Since 1960, the number of civilian federal employees has reduced because of the political influence to reduce the size of the federal bureaucracy. The state and local government’s workers are subjects of central commands and devote a quarter of their work to perform the national directives. The administration includes all state functional organs, and it is quite significant influencing the vast portion of the society in the modern world (Scheidel, 2014).
Bureaucracy has several roles in public life since it keeps the government functional. It affects the implementation of law and policies made by elected officials within the government. It also provides the necessary administrative functions like collecting fees, issuing permits and licenses. Bureaucratic administration conducts government operations by regulating the various performances of state organs (Findly, 2014).
It is mainly because the bureaucratic workers need specialized training, which cost the government a lot of money to sponsor and maintain. The high performing civil servants should get merit-based compensation like their counterparts in the private sector since they have skills and experience to deliver well.
The private sector consists of privately-owned organizations that are not part of the government such as the non-profit and profit corporations. The public sector consists of government-owned institutions like the federal, provincial, state, or municipal governments. In the private sector, there is greater fluidity in job changing and flexibility in pay rise than in the public sector that is its importance over the public sector (Eyben &. Moncrieffe, 2013).