- Neanderthal burials from Shanidar Cave, Iraq, associated with pollen indicate:
- a. That
humans are the only way that flowers could enter a cave.
- Which of the following would a zooarchaeologist study not involve
- a. Establishing that bones are left behind by people by looking for cut marks, fragments, and burning.
- b. Identifying bones to element, taxon, sex, and age using a comparative collection.
- c. Counting the bones using NISP and MNI.
- d. Ignoring symbolic importance in interpreting the past.
- Pollen analysis is used primarily for reconstructing past regional environments.
- Ahough the analysis of plant remains from archaeological sites can provide important information about the economies of prehistoric populations, a drawback of plant remains is that they cannot be used to infer ritual significance or ideology.
- The links between patterns in the faunal assemblage and interpretations depends on experimental archaeology and ethnoarchaeology.
- Bioarchaeologists study:
- a. Macrobotanical remains from archaeological sites in order to interpret past interactions between human populations and plants.
- b. Faunal assemblages from archaeological sites in order to determine past interactions between human populations and animals.
- c. The human biological component of the archaeological record.
- d. All of the above; bioarchaeologists study all aspects of ancient life (plant, animal, and human) in archaeological contexts.
- How is mechanical stress, or workload, detectable in the human skeleton?
- a. Through signs of osteoarthritis in which the cartilage between joints wears away, often because of overuse of the joint.
- b. Through growth arrest features, such as Harris lines and enamel hypoplasias.
- c. Through mortality profiles that depict the various ages at death of a burial population.
- d. Through cracks in the skull caused by blunt force trauma.
- Studies of some of the skeletal data of Neanderthals have concluded:
- a. They are different from modern Europeans.
- b. There is continuity between Neanderthals and modern Europeans.
- c. Similarities with Native American populations.
- d. Modern human capabilities to use symbols.
- Human bone is formed by complex interrelationships among the environment, behavior, physiology, and cuural behavior.
- Biological anthropologists today agree that Neanderthals did not interbreed with modern humans and were instead an evolutionary dead end.
Institution Question 5
Neanderthal burials from Shanidar Cave, Iraq, associated with pollen indicate:
b. That burial rituals began with the Neanderthals. QUESTION 6
Which of the…