Education Has Not Proved the Panacea for Poverty and Progress in Africa

The lack of education in Africa and developing countries is not only changing the outlook and influence of the various regions. More importantly, this is causing a lack of available and progressive jobs and is creating barriers for most in the country. The result is that most move into a state of poverty because of the lack of education. For this to alter, a different understanding of the influences for teaching and learning need to be provided to those in the educational system.

The first concept that is applied to the lack of education and poverty comes from a historical perspective. The colonialism that was in the country began to change the outlook on education and altered the available resources and exchanges between countries. During this time, the concept of higher education changed from one that was based on the regional and cultural factors of the nation and began to incorporate different concepts from the British and ruling countries of Europe. Before 1900, the concept of higher education was one that was based on creating a specific workforce and levels of knowledge among the students. However, after this time, there was a shift in how many were working with higher education. The British and colonial rule brought in new standards and expectations for the educational needs and led to specific issues. These not only related to the influences in education but also linked to cultural, social and political shifts. The powers that were created during this time affected the standards and expectations as well as the availability of education among those in Africa (Ajayi, 17, 1996).

After 1945, decolonization occurred in Africa, which also began to affect those that were in the region and looking for education. From 1945 – 1960, there were several struggles politically because of the European colonization that had occurred before. However, the difficulties that arose during this time led to a sense of an underdeveloped&