A thorough medical valuation is done where the physician asks for information from the patient such as their personal history as well as the patient’s family psychiatric history. The patient may also be required to undertake the depression screening examination in its entirety (Carey, 2013). While laboratory tests do not apply in the diagnosis, the physician may run some blood tests to rule out other medical conditions that exhibit similar symptoms.
Various symptoms are associated with major depression and include deprivation of energy, fatigue, worthlessness, concentrating problems, and sleeping problems that could include either lack of sleep or sleeping too much (Carey, 2013). Other symptoms comprise lack of interest in activities of interest, sudden changes in moods and appetites, anger, irritability, and restlessness.
The most common stressors associated with major depression include drug and alcohol abuse, long-term illnesses causing prolonged pain, certain medications that include but not limited to steroids, and occurrence of stressful life events that include loss of a loved one (Carey, 2013). It has also been proven that genetics also play a role in the development of major depression.
The patient requires being located in an environment that helps them recover. preferably away from the stressors. One of the most recommended need for these patients is talk, which facilitates their healing.
Depression patients, especially those in the severe depression category, can pose dangers to themselves and those around them. This calls constant monitoring until a considerable improvement is realized as suicidal thoughts are common.
Mostly, these patients take antidepressant medications to balance the chemicals in the brain.
The nurses anticipate for some outcomes that include regaining interest in activities of interest, resuming work related activities normally, elimination of suicidal thoughts, and some level of control over stressors.
Carey, B. (2013). Major Depression. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/major-depression/overview.html