Social problems are always created for an individual and people surrounding him as alcoholics frequently get into trouble with the law, destroy their interpersonal relationships, end up in debt, cause deaths due to driving under its influence and as they cannot hold down a job or complete their education.
The extrapolation derived from the data on drinking practices from the surveys of household probability suggests that there are nearly 29 million children of alcoholic patents and an anticipated 22 million of them are either 18 years of age or older and nearly 6.6 million are below the age of 18 years. Regrettably, even though it is a known fact that this magnitude of population and the possibility of these individuals suffering from a variety of problems, well-controlled research is not yet done. Along with descriptive epidemiological investigation, a range of other forms of studies is needed. Systematically sound research can offer groundwork for the enhancement of early intervention and effective preventive programs to eradicate the potential adverse effects of alcoholism.
Even though the children of alcoholic parents are at a higher risk for alcoholism, it should be observed that a huge percentage of these children do not necessarily develop this disorder. Different patterns of alcoholism are suggested by research both with high environmental risk and genetic vulnerability. It is likely that some individuals with high risk do not develop alcoholism they may employ coping mechanisms. Multiple copying mechanisms are clinically observed in these children and many of them grow up to be free from psychopathology or alcoholism.
These studies of the coping mechanisms are employed by the resistant individuals that may have a special value for prevention and treatment programs.