The Orphan Train System

The orphan train was involved in the placement of orphaned, homeless and abandoned children. These children were mostly habitats of New York City, and it was estimated around that time, over 200,000 children were placed (Johnson, 2012). Today the child welfare system has changed from this time. There are child social services in place that deal with abandoned, orphaned and homeless children. These social services ensure the appropriate placement of these children to homes. In comparison to the orphan train, before children are placed today, the adopting family is accessed for a period until they are validated to become parents. More so, today several laws were made with the purpose of protecting a child’s right (Stein, 2006). These laws include protection from abuse, exploitation, discrimination and neglect. Second right to a provision in terms of education health and a standard of living and the right to participate in communities and have services and programs for children. These laws have developed gradually since the orphan train.
The two agencies in child, adolescent and family are The National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies (NACCRRA) and The Administration of Children and Families (ACF). The ACF is a federal agency that provides programs that are related to children family issues, such as, childcare and support, and child welfare. The NACCRRA objective is to make sure families get access to the best and affordable health care (Pecora, 2009) the agency also maintains state childcare resources as well as programs or people that care for children.