I would like to focus on Kenya as the developing country where the RCT will be conducted. Kenya is a fast growing country with vast economic, social and political developments currently taking place in this country. The major development issue we would like to tackle would be the jubilee laptop project, where the newly elected government that is Jubilee, intends to provide every pupil joining class one in Kenya with a laptop. This project in the end will be very beneficial to Kenya as a whole due to various reasons.
It will lead to rural electrification, as it will force the government to install electricity in rural Kenya where there was none available before (Alehandro &.Murray, Pp 10). it will also lead to the digitization of the Kenyan education system, where every pupil in Kenya will receive the same quality of education be it in private or public schools and finally Kenyans technological knowledge will increase immensely, and in the future Kenyans might produce one of the best IT innovative gurus, such as Bill Gates or Steve Jobs. Therefore, with this project in mind, the hypothesis that would be tested by the RCT is whether the laptop project will improve the education quality in pupils from rural Kenya and make it at par with that of students learning in urban private schools.
The randomized control trials in this case will be identifying two schools one from rural Kenya, where there are minimal facilities and learning is a very cumbersome task for its pupils (treatment group). The other school will be from urban Kenya, where facilities are in plenty, and the learning institution has everything it needs to make learning a sweet and enjoyable experience for its students, (control group). The target population will be all pupils joining class one in both schools, where the students in the rural school, will be provided with laptops that have been loaded with adequate learning material and a well defined syllabus. The same syllabus will be the one student from the urban school will be studying as well, the rural school will also have teachers that will help the students understand how to use and retrieve information they want from the laptops. After the RCT is implemented, a series of tests will be administered to both the treatment group and the control group, where our intended outcome is that the treatment group will perform equally as the control group if not better.
Our hypothesis is whether the laptop project will improve the education quality in pupils from rural Kenya and make it at par with that of students learning in urban private schools (Alehandro &.Murray, Pp15). Thus, the RCT will be used to test this hypothesis by use of a series of tests that will be handed to all students in both groups. If poor than the control group it will be rejected if the same or higher than the control group it will be accepted.
A randomized control trial is very important in undertaking this evaluation because it helps in assessing the effectiveness of a project and whether or not it will be useful or sensible to implement the project or not. It also helps in gathering adequate and reliable information about a project that was not known before.
Alehandro, Roni &. Jadad, Murray. Randomized Controlled Trials. New York: Blackwell publishing, 2008 Pp 15.