perfectly suited the classmates’ respective roles. My efforts so appreciated that I was given an unexpected reward for my unmatched sense of style and skill of fashion designing along with the regular performance award that everybody else got as well. Judges told me that they had introduced the reward for exceptional sense of style at the eleventh hour with the sole intention of appreciating my skills. That unexpected reward worked wonders for me, and inculcated the motivation in me to pursue my career in fashion designing. My dad originally wanted me to become a doctor, but then thought better of it saying that one should only adopt a career one thinks one would be able to do justice to. A career that matches the interest of an individual surely fits this category. My dad’s support added to the reinforcing ideas clouding my mind to pursue my career in fashion designing, and I resolved to apply in the major of AAS in Fashion and Marketing.

John Ford The Auteur Theory

He was articulate in his work and despite being a heavy drinker and smoker, he never drunk or smoked when directing as this would interfere with his work. Although ford was quite intelligent and sensitive and sentimental, he always protected himself by portraying the image of a hard-drinker, tough Irish man. Ford naturally had a distinct style and unique thematic orientations that were displayed in his visual and aural works throughout his work as a director. His articulate nature was characteristic in his films as he rarely wrote his stories down, just memorizing them but always turning out well. His favourite song ‘shall we gather vat the river’ was used as a rendition in a number of his films. 2.0. Discussion. 2.1. The Auteur Theory. This theory, which translates to Author in English, cites that during the criticism of a film, the director of the film is perceived as an author since the film reflects his personal creativity and vision. In legal terms, a film is viewed as a work of art that the director, who then ids the author has the original copyright to the film. This theory was first developed and adopted in France and later spread to America and the USA. According to Aleixandre Astruc, a film director uses a camera just as a writer uses a pen for his work. This theory, according to Andrew Sarris, demanded that a director should be competent in his technique, add their personal style in the way that the movie looked and felt, and an inside meaning to the movie besides the one portrayed. The theory further proposes that all films are good or bad, this depending on the director directing them. A good film is that which bears the director’s ‘signature’ that can be manifested in the film through his personality or recurring themes within the film. In agreement to with this theory, we can say that to a large extent, a film director is the author of his films. As prescribed by the theory, Ford was an author of his films with his personality and idiosyncrasies dominating the themes in his films and the way actors and other crew members carried out their roles. Just as an author writes down ideas as they come to his mind, so did Ford put ideas into action as they came without having to edit them. Ford worked with a consistent team comprising creative persons, engaged himself in every aspect of making a film as he directed, write and edited the film and he tended to prefer working within a genre such as the Westerns. All these features bring Ford out as an auteur whose films came out with a personal touch. Popular critics as Anderson argued the case of Ford as a staunch author by his adoption of the westerns more than the effectiveness of the theme of his works. As the theory gained momentum in Hollywood, writers and authors of print refuted the idea of a film director being branded an author as the film script was just a blueprint for the film scenes and could not be compared to literary works. The theory and the idea of film directors identifying themselves with the theory, however, vanished in the 20th and 21st century in the US as they argued that they were just directors in their own right (Nelmes, 2003: 189). 2.2. Advantages of perceiving a Director as an Author. There are many benefits of viewing the director as the author of a film. Using this theory, critics and film analysts are able to assess and trace the origin of recurring themes in a film to the

Does classical traditional art have more substances than Vik Mumiz’s Waste Land

The area is controlled by drug cartels, and occasional dead bodies are stashed in the dump. More than three thousand pickers of recyclable materials live on the site in makeshift shacks containing appliances gathered from the dump. These people live in families of small groups, and teenage girls raising small children. This piece of art depicts the state of the society by showing the current situation of the low class individuals. Classical traditional art was used to show the culture, sexuality, and the state of the society. This makes it contain more substance than the film by Vik Muniz. Renaissance films, paintings, and sculptures are marked by renewal of classical motifs and subjects of art (Thomson-Jones, 20). These themes were evident in the 17th century when artists represented a rigid classism. Classical art exhibits a preference for order, beauty, harmony, and completeness by representing nature according to an artist’s observation (Aristides, 10). Traditional art requires a great deal of skills and methods for its production that have been lost in the modern art. This art is manifested in painting, crafting, and sculpturing that makes objects that gratify and ennoble their viewers (Gazda, 8). Artists of classical traditional art produced images that created a perception, narration, and visualization of culture, society, and self (Janson and Anthony, 15). Current artists depict the nature of civilization, post-modernism, politics, culture, and sexuality (Kennedy and Emily, 18). Muniz has used garbage and unusual substances in the dump as his media. The film is set in a dump site where trucks deposit several tones of refuse. Catadores collect recyclable materials from the garbage to make their living (Kino, 2010). Their houses are furnished by appliances and furniture collected from the dump. When Muniz first visits the site, he sees a site crowded with dump trucks and workers, as flocks of scavenger birds hover around. Garbage collectors and monkeys climb over mountains of colorful garbage looking for items that can be sold. Muniz has used these objects to create his art for the social project in the dump. Classical traditional art usually used wood, political figures, heroes and other popular figures as media. These figures gave this form of art more meaning in the society than the use of garbage and strange substances as media for the art. The individuals may be considered to be dregs of the Brazilian society, but Muniz paints them as survivors who have endured the difficult living conditions of the dump. Some of the garbage collectors have lived in the dump for more than two generations. They have survived and gotten used to the stench emanating from the rotting garbage (Kino, 2010). The catadores are considered to be unfit and rejected by the society, but Muniz portrays them as loving, healthy, and fit to run families. However, this film shows the simplicity of life in the dump for the garbage collectors. Classical traditional art is a masterpiece of intelligence and complexity (Thomson-Jones, 26). The intelligence and complexity envelopes the main theme of the art and penetrates deep sections of the society. A single piece of traditional art can carry several themes that are present in the current society. The simplicity of wasteland makes it incomparable to classical art as it addresses only the hard living conditions of the dump. Classical traditional art is based upon the rediscovery or the reaffirmation of the traditions

Tate Modern Case Study

The initial plan for the Tate modern was abandoned for a design that was meant to be modern and have the ability to meet the needs of clients. Therefore, combined effort of design team and client was devised as appropriate approach to the building. Mace played a role of negotiating the project management, which was critical in providing buildability and detailed construction advice. Tate modern project incorporated three underground oil tank and live switch station among many others (Grubiak, 2008). The expansion of the Tate modern project was deemed important because previously the building used to be congested but with the new design, the building is spacious enough since it accommodates millions of people. The building creates a more welcoming environment with several facilities (Herzog and de Meuron, 2005). Some of the facilities found in the Tate modern include concourses, terraces and cafes as well as learning institutions among many others. The building is expected to allow deeper engagement among different people with different needs such as practice based learning, workshops, participation, private study, discussion and interpretation of art. Herzog and de Meuron (2005) argue that the Tate modern building plays a very important role in the economy since it hosts various business activities that generate a lot of income, which boost the economy of the city and the country. Besides, the revenue generated from tourists that visit the facility is a lot of money. Tate modern is therefore considered by very many people to be a typical example of both economic and social renewal in the world. According to Herzog and de Meuron (2005), turning the Bankside of a power station into a gallery of modern art was uncertain architecturally. The proposal to have Tate developed into its current state could not fit either traditionists or modernist thereby drawing reactions from both camps. The structure, which is the power station, was initially designed and built in a manner to keep people out but after giving it a modern architectural touch, Tate welcomes people, while retaining both its dignity and weight (Blyth and Worthington, 2010).

Malcolm X

The essay deals indepthly the acting, the film directing, and the historical accuracy of the film. The film Malcolm X is a film produced in the year 1992. It is essentially a biographical film that dwells around the African American activist Malcolm X. The film is co written and directed by Spike Lee, the actors and actresses who feature in the film are Denzel Washington who plays the role of Malcolm X, Angela Basset who plays the role of Dr. Betty Shabazz, Albert Hall who plays the role of a tough and strict muslim leader, Al Freeman Jr. who plays the role of Elijah Muhammad and Delroy Lindo who plays the role of West Indian Archie among others who play supporting roles. The Warner bros was the company involved with the production of the film. The essay deals indepthly the acting, the film directing, and the historical accuracy of the film. Denzel Washington who plays the main role of Malcolm X which is quite a huge role to play, but he brings out the effects quite effortlessly and still remains convincing enough to bring out the real character of Malcolm X. In all the scenes in the movie he seems natural and easy where he manages to fit perfectly in the nightlife of Harlem and later still effortlessly fits into the crowd of pilgrims in Mecca. Washington is an attractive and congenial actor and thus he is quite good in showing the unbending dogmatic side of Malcolm and his anger side. Al Freeman Jr. plays the role of Elijah Muhammad in an amazing way, in that, he behaved, looked and sounded like the real Muhammad fulfilling the screenplays delicate balance between the characters essence and the flaws of the character. Albert Hall is also an amazing and effective actor, taking the role of the tough and strict Muslim leader who takes time and lectures Malcolm on the aspect of self image and guides him into self awareness, but later on gets jealousy of Malcolm’s influence in the movement. This he brings out quite impressively in the film. Delroy Lindo brings out a two part powerful performance, as West Indian Archie, moving Malcolm by his weaknesses and impressing him with his power. Thus, it can be summarized that the actors did quite a good job in playing the roles of the characters they were assigned. The director of the film spike Lee has done a combination of several forms of narration. With skill he has conjoined them together to enhance the ideology of equality. As the movie unfolds, a structure that lacks linearity is utilized, thus, Malcolm Xs double life as an upcoming civil rights activist and a demoralized African American is shown through flashbacks to his rough childhood, and moving forward to Malcolm’s adult life and the other instances in between. In addition, voice over’s, using Malcolm X’s own audio voice, implies that he is narrating a story about some other person but in the real sense he is the subject. Also, Lee utilize the documentary footage about Malcolm x into his film skillfully so as to make the art imitate life and the opposite too. With one crucial twist lee drives the plot by combining historical records and political ideologies. These different methods used in directing by Lee are quite effective in the narration of the story, as every viewer of the film can sympathize with Malcolm x and the African Americans with him and still comprehend the historical importance of the acts that he

Art for the society

College Art for the Society When art is mentioned, most people picture sculptures and paintings. Jacob however, presents to us the idea that there is more to art than just sculptures and paintings. She is also positive that art can be used to present a lot more than sculptures and paintings. She says that with sculpturing, many issues are raised especially environmental issues since most of the sculpturing materials come from the environment. In this paper, various views of art that are discussed by Jacob are critically analyzed. Since art is a very important, subject in the society, the paper discus various ways in which it can be used in the society to influence the life of the society positively. Traditionally, art has been used to entertain people. In most cases, different artist utilize their talents with the main intention of getting money out of it. When someone sculptures a particular sculpture or paints an image, their main aim is to make money and at the same time provide people with a product that would remind them of a particular event. However, this can also be used to change our lives. One example is that art can be used for social interactions. Different artistic events can be used to bring people together. These include events such as singing competitions as well as showcases where people come to display their various artistic works such as paintings. As artist show up to these events, they bring with them different cultures and talents, which they sell to people as well as educate them on different social issues (Jacob 290). In the same regard, museums are very important social sites. It is in the museums where people get to view the various works of different artists. The museums also provide a strong base where people can get to see previous cultures and artistic works and appreciate them. Museums are therefore places that are very vital in preservation of artistic work for future appreciation. One example of this is the Mona Lisa panting by Leonardo Da Vinci. Governments should however set aside funds for establishing and managing museums (Jacob 294). The current world is full of elitism. however, art can be used as a tool for eliminating elitism out of the world. Art brings people together and makes them feel like they are one. When such happens, people get together and leave behind their various differences. They get to understand that all humans are equal irrespective of social class, race or religion. This therefore removes elitism and those who feel that they belong to an elite group get to be humbled. This means that art can also be used to bridge the gap between people. Artists should come up with various ways in which they can create artistic works that have clear peace messages and messages that can completely eradicate elitism from the society (Jacob, 296). The main observation that I made from this article is that art can be used as a tool for transforming people. For many years, art has been seen as a tool for entertainment. Several musicians, painters and even professors have focused on using artistic talents to entertain the public. However, with our current world full of violence and other inhumane acts, Jacob insists that art can do a lot more than just entertainments. She maintains that artists should focus on transforming the world and the people in it. For example, musicians should compose songs that are meant to unite people and not create disputes among people. Leaders should also employ art in uniting people as that is the most important tool that can unite people. Artists also have to understand the role of the museums in their lives. They have to realize that museums are a very important tool not only in preserving culture but also in spreading the message that artists want delivered to the people. From the above information, it is evident that art is a very important topic in our lives today. As much as art is used to entertain people, it can also be used to transform the lives of people. However all these relies on artists themselves. They should work to ensure that they spread the right messages to people using their talents. Artists therefore have a responsibility to the society and should never misuse their talent in spreading hate messages and causing confusion amongst people. Work cited Jacob, Mary J, and Michelle Grabner. Removing the Frames. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. Print.

Labour Market Reforms

But the criticisms of the policy direction towards the fact that the diversities present at the national level leads to the decline of the ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach that flexicurity model proposes (Muffels, 2008, p.386). The Union has taken various measures for the establishment of the same but the question still arises regarding its effectiveness with the outburst of the worst financial crisis in 2008 after the Great Depression in 1930 (Flexicurity: Europe’s employment solution? 2008). The paper will be discussing the flexicurity approach adopted by the European Union along with the discussion of its principles and objectives and with special focus on Germany and Denmark. Highlight will be also given on the youth unemployment problem with reference to the Viking, Laval and Ruffert cases discussing the protection measures of the other countries with respect to the benefits in compliance with Art 3 and 49 of the EC treaty which focuses on the right to establish in any state or that of single market and rights of provision of services across the European Union. Now the subsequent section will be dealing with the concept of flexicurity. In today’s labor market there is a requirement of rigorous levels of flexibility and adaptability both in the interest of the employers as well as the employees for anticipating and responding to the demands of the market (Flexicurity Pathways, 2007, p.3). The crux of flexicurity is an emerging concept in the European Union and has been considered as a significant approach in the labor market and within the employment paradigm (EU Council: Common ‘flexicurity’ principles adopted, 2008). The policy has been first generated in the Nordic countries for the purpose of solving the European Union’s employment paradox. From the studies of Wilthagen and Rogowski in the year 2002, it gets revealed that flexicurity is regarded as the policy that directs towards a synchronized platform that boosts labor market flexibilities, work organizations as well as labor relations with security provision for the weak group of people inside and outside the labor market. The authors highlight that flexibility and security can be achieved through a focus on coordination. They stress that initial jolt will be derived from the macro-level actors like government and social partners. Implementation will be established on all levels of the economy with different means of flexibility complementing each other with corresponding varied security forms (Meyer, 2009, p.87). From the early 2000s, the European Union policy of flexicurity included an amalgamation of easy hiring and firing rules benefiting the unemployed and following a pro-labor market policy (Flexicurity: Europe’s employment solution? 2008). The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound) has been established in the year 1975 working on the area of working conditions, living conditions and industrial relation ( Agencies and other European bodies, n.d.). The EU body while drafting policies limited itself while applying flexicurity policies with some common principles. The common principles which the flexicurity model proposes is that of flexible contractual agreements, comprehensive lifelong learning, effective labor market policies, and modern social-security systems.

The Great Basin Tribes

The foragers in the Basin and the cultivators in the Southwest and the ways of survival both learned, reach back to a common base in the Desert Archaic Period (Garbarino, 1985: 203). These high-desert dwelling people perfected the art of foraging, creating a unique and successful society that persisted for thousands of years, having replaced the bands of primarily hunters that had come before them. Scientists have learned a great deal about how these people lived in these harsh surroundings through their careful study of the Great Basin region, turning the field into a laboratory to piece together the lives of these foragers, and how foraging developed as a way of life, from the remnants that have been left behind.The dominant tribes of the Great Basin have been identified as being primarily hunter-gatherers, foragers, who lived in this fashion for thousands of years, having probably replaced earlier tribes that subsisted primarily on hunting big game (Bettinger Baumhauf, 1982: 485). However, it is not believed that these people wandered throughout their territory or even took the area over by force. Each group roamed forever over a given territory around a recognized central site, picking a living – an immensely knowledgeable one – from the pastel deserts and the brilliant, flowery, barren desert mountains. They hunted and snared game large and small, from deer and antelope to grasshoppers and birds, gathered wild seeds and fruits, and made some use out of nearly every object within their horizon (Brandon, 2003: 395). The reason these peoples spread in the way they did is the subject of much study, but requires some basic knowledge of the people themselves.The tribes of the Great Basin are grouped not only by their geographic locations, but also by their language group, which is basically Shoshone.

Greek and Roman art

The Greek Architecture is roughly divided into the Archaic Age, Classical age and the Hellenistic age. The period starting from 800-500 BC is known as the Archaic age (Pedly, 2007).. Structured temples with a rectangular shape centre and portico in the front started to appear in the Archaic Age. Excavations dating earlier to this age were found in Heroon at Lefkandi a village in Euboea Island (Catling et al., 1991). This structure was referred to as Heroon meaning the Heroes Grave. The mound is nearly 13.8 meters wide. The excavation here dated back to 950 BC. A cemetery like structure with the remains of a man’s ash and a women’s body were found here in 1960 (Lemos, 2009). The Lefkandi excavations are considered quite significant in the history of Greek Architecture because they provide ample insight into the late bronze and early ion age civilizations like Xeropolis (Lemos, 2009). Excavations carried out in Lefkandi in 2003 bought up several cemeteries in the area similar to the Heroon of Lefkandi. The structures of these cemeteries are the base of later Greek temples built in the Archaic age. There is a wooden veranda similar to the later days Greek temples Portico. The ashes of the man were stored in a bronze amphora with carvings depicting hunting scenes (Catling et al., 1991). … The area surrounding Lefkandi is widely known as Old Eretria. These people who settled here should have live here from the early Bronze Age till the beginning of the Archaic period (Catling et al., 1991). They might have moved away from the area because of the Lelantine War. Another notable cemetery found close to the Heroon of Lefkandi is the cemetery for Toumba1. The building should have been erected around tenth century BC. The burial mound has a main entrance on the eastern side, three rooms and a wide corridor. Rows of wooden columns supported the roof and the building ends with an apsidal on the west (Catling et al, 1991). There is a row of post-holes on the walls facing north and south. There is a huge wooden veranda known as peristrasis. This veranda and the post-holes are found in early Greek temples constructed during the Archaic age too (Lemos, 2009). The people buried here are considered to be quite rich as several costly offerings starting from pots to jewellery were excavated along with the bodies. They should have been offered to the dead as a token of love and gratitude (Lemos, 2009). The Heroon at Lefkandi is considered as a prominent archaeological discovery due to various reasons. The Archaic period is often considered as the beginning of Greek architecture and civilization. But, the Lefkandi excavations proved civilizations and occupations dating back to two hundred years or before prevailed in the area. These excavations were the substantial proof for the culture of Late Helladic IIIC2 period which prevailed around 1075 BCE (Evley, 2006). Many more cemeteries constructed exactly in the style of later day Greek temples like Skoubris and Palia Perivolia was found in the area (Catling et al., 1991). The

This landscape of Zhao Mengfu not only respects the antique on brushwork but also combines the composition and colors by a diff

The newer way of painting by Zhao became a vital part in literati arts. Zhao painted autumn colors of Qiao and Hua mountains in January of 1296, a few months after his return from the north. Chao mi a friend of Zhao helped him in the creation of new pictorial language. The painting gives an ideal scene of farmers and anglers residing in between the two mountains Qiao and Hua Mountains respectively. The posting of Zhao to Chi-Nan to act as a governor drove him into drawing the picture. The mountains situated in the outskirts of Chi-Nan, where it was the ancestral home of Chao Mi. The picture Zhao painted depicts a mixture of primitive painting and sophistication. the topographical points in the picture are not realistic. Although, the picture in the modern world has some defections it remains one of the most inspirational and foundations of the modern art painting in china (Wen and James 268). The painting had an illusion of continuous recession and represents an achievement of describing physical space in a two dimensional surface. The shift in scale, conventional trees and reeds, awkward houses and stick like figures are some of the archaic pictorial representations Zhao outlines. The schematic representation of two mountains with triangular and semi circular forms strikes the eye of a viewer showing an archaic representation. The purpose of Zhao to diversify in his techniques of painting. This was to enable artists to create pictures and paintings that are appealing and represent what is exactly in the region. Ideographic quality of the houses in the picture seen in the way, this shows they are set in a parallel dimension rather than in oblique angles. The painting later became a crucial foundation of the Yuan’s literati painting. Zhao describes the importance of antiquity in the picture, a quality that lacks in many artists of that time. Although, an artist may be well conversant with using brush and color application meticulously and lack antiquity the shortcoming is visible throughout the work. Mengfu introduced autumn colors to Chinese painting this mainly done through a repertoire of texture strokes and foliage dots based on Tung Yuan arts. The hemp fiber strokes of Tung texture strokes appeal because they possessed amorphous, linear, and clear quality. The calligraphic nature of the painting compared to others remained on an advanced level. Zhao and Huang created models used in landscape paintings that would later be the most essential styles in painting. They used modular construction in landscape painting and interacted parts by the infusion of geometric or void and arc objects to give a clear pictorial representation. Zhao took a careful study of Yuan artwork and calligraphy and incorporated Chinese multi-vanishing point perspectives. The incorporation led to the creation of the most influential and appreciated masterpieces. Zhao appreciated the work of his predecessors, and although, his work looked comprehensible the artistic expression had a deeper meaning. Compared to others the Yuan literati group did not carry out their painting in hidden places as those of Sung dynasty. They showed their brushes, for example, Huang Dong painted darker brushstrokes over light ones to give a rich texture. He also used drier brushstrokes over wet ones to perfect on the texture and clarity of the painting. Zhao Mengfu was an innovative landscapist and posed exceptional skills in painting.

The Bauhaus Movement

But in 1945 when the World War II had ended, a pattern of thinking particularly in arts and architecture began to emerge. This was known as the Bauhaus movement. The presence of eminent personalities from arts and architecture like Joseph Albers, Gropius and Mies who supported the movement was an evidence of the movement gaining acceptance by the people at that time. Every movement in history has gone through phases of controversies and criticisms. The Bauhaus movement too, was no such exception. There were obstructions as well as political interferences. But still the Bauhaus movement was successful in providing a direction to a newly incepted art form which was known as the abstract art (Craig, 2001). The Bauhaus movement laid the foundation stone for the art and architecture that was to be used throughout the 20th century The Bauhaus movement- inception During the initial decades of the twentieth century many chaos and destructions were seen. While at the political level socialism and democracy uprooted monarchy, at the scientific level machines and new technology brought in many changes. It was at this time that visual art fused with new ideas and creation emerged. This growing pattern manifested itself in the form of Expressionism (Ryan and Conver, 2003, pp.49-50). In Expressionism form of art, the person or the objects in context were removed using strong contour lines or bold colors. Around 1907, cubism emerged. Cubism was of two forms – analytical cubism that derived abstracts from living objects and synthetic cubism, which was more metaphorical of the two, emphasized on representing the essence of the object only. Cubism form of art led to the occurrence of several other art movements like the Dadaism, Futurism and the Bauhaus (Arntson, n.d, p.24). The background The name Bauhaus movement was coined from the name Bauhaus that was a German school of crafts and fine arts in Germany during 1919-1933. It was founded by the Walter Gropius who was a German architect in 1919. Post World War II, a movement known as the Bauhaus’s movement began that aimed at the liberation and exploration of American art and artists. Prior to that, much of the focus laid on the European form of art with little scope for their American counterparts The European artists were restricted in their expression of art and architecture. Bauhaus movement uprooted these restrictions and offered new arenas for them to explore. But still in its effort to bring in modernism and incorporate new ideas in its art and architecture it faced severe criticisms from both the public as well as the ruling government in those times. The Bauhaus movement occurred in two stages. It made its appearance during 1919-1936 and gained momentum during its second phase (Craig, 2001, p.112). The initial stage laid the foundation for the acceptance of new ideas .This was implicit from the fact that people from the Bauhaus School of Arts were brought in the country to teach and express their ideas. The second phase saw marked improvement over the first phase in the form of establishment of the renowned artist Joseph Albers at the Black Mountain College in North California and its acceptance of the Bauhaus ideology by the German artist Gropius and German American architect Mies (Craig, 2001, pp.35). The influence of de Stijl on the Bauhaus movement The de Stijl was a Dutch artistic movement that occurred in Netherlands. The Guggenheim museum’s article on the de Stijl stated that the de Stijl form of art focused on the usage of geometrical figures like the straight line, the square, the rectangle in asymmetrical combinations and using pure primary colors with black and white (Ryan and Conver, 2003, p.52). The Bauhaus move

What Makes for a Good Cut

What Makes for a Good Cut? Editing is said to be an invisible art, due to the fact that editors in the early times worked as invisible assistants of film makers, and were often depicted as the unappreciated workers of the film industry. Based on the film The Cutting Edge: The Magic of Movie Editing, there are several things that have to be considered to make a film a good cut. One thing is that it should be realistic. The scene should show the audience that what they are seeing is real, and the expected response from the audience is that they have to believe that it is real. The example shown on the film pertains to the film Jaws where editing made the shark scenes more realistic and believable, and it elicited fear from the audience because the scenes were cut just in the right places where the fake shark wouldn’t be seen as a fake one but a real one. Another thing the editor considers is the shot which is being used. A good editor knows when a long shot or a close-up would be appropriate, or whether the focus on one actor or the other would be better enhanced. Melodramas made ample use of the close-ups during the early years of film, and this practice has been adapted to focus on the element of emotions up to now. There is also the aspect of fluid movement. The editor is concerned with the fluidity of movement from one scene to the next. In old films as well as in recent ones, there are scenes where a long shot is made which cuts to a next frame which utilizes a much closer shot. The fluid movement from one frame to the next is the handiwork of the editor and the almost invisible cut in between determines how skillfully the editor performs his craft. A good editor also knows how to maximize the use of sounds and images to get the film’s message across. During early times, films were used for purposes of propaganda and in influencing people. Whether it is suspense, action, comedy, drama, an erotic film or a horror flick, the editor knows the exact sound and image to show the audience so that they are moved to respond in a certain way. In short, the editor’s job is choosing the precise shot or series of shots, putting them at their appropriate places and in the approved time or duration. Continuity from one scene to the next is also one essential thing to consider in editing. From one scene to another, the editor knows where to cut and where to continue the story so that the audience will not be confused. Related scenes will be grasped easily compared to unrelated ones which will leave the audience asking ‘what happened’, or ‘where did this character go’. Another element is pacing, where the editor has to make the scenes slower for emphasis, or faster to enhance the excitement. The good editor makes the scenes appropriate for the requirements of the film’s storyline. Thus, if it’s an action film like ‘Terminator’ the cuts will be fast, and the editing will show exciting scenes with a fast pace. If it’s a drama film, then the scenes will be slower, with more emphasis on the emotions of the actor/actress, thus the cuts will be more on close-up shots, and the expected pacing will be slow. Lastly, the editor knows it’s a good cut when the audience responds in the way that the film makers wanted them to react. Editing can take many forms and the editor can make scenes boring, organized, chaotic, sexy, exciting, evocative or whatever direction the editor wants to take in consultation with the director. The editor holds much power in his position because he can manipulate the audience through the film’s ‘rhythm’ – the so-called ‘peaks and valleys’ (Zemeckis) of the story which he creates. Furthermore, the editor has in his hands the power to make or break an actor through the exposure he/she is given in the edited final product. Works CitedZemeckis, Robert, The Cutting Edge: The Magic of Movie Editing Wendy Apple, 2004.

Multimedia &amp

DesignIt is therefore vital to acknowledge that emotional effect by a product to its users has to be made one of the focal point in the design process. Norman greatly recognizes the necessity of emotional appreciation in the available products, goods and services to the human beings (Norman, 2004). Figure 1: Key design considerations Throughout the scheme of importance of experiences and emotions, Normans has laid key emphasis on the importance of emotional appreciation. In addressing the subject, Norman divides human’s appreciation with focus laid at two notions that influence appreciation (Norman, 2004). These notions are visceral and aesthetic appreciation. Visceral appreciation engrosses a human being’s pleasure to something motivated by one’s natural intelligence or knowledge in practical circumstances where any of the stimuli sensory faculties are triggered from in or outside an individual’s body (Norman, 2004). The stimuli faculties here include an individual’s ability to hear, view around (sight), smell, equilibrium, taste and touch. Triggering of the sensory stimuli leads an individual to consider something as favorable or unfavorable. On the other aesthetic appreciation encompasses the decisive reflection on art, nature and culture driven by one’s judgment of outlook or even taste. In brief, the second Norman’s division of emotional appreciation is based on one’s sensor-emotional values (Norman, 2004). Thorough analyses of the visceral and aesthetic appreciation provide a clarified detail of each and their integration to trigger an individual’s appreciation of one thing over another (Norman, 2004). Clearly, visceral appreciation focuses keenly on one being driven by the stimulus factors in or outside one’s environs. In this sense, it clarifies that visceral appreciation significantly revolves around effects of a product or service on one or a number of the stimulus faculties. For aesthetic appreciation, emphasis is laid on an individual’s sensory implication or sentimental judgment of a product, service or things around. It is hereby clear that the two do not have to be separated since revolve almost the same notion. To be precise, I disagree with Norman’s idea of dividing emotional appreciation based on the two. Norman clearly over complicates the idea of emotional appreciation. From point of view and thorough scrutiny of the subject, I can deduct that, emotional appreciation is based on the sensory effects resulting from only stimulus faculties and experience on a product or service. In other words, this clarifies that since aesthetic appreciation focuses on sensory judgment of a thing, then it (aesthetic appreciation) must involve one or more of the stimuli faculties. Therefore, if the stimuli must be involved, then that means it (aesthetic appreciation) depends on a key component of the visceral appreciation (Norman, 2004). This is because, as analyzed earlier, visceral appreciation focuses mainly on the effects of stimulus faculties in or outside one’s body. It is in this sense that I prefer that Norman should have merged the visceral and aesthetic appreciation instead of separating them. In addition, the experience levels an individual has on a product or service with relation to another further enhances that individual’

Chinese Contemporary Art Museum

Noting that the museum has a huge number of Chinese imperial art, this fund is indented to fund the national level museum art that is dedicated to collecting, displaying, and the research of the contemporary and modern China artistic works. Certainly, the fund shall be the key building element of the four stories of the Museum including the areas of a display (Falk 12). Generally, the fund will take care of twenty-one exhibition halls in the museum. These collections are divided into various categories. This includes the Chinese traditional painting, print, oil painting, sculpture, caricature, new year painting, lacquer, traditional story picture, costumes, and pottery.It is worth noting that this category is expected to perform better, as well as improve the performance of the museum. Extensively, the funding provides an opportunity for the museum to increase the level of art and design in China. Unlike others, this category of funding is focused on boosting not only research and outreach in China but also the sector of education. This implies that through this funding, the collections in the museum shall be of great importance to researchers serving as an academic source for varied purposes. These collections have been known for displaying certain species at a certain time and place (Harris 14). Through it researchers shall have an opportunity to examine the temporal and geographical changes in populations, communities and species, thus tracking the patterns relative to human-induced or natural changes (Harris 16).This category of funding is the best since it will enable the specimens of the museum to establish the research basis for the evolution of the research, distribution, and speciation. This will give vital baselines for studying emerging diseases, conversations and artworks. Different specimens are linked to data thus giving out information regarding life history, and natural traits of animals.

How Does Freudian Theory Help to Explain Social Formation

The 1960s witnessed a strong social movement along the twin axis of race and gender. In the beginning feminists were sceptical – if not antagonistic – to psychoanalysis. They marked it as spawning patriarchy and with it the earlier quiescence of women. But by 1973, women psychoanalysts, psychologists, and writers began to demonstrate that the women’s movement could benefit from the thought of Karen Horney, Helene Deutsch, and Melanie Klein, as well as from that of the younger women who were linking psychoanalytic ideas to hormonal, chromosomal, and embryological research, to psychological studies of traits and bisexuality, and so on. New avenues for investigation opened up into the genesis of femaleness, gender roles, and all sorts of cultural influences. Investigators expected to unravel the impact culture may have on nature. (Kurzweil, 1995, p. 6) Freudian understanding of social formation was complemented by the works of sociologists such as Julia Kristeva and Michel Foucault. Kristeva’s analysis of the process of abjection from the maternal inherent in social formation supplements Freud’s thesis that the social is founded on the murder of the father and the incest taboo. (Oliver Trigo, 2003, p. …In what is a useful insight for feminist theorists, although language and culture set up separations and order by repressing maternal authority, this repressed maternal authority returns, especially in literature and art, where imagination frees up unconscious fears and desires in a way similar to dream-work. (Oliver Trigo, 2003, p. xxxiii) Central to the social formation, according to Kristeva, is collective identity formation and by extension individual identity formation. For Kristeva, abjection is coextensive in both individual identity and collective identity, which operate according to the same logic of abjection. Whereas an individual marks his difference from the maternal body through a process of abjection, society marks off its difference from animals through a process of abjection. In her analysis, however, the animal realm has been associated with the material, which ultimately represents the realm of nature from which human culture must separate to assert its humanity. (Oliver Trigo, 2003, p. xxxiii) Freud’s conception of social formation is contested by those who place Freud outside the scientific tradition.

The Impressionists

A critique once mockingly called their work ‘Impressions’, since they lacked defined form, and that is where the Impressionists got their name. Claude Monet was born on November 14, 1840 in Paris. In spite of having little artistic influence in his early childhood, an artist developed in him while during classes (that he did not enjoy) he drew caricatures of his teachers, for which he became known and started working at a picture-framing store, where they were displayed along with his other artwork. Eugene Boudin’s work was displayed there too, which differed from the Realists (the then prevailing group of artists who liked painting with sober colors and dark shadows). Boudin believed that no object could be directly painted exactly the way it is due to the fleeting effects of color and light. his works were mocked by the art community and Monet too, but later became a huge influence in Monet’s career. Boudin’s practices of painting outdoors, completing his works then and there and paying close attention to the effects of light were also adopted by Monet. The reaction in the 1880s against Impressionism is known as Post-Impressionism. The Post-Impressionists emphasized on formal structure and order, being more meticulous in their work. However, they shared a similar approach with the Impressionists that color should be an independent bearer of emotion and expression. The element of artificiality is also common in their works. The movement was led by Paul Cezanne, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh and Georges Seurat. He was born on 29th March, 1859 in Paris. He was a Post-Impressionist painter and draftsman renowned for his innovative use of drawing media and devising the Pointillism technique. Ecole Municipale de Sculpture et Dessin was the place where he studied art and in 1878, to enhance his skills he went to Ecole des Beaux-Arts where Henry Lehmann taught polished his work. He spent the summer of 1890 on the coast at Gravelines, where he painted 4 canvases including the Channel of Gravelines. He died in Paris on March 29, 1981 at the age of 31 due to an uncertain cause. One of Claude Monet’s most famous works is La Gare Saint-Lazare that he painted in 1877. It was a challenging task and required him to be very quick in retaining the sensations of light, steam and motion in his mind, for with the station so crowded and continuous arrival and departure of trains, the scene was never the same. Impressionists liked painting outdoors because they were inspired by the urbanization in Paris triggered by the Industrial Revolution. Monet’s use of short brush strokes and loose brushwork hardly convey forms, but are indicative of spontaneousness and effortlessness. In a way, these techniques of easiness and the use of bright colors(against the Realists’ concept of art) also indicate how the advent of technology brought convenience to people’s lives. On the other hand, Grand Jatte was painted by the Post-Impressionist Georges Seurat when he was 27 and is considered to be one of his most influential works. Seurat, in this work, has captured recreation on the island of Paris, which represented a new type of modernity for the affluent Parisians. It is painted in his famous Pointillist technique, emphasizing purity of colors on canvas. His depiction of people facing either

Nazi Leadership Pictured in the Black Book

In the time of its release, it indeed was the most expensive Dutch film that ever existed as well as the most commercially successful film in the Netherlands. The film stands out more realistic depiction of some history. It has been used to offer the conventional wisdom that the Dutch and the resistance were the heroes while the Germans with the Dutch sympathizers were eventually the villains. Additionally, the film acts as a magnificent cross in the business and art. It has been such an entertaining film that appeals the audience from the professors down to the shop assistants which remains worthwhile for many years. During the final years of the World War II, a beautiful woman singer Rachel Stein finds refuge with the Tsjempkema family in the rural part of the Holland. She waits out the war just like any other Jew in Europe as a popular and a wealthy singer. Separated from the family with some moment away from being captured by the Gestapo, her temporary house is destroyed by the Allied bomber in fire by a German fighter where she is left in the arms of Michel Huisman-Rob a very sympathetic boy who promises Rachel’s safety in the period. The following morning Rob helps Rachel to her contact in the town helping that she will be assisted in finding her family to escape across in the liberated territory (Harris 123). On arrival at home, Mr. Smaal with the wife Diana Dobbleman who is a compassionate lawyer having worked secretly in helping the Jews to escape from Holland, reluctantly arranges that Rachel joins the family and crosses the enemy lines in the allied territory, marking her name in a little leather notebook. In the period of the dangerous crossing, the German troops ambushed the boat whereby the Nazi kills the boat passengers ruthlessly but Rachel narrowly escapes jumping overboard in a river.

Compare Arthur Miller’s life to the characters in his play Death of a Salesman

The notion of identifying with a character is nothing new. The fictional personas that we love or hate remind us of ourselves and other people that we are astonished at how a writer is able to get all the details, the idiosyncrasies and the truth of their self. All of this is achieved not merely because of the writer’s imagination but more importantly because he knows them and is thus able to breathe life into them. Arthur Miller’s ‘Death of a Salesman’ has been an enduring masterpiece that has won him a Pulitzer Prize and marked his career as a great American playwright. Miller had always been compared alongside Henrik Ibsen and where their similarities lie is on the portrayal of social problems in their writing. But to categorize Miller and confine him in the shadow of Ibsen would be a great injustice to his work. As Harold Bloom tells it, Ibsen essentially was a daemonic dramatist, trollish and Shakespearean, always closer to a cosmos of elemental forces, like those in ‘King Lear’ and ‘Macbeth’ and ‘Macbeth,’ than to the social world of politics and economics (7). This is in contrast to the straightforward appeal of Miller’s work and the characterization of the American hopes and ideals as a prevalent theme in the execution of his greatest play. For Arthur Miller, art was always deeply connected to life. Art, he believed, not only derives from life experience, but it must also respond to life and improve the conditions of life and living for humanity (Sterling 35). Arthur Miller’s life has been a long and colorful one. This was marked by several marriages that included among others the famous actress Marilyn Monroe to whom he had written a screenplay she had starred in titled ‘The Misfits’ in about the same time they had their divorce. Their relationship was the center of media attention even before the notoriety of today’s paparazzi. They epitomized celebrity culture even before there was even such a thing. But more than this he has been known to take an outspoken stand on social issues and is one not to shy away in speaking his mind publicly. Miller had lived a most fascinating life filled with anecdotes and controversies up to the moment of his death at the rightful age of 89 in 2005( Even towards the end of his life, he has consistently made a mark as a voice of his generation and his love for the theatre has emanated therein. Aside from the highlights of his life during his fame, his early years reveal more of how time has molded him to be the writer that he is. The understanding of ‘Death of a Salesman’ in the realm of its authors life bears a number of manifest parallelisms not only to his own life but also to the things that are occurring during the time it was written. The theme of the narrative bears resemblance in that of the authors own and for the search of the dream we all share. Arthur was born the second child in a well-off Jewish family on October 17, 1915. They lived in an idyllic apartment with a prestigious address near Fifth Avenue in New York. His father, Isadore ‘Izzy’ Miller, was able to provide a comfortable life for his family through his Miltex Coat and Suit Company which manufactures women’s clothing and employs about 800. His relationship with his mother is the one he treasured the most. Gittel Miller, more fondly called ‘

Giovanni Boldini Duchess of Marlborough and Her Son 1906 and Gustave Courbet The Young Bather 1866

Giovanni Boldini gained prominence in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries as an established portrait painter. Boldini was not able to claim much fame and recognition throughout his life because the subject of most of his works was to document the families of the rich and the famous. His prominence in elite social circles was overwhelming and by the early twentieth century nearly everyone who was someone was looking for Boldini to get a portrait done. Perhaps Boldini’s only remarkable addition to contemporary art was the utilization of his swish style that received wide acclaim. After his death Boldini was also claimed as the Master of Swish1. The distinctive swish present in Boldini’s works was able to attract a number of wealthy patrons including nobility, industrialists and other such patrons. Hence, most of Boldini’s pieces are essentially portraits including the piece currently under scrutiny titled Consuelo Duchess of Marlborough with her son Ivor Spencer Churchill. In contrast to Boldini, Gustave Courbet was more of a maverick both in terms of style as well as the subject of his works. Courbet can be seen as the leader of the Realist movement that was seen in the nineteenth century that took prominence before the Impressionism of Boldini and his contemporaries. While the content of Boldini’s work was documenting the rich and the famous, Courbet instead concentrated on bringing social commentary through his work. Often Courbet’s social commentary was bold and innovative. The current piece under discussion by Courbet also represents somewhat of a social taboo for the time – the nude female figure. Courbet was an early libertarian and his work certainly represented this influence in great detail. While placing the more conventional symbols and techniques in his paintings, Courbet was concentrating instead on the content in order to stir the audiences. This he accomplished through the use of libertarian ideas that became the subject of his paintings2 which applies equally well to his work under scrutiny. It is equally important to contrast the subjects of the works in order to decipher the intent of the artists. The subject chosen by Bouldini was more commercial in nature than anything else. The commercial success of Bouldini made him a favorite for the creation of portraits in Paris. The current work being studied depicts the Duchess of Marlborough, Consuelo Vanderbilt and her young son Lord Ivor Spencer Churchill lounging around in their daily lives. One look at the painting reveals the pleasant atmosphere being carried in the household of the Churchill family. The painting is more or less an attempt by the artist to depict an affluent patroness and her son as being happy and enjoying their time together. The Duchess is shown in a suggestive manner as she glances across the floor depicted towards the artist. Her son is crouched next to her in a kneeling posture. The Duchess is seated on a sofa and is attempting to get up while her son is trying to hold her down as many children would hold down their mothers when they are being adamant. The smile on the Duchess’ face is only interrupted by her apparent beauty depicted in the painting. Much like modern celebrities the Duchess is represented as a

On Antoni Gaudi’s Casa Batllo

ANTONI GAUDI’S CASA BATLLO Architectural works are normally unique and a manifestation of one’s imagination. Through this works, an architect has anopportunity to express art shapes using different ornamentation. Considering that architects’ works are unique as a result of one’s imagination, this research paper will investigate on Antoni Gaudi’s Casa Batllo. The paper focuses on this building interior space by analyzing on its different characteristics and the architecture. Casa Batllo is one of the buildings designed by Antoni Gaudi in 1904. It is located in Barcelona England1. The buildings creative floors and incrassate facades is what portrays the creativity of this architect. Looking at the building, one will realize that this designer had an aim of avoiding straight lines. It is believed that this building signifies the lance of Saint George. Below is an image of the building: The interior appearance and materials for the building signify the one thing that portrays the outstanding imagination of Antoni Gaudi. While renovating the interior of the building, Gaudi had an objective of improving on its illumination. He allowed two skylights to illuminate the building up to the ground floor. These skylights are shaped like the shells of a tortoise. They are formed from a spine of a gigantic animal and carved with fine hardwood to rise up as a banister. At the ground floor, a patio is used to distribute this light evenly. This gets aided by a chromatic straight gradation from the interior ceramic walls that range from dark blue to white. The ground floor windows are also bigger in size to compensate for the weak skylight intensity in this area. This design makes the building to be environmental friendly. A sturdy iron rail that runs from the entrance hall to the ground was used to ensure privacy in the Batllo. The building’s staircases gets made up of wood. The ceilings are vaulted. The noble floor -the residence of Batllo family- has a new layout designed with internal walls that seem to be undulating 2. There is a family courtyard in the centre of the building, which can be accessed via the dining room and it is one of the most private area of the house. There exist different contexts that try to give meaning to this iconic building. There are individuals who interpret the curves of this building as a symbol of the waves of the sea, in addition, they believe that its ceramic and ornamentation designs compares to the color of the marine alga and fauna. In a different context, some believe that the building is an allusion to symbolize Carnival time3. This belief is strengthened by fantasy shapes of the cast iron grilles placed on the balconies. These shapes are similar to Venetian masks. It is also thought this the shapes of the balconies represents the skulls of the dragon victims in the legend of Sant Jordi. The scale-like ceramics roof top and a four-armed cross is a representation of this dragon and the sword by used by Sant Jordi in killing the dragon respectively. The building also reflects on religious imagery. The building has semi-concealed and embedded images and texts placed in the upper area of the building and around the facade. For instance, the building has a four-pointed transverse cross. One can interpret that Gaudi was designing this building to glorify God. Casa Batllo also has self contained floors with a roof terrace. The noble floor has a private access, though. it also has a communal stairwell. This stairwell is tiled, making it appear like the exterior facade. One can access the couch houses from the street. These houses are located below the courtyard. Initially, this building was designed to accommodate members of the middle class. Unfortunately, many buyers undervalued it due to its design. Later, Joseph Batllo bought the building because he valued its place of location. Batllo was one of the main stakeholders in textile industry. He was determined to demolish the initial building and construct another one. However, the idea of refurbishing it came to mind4. This building then became a home for Batllo and his family. After his death, his wife and children managed the house. Later, an insurance company took over and used it as an office. In the following years, the building currency refurbished it and began to hire this building for other events. Much of this building space has been rented. This activity of renting this building is reinforced by its place of location, and the beautiful facilities. Its demand has remained high. In conclusion, Casa Batllo building is an outstanding manifestation of imagined architects’ works. Antoni Gaudi imagination of applying animal shapes, copy of skeleton and bone, vine-like curves and the use of admirable color bits attracts the attention of observers. Gaudi’s idea of maximizing on the use of natural light to illuminate the building is also outstanding. Generally, the imaginations used by Gaudi are commendable because they are still relevant up to today. It is because of his beatification that the building attracts different events and the need for maintaining it. Notes 1. Francesca Bacci Melcher, David, Art and Senses (Oxford University Press, 2011), 112 2. David Pearson, New Organic Architecture: The Breaking Wave (California: California University Press, 2001), 45 3. Lluis, Talosa, Barcelona, Gaudi and Modernism, (Madrid: A. Asppan S.L, 2001), 78 4. Rainer Zabster, Gaudi, 1852 – 1926: Antoni Gaudi i Cornet: a life devoted to architecture. (Cologne, Germany: Taschen, 2002), 121. Bibliography Bacci, F. Melcher, D. Art and Senses. Oxford: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. Pearson, David. New Organic Architecture: The Breaking Wave. California: California University Press, 2001. Tolosa, Lluis. Barcelona, Gaudi and Modernism. Madrid: A. Asppan S.L, 2001. Zebster, Rainer. Gaudi, 1852 – 1926: Antoni Gaudi i Cornet: a life devoted to architecture. Cologne, Germany: Taschen, 2002.

Time and the Machine by Aldous Huxley

Huxley’s intention in his work is to analyze the psychological and social fallouts of an increasingly industrialized world. He does this by citing examples from history and also comparing the contemporary situation in the Western world to that in countries like India to make his point.‘Time is our tyrant’, Huxley says in his essay and by this he means that time has come to rule our everyday life. Each of our actions is governed by schedules, appointments, timetables and so on. And this causes us to worry about the passage of time a lot more than is warranted. Huxley puts it in his essay:There are trains to be caught, clocks to be punched, tasks to be done in specified periods, records to be broken by fractions of a second. machines that set the pace and have to be kept up with. Our consciousness of the smallest units of time is now acute.It is not as if time itself is a ‘recent invention’ as the writer declares, but the preoccupation with even the smallest periods of time is something that has happened in the modern era. This observation made in the 1930s is somewhat true even today. For those employed in the corporate world, life can become a flurry of flight schedules and meetings. For students too, assignment deadlines can become a source of nightmares. For businesses, sportspersons, artists, nearly every profession one turns to, keeping up with the changing times or even just measuring the littlest stretches of time has come to be crucial.Huxley argues that in countries like India, the people still remember the ‘fine art of doing nothing.’ While this may have been true while these countries were still under colonial rule, it is no longer the case. Asians, especially South-East Asian economies have caught up with the rest of the world and are even leading in some cases. With this economic progress, however, these nations are facing the same psycho-social crisis that Huxley observes in the United States and the United Kingdom in his time.Huxley notices a ‘paradox’ in this way of living: namely, the sever awareness of little periods of time but almost a blind disregard of larger time-scales like the duration of a day, the changing of seasons. in short, the passage of natural time. Huxley attributes this to the increased urbanization of the world which with its ‘artificial universe’ of skyscrapers and concrete jungles, has made it impossible for the common person to even be able to see the sky and the natural world around them, much less actually calculate time by it.Huxley seems to be lamenting the age of industrialization and mourning the age of ‘hand-work.’ Even if we agree with his assessment of our increased preoccupation with time at its minutest, we cannot realistically hope that the clock can be turned back. The advances made by increased mechanization have also created many benefits and allowed previously excluded countries and peoples to join in the movement towards an easier world. However, it is a timely warning and something that we would do well to keep in mind. Even with our machines and our seconds ticking by, we can surely make time to appreciate the grandeur of the natural world which has made this one possible in the first place? Rather than getting too nostalgic about the past, a more practicable solution would be to reach a balance in the present where the onward march of time can be slowed down, if not stopped, by timely pauses to look up at the sky.

Transition of Art to Photography in Terms of Realism

Presently, such a world seems unimaginable thanks to photography: it comes with visual souvenirs. pictures of common and prominent people. advertising pictures that create a desire within the public while, at the same time educating them concerning all products the modern consumer culture is capable of offering. medical, diagnostic devices. incredible perceptions of exotic places, together with the outer space. world news pictures. and most significant, pictures of the events, as well as intimate moments of personal life (Keil 19). The photography technology is partly chemical and partly optical, dating back in 1839. Shortly after its instantaneous discovery by William Henry Fox Talbot of England, together with Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre of France, photography get used in documenting foreign places of interest like India, the American West and the Holy Land. Apart from that, it got applied in portraits along with photographs of kings, statesman, as well as theater or even literary personalities. However, during the 19th century, cameras were in most cases in the hands of either professionals or entrepreneurs who were self-educated thereby trying photography as a trade. Photography does not require professional licensing or even guild membership. therefore, in the mainstream, anyone has the capability of buying the equipment, obtaining the directions, and proceeding. This directness of the medium makes photographic practice liberated from the traditions, which had grown up throughout painting or a variety of printmaking arts (Keil 32). With the introduction of precoated dry plates in 1878, the tiresome and cluttered coating of glass plates inside the darkroom or even dark tent, for those photographers out in the field got eliminated, and with the availability of precoated photographic papers, printing of photographs turned out to be much easier, while, at the same time, more predictable. As a result, photography could be exercised by hobbyists or amateurs, more so by lovers of the medium since the majority of the people, who had the leisure for an advanced hobby such as this one, were not only educated, but also sophisticated, and desired to come up with photographs resembling Art (Keil 47). In the past, film cameras filters got used in the modification of both the spectral content i.e. color, intensity of light, while, at the same time, generating outcomes like soft focus. However, digital cameras tend to operate differently when it comes to color. there is a possibility of performing color modification in camera with ease by setting white balance. Therefore, for film warming, as well as cooling filters, or those filters capable of converting fluorescent light unto daylight where necessary, digital has the ability of achieving the same effects through internal operation of the digital data. There as a number of filters needed for digital including a polarizing filter, special effect filter, a UV filter, filters for infrared effects, a neutral density filter plus a given graduated neutral density filter. It is impossible to digitally simulate the results of a

Icons in the past and in the modern world

bject that is easily identifiable by many. It may also mean a symbol that is used by different cultures to for purposes of historical value or having a known significance to such community or groups of communities. In the modern times however, icons of places are mostly represented by beautiful architectural buildings. Though past icons such as monuments, statues and historical buildings are still recognized as icons of different places, there is a rapid change in the way icons are perceived and this has been brought about by the construction of amazing pieces of architecture. This paradigm shift has been driven by the demand for popularity and instant fame as well as for business purposes. Different regions are now in competition with one another in the construction of stunning architectural buildings. This paper aims to detail and discuss the meaning and use of icons in the past and modern in the United Kingdom and give a comparison of the same. This will be done via researching the major icons in the UK and detailing their use. The paper will also make a general conclusion of the history of the icons. Most specifically, the paper will focus on the bulky-Scottish Castle, the St. Pauls Cathedral, the Nelson Monument, and the small retail liver building. Background Information In the medieval times, icons were mostly represented by historical monuments and buildings. It also included paintings and carvings that were done on stones and caves by hunters or artists in the community. Such icons represented a particular history or symbol of power in the community. A good example of icons that represented symbols of power included palaces of the royal family in the kingdom. Buckingham palace in Great Britain is an example of such palace that was and still is home to the royal family. Religious shrines and buildings were also known icons in the past due to their revered status. Rome for example was a society that was deeply engulfed in religious practices and as such had several places of worship within the region (Lynch, 1960). Such places were known icons within and beyond the boundaries of Rome since they were not only revered by many, but also had influence on the political administration at that time. Great emphasis was also placed on the erection and curving of monuments and statues by several communities in the past. This was done to honour individuals for their great contribution to the society and as such, places where these monuments and statues were erected become known icons within the region both in the medieval times and up to date. From the twin towers in Malaysia to the Five Star hotel, Burj Al Arab in Dubai, the emphasis has been placed on tall and aesthetical pleasing building designs. Two dimensional form of art such as

The Devolution of Greek Economy

The humans have managed to evolve by thinking of new and different things. The ability to innovate had always helped the sons and daughters of Adam to get out of the caves that remained their home for centuries. The human race with the passage of time learned the art and science of building homes and sowing seeds. These activities have assisted the mankind in moving in the direction of industrialization. The industrialization is a trend and is also a force that caused the needs of the masses to be fulfilled over a period of long tenure. The scientific development and growth is done in order to facilitate the achievement of industrialists’ objectives and goals (Oakey, 60). The economy is always known to be controlled by the local corporate sector of the country. There are two significant powers in the world. The first one is called the power of entropy that forces any system to disintegrate over the years and the other one is the strength of evolution that with the help of human effort makes things better and better (Peck, 115). The scientific development and the growth in every other field are repeatedly attributed to the people who dared to think differently (Baron and Tang, 55). The different and unique people have always been defined by the ability to see the world in a different way and method. The evolution has its roots in the ability and power of the people who are blessed with the tendency to see, observe and think. The quality of life on the other hand, is directly related with the local entrepreneur’s ability to translate new product and business ideas into commercialized corporate offerings. The offerings are also not the end in themselves but they have to be made better in order to overcome the traditional power of entropy and disintegration. The disintegration is created by the nature itself in order to keep the humans attempting to evolve and inspire. The economic growth is always caused by the force of inspiration that makes people to think and try to become more than what they are in their current state (Fuglsang, Sundbo and Sorensen, 663). The leaders are famous for playing their due hand in the process of evolution as they are primarily responsible for giving direction and purpose to people. The governments are supposed to provide the services of leadership by fueling the process of development and evolution. The Chios Island is the fifth biggest one in the country of Greece and it has a population of 55,000 but the area remained much neglected in the past as the shipping served the country as a major industry in the past years. However, the tide is turning and Chios Island is finally getting all the attention it needed because it is becoming an agricultural hub of the region. The immigrants are building their homes in the Island so that they can take care of the fields while, keeping their families in the newly developing residential areas. Research Question Following is the research questions of the study: – Q.1 Would economic crisis in Greece, be the motive in rehabilitation of abandoned rural areas and its settlements? Significance of the Study The importance, value and significance of the study exist because it is going to discuss the effects of growing population in the rural areas of

Comparison of Ingre’s ‘Grande Odalisque’ and Titan’s ‘Venus of Urbino’

The depiction of the female nudity in history of art exists in plenty. as does the archetype from which these nudes got styled. Titian and Ingres were deliberated as some of the most significant artists of their time. accredited with being broad – minded and conservative (Gardner 290). Noting the painters and paintings, they stand as genius on their own considering their individual contributions which are monumental to the corresponding movements. Through identifying these works through their separate form content and context, the two works will be compared and contrasted. It remains easy to describe Ingres as a consistent supporter of the Neo – Classical stylishness from his period in David’s studio to the mid19th century. Ingres returned to Neo – Classics after having overruled the lessons of David, his teacher, and after having set the foundation for the emotional Romanticism expressiveness, the new style of young Delacroix and Gericault that Ingres would ultimately defend. Ingres’ early Romantic penchants can be seen most legendarily in his work La Grande Odalisque painted in 1814. On Ingres’, Grande Odalisque, a languid nude is outlaid in a sumptuous interior. On its first glance this nude appears to follow in the convention of the Venetian masters, for instance, Venus of Urbino (1538) by Titian. However, upon closer scrutiny, it seems that this is not a classical setting. Instead, Ingres has generated a distant eroticism emphasized by its exotic context. This work is full of sensuality, idealization and mystery. The background seems quite undefined with a purported black portion that makes it more attractive. The different shades of bluish clothing and decorations make the picture more striking to the viewer. The woman’s gaze, like Titan’s Venus, is directed straight towards the spectator and the fan made of peacock feathers in her hand looks as if it has just been used. Odalisque position and size gives a deeper meaning although, it is much more than a naked lady staring at the viewer. She reflects her life as a concubine, on her duties. She is believed to have been part of the sultan’s harem, she was there to satiate the lascivious pleasures of the sultan, despite what she may want or feel. She reflects a woman with deep thoughts, complex feelings and emotions (Lewis 328). In the cognizance of a 19th century French male observer, the sort of individual for whom this picture was made from, the odalisque would have made up not only a harem slave, being itself a fallacy, but a set of desires and fears connected to the long aggression history between Islamic Asia and Christian Europe. Certainly, Ingres’ porcelain sexuality is acceptable even to a progressively prudish French culture due to its subject’s distance. While the Renaissance painter Titan veiled his eroticism in myths, Ingres covered his piece of desire in a murky exoticism. Some art historians suggest that colonial politics played a role too on the work. France was expanding its African and Eastern possessions, often brutally at this time (Gardner 441). The myth of the barbarian served the French who would then claim a moral authoritative. Incidentally, on clear look, anyone can notice something wrong with the figure’s anatomy. Titian is deliberated to have been an outstanding Venetian painter of the 16th – century, and the former of the Venetian colorist and painterly tradition. He remains one of the significant figures in the Western art history. Tiziano Vercelli got born in the northern Venice, in 1477. He got trained by both Giorgione and Bellini, and after

The View of Edinburgh in Different Ways by Using the Principle of Camera Obscura

According to Edinburgh’s Camera obscura (2000), the principle of camera obscura started in Greece when Aristotle realized that when light reached into a dark room. This follows the penetration of a minute hole. thus, leading to the formation of an image on the opposite hole. However, the principle could have been applicable earlier than this since the Stone Age man could have used it for the production of the initial art (Michelson Allen 2003). Later, Al Hassan used the camera obscure to demonstrate that light rays do not bend, and that was in the 10th century. In the 13th century, the astronomers used the principle to get a clear view of the sun. Later, many artists started employing the camera obscura for the creation of drawings with fine details. For this reason, mobile cameras that were portable were made further simplifying the aspects attributable to such a phenomenon. In the Victorian period, camera obscura became popular, and people used it on the seaside to see courting couples, which was a popular pastime (Edinburgh’s Camera obscura 2000). By the 15th century, the using camera obscura in making solar observation became a common practice among astronomers. The initially published illustration of the camera obscura was evident in a book by Reinerus Gemma who was an astronomer. According to Marsh (2003), the image in the book was of the solar eclipse, which he viewed at Louvain, reflected on the wall of an old pavilion. Currently, cities use it to spy their visitors as they move around the cities.

Business Plan of Game Heaven UK

The paper gives detailed information about the gaming room which will have approximately fifty computers for the gamers, as well as play stations while they can also have refreshments, although high alcoholic drinks will not be served at the counter. This is because the equipment at the bar is sensitive and drunken gamers could destroy them. In addition, the bar will also provide game discs, consoles, and information at reasonable prices, which, together with the excellent service that will be provided, will be the core point for the bar. The staff at the bar will be expected to be gaming enthusiasts, and they will be trained by professional players in order to offer better service. Game heaven expects to have its own website for promotional activities where clients can interact and set up games. Industry Analysis The idea for starting Game Heaven came from the fact that more and more individuals who want to play the battle arena video games. However, despite the increasing interest in this game, there are no battle arena video game and sports bars, around the Birmingham area. Game Heaven is going to have to serve several sectors of the market. In the sports and gaming bar industry, it is important to have a family atmosphere where the gamers feel part of an exclusive group (Rail, 2011: p300). In addition, it will serve several uses, such as watching big games, gaming tournaments, and personal gaming time. The bar also plans to begin offering light food, although the dining areas will be separated from the family by a wall. However, wherever one sits, there will be a big-screen TV showing games, whether cricket, football, or rugby, especially since the plan involves having multiple screens in these areas. The business will face regulatory issues, especially with regards to employee wages, liquor licenses for the big matches, local ordinances, building permits, and others that could be of effect to the business (Rail, 2011: p301). Objectives Management at Game Heaven is confident that it has the ability to replicate its success with the plain Sports bar concept into an e-sports bar concept. It has established several objectives: Have at least two stores operational by the end of the second year Sales of approximately 150,000 in its initial year A net profit margin of 35% Net profit margins of approximately 14% Maintain a tight control on operations, as well as costs, by hiring quality staff, while also making use of automated control Keep beverage costs under 30% Select additional locations on the basis of meeting success parameters Grow the location to a 1 to 2 million yearly business. Mission Game Heaven UK will strive to become the premier e-sports themed bar in the Birmingham area. Our goal is to stay ahead of competitors, as well as allowing clients to enjoy their leisure time the best way we can. In addition, the bar will provide more computers and more screens showing more matches than all other sports bars in the Birmingham area. Game Heaven UK provides audio control, which is state-of-the-art at all computer and plays stations, as well as in TV areas that allow the customer to enjoy their gaming and watching experience without background noise interference. Through a combination of atmosphere, quality service, ambiance, and menu selection, to create a valuable and excellent entertainment experience.Through a combination of local media, radio, local gaming internet sites, and print media, the bar expects to make gamers aware of the experience that awaits them at the bar (Rail, 2011: p304). As soon as the company has established itself in the sports bar market, we will utilize broader media. The pro-sports tie-ins and live broadcasting will be a strategy to gain free publicity for Game Heaven UK, which is expected to be more effective than contemporary advertising that the company could purchase.

Macroeconomic Aspect of Thomas Gregory Toles Cartoon

 The cartoon which was created by Thomas Gregory Toles, and published in the Washington Post on the 28th of October, 2008, is not only a marvelous piece of art but also an explicit representation of the current financial scenario in the United States. The expressional expertise and the socio-economic understanding of Thomas Gregory Toles, the editorial cartoonist of the Washington Post has been very well reflected in this work, as it catches the attention of the viewer with a ready to go deliverance of the critical analysis. The primary feature of attention in the cartoon is a blasting balloon, with a huge caption on it saying ‘High Finance’. This is a direct indication to the setback happened to the derivative finance market especially to the process of sub prime lending. The usage High Finance is an obvious reference to the sub prime lending which involved high risk and a higher amount of interest. The balloon is portrayed to be flying in an ample height with reference to the clouds, which is an indication of the magnitude of the risk involved in the derivative finance market .It also symbolizes the uncontrolled number of handovers of the loan from the actual source which was the characteristic sign of liberalized derivative market. The balloon is shown in an over inflated state and the basket has a label on it saying ‘Actual Economy’. This very well criticizes the trial of the government since some years to have a fake magnification of the economy. This should be read together with the fact that, though the economic indicators of employment, industrial production, real sales and real income as defined by the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) had reflected a clear sign of recession since January 2008, the Government was highlighting the mere 0.6 percent increase in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in order to hide the actual state of recession and to represent a promising economy. The artist also would have intended to represent inflation through the inflated state of the balloon. Thomas Gregory Toles leaves a hint towards the indifference of the Bush administration on the state of economic crisis as he has caricatured a character of authority, still sitting in a relaxed mode with in a blasted balloon. The character’s statement that they would see what would be the impact of the blast on the actual economy also adds to the hint of apathy. As the dialogue box of the character also includes the phrase ‘bubble burst’, the artist point towards the possible indirect relation of the current crisis with the ‘Dot Com Bubble Blast’. Another character in the balloon, looking towards the land, represents the economic analysis team that the government had. Another blasted balloon which is smaller in size depicts the economic state of the common American citizens. The question posed by the character in this balloon that whether all your eggs had been put in one basket is the common man’s concern on the future of his investments and financial stability. The status of macro economic and other indicators like cost of living, consumer satisfaction index, social security index, affordability, unemployment status and others referring to the basic requirements of the public is also questioned through this concern. In totality, the artist has successfully demonstrated the economic status of United States of America through the caricatures in the Cartoon. He also demands a higher concern and control of the government over the economic stability of the nation.

Compare and Contrast Two Museum Web sites

The study tells that both websites have content that keeps viewers engaged in the website for a longer time. The background color of the website highlights certain contents in bold or various colors. National Gallery Art has a single template while the Frist Center for the Visual Arts website has two templates. The template of the National Gallery Art has individual objects, which are provided with resolution images that have a zooming effect. This is different from the Frist Center for the Visual Arts, whereby the two templates of the have two layouts. The First layout of the website is a masonry layout. This layout is flexible from a larger screen monitor to a mobile device. This layout is used for website calendar, multimedia section, and the home page. The second layout for the website is the general interior. This layout is used for basic substance like the general information, exhibition detail pages, and new items. The images are large, and most part of the website utilizes a white space to make the website feel like walking in the museum. However, the National Gallery Art website has perfect exhibition presentations from the collection and has other treasures consisting of excellent features on categories such as conservation objects. Although the National Gallery Art has a single template, the zooming effects and exhibit presentations make this website more exciting and interesting. The website of the Frist Center for the Visual Arts contains large images, which have no zooming effect. rather a white space with large images. (Rynd, Scala, Knowles, 28). The National Gallery of Art website contains a storage area of digital photos including the National Gallery of Art. The open access images of the Frist Center of the Visual Art website comprises of slide shows of zooming images articulated with their descriptions and uploaded dates. The top section of the National Gallery of Art web site has options for downloading images, browse, share and search. The website has a standard-based reproduction benchmark and assists section to offer advisory services for the experts and beginners. This website has more than twenty thousand open access digital photos up to three thousand pixels. Each pixel is available for free to use and download. The images are designed to facilitate exploration, enrichment, enjoyment, and learning. To begin with image searching, the user enters a search term in the box labeled Quick Search Box that is located on the upper right hand section of the web site. Most of the National Visual Art websites open access images are digitized for easy access. I have an interest in visiting the National Gallery Art more than the Frist Center for the Visual Arts due to the interesting images. The National Gallery of Art has more collections of photographs which makes it more attractive to me. This is clear on the fact that I enjoy photography. Some of the featured image collections of the National Visual Art websites include Samuel H. Kress Collection, Frequently requested, and what’s new. The top section of the website comprises of the following guide menu: Collection, exhibitions, education, conservation, research, calendar, visit, support, and shop. Some of the listed images of the Frist Center of the Visual Art include online features, Ellsworth, Exhibitions, and the collections. The website has three parts. top, middle, and bottom section. The top section contains the menu the second section contains the image collection, and the bottom section also contains menu guide. The menu guide includes: About, Opportunities, Press, NGA images, Newsletter, Notices, Contact US, and Audio/Video. The featured image collections of the Frist Center of the Visual Art are more educative art-wise as compared to the National Visu

Greek Periods of Art

The Archaic Greek Period The era assigned to the archaic Greek period of art is 800 to 500 BC. Greek art was very naturalistic in the archaic period. The sculptures created by the artists of that time represented males and females in a somewhat inflexible pose. Artists used to create statues of men and in different poses. Some artists used to create heads of warriors whereas some used to represent their gods in different forms of statues. If we take a closer look at the human sculptures of the archaic period, we come to know that the characteristic archaic smile and the human body’s anatomy are prominent in almost all sculptures. The Archaic phase is best known for the realistic representation of humans and stone sculptures. In the archaic period, the development of the Kouros and Kore statues were the focus of most of the artists. The statues of men represented warriors and gods whether statues of women representing women in the forms of goddesses, nymphs, and the other priestesses. Standing and seated girls and nude bodies of men and women are some of the most prominent artworks of the archaic period. Artists of the archaic period used to achieve realistic likeliness in picturing the human figure and representing them in the form of abstract figures of the geometric style (Hill). The stiffness, solidity, and gracefulness represent the influence of Egyptian art on the artists of that time. Neutralism was not the expertise of the artists of the archaic period. The artists used to cover their inability to achieve neutralism by giving archaic smile, clenched fists, and outstretched palm style to the sculptures. In all of the three periods of Greek art, which the h include archaic, classical, and Hellenistic periods, there were early, high, and later phases which show the emergence, peak, and ending signs of those periods. The Classical Greek Period The era assigned to the classical Greek period of art is 480 to 323 BC. This era is known as the golden age that starts from the time the Athens rose to the prominence and ends with the death of Alexander the Great. Human statues were very heroically proportioned in that age reflecting the Greek humanistic belief in man’s nobility and the desire to look like gods (Esaak). In the classical Greek period, artists were greatly involved in creating human statues of different styles. One thing, which is similar in the archaic period and the classical period, is that the artists from both periods focused on the development of the human statues.

The Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien

Tim puts himself at the centre of action as he gives the story with himself being one of the combat veterans. For any soldier who is going to a battle field, when you talk about ‘The things they carried’ what comes in ones mind are fighting weapons. In our case, that was not the case as the book is all about the things O’Brien and his fellow soldiers carried that would take their minds away from the war. Things that would give them hope and encouragement. With them were baggage of emotions of men who were going to die, terror, grief, love, shameful memories and secrets of cowardice which they didn’t want to show. From this we can clearly say that though the soldiers went to the war, they clearly were against the war and didn’t want to participate in it. The things the soldiers carried The title of the book is an irony by itself as the talk of war brings weapons in everyone’s mind. In this book, the soldiers carried distracters from the war, things to encourage them that the war was worth fighting, to give them hope that they will see the sun rise the next morning, things to make them forget the bad and haunting memories of the war. This clearly tells us that the soldiers attitude towards the war. they hated it and could do nothing to stop it but they had no alternative so they just had to stay in it. They carried the intangibles which still had with them their own masses. they had tangible weight as they to some way worsened the situation at war by the memories they brought. The one main thing that they carried was cowardice deep within them. they couldn’t show it because that would be embarrassing to those who looked upon them like their lovers, the country and their family members. The things the soldiers carried along with them include love letters, malaria tablets and illustrated Bibles contrary to what any one could have expected. Those who made it home safely had with them torturing memories and images of a nightmarish war. Rarely at any part of the book are we told of situations and events that the soldiers loved and enjoyed at the time they were at war or good memories after they war was over. This is to say at no point did the soldiers come to like the war and they didn’t appreciate any part of the war. Some parts of the book are fiction of the soldier’s experiences like how Tim killed a soldier and he was so shocked and traumatized but that was his work of art so as to create a true picture of what the situation was in the battle field. The soldiers killed the enemies but ended up regretting and feeling remorseful. The book is about the things O’Brien learned in this war and the secrets and truth that are always kept from the eyes of the common man. Most memories bring out the blurred line separating the truth, facts, reality and fiction. We can conclude by saying that everything they carried was precious to them or else they could have left them behind as the war requirements were already heavy for them. What they carried was mostly decided by their fears, their homesickness and the desperate need to be distracted from the war. We can see Rat carrying comic books while jimmy pictures of Martha. Some carried good luck charms to save them from the unworthy dangers of the war. Situations which show that the soldiers didn’t want to take part in the war or hated the war The last thing that a soldier has to have in a battle field is fear, that shows that he is either not prepared or he is

Literature as the Manipulation of Language

This text contributes to the significance of the entire story as it signifies the positivism of Mondo, which enables him to see the brighter side of everything and the people he encounters. b. So for the first time, my sadness was no longer considered a punishable offense, but as an evil that had unintended official recognition as a nervous state that I was not responsible, I had relief have more qualms about mixing the bitterness of my tears, I could cry without sin. The text is taken from the first volume (Swann’s Way) of Marcel Proust’s 7-volume novel Remembrance of Things Past, which narrates the childhood memories of the main character, Swann (McDonald). For the reason that the novel focuses on the memories of Swann, it can be said that the novel is full of philosophical ideas. it provides readers with insight on the main character’s perception of the world and himself. For instance, the quote tells Swann’s realization concerning his childhood. As the novel takes the reader to the memories of Swann, it also projects the significance of time. … Stein. The novel is written in 1964 and is characterized with themes pertaining to the understanding of oneself and of others as well as bewilderment, truth, and lies (Hecq n.pag.). In addition, the novel focuses on the conflict between knowledge and being. For instance, the quote suggests that Lol V. Stein is an interesting character as the other characters in the story are confused about his/her true identity. Additionally, the novel has psychological themes as Lol V. Stein’s character projects confusing physical and mental experiences as well as psychic pain, sensuality, and madness (Kristiansen 88). The quote is significant in the entire work as it gives the reader an impression that the novel delves on the psychological aspect of human experience. Compare the Child in Combray and the Mondo. How are they alike and how are they different? The child in Combray and Mondo are different in many ways. For instance, they have different social status. The child in Combray belongs to a wealthy family. he enjoyed his childhood life along with other members of the French aristocracy. Contrastingly, Mombo is a gypsy boy who grows up in the streets, without a home and survived only through the help from strangers. However, the child in Combray and Mombro have similarities in the sense that both of them fancied in their illusions. The child in Combray idealized women to the extent that his feelings toward them become a form of self-love and vanity. For instance, he sees women as art forms to satisfy his idealized woman.

Questions on Western Heritage

The Greco-Roman culture was restored and the period saw transformations in many areas such as the growth of city-states, mastery of arts, secularism and emphasis on the individual. There was also use of slaves, strengthening of papacy, and intellectual growth based on study of classical literary works of Greece and Rome (Spielvogel, 347- 352). Q2: How events or developments in Renaissance mark a break or departure from the key characteristics of middle Ages. The middle Ages were characterized by lack of classical culture and were the period 1000yrs between the end of Roman Empire and the new era of renaissance. The developments in renaissance marked a breakaway from the characteristics of the middle ages in that it emphasized on individuality, secularism and revival of antiquity. The middle Ages were characterized by many problems such as political disorder, economic recession and Black Death. During renaissance, the economy was recovering hence the growth of trade and increased wealth for merchants. As a result, there was need for cheap labor in form of slaves hence the emergence of slave trade. During middle ages, slaves were used in agricultural activities and slavery had declined but during Renaissance, slaves were skilled workers for making handcraft goods or as nursemaids and playboys (Spielvogel, 345). Due to economic recovery and increased wealth, the Italians reverted to secularism instead of Christian moral principles which were emphasized during middle ages (Spielvogel, 341). Morality was abandoned as basis for analysis of political activity. therefore, a ruler could break the rules and do wrong if necessary. According to Machiavelli, a leader was supposed to secure allies and win wars by force or fraud. The Catholic Church was also broken down to protestant churches due to the spirit of secularism which brought about corruption in the church. Another event that marked departure from Middle Ages was the intellectual renaissance. The antiques of the Greeks and Romans were revived and used in study of humanity. Individuals were seen as possessing abilities which they could utilize for perfecting their art. The individual was viewed as a universal person capable of achieving in many areas of life’ (Spielvogel, 341). Individuals were thus taught using literary works of the Greece and Rome and were engaged in various occupations instead of relying on the clergy. Q3: What was humanism? How does it reflect this new spirit of Renaissance? Spielvogel defines humanism as an intellectual movement based on the study of classical literary works of Greece and Rome (p. 352). The materials studied and taught in schools as humanities include: grammar, poetry, ethics, and history. Besides teaching, other humanists were involved in other occupations such as secretaries in city-states. The humanist movement is credited with the development of renaissance in the 14th century. Humanism reflects the new spirit of Renaissance through the ideas of humanists such as Leonardo Bruni (1370-1444) who uses Cicero as an inspiration for an ideal Renaissance. The spirit of Renaissance is reflected in the way individuals are encouraged to participate in the life of the state. He emphasized that intellectuals should live active lives for the sake of

A Comparison of the Woman of Willendorf and the Lion Human Sculpture

This research will begin with the statement that two pieces that have survived thousands of years to provide scholars with references to human existence during the Paleolithic period are the Woman of Willendorf figure and the Lion Man of Hohlenstein-Stadel. Each figure is rendered with surprising detail, even though they are not detailed to the extent of realism. The Woman of Willendorf is one of the best examples of the small ‘Venuses’ that have been found, suggesting that her purpose was a part of a cultural set of beliefs about women and fertility. The Lion Man, on the other hand, is a unique find that relates to the composite figures that are documented from other cultures within which the associated mythologies have been discovered. The Lion Man, however, has no known mythology that is available in known written history. The two pieces suggest a mystery about the Paleolithic era, acknowledging a sense of religion and ritual that was a part of the lives of those who lived in that era, and informing modern scholars on some aspects of the people of that era. The Woman of Willendorf figure, discovered in Austria, is a small sculpture that measures only 4 ½ inches in height. The piece is between 25,000 and 30,000 years old, making it among one of the earliest pieces of art discovered and is most likely an image of fertility. The work was carved from limestone with evidence that some form of paint pigment was then applied. Her details are not sculpted in detail, however, with no face defined but with small curls covering her head. She is fleshy and round, her breasts large and her belly hanging large below them. She is one of a number of figures that most likely were used as fertility charms and they are of a size that suggests that they might have been held in the hand to invoke their power. All of the similar figures have the same kind of large breasts, belly and buttocks as seen on the Woman of Willendorf. The indications that the piece represents is that sex and art have always had a close relationship (Honour and Fleming 2). The Hohlenstein-Stadel Lion Man was discovered in southern Germany and is a larger piece than was more often found from the period that it was made. The piece was made around 32,000 BCE, making it also one of the earliest known pieces of sculpture and measures at about 11 ? inches tall (Haarmann 62). The piece was not intact when it was discovered in a cave near Hohlenstein-Stadel Germany and has been carefully restored so that its beauty can be appreciated. The work was done out of mammoth ivory and is representative of a human formed feline for which the sex is debatable, although it is most often called the ‘Lion Man’. In the ancient near East and in Egypt the composite human and animal figure is well documented and the associated mythologies have been discovered to put the figures in context with the culture. However, the figures of people of the Paleolithic era have left no known texts with which to understand how the figures fit into the cultural landscape (Gardner and Kleiner 17). From the perspective of personal observation, the ‘Lion Man’ does appear to be male, especially if it is put into context with the female figural pieces that have been found from the Paleolithic period. The shoulder construction and the elongation in the lower center suggest male anatomy. As well, the ‘Venuses’, as they were nicknamed by the 19th century archeologists who discovered them, were primarily full bodied with their gender clearly indicated. The questions about the sex of the figure likely stem from the fact that most of the figures from the period represent women, making this an unusual piece if it does depict a male figure. As well, the figures that are male are more often quite specifically male with a strong phallic representation, making the subtly of this one unusual – although it is possible that a section or piece is missing. One of the more interesting observations that can be made is

Taekwondo The Spirit of Korea

It is believed that the earliest form of combat art to develop in Korea was called the Tsubaki. The early sport emphasized the use of hand techniques and was quite popular among the masses during the Koryo Dynasty.but, historical records revealed that this sport suffered during the Choson Dynasty (1392-1910) as the nation focused on literary rather than physical activities due to the ruling class intervention. The development, however, did not bring the development of Tsubaki to a halt but rather cause the sport to evolve into what became known as taken. This was not a simple name change. The techniques used were also changed from hand based to foot based. And it is fairly accurate to believe that this taken art is actually what is known today as taekwondo. Presently, both the WTF and ITF are considered to be the largest worldwide taekwondo organizations. A group of different national taekwondo teams established the WTF in 1973 which is currently based in South Korea. The aim of this organization is the coordination of international events and competitions using the International Olympic Committee’s rules and regulations. The ITF, on the other hand, dates back to 1966. The unofficial training headquarters of this organization is based in Pyongyang, North Korea. It was commissioned in the 1990s however. the organization is currently split into three different groups. One of the groups is based in Canada while the other two are based in Austria. Each of these group claims to be the original. Those organizations are quite similar, however, there are some technical differences primarily in their patterns positioning and technique and also in the sparring competition rules.

Health Promotion

Saracci tries to define health as a fundamental human right but not a service. and according to him, health is a condition of being free from disease or infirmity (ibid). Evidently, an individual’s health seems satisfactory when he/she is free from diseases or other physical problems. According to another view, health can be defined as a dynamic state of well-being characterised by a physical and mental potential, which satisfies the demand of life commensurate with age, culture, and personal responsibility (Bircher 2005). As compared to the definition provided by Saracci, Bircher’s definition is more comprehensive. He opines that good health condition will be characterized by a physical and mental well-being (ibid). The author adds that this dynamic state of well being, in turn, would satisfactorily meet an individual’s demands of life with respect to his/her age, culture, and personal responsibility, which are the major determinants of a person’s health needs (ibid).David Seedhouse also gives a definition that reflects the dynamic nature of health. He states that a person’s optimum state of health is equivalent to the state of the set of conditions which fulfil or enable a person to work to fulfil his or her realistic chosen and biological potentials (Seedhouse as cited in Blair 2008, p.18). In other words, an individual will be in a good health condition if he/she is able to use his/her full biological potentials. The definition clearly reflects that fact realistic biological potentials of individuals will be different from one another. From the definition, it is also clear that in order to achieve a good health status, a set of conditions needs to be fulfilled.Health promotion is of considerable importance in the modern life because of the high prevalence of many dreadful diseases like AIDS and chronic diseases like diabetes. Health promotion is the art and science of helping people discover the synergies between their core passions and optimal health, enhancing their motivation to strive for optimal health, and supporting them in changing their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health.

Post War Australian Art

ImantsTillers’ greatest motivation is the production of pieces of artwork that show concerns regarding locality and place while also making evocations of the Australian landscape. Between 1974 and 1975, Imants produced Conversations with the bride. The piece of art typifies the installation media category. The installation provides a notable dialogue between Imants’ painting and Marcel Duchamp’s well-known painting entitled The bride stripped bare by her bachelors, even. Duchamp’s painting is also referred to as The large glass. Imants’ Conversations with the bride is a compilation of at least 112 miniature photographs and paintings (Hart Tillers 2006, p. 9). These photos and paintings are set on multiple aluminum tripods with every image in the compilation being appropriated from The large glass by DuchIn addition, Conversations with the bride also appropriates images of Hans Heysen’s watercolor Summer of 1909, which had a characteristic Australian landscape, consisting particularly of gum and eucalyptus trees. This calls to mind the magnificent forces of nature that is similar to the 19th century Romantic landscapes. The large glass and Summer were painted approximately the same time, and as a consequence, Imants perceives them as equally representative of Australian cultural values (Stephen 2003, p. 16). These art pieces were sympathetic to Imants’ views at the time, especially with regard to Imants’ feelings regarding the element of the fourth dimension, which is also evident in Duchamp’s artwork. Imants researches a lot of sources, collecting necessary documentation vital for the compilation of the images inherent in the Conversations with the bride compilation. Conversations with the bride represent the painter’s post-modern strategy, which encompasses approaches such as intertextuality. Here, Imants’ artistic work elucidates the link between the artwork, the viewer and the artist. This relationship is exemplified through the use of layering whereby contemporary and historical references from both literature and art are comingled.

Cultural Studies and History Popular Culture and Modernity

The term culture means a general process of intellectual, spiritual and aesthetic development as in philosophy, art, and poetry (Storey, 2006: 1). Williams (1983: 87) suggests that culture also can be used to refer to those texts and practices whose principal function is to signify, to produce or to be the occasion for the production of meaning. In this definition, culture is synonymous with the structuralists and post-structuralists’ term signifying practices for which examples are in drama, ballet, opera, fine art, and novel. Culture also suggests a particular way of life, of a people, a period or a group. The term popular culture is based on the meanings of culture as a particular way of life, as in the celebration of festivals, seaside holidays, or youth subcultures. and are referred to as lived cultures or practices. Popular culture that relates to culture as signifying practices is exemplified in the soap opera, pop music, and comics. Modernity was the era during which the meaning underlying overt appearances was interpreted, and reality was sought out. The main impact of modernism on popular culture was its claim that any difference between high and low culture was obsolete (Storey, 2006: 1-2, 130). From its early roots in Britain, in the course of its development cultural studies has challenged established cultural norms and disciplinary boundaries. It has focused attention on aspects such as cultural theory, popular culture and the media (Knellwolf et al, 2001: 155). The development of cultural studies has influenced other disciplines such as history, drama, and literary studies, encouraging a more inclusive approach to the range of concepts. According to Bennett (1980: 18), as it stands, the concept of popular culture is virtually useless, a melting pot of confused and contradictory meanings capable of misdirecting inquiry up any number of theoretical bling alleys.

1 How Might John And Mary Have Benefited From Doing Some Marketing Research Before The Launch Of Agotar The


1 How might John and Mary have benefited from doing some marketing research before the launch of Agotar the


2 How might John and Mary use marketing research in the future?

Agotar the Magician

John was an amateur magician, doing the circuit of small clubs and home parties in the North of England. On a show in one such house party, he met Mary, an art graduate and, after a wonderful courtship, they eventually married. Mary was a teacher by profession but always wanted to start her own business. John was making a living of sorts but both realised that they were not earning enough to start a family and have a comfortable life. So they both sat down one evening and decided to combine their talents and form their own business.

John had an idea. He decided to design and market a box of magic tricks for children. But Mary suggested that, as there were a number of these on the market, a box of tricks was not enough; they needed a ‘persona’ so that the child who bought the box could imagine that they had become the actual magician performing the tricks. So Mary, with her designer’s mind, decided to set about designing a set of magician’s clothes to go with the box, a complete magic kit. Although the box and the clothes would sell separately, she realised that ‘cross-selling’ would become a lucrative business with the children. Parents could ‘build up’ the magician’s kit piece by piece, the box of tricks, say for the child’s birthday, and then the magician’s clothes for another landmark event.

John set about making up the box of tricks and instructions and Mary designed the clothes. She found a willing group of home parents who were only too delighted to make a bit of extra money by sewing up the clothes. Both John and Mary provided the artwork for the box of tricks and found an online company which would make up the box for a relatively small price. Soon the couple were ready to launch the concept and make it into a commercial reality. They had no idea what demand for the products may be, or what price to charge. They decided to take a ‘cost plus’ approach to pricing. Now all that remained was the name of the magician and after a lot of soul-searching they decided on the name ‘Agotar’, a suitably mysterious and imposing name. They made up a few boxes and clothes and being rather naïve on how to market the concept and the kits, they persuaded a toy shop in their local market to stock a few kits. To their surprise, the kits sold out in a few short weeks and the toy shop was asking for a lot more stock. When asked who bought the kits, the toy shop owner said it was mainly parents but only after being ‘pestered’ by their child. John and Mary were buzzing with excitement. What to do next?


Overview Neuquén Inc A Publicly Traded Firm Is Considering The



Neuquén, Inc., a publicly traded firm, is considering the

acquisition of a private company,, which specializes in restoring damaged artwork and vintage photographs for high net worth individuals. Neuquén’s CEO and chairman of the board, Willie Ray, described the motivation for the acquisition as follows: We are running out of profitable investment opportunities in our core vintage shoe restoration business, and our shareholders expect us to continue to grow. Therefore, we must look to acquisitions to expand into growing markets. Neuquén, Inc.’s common stock is currently trading at $50 per share, and the firm has 100,000 shares outstanding. The book value of the common stock is $20 per share. However, as mentioned by Mr. Ray, sales had been slowing recently and the board was concerned that soon the share price would also begin to flag as investors figured out that the firm was running out of positive NPV investments. The firm has $2,000,000 market value of bonds trading at a yield to maturity of 6.2%.

You have been hired as a consultant to Neuquén to evaluate the proposed acquisition of There is considerable dissension among senior management and the board about whether the acquisition should be undertaken. Your job is to perform a thorough analysis of the merits of the proposed acquisition and make a recommendation to senior management. After several meetings with Neuquén management and a review of Artforever’s financial performance and industry structure, you gathered the data shown in Table 1 below. currently has $1,475,000 (market value) in long-term debt, with a coupon rate of 7%. Its cost of goods sold (COGS) is expected to be 42% of sales revenues, and selling, general and administrative (SGA) expenses are expected to be 15 percent of revenues. The depreciation numbers listed above are already included in COGS percentage estimates. The firm’s corporate tax rate is 40% and its current cost of borrowing is 6.2%.

Your research indicates that Artforever has a target debt to value ratio of 15%, based on its assessment of the probability and costs of financial distress. You note that this is different from the capital structure of Neuquén and wonder how this would factor into your analysis. Although is a rapidly growing company, your analysis of industry structure suggests that competition in the art restoration market is likely to increase in the next few years. Thus, you forecast that the perpetual growth rate for free cash flows beyond 2022 will be a more modest 2.0% per year.

Your analysis of’s industry reveals that most of the firms in the industry, like Artforever, are private firms. However, you find a close competitor,, that is in the same line of business and is publicly traded. ArtToday has a long-term target debt to equity ratio of 0.75, and has been historically quite close to that target. Your analysis of ArtToday’s historical returns against the market returns yields an equity beta of 1.5. ArtToday currently has 50,000 common shares outstanding trading at $12 per share. Assume that both companies face a similar tax rate.

Your analysis of market data yielded the information in Table 2 below.
Market Data
Current yield to maturity on 30 year treasury bonds
Current yield to maturity on 3 month treasury bills
Most recent 1-year return on the Samp;P 500
Estimate of expected average return on the Samp;P 500 over the next 30 years

You Work For A Large Mineral Exploration Company And Propose Buying New Stateoftheart Equipment The Equipment


You work for a large mineral exploration company and propose buying new state-of-the-art equipment. The equipment

is expensive and so is training employees to use it, but it will increase the yield of exploration activities in the future. The CEO of the company says that because your plan has high current costs it will depress the stock market value of the company. Does an investment that lowers current profit but increases future profit necessarily lower current stock prices? Explain briefly.

An investment that lowers current profit but increases future profit:


Scenario You Were Hired 3 Weeks Ago As Director Of Compensation For A Thriving Midsized High



You were hired 3 weeks ago as Director of Compensation for a thriving mid-sized high

technology manufacturing company. The Vice President of HR, your boss, approaches you in your office and asks if you have a few minutes to talk about something. Of course you say yes and enter her bright and spacious corner office with floor to ceiling windows and lots of tropical plants. After you admire her art work and aquarium, you ask her whats on her mind. The VP tells you that she is concerned with what she has observed in the programming area. The staff is arriving to work late and leaving early; sick leave use is up; and turnover is increasing. She asks you to figure out what it would cost to raise all the programming staff salaries by 10%. She thinks that a raise will stop people from leaving.


Iii Art And Philosophy&Lt

olgtltligtWhat is the relationship between art and philosophy? Do you agree with


III. Art and PhilosophyolliWhat is the relationship between art and philosophy? Do you agree with

Descartes that logic and critical thinking are the best means of achieving certainty about reality and existence, or is your view more akin to the perspective of Keats, Schelling, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, and/or Heidegger that art is the ultimate expression of truth? How are these views a rejection of the natural standpoint we see adopted by empiricism and rationalism and rejected by phenomenology?/liliDo some kinds of art (music, for example) express the truth more fully than others? How so? How does the idea and purpose of art differ across cultures?/li/ol


You Are

requiredto write a Artistic criticism of a work of art. Let me answer the questionsRunning head: MOVIE ANALYSIS 1 Movie Analysis Name
Institution MOVIE ANALYSIS 2 The art that you should take is a film. in order to do the filming, you may go to a live
music performance or visit a…US History

Orientalism and the French Artists of Les Nabis

Each stroke, line, and curve had expressive potential, and the painted image had an independent existence as they sought to imbue the artwork with a deeper meaning beyond the fleeting moment one might normally observe on a canvas. As these young artists would explore new ideas about the artist and that artist’s expression, they found elegance and refinement in the Japanese art that was becoming available to view. The work impressed the Nabis because they themselves were in search of the simplicity of expression, as well as authenticity.
When Napoleon invaded Egypt in 1798 and the Near East was subsequently colonized, a defining moment in the history of oriental art was established. The Middle East, which was until now nearly unreachable, could be accessed by people from the West. The Western artists were fascinated by the richness and diversity of the “orient’s” art and this influence showed in the evolving work being done in the era. As Lene S. Fort states in her essay, Femme Fatale or Caring Mother? The Orientalist Woman’s “artists never create in a vacuum, bringing to their interpretations the opinions and biases of their cultural environment as well as their own life experiences. Whether the Orientalist painter personally visited the East or not, he was depicting a land he experienced as an outsider.”(1) As the fascination with the ’Japanese’, (the French term for the influence of the Japanese art in nineteenth-century Western society), grew in France, the Nazis would find the simplicity of the form and line a great influence as they endeavored to create work that could express the emotional content that they were trying to achieve.
Though the Nabis as a unified group appreciated the Japanese art, some members were known to be more drawn towards the possibilities it presented. Paul Gauguin, who held a mentor like status for the Nabis, incorporated several elements of Japanese art in his paintings.&nbsp.

Imperialism and Racism in Dark Princess by Du Bois

William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (1868 –1963), the celebrated sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, and intellectual leader in the United States, has been one of the most important champions of anti-racism and anti-imperialism. All through his tumultuous career, Du Bois worked earnestly to bring about an effective solution to the problem of racism and imperialism in the twentieth-century world. As Du Bois was extremely gifted in writing, he utilized his strengths as a writer to propagate his ideas against imperialism and racism, and his novel Dark Princess (1928) is celebrated for addressing the contemporary (the 1920s) global problems of western imperialism and racism. One of his few fiction novels, Dark Princess effectively deals with the beauty of people of darker races around the world and this work remains one convincing illustration of the author’s stand against imperialism and racism. Judged according to the values of an eroticized revolutionary art instead of social realism, Dark Princess is celebrated as a visionary work which offered Du Bois an opportunity to fulfill in fiction his greatest ambitions, dreams, and longings of world devoid of imperialism and racism, and this work is an evident illustration of “his tremendous intellectual energy to fighting racism (and imperialism) with the printed word… Here he prophesies an end of Western imperialism through the agency of a royal heir…”1 Therefore, it is indubitable that Du Bois’s Dark Princess explores the prevalence of global problems of western imperialism and racism in the world. This paper makes a profound investigation of how effectively W. E. B. Du Bois makes use of ‘the printed word’ as a means of addressing these issues, and it also explores what, according to the author, is a necessary means to combat imperialism and racism – violent resistance or political will/activism.
One of the central concerns of W. E. B. Du Bois in his favorite piece Dark Princess is how deeply western imperialism and racism were rooted in his contemporary world. Significantly, this novel is noted for the author’s interest in internationalism and international racial solidarity.&nbsp.

Choose any appropriate title ( ART MUSEUM)

Please answer/respond to all of the following questions and issues How are we directed around and through the space of the museum? How does the available space determine how and what we might see?
According to Tony Bennett, the museum has not made superior arrangements of their objects in relation to the things that people come to view in the museum. When one looks around to explore, one finds art in the unexpected places. Art has help us by providing us with clues about live and our live is more fully created through a collection of appreciating the art and even make a daily earning from it (Danilov, Victor,63 )
2 There is a great diversity of objects – painting, sculpture, ceramics etc. – on display in the museum. How and why has this diverse collection been arranged in the way that it has?
The specifically planned displaying spaces including the Marie Eccles Caine gallery, the Nora Eccles Harrison Ceramics Gallery, the Boyden collection of the Naïve American materials found in the Chase Fine Arts Center-present the continuing display of their artworks that are in the permanent collection. All the works in the museum covers the modern and contemporary arts providing an extensive overview of creative works from the year 1990 to the most current. All the objects emphasize on the artist works of persons living in the western half of the US.
3. Have a look at the ceramics cabinets 1 through 4 (on the 2nd floor.) What are the organizing principles for each cabinet? What common elements do the objects within each cabinet share and why have they been arranged in that way?
In the second floor there are a number of mediums that are used in the museum are utilized. For instance, the piece called Flowers of fate is on display. Painting having a clock and mirror pieces that are well oil painted on a piece of wood. This piece of wood is centered on the idea of our daily experiences. For instance, the clock represents the different perspective of time and the light form above represent the accent of light in our life (Danilov, Victor,59 ) For this reason, the message brought about the piece that demonstrates our everyday experiences on the pieces of art.
4. Objects and items from the museum’s permanent collection are displayed in the gallery areas on the lower first floor. Identify three pieces of art each of which is an example of a distinct genre or style. For each painting/object explain what the genre/style is and why the piece fulfills the generic criteria.
Three pieces of art are displayed and were moved from the Museum’s permanent collection and displayed in the gallery areas:
Trimpin, Klompen 1987, wood, metal, electronics
Marie Eccles Caine Foundation Gift Klompen has arranged in a different composition a exhibited the spaces and other locations in creative way. The most recent pyramid-like arrangement placed at the Nora Eccles Harrison Museum Art has a composition of 20n different compositions with various rhythms and tones.
Ann Preston, Passacaglia (detail), 2007, mixed media. steel, plaster and acrylic paint
The world currently seems complex and fragile. This originates from fragile and temporary installation and continues with both abstract and figurative works. This involves the objects that are mathematically structured varieties of objects that provide a formal foundation of artworks.
Irving Norman, Blind Momentum, 1960, oil on canvas
Marie Eccles Caine Foundation Gift
Making art out of the commonly found theme drew attention to the junk and casting off the remnants of the urban life, then coming up with something different. This brought up humanity as a spiritual adrift and oppressed by the mechanized society. In this work, drawing is expressed through the technical skills and adequate magnitude with vision of successful art.
5. Which is tour favorite piece of art currently on display in the museum? Describe and critically analyze the piece and explain why you find it compelling.
The Museum currently displays 31 new works of art that are donated by Katryn C.Wanlass Foundation and those from the Marine Eccles Caine Foundation. Other objects from the new artists are also displayed. This exhibits include the great graphite drawings disclose a narrative style imaging different concepts. In the Nora Eccles Harrison Museum of Art, art has been approved by the American Alliance of Museums. In this field, art is dedicated to the acquisition, preservation and displaying of the modern and contemporary visual art. Inside the Museum, an innovation of the historic collections of modern and contemporary art of the American takes most of the displays (Danilov, Victor,40 ).
Work Cited
Danilov, Victor J.. Women and museums: a comprehensive guide. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press, 2005. Print.

Art Research paper

revolutionized the Western art scene, while Middle-Eastern cultures denounced it as blasphemy.
With the advent of Christianity, the nude form was suppressed and it was not until the Renaissance, when artists looked to antiquity for inspiration, that the nude form came in vogue once again. The period between the 15th -17th century saw some of the most renowned works of nudes come into being. Kenneth Clark2 (1956) whose seminal work on the female nude gave way to much animated discussion on this forgotten topic, credits the Renaissance with giving an impetus to this form, saying “In the greatest age of painting, the nude inspired the greatest work”. The nude female form continues to inspire artists and art lovers to this day and many ground breaking studies reveal the various nuances of female depiction, its metamorphosis over the ages and the reaction it evokes, ranging from awe to a total denial of its worth as a subject.
The words nude and naked are often interchanged for each other, but the difference in their meaning is so wide that the word nude invariably evokes the image of a person without clothes but it has an aesthetic ring to it. Naked on the other hand can mean intolerance and a subsequent discarding of clothes or even to a cult of nudists who exhort people to give up clothing. To put forth the idea more clearly, we can use Kenneth Clark’s definition of the terms, where he says “To be naked is to be deprived of our clothes, and…. the embarrassment…in that condition. The word nude carries …no uncomfortable overtone…it projects…a balanced, prosperous, and confident body: the body re-formed.” The author has delineated the female nude in conformity with religious, cultural and philosophic tenets of classical and modern Western society. Clark’s theories are the benchmark for any argument for or against the female nude, while John Berger’s study of the relation between the work of art and the person

Art History Project

Additionally, the participation in domestic and community affairs helped women to influence the political system at the time. There was a limitation on women to express their political views against their husbands. Moreover, women could not publicly condemn the established political order in the era. The women that went against the established norms in the society risked their lives through death. In this period, there was limitation to women that wanted to venture in art. Most of the women lacked access to sophisticated training required to be an accomplished artist (NMWA 1). The period only saw few successful women artists. Such women were children, nieces, or spouses of the successful male artist in the period (NMWA 1). The family connections helped them to acquire skills and network to establish their careers. On the other hand, the country of origin of women conferred them with some advantage. Those that came from Northern Europe had some advantage as compared to their counterparts in the south. The Roman Catholic played a significant role in support of the artist in the period (NMWA 1). The church focused on devotional images that could only be possible through artistic skills and techniques. This significantly disadvantaged women as they were prohibited from getting such skills and techniques. In contrast, the Protestant north focus on art was based on activities and experiences of their daily lives (NMWA 1). As a result, women artists benefited as they produced still life and genre paintings that appealed to the patrons (NMWA 1). Despite these challenges, there were various successful and professional women artists in the period.
Women for a long time have been defined by history. One of the periods that depicted the position of women in society was Baroque. The period lasted began in the last decade of 16th century and lasted up to 1750 (Schneider 1). The period was characterized by religious and political turmoil (Schneider 1). The religious and

Response may 27

The article Communication and Culture by Barnard argues that fashion has more meaning than people think. It becomes relevant part of community language, culture, traditions and art. The article provides enough examples of importance of fashion as a cultural element which is relevant to study societies which create it. This argument is narrowed by the article by Etcoff’s called Survival of the Prettiest”. In this article, Etcoff examines the connection of fashion and gender representation in different cultures. Other important point to mention is that people use their clothing items to render their power status in their community. These two articles show that any choice of attire sends a message to the community. Even if people try to dress casually or ordinarily, they inform other community members about their attitude, personal traits and references. People can dress up to attract attention. the majority of people still choose some casual clothing to feel included or to be like all other people around. By their clothing, they support community norms and expectations which are common in their society.
Cross-cultural Cross-dressing: Japanese Graphic Novels Perform Gender in U.S. by Kornfield researches the connection of fashion and gender. Almost all world societies require clothing items to reflect certain gendered qualities. For instance, clothes in Manga established strict gender standards concerning femininity and masculinity which are restrictive to sexual minorities. This article contains even more examples which show that the same connection of fashion and gender is common in all Asian cultures. This article can serve as a relevant source of information for further research.

Film and Culture

Culture is the force behind every variable aspect of a person’s life, including language, race, traditions, art work, and even movies.
Culture can vary from within a group of people to, however people with similar traditions and life styles are often put together in similar cultural groups. Culture can also highly influence the beliefs and life styles of a group of people. Different beliefs can be based on the effects of a person’s culture on those beliefs.
Cultures can also change or shift, depending on trends and the ideologies of people of that time. Some cultures fade or die away with time, well other main stream cultures, or their ideas directly effected by them, may stay around for many years.
While culture may seem like an overwhelming idea and ideology set, in simplifying it we must not forgot to include all aspects of a person’s life that may affect their culture, or to be effected by it. Culture is an important aspect of who we are, and why we are like that.
One of the most unique aspects of culture is the art forms that various different people come to deeply connect with their culture. As far back as the Native Americans, different art mediums have become deeply ingrained within a people’s culture, and have also grew to define who a people are. This can no more be true in modern times than in the ways film and culture have become so deeply ingrained with each other.
In today’s fast paced world, the connection between films and culture may not be seen at a first glance. However, just as it has been sense the dawning of Hollywood, the myriad of ways that film and culture connect with each other is almost uncountable. Film and culture have become almost inseparable in places, and there is such a deep running connection between the two that it is often times hard to see the difference between them.
Film critic John Frame said these words on the deep connection between

The Baroque Era and the Eighteenth Century

Discussions-The Seventeenth Century: The Baroque Era and the Eighteenth Century The Seventeenth Century: The Baroque Era and theEighteenth Century
Doctrine and rituals comprise of the first prescription set by the Protestant Reformation on visual arts. Doctrines and rituals affected each element of society. Similarly, Protestant Reformation made sure visual arts stuck to these aspects by strictly including their doctrines and rituals in them (Alma, Barnard, and Küster, 2009). Visual artists had to compose works that did not overlook or taint Protestant Reformations doctrines and rituals. To ensure this, Protestant Reformation monitored all visual arts during this period. The second prescription entailed strict instructions that determined images in visual arts exclusively. To ensure these instructions were adhered to, the Protestant Reformation did not allow open-minded articulation in visual arts. For instance, the Protestant Reformation made visual artists use certain ancient symbols like haloes, thin noses, small mouths, and big eyes. These features were all dedicated to showing the superior senses of Protestant saints. For instance, haloes signified holiness. The Protestant Reformation did not tolerate the open-minded aspect symbolism of the halo as shared by western visual artists.
Similarly, the catholic had prescriptions of visual arts that artists had to follow. First, the catholic used suppression to prescribe the content of their visual arts. More specifically, the catholic randomly tore, broke, and destroyed visual arts that did not portray Catholic beliefs. Numerous fine portraits, landmarks, and ancient artworks in Catholic churches were destroyed because of depicting features of saints and prophets wrongly (Alma, Barnard, and Küster, 2009). Second, Catholic visual artists who did not conform to Catholic prescriptions were punished. In addition, visual artists who failed to go to public mass were forced out of the city walls within a week. The Council of Trent, which started a new series of prescriptions for a more strict style of visual arts, further stressed the differences between Catholic and Protestant Reformation.
I believe religion should be a determining force in the arts. Firstly, diverse forms of art might be more frequently communicating religion than official religious texts. Religion critiques cannot rightly overlook how this relationship works and what effect religion has on people’s religious principles (Alma, Barnard, and Küster, 2009). Secondly, critiques of the role of religion on earth cannot argue otherwise considering the effects religion has had on art outweigh art that was not inspired by religion. An argument about something that produces a visual work and experience usually focuses on a type of artwork. At the same time, discussing visual art does not assure that religion will be addressed.
Thirdly, not all religions essentially generate an appealing experience in their artworks. For instance, viewers of a painting attempting to figure out its worth before consultation cannot realize any religious influence imposed on its artist quickly. Fourthly, the relationship between religion and art is immense (Alma, Barnard, and Küster, 2009). One can use art used to study the history of religion, its artists, and humanity. Similarly, one can use religion to study contemporary and past art. This relationship shows the importance of religion on art, particularly in history. Religion should determine art to artists today the same way it did to ancient artists who found it inspiring.
Alma, H., Barnard, M., and Küster, V. (2009). Visual Arts and Religion. New York, NY: LIT Verlag Münster.

Adler and Van Dorens The Activity and Art of Reading

The Activity and Art of Reading” by Adler and Van Doren My Take Any reader that reviews this work by Adler and Van can make divergent assumptions concerning the argument posed by the authors. Though the article is self-explanatory, it is paramount to deduce the actual message that the authors put across. According to Adler, M., &amp. Doren, C. (2014), teachers can deliver a lot of things to the students but, on the other hand, students must have the ability to learn. This implies that an individual can be taught so many things but they are required to do the actual learning. I agree with the declarations made by Adler, M., &amp. Doren, C. (2014). In this case, I think that it is the students’ responsibility to apply the concepts taught by the teacher so that they can articulate them in their memory. In addition, learners have to incorporate initiatives of internalizing different concepts and knowledge that they receive from the teachers. Therefore, learners are obligated to act on things communicated to them, Adler, M. (1999).
My role as a student with respect to my instructor
After reading “The Activity and Art of Reading” by Adler and Van Doren, I deduce my main role as a student is to be a thinker or a learner. In this aspect, I should consider the absence of a teacher as a motivating factor to help me have my books for a tutor: the book takes the position of a life instructor. Compulsorily, I should be very active in class by not only taking simple questions from the teacher but also tackling ideas raised by other students. In addition, I should feel free to express my own thoughts and ideas concerning the matter under discussion in the classroom. This will allow me to create my own knowledge and ideas about learning. Lastly, I have a role as a student to be motivated about learning. In this case, I am supposed to exhibit surmountable interests in learning.
Role Played by a Teacher in Learning
Adler, M. (1999) suggest that the main classroom duty performed by a teacher is to facilitate learning. In this case, the teacher communicates ideas and concepts to the students that are commonly referred to as aided discovery. The teacher is tasked with the role of monitoring various activities that learners are undertaking. In addition, the teacher is obligated to prepare learners with knowledge and prior experience so that the learning process can be conducted with expedite and efficiency. Other roles include managing the learning, managing activities and managing the group.
How does the Role of a Teacher vary in different Cultures?
Teacher diversity capital, according to Adler, M. (1999), is intended to develop teaching enrichment that embraces sensation and drives teachers to seek new prospects and ideas for building optimistic relationships with families and students from culturally dissimilar backgrounds. Experts suggest that teacher plays a wide range of tasks depending on the cultural requirements and setting.
In some places, teachers take up both educational and religious tasks. In other places, the teacher takes a significant portion of guardianship while others couple teaching with guidance and counseling.
Adler, M. (1999). The great ideas: A lexicon of Western thought. New York, NY: Scribner Classics.

Reponse paper 2

Differences between metaphysical detective fictions Metaphysical detective stories disclose much about the relation of postmodernism to modernism and of high to low literary culture. Therefore, metaphysical detective story helps us to question the limits of our knowledge, fiction, narrative, subjectivity, the nature of reality, hence coming up with rational interpretation. Thus, Poe depicts us that any metaphysical detective must “search for the key to the ordered, ultra-rational world of the detective story”. As a result, our ratiocinative process should address the unfathomable epistemological question and ontological. Therefore, metaphysical is different from traditional detective fictions as “metaphysical”, according Italian surrealist painters: “is a works that use fabulous elaborate ironies, incongruous juxtapositions, symbols, and self-reflexive pastiche to indicate that “reality” is ultimately unknowable or at least ineffable” (María, pg. 4). While traditional detective fictions as endorse irrational for it does inculcate the sense of reason which finds its highest expression in “The Purloined Letter.” In relation to that, we can depict that traditional detective fictions concentrate on setting goal is to solve the mystery and find the truth and detective attempt to view case objectively.
In relation to the above explanation, we can depict the concept of metaphysical is advocating that the mind, given enough time, can understand everything. As a consequence, Poe to apprehend that “There are no mysteries, there is only incorrect reasoning” (Michael Pg 141) subsequently, metaphysical is different from traditional detective fictions as metaphysical advocate for detective approach that has no specific goal and one that questions only lead to more questions. Additionally, Metaphysical encourage detectives to view cases subjectively, believing there is no objective solution. Hence, we are able to understand that why Poe calls for the use of metaphysical detective approach as it “nurtures a culture which most exercises the imagination of intellectuals” (Michael, 143).
Therefore, metaphysical detective story helps us become conscious of whom a person is and its densest world unlike traditional detective fictions which most important relationships are between detective and suspects. Moreover, traditional detective fictions has “dramatizing the limits of reasoning by experimenting with such irrational modes as myth and the subconscious, that the lower reaches of literature were dramatizing the power of reason in such figures as Inspector Poirot and Ellery Queen”( Michael,147). This can be detected as detective use traditional detective fictions to gains information from meaningful clues and assume other clue which may later turn to be meaningful. What’s more, Robbe-Grillet points out that “The aesthetics of Post-Modernism is militantly antipsychological and radically anti-mythical. It is about things, not people” (Michael, 148). Therefore, Post-Modernism utilizes detective stories by expanding and changing certain possibilities in them, just as Modernism had customized the potentialities of myth.
Thus, it is a responsibility of Metaphysical detective stories to build a literature which takes elaborate ironies, incongruous juxtapositions, symbols, and self-reflexive into account. However, after reading about Jennifer’s suicide we can appreciate why Wallace Stevens define the traditional function of all art as "the violence from within which protects us from the violence without" (Michael, pg. 156). Thus, as Borges and Robbe-Grillet have put it “if, in the detective story death must be solved, in the new metaphysical detective story it is life which must be solved” (Michael, pg. 155).
Works Cited
Michael Holquist. “Whodunit and Other Questions: Metaphysical Detective Stories in Post-War Fiction.” The Johns Hopkins University Press (1971). Retrieved from
María Jesús Martínez-Alfaro “Journal of Narrative Theory 40.1 (Winter 2010): 108–128. Copyright © 2010 by Published by Eastern Michigan University.

Modernist Theories in Le Corbusier and Marianne Brandts Works

82000 The Villa, according to Savoye, had to attain certain goals and objectives in his immediate society such as accommodating the Jews and acting as a historical French monument in the specification in 1965. However, Marianne Brandt’s Teapot has interesting traits that differ from those of Le Corbusier’s Villa Savoye. Functionalism, for example, is infused into the German’s art with a concentration of modernist concepts in the overall display of the teapot such as Bauhaus style and integration of the tea infuser to meet the form follows function principle. Consequently, in the product design of the teapot, emerging conflicts of the functional design have been criticized to affect the marketing ability of such works of art (Joshua 2005, p. 13). This prompted debate the relationship between functionalism and modernism concept as used by Marianne in the Teapot in the context of obeying the demands of the form follows function principle. Conversely, this allowed the artist to experiment with the mass-market consumption in regards to finding standpoint functionality including the necessary replacements such as the inclusion of formalism instead of functionalism to evoke both admiration and veneration in the realms of art. On the other hand, Le Corbusier also espouses certain modernist characteristics that deserve mention, unlike the functionalist and formalist form, follows function found in the teapot by Marianne Brandt. For instance, while the teapot by Brandt gained prominence for the materials used including placement to the Bauhaus Museum for prosperity, Villa Savoye has enjoyed other forms of the modernist concept to maintain its relevance.

Importance of Composition Skills

Importance of Composition Skills
Writing composition is a way of expressing a person’s thoughts, a part from being an examinable area. When people learn to express their thoughts, it eases written communication and enables them to communicate their answers in understandable ways in all subjects. Writing is short sentences with proper structures and transiting smoothly between paragraphs enables the creating of coherent compositions.
What is composed without endeavor is read, usually, with no enchantment. A legendary English writer, Samuel Johnson, said these words. Writing is an art that requires considerable effort in order to produce something worth reading. A writer must acquaint himself/herself with numerous rules, principles, guidelines and styles to produce compositions worth the reader’s time.
One of the things I have learned bear most importance in writing is sentence construction. The sentence is the basic unit of a composition. In a sentence, different words are joined to express an idea. The choice of the words is as valuable as the arrangement of the words forming the sentence (CES 1). The structure adopted must enable the writer to express the intended idea concisely and without ambiguity. Sentences must not be too long, or they risk losing meaning. Short sentences with proper construction are likely to produce effective results.
Another important consideration in writing is the construction of a paragraph. A paragraph is constituted of sentencing bearing a similar idea. The sentences, therefore, must be related. Too few sentences form ineffective paragraphs, while a paragraph with numerous sentences might bore the audience (CES 33). The sentences must be linked together effectively to enhance coherence. Without this linkage, the sentences lose their relation and appear fragmented.
A writer must always know the writing is mean for an audience. The audience varies with composition. It may be a teacher, a friend or people unknown to the writer. Knowledge of these skills has helped me to be wary of the choices of words I use with different audiences. It has helped improve my grades in other classes. since I can express my ideas concisely. Nevertheless, I need to practice a lot to improve coherence in my writing.
Works cited
Cambridge educational services. Writing skills. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge, 2002. Print.

My travels around the world

41000 On the first day, I have arrived by plane from UAE to Paris, taken my bags and then went to the hotel. I have arranged my room before sleeping. On the second day, I went to the Montmartre area to see the Basilique du Sacré-Coeur and walked up to the metro that would take me to the Eiffel Tower. Going up the tower for a full view of the city is a prime Paris tourist activity. At night, I have taken dinner then made my way over again to see the beautiful Eiffel Tower at night. At night, the Eiffel Tower, with its lights, is a beautiful sight to behold. The next day I have gone to the Louvre for an afternoon of art, culture, and history. I have taken lunch at the food court in the Carrousel du Louvre under the glass pyramid. The next item on my itinerary was to go up to the second most famous places in Paris, the Arc de Triomphe, for a panoramic view of Paris. On the fourth day, I have stayed at the hotel because I was very tired. In the next two days, I have gone to the Shanzelize Street to do some shopping.&nbsp. On March 8, 2013, I arrived by plane in Madrid, took my bags to the hotel and went to sleep. The next day, I went to the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum and chose this Museum because it has covered more contemporary art periods. I then walked up to Parque Del Retiro, one of the best city parks I have ever seen. It is very beautiful. In Parque Del Retiro, there are statues, a lake with boating, all of the kinds of plants and flowers and plenty of places for sitting and relaxing.

Workmanship of Risk and Workmanship of Certainty

According to Edward Luci-Smith, craft has endured three stages throughout history. In the first stage, craft endured a period where all objects were created purely by hand. The emphasis was on craft and it mattered not whether the object crafted was decorative, ritual or purely utilitarian. The second and third stages occurred from the Renaissance period onward and during the second stage, there was a marked distinction between fine arts and craft. This was primarily during the Renaissance period. By the time of the Industrial Revolution craft was distinguished from those objects handcrafted and those objects produced by machine. (Lucie-Smith, 1981, 83-85)
It was this last stage of craft that gave rise to Pye’s Workmanship of Risk and Workmanship of Certainty theories. With the advances in technology, craft took on a different dimension. A man could rely on his own skill to create an object or he could rely on the advances in technology to create objects with greater certainty that those objects would turn out the way they were designed.
Contemporary craft has evolved into a “high-quality, unique one-off art object and limited-quantity design work.” (Kikuchi, 2004, 235) Craft by definition requires specific knowledge and skill to a point where it reflects workmanship, function, and art. (Kikuchi, 2004, 236) To this end contemporary craft challenges the mass production of objects that are turned out automatically because of this kind of production:
In distinguishing between the workmanship of risk and the workmanship of certainty, Pye maintains that the latter is not possible without the former. (Pye, 1995,23) While the dynamics of workmanship of certainty permits mad to put out objects in mass quantities&nbsp.with precision, the tools that make this possible were constructed by virtue of the workmanship of risk. (Pye, 1995, 23) This is perhaps one of the ways in which the workmanship of risk accounts for the hand-made object of contemporary craft practices.

Analysis governments involved in events and festival

The sector of the country involved with events and festivals is the tourism ministry. Tourism is the art of visiting and touring the country by the citizens and also visitors from other countries. Therefore there exist both domestic and international types of tourism. Tourism is n area of interest in all governments and they focus greatly on this sector due several crucial reasons. Tourism involves attraction of citizens and foreigners to the beauty and culture of a country thus a government must use all the necessary resources to ensure that there are adequate tourism sites and events in the country (Chin, 2008).
The purpose for government’s participation in most events and festivals is related to the tourism that these functions tag along with. Tourism is one of the moat promising sectors of a country’s economy if all the required resources are well maintained. The foreign exchange incomes are top in list in the sources of income for a country. For instance, in Britain, the tourism sector is ranked as the third highest industry involved with export income. The Britain government is among the top that receives the highest number of visitors from foreign countries in a bid to attend events and annual festivals (Alan, 2011).
The other reason as to why a government involves itself with events and festivals is because they contribute to fast growth of an economy. Events are entertaining and all entertainment industries in all countries are always on the lead. People prefer using their money on fun stuff and issues that bring the unity of the society. For instance, hosting different popular artistes to perform during festivities is a common move made by most countries to attract as many people as possible. The government will definitely want to invest in festivals so long as there is rapid growth in a country.
In addition, governments get involved

Now Voyager/Pretty Woman

377662 Order 377662 Topic: Now Voyager/Pretty Woman
One perhaps never hears about a discussion or symposium on the topic, “Men-their role in the society.” The discussion is always about women. The never-ending talk of giving equal rights to women goes on unabated. But God has created her, given her the status of more equal. Nobody can take that right away. Mother gives protection for the first nine months to the divine creative force of Nature-male or female! But in actual terms in most of the societies, all over the world, a girl child is victimized at every step of life, from the moment of birth. But there are women like Bette Davis(Charlotte Vale) in Now Voyager and Julia Roberts in Pretty Woman, who rebel against the so-called established procedures of the era to which they belonged, by the male-dominated society and live the life of their choices. Some choices were out of compulsion and some deliberate. How the women constantly struggle to establish own identities and fight for justice on all fronts affecting their lives?
Now Voyager:
The genre of Now, Voyager is romance. The theme is sexual awakening and the movie shows how Bette Davis is haunted by the past and challenges it in her own style. The movie shows that such a posture was adopted by the woman of 1940s in USA.
It is said about her upbringing, “Charlotte is high-strung and deeply depressed, on the verge of a nervous breakdown, due to the constant squashing of her thoughts by her mother. There is a little spark of independence, though–she secretly smokes and expresses some creativity by carving ivory boxes.”(Now Voyager…) Charlotte Vale was repressed and that was the launching pad for her adventurous life. Dr. Jaquith (Claude Rains) helps to liberate her from the ancient life-styles to emerge as a gorgeous beauty.
The psychologist knew, what beauty meant to a woman, and how it can transform ones personality. As Naomi Wolf writes, “For many women, the Beauty Myth(book) was a tool for empowerment. Like sleuths and critics, they were deconstructing their own beauty myths.”(Wolf, 2002, p.1) The usual and unusual events happen in her life like falling in love (with a man trapped in a loveless marriage.) She also dons the role of surrogate mother to Jerrys emotionally disturbed daughter. Another romance with Lohn Loder takes off but her devotion for Jerry remains in tact. This is the indicator of her grit and the strength of moral character to do things and associate with issues, that she considers right and appropriate. Her philanthropic attitude and all-embracing love breaks several barriers and the movie depicts her self-actualization process. She tackles the stumbling blocks of her life with poise and maintains her essential dignity in awkward situations of her life. She is capable of taking courageous risks. There is a charm in her doomed romance. In a movie of the war-time, social upheavals are acceptable. As per the demand of the time, women began to breath fresh air of new-found freedom.
Pretty Woman:
Julia Roberts(Vivian Ward) is a free-spirited hooker and she becomes a “date” for $3000 to corporate raider Edward Lewis. Both specialize in the art of deception in their respective fields—prostitution and business!The former prostitute becomes his escort for many business functions and in the process develops relationships with him. This movie is a romantic film genre. Such a role by a woman would not have been accepted by the society 50 years ago. How easily Julia Roberts is able to find new respectability and move with her lover in the high corporate circles! Her physical charm is her asset and she cleverly plays that card! She is aware of the strength of empowerment, viewed from beauty-angle! Julia Roberts is the product of the materialistic civilization—making money and enjoy life at all times and at all costs. But the two stranger who came together as part of a business deal, transform, when destiny provides them with a proper opportunity. “ Her being the first person in a long time who could surprise him, Edward can slowly feel the light at the end of the tunnel. He is on his way to become a better person, whereas Vivian has got a new chance to start over again.”(Pretty Woman…)The female character in both the movies lived for certain human values, and they were willing to change for the better, as per the demand of the time.

Works Cited:
Now, Voyager (1942) — Trailer for this drama starring Bette Davis …. – 9 hours ago – Cached – Retrieved on February 7,2010
Pretty Woman (1990) – Cached – Retrieved on February 7,2010
Wolf, Naomi. The Beauty Myth: How Images of Beauty Are Used Against Women. Harper Perennial, 2002.

Product and Pricing Strategy

te a variety of industrial and office-based computer and laptop solutions, along with state-of-the-art services, software collaborations and innovative accessories.
EJ’s Innovations and More has a wide customer base for all of its electronic product offerings. This product will make full use of access to the existing customer base as they are all potential users of computers and laptops. Furthermore, they are already familiar with the brand name of EJ’s and have the trust relationship and faith in the product quality and service assurance of the company.
With this product, the company is planning to target all computer and laptop users. The potential customers range from 14 year old girls and boys to aged, retired gentlemen and ladies. However, this plan outlines the target audience, described later, for this particular wave of marketing.
The strategy of EJ’s Innovations and More is to offer customers a wide range of personal computers and laptops. These will be available in a variety of designs and colors, suiting the different needs and whims of the customer. They will be available in different varieties, starting with the basic computer or laptop, to the more advanced versions with greater memory capacity, RAM, accessories and additional features.
The most important aspect of these computers will be that with registration, they will be ready for immediate use. They will work easily on all software platforms from other companies with minimal installation. To assist the customer, customer support teams will be available 6 days a week and helpline will be open 24/7 to answer any product related questions.
The computers and laptops offered by the company will all carry the same brand promise of EJ’s which is one of complete innovation and convenience, designed to make the life of the customer easier and happier.
The specific target audience of this plan includes the people aged between 40 to 70 years, especially those with some sort of impairments or

The Life and Work of Countess Markievicz

Her family was evidently well-connected in the country. in 1887 she was presented at the court of Queen Victoria, where she was called “the new Irish beauty.”
In her teenage years, Constance enjoyed her place among the Anglo-Irish aristocracy and was regarded as a fine horsewoman and an excellent shot (Riordan). She was extremely passionate about art and studied at the Slade School in London, and later at the Julian School in Paris. It was here where she met and fell in love with her soon-to-be husband, the Polish Count Casimir Dunin-Markievicz. He too was from a wealthy family who owned extensive estates in Ukraine. Her career as an artist developed and in 1903 she moved to Dublin and set up as a landscape artist. At this time, Dublin was a thriving city and home to many artists, actors, and writers. Four years later, she helped to set up the United Arts Club, which sought to bring together all artists in the city (Riordan).
There are two important factors which propelled Constance into political action. Firstly, the influence of the Irish poet William Butler, who, on his many visits to her parents home Lissadell, told Constance tales of Irish mythology, folklore, and his political ideas. Historians have recognized his influence on the Countess. Secondly, in her rented cottage at Dublin, whilst working as an artist, Constance found copies of the Peasant and Sinn Fein, revolutionary publications which enlightened her in the Republican cause. She felt “stirred to action” and instantly became devoted to the cause (Riordan).
In 1907, Constance joined the group Inghinidhe na hÉireann, the Daughters of Ireland. This group had been formed in 1900 by a small group of women in Dublin. The group was a response to women’s exclusion from other militant Nationalist organizations and at its heart was the commitment to free Ireland from British rule.&nbsp.

Causes of the Social Upheaval of the 1960’s

Most of these movements were socialist in nature advocating for equality of persons regardless of their race, gender or sexuality. However, the antiwar movement stood out since it campaigned against the extensive involvement of the United States in the Vietnam War.
The social upheaval of the sixties occurred between the late 1950s and early to late 1960s, resulting in public unrests and mass action against the government and other organizations of the day. The campaigners were demonstrating against what they termed as causes of society deterioration. asking responsible authorities to implement changes that would see society improve. First, the movement condemned conservatism, which is the refusal of components of society to accept change. The world had become accustomed to the way things were such that no one wanted any change. Second, the social upheaval wanted an end to the culture of social conformity, where everyone did what they did not because they wanted to, but because it was acceptable to do so. For instance, social conformity made people do evil deeds because they are socially acceptable, instead of doing what is right and taking responsibility for one’s actions. Finally, social upheaval resulted from the American economy and workforce resources that the government was using to support the war in Vietnam. The result of the social upheaval was, among others, the change in social structures to accommodate behaviors perceived as taboos. The aim of this paper is to discuss the social, political and economic conditions of the 1950s that lead to the social upheaval of the 1960s (Land and Lettieri 209).
According to Henriksen (28), the atomic bomb that America dropped on Hiroshima had severe effects on American society. She postulated that the scientists’ attempt and success in breaking down an atom into smaller pieces, resulting in a literal breakdown of the American social structure as seen in various art genres of the time. For instance, Henriksen (27) explains that the film industry, among other arts, had hints of effects of the bomb, with War at home and Dr. Strangelove as the main examples.

Feminist Korean Art

Feminist Korean Art The purpose of this discussion is to examine 3 separate pieces of Korean art which exhibit’s a feminist perspective. The first piece to be discussed is by Chun Kyeong-ja. Chun Kyeong-ja is famous for her dreamlike paintings which feature nude portrayals of women in many cases as well as detailed flowers and a wide variety of brilliant colors. One excellent example of this is a piece entitled Image. This work embodies female beauty poised with a vivid dreamlike backdrop. The sky behind the nude women who appears to be lounging, is a murky orange indicative of twilight or dawn. Though the vivid background is alive with color and texture, the majority of the painting is made up of Kyeong-Ja’s nude woman. The woman is serene and ethereal to the tune of only existing in one’s imagination or in a dream.
The next work to be discussed is by another of Korea’s key feminist artists who aided in the rise of the feminist genre of Korean art. Djin Suk Kim worked with more earth tones than Kyeong-Ja but still delivers a similar tone in her pieces. An example of her elemental and organic trademark is a piece entitled Lover. This particular piece is centered on a dark and formless female figure who is hiding her face which gives the feeling of lack of autonomy, unlike the piece discussed earlier by Kyeong-Ja. The backdrop of Lover is characterized
By what appear to be statues or idols of sorts. The detail given to these is very minimal which ads tot heir lifeless presence.
Lastly, the piece entitled Self Portrait by Na Hye-seok. Seok’s portrait is haunting and melancholy. Unlike the other two pieces discussed previously, this work is completely centered on the image of self that the artist has crafted. The backdrop is a dark and almost empty abyss while the woman is mostly whips of all earth tones. The delivery seems to intend to illustrate a deeply saddened individual.

Fine Jewelry Brand Lorraine Schwartz

Since she is a unique designer since she has the creativity by combining precious stones and gems like exceptional black or blue topaz diamonds, colorful jades, pink gold, sapphire, serpentine, ruby, titanium, and others to come up with an exceptional masterpiece. Her designs include engagement rings, watch, bracelets, necklace, and rings for men, women, and children. She has also managed to fit together gold in a mesh-like cloth that twists giving you contours of the body. She has taken advantage of the experience gained by her family’s predecessors, for example, she says most of her designs and creativity makes her look like those of her late mother.
Lorraine E. Schwartz Inc. is the company name based in New York. The jewelry business has been part of her family for three generations but then it operated as a small business in Manhattan’s diamond trade. When compared her family business back then and hers now, she has a larger business. She took the family business in 1989 after the death of her mother, renamed the company to Lorraine Schwartz Diamonds &amp. Fine Jewelry, and made Bergdorf Goodman the only place for selling her designed works by appointment (Cheftreks, 2013).
Her breakthrough came when Hale Berry wore her designer jewelry at the SAG Awards in 2002. Since then she has been the favorite of top celebrities like Angelina Jolie, Beyoncé Knowles, Jay-Z, Pharrell Williams, Cate Blanchet, and many others. She loves to create unique pieces from bold and rare stones using amazing artistry and styles. For instance, in 2012, she created some particular pieces all of which were so different yet made by the same person within a short period. For someone to perfect this kind of profession and master the art it takes a generation and Lorraine Schwartz proves to this.
Schwartz believes in designing and earns her acclaims from merit, unlike other designers who have to pay celebrities in order to wear their jewels. She&nbsp.does not also vie for a spot in the red carpet events by offering her designs as gift bags.&nbsp.

Digital Media and Remix Culture

The history of art partly forms part of technological advances, for instance, the introduction of camera Lucida which is an instrument used to copy scenes directly from nature by artists, other technological advances that form part art are photography, the airbrush, acrylics, and other innovations, all marking very important turning points to the growth of arts. These technological advances had some effects on the art scene. some were small and could only affect specialized areas of the art field. Due to the technological advances in the art scene, artists were forced to adopt some of the advances painlessly and often in an enthusiastic manner.

Definitely, there have been influences of technology in the art scene, this has been possible through the transformation of traditional art activities such as painting drawing, and curving. Over the years, different terms have been used to describe computer art and multimedia art. Digital art as a term is placed under the larger umbrella term of media art. Through digital technology, new art forms such as net art, digital installation art, and virtual reality have become to be recognized as artistic practices. Digital art technology has been used by media in advertisement and for entertainment among other applications.

Digital art in the real sense is anything that artists create with the help of computers. The term digital means that the computer uses digits to translate and record information. For instance, when an artist takes a photograph with a digital camera, he or she is creating a digital code. The function of the camera here is to capture the shot and the n translate it to numerical code. To the artist, the photo could be an image of a person or any object, but to the computer, the photo is a code with several numbers. Once the computer has recorded or saved the numbers, they can be used to make exact duplicates of the original work.

Gendered Eating

Gendered Cooking In most traditions, cooking is not only an art but also a responsibility. The personin the kitchen is the one who the community or the family recognizes as responsible for providing nutrition to the family. Professionally, chefs in hotels and restaurants as well as personalities in the catering field represent a wide range of variations. One of these variations is gender differences. The gender of the person beside the oven and that responsible for the overall plan matters in the cooking profession (Neuhaus, p. 254).
While many males are regarded as the best chefs in major restaurants, in most cases the person behind that wonderful recipe is a woman. The gender of the person behind the real food preparation matters in cooking and food preferences. Recently, I noted that even in communities that regard woman’s real place as the kitchen, men will still prefer being served by a man in a restaurant. This, to me means that the man in the hotel is preferred than the woman, while, at home, a woman has the responsibility of preparing food for the family. Further, this can also be interpreted to mean that professionally, men are the considered to be better cooks while women are more involved with the behind the curtains preparations and writings.
In line with the cooking responsibility bestowed on the women from traditions, their experience in the field is significant, their involvement in instructional cooking ascertains their legitimate position. However, the men are considered to be better in arts than women are. This makes them more visible and relevant when it comes to the real activity of cooking. Therefore, cooking art is dominated by men while the women occupy an even more important position of teachers and instructors. Regardless of who appears with the food on your table, multiple players have been involved.
Works cited
Neuhaus, Jessamyn. Manly Meals and Moms Home Cooking: Cookbooks and Gender in Modern America. Baltimore, Md: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012.

Key Characteristics of the Position of an Art Director

Newad undertakes to advertise for its clients in all fields. The primary difference between Newad and other agencies is its ability to serve varieties of clients dealing with different advertising requirements. Moreover, the commissions artists and photographers to work on necessary projects and edits the final piece of work. His other roles include finding an understanding of the audience’s requirements and organizing meetings with the creative director. Art director deals with visual aspects, while creative director handles communication design

Art directors edits the entire piece of work when even the creative director had passed through. The art director communicates information to other members of the creative team including the creative director (Mahon, 2010). The art director works hand in hand with the copywriter (Mahon, 2010). This is because a copywriter produces the words which accompany visual pictures developed by the art director. Work functions include. collaborating with the copywriter to produce the best form of advertisements, providing briefs to other members in the creative team and editing the final piece.

The position of an art director requires leadership skills. This is the ability to bring team members together for attaining set objectives. Also, he or she must be open-minded. This involves accepting other people’s ideas to develop quality advertisements. Similarly, art directors should be creative. the ability to come up with and implement new ideas.

Learning advertising improves my understanding of requirements in this sector, helping to create mutual existence in the organization. Moreover, the idea of advertising in my internship enabled learning of various organizational requirements for the marketing function to operate as required.

Expressing my ideas with the resume was quite a challenge for a variety of reasons. For one, the required qualifications for the internship did not match the content in the CV. Moreover, the recruitment agency advised that a CV should, in detail, express direct contributions to the organization’s success.

The working process at Newad is efficient. Duties and responsibilities are well defined with no overlapping of duties. I would consider beginning my career in this organization as an art director. I have always had a passion to develop and innovating visual materials used in media advertising. Moreover, art directors in this company appear to love their job, and this is motivation.

The sing glass the singing art

Mika Aoki’s “Her Songs are Floating” Mika Aoki is a Hokkaido-born artist currently working at the Marunuma Art Park in Japan. Her artwork entitled “Her Songs are Floating” in an art installation Aoki did in 2008 is about a rusty, old car getting with microorganisms growing all over it. These spores of fungi are made of sculpted glass. There are small lights that illuminate the glass sculptures spread all over the car, but aside from this, the surrounding area is dimmed. The first things that come to mind upon seeing this piece of artwork are the intricate and seemingly random shapes and sizes of the sculptures. It is also obvious from first glance that those sculptures do not seem to belong there on the car. There are almost no colors used in this artwork. The glass used is clear and the car is in dull white. There is, however, some appearance of fragility in the overall art installation.
The glass sculptures are sparingly placed all over the car. The curves of the sculptures are very striking, and they are even more emphasized by the soft white light that illuminates it. They are cell-like abstracts in form. The dimmed surroundings gives off a hint of bluish effect on the light illumination on the glass sculptures. This effect gives off a serene mood, which is, at first, both amusing and perplexing at the same time. The rust on various places on the car is also emphasized by the car’s dull white color. Interestingly, even without immediately realizing the message of the artwork, one can immediately sense that the car is somewhat giving way to the glass sculptures. One would later on realize that the oldness of the car and the newness of the glass sculptures are part of the overall message of the artwork.
Upon closer and longer inspection and reflection, it becomes apparent that Aoki is trying to depict bacterial growth on the car. The glass sculptures represent spores of fungi that seem to overtake the car. By this time, it is understood that the oldness of the car seems to say that old things give way to news growths. It could have a different meaning altogether, or it could be taken at face value — where old things or surfaces become ideal places for fungi growth. By this time, too, it is understood that the light seems to say that these things (microorganisms) are usually unseen and ignored, and one needs to cast light over them to make them go noticed. Aoki might also be trying to say that bacteria are everywhere, but they are always unseen. This is just like the characteristic of the glass used. Glass is usually unnoticed, unless there is enough light that makes it noticeable. Similar to these fungal growths, they are usually unseen, sometimes disregarded, until someone casts enough knowledge about them and make their existence known. The use of an old car instead of the more common decaying matter where bacterial growth is more common could also mean that these microorganisms are everywhere, even on unexpected places.
Overall, this piece of art installation brings the artist’s message across that humans have limited capacity for perception. What humans perceive are only those that are received by the senses. Sometimes, it takes illumination, emphasis, or even knowledge before humans can perceive things that go undetected by the sensory organs. This artwork is effective in relaying the message that there are so many unperceived things that exist, and sometimes, they are beyond one’s imagination.
Work Cited
Aoki, Mika. Her Songs are Floating. Hokkaido Museum of Modern Art, Hokkaido. Spoon &amp.
Tamago. Web. 30 Jun. 2013.

How to manage a country

How to manage a country Dear, H.E. Xi, JinPing Management of e-waste in China China is known as one of the world’s leading manufacturers of electrical and electronic equipments as well as importers of e-waste. This puts the country on the world map as a key player in the management of the social, environmental and material life-cycle of substantial quantity of world’s electrical and electronic wastes (Wang et al., 5). Currently, the country faces serious problems in the management of both domestic and foreign imports of e-waste. China requires extensive management tactics on e-waste that involves establishment of appropriate treatment technologies. There is dire need for establishment of various research projects in China that would focus on management of domestic e-waste through lifecycle analysis of electronic products and modern treatment technologies (Wang et al., 49).
According to survey done by StEP in the year 2012, the government of China is expected to play a pivotal role in the planning, organizing, regulating, monitoring and implementation of different formal collection and recycling of e-waste initiatives within the country. The support from the government is necessary for the purposes of influence and development of e-waste recycling industry. Additionally, there is need to consider some of the most critical issues related to environmental e-waste management such as establishment of collection channels, designing rules safeguarding legislation and subsidies, establishing appropriate conditions on recycling standards and license management. However, the efficiency in e-waste management can be achieved through cooperation from international organizations that assists in establishment of state-of-the-art technologies in treatment and appropriate management strategies and policies. Moreover, the government requires heavy investment in scientific research that plays important role in definition of problem and assessment of the impacts (Wang et al., 49).
There has been illegal export of e-waste to China and this has led to overwhelming consequences on available e-waste recycling sites within the country. Therefore, this calls for elaborate understanding of the quantities and flows of different used electronics within the country. Therefore, the initiative on e-waste management is necessary for the country since there is unclear channel concerning the amount of e-waste generated in China and inflows from international field, and their ultimate destinations. Understanding of the material flows and various actors within formal and informal sector is crucial to ensure efficiency within the management process.
Works Cited
Wang, Feng, Kuehr, Ruediger, Ahlquist, Daniel &amp. Li, Jinhui. E-waste in China: A country
Report. StEP Initiative, 2013, 1-49

Your objective for this assignment is to insert a significant floral feature into your environment and to observe and describe its impact

Impact of Carnations-Bouquet on My Study Table Carnations, perfectly held inside a pretty wine glass, stand atthe farthest corner of my study table on my right hand side. The glass holding the bouquet is an inspiration of neatness. The water keeping these flowers fresh reminds me of the abundance of life every time I draw my guess away from the study materials to the carnations. What is most exciting about this piece of art-the bouquet-is how my friends and family marvel whenever they make occasional visits to the study room. I believe it is a solution to the challenges established by scientific beliefs that flowers represent a strategy or approach of managing our day-to-day moods naturally and healthily.
Looking closely at the carnations on the table and the satisfaction I get from such a site, I would say my emotional and behavioral responses to the assignments I complete are significantly attached to them. Having watched body languages of colleagues who visit me, in addition to their cheerfulness at the site of these flowers, the reflection is simple. carnations are a healthful and natural moderator of how our moods adapt to the environment.
Upon receiving these flowers, my excitement and the smile of one of my closest friends who happened to have been around during the delivery demonstrated extraordinary gratitude and delight to the vendor. The reaction was collective, age notwithstanding. The positive perception about simple things I experience in life have been enhanced since the instalment of the carnations on my table. The mood is exciting, the air is fresh, and the smell is wonderful. Soring depressions I had sitting in a quiet and dull room have subsided. Agitation and anxiety have also reduced a great deal. I wish my friends had the opportunity to spend countless hours with me in this study room to experience the relation and therapy emanating from mere product of nature.
The placement method I employed in the display proves the point that the carnations symbolizes sharing. The arrangement is placed on the edge open to people who visit the room. The positive emotions need to be shared, and I believe my endeavors are perfect in lieu of wonders worth sharing.
The instructions attached with the flowers helped in proper management of these delicate products. As much as new deliveries are scheduled after every two days, the outgoing bouquet still serves its purpose of bringing ambience and satisfaction to happy feelings and improved moods each and every day. Orders are made a day before the flowers the picked from the farms. Deliveries are made by agents employed by distributing companies. I happened to have selected the best delivery company of all time.
Overall, the connection I have with my room, especially the study table, is intimate. I do not wish to be separated from this experience. However, it is difficult to deny that contact with friends and family has significantly improved. I relate this to positive emotional feelings I experience looking at the red carnations and lively glass holding them into position.

Seated buddha in meditation

Currently, Buddhism is widespread in India, China, Korea, and Japan. The sculptures of Buddha describe the various positions and activities practiced in Buddhism during worship. These positions include meditation, praying and activities such as offering sacrifices and protection.
Buddha seated in meditation, is one of the Indian gods created by the Sri Lankan artists. It is one of the art products of the sixteenth-century. The figure sits on a lotus-vine pedestal, deep in meditation. The body contains several lakshana, numerous auspicious marks that are a sign of his Buddhahood. The sculpture has thirty two conspicuous marks referred to as mahapurusalakshana. There are also eighty lesser marks such as the forehead mark (urna) and the flame protuberance (ushnisha). Other marks in the meditating Buddha are contained in the extended earlobes, locks of hair and the lotus marks on the hands and feet. The sculpture has a height of 48.7 centimeters, width of 36 centimeters, and a diameter of 20 centimeters. The figure is displayed in a glass case placed directly on the museum floor. The front end of the case contains transparent glass that gives a clear view of the sculpture. The sides of the case are made of brownish concrete for protecting the sculpture. The interior of the case is white in color, which creates a high contrast with the copper sculpture.
Buddha started Buddhism, a religion practiced in India, Sri Lanka, and other parts of Asia. The work is made for the Buddhist followers where meditation is the seventh step in the eight fold path. The eight fold path contains the teachings that guide Buddhists through their faith in order to experience peace in this world and the afterlife. The sculpture is seated in a lotus position, which is the recommended position during meditation. The meditating Buddha is seated in a lotus position with the feet resting on the opposite thigh. The hands are loosely placed

Importance of displacement migrations and the perceived lack or flux of geopolitical boundaries to contemporary art

82000 The essay "Importance of displacement, migrations and the perceived lack or flux of geo-political boundaries to contemporary art" discovers how artists through their artworks have tried to bring out the idea that migration, exile and displacement that are matters as a result of political and social changes, which have generated the wider world of modernity. Displacement comprises of one of the main parameters in our cultural development currently, and constitutes desired geopolitical characteristics of the present life. Art has taken advantage of displacement in countries that are not economically and politically stable. Levi and Scheding are of the opinion that “maybe the only generalization possible is that displacement must be understood as a complex and heterogeneous mass phenomenon.” Displacements of artist have a wide context in which they affect the artists. Rather than subjecting the artists into a new physical environment, there are more situations playing behind. Levi and Scheding term them as the social, cultural and historic contexts. Artistic displacement has faced a series of events in it which include the movement of images, goods, information and people. These subject contemporary artists to a wide range of concepts. Many have tried to understand the essence behind displacement and contemporary artists. Tactfully, many artists would find opportunity to show case their ability, and therefore need to relocate to desired places. In other cases, nature and political stands come on the way.

The Instructional Strategy for the Student

The disability in speech and language slows down his capability to comprehend sounds and language that he is able to listen (Speech and Language Disorders and Diseases, 2009).
&nbsp.I would use visuals and words to meet the needs of the speech and language disabled student. For instance, if I wanted to teach this student what a house was, I would show him the picture of a house with the word “house” written under the picture of the house. I would then proceed to break down the visual of the house to its various components such as the door, windows, walls, floor, etc. each with the respective words under them and show these visuals to the student until he has thoroughly understood them.
&nbsp.The speech and language disabled student will have some problems in understanding what he is being taught with pictures and words. However, he will soon master the art of identifying the house with the word “house” beneath the picture. Although he is speech and language disabled, he is not completely deaf and dumb. He is capable of producing sounds. He is also capable of recognizing the outlines in the pictures being shown to him.
&nbsp.The speech and language disabled student will have a problem with different languages. For instance, if I show him the picture of the house with the word “house” written below the picture in English, he will soon master the English language as well. However, if I used the words in other languages he may have to be taught all over again. In this case, it will be a challenge like the one experienced by a person learning a new language.
&nbsp.The strategy or activity chosen could be challenging because there is no guarantee that one strategy could work for all the speech and language disabled students. One strategy could work for one student, but for another student, I may have to use another strategy that may be successful only with the second student.

Contemporary International Relations

Contemporary International Relations According to the the only way to bring order and lasting peace is by embracing a new and more sustainable spruce of order built on values, shared power and trust, and it emerges from the bottom up. For Israel to have lasting peace over the nihilistic Hamas, it has to partner with Palestinians who are moderate and build a thriving state in the West Bank so that the Palestinians in Gaza can stop assisting the nihilistic Hamas. Israel has superior weaponry and can use them to get a ceasefire with Gaza, but it will never last. The US used the same technique of working with local authorities in controlling ISIS in Iraq, and it worked. The author is assuming that the traditional means of bringing order have become ineffective. As much as it sounds hard, leaders should start cultivating the new kind of bringing order.
The author’s assumptions are valid, and I agree with his line of argument. It is in line with the Balance of Power theory, which states that when secondary states are given a free will to choose on whom to side in an international system’s two coalitions, they will always side with the weaker side (Waltz 127). It is to avoid being threatened by the stronger side. It is the reason most of the Middle East countries have sided with Palestine over Israel. The only way to control Hamas is by working with moderate Palestinians, and they will thus help Israel control Hamas.
Israel faces so many non-state actors, and Hamas, a political group that advocates violence is the main one. Hamas interacts with state of Palestine through its institutions and populations which in turn help them in planning attacks and violence (Papp 102). Hamas can even teach radical Palestine civilians on making homemade drones and rockets. The only way that the state of Israel can curtail the Hamas’ drones and rocket threat is by the Gaza Palestinians demanding the rockets to stop. The only way that the Palestinians can demand that is when the state of Israel works with them.
At times, national interest should supersede sovereignty (Papp 88). It is at times preferable to accept freedom of action constraints in order to achieve a wider benefit. Israeli government must be able to let some pride go for the sake of a wider benefit. It must be able to work closely with the Palestine authorities. the same tactic America applied in Iraq, to have lasting peace. Liberty must at times be limited for it to be possessed (Papp 52). States should move from their roles of hedging risks and preservation of failing status quo to shaping a sustainable international order. All regional leaders should aim at having sustainable regional order and, as a result, lasting peace will be in their regions (Art &amp. Robert 161).
Works Cited
Art, Robert J., and Robert Jervis. International politics: enduring concepts and contemporary issues. 3rd ed. New York, NY: HarperCollins, 1992. Print.
Papp, Daniel S.. Contemporary international relations: frameworks for understanding. New York: Macmillan. 1984. Print.
Waltz, Kenneth Neal. Theory of international politics. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1979. Print.

The Concept of Writing in Zen in the Art of Writing by Ray Bradbury

Individuals make work important only as a means to these ends. He suggests that a negative attitude towards work is destruction to creativity in its making since both are forms of lying. I agree with Ray Bradbury in virtually all the issues he raised. Bradbury says quantity brings about quality at work. The more one works and gains more experience the more quality his or her work becomes (McKenzie 40). After work, relaxation of the body is vital and I don`t think there is something that results in more relaxation and turns more creativity like writing. In the circumstance where writers don’t think, they end up copying other writers work and compromising the quality of their work.

Just as an artist may think of the money he or she will earn after the work instead of focusing on the truth and the internal feeling that his or her work entails and bring out the beauty of the artwork, most commercial writers do slanted stories, focusing on the money they will cash from their banks while ignoring the originality and creativity they could have in their work. Most upcoming writers engage their working time only to give out unoriginal story lacking creativity simply because the commercial market has taken over them and dictate what they write.

The body should be left alone to think and act for itself and let the writings flow from inside you not from external forces (McKenzie 44). While new writers are at liberty to imitate and emulate other prominent writers in history, it is only allowed up to some extent and should not eliminate the ability of a man to become truly creative in his work. The writer should select a field where he or she thinks his ideas will develop more comfortably. One needs to remember that selecting a field to write on is different from slanting within that field (McKenzie 46).

In conclusion, what you think of the world should characterize what you think. Consider yourself as a prism and measure the light of the world. Give the light back to the world from a totally different perspective. Let your feeling and thinking about the world dictate your writing. Bring out your ideas in your paper and prove there is no duplicate anywhere.

Is Pornography Ethical

“Pornography can be defined as the explicit depiction of men, women, and/or children in degrading sexual contexts.” (Ingram and Parks, 2002, p.304) – Pornography is related to sex and sexual desires of men and women. It is made with the purpose of providing them with sexual pleasure. And anything that is joyful and pleasurable comes under the category of ‘Art and Aesthetics’, sexual or otherwise.

Since primitive times, art has been allotted a distinct position in our society, always with the sacred aim of entertaining people. But many social thinkers, activists, and feminists will raise their brows in anger and disgust if pornography is considered as an art. Only because it deals with the inhibited and secret sexual desires of men, pornography cannot be considered as art? Obviously the answer lies in the question itself. From childhood, a person is taught to look upon sex as a thing to abhor and not to talk about explicitly. Whatever question or doubt arises in his mind about this primal man-woman relationship, he learns to suppress them out of fear of being marked as ‘perverted’ in his social surroundings. Most of us sometimes grow up with the notion that “pornography or any directly arousing material is somehow bad and wrong and that we shouldn’t even want to look at it.” (Scarleteen, ‘Looking, Lusting and Learning: A Straightforward Look at Pornography’, n.d.). The Indian culture is very discouraging about sex and anything related to it. The habit of feeling guilty if talked or thought about sex is inculcated from childhood. But if the society teaches a person to develop a healthy attitude towards sex from the early days of his life then sex and pornography will appear to him in a totally different light than what he is made to see. Whether pornography is morally ethical or not depends a lot on the level of sexual behavior of a particular society and age.&nbsp.

Leadership Is an Art

Jack Welch comes across clearly in terms of his leadership ideal when he gives the eight rules of leadership in his book titled Winning. These rules can be studied in the light of leadership theories and a final analysis can be made as to which are the exact ideals of leadership that is recommended by Jack Welch. The eight rules as suggested by Welch (2005) are:
With these rules in mind, two theories of leadership can be applied to the style used by Welch and these are the trait theories set and the situational theories of leadership. Gardner (1995) presents us with several ideas which leaders can use to change their leadership styles or how they can balance the styles depending on the situation. The idea of leadership traits can come with several stereotypes or ideas that some people are born leaders, but leadership skills can also be taught to people although the right personality always helps (Welch, 2005).
For example, when we consider the third rule given by Welch which states that leaders must give out and infect others with positive energy and optimistic views about situations. That is a key pointer towards the fact that Jack Welch considers the majority of leadership skills to come from the trait theory than any other applicable theory.&nbsp.However, the launch date was approaching and it seemed useless to continue working on problems for which there simply was not enough time. The team estimated that they needed a few weeks more to correct the issues and needed to inform Steve Jobs of the delay.&nbsp.