Give A

persuasive message for following scenario:-

You are the human resources manager for Kindle which has


give a persuasive message for following scenario:-

You are the human resources manager for Kindle which has

recently started an internship for promising high school students interested in working in publishing. Part of this internship program requires four volunteers from the company to mentor the students and potentially write reference letters for the students to help them find a career and/or pursue post-secondary education when they graduate from high school. You realize that the mentorship role will lead to additional unpaid work for the employees. Write favour request to persuade employees to volunteer as mentors.

plz give me an answer for this

plz don’t flag it


This Is The Math 1118 Of Finance Please Help Me Quick


this is the math 1118 of finance . Please help me quick.

Thank you

Mathematics of Finance Assignment 3
20 Marks
Work in groups.
W :
Show all work. Circle your final answer
1. (3 Marks) What sum of money must be set aside at a child’s birth to provide for 9 annual payments of
$20,000 to pay for the child’s post-secondary education? The first payment comes on the child’s 19th
birthday. The interest rate is 6% compounded annually.
A = 20 000 / 1 – ( 4 + 0.06 ) = 236 633, 8455
The sum of money need to set aside equal :quot;
156035, 8455 –
(1 + 0 06) 18 –
= 47658. 61
2. (3 Marks) You would like to open a business in 3 years. This business will require $500,000 to startup. How
much should you deposit at the end of each month for the next three years into an account so that you will
have the required $500,000 at the end of three years. This account already has $100,000 in it. The interest
rate is 6% compounded monthly.
3. (3 Marks) Jill deposits $100 at the beginning of each month into an account paying 6% compounded
monthly. She makes these monthly deposits for 5 years. How much money is in her account at the end of 5
(3 Marks) $10,000 is borrowed today at an interest rate of 6% compounded annually. The loan is to be
repaid with 6 annual payments, with the first payment coming at the end of 3 years. What is the size of the
annual payment?Math

Give An Example Of When You Observed A Negative Communication Strategy Used Within Nursing Practice /Liliusing The Example Provided In The Previous Question What Positive Communication Strategies Would You Use To Build Improve Or Repair Relationships In Your Scenario

ulgtltligtExplain why the study of communication is an im­portant part of nursing


ulliExplain why the study of communication is an im­portant part of nursing

education?/liliGive an example of when you observed a negative communication strategy used within nursing practice./liliUsing the example provided in the previous question, what positive communication strategies would you use to build, improve, or repair relationships in your scenario. Explain why you feel that way./li/ul


Which Of The Following Is An Example Of A Job In The Tertiary Sector Of The Economy? /&Gt

manufacturing aircraft engines

working as an occupational therapist

harvesting strawberries

sewing tags onto sweatshirts

Which of the following is increasingly important in a postindustrial society?

a college education

physical strength and endurance

a range of mechanical skills

knowledge about agriculture

What are children taught more often in capitalist societies than in socialist societies?


mutual support


respect for elders

What is a defining aspect of corporations?

They have a legal existence separate from their members.

They stifle competition by controlling the market for their products.

They enrich their shareholders and their upper-level executives.

They have headquarters in one nation and factories in other nations.

Which of the following is an example of capital flight?

an American company hiring tech-support personnel in the Philippines

a company declaring bankruptcy and liquidating its assets to pay its outstanding debts

a British company closing a domestic shoe factory and opening a new one in Vietnam

a company merging with its competitors and establishing a monopoly over its market

What is long-term unemployment?

unemployment for six months or more

unemployment for three months or more

unemployment in which the person has stopped looking for work

any unemployment that causes neg


Which of the following is an example of a job in the tertiary sector of the economy?


manufacturing aircraft engines

working as an occupational therapist

harvesting strawberries

sewing tags onto sweatshirts

Which of the following is increasingly important in a postindustrial society?

a college education

physical strength and endurance

a range of mechanical skills

knowledge about agriculture

What are children taught more often in capitalist societies than in socialist societies?


mutual support


respect for elders

What is a defining aspect of corporations?

They have a legal existence separate from their members.

They stifle competition by controlling the market for their products.

They enrich their shareholders and their upper-level executives.

They have headquarters in one nation and factories in other nations.

Which of the following is an example of capital flight?

an American company hiring tech-support personnel in the Philippines

a company declaring bankruptcy and liquidating its assets to pay its outstanding debts

a British company closing a domestic shoe factory and opening a new one in Vietnam

a company merging with its competitors and establishing a monopoly over its market

What is long-term unemployment?

unemployment for six months or more

unemployment for three months or more

unemployment in which the person has stopped looking for work

any unemployment that causes neg

Share A Real Life Application Where You Used The Theory

This can be in your education, home, work,


Share a real life application where you used the theory. This can be in your education, home, work,

volunteer, or any other parts of your life.

Social Science

Imagine You Are 1st

grade teacher, working with 5 and 6 year old children. The principal calls you into his


Imagine you are 1st grade teacher, working with 5 and 6 year old children. The principal calls you into his

office one day, saying that a complaint was received from Shelly’s mother, Mrs. Sands. Shelly is a student in your class. Here is the letter she sent:

Dear Principal,

I am very concerned that Shelly is not getting a good education in her first grade class. She is making lots of mistakes that I don’t think she should be making! For example, the other day I saw Shelly playing with dolls. At first I thought she was just playing make believe, but she got very upset when another child pretended to steal the doll’s bottle. Shelly thought the doll was going to starve to death! I told her teacher about it, but the teacher laughed it off and said it was normal.

I also noticed that Shelly is acting very self-absorbed and manipulative. For example, I asked her for an idea of what could be good dinner to surprise her older brother with, and she said spaghetti. Spaghetti is her favorite food, not her brother’s! I think she asked for spaghetti to try to trick me into making it. I told her teacher about it, but again, the teacher laughed and said it was normal. I’m worried her teacher is encouraging this behavior in Shelly!

Finally, I noticed that when Shelly and her brother were playing cashier at home, her brother tricked her into giving her more money than him! They each had five coins, and Shelly wanted more, so her brother made her five coins appear more spread out on the table. Even though Shelly still only had five coins, she thought she now had more than her brother, because they were more spread out than his! I told the teacher about it, as I’m concerned Shelly is not learning to add properly, but Shelly’s teacher again laughed it off and said it was normal.

I do not think Shelly’s teacher is doing a good job with Shelly, and I think Shelly should be removed from the class. Please help.


Mrs. Sands (Shelly’s mom)

The principal asks you to compose a letter to Shelly’s mother, addressing her concerns. Your letter should include the following components:

1. Were the behaviors Shelly was displaying normal? Why or why not? Use vocabulary and examples from Piaget’s theory to assist in describing each of Shelly’s behaviors.

2. How do you think that the parent should respond to their children when children engage in these errors? How will you, the teacher, respond when Shelly demonstrates these errors during class? Give at least two recommendations.

3. Describe a detailed class activity that you will be doing in the first grade classroom in the future to help all of your student foster cognitive development? Be sure the classroom activity relates to a specific behavior that Shelly’s mother described. Describe the directions to the activity, the cognitive error it is addressing, and the purpose of using this activity in the classroom- why will it help Shelly and her classmates?

Social Science

Re Text Ch 12 Essentials Of Sociology A Giddenswhy Was Education So Rapidly Expanded According To


Re: Text Ch 12, Essentials of Sociology, A. Giddens

  1. Why was education so rapidly expanded according to

Marxist sociologists?

  • Why might sociologists be opposed to tracking in school?
  • Why are sociologists often critical of the idea of universal education as a great equalizer?
  • What does the term hidden curriculum refer to?
  • *I am looking for short, brief, answers only. THANK YOU!*


    1 How Much Would An Investor Have To Set Aside Today In Order To Have $20 000 Five Years From Now If The Current


    1.How much would an investor have to set aside today in order to have $20,000 five years from now if the current

    rate is 15 percent?

    2.If we deposit $5,000 today in an account paying 10 percent, how long does it take to grow to $10,000?

    3.Assume the total cost of a college education will be $50,000 when your child enters college in 12 years. You have $5,000 to invest today. What rate of interest must you earn on your investment to cover the cost of your child’s education?


    Shoshana Zuboff Likes To Reflect On Some Of The Special Students She Taught At The Harvard Business School Some


    Shoshana Zuboff likes to reflect on some of the special students she taught at the Harvard Business School. Some

    students, she recalls, threw themselves at learning as if their lives depended on it. One of those students, Edward, had a troubled past. His parents split up when he was a small boy, and he was on his own much of the time as his mother needed to work. Edward and his mother lived in a neighborhood where drugs and gangs were common. By the sixth grade, he was a drug dealer, and later he ended up in a penitentiary. Then he had the good fortune to meet a judge who offered him two years in a drug rehabilitation program in return for good behavior. After rehab, he got a job, enrolled in a community college, and made the dean’s list several times. A counselor encouraged Edward to set his sights high, so he applied and was accepted to an Ivy League school, where he studied business and economics. This success led to his acceptance into the Harvard Business School, where he met Professor Zuboff.

    Although Edward had accomplished a great deal since leaving the penitentiary, he felt a growing sense of shame over things he did not know. During one lecture, Professor Zuboff briefly mentioned the name of an author who had written about Auschwitz. After class, Edward asked, What is Auschwitz? Because of his disadvantaged childhood, he had missed out on many learning experiences that most students take for granted. To avoid giving away his deep-seated, inner secret, he mastered many defense strategies to protect his image among his peers. Professor Zuboff noted, he was haunted by the sense of not knowing what he didn’t know or how to learn it.

    With help from this caring professor and her husband, who agreed to serve as his mentor, Edward began a program of study designed to fill in the gaps in his education. His self-esteem improved greatly as his program of self-improvement unfolded. Today Edward runs a successful consulting firm that focuses on leadership and emotional intelligence.


    Need Help With My Microeconomics Homework (Screenshot


    Need help with my microeconomics homework (screenshot

    available). Which policy is the most successful to reduce drug related crime?

    How we can summarise it?
    When demand is inelastic price effect is greater than the output effect and total
    revenue follows price. When demand is elastic output effect is greater than the
    price effect and total revenue follows output
    In case of demand which is unit elastic the percentage change in price is equal to the
    percentage change in quantity demanded, so there is no change to TR (regardless
    whether the price increases or decreases) and TR is maximised.
    The tools of supply and demand can be applied in many different kinds of markets. Such as
    the market for wheat, the market for oil and the market for illegal drugs.
    7.17, For example do drug bans increase or decrease drug-related crime?
    Assume that the Australian government increases the number of customs
    inspectors and police officers devoted to preventing drug imports. What happens?
    The higher number of customs inspectors will decrease the supply of drugs which raises the
    price and leads to a reduction in quantity sold. If demand is inelastic, total expenditure on
    drugs (same as total revenue for seller of drugs) will increase. If demand is elastic, total
    expenditure on drugs by drugs users will fall.
    Instead of increasing the number of customs inspectors assume that the government
    pursued a policy of drug education. What happens? The demand for drugs
    decreases(demand curve shifts left) which lowers price and quantity sold. Total expenditure
    must fall (since both price and quantity fall).
    Which policy in your opinion be more successful in reducing drug
    related crime. Use the theory of elasticity in your posting.Microeconomics

    What Are The Characteristics And Skills That You Have As A Leader That Define Your Leadership Question Ulliwhat Are The Characteristics And Skills That You Have As A Leader That Define Your Leadership Style?

    ulgtltligtWhat are the characteristics and skills that you have as a leader that define your leadership


    ulliWhat are the characteristics and skills that you have as a leader that define your leadership

    style? What are your strengths? What are your areas of need?/liliHow do you incorporate the concept of collaborative leadership in your approach to working with students with exceptionalities, i.e. your professional Special Education practice?/li/ul



    Hi, Kenji. This is my first economics course, and many of the concepts


    GINNY: Hi, Kenji. This is my first economics course, and many of the concepts

    discussed in class are really confusing. Today the professor explained that the true cost of going to college includes both the tuition I pay as well as something called the opportunity cost of going to college. I don’t understand. I pay $38,000 per year in tuition. The tuition is what I pay to the school, so it seems like that should be my true cost!

    KENJI: Hi, Ginny. Many concepts in economics can be confusing at first. Let’s talk it through.

    Economists think of costs a bit differently than just the dollar amount that you pay. To an economist, the true cost of college includes the total value of what you give up in order to acquire your college education. In other words, not only did you give up the tuition money that you paid, but by attending college, you gave up opportunities to do other things with your time as well. This is where the idea of opportunity cost comes from.

    The opportunity cost of your decision to go to college is the value of the next best alternative that you gave up. Suppose that your next best alternative to college is to work as a cashier. By not going to college, and taking this job, you could earn $19,000 per year. Then your opportunity cost of college is______, and your total cost of a year of college is ____ per year.


    As The Cnl On A Cardiothoracic Stepdown Unit What Is The One Recommendation You Would Make To Decrease The


    As the CNL on a cardiothoracic step-down unit, what is the one recommendation you would make to decrease the

    chance of readmission of your patient population?

    A. visiting nursing for all patients

    B. all follow up appointments scheduled prior to patient discharge

    C. pharmacy to visit with each patient prior to discharge home to review medications

    D. all patients should be enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitation program

    Survey results of the nursing staff reflect poor perceptions and a discomfort with addressing spiritual issues with patients. The ultimate success of focused staff education can be measured by:

    A. trending quarterly patient satisfaction scores pertaining to spiritual care during hospitalization

    B. a follow-up survey of the staff after education to solicit feedback

    C. an open discussion of how the nurse would address spiritual care in a given scenario

    D. feedback shared during discharge phone calls


    U S Employment Regulations

    61500 This paper illustrates that the Wage and Hour Division (WHD) implements the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). The Act provides policies for minimum wages, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and child labor. It gives exemptions for minimum wage and overtime pay. The Act obliges employers of covered employees to pay them a minimum wage of not less than $7.25 per hour. Youth employees, who are below 20 years of age, may receive a minimum wage of not lower than $4.25 an hour, during the first 90 successive calendar days of employment. Employers are not allowed to terminate existing employees to hire youth or people whom they can pay the youth minimum wage. Furthermore, employers can adopt a piece-rate basis in paying employees, as long as the latter get at least the required minimum hourly wage rate and overtime for hours worked that are more than 40 hours in a workweek. In addition, the Act allows the employment of particular individuals at wage rates below the statutory minimum wage, as long as they get certificates from the Department of Labor. They are the following: “Student learners. full‑time students in service establishments, agriculture, or higher education. and individuals whose productive capacities for the work to be performed are impaired by physical or mental disabilities…”. The Act does not provide limitations for hours or days per week of work, as long as the employee is not less than sixteen years old. Nevertheless, the Act obliges employers to compensate covered employees for overtime pay, which is not less than one and one-half times their standard rate of pay, for all hours that exceed 40 in a workweek, unless employees are considered as exempted.&nbsp.


    ive advantage over their competitors, just as it means that national economies must spur lifelong learning if they are to become, or remain, competitive. as regards the sociological front, greater social diversity and changing demographics, as in increasingly older and more ethnically and racially diverse populations, has determined the imperatives of lifelong learning as a strategy for older adults to acquire the knowledge deemed requisite for working and competing within the said environment. In other words, the importance of lifelong learning emanates from both the aforementioned changes and the mercurial, ever-changing, nature of global and national economies.
    There is no doubt that lifelong learning, due to the reasons mentioned in the preceding, is a critical imperative. The question is whether this means that the development of a curriculum for lifelong learning is necessary. As this research will argue, traditional curricular models cannot be applied to lifelong learning as these only embrace formal learning which usually unfolds within a classroom setting. In direct comparison, lifelong learning embraces all of formal and informal types of learning and may be defined as a continuous process of learning, autonomous and directed, formal and informal, theoretical and practical.
    Following a review of the implications of lifelong learning and a clarification of the meaning and structure of curriculum, this research will argue that while lifelong learning does not need a curriculum, it does need a model.
    As broadly defined by Knowles (1980, p.25), adult education is “a set of organized activities carried on by a wide variety of institutions for the accomplishment of specific educational objectives,” and Rachal (as cited in Merriam &amp. Brockett, 1997) described the workplace as “a major force in the changing nature of adult education” (p. 151). Darkenwald and Merriam (1982, p. 9) defined adult education as “systematic and sustained learning

    Major Components of a Cover Letter

    What is most important to highlight as you briefly overview your skills?
    The most important highlight would be emphasizing skills that enhance one’s strengths and core competencies above the rest of the applicants vying for the same position (Ferrett, 2002). The skills set should perfectly match the professional skill requirements stipulated for the position. For me, dedication and the mental strength to never give up on education after several years of inactivity is a characteristic that employers want to see. Likewise, I am also partially blind. but this would not preclude me from pursuing desired positions that exhibit my competitive advantage.

    What are one or two accomplishments you can add to your cover letter? Give an example
    One or two accomplishments that can be added to one’s cover letter could include (1) proficiency in foreign languages. and (2) cultural awareness through travels abroad. These accomplishments would be most useful in positions requiring cultural awareness needed for a diverse clientele and for specified international assignments. Likewise, these accomplishments would be considered plus factors for positions that require competencies in other languages due to the need to communicate effectively to diverse clients from other racial or ethnic backgrounds.

    The Public Health Infrastructure and the Status of World

    Discussed below is an agenda that Afghanistan can apply to improve the health situation. The various applicable programs in Afghanistan are. Meeting basic health care wants, mainly in rural regions, putting up primary health infrastructures, planning and monitoring, endorsing research and methodology progress, control of contagious diseases, national free health systems, protecting defenseless groups, meeting the town health problem, decreasing health risks from ecological effluence and hazards, and meeting basic health care wants, mainly in rural regions
    The Afghanistan government should aim towards food security, with priority sited on the eradication of food contagion. inclusive and sustainable water plans to ensure secure drinking water and cleanliness to prevent both chemical and microbial pollution, and endorsement of health teaching, vaccination and provision of vital medicine (Wright, 2009). Education and proper services concerning responsible setting up of family size, with value for religious, cultural, and social ways, in keeping with liberty, self-esteem and personal principles, and taking into consideration cultural and ethical considerations, also add to these activities.
    The Afghanistan Government and the local system, with the endorsement of pertinent non-governmental organizations, as well as worldwide organizations, in the luminosity of countries precise conditions and wants, should reinforce their health area programs, with particular attention to achieving the following.
    (i) Establish and strengthen basic health care systems that are realistic, community-based, logically sound, socially suitable and appropriate to their wants and that meet vital health needs for safe food, clean water, and sanitation
    (ii) Endorse the application and strengthening of methods that develop harmonization between health and related segments at all suitable

    Critically analyzing The Shame of the Nation

    He deals with this policy as if it is just a punch line in an advertisement which seems very attractive apparently, but actually it is not the truth. Similar is the case with this policy. It seems to be a very strategic and economical policy designed to give appropriate education to every citizen. In reality, it is just educating a small part of the population and depriving the majority from it. As a result, all that is given to society is deprivation and discrimination, which pollutes the healthy sociological values and harmony (Gupta, 2005).
    The way in which this article has been written is such that the writer is not at distance from the students who are badly being affected by the policy. In fact, Kozol starts the article by telling us what the students told him in their letters written to him about what facilities they are provided with and from which they are deprived of. It shows that the writer was in direct communication with the young students. Therefore, it is not a hypothetical article based on mere imagination and fantasies. Instead, whatever Kozol has condemned, he had enough evidence and reasons for that.
    If we critically analyze this article, it is evident from the title that the writer is going against the state or authorities. The use of the word “shame” indicates that something highly condemnable is prevalent. The severity of the word shows the extent of injustice to the students of the Bronx who have written letters and complained to Jonathan Kozol. In addition, in the title, the writer has called it a shame of the whole nation, and not of just one institution of the country. He has generalized the concept of shame for all the citizens of the country, because children are the future of the nation and it is the duty and responsibility of every citizen to do whatever is possible to ensure the prosperous living

    An Analysis of Advertising

    What is more, in accordance with Steinbeck, material well-being and financial security are among the most things for Americans, on which they depend a lot even though they regard themselves as independent, self-sufficient and self-reliant. Furthermore, among the characteristic features of Americans is the inconsistency of their behavior and their tendency to “function by paradox”, which means that they themselves cancel their rules and habits by introducing new ones (Steinbeck). Finally, Americans live in accordance with the American Way of Life despite the fact that nobody can give a clear definition of what constitutes it and what it means.
    In this very paper, the way the commercials reflect the traits of Americans will be analyzed. More specifically, the correctness and usefulness of illustration in understanding the characteristics of Americans will be touched upon. For this purpose, five particular traits have been chosen from the article by John Steinbeck. Among them are the following ones: Americans’ tendency to act excessively (“for the most part we are an intemperate people”), being dependent on money (“we are complacent in our possessions, in our houses, in our education. but it is hard to find a man or woman who does not want something better for the next generation”), being good to unknown people (“Americans are remarkably kind and hospitable and open with both guests and strangers”), having a belief in self-sufficiency (“we believe […] that we have inherited self-sufficiency and the ability to take care ourselves”), and being charitable in case there is spare money (“if we have enough gold – we contribute it back to the nation in the form of foundations and charities” (Steinbeck). For this purpose, five commercials have been chosen: Audi commercial, a commercial that presents new contract option from T-Mobile,

    Piaget and his theory

    1) Explain Piaget’s view of… In understanding the patterns of cognitive development in infants and children, and how families and teachers affect their development, the contributions of Jean Piaget (1896-1980) hold a very significant importance. Piaget’s main focus has been on the cognitive organization of the knowledge which includes the effect of physical or mental perceptions on individual’s actions. This paper discusses how Piagetian concepts help us explain changes in cognition.
    Two year old Gabrielle cries when she does not find her mother in the bed when she wakes up. Three year old Sam hugs his father when he brings him a toy. Five year old Mike learns about animals when his grandmother tells him stories of how his grandfather spent a day in the jungle. This emotional attachment with the caregiver plays a great role in the changes in cognition right from infancy.
    Adaptation is achieved through:
    Assimilation. Six month old Michelle has built the schema of grabbing an object and thrusting it into the mouth. She grabs her favorite toy and puts it into her mouth. Having that schema built, she grabs her mom’s spectacles and thrusts them into her mouth. One year old Bob has built the schema of animals as a four legged moving object. Whenever he sees a dog, he knows that it is an animal. This is called assimilation that changes the cognition by applying one schema to different objects.
    Accommodation. When Michelle grabs a big rubber ball, she will use her old schema of grab-and-thrust, but this time she will not be successful. So, she will adapt her old schema to, may be squeeze-and-dribble, in order to deal with the new object. Also, when Bob sees a car, he tries to fit it into his old schema of animals, but he adapts his schema to four wheeled vehicle when he sees that car is not like a dog. This adjustment of old schemas to suit new objects is called accommodation.
    Equilibration is the concept which Piaget defined as balance between assimilation and accommodation (Berk &amp. Roberts, 2009). Michelle learnt how to balance between assimilation and accommodation by applying earlier knowledge of grab-and-thrust and altering behavior to adjust new knowledge of squeeze-and-dribble.
    Children combine existing schemas into fresh, complex informational structures. For example, two year old Bobby has built the scheme of flying objects as objects that fly high up in the sky. He, then, assigns the subordinate classes of birds and airplanes to the super-ordinate class of flying objects. This helps him understand information faster. Three year old has the scheme of buildings as structures made of cement and bricks. He assigns houses and schools to this bigger scheme to organize the information.
    Case study
    Seriation is the 7-12 year old child’s ability to sort objects according to common properties, such as size, color, or shape. When nine year old Adrienne helps her father build furniture, this experience facilitates her advanced performance on seriation. For example, when her father teaches her how to order wooden sticks according to length. what items belong to the tool box. how many nails are needed to fix two boards together. and, how to order wood slabs with respect to weight, such lessons will help her gain advanced skills to solve seriation problems. For example, when she grows up, she will know how to organize her wardrobe. how to arrange books on her bookshelf. how many milk packs are there in a carton her mother usually buys. and, what should belong to her makeup box.
    Berk, L. &amp. Roberts, L. (2009). Child Development (3rd Canadian Ed.). Toronto: Pearson Education.

    Sentencing incarceration

    Sentencing and Incarceration Sentencing and Incarceration Introduction Several purposes of sentencing and incarceration have been identified. these purposes are regarded as rehabilitation, deterrence, incapacitation and revenge. When the purpose is to rehabilitate, policy makers make sentencing policies in a manner to change the attitudes of criminals so they can once again be a part of the society. When the purpose is to incapacitate, policy makers make sentencing policies in such a manner so that criminals do not become a part of the society and they remain away from the society as they pose a threat to the society. When revenge is the purpose, policies are made while keeping the notion of an eye for an eye in minds.
    No matter what ever the purpose of a particular sentencing policy is, the main aim of all policies is to deter future criminal activity. For example: rehabilitative polices are created to educate and change the mental setup of criminals so in future they do not commit crimes. Similarly, in the case of incapacitation, policy makers keep criminals for prolonged period of time because they believe that they can deter crime by keeping criminals of the streets (Ritchie, 2011, p.7). Even in the case of revenge, policy makers make criminals pay heavy amount of fines and even assign corporal punishment with the intent of ensuring that due to the fear of heavy monetary fines, criminals will not commit crimes and punishments such as corporal punishment will deter those who have an intention of committing future crimes.
    If I would have been in the shoes of a policy maker and had the authority to make sentencing policies, my policies would have been driven by the purpose of deterring crime. My policies would be backed with both forms of deterrence including general as well as specific deterrence. Policies that are made with the aim of specific deterrence are those due to which a criminal is banned or stopped from committing future crimes.
    To serve the purpose of specific deterrence I would create sentencing policies that would keep criminals for a longer period of time depending on the severity of the crime. Plus I would implement rehabilitation techniques such as providing psychological assistance and education to criminals so their criminal mind set can be altered and they have enough education to pursue careers that would deter them from the path of crime. Similar policies can be applied to serve the purpose of general deterrence. the prolonged period of jail time would be a lesson for upcoming criminals that if they commit a crime they will be banned from the society for a longer period of time (Vincent, 1994, p.3).
    Different purpose of sentencing policies includes revenge, rehabilitation, incapacitation and deterrence, but the main aim of all sentencing and incarceration policies is to deter crime in a specific and general manner. By using deterrence as the purpose of sentencing, current criminals can be stopped from future crimes and their behavior can be altered so they can once again be a part of the society. By using the same purpose, future criminals can be stopped from committing crimes and having a criminal intent.
    Ritchie, D., &amp. Victoria. (2011). Does imprisonment deter?: A review of the evidence. Melbourne: Sentencing Advisory Council.
    Vincent, B. S., Hofer, P. J., &amp. Federal Judicial Center. (1994). The consequences of mandatory minimum prison terms: A summary of recent findings. Washington, DC (One Columbus Circle, N.E., Washington 20002-8003: Federal Judicial Center.$file/conmanmin.pdf

    Social Interaction by Jody O’Brien

    In the assessment of the doubts get created in the mind by the partisanship of the of mentality. Thus, the mind discerns what is of interest to an individual and conceptualizes it as the truth. The only way of proving the objectivity lies in inter-subjectivity, and this is purely subject to various interests pursued by individuals or certain common interest groups. In the event, when several entities carry out a reporting on an issue in spite of their error prone interests, there is a tendency of endorsement of their reporting. The reporting usually gets affirmed to be real, objective, factual, true and existing (O’Brien 37). The truth gets manipulated for this reason by agreement since consensus drives the acceptance of issues as true. In this sense, issues can easily get considered as true as long as interests focus on accepting that the matters at hand are true. In the same way, specific interests have the potential of making individuals stick to certain views that may be untrue as true issues. Interest, for this reason, is the major determinant of developing views about issues to be either truthful or untrue.
    In my observation, the contentions of the writer are agreeable. Personal interests are very powerful. Our interests influence ways of discerning issues around us and acting on the issues as evidenced by specific decisions we make. For instance, some individuals believe that going to college is a source of huge liabilities while others believe that attending college is a source of a bright future. With these two varying interests, some people pursue education while others seek jobs in place of college education to circumvent liabilities associated with advanced schooling.
    Work Cited
    OBrien, Jodi.&nbsp.The Production of Reality Essays and Readings on Social Interaction.5th ed. Sage Pubns, 2010. 35-39. Print.

    Incivility and Resolution Using an EthicalReasoning Tool

    Incivility in Healthcare Incivility in the area of nursing is regarded as activity of bullying that arises among nurses and their colleagues. It takes place between nurses that work at the same level, between nurses and their managers and nurses and their students in different healthcare organizations. (Chitty, 2011, p.335).
    Example 1: A nurse was working on certain patient’s paper work in a healthcare institution and was tapping her pen on the table. The manager came to her and shouted on top of her voice while informing her that sanctions will be levied on him/her if he/she did not stop tapping the pen. The nurse experienced embarrassment as there were a lot of other nurses and around (Clark, 2008).
    Example 2: A nursing staff member was shouted at loudly in front of all other nurses during a training session for nurses working in a healthcare setting. As a result, the nursing staff member started focusing on coping strategy instead of focusing on the lecture being taught.
    Example 3: During a meeting between the head of different departments of a healthcare setting, the Nursing department’s head raised his hand to provide insight regarding the issue being discussed. He was not acknowledged and his gesture of raising hand was ignored by the director of the healthcare institute.
    The National League for Nursing has devised a toolkit to counter issues such as incivility in healthcare settings (NLN, 2013). This tool kit has provided with several ways through which various concerns of healthcare settings can be resolved. The toolkit deals with issues such as compensation and benefits, leadership, healthcare setting’s environment and leadership.
    Chitty, K. K., &amp. Black, B. P. (2011). Professional nursing: concepts &amp. challenges (6th ed.). Maryland Heights, Mo.: Saunders/Elsevier.
    The Healthful Work Environment Tool Kit. (n.d.). National League for Nursing. Retrieved July 21, 2013, from
    Clark, C. M. (January 01, 2008). Student Voices on Faculty Incivility in Nursing Education: A Conceptual Model. Nursing Education Perspectives, 29, 5, 284-289.

    Suicide as an Ideation Gestures or Threats

    Accordingly, one of the most common psychiatric disorders associated with suicide is major depression (Gliatto &amp. Ria, 1999) and suicide among the elderly is likely to happen in the context of a depressive episode. Depression is identified as one of the most powerful independent risk factor associated with suicide in old age (Connor et. al., 2011) and is known to increase the risk of suicide by 15 to 20 times (Hawton, 2009). Furthermore, it has been found that depression rates are higher among women than in men, which is congruous with the case study. Other psychiatric conditions associated with suicide are substance abuse, schizophrenia and psychotic disorders.
    Research suggests that genetic factors are highly related to a particular person risk for committing suicide. According to Reiss and Dombeck (2007), The offspring of individuals who have attempted and completed suicides have an increased likelihood to commit the same behavior themselves. Therefore, suicide “runs” in the family. In addition, it has been found that dysregulation of the Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) axis (mechanism responsible for coping with stresses over time) can develop following traumatic events or chronic stress, and has been linked to severe depression and suicidal behavior (Reiss &amp. Dombeck, 2007). This supports the large body of evidence that dysfunctional neurotrophic signaling might be involved in the pathophysiology of suicidal behavior.
    The prevalence of illnesses later in life contributes to the common assumption that the occurrence of physical ailments plays a significant role in suicide risk later in life. According to Hawton and Heeringen (2009), poor physical health and disabilities are associated with suicides.
    Suicide is consistently associated with social factors and age-related life events especially among the elderly. Lack of supportive social network and religious participation as well as family disputes, low level of education, financial difficulties and sense of loneliness greatly increases the risk for suicide (Connor, et. al 2011).

    Why I Choose Seneca College to Study

    A host of factors necessarily greet when he/she attempts to make the choice between which educational is best suited to his/her needs. This was much the same when I attempted to locate the college or university which would best speak to my individual scholastic interests, needs, and desire for personal and professional growth. As a result of each of these factors, I have chosen Seneca.
    Firstly, with respect to the look and feel of a large university, this provided the necessary stepping stone I require to acquaint myself with the full-scale university experience. Similarly, I am also attracted to the small university setting and/or feel due to the individualized attention and intimate settings that such an approach necessarily invokes.
    As a result of these factors and the needs that I have sought to fulfill within my own personal development as a student, I have selected Seneca College as it provides me with a means to satisfy each of the above determinants that I have listed as well as providing a superior education within the majors that are offered.

    A better way for the US to give foreign aid

    A better way for the US to give foreign aid
    US should give more to foreign aid that focuses on giving education. At present, the United States ranked only second to last with a meager $2.3 million in its total donations, just ahead of Romania. The United Kingdom has given $676 million, and Australia has given $149 million. Its donation for education can surely have a huge impact in alleviating poverty in that parts of the world.
    Education is the best way to reduce poverty. When one invests in education, the recipient will be able to learn skills that would enable them to make a living and provide a better future for their families, communities and the countries in which they live.
    The economic yield in investing in education is real. For each additional year of school among children, the gross domestic product of a certain country can grow by 0.37 percent. Also, when secondary education is increased by 10 percent higher than the average rate for the population, the risk of war is reduced by around 3 per cent.
    If access to education also will include young girls and then it would engage in promoting their rights and welfare, also have positive results. Infant mortality rates fall and surprisingly, even crop yield increases. This could be due to the fact that there will be more people who will till the land to produce more crops. And when there are more crops that will be harvested, families will have more income that would end their poverty.
    Foreign donation on education is a wise use of foreign aid. Unlike in traditional aid where it will only provide temporary relief, the benefit of getting children educated is more permanent. In a report, it is said that if all students in low-income countries left school with basic reading skills, 171 million people could be lifted out of poverty. And that is only teaching children to read and already 171 million are lifted out of poverty. Imagine what more if those people are educated through college. At present, there are still 57 million children who are yet to complete primary school. This is the best global investment the US government can make because there are still millions of children waiting to be educated and lifted from poverty.
    US should think long-term and shift its aid focus to education. Instead of engaging in wars that kills people that is not theirs, it would be better to channel their aid to education. Its cost is not as much as financing a war and the yields are tremendous. So in effect, the money that they will give will not be thrown into nothing but will in fact grow with the lives of the recipient getting better. On a long-term, conflict also reduces when people get educated. So US can view educational aid as a means of ending conflict and not just getting children to school. Its benefits are huge and it does not cost much compared to financing or meddling in a pointless war that kills people.

    The Importance and Impact of Training and Development of Employees

    Training and development do not come cheap, but in a competitive commercial environment, a failure to realize the human potential within an organization can be very costly. Training and development are not only the responsibility of the organization but also of the individual employees. Given that training and development require an investment by both the individual and the organization, an investment that can be measured in both financial and time terms, it is important that both partners receive value for money. It is also important to note that training and development do not occur in an organizational vacuum – they should be linked to the overall goals and strategies of the organization and to the life goals and strategies of the individual.
    In this paper, I will endeavor to define what organizations, specifically the Human Resource Department, mean by training and development, and how these processes impact the organizations’ performance and success. Towards the end of this research stories of three recognized international companies that have shown success and growth through recognizing the importance of investing in training and development will be discussed.
    In order to understand how training and development benefit an organization’s performance and success, concepts relating to training and development need to be discussed first. These concepts that will be covered in this section of the paper are learning, training, development, education, coaching and mentoring.
    Learning is the process by which behavior and attitudes are changed. One of the major debates in child development and education has been on the question of how much behavior is innate and how much is learned – the ‘‘nature or nurture’’ debate.

    Health and safety law

    The employee who is injured can also through the civil courts seek damages, compensation due to injuries caused. This is done under the civil law area like occupier’s liability and negligence (Rosalyn, 2014a: 9).
    The verdict of the lord of Artkin to Donogue vs. Stevenson case in 1932 can be used to act as precedence. He propounded that, “You must take reasonable care to avoid acts or omissions which you can foresee would be likely to injure your neighbor…” (Rosalyn, 2014b: 5). In Jane’s case, therefore she should go forward and sue the Local Education Authority. This is because they didn’t avoid the increase in the number of children in the class. In the same sense, the employer would have prevented the grievances through adding an additional staff as a protective measure. In Sam’s case, he should not sue his employee since the negligence was on his part when it comes to his injury. He didn’t put on the protective gears despite the head teacher having commented about the same in several occasions. Mr. James is in a position to sue his employer on the basis that the act of Poppy made him break his arm. The head teacher is a representative of Local Education Authority thus making an act of negligence by the head teacher transferable to the Local Education Authority. The fact that Poppy was invited by the head teacher makes her the head teacher’s responsibility and her negative acts therefore can be summed up to be negligence on part of the head teacher. This is based on the fact that the “duty of care is established as one belonging to the employer to take reasonable care for the health and safety of his employees.” (Rosalyn, 2014b: 5).
    Jane’s and Mr. James’ case can also be based worth suing in terms of the scope of study. For Jane’s case, the employer would not provide for competent additional staff (Rosalyn, 2014b: 6). For Mr. James case, there was no efficient

    Article Assignment

    Introduction The whole concept of the rehabilitation of juvenile delinquents by means of extending faith and community based services is praiseworthy. The significance of introducing such services that tend to make the youths morally and socially conscious has far reaching impacts in making them have a positive approach to life. In this respect it should be mentioned that both, faith based and community based services are part of the same program that caters to similar ends. But there is a difference between the two in their general approach to youth related issues and especially in their respective areas that they are to deal with.
    Difference between faith based program and community based program
    The basic difference between the two service types is that while one taps the spiritual and religious sensibilities of a child or youth the other tries to awaken or breed social and moral responsibilities.
    The faith based services are planned out with a certain perspective and that is to help the youths regain their faith and at the same time being permitted to practise the faith he wants to (Evaluation Review, p 125). The main intention of emphasizing on faith based program is to cultivate in the delinquents spirituality and also to develop in them a positive and elevated state of mind. It would not only make them self-composed but also make them emotionally mature. To this end youths are to be provided with mentors who would give them the required guidance, support and most importantly encouragement. However, while extending faith based services there must not be any kind of pressure or manipulation to convert the participant into some other faith (Evaluation Review, p 125). One must enjoy complete freedom in choosing one’s faith. The main purpose is not limited to preaching didactic stuff but to develop inner conscience and self awareness or realization among the youths so that they can lead a good life within society.
    The community-based services are secular in nature and focuses on areas like strengthening family bonding and practising secular exercises like thinking for a change and character education (Evaluation Review, p 122). The community based services are for those youth participants who have chosen to be put under a secular mentor. The emphasis of the community based service curriculum seems more to be on developing finer sensibilities to appreciate and value relationships and family. Such a service also teaches the social skills like adaptability, acceptance and the ability to reach out. In accordance with the conceptual planning relevant activities to be performed by the participants are also fixed but due to irrevocable problems that range from limited funds to infrastructure loopholes those cannot be implemented.

    Suitable program to reduce recidivism
    The community based programs are palpable while faith based programs are a little abstract. The former type deals with concrete and evidence based services. Moreover the components that make up the services like character education and motivational interviews have clarity of purpose. Whereas in faith based programs no specific goals or content of the service to be delivered are said to be mentioned. It can be assumed that recidivism could be brought under better control by community based program more than faith based program. However, there is an exception to this. One who truly believes in the concept of faith benefits from it (Evaluation Review, p 148-149). After all it is deep faith in one’s religion that acts as the anchoring force and makes one confident.
    As both the programs are meant for children and young people it is important that children can relate to them. This is more so for faith based programs as the whole concept of faith would probably be incomprehensible to those of a tender age unless it is brought to their level of understanding. Therefore both the programs call for realistic and concrete guidelines and proper infrastructure to reduce recidivism. The objective of each program is to make life meaningful to the juvenile delinquents and children in general. As a result the services too must be intellectually and physically graspable to them.
    Work Cited
    Lane, J &amp. Lanza-Kaduce, L. ‘Before You Open the Doors: Ten Lessons From Floridas Faith and Community-Based Delinquency Treatment Initiative’. Evaluation Review, 31. 2007. 121-152. Retrieved on 16th March 2009 from

    Newspaper Articles Summary

    Newspaper Articles Summary Newspaper Articles Summary Summary of the article New York Times article “Why our Children don’t think there are Moral Facts”, by Justin Mcbrayer.
    Mcbrayer begins his article by saying that in the contemporary world, many college students do not believe in moral facts, but they view moral values as mere opinions that are not true or are true relative to a culture. Mcbrayer refutes the claim that the main reason why many college students do not believe in moral facts is because of the philosophers who advocate for moral relativism. Mcbrayer argues in the article that the attitude of viewing moral claims as mere opinions among college students cannot have originated from the philosophers because young people have the attitude of viewing moral values as opinions even before they enrol in colleges. For that reason, Mcbrayer says that root cause of this attitude must lie somewhere else but not in the philosphers.
    Mcbrayer argues in the article that the attitude of viewing moral values as mere opinions that are not factual lies in the education system of America, particularly in the curriculum. Mcbrayer says that his research on the topic made him to realize that children are taught, from very tender age, to view moral values as being mere beliefs or opinions. Mcbrayer goes on to argue that children are taught that a fact is a claim that can be evidenced, on the other hand, an opinion is a claim that cannot be evidenced or proved. For this reason, Mcbrayer argues, children are taught to view all moral claims as being mere claims and not facts. For his reason, according to Mcbrayer, children develop negative attitude against moral values and the view moral values as being untrue claims. Mcbrayer claims in the article that the dichotomy of facts and opinions in the curriculum in American schools accounts for the reason why American children think that there are no moral facts. Mcbrayer concludes his article by saying that moral values are indeed facts and not mere opinions. for Mcbrayer, a belief or an opinion can be true. For this reason, moral values are indeed true claims and for that reason they are facts and not mere opinions.
    A critical view of Mcbrayer’s views in this article shows that Mcbrayer is right in his view that moral values are facts and not mere opinions. This is because, although, we cannot give proof or evidence of moral values, there are many other things in life that we cannot give evidence of and yet we hold them as truth. Since moral values help human beings to live well and to maintain human dignity, moral values are indeed facts and not mere opinions.
    Summary of the New York Times article, “My Own Life”, by Olive Sacks
    In this article, an Oliver sack laments the fact that she is suffering from the cancer of the Oliver. Despite the fact that Oliver’s life is coming to an end soon because of the cancer, Oliver, is quite grateful to God for the fact that he has lived quite a long time, Oliver was 72 when he was diagnosed with the cancer of the liver, and he lived up to age 81. Oliver was quite grateful that, despite being diagnosed with cancer at age 72, he managed to live a healthy life of productivity before his condition deteriorated.
    In this article, Oliver says that he chose to live fully the few remaining months of his life, rather than get distressed about the inevitable approaching death. In supporting his view that it is better to live a happy and productive life for the few remaining moths in his life rather than sink into desperation and frustration, Oliver quotes his favourite Philospher Sir David Hume. On learning that he was about to die at age 65, David Hume wrote his autobiography in a single day entitled “My Own Life”. In the autobiography, Hume expressed his gratitude for life and he also expressed his desire to live happily and productively for the few remaining time in his life. Oliver says in the article that, he has in fact been luckier than Hume because he has been able to live 15 years more than Hume. Oliver concludes his article by expression his optimistic attitude of life and his desire to live happily and productively in the few remaining months of his life.
    A critical view of Oliver’s Sacks article shows that Oliver Sacks was a man who valued human dignity. This is because, despite the fact that he was about to die, Oliver expressed his determination and his optimism to live happily and productively. This fact shows that Oliver Sacks was a man who valued living with dignity.

    Mcbrayer, J.P. “Why Our Children Don’t Think There Are Moral Facts”. New York Times.
    2nd March, 2025.
    Sacks, O. “My Own Life”. New York Times. 19th Feb., 2015.

    Community College Districts The LACCD

    The Mission of the Education Support Services Division is to provide District and its colleges with strategic support by providing them with the information, assistance, and guidance necessary to achieve their mission and goals.
    &nbsp.LACCD also receives income from property tax, Federal funds, lottery funds, local revenues such as donations, fees on commercial or residential construction. special elections for parcel taxes and interest on investments.
    &nbsp.Each year, the action plans derived from these goals and objectives are evaluated and reported to the Board to determine, which activities have been the most effective in moving the LACCD forward. In addition, the action plans will identify a district strategic plan (DSP) objectives that will require additional effort. These reports inform the Board’s annual goal-setting process, which in turn shapes college and district planning priorities and initiatives. The DSP is evaluated and revised every six years. Diagram 2 in the list of appendices depicts the relationship between the District and the college-level-strategic planning and budgeting in the LACCD.
    &nbsp.In gathering perceptions about the District from the various focus groups, the SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) technique was used for collecting this information by breaking down the responses into four broad categories.

    The History of Crime in North Kentucky

    “Arrest inspired Newport to end ‘Sin reputation.” Accessed 8Th April 2014. &lt.
    The source gives an account of Ratterman being a victim of the “Sin City’s” daily ongoings during his time, which is a secondary source. In this study, it will serve the purpose of narrating one of the examples of the 1960s that involved pioneers who embraced the mandate of changing the city’s reputation. I am not agreeing to the circumstances that surrounded Ratterman claiming to have been drugged and found himself in such a compromising situation with a dancer. Reason for declining the version Ratterman’s account is due to the then period’s involvement of government officials into funding and strategically backing varied organized crimes.
    Barker, Thomas, Gary W. Potter &amp. Jenna Meglen. 2008. Wicked Newport: Kentucky’s sin city. Charleston, SC: History Press.
    I am strongly convinced based on the content of this source it will be helpful in my paper. This is because I will use it to elaborate on how the government played a significant role in enhancing crime and crime’s role in the development of Kentucky’s history led by a corrupt government. I do agree with this primary source due to its relevance information that is also evident in other similar sources more the image source, which depicts utter pretence and effort by securities in curbing organized crime.
    Lindorff, Jim., Klein, Roy &amp. Trapp, Larry. 2012. “When Vice Was King: A History Of Northern Kentucky Gambling 1920-1970.” Accessed 8Th April 2014. &lt. &gt. In this secondary source, authors trace the history of crime in N. Kentucky with much emphasis on bootlegging operation. Hence, being relevant to the field of study that I have chosen whereby I believe the source will be helpful in backing varied historical arguments about justice and crime. This is because it will act as a historical source starting from the 1920s up to 70s, whereby the latter encompasses the scope of the study’s focus. I do concur with the content outlined in this study, which ranges from prostitution, bootlegging operations to other vices that enhanced crime like corruption on the part of government officials. This is especially to those charged with the role of ensuring security.
    Messick, Hank. 1995. Razzle Dazzle. New York: AMEREON Limited.
    In this primary source, Messick presents a real account about an organized crime whose operations were in N. Kentucky. He outlines its rise, power as well as ouster, hence giving essential information about criminal history and compromised justice that fueled it. This source will be essential in expounding crime activities that occurred during the early 1960s in Kentucky and extending towards 1980s though its narration seems more of fictions than a reality despite agreeing with it.
    Morgan, John, L. “Gambling raid in Newport, police booking and thumb printing in a bookie joint.” 1958. In Website. 9Th April 2014.
    This is a photo showing booking and thumb printing process by security officials. In this primary source, it exhibits one of the normal acts put in place meant to curb the then heightened crime rates thus acting as a proof of how the situation was. I do think this source will be essential and helpful in trying to prove the then security alertness despite characterized by heightened rates of organized crimes. In addition, I do agree with the photo’s depiction of the then rate of crime though securities in this image seem not taking any chances despite crime being at its peak. Despite these measures, the rate of crime during continued to increase because of rampant corruption.
    Royer, Jennifer Baugh. "A Dark Side of Dixie: Illegal Gambling in Northern Kentucky, 1790– 2000." Texas Christian University, 2009, (accessed April 8, 2014).
    This dissertation, which acts as a secondary source traces the history of illegal gambling in Kentucky and other accompanying vices like prostitution as well as the corruption that led to the branding of this region a vice center. The source gives a chronological account of how gambling started from a loosely managed vice up to well funded and organized syndicate by even influential people in the government. In comparison with other sources, this secondary reference will aid in backing varied arguments in the study I will be undertaking concerning their origin and organization. Based on the content compiled in this dissertation, I do agree with authors due to its relevance with others besides having adequate details meant to relay information concerning N. Kentucky crime.
    Wallace, James. Oral History Interview with George W. Simmons, Jr. &amp. Henry Sanders. Kentucky Historical Society.
    This interview outlines varied topics starting from urban destruction of a working-class by the urban renewal process where political influences were playing behind the scenes. The interview also addresses other region’s factors including deplorable housing conditions, race relations, prostitution and African American capacity of education whose compromises led to the then bootlegging, gambling as well as other vices. Hence, the primary source will be essential in highlighting the utter condition of Kentucky of which its information I totally agree with it since its source is from the first hand of those who have resided in the region and witnessed.
    Williams, Michael L. "Sin City Kentucky: Newport, Kentuckys Vice Heritage and its Legal Extinction, 1920–1991." University of Louisville, 2008, (accessed April 8, 2014).
    In this secondary source, its core focus is on criminal justice thus aligning with the field I have chosen for my study. I agree with the author’s content based on the way he chronicles crime periods in the history of Kentucky to the recent past when the government with the aid of some officials decided to initiate a lasting change.

    Health and social care Understanding Abuse

    ng child abuse, difficulty in detecting child abuse since a time there are no scars or marks left on children’s bodies among others (Hoyano &amp. Keenan, 2010). This work is about stipulated policies and legislations with regard to child abuse. It also focuses on the relevant professionals responsible for reducing child abuse in the society as well as the hurdles or challenges involved.
    There are different types of child abuse in the modern society. However, all child abuse is associated with emotional problems in their lives. It is a child’s right to appreciate and enjoy protection from parents or guardians. Emotional child abuse is associated with poor mental and social child development. This results from frequent shaming and child humiliations, belittling, negative comparisons, common yelling to children, ignoring a child as a kind of punishment or rather silent treatment, lack of affection to children and threatening or bullying a child. Neglecting children is another kind of child abuse. Parents in the modern world are entirely engaged in their careers to an extent that they do not have adequate time for their children as required by the law.
    Some parents do not cater for their children’s needs like clothing, food, shelter, food, education, security and others. This is the most kind of abuse in the current generation since the majority of parents are physically or emotionally impaired to offer such needs to their children (Starr, 2003). Furthermore, it is difficult to detect since parents have different financial abilities to cater for their childs needs. Older children rarely show the external signs or indications of neglect. Some are forced to play the parenting role to feed and shelter them. Physical child abuse includes body harms and injuries to the child. Extreme or severe caning and beating to children may result to bruises and wounds on a child’s body. Punishments should be in accordance with a child’s age and health condition. Child sexual

    Who I am

    My migration to the United States was a significant event in my life. Although I took some time to adjust to the new culture, I gradually started feeling at home. I started seeing the merits of the American values. I also greatly admire and enjoy the freedoms that the citizens are entitled.
    I have a total of 8 siblings – 3 brothers and 5 sisters. I am the youngest of them all. We are a closely knit family. My mother took the sole responsibility of raising all of us, in the absence of my father. My mother struggled hard to keep the family afloat and it is to her that I am most indebted. Her hard work had paid off and we are all successful in our lives today.
    I do not have any friends. However, my extended family provides me with all the warmth and companionship that I require. I cherish the moments of love and care that I shared with my brothers and sisters. Being the last child of the family, I was particularly well looked after by everyone.
    Some of my brothers and sisters live in different parts of the country. But we are in regular contact and the distance has not diminished our mutual concern. My mother especially enjoys visiting all her children scattered across this expansive country of ours.
    I am married and have two children. The elder one is Theresa, who is 3 and half years old. The younger one is Alicia, who is 17 months old. I have a very supporting husband who can understand and relate to all my concerns and worries.
    My children bring such joy into my life. I am keen on providing them with quality education and all the assistance and guidance to fulfill their potentials. My husband and children are very dear to me. My well being is directly connected to my family’s wellbeing. This is another motivation for my getting professionally qualified.
    On successful completion of this course on Radiology, I would be eligible to seek a job as a Radiologist in a hospital laboratory. The

    Motiation Questionnnaire overview Draft

    Motivation Questionnaire Overview Questionnaire for Deriving Elicit Information about Human Motivation in a Work Situation Dear Respondents, The survey is conducted for an assignment at Franklin University. Your responses would be immensely valuable to derive required understanding about the aspect of human motivation. It would require around 15-20 minutes of your time and your answers would be kept confidential. Thank you for your cooperation.
    Questionnaire for Respondents:
    Please tick accordingly:
    1. I am a Male
    2. Please Specify your Age:
    Below 20
    21 to 30
    31 to 50
    Above 50
    3. Please Select your Education Level:
    Primary Level
    Secondary Level
    Graduate Level
    Post Graduate Level
    4. Please Specify your Marital Status:
    5. Please Select your Income Range Accordingly (per month):
    Less than US $1500
    Between US $1600 to $3000
    Between US $3100 to $4500
    More than Us $5000
    6. Kindly mention your Job Position within the Organization
    7. According to you among salary, job position and job security what element motivates you the most in the organization? Please Specify Any One.
    8. According to you what are the aspects that you would like to change within the organization among work schedule and work culture? Please Specify Any One
    9. If you were one of the members of the top level management of the organization what among changes in work schedule, work culture, remuneration structure and reward recognition would you like to change? Please Specify Your Option.
    10. According to McGregors Theory X and Theory Y, it has been stated that an average human being tends to innate dislike for work and would elude it if possible. Do you agree with the stated statement? State Yes or No.
    11. Theory X and Y also states that people are inherently selfish and they must be drove, controlled and directed along with threatened with punishment in order to fulfill the organizational needs and goals. Do you agree with the statement? State Yes or No. ___________________________________________________________________________
    12. It has been stated that aspects such as bonus and incentive help in motivating an employee. State Yes or No.
    13. Do you think that a lack of proper training and recruitment process at times results in poor performance within the organization? State Yes or No.
    14. Has there been any recent changes in the working process and working culture within the organization that have affected the motivational aspects within the employees? State Yes or No
    15. According to you, is the top level management of the organization taking effectives measures to motivate the employee through providing rewards, recognition and better work place culture?. State Yes or No
    Please select the aspect you think is the most appropriate one according to you:
    Completely Agree
    I am Not Sure
    Strongly Disagree
    16. Salary Increments Given to Employees who Perform their Tasks Very Well Motivate them
    17. Financial Incentives are Superior than Non-Financial Incentives for Motivation
    18. Good Working Condition Also Acts As A Motivation Generating Factor
    19. Visibility with Top level Management Often Motivates Employees
    20. Do you Find Opportunity for Growth in the Organization
    Source: (StatPac Inc., 2013. Brown &amp. Suter, 2012).
    Thank You!
    Brown, T. J., &amp. Suter, T. A. (2012). MR. The United States: Cengage Learning.
    StatPac Inc. (2013). Qualities of a good question. Retrieved from

    People really need go to college to learn

    her people should head towards colleges and campuses in order to seek knowledge or same can be done even if they say goodbye to the typically educational environment of a classroom involving a well learned scholar and students. It also explains on what grounds people should stay on the decision to continue going to a campus or college and not be thwarted by the opposite forces which could block the way to mutual learning. Though college education is seen as the key to a facilitated life, Murray argues about traditional way of learning saying that one’s individual intelligence should be seen as a potent indicator of success than college grades and though “young people need some training after high school, but pursuing a bachelors is a clumsy, ineffectual way to get the training they need” (Murray, cited in Marklein).
    Critics of going to school to learn suggest that though great educational accomplishments could be achieved with the help of fellow students’ and professors’ combined help and support, still learning should never be thought of as a process which could be limited to schools, colleges, or universities especially in the present times. Today there are so many live blogs, high profile lectures, and educational tips available on internet that any thing desired to be noticed is literally at finger tips of a student. One word is all that needs to be typed in the Google search bar and next second, thousands of links are readily available to be checked out so that latest realities concerning a subject could be unfolded by those links. All critics of traditional learning which involves getting education formally in a proper setup are actually against the traditional or conventional concept because it is a common practice among many parents and students to waste wads of cash after colleges’ or universities’ names and so they pay more attention to the college’s name than on a student’s individual personality. It is an undeniable reality that a


    Traditional methods of teaching and assessment are increasingly being questioned in the light of self efficacy – a factor that has not been taken into consideration previously in assessing learning outcomes but which is becoming more and more relevant in today’s educational context. According to Fullan (2001), “leading in a culture of change is about unlocking the mysteries of living organizations.” On this basis old and established systems of education are increasingly being found in need of reform. Structural reforms have been mooted in the educational system, in order to bring about changes in teaching and learning practices (Cohen, 1995).
    The E 2020 computer program has been designed for the use of special education students in high school. It consists of computerized lessons and tests and each student works individually on these programs. The use of technology as an aid to learning, especially for high school, career oriented students has been shown to result in positive payoffs in terms of enhancing student achievement at several high schools.(Readers Digest 2002). The use of computers enables students to take responsibility for their own learning and thereby enhances their self efficacy, producing better results in terms of achievement.
    These aspects must be taken into consideration by teachers in order to enhance self efficacy of students and maximize the potentially beneficial effects of using the E 2020 computer program to enhance student achievement.
    The first aspect identifies the importance of addressing the concerns of the minorities within a majority setting in order to ensure that they are able to develop self efficacy. This would require that differences need to be accounted for and addressed. As an example, the theories of Michael Gurian have highlighted the fact that boys are not faring well under the current educational systems and

    Oppositional Defiance

    This is exactly what transpired with the counselor who was handling Paul. She expected the good behavior presented during their initial week of interaction would continue, which prospectively will allow the child to interact with other children in a normal manner. However, this has not been the case and she became more concerned as the child’s behavior became more violent and disrupted over the next few weeks (McKurdy, 2009).
    Upon analysis of the case scenario, there were some plausible approaches which the counselor may have carried out in order to effectually deal with the child’s behavior. Moreover, the following pages will discuss some legal and ethical issues when the counselor agreed to isolate the child when he displayed disruptive behavior (McKurdy, 2009).
    First, there were some questions posed by the author at the end of the case study. The first question was if the educational needs of the child were met by the behavioral treatments given by the school administrators and the special education teachers. From my perspective, the educational needs were definitely not addressed adequately to meet the individual needs of the child. There was an excerpt where the counselor, upon the recommendation of her supervisor, placed the child on timeouts or isolation whenever he turned violent or disruptive. The child even had to spend a whole day in isolation, not being able to learn or participate in class. This punishment has even more damaging implications because the child over the next few weeks spent more time in the isolation room rather than in class (Mckurdy, 2009. Knoster, Wells, &amp. McDowell, 2007).
    The second question pertained to her referral to her supervisor regarding the abrupt behavior change of Paul. The current system employed by her organization and her supervisor strictly adhered to a behavioral modification approach. As a fresh graduate who may be

    My Learning Experience

    Much attention is paid to the fact, that the enterprises which implement corporate social support achieve bigger dividends than those who are not attentive to this side of the public activity. Due to these facts, corporate social responsibility achieved much popularity for the last years and is widely practiced by both the authorities and workers. The next point of my analysis is the division of the article into several parts. My article contains the description of three main parts: the process of implementation of corporate social responsibility, the examples of companies which support this process, the participation of public authorities in it. After the division of the article into three main parts, I do the thorough analysis of each of them.
    The process of implementation of corporate social responsibility depends on the level of activity and imagination of the enterprise. The actions of the members of the team and working staff constitute fifty percent of the success. Thus, the main task of corporate social responsibility is to provide the comfortable working and living conditions for those who are involved in the functioning of the enterprise and their investments in the outdoor problems. Volunteering is one of the best ways to help others and raise the prestige of the company. For this reason, a lot of employees think over such strategies as education and knowledge (assistance to local school children with literacy), investments into the projects of environmental protection, providing child obesity charity, employment packages, free language workshops, and so forth. The ethical attendance of the members of the enterprises into these projects provides them high popularity among the customers and good relations with them.
    Further on, I concentrate my attention on the second point of my plan – the examples of companies, which support corporate social responsibility.

    What Methods African American Used to Get Equal Treatment

    African-American leaders and organizations armed themselves with traditional and non-traditional methods of activism and engagement with a unified call for freedom, justice, and equality. They sought good opportunities through lawsuits and labor organizations their aim was to end racial segregation through legal mechanisms and lobbying. Their best moment was the legal victory (Brown vs. Board of Education 1954) where the Supreme Court refused to separate white and colored school systems.
    The African-American leaders utilized the constitution guarantees and protections of the fifth and fourteenth amendments to overcome the prescribed second-class lifestyle that was largely enforced and accepted way of life among Africa-Americans. They used a host of intra-community resources and tactics which picked up through the use of. marches, sit-ins, bank-ins, protests, freedom rides, and boycotts. These strategies that relied on the principles of non-violence radicalized a country comfortable with the use of violence and intimidation to keep the African-American in place.
    The first phase of the African-American protest began in December 1955 when Rosa Parks from Montgomery, refused to relinquish her seat to a white passenger on a bus. In so doing, she had defied the southern custom that required black passengers to give the white people seats that were towards the front of the bus. She was subsequently jailed and the boycott of the city buses’ commenced. Martin Luther King Jr. led the protest that lasted for more than a year.
    The boycott demonstrated the unity and determination the black community had to press for equality. This inspired other black community. even the advocates of the liberation viewed the black freedom struggle in global terms, as a movement for human rights and national self-determination for all.

    The Core Curriculum Beyond Tourism

    The argument is based on the grounds that the soul of the entire system would be taken away if done so. Woollard (1996) carries out the argument for a standard curriculum to deal with a crisis of accountability witnessed in higher education. This would enable the public to compare curriculum across disciplines, institutions or degrees. Without such standard curricular content, the public would be denied the basic right to do so. He further engages in a discussion of how the three key issues that are the open-ended nature of higher education, threats for academic autonomy and bureaucracy, presented against such core curriculum can be addressed. Using France and Germany as successful examples, he shows that their national curriculum upholds academic autonomy in not being a straight jacket but specifying discipline-specific qualifications. Also, bureaucracy is minimized by emphasizing outcomes over processes and by clearly specifying them. However, Fletcher (1996) argues that the purpose of higher education is to train the minds to think effectively, which would enable students to learn better.
    ­Squires (1987) observes that specifying what needs to be included and developing a curriculum for a vocational disciple from such specifications could be theoretically possible. However, translating market needs and job requirements directly into curricula is not always possible in practice (Squires, 1987). He goes on, to sum up, that incessant dissatisfaction, constant struggle and skillful maneuver for positions, and negotiation characterize vocational training, and that these will never be resolved due to the multiple demands on the curricula that are inherently present. Moreover, such curricula are also subject to criticism as being extremely narrow or broad, short-sighted or old fashioned, and rigid or unrealistic.
    The desire and need for a core curriculum&nbsp.have been a focal point of argument in vocational and professional disciplines too. To illustrate, in the UK, the Association of Business Schools is has been developing a core curriculum at the national level in order to help check standards (Baty, 1997). In 1977, the first major study in the area of hospitality management was carried out (Johnson, 1977) and is under regular review (Messenger, 1992).&nbsp.

    Supporting Exceptional Students in an Inclusive Class

    Being a teacher is truly a challenge.&nbsp. To help a young learner reach his potentials and make something out of it is the fulfillment one derives from such hard work.&nbsp. Such a challenge and feeling of fulfillment are felt more when a teacher is tasked with helping students in an inclusive classroom.

    It also touches on specific legislation that supports children with special needs as well as support from the family, the school, and special devices that can help exceptional children cope better in an inclusive environment.

    It would be fitting to begin the discussion with a definition of terms that may be confusing to a reader who is not familiar with special education concepts since some terms may be easily misinterpreted. A disorder is a general disturbance in mental, physical, or psychological functioning (Hardman, Clifford &amp. Egan, 2008). More specifically, “LD is more than a difference or difficulty with learning — it is a neurological disorder that affects the brain’s ability to receive, process, store, and respond to information” (The National Center for Learning Disabilities, 2010). Disability is more specific than a disorder and results from a loss of physical functioning (such as a loss of sight, hearing, or mobility) or from difficulty in learning and social adjustment that significantly interferes with typical growth and development. A handicap is a limitation imposed on the individual by the demands in the environment and is related to the individual ability (Hardman, Clifford and Egan, 2008).

    Exceptional Students may fall under two general categories. One is the category of Giftedness while the other category is of Learning Disabilities. The definition of giftedness in the Marland report was stated as: "Gifted and talented are those … with demonstrated achievement and/or potential ability in … (a) general intellectual ability, (b) specific academic aptitude, (c) creative or productive thinking, (d) leadership ability, (e) visual and performing arts, and (f) psychomotor ability." (Cooper, 1995).&nbsp.

    Human Resource Development in the United Kingdom

    It is necessary for the professional stage to have skilled people with the required talent. It can be made possible to obtain such skill by buying them from outside the organization. that is, recruitment. However, it is also possible to achieve this by training and developing the present employees.
    Human Resource Development (HRD) is a planned approach that is used in order to invest in human capital. The reason that HRD is important is that one of the most essential factors for the development of a successful industry in the UK happens to the investment is skills. It draws on other human resource processes, for example, resourcing and performance evaluation, so that the real and probable talent can be recognized. HRD presents a structure for self-development, training courses, and career progression so that an organization’s future skill requirements can be met.
    In order to respond to a restriction against the job market, there should be human capital development in the form of education and skills training. It is possible that some skills are scarce even when there is high employment. Newswire Today reports that in 2007 a report was issued by the British Chambers of Commerce (BCC) entitled “UK Skills: Making the Grade”. This report was based on a survey of over 300 employers. According to this report, 55% of the employers who were evaluated are finding it more difficult to employ skilled workers now as compared to five years ago. In order to deal with this problem, in the same year, the UK Government announced a major expansion in skills investment for England of over £11 billion for each of the next three years. Total spending on learning and skills is likely to increase to £12.3 billion a year by 2010/11. This compares with the £6.5 billion spent in 2001/02 (Department for Innovation, Universities &amp. Skills, n.d.).&nbsp.

    The Semiotic Method Two Advertisements

    Every cultural activity for the semiotician leaves a trace of meaning, a kind of blip on the semiotic Richter scale, that remains for us to read, just as a geologist "reads" the earth for signs of earthquakes, volcanoes, and other geological phenomena” (Maasik &amp. Solomon). This paper is a semiotic analysis of two advertisements with reference to aesthetics, ideology, and intended audience. The selected advertisements are for Prototype and Overlord II.
    Before moving on to the actual analysis, it would be worthwhile to review the importance of such an analysis. Differences in culture, education, social status, personal outlook, and other relevant factors can result in a particular image being interpreted in various ways. Moxey is of the opinion that “semiotics makes us aware that the cultural values with which we make sense of the world are a tissue of conventions that have been handed down from generation to generation by members of the culture of which we are a part” (Moxey 61). Hence one culture may interpret an image in one way while a different culture will see it in a totally different way. An advertisement showing the picture of a man playing bagpipes and a quilt will represent Scotland to those aware of the dress and the instrument. For others, the picture will only show a man wearing a skirt and playing some sort of instrument.
    In that sense, there can be a lot of ambiguity in how a picture or any other object is interpreted. This has been taken to the extreme by the paintings titled, ‘The Treachery of Images by Rene Magritte. One of the works depicts a smoker’s pipe with the caption, ‘Ceci n’ est pipe’ meaning, this is not a pipe. As Chandler writes, “as our minds struggle to find a stable, meaningful interpretation, we may not be too happy that there is no single.

    Home School versus Public school

    The popularity of homeschooling had escalated over the last decade. According to the “National Home Education Research Institute” (NHERI), a staggering 1.5 million people in America are home-schooled ever since it was first legalized during the 1900s. (Moitozo, 7)A child would not lack social skills nor would the child be afraid to associate themselves with others. Homeschooling does not mean a child would be contained in a house and isolated from the world. As a matter of fact, every child needs to be educated physically, such as participating in sports. The parents would provide a form of physical education by enrolling the student in a basketball team or even a dance studio. During this time, the student would have time to associate themselves with other children.

    A lot of individuals believe that because of a lack of deadlines and pressure in the home school setting, learners become habitual of taking less amount of pressure. Which causes individuals to be more attracted to doing business. Because of the lack of interface with their peers, students at home have fewer amounts of social skills and a smaller amount of practice in working as a team that makes them unable to work collectively.

    A lot also believe that home-schooled learners usually have more amount of spare time, but they do not seem to engage in as many activities to utilize their spare time effectively. Due to this, they become unable to manage their time and cannot practice working in pressure in terms of deadlines. Moreover, they do not get a chance to have a life out, they become unable to experience a lot, which makes it more difficult for them to survive actively in society.

    A large population believes that Home schooling deprives individuals of acknowledging all the various types of choices and opinions that others can offer. They get in-touched with their parents only. hence they get a limited amount of awareness and understanding. Eventually, they turn out to be clones of their own parents.

    Use of Self in Field Placement

    There are scientific interventions like value education, the perception of these interventions would again depend on the experience through which a person has come through.

    Walters (2010), in his article on ‘An Introduction to Use of Self in Field Placement’, has cited the case of a social work student who was able to produce remarkably superior quality field reports. The reason that the author cites for this is that the poorer socioeconomic situation of the student which helped him to draw experiences from himself and apply himself while preparing the reports. Further, Dewane (2006) has emphasised on the need for integrating knowledge, values, and skills with life experiences for being an effective social worker. Thus the personal experience of a social worker will add genuineness and authenticity to social work practice. A social worker will be able to connect oneself more to the social issue with added personal experience. In general, experiences will influence one’s world view. However, a social worker must be able to analyse a social issue from different perspectives. It must also be ensured that personal experiences do not lead to views which are biased.

    Investment Strategy and Portfolio Management for Morris

    In the modern world, there are a number of avenues that promotes itself as an investment avenue and promises to generate varying returns for investors. Means of investment have grown larger to include new avenues like gold, real estate, commercial papers, commercial deposits, mutual funds, etc. The advantage of investing in a pooled investment vehicle is the size of investment. A pooled fund has a larger corpus than an individual investment and hence can utilize a broader opportunity of investment. Any investment fund needs to have its objective, based on which it decides the avenues of investing. Another important determinant of the fund is the risk appetite of the investors. A fund must have a pre-decided risk-taking ability so that the asset allocation can be decided. There are certainly other factors that need to be taken into consideration such as the required liquidity, the maturity period and the tax considerations (Davis &amp. Steil, 2004, p.52-55).

    The charitable fund created by a group of investors to generate wealth in order to pay for the educational expense of the children of the investors has a lock-in period of 5 years. The fund, in its very essence, appears to be a moderate risk-bearing fund in the sense that it needs to ensure the availability of funds for the educational purpose of the investor’s children. Currently, the members of the investment committee are apprehensive of withdrawals of the corpus exceeding the inflow of funds by a margin of 3% in the next five years. For the sake of analysis, it needs to be assumed that the cost of higher education will be rising and hence the need for funds will keep on rising as well. The main purpose of the fund should be to ascertain that the difference between fund inflow and outflow does not get misbalanced in a way that it jeopardizes the very existence of the fund.
    The investment environment post-financial crisis has remained all across the world and the UK has been no exception to this.

    Why do want to be a teacher what experiences have led you to wantto teach in a highneed school in New York City

    I want to be a teacher for several reasons, the first being my own educational experiences. Elementary school through my higher education I had the opportunity to have outstanding teachers, along with the occasional ghastly one. The ghastly ones faded from my memory leaving only a few anecdotal impressions. However, the exceptional teachers have remained with me vividly. The memorable teachers’ lessons have been ingrained into what I am today. I want to guide and inspire students like my former educators have down with me and my fellow students.
    The second reason I want to be a teacher is to help students before they reach a crisis level. During my work as a social worker/therapist, I have encountered many troubled adults. Some adults I have encountered experience mental issues, economic deprivation, or little education. Somewhere along the way, the system failed these individuals. If one of their teachers had attempted to identify their problems, instead of just passing them on, maybe these individuals would have different lives. I want to be able to help troubled children from the beginning, instead of having to deal with adults when it is too late.
    I know that I am only human. The only effort I can make is my best one. However, I feel that if I impact one, just one child, then the decision to become a teacher would be vindicated. I want to be a positive influence shaping the future, instead of picking up the pieces of the past today. Instead of solving yesterday’s problems, I want to create tomorrow’s solution.
    My experience of being a social worker has equipped me with the educational, emotional, and intuition necessary to teach in a high need school in New York City. I have dealt with issues relevant to high need students. I have provided therapeutic intervention services to children, adolescents, and adults using individual, family, and group therapy. I have assisted and formed group counseling for children and teens in the areas of self esteem, peer managing, and anger management. These experiences have made me prepared to work in a high need school.
    Another reason for wanting to teach in a high need school in New York City is my own personality. I have always be a fighter for the underdog. Minorities, women, the wrongly accused, and other individuals down on their luck have always made me want to fight for their rights. I have always wanted to even the odds for the underprivileged. Many politicians and others spout the rhetoric every American student should receive the same quality of education. Bill Clinton wanted to banish private schools on his first election tour speeches. However, when he reached Washington, Chelsea Clinton was enrolled in a private school. The standard with which our children are educated should be the same. The same quality of teacher that teaches in private schools should also be found in public schools. In an effort to even out the odds, I feel the need to teach in a high need school. I want to be able to give a good education to a student that does not have the money or prestige. All students should be able to have a good education.
    Finally, I feel prepared to take on the challenge of teaching in a high need school. I am ready to fulfill my destiny of being an educator. I have never felt more ready to deal with students than I do today. My former educators have been an inspiration for me. I want to influence positively students in order for them to achieve their dreams. Presently, I am satisfied in how my life has turned out. I want to pass on that satisfaction to another. The only way I feel I can pass on satisfaction is by teaching. The only way my life can become better is fulfilling my teaching dream.

    Colonial Legacies and Economic Growth

    On Colonial Legacies and Economic Growth Robin Grier d that “the length of colonization is positively and significantly correlated with economic growth” (p. 64) and that “the longer it was held by the mother country, the better it did economically in the post-colonial era” (Grier, p 65), meaning that “time is positively and significantly related to economic growth” (p. 65). I agree with Grier on all these points. Longer colonization time means a longer time for the colonists to train and teach the natives. Together with the length of time, the kind of rule they practice is also a big factor to post-colonial growth and development. This includes the kind of education and the way they educate the natives. I agree with Grier’s statement that education is an important component of growth and development. It will result to a more educated population capable of assuming the roles and responsibilities of governance that will eventually be in their hands once independence is achieved. The British approach of involving people in the development of their communities such as teachers belonging to the tribe (p. 66) and relying on the natives to run the colonial civil service (p. 67) means they have considered the natives’ views regarding how a community must be handled and ruled. Also, by letting some of the natives become teachers, it did not seem that they were dictating how and what education should be like which resulted to the natives becoming more accepting of the new ideas and knowledge that they learn from the colonists.
    Work Cited
    Grier, Robin M. " Colonial Legacies and Economic Growth," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 98(3-4), (1999) pages 317-35. Print.

    Reading Questions

    The Know-Nothings was a movement against immigrants that surged during the middle of the 19th century. The Know-Nothing was originated because the members of the group when asked about the secret organization were supposed to reply “I know nothing”. The Know Nothing eventually evolved into a political party known as the American Party in 1854. This party did not last long and within a couple of years the party was dissolved. One of the key issues that brought internal combustion within the party was discrepancies over the slavery issue.
    The United States should not pass any laws that forbid in any way, shape, or form the access to immigrants to student visas. Education is the foundation of our current global economy which is driven by knowledge. Many Americans enjoy the privilege of obtain student visas to study in renounce universities outside the United States. Student visas foster professional development by allowing foreign people to study in the United States. The knowledge economy of the 21st needs more people to sacrifice themselves studying in order to improve themselves. There should be any imposition on student visas and the government should create new mechanism to make it easier for foreign student to stay in the US once the graduate. There is a shortage of talent in the US, thus keeping these professionals contributing to our economy once they graduate is in the US best interest.
    Based on the assumption that immigrants created cost for US taxpayers a remedy for this situation is to create a special tax bracket for illegal immigrants so that can contribute to our fiscal situation. Another way for immigrants to contribute to our economy is by creating special programs in which immigrants would have to volunteer their time free of charge to contribute towards social causes. Another way to generate income towards the national economy is to place a price on visas. For example a visa can cost a person $10,000. the money would not have to be paid up front in order to eliminate discrimination against poor people. The immigrants would have to pay the fee by working legally in the United States while their visa is valid. These strategies would be independent of the criteria to become a legal resident.
    There are differences between the immigrants now and the immigrants from a century ago. A100 years ago the United States was not as populated and it actually needed the immigrant labor to meet the demand for jobs. Nowadays the US economy is not even able to create jobs for its own residents. The current unemployment rate in the United States as of July 2009 was 9.4% (Mckenzie &amp. Baribeau). Another key different between the current immigration and the immigration in the 19th century and early 20th century is the place of origin of immigrants. Back then Europe was the primary source of immigrants. In today’s reality Latin America, Asians, Europeans, and Arabs are four of the primary groups that are coming to America.
    If the claim that 10% of the Mexican population is living illegally in America, then this issue is a problem. It is a social-economical problem for America. The Mexican community that is illegally in our country is not getting the basic health and social services they deserve as human living in the land of opportunity. If the claim is true our economy is also being helped by this occurrence. It is likely that a lot of these Mexicans are working in low paying agricultural jobs that American citizens do not desire. This helps our economy. The problem has to be solved at the macro level. The United States should increase its foreign investment in Mexico in order to help out their economy so that so many Mexican do feel that their only alternative for survival is crossing the border.
    Works Cited Page
    Mckenzie, M., Baribeau, S. 7 August 2009. “US jobs report spurs stocks.” 8 August 2009.

    A Critical Analysis of Ideology In America by Christopher Ellis and James Stimson

    Porrit also says that both the left and the right form an underlying super-ideology. By this, they mean to say that capitalism and communism have a similar goal and, when conjoined, form an indestructible force that sees to change and development in many areas of society. The similarities between the politics of the left and of the right are more than the differences and society should dwell on the similarities. They call the super-ideology industrialization, which, he says, is the machine of progress (Ellis &amp. Stimson, 2012).
    Conservatism is an aristocratic ideology given the many similarities between them. Conservatism advocates for the preservation of the best in society with an opposing view on the effecting of radical changes. This is the same view held by the philosopher Aristotle in his teachings and presentation of ideologies. He advocated for a good education with the order in society without radicalism. Another similarity between the two is that both ideologies require the election or nomination into the power of leaders who are capable to handle issues of the society in a sober way.
    Conservatism has nine schools of thought under it. They are liberal conservatism, conservative liberalism, libertarian conservatism, fiscal conservatism, green conservatism, national and traditional conservatism, cultural and social conservatism, religious conservatism, and progressive conservatism. The one thing differentiating one form of conservatism from the other is that, while they all focus on influencing politics, each has its own approach to how the best in society should be preserved. As suggested by the names, the various forms of conservatism apply the doctrines and principles of a given social structure such as religion and liberalism to conservatism.
    According to conservatives, the human is nature is greatly flawed but with the potential of being pure and perfect. They are of the opinion that human beings are selfish and their choices are often flawed.

    Make up Journals

    If the economy remains in a recession for an extended period of time then it will significantly impact people like me in terms of getting a job. In order to have a successful career, it is important to secure a job that has many opportunities for promotion or career extension. The debt ceiling is growing higher every year, and it will affect my generation the most because we will have to deal with it in the long term.
    As a college student, I understand the need for taking out student loans to pay for tuition fees. Education is a really important sector of society, so there needs to be a way to encourage as many people as possible to go onto higher education. If student loans are unaffordable, then this will impact on me and my peers’ ability to pay them back in a short space of time. As a knock-on effect, this will restrict career growth and ultimately lead to a workforce that lack experience and qualifications.
    The United States was founded on immigration, and the issue is just as relevant today as it has been throughout the history of this country. As an immigrant myself, I want to see immigration laws relaxed so that it is easier for foreigners to emigrate here. With many of the baby boomers retiring, there will be a space in the job market, and it will be up to immigrants to help fill this role. I understand what it is like to leave one’s own native land and move to a foreign place full of expectation. In the coming years, the issue of immigration will only become more important, so it is important that the politicians place a high priority on it.
    Finally, for my generation the issue of climate change will be very important because of the long-term implications that it can have for the globe. The effects of Hurricane Sandy show that global warming is only going to get worse in the coming years, so the politicians need to create a clear policy on how to deal with the issue. My generation will have to face the consequences of actions

    Multiple grading

    Multiple Grading Affiliation: s in the education sector strive to offerboth teachers and students a favorable environment for interaction in order to enhance the teaching and learning experience. The ultimate concern for stakeholders in the education sector is the success gained through the implemented education programs and systems. A critical factor in this line is the skill and knowledge level realized by the students in the process of studying and learning. The students’ knowledge and skill level is measured by the various grading methods that individual institutions employ in evaluating the ability, achievement, and performance of the students.
    Multiple Grading accounts for both ability and performance in determining the grade earned by the student at the end of the semester (Jung &amp. Guskey, 2011). The student progressively earns points from numerous activities that constitute the grading system under multiple grading. In this respect, the final grade of the student is determined by a number of activities that sum up the student’s academic performance and efforts in the course work. This grading system goes beyond the normal standardized practice that evaluates the performance of the student based on passed and failed tests.
    Multiple grading has numerous advantages that influence students differently. The most outstanding factor in this line is that the abilities, achievements, and performance of outstanding students in a certain course work are rewarded accordingly. As a result, it enhances student relations that enable students to interact in manner that they can assist one another during the coursework, without necessarily jeopardizing individual grades at the end of the semester. On the other hand, this mode of grading enables teachers and professors to interact with their students even more in order to be in a position to adequately grade a student as the semester advances (Marzano, 2006).
    The evaluation process is not necessarily based on the set academic standards in terms of passing coursework tests. The efforts that students portray in the process of learning are rewarded. Through multiple grading, points that will constitute the final grade are awarded on numerous areas that assess the overall potential of the student across learning and gaining knowledge and skills. As a result, students do not only depend on tests for their grades, but also on the attention and efforts they accord to the coursework and the learning experience.
    While multiple grading seems to be a comprehensive mode of grading students, some professors avoid it altogether. The reasons of doing so vary from one professor to another, but the common denominator is that there are measures, policies, and standards to comply with. This form of grading is avoided where knowledge and skills gained through the academic processes are critically based on student performance. Performance variables are not defined the same in every education institution, thus the reason why some professors avoid multiple grading (Benediktsson, Kittler &amp. Roli, 2009).
    Whether multiple grading is ethical or unethical is determined by the set policies and standards of student performance in regard to passing and failing grades. Students’ abilities and academic performance vary, and so do the efforts accorded to the course throughout the semester by each student. Taking these variations into account is necessary in regard to the fact that no single student enrolls to a program for the purpose of failure. In this respect, multiple grading is an ethical grading practice.
    Benediktsson, J., Kittler, J. &amp. Roli, F. (2009). Multiple Classifier Systems: 8th International Workshop, MCS 2009, Reykjavik, Iceland, June 10-12, 2009, Proceedings. New York: Springer.
    Jung, L. &amp. Guskey, T. (2011). Grading Exceptional and Struggling Learners. New York: SAGE Publications.
    Marzano, R. (2006). Classroom Assessment &amp. Grading That Work. New York: ASCD.

    Malala Yousafzai and Her Leadership Style

    41000 The author of the paper tells that Malala Yousafzai was nominated for the Nobel peace prize in 2013 and 2014, winning it in the latter year, and becoming the youngest noble winner. In her push in promoting education for the girl child, she has exhibited several leadership styles. The three main leadership styles are discussed to better understand her style and her influence on the society. Malala Yousafzai can be seen practicing both participative and laissez-faire style of leadership as she is involved in promoting girls education through social media and other news channels. She is actively involved in the process, and she takes every opportunity she gets to pass across the message. Democratic or Participative leadership seeks to obtain cooperation of workers in achieving organizational goals by allowing them to participate in decision-making. It does not relieve the leader of his decision-making responsibilities of his power over subordinates, but it requires that he recognise subordinates as capable of contributing positively to decision making. Laissez Faire Style (Free Reign) does not depend on the leader to provide external motivation but, the workers motivate themselves based on their needs, wants and desires. They are given goals and left on their own to achieve them. The leader assumes the role of a group member. Her actions portray her as a strong-willed woman who does not relent on her goal no matter what challenges come her way. She faced death threats from the Taliban but she did not give up on her mission to advocate the girl child education. She wrote a blog on the issue without fear of the threat she had received. This resulted in an attempted assassination that failed. She recovered from the injuries sustained with increased vigour to promote girls education on every platform she had.

    Migrants and Rights

    The Constitution of the United States gives the members of the U.S.A the right to acquire education and healthcare.The Immigration Reform and Control Act in the US was followed by the introduction of many anti-immigrant bills. These bills made it much more difficult for undocumented immigrants to acquire services. In California for instance, an extreme measure was taken to disqualify undocumented immigrants from acquiring healthcare and education. This measure led to other states taking up the similar measures. This measure was aimed at reducing the population of immigrants in the states as less people would be willing to move into regions where they cannot acquire critical services such as healthcare. Moreover, through attacking this vulnerable group of immigrants, the California state made the living conditions for immigrants in the region worse thus this may have led to some of the immigrants moving back into their state of origin.
    Employees have the right to form unions that would advocate for their interests for instance increase in salaries and better working conditions. Undocumented immigrants majorly acquire employment in labor intensive sectors. These include agriculture, food processing, garment production, transportation and domestic services. They tend to acquire less benefits and fewer rights. Immigrants find it difficult to fight for their rights through forming unions to strive for better pay because they may acquire sanctions from their employers which make it difficult to acquire future employment.

    $100 Laptop by John Quelch

    He needed investment in one million at a time by a nation in Laptop and including all expenditures, the price tag could go to $ 200 million to $ 250 million. Negroponte decided not to venture into production until he has firm commitments from governments to buy at least five million machines outside the USA. Competitors were increasingly lowering their product prices with no such restriction.
    The real issue was the shift in technology. The emerging markets were likely to be wireless-centric rather than PC- centric. Hence it was more viable to distribute internet enabled cell phones to children for education rather than trying to built and distribute Wi-FI enabled mesh networks with donated or subsidized Laptops as was being done by OLPC. The problem was of disruptive innovation and market evolution.
    OLPC is facing many different challenges and varied situations both internally and in the external environment. In the table below is the list of the few most relevant and important facts concerning OLPC.
    SWOT analysis is the most effective tool that provides the framework for the analysis of the business environment. It is considered more effective because, in a way, it combines the Porters five forces with the PEST analysis. It requires careful prioritization of strong opportunities and threats. Wrong selection may lead to weaker opportunities and threats coming in the analysis. SWOT analysis provides both internal and external analysis and provides a critical analysis of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. It helps organizations in developing its strategies like SO that emphasizes on utilizing strengths to capture the opportunities. WT strategy focuses on minimizing weaknesses and threats. ST strategy focuses on using strengths in minimizing threat whereas WS strategy is focused on minimizing weaknesses while focusing on strengths. In the same way, opportunities can be utilized to minimize weakness WO and threats OT depending on the strategy of the company. (Gerry Johnson, 2008).

    International Monetary Fund

    What do the terms “flat world” and “spiky world” mean
    Flat world means due to improvements in technology, every sector both commercial and non-commercial have a level playing ground. Spiky world implies that people live in a world where discrimination or bias is the order of the day.

    2.&nbsp.The IMF is a firm or organization of more than 180 countries working together to attain a world monetary cooperation. World Bank is a global source of technical and financial assistance to the third world or developing countries.

    3. Time-space compression” is one definition of globalization. What does it mean?
    It means different things to diverse people but the most vital aspect is the economic dimension of globalization, which has led to opening up of economies to global competition, giving room to ideas, goods, capital, and people to interact and move freely between countries
    4.&nbsp.Free market, justice to all people, and personal freedom are elements of neoliberalism. It relates to the Washington consensus in the sense that it encourages economic policies that aimed to reform and repair the damaged economies of third world countries.

    5. Why does Jeffrey Sachs think extreme poverty can be eliminated, and why do the makers of the movie The End of Poverty? disagree with him
    He thinks so because via education and government accountability poverty can be eliminated but the movie End of Poverty disagrees because corruption and poor policies to eradicate poverty do not exist. In sum, the government is not committed to eliminating poverty.

    6. In Paul Collier’s The Bottom Billion, what are the “four traps” and how do they keep countries stuck in poverty
    The gaps include human trafficking, lack of education, overpopulation and corruption. These gaps make leaders in developing countries fail to take responsibility for their actions.

    7. According to Collier, why has globalization left the bottom billion behind?

    8. What is R2P and why is it controversial
    It is a belief that nations that they have the responsibility to protect its population and resources. It is controversial because states have failed to protect their population which has resulted in murder and massive atrocities.

    9. What is ODA, and how can it help Africa
    It means official development assistance. It can help Africa via funding of various projects such as infrastructure and education.

    10. What impact has Invisible Children had in (A) the United States and (B) in Africa?
    In the U.S, it has ensured that every child has attended school while in Africa it is trying to call for the government to enroll more children to schools.

    A Plan for a Position as Vice President for Human Resources

    41000 According to Wytenburg, “the Vice President of Human Resources/HR Director is responsible for establishing the company’s personnel base (employed and otherwise) and ensuring this base is adequate and appropriate to its strategic and operational needs. This role will often involve such things as career coaching and organizational development, leadership planning and development, and the planning and delivery of training and education.”According to Wytenburg, “the Vice President of Human Resources/HR Director is responsible for establishing the company’s personnel base (employed and otherwise) and ensuring this base is adequate and appropriate to its strategic and operational needs. This role will often involve such things as career coaching and organizational development, leadership planning and development, and the planning and delivery of training and education.”As the Vice President for Human Resources, the scope of the responsibilities encompasses five functions: job organization and information, acquisition or recruitment of personnel, maintenance, development, and research on human resources. The vice president is tasked to supervise, control, and direct the overall implementation of personnel policies while his or her managers and staff take care of specialized personnel functions. The specific and technical duties of a vice president are complex and multifarious in terms of performing general management functions in relation to top management and to the human resources department personnel. Detailed Roles and Responsibilities The detailed responsibilities of the position require knowledge of human behavior and human resources management in organizations. Thereby, the five general functions mentioned above are herein presented in detail as the scope of responsibilities of a vice president for human resources: Job Organization and Information.

    Changes in the Latest Federal Budget the US

    Client’s 22 June 2009 The President of the US is responsible for presenting federal documents to the US Congress and the same gives anaccount of the funding recommendations for the following Fiscal year, this funding includes all major expenditures and the same is called as the Federal Budget. This paper will expansive present the current budget changes requested and the position will either be defended or refuted.
    Several changes have been made in the latest Federal budget. one of the most significant changes has been the cancellation of family payments. The same will severely affect the people who earn less money, the US government will save a lot of money by taking this step, instead of giving the money to poor families the government will keep that money intact using it for other purposes. There has been a lot of hue and cry about the same and it is unfair to withdraw support, the poor people must not be left all on their own the government must help them in every possible way.
    “It is also believed that more than one million higher income earners will also be worse off as a result of the Governments changes to the private health insurance rebate, announced in last nights Budget. Under changes to family tax benefit A, from July low-income families earning less than $42,000 a year will lose 35c per week – $18 a year – for each child aged under 12, and $26 a year for each child aged 13 to 15.” (Changes to Family Tax)
    The Budget delivered to the congress is expected to be somewhere around $ 3.6 Trillion. It is also expected that by 2013 the deficit of the US is expected to fall to as low as $ 533 Billion, the current deficit is much higher than what it is going to be in 2013. A very good step has been taken by the government. the government has set aside a whopping amount of $250 Billion to rescue the current recession crisis. This money will mainly be used to bailout several big banks in order to keep the economy functioning the way it used to prior to recession. This money is expected to bring things right back on track. The congress has already set aside an amount of $ 700 Billion for the same and the increase in amount only goes to show the desperation to put an end to the current crisis. Education funding has also been a sector that has hogged the limelight in this Federal Budget. the President has promised to fund the education sector much better than ever. He has promised to strengthen the education sector and this will only help the country rise to unprecedented heights.
    The president is a very ambitious man and he certainly knows his traits well, first and foremost it is very important to put an end to recession so as to ensure that everything is carried out smoothly once again, in addition to this the Federal budget has brought a lot of promise but we have to wait and watch whether these promises will be fulfilled or not.

    Works Cited
    1. Changes to Family Tax (2009). Budget 2009,27574,25472844-5012587,00.html (Accessed on 22 June 2009)

    The Impact of the Information Communication Technologies

    Moving through resources of radio, television, mobile phones, and the internet the deliverance process of media is today even using to their best, technologies like video conferencing and satellite broadcasting. The role that the internet has played to turn itself a popular tool has made it a much-used medium for media. Based on the strength of this medium, many derivative mediums did also come up making media available at the tip of the fingers. The technological advancements did give media a different face by the dawn of the new millennium. By the year 2000, more than 15000 songs could be stored in a small handy device with battery life of 60 continual days. Phone calls with the most of clarity could be made anywhere across the globe using tailor-made software. the personal computers could store tremendous amount of information and the television networks were made available in packages (DAW, 2002). It has been predicted that the growth of technology is to further take media more personalized for its target audience. By the next decade, the media would be targeting the virtual communities which are resultants of web-based technologies. More personalized versions of television services like having access to programs as per the time and wish of the viewer would come in popularity (DAW, 2002). The clear message is that the influence of technology on media is going to grow with time and so would be its combined impact on society.&nbsp.

    Information Communication Technologies are playing a huge role in the educational process of children. Technologies pertaining to media can be well used as medium for education. Access to information in the latest model of media like the internet and customized television packages are very much user-friendly. In this context, the Internet can be used by the students to search for information that would be educative. Many academic modules have been extended through the media especially through the ones working online. This facility would make information available for children to and extend they want.

    Disclosure by Michael Crichton

    His wife is a lawyer and the rich couple stands to become even richer because Digicom is in the process of a merger with a New York publishing conglomerate. This merger has become feasible largely due to the development of a superior software product that is Sanders’ brainchild – Arcamax, which is a stand-alone CD –Rom player that works at the twice the speed of available commercial products, enhancing the vision of a digital future featuring sophisticated CD environments with phenomenal storage capacity and an interactive database environment. Saunders welcomes the merger and envisions a promotion to Vice President of the company as well as lucrative stock options when his division goes public. But the promotion goes to a woman instead – Meredith Johnson, an aggressive corporate type. The justification provided is to improve the representation of women. Saunders agrees to a meeting alone with Johnson, only to discover that his new boss is more interested in rekindling their affair rather than in business. When he refuses to succumb to her aggressive advances, she turns around and accuses him of sexual harassment and Saunders’ “punishment” for this is that he is to be transferred to a division which he is secretly aware of will be sold off soon. Saunders decides to fight back by suing her for sexual harassment and in the process of vindicating himself, also successfully reveals what a manipulative woman Johnson is and how ill-suited to carry out the responsibilities of the position she has been promoted to.
    One of the most significant issues raised in the film is that of sexual harassment. In a recent study on sexual harassment in the U.S. federal workplace that was conducted by Newman, Jackson and Baker (2003), the impact of several variables such as sex, education, marital status, pay grade and job type on sexual harassment were explored and the authors concluded that young, single or divorced female.

    Traditions and Encounters World War 1

    World War The World War began in Europe during 1914 and began to spread rapidly to the other parts of the globe ina span of four years. They also referred to this war as the Great War. A world war is any war that constitutes more than four super power states and military operations in more than one continent. The World War 1 blemished Germany’s Central Powers, Ottoman Empire and Austria-Hungary against the allies. The allies were the Russia, Japan, France, Great Britain, Italy and the United States of America (Bentley, Ziegler, and Streets).
    The immediate cause that triggered the Great War was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand. Franz Ferdinand was the archduke in Austria- Hungary. He murdered by Gavrilo Princip, who was from Serbia. He was ordered to complete this mission by Black Hand. a secret military group.
    The rest were primary causes of the war but were not immediate. One of them was militarism. Britain had an immense army that Germany envied. They began to compete towards building larger armies that meant increased arms and weapons. Need for prestige and power, the more one nation built their army, the more the other governments felt need to increase theirs. In the long run, civilian nations began to suffer heavy taxation to cater for the militants.
    Creation of alliances. This was supposed to bring a sense of security. In any case of war, those countries were expected to protect each other. The alliances were a threat to cause a world war if any country confronted one of the allied countries will cause all the rest to come forward. Imperialism was mobilizing smaller nations a ruling them. Gathering colonies was a way of increasing a nation’s wealth. Global competition for this colonies resulted to major confrontations and chaos (Bentley and Ziegler, Traditions and Encounters. Volume I, From the Beginning to 1500: a brief global history).
    We care about the World War 1 because after the war. women gained more rights in the society than before. They were able to take better roles in the community and do things they couldnt. More job opportunities were created which automatically resulted to improved technology e.g. guns, airplanes, etc. After all, the war had its benefits that are very useful to date (Randall).
    Works Cited
    Bentley, Jerry H and Herbert F Ziegler. Traditions and Encounters. Volume I, From the Beginning to 1500: a brief global history. Boston: McGraw Hill Higher Education, 2008.
    Bentley, Jerry H, Herbert F Ziegler and Heather E Streets. "Traditions and Encounters. :" Volume 2, From 1500 to the Present. Boston: McGraw Hill Higher Education, 2008.
    Randall, Diane. "Memorandum, General Syrian Congress." Memorandum, General Syrian Congress (2013): p.785.

    Growing up in Oman

    Human resource department ensures that there are enough workers in the organization and that all workers are comfortable with their working conditions. It involves a lot of interaction between the human resource management personnel and the workforce, poor relations between these two groups is risky for the company’s output. With the ability Juhaina has to relate to new people, she has the perfect qualifications in this field.
    Juhaina is gifted in multiple fields and an ambitious person. She has great aspirations personally, and career-wise. She started to shine since she was young. she undertook her high school education in Oman where her performance was excellent. Due to the latter, she got a government scholarship, which she admits boosted her morale to study. When asked how growing up in Oman treated her, she states that the challenges she faced growing up shaped the person she is today.
    Oman is a secluded country whereby most Westerners have no idea of its location. It is adjacent to the Gulf of Oman on the Eastern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. Despite its seclusion, it is among the most receptive part of the Arabian Peninsula. It has beautiful beaches and varying scenery that attract tourists who know about it. Juhaina confirms this by stating that growing up in Oman is among the most wonderful things in her life. She admits that at times she is nostalgic and misses the sound of the waves and seagulls as she wakes up. Oman, as she continues to state, is persistent in preserving its culture despite welcoming the Western culture. She quotes a phrase from about Oman, which states that "Oman overflows with riches to tantalize the international traveler complete with rugged mountains, unspoiled beaches, exotic castles, vast deserts, and the friendliest people in the Middle East."

    Ali v Headteacher and Governors of Lord Grey School

    As a result, the school asked the boys to stay away from school till the investigation was completed and Ali was thus excluded from school for successive periods from 9th March to 6th June 2001. Schoolwork was sent to the defendant’s home and he was allowed to sit for his SAT tests between 8th and 14th May 2001. The school then referred the student to the LEA for the continuation of his education with no further work being assigned to the student by the school after 14th May.
    On 18th June 2001, the Prosecution informed Ali’s solicitors that the case was being discontinued for lack of evidence and this was formally executed the following day. The respondent approached the school with his brother and requested re-entry and official notice of discontinuance of the case was received by the school via fax from the Court on 22nd June and the police on July 3, 2001. The headteacher sent letters to the respondent’s parents on 3rd July and 4th July to attend a meeting on 13th July in which all staff members concerned with the students’ reintegration would also be present. The three students were to compensate by painting the damaged room. However, only one student turned up on 13th July and was reintegrated into the school. the respondent, however, did not turn up and neither did his family. They did not contact the school at the commencement of a new term in September and his name was struck off the school rolls in mid-October. The parents contacted the students in early November for reinstatement of the student, which was unsuccessful because having failed to hear from them earlier, the school had allotted the respondent’s place to another student. From 21st January 2002, the student began to attend another school.
    The Pupil Referral Unit of the LEA at Manor House Road offered tuition for the pupil until the end of the current school term on 20th July.&nbsp.

    Why Ivy Tech Why Now

    There are a number of reasons that prompted me to pursue a degree from Ivy Tech. This short personal narrative will help to explain some of the major points that drove, and continue to drive, me towards Ivy Tech in the pursuit of a better life for myself, my loved ones, help to ameliorate suffering through the correct practice of nursing, and the desire to complete personal goals I had set for myself. Firstly, I chose to pursue an education at Ivy Tech out of the desire to better my own life both through hoping to receive a better job with better benefits as well as the desire to better the life that my family would be able to enjoy if I chose this given path. The saying goes that it “takes money to make money”. however, I view the investment I have made in Ivy Tech as the smartest investment and best money spent of my entire life as I am sure that the results of my education will continue to pay for themselves in the years to come. As such, the sacrifice in time and money that I am currently expending will doubtless yield a favorable reward and prove that the decisions I have made were the right ones.
    Additionally, as a parent, I have the innate desire to see my own family succeed and my own children to enjoy a better quality of life than I did. As such, I did not see my life taking this particular path before I enrolled in Ivy Tech. Without pursuing higher education and working continually to better myself for the sake of others as well as myself, there would be little if any opportunity for me to achieve a higher standard of living or quality of life. However, due to the fact that I have enrolled and am currently working towards pursuing a degree, I wholeheartedly believe that I have taken the rights steps in the right direction for the right reasons. In order to realize the American Dream for myself and my family, it was necessary for me to take the first steps and pursue my goals with a decided determination.&nbsp.

    An Automobile Free Society

    In seeking to imagine a world without automobiles, or more specifically the United States without automobiles, there are a number of key factors that would fundamentally shift within such a dynamic. The underlying reason for performing such a discussion is based on the fact that an America without cars is something that must be considered. especially based upon the very real threats to the environment that the current situation exhibits.
    The first and most important adjustment that Americans would need make in order to transition to an automobile-free society would be one regarding the way in which individuals get to work and/or to their place of education. These two have been chosen as destinations apart from all others s they are the ones that allow the economy to continue to function at its most efficient level. As a function of this specific change, it will be necessary for Americans to consider alternate forms of transportation. One of the most relevant of these would, of course, be train travel. The underlying reason why train travel has been selected has to do with the fact that trains are currently the method through which the majority of the world travels from point A to point B. As such, trains represent an extraordinarily efficient means of transportation and allow for a level of schedule certainty with respect to when they will depart and when they will arrive at a particular destination. However, in the case of the United States, integrating with trains will require an extraordinarily high level of initial investment. due in part to the fact that no existing infrastructure for passenger trains is widely exhibited.
    Firstly, one cannot begin to consider the question of whether establishing a train system would benefit the greater good without coming to a broad understanding of the fact that trains are inherently more efficient means of transportation than cars.&nbsp.

    Teen Pregnancy as a Major Challenge in Canada

    It is clearly shown that there is a high rate of teen pregnancies, about 41%. The rate is very high and alarming and a cause for worry. The data also indicates that most of the teens are not prepared for the pregnancies, as evidenced by a large number of those carrying out abortions. The teens seem not to be aware of the dangers of carrying out abortions neither are they informed about ways of preventing teenage pregnancies.

    The data also displays the general carelessness of teens. Most of them have had pregnancies before and because they did not want the pregnancy, terminated it. They, however, continue to have risky sexual behaviors and get pregnant again. Some go to the extent of terminating more than one pregnancy. The behavior is sheer carelessness because they should be able to learn from their previous mistakes. The data also shows there are some who were quite responsible and carried a pregnancy to term. They then have responsible sexual behaviors after that.

    The majority of teen pregnancies in Canada are a result of socio-economic factors. Most teens while in school put in a lot of effort with hopes of a better future, in either furthering their education or getting good jobs. However, along the way, some get discouraged because they see very few or no opportunities for them in the future and hence see no point in acquiring an education. Such students already have no need for staying in school and therefore opt to get pregnant and eventually drop out of school. They do not see why they should push forward childbearing for school (Bielski, par.10).
    Another cause of teen pregnancies is little or no sex education provided to the students. While most of the pregnancies could be because of carelessness, others are purely out of ignorance. Most parents and teachers assume that as the students grow up, they will automatically get the information they need. Acquiring the information is not always the case, as some students are too shy to ask neither can they stand up for themselves and insist on protected sex. The lack of assertiveness makes them highly prone to getting pregnant (Bielski, par.14).

    Discussion Question about Teaching

    Do you believe in bilingual education is a good idea in our schools or not?
    In practice, this is a complicated question. Too often, students are taught exclusively in their native language, and never encouraged to learn the new language. Research bears out, it takes years to develop an understanding of a new language, so it is beneficial for the student to continue learning in their home language and allow time to solidify knowledge in the new language.
    One has to ask, does bi-lingual education mean teaching all ELL learners in predominant ELL language of the geographical area? If not, then how could students of more obscure languages find adequate instruction. surely, not all public schools can accommodate Vietnamese or Russian students without greatly sacrificing the quality of instruction.
    In theory, I don’t think there should be a question of whether it’s necessary. A democratic society doesn’t have to ask if it “believes” in multi-culturalism, as pluralism is inherent in the very foundation of our republic. What I know, is that by not encouraging bilingualism and progressively defined education, our nation will distinguish the flame of creativity that has carried America to international prominence over the last two centuries.

    For annotation #1

    61500 The organization took appropriate health measures like infant mortality and life expectancy and compared US with countries with less economic wealth before ranking it. Moore interviewed individuals who though they were adequately covered under medical insurance, they could not access the care (Moore film). Former employees of insurance companies were also asked to give their views concerning cost-cutting initiatives which gave bonus to insurance company medical personnel. The respondents argued that companies try to avoid the costs necessary for medical treatments for policy holders hence increasing the profitability of the companies. For instance in Canada, Moore has described how Tommy Douglas was voted the greatest Canadian in 2004 for contributing generously to the Canadian health system. A micro surgeon was also interviewed among other people who were in the emergency room waiting to be attended (Moore film). Canadians revealed that their insurance covers allow them to access free medical care, from one’s doctor of choice at any time. Most Canadians expressed bewilderment at the US system of charging the sick to provide care. They expressed deep satisfaction with their system. The residents of the United Kingdom praised their national health service as a comprehensive publicly funded health care system (Moore film). The interviewed people concerning medical expenses told Moore that they were not charged out of pocket payments in their medical system. Pharmaceuticals are free of charge to every citizen in UK according to one pharmacist interviewee who was interviewed by Moore (Moore film). In France, Moore managed to interview a head of obstetrics and gynecology and a group of American expatriates. He found out that the French medical service provides house calls by physicians to its citizens. In addition, the government provided numerous social services to its citizens such as public health education, neonatal

    Healthcare Reform Policy and Patient Safety/Quality

    Availing adequate safety knowledge, establishing a reporting system, and having organizational level safety systems can help arrest the situation with medical errors (Poillon, 1999, pp. 3 – 4).
    The document gives me the impression that it is explaining that medical errors have serious repercussions, can be reduced, and can serve as learning points. It has underscored the fact that it is not entirely right to hold medical practitioners solely responsible for medical errors without considering the role of the completely healthcare system. The accomplishments of this document are remarkable and will continue to be relevant even in the future (Poillon, 1999, p.5).
    The document accounts that previously, improvements done on the healthcare system of the United States aimed at improving the quality of care. It is argued that an emphasis on quality has not solved the flaws of the system and several propositions have been made towards this end. These propositions include incorporating safety, efficiency, equity, patient-centeredness, timelines, and effectiveness into the system. These things would have benefits for both patients and clinicians. The document recommends that in such a system, healthcare should be guided by scientific knowledge, patients’ needs, sharing of knowledge and alliance between clinicians and patients. The laid down way on how to realize better results from the proposed healthcare system entails providing care guided by evidence, incorporating information technology, putting payment policies in tandem with quality improvement and streamlining nursing education, accreditation and licensing (Corrigan et. al., 2001, pp. 5 – 6).
    This document was created to offer insight into how the healthcare system can be integrated with much more than quality. The ideas proposed in it are easy and can help realize a better system at a relatively

    How has the solicitor’s regulation changed in the UK

    In this paper, a position is taken that the most effective form of change to regulation relating to solicitors can only achieve its intended purposes if the changes are comprehensive and holistic enough. In the light of this, changes that have taken place over the years by way of training system as well as regulatory structure governing solicitors are all subjected to critical review. There will also be a special review of the Human Rights Act 1998 to examine how it has impacted on the regulation of solicitors. The issue of self-regulation by the solicitors’ profession will also be reviewed.
    Training and ethics are two important phenomena in ensuring quality standard of practice by solicitors everywhere across the globe (Cooper, 2013). This is because through training, prospective lawyers are given the kind of education and professional nurturing, needed to ensure that they go about their duties as exceptional professionals. Meanwhile, a person’s individual ethical standards can also be a determining factor as to whether or not the person would heed to training instructions and practice professionally (Boon, 2014). To reconcile these two positions therefore, it is important that the training system for solicitors in UK will be structured in a way that ensures that only people who can be deemed as ethical individuals are admitted. Indeed many have questioned the importance of ensuring that admission for training for solicitors is based on only people who can be considered as ethical individuals. In response to this, Case (2013) observed that the law profession is a highly sensitive one, requiring strong and high standards of practice to ensure that a practitioner will hold fast to doing what is right. What this means is that lawyers have a lot of discretion in their practice as far as their actions are based on law. For this reason, it is

    Corporate governance and ethical decision ion making

    Corporate governance and ‘decision-making’ Organizations focus on efficiencies towards either having a profit or surplus on ments of income, a factor that identifies the importance of organizations’ management towards efficiency. This paper seeks to explore corporate governance and ethical decision making in organizations.
    Corporate governance and responsibilities of top management
    Corporate governance defines a management approach among companies that involves control measures of activities and relations among stakeholders. It is essential in defining a company’s prospects that include performance efficiencies and growth. This consequently identifies the role of a company’s top management in establishing and influencing frameworks for successful operations. The board of directors, as the top management team, therefore plays a major role in defining a company’s corporate governance as well as the governance’s effectiveness in achieving the company’s objectives. Subject to legal provisions and a company’s memorandum, the directors guide their organizations through offering directives as the top managerial decision making organ. Simpler forms of businesses such as partnerships or limited liability partnerships and companies may have their top management roles vested in teams or persons (Kazmi, 2008).
    The roles and responsibilities of an organization’s top management centers on making macro organizational decisions that are then passed to line managers for implementation. One of the roles of the top management is developing an organization’s missions and values that define the organization’s overall direction. The management also determines major strategies to be adopted and lays down operational plans. Similarly, the top management acts as a supervisory body to “monitor and control” the organization’s managers and other officers besides evaluating the organization’s position and making recommendations to owners and other stakeholders (Kazmi, 2008, p. 398). In a small laundry repair business where a father is the technician and his son is the administrator, the son assumes top management responsibilities to make strategic decisions, communicate the decisions, and supervise the father and other employees, and report recommendations to the stakeholders (Kazmi, 2008).
    Ethical ‘decision-making’ and social responsibility of strategic ‘decision-making’
    An organization’s top management, whether board of directors or individuals, are in their roles faced with social responsibility, which is the moral obligation to maximize benefits of all stakeholders to a strategic decision. The management’s decision should therefore consider possible adverse “economic, legal, ethical, and philanthropic” impacts on involved parties and mitigate the effects at all costs (Ferrell, Fraedrich and Ferrell, 2012, p. 52). Similarly, ethical ‘decision-making’ observes established ethical practices into decisions to take care of stakeholders’ interest. In the case, social responsibility and ethical decision making would involves the son’s informed decisions that takes the best care of his father’s interest, as a technician in the organization, and interest of other stakeholders such as customers and the surrounding community (Ferrell, Fraedrich and Ferrell, 2012).
    Ethical ‘decision-making’ and social responsibility are important in promoting harmony among stakeholders towards achieving common objectives. It also ensures that strategic decisions made by an organization’s top management are not harmful to any involved party to the organization. These lead to further benefits such as good corporate image and reduced threats from an organization’s surrounding (Ferrell, Fraedrich and Ferrell, 2012).
    Ethics and corporate responsibility therefore ensures security of an organization’s property and economic interest.
    Ferrell, O., Fraedrich, J. and Ferrell. (2012). Business Ethics: Ethical Decision Making &amp. Cases. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning
    Kazmi, A. (2008). Strategic Management And Business Policy. New Delhi, India: Tata McGraw-Hill Education

    Discuss some issue of personal local national or international concern and its importance to you

    1250 Discuss some issue of personal, local, national, or international concern and its importance to you. Being a single girl, I have always looked up tomy parents for their guidance and help. Similarly, they expect of me to come out with flying colors as far as my educational realms are concerned. This is highlighted by my parents’ wish for me to receive a PhD degree which would eventually fulfill their ambitions that they have thought of me over the years. My father is a proud man as he has always told me the kind of respect and dignity he attains whenever he looks at me. Since we are 5 kids in the family, my parents have always given us the very best and now is our time to deliver. My mother and father figures have played quintessential roles within our lives and most significantly within my life’s folds. I value them for their coveted place and nothing at all can come close to matching them in entirety. Ever since I have graduated from school in 2001, my parents want me to go for the PhD degree program which would eventually complete me as a qualified and educated person. As we hail from Saudi Arabia, I understand why my parents want me to be educated because my mother brought me to America for completion of my education. Such is the kind of emphasis that our family pays towards education in essence. Both my parents were studying within America and this is one of the reasons why both my parents would require me to be a part of the Chapman University, which is indeed an esteemed place to acquire education. I hope that I can live up to the dreams of my parents and attain the PhD degree at the earliest.

    Human Resource Management Program for the United Arab Emirates

    The government of the United Arabs Emirates has realized the importance of human resource management. In a bid for the government of the United Arab Emirates to decrease unemployment, and increase the efficiency of its workforce, the government has come up with a series of policies aimed at addressing these issues (Werner and DeSimone, 2012). One such policy is the Emiratisation of the country’s economy. The government of UAE developed this program, in order to train the citizens of the emirates to be highly competitive employees, and this is through the introduction of a good education system, and sponsoring seminars and trainings that focus on the abilities, skills, and competencies that are needed by employers in the Emirates (Yamamoto, 2013).
    The intention of this program is to recruit nationals who are in the private and public sector in a manner that is efficient and meaningful. Since the inception of this program, the public sector has made great steps in making this program a success. However, the private sector hasn’t made any progress, with statistic indicating that the citizens of the UAE only occupy 0.5% of the total workforce in the private sector.
    Based on this background, the goal of this paper is to develop an efficient human resource strategy for the government of the UAE. This paper aims at achieving this goal by analyzing the various human resource strategies of the UAE, identifying their weaknesses and strengths. This paper mainly concerns itself with analyzing the Emiratisation program of the UAE, and this is because it is the main human resource strategy&nbsp.f the government of UAE. Another objective of this paper is to find out whether the emiratisation policy in the UAE is a success, and if the government obtained its objectives in the implementation of the policy.&nbsp. &nbsp.f the government of UAE. Another objective of this paper is to find out whether the Emiratisation policy in the UAE is a success, and if the government obtained its objectives in the implementation of the policy.&nbsp.

    Qualities of an Effective Teacher

    Qualities of an Effective Teacher There are many qualities which make an effective teacher. these qualities are often very difficult to cultivate andit may take years to master them. Teachers have to go through the best kind of training in order to be effective, and they should understand that every one of their students has unique capabilities. They should note that not all situations in the classroom can be handled in the same way and that they instead require the teacher’s flexibility. Teachers have to do self-examination to see whether they have qualities which make them effective in class. they have to strengthen these qualities and, finally, work on developing the qualities that they do not have since these qualities may affect the learning process of their students.
    An effectual instructor has to be exceptionally well prepared. This ensures that the teacher’s work in preparation for class is done on time and in such a way that students will be able to understand what their teacher is discussing. Furthermore, the teacher will have to be able to teach his students in an organized manner, which means that they will get more from him than if he had not been well organized. The teacher will have to be able to anticipate the questions which his students are likely to ask after the discussion and will have to answer these questions effectively. Therefore, it is a fact that a well-organized teacher will be able to cover more with his/her students than a teacher not se well organized.
    A teacher has to be in every way supportive of his/her students. This leads to the development of trust between the teacher and the students, and due to this, the latter will be more receptive when in class. As stated above, every student has unique abilities and it is up to the teacher to encourage the development of these abilities to ensure that there is more diversity in class. In this way, students with different abilities will be able to share their knowledge with each other, and this will bring about richer learning environment.
    A teacher has to be persistent with his/her students. There are certain students who require a persistent teacher to develop interest in learning. It is, therefore, important that the teacher maintain his/her persistence in encouraging such students to take an active interest in their education even though such students may be stubborn. If such students need special help, then the teacher should be patient enough to provide such help or, if he/she cannot do this, then he/she should ask a person more suited for the task to do so. Teacher’s persistence ensures that no students are left behind the others in class.
    In conclusion it can be said that a class or students cannot do well without having an effective teacher. Such a teacher has to be well-organized, supportive and persistent in order to get through to his/her students. A teacher who does not display the qualities mentioned above has to work very hard to develop them. otherwise, he/she will be failing in his/her duties towards the students. A teacher having these qualities will surely produce students who are well equipped to face confidently the quickly changing world of today.

    Kurds’ SelfDetermination

    The first attempt to solve the issue begun with the creation of a Kurdistan state. During its brief existence the Republic a lot of reforms. These reforms were aimed at promoting ideas of for secularism, modern education and woman’s emancipation. However, Kurgistan did not exist for a long time. The Republic stopped its existence after the evacuation of British and Soviet troops. This measure led the central government to suppress the Republic and execute Qazi Mohammad. After execution of Qazi Mohammad, the republic continued to experience a further suppression and continued oppression of the Kurdish identity. Kurdish opposition continued to be deteriorated.
    Today the Kurdish question remains to be enlisted as the unsolved question. Kurdish region continues to suffer from multiple oppressions. As a result of these problems, Kurdish culture remains to be only partially recognized. Even now Kurds continue to look for a possible chance to create their own state. Creation of a nation-state as a possible solution to The Kurdish problem seems to be the only reasonable way to solve the problem.
    The concept of a Nation-State is used to signify a region, a state or a country that has its own borders and territory. A remarkable feature of such state that is called Nation-State is that it unites together people who share the same ethnic and cultural background. A particular feature of the notion of the Nation-State is that people who inhabit the territory might share the same language and religion. In addition, this group of people has a deep sense of cultural and national values.
    The notion the nation-state is a very complicated notion. This is largely reasoned by the growing immigration rate who has already settled on the territory of the region. When the number of immigrants is high the Nation-State cannot exist. This is so because of the following reasons: (1) diverse cultures. (2) different language. (3) different ethnicity. Current research clearly shows that only nations with a low level of immigration can be classified as a Nation-State. Iceland is an example of such a state. This country has a very low level of immigration.

    Health Planning and Regulations

    This paper aims at discussing United Health Group Company profiled in America’s Health Insurance plan, discussing its program and opinion on how it will improve the education of the people it is targeting.
    The America Health Insurance plan has more than 1200 companies which sells health insurance to more that 250 million of Americans. One of the companies profiled in the Insurance Plan is United Health Group Company. This institution plays a great role in advocating health literacy to Americans, because, they are responsible for making it difficult or easier for people to use and find health services and information. It provides current health information, which is important for most Americans to make decisions on their health.
    Health Literacy can affect both people with education skills or not. It is a challenge to many individuals, like when they are not aware of medical terms and how their bodies function. Additionally, sometimes they are forced to interpret risks or numbers in order to make decisions based on their health, or when they are diagnosed with scary illness. Some individuals have complex conditions, which require complicated self-care. According to, Health (23-36) lack of health literacy affects adults in all ethnic and racial groups. Both uninsured and insured adults have low literacy and health skills. Additionally, both college graduates and high school graduates can have limited literacy. United Health Group Company program helps both unschooled and schooled understand and acquire health information.
    The company’s program consists of health education campaigns that are designed to help the Americans and their families understand group laws and health benefits which govern them, especially when they are experiencing changes in the works, childbirth, retirement, job loss, work situations and marriages. It helps in educating them on some of the benefits of health coverage

    William Edward Burghardt Du Bois A Freedom Fighter

    Du Bois attended school at Great Barrington where he experienced little discrimination when he was playing with his white schoolmates. A very smart boy, his teachers encouraged him to pursue his education further. When he was ready to attend college, the First Congregational Church of Great Barrington paid his tuition. He attended Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee, from 1885 to 1888 where he experienced racism for the first time. He earned a Bachelor’ s degree from Fisk, then attended Harvard from 1888 to 1890 and earned another Bachelor’s degree because this college did not accept the credits he earned from Fisk. This time, he mainly paid his tuition by working in the summer and applying for scholarships. In1892, Du Bois received a Fellowship to pursue Graduate School in Berlin, Germany. This experience gave him the opportunity to travel throughout Europe, opened his mind to different issues happening in the world, and sharpened his intellectual abilities. He also continued his graduate studies when he came back home and became the first African American to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1895.
    To begin his professional career, he accepted a teaching position at Wilberforce University in Ohio where he met Alexander Crummell who strongly influenced him. Crummell was a pastor who spoke out against slavery and the plight of black people. He strongly denounced racial discrimination and advocated racial solidarity in order to achieve the advancement of the black community. After two years at Wilberforce, Du Bois accepted a one-year research position at the University of Pennsylvania in 1896 where he conducted sociological field research in Philadelphia’s African American neighborhood.&nbsp.This research led to the publication of The Philadelphia Negro published two years later. He got interested in research and published other works. He also started to teach at Atlanta University.

    Alternative Forms of work Arragements

    Choose a company that you would like to work for that offers its employees alternative forms of work arrangements. What work arrangements does the company have? What are the advantages and disadvantages for each of them?.
    If I am given a chance to work for a company that offers its employees’ alternative forms of work arrangements, I would choose to work for Amazon. I would choose to work for Amazon as a Digital Specialist. The job entails troubleshooting customer issues with their technical device, internet download issues and also to provide general education about the site’s feature/product to users (Flexjobs). This type of job is home based so I basically I will be working from home.
    Working from home or having an office at home has a lot of advantages. First, I do not have to beat the morning traffic in going to the office. That would save me a lot of time, effort, gasoline money and stress. I also do not have to dress up just to work. The energy and time I saved from commuting to work can instead be channeled to a productive job making my job output better. Also, I do not have to dress up before I could work again saving me time, money and energy. Above all, I can work right at the comfort of my own home where I am at my optimum best because I am very comfortable with my surrounding.
    There are few disadvantages to it however. First is technical support. As a Digital Specialist, there might be issues that I would encounter from customers that I am not aware of that they need answers from me. I will not have an immediate support from peers or superior because I am away from the office. Of course I can always ask for help through online facility but the response time may take a while. Also, working from home may jack up my electric bills because I will be paying for the electricity that I will be using while working.
    But considering the advantages of working from home, it far outweighs the disadvantages so I would still prefer to work from home.
    Work Cited Amazon Jobs with Part-Time, Telecommuting, or Flexible Working. [accessed July 15, 2012]


    Rubrics have a wider range of applications. so its importance of teaching sector cannot be ignored. The first and foremost fact about the usage of rubric connected to number assessment criteria used. Usual assessment based on single standard gets replaced with multiple measures. For example when a paper is evaluated to give scores, it will be better if various skills and inclusions are scored separately to get a resultant overall valuation. “Scoring rubrics are especially useful in assessment for learning because they contain qualitative descriptions of performance criteria that work well within the process of formative evaluation” (Tierney &amp. Simon, 2004, para.1). The fragmented analysis helps in developing a better evaluation procedure supporting both sections of people. The person being assessed will have idea about factors and features being considered for giving him his scores while the examiner will have an easier task as he knows what have to be considered for scoring. The method of rubrics provides a comfortable and additional branched explanation for estimation. Also, a provision for analysis by different persons is posed through this approach of valuation. The same objectives of a single person valued by more than judges create a competitive and efficient assessment result. Another purpose with rubric is to educe decisive criticism prior to final scoring judgment. The numerical scoring given for each criterion will help the examined individual to understand his flaws and benefits. The most noted use of rubric in academics is regarding the curriculum and syllabus objectives. The scoring, for each expected development through a course, given will help in reaching on effectual learning and teaching criticism. The rubric constructed below is used for the evaluation of special education website.
    A website with scores for all criteria as 3 will be the best

    Historical and critical

    He suffered from arthritis, which reserved his presence low, and favored to expend his time observing plants and animals, as well as studying forms in nature, which would ultimately be so well-known in his designs (Biro, Adam, 2002). It was also during his early years studying with the Escolapius Fathers that Gaudi predictable the “value of the celestial history of the deliverance of man through Christ embodied, prearranged to the world by the Virgin Mary.” He later integrated such attitude into his greatest labor, The Sagrada Familia (Ungar, S., 2003, pp. 90-126).
    Around 1870 Gaudi stimulated to Barcelona to learn architecture at the Provincial School of Architecture. His grades were again less than greater. However, the young student did be paid special gratitude in the areas of Trial Drawings and Projects, which permitted him to place his bizarre thoughts to exploit (Abadie, Daniel. 2001, pp. 72-81). His professor proclaimed that what had been shaped in these two courses was either the work of an insane man or a mastermind. In 1878 Antoni Gaudi was one of merely four students to be approved the title of Architect by the school´s director (Ades, Dawn, 2002 pp. 185-206).
    At a young age, Gaudí entered a playgroup school (parvulari) beneath the training of Francesc Berenguer, and his inventive persona began to apparent themselves: When Berenguer lectured the child on how wings let birds fly, Gaudí pragmatic that chickens do not take off. He accomplished that their wings must assist them sprint quicker.
    When the time came for his ceremonial education, Gaudí enrolled in the Collegi de les Escoles Píes de Reus, where he soon became prompt friends with Eduard Toda and Josep Ribera (Adorno, Theodor, 2002). It was perhaps their voracious inquisitiveness that throng them to be trained all they could about the particulars of nature.
    During his time at Les Escoles, Gaudí did not prepare the finest of grades. He did, however, observe

    Concept of Full Production Contract

    The strategic staffing process includes defining the type and number of employees needed at a particular period. These ensure that the business plans of the organization are effectively implemented. The process also helps in identifying the staffing resources at present. In addition, the organization periodically reviews its performance in long and short term periods. New employees are trained, recruitments take place, and promotions to the old staff are effectively implemented (Bachet, 2002).
    Job analysis is often a procedure by which relevant information is acquired about a job. It is a systematic and comprehensive study of information concerning the operations and responsibilities of a job. A vital concept of job scrutiny is that the analysis is directed on the job, not the person. Job analysis is often carried out to establish ‘job relatedness’ of the employment procedures. The target procedures contain training, performance appraisals, selection and compensation. It spells out what the employee does the level of education, skills, and training requirements. In addition, the incumbent acquires a simple questionnaire to pinpoint job duties, equipment used, work environments and relationships. This helps in conducting effective interviews on the incumbents. The performance review of job analysis is often used to develop evaluation criteria, goals and objectives, length of probationary periods, and performance standards among others. Organizations should clearly define the duties and responsibilities assigned to the employees to avoid confusion that can result in poor performance. When conducting a job analysis, one has to follow certain procedures. First and foremost, identify the specific purpose of job analysis and select the method to be used.&nbsp. The organization should train the analyst to enhance performance. One can review the expels of other similar jobs in order to select an appropriate method of a job analysis.

    Learning theories

    Learning theories Affiliation: Briefly define each of the above categories: behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism
    Behaviourism theory refers to learning through observation of the behaviour of people or animals and they include classical and operant conditioning. In cognitivism theory, learning happens through first understanding the mind and information processing above observing behaviour in order to learn. Constructivism is another theory that deals with learning through real life example. It mainly deals with teaching creativity and innovation as well as ensures that it instils several intelligences such as visual spatial, logical mathematical, interpersonal and intrapersonal and even verbal linguistic among others (Taylor and MacKenney, 2008).
    Name one theorist whose name is associated with that theory
    Behaviourism theory as mentioned are mostly two the classical and operant. Operant conditioning is associated with B. F Skinner while classical conditioning is associated with Pavlov. Cognitivism is associated with Chomsky while constructivism is associated with John Dewey among others (Taylor and MacKenney, 2008).
    Write a reflection on how that theorist would impact a future teacher.
    The reflection will be based on the behaviourist theory by Ivan Pavlov. This theory examines learning through conditioning of children in the way of pairing the undesired with the desired. This would be very effective especially for a teacher who has a new class and would like them to follow a specific pattern of behaviour in learning. The new learning pattern of behaviour would be used in conjunction with the old behaviour of learning which did not seem to be yielding any positive results in the long run. Since there was the behaviour the students were used to and the results were negative and the new behaviour which the teacher wants them to learn which elicits no response, the two learning behaviours should be paired together over a period of time in order to yield positive results. With time, the new behaviour being used alone will elicit positive results and at this juncture the old and non-productive behaviour will completely be eliminated.
    Taylor, G. and MacKenney, L. (2008). Improving Human Learning in the Classroom: Theories and Teaching Practices. New York: R&amp.L Education.

    The Case Colomo vs Bonds

    Colomo Vs. Bonds
    Colomo Vs Bonds 2012 was a case that brought out concern on what sexual harassment really is in cases of student and student misconduct. The suit was filed on behalf of Victoria Colomo by her mother who is a former teacher and included in the suit as defendants were the school and nine district officials. There were several meetings held between Victoria Colomo and Joseph Fuller who were both special needs students at San Angelo Central High School. The court was issued with the accounts of the meetings where Fuller had taken Colomo to seclusion near the school and asked her to be his girlfriend and touched her inappropriately. Colomo’s mother then called the two students and in the process lectured Fuller for his actions as well as told Victoria to avoid Fuller and made sure she did not walk alone on the campus. Fuller had also threatened Victoria twice which had led to his suspension from the school, and Victoria was assigned an escort. Other methods on campus were used to keep the two separated. Colomo’s mother also brought this point forward claiming that the school had been indifferent when dealing with the first case. Under this, the courts ruled that if the ‘harasser’ acted in a way that makes the ‘harasser’ be denied of the rights to proper education, school management and the board would have acted in differently if they had full awareness of the happenings of the case. However, the student had maintained stable grades since the case was based on the victim’s mother belief that the school acted in differently in solving the matter. The case was thrown out for lack of evidence.
    The issues in the case were that Victoria’s mother thought that her daughter was being deprived of the educational opportunities she was supposed to have. The case involved sexual harassment on a school campus and the court had to define what defined what sexual harassment was. Rather than there being a decision in the case, it was dismissed. It was added to the rules of the school that this was not “severe, pervasive and objectively offensive” to an extent that it can constitute a violation of the title IX of the school rules. The reason that the case was dismissed was because the members of the court there was an act of intentional indifference. It might have been probable that the victim mother acted on her own terms to protect her daughter. According to the law, there is no course of action against the school.
    Several laws and statutes can be referred to when trying to answer whether or not the decision was right. The Title IX was put in effect in1972. It helps people to understand the rights of individuals when there are cases of sexual harassment involved. The statute ensured that both sexes are equal and it significantly reduces the cases of individuals suing for sexual harassment. However, the individuals can seek compensation on the claims of sexual harassment. The significance of this case is that it set the bar for future cases similar to this and will also help in future judgements that involve cases of students saying that they have been a victim of harassment and also when school administration is included in the lawsuit.
    Works Cited
    Dessoff, Alan. “Student’s Death Triggers Title IX Test.” District Administration 40.2 (2004): 23. Print.
    Walsh, Devin. “School District Not Liable in Title IX Student Harassment Suit”. 1 June 2012. PDF file.

    Answer ONE of the following questions

    51250 Sources and causes of racism and are deeply embedded throughout major aspects of many societies. The sources and causes of racism can be delineated as colonialism whereby the intrinsically racist process of colonialism availed the basis and continued presence of systematic racism within most societies (Back and Solomos 2000, p.58). Other causes of racism include pervasive ignorance, fear and lack of appreciation of cultural diversity, power and privilege. Racism is functional in that it is employed to sustain structural inequalities within the society that are skewed against ethnic minorities. It is ironical that the lack of jobs, housing, or other resources has led to minority scapegoating whereby ethnic minorities are increasingly becoming a scapegoat for prevalent social problems within the society. Historically, racism has been employed to validate the conquering of ethnic minorities to obtain key resources such as land, strategic military outposts, or forced cheap labour. The resultant system of inequality is then sustained and perpetuated via social forces (Hutchinson and Smith1996, p.3). The impact of racism within the society are widely manifested in poor health and health services, low wages, substandard housing, high incidences of school dropouts, high unemployment and under-employment, and reduced access to higher education opportunities, as well as other institution maladies. Forms and Modern Manifestations of Racism In equality in access to critical resources within the society such as health across ethnic groups may not be necessarily reducible to socioeconomic arrangement. Research indicates that racial harassment and perceptions of prejudice possess significant impact in disadvantaging ethnic minorities within the society. Political Sphere In the contemporary society, there is an increase and support gained by political parties and entities that that openly express racist, bigoted, and xenophobic views. This has placed ethnic minorities, who are marginally represented, at a disadvantage mainly through exclusion policies. Minorities are also underrepresented in decision-making and administrative positions and the instituted affirmative programs have only yielded conflict and polarity among the employees. Employment Racism has been widely reported in the arena of employment, which leads to economic depression for members of the oppressed racial and ethnic groups (. The experience of majority of ethnic minority within the job market has not been always pleasant or positive with some individuals from minority groups and recent immigrants earning relatively lower pay than their white counterparts despite being sometimes well qualified and highly educated. In some cases, racial discrimination is reported within the workplace centring on an individual’s appearance, denial of career advancement opportunities, and ascription of cultural stereotypes to individuals Giddens and Sutton 2010, p.148). There is a continued absence of employment opportunities for ethnic minorities, although the general agreement cited mainly details lack of skills on the part of the ethnic minorities. Nevertheless, in most cases structural barriers hamper access to the labour market, plus other economic opportunities (Yuill and Gibson 2010, p.91).

    Designing and Developing an eLearning Course

    Since the world is becoming a global community, a new world order has forced educational institutions to focus the curricula to meet the expectations of a heightened educational system. Based on these pressures, wise and thoughtful leadership is crucial to ensure curriculum decisions made are responsive to the changing demands of the education sector. Educators need a wide knowledge base regarding curriculum theory, inquiry, and development. Educators also need to understand the change processes that are set to meet the high requirements of education. Therefore, this course is designed to develop a foundation of decision making that blends the origins of education and curriculum with the currents needs and expectations in education.
    EDU 577 is designed to help students view, analyze and interpret the curriculum and related instructions of education institutions and develop relevant skills that may help bring change in society. EDU 577 is an e-learning course that will be taught fully online. Learners will be expected to complete assigned text readings from the main text and other online readings related to the course sequence of the selected curriculum topics. The course will be very participatory in nature. Teaching of the course will be in the form of curriculum topics in which the students will complete assigned activities under each topic. Students will conduct independent research and write paper or report at the end of the course. Students should interact, participate and contribute towards the success of the course.
    I. This course aims at helping the students explore the writings and arguments of various scholars and theorists in education. Such understanding will help examine the curricula from various perspectives
    III. The course aims at ensuring that the students refine their knowledge and analytical skills in understanding how the various components of instruction – curriculum, teacher, students

    Yank in The Hairy Ape

    2500 Yank, at the beginning of the play is an ugly, squat, confrontational figure, the leader of all the firemen on board an un d steamship. He glorifies his strength and identifies himself with the machinery he serves. The play conveys a journey of transformations as this brutish, but sensitive low class everyman searches for a way to adapt to the economic, social and cultural realities of the 1920s New York. He does not reveal much about his roots, but it is evident that his childhood was painful. In the pauses between his parents’ incessant fighting during which furniture got broken, he was made to attend church every Sunday morning, only to be forced to run away after his mother’s death, when he could not handle any more of his father’s beatings. His troublesome beginnings have taught him that he will be forced to fend for himself in this cruel world. However, since man is a social being and thrives on the interaction with other members of the society, he needs to belong. Yank equates this highly relevant notion of belonging with power and importance. When he believes he belongs to something, he gains strength and feels almost invincible, but when he is rejected by a group, he feels terribly weak. He also associates this sense of belonging with the usefulness and functionality of an individual. For example, the firemen belong to the ship due to the fact that they are essentially responsible for the proper functioning of the ship. Despite the fact that he believes himself to be essential for this, the fact of the matter is that industrialization has reduced the human worker into a machine. The men are programmed to do one task, are turned on and off by whistles, and are not required to think independently.&nbsp.His lack of education and the initial lack of funds to provide himself with one have helped regress him to an ape like state, where workers are forced into jobs that require nothing but grunting and hard physical labor. Again, despite all of this, he does believe he has found a place to call home. This dream is shattered when Mildred Douglas, a jaded young society woman, visits the stokehole in search of a new experience and sees Yank. She is appalled, frightened, and cries out the words "filthy beast." Yank is destroyed psychologically by this experience because he is forced to reevaluate his existence by toppling the class structure and re-inscribing the importance and necessity of the working class. Mildred and Yank are representatives of the highest and lowest societal classes, but she is not the antagonist. Though Mildred has more education and cultural experience than Yank, she still cannot escape her cultural identity. Mildred describes herself as the waste of her father’s steel company, as she has felt the benefits, but not the hard work that brought them. She shares with Yank the need to find a sense of usefulness or belonging—the fate of both characters were decided before they were born. Thus, Yank and Mildred desperately search to find an identity that is their own. Class limits and determines both Mildred and Yank’s financial resources, educational opportunities, outlook on life, and culture.&nbsp.The Hairy Ape&nbsp.reveals how deeply and rigidly class is inscribed into American Culture and the cultural and financial boundaries it erects.

    Nursing Research and Evidence Based Practice

    Nursing Research and Evidence-Based Practice s My clinical experience entailed taking care of heart failure patient. With regard to evidence-based treatment, the class 1 recommended treatment for Stage A heart failure patients who have a high chance of contracting left-ventricular dysfunction are classified as follows:
    For the control of systolic and diastolic hypertension in line with recommended practice,
    Treatment of lipid disorders,
    Abstinence from high-risk behaviour patterns such as smoking,
    Control of heart palpitations especially for patients with supraventricular tachyarrhythmias,
    Treatment of thyroid disorders,
    Consistent and regular monitoring of the signs and symptoms of heart failure,
    For patients with a family history for cardiomyopathy or for those that are undergoing cardio-toxic treatment, a non-invasive procedure to evaluate the left-ventricular function.
    The second level of treatment would include the administration of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACEIs) or Angiotensin II receptor blockers (Polit &amp. Beck, 2012). These interventions are important in reducing the chances of contracting HF for predisposed patients. those that have a strong family history for atherosclerotic vascular disease, diabetes mellitus, or hypertension with attendant risk factors for cardiovascular disease. According to Deswall and Mann (2006), the use of ARBs in heart failure patients significantly reduced mortality and morbidity rates. For asymptomatic Stage B patients (left-ventricular dysfunction), vulnerability can be reduced using therapies that diminish the risk of procuring additional injury, remodeling process, and progression of the disease.
    The barriers to the implementation of evidence-based practice
    Studies have shown that a number of barriers prevent the effective use of best available evidence. One of the barriers to implementation of evidence-based practice for heart failure patients is the lack of time and educational skills to handle the heart failure patients. This implies that there is limited relevance to practice. Chan (2012) argues that people who were educated almost 25 years ago probably did learn about EBP. Most nurses are finding it difficult to change their behaviour, as well as the constraining power of the phrase, “That is how it is done here.” This leads to inappropriate service delivery.

    How to overcome this barrier
    One way of overcoming the educational barriers is through ensuring that the educators spend more time teaching the students on how to carry use research in practice since it improves their skills and knowledge.
    Adams (2010) notes that the nurse leaders need to place adequate evidence-based practice mentors at the bedside who will work closely with the clinicians thus assisting them to learn skills along with implementing them consistently.
    If nursing wants to come with a culture where EBP is a norm and not a rarity, the basic and graduate nursing programs should commence teaching the values and foundations of EBP.
    Finally, evidence has shown that most healthcare practitioners are often not aware of the latest evidence-based guidance. As a result, there is need to ensure that the healthcare professionals including the front-line supervisors to be conversant with the new evidence-based guidance so as to effectively perform their roles especially when handling heart failure patients.
    Reference list
    Chan, S. 2012. Taking evidence-based nursing practice to the next level. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 19(4): 1-2.
    Deswal, A., &amp. Mann, D. L. (2006). Angiotensin Receptor Blockers in the Treatment of Heart Failure. In A. M. Feldman, Ed, Heart Failure Pharmacological Management (pp. 44-56). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.
    Polit, D. F., &amp. Beck, C. T. (2012). Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice (Laureate Education, Inc., custom ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams &amp. Wilkins.

    Working with children from birth to age 5 years

    61500 They need a safe environment along with proper care to lead a healthy life. This paper aims to provide the basic understanding about the environment which should be arranged for their active learning and safety. This paper is a guideline for the setting for young children from birth to age 5 years. Safety and Health Requirements Safety is one of the main concerns when dealing with children up to 5 years of age. The babies and young children should be prevented from cot death. They must be properly put down for sleep i.e. preferably ‘feet to foo’ position. The temperature of the environment should be normal for the safety of children and the prevention of illness and other issues. Babies should not be left alone at any instance especially for longer periods. Smoky environment is particularly harmful for babies and hence, adults should never smoke in front of them. Children tend to climb furniture, stairs and other surfaces higher than the floor and for a safe environment it is necessary that the baby is kept away from all surfaces which may lead to a fall. A person who can watch the baby all the time can ensure that the baby does not fall. Avoid any objects which the children may put into their mouths. Keep such objects away from the reach of children as they are dangerous for them. Choking and swallowing incidents may be avoided by careful consideration given to tiny objects which a child may spot. The electric cords and outlets should be out of reach of the children. They may get electric shocks either by touching, biting or playing with those electric cords and outlets or by poking metal material in them. The preventions against electrocution are hence, necessary. Placing heavy furniture in front of the outlets, keeping cords way higher than their reach and cover the electric outlets tightly are some of measures to prevent electrocution accidents. All these preventions are necessary to ensure that the children get a safe and sound environment (Heberle &amp. Scutella p 44-48). The children from a very tender age have certain physical and health requirements which need to be fulfilled. Parents are advised to send lunch with children so that they are able to study with a healthy mind. The children of a young age need to have their breakfast daily so they can be healthy. Children need an environment in which they can get toys to play with and hence to promote a better learning environment it is necessary some sort of toys are given to them (Tassoni 2007 p.516). Setting needed for an educational environment All over the world it is seen that education has become a primary necessity for every individual. Today the class or race does not matter much but rather the education one achieves has a greater importance. Special students have also been given preference when it comes to studies. Classroom Management Plans are designed to help students to achieve a better grade and better environment to study (Khalsa 2007). Young children have specific requirements of these classroom management plans which revolve around the visual environment and the physical arrangement in the class. Visual learning is a way through which the children can be encouraged to study as they are attracted towards the colors and drawings. Similarly walls are also decorated in such a way that the students are attracted to the charts on the walls. Different posters about the classrooms are put on the walls which are there to attract students. These visuals are quite important for the children who are studying these days as this would promote better understanding in the class (Tassoni 2007 p 27-30) Physical arrangement of the chairs on which the children sit are also considered important because it would allow more room to the children. Children at a

    Conflict in the school Systems

    School conflicts The most serious reason of school conflicts is the different outlook, different views on the essence and the tasks of upbringing and education that is called conflict of values. The most widespread form of school conflict of values is the conflict between the education values, which parents are oriented on, and the values of a school or a certain teacher. For example, parents are oriented on the tough model of upbringing. They want their child to be first of all obedient, but the teacher values high the child’s creativity. This conflict of values will serve as the constant source of conflicts, which will manifested in every possible way. It is possible that parents will be ready to accept the democratic model of school education, but at the same time they will express dissatisfaction with different concrete things (Robinson, 2000). Or, on the contrary, parents may consider the main task of school education to be the development of children’s love for freedom, in the development of their personal potential, realization of their creative abilities, but the school offers the system of tough routine study. The conflict of values can occur between a teacher and school administration or between children, especially in the high school (Richmon, 2005).
    The conflict of values is the conflict, which can’t be resolved by any psychological means. The conflict of values is the controversy which can’t be resolved in open confrontation as every person has a right for his/her own hierarchy of values. In resolution of conflicts of values much depends on the school leaders. Some researches find the way out in values based leadership model “values and conflict will continue to remain contentious issues of challenge for administrators but the adoption of a values based leadership model could assist school leaders to succinctly define the realities of their very complex role despite the challenges. The values-based model has tremendous potential and possibilities to transform the existing face of educational administration provided it is seamlessly integrated within educational organizations to become the new standard of successful and meaningful leadership practice” (Zupan, 2012, p. 184). Certainly, the discussion of various values is necessary, but if it is impossible, the only way out is to organize the collaboration of people with the same values. It is necessary the parents should have the opportunity to appear in school where there are teachers with the same values. Teachers’ staff should also consist of people who are close to each other by values. It will help decrease the risk of conflicts’ occurrence (Richmon, 2004).
    Richmon, M. (2004). Values in educational administration: Them’s fighting words!
    International Journal of Leadership in Education, 7(4), 339-356.
    Richmon, M. (2005). The Value Impress: Toward a Normative Account of Educational
    Administration. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Toronto,
    Toronto, ON.
    Robinson, G.D. (2000). Administrator Views of, and Strategies for Dealing with
    Conflicts Involving New Canadians. Unpublished doctoral dissertation,
    University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.
    Zupan, Krista A. (2012). Values, Conflicts &amp. Value Conflict Resolution: An Investigation of the Experiences of Educational Administrators. University of Toronto

    The Foundation of Every State is the Education of its Youth

    The foundation of every state is the education of its youth. Traditionally, Americans have viewed education as a means of social advancement. By providing equal educational opportunity to all, schooling could serve as a progressive force for eliminating poverty and promoting economic equality. The study conducted by Alliance (2007) point out that dropouts are a drain on the economies of each state and the nation. Lower local, state, and national tax revenues are perhaps the most obvious consequence of higher dropout rates. even when dropouts are employed, they earn significantly lower wages than graduates. State and local economies suffer further when they have less-educated populaces, as they find it more difficult to attract new business investment. Simultaneously, these entities must spend more on social programs when their populations have lower educational levels. Dropouts represent a tremendous waste of human potential and productivity and reduce the nation’s ability to compete in an increasingly global economy.

    For the individual with a vision to excel with the ultimate goal of being instrumental in the future progress of one’s nation, education is the best alternative. For society, higher educations provide a lower rate of unemployment, more tax revenues, lesser reliance on governmental support. In addition, those who acquired college education were found to smoke less, are more health-conscious and are less likely to commit crimes. Education, per se, provides innumerable benefits for the individuals as well as for the society. There is a responsibility to ensure that every student who is granted the right to be educated would not only value and cherish the lessons learned. but more so, to share what they have learned in terms of making each and everyone aware of the importance that education accords – to oneself, and to the society, and the nation as a whole.


    The film touches on social issues that form the basis of this study aiming at reviewing the social issues represented in the film.
    Cultural beliefs and the need for personal independence is one of the social issues depicted in the film, Young and the Restless in China. Changes in the economic conditions in China from Maoism and socialism that advocated the respect of the Communist Party, serve people, and the country. However, these conditions resulted in the dissolution resulting in changes at a very fast rate affecting the young Chinese. Miranda Hong finds herself at crossroads between living in the reformed country and the guidelines from her parents from the Maoist period. She is forced to apply for college outside Beijing owing to the oppressive environment at her home since her parents were very strict. She is tone between following cultural guidelines on how to live her life, meet her husband’s demands, and be herself in the face of changes in the economic system. The other change evident in the social and cultural condition of China is the cutthroat competition of businesses resulting in widespread corruption by government officials for success. There is a large contrast between the situation and the Maoist system that existed before as explained through the life of Ben Wu in the course of his setting up his business and the need for trust and knowing people to be successful in China. Divorce and changing the belief system represent the culture changes in China since they were no divorce in earlier times but through the lives of Lu Dong. The other cultural changes in China are related to family and the need for education of the girl child that is slowly catching up. Marriage for a girl child was the norm with responsibilities including caring for the in-laws and field labour. However, through Yang Haiyan a number of changes including working away from her family and earning money to assist herself and not married her by her parents. Wei Zhanyan

    Difficulties Of Modern Girls’ Transitional Age

    Adolescent girls today face a lot of confusion on dating and relationships, which was not experienced by young women in early generations. The older women interviewed when they were growing were not allowed to involve themselves in any sexual activity and it was a taboo in most of the communities for a girl to associate with boys. This was advantageous to the girls since they were eased of the confusion about dating and pre-marital sex, which is now the biggest source of frustration to the young teens. The teen girls disclosed that after their bodies have changed and have started to mature desire to be loved by men. As a result, most of them engage in premature relationships where they end up being hurt since they usually lead to break-ups. Others end up being pregnant and they find a lot of frustration on this state of their bodies, which they never expected. Since at this age they do not have adequate education on sexuality and are not prepared psychologically, physically and financially to have a baby they end up being further depressed (Resh &amp. West, 2009). The consequences of this are abortions and babies being born and thrown away or even sold to people with bad motives. All these problems of relationships and sexuality make it difficult for the girl child to maneuver smoothly through this stage of adolescence.
    In the past according to the women contacted, young women tended to move from childhood to adulthood directly and marriage, which used to be done at an early age acted as the turning point. After marriage, the woman adopted all adult responsibilities and would start her household immediately. The situation today has greatly changed as reflected by the feedback of the girls interviewed and the system of education has been prolonged hence girls have to spend the better part of their youth studying.

    The Tattooed Soldier by Hector Tobar

    Antonio and Longoria are two individuals suffering from abrupt changes. Longoria completely changes his beliefs and principles after he joins the battalion, whereas Antonio enjoys a mundane life until his wife and son are killed by guerillas. It is this experience of life that changes the reality for Antonio. So in this theory on education, Plato argued that if one were to learn or search for truth, he ought to do so in a gradual manner (PSYOPS). The characters mentioned above were exposed to sudden and unexpected experiences and as a result, they could not grasp the real meanings of such experiences and hence the way they perceived reality was changed.
    &nbsp. &nbsp. &nbsp. Characterized as an ordinary citizen under rural setting, Antonio Bernal is a Guatemalan who sought to live a life of simplicity which he managed to fulfill with a radical wife and son Carlitos in brief span, despite his feeblish attributes. Originally, he is that type of fellow who is far from engaging complex ideas and would rather prefer humble settlement and not demand beyond ordinary living at San Cristobal, Acatapan. He does not find satisfaction in complex ideas and the results that arise as a result of acting on such ideas. Little does he know that his joyful pursuits in wedlock with Elena, whose fulfillment lies further on revolutionary movements against unlawful regularities in their region, is bound to culminate into tragedy. Longoria, on the other hand, is a peasant who leaves his mother in spite of his reluctance to join the army, where he got completely altered on becoming an official member of the Jaguar Battalion. His life is completely disturbed and changed by the sudden change in circumstances that he encounters after joining the battalion.
    &nbsp. &nbsp. &nbsp. &nbsp.With the turn of events that follow, a scrutinizing reader may find that both Antonio and Longoria are at a position when each of them is not by intention making any personal choice to get into intricacies with the aim of changing lives for a special cause or purpose. They might have likely remained at a neutral track if not for the circumstances over which they have negligible control.

    Adult Learners in Higher Education and Training

    Contract learning has been a significant mode of learning among the adult learners that provide alternative structured learning.
    According to tom Malcolm Knowles, contract learning is learning that replaces the content of a plan with a learning process (Knowles, 1986). Therefore, the learning process should be self-directed and independent thereby allowing students to be intensely involved in their learning. Knowles’s contract learning urges teachers for adult learners to make their students active participants rather than passive recipients in knowledge creation (Knowles, 1995). Therefore, contract learning aims at assigning more learning input from the student rather than making learning teacher-centered. Knowles further notes that the use of contract learning will help solve some learning problems by reducing the wide different gap between different learning groups among adult learners.
    The essence of the learning contract is because learning institutions often receive people or learners from different backgrounds, with varied interest, previous experiences, lifestyle, learning styles, learning speeds, and outside commitments. Knowles noted that didactic is the sure way to all these interests since this teaching will aim at the middle (Knowles, 1986). Notably, concentrating at the middle will pull students at the lower end towards the middle so that they are not left far behind and those at the top will not be extremely bored. The contract learning is to assist student structure their own learning towards meeting the learning or educational needs (Knowles, 1995).
    Development of Learning Contract
    Developing a learning contract often requires a sense of cognitive and personal learning styles. There is also a need for the teacher to diagnose his or her personal learning needs in relation to what the students need. This will also help in projecting the expectation at the end of the learning contract. Finally, there is a need for the teacher for formulating specific objects to be accomplished after the learning contract.