Respond to question 2 on attach instructions

A problem is a major social feature that affects the society thereby implying that everyone would have a definition of the problem. People define a social problem based on its effects.
After explaining the problem as it manifests itself in the society, the next stage in the definition process is determining the causes of the problem. This requires the consideration of the current features of the problems (Stone, 2011). While the history of a problem may provide vital information on both its effects and causes, the stage dictates that one concentrates on the current features of the problem since its manifestation is a result of prevailing lapses in the social structure. By investigating the current features of the problems, it becomes possible to determine the lapses that perpetuate the prevalence of the problem. Such factors may fuel the problem thereby spiraling its effects to a vast margin. Additionally, while investigating the features of the problems, it becomes prudent to avoid the troubles the problem may cause.
A problem is likely to have ripple effects, which in most cases constitute trouble. While investigating the problem especially at a preliminary stage, Stone explains that concentrating on the troubles arising from the problem is likely to compound the issue. Such a social problem as increase in crime rate in a society may have myriad effects in the society including the rise of vigilante activities in the society. When defining such, Stone postulates that the investigator must major on the on the present features of the problem such as the regions with the highest cases and the manifestation of the problem in the society (Kingdon, 2010). This way, it becomes possible for the investigator to manage the investigation and keep them to the vital features of the problems.
After achieving an objective understanding of the problem, the next process is to brainstorm some of the common causes to the problem.