To Be a Free Nation

Hess’ vision of an independent Jewish nation was perhaps the key aspect that encouraged Zionists to strive for an independent state where Jews could be their own master and live in peace.
Herzl, in the 1880s, was a dynamic Jewish leader, who had organized the first Jewish movement by forming World Zionist Organization which significantly contributed to the inception of the socio-political ideology of a free Jewish nation. The emergence of various Jewish leaders like Syrkin, Ahmad Ha-Am, and others influenced the migration of Jews to Jerusalem and exhorted the Jews to work in collectives for improved farming. At the same time, they also prepared militarily for any confrontation with Arabs. The WWI was important because while it destroyed the flourishing Jewish communities in Palestine, the intervention of Britain in the land augmented the development of the community through increased education facilities, work opportunities, including buying of land. WWII was significant in its holocaust of Jews by Hitler which precipitated the need for independent Jewish State. After the war, with the intervention of the United Nations and support of America, the independent state of Jews, Israel, was formed by partitioning Palestine.
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