Effect of culture on team performance and project success investigation into Project practice in developing countries to find if there exists a relationship between the work culture and project performance

Schwalbe (2004) claims that almost nearly $ 10 trillion of the world’s total domestic budget are allotted to various projects. These factors highlight the significant role of projects in global economy.
On the other hand, the reality of project failure is constantly in the offing, thus making it as one of the primary risks projects have to contend. The risk of failure in projects is crucial in all companies, but it is doubly critical in projects carried out in developing countries. Since, projects undertaken in developing countries do not only deal with socio-political, economic, and environmental concerns, but it directly affects human development, poverty reduction, and social transformation (Crawford and Bryce 2003. Diallo and Thullier 2004, 2005. Khang and Moe 2008). As such, the demand for the success of projects in developing countries does not only signify financial stability, but it also stands for an improved quality of life.
In effect, developing countries stand to benefit from the successful execution of projects undertaken in their respective countries but concerns pertaining to delays in timely delivery, non-adherence to budget, scope, and quality are encountered as cultural differences in the management of the project become one of the barriers. Thus, hindering a successful execution of the project. Culture has been widely studied, but scholars continue to disagree pertinent its universal definition. Nonetheless, there is an agreement that culture is a collective phenomenon that is learned and not inherent among human beings. It affords a way of understanding and interpreting the phenomenological world (Hofstede, Hofstede, and Minkov 2010). Recognising the increasing importance of culture in the era of globalization, Herberg and Kramer (1992) conducted a study regarding cultural effects in the factors affecting the conduct of business. They have observed that every country establishes its own approach and