Corbin Welk Corbin Welk (2012) Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 10th Edition McGrawHill Publishing New York http //www mhhe com/corbin8e

The health benefits of physical activity include management and prevention of chronic diseases like obesity, hypertension and diabetes.
The significance of exercise in health and wellness is being preached in media and government institutions. Medical professionals have cited a lack of physical exercise as one of the factors that has caused an increase in the number of people suffering from chronic disease. The belief is that the world can save so much money used to treat these diseases and conditions if the population can embrace physical activity. The push is serious in developed nations because of the role played by technology in discouraging physical activity.
In essence, physical activity is any form of body movement made possible by skeletal muscles that involve the use of additional energy that is above the standard energy required for the rest. Exercise is a planned set of physical activities that is guided by goals. The objective of exercise is the achievement of physical fitness. Physical fitness is characterized by muscle strength, flexibility and body composition. Physical fitness is made up of characteristics that enable one to perform physical activity.
The reduction and management of cardiovascular risk factors have been partly attributed to physical activity. Enhanced physical activity helps in treat cardiovascular risk conditions like increased blood pressure, insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, increased triglycerides concentrations, low levels of high-density lipoproteins and obesity. Inactive lifestyle has been cited as one of the primary causes of hypertension in many people. Exercise and weight reduction can help in reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the body. The high levels of low-density lipoprotein. The impact of exercise in reducing these risk factors will depend on its magnitude. Previous research has demonstrated that the engagement of physical exercise