There have been growing concerns recently over the possible implications of overdependence on oil. Scientists predicted that the world has reached the peak of oil production, which suggests that oil reserves are near total exhaustion. Hence, advocates of alternative energy stepped forward to promote the use of renewable energies as a solution to dependence on oil. They mentioned some of the major environmental advantages of alternative energy. Numerous factors have triggered the debate over the capacity of alternative energy sources to solve dependence on oil. Some scholars claim that there is an urgent need to use alternative and renewable energy sources. Most energy scholars have the same opinion that, in the future, the world will completely drain its limited supply of oil. Scholars have the same opinion about the availability of coal in the future. as reported by the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), supply in the U.S. alone can meet present energy demands for two centuries (Smith &. Taylor, 2008, 38). The remaining supply of natural gas and oil is a much more disputed subject. Scholars vary considerably in their estimates of the peak of oil reserves, also referred to as the ‘tipping point’ (Smith &. Taylor, 2008, 38-39). Oil’s tipping point will occur when the world has used up precisely one-half of the total amount of remaining oil. This implies that the topping point of oil has been reached and that oil reserves will start to dwindle because oil is a nonrenewable energy source (Smith &. Taylor, 2008, 39). The supply of natural gas, which is dependent on the availability of oil, is directly connected to this topping point (Podobnik, 2006).
The United Nations (UN) made a decision to build the World Commission on Environment and Development in 1983. The name of the commission was eventually replaced with the Brundtland Commission (Elliott, 2003, 7). Its objective was to look for sustainable environmental approaches. .  .