The Differences between Utilitarianism and Kantian Deontology

Utilitarianism and Kantian Deontology share one thing in common, i.e. they are both aimed to provide solutions to moral dilemmas. Utilitarianism is more of the morality of justice and it focuses more on maximizing the utility or ensuring that most numbers of persons are satisfied and happy with the result that is taken up. This is relatively much better than Kantian Deontology or any other deontology approach as this takes into consideration the importance of satisfying people and tries to build a foundation with complete justice.

This method (utilitarianism) takes everybody to be equal and it looks for a solution which is for the benefit of more number of people. This was developed by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill in the 19th century. The main focus of this is to provide higher amounts of happiness to all. This has been defined as the “Ethics concept in which the happiness of the greatest number of people in society is considered the greatest good. According to this philosophy, an action is morally right if its consequences lead to happiness (absence of pain), and wrong if it ends in unhappiness (pain). And since the link between actions and their happy or unhappy outcomes depends on the circumstances, no moral principle is absolute or necessary in itself” (Business Dictionary, 2009).Kantian Deontology, on the other hand, has a very different approach toward moral decisions. This is better referred to as duty-based ethics. This has been defined as: “The ethical study of morals, duties, and rights with an approach that focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, as opposed to the rightness or wrongness of the consequences of those actions” (Allwords, 2009). This approach is based on the fact that humans have a duty and it is to act in certain ways irrespective of the happiness that it produces also irrespective of any other consequences.&nbsp.