The global ramifications were widespread. In addition to the direct economic costs associated with terrorism and the threat of further terrorism to the City of New York, 9/11 also had important political ramifications. The events that fateful morning have renewed interest in the global terrorist phenomenon and the manifestations of terrorism as a political tool by Muslims seeking political change through violent means (Bram et al. 2005, 33).Islam is a world religion that is one of the three great monotheistic religions and has its heart in the Middle East. Seeking to explore the relationship between Islam and political violence, this research proposal will analyze the terrorist phenomenon and explore the linkages between Islam and modern manifestations of terrorism. Whether acts are carried out by nationalist organizations such as the Irish Republican Army in Northern Ireland and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in Sri Lanka or by a global jihadist network such as al-Qaeda and the Muslim Brotherhood, terrorism remains one of the greatest threats to global stability and world peace. Terrorist acts threaten governments, weaken economies, and effectively destabilize societies. Accordingly, in the post-9/11 world, terrorism and Islam have become synonymous in the minds of many. Whether this is a true correlation or a simple abstraction and overgeneralization remains to be seen. Aiming to be as complete and concise as possible, this proposal will be structured in the following manner: we will begin with an introduction to the modern terrorist phenomenon and discuss Islam in a general sense. This Introduction will be followed by a Literature Review which will discuss the major research on the linkages between Islam and political violence, expressed through modern terror. Our comprehensive Literature Review will be preceded by a section devoted to our Research Questions and Objectives, to be followed by a brief discussion of the methodology used. Our Timetable for Completion will be followed by a Resources section that will tie up this research proposal. Any and all citations in this proposal will be included in a Reference list at the conclusion of this project.