Preventative Medicine For Paramedic

Principles of preventive medicine which are advocated for health promotion and achieving wellness are very simple. They include good and balanced nutrition, adequate physical activity, maintenance of normal weight, enough sleep and avoidance of addictive substances such as alcohol and tobacco. Integrative approach also includes culture-specific measures like yoga, acupuncture etc. If the principles are so simple, then it makes one wonder why they are not a part of everyone’s lifestyle and why is the incidence as well as prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases increasing? Is there lack of awareness amongst people about the ‘right’ habits? Have unhealthy habits, despite awareness, become so ingrained in the behaviour that they have become part of the lifestyle and are difficult to get rid of (knowledge-action gap). In both of these situations, health care providers can play a role. Increasing incidence of lifestyle-related disorders among middle aged men especially calls for more strategies to deliver preventive health messages to this group and empower its representatives to take a more active role in preventive health care (Shi, Nakamura, &amp. Takano, 2004).
A 40 year old man who presents for an insurance assessment is a typical case scenario wherein a health care provider can actively engage in health promotion and education. Also, it is probably the only opportunity to engage in primary prevention as such a patient is very unlikely to visit the doctor unless ‘something is wrong with him’ (Fenner, 2011). A sedentary lifestyle combined with smoking puts him in at an increased risk of obesity, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, respiratory diseases and cancers. Tobacco-free living and active living would be the two targets that are to be achieved in this individual for better health and wellness (National Prevention Council, 2010). First of all, in order to make the patient