Florence Nightingale founded modern nursing and established the philosophy of nursing based on health restoration and maintenance. Civil wars in America really boosted the growth of the nursing profession while the first and second world wars made the nursing profession even more notable. According to Baillie, (2008, 24)), the nurse has many roles to play in the hospital because, besides taking care of the patient, he or she has to console the family members and friends. The life of the patient highly depends on the role that the nurse plays, and therefore, a nurse has to observe nursing professional ethics like accountability and full commitment in order to achieve the nursing goals.
Mr. Y is an old patient and just like any other patient in a hospital, it is the responsibility of the nurse to take full responsibility for his health. In the less, while taking care of the patient (just as Mr. Y) it is important for the nurse to observe all ethical and moral values and practices in the nursing profession. Thus, the goal of any nurse is to see that he or she restore and maintains the health of his or her patient under all circumstances.
A registered nurse is a nurse who has undergone the nursing program and has graduated from a college, or school of nursing and has successfully passed the exam of national licensing (.American Nurses Credentialing Center, 2006, 43). A registered nurse takes care of patients in hospitals and in other facilities like schools and other groups and families to regain their health and prevent other diseases. The practice scope of a registered nurse is determined and regulated by the Nurse Practice Act of each state. The act outlines the legal practices of registered nurses together with the roles they must, or must not perform. It also states the practice scope of nurse practitioners. Nursing practitioners may prescribe any .medication category, but in some states, they are prohibited, unless while working under a physician.