Effect of AIDS in the Workplace

To combat this lack of information, it is necessary to illuminate the cause, ways of transmission, effects on the immune system and incidence and prevalence of the disease to help educate the business owners about how it could impact their concerns. By enumerating the effectiveness of policies and programs that are currently in place as well as the laws and regulations requiring such programs, employers may be able to identify gaps and shortfalls in their current procedures. Special attention will be given to the context of a small, privately-owned retail shop in Texas as a point of illustration how the national and state laws might differ as well as how these policies might relate to the smaller business sphere. Recommendations regarding how to alleviate or reduce some of these issues will conclude the report.
HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) which leads to AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is the most infectious disease that has presented itself in more than a century. HIV made an evolutionary jump from chimpanzees to humans. In all probability, the transfer occurred from using chimps as a meat source. The virus originated, however, in two types of monkeys which were consumed by the chimpanzees. A hybrid of the monkey virus (SIV) spread through infected chimpanzees and a mutated form was eventually transmitted to people in the form of HIV-1. As do chimps, humans carry two types of the disease. HIV-2 is the less virulent of the two. According to Paul Sharp of the Institute of Genetics at University in England. “Because of the similarity between chimpanzees and humans, any virus that successfully adapts to spreading among chimps would be a candidate for a further jump to humans, a potential HIV-3” (cited in Lovgren, 2003). To date, one percent of the world’s population has contracted HIV and the disease is responsible for taking the lives of nearly three million people in 2005 alone.