The Significance of the Luxembourg Crisis

This paper will look into one of the most challenging concerns encountered by the members of the European Economic Community (EEC), the ‘Luxembourg crisis’. The Treaties of Rome established EEC. In these Treaties, free trade, liberalization, mobility of people and federalism creating the supranational institution European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) were the principal and foundational principles of the Treaties. Although opened to all countries of Europe, the initial members of the EEC were limited to six countries namely France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and The Netherlands.
The Luxembourg crisis is a result of France’s unilateral renege of the importance of qualified majority votes and re-asserts the “right to veto a proposal in the Council of Ministers by declaring that a vital or very important national interest was at stake” (Moravcsik 1991, p 20). The ‘Luxembourg crisis’ is largely influenced by Charles de Gaulle. This action is deemed as the most threatening event in the history of European integration (Dinan 2007, p. 1141). It is also known as the ‘Luxembourg accord’ or ‘Luxembourg compromise’ or the “empty chair crisis”. In this regard, this paper will address the question “what is the significance of the ‘Luxembourg Crisis’ in the context of the development of the West European Integration?” The paper does not only seek to have a historical look during the foundational period of the EEC, but it asserts the position that it has a significant impact on the political and economic interaction that has been continuously happening among the European countries fifty years after the happening of the Luxembourg crisis.
Undoubtedly, after WW II, one of the primary concerns that West European governments had to deal with was the rehabilitation of their own individual countries. However, the establishment of the&nbsp.European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), more than the economic vision of a common market for Europe, the move was political.