Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English People

But Maxim Gorkey in his powerful writings has visualized a liberated society of the proletariats in Russia. The works of Tagore offer a comprehensive study of Indian society at large.In this context, it should be mentioned that not too many people who have studied English at an academic level can possibly be ignorant of the effect a certain Bede (usually referred to as the Venerable Bede) managed to have on the race. The Venerable Bede or Saint Bede was and is of particular importance to the English due to his much acclaimed and extremely famous book called ‘The Ecclesiastical History of the English People’ (or Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum) which earned him the reverential title of The father of English History. Mouthful though that title is Bede himself was not burdened with that salutation for the most of his life.For the larger part of it, he remained an innocuous enough Benedictine Monk in Northumbria. Much of his childhood and the rest of his life he spent in the Monastery of St. Peter located in Monkwearmouth. Unfortunately, all we really know about Bede’s life today is from a small note he himself added at the end of his esteemed book Historia, wherein he describes exactly how he was brought to the aforementioned monastery at the age of 7, how he managed to become a deacon 12 years later and how 18 years after that he finally became a priest. (Lamb, 2004)In his own words, it can well be stated that Thus much concerning the ecclesiastical history of Britain, and especially of the race of the English, I, Baeda, a servant of Christ and a priest of the monastery of the blessed apostle’s St. Peter and St. Paul, which is at Wearmouth and at Jarrow (in Northumberland), have with the Lords help composed so far as I could gather it either from ancient documents or from the traditions of the elders, or from my own knowledge. (Monk Preston, 2005)

Ecological System

An ecosystem is an association of animals and plants with their surrounding non-living environment and all the interactions that each organism participates in. The term ecosystem was created in 1935 by Sir Arthur GeorgeTansley, an English ecologist, who said natural systems are constantly changing among their living and nonliving parts (Bennett 1997 p 15).The ecosystem concept is built around the flow of energy and all of its components, which is extremely important to know when dealing with biological community functions. A simple ecosystem works by first receiving energy from the sun that is trapped by the grass during a process known as photosynthesis. The grass is then eaten by a rabbit, which in turn is eaten by a hawk, which eventually dies. The energy originally contained in the photosynthetic products made by the grass goes through various stages where the body molecules of the original rabbit and the hawk become the heat energy lost from the animals and the decaying dead matter. That’s a brief description of how an ecosystem flow of energy is made (Condit et al 1996 p231). The ecosystem concept is very helpful as an organizing principle for the geographic study of the biosphere. There are many different scales at which this concept can be applied and there are endless magnitudes of ecosystems that one can study.The major complexes of ecosystems determined by a particular set of climatic conditions and comprising of a different set of organisms are known as biomes. Biomes are classified in various ways, however, the different types are best discussed under seven categories. Although biomes include associated animal life, they go by the name of the dominant vegetation and the physical conditions, since it is these two that influence the characteristic diversity of animal life and smaller plant forms (Biogeogr et al 2007 p 14).

Officiating Violence and Abuse

The unfortunate part of such tension-ridden moments is the use of abuse! It equally hurts the feelings of the referees and the spectators though are away from the actual scene, are not less vocal about hurling abuses at the referee. Print and electronic media may highlight such incidents through spicy reporting, which may lead to unpredictable consequences, sometimes affect the psyche of the Nations to which the teams belong!Rainey (1999) wrote, With only 2 minutes remaining in the 1996 English Rugby Football Union Cup championship match, referee Steve Lander awarded a penalty try to Bath because Leicester players had been repeatedly offside. Bath scored for a 16-15 victory. When the game ended, Leicester flanker Neil Back, angry about the controversial call, pushed Mr. Lander, who fell over a pile of players. The back was subsequently banned from play for 6 months.Hitting the goal may not get big publicity unless it is the decider and the match-winning goal. But a referee being assaulted gets lots of media coverage. It assumes the shape of a court trial, the actual incident, comments, arguments, and counter-arguments appear in newspapers and TV channels. If the contending teams are from two different nations, statements from politicians and experts of the game either soothe or flare up the tempers of the fans that follow the game. It is not unusual for the politicians from the ruling and opposition parties from the same Nation to give biased statements that suit their objectives.Alcohol consumption has been found to be the root cause of most of these troubles. In a survey conducted by Rainey (1994) the findings are startling. 11% of the 782 respondents had been assaulted in their careers. The assailants are players and coaches. In baseball and softball, 50% of the assaults are serious, like chocking, hitting with a bat or ball, and punching. Most of such culprits escapedThe reference and review of violence in sports have been made in an article, ‘Time and motion analysis of the AFL field umpire’ by Pamm Kellettl and David Shilburyl (2008). This pertains to Football League (AFL.) The authors have highlighted the important roles of referees in this organized sport. In this study, 22 umpires of professional and semi-professional Australian Rules football were interviewed to determine what they think of abusive behavior, and what they find to be rewarding about umpiring. Findings showed that umpires routinely reframe abuse, considering it to be a normal part of their role.

Build and Co Ltd

weather conditions and labor disputes have frustrated the contract if these conditions and labors disputes are completely beyond the control of Build Co. Ltd since said events would be considered force majeure (). However, from the surrounding circumstance of the case, it would seem it is really difficult to believe that it could be used as an excuse because of the provision of the contract that a penalty would have to be paid by Build Co. Ltd for every day that they exceeded the completion date [inserted at the request of the English Rugby Union (ERU)]. It could, therefore, be deduced that completion of time is of the essence of the contract. Since the company is in the business of contraction, the possibility of weather conditions getting worse and affecting its business is something that is within its experience to forecast. The company is chargeable for the possibly knowing situations it may encounter before it entered into the contract. With more reason that Build Co. cannot be free of responsibility and control of its labor problems or labor disputes since a labor dispute is something that is foreseeable by a company.The company may therefore not use its lack of foresight or as a ground for frustration to avoid liability with A and B, the owners of the hotel. To argue that it could use the same to avoid liability then perhaps it is even possible for the company to create its own situation so as just to justify everything so as to avoid liability. But the same would remove the ability to foresee responsibility and removing the duty of care which an inherent obligation of obligors in contracts.Penton Media, Inc. (2007) defined arbitration as the voluntary submission of a dispute to an impartial person or persons for a binding or non-binding determination. It has identified advantages of arbitration which included that the fact as far as the parties are concerned, the courtroom may help preserve the business relationship.

ThirtySeven Years Reign of Aethelred Statute Over Wessex

The title ‘the Unready’, or more accurately ‘the Ill-Advised’, given to Alfred’s successor derives largely from the writer of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle who was an admirer of Alfred and disappointed in his successor. The author seems so much unknown of the real dilemma that he has kept the then public views in his mind while writing and the chronicle is not written keeping the real circumstances in consideration Ethelred had to face in that era, but it’s all about the reiterate defeats of Ethelred. This is the main reason as to why Ethelred has gained nothing but only a bad reputation in history. Another reason is while writing ‘Anglo-Saxon Chronicle’, he has been compared to Alfred.In 1979 the year after the accession of King Aethelred, the Danish invasions, long unintermittent under Edgar the Peaceful, recommenced as their main objective was to plunder only, not conquest, and they repeatedly attacked in 981, 982 and 988. A period of peace in the middle of the tenth century, in which took place a great monastic reform and revival of learning, was followed by renewed Danish attacks, which continued throughout the reign of Aethelred the Unready and culminated in the conquest by Cnut. In 991 the Danes burned Ipswich and defeated and slew the East Saxon ealdorman Brihtnoth at Maldon. After this incident, Aethelred realizing the eruption of law and order offered them a price of freedom of £10,000, just to bring peace and serenity in England. As the Danes had to give something in the form of decision from their ravages, they were still allowed to stay in England. Next year Aethelred himself broke the peace by an attack on the Danish ships. Despite the treachery of Aelfric, the English were victorious and the Danes sailed off to devastate Lindsey and Northumbria. In 994 Olaf Tryggvason, King of Norway, and King of Denmark, Sweyn Forkbeard united in a great invasion and attacked London.

Laterality Differences in Native Arabic Speakers and English Speakers

This first for example tests whether an English speaker is able to give right ear preference in hearing Arabic sounds and vice versa. This was then extended to include the other categories. Although the majority of tests showed no significant differences for left or right ear perception i.e. showed no suggestion of lateralized perception, at least one from each of the 4 categories of objectives did show evidence of a significant difference at the 5% level of significance. In the first set of tests in which all participants were exposed to both native and non-native sounds to observe any lateralized perception, it was found that each group of speakers had lateralized perception for their own native language but not for the non-native language. That is, the lateralized perception was evident amongst Arabic speakers during the Arabic language test, and amongst English speakers during the English language test, but not during the language test that was in a foreign language for each group. The significant finding was that in these cases, the average scores for right-ear perception was greater than the average scores for left-ear perception. Furthermore, in a comparison between the two tests, the average score on the Arabic language test was significantly greater than the average score on the English language test for right-ear perception in the case of Arabic language speakers, and left-ear perception in the case of English language speakers. Whereas the above was as expected, when the three factors of handedness, gender, and native language were studied, the results were more interesting, and lateralization was evident in one of the 4 instances for each factor. In the English language test, gender was the only significant factor whereas, in the Arabic language test, the other two factors rather than gender were significant.

Percy Bysshe Shelley as Sonneteer

When the poetic form made the translation into English, new rhyme schemes were developed and thematic structures sometimes changed to reflect these changes. An example of this is the Spenserian sonnet, which generally follows a rhyme scheme of abab bc cdcd ee. The thematic structure has a less defined skeleton, but generally, allows three consecutive quatrains to contribute to the development of an idea and a concluding couplet that summarizes the concept thus presented. The traditional definition of a sonnet also indicates that the poem should be written in iambic pentameter, meaning it has five stressed syllables within the line, generally spaced by five unstressed syllables. This seems to be true of each of the above-mentioned sonnet forms. A quick glance at Percy Bysshe Shelley’s poetry, however, provides no immediate clues, such as quatrain or octet physical division, that these are sonnets. The rhyme scheme does not match with any of the well-known adaptations that have been passed down. However, a close look at two of his poems, To Wordsworth and Ozymandias reveal Shelley’s own experimentation with the sonnet form coupled with a more traditional approach to the thematic structure as he discusses the destructive powers of death.In each of these poems, Shelley examines the destructive powers of death by approaching it from two many different viewpoints. In To Wordsworth, Shelley laments the loss of a greatly admired poet. Shelley is able to empathize with Wordsworth’s many nature poems because he, too, has experienced these things: Those things depart which never may return. / Childhood and youth, friendship and love’s first glow, / Have fled like sweet dreams, leaving thee to mourn, / These common woes I feel (2-5). This close identification felt by Shelley helps to establish the degree of respect and admiration he has felt for Wordsworth for some time.

The CrossCultural Care Survey to Assess Cultural Competency

 The Cross-Cultural Care Survey to Assess Cultural CompetencyAbstractThe essay aims to present a brief written summary of a journal article’s content and one written question on the implications for practice in the student’s area of health care, which is health management. The article to be summarized for this purpose is entitled Using the Cross-Cultural Care Survey to Assess Cultural Competency in Graduate Medical Education written by Chun, et.al. and published in the Journal of Graduate Medical Education in March 2010. Using the Cross-Cultural Care Survey to Assess Cultural Competencyin Graduate Medical EducationSummary of the Article The article entitled Using the Cross-Cultural Care Survey to Assess Cultural Competencyin Graduate Medical Education written by Chun, Yamada, Hun, Hew and Tasaka (2010) proffered pertinent issues relative to assessing appropriate tools to measure the competencies of resident physicians in addressing multicultural concerns affecting diverse patients across various cultural orientations. Chun, et.al. used the Cross-Cultural Care Survey (CCCS) as the multidimensional tool to assess knowledge (preparedness),skill, attitudes, and quantity of cultural content integratedinto a resident training program (Chun, Yamada, Huh, Hew, Tasaka, 2010, p. 97). As explicitly indicated, the authors primary objective for conducting the study was identified as enhancing the feasibility and further provide support for thevalidity and reliability of this tool for use in assessingcultural competency among residents across specialties. The authors first a sought the approval for revising the CCCS to enhance comprehensive ability and to update the applicability of the survey to current knowledge, attitudes and skills identified in the health care setting. The survey was conducted using 84 participants who are residents of four identified specialties located in a community-based health institution. As disclosed, two relevant variables were used in the study, to wit: (1) whether residents were able to treat patients who speaka language other than English, and (2) whether they wereborn in the United States or another country. An additionalsection asked participants about the extent of cross-culturalcare training beyond medical school (Chun, Yamada, Huh, Hew, Tasaka, 2010, p. 97). The results of the study revealed that the CCCS was a valid and effectively reliable tool in measuring the preparedness of the residents in addressing and providing health care to the diverse cultural needs of the patients. In detail, the following findings were eminent: The CCCS assesses residents’ perceived culturalcompetence in the 3 arenas most often represented inmodels of cross-cultural care: (1) self-reported knowledge asreflected in preparedness to treat specific types of patients,manage specific issues and situations, or to provide certainservices. (2) self-assessment of skills. and (3) attitudes aboutthe importance of cross-cultural care and desire to workwith diverse patient populations (Chun, Yamada, Huh, Hew, Tasaka, 2010, p. 99). Implications for designing training programs on cultural competence and appropriate limitations were likewise noted. as well as the need for future research in developing training programs that address culturally diverse patients.Implications for Practice The implications of the study are relevant in current delivery of health care and in managing health care practitioners with regards to the kind of cultural training needed to increase competencies, knowledge and attitudes towards cultural diversity of patients. As revealed, increased training, in conjunction with good role models contribute to increased development of skills that address cultural competence in health care. However, it was also emphasized that the kinds of training approaches need to be evaluated to ensure their effectiveness in developing competency levels. The question therefore that one developed is: In the area of health management, what particular approach in training for improving cultural competency would be deemed most effective to work with culturally diverse patients?ReferenceChun, M., Yamada, A., Huh, J., Hew, C., Tasaka, S. (2010). Using the Cross-Cultural Care Survey to Assess Cultural Competency in Graduate Medical Education. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, Vol. 2, No. 1, 96-101. Retrieved 26 February 2012, from

The History of Kuwait

The country is a constitutional monarchy but has a parliamentary system of governance. The constitutional emirate is a hereditary position and the emir is the chief of state while the head of government is the Prime Minister and deputy prime ministers who both are appointed by the emir. The legislature consists of 66 seats with 50 states elected by popular vote while appointed cabinet ministers occupy the rest. The judiciary is based on Sharia law and is impendent from government influence (Casey 19). Most of the Kuwaitis are Arabs and Islam is the dominant religion in the country with the majority being Sunni Muslims. Foreign groups include Iranians, South Asians, and expatriates and the official language is Arabic, but English is also spoken (O’Shea and Spilling 45). The religious minorities include Parsi, Hindu, and Christians and Native Kuwaitis do not pay any taxes. Kuwait’s foreign-policy making is based on quiet diplomacy, clarity, and straightforwardness and aims at strengthening cooperation with other countries on the basis of non-intervention in the internal country affairs and mutual trust. Kuwait’s foreign policy is based on the ideals of sovereignty and freedom of political decision (O’Shea and Spilling 17). The Emir, Crown Prince, Prime Minister and government ministers occupy the executive branch and are key decision-makers. The chief of State is Emir Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (since 2006) and Crown Prince is Nawafal – Ahmad. The decrees and pardons are executed by the Emir and have a lot of influence on the foreign policy decisions. The Emir is hereditary and is tasked with appointing the Prime Minister, and deputy prime ministers and approves the council of government ministers that is appointed by the Prime Minister (Casey 61). The parliament is a key decision-maker in foreign policy since it has the power to initiate legislation, remove the Emir and question actions of government ministers.

Nations Judiciary

Firstly, the following lines give a summary of the circumstances leading to the case:Furman was convicted for the murder of the father of 5 children with the deployment of a gun, following the deceased’s discovery that the former had broken into his home with the intent of robbery. Furman was also found guilty of forcible rape. Jackson was also convicted for rape during the course of the robbery. It was found that the act of rape was carried out by holding the sharp end of scissors at the victim’s throat. The branch is the other party found guilty of a rape committed in the victim’s home. There was no evidence of any usage of weapon during the rape, but physical coercion and intimidation were employed by the perpetrators. The rest of the essay forays into their stated reasons and their supported arguments on how the death penalty is not compatible with certain provisions in the constitution.According to Justice Douglas, it is irresponsible on part of the judiciary to assume that the death penalty is not a cruel act, unless the method employed to execute the guilty would aggravate the suffering and pain. It is also of Justice Douglas’ opinion that capital punishment is not fastened to the obsolete, but may acquire meaning as public opinion becomes enlightened by a humane justice. He also cites the majority opinion of the Trop v. Dulles case, that states that the choice of punishment must draw its meaning from the changing sensibilities of the broader demography and should conform to the spirit of progress and sophistication that is the sigh of a progressive society. Further, Justice Douglas points to how death penalty in this particular case would violate the Eighth Amendment to theConstitution of the United States. He analyses the origins of the Eighth Amendment, which traces back to the English Bill of Rights of 1969 and cites the meaning implied by its authors.

Nonconformists in Literature

In other words, the proper function of society is to encourage its members to conform to a set of ideas that are broadly considered ‘acceptable’ behavior. However, the attempt to get two people to agree on what might be considered ‘acceptable’ is always going to be a problem and this problem only becomes more complicated with the addition of more people. Finally, there will always be some in the group who are not able to see things according to the ‘accepted’ view and thus become labeled ‘nonconformist’. In examining the protagonists in three colonial stories such as New English Canaan by Thomas Morton, The Speech of Polly Baker by Benjamin Franklin, and Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving, this concept of the nonconformist is revealed.In the short piece New English Canaan, Thomas Morton describes a Mayday celebration that was held in a place being renamed Merry-Mount during the early colonization of Plymouth Plantation. Because they didn’t have women to help them celebrate, the men erected their maypole and placed a declaration upon it indicating its purpose – not only to help them celebrate the spring and their successes thus far, but also to help provide a sea-mark so that ships bringing them the women and other colonists they hoped would help make their lives even more pleasant in this new land would have little difficulty in finding them. The celebration included singing, dancing, and drinking beer, which seems relatively mild by today’s standards, but ended up drawing a crowd of individuals who could not understand the purpose.The first group that did not understand what exactly was going on was the ‘Salvages’ of the land who came thither of purpose to see the manner of our Revels (Morton, 1637).

The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer

The Canterbury Tales is a collection of stories written by Geoffrey Chaucer in the late 14th century. These stories are comprised of pilgrims who travel together from Southwark to a shrine located in Canterbury. The shrine which they aim to reach is of Saint Thomas Becket that is in Canterbury Cathedral. Stories in this collection are mostly written in verses. however, there also are some stories which are written in the form of prose. These tales are the narration of a contest in which those pilgrims travel together to attain the winning prize. Geoffrey Chaucer is also known as the father of English literature and The Canterbury Tales is considered as is one of the greatest works. This collection is based on an ironic critique on the English society of the contemporary times to The Canterbury Tales. This paper is aimed to propose that characters portrayed in The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer contain associations with the deadly vices either in a direct or the indirect sense. It also propose that common human beings are substantially vulnerable to the seven sins despite some are involved in holy actions in the light of The Canterbury Tales. The Catholic conception of seven deadly sins is prominently presented by Chaucer in the portrayal of each character. however, each character does not contain all of the sins identified as deadly vices. Beginning with the character of the knight who is presented as the possessor of a noble character as he acts as a generous and humble human being, the sin of wrath in a direct sense and pride in the indirect sense are associated with him (Chaucer 1233). The knight has fought several wars which depicts the deadly sin of wrath (Blackburn 336-337). In addition to this, the character of the knight is also represents pride (Blackburn 336-337) due to his dress quotes and dealings on indefinite circumstances with people. The knight is presented as a noble man in the tales. however, he has committed one of the seven deadly sins which illuminate the vulnerability of human beings to sins. The vulnerability to sin of noble individuals is not only prominent in the character of the knight but it is also illuminated in the character of the nun. The nun in it is involved in worldly manners along with earthly love which are the depictions of lust and pride (Blackburn 336-337). The nun in tales wipes her mouth after eating to concord with worldly manners and she cries for the pets which was not allowed for nuns to have in the 14th century English Society. It significantly signifies the association of human nature with the vulnerability of committing seven deadly sins (Chaucer 1233).

Rise of English as a World Language

Perhаps the presence of English mаkes people lаzy аbout leаrning other lаnguаges, or reduce their opportunities to do so. Perhаps English hаstens the disаppeаrаnce of minority lаnguаges, or — the ultimаte threаt — mаke аll other lаnguаges unnecessаry. А person needs only one lаnguаge to tаlk to someone else, it is sometimes аrgued, аnd once а world lаnguаge is in plаce, other lаnguаges will simply die аwаy. Linked with аll this is the unpаlаtаble fаce of linguistic triumphаlism — the problems thаt society meets in the contemporаry world. It is importаnt to fаce up to these feаrs, аnd to recognize thаt they аre widely held. In the following essаy, I will discuss a couple of problems thаt аrise out of English going globаlА new lаndmаrk report commissioned by the British Council on the position of the English lаnguаge in the world shows thаt the globаl dominаnce of English poses mаjor problems for Britаin. Pаrticulаrly, the globаl spreаd of English, which hаs brought tаngible benefits to Britаin аnd other nаtive-speаking countries, will leаd to serious economic аnd politicаl disаdvаntаges in the future in Britаin unless plаns аre put in plаce immediаtely to remedy the situаtion. Monolinguаl English grаduаtes fаce а bleаk economic future аs quаlified multilinguаl young people from other countries аre proving to hаve а competitive аdvаntаge over their British counterpаrts in globаl compаnies аnd orgаnizаtions. English is, аs ever, аn importаnt tool for operаting on the world stаge, sаid John Whiteheаd, director of the British Council. But Grаddols reseаrch highlights thаt once everyone speаks English, compаnies will nаturаlly look for employees who speаk other mаjor lаnguаges such аs Mаndаrin Chinese or Spаnish аs well. There is а need to tаke rаdicаl аction аnd plаn for the future, otherwise, we in the UK will find ourselves аt а permаnent disаdvаntаge. (Bаutistа, 2006)

Comparing the Two Papers

on of Walt Disney Park in its various dimensions, human, visitors, society, entertainment, attitudes, workers, management, and business. the latter is an account of a young ethnographer probing the delicate relationship between students and teachers and what influencing factors go on to strengthen or weaken such relationships. In both instances of qualitative research the researcher is present in the field and interacts with his/her research environment and subjects to form findings. This paper essentially discusses the merits of the methodology adopted and the validity of conclusions reached through the specific questions in respect of each paper.Russel rests upon the man’s argument that ethnographic research is of a very personal nature. thus the personality and personal dispositions of the researcher become an important element (Stapleton, 1984). Russell found, as an ethnographer that her gender, nationality, use of language, size, and age determined the manner in which the two sets of participants on the trust divide line, i.e. the students and the teachers, related and interacted with her. Russel acknowledges due to her personal characteristics as a researcher it was apparent that she was able to establish rapport and gain trust much faster when compared to others. Russel goes on to clarify that these trust relationships altered and formed to maturity throughout her fieldwork, finally determining the type and quality of data collected. Russel says Being English, white, aged 23–24 and female influenced students’ and teachers’ behavior and affected the nature of the information gathered. I am a white, female, novice ethnographer conducting fieldwork in another country. My age (23–24 at the time of fieldwork), smallness in height, and build influenced how students and teachers interacted with me. (Russel, 2005) The ethnographer clearly reveals her research object, though veiled, at many places as gaining an insight into the deviant behavior of nonconformist students.

Development of an Assessment Plan for the Howard Univ College of Liberal Arts Undergraduate Program

The mission of the Howard University College of Liberal Arts is to provide its graduates with an education that is rooted in Pursuit of knowledge, social justice, artistic expression and intellectual freedom (Howard University, 2013). It seeks to foster creative and critical thinking in artistic and scholarly arenas. Furthermore, it intends on providing solutions to human and social problems. Nurturing cultural diversity is part of its mission. The College intends on building responsibility towards the global community. The assessment plan will dwell on measurement of critical thinking and oral and written communication skills. Since critical thinking has been mentioned as one of the goals in the Liberal Arts College, then the analysis will openly indicate whether this goal is being achieved. Measurement of written and oral communication skills will assist in artistic expression as well as creativity, which are all cited in the College’s mission. They will contribute towards achievement of the knowledge, intellectual freedom and social justice goals, as well. … Technical correctness is not such a valuable trait, and using curriculum-specific tests would reinforce it. Instead of such an approach, students need to be tested on their ability to inquire and question various situations. Critical thinking, oral and written communication skills are the parameters that are most relevant to rational inquiry. 2. Tools and Instruments for assessment i) CLA CLA (Collegiate Learning Assessment) is designed to measure a range of tertiary competencies that include problem solving, written communication competencies, analytic reasoning and critical thinking. The measurement of such broad abilities makes the assessment applicable to almost all types of colleges. Furthermore, the measures cut across different disciplines. One should note that this is not an assessment of intellect or any content abilities. The test is designed in such a way that it gives students holistic tasks to which they must respond. Some of the tasks may focus on written communication while others dwell on work sample performance. Usually, those questions come from real-world scenarios such as education, policy and daily work practice. The concerned students must employ analytic and critical thinking skills in the situation. They must them communicate these decisions in proper written English and then justify their choices (Hatfield, 2009). Usually, the test is administered online and the responses to the essay-type questions will be scored online through particular software. Humans need to participate in marking the performance- type questions. However, they must have undergone thorough training so as to grade the answers on the basis of certain standards. An example of a task is the argument type assignment, which asks

Causes of Salem wWtch Trials

There was an influx of refugees in Salem village because of war outbreak in 1689, between the English rulers (William and Mary) and France. This made life too hard in this village, as people struggled with the available scarce resources for survival (Blumberg, 2007). In addition to this, the villagers faced diseases, harsh winters and crop failure. The Puritans believed that good fortunes always came from God and were a blessing to them, while bad fortunes were associated with the devil’s work. These people believed that witches were people who had deals with the devil and received powers from the devil in return, for doing evil. According to Puritans, a convicted witch was sentenced to death because it was believed that they could destroy communities and corrupt good Christian people. Although the Puritans had over the years believed in witches, everything changed in 1692, when witch hunt widely spread for the first time. The village of Salem was the centre for accusation. This was after two girls, Betty Parris who was 9 years old, the daughter of Reverend Samuel Parris (the first ordained minister in the village), and his niece, Abigail Williams 11 years old accused three women of casting spells on them. Two of the women were Puritan women and the other one was a slave woman. The two girls suffered from a strange sickness, acted oddly, had incomprehensible speech and their bodies were twisted from their original positions into uncomfortable ones. When the girls were diagnosed, there was no reasonable diagnosis found. The doctors tried to search in their medical books but it was unsuccessful. This worried the villagers and made them search desperately for an explanation. It was then that it was concluded that the girls were under the spell of witchcraft by their fellow community members (Yolen and Stemple, 2004). The three women were arrested on February 29 and more than 150 other witches were also arrested and put on trial. By late September 1692, some had already been put to death and more others died while in jail. During this period, people fasted and prayed for the girls for God’s intervention but it did not succeed. However, although witchcraft began in Salem village making it very famous in rounding up accused witches, the fear of witchcraft increased over the following year. This made the life there more difficult with neighbours rising against their fellow neighbours as others tried to prove the innocence of their dear ones, the accusers worried of what would befall them while the leaders struggled to understand the happenings (Doeden, 2011). In early 1970s, psychologist Linnda Caporael, now a behavioural psychologist at New York’s Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, began to investigate the Salem Witch trials while still a college student with no idea that a common grain fungus could have been the cause of the 1962 events. In 1976, he came up with a theory, which believed that a certain type of food poisoning called convulsive ergotism might have been responsible for the girls’ condition. Convulsive ergotism occurs when a person consumes rye crop- wheat containing a mould called Ergot, which was used to make bread. This causes hallucinations, vomiting, crawling sensations on the skin among many other symptoms similar to those reported in Salem witchcraft trials. It was also discovered that, ergot thrives in damp, rainy springs,

Constitutional Law

legal effect or used in the United Kingdom shall be recognized and available in law, and be enforced, allowed and followed accordingly. and the expression enforceable Community right and similar expressions shall be read as referring to one to which this subsection applies.’1The impact of Section 2(1) of The European Community Act 1972 on Martin’s situation is that any rights conferred upon him for recovery of damages will not be compromised by a conflict between U.K. law and the laws of the European Community. There are essentially three applicable systems of law relevant to determining Martin’s rights in the context of the directive and regulation issued by the European Union. The three systems are contained in the European Union’s Treaties which are referred to as primary legislation, Directives, and Regulations which are referred to as secondary legislation and Decisions which are handed down in the European Court of Justice.2For present purposes, this discussion will center on Directives and Regulations as well as the relevant case law. The reason for this is that Martin’s case involves the interpretation and application of secondary legislation as his rights are directly connected to the validity of a directive and a regulation issued by the Council of the European Union. There is only a minor distinction between regulations and directives. While directives require enactment by the legislators of individual Member States, regulations are not burdened by any such requirement. All the same, both are binding on all members and are ‘directly applicable.3If there is a conflict between a European regulation and local legislation the regulation will prevail. It appears that the regulation issued with regards to the occupiers of commercial premises and their right to compensation for damages sustained as a result of mercury contamination does not cause any difficulties for Martin. The regulation permits Martin to refer to English law for the quantification of damages.

Education and Technology in Practice in the East

Another challenge lies within the language format since most web-based applications are English and the language of Saudi Arabia is Arabic. Other challenges may lie in the availability of special education technology in the country, as well as the costs of developing and implementing these technologies into the community. The research proposes to examine these challenges and determine if there are other underlying causes that may not be readily identified. The objective of this research is to explore the challenges in the implementation of educational technology, with the goal of discovering technologies that are beneficial for education and suitable for the distinctive Saudi Arabian culture. The final recommendations for technology improvement will be related to public and private schools in Saudi Arabia. Initial thoughts are that private schools may be more accepting of newer educational technologies and have more available resources to implement these technologies. This research is founded on the belief that education in Saudi Arabia has a bright future, once the challenges are discovered, assessed, and overcome. Saudi Arabia committed itself to apply a five-year plan for 2000-2005, which encompasses objectives and policies that are supposed to realize a quantum leap in providing education for all.Threats for educational technology development in Saudi Arabia can be identified as the quantitative development and the capacity of the educational basis. This can be examined through the indicators of quantitative expansion and accordingly to the increase in the number of students. This requires the expansion and the growth of the occupancy rate in schools as well as a level of education that realizes the desirable educational objectives. Furthermore, the technological qualitative changes during the last quarter of the current century caused a quantum leap in the various fields and sectors. Thus, expectations for educational technology can not be easily quantified because the technology will be used in order to develop the technology itself, and changes in the technology can be very fast.

High School Journals English 1 for lesson 5 and 6

We are more than satisfied. You taught her things to do, how to behave. She’s more manageable, cleaner. Annie Sullivan: Cleaner? Captain Arthur Keller: Well, we say cleanliness is next to godliness. Annie Sullivan: Cleanliness is next to nothing! Give me more time with her. Captain Arthur Keller: Look, what’s she spelling? Teaching a dog to spell? The dog doesn’t know what she means any more than she knows what you mean, Miss Sullivan. I think you ask too much of her and yourself. God may not have meant Helen to have the eyes you speak of. Annie Sullivan: I mean her to. This section of the play is informative in a number of ways. Firstly, it shows how Captain Arthur Keller feels towards his daughter, describing her as a ‘dog’. It illustrates the attitudes of people at the time towards people who are deaf, blind and mute, and allows the achievements of Helen Keller to seem even more amazing than they previously did. Helen Keller survived and accomplished a lot despite this negative attitude from her father. The determination of Annie Sullivan is also illustrated well here, as she demands another week with Keller to help improve her spelling and other skills. She demands this time despite the protests of her boss, and is determined that Keller should be able to learn all the skills available to other children. It was the determination of Annie Sullivan against all odds that has allowed the development of Helen Keller into the famous figure she is today. Lesson 5 Journal Entry 3 The theme I have chosen for my interpretive essay on The Miracle Worker is perception. The main role of perception in this play is that it is a contrast between someone without typical perception, Helen Keller, and those around her with normal perception. It is about how the characters in the play assume that Keller cannot learn language because of her deafness, blindness and muteness. The perception of Keller also changes because Annie Sullivan shows that it is possible for someone with these setbacks to possess language and become involved in daily life. Lesson 5 Journal Entry 4 This entry is written from the perspective of Anagnos. Today, I awoke and performed my daily ablutions before walking to the Perkin’s Institute for the Blind. I have a meeting with Annie today, someone who I placed into the home of a girl who is not only blind, but deaf and mute. Helen Keller. She’s a highly intelligent girl with a lot to give as governess, although she tends to have a high opinion of herself and believe she can work miracles. It is both a blessing and a curse to have someone so dedicated working with the blind, as she gets rather frustrated when she cannot complete the task she has set herself, something which occurs frequently when working with other people, particularly young people. Annie today speaks to me of how Captain Arthur Keller, Helen’s father, will not allow her to work with Helen longer, although she feels that she has something more to give to the child. It’s upsetting to see Annie might fail at her job, but I placed her in this household for a reason. She has to do as the Captain wishes, although she does present a good number of reasons why she should stay and be allowed further interaction with the girl. This is an example of the determination that I mentioned earlier. It will be interesting to see how this case progresses. Lesson 5 Journal Entry 5 The following timeline is based on how the perception of the world for Helen Keller has changed

In Much Ado about Nothing what is the relationship between female power and language

The researcher states that in the play Much Ado about Nothing Shakespeare uses language to bring out the message passed on to the audience. Power of language is used in the comedy. He uses wooing, destroys, and gives bad reputation then he restores honor. Shakespeare also teaches of the social life and structure. He informs us that there is a gap or conflict between women and men. They do not coexist peacefully at all. In the comedy men treat women differently. Women do not have a position in society. This is seen in the part where a man like Don John who deceives a prince in order to defame the honor of a woman. This indicates or shows the problems in the power status and structure of social co-existence. When the relationship of Beatrice and Benedick is put into consideration in Much ado one of the most crucial themes is around gender, roles according to gender and the dissimilarities between women and men. It is sarcastic that a low ranking member of the society is the one who exposes the bad habit of Don John and his coconspirators (Wick 4). Don John is totally different from his fellow Don Pedro and Claudio, who are very protective male. When they are exposed to Leonato we are able to see the male pride of Conrad and Borachio. Shakespeare is able to bring to us the reality that those men of high status in society, and full of pride are the ones who treat women. Through Shakespeare, it is seen that most people who have bad behavior hide in the dark thinking that what they do can never be discovered. They abuse other people in the name of securing their pride. Shakespeare teaches the audience to criticize the language, role, and even the misuse of the Queen’s English. It is therefore leant that, those who bare false witness intentionally to hurt others end up being unhappy, and end up taking measure that are desperate in order to cover their naked bad behavior. This is a lesson that encourages people to be morally upright, and not use their powers to demean others. Another teaching is of being a hero. Beatrice still marries Claudio after wrongfully being accused of cheating. In another way this can be seen as she did not only do it though love, but to restore honor and faithfulness. This is considered as restoring her social status. Social status is also seen when Benedick has to kill Claudio in order to marry Beatrice. He accepts the challenge so as not to be considered a coward. Women are portrayed accurately in the play. There is the covering of stereotypes of women in the play. All the characters that are female have personalities that are widely varied. This helps to avoid the woman from being too humorous or patronizing. A range of different relationships are formed in the play. All this is due to a variety of social prominence and personalities. The base of this relationship is on sexes that are different. This is male and female. There are also other battles like relationships, conflict and deceit. Women are seen to be present in all these themes. Many lines are interpreted in diverse ways that show meaning to reflect what is really happening in society. The female characters who are present in the play are Margaret, Hero, Ursula and Beatrice. All of them have personalities that are different. These personalities differ in one way or another. All of these characters that are female and they do not fit in the society of Shakepeare.They are therefore created to add hilarity, contrast or satire. One of them who does not fit and Shakespeare uses her to maximum is Beatrice. In the first scene of the play ,Beatrice is introduced as a woman who is very clever and humorous. She is known to gamble with words in order to prove her point. She is known to be very argumentative

Business Environment and the English Legal System

Notice of any exclusion clause must be given well ahead of time, before or during the contracting process.3 As stated by Lord Hodson in the case of McCutcheon v MacBrayne:4 the course of dealing on earlier occasions is often relevant in determining contractual relations but does not assist when, as here, there was on the part of the respondents, a departure from an earlier course….. Moreover, Iggins will also be bound by the contractual principle of being bound by a document that one has signed5. There is a requirement of reasonableness by the courts in judging breaches of contract6, however this is evaluated on the basis of what the knew or ought to have known when the contract was made.Therefore, unless Iggins Ltd had specified an exclusion clause in its contract that the event could be canceled anytime, it will be liable for nonperformance of the contract, and for pecuniary and nonpecuniary losses that may be caused to the 28 players through its failure to perform the terms of the contract, since such losses will be directly attributable to a failure to perform.7 The mitigating factor in reducing damages could be the fact that a greater degree of foreseeability of cancellation of the event and resultant damages would be required under contract than under tort.8Due to the fact that all the players are well-known players, they could have canceled other potentially lucrative arrangements in order to fulfill their contractual obligation with Iggins. Under the circumstances, there would be losses accruing to the other 28 players, not only for the expenses they may have incurred in traveling to Birmingham but also in other opportunities they may have missed, which will give rise to a cause of action for compensatory damages, apart from the restitutory damages that will be due under the breach of contract.

Jamaica Kincaid’s Seeing England For The First Time

Cynicism Against Britain And ImperialismHer description of the English people is spiteful because they not bring joy but agony to the island and her family. From the onset of the essay, the spiteful attitude towards Britain resonates with the effects of colonialism through sarcasm. She uses sarcastic language to imply the British had come to brainwash her people, and she expresses the desire to salvage her loved ones.Therefore, she applies symbolism and metaphors to attack Britain indirectly. Notably, the author exaggerates some aspects of the English reign to exemplify how they should be treated, unlike the way the colonialists are doing it. She intends to inspire Antiguan residents who have been Made in England to revolt against the colonizers and embrace their traditional culture.Kincaid likens her people, especially her age group, to drawings and inspires them to rise against the British and return to their roots. The complicity of the Antiguan residents to the British rulers seems ridiculous, in her opinion. Kincaid points out that her father is one of the men who refused to think for themselves. Despite the hot weather, she says her father insisted on wearing the hat. Besides, the hat is made of substandard materials, which offer no protection from the sun.Unfortunately, that is the last thing her father will take off because he fancies the Englishman and a fancy hat. Notably, he fails to realize the effects of the sun and purpose of the hat, which portrays the father as a dumb person. It is the infectious destruction of the British culture that inspires her to want to rebel.Unfortunately, the mum is equally infected by the British culture form the way she enforces their manners during meal times. It even makes her hungrier for revolution than ever. Kincaid admits she enjoys her meals with bare hands, but her mother only takes pride when she follows British manners. Similarly, she expresses how her mother’s deep affection with the British religion makes her disgusted and feel the urge to rebel even more.Everybody who has been subjected to colonialism does not escape its vile effects, according to her. Therefore, she uses metaphor and sarcasm to attack the colonialists while discrediting the subjects for complicity without questioning. Kincaid claims she might be lucky to have grown up in Antigua because only natural-born British area special jewel had her courage. She alludes that only the special jewel wore the British budge of honor, and explore the mountain tops, the jungles, deserts, and plains.Nevertheless, the kind of bravery was not meant for the brainwashed people who accepted to be colonized. She sarcastically makes an impression of her teacher’s claims on the British as the promised land of Jerusalem, where only the clean hearts are permitted. Notably, she alludes that all the British already had the permit to die here, unlike their subjects. She claims that they didn’t need the right to become English. Instead, they wanted to embrace their traditions and become independent.The disgust she had for Britain even makes her change the British name in personal protest. So, she changes her name to Jamaica Kincaid to protest colonialism. The personal revolt was also an inspiration colonialist whose minds were trapped in such conditions to find reasons to embrace their culture. So, anyone can rise against terrors of colonialism regardless of their poor background and inspire beyond Antigua. It has happened to women who is a writer. Therefore, it is possible for everyone.She vouches for the freedom of her country, Antigua, from the Special Jewel, which has concurred America and other countries. She uses sarcasm, metaphors, and illusions to detest Britain’s action and encourage these countries to relieve themselves from colonialists’ grip. Notably, people should be left to practice their culture and follow their traditions without unnecessary restrictions.People must distinguish between logical reasoning and brainwashing, religion notwithstanding to free themselves from the shackles of invisible bondage. In the end, the author says everyone in the world should move past colonialism and embrace cultural differences, and the Jamaica Kincaid’s Seeing England for the First Time. Cynicism Against Britain and Imperialism essay reveals it.

Iron Bridge Gorge Museum and Black Country Living History Museum

It is generally assumed that within the museum space, one can gain a greater appreciation for what life must have truly been like during various periods of British history and thus present viewers with a conception of the essence of Englishness. In the museum’s attempt to compete with the advent of numerous more active and changing tourism sites, the concept of static history is no longer sufficient to maintain sufficient operating funds. As a result, many museums are changing their formats to include the use of more multi-media presentations and entertainments, seemingly attempting to challenge, in at least some small part, the larger amusement parks and presenting idyllic views of the past that are drifting ever further away from the truth. In preserving the history of the Industrial Age, an important era in the development of the nation, museums such as the Ironbridge Gorge Museum and the Black Country Living History Museum have effectively removed the horrors of this time period, offering instead a false nostalgia for the ways of the past.The wish to spend one’s precious spare time on a slag heap or in a dark, dangerous, and damp coal mine, as might seem necessary to gain an appreciation for the lifestyles of those who survived the Industrial Revolution, seems paradoxical. For most, the jump between actually scrambling around coal mines and visiting the museums dedicated to the Industrial age might seem like one and the same thing. This is all the more true since the English have developed a sustained ideal of a green and beautiful rural England in their collective idea of Englishness, and urban and industrial areas are thus stigmatized as un-English. According to Raymond Williams (1973), the modern-day Englishman has a need for nostalgia as a means of responding to the ever-changing world of the modern-day. Because the modern is already filled with the concept of the urban landscape, nostalgia almost by default is associated with the country.

The Impact of Residential Schools on Canadian Children

Besides the suffering, the indigenous languages risked becoming extinct because these First Nations children were expected to carry the traditions and languages on to the next generations. The distance didn’t only hurt their relationship with the family but also posed an imminent danger to the traditional values and beliefs of the indigenous people of Canada.These Frist Nations children had not grasped the indigenous languages well enough to speak in foreign residential schools. Consequently, restricting the languages spoken at the residential learning centers to French or English means they would soon forget their original languages. These kids underwent severe punishment and abuse for simple reasons, like speaking their indigenous languages.According to Knockwood (1992, p. 99), some of the survivors of residential schools revealed how they suffered under the care of priests and nun, including punching, verbal abuse, and slapping. Speaking indigenous languages could result in other more severe punishments like sticking a needle through the tongue, or severe beatings. Soon, most students lost grasp of their indigenous languages.According to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (2016, p.41), the natives felt isolated, and relationships deteriorated because they were never allowed to speak with their kins. Parents felt like they had betrayed their kids by selling them to foreigners.The guild was devastating because the sisters, brothers were separated for the better part of their lives. Some parents had even resorted to alcohol abuse to console themselves. Amidst the miseries, some family and community members believed the residential schools were suitable for their children. It became hard to communicate with time has the kids forgot their languages while the family or native people could not speak foreign languages.Soon, the family of the kids’ begun to feel isolated and frustrated because they were never in control of their children. The education meant nothing if it could cause a communication barrier between the kids and their families, and other people in society. The separation also meant the First Nations children forgot about the traditional beliefs that were fundamental in society. They also lost track of the myths and rituals that were passed down orally from one generation to the next.The community traditions were at stake because all the effort made to preserve them for over a thousand years was in jeopardy. Worst of all, the elders responsible for educating the youth about culture and traditional beliefs were cut off both by geographically and the language barrier.Over the years, these children lost connection with people and the family under the watch of the traditional elders. The separation also caused desperation among siblings, let alone the First Nations children.According to the native people, they had transformed and were no longer the same. Many people also succumbed to emotional, mental, physical grief, loss of faith in their kids’ wellbeing. For those people who could not withstand the pressure, it caused untold suffering, loss of hope, or even death.Nevertheless, the damage these residential First Nations schools had caused was irreversible. It was the beginning of moral decay and loss of culture Canada people had fought to preserve for many years. It took only a simple irrational decision to cause all the loss of traditions and languages.Today, Canada can only pine their hope of restoring their traditional culture through systematic family education and communal effort. Otherwise, the loss of their kids will haunt them forever, including the loss of the most treasured indigenous languages. Finally, the impact of residential schools on Canadian children can be summed as a loss of a community culture plus its next generations.

Personal Profile of Para Medical Officer

Personal Profile (Part I have been trained as a Field Para Medical Officer, which gave me a sound knowledge of how to provide healthcare services in emergency situations. After completing my academic career, I went into practice. I have worked for two years as a field medic and now I believe I am well experienced in my field.I have a great tendency for social work, therefore I have joined various private sector organization in this field, during my education, which gives me an advantage, while performing my duties, because, it blessed me with the courage to stand in the face of difficulty. This attribute has helped me in overcoming emotional trauma that is a norm of my field. I also think that it is a very fulfilling job, because it gives me the opportunity to contribute towards the society in a positive sense. Working as a paramedic gives me self satisfaction, because I feel important, by helping others.I have strong aspirations for future. I plan to introduce a service for patients that is effective and convenient. I believe that good diagnosis systems should be available for the patients. they are given proper treatment, which will help them in their recovery. In order to achieve this, it is very important for me, to have correct systems and knowhow about the management issues of large medical facility, which I am lacking at this time, but I am learning and will accomplish this goal one day.Part 2Academic / curriculum strengthsOver my academic career, I have gathered basic knowledge in the field of paramedics. The focus of my studies has been on providing emergency medical service in case of road incidents. My strong hold on this field helps me in better decision making in a volatile conditions, while placing premium on emotional stability.I have also done practical training which has been very helpful in development of the ambulatory skills that are needed in healthcare career. This training was focused on ensuring fewer errors in future.Challenging Degree ContentWhat I found most challenging about my degree was learning English, because, it is not my native language. Therefore, I had to face a lot of problems in my degree because of it. But I had an interest in the medical field, so I had accepted this as a challenge and overcame it by discussing different concepts with experienced doctors on weekly basis.Another challenge that I had faced, was during my paramedic training, caused by witnessing the pain people go through in the case of tragedy, therefore it has taken me, a while ,before I had gotten acquainted with it. However I still sometimes get disturbed with my routine, because after all I am a human. Expectations from the topicI expect this course to further help me improve my skills and polish them. During my course, I seek to spot my mistakes and correct them. I hope that the course will help me, in increasing my ability of strong decision making.

Direct Approach and Communicative Language Teaching

The direct approach is therefore based on the theory that learning a second language shares practically the same concepts as learning the first language (Thanasoulas, 2011, par. 5). The basic framework, therefore, emphasizes the need for regular and frequent oral interaction, no translation, using the language with spontaneity, and as the minimal analytical application of grammatical rules and structures of syntax. As disclosed by Thanasoulas, the principles of the Direct Method were as follows: (1) classroom instruction was conducted in the target language. (2) there was an inductive approach to grammar. (3) only everyday vocabulary was taught. and (4) concrete vocabulary was taught through pictures and objects, while abstract vocabulary was taught by association of ideas (Thanasoulas, 2011). The direct approach is therefore based on the theory that learning a second language shares practically the same concepts as learning the first language (Thanasoulas, 2011, par. 5). The basic framework, therefore, emphasizes the need for regular and frequent oral interaction, no translation, using the language with spontaneity, and as the minimal analytical application of grammatical rules and structures of syntax. As disclosed by Thanasoulas, the principles of the Direct Method were as follows: (1) classroom instruction was conducted in the target language. (2) there was an inductive approach to grammar. (3) only everyday vocabulary was taught. and (4) concrete vocabulary was taught through pictures and objects, while abstract vocabulary was taught by association of ideas (Thanasoulas, 2011).c. How might they be useful for your context and why? The approach can, therefore, be applicable and used in one’s personal context through frequent instruction and use of the second language one intends to learn where focus could be highlighted on everyday conversational language. The instructors could show pictures and visual illustrations of concrete words to assist in familiarization. and as indicated, to grasp abstract words, the instructor could use more familiar words to associate the meanings to new and abstract concepts.d. What are their limitations? As revealed and as eminent, the limitations and difficulties of this approach is the amount of time needed to learn the second language given the classroom type and time frame. To effectively use this approach, one must not be pressured by time and also by budget or financial constraints. For example, if English as a Second Language is determined to be learned using the direct approach, living longer in the United States and conversing frequently with this language as practical application is most preferred.

Women An object of Sex

The equality between men and women is near to non-existent. Generally, it is believed that this world is a man’s world. Even the English language does not support gender equality. According to transforming a rape culture, page 125, there are almost 220 words for sexual promiscuous women and around 20 such words for men. This language of rape culture has surrounded our daily lives and we have become ignorant to the inequality. We regularly ignore the degrading images and stereotypes of women created and reinforced by media.In the current world scenario, where males dominate, glamor is restricted to the people who are classified above middle class. Females are treated as sub-ordinates, emotional support seekers and a sex object. Media helps create and reinforce a gender duality based on traditional views of men and women. Often, females and males are shown in advertisements according to the roles they play in patriarchal structure i.e. males as dominating creatures and women as helpless ones. Media shows women as giving advices on how to please men, how to cook, and how to look attractive by loss of weight.These stereotypes, however, have become a part of our daily lives and are hardly escapable from the advertising industry. An average person is exposed to over 2000 ads a day. These ads sell a lot more than just the product. They promote values, images, love, success, popularity and worth. Unfortunately, these ads show images of female body to promote the product. Women sell everything from food to cars to deodorants. All leading models are shown as slim, tall, long-legged, white, and young. Now the question is why are all standards of beauty being imposed solely on females? B.Earl Puckett quoted in Stephen Donadio that the task of media is to make women feel dissatisfied and unhappy with their natural looks. A woman will, then, opt for beauty products, cosmetics, diet plans, and other such services. The messages from these advertisements indicate that a woman has only her body to offer. Women are considered as an object of sex and violence which can increase the sales of the products. It’s their body which can enable them to get whatever they want. They feel dissatisfied with their looks and body appearance and try to improve their appearance by using cosmetics, and going on diet. The images of young, thin, beautiful female models create a desire, a strong desire, in males to feel the body warmth. Such degrading images show women as just a sex object. Ads like those made for cigarettes and deodorants (AXE, etc.) show women half naked, craving for the sexual pleasure. If one believes in these images, then to some extent one actualizes them. These submissive, sex object roles have dehumanized women and give the power to men. These ads indicate that men are to rule, control females whereas females only seek to please males. The TV commercials for an age controlling cream, Pond’s age miracle by Lever Brothers (Unilever), depict men only love women who stay white, spotless, and young. These ads use women as an object of sex. Certain ads also portrayed that to gain one’s husband’s love and attention wife has to look young and fair. A TVC by pond’s – telecasted in 2009 on all media channels in South Asia – showed a wife using the pond’s age miracle cream. The husband expressed his love and feelings to the wife because she looked young and beautiful. The tag line for this ad was see the change of your husband in just 7 days. (Pond’s, Pond’s Age Miracle) Another ad telecasted in Thailand showed a girl who uses Pond’s age miracle. The concept of ad is that a girl will look beautiful and attractive only with fair color, spotless skin, and less wrinkles. The cream claims that within 7 days a girl can look beautiful and control the aging signs. Again the typical stereotype has been reinforced that a girl can only be attractive if she has fair complexion, spotless skin, and a younger looking skin. (Pond’s, Pond’s A

Entrepreneurship Theory

2010, pg 90) Functions/applications of theory Theories are used for several purposes. Different researchers and authors from different organize them and describe them differently. The following are the various functions of theory. Decision Making Theories usually help leaders in making decisions by giving those views from different perspectives. An administrator is able to compare the observations against theories that they have combined and synthesized, using the experience of others (Hisrich, Robert. 2011, pg 184). An educational leader can use his knowledge of theories when his interpretation of the facts of a given situation limits him to overcome this by gaining a wider perspective and re-examining the information available in the context. Predicting Behaviour Using theories, educational leaders are able to predict the outcomes of their decisions. They are able to examine relevant theories and ideas that they have, to know the reactions and outcomes they expect from certain actions or policies. For example, a school leader can use the theory of planned behaviour to decide if it is worthwhile to provide professional development to a team of teachers struggling in the English department. In order to determine whether a person has an intention to involve himself in a specific behaviour, the theory of planned behaviour considers his attitudes and perceived abilities (Gasparski et al. 2010, pg 45). Using the observations of the teacher’s attitudes and self-efficacy, a principal is able to know whether the teachers are likely to adapt the new teaching behaviours they learn in from the expensive training (Hisrich, Robert. 2011, pg 130). Organizational Control Leaders can communicate more clearly and maintain more consistent focus and message using theories as models. They can discuss the objectives of their organization using unambiguous terminologies. Educational administrators use theories to shape their personal leadership and communication styles and benefit from the expertise of others while comparing themselves. Future Functions Policy makers provide succinct explanation, evidence and solutions for a given problem using theories. Theories usually provide ideals or models on which to base initiatives. In addition, when a theory does not exist, or it is not adequate to address the matter in hand, the models provided by theory assists the researcher in educational administration by revealing the needed areas of research. Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship necessarily involves the task of sensing opportunities and innovating products and services. The concept of entrepreneurship was first established in the 1700s, and the concept has been evolving. It is mostly equated with one-person business. However, economists believe it is more than that. To some economists, the entrepreneur is a person who initiates a business idea, and he is willing to bear the risk of implementing his idea if there is a possibility of making profits (Baron Robert.2012, pg 115). An entrepreneur’s role is also emphasized as an innovator who markets his own innovation. Other economists suggest that entrepreneurs develop new goods or processes that are currently not being provided/supplied in the market. In the 20th century, economist Joseph Schumpeter (1883-1950) focused on how change can be created by the entrepreneur’s drive for innovation and improvement (Gasparski et al.

The Argument For for Against Bilingual Education

The fundamental idea was to teach the immigrants students other subjects in their native language so that they cannot lag behind their English-speaking peers. Proponents of bilingual education argue that through such practice, the immigrants learn the English language quickly and catch up with their English-speaking peers within no time. On the other hand, pro-English oppose bilingual education stating that it is costly and in the end the students are less proficient in the English language (Mujica, 2003). The argument for or against bilingual education may never end. However, the cost implication of bilingual education appears to outweigh its benefits.For the past thirty years, the U.S. government has spent billions of dollars in financing the bilingual education program. However, numerous researches have shown that the beneficiaries of this program still lag behind academically. Pro English opposing the program argue that it creates segregation by language in public schools that result in social isolation. In addition, discrimination lowers the student’s self-esteem, leads to poor academic performance, and contributes significantly to the high dropout rate experienced in public schools. Proponents of bilingual education argue that such an argument is based on misconceptions about the objective of the program (Kleven, 2007). They further argue bilingual education program does not promote segregation. on the contrary, it serves to promote equality among the students since they gain proficiency in the English language rapidly. As a result, they are merged with their English-speaking peers after a while. Such an argument is not factual and reliable since different children have different aptitudes ability. The ability of the students to catch up with another English speaking solely depends on the brilliance of the student.Pro-English have been in support of the government to move to end the bilingual education model.

Affirmative Action in the Hunger of Memory Book by Rodriguez

In his book titled Hunger of Memory, Rodriguez expresses his dissent with the policy of affirmative action, which is based on the principle that racism is the key to social oppression. He states, Americans learned to look beyond the class in considering social oppression…..it became easy to underestimate, even to ignore altogether, the importance of class. (Rodriguez 149). He, therefore, ascribes differences in class as being the primary reason for division and oppression in society. He favors a policy of assimilation and suggests that the racial divide can be bridged only by true and complete assimilation. Critics have however pointed out that it is only by allowing ethnicity to thrive and be respected, that some measure of equality can be achieved – since it is difficult for people to completely separate themselves from their ethnic roots and take to a foreign culture (Salvidar 27).In my own view as a Korean bilingual student who is learning English as a second language, Rodriguez’s views appear unrealistic and impractical for everyone to achieve. The difficulties that second language students face in learning English are a function of the differences in their own native tongues. There may be three major aspects that affect a student’s ability to learn English : (a) their low level of understanding and self-esteem (b) the different system of sounds in different languages and (c) differences in grammar. When a student has continuously spoken and studied in one language and then tries to learn English, the native language does tend to interfere with the learning of English. However, this cannot form the basis for completely rejecting the native tongue and bilingual education, as Rodriguez suggests. There may be a need to reform teaching and learning methods instead. Similarly, where Affirmative Action is concerned, it is only by allowing diversity to thrive and cultural and ethnic differences to be recognized and celebrated that there can be some measure of equality in society. Achieving this through complete assimilation is a difficult if not downright impossible task.

The Soldier by Rupert Brooke

In order to highlight on the themes of war, despair, death, courage, and conquest, Brooke adroitly puts into use various aspects of style and technique, which include rhyming, repetition, imagery, and metaphor. The use of these techniques enable the author to adequately explore and expose the dimensions of the main themes and meaning of the poem in a manner that clarifies and situates the matter within a definite setting with regard to both time and place. Brooke authored the poem at a time of one of the world’s most devastating wars. The choice of the language used in the poem effectively explores the meaning of chaos and destruction and the place of nationhood and sovereignty, which were also affected during the great campaign for global power as manifested.The poet employs a regular rhyme scheme in the poem to create a sense of rhythm, which contributes to the aesthetics of the poem besides creating a pattern of sounds that enhances the memorability of the poem. The words me and be which conclude the first and third lines of the poem begin a pattern that is sustained through other sets of rhyming words such as field and concealed, which complete second and fourth lines respectively. The pattern and rhythm generated by the rhyme scheme effectively contributes to enhancing the dominant themes of the poem, which include patriotism, death, despair, alienation, and conquest. Furthermore, the words effectively bring out the element of tone…. rhythm generated by the rhyme scheme effectively contributes to enhancing the dominant themes of the poem, which include patriotism, death, despair, alienation, and conquest. Furthermore, the words effectively bring out the element of tone, which helps to conjure up vivid images of the situation as experienced by the persona. The rhythm and pattern of the poem is equally brought out through the element of repetition. The word England and English are used generously throughout the poem. Apart from helping to situate the story within a particular context, the words have the effect of authenticating the poem by adding to the element of realism. They also help in contributing to the theme of patriotism in the sense that the feelings and love of the persona are manifestly projected towards England. Repetition in this poem plays an important role in laying emphasis in the dominant themes brought out in the poem. A significant aspect of meaning in this poem is made possible through the appropriate choice of imagery. Certain words have been used to create meaning both in the literal and figurative sense. Words such as flowers, dust, rivers, and heaven have potent meanings that bring out the meanings of issues as covered in the central themes of the poem (Brooke 6). It is important to conceptualize the words in terms of certain meanings and actions that connect with the feelings, mood, and tone as brought out by the poet. When used together, these words combine the meanings of the poem and unite it towards the portrayal of conditions that afflicted humanity at the time of its publication. For instance, flowers are used as symbols of hope. Dust on the other hand might be understood in a dual perspective that celebrates conquest and victory on the

Euthanasia in Australia

Presently, in Queensland, the only two laws that deal with end of life are Advance Health Directive and the Power of Attorney Act 1998. In fact, both the laws are insufficient to seek the help of others for assistance. Compared to other states in Australia, Queensland has more restrictions on the use of Advance Health Directive, which result in hindering individual freedom to healthcare. While other states use Advance Health Directive to overcome the restrictive statutory regime, Queensland uses the statutory regime to restrict the freedom under Advance Health Directive. Thus, Queensland authorities are more orthodox about the sanctity of human life than other states are. However, the mere fact is that through the amendment to the Queensland Criminal Code 1899, the territory has unofficially allowed room for euthanasia. It becomes evident that the existing laws in Queensland show double standard. On the one hand, it stands totally against the right to end ones own life unlike other states in Australia. This is evident from the fact that it has imposed greater restrictions on Advance Health Directive. On the other hand, it introduced amendments to Criminal Code to help health practitioners escape prosecution by allowing palliative care to the extent of foreseeable death but not intended death. However, the mere fact is that these rules and regulations are not water-tight. In other words, there arise a lot of legal issues associated with the present day stance of the authorities in this regard. It becomes evident that the Criminal Code of 1899 as amended in 2003 gives room for euthanasia on one hand, and punishes the ones who help in the same on the other. The Advance Health Directive and statutory regime- a failed purpose Admittedly, the only purpose of Advance Health Directive (AHD) is to allow individuals to decide their future course of treatment if they are incapable of taking independent decisions in future. As Willmott (2007) points out, unlike other states, Queensland has more rules and regulations regarding the applicability of AHD. The Power of Attorney Act (1998) (QLD) declares that in order to proceed with the AHD to remove life-sustaining measures. one of the four conditions should be met: the patient has a terminal illness from which death is certain. the patient is in a vegetative state. the patient is permanently unconscious. or the patient has such an illness or injury from which patient is highly unlikely to recover. Thus, the Queensland regulation evidently kills an adult’s right to self-determination as the legislation shows more attachment towards the medical principle of sanctity of life. Davis (2009) argues that a look into the English law proves that the right to self-determination is given more importance than the principle of sanctity of life. In the case, Bland was in a vegetative state and the court allowed removal of life-supporting treatments to facilitate his death (ibid). However, in Queensland, an adult can fill advance health directive but it will operate only if it is in harmony with the common law. That means, in Queensland, for an advance health directive to operate, it should meet criteria like a sufficiently poor state of health, lack of prospects of recovery, and consistency with good medical practice. However, in other states, it is irrelevant to consider the fact that the adult would have lived for an extended period of time and made a full recovery if life-sustaining measures were given. In other words, if there is a valid AHD, the medical practitioner would not legally be allowed to provide such good medical practices which could prolong or save the life of the patient. Another important limitation, according to Willmott et al (2006) is that in Queensland, self-determination

Common Law vs Civil Law

This is the same principle that guides the concept of judicial precedent wherein the decisions made by a judge in a previous case are binding on the decisions of future judges when facts are the same. Particularly, courts must follow decisions already made in higher or superior court, and appeal courts are bound by their own past decisions. (Gray, Lockyer and Vause, p. 26) Based on the Latin saying: Stare decision et non quieta movere, judicial precedent is what makes the English judicial system rigid where in other areas it is flexible.France does not have the principle of binding precedent in the sense that Code Civil forbids the courts to interfere with legislation and to make rules. It is prohibited for judges to decide by way of general provisions and rules on the cases that are brought before them. (French Civil Code, Article 5) This provision goes a long way to explaining the special feature of the jurisprudence system in France appertaining to case law: the Highest Court ensures a certain uniformity in the interpretation of the law by the lower court judges hence making a significant contribution to the structuring of a series of institutional procedures and adjustments furthering the adherence to previous decisions under certain conditions. (Serverin 1999, p. 6) The High Court tends to produce tendencies or a consistency of interpretation expressed by the notion of persisting jurisprudence or jurisprudence constante. The practice of the courts in France, wrote Lambert and Wasserman (1929) does not become a source of the law until it is fixed by a repetition of precedents that are in agreement on a single point. (p. 14-15)According to Gary Slapper and David Kelly (2004), the usual distinction to be made between the two systems is that common law system tends to be case centered and hence judge-centred, allowing scope for a discretionary, ad hoc, pragmatic approach to the particular problems that appear before the courts, whereas civil law system tends to be a codified body of general abstract principles which control the exercise of judicial discretion.

Spread of English

For this reason, the explosion of English as a lingua franca of globalization is considered a triumph for America. It amounts to a global conquest for American culture and way of life, considering that language serves not only as a medium of communication but also a repository of national identity, culture, and even body politic. In that sense, the American English that is sweeping the planet in lockstep with globalization also poses a threat to the competitiveness and cultures of the UK, not to mention France, Germany, Spain, and other European Union member countries. It will destroy or at least marginalize much of local cultures (The Economist, 2001).That this inexorable spread of English in its present form is a triumph benefiting no one else but the US is demonstrated by the increasing interest around the world in things American. Everyone has heard of the worldwide phenomenon called McDonaldization, in which consumers swear by the same tastes for food and service. McDonald’s is of course synonymous with America and as McDonald’s stores saturate the planet and find enthusiastic acceptance everywhere, it promotes American values and culture and fortifies its position as a world power.This global homogenization of consumer culture is only one indication of the growing predominance of America put on track by the spread of its brand of English. In 2004, a study called Research International Observer (RIO) was mounted to determine the extent by which US-made consumer goods have homogenized consumer tastes and needs around the world. The survey was held at a time when anti-American sentiment was especially strong because of perceived US intervention in the internal affairs of other sovereign nations. It was found that consumer goods that mirror American cultural values are in fact held in high esteem around the world.

Business law English leagal system Contract law

In the first scenario, it can be noted that The English National Operetta Company entered into a contract with Costumes R Us for the purchase of theatre costumes which were to be made according to designs supplied by the English National Operetta Company. All terms were agreed and the initial deposit was paid where the remaining balance will be paid upon delivery of the goods. Unfortunately, the premises of Costumes R Us were destroyed by fire before the delivery day. By any standard, this scenario represents a typical contract explained in the definition above. This type of contract involves the sale of goods and is governed by the Sale of Goods Act of 1979. Gibson (1988) suggests that the seller has a duty to deliver the goods purchased upon payment and the buyer has a duty to pay for the goods where ownership can be exchanged. The S.2(1) of The Sale of Goods Act 1979 concurs with this assertion and goes on to define a contract for the sale of goods as: ‘A contract by which a seller transfers or agrees to transfer the property (ownership) in goods to a buyer for a money consideration called the price.’ The contracting partners in this case are bound by certain conditions which are very important to the contract so as to protect the victim in the event of breach of contract which entitles him to repudiate and sue for damages. From this given scenario, it can be noted that there is a valid contract between English National Operetta Company and Costumes R Us. Legally, English National Operetta Company is entitled to claim for its refund of the amount paid following the failure by Costumes R Us to deliver the consignment before the date. Though it may be argued that this is a breach of a contract, it can be noted that to a greater extent, this scenario was a result of circumstances that were beyond the control of the suppliers of the costumes. Their premises were gutted by fire which was caused by the children playing so it would be unfair to lay the blame on them. This unfortunate incidence is what is normally called frustration of contract. Macintyre (2010) posits to the effect that the result of an event which occurs after offer and acceptance (the agreement) which prevents performance being carried out and which, as a consequence will terminate the contract legally with no risk to either party to be sued for breach. In this scenario, it will be unfair to say that Costumes R Us has breached a contract given that that the frustrating event involving the outbreak of fire is not the fault or a result of the actions of this organisation in question. It becomes impossible for the other party to fulfil their duty in the event of destruction of the subject matter of the contract for example Taylor v. Caldwell (1863). In such a situation, it is assumed that the contract has been cancelled naturally. Against this background, it is therefore advisable to English National Operetta Company not to sue this company for damages given that there will be likely chances that they will lose the case. It is the duty of the court of law to weigh the circumstances surrounding the frustration of the contract and come with an informed decision hence the chances of winning this case are very few. However, it is advisable that English National

The Part Played by Language in the Play The Overwhelming

According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that the play is set in Rwanda in the tension-filled period of 1994 just a few months ahead of the massive massacre in which 800,000 people were murdered in just about 100 days. Hence, the whole atmosphere is filled with tension and fear and this is reflected in the dialogues too. This is an English play that has several characters from different ethnic backgrounds. Hence, the English served to us are tinged with various accents. Apart from English, the play also has liberal doses of Rwandan and French and people are not expected to understand the latter. The audiences are not educated in the language, nor is any explanation or English translation of this foreign language presented to them. But, by the tone of the language they come to understand the seriousness of the situation. When the Rwandan characters speak in English they do so in a French-African accent. This is reflected in their spoken English. The play revolves around an American family that arrives in Kigali, Rwanda in the beginning of the year 1994. Coming in a volcanic situation they have to confront a life-and-death reality of Rwandan genocide. Jack Exley is a middle age academic who brings along his journalist second wife, Linda (an Afro-American) and his white 17 year old son, Geoffrey. For him this is an adventure trip and he wants his son to have a learning experience through it. He says- I don’t want to raise another American who doesn’t question, mentioning his students back home and their sense of entitlement. This isn’t Sweden, a U. S. embassy official tells him dryly. Jack has come for a reunion with his old college friend, Joseph who has made a name for himself in looking for a cure for AIDS found in small children. But, on his arrival he finds that his friend has disappeared without leaving any trace behind. No one there is willing to help him.

Germany The Land of Castles

Merten (1999) describes the burg as being the beginning of German palace architecture (Merten, 1999, p. 16). This paper will explain the architecture of different burgs in schlosses in Germany, and these descriptions will be broken down by region. The Burgs and Schlosses of Germany An example of the burg is the Slav fortress of Schwerin, which was built in the tenth century on the lake of Schwerin and burned down in 1160, and rebuilt in the 1300s. This structure has the Gothic style of a a castle, with slender towers, golden cupola, high slate roofs, gables and dormer windows. This is the region of Mecklenburg, as is Gustrow, which is an example of a schloss. The Italian influence can be seen on the Gustrow, which was built in the 1500s, with squared stones, towers and oriel windows which are united by stringcourse which run around the castle. Ludwigslust is also in Mecklenburg, and this was also an example of the burg, as it was built for Christian Ludwig II. This palace has a great Elbe sandstone facade, a towering central section, a steeply rising pavilion which contains the state rooms, and this pavilion provides a break in the building’s horizontal line. … One example of this is the Postdam Neues Palais. Blandenburg-Prussia also has the Rheinsberg, which more closely resembles a castle, in that it has cupolas, and many wings. It has two corner pavilions and is described as being rococo style. Prussia also ahas the Potsdam Charlottenhof, which is also a burg, in that it was built for a king in the 1700s. This palace has grecian columns and resembles the Parthenon in Greece, as it has a pediment above the columns and the building is rectangular. Anhalt has the Worlitz, which was built in the 1700s as a burg. This is described as being influenced by English architecture, with its clean lines and rectangular shape, and a dome rising above the main building. It resembles an English country house. Saxony has the Meissen Albrechtsburg, which more closely resembles Gothic architecture and, since it was built as a fortress in 929, would be considered to be a schloss. This building has high cathedral towers which come to a Gothic point. It also emphasizes vertical aspects, because the stories are uniform in height, there are large windows on every side and there are circular stair-towers. Saxony also has the Moritzburg, which is also grand, but was built as a burg in the 1500s. This building has several round corner towers with bulbous cupolas which form a square, in which there was a house in the middle of this square. It also has high-stepped gables. This was built like a schloss, in that it looks like a fort, but the towers were not used for defensive purposes. Saxony also boasts the Dresden Zwinger. This was built in the 1600s as palace for a king, so this was an example of a burg. This building alternates

The System of Courts

However, there are several controversies about the Supreme Court, ranging from the lack of teeth to the exorbitant costs involved in setting up this institution. In the next few pages, I would like to discuss why ‘The creation of a Supreme Court was an unnecessary and overly-expensivereform. The Appellate Committee of the House of Lords was independent,effective and was regarded as one of the finest courts in the world.’ Background The House of Lords took pride in understanding its judicial role over 600 years ago and its main inspiration and influence was the ‘Curia Regis’ or the work of the royal court. This piece of work helped in advising the sovereign as well as passing laws at the highest level within the state. Till the year 1399, it was the function of both Houses of Parliament to listen to petitions however, the end of this year marked the House of Commons to have no more involvement in such cases, thus leaving the House of Lords as the highest court of appeal. … the judicial business of the House and their powers and functions included voting on legislation as full members of the House of Lords however they rarely exercised these rights. The chamber of the House of Lords was the meeting place for listening to appeals however sadly after the bombing of the Second World War, the Law Lords decided to form a personal Appellate Committee of their own because the building repairs and noises were distracting them from carrying out their work ordeals. And thus this new committee room of theirs grew from a temporary arrangement to a permanent one forming a separate Appellate Committee to overlook certain cases and problems. All the Law Lords became the first Justices when the Supreme Court commenced in October 2009. According to the Ministry of Justice, the Supreme Court was to provide greater clarity in the constitutional arrangements of the country by implementing a further separation of the judiciary from the legislature. It was stated that the Supreme Court was to assume the jurisdiction of the Appellate Committee of the House of Lords as well as the devolution jurisdiction of the Privy Council. Independent Law Lords were to be appointed in order to preside over the court which would be situated in Middlesex Guildhall on London’s Parliament Square – opposite the Houses of Parliament and alongside Westminster Abbey and the Treasury. The Guildhall will thus begin to function from October 2009 onwards for the purpose of serving as an apex body of justice.1 As per the UK Department for Constitutional Affairs, the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court was clarified as an aspect that would take over the judicial functions of both the House of Lords as well as the Privy Council to an extent. All matters under English law, Welsh law and

The Magna Carta

Historical records stated that King John considered these rights granted to the nobility are done under duress (National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, p. 1). Until these days, the Magna remained significant for human rights advocacies and for its defenders because this was the first document which challenged the monarchical power of the King and systemically becomes the legal foundation against feudal relations — that ‘no man should be above the law (National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, p. 1).’ The document expressly stated, No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled except by the lawful judgment of his equals or by the law of the land (National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, p. 1). The Magna Carta has therefore dismantled the king’s feudal control over lands in England and its professed power of such elitist rule of the hierarchy where barons directly report to the King in the performance of their responsibilities (National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, p. 1). … 1. Walenta, 2010, p. 1). At the utmost, these principles are embed in universal declaration of human rights and in the Constitution of United States of America. Mulligan (2004) opined that the Magna Carta also ushered positive reform in legislation of laws and paved for the restoration of legal and political institutions after that tragic period of civil strife and social degeneration brought by social inequities and tyrannical control (pp. 41-65). This was affirmed by King Henry I and those subsequent rulers. Expert scholars considered the document as the best enduring legacy to humankind because those principles strengthened the institutionalization of universal concepts of legal doctrines on judicial procedures that aided in the protection and promotion of civil rights. Franklin D. Roosevelt has succinctly expressed in his 1941 inaugural address when he stated that the Magna Carta is the written document that integrated the democratic aspiration in human history (National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, p. 1). When the Declaration of Independence was sealed and signed as the American Charters of Freedom in 1776, the great Fathers recognized the Magna Carta as the historical context in asserting their liberty from King George III and the English parliament (National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, p. 1). They honoured that meeting of 40 barons and King John 561 years earlier at Runnymede, now home of the Windsor Castle, where barons finally considered themselves as freemen and later became an inspiration for Americans. They have likewise earned the reconfirmation of Henry I’s Coronation Oath and hence limited the King’s access to resources and funds. At that time, this charter was only

Integrating Football Physical Education and Children with Special Needs

A few centuries later another monk wrote that football was a game in which young men… propel a huge ball not by throwing it into the air, but by striking and rolling it along the ground, and that not with their hands but with their feet. This monk strongly disapproved of the game claiming it was undignified and worthless and that it often resulted in some loss, accident or disadvantage to the players themselves. Later on, football has gained much controversy due to its nature of being an aggressive sport. Players are always at high risk of injury. Time and again, it has been banned as a sport and blamed for hurting several players who attempted to play the sport. Over the centuries, it has gained prominence as a skilled sport, even introduced to schools for children to play (Spartacus Educational, 2010).George Owen distinguished Welsh football from English football. According to him, in Wales, the ball, called knapping, is made of wood and boiled in tallow to make it slippery and hard to hold. It is hurled into the air and whoever catches it hurls it towards the goal. This ball gets tossed back and forth, causing several injuries along the way, yet the players end the game with fun and laughter (Spartacus Educational, 2010).Football was introduced to public schools in the 18th century. Renowned educator Thomas Arnold emphasized the importance of sport in young men’s education. As a headmaster of a public school, he believed that sport was a good method for encouraging senior boys to exercise responsible authority on behalf of the staff. He also argued that games like football provided a formidable vehicle for character building.In the National Curriculum, PE and Sports are included to ensure that children learn ways and means to care for their bodies through exercise, and Sports is one way to achieve fitness and health (QCDA, 2010). For each Key Stage, there are different goals for PE.

The Namesake by Jhumpa Lahiri and Mira Nair

The Namesake by Jhumpa LahiriThe movie The Namesake is based on the book of the same name written by the Indian American author Jhumpa Lahiri. Most of her stories revolve around Indian families living in their native land or of Indian immigrants, most of who travel to the United States of America to have a better chance at life. She writes about the problems faced by these people when adapting to the new world, new traditions, new culture, so completely opposite of what they were used of being in their homeland. Keeping along with this pattern, The Namesake has similar issues even though it has its own share of twists and turns.The Namesake is directed by Mira Nair, with Jhumpa Lahiri helping out with the screenplay along with Sooni Taraporevala. Kal Penn plays Gogol, who the title of the movie is after. His parents Ashima and Ashoke are played by Tabu and Irrfan Khan respectively. They have another child, a girl called Sonia who is acted by Sahira Nair.The story starts off with Ashoke travelling in a train, reading a book written by the Russian author Nikolai Gogol. A brutal accident takes place in which almost everyone dies. However, Ashoke survives and is only discovered because of the fluttering page of the book he was reading earlier. His recovery follows his marriage to Ashima – a girl chosen to be his bride by his parents – and they move to the States.It is hard for Ashima to live at a place which is completely different from the place where she had spent all her life at. Life in New York City is poles apart than life in Calcutta. Yet she does manage to try her best to fit in. An Indian wife is nothing if not willing to change herself, her lifestyle just for the sake of her husband. What was fortunate for Ashima was that Ashoke actually fell in love with her and her with him, which made adapting comparatively easier. She knew the English language, but not fluently. But she worked it all out just to make her husband happy. Life away from her parents, everything that was familiar, was not easy, and she particularly felt the absence at the birth of her first child named Gogol when there was no one around but her husband.Ashima adjusts to the new environment but seeing her children so utterly unconscious of all the traditions and values that she was brought up with pains her. She tries to smile it off, fully aware of how things were different now that they were not living in their native land, with their elders to guide them. She was told to stay close to her family whereas her children were moving out. Their dressing, the songs they blasted were miles apart. The fact that her son did not like his name at all but would rather call himself Nick – short for Nikhil, that he had a Christian, American girlfriend and he preferred her family to his. She tried to accept it all and more when Ashoke left to teach at a university and finally, when he died. Living alone was hard but being a widow was worse. She transformed from the unsure, inexperienced immigrant to a brave and confident woman who finally makes a decision on her own, becomes independent. She sells their house and moves back to India where her family was. Because, at the end of the day, home is where the heart is.

Death penalty or abortion or should marijuana be legal

By the 8th century hemp was widely used in Japan for making paper. Hemp provided the best quality and most durable paper available, even by today’s standards. Hemp sails and rope provided the means for Columbus to discover America in 1492, since any other fiber would have rotted in the high seas before reaching their destination. Wars were even fought because of cannabis, since in the early 1800’s Napoleon declared war against Russia in order to cut off the supply of hemp to England which provided rope and canvas to the Royal Navy. By the 16th-18th century hemp crops became one of the biggest sources of not only rope and textiles, but also paper, lamp oil, paints, varnishes and building materials in Europe, Russia, India and Asia (Hemphasis). Hemp became so important to the English empire that in the early 16th century, Henry VIII made it mandatory for landowners to cultivate at least ? acre of land for every 60 acres of land, or be fined by the monarchy (Narconon). Cannabis History in America In 1606 Louis Hebert, a French Botanist, planted the first cannabis crop in North America in present day Nova Scotia (Hemptrade). The hemp crop became so highly priced to the American colonists, that by the early 17th century it became illegal for landowners in many states not to cultivate hemp in their farms. In the early days most textiles used for clothes and sails were made out of hemp as well as ropes, cordage and paper. Hemp was even used an acceptable form of legal tender during the 17th-18th centuries and it was even used to pay taxes (Hemphasis). Our founding farmers Thomas Jefferson and George Washington cultivated hemp on their plantations for their benefit. Even when cotton started to be cultivated, it was so labor intensive that its use did not become widespread until the 1800’s with the invention of the cotton-gin machine. According to the 1850 United States Census there were 8,327 cannabis or hemp plantations (minimum 2,000 acre) operating in the states. Most books in those days were printed in hemp paper due to its superior quality, strength and durability. The first copy of the Declaration of Independence was written in hemp paper. The U.S. Constitution and the first American flag which were also made of hemp fibers. The widespread use of marihuana as a medicine started in America around the 1800’s just like it had been used for 1000’s of years in the rest of the world (Narconon). Why is it illegal? Legalize it! It was not until well into the 20th century that the use of cannabis and cannabis extracts became a legal issue, but due to all the wrong reasons: politics and special interests, racism, prohibition and demonization of cannabis. During the late 19th and early 20th century the use of hemp diminished greatly due to increasing labor costs and with the widespread availability of the cotton-gin. Mainly cotton and other tropical fibers became the fibers of choice. By that time hemp industrial use was largely relegated to rope, cordage, birdseed and some products such as varnish. Trouble started brewing for the hemp industry when in 1916 the U.S. Government started recognizing the finite nature of the timber industry drafted USDA Bulletin 400 which called for the widespread

St Joan

The various characters that come into contact with her, from common soldiers to the Dauphin, are often moved to respond to her magnetism and her unshakeable faith. Joan affects people strongly with her charisma and her conviction in the rightness of her way. As Bertrand de Poulengey says in wonder, There is something about the girl (Scene I). John de Stogumber is an English chaplain and the representative of the Cardinal of Winchester in the English c Although his pride in being an Englishman leads to his hatred for Joan, her martyrdom becomes the epiphany which transforms his character. The ruling trait of the Chaplain’s personality is his pride in being an Englishman and in his aristocratic lineage. In fact, Shaw introduces him in the drama as a bullnecked English chaplain (Scene IV). De Stogumber contemptuously dismisses Dunois as being only a Frenchman (Scene IV). His pride borders on bigotry: it can even be said that Shaw paints this ‘super patriot’ with more than a touch of the comic. The Chaplain definitely appears as a comic figure when he asserts that the voices heard by Joan should have spoken in English (Scene VI). His horror at Englishmen being designated as heretics is also comical. His partisan leanings lead him to accuse Bishop Cauchon of being a traitor. When the Inquisition attempts to lead Joan into repentance, de Stogumber declares, I know there is not faith in a Frenchman (Scene VI). He cannot accept the fact that we English have been defeated or bear to see my countrymen defeated by a parcel of foreigners (Scene IV). This stubborn belief in the courage and invincibility of the English leads him to search for supernatural causes for their defeat. He claims, No Englishman is ever fairly beaten (Scene IV). His blind belief in the invincibility of the English is instrumental in fanning the flames of his hatred of Joan. John de Stogumber hates Joan with a passion which is almost incomprehensible. He holds her responsible for the defeat of the English army and firmly believes that such a thing could only have been accomplished with the help of diabolic powers. He is willing to throw away his cassock to take arms and strangle the accursed witch with my own hands (Scene IV). His strong language regarding Joan unequivocally demonstrates his hatred of The Maid: she is an arrant witch and that slut (Scene IV). At the same time, his hatred also extends to her French nationality, and has a touch of class snobbery. He calls her a witch from lousy Champagne, and a drab from the ditches of Lorraine (Scene IV). Of all her supposed crimes, the one de Stogumber cannot bring himself to forgive is her great rebellion against England (Scene IV). Joan represents France, rebellion against the old order, and everything that is anti-English. The Chaplain hates her so much that he declares his willingness to burn her with his own hands. It is de Stogumber who rushes at her, and helps the soldiers to push her out to the courtyard and the stake (Scene VI). He is the foremost of her enemies. It is at the stake that John de Stogumber experiences the epiphany which transforms him. The man who shouts Light your fire, man. To the stake with her, and rushes to be the first to witness the burning, becomes the man who comes back

Asian American women study

These racial and gender complexities served to define what became of Asian American women who moved to the united states in the pre-1965 period. It is worth noting that it was not easy for Asian women to move into the United States even when they wanted to. The exclusion and restriction principles saw many women barred from gaining entry into the United States despite their husbands working in America. The application of the restriction law only contributed to the formulation of multiple barriers that served to prohibit Asian women from joining their husbands in the United States (Espiritu 45). For example, the proportion of Chinese women in comparison to men was very low, placing emphasis on the level on the gender constraint placed on women who expressed interest of immigration into the United States (Chan 117) Evidently, Asian women faced the detrimental effects of the American immigration policy compelling some of them to file lawsuits. In many of these litigation cases, they lost and had to give up the prospect of being able to unite with their husbands and sometimes their children who accessed immigration permits easily. The restrictive immigration policy had detrimental effects on Asian women who have a primary responsibility in ensuring that the family unit remained closely knit (Chan 119). In Asian culture, the family unit is the fundamental unit defining a society, and women had a major responsibility in making it successful. Moreover, Asian women who successfully immigrated into the United States only managed because of the profiles of their husbands, and not solely on the women as individuals (Scott 1056). The wives of laborers were not preferred immigration candidates and their immigration requests were usually rejected. Asian American women who fled to the United States during the Vietnamese war faced multiple challenges. Most of them resided in refugee camps and proper resettlement only depended on sheer luck to acquire willing sponsors who would help them resettle into the news culture and environment. Accounts from many of these women reveal that the new cultural set up and language barriers were some of the hardships they faced. Culture is an important aspect of identity in Asia, and many of the immigrants exhibited the willingness to foster their culture despite the overwhelming mainstream culture. Most of the women faced the challenge of fending for their families in America (Chan 125). The surging compulsion of securing a job in a foreign country was not easy, but most of the women who found themselves the heads of their families stood up for the challenge. Moreover, bring up children with Asian values was not easy since most of the children schooled in highly integrated institutions. The need for the Asian families to experience a cultural wellbeing and familiarity saw many of the families cluster in California, where the weather was favorable, and many Asian immigrants had settled. Although many Asian American women resettled and focused on rebuilding their lives in the United States, the stereotypes attached to people of Asian descent served as glass and bamboo ceilings, forming a complexity of barriers that served to prevent most of the Asian Americans from complete integration into the American society. English, as a second language proved difficult for many Asians to learn, and prevented many of the

Overview of English Sale of Goods Law

It has been observed that the English Sale of Goods Law is strict, certain and predictable. However, this report evaluates this strictness of English Commercial Law as it deals with the issues concerning traders.(a) Pricing: The English Sale of Goods Law establishes stringent codes about the pricing structure for the goods that are to be bought or sold. Section 9 (2) of the Law states that when a third party who is delegated to make the price valuation for a transaction is prevented from doing so by the fault of the seller or buyer, the party not at fault may maintain an action for damages against the party faulty.This aspect of the Sale of Goods Act has been widely criticized for its high-handedness in the issue of pricing evaluation by a third party that had been prevented from doing. Using the following example would shed more light on why experts have been complaining about this strict part of the law. Take, for instance, a U.K manufacturer of foods that imports eggs from China through a third party (particularly a commercial agent based in the U.K). Having recognized that it was the responsibility of the commercial agent to appropriate or evaluate how much the manufacturer is going to pay to Chinese seller for several shipments of tens of thousands crates of eggs. But if as a result of a sudden breakout of a deadly disease in China (as it was many years back when SARS affected so many chickens in China), and the manufacturer requested that the final pricing of the current orders and the subsequent ones be suspended, the Sale of Goods Act allows the Chinese seller to seek damages at the court of law.It is obvious that this code of the law didn’t provide a vivid description of what factors may be accepted as genuine excuses for a buyer or seller to halt the price evaluation process by a third party. In business, there are no certainties.

English Technical Writing

Developing a Procedures Manual BY YOU YOUR SCHOOL INFO HERE HERE Developing a Procedures Manual In each industry or organization type, procedures manual differ based on the regulations that are attached to certain compliance measures. Audit appears to be the most important function for the development of the manual over technical specifications, collations, mapping, or the production of workflow charts. Depending on the type of environment and the specific step-by-step activities or function that an organization is attempting to document, the labor investment or job activities should be audited by individuals familiar with the function or environment. Auditing refers to gaining final approvals from officials within the business that work within the area where procedures apply. For example, in the customer service division, a secondary expert in divisional support for this area should grant recognition and approval that the activities associated with a job function are accurate and up-to-date on current role. If the organization is attempt to map out a step-by-step procedure manual for a technology support function, expertise in systems training and development should be consulted as a primary resource to support the job role claims. Procedure manuals can be developed for virtually any industry and be built to describe the functions of a variety of job functions. In an academic environment, these manuals can identify meeting protocol for executives associated with corporate policy or those outlined by senior decision-makers that govern knowledge and education. Either internally or externally, some form of consulting expert should give final approvals for the step-by-step guide or improve on what has been inferred from existing data. Mapping is part of the planning process and the actual gathering of support materials to assist in drawing a job or functional map of a system. Expert support as another form of consultation should be considered especially if the environment is one that is highly regulated by different laws or ethical demands. Accuracy of content, far beyond the basic ability to leave flexibility for updating, is necessary and can only be secured with back-checking by individuals that can verify details in exacting language or opinion. Because this will be part of the training or reference library of the organization, employees or others using this manual must be able to rely on its integrity if they are to perform their tasks efficiently when there is a problem about a task. The only consistent guideline for a manual of this type is to have a source of reference review what has been listed so as to ensure accuracy. This can be built effectively into a procedural manual by assigning certain tasks to the creator with a detailed list of support expertise available internally or externally. Many organizations already have these auditing teams at the senior governance level. The strengths of these guidelines have been mentioned since accuracy is key to ensuring that the manual has relevance and will support a specific task or objective step-by-step. Procedures for such an effort include preliminary consultations with experts, discussing with others in the organization what areas require correction or improvement, and then achieving a final approval once the finished copy has been mapped and brainstormed.

Modern Poetry through The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock

On a personal point of view, old literary piece, especially old poems, are really hard to understand due to their strict structure and deep use of words. Thematic of old English poems are mostly about heroism, bravery, battles, loyalty, feuds and meditation on life and fate. They are mainly used as medium of inspiration for religious beliefs, royalty, politics, nationalist ideas and cultural movements. The common structure of the old English poetry has two half-lines with each half-line composed of two stresses or beats. In addition, the lines are linked by alliteration but also have an internal rhyme and have repeated phrases which are reused (Lee). On the other hand, after so many years, democracy and science have insisted on man’s poetic growth for they have shaped the course of man’s thought and imagination (Scudder 4). Freedom and the discovery of so many things have changed the views of man in many social forms such as politics, social structure, culture and the arts. The twist of modernization has changed the views and interests of poets, thus, have changed the face of poetry from the medieval Anglo-Saxon times of battles and defeats to the modern civilized world of peaceful movement and social reformation. The inspiration and aspiration of the modern culture have evaded the minds of the contemporary poets and so the point of interest no longer lies in heroic battles and bravery and was rerouted to the ideas of social problems and spiritual life. Scudder fondly defines modern-age poetry to be a transition of ages and phases. According to Scudder, poetry of this age has a vital unity and it witnesses to an advance of the spirit from doubt to faith and cheer (Scudder 4). For modernist poets, modern poetry is a depiction of the modern life and society where hope of social structure is abandoned and contemplates essentially on the role of life as an individual (Hauk 1). This explains why poems of the modern times mostly feature man’s daily activities and life situations. The freedom of expressions has opened the limitless possibilities and independence a modern poet can deliver a poem. One important character of contemporary poetry is the awareness of the value of ordinary moments and the emotional importance of the everyday. That is why contemporary poets write just about anything that signifies human living (Brinton 10). Thomas Stearns Eliot (1888-1965) was one of the great figures in the development of modern poetry. Eliot’s poem ‘The Wasteland’ published in 1922 shocked and bewildered many contemporary readers. It was reviewed to be a mad medley that ordinary readers would make nothing of the poem. The reaction implies the resistance of some old aged literalist to the abrupt change from the usual poetic form to the fierce leap for fresher ideas of the modernist times. Nevertheless, some took Eliot’s head start in unknowingly modernizing the face of poetry on a positive account. The review in The Times Literary Supplement in November of 1923 suggested that Eliot’s poem is a collection of flashes which seem to be an expression of his vision of the modern life (Brinton 10). In this review, the following was written: We have here range, depth, and beautiful expression. What more is necessary to a great poem? This vision is singularly complex and in all its labyrinths utterly sincere. It is the mystery of

Benjamin Franklin Remarks Concerning the Savages of North America

Franklin also points out that natives who were thought to be as uncivilized and salvage but in some ways natives were more civilized than that of the Europeans. Franklin points out and observes the differences of social practices and norms between the white English settlers and Native American (Berger and Luckman 71). Benjamin Franklin describes the culture of Native American in such a way so that it looks like ideal for everyone. In this essay Franklin despite with the use of word savages, Franklin had an undeniable respect for the people of Native Americans. Franklin tried to explain that Indian men are the backbone of the culture of Native Americans. Franklin has huge admiration towards the Indian men because they were hard worker and disciplined. They used to be warriors and hunters as young men and when they would become old they would be counselors. Franklin had huge admiration towards the culture due to fact that there are no prisoners, no force and also no police officers to impose obedience. The reason which Americans used to face within their culture is inflict punishment. Franklin was very much influenced by the nature and discipline of the women. It admires most when Indian women takes care of their house, tilled their houses and took care of their children. In some respect, Franklin described that Native American people and culture used to be more polite than that of British. Example given by Benjamin Franklin to illustrate the politeness is that when there is a simple conversation between two people or public council and then they are not to be interrupted by the other third person until other party has finished their conversation. When conversation between two people is interrupted then it is highly reckoned to be indecent. And also another example given by Franklin is allowing half a dozen of Indian kids to start education and grow their knowledge at Williamsburg College (Goffman, 43). Then comes reply from the Indian leaders who appreciated the offer but eventually had to decline the offer due to prior experiences. Indian kids returned back from college without any knowledge and education about of hunting or of the land. Franklin wanted to describe in the essay that Indian people were educated and smart but not as the British people who are accustomed to. Benjamin Franklin admired and had respect for these Savages and behaviors they maintained between each other and other individuals who are different from themselves. An example to describe this would be the Treaty of Lancaster, in the year 1744, in Pennsylvania. The treaty of Lancaster was between the six nations and the government of Virginia which proposed to train and educate half dozen Indian youths. But Indian leaders politely and respectfully declined the offer after a day of consideration. Best Example is Mr. Franklin described custom of Indian rules as polite and showed respect by not declining the offer same day, they took time and considered it (Biondi, 32). In addition, Franklin used to admire the manner of Indians. The politeness shown by the Indians during the conversation is very much too extreme even when they disagree with some situation. An Example given by Franklin was how Indians patiently listened about the Gospel when they did not agree. Instead they respectfully

Fifteen Rules for Effective Writing

It is in this regard that the objective of this paper is to present fifteen writing rules and determine their applicability to contemporary writing whether the so-called rule is: always true. only true in certain situations, or never true.The first six rules are derived from George Orwell, (whose real name is Eric Arthur Blair), a British author who established himself as one of the most important and influential voices of the century. (Orwell 1945)1. Never use a metaphor, simile, or another figure of speech which you are used to seeing in print. (Orwell 1945) I think this is only true in certain situations. Although a writer is always encouraged to be innovative and present new ideas, at times, it is better to use other figures of speech as appropriate for the situation. Therefore, the applicability of this rule depends on the writing topic and the situation which calls for their use.2. Never use a long word where a short one will do. (Orwell 1945) This is always true. This is one of the rules which is being observed in effective writing due to the clarity and conciseness that short words provide. There might be misconceptions that by using the long word, the writer is perceived as being intelligent or verbose. The objective of the essay3. If it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out. (Orwell 1945) This is also always true. Effective writing relays information which should be clearly understood. Unnecessary words have tendencies to dilute or confuse the meaning that the writer aims to relay.4. Never use the passive where you can use the active. (Orwell 1945) This is never true. Despite the theory on passive versus active voice being constantly reinforced in English classes during the primary and secondary levels of education, there are still tendencies for people to forget their distinguishingcharacteristics over time.

Why did men like Joseph Plumb Martin join the army

Men like Joseph Plumb Martin joined the army mainly because of strong sense of patriotism and intense feeling of hatred against the English. At thesame time, it was also seen as a glamorized occupation where food, clothing and salary were an attraction for the young people who wanted to move away from farming and general conditions of poverty. Most of the recruits were young and army provided them with an opportunity to escape home and experience adventure of fighting against their enemy. But unfortunately, the reality was far from the rosy picture as envisaged by the new recruits. The common soldiers were faced with huge hardships where food had become scarce and proper clothing a distant dream. The long drawn battle of American army had severely affected the welfare of the soldiers. The new recruits were just sent to the front to fight with enemies without training. They were also not only deprived of adequate food and shelter during tough weather conditions but were also not paid their wages on time. Martin asserts that ‘I well know, for I have fought by their side’ (183). The delivery of supplies for food and other goods use to become difficult due to weather conditions which resulted in starvation and death. Most of the recruits went to fight without training because they felt that it was their moral duty to fight for their country. Hence, need for training was not important for the common soldier. The young recruits later became accustomed to the grim conditions of the war but were unable to do anything except accept the situation. The strong patriotism and need to prove that they can defeat the enemy army was a major factor that motivated them to endure hardship including starvation and freezing weather conditions. Indeed, most of the soldiers endured hardships because they wanted to defeat foreigners and drive them away from their land. They therefore, preferred to fight to death rather than desert the army. Major purpose of Martin writing his biographical account of his life in army was to present the true picture of American soldiers who had fought against the enemies. Through the book he wanted the public to acknowledge their contribution to the freedom movement who had survived the adversities of war and ensure their welfare in post war era. The veterans had suffered hugely for the cause of the nation and its people. Most importantly, Martin believed that the interests of the common soldiers were widely overlooked for the officers because of racial and class differences. Most of the common soldiers had come from the under-privileged segment of society or the youth who were unaware of the hardships of the war. Martin therefore wanted the veterans of the war to live in dignity and at the same time, the surviving relatives of dead soldiers to be compensated for their contribution to the war. Hence, pensions of the veteran had become just one of the many things like land etc that Martin believed that soldiers had earned as their right. (525) Reference Martin, Joseph Plumb. Memoir of a Revolutionary Soldier: The Narratives of Joseph Plumb Martin. NY: Dover Publications, 2006.

Breach of a Prohibition of Assignment

The researcher states that when BTC, the ultimate creditor, took up its claims with principal debtor, BoZ, the latter avoided it on the ground that the assignments were carried out without their consent. This was validated in Court serving as the classic example of enforcement of existing laws. Again, while considering 2007 case of Ruttle Plant Ltd v. Secretary of State for the Environment and Rural Affairs, Courts took a view that grant of the remedy of rescission and the requirement of counter-rescission was a matter for the court to decide at the time when it came to considering whether to grant that remedy. However, there has been a marked departure from judicial precedent in the British Energy case. One of the assignees, after Bank of America, Credit Suisse disclaimed their liability stating that they were not parties, but merely assignees of Bank. However, the Courts felt that Credit Suisse had entered into the option concurrence through Barclays, that Credit Suisse was a party to the option agreements and was held by the restrictions in, among other, Clause 31. Thus, CS was held responsible although they were only assignees and not part of an original contract. Assignments on breach of a prohibition of Assignment would be decided according to the facts and issues surrounding each case and needs to be seen with disparity, dispassion, and detached nondiscrimination. The distressed third group may seek recompense for harm, or ban. In English law, the universal rule is that devolution of agreement may be allocated to the third party, if the agreement or contract is a private agreement, or contract encloses constraints on contract. The approval of the third party may be viewed as one of the main aspects of a valid contract. In English contract law, an assignment involves an ‘assignor’ transferring some or all of its rights under a contract to an ‘assignee’, so that the assignee is entitled to the corresponding performance directly from, and can enforce those rights against, the non-assigning party. An assignment in itself does not create a contract between the assignee and the non-assigning party nor does it make the assignee a party to the original contract.

The comparison of numeracy learning and development

The paper tells that there is a widespread interest in improving mathematics achievements in schools across the world. Apart from economic benefits of mathematics, such as preparing young men and women for the numeracy requirements of the modern workplaces, and improving the skill levels of the personnel, there are social benefits tied to bettering access for many young people to training opportunities and post school education and laying firm foundations to skills for womb-to-tomb learning. The interest in heightening levels of achievement has resulted in a focus on recognizing the range of factors that determine achievement as well as interpreting how these factors operate to enhance or limit the achievement of varied groups of students. In this case study project, the researcher will consider two students, namely Christopher and John. Christopher has a British background, and he is a gifted learner. He understands the background meaning and culture of a variety of questions. Christopher is a fast learner, and he always finds a hard time with curriculum demands as well as teachers because they comfortably cater for students with normal learning abilities. John is a Vietnamese who is in England for his studies. He has been in England for five one year and he has a problem with understanding English language, especially in speaking. John does not understand the cultural context of a variety of mathematical questions, and he is in need of constant assistance with understanding key English words. … ied at the age of 20 years, and his academic studies stopped for about five years, after which he enrolled into a higher learning institution to study Software Security Course. He sired his first child eight years after marriage and, later, after two years, he sired another child. The second child had some mental disability, which called for more care. He took most of his time taking care of his disabled daughter, but he continued with his studies on the part time basis. Christopher decided to enrol on the numeracy level 1 in order to better his numeracy skills because he encountered many calculations including daily purchases. He passed well in level one examination and proceeded to numeracy level two. According to the results of his initial diagnostic test, he had a ‘spiky’ profile. He excellently understood some topics, and at the same time, it was difficult for him to understand other topics regarding numeracy. However, he committed himself to understand the difficult areas, which resulted to a substantial improvement and success in his level 1 examinations. Now, when he proceeded to numeracy level 2, all topics became equally manageable. It was easier for Christopher to understand every topic because he had gone through the English Education System. His accent and approach enabled him to do well in numeracy because he could ask the lecturer for clarification every time he experienced a problem. When I started to teach in Christopher’s class, Christopher experienced some problems regarding my teaching methods as well as my accent. This was because my approaches were significantly different from the approached that the previous teachers employed in teaching. Therefore, he failed to understand some key concepts concerning numeracy. I did not hesitate to set him

Immunization in Childhood Prevents VaccinePreventable Infectious Diseases

Vaccination is the most successful and universally applied strategy for prevention of some childhood infectious diseases. However, many parents refuse to vaccinate their children due to concerns over safety and utility of vaccines. This threatens the risk of an increase in the vaccine-preventable diseases which are associated with significant mortality and morbidity. This research aims to identify causes of refusal or hesitancy to vaccination of children by parents so that implications can be made as what is the best clinician approach towards parents who refuse to vaccinate their children. The articles were retrieved from PUB MED after typing the terms refusal for vaccination. The inclusion criteria were articles after 2004 and those displayed in English. Only quality and peer-reviewed articles were taken into consideration. Several articles were displayed and the following articles were selected after scanning through the abstracts of the articles. Parents who refuse to vaccinate their children consciously are stubborn and need to be handled with sensitivity to convince them about the benefits of vaccination. In a study by Gullion and Henry (2008), the researchers explored various attitudes and beliefs of parents who chose not to vaccinate their child consciously/ The study was a semistructured interview and from the data, thematic analysis was done through which 2 themes were identified: 1) A desire to collect information on vaccines. 2) Trust issues with the medical community. According to the researchers, it is very important to understand the differences between the knowledge of an expert and knowledge of a lay person to craft appropriate health messages. This is because the decision-making process of this group is strongly influenced by the framing of knowledge by experts. Asking parents to do something just because the message came from a doctor, no longer works in this group of people who view themselves in partnership with experts and see themselves as bringers of legitimate findings of the safety of vaccines.

Three Phase Models of the English Family

In primitive conditions, both age and sex in combination with physical strength must have been important criteria of stratification. Women and children last was probably the dominant rule of order. (Tumin, 1978:16)Social stratification is always the result of social change. These social variations are introduced by the revolutionary measures including natural calamities, agricultural and industrial revolutions, the war between the countries, assimilation, acculturation, technical advancement and inventions. Industrial Revolution is one of the most significant indicators of socio-economic changes taking place in the past as well as in the contemporary world. Zaidi writes in his book The Industrial Revolution 1750 as below:Since the overwhelming majority had occupied agriculture as their source of living for centuries, the agricultural revolution did not mould their everyday life as much as the industrial revolution. the later revealed new horizons of opportunity for both the royals and peasantry alike. (Zaidi, 2001: 19).The Industrial Revolution of 1750 not only brought about marvellous changes in the economic and political structure of England and paved the way towards financial boom, but also it modified the whole scenario of the lifestyle of the masses from urban to rural areas of the country. Economically prosperous England observed drastic variation in domestic and cultural traditions from the privileged classes to the lower ones. The social values got a gruesome decline, and the relationship between the members of one family experienced the turbulent shock weakening the very foundations of the patriarchal family set up. Fukuyama observes grave concerns about these changes in family life and views them as a threat to community life. In his words:The changes that have occurred in family life are seen as a threat to the quality of community life.

The impact and clinical outcome of the preoperative screening investigations in individuals going in for elective surgeries

This is because, surgery is always associated with some risk for the patient, both due to the procedure and due to the anesthesia administered for the procedure. Whatever be the level of risk, due to medico-legal implications, every anesthetist performs a detailed evaluation of the patient prior to shifting to operating room. Evaluation includes detailed history taking pertaining to the present disease, past diseases, medications that the patient is taking, known allergies to any drugs, family history of any significant health ailments and personal history like drugs, alcohol and smoking. Evaluation also includes review of previous investigations, detailed physical examination and laboratory testing. In many parts of the world there are protocols for routine laboratory testing like complete blood picture, serum electrolytes, BUN and creatinine, liver function tests, urine analysis, chest X-ray and electrocardiogram (Garcia et al, 2003). However, there are reports and more and more studies are pointing to the fact that these routine investigations have no role in ascertaining fitness for surgery in otherwise healthy individuals posted for elective surgery. The experts are of the opinion that investigations must be considered only on individual basis because. the percentage of abnormal reports from the tests are minimal and even when abnormalities are detected is no change is done in the perioperative management of the surgical patient. Another important aspect of routine testing is that it does not stratify and predict perioperative complications (Narr et al, 1997), thus, defeating the very purpose of preoperative testing. They are also costly and add to health care (Narr et al, 1991). In this review, the impact and clinical outcomes of preoperative screening investigations in otherwise healthy individuals posted for elective surgery will be discussed through review and critical analysis of suitable literature. Aim The main aim of the study is to ascertain the outcome of routine preoperative testing in otherwise healthy individuals for elective surgeries. Objectives The objectives are to study the impact and outcomes of routine preoperative testing in terms of change in case management based on abnormalities, percentage of abnormalities identified, cost to patient and health care system, iatrogenic injury and to understand guidelines for preoperative testing in healthy subjects. Materials and methods To find pertinent literature studies, the initial literature searches progress was conducted in the various databases, Blackwell-Synergy, CINAHL, CMJA, Cochrane, EMBASE, Health Reference Center Academic, Internures, MD Consult, Mosby’s Nursing Consult, Proquest5000 and ScienceDirect. It was found that numerous articles were available. In order to further analyse manageable number of the quality and acceptability of the research articles, inclusion criteria were conducted in the following search strategy. The applicable key terms were combined with using thesaurus, truncation, Boolean operators and other limit, such as a language, subject fields of journal and years of publication in the search strategy. For example, preoperative, preop, or screening for surgery combined with investigations, laboratory tests, tests, or assessment as title and text words were utilised in the search strategy. Also, it includes studies published from 1985 to 2011, health, medicine and nursing fields and English language articles. Thus, several relevant

Past Sport Experience

Past Sport ExperienceSports and its management are aspects that are always debatable throughout the world. Of primary argument is the management of sports organizations. There are those who argue that for one to be a successful manager of a sport organization, they must be conversant with the sport they are working with, have experience at playing it, harness aggression, skill and power. They additionally argue that successful management of sports organizations has nothing to do the theories of management and human resource management. There is, however, a distinct group who contradict this statement. For my case, successful management of sports organizations must incorporate possession of skills, experience, knowing the sport well and having the aggression and power (Masterman, 2014).There are various reasons as to why I support the assertion. First, you cannot manage a sport you lack information on or don’t know very. It hence entails knowing the sport such that during unfair play and favoritism from the referee, the manager can always defend the team. If one lacks knowledge about the game, they can always be made injustice at during decisions. In English Premier League for instance, the manager of a Chelsea Team Jose Mourinho, once played football as his profession, worked as an interpreter of English for a coach and later started his career as a coach. This means that he gathered prior knowledge about football first before venturing into coaching (Headline, 2015).Second, being a successful manager requires the aggression, skill and power. In America, for instance, the best coaches and team managers of all time such as Vince Lombardi had the aggression, skill and power of managing teams such as Green Bay Packers in NFL. Lombardi worked on a principle that Winning is Everything. This assisted him to gain the vigor, energy and determination required of him to successfully steer the team to success (Masterman, 2014).Third, one must always have experience in the sports before they manage them well. Lack of experience makes one lack the feeling the players always have on the field. When one is tired or injured, an experienced manager will be able to identify it so fast and make the necessary changes without any form of hesitation. Additionally, a manager with experience will always know the perfect substitute in case a player is injured or is out. This is because they have studied and understood the playing capabilities of their players. In Spain, the coach and manager for Barcelona Pep Guardiola once was a professional player. After retiring as a player, he ventured into coaching and has steered Barcelona to success thus making it one of the best teams in the world (Headline, 2015).Besides, one cannot use management theories and human resource management in managing a sports organization. Sports do change now and then. The managers of these teams are one of those people who work in a dynamic industry. It is constantly hard to tell what will happen next. The manager thus has to have clear understanding of the rival team in terms of past records, capabilities of their players among others. With this, they can prepare their players well. Applying the theories will only make them lose (Solomon, 2002).In conclusion, managing a sports organization has nothing to do with the theories. One must have experience, skills, knowledge about the sport, skill, power and vigor otherwise, they stand to lose. The reasons for this are very clear as has been stated. Teams seeking to recruit managers need to put the above factors into consideration.ReferencesHeadline. (2015). Sky Sports Football Yearbook 2015-2016. London: Headline Publishing Group.Masterman, G. (2014). Strategic Sports Event Management: Third Edition. London: Routledge.Solomon, J. (2002). An Insider’s Guide to Managing Sporting Events.Champaign,IL: Human Kinetics.

Property law and trust question

According to English, C. (2005, 211), Personal property includes all property other than freehold estates and interests in land. Personal property was called chattels by the common law and often referred to as movable goods, which included such items as money, debts, clothing, household goods, food, and all other movables and the rights and profits related to them (Halsbury, Laws of England, 1960) b) The Japanese-style summer house and pagoda Under the law, Sarah has the right to demand for the Japanese style summer house and pagodabecause they are considered as immovable properties and they follow the land. The deed of sale entered by Sarah and the couple, Matt and Jane, has for it object a parcel of land, which is considered a real property or otherwise known as an immovable property. English, C. (2005,211) defined real property as land and whatever is attached to the land, fixtures, rights and profits annexed to or issuing out of the land. Therefore, Sarah is allowed by law to the recover permanent fixtures attached to the land, after purchasing the cottage. Hence, if the structures on the land are by nature, fixed and cannot be moved from one place to another, they are considered part of the property which was newly purchased. … The statutory requirements for a valid contract for the sale and purchase of land are the following: Capacity, Offer and Acceptance, Consideration and Legality (Cummins, 1997, p. 44). b) Explain whether there is a valid contract between Sarah and Peter for the sale and purchase of the London flatYes, there was a valid contract between Sarah and Peter for the sale and purchase of the London flat. All elements for a valid contract of sale are present, namely: Capacity, Offer and Acceptance, Consideration and Legality. In the case at bar, there was a meeting of the minds between Sarah and Peter the moment Peter agreed to sell his flat to Sarah for the consideration of ?180,000. The fact that Peter accepted the offer tendered by Sarah in the amount of ?180,000, there was already a perfected contract as she signed the letter that she is willing to buy the property. To consider an offer to be acknowledged, a valid act of acceptance must be made by the offeree (Gillies, 2004, p. 149). This was further clarified in the case of Carlill v. Carbolic Smoke Ball Co., (1893) 1 QB 256. The first requisite of a contract is that both parties have reached an agreement. There are three essential requisites to the creation of a contract, namely: agreement, contractual intention and consideration (Oughton and Davis, 2000, p. 21). Here, all the essential requisites to make a contract perfected are present. Therefore, there was a valid contract entered by both parties, giving rise to the cause of action by Sarah against Peter for breach of contract and to compel him to fulfill his obligation to deliver the flat. 3.) Explain the nature of the rights if any, which peter has to keep his horse in the paddock Peter has

Criminal justice class ( Police deception during interrogation)

History In the past, there were no common laws that limited the use of deceptive interrogation techniques. However, in the 18th and 19th century, there was an increase in judicial concern over the use of abusive means in obtaining confessions from suspects as evidence in court. In the year 1783, a court in England made the first ever decision to exclude a confession obtained through torture. In the 19th century, an American court followed in the footsteps of the English. Soon, the use of a confession obtained through physical or psychological torture was not allowed (Magid, 2000). Police deception was first discussed in the Supreme Court in the year 1959. The court realized that some false confessions were obtained as a result of fatigue, official pressure, and aroused sympathy resulting from police deception during interrogation (Leo, 2008). In 1966, the court insisted on the application of the 5th amendment’s protection from compulsory self-incrimination during interrogation by the police. The introduction of Miranda rights further complicated the applicability of deception during interrogation. Despite these rulings, there is no law prohibiting the use of deception during interrogation. Ethical Concern Deception techniques used in police interrogations vary widely. … seriousness of the implications of the crime, threats, promises about less jail sentence in the case of collaboration, and claims of the existence of a valid witness (Leo, 2008). All of these forms of deception are considered to be legal. According to Magid (2000), there arebfour assumptions made when using deception in police interrogations. The first is the assumption of guilt. Police officers work with the assumption that the suspect is guilty until proven otherwise. Secondly, the officer assumes that the suspect is dangerously guilty. The officer should be ready for danger and know that the one who has much to hide will be the hardest to get information from. Police officers deal frequently with the worst of people, situations, and places and must handle them in a context of assuming they are dangerous. In this ‘great guilty place’ the police officer understands that people have committed many crimes for which they were not arrested, obligating the police officer to feel guilty. There are various reasons for which testimonial deception might be undertaken during suspect interrogations. Some of them are signs of corruption, such as the criminal conduct of the investigator to cover up for their investigative incompetence. It can also be motivated by the wish to make sure that those who are either morally or factually guilty face justice. Police officers only have the task to deal with factual guilt and not legal culpability (Leo, 2008). This way the final say on the eligibility of evidence collected during interrogation lies with the jury. When the systems work correctly, it means criminals get what they deserve, society gets protection from probable lairs and predators and thus liberty is secured. There are various reasons for which testimonial deception might

The American Journalist Robert Kaplan stated that anyone who disbelieves Hobbes’ state of nature argument has never visited Co

Ivory Coast – Land of Trouble? Hobbes, often dubbed as the founder of the modern philosophical thoughts, is popular for his theories of evolution about society and human kind – theories which were completely devoid of religious aspects. Hobbes has given a very unique face to how society was created and how individual roles changed over the years. According to him, there was a ‘state of nature’ even before the formation of society. It was a state where there were no laws governing the behavior of humans and the activities were so much cruel that even if a person needs to take something from his neighbor, he would just kill him and take it in his possession. One of the most famous journalists from America, Robert Kaplan has attributed such a term to the society of Cote da’Ivoire, also called in English has the Ivory Coast. To make a statement of such magnitude, there must be some sense going behind it. And indeed, when one sees the current crisis in the Ivory Coast on both the social and political fronts, one is ought to come to the conclusion that Hobbes description of ‘state of nature’ is still prevalent. (Volkov 2011) The troubled lands of West Africa saw an unusual development in political and societal fronts through the land of Ivory Coast. After its independence from the French in 1960, there was a line of hope within the minds of people of this country to stand tall amongst other nations. But, it all came down when the first political crisis rose in Abidjan in 2002. Irrespective of the presence of the French troupes in the country, deployed primarily to seize any such rebellions against the government, the political scenario was split into two with the rebels occupying the entire northern half of the country. When the United Nations came into picture, a deal was struck wherein the rebels, the Ivorians and the ruling government would combine together to form a united governance. But then, President Laurent Gbagbo went back on his words, disobeying the agreement and putting the entire country in crisis. It was just a start of decline of hope for the people of the country. The current tensions between Gbagbo and the new president Alassane Ouattara have reached dizzying heights with violent activities sustaining all throughout the country. The necessities that are required to sustain any hope of life are diminishing exponentially and the government is yet to come to terms for solving the crisis. The political crisis has resulted in more than 200 deaths in the country and just because of one man’s interest, the whole country is going through an unexplainable grief. The current situations are still unclear. (Volkov 2011) It cannot be ruled out that the religious troubles and societal problems also form some of the several facets of the crisis. There is continuous trouble between the Muslims and Christians and the main exports of the economy, such as coffee, wood etc. have gone on to plummet in its productions. The laws have been broken with the threat of civil war looming large on the face of the nation. An individual’s interest causing to break all the laws and regulations of the country as if they never existed and leading to the death of so many people makes one feel that indeed Cote da’Ivoire is currently in a ‘state of nature’. Works Cited Volkov, Andrey. Ivory Coast Crisis deepens. The Epoch Times. 2011. Web. http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/world/gbagbo-ivory-coast-crisis-refugees-48721.html

Hearsay Evidence in Criminal Justice

The common law has long recognised that such evidence is generally inadmissible in criminal proceedings4 and that the primary means by which evidence should be received in a criminal trial is in person, before the jury or justices, with witnesses speaking from first-hand knowledge, not simply repeating what others have told them.5 In the hearsay rule, the records are in principle inadmissible evidence of the matters they contain, and where a witness gives oral evidence only the oral evidence counts, and the previous statement by the witness generally does not.In short, it is an exclusionary rule of evidence,6 although subject to a number of extensive statutory and common law exceptions.7 On one view, it tends to exclude weak evidence and to ensure that a defendant may question his accusers, thus protecting the oral character of the English trial and on the other hand, it is capable of being too restrictive so as to work injustice either way, which in turn, may impede the smooth running of the trial process8. Thus herein emerges the need to examine the defects in the application of the hearsay rule prior to the enaction of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 [hereinafter CJA] and the remedies and lapses that emerge on the examination of the same.It is commonly known that the law prior to the CJA was inadequate and needed reform. The old rule against hearsay was often said to be convoluted, unprincipled and arbitrary in the application of a number of the many exceptions. It may also have lead to the exclusion of cogent evidence and the admissibility of weak evidence. It wasted court time in requiring it to receive oral evidence when written evidence would do and it confused witnesses and prevented them from giving their accounts in their own way when the rule was rigidly applied9. For example due to the courts’ insistence on oral evidence. people who had committed crimes against vulnerable victims tended to be granted a certain level of immunity.

Select a relating to criminal procedure Pre approved books a) Gideons Trumpet b) color lines Kelly Morrow Pub c)all t

Such was the case with Clarence Earl Gideon, a Florida resident who had been accused of breaking and entering into a pool hall and stealing an unknown amount of change from a vending machine. A single eye witness was all that was needed for a jury to convict Gideon of the crime, and eventually he received a five-year prison sentence. From the beginning of the case, Gideon professed his innocence and requested an attorney to represent him. Further, as an indigent, his only option for counsel was a court-appointed Student Name 2 attorney, which in his view would fulfill the Constitution’s guarantee of representation, regardless of the ability to pay. The judge in the case denied Gideon’s request for court-appointed counsel, citing the lack of a capital charge in the matter, as well as Gideon’s seeming sense of sound mind and literacy, as well as the experience he had gained in defending himself in previous brushes with the law. Not only did Gideon steadfastly maintain his innocence of the charge against him, but he continued to voice his belief that the Constitution guaranteed his right to counsel, regardless of his ability to pay. After a short trial, Gideon was convicted of the charges against him, but a short time after he began serving his term, he filed a writ of habeas corpus in the Florida Supreme Court, which was denied, It is important to realize at this point that since 1942, when the Supreme Court case of Betts vs. Brady determined that the requirement of a lawyer should be determined on a case by case basis. Further, the Court held that in some circumstances, a lawyer was essential to the defendant receiving a fair trial. Without those circumstances, the Court determined that a lawyer was not needed. This opinion was an elaboration of a common English practice which allowed lawyers in only some misdemeanor cases. Even this practice was not always followed by judges who often bent the rule. This practice was modified under the rules of American jurisprudence in 1932 with the case of Powell vs. Alabama when the Court held that the right of the accused to have a lawyer was essential as a safeguard of liberty, but left to the individual states to determine when the rule would be applied. Student Name 3 It is also important to note that ever since handing down the judgment of Powell vs. Alabama, there had been considerable controversy over this opinion, with many jurists concerned over the right of every defendant receiving a fair trial with legal representation, regardless of their ability to afford legal counsel of their own. After Gideon’s appeal was rejected without opinion by the Florida State Supreme Court, he filed a writ of certiorari with the U.S. Supreme Court, which unanimously approved a motion to hear the Gideon’s case. The author of Gideon’s Trumpet, Anthony Lewis, explained that when Gideon filed his appeal, he submitted a handwritten document that explained his case: that it just was not fair that he had no access to a lawyer at his trial, which in his opinion he was entitled to under the provision of the 14th amendment of the Constitution. Abe Fortas, who would later join the Court as an Associate Justice, argued Gideon’s case. The Supreme Court found, in a unanimous decision written by Justice Hugo L. Black, that the guarantee of legal counsel provided by the U.S. Constitution in federal criminal cases

Applied Linguistics and Communication

Does learning other languages make you more tolerant of others? Learning other languages make you tolerant of others? Is it so? Nature created humans and gave them the ability to speak and learn. These inborn characteristics paired with a socialising nature, urge him to communicate with others. Thus, the need for communication leads to the creation of newer languages. Language is an essential part of one’s life and its importance cannot be ignored. Remaining mono-lingual limits thinking abilities and restrict the opportunities to learn more about the world and people residing in it. A different language is a different vision of life. Learning languages helps one to grow spiritually, allows him to understand other’s thoughts and helps him to promote peace. Thus, he develops an antagonistic felling against social and moral evils like racism, terrorism and discrimination. With the emergence of globalisation, importance of learning and understanding other languages has increased significantly. It provides a comparative analysis, through which one can compare the variations in different cultures, broadens vision and helps to understand the true motive of life. It also prevents misunderstandings which are evident because of linguistic barriers. Newer languages are a treat for the human mind because it increases the tendency to communicate and socialise. People who learn foreign languages demonstrate greater cognitive development in particular areas such as mental flexibility, creativity, and higher order thinking. Each region has a multiple, self- defined set of languages which not only reflects the prevalent culture but also represents the traditions and in some places, the norms. By not understanding the language of a particular region, one is deprived of the knowledge and culture of that region which makes him intolerant and bias towards that region. In order to comprehend the mental approach of different people, it is essential to learn their language. Knowing their language will allow you to go deep into their ideology and learn about the fundamentals of their societal setup. By knowing their language, you can easily mingle yourself practically in their cultural and traditional ceremonies. Learning about others teaches you to respect the similarities as well as the differences. It makes one liberal and one refrains from imposing his beliefs on others. Learning different languages enable you to have an insight on the norms and values of that particular region, to where the language belongs. It helps in judging their point of view and to get acquainted with their psychology and behaviour. Therefore, one can understand others better. Increased ability to understand has proved improved level of tolerance and patience. William S. Gilbert, said. ‘When you’re lying awake with a dismal headache and repose is tabooed by anxiety. I convince you may use any language you choose to indulge in, without impropriety.’ (Gilbert, 1882) This actually means that a human body knows no language other than the postures. Therefore, human beings are a unique creation of God who shares same body elements but different styles for communication. God’s message is of tolerance and love which can spread if and only if we (humans) can accept and appreciate each other’s existence. It is not only about learning another language, but it’s about learning other humans. their beliefs and persuasion. In addition, learning languages are a very good source of entertainment. It soothes the mind and enables one to enjoy and appreciate the literary works of the languages. Learning enlightens and sharpens human mind and this enlightenment helps in understanding the human behaviour which makes one tolerant of others, sharing the same globe. Reference Gilbert, William. (1882), Ballad: A Nightmare, Reely Redd [online] http://www.reelyredd.com/english-gilbert-nightmare-0309.htm

Comparison of Poem Annabel Lee to my poem New Beginnings

The most prominent example could be read in all stanzas, with the constant repetition of the name Annabel Lee. It is also a ballad because it gives the subject of the author a mystical air, with the mention of words such as angels, demons and heaven. The tone of the poem Annabel Lee expresses a variety of powerful emotions, usually deep and dark. One can feel and sense a strong degree of grief, melancholy and hopelessness written throughout the poem. An illustration of such can be seen in the 5th and 6th line of the 4th stanza, which reads: That the wind came out of the cloud by night, Chilling and killing my Annabel Lee. The author conveyed words which are charged with all these powerful feelings so that it can have a sort of emphatic effect upon the reader, and also that the reader may emotionally understand and connect with the author. The poem’s diction is very intense and deep. It uses numerous words that reveal the author’s depth of thought and feelings. By using these words, the author then makes use of them in varied figures of speech like that of metaphors. The expression of each word came out with much strength of delivery that it provokes the imagination of the reader to see what it is that the author is expressing through his written words. With regard to the syntax of the poem Annabel Lee, the author shifted from the normal English syntax in favor of a more poetic syntax. The use of poetic syntax helps increase the expression of emotional, psychological and spiritual impact to the reader. The poem Annabel Lee has the tendency to leave a thought or feeling briefly in a line, providing a pause, as to give it a sense of melodrama. This is how most of the lines go about throughout the poem, which gives the poem an ethereal aura. As for the rhyme scheme in Annabel Lee, much use of rhyming has been made to give it a lyrical effect, and this would make the work different from that of a prose. Such lyrical effect would make this poem a ballad. The constant repetition of the name Annabel Lee serves a purpose, which is to make emphasis on the subject of the poem, as well as to emphasize the other words that can rhyme with it. Every stanza in the poem has words in the end of each line that rhymes with the line after the one that precedes it. As for the meter characteristic of the poem Annabel Lee, the poem has a structure, of which the first and second stanzas have six lines, the third stanza having eight lines, the fourth stanza having six lines as well, and the seventh and eight stanzas having seven lines. Edgar Allen Poe used a mix of anapestic and iambic meters. Anapestic meter meanstwo unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable, which makes the words seem as if they have a fast paced movement, while iambic meter means two syllables which are composed of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable, which is usually the usual pacing of a person doing a casual conversation. The use of such meter characteristics gives the poem a sense of story-like movement and pacing, as much as it gives it a sort of life of its own. The poem New Beginnings has certain similarities to that of Edgar Allan Poe’s poem Annabel Lee. While it seems simple in language and makes use of the more contemporary casual English language, a reflection of the Romantic style is visible, through the use of words that invoke deep and intense emotions. Also, there are some interesting distinctions

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According to Morley and Germano (2019), Managing cybersecurity is a complex challenge that requires an interdisciplinary, risk-based approach, involving an organization’s business leaders, as well as their internal and external technical and legal advisors. This finding underscores the magnitude of responsibility all businesses, including public utilities must now become aware and perform at expert level. One of the topics that will be reviewed will be Is it reasonable for all companies to create, train, and maintain an expert-level staff devoted to cyber and information security? In reference to the prior, Are the Water and Wastewater Utilities adequately protecting the Public?

English

What Do You Think About My Short Expository Essay?Paragraph</a

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Hazel A 16year Old High School Student Is Given Plenty Of Time In Her English Composition Class To Work On

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Hazel, a 16-year old high school student, is given plenty of time in her English Composition class to work on

writing. However, she usually does not complete her writing assignment within the time allotted during the class period. She rarely completes her English composition homework either.

Engaging your knowledge of principles of reinforcement and punishment, consider the concepts of generalization, discrimination, and stimulus control, and propose procedures that could increase Hazel’s English composition classwork completion and homework completion behaviors.Social Science

By Reading Emotional Cues Teachers Determine A Whether To Engage In Interactions Or Wait Quiety To See

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A, B and C

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In The Article The Cognition Of Discovery Defining A Rhetorical Problem Flower And Hayes Declare That

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In the article The Cognition of discovery: Defining a Rhetorical Problem, Flower and Hayes declare that

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Read The Following Description Of A Meeting Between A College Student And Her Adviser In This Example We

Question

Read the following description of a meeting between a college student and her adviser. In this example, we

consider the role attributions of motives play in the attribution of deviance and how this can unfold through social psychological processes like stereotyping, labeling, and resistance.

Yidan has been called into Dr. Smith’s office because he believes he has evidence she cheated on the last test. Yidan waited nervously in the line of students outside her adviser’s door until it was her turn. Yidan is a 20-year-old international student from China whose spoken English is a little shaky. Her adviser, Dr. Smith, is a white man in his 50s with a New England accent. While neither of them had discussed with the other their ethnic backgrounds or age and gender differences, they were both aware of them from their physical appearance, manner of dress, and speech. Yidan knew that Dr. Smith was one of several faculty members who had a reputation among students as being harsh graders. Some students even suspected that Asian students were more likely to copy work and help each other on assignments, but he took pride in being fair and actively tried to treat all students the same.

As Yidan entered the office, Dr. Smith closed the door for privacy because what he had to say he didn’t want other students to hear. He got right to the point. He told Yidan that he had reviewed results of the recent online test and several tests showed identical responses including making the same mistakes. One of the tests was hers. He then showed her four essays side by side with identical wording, saying that, to him this appears she deliberately cheated. Then he asked her what she had to say that could explain this.

Yidan at first said nothing. Then, fighting back tears, Yidan pleaded with Dr. Smith to ignore the infraction, saying she could never return home if she was accused of cheating. Her family would disown her and she could never get a good job.

She said she was not like those other students. Most of the students in the class cheat, she said. They cheat all the time. They choose to cheat because it is easier and they think they can get away with it. But this, she said, was the only time she ever cheated. She is normally a good student and just made a tragic mistake. She had broken up with her boyfriend the week before, and was emotionally devastated, making it impossible to study for the test. No one would be hurt if she got a better grade. After all, she was just trying to make up for the way the test is biased against students for whom English is a second language. She said to Dr. Smith, if you don’t want us to cheat you should not have had the test on the Internet.

Dr. Smith told her he would think about the situation and decide whether he would report her to the Provost’s office for cheating and possible disciplinary action. She made one last plea before leaving, asking him not to report her. She had changed, she said. She learned her lesson and was never going to cheat again. She is sorry for cheating, she apologizes for her mistakes, and seeks his forgiveness.

Use the information from this meeting to answer the following:

• Identify at least one case in which a situational or dispositional attribution is made and indicate whether it corresponds to primary deviance or secondary deviance.

• Identify at least two schemata in this example including one related to a stereotype.

• Identify one or more identity markers that distinguish categories of people and may be the bias for prejudice and stereotypes.

• Identify whether anyone is labeled as a deviant and whether it leads to stigma.

• Identify at least one strategy of destigmatization and at least three strategies of neutralization Yidan uses to resist being labeled as a deviant.

For each of these, provide both a definition of the concept and a quotation or close paraphrase from the description above which provides evidence of each concept.

Social Science

What Are The Top Three Diagnoses In Public Housing Primary Care Health Centers?

olgtltligtWhat health care services are provided to Native Americans and Alaskan Natives and what are

Question

olliWhat health care services are provided to Native Americans and Alaskan Natives and what are

some prevalent diseases among this at risk-population and why?/liliWhat are some public assistance services available to the homeless population (children and adults)?/liliWhat are the top three diagnoses in Public Housing Primary Care health centers? /liliDescribe strategies for establishing healthy eating patterns in childhood and ways to encourage children to try new foods./liliConversely, what are some contributors to poor food choices and self-regulation in the family setting? /liliWhat is the link between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and childhood overweight and obesity? /liliWhat is the BMI-age assessment and how is it used? /liliIdentify three or more barriers to physical activity among children./liliWhat is the reported obesity rate among children?/liliWhat does the 5, 2, 1, 0 recommendation by the AAP refer to? /liliDescribe services provided by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC)./liliExplain strategies for providing nutritional education to low literate, illiterate and non-English speaking populations./li/ol

Science

Group Discussion (Module Fifteen)Task There Are Two Things That You Need To Do In Order To

Question

Group Discussion (Module Fifteen)

Task: There are two things that you need to do in order to

successfully. For this group discussion, I want to reflect on what you have learned about argumentation. While this is a critical thinking and writing class, much of what we learned about argumentation can also be applied to our daily conversations with family members, friends, co-workers, bosses, etc. Therefore, please respond to the following question:

How could you use or how have you used what you learned about argumentation in your daily conversations with family members, friends, co-workers, bosses, etc.?

English

This Week Focuses On

integrating visual and performing arts into the curriculum.What are some possible issues

Question

This week focuses on integrating visual and performing arts into the curriculum. What are some possible issues

with incorporating hands-on visual or performing arts lessons and Arts assessments in the elementary curriculum? Suggest some possible solutions to these issues.

English

This Assignment Is Included With 3 Parts

PART 1 OF 3= Find a quote from the attachment about

Introduction.
A quote about history that has been manifested in the excerpt provided is clear that it
illustrates a range of different ways in which mutual relations between ‘the past’ and…English

World Cinema in the 1950s

Americans with English as their mother tongue enjoy comfort when watching an English movie. The cultural differences that are portrayed in foreign movies might not convince them. They feel at ease watching a movie that exhibits their daily life, culture, custom or any of their routines. American movies are mostly stunt-based. they can visualize the real horror and the actual graphical effects which are not experienced in most of the other language movies. They would like a blend of action, romance, and comedy. When we talk about the other language movies those factors might be missing. The factors of language and accent are the major aspects of Americans not wanting to watch foreign movies.
In spite of all these factors, I still love watching foreign movies. Every movie has its own essence. There cannot be just one variety that a person could keep enjoying. There should be a variety and blend in everything. There are a lot of foreign movies which are really good and carry a lot of message in them with new learning. Watching movies of varied languages would give a good understanding of the world, different cultures, different custom, different people, etc.

English midterm

Greed triggered the people to find their own American dream riches (Hill 2). The Miller novel and movie story emphasizes certain factors affect the successful reaching the hard to pin down American dream.
Mr. A. Miller’s novel and movie story correctly pertains to the average person’s elusive attainment of the coveted American dream during the 1940s (Benedek 1951). The novel shows Willy Loman’s difficulties affirm the American Dream is very wrong elusive (Miller 103). The novel shows Willy Loman failed in his wrong American dream to be one of the top sales persons in Brooklyn, New York City. Similarly, Willy failed in his dream to become one of the most sought after and well liked American environment sales persons.
Further, the Miller story critically rightfully espouses Charles Darwin’s survival of the fittest animal kingdom concept influences the attainment of the American dream (Nelson 90). The concept states that there are many competitors for the scarce good and customers. Consequently only those who offer the best services and products to the target customers will survive. Those who fail to deliver quality goods and services will drive away current and future customers. This is the essence of the Willy Loman story.
Furthermore, the Miller story correctly scrutinizes Mr. Willy Loman’s discussing having to survive in the saturated highly urbanized New York City community. Mr. Loman’s small and impoverished New York is dwarfed by the many bigger modern apartment buildings. The buildings crowd out the sunshine and fresh air from reaching the diminutive Loman home (Miller 8). Willy blames the maddening competition and the overcrowded New York City landscape for his failure to achieve his American dream, being one of North America’s top selling salespersons (Miller 9). Consequently, only the fittest American residents will survive the American’s economic rat race environment. The current and future customers will prefer

Short reflection

Essay, English Short Reflection: Earth Day Activities Humankind owes immense debt of gratitude to Mother Earth. In America, the idea of celebrating Earth Day was first mooted in the year 1970 and since then it is being celebrated on 22nd April every year. The assets of Mother Earth are precious and though the activity of regeneration goes on season after season, many types of natural resources are constantly dwindling. Some assets like water and energy are essential for the existence of humanity and it is necessary to conserve them, as otherwise it would be inviting danger to the survival of humankind.
To celebrate the event in a formal function in the school was one aspect of the event. Immediately after the function we students of the senior classes divided into groups of 5 each and visited the communities nearby for direct interaction with the members of the community. The security guard at the entrance gate of the community was very cooperative and he took permission from the Community management for our house to house contacts. We were received warmly by most of the residents and they liked our presence for the great cause. We had a printed handout for distribution and the main points covered in it were:
1. Plant a sapling on your wedding anniversary and birthday celebrations of your children. Keep a small identification tag near the sapling and the child should be encouraged to water the plant daily. This is the sure step to make the children love greenery.
2. A sticker with the following message printed in bold letters was given at each house with a request to fix it at a conspicuous place. The messages were (a) Save water and energy (b) Donate school books for the needy.
3. Love and take care of feathered friends.
We toured the community for about four hours and covered most of the houses. The underlying principle behind our efforts was to generate awareness amongst people to live in harmony and develop love for Nature.

The Kite Runner

Controversy of Grade Inflation Khaled Hosseini’s debut novel, The Kite Runner, arrived on the booksellers’ shelves as a breath of fresh air. It is the first novel by an Afghani-American to be issued in English. The Kite Runner is liberation from the political and historical approach of much of today’s fiction on the Middle East. The analysis of this essay discusses The Kite Runner on an extensive theme of life and affection and comradeship and bravery (Hosseini, 5).
This novel was an expressive rollercoaster and astonishingly thrilling at times. The writing of the novel is brilliant. It enables an individual reading it to get into the central character’s mind (Amir) in all of the happenings he goes through. It is almost as if the reader’s sensation is the same sentiments as Amir. The subjects used in this novel were very fascinating. They vary from interactions between family members and trustworthiness among friends to the terror war and social glitches of the epoch (Hosseini, 7).
This hints me to another phase that kept me so fascinated with this novel. I learned many new things about the past and ethos of Afghanistan and its people. It was amazing to learn about the difficulties Afghans encountered during the time the Russians had control of the area. It was surprising to see the variance in social class centred on the race or diverse divisions of Islam. I knew that Sunni and Shi’a had problems but I did not know to what extent. It was fascinating to learn that Sunni and Shi’a had difficulties but I did not know to what level. There is so much history and culture in the novel revealed but still the novel has a beautiful and inspiring story (Hosseini, 8).
In conclusion, the relationships between the characters in this novel are filled with so many sentiments. Every character has his/her own division and significance, which keeps the reader amused. When these divisions are organised, it makes the novel to be interesting. I have to say that my preferred portions were the sections that show the situations of war during the Taliban control. Many of the actions are filled with suspense. The parts with action in the novel made me not to stop reading it. This novel is really a page-turner and I endorse it highly to all readers in high school students.

Work Cited
Hosseini, Khaled. The Kite Runner. New York, New York: Riverhead Books, 2007. Print.