The given heroes lead the life of an ordinary human being as this helps us to relate better. Gilgamesh, Herakles, and Rama’s birth have deep significance and each one was sent to earth with a definite purpose. All of them have been presented as superhumans, demi-gods, or Gods. As demi-gods or reincarnations, these heroes, through their birth, teach that nothing lasts forever, that erotic women destroy men with impossible demands, that the meaning of life can be explained but has to be experienced, that purpose of birth has to be fulfilled, that divine support is necessary to attain the seemingly impossible, that consciousness has to be awakened and finally inner purification alone can lead one to salvation. Slight variations are found in the collections of stories by different authors and hence after wide reading the ones, which contained the most common incidents, have been used.
The birth itself of superhumans is different from the ordinary. While no evidence or myth is available about the birth of Gilgamesh, the births of Rama and Herakles were mystical. Rama’s father King Dasaratha of Ayodhya had no sons despite having three wives. He had to perform a sacrifice for progeny when a divine being emerged from the holy fire and offered milk-sweet which had to be consumed by the King’s wives. After consuming this holy sweet, Rama was born to the eldest wife as the reincarnation of Lord Vishnu.
Herakles’s birth too was not a normal one. King Zeus was married to Hera but Herakles was his son through another woman called Alcmene, the wife of Amphitryon. It was not for his pleasure that he tricked Alcmene into sleeping with him but she was destined to give birth to the greatest hero of all time. Herakles and Rama were sons of kings. Herakles, half-man, and half-God were granted godhood after his death. Gilgamesh was two-thirds God by birth while Rama was an incarnation of God on earth.
Dasaratha and Zeus wanted .their sons to take over the kingdom but the stepmothers Kaikeyi and Hera planned otherwise. . .