In fact, due to the well-established nature of some of these divisions, it is sometimes difficult to approach the subject at all or to debate its merits and problems. Private schools need to position themselves to meet these sometimes conflicting demands. It is therefore essential that principals have an excellent understanding of the social dynamics in the region in order to know how to best strike this difficult balance. They have to be informed about the political and cultural divisions within the society the school serves and they have to know how best to teach issues relating to diversity and difference without upsetting the social customs of the place.
Bearing these issues in mind, the purpose of this research is to examine the reasons for the establishment of NIS (New Independent School), a real and existing education institution, in the Kingdom of Bahrain in the Middle East and to investigate how the school has managed to meet the demands it faces. A comparison will be drawn between the reasons for the establishment of this specific educational facility and the reasons for the development of other independent schools within the Kingdom of Bahrain, as well as for the establishment of similar schools in Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. In order to structure my thesis, I will take the NIS International School in Bahrain as my case study. By examining the development and organization of this school in relation to other schools in the area I will be able to explore the effects of religious extremity and tolerance, co-educational issues, and the amalgamation of extremely diverse cultures, along with several peripheral yet pertinent issues such as the nature and personality of the school parent body.
My special interest in this area is two-fold: firstly, I have been the director of one such international school since its inception in 1993 to its present state of over .4000 students, including 38 different nationalities.