Educational attainment is one of the most important determinants of future outcomes for children who have been looked after. Most children become looked after because of adverse experiences in their families. What happens before children become looked after has a major influence on what happens during their period in care. 49% of young people leaving care at age 16 or over and this is the current performance indicator that local government is judged against. This indicator performance has been rated by the Commission for Social Care Inspection (SCI) as generally high and increasing. However, it must be remembered that this 49% compares poorly with a rate of 95% in the general population. (Padhy 37)Councils are also judged on the proportion of children and young people who are engaged in education, training, or employment at the age of nineteen. Again, performance against that indicator is improving. Although it is important to focus on these indicators as useful in helping authorities assess their performance it is also essential that local authorities as corporate parents have high expectations of the children and young people in our care, and that these include but also go beyond educational attainment.Certainly, some of the poor achievement can be explained by a range of other factors, looked after children are more likely to be from groups that traditionally tend to do less well in education, and they are more likely to have special educational needs and to be statemented. The performance assessment framework indicators do adjust for these factors which demonstrate that even taking these into account looked after children as a group is not doing as well as their peers.With the improvement in the early support available to families, fewer children will face such adverse experiences and that a greater number can be supported safely within their families. Research also suggests that there is often room for children’s services to act more decisively at earlier stages in children’s lives.
The framework will develop this framework of some of these factors and through an application of Weiss’ Theory of Action (1998).Increasing globalization has resulted in a competitive environment wherein education plays a vital role in strengthening the economic resources of a nation. For most Western democracies, higher education has become a critical link to future economic success (Alexander, 2000, p 413). In order to enhance competitiveness in the international marketplace, Governments are increasingly focusing on the need to improve the quality of human capital, a product of higher educational institutions.In the past, a high school diploma was considered adequate. However, the role of post-secondary education has become increasingly important as a factor in enhancing productivity. In the early 1990s, the Government launched an ambitious State-based scheme via the No Child Left Behind Act which seeks to make school districts accountable for ensuring that all students are provided with basic education. But State funding has not kept pace with this development and funding gaps have developed between high poverty and low poverty districts. (Carey,2004, p 1).In 2002-2003, the funding gap for poor students in West Virginia was estimated to be about $417 per student (Carey, 2004, p 5). Numbers can be used as a measure of a policy problem (Stone, 1997) and the funding gap indicates a serious policy problem at state and federal levels. Poverty in a region is inextricably linked to low wages between $5.75 to $6 per hour, as researchers have shown (Churchill,1995. National Alliance of Business 1997) and the funding gap for education exacerbates the problem of lack of job skills. Workers can acquire such job skills only through improved education (Murnane and Levy, 1997).
Examine the portrayal of independence, both personal and political and the role of education in Marouane’s «La jeune fille et la mere» Leila Marouane’s «La Jeune Fille et la Mere» is a thought provoking novel. Based on the author’s own experiences as an Algerian-French national, the novel is history, autobiography and fiction all at once. It is also a post-colonial work, in that the young girl Djamila’s dilemmas and conflicts are similar to her newly independent nation’s own struggles with identity and choice. One of the struggles for the mother is with male domination. Even in fundamental questions of choosing a partner or choosing sexual lifestyle, women have little choice in Algeria. Worse, they are sometimes forced into abusive sexual relations and even prostitution. Frequent unwanted pregnancies and abortions are not uncommon. If this blatant abuse of women’s rights were to happen in France it would provoke an outrage. But in the patriarchal social milieu of Algeria, these events go on as a matter of routine. Author Marouane seems to be suggesting that nominal political freedom has no benign effects on the entrenched regressive attitudes of her native society. This is tragic because women were at the forefront of the liberation for freedom from French rule. They worked in ammunition factories and carried the local economy on their soldiers as their men were at the warfront. In the novel, having suffered countless injustices in her own life, the mother is bent on providing Djamila with a better deal. Toward this end she educates her daughter and gives her many liberties. Yet, there are many hurdles to the young girl’s full expression of her freedom. For example, when Djamila was found having sex with the cabinet maker, her father forces her to undergo a virginity test. This is notwithstanding the fact that she had long lost her hyman due to sexual abuse as a child. These dark realities go on to show how Djamila and her mother are both caught up in the vicious spiral of their native culture. For Djamila’s mother, the disappointment is twofold, for neither she nor her daughter is able to liberate themselves from this hopelessness. The mother witnesses how Djamila too is subject to the same social pressures that weighed her down. For example, even if she could send her daughter to a university and give her independence to choose her career, it is still expected of Algerian women to be a virgin at the time of marriage. Caught between these twin pulls of liberation and restriction, the mother reaches a state of mad desperation as the story unfolds. Marouane leaves it ambiguous whether this madness is real or feigned. One can understand why she would want to pretend madness, in which case, she could get some concessions from society that would otherwise not be bestowed. The grand irony of the story is that even those women who valiantly fought occupying French forces during the war of liberation were being oppressed by their own society. It brings to question what significance do political independence hold to their personal lives. Marouane hints that these two are independent realms and do rub off of each other. After the independence had been won, the women of Algeria get disillusioned by the breaking of one promise after another. In the case of young Djamila, her suffering is twofold. On the one hand, despite being educated she is forced to submit to paternal authority just like her mother had to. On the other hand, she witnesses firsthand the kind of sacrifices her mother had made. But sadly, despite brave efforts on part of her mother, the young girl is not able to break the stranglehold of a regressive society.
There were various feminist movements that fought for different agendas. There were those who fought for equal education and career opportunities and there were also those who focused on the working conditions for women from the lower class. There were feminist movements who centered on humanitarian causes and those who advocated achieving political and economic rights for the women (Mercer). However, the downside of this was that all the women who lead the said feminist movements are from the upper class, women who did not connect with those in the lower class and asked for their interest to join them in their struggle as equal partners (Mercer).This was the case until Eva Perón stepped into the scene. It was probably because of the fact that she came from the lower class that she was able to effectively draw support from the women of the lower class. Through Eva Perón, the women of the lower class felt as if she knew their concerns and their situation unlike the upper class women who appear to them as if they only care for their own personal interests.The upper class women did not give Perón their attention because of her roots.However, despite being snubbed by the early feminist, Perón’s influence could not be ignored – women who used to ignore the cries of the upper class feminists regarding women’s rights began to involve themselves in politics (Mercer).Eva Perón was born on July 5, 1919 at Los Toldos, Argentina. She was commonly known as Evita as the affectionate for Eva which means our little Eva. She was the youngest of the five children of Juan Duarte.Her family moved to Junin whentheir father died and it was there where she realized that she wanted to be an actress (Morrison).
Given that the parents are well educated, it is also expected that their children with have the equal opportunity for a good education. Aside from biological and cultural factors, industrialization has been pointed as the main cause of inequality which started between the agriculture and the industrial sectors. Industrialization can lead to a lesser demand for human resources. Therefore, increase in competition among the workers is possible. In line with this, the unequal resources such as the access to education between the rich and the less fortunate people resulted to a wider gap on the distribution of wealth between the two sectors of the society. Using the law of supply and demand, this study will examine the economic costs and benefits of introducing minimum wage within a competitive labor market. Eventually, whether or not there will be any changes in the economic cost and benefit analysis will be answered given that the only employer within the labor market is the monopsony. Minimum wage is referring to the minimum hourly, daily, or monthly wage wherein employers are required to pay the workers in exchange for their service. Specifically, in the UK, the minimum wage is £5.93 per hour (BBC News 2010). Normally, the government implements the minimum wage law in order to protect the socio-economic welfare of the workers from abusive employers. As a result of implementing a minimum wage law, workers could enjoy the benefit of improving their standard of living by actually removing poverty from the lives of the people (Daniel 2010. Filion 2009). Since employed individuals will be able to receive a minimum wage, these people will be able to enjoy the benefit of spending more money on purchasing their preferred basic commodities which are necessary in order to stimulate the national and international economic growth (Daniel 2010).
Moreover, e-learning reduces publishing as well as distribution costs. E-learning provides individualized instruction for learners, unlike print media. E-learning differs from the traditional instructor-led courses in that the instructor-led courses are costly and clumsy. In collaboration with proper needs assessment, e-learning is capable of targeting specific learning needs. Through the use of learning style tests, e-learning is also capable of locating and targeting individual learning preferences. According to the Trim learning theories, a number of activities should be used to ensure good learning. The linguistic mode has been found to provide a way to one of the most accurate methods of learning. This explains why it has had such a big impact on the world of training and education. To increase linguistic retention, one must follow a variety of ways such as note-taking, cueing, and active learning. A learning plan will, therefore, go a long way in making the distance learning experience a beneficial and satisfying one. It must, however, meet the learning outcomes of the course being offered.The unit for my learning plan assignment is a bachelor’s degree in Human Resource Management. This refers to the coherent and strategic approach to managing an organization’s most valuable assets, who are the people working for that organization (Armstrong, 2006). An organization’s employees collectively and individually contribute to the attainment of its goals and objectives. The term human resource management has come to replace another term ‘personnel management.’Human resource management describes processes involved in the management of people in an organization (Armstrong, 2006). Simply put, human resource management entails the employment of people, development of resources, utilization, maintenance, and compensation of services in line with organizational and job requirements.Human resource management techniques have forced managers to express their organizations’ goals with specificity in order for the workforce to understand and undertake them, and to provide the necessary resources for the successful accomplishment of their assignments. Human resource management techniques express an organization’s overall operating practices and goals when properly practiced. Many people see human resource management is very important in reducing risk within an organization.
However, this pursuit of the two Germanies towards economic prosperity was constantly plagued with protests and demonstrations from its active population of young minds. Barbed wires, control towers, and harsh shoot-to-kill policies were put in place in the border between the East and the West to prevent the collapse of the Democratic Republic. Moreover, this intensified military protection was supported by West Germany by modifying its government structure towards parliamentary democracy. Yet, this political move was unsuccessful in winning back the sentiments and the enterprising minds of the German people. The efforts of the government to denazify Germany through corrective re-education and other approaches to cleanse the population from the horrors of the Nazi period were a failure. The citizens of Germany still held on the belief that the Nazi overindulgences to power and authority were attributable to the complacency of the civic society. The Red Army Faction (RAF) or popularly known as the Baader-Meinhof Group was formed by West Germany’s activists and liberated minds. it became a militant left-wing group. The group materialized from the protests and radical movements staged by the students in West Germany in the late 1960s. Being a leftist organization, the Baader-Meinhof Group was labeled as communist or metropolitan bandits due to its extensive engagement in armed resistance. However, the administrative sector of West Germany classified the group as a terrorist organization.In line with this historical introduction on West Germany, this paper will rest on the premise that the Baader-Meinhof Group can be either be a political organization or a terrorist group depending on the coherence of its objectives, movement, and activities to the principles upheld by a political organization and a terrorist group. The primary objective of this researchpaper is to discern the true nature of the Baader-Meinhof through an in-depth analysis of literature relating to it.
In order to clearly understand what adult learning entails, it is necessary to have an overview of its principles. In general, adult learning involves the learner’s need to know, prior experience of the learner, orientation of learning, self-concept of the learner, readiness to learn, and motivation to learn.In my current practice setting, there have been efforts to enhance adult learning in order to improve performance by all workers. Specifically, the concern has been on how to minimize or manage work stress through workshops. However, this has not come without significant challenges both to educators and learners. Nevertheless, through application of adult learning principles, I can argue that the program is on the right course.In the past few decades, adult learning through workshops has been on the increase due to different organizations and individual adults seeking to advance their capabilities in different lines of performance (Denig, 2004). For example, in healthcare provision, clinics, hospitals, and private institutions offering care services are more efficient in seeking adult learning. However, these efforts are faced with several challenges. For example, accessibility is one of the major challenges as far as adult learning is concerned. Accessibility in tradition higher education acts as a greater disadvantage for working class (Merriam, 1993). This may be as a result of barriers like flexibilities, time, and institutional methods. In fact, most adult learners have families to attend to, and these complicate things as they have to find time for their jobs and their families too.In this regard, application of adult learning theory is considered ideal in enhancing adult learning. It does not only shade some lights on what is expected of the adult educator, but also on the adult learner (Svinicki McKeachie, 2011).
I was more of a stubborn child and to be honest, I believe a little depressed too from the divorce my parents just went through. In some aspects, there was a regression in the stage of development because my ideal self was no longer compatible with my real self (cite). This caused me a great deal of neuroticism also due with the fact that I had lost my sense of autonomy and no longer had control in my life. We fought and struggled for quite some time until one day later in the year something happened. ?It was early in the morning on a school day. Little did I know this was the last day I would be normal. ?I remember sitting at my desk coloring and then without warning watched as this unspeakable rash spread over my body like a wildfire. I went to the teacher and she wasn’t sure what to think and sent me straight to the school nurse. As quickly as it was spreading I started cramping. I became feverish, chilled and very lethargic. My body looked as though I was rolled in a bowl of poison oak. My mother left work early and took me home. unsure of what to do. The morning following was the morning that forever changed my life. I awoke in bed screaming out because I was in horrific pain. The pain was so unbearable not even a bed sheet could touch me. My mother and grandparents were horrified by what was happening. I was quickly taken to the ER where I was admitted to the hospital. It seemed like years later I was finally diagnosed with Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis. Not many had heard of the disease and frankly for the most part doctors didn’t even know how to treat it because it was such an unknown disease. Because of this I was in and out of the hospital and was not able to continue my schooling for quite some time. Any education I received was by a teacher who came intermittently to the hospital or to my home. I couldn’t retain anything that was taught to me for the fact I was in such severe pain I couldn’t think of anything else. It wasn’t until the 4th grade in which I was able to make a comeback at school and try to develop a sense of self and self worth. In addition, due to my hospital isolation, I had missed out on the social cohort that forms early on in a social institution such as school. I was also struggling with Erikson’s stage of industry vs. inferiority because I was not receiving the proper education that would make me feel accepted in society (cite). I wanted a friend more than anything since I hadn’t been able to have any since the onset of my disease. When I started back to school I was only known by a few who knew me by other relations, such as my sister was friends with a girl who had a sister in my grade, etc. That sister would tell the one who was in my class of my disease which in turn, became twisted by rumor. Twisted in the fact that they never knew what was truly wrong with me and at that age were afraid it was something that they could catch. Kids in my class were rapidly told I was a disease and a freak and I was quickly ostracized. I never knew what to expect with my health from day to day. I was still in and out of the hospital on a monthly basis.
EFFECTS OF REALITY TV ON TEENAGERSWe complain about the crass and voyeuristic behavior in our society and we believe that our new generation has no hope but what is the cause of this sudden change in our society? What has made them to be wilder and edgy than the generations before them? The answer is simple and really upsetting! It is because of watching a great amount of television shows and most of them being reality TV. NEGATIVE:Most results are aware that today’s reality TV fails to depict the real picture but sadly teens are a total another story. According to studies, teens and young people especially girls accept these shows to be full of truth and unscripted. They are prone to accepting the extreme behaviors presented on the reality TV and consider is exciting and even real. This type of innocent viewing has negative impacts on girls and boys. It greatly affects the way they perceive their own relations and the way they see the real world. An average teen spends about 28 hours of watching television per week and sometimes even more which adds up to 15,000 hours of watching per year (Jucker 224). Kids are become exposed to unethical behaviors like sex, drugs, alcohol and vulgarity at much younger ages. According to a study conducted by the University of Iowa, every year the youth is exposed to more than 14,000 sexual references and jokes. MTV is the creator and the ambassador, their target audience is between the ages of 13-20 and since 1992 they have aired a show called the real world which consists seasons after seasons promoting casual sex, alcohol, meanness and abusive language which is opposing and mocking American Family traditions and values. One of the very popular shows like jersey shore, 90210 and the real housewives, these shows promote promiscuity among the young generation. They create a false image in our youngster’s minds which encourages them to adopt crass behavior. These shows are the major reason for unethical body exposure and nudity among our youngsters. According to studies 78% people among the regular views believe that it is ok to bully others and they also believe that there is nothing wrong in gossiping. According to them being catty and competitive is in girls’ nature so there is no harm while other non-viewers believe that it is hard to trust girls these days. Reality TV shows are the reason why people these days have become so materialistic. A great number of teenagers confessed that if they get a chance to be on the reality TV they will abandon their chances of a good education. Therefore, it is about time when we need to step back and look at what we are doing to our youth, we owe them this much at least. We all are attracted to a little bit of drama and it is all they serve in the reality TV shows and it is what sells. POSITIVESThere are people who think that there aren’t many visible advantages to reality TV but in real there are quite a few. While many people think that reality TV is nothing more than series after series of freak shows promoting all the bad prevailing the society and there’s no denying about that but we might act blind and not see that it serves the greater good too. It is true that a good deal of what is shown on the TV is very useful to viewers. Reality TV shows like teen mom and 16 and pregnant are the most controversial shows aired on MTV is the reason why teen pregnancy has dropped to its lowest in 70 years. These shows have depicted the reality and educated teen girls about the negative aspects of becoming a parent at a very young age. These shows have certainly not tried to glamorize this major issue in our society and young girls who watch these shows now understand that having a baby at a very young age is not very ideal. According to a survey conducted by the national campaign to prevent unplanned pregnancy showed that about 87% of teens who watched these shows believed that they found pregnancy not glamorized whereas, only 17 percent said that they did. This is the power of Reality TV although many people may think that all they are capable of promoting is the negative but it is true that to every ying there is a yang. Many shows are also known for promoting the enthusiasm to chase after dreams and success not all of them are as bad. Works CitedJucker, Rolf. Our common illiteracy: education as if the earth and people mattered. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2002. Print.
Melba, a teenage girl, is among the few black students selected to commence the integration of schools in adherence to the court order. The process of integration is challenging since most white people are opposed to the process. The resistance ends with the intervention of the National Guard, which enforces the Supreme Court order. Critical review of the book Initial events The initial event, which triggers the subsequent events, is a Supreme Court ruling. In Brown vs. Board of education, the court ruled that it was unlawful to for to segregate students on a racial basis. Accordingly, the state ought to begin an integration program, which will ensure that the school contain students of both races1. Initially, the book discloses the miraculous recovery of Melba who was at the verge of death owing to the negligence of a white nurse. Melba was born in a segregated society. However, she manages to overcome all hurdles that the discriminatory society puts in her ways beginning from her birth during a Pearl Harbour day to her early adult hood. Melba struggles against her aggressors reveals a non-violent opposition towards segregation in the American society. The white majority segregated the black community was a fact that Melba came to learn later in life. A white man repeatedly harassed Melba’s mother since his father could not protect him. … Segregation denied young black students a chance a proper education2. Resistance at the Little Rock school Violence erupted in this town as the white persecuted the minority community. This culminated in a dilemma among the black people. Owing to the loss of lives and jobs among the black people, many wondered if it was worthwhile to champion for the integration of schools. A considerable proportion of the black people opposed resistance against the status quo in the education sector. Despite the majority of the Caucasian people opposing the integration, a few helped the black students who took part in the integration process. This reveals that there were people in both communities who wanted a peaceful resolution to the above problem. Blacks opposed to the resistance to the status quo in the education were regarded as traitors. Conversely, white people who sympathised with the treatment of black people were also traitors in their community. White children attended schools that had good facilities while their counterparts attended schools with dilapidated facilities. Melba’s personal tribulations Melba’s actions to fights segregation had various implications on her life. He was against her decision to attend a white school since they would receive threats or risk attacks by their oppressors. Melba’s stand resulted in numerous conflicts in her family as they were exposed to attacks and constant threats. Despite her father’s opposition to her decision, her grandmother and mother seem to fully back her well aware of the dangers they will encounter. In one of the incidences, Melba and her mother receive assistance from white people who help
However, the experiences of teenage life despite its bitterness have imbued me with right concepts perhaps at a later stage. The most vital advantage evolved from the past failures includes my acquired ability to make a self assessment. Today I am well acquainted with the possible ups and downs of life, and can easily envisage the outcome of each personal decision I would make. To begin with, my decision flawed for the first time as I dropped my studies. After I finished my high school, I joined a college for further studies with half-assed ideas of a career life. Since I did not have a proper goal or strategy, I could not pursue my studies well. I was in a hurry to get involved in some sorts of business activities though my situation was not very favorable. It was not because I wanted to win bread for my family, but just thought of proving my mettle in front of my friends and relatives at a very younger stage. Obviously, the academic life was of little relevance to me for I found no relevant things taught in my classes. Subsequently, I quit the studies just after the first semester, thinking that I would better seek some jobs that best fitted my age and interest. As far as the education of my home land is concerned, since the founding of the UAE in 1971, section 17 of the constitution ensures free education at all levels and mandatory primary education. The UAE constitution emphasizes on the significance of education in the overall development of the nation. In addition to free education, all associated requirements including books, uniforms, transportation, and all study equipments are free for students. Education is one of the most important areas of governmental concern that frequently undergoes several policy improvements. The concerned authorities of education include The Ministry of Education and Youth (MOEY) and The Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MOHESR). In fact, I cannot blame anyone for my discontinued study. Despite all the above said viable social conditions, I suspended my studies. and that eventually resulted in my getting humiliated by my employer. Soon after my retrieval from college I got employed in a regional bank where I was the youngest among all employees. In addition, I was the individual paid least. and that soon became the part of my identity in my workplace. I spent two years working for the bank expecting better chances in future. Although I requested the manager for increment, he did not heed genuine concern to my need. He said that I did not have sufficient educational qualifications for a better pay or promotion. To add to my grief, I found my friends in better positions earning handsome salaries from their employers. This was indeed the turning point in my life because I decided to leave the job with intent to resume my studies. I was well convinced of the significance of a university degree for the first time in my life. As a result of my sincere effort, I got a scholarship to study in USA. This is the most rewarding challenge I would get because I have been very much curious about visiting the States since my schooldays. Now I have got the chance to visit and stay there until I complete my studies. I am confident that the new academic environment in the States would offer me better educational aspirations. At this juncture, it is important to evaluate the characteristics of the
This should be geared towards addressing most of the challenges and needs that the society may be n need of. Therefore, through incorporating the triple bottom line theory, this paper will explore on how brands should create shared value (Junge 2011). Triple bottom line principles Social structure of the society One of the main characteristics of triple bottom line is the social structure that a brand is exposed too. For any social structure, the individuals expect that, a business that is being carried out should be beneficial to all the individuals involved and contributing to its success. This involves the laborers in the fields, the region and community in which a business is being conducted by a corporation. Therefore, for a good social structure, a corporate must consider the stakeholder and the labor interest to be interdependent (CunninghamCunningham 2004). Part of the social structure consideration is that a corporation should make profits that are based on the raw product and labor considerations. The raw material producer should not be given what they deserve. Some companies ensure that the raw material producer always has very little to benefit from. For example, the cement processing companies should consider the raw material value and give enough returns for the extraction of the raw material. The final product matters but if it was not for the raw material then, there would be no cement being produced. It is thus important that all the social aspects are put into consideration (CunninghamCunningham 2004). The labor department should also ensure that, there is no child labor in the company. The use of child labor is a form of exploitation and child abuse. More so, there should be fair wages given to the laborers of a company. The wages should match the type of work they do. Some companies undermine fair wages to their employees. This includes extra working hours under extremely tough conditions with very minimal wages provided to the employees. Some laborers even go the whole day without any allowance for food and water (Rauch 2012). It is thus vital that, considering the social structure, a company considers fair wages and also fair working hours. Providing facilities for health care of the community which is part of a business is vital and offering of education in relation to the products and their impacts is also important. For example, if the use of a certain brand of soap has side effects to the animals, then, there should be precautions on how to handle this type of soap and keep it away from pets kept at home. If all these practices are put into place, it is likely that a business will flourish with the customers and employees put into consideration hence, positive outcomes (Rauch 2012). Environmentally friendly Creation of value also entails considering practices that are sustainable in relation to the environment. The products that are produced by a company should ensure that there are minimal negative environmental impacts. Environmentally friendly and sustainable practices involve incorporating of minimal consumptions of energy resources. This should be carried out with the intention of conserving environmental resources. Better options of energy use like the use of renewable forms of energy should be encouraged (Ganesan 2012). Through this, a company involved in a business should be able to incorporate the reduction of waste
This makes the school administration to document the resources that it has and identify the gaps and weaknesses. Using this information, it can devise viable ways through which it can source for important resources. It is against this background that this paper provides an audit of the school in light of the community services and supports. To ensure a coherent consideration, it analyses the relative strengths and gaps in a bid to underscore the extent of these inconsistencies to the performance of the school and improvement of student behavior. Activities Conducted During the Audit The researcher spoke to about 50 individuals to determine the type of resources and support systems that were in place as well as their importance to the school. This also sought to determine the resources that were missing and what would be done to ensure that they are sourced. Further, the researcher interviewed the students to determine the manner in which they benefit from the available resources. The interviews were aimed at establishing whether the students are comfortable with the available resources and what they think should be done to improve performance. The researcher then spoke with the key stakeholders in the industry and specifically, those that were directly involved in the support system. These ranged from the school administrators such as the superintendants, teachers, chief academic officers, parents and a host of other education officials. Further, the researcher conducted a survey of the fifth grade students to determine whether they feel both physically and emotionally supported, safe, challenged or connected. Underlying efforts in this regard were also geared towards underscoring the nature of the learning environment and to what extent it encourages, inhibits or and supports social responsibility. Finally, the researcher reviewed the reports that had been previously made regarding the current support systems, their impacts on the behavioral wellbeing of the students as well as their contribution to the academic performance of the students. The preceding activities had insightful views about the state of the support system and its contribution and influence on the overall performance of the students. They identified the support systems and services currently available and those that are missing. Most importantly, the findings underscored the strengths and weaknesses of each. At this point, it is worth noting that the preceding information is vitally important. Essentially, Scott and Hunter (2001) assert that it would act as a basement upon which critical decisions would be made. In particular, it would be important to positively emphasize the strength and eliminate or discourage the weaknesses. This way, the support systems and services would yield desirable outcomes. Critique of Strengths and Gaps One of the strengths that the institution has pertains to the active parent involvement in the education of the students. In this regard, the parents are well informed about their roles in the learning process. They attend all the meetings that are geared towards addressing the challenges that the students face. In addition, there is a cordial relationship between the teachers and the parents. In this respect, Lawson and Sailor (2000) assert that active involvement of the parent in the life of the student enables the former to understand the challenges being faced by the
This paper aims at demonstrating how multinationals can manage and lead people across the border as well as how the expatriates can be made to improve on their productivity through proper hiring and training them among other motivational factors. Geert Hofstede analysis Due to the use of technology people who are from different workplace does interact in many ways since the world has been globalised. Hofstede cultural dimension theory tries to explain how people from different cultures to communicate and intermingle together due to technology. To explain the theory, Hofstede carried research on employees and was put in five dimensions of culture. Power distance (PD) Power distance explains how imbalance power exists to individuals either in firms or even in a homestead. For example, high power distance in the society encourages for unequal distribution of power while a low PD encourages equal power sharing among the members (Chulman, 1999). In a country like Malaysia, a high PD exists among the companies and thus the companies are centralized and management is under strong hierarchical powers from top management to lower level. Individualism (IDV) High individualism shows how one has a loose connection to others and this can also be related in countries which have high IDV meaning the countries have no strong connection with other countries. Low IDV indicates strongly groups among the countries or individual who work together for a common goal (Rutherford, 1990). High IDV indicates that a country like the US has one of characteristic that it enjoys challenges and in turn, it will have to be rewarded due to the hard work and enjoyment of freedom since it will base its challenges as personal and will not involve other stakeholders. Masculinity (MAS) In a country like Japan male is regarded as tough due to traditions and seen as superior to females since they are the provider in the families. In high MAS a female working in the firm is underrated and thus treated as feminine while in low MAS male and female works together without looking at the professionalism of individuals. The traditions are erased in the society and thus a female can do what a male can do. Uncertainty/Avoidance Index (UAI) Uncertainty considers how the individual in the society feel when they are in an unknown situation. In high UAI, individual tries to avoid as much as possible and when the situation is unknown they are emotional (Jonathan, 2011). In low UAI, individuals are ready to risk and change is regarded as important to the growth of firms. An individual is concerned with long term goals and not what is currently taking place. Long term orientation (LTO) This shows how traditions to the society still exist up to date. For example, in high LTO families are regarded as the root of the society, grandparents and men are the most respected and authority come from them (Davis, 2004). Education is a must to the society while low LTO encourages individual to be more creative and respect must be shown to the others in the society. According to Hofstede the theory is important and should be practised by individuals in their life. Trompenaars theory The theory is based on understanding and how one can manage cultural differences. Universalism is based on individual ownership of property and can be shared when one is willing while particularism is state ownership of property where it is shared equally.
Not all cultures held to the same rigid restrictions and expectations and these cultures were only beginning to find their voice and have it heard in the 1960s. What these new voices were saying was also reflecting a changing ideology among the general population, fanning the flames of a new definition. To understand these different viewpoints of femininity, both as an expression of a dominant culture as well as an expression of changing general attitudes, George Bernard Shaw’s Pygmalion, produced in 1913, will be compared with Jean Rhys’ Wide Sargasso Sea, written in 1966.It has long been recognized that George Bernard Shaw included many of his own personal political and social ideologies within his work. It can safely be assumed that the ideas of femininity he expresses in his work reflect the ideals of the society in which he lived. Examining the Pygmalion (1913), therefore, can reveal a great deal regarding the Western concepts of femininity as well as the ideals of many previous generations. The primary plot of the play revolves around Shaw’s belief that a common girl such as Eliza Doolittle can overcome her proletariat past with a little education and effort. More importantly, however, the concepts of progress for Eliza as they are compared to her father’s success illustrate the ideals of femininity held within Shaw’s culture and time period.The action of the play is centered on Eliza, a flower girl from the streets of London, as she works diligently through several impossible tasks set by Henry Higgins, a renowned linguist and member of the upper class, to try to change her diction to such a degree that she can be passed off as a duchess. Manly behavior such as speaking loudly or contradicting a man is quickly and harshly dealt with. That this is not a condition of her poor condition in life is indicated by Higgins’ more considerate treatment of Alfred Doolittle.
The concessions came into vogue in the 1960s and 1970s. Preferential treatment programs to the above categories of the American population is not a concession, they are entitled for it. It is a petty societal gesture for the centuries of subjugation, physical violence and mental torture, destruction of the native culture and all sorts of negativities practiced against them especially on the African Americans. Other racial minorities and women also have been at the receiving end. Thus the initiatives of some firms and institutions to recruit a fixed number of minority and women candidates was a welcome relief and that enabled them to change and improve their lifestyles and provide better education to children. The above arrangements have decidedly worked to the advantage of minorities and women. At the middle class level perceptible changes are seen but several inequalities continue to plague the American corporate world. About 97% of corporate senior executives are white. When the top decision makers are white it is futile to expect of them not to work and frame policies that are beneficial to the white community. Reservation is one of the options to remove inequalities but it is certainly not the panacea to remove all inequalities. Criticism springs forth from two quarters. From whites and a section of the blacks which has resulted in friction amongst the working class. The grievance of the whites is that the policy affects their employment opportunities. The black scholars oppose it and claim that the programs victimize and stigmatize the minorities and this has led to friction amongst the blacks and whites on the one hand and also amongst the different groups of blacks. Reservations may not be a perfect and rational remedy, but the wise saying goes that desperate situations need desperate remedies. The gross injustice done to the African Americans for over three centuries was the desperate situation in their history. They were totally helpless from all ends and the white community enjoyed at their cost. The mansions they built were through the sweat and blood of the slave labor. The atrocities committed by the whites can be forgiven but the historical facts can never be forgotten. So, quotas and reservations are the just alternatives to overcome the racial and sex barriers in the American society. As such, preferential treatment programs are morally justified. If there is one post and there are two applicants for the same, when one of them is selected, the other one is bound to feel discriminated. This is the natural human reaction. But preferential treatment programs have a broader perspective as they are based on the grounds of distributive justice. Society is like the scale of justice and both arms of the scale are equally important. Turn the pages of American history, one arm of the scale had to bear the heavy burden for centuries. As a result of past discrimination, minorities and women were denied the share of opportunities that were due to them. Though discrimination has now ended from the legal perspective, subtle discriminatory policies and practices continue to pervade business organizations and educational establishments. As such, preferential treatment programs seek to lessen inequalities and justice demands this should happen. The first premise put forth by Wasserstrom was that race is still a significant factor in our
The learning stresses on both the vices and virtues of sex. It gives a background alongside which one develops into responsible and health grown-up capable of utilizing the inborn sex nature to the fullest capability, without getting obsessed by it. It allows one to recognize and become comfortable with individual’s sexuality. The rise in a number of young adults infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus according to the World Health Organization is attributed to the lack of sexual understanding by the young adults. This understanding can only be fully achieved through the introduction of sex education in the society.Successful sex Education plans for the young adults have common elements necessary for a healthy living in the modern world. Wieland and Jeune (pg78) the current world was formed by traditional people. Such people considered sexuality and sex as an offensive topic of discussion for people who are not married. On contrary Kirdy and Moira (pg 90) asserts that there is great need to have sex education offered to the young adults. Young adults do engage in sexual practices and therefore sexual education should not be meant for the married only.Initially, there was little importance attach to sex education for the young adults. Klein and Measor (pg 47) assert that it was until early 20th century that the world and the society started giving attention to the females. They started receiving more appreciations from their male counterparts. As a result, they started receiving same education in a school with the male students. The traditional role they played in the society was further uncalculated by introducing some added curriculum for the female students.According to Fielder (pg 44), the average marriage age has been delayed due to the carrier –oriented advance in life.
The era is also criticised and condemned for confining the role of the women from social, economic and corporate fields to the four walls of their houses, where they were meant to conceive the children of this superior German race, and to serve and soothe their husbands on their return from the jobs and battlefields as well. Kolingsky (1993) submits to state that the woman under Nazi Germany had been assigned the only task of sustaining and maintaining their beauty in order to attract their husbands or lovers for conceiving children. It was not a novel thing for the females, as the female bird preens herself for the male, and hatches the egg for him. In return, the male provides the food. Before embarking upon the topic under analysis, it would be advisable to look into the history of inclusion and exclusion of women in professional activities outside their homes. German Women 1871—1933: The disintegrated Prussian states had launched a long and dedicated struggle in order to turn the dream of united Germany into reality. They had to win three successive battles against Denmark, Austria-Hungary, and France in 1864, 1866 and 1871 respectively in order to accomplish the arduous unification process of the shattered Prussian states under one banner and in one unit. German Iron-Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) was determined to make his country as the leader of the world in all aspects. Consequently, he assured the active participation of men and women in various occupations. Bismarck had played the decisive role in the upsurge of the German nation, and Kaiser Wilhelm II turned the country into a tremendous military and economic giant of the entire region for the future years to come. He did not confine the flow of progress to men only. on the contrary, he invited women folk too to step forwards and render their valuable contributions to their nation on the basis of their educational qualifications, experiences, and skills. As a result, women started working shoulder to shoulder with the male folk in the health, education and nursing sectors, and even military services of the country too. Imperial Germany, under the Reichstag, promoted an active female role as teachers, nurses, soldiers and political activists (Mahajan, 2002). Although the courageous and dauntless political and strategic policies devised by the then German leadership during 1871 to 1914 turned the country into a marvellous state of Europe, and invited and included all strata of society, including men, women, young and old into nation-building programmes, yet the entire developments made by the political leadership in order to make Germany as unchallenged created rivalries against the constantly rising economy. However, rapid industrialization also invited the high crime rate, urbanization and prostitution etc in its wake. The disquiet caused by these factors was simultaneously exacerbated in Germany by the increasingly vociferous demands of the German women’s movement which emerged most strongly at the turn of the century. (Rowe, 1995)
This report includes a detailed description of the location and activities of the venue. It also identifies the pertinent legal requirement connected with the jurisdiction. Additionally, it asserts the macro, micro, and management of risk context. The second section identifies analyses and evaluates risk connected with the trip (Hopkin, 2010). The risks are analyzed in terms of their location, people and physical environment. Subsequently, the report describes the risk control which includes the management level policy and guidelines needed to manage the risks utilizing options of risk treatment. This includes the prevention, risk reduction, removing and avoiding risk source. 1 2 Risk Context Statement The process outlines the risks that, in case an emergency occurs, would constitute a coordinated and significant response within the outlined procedures and guidelines. It contains the detailed activity and location description, relevant legal needs and the management context of macro, micro, and risk (Risk management 2009). 2.1 Activity and Location Sydney Marathon will take place on Sunday 22nd September 2013. The participants will run for 42.195Km The event will start at 7:25 am for wheelchairs and 7:30 am for normal people. The start line cut off will be 7:40 am. For slower walkers, runners or joggers I will be crucial to be in their right group. The groups will be seeded in reference to their expected finish line. The final start group comprises of all the wheelchairs and Prams. The timing will not interfere because the timing will record the starting time and finishing time. This will allow the group to enjoy the event at their own pace and offer the best possible outcome. Various drink stations will be set up providing services such as water, toilet, elite drinks, GU, and Powerade. The marathon will be held at the Sydney International Regatta Centre. The marathon will celebrate the great outdoors, healthy lifestyle, and active communities. The marathon will consist of the marathon, half-marathon. Family Fun Run and Lap the Lake. 2.2 Legal Requirements Sydney marathon has legal requirements in terms of age and distance of participation. The minimum age of the participants either 16 or 18 years of age. There will also be underage children ( those under 16 years). It is therefore recommended for the children to wait until they attain the required age. Although it is quite unknown on the implication of marathon to underage, the experts have recommended them waiting until they attain puberty. Most doctors recommend children to avoid long distance because of trauma and can lead to bone doings. When someone trains for a marathon, it is normally tough mentally and physically, exhausting and time-consuming. Therefore, underage it is highly possible to affect someone’s priorities such as education. Before someone embarks on the long distance/marathon, it is suggested top run 10ks or even 4ks. Therefore, completing the race would be a major boost (Crouhy, Galai Mark, 2000). 3 Ages The age categories scheduled to attend the trip are limitless. Those under the age of 18years need the consent of their parents to attend the trip. The age categories scheduled for the trip will be grouped as 18-24, 25-29, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44, 45-49, 50-54, 55-59, 60-64, 70-74, and 75+. The trip will offer the fitness device to those people falling in the underlined categories. 18-24, 25-29, 30-34 and 35-39.
In all fairness, he was ridiculed at the time as well. On the other hand, he raised devoted followers in Plato who was regarded as another great philosopher of his time. Socrates portrayed Plato in quite a vivid and open manner which came to light as a basic model for the member of the clergy within the parish council. This was due to the fact that the role of these pastors had become somewhat difficult to understand in the setting of a council and thus looking at Socrates within the related setting made us realize the illumination aspect of this setting. Socrates has made sure that he shows us the way in this council by being quite open and frank as his questions have given food for thought, at all times possible. His assertions have made one and all understand the true intricacies related to the discussion at hand and Plato’s conceptions, as and when raised.The book Parable of the Cave gives the ideology of a journey which Socrates is basically trying to tell. This point of view is related to each man’s separate version of his world and the manner in which he sees it fit with regard to the realities faced with the passage of time. In the quest of reaching the intellectual self within one’s own world, the hardships faced are immense and this raises quite a many troubles for the person under study. Thus, as Socrates puts it, it is a journey that is not for the weak-hearted. It encompasses the route towards enlightenment and clarification nonetheless. The image presented of the cave is such that it is a basic linkage point with the human condition. The same could be held in abeyance with having education and at times, even lack of it. The imagination raised here is that prisoners are held in a cave where their heads are immovable and hands cuffed. This makes it quite a difficult task for them to understand what is going on since they see only what they are made to see, right in the direction of their heads.
The corporate world has continued to feel comfortable with the higher education sector to such an extent that the absorption of university graduates in the labor market is keenly being facilitated. Besides the identification and customization of appropriate labor force needs right at the training level, philanthropic giving from the corporate world has dramatically increased. A conglomeration of the factors presented to higher education by the corporate world reveals close cooperation between the two sectors on a mutual basis. While the higher education sector gains through corporate giving, the graduates produced by the universities possess an element of the active contribution that the corporate world makes through internships. Other collaborative projects that the two sectors engage in facilitate internalization of the market demand for professional labor.In order to ensure that these paralleled interactions enhance education quality and integrity of the education system as a learning culture, the management offices of the two institutions need to pull in tandem (Bok, 2003). Understanding how the coordination of the corporate sector and the higher education sector management takes place must unravel development questions raised. In this study, the interaction between these two sectors is analyzed with respect to similarities and differences in their organizational structure, culture, and leadership employed. Similarly, disparities in the systems are analyzed and mitigation solutions offered to maintain a good working relationship.Traditionally, universities would plead to donors to fund major research projects that they were unable to fund using the limited resources allocated to them. Over the years, it increasingly became clear that looking for alternative sources of revenue for theinstitutions to fund their own research projects was the only way to self-sustenance. However, with the rise of corporate interest in research in the past few decades, the trend has changed with the corporate bodies taking charge.
The discussion attempts to evaluate the relationship between contemporary social policy perspective and implications for social work practice, especially inappropriate scenarios. Poverty is defined in this paper as the insufficiency in financial resources to meet basic needs. The paper also identifies the fact that social exclusion in the contemporary world is a wider concept than the traditional concept of poverty. Thesis Statement Overview Over the last few decades the United Kingdom has experienced tremendous growth in major sectors of her economy. Precisely, the United Kingdom’s prosperity has been experienced over the last two decades (Alcock, 2006). Considerable economic success within the United Kingdom, which has been so far achieved, is reflected in increased affluence opportunities not only for British people but also for citizens from other countries. In terms of average income per citizen, United Kingdom boasts of being amongst the top ten countries in the world. Nonetheless, behind such remarkable economic success, United Kingdom still experiences a high rate of poverty (Orton and Rowlingston, 2007). Despite being linked to lack of income, it is evident that even in economies with higher per capita income there is still a high prevalence of poverty. As a result, many sociologists and economists have contributed this aspect to lack of participation (Hills, 2004). Undeniably, the UK has higher per capita income yet experiences high poverty rates. In this regards, poverty is about lack of participation and not just lack of income despite the latter having a part to play in contributing to the social problem. Modern Social Policy in Britain Social policy is a noble term that describes activities, intentions, and proposals that governments make in a bid to enhance the living standards of its people. For instance, UK government through its budget, activities, and intentions ensures that there are good schools, better healthcare services, better housing, as well as engaging in uplifting the personal needs of every citizen (Hills and Stewart, 2005). United Kingdom’s social policy is measured through the expenditure incurred by the government in providing better educational facilities, healthcare services, housing, and the living standards of citizens as a whole. Some of the modern social policies in Britain include social security, health, housing, education, welfare, and children. On the other hand, Britain developed an economic-social policy that aims at reducing disparities in income amongst the citizens (Hills, Grand, and Piachaud, 2002). The main intention of the modern economic policy in Britain has been to reduce the poverty level so far experienced. Unfortunately, there has been an overreliance on the outdated industry, which has continuously caused the worsening of poverty. Amazingly, there has been insufficient involvement of not only private sectors but also individual citizens in innovating and inventing better industries. The insufficiency in participation has resulted in many people within Britain to continue experiencing a lack of sufficient financial resources to meet basic needs. It is this lack of enough financial resources to meet basic needs that amount to poverty (Alcock, 2006).
The body is also responsible for upholding the activities of ‘Maryland’s Criminal Justice Information Repository’, ‘Criminal Injuries Compensation Board’ and the ‘Maryland Police and Correctional Training Commissions’ along with many other criminal related functions. The human resources play a considerable role in the operational procedure of this agency as well. The main mission of the body is to protect the public, its employees and control offenders under its supervision. The main vision of the legal body is to establish itself as the most recognized body in the nation which believes that their employees are the biggest strength and can stop any form of illegal activities. The leadership quality of DPSCS is well known all over the state for maintaining a strict form of leadership quality which helps in maintaining law and order in the country. Within the periphery of DPSCS, The Maryland Public Safety Education and Training Center (MPSETC) is located in Sykesville in Maryland. It functions beneath the Maryland Police and Correctional Training Commissions which is a division of DPSCS (Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services, n.d.). … It is a general overview of the operational and the basic safety measure of firearms, as applicable for the purchase, rental or transfer of regulated firearms. It does not allow students to pursue this training course as the law does not permit it. The institute includes staff office, class room for training the applicant, an armory for storing the firearms used during the training, weapon cleaning areas with solvent storage and a computerized shooting stimulation station. Though the institute provides no indoor range for practice however the FTF building consists of 4 pistols and one riffle range all with self-contained bullet traps (Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services, n.d.). Drivers Training Facility (DTF): Another facility provided by the DPSCS is the facility of training drivers. The facility mainly deals in training new drivers the different rules and regulations which should be considered while driving. The institute is co-located and approximately 2 miles from the academic related institute of the agency. The institute consists of training vehicles, classrooms, fuel, automobile supplies and a DTF repair garage. The enrollment procedure for drivers training can be done online in the official website of DPSCS (Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services, n.d.). Academic and Administrative Complex (AAC): Academic and Administrative complex controls all the administrative and most academic and training centers in this complex. The Public Safety Education and Training Center is located in the ground of Maryland Springfield State Hospital. The main aim of this department is to improve local infrastructure along with reducing the expenditure by establishing legal bodies such as Police
This paper makes a conclusion that teachers develop a curriculum from observing the children and noting down their developmental skills, interests and other possibilities they can discover on their own within the parameters of safety. This curriculum envisions implementation in an environment organized by teachers to be rich in possibilities and provocations that challenge children to explore, problem-solve, usually in small groups while the teachers act as keen observers or recorders of the children’s learning. Teachers get to balance their role by sometimes joining the circle of children and sometimes objectively remaining outside the loop. In doing so, children are allowed feelings of success as they manage to be architects of their own learning. This exercise of analyzing the case helps teachers be more aware of the learning that goes on during play, link it to theory, and guide these children to pursue their interests in a safe and conducive environment.This paper talks that children had the freedom to communicate with whoever they wanted in the environment. Children relate to others on their own. Imogen felt the need to share the information she learned from her exploration with her friends.The learning environment provided the children with opportunities to explore and to learn for themselves. Learning ensues in a conducive environment that offers interactions with peers and supportive adults. Piaget contends that children learn a lot from interactions with the environment, at the same time, Vygotsky theorizes that children learn through conversations and involvement with peers and adults. … dges (2008) explains that the play-based curriculum of Te Whaariki provides children with several opportunities to express, represent, explore and extend their numerous interests (Strands 4 and 5, all goals). She offers that a socio-cultural approach can bring out children from the comforts of their own culture. hence, the quality of teaching relationships should encourage and extend such interests of the children to venture into the real world. Allowing Imogen to pursue her interest in caterpillars and equipping her with the knowledge and skills in this area gave her confidence to show her expertise to her peers (Principle of Empowerment, Strand 3, all goals, Strand 4, goal 4). What was impressive was the adults’ approach in the children’s learning as they threw stimulating questions at the children to deepen their explorations and discoveries. This is consistent with Te Whaariki’s belief that young children need adults who can provide them with the resources, challenges and support they need for their widening interests and problem-solving capacities (Principles of Family and Community and Relationship) (MOE, 1996). Hedges (2008) advises teachers to be more responsive to the here and now. They need to loosen the reins of control over curriculum planning and share the construction of learning experiences with the children. This empowers children to learn for themselves and not just to respond to what the teacher offers (Principle of Empowerment, Holistic Development, Strands 3 and 5, all goals). Malaguzzi (1993) concludes that teachers should be researchers that think and produce a true curriculum centered on children’s needs. Teachers develop a curriculum from observing the children and noting down their developmental skills, interests and other
Safety is important to protect children from extreme pain, incapacitation, dismemberment or even death. In addition, breach of safety by supervisors, parents or (and) equipment makers can lead to legal suits for breach of safety standards. Each year, institutions of learning in Britain pay thousands of pounds to compensate injured children within school premises. For example, Gloucestershire council paid GBP 7,000 compensation to a student after a teacher accidentally injured a pupil during rugby tackle demonstration (NSPCC, 2011). Safety Safety is in everyone’s mind in the playground. As much as children require a lot of opportunities to engage in physical activities, it is important to ensure that they are safe from potential harm or injury. Dangers inherent during physical exercise include. burns, drowning, poisoning, falls, getting knocked over, cuts, breakages, dehydration, rape, beating and extreme is death. There are a number of worrying incidents where children die during physical activities. Child’s serious injury during physical exercise is bad and death of a child during physical exercise is worst and unacceptable. When death in the field is reported, it sends cold shivers in people who listen and anger inhibits one’s heart. For example, according to Brighton and Hove Council, a child fell from the roof of air raid shelter when he climbed the fence to retrieve a ball. In Medway, a pupil was injured when goal post fell on him and at Cornwall. a student was injured by a ball kicked by a teacher. In addition, a child at Rotherham, South Yorkshire was hurt in the playground when another child splashed him with custard. Worst, Kyle Rees 16 year old boy at Portchester school, Bournemouth died when hit by a cricked ball on the head. Finally, a research conducted by NSPCC between 2007 and 2010 revealed that 75 percent of children were subjected to harmful treatment by coaches or their peers. Peers contribute significant portion injuries or harm experienced (NSPCC 2011). To ensure children‘s safety during physical education, teachers or guardians supervising then must be informed that children unlike adults may not be in a position to anticipate accidents or possible injuries. Therefore, it is the responsibilities and duty of adults to anticipate potential accidents and risk and prevent them from happening. According to Sportengland (n.d.), there is a safety framework that is useful in creating safe sporting environment, which prevent harm. The framework is a benchmark that is useful in making informed decisions, challenging harmful practices and promotes best safety practices. To prevent likelihood of accidents occurring, it is important to note below factors. Playgrounds need to be surrounded by handrails, fences, rubber surfaces and crash barriers to make children safe by preventing them from falling. Children need to be educated in safety measure to reduce injury risks. They also need to cover-up and gear-up during physical exercises. For example, children playing must wear helmets when riding bicycles to protect their heads from serious injury in case they fall and wear hats when playing in the sun to prevent sunburns. The people in charge with physical exercises should ensure that all sporting equipment and gears are in perfect working conditions and fitting properly. In addition, children need to shape up by preparing adequately before main physical activities to prepare their bodies and prevent them
The country has one of the most exclusive bills of rights that protect civil liberties. However, the modern security threats in the country compel the government to enact laws and develop infrastructure some of which often contravene on the same civil liberties (Menéndez Eriksen, 2006, Pg. 91). The relationship between public safety and individual rights is, therefore, an elusive issue since Americans have often sacrificed some of their rights with the view to enhancing the safety of the country as the discussion below portrays.Privacy concerns are among the leading concerns of citizens in the endeavors of enhancing the safety of the nation. The government has installed effective Closed Circuit Television cameras in major cities throughout the country. The cameras provide dedicated surveillance of citizens in such major installments in the cities as bus stations, the streets, and in residential estates. Private businesses such as banks, hotels, and institutions of education have also installed such cameras a feature that ensures that citizens have dedicated surveillance with law enforcement officers watching and recording their lives. The cameras provide reliable information in the fight of both terrorism and homeland security. The law enforcement agents have CCTV footage to identify, arrest, and prosecute the terrorists who carried out the Boston bombings.Law enforcers argue that the cameras help them identify and carry out surveillance of suspicious characters. They use the footages in averting crimes and in noticing accidents in the streets thereby saving lives. While such arguments are valid with most Americans appreciating the input of the cameras, it implies that Americans have surrendered their right to privacy to law enforcers who can follow a civilian for days. The government collaborates with private premises with effective surveillance cameras. This ensures that the law enforcers can carry out dedicated surveillance for days.
The research delves on helping nursing students with dyslexia improve the learning process. All parties must contribute to the nursing students with dyslexia’s improved learning process. Title Content. The title Exploring the Learning Experiences of Nursing Students with Dyslexia (Child Langford, 2011, p39) rightfully reflects the content of the professional journal. The professional journal focuses on nursing students afflicted with dyslexia. The entire article starts by introducing the theory that effective and efficient nurses should have the affective, cognitive, and psychomotor domain of learning capacities. The article positively identifies dyslexia strengths as problem-solving skills, good comprehension, and oral/visual skills. The credibility of the author. The author is credible. Jenny Child is the senior lecturer of Elizabeth Langford Nursing School. The author’s expertise is in adult nursing practice. The author is also the nursing skills adviser of the University of West of England. Specifically, the author is connected to the University’s Faculty of Health and Sciences, Bristol. As a professor, if nursing, the author is validly credible. Key Components of the Abstract Summary. The journal abstract perfectly summarises the key components of the full article. The abstracts include the aim of the author to focus on the learning experiences of the nursing students with dyslexia. … The abstract shows that the research used the interview research approach to collect the required research data. Outline of the Research Rationale. The rationale for implementing the dyslexia-based research is correctly outlined. The rationale states that the Equality Act of 2010 mandates that student healthcare participants (nurses, doctors, physical therapists, and others) have the right to be given reasonable adjustments within the learning environment. The rationale includes the mentors’ and learning institutions’ corresponding responsibility to adjust their teaching priorities to fit the learning needs of the students with learning disabilities, especially nursing students with dyslexia (Moody 2007, p4). Comprehensiveness of the Literature review. The review of a literature review is correctly comprehensive and up to date. The June 2011 journal article was published recently. The researcher incorporated related literature from 2008 to 2011, publication date. The author used comprehensive related literature from accepted healthcare resources. The resources included the British Education Index, Medline, British Nursing Index, and Allied Health Literature. These resources offer comprehensive and updated nursing healthcare references. The researcher also used the Equality Act 2010 as the basis for recommending the enhancement of the current dyslexia-afflicted nursing students’ healthcare learning priorities. The related literature focuses on the implementation of a dyslexia-based learning program.
Under the Jim Crow laws, blacks and whites were not allowed to intermarry. it was considered a criminal offense. Canada has a large proportion of indigenous people as compared to other countries worldwide. The need to preserve cultural traditions shapes the strategies established to promote economic development. The number of immigrants in the country increases early. These immigrants maintain the same cultural pattern adopted in attaining economic development. It has been suggested that Brazil is a racial paradise. That is not the case, as the country continues to deal with significant disparity among people of color. Mexico maintains a mosaic of native indigenous people and mestizos to create a diversified society (Schaefer, 2001). Segments of the population that feel ignored and disadvantaged are encouraged to participate in public and civic activities. The apartheid era in South Africa indicates how race can be used to suppress millions of people. The post-apartheid era is denoted by the continuous reconciliation of the different ethnic and racial groups. Reconciliation is fundamental for these groups, which are facing issues involving education, land, health and public safety. Slave trade in both Brazil and the United States began in the 17th and 18th centuries. Slavery was central to the colonial economy. Slave trade was brought about by the need for laborers to assist in building economic foundations. In Brazil, slaves were required to work in the mining and sugar cane sectors. In the United States, slaves worked in the cotton fields (Schaefer, 2001). Captives from Africa were transported through the Atlantic Ocean to the United States and Brazil. The main point of departure of the slave trade in these two countries is the slave death rate. In Brazil, the slave death rate was higher than that in the United States. Colonialists in Brazil could not sustain the slave population without importing more captives from Africa.
Industry and market analysis and SWOT analysis: Table of contents 0Introduction 3 2.0Private gyms versus Commercial gyms 3 2.1Average personal trainer salaries 3 2.2Average clients per trainer 4 2.3Membership 4 2.4Education 5 3.0Swot Analysis for Private, Commercial and sports performance gyms 5 3.1Strengths 5 3.2Weaknesses 5 3.3Opportunities 6 3.4Threats 6 4.0Top fitness apps and the most popular 6 4.1Market Analysis/ Swot Analysis 7 5.0Workout database 8 6.0Swot Analysis 9 1.0 Introduction A business plan ought to consider market analysis alongside industry analysis. Review of these two elements is the key to any business triumph and should be carried out yearly since the business operates in a dynamic environment. The environment requires scanning to establish new avenues to be embraced so as to maintain relevance in the market as is experiencing changes daily, most of which may be unforeseen1. It’s wise to therefore direct the attention to potential markets rather than the one being serviced currently by the business. 2.0 Private gyms versus Commercial gyms 2.1 Average personal trainer salaries Arguably, training for one hour in a commercial gym will approximately attract $80 which is not quite different from the charges attracted in private gyms. The reason behind this is that a considerable fraction of the cash is goes to the club as the trainer just receives a smaller fraction. The justification is that the trainers use the facilities of the club to train their clients. However, this contradicts the aspect that the same clients pay for their membership to the club thus the club benefit more from this2. Nevertheless, the average salary for a personal trainer is higher in private gyms than in commercial gyms and personal trainers do not stay long in the former to acquire more skill to impart to their clients. The average pay per trainer in sport performance gyms may be higher compared to public gyms since they are more skilled thus improving efficiency and effectiveness of the service being offered. 2.2 Average clients per trainer Private gyms are geared towards quality and reputation in order to attain the envisioned client level. To ensure efficiency and effectiveness in their service delivery to clients, the number of average clients attached to a specific trainer is reduced hence guaranteeing quality skills. On the other hand commercial gyms fail to view personal training as a noble profession. Their main objective is to increase their revenue with little regard to the nature of service offered. They hire part time trainers who are eventually get meager wages thus building on the mentality that the entire exercise is just another part time affair. To increase education level, efficiency and effectiveness of the service on offer, the average number of clients in a sport performance gym is lower compared to public and private gyms. This offers specialized training to clients who are imparted with knowledge and skills. Few people translate to a better service. 2.3 Membership Commercial gyms have more room and space with more equipment so that they can accommodate more people unlike in private gyms which are squeezed of space with modicum facilities3. Private gyms invest more in privacy and they don’t allow ordinary memberships. They also allow clients who are accompanied by their personal trainers thus they plan better and allocate slots appropriately thus controlling the number of clients in the gym at any given time. However, commercial gyms can be accessed in the wee hours of the night as they’re not used to controlling the number of people using their facilities at a time. They do not maintain much privacy and are mostly jam-packed with people to a point of queuing to access the service. 2.4 Education The trainers in the entire private, commercial and sports performance gyms require special training. For instance, in private gyms the trainers ought to have a degree certificate alongside other certifications. Based by the country, the requirements may differ. In commercial gyms the certification may not be strict as they are geared towards profit regardless of the quality of service offered. Trainers in sports performance have more education and practical knowledge compared to others. 3.0 Swot Analysis for Private, Commercial and sports performance gyms 3.1 Strengths The staff that operate in most gyms are friendly and possess adequate know how. The Trainers have skills as well as passion for their work4. These skills are subsequently imparted on the clients. The equipment available is advanced in order to offer the very best to the clients. Customers always benefit heavily from the quality training offered by using these facilities. 3.2 Weaknesses Customers are sometimes held back by the high fees required for membership thus the charges may not be within the affordability of some clients. This would cause discouragement and loss of motivation to new comers to this industry. For a new gymnasium to attain brand loyalty entails a lot of investment on its name. The brand has to be established to get to a level of a household brand. 3.3 Opportunities The increasing interest to keep fit for the population is a great chance to be utilized. Many people are attracted to the gyms to gain body fitness alongside other benefits. Offering updated services would build on the name of a gym thus increase in revenues and general reputation that the gymnasium will derive benefits from for a long period of time. 3.4 Threats Gyms both private and commercial are dependent on the situation of the economy. It’s this economy that depicts the disposable income of the population. In respect to this, a decline in the economy would impact negatively to their well being. There is also the threat of copy cat services that may be offered by independent trainers who would try their best to mimic what the best performing gyms are doing. 4.0 Top fitness apps and the most popular There are a number of fitness apps in the gym industry today. Some of these include the cycle meter, Endomondo Sports Tracker, Fitocracy, RunKeeper, MyFitnesPal and many more. RunKeeper is the best of the fitness apps and it motivates fantastically. It has a recording for every runs completed and one can compare the pace achieved day after day. These fitness apps are becoming popular and successful because it is easier to manage the gadget to be consistent with one’s gym routine5. Many people would like such since having the appropriate apps can even make the routine better. Their effectiveness enables proper management of a person’s fitness program be it marathon or sticking to certain diet. Conversely, these apps are machine dependent hence the over reliance to the gadgets dilutes innovation and creativity. 4.1 Market Analysis/ Swot Analysis One of the strengths of the foregoing phenomenon is that there is a result-driven approach that is geared towards the attraction and maintenance of clients. This makes the entire exercise popular. With the help of the apps the training offered to the staff is intensive and relevant. These strengths are weakened by the involvement of high costs occasioned by customization of personal services. Additionally, to attract corporate clients is a costly undertaking thus a hindrance to the success of this affair6. There also several opportunities regardless of the weaknesses encountered. Some of these include. as the market grows, the need for more specialized and modern was of attaining personal fitness soar. This is an open window of opportunity to exploit towards increasing revenues. Moreover, the number of clients who have embraced corporate fitness is increasing consistently thus offering a chance to be maximized7. The foregoing is not devoid of threats. Competition is encroaching this space day in day out. The proliferation of technology has led to the improvement of more fitness apps rendering the current ones obsolete. To upkeep to such technological advancements is a challenge. Worth noting also is the economic meltdown for which the industry has no immunity over. 5.0 Workout database Bicep workout This workout includes all the routines from the beginning to advanced levels. There are step by step routines designed to take place with specific times in weeks attached to each routine. Several workouts are designed to achieve differing objectives at similar times8. For instance, a workout for muscle building can also assist in strengthening the body too. One ought to choose a goal that is of paramount importance and you can choose a workout based on the specific goal that you want to accomplish. The type of work out program is also vital to understand. Working various body parts on different time of the day is called split routine while full routine entails working the entire body9. 6.0 Swot Analysis Strengths The company concerned hires highly qualified staff with adequate skills The experience of the company owners is enormous more so in the fitness industry. Trainers offer specialized training until all routines are completed successfully Weaknesses inadequate funds may inhibit proper budgeting for the club Few trainers may pose a challenge especially in large groups of people want to get the service. Opportunities The demand for fitness is soaring every day as more people want to keep fit for diverse reasons. Attending gym and health clubs is now becoming familiar even to those who had little regard to the same. There is still a large market that goes untapped. The club can also target the low income earners as potential entrants to the fitness arena. Most diseases nowadays especially heart-related ailments and obesity are making it a necessity to seek fitness services. This is a great opportunity worth exploitation. Threats The economy is being challenged by recession and downturns every time and again thus retarding the growth of these clubs. The equipment for health care is now affordable and can be used in homes for exercise. Competition from other players in this industry who even charge less are making it difficult for small clubs to thrive.
Taking the role of a hardened veteran cultural revolutionary who had managed to overcome the most severe adversities, he continued believing that the material incentives which were restored to the peasants as well as others were counterrevolutionary and were also corrupting the masses.His approach covered aspects such as a new democratic revolution, socialists’ construction and socialists’ revolution, building of the military strategy and revolutionary army, on tactics and policy, political and ideological work and cultural work, and party building. Mao Zedong has been single out to have played a significant role during China’s socialist transformation and new-democratic resolution. Despite some of the mistakes he did later in his regime, his Marxist-Leninist theory is still applicable in the current situation and used in solving new issues.In an effort to arrest what he referred to as capitalist tend, Mao, come up with the Socialists Education Movement between 1962 and 1965, in which its main emphasis was to restore ideological purity, and reinforce revolutionary fervor into the government and party bureaucracies, as well as intensify class struggle (Wikipedia 1). At that point, there were internal disagreements, however, not for the sake of the movement but on the means of carrying it out.Mao went ahead to re-impose the Maoist idea considering it as the dominant ideology of the Party. This brings out the traditional method of governance and the policies used by political parties in the traditional Chinese system of governance. The revolution ensured that Mao Zedong returned to power following the Great Leap Forward (Wikipedia 1). The movement greatly paralyzed the political system in China and significantly affected the nations socially and economically.By mid-1966, the campaign by Mao had turned into what came to be referred to as the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the initial mass action to emerge against the CCP.
Speech codes have been implementedin an attempt to protect others from verbal abuse, however, this is a clear violation of the First Amendment and distances society further from the problems that lead to the culminate hatred towards the individuals who are often subjected to hate speech. Issue of speech code can clearly be seen in environments such as public schools as there are people from numerous backgrounds who have different views and opinions. Hence, this raises the question whether it would be suitable to give college students total freedom of speech without affecting the education system, There are also other rights that have to be protected such as the fourteen amendments that were implemented to give every citizen equal protection. There are differences in freedom of speech in different countries. For example, China does not provide total freedom of speech and some media sources are actually banned from the country. China feels that restrictions in this aspect enable better control over the population. Hence, one must assess the two extremes and derive a conclusion about whether it is advantageous or detrimental to give college students total freedom of speech. The human speech represents and expresses an individual’s views in terms of morality and opinion. These are both subjective factors that can vary immensely among individuals. An example can be made of Irvine’s 11 that made a stand against the refusal of Orsen to acknowledge that he had committed crimes against humanity. These individuals were arrested, and the school insisted that it would implement the appropriate disciplinary measures. Hence, in this aspect, there is also the consideration of who the freedom affects and benefits. Clearly, the students expressed their opinion and showed no resistance or abusive behavior, however, should such stands be permitted in a college environment which has numerous questionable regulations? As mentioned above, college students are from many different backgrounds and sharedifferent views and opinions that may be extremely offensive to others and undermine their equality and dignity as human beings.
Generally Recognized Business Torts A business tort is essentially an act that it considered to be illegal. Although it is not a crime, in most countries laws have been made to protect the interests of business companies from torts. The wrong committed in this kind of tort usually results in losses incurred by one of the business entities involved in a transaction that is legally binding. The perpetrator, on the other hand, is party also to the agreement reached. According to Keller, a tort is committed when a duty owed by one person to another is breached and thus causes injury or damage to the owner of the interest. (54) In a business case, the said damage is usually in the form of financial losses of the aggrieved party. There are actually three basic business torts. namely, malfeasance, misfeasance, and nonfeasance. There could be other particular business torts but all these are related or derived from the said basic three. 1. Malfeasance This is a business tort that is committed maliciously by the perpetrator. This means that there is a clear intent against the aggrieved party, such as the aim of causing such the potential loss of revenues by the said business entity. Business malfeasance must, however, be distinguished from corporate malfeasance. This is especially because both are committed in the same sector. In corporate malfeasance, it is an employee or an executive that causes harm to the company whereas in business malfeasance, one party in a partnership, such as a joint business venture could be the perpetrator. An example of this is that of two companies who have agreed on a raw material sales transaction. Company A is involved in providing finished products to a certain distributor. Company B, on the other hand, sells raw materials to Company A. However, as Company B acquires the capabilities to supply the distributor with its own finished products, it decides to intentionally create problems in the delivery of the raw materials for Company A. As a result, Company A suffers from loss of adequate raw material supply base, rendering it unable to meet the orders of the distributor. Due to the malicious intent of the Company B, it commits a business tort, particularly malfeasance. 2. Nonfeasance Unlike malfeasance, nonfeasance does involve any willful or unlawful attempt to cause damages to the business of another. The major difference between the two is that nonfeasance is the failure to act when there is a duty to do so, whereas malfeasance is an affirmative act made in a negligent manner. (Casenote Legal Briefs 64) However, because of the failure to comply with a duty as bound by a business agreement, the same result occurs to the aggrieved party. Therefore, even it is not criminal or highly malicious the failure to perform according to the legally binding business agreement is still considered as a tort. An example of nonfeasance is when a raw material supplier simply fails to provide the needed quantity of items to a manufacturing firm, which ultimately results in the losses of the latter. 3. Misfeasance In misfeasance, there the perpetrator may have attempted to meet its obligation to another business entity. However, in doing so, it may commit serious mistakes that could result into the failure of completing its task as required by the said business entity, which then results into losses incurred by the latter. A clear example of this is when a supplier attempts to achieve the quota required by a buyer even if it may not have the capability do so. As a result, it ends up providing low quality products to the buyer, who ultimately suffers when these are sold in the market. What makes this particular business tort difficult to appraise is the fact that a perpetrator may admit to misfeasance but not malfeasance. The distinction of intention and unintentional is often blurred here, a problem faced by litigators and judges until today. To do so, judges usually dwell on the circumstances and nature of the business relationship, rather than the categorization of the defendant’s conduct, which is the determinant in principle of the defendant’s liability in negligence or deceit. (Cockburn Wiseman 85) Nevertheless, when compared to other torts, cases of misfeasance may take longer to conclude. Works Cited Casenote Legal Briefs. Business Organizations/Corporation, Keyed to Cary Eisenberg. New York, N.Y.: Aspen Publishers, 2002. Cockburn, Tina and Leanne Wiseman. Disclosure Obligations in Business Relationships. Sydney, Australia: Federation Press with the Centre for Commercial Property Law, QUT, 1996. Keller, William. The Essentials of Business Law. Piscataway, N.J.: Research and Education Association, 1990.
A better spotlight on police activities and education on human rights principles is much needed to re-align the interests of the American police force with those of the American public and at the same time, a system of public oversight needs to be established to make the police more accountable for their actions (Cohen 1975).Police corruption and violence take a huge toll on society. The feelings of injustice and increased marginalization of the less privileged are only amplified when a person is unlawfully targeted by the police. The increased police violence also brings with it the disappointment that nothing can be done to curb this tyranny undertaken by the police. This attitude is quite pervasive in society, leading many people to view the law enforcement agencies as the enemy which seriously undermines their authority by giving people a reason to not cooperate with them if need be (Sherman 1978).It is true that many police officers remain conscientious and honest but still, there are others who use their authority to serve their own interests. Unfortunately, this attitude is a source of fear and harassment for their victim’ families and related communities. These incidences of police violence are undermining the hard work being done by the government to improve the public image of these law enforcement agencies. And this fear is well justified as every day in the courts, victims tell of severe beatings by the police. These beatings take place not only at the scene of the crime but sometimes at the police stations as well. This is a serious allegation as it means that sometimes more than one police officer is involved in the incident. Police violence is usually a way of imparting justice which clearly is not a part of their job description. It is commonly accepted in the American legal system that a person is innocent until proven guilty.
The current demands in the labor market require a decisive approach. The changes in the labor market necessitate proportional alternations in the education systems and curriculum1. The process of measuring the educational disparities must take into consideration the socio-economic implications and the needs of the labor market. Productive employment calls for investment in human resources and the requisite competences. This calls for educational system change. This can be attributed the central role that education plays in social equity and economic productivity. Increasing the number of schooling years is perceived to be one of the strategies of ensuring that education grows to meet the changing demands of the labor markets. The education system has been blamed for being discriminatory. Children from poor background have minimal access to education. This makes the labor market a preserve of the wealthy in the society. The inequalities in the education system have had a negative impact on the poor in the developed and developing countries. Access to training skills and improving access to early childhood have a profound effect of the learning in the schools and job market2. This has also led to the evolution of wage gaps and stratification of the society based on the economic well being. The labor market is keen to have qualified personnel while to education system is ready to offer quality education at expensive fees. The current labor market is segmented along low and high education levels. This has also created an exclusive club of the highly paid with multiple benefits against the lowly paid with minimal benefits. Chapter 2: LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Labor market and human capital Addressing education is a complex affair. It must address the various levels of education and the necessary changes at each level. There is an insufficiency in terms of supply for the qualified or specialized personnel. Most of the trained young workers tend to lack the competencies that accompany their workplace job prescriptions. Employers blame the education systems from producing half-baked graduates. There is an urgent need to drastically change the education system of the public sector in order to improve quality. This can inject a level of equality into the education system and introduce the expected changes into the labor market. Organizations believe that productivity is closely related to the quality of employees and competencies3. The needs and the standards of the labor market have been growing and evolving over the decades. This has been attributed to the emerging wave of globalization and technological turbulence over the years. However, the education system has remained unchanged and unresponsive to the changing demands of the labor market. The tertiary education and post-secondary systems have need been customized to meet the expectation of the labor markets4. This has affected organizational performance and the national productivity in many economies. Universities are basing education on commercial rather that competence ideologies5. This has caused a reduction of
She has relentlessly fought for her principles and has ensured that Body Shop products are produced ethically. They not only endorse environment conservation but the natural ingredients within the products are obtained from people and places where employment opportunities have been created for the benefit of people. South east Asia, Africa, Brazl, Mexico etc have been major suppliers of the raw products for Body shop.Anita Roddick has been focused on its action plans and decision making processes that have highlighted its core competency of promoting natural ingredients in cosmetics. Indeed, her vision and mission have been aligned to the organizational strategic goals and objectives. The sustainable business practice, environment friendly products and effective corporate social responsibility has been its hallmark of success. Body Shop has also taken cudgels against animal testing in RD. The company used strong corporate communication practices to promote awareness for environment through sustainable development and sustainable business practice. Indeed, it has become one of its key motivating elements for its customers who like to endorse its products and services.The natural ingredients are best things for rejuvenating body and soul. 2.The business must follow sustainable business practiceThe company believes that raw materials for its huge range of beauty products must come from sustainable sources that promote social responsibility and sense of accountability towards society…. The sustainable business practice, environment friendly products and effective corporate social responsibility has been its hallmark of success. Body Shop has also taken cudgels against animal testing in RD. The company used strong corporate communication practices to promote awareness for environment through sustainable development and sustainable business practice. Indeed, it has become one of its key motivating elements for its customers who like to endorse its products and services. 3. Strategic issues in bullets 1. The products must be made from natural ingredients The natural ingredients are best things for rejuvenating body and soul. The use of only natural ingredients is important issue within the strategic goals of the company. 2. The business must follow sustainable business practice The company believes that raw materials for its huge range of beauty products must come from sustainable sources that promote social responsibility and sense of accountability towards society. Thus, it encourages a supply chain from poor countries who are rich in natural resources. 3. Committed to the environment conservation The company strongly encourages practices and process that promote environment conservation. BodyShop had not only provided bicycles at reduced cost to its employees but it also uses processes like refilling and recycling of goods. 4. Social responsibility The company believes that businesses must share their profits amongst civil society. Body Shop has significantly been proactive in contributing to the development of under privileged segment of society in the third world countries like India, Nepal, Somalia, Malaysia, Philippines Kenya, Brazil, Mexico etc. The company has also taken up social causes like AIDS awareness, education,
These major changes and other significant measures require a complete devotion and perfect dedication from the management, administrative department and particularly the Information Technology department to stabilize the performance of our online school and take our pride from good to best in the online school (Linda 1995). Everybody was appreciating and praising the performance of our online school before the advancement of technology introduced by our one of the closest competitor in the online school sector. Ever since this improvement has been presented by the competing firm, a steep decline has been observed in the size and magnitude of the market share of our online school. Profits have stuck somewhere, lowering from 8% to 5.5%. Faculty turnover ratio has increased substantially from 4% per annum to somewhat 16% annum. Increased customer complaints received more than 6% from the previous period. Things are pointing a major problem in our processes and demanding a significant solution to overcome that problem. What actually is that problem? How is it showing its effects and implications on the management and other departments of the business? What are the possible remedies to rescue? What would be the consequences of this operation clean sweep? Who is going to gain and who is going to lose? These all critical questions will be probed in the following discussion. Since the inception, the main focus of our online school has remained on providing the education to our students in a virtually real-time online environment. Students always liked and valued this methodology of teaching as it provided them the core benefits that they always needed. This methodology provided the students with an opportunity to interact with their tutors and mentors live on our online web portal, group forum and other live chat and discussion platforms. This helped the students in tackling with their study curriculum related issues with their tutors and share their problems in an online streaming session conducted via our live web portal.
Social theory plays a critical role in explaining the behavior of people in social institutions by focusing on patterns, interactions and events in the society to explain the observed phenomena. Defined by Woods (4) as competitive and organized physical activities away from everyday activities that sustain life and yield economic gain, sports have been in existence since the prehistoric times. It begins with play in childhood maturing to professional sports in adulthood. From this definition, it would be clear to indicate that the components of sports include the physical aspect, competition, an outside conduct and results governing group and specialized equipment and facilities. In professional sports, athletes would be extrinsically rewarded with fame, money and prestige. Anderson (1) appreciates sports as a socially valuable enterprise. Among the common sports include football, basketball, baseball, lacrosse, running and treadmill among many others. Socialization and sports Socialization refers to a life-long process of social learning and development that result from interaction among individuals and learning the societal expectations of proper behavior that would allow for participation and functioning in the society (Delaney Madigan 77). As people learn the norms, social skills, behavioral expectations and values at micro level, they acquire personal identities. Therefore, an athlete would be expected to conform to specific expectations in line with the set out roles just as a coach would be expected to conform to the expectations regarding the coach’s role. Involuntary exit from a team could be as a result of low skill levels, poor attitude and off-the field problems among other reasons. The meaning attached to sports experience would be given in connection to social relationships while meanings attached to sports experience would be based on cultural definitions on gender, ethnicity, race, sexuality and social class considered to be socially important. Critical theories on socialization explain how humans acquire ideologies as a result of participation or involvement in sports (Anderson 2). With regard to these theories, this paper gives the social benefits resulting from benefits and the potential limitations. Social significance of sports The US Department of Health and Human Services has noted the important role that sports play in promoting a healthier nation (Coalter 8). The physical activities involved in sports could cause a reduction in the incidence of diseases such as obesity, cardiovascular diseases, colon cancer, osteoporosis, hemorrhagic stokes and non-insulin dependent diabetes. These physical activities also have a positive impact on mental health though the mechanisms that relate psychological well-being to physical activities still remain flimsy. Acknowledging this postulation, the UN Inter-Agency Task Force on Sport for Development and Peace (6) recommended thirty accumulative minutes per day of physical activities for the realization of gainful effect on health. According to the UN Inter-Agency Task Force on Sport for Development and Peace, sport as a school for life imparts skills through physical education, play and sport itself through holistic development (8). Sports impart key values among those involved such as cooperation, communication, understanding, respect for others, leadership and tolerance among others. It even plays a
Modern women today are given the opportunity to gain better access to education. Since education is a key factor that enables the UK government to effectively eliminate work-related discrimination within the work environment, the inability of men and women to receive proper education is considered as one of the most common factors that lead to work inequalities between men and women. Based on the gathered primary and secondary research findings, this study concludes that the underlying causes of women empowerment in management positions in UK includes not only the presence of feminist groups in UK but also the socio-economic factors that make women become at risk of being deprived of access to better education. Table of Contents Executive Summary ………………………..…………………………… 2 Table of Contents …………………………..…………………………… 3 I. Introduction …………………………………………………………………… 5 a. Purpose of this Study …………………………………………. 6 b. Research Objective(s) ……………………………………….. 7 b.1 Sub-Objectives ……………………………………… … Rationale for Choosing the Research Topic …………… 10 d. Background of the Project …………………………………… 10 II. Literature Review …………………………………………………………… 13 a. General Overview on Women Empowerment in UK ……. 13 b. Differences between Men and Women as Managers and Organizational Leaders …………………………………….. 15 c. Factors that Increases Work Inequalities between Men and Women ……………………………………………………… 17 d. Why Women would Choose to have Full-Time or Part-Time Employment …………………………… 19 e. Underlying Causes of Women Empowerment in UK Management Level ……………………………………… 21 III. Research Methodology ………………………………………………. 25 a. Primary Research Method …………………………………………. 25 b. Target Population, Sample Size, and Research Venue ….. 29 c. Research Evaluation and Analysis Method …………………… 30 d. Research Evaluation and Analysis Method …………………… 30 e. Ethical Considerations in Primary Research Study ………… 30 IV. Research Findings and Analysis …………………………………………. 33 V. Conclusion and Recommendations …………………………………….. 43 Appendix I – Quantitative Research Survey Questionnaire ……………… 47 Appendix II – Research Interview Questionnaire ……………………………. 48 Appendix III – Quantitative Research Survey Results ……………………… 49 Appendix IV – Qualitative Research Survey Results ………………………. 50 Appendix IV
Companies are competing with each other in many fields like the export of software, and the various components of the service sectors like health, hospitality, education, banking, insurance. International business can be defined as a business activity that transcends national boundaries and includes trade in all mercantile, service, and other products. It may be carried out by private or public agencies or between governments. (Balagopal. 1997, 3). Foreign trade plays a significant role in any country’s economic growth, and financial well-being. The last decade has witnessed drastic and fundamental changes in the trade policy of countries all over the world, often dictated by the compulsions of the international market. It has become impossible for any country to exist in isolation from the global scenario. Today International Business has emerged as one of the important branches of management education and training in international business schools world over. There has been a rapid increase in the volume and complex nature of the problems posed by international business. (Balagopal. 1997, 13). The process of ‘Globalisation’ has not spared any country or citizen. The decisions of international financial organizations like the International Monitory Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) frequently influence government policies, and are in turn affected by changes in the international market.Decision-makers in both the private and public sectors need a greater understanding of the forces of global economic changes. These multifaceted forces are commonly summarised as constituting Globalisation, Interdependence, or an intensified process of Internationalisation. Nothing since the 2nd world war has had a greater impact on the economy. (Meier. 1998, 3).
irected, reflective learners Learning Goal 2: Be knowledgeable in their major field of study Learning Goal 3: Be critical enquirers and problem solvers Learning Goal 4: Be able to think and act ethically Learning Goal 5: Be able to work collaboratively Learning Goal 6: Be effective communicators The Learning Framework is the first stage of your assessment programme that culminates in your Oral Brief and Co-operative Education Report. In your Co-operative Education Report you will critically reflect on, analyse and evaluate your development throughout your Co-operative Education Placement and work on and complete a discipline research topic of your choice. Instructions for completing this document You are required to address all of the points which relate to each of theBBus Learning Goals. You may either answer each point individually or you may choose to respond to all points in the one discussion of paragraphs using appropriate headings and sub-headings. Learning Goal 2: Be knowledgeable in your major field of study demonstrating the application of knowledge from your major(s) to your Co-operative Education Placement In this Learning Goal you will explain how knowledge from your major(s) might apply to your tasks and discuss the value of your role. You are required to address both of the points below. You may include further comments or discussion that is relevant to this Learning Goal. You must integrate relevant concepts, models, frameworks, theories and/or technical competencies (use in text references) to support your discussion. 1. Provide a brief overview of your role and your Co-operative Education Placement Organisation (CPO) 2. Briefly describe each of your key tasks or activities that relate to your major(s). For each key task or activity, identify a comprehensive range of theories, concepts, models, frameworks and/or technical competencies from your major(s) and explain how they could apply. 3. Discuss the value that your role and personal attributes may add to your CPO. 1. Provide a brief overview of your role and your Co-operative Education Placement Organisation (CPO) 2. Briefly describe each of your key tasks or activities that relate to your major(s). For each key task or activity, identify a comprehensive range of theories, concepts, models, frameworks and/or technical competencies from your major(s) and explain how they could apply. 3. Discuss the value that your role and personal attributes may add to your CPO. 1. I have already worked in a branding and advertising agency in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and I became interested in functional attributes of branding and advertising career during my tenure in Brand House Advertising Service. It has been already mentioned that I am going to join Brand House Advertising Service in Riyadh as Co-op Placement in temporary basis. During the short tenure of
Ultimately, the outcomes that the policy yielded through the passage of time tended to prove the policy to be a deprivation of opportunity. The policy for the Race-blind Admission taken by the authority of the University of Texas is a milestone and at the same time, an epoch-making event in the US history of building a race-blind nation that will stand unified at one platform. The admission policy is exemplary in the sense that it was proficient enough to meet both the legal guidelines of the court and the pressing requirements diversity that was usually maintained under the Affirmative Actions in the pre-Hopwood admission policies.The issue of minority enrollment in the education has been an issue of the struggle for decades in the history of Texas. A number of measures have been adopted to increase the enrollment of the minority students and been changed to meet the ever-changing requirements of the time. After a verdict of the Federal court in 1996, the Texas Authority was pushed to modify the race-conscious admission policies in order to retain the diversity at states colleges and universities. Without directly focusing on the applicants’ ethnicity, the state lawmakers instituted Top Ten Percent Plan to ensure an automatic admission to any public universities in Texas. The plan that was enacted by the 75th Legislature served a two-fold purpose: to meet the requirements of diversity and to face the law of equal opportunity (Barr, 2005, p. 1). It is evident that the pre-Hopwood admission policy was outlawed on the ground that it goes against the US constitution. But the fact whether the policy adopted by the University Authority and the state legislators in the post Hopwood period was capable enough of bridging the hollering racial gaps existing in the US society may engender controversy.
In the movie, Arnie is faced with a very difficult life considering the tough situations that are affecting their family’s life and the developmental disability that has made his life more of a burden to his brother who seems to be the only person in a position to care for the entire family. Developmental disorder is simply a term that is commonly used in the United States and Canada in an effort to bring to light disabilities that are life long. The disabilities that are described as being developmental are inclusive of all the mental and physical impairments that tend to be observed in children before they reach the age of 18 years. The development disability is usually as a consequence of trauma or even illness that is temporary during childhood. In the case of the movie What’s Eating Gilbert Grape, it can be said that the developmental disorder that seems to put on hold Arnie’s life is as a consequence of mental impairment. As it can be clearly seen in Arnie, the developmental disability makes it very difficult for the character to live an independent life because it reduces the capacity of an individual to have an independent living. it disables ones ability to have self direction and the inability of an individual to learn (Habib, 49). … As it is also expressed in the movie, developmental disability has no treatment against. The helpful thing that could be done for an individual that is suffering from developmental disorder is to have them receive optimal support right from their families. As it is evident in the movie, Gilbert has been busy all through trying his best to take care of his brother by supporting him in his daily activities. This is also extended with the mother who is also extremely obese hence can not do anything for herself. Although according to the standards that are known internationally, developmental disorders ought to be countered using education and training. community and at-home support. residential accommodation. employment support. advocacy and day services (Habib, 50). Due to the fact that they are surrounded by poverty, Arnie’s family is not in a position to offer the many kinds of support that could benefit and even better his life. In regard to this, Gilbert is acting in a very responsible manner as he is only capable of offering the at-home support to Arnie and does it to his level best considering the fact that he is also caring for the entire family since the death of his father and the fact that their mother is severely obese hence can not also support herself. Review of What’s Eating Gilbert Grape? It is in the small town of Endora in Iowa that Gilbert is having his busy life taking care of his brother Arnie. Being the only brother and only remaining male figure that his was left with in the house after his father committed suicide, Gilbert has developed a very strong relationship with his brother. The relationship is mainly of protection and care as it is a very clear scenario that the only parent that they are left with
This has been the main cause of the rising tension in the world due to the hostility among the different faiths. This is mostly observed in the Arab world and has now extended to other different faiths like the tension observed between the Muslims and the Christians. The president emphasized on the importance of good relationship between the Americans and the people in Egypt. The ideas given in the Obama’s State of The Union Address 2013 are closely related to those in his speech at Cairo. In both speeches the president is seen to emphasize on the need of peace between people of different faiths in the world. In this point the president was addressing to the rising tension between the Muslims and the non- Muslims who are mostly the Christians. In Cairo the president promised to improve the relationship between America and Egypt. In the State of Union Address, the same issue was addressed where the president touched on the issues of insecurity in the Muslim world. In both speeches, the president promised a good relationship between the Muslims in the Arab world and America. There was also the idea of control of nuclear power in nations like Iran. Obama cautioned on the production of harmful energies that would create tension and fear among people. The president added on the government dedicated efforts in the improvement of the economy in America. In his State of Union Address in the year 2013, the president said that the government is dedicated and aims at getting to a minimum wage of $9.00 per day. Still on the economy the president called for increased production of clean energy in America. The more energy produced would lead to expansion of the economy by opening of more industries in the country leading to increased economic growth. In Cairo the president touched on the issue of production of cleaned energy and condemned the nuclear energy being produced by Iran. The president also urged the Muslims in Egypt to join hands with America in its fight against production of harmful energy such as nuclear energy. The topic of the sucrity in Arab world creates another connection. In Cairo the president expressed his wish to work together peace loving Muslims in restoring stability in the fighting Afghanistan and the rest of the Muslim regions. This message was also passed to the Americans when the president gave the State of Union 2013. The president told the Americans that his government is working hard in its peace keeping missions in Afghanistan. This also makes the ideas in the Obama’s speech at Cairo similar to that of the State of Union Address 2013. Another area where the ideas relate is in the issues of economy which the president highlighted in both Cairo and in his State if Union Address. In Cairo the president addressed the need for globalization and good economic ties between America and the Muslims in Egypt. In his state of Union Address, the president also touched on the issue of good economic relations between America and the Muslims and this will also enhance peace. In Cairo the president promised the Egyptians of the full support of the economic innovations and investment in his country. The president added by saying that the business ties would also promote peace in the two countries. Together with the growth in economy, there was a similarity in ideas when the president touched on education issues (Williams, 45). Obama assured the Muslims in Egypt that his government will continue to support the education of people from all faiths. He added by saying that education in America is given equally to all people irrespective of their faiths. This has promoted good relationship between the Muslims and non-Muslims in America. In his State of U
However, there are slight differences between the experiences of Douglass compared to the one of Equiano. From these narratives, there is an acute contrast concerning the lives of slaves and the determinations they had as a vehicle towards freedom. Douglass at the start of the narrative raises a confusion regarding his childhood, and the dilemma concerning his family clearly, Douglass as he narrates about his family leaves more unanswered questions regarding what he knows and not rather what he doesn’t about his family. This is more so as he says that I have no accurate knowledge of my age (Douglass 1) and he cannot even accurately recall his father. The fact that he was separated from his father and mother reveals families in crisis, and he insists that he only saw his mother two or five times in his life I never saw my mother, to know her as such, more than four or five times in my life (Douglas 1). Douglass means that he has never had a decent family upbringing and even does not know how being in a family feels like. Equiano on the other hard explains his family to be a royal family with his father being the chief. His father was revered man and Equiano grew up in a protective family headed by a chief. Unlike Douglass who cannot remember his age, Equiano tells about his cultural background and cultural practices, which signifies that he had been in the set up for some time to learn all the cultural practices. Douglass lived a painful life and introduced to brutality at an early age. He remembers the whipping that the slaves had to undergo both the young and old, men and women who were tortured as Douglass recalls his screaming aunt being tortured, he used to tie up to a joist, and whip upon her naked back till she was literally covered with blood. (Douglass 26). This explains that his story is a representation of stories by other slaves undergoing the same predicament. Throughout the initial narrative, Douglass tells of a painful experience that slaves have to endure under their masters such as Edward Lloyd. The lack of a decent living place and inhuman conditions through which the children had to endure tells of a cruel life that robbed off the innocence of children. In contrast, Equiano explains of his lovely child life in a place of plenty where he argues that nature was prodigal of her favors and their wants were few, As we live in a country where nature is prodigal of her favours, our wants are few and easily supplied. (Equiano 17). The land is very rich and fruitful with all kinds of abundance, where agriculture is the main practice by the rural folks. Equiano narrates a representation of a story that each child would dream to have, and by both of them (Equiano Douglas) being black, the contrast in their lives is sharp and boundless. While Equiano is boasting of a life of plenty, where nature could provide everything, Douglass laments of unfairness in nature that introduced him to the life of torture and robbed him his childhood compared to the lives of his fellow Africans back at home. At the age of seven, Douglass is sent to child labor in a ship carpenter in Baltimore. To Douglass this was like freedom as he comments, a city slave is almost like a freeman, compared to the slavery in the
Acer Inc. is the third largest manufacturer of PC in the world that uses transnational strategy in procuring it components for the purpose of maintaining cost leadership. In this respect, we have used PESTLE, Porter’s Five Forces model, and SWOT analysis for a comprehensive analysis of the external and internal Acer environment. From this, we have made a series of recommendation to Acer in order to retain its ranking. It is however recommended that Acer adopts Blue Ocean against its competitors by using product premium branding regardless of whether its with Ferrari or any other luxury brand. It is also recommended that Acer uses balance scorecard together with its alliances to drive innovation so as to increase the market share of Acer.IntroductionThis paper seeks to review in general terms the growth and performance of Acer over the past decade. The paper will analyze the environment in which Acer functions and identify the opportunities and threats to which it might expect to have to respond, and how are these factors likely to impact on the company in the near future. This will be done through environmental analysis (PESTLE, Porter’s Five Forces, and SWOT). The report will also make analyses of the resources and key capabilities of the company plus the factors that give the company its competitive advantage. This will be done through assessing the Industry Critical Success Factors, analyzing resources and capabilities and link the generic strategy. Background of the company Acer Incorporated is a multinational electronics manufacturer based in Taiwan. Its product includes desktops, laptops, servers and storage, peripherals, personal digital assistance (PDA), peripherals and e-business services for business, government, education, and home users. Acer Inc is the third largest computer manufacturer in the world after HP and Dell (Shaw Kotler, 2009). Acer Company owns the largest franchised computer retail chain in Taiwan, Taipei. The company was founded by Stan Shih, Carolyn Yeh his wife, and a group of five others in 1976 as a Multitech. Acer has since been the third largest computer manufacturing company in the world holding 9.5% of the market share, with its growth being experienced outside USA mature market, largely in emerging nations. The peripherals and PC industry is very competitive and Acer has maintained growth since 1999 with significant growth in revenues. The key competitors in the market include Dell, HP and Lenovo. however there is a fragmentation of the market with 46% of it owned by brands which have market share of less than 4% each. Acer seeks to increase its market share through release of premium PCs under Ferrari brand and expansion in LCD TVs with BenQ brand (Unruh Ettenson, 2010). Growth and performance over the past decade Acer has adopted various strategies to ensure that it remains competitive and retains its ranking at number 3. Acer strives to find a Blue Ocean against its competitors by using premium branding of its product from Ferrari or any other premium luxury brand and make determinations if
The war of ideas on each side fighting for and against this issue will for a long time exist, not unless an ultimate solution to this problem is finally met (Baker, 3).This paper presents a report to be made to the Governor of California, Governor Brown, concerning a scenario that greatly puts to test the policies related to Bilingual Education in California. The scenario involved concerns the discovery of oil in the Native American Indian reservation of California, mildly extending to the State of Arizona, called South Mojave Reserve, comprising of a select tribe called Hakama. This tribe is entirely entitled to the ownership of the discovered oil on its reserve and not even the government has the right to explore it without the occupiers’ permission. The dilemma here is an exchange of favor, where the California Indian Council demands Bilingual Education in exchange for granting permission to the State in the exploration of the greatly needed resource in its reservation. This report highlights brief details on the facts of Native American Indians in California, policies that might be applied by the Governor in an aim to settle the matter, and other vital issues that might be relevant in the talks that would involve the Governor and the Native American Indians. The conclusion involves a preferred choice of action and the impending pros and cons that would accompany such a choice, which would have already been highlighted in the policies.Native American Indians in North America refer to the indigenous population that resides within the borders of the present-day United States of America. These were the original occupiers of North America until other groups started arriving that comprised majorly of European origin and the Africans that were brought in through the slave trade. They comprise of distinct tribes and ethnic populations that survive by pooling together in isolated populations (Williams, Kirk, and Starn, 23).
There are several approaches using which one can analyze the personality of an entrepreneur. In this paper, we will discuss some key approaches, which can help us explain an entrepreneur. 2. Environmental Background of An Entrepreneur Environmental background of an entrepreneur is very important to consider when assessing different approaches to explain entrepreneurship. Environmental background includes several elements, which play critical roles in the development of an entrepreneur. Some of those elements include family, education, role model, experience, and government support. Let us analyze these elements in some detail. 2.1 Family Family plays a vital role in the development of an entrepreneur. Professions and businesses of the family members of a person have a lot of influence on his/her professional mindset. According to Bruin and Dupuis (2003, p. 93), family business has a deep association with the concept of entrepreneurship. In some families, if the father of a person is involved in the business of construction, son will also try to step into that business by opening a firm or an independent construction company. Similarly, businesses of relatives also influence the mindset of an entrepreneur. 2.2 Education Education also plays a critical role in shaping professional approach of a person. Education makes a person aware of the legalities of different businesses, which help him/her become an entrepreneur at some stage of life. Education not only creates awareness among the entrepreneurs but also ensures economic development. Bruin and Dupuis (2003, p. 178) state, Raising overall education and skill levels of indigenous peoples is undoubtedly crucial to indigenous economic development. 2.3 Role Model Another element, which plays a role in shaping the mindset of an entrepreneur, is role model. As discussed earlier, a person is likely to step into the business of his/her ancestors. The reason is that success of parents or other relatives in any specific business positively influences the professional thoughts of an entrepreneur, which results in making that person an entrepreneur at some stage of life. Similarly, some successful businesspersons also become the role models for some people and they try to test their luck in the businesses of those people. 2.4 Experience Professional work experience is also an important element in the life of an entrepreneur. According to Bruin and Dupuis (2003, p. 69), entrepreneurs having little or no prior experience are less likely to succeed in their ambitions. A person is likely to start his/her own business after getting some experience in the related field. For example, a person doing job in a fresh food store or in a construction company may open his/her own company at some point in life after getting some practical experience and knowledge of all issues related to the business. 3. Entrepreneurs are Born or Made According to Shefsky (1994, p. 2), entrepreneurs are made, they are not born. Various factors play their roles in shaping an entrepreneur. Every entrepreneur is a normal person like every other person. The difference is just of their approaches to professional life. A normal person is generally less enthusiastic and innovative. He/she does not think of starting an independent business. On the other hand, an entrepreneur has some determination to do something new in life. Various
There is intense poverty in this country. There have been epidemics of HIV/AIDS, malaria and famine. The life expectancy is under 45 years for men and 47 years for women. The country has large mineral mines operated by large multinational companies. At present the United Nations operates several programs that aim to place the country on a proper agricultural footing so that it may begin to relieve an ongoing history of famine. Overview of African Health Care A review of the 2009 article abstracts from the WHO Infodigest of Health Systems and Health Services provides a small glance of some of the problems the African countries face, in comparison to healthcare systems of developing countries (WHO, 2009). The articles detail such topics as the serious brain drain of healthcare professionals leaving Africa, the costs of medicines, government transparency, water supply, disposal of waste material, and the (successful) formation of community advisory boards. In general, the production of health for a country’s citizens has been shown to depend on the country’s income, education, and lifestyle factors (p.. 90). But it does not continue to improve as these factors increase. As a country’s Gross National Income (GNI) increase, there is a point in which its GNI becomes less and less effective in improving health (90). This explains why the United States may have high medical expenditure levels per capital but not much better outcome (87). Kabila reflects the other African countries, it does not have a high GPD and most of its population live outside urban areas. What would the ideal health system be for a country such as Kabila, which like Malawi, showed the percent of GDP that spent on health rose from 6.1 in 2000 to 9.9 in 2007 (WHO, 2010b)? Total government spending on health was 59.7% in 2007 compared to private expenditure which was 40.3. But outside resources on health spending represented 59.9% of the total. Kabila’s life expectancy rate was (M/F) 46/48 in 2000 and rose to 52/54 in 2007. In developing countries the life expectancy rates are generally in the 40s and 50s, whereas in the developing countries they are in mid-60s reaching through the 70s (WHO, 2010b). Compounding the problem was that Kabila had a child mortality rate of 96 deaths of children per 1000 live births dying under 5 years of age. Cultural Competence Culture should be defined broadly. In the case of Kabila it should include members of all the various ethnic tribes, members of all religions, and it should reach all economic classes from the poor to the high income. There should be no stigma placed or recognized on the status of women or diseased populations. By appreciating the wide expanse of culture in Kabila, access to care for all can be accepted as a necessary vehicle of the general medical delivery plan. Culture beliefs should be understood and appreciated and made part of the medical services. If there are certain habits which women have in regard to childbirth or personal physical being, they should be understood and absorbed by the medical services. Kabila citizens have their own health beliefs and ideas. They have ways of viewing the family structure and the status of women. These cultural beliefs should be understood and then merged into the medical service. The life expectancy of Kabila is quite low in comparison to other countries. Strategic policy principles would have to developed regarding
The Chinese economic transformation has mainly been dependent on the gross domestic product (GDP). As the development has continuously been achieved, various social conflicts have been emerging requiring urgent intervention to be solved. The first challenge is on institutional innovation. a good example is the transformation from planned to modern market economy. The second one is economic development where the success reaped should simultaneously be reflected in the social aspect. From researches conducted, the economy of china has been dependent on cash inflows, input of natural resources and cheap labor. This has had negative effects on the economy, and society as is reflected through income inequality, environmental degradation, and social injustice. The importance of the environment to all living things cannot be neglected. in fact, the main reason for its degradation is too much exploitation and industrial activities. The industrial activities in china have been on the increase. This has constantly polluted the environment through smoke, noise, and industrial wastes. Using current technology, some of these challenges have been addressed although not effectively. Modern machine used in china produces less noise and smoke. Despite this, the fact that the number of industries is high, the overall negative impact is high. In addition, greenhouse gasses and Sulphur-dioxide particulates from reliance on coal leads to the country receiving acid rain. The acid rains adversely affect trees at high elevation due to being exposed to acidic clouds and fog, which usually has high levels of acid than the rain. When the rain waters seeps into the soil, it dissolves some of the nutrients required by the trees for their survival. Why the past successful export?led growth model cannot continue Past successful export-led growth ended during the1990s, when Chinese cities underwent a rapid economic transition due to the phenomenon of rapidly growing low income and poor groups. The transitions also affected the social security that had existed for a long period in relation to employment, housing, education, income, and pension. The reforms made the transitional gap continue expanding resulting to growth in the urban low income and a population with high levels of poverty. There was a significant variance with in the scale of urban poor, in the middle of 1990, and according to a study conducted by National Bureau of Statistic, there were poverty incidences rate for urban population and household ranging from 4.4% to 3.84% in the year 1995 (Meng, 557). Moreover, the urban poverty line was setting per capita annual income of 1500, which was based on the calculations of urban absolute poverty in families and population ranging from 12.42 and 3.33 million (Chen and Fleisher, 141). According to Development Bank, in 2002 there was a report that indicated the incidence rate of urban poverty in China in 1998 amounted to 4.7% and with the inclusion of the immigrants. the rate would reach 7.4% by 1999. The incidence of urban poverty rate in 2000 in thirteen cities was identified to be higher ten percent than higher, compared to 1995, as it was indicated by a sample survey conducted on the same cites (Chen and Fleisher, 141). The increase in the population lay off, unemployed, migrated from rural areas, dropped out, or retired is contributing to the diversification of the urban
By stimulating my mind, not only does my interest and desire for what I am working on or with grow, but my learning is also affected in as much as I will learn and retain more information. Whereas in the case of lecturing only, it leaves the mind the opportunity to wander and not absorb as much information as it could. Lectures, books and training videos are all excellent sources to glean information. The problem remains, without a more hands-on approach, the information will likely become stagnant and ultimately forgotten. It is my desire to be an electrician, and forgetting vital information is not an option. In addition, I think it is essential in the overall learning process that by using a more hands-on approach, my teacher will also create an atmosphere of learning how to handle myself in a hazardous situation. If my teacher only gives me the education on how and why electricity works and acts as it does, how am I, in such a volatile environment, going to learn how to handle myself and act or react appropriately? My teacher is very highly educated, is fully aware, and understands the activity of electricity. That is vital, but it is equally important that I learn how to demonstrate what I have been taught in a safe, calm and professional manner. Often, people who have not received enough hands-on training overreact, panic or create a feeling of dread when they realize the true dangers they are dealing with. According to Dr. Michael Burke of Tulane University, this feeling is referred to the dread factor. given a more hands-on training environment, …[we] are faced more acutely with the …dangers of the job and they are …more motivated to learn about such dangers and how to avoid them. this applies to everyone in my class, because our actions and words will have a large impact on how we handle a given situation, and could be the difference between life and death. The hazards that any electrician faces are daunting, but with proper training and understanding, they are highly attuned to what is going on around them and act accordingly. In a more hands-on learning setting, it is more motivating to the apprentice to learn and use the knowledge gained. Hands-on learning also provides a social aspect to learning that would otherwise not occur. This social construct provides more details concerning the hazards and consequences of not acting or reacting responsibly. People in general are motivated by self-preservation and not knowing and understanding potential dangers is perilous to them as well as others. This lends itself to another aspect of hands-on learning that a lecture simply cannot provide. We as humans understand our weaknesses, no matter how strong or weak we may perceive ourselves to be. This understanding of our vulnerabilities is key to understanding how we learn. It is a huge motivator to learn actions, words and feelings that are unfamiliar, and address them in a controlled environment where a life-threatening situation is occurring. This way of learning will not only improve knowledge of electricity, its components and capabilities, but will also show, through experience, how to handle volatile situations.
Aside from empowering the women in the economic sphere, he has also contributed much to the decrease of oppressive practices towards them. One of the sources for proving this research paper’s thesis on the viability of social development work as a means in curbing terrorism is the book written by Greg Mortenson, Stones into Schools: Promoting Peace with Books, Not Bombs, in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Mortenson’s methods, however, worked because it suited the culture of the people in that area. Hence, there is a need to study the concrete social and cultural conditions that a development worker will encounter in that region. For this, the book Culture and Customs of Pakistan by Iftikhar Haider Malik is an important source of information on the distinct cultural attitudes in northern Pakistan, while Abbas Zaidi Manzar’s Taliban in Pakistan: a Chronicle of Resurgence provides a rich description of how the Taliban of Afghan origin was able to make seedbeds of Islamic fundamentalism out of Pakistan’s far-flung regions. In Three Cups of Tea, Mortenson recounted his efforts and the obstacles he met in building a single school in Korphe, a Balti village in northern Pakistan. In Stones into Schools, his second book, he wrote about his experiences in building more educational facilities in the entire region that include some parts of Afghanistan. (Mortenson 20) The book and Mortenson’s work itself present the argument that guns, bullets, and bombs cannot win the war on terrorism initiated by the Taliban. It expounds on the truth that terrorism can be defeated by delivering the basic services, especially education to the people of these isolated areas. Through his experiences with the local population, which include Taliban fighters and sympathizers, Mortenson asserted that peace in the area can only be made possible by socio-economic development and not aggressive military campaigns.
Programs, lobbies, and organizations have increased regarding inclusion over the years. More and more people have been getting involved. Likewise, the number of schools affected by inclusion has multiplied. The education system has been changing towards equality for all students. Increasingly, many individuals have realized the benefits of this movement. As humans, freedom has always been one of our strongest passions. It brings us joy to know that we are all being refined in the culture of equality. Educating all children to the utmost extent possible in a regular classroom is one of the noblest movements of mankind. We must then say yes to inclusive education since it fights for the rights of all children to be full members of the society. Some people think that inclusion is not the best option for all cases. Several think that it is unfair for the other students to be compromised. …for example, children with hearing impairments may be in segregated classrooms or at home to concentrate on learning sign language (Deiner, 1999, p. 31). … A number of individuals still have misconceptions about inclusion. Others just define it with their own understanding. Furthermore, definitions have evolved and influenced by a country’s legislation. Some teachers who have to face the challenges are ill-equipped on how to handle the situation. In reality, there are educators who have to accept the inclusive classroom setting without appropriate knowledge and experience. Traditionally, children with special needs are not included in assessment standards. This makes it hard for several systems to evaluate their respective performances. In actual settings, teachers, including volunteers, are not enough to manage the learning process inside the classroom. According to the U.S. Department of Education (2007), 53.6% of children with disabilities are served in regular classrooms. With this population, more educators are undeniably needed to be thoroughly trained concerning teaching children with disabilities. Clearly, inclusion brings about a change in the education system that everyone needs to be prepared of since the special education, as well as the regular system, are affected in this alteration. To address the other teachers’ qualms regarding inclusion, a collaborative approach can be helpful in communicating the necessary information. It is understandable that many professionals are still in the denial stage regarding inclusion. In due time, they will be able to have acceptance, understanding, and eventually knowledge about the process of inclusion. Almost all schools are already pushing for this undertaking to succeed. Sooner or later, more compelling regulations are likely to be endorsed.
Without any doubt, the American society is one of the few in the world where young people are nurtured in a way that makes them develop a lot of love and patriotism for their country. This therefore sends a lot of sense of commitment to the minds of the growing teenager of America. In most cases, these young people find the need to work in various volunteering activities as a means of showing the commitment and patriotism with which they were nurtured to their country. It is not for nothing that the United States of America stands out as one country with a lot of volunteering opening and avenues in the world (Norman, 1999). As the years go by and students. mainly teenagers graduate from various high schools and colleges, these students take up volunteer works of one form or the other. But current concerns among reviewers and researchers have raised the need to ask the basic question as to whether or not volunteering is valuable for teenagers. The need for this question emanates from a number of specific cases that some teenage volunteers have gone through of late. For instance there have been reports of teenagers whose services are tagged as unwelcoming by superiors with whom they work in their volunteer jobs. So is volunteering valuable for teenagers? Specifics- Inexperienced people having to take demanding jobsOne of the very first and common cases of teenagers in volunteering jobs has to do with the fact that these teenagers who are often unskilled in the field in which they take up tasks as they deliver their volunteer works are often forced t fit into highly demanding jobs and tasks. There have actually been such reports in areas such as the health sector, education sector and rescue services. (Olewiler, 2004). This situation is however a development that is against the basic principles and provisions of teenagers in volunteering. Furthermore, it creates a situation whereby the teenagers are not able to fit well into the demanding jobs they are given because they are inexperienced in those fields. Resultantly, the volunteers are seen by people they are supposed to help such as patients (for the health sector) and students (for the education sector) as inexperienced and unprofessional people who do not deserve to give them (beneficiaries) services. In effect, the volunteers do not receive the respect and co-operation they need from people around them to deliver their duties. As a solution to this specific situation, it is important to assign teenagers only to those kinds of jobs that do not demand any special experience or professionalism to go about. They could also be made to work only as assistance and not taking up demanding tasks. If this recommendation is adhered to, chances are that the services given in the course of volunteering will be valuable to teenagers because those tasks will be valued by beneficiaries. Health risks involved One other specific issue that continues to exist as a phenomenon of great concern for teenagers who are into volunteering jobs has to do with the health provisions of these young people. One undoubting fact is that several teenagers who go into volunteer jobs of different kinds do so during vacations when they are supposed to be having break from stressful tasks so that they can recuperate their health. However, these young once forgo the need to restore their health after weeks of stressful academic activities to take up volunteer jobs. Undoubtedly, this development puts a very high level of psychological struggle on volunteers (Byrnes, 2005). Subsequently, volunteers are not able to give off their maximum levels of energy into whatever tasks that are assigned to them. For those of them who work with lazier faire leaders who may want most of the daily activities in place to be done by volunteers, the volunteers are seen as underperformers who are not dedicated to the service of the nation. In effect, the volunteers are not given friendly working environment but a hostile one. In order to taker for the health
This kind of parents demands little attention from their children and make consultations, on principal family matters. This is a wrong step in trying to raise children as the parents normally consult even on insightful matters meant for adults. Permissive parent families give forth to children who are mutinous, impetuous and aggressive with other children. In as much as such children fell part of the family, they have self-esteem, which might drive them to poor performance in schools. Consequently, Baumrind portrays other parent families as authoritative. The family has characteristics of using stringent and positive means of correcting children. Discipline is the key education of children in this family as it uses little punishment methods while considering their feelings and emotional states (King, 2009). Authoritative parents require mature children of independent behavior and limited curiosity. The main principle behind authoritative parents is the fact that the parents value instrumental and expressive qualities to raise their children. The family gives forth to proficient children at school mainly due to external pressure but not self-esteem. The king of behavior results into low self-esteem and emotional instability often characterize by depression. Closely associated with authoritative parents are the authoritarian parents whose main expectation from their children is obedience. These parents have rules governing their subjected to their children whereby minute misbehavior, are not negotiable. They follow a given social structure with the parent say becoming a law to the children. Such children become obedient in life although characterized by low self-esteem, as they cannot conduct what they desire. Subsequently, uninvolved parents also exist as proposed by Baumrind. These parents get portrayed as rejecting, careless and nonintermittent parents who do not mind what and where their children are at given time. This is due to emotional settings about the children or lack of time. Uninvolved parents give forth to mislead children as they often turn to other people for advice. Consequently, the children are a subject of abuse from outsiders due to the carelessness of the parents (King, 2009). Apart from Baumrind, Maslow is another psychologist who conducted intensive research in parenting. He highlighted various conditions, which if met by parents, they are likely to raise moral children. According to him, there are principal considerations parents need to take into consideration. To start include basic psychological needs like sleep water, food, water, clothing as well as shelter. When the psychological needs are not met, children often, rear away from their normal behavior into other means of realizing such basic needs. Apart from psychological basic needs, esteem needs also raise attention. These include respect from ether sides. Consequently, self-actualization through various standards also becomes a key consideration towards raising a strong family. The children should have recognition for reality, autonomist as well as self-evaluation of various phenomena. This is also applicable to parents who must express love, security, belongingness, safety and concern for others. Adler institute is another body, which has conducted diverse research on child parenting to come up with development maturities suitable for competent and efficient parents. Some of the qualities Adler
Lately, many transactions taking place in businesses have incorporated the use of technology and its devices in form of electronic components. The invention of computer technologies was the hallmark of development in information globally. This resulted in the development of soft wares capable of handling technical business transactions with minimal or no errors at all. To promote business growth, managers have entirely embraced the use of technology in their operations (Deb 2001). This reduces the challenges arising from application of technology compared to using the traditional methods in administration. The technologies mostly available for use by businesses are computer technology and information technology. It is in the digital era that electronic transactions have reduced paperwork by improving on modes of accessing business information. Some businesses have been able to embrace technology while others view it as hindrance to their operations. Technology and management Technology has drastically altered the manner in which businesses are conducted (Deb 2001 P 94). The stakeholders in businesses have received this with mixed reactions. To some it has been a blessing, whereas to others a disgust. Furthermore, it has lead to the opening up of new markets by connecting different regions globally. Efficiency has increased in organizations that have fully embraced the use of technology in their business applications. Modern managers are utilizing information technology in decision making using systems such as decision support systems. Implementing technology comes with its challenges in organizations. In the first place maintaining the technological infrastructure demands a lot in terms of expertise required by the management team. Organizations have to incorporate training on technology in their courses to adjust with the modern trends. Organization will align their policies with technological advancements in order to minimize conflicts that may arise in meeting requirements of the law as pertaining technology. Technology requires maintenance in terms of costs for the equipments put in place. Incase of a system breakdown, businesses will realize losses that will affect their staff’s morale negatively. In addition, organizations lose traditional expertise initially used in serving guests. Automated machines have replaced human beings thus denying clients the personal touch in service: such as emotions expressions by the service staff. Technology causes anxiety among employees when they are not sure of what might happen in term of technological advances, thus lack of job security. There has to be training and education of employees to ensure they are aware of the current trends in technology. Finally, setting up technological infrastructures such as purchase of computer for information transactions is not the solution to organizations problems. Organizations with limited resources should sought expertise from professionals when handling technical business issues. Technology in management According to (Deb 2001, P 109), organizations intending to use technology should set plans that will guide the application of technologies in businesses. Embracing innovations has to be with a purpose and not just for the sake of profits. It will enable analysis of business data and carrying out research to find out market needs. Consequently,
In 1800 the Empire had a population of about 20 million. The capital of this empire was the present day capital of Turkey, Istanbul and it was renowned throughout the nineteenth century for its wealth and sophistication, and also for the cosmopolitan mix of different nationalities, cultures and religions that gathered there. The dominant religion was Islam, and this rested on a long tradition of Islamic rulers called Caliphs and Sultans, supported by generally Islamic state laws. There were other religions that flourished in this empire too: about three fourths Muslim and the rest divided between Eastern Orthodox, Catholic, Armenian and Coptic Christians as well as a prosperous Jewish community. The nineteenth century was a period of reform and renewal in the Ottoman Empire. Historians have recorded the achievements of a number of Islamic leaders who worked towards the twin goal of modernizing the government and institutions of the Empire and maintaining a moderate Islamic society. The rulers took on a personal responsibility for the welfare of their subjects, in accordance with Islamic tradition and this meant that many benefits such as transport, education, health and all kinds of government services were provided by the ruling Sultans. iii This moral obligation was a very important aspect in Turkey at the time, because without it, the people would have suffered under a despotic rule, with few rights, and at risk of exploitation. Thanks to Islamic values, which stipulate that patriarchs are responsible for others less powerful than themselves, there was a desire to do good works and take care of peoples’ needs. A notable feature of the society in Turkey during the every early part of the nineteenth century is that the Muslim community had many privileges in comparison with the other religious groups. The political reforms of the nineteenth century, called Tanzimat, aimed to reduce these differences by creating a more neutral legal and social framework, which was applicable to all religions equally. This resulted in a separation between Islam and the state, and it has helped to produce the modern Turkey that we see today – broadly Islamic, but at the same time able to operate on a secular system that is quite close to European norms. It could be said that the late Ottoman Empire period in Turkey was an attempt to integrate the Western system with moral content appropriate to the Islamic and Ottoman context.iv There were a number of rebellions and especially attempts by fundamentalist Muslims to retain a more conservative and religious style of state administration, but these were squashed. Reflection Turkey, and the connected countries that formed the Ottoman Empire, is a very interesting region of the world because it sits at the margin between East and West, and at the meeting point between three of the great world religions, Islam, Judaism and Christianity. Given that location, its history is bound to be greatly influenced by religious ideas. In studying this topic I have become aware of the long and glorious history that Islam has had, and the way that people in Turkey tried to construct a broadly Islamic society, but one which tolerated other religions and tried to make space for a neutral state system, rather than an overtly Islamic one. For this reason I think that the moderate form of Islam that became the norm in Turkey was very, very important not only for the way that modern Turkey was created, but also for the whole Eastern European region. When one looks at the harsh regimes that exist in Saudi Arabia, or in an even more extreme form in Afghanistan, for example,
A Doctorate Degree in Pharmacy As I have selected pharmacy as my professional career, I am planning further to pursue a doctorate degree in the field of pharmacy from a prestigious institute. I believe that a doctorate degree in pharmacy will definitely help me achieve my personal and professional goals. My basic aim is to study all areas of pharmacy in order to gain an in-depth knowledge of all issues related to the field of pharmacy. I think this is the right time for me to do more in my educational career, as it will help me get a suitable job in some area related to pharmacy. I am interested in getting a doctorate degree in pharmacy because of my huge interest in this field. I have a strong desire to study different types of medicines and their positive and negative effects. I also want to get an understanding of different types of drug therapies because it will definitely help me achieve success in my professional career. I want to become a hospital pharmacist who can make people aware of effective use of medicine. Along with my personal interest, my recent educational record is also a valid proof of my interest in pharmacy. Although my first attempt to study pharmacy did not prove to be successful but I did not lose my heart. I tried again after a gap of few years and since then, I have received nothing less than ‘A’ grades in all subjects related to healthcare and medicine. I have also completed various training courses related to healthcare and medicine, and at present, I am working as a pharmacy technician in a healthcare organization.I have a desire to establish my name in the field of medicine by providing proper healthcare services to the people and that can only be possible if I get an advanced degree in pharmacy. Today, people view pharmacists as highly skilled healthcare professionals and clinicians who are able to provide them with proper counseling and medicine. The time has almost past away when the people having the Bachelor of pharmacy degree did not have to struggle much in progressing in their professional careers. At present, an advanced degree has become a requirement for those who want to progress in their professional careers. I have plans to serve my nation after getting an advanced degree in the field of pharmacy. My immediate plan is to take admission in some prestigious institute from where I can get high quality education in my desired field. Upon completion of my doctorate degree, I want to get a suitable job, which should not only match my level of qualification but also should provide me with proper training to become a reliable and trusted pharmacist. My long-term goal is to serve my nation as a hospital pharmacist by achieving a high post in a well-known organization. I want to play a valuable role in the development of healthcare sector of my country by getting a doctorate degree from a renowned institute. Therefore, I must say that the doctorate degree in pharmacy will definitely help me achieve my immediate and long-term professional goals.Works CitedNot Required.
The learning process has a bearing on the overall development of the child. There are two methods of learning that may be used on a child. play-based learning and standard curriculum learning process. It is often a herculean task to determine the best learning process for the development of the child. Truth be said, both of these methods come with their pros and cons. This presents a bit of a problem on the particular package one should go for and which one to leave. While this may be the case, play based learning process comes off as superior to standard curriculum methods in more aspects than one. What are the pros of going for play based learning over the standard curriculum? To begin with, you will acknowledge that many kindergarten and preschool children fall in what is known as preoperational stage as far as cognitive development is concerned. Generally, numerals and letters would have little or no meaning to the young children in that stage. They would be best placed representing their ideas and objects using concrete and not abstract symbols as would be taught in the standard curriculum leaning process. By pretending or taking up other roles in the play environment, the young ones would develop the mental capacity to represent their world. Standard curriculum learning process or reading puts it on the children the requisition to look at representations and symbols and make meaning out of them. Play based curriculum on its part provides children with an opportunity develop the capacity to think conceptually where they use their senses to experience the real objects. For the preschool kids, the use of concrete objects would be a prerequisite as far as the use as well as the comprehension of the printed symbols is concerned (Ontario, 2010). In addition, there is always the element of special-needs children. These would be likely to be discriminated upon as far as learning through the standard curriculum based process. This is something that you do not have to worry about as far as play based curriculum is concerned. Children will always device a way in which their needs will be taken care of. When they have playmates that have special needs, they can always modify the plays in order to have every party involved. This speaks of flexibility unlike the standard curriculum based learning where here are pre-set rules with no room for modification. One thing that you will appreciate about play based curriculum is the element of creativity. Essentially, play as a learning process capitalizes on the child’s exuberance and natural curiosity. As a learning process, it has its basis as creativity and innovation. In fact, it provides learning opportunities when the children are most receptive. Unlike the standard curriculum based learning process, the child is allowed to stretch his or her imagination without necessarily being branded as wrong or right. This definitely has a bearing on the motivation of the children to learn and even have the lessons stick even more. Play based learning process has a bearing on the social development of the kids. With more role play and every child engaging in the play, the children would accept their differences and have increased compassion, empathy and sharing. They would be more likely to understand the feelings of others even in the later lives. This learning process creates choices and options while modeling relationships on the basis of inclusion and not exclusion. It definitely would have a bearing on the nonverbal skills of socialization
Biographical information Alice Walker’s birthplace was in Eatonton, a small city in Georgia. Her father (Willie Lee Walker) was basically a farmer, and her mother (Minnie Lou Walker), a maid. Unlike other African American parents during 1940s in America, Walker’s mother was interested in her daughter’s education. She did not allow her daughter to be a worker in the farm or to work as a maid. Instead, she tried her level best to provide proper education to her daughter. One can see that Walker’s future life was deeply influenced by her mother’s decision to lead her towards education. Stephanie Fitzgerald states that, From the time she was young, Alice knew that the world was a different place for a black child in the South than it was for a white child anywhere (22). So, Walker completed her school education. Later, she decided to continue her education and attended Spelman College and another college named as Sarah Lawrence College. When she was a college student, she got attracted towards social activism and this changed her life. For instance, Walker’s activism related to the Civil Rights Movement in America is noteworthy. Besides, Walker considered that anti-war protest/activism was important to extend her service to the needy. Walker’s personal life proves that she was ready to accept diversity. For instance, she married Leventhal in the year 1967. One can see that this marriage was revolutionary because Walker is an African American and Leventhal, a Jew. On the other side, Walker provided ample importance to her career as a writer because she knew that dealing with burning issues in the society is not different from social activism. Plot: The Color Purple The novel’s plot is interconnected with the sad plight of an African American girl in the American society. The narrator of the novel, named as Celie, faces a number of problems in her family. Celie was helpless because her parents did not try to provide proper education to her. Besides, she was forced to undergo sexual exploitation from her step-father. Katharina Eder makes clear that, At the beginning of the story the reader learns, how Celie, then a 14 year old girl is raped by her, then thought to be father(5). Eventually, her mother dies and her father became uncontrollable. Her father did not allow Celie’s sister (Nettie) to marry Mr. Johnson. Instead, Celie’s father forces her to marry Mr. Johnson. Within this context, Celie’s personal life became more problematic because Mr. Johnson treated her as a slave, not as his wife. At Mr. Johnson’s home, Sofia (Mr. Johnson’s son’s wife) taught Celie that women must not subdue to men. Once, Mr. Johnson’s lover (say, Shug Avery) happens to be ill and undergoes bed rest at their home. Gradually, Celie gets attracted towards Shug. On the other side, Sofia was not ready to be under the control of her husband and she deserts her husband. In addition, Shug began to interfere into Celie’s personal matters and helped her to know more about her sister. Later, Celie happens to know that her sister is alive and is working with a missionary in Africa. Besides, Celie’
Therefore, teachers need to humble themselves and play both sides of the teacher-student relationship. It requires dependency between teachers and learners. The banking concept of education should not be enhanced since it reduces students to mere objects that cannot think creatively to adapt and shape the ever-changing world.The banking concept of education considers human beings as adaptable and manageable creatures. The teacher thinks, but the students only store what the teacher instructs and acts on it later. As such, the students are busy working hard to receive deposits from teachers. They lack room to develop critical consciousness that would help them transform the world by actively interacting with it. According to Bartholomae and Petrosky, The banking concept imposes on students the passive role, hence making students to merely adapt to life as it is and to the fragmented view of the reality deposited in them (320). However, the world is ever-changing and needs people to change with it in order to survive. The banking concept does not allow people to adapt to the changing world.It is true that a banking concept gives students an opportunity for becoming collectors of the things they store. However, in the final analysis, the system files the people themselves through the lack of creativity, transformation, and knowledge in this misguided system (Bartholomae and Petrosky319). The system does not encourage inquiry and praxis. The students lack the ability to search for more solutions to real problems that face them. Thus, individuals fail to become truly humans. It is only through invention and re-invention, the impatient, restless, and continuous inquiry with each other and the world that people can gain knowledge.Thebanking concept of education dangerously assumes that teachers possess the gift of knowledge. The concept projects a complete ignorance of students. As a result, the concept is oppressive and refutes education and knowledge as processes of inquiry. The teacher presents himself to students as their necessary opposite: he justifies his existence by considering the absolute ignorance of the learners.
As the discussion highlightsthe study’s resultant figure for the Latino non-citizens’ political participation was an insignificant 3.6%. Though this meager figure indicated less participation, the study still was able to present other rooms for interpretation of political behavior. For instance, it was found that Latino non-citizens were about one and a half times more likely to participate in local non-political groups and may indicate a perception of non-political activities as directly relevant and … more fun.This paper outlines that political activities and levels of participation were divided into two types: the less demanding activities (i.e., wearing a button or displaying a sign, signing a petition or attending a public meeting). and the more demanding activities (i.e. volunteering for a political campaign and donating money). The trend for both citizen and non-citizen was similar: higher participation rates for less demanding activities and lower participation rates for the more demanding activities. Though the same trend appeared for both, the citizens still have a significantly, higher participation rate against the non-citizens.The aforementioned figure of 3.6% also opened discussions for the relevance of understanding the variables behind the differences in the level of participation among the Latino non-citizens. The study delved and shed light on this through elaborating how results show that participation is not random…. Though the same trend appeared for both, the citizens still have a significantly, higher participation rate against the non-citizens. The aforementioned figure of 3.6% also opened discussions for the relevance of understanding the variables behind the differences in the level of participation among the Latino non-citizens. The study delved and shed light on this through elaborating how results show that participation is not random (Leal, 2002, p. 369). Moreover, active participation lies on at least six of these identified variables: 1) how politically-informed non-citizens were. 2) the perception on the existing differences between political parties. 3) the depth of political interest. 4) possession or lack of a strong ethnic identity. likelihood of participation for 5) the younger generation. and 6) those planning to naturalize (Leal, 2002, p. 369). The fact that the younger generation was seen as more likely to participate in political activities seemed to correct a former assumption: age is seen as a close cousin of education. people are thought to gain more information as they age and therefore, grow more likely to participate (Leal, 2002, p. 368). The author pointed out that the proliferation by such younger participators among Latino non-citizens maybe due to the increasing anti-immigrant stance adopted by the American politics (Leal, 2002). In other words, the current political environment created a new breed of political activists among the Latino non-citizens. As long as this political environment persists, high political involvement should be expected from the young ones of the Latino immigrants. Implications Political knowledge.
The results show that the while the policy documents follow both a humanist and economist viewpoints in QA framework, where from the economist viewpoint, there is usage of quite a number of measurable quality indicators, the framework predominantly fits in a humanist theoretical stance on quality of education since the policy documents are strongly grounded in the wholesome development of the learner that surpasses academic attainment alone. Such learning includes both personal and social development, with the learning process being primarily learner centred. 1. Introduction 1.1 Aim of the research and background In most societies we know little about which children participate in non-formal education and/or why their parents want the child to participate, the nature of the process or outcomes of such participation, and the sponsorship, delivery, cost or quality of such activity. … Quality is a concept that came into education policy making once education was sufficiently spread throughout society, as soon as access was secured for all, the focus switched to quality (UNESCO, 2005). A literature review was done in preparation of this research. It shows that both quality and non-formal education have conceptual challenges and that they cannot simply be combined. The challenge for quality of non-formal education is that most models are developed from either an industry perspective (Poole 2010) or from formal education perspective (UNESCO, 2005). A further analysis on non-formal education will be the basis of the work, building on the work of Colley, Hodkinson and Malcolm (2003), Colardyn and Bjornavold (2004) and the work of the Commonwealth on Learning. Quality assurance is a new concept for those youth organisations providing NFE, and this concept, although developed by the field, will need to be extensively tested and refined (European Youth Forum, 2008). This research will attempt to give solid theoretical ground to the work of the European Youth Forum on Quality Assurance of Non-Formal Education (QA of NFE). 1.2 Research question Within which theoretical framework of quality assurance in education (including lifelong learning, non-formal education and youth work) does the European Youth Forum’s work on Quality Assurance in Non-Formal Education fit, and how? 2. Literature Review 2.1 Quality as a Concept Quality is one of the most used words in discussion, research and policies about education and in society in general. Yet its meaning is disputed both in a political as in a semantic sense. Even in the most developed Quality Assurance field, that of higher education, the
The liberal feminist theory which aims at making the women much more pronounced in the public sphere and promoting gender equality in this area as well is used as a theoretical framework and to further emphasize the need for the labor policy. Women’s trend in the working world has been changing for the better in the last couple of years as they start integrating in the job market. Their numbers in these jobs still remain lower compared to that of men and they still hold the majority shares in the less prestigious jobs as well as in the low paying jobs. This is associated with their lack of training, education, and even the necessary skills required for advancing to better positions. They have lacked the opportunity to do so as well as having to handle the hurdles of patriarchy which is still largely in existence in the society (Nebraska Department of Labor, 2015). The labor policy in discussion is meant to increase the labor force participation rate of women. This labor policy is meant to solve this problem for women once and for all making it easier for women to advance to better job positions. It will provide the opportunity to enable them to get training, education as well as increase their skills required in the job markets. This will eliminate the social and cultural barriers as well as make the women avoid the negative effects of patriarchy which subordinates them in relation to the men. Women’s integration into the job market in the low positions with men still on top of them career-wise and in power made their subordination and discrimination problems much worse as they still had no say. The education, training as well as the skills which will be provided according to the labor policy will provide the women with incentives to raise themselves from their minority position to that of superiority. They will also be able to raise their voices and be heard by the men in the society which will lead to their concerns about their rights being raised again and supported bythem.
……………………………………………………………….. 4 1.3 Rationale for Selecting the Research Topic ……………………………………….. 5 1.4 Scope and Limitations …………………………………………………………………….. 6 2. Literature Review ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 7 a. General Facts about Chamka …………………………………………………………… 7 b. Significance and Impact of Unique Culture, Language, and Religion on Tourism Industry ………………………………………………………….. 9 c. Socio-economic benefits of Tourism in the Development of the Bangladesh Economy ……………………………………………………………………… 11 d. Communication between the Bangladeshi Government and Chamkas …… 12 3. Discussion …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 13 4. Conclusion and Recommendations ……………………………………………………………….. 15 References ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 17 – 19 Chapter 1 – Introduction The term indigenous people is referring to a minority ethnic group of people that exists in each country (Coates, 2004, p. 12). Since most of the indigenous people are living in a place that is far away from civilization, this group of people manage to preserve their own set of unique culture and religion. Based on the 1991 Census, the Chamkas’ total number of population was 239,417 (Parbatya Bouddha Mission, 2012). In India, around 150,000 Chamkas are living in the states of Arunachal, Assam, Mizoram, and Tripura. whereas very few of them live in Cox’s Bazar district, Myanmar in Burma, and in Bangladesh (Parbatya Bouddha Mission, 2012). Chamka is one of the biggest indigenous groups of people that still exist in Bangladesh. Being one of the minority groups in Bangladesh, the Chamka are living their lives at a disadvantage. Because of the absence of strong government support, Chamkas who are currently living in Bangladesh do not have the same privileges that most Bangladeshi people are getting from the government. Up to the present time, almost all Chamka in Bangladesh are still living in a primitive age. Because of the presence of political and cultural separation between the Bangladesh government and this particular group of indigenous people, the Chamka do not have access to proper education, better employment opportunity, and medical assistance from the doctors and nurses. On the 13th of September 2007, the United Nations declared that the need to respect the rights of these indigenous people (UN News Centre, 2007). With a total of 30 votes in favour, 2 against and 12 absentions, the Human Rights Council supported the United Nations’ declaration with regards to the rights of the indigenous people (United Nations, 2007, p. 1). Although there is no existing universal law behind the United Nations declaration with regards to the rights of the indigenous people, respecting their rights could prevent us from violating the existing human rights law. Specifically the act of preventing the Chamkas to have access equal to proper education, better employment opportunity, and medical assistance from the doctors and nurses is a form of racial or tribal discrimination. To uplift the
Within my educational realms, the personal and professional goals are deemed as very significant. This is because I have properly understood the dualrole of education and attaining a graduate degree under my belt in the aptest way. I have realized how this will work well with the changing times and how I would be able to cope up with pressure when it is exerted on me. The personal and professional goals might be different but what is important here is a collective vision to set things right within the domains of the graduates who are fulfilling their educational responsibilities. The reasons for pursuing graduate studies lie in the fact that the student understands that if he is a graduate, he would be offered a handsome job and thus his life would be made secure. On the flip side of the coin, the ramifications seem horrendous to state the least – where this individual can face wrath within his future domains and would often be at the mercy of others, which indeed is an unfortunate reality. It is true that a GPA will give a good measure of my talent and the way in which I aspire for education within my university. Thus it is pertinent that a graduate must be motivated enough to have a sound GPA and should not think of anything else other than having a standard GPA at the university, and so would be my case in essence. This indeed is a challenge right from the onset as far as I am concerned – as soon as I enroll within the university. It is a fact that the challenges in the line of attaining top-quality education for a graduate are many and my case is no different. However, what is important for me is the manner in which I acquaint myself with the changing norms and procedures. One such challenge is the way in which I will try to come at par with the studies which are being offered. It is quite possible that I might feel weak within studies or within a subject and on that count. I will feel that I cannot cope up with the same. I might not be able to impart the much needed time towards my graduate studies which would lead to more frustration and worries on my part. Another challenge that I might face is to maintain a considerably solid GPA in order to remain ahead of my class fellows as well as to have a solid rapport with the university administration. I need to have a GPA which is a clear representation of my skills, abilities, my educational capacities, talents and so on and so forth. Last challenge that a graduate like me might have within my graduate studies is in the way I need to pay my semester or term fees, which seem to be on the rise every now and then. Since the university authorities do not usually assign a reason before raising the fees, it leaves the students and their guardians high and dries most of the times. The definable steps in achieving short term and long term goals would bank a great deal on how things shape up within my understanding levels of education.
Socrates is one of the greatest ancient Greek philosophers of the fifth century. However, there is no opportunity to analyze his great works, because he was teaching and philosophizing orally. Famous Xenophon and Plato were Socrates’ students who managed to record some of the great thoughts and teachings of the wise philosopher (Harris Taylor, 4). Socrates’ main direction in teaching was logical way of thinking. One of the most famous Socratic methods of teaching was a dialogue, during which knowledge was uncovered by logical thinking of a student and reasonable guidance by a teacher. Thesis, Socrates’ personal input in development of Athens is in his Method of Inquiry, excellent oratorical skills, beliefs and teachings about eternal virtues. Therefore, it would be justified to claim that Socrates provided a ‘vital’ service to Athens. At the same time, however, Socrates was a brilliant speaker and could charm his audience without much effort. Some of the listeners were really bothered by his thoughts and claims, while the others really liked the way of thinking Socrates presented to them. The variety of topics Socrates covered was rather fast starting individual and the state and ending with religious issues. Being atheist himself Socrates claimed that there is only one God and not many. Because of his ‘anti-religious’ claims the great philosopher was sentenced to death becoming a national martyr. Socrates’ Rhetoric Because primary means of expression was oral language in Athens, it was crucial to know how to speak on public. Socrates was one of the great speakers at his time. Laws were firstly discussed and only then recorded. Persuasive speaking was one of the major skills of successful leader or beginning politician. Most of the important social and political issues were decided through oral debates and speeches. An effective interlocutor could defend himself easily in court. Therefore, speaking skills as well as education were essential to be effective in any state affair and in public life in general (Colaiaco, 24). When Socrates was young he also belongs to the so-called group of philosophers, sophists. The sophists became central figures in political life of Greece and especially of Athens. These people were believed to be wise and able to teach their wisdom to the others. Therefore, the Athenians used to believe that philosophical education especially that of sophists was the essential part of further successful career. However, Socrates knew this system too well and it was the reason that he decided to leave the sophists. Later, during his defensive Socrates proves that effective persuasive speech is not necessarily true speech. He begins his defensive speech with the following ironic statement, which is also the beginning of the Apology: I don’t know, men of Athens, how you were affected by my accusers. As for me, I was almost carried away by them, the spoke so persuasively. And yet almost nothing they said is true. Among their many falsehoods, however, one especially amazed me: that you must be careful not to be deceived by me, since I’m dangerously clever speaker (Morgan, 46). Such a warning of the Sophists implies that Socrates was very effective public speaker. Their fear that he might influence judges is sincere. However, Socrates from his side tries to make a distinction between deceitful persuasive speaking and truthful speech, that of sophists and his own respectively. Colaiaco makes an assertion that during his trial Socrates raises the issue of the morality of conversional forensic rhetoric (p. 28). From the very beginning to the very end of his life Socrates was sincere and truthful in everything he did and said. The major distinction between Socrates and the sophists is that he was speaking from the bottom of his soul conversing the truth and wisdom of life by effective speech. while the sophists were delivering effective speech, whether truthful or not, to reach their aim, which was to persuade the audience.
Despite being a country where sports are loved by a majority of the population (especially students), the government of the Kingdom of Bahrain failed to construct adequate sport or gym facilities in the schools largely due to the lack of financial assistance. However, over the last few years, the awareness of sports has increased by an unprecedented level amongst the students in the Kingdom of Bahrain given that the country was due to the host the mini Olympics. As a consequence, the demand for advanced and well-equipped sports hall (Gym) facilities also grew by a drastic margin. In light of these events, the government of the Kingdom of Bahrain felt the urge to make prospective investments behind building sports hall (Gym) in government-sponsored schools. The scope of this project lays in the fact that construction of sports hall (Gym) in the government-sponsored schools will allow students to be engaged in a physical activity of their choice besides being engaged in the academic curriculum. It will also hold students who are obese and are affected by other weakness to regain their physical fitness and strength. This is perhaps the most relevant scope of this project provided that the percentage of students suffering from health issues such obesity, respiratory problems, heart problems, bone density has increased by a considerable margin (Baby, 2006). Therefore the construction of sports hall (Gym) facilities will allow the government of the Kingdom of Bahrain to bring down this ever growing rate of health disorders. Another relevant scope of this project is evident in the fact that it will allow the government schools to build their profile in order to grab the attention of parents and convince to enroll their children to the corresponding schools (Ministry of Education of Kingdom of Bahrain, 2013).
For this reason, Dunn argues that these approaches cannot be validated or invalidated, for they have led to advance of belief systems based on individuals’ interpretations. The Functionalist Approach This approach is chiefly founded on the works of Emile Durkheim, Robert Merton, Talcott Parsons and Herbert Spencer (Ferrante 23). According to this approach, society is a structure of interrelated portions that work together in coherence to uphold a state of equilibrium and social symmetry for the whole. For instance, family offers a context for breeding, fostering, and socializing youngsters. politics offers an avenue for leading societal members, educations offers means to pass on societal abilities and understanding culture over generations, religion delivers moral leadership and a passage for worship of greater power, and economics creates means for manufacturing, dispensing and consuming goods and services (Ferrante 24-25). Consequently, this approach stresses on the interconnections of society by concentrating on how each part impacts and it is swayed by other segments. Theorists who fall in the direction of this approach refer to the disturbance of the social system to be a dysfunction. For example, the increasing single parent and double employee families in the contemporary world has led to an increase in the number of children who are deteriorating in school. This is attributed to the fact that parents are busier in their work and less available to oversee their children’s school work. This has led to an increase in the economy output, but disruption in the family set up with negative effect on education (Ferrante 26). Theorists in support of this approach argue that societal segments are functional if they add to social steadiness and dysfunctional if they disturb the social steadiness. This remains debatable because some aspects of the society can be both functional and dysfunctional depending on how they are analyzed. Such an aspect is crime that is allied with bodily violence, distress, and loss of possessions because it heightens awareness of communal morals unions, and amplified social structure (Ferrante 27-28). There are two types of functions. manifest and latent. Manifest functions are concerns that are envisioned and normally accepted. Latent functions are concerns that are unpremeditated and frequently concealed (Ferrante 28). For example, the envisioned purpose of education is to convey information and skills to the people. In addition, education institutions function as babysitters for working parents, and they also offer a medium for people of different backgrounds to meet, including potential mates. Minding and mate medley are not the intended mutually recognized functions of education institutions, thus they are latent functions. Thus, this approach confirms with Dunn report in that it acknowledges that it can be either functional or dysfunctional and thus it is not easy to validate the consequences. Conflict Approach While the functionalist approach views the society as dissimilar sections working together in harmony, conflict approach views the society as composed of dissimilar segments, or groups, who have competing interests for power and resources. (Ferrante 30). There are two schools of thought under this approach. feminist and Marxist. According to feminist, mankind exists in patriarchal civilization, that is, a classified system of organization organized by men.
The Al Qaida and correlated terrorist groups have uttered a stern attention in using CBRN. The events of chlorine gas attacks in Iraq have clearly indicated the potential seriousness of the threats. There is always a likelihood of an asymmetric attack by terrorists utilizing chemical, biological or radiological weapons has become a reality. The augmentation in mass casualty terrorism and the mounting responsiveness that know-how is progressively more facilitating private performer to have admittance to extremely treacherous Chemical, Biological, Radioactive and Nuclear (CBRN) material has contemplated the issue of CBRN terrorism progressively more important policy question.This developing menace must be considered as a serious issue as it directs our awareness, vigilance, preparation, education and guidance strategies. It is imperative to understand how to deal with the complex risk due to the ambiguity connected with the menace.With the present scenario, the successful execution and management necessitates synchronized efforts among stakeholders to influence possessions and proficiency to accomplish synergies in administrating the CRBN Threat. Protection necessitate a multi-dimensional approach.It is essential to recognize the growing need of awareness towards highly precarious Chemical, Biological, Radioactive and Nuclear (CRBN). It has emerged as a vital policy question. The issue encompass multiple factors and a cognitive association between these factors is crucial to understand the preconditions of CBRN terrorism. Lack of appropriate database relating all the factors associated with CBRN terrorism is the need of time.
John Dewey’s vision of education was to prepare individuals to be productive members of the
society. He had emphasized the point in his book Experience and Education in 1938. Almost 60
Running Head: HOW NURSING THEORIES CONTRIBUTE TO EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND OTHER FIELDS 1 HOW NURSING THEORIES CONTRIBUTE TO EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND OTHER FIELDS
DATE: HOW NURSING…Science
persuasive message for following scenario:-
You are the human resources manager for Kindle which has
give a persuasive message for following scenario:-
You are the human resources manager for Kindle which has
recently started an internship for promising high school students interested in working in publishing. Part of this internship program requires four volunteers from the company to mentor the students and potentially write reference letters for the students to help them find a career and/or pursue post-secondary education when they graduate from high school. You realize that the mentorship role will lead to additional unpaid work for the employees. Write favour request to persuade employees to volunteer as mentors.
plz give me an answer for this
plz don’t flag it
this is the math 1118 of finance . Please help me quick.
Mathematics of Finance Assignment 3
Work in groups.
Show all work. Circle your final answer
1. (3 Marks) What sum of money must be set aside at a child’s birth to provide for 9 annual payments of
$20,000 to pay for the child’s post-secondary education? The first payment comes on the child’s 19th
birthday. The interest rate is 6% compounded annually.
A = 20 000 / 1 – ( 4 + 0.06 ) = 236 633, 8455
The sum of money need to set aside equal :quot;
156035, 8455 –
(1 + 0 06) 18 –
= 47658. 61
2. (3 Marks) You would like to open a business in 3 years. This business will require $500,000 to startup. How
much should you deposit at the end of each month for the next three years into an account so that you will
have the required $500,000 at the end of three years. This account already has $100,000 in it. The interest
rate is 6% compounded monthly.
3. (3 Marks) Jill deposits $100 at the beginning of each month into an account paying 6% compounded
monthly. She makes these monthly deposits for 5 years. How much money is in her account at the end of 5
(3 Marks) $10,000 is borrowed today at an interest rate of 6% compounded annually. The loan is to be
repaid with 6 annual payments, with the first payment coming at the end of 3 years. What is the size of the
With the significant social changes the United States has seen in the areas of population, education, labor force
participation, health, technology, and the family structure, how can strict adherence to these policies encourage social change practices?
Which factor has steadily grown in its negative influence on nursing education and practice?
The implementation of technology
B) The narrowing scope of nursing practice
C) Societal displays of incivility
D) Distant learning programs
ulgtltligtExplain why the study of communication is an important part of nursing
ulliExplain why the study of communication is an important part of nursing
education?/liliGive an example of when you observed a negative communication strategy used within nursing practice./liliUsing the example provided in the previous question, what positive communication strategies would you use to build, improve, or repair relationships in your scenario. Explain why you feel that way./li/ul
manufacturing aircraft engines
working as an occupational therapist
sewing tags onto sweatshirts
Which of the following is increasingly important in a postindustrial society?
a college education
physical strength and endurance
a range of mechanical skills
knowledge about agriculture
What are children taught more often in capitalist societies than in socialist societies?
respect for elders
What is a defining aspect of corporations?
They have a legal existence separate from their members.
They stifle competition by controlling the market for their products.
They enrich their shareholders and their upper-level executives.
They have headquarters in one nation and factories in other nations.
Which of the following is an example of capital flight?
an American company hiring tech-support personnel in the Philippines
a company declaring bankruptcy and liquidating its assets to pay its outstanding debts
a British company closing a domestic shoe factory and opening a new one in Vietnam
a company merging with its competitors and establishing a monopoly over its market
What is long-term unemployment?
unemployment for six months or more
unemployment for three months or more
unemployment in which the person has stopped looking for work
any unemployment that causes neg
Which of the following is an example of a job in the tertiary sector of the economy?
manufacturing aircraft engines
working as an occupational therapist
sewing tags onto sweatshirts
Which of the following is increasingly important in a postindustrial society?
a college education
physical strength and endurance
a range of mechanical skills
knowledge about agriculture
What are children taught more often in capitalist societies than in socialist societies?
respect for elders
What is a defining aspect of corporations?
They have a legal existence separate from their members.
They stifle competition by controlling the market for their products.
They enrich their shareholders and their upper-level executives.
They have headquarters in one nation and factories in other nations.
Which of the following is an example of capital flight?
an American company hiring tech-support personnel in the Philippines
a company declaring bankruptcy and liquidating its assets to pay its outstanding debts
a British company closing a domestic shoe factory and opening a new one in Vietnam
a company merging with its competitors and establishing a monopoly over its market
What is long-term unemployment?
unemployment for six months or more
unemployment for three months or more
unemployment in which the person has stopped looking for work
any unemployment that causes neg
This can be in your education, home, work,
Share a real life application where you used the theory. This can be in your education, home, work,
volunteer, or any other parts of your life.
grade teacher, working with 5 and 6 year old children. The principal calls you into his
Imagine you are 1st grade teacher, working with 5 and 6 year old children. The principal calls you into his
office one day, saying that a complaint was received from Shelly’s mother, Mrs. Sands. Shelly is a student in your class. Here is the letter she sent:
I am very concerned that Shelly is not getting a good education in her first grade class. She is making lots of mistakes that I don’t think she should be making! For example, the other day I saw Shelly playing with dolls. At first I thought she was just playing make believe, but she got very upset when another child pretended to steal the doll’s bottle. Shelly thought the doll was going to starve to death! I told her teacher about it, but the teacher laughed it off and said it was normal.
I also noticed that Shelly is acting very self-absorbed and manipulative. For example, I asked her for an idea of what could be good dinner to surprise her older brother with, and she said spaghetti. Spaghetti is her favorite food, not her brother’s! I think she asked for spaghetti to try to trick me into making it. I told her teacher about it, but again, the teacher laughed and said it was normal. I’m worried her teacher is encouraging this behavior in Shelly!
Finally, I noticed that when Shelly and her brother were playing cashier at home, her brother tricked her into giving her more money than him! They each had five coins, and Shelly wanted more, so her brother made her five coins appear more spread out on the table. Even though Shelly still only had five coins, she thought she now had more than her brother, because they were more spread out than his! I told the teacher about it, as I’m concerned Shelly is not learning to add properly, but Shelly’s teacher again laughed it off and said it was normal.
I do not think Shelly’s teacher is doing a good job with Shelly, and I think Shelly should be removed from the class. Please help.
Mrs. Sands (Shelly’s mom)
The principal asks you to compose a letter to Shelly’s mother, addressing her concerns. Your letter should include the following components:
1. Were the behaviors Shelly was displaying normal? Why or why not? Use vocabulary and examples from Piaget’s theory to assist in describing each of Shelly’s behaviors.
2. How do you think that the parent should respond to their children when children engage in these errors? How will you, the teacher, respond when Shelly demonstrates these errors during class? Give at least two recommendations.
3. Describe a detailed class activity that you will be doing in the first grade classroom in the future to help all of your student foster cognitive development? Be sure the classroom activity relates to a specific behavior that Shelly’s mother described. Describe the directions to the activity, the cognitive error it is addressing, and the purpose of using this activity in the classroom- why will it help Shelly and her classmates?
Re: Text Ch 12, Essentials of Sociology, A. Giddens
- Why was education so rapidly expanded according to
*I am looking for short, brief, answers only. THANK YOU!*
1.How much would an investor have to set aside today in order to have $20,000 five years from now if the current
rate is 15 percent?
2.If we deposit $5,000 today in an account paying 10 percent, how long does it take to grow to $10,000?
3.Assume the total cost of a college education will be $50,000 when your child enters college in 12 years. You have $5,000 to invest today. What rate of interest must you earn on your investment to cover the cost of your child’s education?
Shoshana Zuboff likes to reflect on some of the special students she taught at the Harvard Business School. Some
students, she recalls, threw themselves at learning as if their lives depended on it. One of those students, Edward, had a troubled past. His parents split up when he was a small boy, and he was on his own much of the time as his mother needed to work. Edward and his mother lived in a neighborhood where drugs and gangs were common. By the sixth grade, he was a drug dealer, and later he ended up in a penitentiary. Then he had the good fortune to meet a judge who offered him two years in a drug rehabilitation program in return for good behavior. After rehab, he got a job, enrolled in a community college, and made the dean’s list several times. A counselor encouraged Edward to set his sights high, so he applied and was accepted to an Ivy League school, where he studied business and economics. This success led to his acceptance into the Harvard Business School, where he met Professor Zuboff.
Although Edward had accomplished a great deal since leaving the penitentiary, he felt a growing sense of shame over things he did not know. During one lecture, Professor Zuboff briefly mentioned the name of an author who had written about Auschwitz. After class, Edward asked, What is Auschwitz? Because of his disadvantaged childhood, he had missed out on many learning experiences that most students take for granted. To avoid giving away his deep-seated, inner secret, he mastered many defense strategies to protect his image among his peers. Professor Zuboff noted, he was haunted by the sense of not knowing what he didn’t know or how to learn it.
With help from this caring professor and her husband, who agreed to serve as his mentor, Edward began a program of study designed to fill in the gaps in his education. His self-esteem improved greatly as his program of self-improvement unfolded. Today Edward runs a successful consulting firm that focuses on leadership and emotional intelligence.
Need help with my microeconomics homework (screenshot
available). Which policy is the most successful to reduce drug related crime?
How we can summarise it?
When demand is inelastic price effect is greater than the output effect and total
revenue follows price. When demand is elastic output effect is greater than the
price effect and total revenue follows output
In case of demand which is unit elastic the percentage change in price is equal to the
percentage change in quantity demanded, so there is no change to TR (regardless
whether the price increases or decreases) and TR is maximised.
The tools of supply and demand can be applied in many different kinds of markets. Such as
the market for wheat, the market for oil and the market for illegal drugs.
7.17, For example do drug bans increase or decrease drug-related crime?
Assume that the Australian government increases the number of customs
inspectors and police officers devoted to preventing drug imports. What happens?
The higher number of customs inspectors will decrease the supply of drugs which raises the
price and leads to a reduction in quantity sold. If demand is inelastic, total expenditure on
drugs (same as total revenue for seller of drugs) will increase. If demand is elastic, total
expenditure on drugs by drugs users will fall.
Instead of increasing the number of customs inspectors assume that the government
pursued a policy of drug education. What happens? The demand for drugs
decreases(demand curve shifts left) which lowers price and quantity sold. Total expenditure
must fall (since both price and quantity fall).
Which policy in your opinion be more successful in reducing drug
related crime. Use the theory of elasticity in your posting.Microeconomics
ulgtltligtWhat are the characteristics and skills that you have as a leader that define your leadership
ulliWhat are the characteristics and skills that you have as a leader that define your leadership
style? What are your strengths? What are your areas of need?/liliHow do you incorporate the concept of collaborative leadership in your approach to working with students with exceptionalities, i.e. your professional Special Education practice?/li/ul
Hi, Kenji. This is my first economics course, and many of the concepts
GINNY: Hi, Kenji. This is my first economics course, and many of the concepts
discussed in class are really confusing. Today the professor explained that the true cost of going to college includes both the tuition I pay as well as something called the opportunity cost of going to college. I don’t understand. I pay $38,000 per year in tuition. The tuition is what I pay to the school, so it seems like that should be my true cost!
KENJI: Hi, Ginny. Many concepts in economics can be confusing at first. Let’s talk it through.
Economists think of costs a bit differently than just the dollar amount that you pay. To an economist, the true cost of college includes the total value of what you give up in order to acquire your college education. In other words, not only did you give up the tuition money that you paid, but by attending college, you gave up opportunities to do other things with your time as well. This is where the idea of opportunity cost comes from.
The opportunity cost of your decision to go to college is the value of the next best alternative that you gave up. Suppose that your next best alternative to college is to work as a cashier. By not going to college, and taking this job, you could earn $19,000 per year. Then your opportunity cost of college is______, and your total cost of a year of college is ____ per year.
As the CNL on a cardiothoracic step-down unit, what is the one recommendation you would make to decrease the
chance of readmission of your patient population?
A. visiting nursing for all patients
B. all follow up appointments scheduled prior to patient discharge
C. pharmacy to visit with each patient prior to discharge home to review medications
D. all patients should be enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitation program
Survey results of the nursing staff reflect poor perceptions and a discomfort with addressing spiritual issues with patients. The ultimate success of focused staff education can be measured by:
A. trending quarterly patient satisfaction scores pertaining to spiritual care during hospitalization
B. a follow-up survey of the staff after education to solicit feedback
C. an open discussion of how the nurse would address spiritual care in a given scenario
D. feedback shared during discharge phone calls
What role doescolorismplay in shaping ethnic differences in socioeconomic achievements in American
1. What role does colorism play in shaping ethnic differences in socioeconomic achievements in American
2. Can education eliminate race, class and gender inequality?
61500 This paper illustrates that the Wage and Hour Division (WHD) implements the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). The Act provides policies for minimum wages, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and child labor. It gives exemptions for minimum wage and overtime pay. The Act obliges employers of covered employees to pay them a minimum wage of not less than $7.25 per hour. Youth employees, who are below 20 years of age, may receive a minimum wage of not lower than $4.25 an hour, during the first 90 successive calendar days of employment. Employers are not allowed to terminate existing employees to hire youth or people whom they can pay the youth minimum wage. Furthermore, employers can adopt a piece-rate basis in paying employees, as long as the latter get at least the required minimum hourly wage rate and overtime for hours worked that are more than 40 hours in a workweek. In addition, the Act allows the employment of particular individuals at wage rates below the statutory minimum wage, as long as they get certificates from the Department of Labor. They are the following: “Student learners. full‑time students in service establishments, agriculture, or higher education. and individuals whose productive capacities for the work to be performed are impaired by physical or mental disabilities…”. The Act does not provide limitations for hours or days per week of work, as long as the employee is not less than sixteen years old. Nevertheless, the Act obliges employers to compensate covered employees for overtime pay, which is not less than one and one-half times their standard rate of pay, for all hours that exceed 40 in a workweek, unless employees are considered as exempted. .
ive advantage over their competitors, just as it means that national economies must spur lifelong learning if they are to become, or remain, competitive. as regards the sociological front, greater social diversity and changing demographics, as in increasingly older and more ethnically and racially diverse populations, has determined the imperatives of lifelong learning as a strategy for older adults to acquire the knowledge deemed requisite for working and competing within the said environment. In other words, the importance of lifelong learning emanates from both the aforementioned changes and the mercurial, ever-changing, nature of global and national economies.
There is no doubt that lifelong learning, due to the reasons mentioned in the preceding, is a critical imperative. The question is whether this means that the development of a curriculum for lifelong learning is necessary. As this research will argue, traditional curricular models cannot be applied to lifelong learning as these only embrace formal learning which usually unfolds within a classroom setting. In direct comparison, lifelong learning embraces all of formal and informal types of learning and may be defined as a continuous process of learning, autonomous and directed, formal and informal, theoretical and practical.
Following a review of the implications of lifelong learning and a clarification of the meaning and structure of curriculum, this research will argue that while lifelong learning does not need a curriculum, it does need a model.
As broadly defined by Knowles (1980, p.25), adult education is “a set of organized activities carried on by a wide variety of institutions for the accomplishment of specific educational objectives,” and Rachal (as cited in Merriam &. Brockett, 1997) described the workplace as “a major force in the changing nature of adult education” (p. 151). Darkenwald and Merriam (1982, p. 9) defined adult education as “systematic and sustained learning
What is most important to highlight as you briefly overview your skills?
The most important highlight would be emphasizing skills that enhance one’s strengths and core competencies above the rest of the applicants vying for the same position (Ferrett, 2002). The skills set should perfectly match the professional skill requirements stipulated for the position. For me, dedication and the mental strength to never give up on education after several years of inactivity is a characteristic that employers want to see. Likewise, I am also partially blind. but this would not preclude me from pursuing desired positions that exhibit my competitive advantage.
What are one or two accomplishments you can add to your cover letter? Give an example
One or two accomplishments that can be added to one’s cover letter could include (1) proficiency in foreign languages. and (2) cultural awareness through travels abroad. These accomplishments would be most useful in positions requiring cultural awareness needed for a diverse clientele and for specified international assignments. Likewise, these accomplishments would be considered plus factors for positions that require competencies in other languages due to the need to communicate effectively to diverse clients from other racial or ethnic backgrounds.
Discussed below is an agenda that Afghanistan can apply to improve the health situation. The various applicable programs in Afghanistan are. Meeting basic health care wants, mainly in rural regions, putting up primary health infrastructures, planning and monitoring, endorsing research and methodology progress, control of contagious diseases, national free health systems, protecting defenseless groups, meeting the town health problem, decreasing health risks from ecological effluence and hazards, and meeting basic health care wants, mainly in rural regions
The Afghanistan government should aim towards food security, with priority sited on the eradication of food contagion. inclusive and sustainable water plans to ensure secure drinking water and cleanliness to prevent both chemical and microbial pollution, and endorsement of health teaching, vaccination and provision of vital medicine (Wright, 2009). Education and proper services concerning responsible setting up of family size, with value for religious, cultural, and social ways, in keeping with liberty, self-esteem and personal principles, and taking into consideration cultural and ethical considerations, also add to these activities.
The Afghanistan Government and the local system, with the endorsement of pertinent non-governmental organizations, as well as worldwide organizations, in the luminosity of countries precise conditions and wants, should reinforce their health area programs, with particular attention to achieving the following.
(i) Establish and strengthen basic health care systems that are realistic, community-based, logically sound, socially suitable and appropriate to their wants and that meet vital health needs for safe food, clean water, and sanitation
(ii) Endorse the application and strengthening of methods that develop harmonization between health and related segments at all suitable
He deals with this policy as if it is just a punch line in an advertisement which seems very attractive apparently, but actually it is not the truth. Similar is the case with this policy. It seems to be a very strategic and economical policy designed to give appropriate education to every citizen. In reality, it is just educating a small part of the population and depriving the majority from it. As a result, all that is given to society is deprivation and discrimination, which pollutes the healthy sociological values and harmony (Gupta, 2005).
The way in which this article has been written is such that the writer is not at distance from the students who are badly being affected by the policy. In fact, Kozol starts the article by telling us what the students told him in their letters written to him about what facilities they are provided with and from which they are deprived of. It shows that the writer was in direct communication with the young students. Therefore, it is not a hypothetical article based on mere imagination and fantasies. Instead, whatever Kozol has condemned, he had enough evidence and reasons for that.
If we critically analyze this article, it is evident from the title that the writer is going against the state or authorities. The use of the word “shame” indicates that something highly condemnable is prevalent. The severity of the word shows the extent of injustice to the students of the Bronx who have written letters and complained to Jonathan Kozol. In addition, in the title, the writer has called it a shame of the whole nation, and not of just one institution of the country. He has generalized the concept of shame for all the citizens of the country, because children are the future of the nation and it is the duty and responsibility of every citizen to do whatever is possible to ensure the prosperous living
What is more, in accordance with Steinbeck, material well-being and financial security are among the most things for Americans, on which they depend a lot even though they regard themselves as independent, self-sufficient and self-reliant. Furthermore, among the characteristic features of Americans is the inconsistency of their behavior and their tendency to “function by paradox”, which means that they themselves cancel their rules and habits by introducing new ones (Steinbeck). Finally, Americans live in accordance with the American Way of Life despite the fact that nobody can give a clear definition of what constitutes it and what it means.
In this very paper, the way the commercials reflect the traits of Americans will be analyzed. More specifically, the correctness and usefulness of illustration in understanding the characteristics of Americans will be touched upon. For this purpose, five particular traits have been chosen from the article by John Steinbeck. Among them are the following ones: Americans’ tendency to act excessively (“for the most part we are an intemperate people”), being dependent on money (“we are complacent in our possessions, in our houses, in our education. but it is hard to find a man or woman who does not want something better for the next generation”), being good to unknown people (“Americans are remarkably kind and hospitable and open with both guests and strangers”), having a belief in self-sufficiency (“we believe […] that we have inherited self-sufficiency and the ability to take care ourselves”), and being charitable in case there is spare money (“if we have enough gold – we contribute it back to the nation in the form of foundations and charities” (Steinbeck). For this purpose, five commercials have been chosen: Audi commercial, a commercial that presents new contract option from T-Mobile,
1) Explain Piaget’s view of… In understanding the patterns of cognitive development in infants and children, and how families and teachers affect their development, the contributions of Jean Piaget (1896-1980) hold a very significant importance. Piaget’s main focus has been on the cognitive organization of the knowledge which includes the effect of physical or mental perceptions on individual’s actions. This paper discusses how Piagetian concepts help us explain changes in cognition.
Two year old Gabrielle cries when she does not find her mother in the bed when she wakes up. Three year old Sam hugs his father when he brings him a toy. Five year old Mike learns about animals when his grandmother tells him stories of how his grandfather spent a day in the jungle. This emotional attachment with the caregiver plays a great role in the changes in cognition right from infancy.
Adaptation is achieved through:
Assimilation. Six month old Michelle has built the schema of grabbing an object and thrusting it into the mouth. She grabs her favorite toy and puts it into her mouth. Having that schema built, she grabs her mom’s spectacles and thrusts them into her mouth. One year old Bob has built the schema of animals as a four legged moving object. Whenever he sees a dog, he knows that it is an animal. This is called assimilation that changes the cognition by applying one schema to different objects.
Accommodation. When Michelle grabs a big rubber ball, she will use her old schema of grab-and-thrust, but this time she will not be successful. So, she will adapt her old schema to, may be squeeze-and-dribble, in order to deal with the new object. Also, when Bob sees a car, he tries to fit it into his old schema of animals, but he adapts his schema to four wheeled vehicle when he sees that car is not like a dog. This adjustment of old schemas to suit new objects is called accommodation.
Equilibration is the concept which Piaget defined as balance between assimilation and accommodation (Berk &. Roberts, 2009). Michelle learnt how to balance between assimilation and accommodation by applying earlier knowledge of grab-and-thrust and altering behavior to adjust new knowledge of squeeze-and-dribble.
Children combine existing schemas into fresh, complex informational structures. For example, two year old Bobby has built the scheme of flying objects as objects that fly high up in the sky. He, then, assigns the subordinate classes of birds and airplanes to the super-ordinate class of flying objects. This helps him understand information faster. Three year old has the scheme of buildings as structures made of cement and bricks. He assigns houses and schools to this bigger scheme to organize the information.
Seriation is the 7-12 year old child’s ability to sort objects according to common properties, such as size, color, or shape. When nine year old Adrienne helps her father build furniture, this experience facilitates her advanced performance on seriation. For example, when her father teaches her how to order wooden sticks according to length. what items belong to the tool box. how many nails are needed to fix two boards together. and, how to order wood slabs with respect to weight, such lessons will help her gain advanced skills to solve seriation problems. For example, when she grows up, she will know how to organize her wardrobe. how to arrange books on her bookshelf. how many milk packs are there in a carton her mother usually buys. and, what should belong to her makeup box.
Berk, L. &. Roberts, L. (2009). Child Development (3rd Canadian Ed.). Toronto: Pearson Education.
Sentencing and Incarceration Sentencing and Incarceration Introduction Several purposes of sentencing and incarceration have been identified. these purposes are regarded as rehabilitation, deterrence, incapacitation and revenge. When the purpose is to rehabilitate, policy makers make sentencing policies in a manner to change the attitudes of criminals so they can once again be a part of the society. When the purpose is to incapacitate, policy makers make sentencing policies in such a manner so that criminals do not become a part of the society and they remain away from the society as they pose a threat to the society. When revenge is the purpose, policies are made while keeping the notion of an eye for an eye in minds.
No matter what ever the purpose of a particular sentencing policy is, the main aim of all policies is to deter future criminal activity. For example: rehabilitative polices are created to educate and change the mental setup of criminals so in future they do not commit crimes. Similarly, in the case of incapacitation, policy makers keep criminals for prolonged period of time because they believe that they can deter crime by keeping criminals of the streets (Ritchie, 2011, p.7). Even in the case of revenge, policy makers make criminals pay heavy amount of fines and even assign corporal punishment with the intent of ensuring that due to the fear of heavy monetary fines, criminals will not commit crimes and punishments such as corporal punishment will deter those who have an intention of committing future crimes.
If I would have been in the shoes of a policy maker and had the authority to make sentencing policies, my policies would have been driven by the purpose of deterring crime. My policies would be backed with both forms of deterrence including general as well as specific deterrence. Policies that are made with the aim of specific deterrence are those due to which a criminal is banned or stopped from committing future crimes.
To serve the purpose of specific deterrence I would create sentencing policies that would keep criminals for a longer period of time depending on the severity of the crime. Plus I would implement rehabilitation techniques such as providing psychological assistance and education to criminals so their criminal mind set can be altered and they have enough education to pursue careers that would deter them from the path of crime. Similar policies can be applied to serve the purpose of general deterrence. the prolonged period of jail time would be a lesson for upcoming criminals that if they commit a crime they will be banned from the society for a longer period of time (Vincent, 1994, p.3).
Different purpose of sentencing policies includes revenge, rehabilitation, incapacitation and deterrence, but the main aim of all sentencing and incarceration policies is to deter crime in a specific and general manner. By using deterrence as the purpose of sentencing, current criminals can be stopped from future crimes and their behavior can be altered so they can once again be a part of the society. By using the same purpose, future criminals can be stopped from committing crimes and having a criminal intent.
Ritchie, D., &. Victoria. (2011). Does imprisonment deter?: A review of the evidence. Melbourne: Sentencing Advisory Council. http://www.sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/sites/sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/files/does_imprisonment_deter_a_review_of_the_evidence.pdf
Vincent, B. S., Hofer, P. J., &. Federal Judicial Center. (1994). The consequences of mandatory minimum prison terms: A summary of recent findings. Washington, DC (One Columbus Circle, N.E., Washington 20002-8003: Federal Judicial Center. http://www.fjc.gov/public/pdf.nsf/lookup/conmanmin.pdf/$file/conmanmin.pdf
In the assessment of the doubts get created in the mind by the partisanship of the of mentality. Thus, the mind discerns what is of interest to an individual and conceptualizes it as the truth. The only way of proving the objectivity lies in inter-subjectivity, and this is purely subject to various interests pursued by individuals or certain common interest groups. In the event, when several entities carry out a reporting on an issue in spite of their error prone interests, there is a tendency of endorsement of their reporting. The reporting usually gets affirmed to be real, objective, factual, true and existing (O’Brien 37). The truth gets manipulated for this reason by agreement since consensus drives the acceptance of issues as true. In this sense, issues can easily get considered as true as long as interests focus on accepting that the matters at hand are true. In the same way, specific interests have the potential of making individuals stick to certain views that may be untrue as true issues. Interest, for this reason, is the major determinant of developing views about issues to be either truthful or untrue.
In my observation, the contentions of the writer are agreeable. Personal interests are very powerful. Our interests influence ways of discerning issues around us and acting on the issues as evidenced by specific decisions we make. For instance, some individuals believe that going to college is a source of huge liabilities while others believe that attending college is a source of a bright future. With these two varying interests, some people pursue education while others seek jobs in place of college education to circumvent liabilities associated with advanced schooling.
OBrien, Jodi. .The Production of Reality Essays and Readings on Social Interaction.5th ed. Sage Pubns, 2010. 35-39. Print.
Incivility in Healthcare Incivility in the area of nursing is regarded as activity of bullying that arises among nurses and their colleagues. It takes place between nurses that work at the same level, between nurses and their managers and nurses and their students in different healthcare organizations. (Chitty, 2011, p.335).
Example 1: A nurse was working on certain patient’s paper work in a healthcare institution and was tapping her pen on the table. The manager came to her and shouted on top of her voice while informing her that sanctions will be levied on him/her if he/she did not stop tapping the pen. The nurse experienced embarrassment as there were a lot of other nurses and around (Clark, 2008).
Example 2: A nursing staff member was shouted at loudly in front of all other nurses during a training session for nurses working in a healthcare setting. As a result, the nursing staff member started focusing on coping strategy instead of focusing on the lecture being taught.
Example 3: During a meeting between the head of different departments of a healthcare setting, the Nursing department’s head raised his hand to provide insight regarding the issue being discussed. He was not acknowledged and his gesture of raising hand was ignored by the director of the healthcare institute.
The National League for Nursing has devised a toolkit to counter issues such as incivility in healthcare settings (NLN, 2013). This tool kit has provided with several ways through which various concerns of healthcare settings can be resolved. The toolkit deals with issues such as compensation and benefits, leadership, healthcare setting’s environment and leadership.
Chitty, K. K., &. Black, B. P. (2011). Professional nursing: concepts &. challenges (6th ed.). Maryland Heights, Mo.: Saunders/Elsevier.
The Healthful Work Environment Tool Kit. (n.d.). National League for Nursing. Retrieved July 21, 2013, from https://www.nln.org/profdev/HealthfulWorkEnvironment/index.htm
Clark, C. M. (January 01, 2008). Student Voices on Faculty Incivility in Nursing Education: A Conceptual Model. Nursing Education Perspectives, 29, 5, 284-289.
Accordingly, one of the most common psychiatric disorders associated with suicide is major depression (Gliatto &. Ria, 1999) and suicide among the elderly is likely to happen in the context of a depressive episode. Depression is identified as one of the most powerful independent risk factor associated with suicide in old age (Connor et. al., 2011) and is known to increase the risk of suicide by 15 to 20 times (Hawton, 2009). Furthermore, it has been found that depression rates are higher among women than in men, which is congruous with the case study. Other psychiatric conditions associated with suicide are substance abuse, schizophrenia and psychotic disorders.
Research suggests that genetic factors are highly related to a particular person risk for committing suicide. According to Reiss and Dombeck (2007), The offspring of individuals who have attempted and completed suicides have an increased likelihood to commit the same behavior themselves. Therefore, suicide “runs” in the family. In addition, it has been found that dysregulation of the Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) axis (mechanism responsible for coping with stresses over time) can develop following traumatic events or chronic stress, and has been linked to severe depression and suicidal behavior (Reiss &. Dombeck, 2007). This supports the large body of evidence that dysfunctional neurotrophic signaling might be involved in the pathophysiology of suicidal behavior.
The prevalence of illnesses later in life contributes to the common assumption that the occurrence of physical ailments plays a significant role in suicide risk later in life. According to Hawton and Heeringen (2009), poor physical health and disabilities are associated with suicides.
Suicide is consistently associated with social factors and age-related life events especially among the elderly. Lack of supportive social network and religious participation as well as family disputes, low level of education, financial difficulties and sense of loneliness greatly increases the risk for suicide (Connor, et. al 2011).
A better way for the US to give foreign aid
US should give more to foreign aid that focuses on giving education. At present, the United States ranked only second to last with a meager $2.3 million in its total donations, just ahead of Romania. The United Kingdom has given $676 million, and Australia has given $149 million. Its donation for education can surely have a huge impact in alleviating poverty in that parts of the world.
Education is the best way to reduce poverty. When one invests in education, the recipient will be able to learn skills that would enable them to make a living and provide a better future for their families, communities and the countries in which they live.
The economic yield in investing in education is real. For each additional year of school among children, the gross domestic product of a certain country can grow by 0.37 percent. Also, when secondary education is increased by 10 percent higher than the average rate for the population, the risk of war is reduced by around 3 per cent.
If access to education also will include young girls and then it would engage in promoting their rights and welfare, also have positive results. Infant mortality rates fall and surprisingly, even crop yield increases. This could be due to the fact that there will be more people who will till the land to produce more crops. And when there are more crops that will be harvested, families will have more income that would end their poverty.
Foreign donation on education is a wise use of foreign aid. Unlike in traditional aid where it will only provide temporary relief, the benefit of getting children educated is more permanent. In a report, it is said that if all students in low-income countries left school with basic reading skills, 171 million people could be lifted out of poverty. And that is only teaching children to read and already 171 million are lifted out of poverty. Imagine what more if those people are educated through college. At present, there are still 57 million children who are yet to complete primary school. This is the best global investment the US government can make because there are still millions of children waiting to be educated and lifted from poverty.
US should think long-term and shift its aid focus to education. Instead of engaging in wars that kills people that is not theirs, it would be better to channel their aid to education. Its cost is not as much as financing a war and the yields are tremendous. So in effect, the money that they will give will not be thrown into nothing but will in fact grow with the lives of the recipient getting better. On a long-term, conflict also reduces when people get educated. So US can view educational aid as a means of ending conflict and not just getting children to school. Its benefits are huge and it does not cost much compared to financing or meddling in a pointless war that kills people.