Health Promotion Program

205000 Today, the rise of lifestyle diseases like diabetes, hypertension, obesity etc. have become hugely worrying aspects of healthcare programs. It has necessitated an in depth research for evolving effective mechanisms of control and prevention to curb this rapidly growing tendency amongst the population. The paper would be addressing the various issues of diabetes for developing health promotion project for effective diabetes management, prevention and control amongst Afro-American population in Ohio for better health and welfare of the society at large. In the contemporary times, diabetes has emerged as major health issue across America. 25.8 million people in America have diabetes and 7 million of those have undiagnosed diabetes (cdc, 2013). Moreover, 1.9 million new cases of diabetes were detected in 2010 and if this trend continues, one out of every three American adult would be diabetic by 2050! (ibid). It is a dangerous lifestyle disease because it not only reduces life expectancy but it is also the seventh most common cause of death. It also adversely impacts the quality of life and damages heart, kidney, eyes etc. with fatal outcome if not treated timely. Most importantly, being a lifestyle disease, it is preventable and can be managed if diagnosed early. Intervention techniques used in early stages can control diabetes and improve quality of life that would lead to higher life expectancy. Diabetes is marked by high level of sugar content or glucose in blood which is not utilized and which damages organs like heart, kidney etc. There are three main types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes. type 2 diabetes. and gestational diabetes mellitus or GDM. Type 1 diabetes is characterized by inability of pancreas to produce enough insulin to control glucose in sugar, In type 2 diabetes, cells resist insulin but can be activated through lifestyle changes and medication. Gestational diabetes is type 2 diabetes experienced by pregnant women in their third trimester and pose considerable risk to mother and unborn child. Most importantly, minority population is at disadvantage as there is inequity in health status across racial and ethnic population. African Americans are twice as likely to be diabetic and 2.2 times higher death rate than white adults (odh, 2012). As such, within the healthcare industry, leadership initiatives in the management of healthcare programs and projects become hugely critical issue for developing and implementing health projects successfully across the defined population. The paper would be looking at the various aspects of diabetes management and would exploit intervention mapping process as developed by Bartholomew et al. to develop new diabetes management project for Afro-Americans in Ohio. Profile of Afro Americans in Ohio and diabetes management In Ohio, 885,815 or 10% of adult population is affected by diabetes and 200,000 of these are either diagnosed with GDM with high probability of acquiring type 2 diabetes at later stage of their life. Marginalized population, especially Afro-American population in Ohio is at greater risk of getting diabetes. According to Ohio Department of Health factsheet (odh, 2012), 14.9% of black population and 6.3% of Hispanic population in Ohio has diabetes. The estimated statistics for Afro-Americans is alarming and needs to be addressed urgently. Reducing health disparities in health