Minds of early ages considered the birth of a new life gave by a mother goddess with no partner. Consequently, we can understand why godmothers were worshipped to such an extent in Greece and Rome. Greek mother goddesses are perceived as anthropomorphic creatures endowed by strong fertile and protective potential. Their anthropomorphism depends on changing ideals of the society of that time. Nevertheless the most important gods and goddesses made a transition into Roman culture and were preserved though not in the fullest extent. Derivatives of Greek mother goddesses found its place in Roman culture.
With a certain degree of discrepancy, they survived and have still been worshipped in Rome. Though mother goddesses let them be transformed, it can be assessed not like their vulnerability, but likeability to be flexible. At this point we can remember of Western man, an easily adaptive creature, a future citizen of the world. While considering Greek mother goddesses’ transformation, we should remember of the context of Western civilization in order to draw parallels with modernity and find its underpinnings in the past.Greek mother goddesses
During the Greek period, a mother goddess was presented in forms of Cybele. Further on Romans worshipped this mother goddess and named her Magna Mater. Moreover Greeks and eastern civilizations worshipped Gaia and Rhea. We can also trace similar features of mother goddess among Olympian goddesses in Hera and Demeter (Motz, 1997). Another goddess, the Minoan goddess, called during Greek period as Potnia theron, "Mistress of the Animals", was endowed with features of mother goddess too. Hellenes also worshipped a cult located in Epheus. It was a mother goddess with whose cult embodiment was decorated with rings and V-shaped piece of decorative cloth with round shaped protuberances. Later this goddess was identified with Artemis (Mother goddess). .