Sustainable Container Ports Development

Certain ports may be handicapped due to obsolete machinery or being understaffed. In such cases, they find it hard to handle voluminous business, leading to backlogs. Such contingencies can damage business and lead to huge financial losses.
‘The need to improve Terminal Efficiency was addressed amongst other things during the execution of the 5th EU sponsored 5th FWP project THERAPIST. Of particular interest was the contribution made in Work Package 4, the aim of developing “means” for gathering and intelligently using Data from Identified Sources. These “means” comprised of Object Oriented, Relational Database and Electronic Terminal Planning Board. Together they addressed very comprehensively, the bottleneck ‘Port’ described in the EC publication “COM99 317 en final Development of SSS in Europe”, 1999 (EC, 1999) , where shortcomings of port infrastructure and port inefficiency were commented upon and ‘port turn-a-round time’ was singled out as one of these inefficiencies. WP4 proposes “Means” aimed at increasing the efficiency of small to medium-sized ports by specifically increasing their commercial attractiveness to regional exporters and importers’ (Felix A Schmidt, Felix A Schmidt and Robert Young, 2005). This was a method thought to reduce the operational backlog and enhance coordination between different wings of the port.
Situations like that of above and others wherein ports are too small to handle create extreme pressure on the exporter and port authorities. The government then takes up a feasibility study to modify or develop a new port/terminal to ease the pressure. China and India are two countries that have witnessed such a situation, due to their surplus volume of imports and exports. The major ports faced innumerable problems due to the high-density flow of bulk consignments, such as automobiles, heavy machinery, and food products and so on.

Strategic planning and control

In order to sell more in the beginning, the production capacity had also been increased, but the result demonstrated that the demand was only half of the production. So, I have learned that it is not necessary to utilize all the resources as inventory got larger and it is not good for the company. We need to observe the internal position of the organization which will enable us to determine how well the company can manage the competitive and external environment. I also came to know that a strategic planning and critical success factors need to be developed for the products and services. SWOT (strengths, opportunities, weaknesses, and threats) analysis must be carried out, which will allow the company to evaluate their strategic situation. The product life-cycle model needs to be taken into consideration in order to discuss how the cost of product can vary over a product’s life cycle. I also discovered that key performance indicators of the company need to be analyzed, through which we can know what factors are leading to its success and competitive advantage. I also learnt that working in a group is more beneficial than working as an individual as it comprises the ideas of four to five people and involve more communication and consequently leads to an enhanced decision making process. Soft skills need to be developed in order to resolve the conflict which arises in the discussion process within the group. At the same time, time management is also important for successful completion of a project.
Strategic planning is defined as the method of defining the plans of the companies for achieving their missions. The strategy of an organization is therefore a derived approach towards attaining that mission. Organizational level and divisional level planning should be directly related to the strategic plan of the organization (Gates, 2010). Through the module, I came to know the elements of strategic planning and why it is important


Project Part B: Where’s the Intersection Can two lines be drawn with the given intersection? Support your answer with a diagram, an example, a real life situation, or an explanation. Be sure to answer the question for all four intersections given.
a. a point
Yes, two lines can be drawn with a point as the intersection. Below figure shows a point as the intersection for the two lines.
b. a line
Yes, two lines can be drawn with a line as the intersection. However, both lines will be same that is dependent system (the same line drawn twice). Below figure shows a line as the intersection for the two lines.
c. a region
No, two lines cannot be drawn with a region as the intersection. As shown in below figure, two lines can be drawn with a point or a line as the intersection or with no intersection (red and blue line).
d. no intersection
Yes, two lines can be drawn with no intersection. In this case, both lines will be parallel. Below example shows two lines with no intersection.
2. Can the graphs of two linear inequalities be drawn with the given intersection? Again, support your answer. Be sure to answer the question for all four intersections given.
a. a point
No, the graphs of two linear inequalities cannot be drawn with a point as the intersection. This is because whenever we draw graphs of two linear inequalities, there will be a line as the intersection, a region as the intersection or there will be no intersection. However, there will not be a point as the intersection.
b. a line
Yes, the graphs of two linear inequalities can be drawn with a line as the intersection. Below figure shows a line as the intersection for the graphs of two linear inequalities.
c. a region
Yes, the graphs of two linear inequalities can be drawn with a region as the intersection. Below figure shows a region as the intersection for the graphs of two linear inequalities.
d. no intersection
Yes, the graphs of two linear inequalities can be drawn with no intersection. Below figure shows no intersection for the graphs of two linear inequalities.
3. Compare the possible intersections of two lines with possible intersections of the graphs of two linear inequalities. What do you notice?
The possible intersections of two lines are a point and a line. The possible intersections of the graphs of two linear inequalities are a line and a region. Thus, we notice that a line can be possible intersection of both, that is the intersection of two lines and two linear inequalities.
4. Find the possible intersections of more than two lines. Support each possibility with a diagram or an explanation.
The possible intersections of more than two lines can be a point, a line (the same line drawn more than twice), a region (an area enclosed) or no intersection at all (more than two parallel lines).
5. Find the possible intersections for the graphs of more than two linear inequalities. Support each possibility with a diagram or an explanation.
The possible intersections of the graphs of more than two linear inequalities are a point, a line, a region and no intersection at all (for all the linear inequalities).
Below figure shows the graphs of three linear inequalities. Here the intersection is a point (3, 0).
Below figure shows the graphs of three linear inequalities. Here the intersection is a line (x + y = 2). One thing we can notice from here is that the linear equation for all the three inequalities is the same that is x + y = -2.
Below figure shows the graphs of three linear inequalities. Here the intersection is a region.
Below figure shows the graphs of three linear inequalities with no intersection (for all the three linear inequalities).


Marketing Positioning of Domino The possible segments held by Domino include geographic, demographic, psychographic and behavioral perspectives. Demographically, Domino bases its target on everyone in the market space. There is no specific category of persons it targets. This makes it quite unique from other companies like Pizza Hut that base their strategy on culture. Geographically, Domino has its presence on a global market scale with over 60 establishments in the top international Pizza trade centers. It uses the global positioning technology and software to locate its hot spots on a global rating. This provides a representative data on her market share trends. In its behavioral paradigm, Domino is able to meet the demands of its marketing by basically employing online services. This has proved instrumental since a wide variety of people are reached. It also ensures populous numbers are informed on the same in a span of a very short duration.
Domino has an international presence as one of the strategies to reduce the debts that are tied to the company. This debt is to the tune of $ 1.5 Billion, whereas her financial standing as regards her assets is only estimated at $ 450 million.
The market share in favor of Domino is based on the price sensation amongst Pizza consumers. Those that need a quick cheap Pizza will be favored by Domino’s Pizza. This makes them focused simply to delivery contrary to services offered in restaurants. However, for a long time, poor taste has been a derailment of her trade. To address this, two strategies have been deployed, that is, using trial periods as a tool to maintain the customers after presenting them with a better alternative. The other strategy is the projection of her future growth and implement the means to do so. This can be achieved by maintaining loyalty as well as expanding her presence in China, where her current standing is at 5-times-customer-orders per year against a 17-times-customer-order per year by Quick-Service Pizza.
The market share for Domino in totality stands at 18.4 % in the United States which is a leading franchise globally. In China, Domino’s standing percentage against Pizza Hut’s is 3.7 % which is quite insignificant.
Fortunately, Domino’s online strategy on sales can remedy it greatly since its current standing of 20% is estimated to project to 50% after a few years.
Work cited
Fredrick, H. (2000) Marketing Strategies for the Growing Business, Kansas state University. Manhattan, Kansas.
McQuarrie, E. (2005) The Market Research Toolbox: a Concise Guide for Beginners. 2nd ed. SAGE.
Tai, A., Vanesa, B., Ben, S., Partap, S. &amp. Joe, Y. (2010) Integrated Company Analysis: Domino Pizza. Team BC.

Midterm film analysis paper

The primary strategy of Dom Cobb comprised of his ability to project himself into the subconscious minds of other people to steal ideas and information, which even the most virtuoso of hackers could not pillage with all the technology and skills lying at their disposal. So, Cobb is projected in the movie as the ultimate tool specializing in corporate espionage. However, as is common with most of the capable men, Cobb has many accounted issues imbuing his past, to redeem which he is made to embark on a mission that is to become his way to redemption. However, this mission tends to be different in the sense that this Time Cobb is required to plant an idea into rather than gleaning some information from the mind of his target. Cobb and his ensemble team of espionage specialists would have certainly entered into a new dimension of psychic espionage had they succeeded. However, this time their mission is made complex and complicated by a capable adversary who not only knows what they are up to, but also possesses the power to stop them. To put it simply, in Inception, Christopher Nolan has managed to come out with a fantasy scenario, unraveling in the realm of the mind that is not only awesomely fantastic, original and innovative, but also requires multiple viewing to grasp its full potential and scope. It is a movie that exploits the existing technical expertise in the realm of cinematography to come out as being something interestingly stunning and audaciously bold.
There is no denying the fact that Nolan’s primary theme in Inception is the dream world. The mastery of Nolan lies in his ability to use the cinematic devices to bring to the life the hitherto unexplored dynamics of the dream world. Not only Nolan manages to create a complicated maze meandering into the dreams of the characters in the movie, but also succeeds in soliciting the trust and confidence of his viewers in his

Value Creation In Ebusiness in Xtra Company

This is the project plan.
The motivation for adopting IS Development is the improvement of efficiency, protecting market share, assisting in innovative activities, and increasing, productivity and profitability. (Wang et al, 2004. Pateli &amp. Giagles, 2004). What the company is selling is a novelty item that catches the attention of Hollywood fans and moviegoers. What they only have to do is to be able to reach a wider market based and the moment that they can establish a wide market, they have to come up new means of reaching it. And the way to reach it is via eBusiness.
The transition to eBusiness requires two important aspects of the internal aspect and the external aspect. In the internal aspect what is necessary are the following: effective individual, effective team and an effective organization. In the external aspect what is needed include the basic website, interactive website and e-commerce. These two aspects should converge for the plan to work (Arunatelika &amp. Gigi, nd).
Furthermore, of primary importance is the satisfaction of the customers.customers have greatly appreciated the personalized services that they have been receiving in the virtual market (Dubosson-Torbay et al, 2001). And Xtra Company cannot deviate from this trend, this current value creation in e-business (Ahmet &amp. Zott, 2001). With all the important points laid down, the plan is simple, they are going to use the internet to sell their products. As such, they have to create the IT structure, the creation of an interactive website and e-commerce should be undertaken. But it is not only that, they should have good collaboration links with the suppliers, links with the distributor and definitely a good interactive website that can be accessed 24/7. Aside from that, they should have a strong IT infrastructure, Business systems, IT policies, IT security measures and IT maintenance. Likewise, they also have to establish a strong and effective organization who are made up of people who are highly motivated, of a team that shares the vision, goals and values of the company.&nbsp.&nbsp.

London Underground Limited Management Project

The London railway network is the oldest underground railway system on earth. It begun as a 6-kilometer stretch between Baker street and Paddington in the 17th century. The role of the 6-kilometer stretch was to avail a small continuous railway service meant to connect to the main overground station, which connected to the London City.
The London Underground is also called the Tube or The Underground. This public metro system reaches a big section of the UK including counties such as Buckinghamshire and Essex. It is characterised by 270 stopping stations and more than 400 hundred kilometers of laid tracks on 24 different tracks, 55 percent of the track is on the ground and 45 percent underground. During its the initial formation of underground tunnels, the tunnels were only dug and covered. Later, the circular tunnels were dug and sunk deeper. Initially, to access the underground stations, people employed lifts, but now a day it has been modified and made easy to access. Its initial owners were several private organisations, which later merged to form a London Passenger Transport Board, which has evolved with time. Currently, London Underground Limited manages the railway system.
The passengers meet operational costs. Within one year, the company manages to transport billions of passengers. The Transport for London assumed the responsibility of running the transport across the UK`s capital.
The railway LUL experiences delays and overcrowding as some of problems to customer`s comfort.

Compare Financial alternatives for major purchases

What are the positive aspects of dams? The construction of dams has long been acknowledged as one of the most efficient ways to divert water flows inorder to be used for many potentially beneficial uses such as agricultural irrigation, human water consumption, and controlling devastating floods that use to happen in many flood prone areas around the world. Another one of the most significant advantages of artificial dams is the ability to harness the flow of water in order to produce hydroelectric power. This method is long acknowledged as one of the cleanest of producing electricity of all the currently commercially available technologies (Americanrivers, 2011).The construction of dams also allow for the creation of many opportunities for water sports, the construction of campsites, hiking and biking trails as well as hotels, lodges, and many other businesses around the lakeshore. The increase in tourism in the area along with all the improvements in infrastructure around the area will help develop the local economy and benefit all surrounding communities.
What are the negative aspects of building a dam?
The subject of dam construction has been a hotly debated issue especially since the 1960’s when the environmental impact of dam construction started to be considered and analyzed. To start with constructing a new dam is an incredibly expensive and complex undertaking, usually with total project costs running into the billions and taking numerous years to complete (Pottinger, 1996). When a dam is constructed in a river system the whole balance of the ecosystem upstream and downstream of the newly constructed dam will be negatively affected or even completely destroyed as a direct consequence of disrupting the natural seasonal flow of the river system. Prior to the construction of the dam, the river has a natural flow that responds to the seasonal changes and brings a constant flow of debris and sedimentation that helps bring food and nutrients for all the natural wildlife living in the river system. After a dam is constructed the flow of the water is artificially limited and controlled so the flow is usually constant and very restricted and only increased to decrease water levels or increase power production and does not correlate natural seasonal fluctuations. Furthermore all the sedimentation and the necessary food and nutrients carried with it will now be deposited in the impoundment upstream of the dam, destroying the ecosystem and killing most of the natural wildlife downstream. The evaporation rate of the river system will be significantly higher because of the vastly greater surface area exposed to the wind and sun of the artificial lake created after dam construction. Another negative factor of eliminating the natural sedimentation will be increased erosion of the water banks and embankments. The water temperature and average oxygen levels of the river system will be decreased since the water is usually released from a considerable depth in the dam where water temperature and dissolved oxygen levels will be inevitably much lower than normal. This will affect the ability of wildlife to adapt and survive. The magnitude of the environmental effects is correlated directly with the size of the dam itself. The environmental effects are profound and varied and must be carefully considered before a new dam project is authorized.
What are some alternatives to dams?
Reusing or recycling non-potable water resources for irrigation, industrial processes and flushing toilets. Water use efficiency and conservation measures should be considered first and foremost in any project considering new dam construction. These types of initiatives can be extremely cost effective ways in controlling the use of water resources and are usually sponsored by local and federal government agencies. Programs designed to conserve water can help save considerable amounts of resources through measures like water-efficient retrofits in residential and commercial establishments which can save upwards of 35% as demonstrated by the results achieved by the city of Boston, Massachusetts in the 1980’s, costing taxpayers $40 million instead of the $500 million required for the small proposed dam (Americanrivers, 2011).
References (2011). Dam Alternatives. Retrieved November 18, 2011 from
Pottinger, L. (1996). Environmental Impact of Large Dams: African Example. Retrieved November 18, 2011 from

The Project Manager/Customer Interface

Changes may occur to the customer’s policies or the personnel who are supposed to handle negotiations between the two parties. There are, however, cases in which the contractor has been in a good relationship with the customer previously, leading to assumptions in the process, as well as informal handling of activities in the project. This may lead to misunderstanding between the customer and the contractor, causing project failure.&nbsp.
The case involves two organizations. Nita Light and Power (NLP), and Special Products and Integrated Services Division (SPIS). The two companies had a good relationship in the past, as SPIS had performed a number of services for NLP successfully during the 1980’s. In 1989, NLP needed three of its generators to be serviced. Therefore, NLP got a contract with SPIS. They developed a fixed price contract which initially totaled to $500,000 (Filliben and Colley 470).
Before the project could commence, Reggie Brown, the project manager, noticed a problem in time allocation of the badging process. He immediately contacted Sam Goodsen, NLP’s site manager about his concern. So, Goodsen requested for the budget and the schedule for the process and gave a go-ahead for the time-and-materials billing. This transformed the project to a time-and-materials and Brown’s concern about time delay was resolved (Filliben and Colley 471).
The badging process, which involved a series of tests, was conducted by NLP since the utility did not want to involve SPIS in the process. This became a problem because it took longer and the generators were not handed over to SPIS on time.&nbsp.&nbsp.

Ethical Marketing issues by Trump on Aberdeen Wind Farm

71750 It is evidently clear from the discussion that the Aberdeen Wind farm has resulted in ethical and legal battles between the Scottish government and entrepreneur, Donald Trump who believes the construction of the wind farm will result in an ugly sore adjacent to his greatest golf course. According to Trump, building his $ 1 billion golf course in Aberdeenshire was because he was informed that the wind farm project would not continue. However, “former and current first ministers, Jack McConnel and Alex Salmond” denied that they agreed to have the project stopped owing to the plans for the building of the golf resort by Trump. The current minister says Trump wanted the current government to be held accountable for the promises of the previous government, which he believes is not possible and resulted in a court battle filed by Trump’s legal team. In a bid to halt&nbsp.the development of the wind farm, Trump appeared before the Scottish Parliament’s committee on economy, energy, and tourism and he said the wind farm was the most serious problem facing Scotland. From the research, the aim of the wind farm includes the creation of 28,000 jobs, generation of 100 MW of electricity that would supply power to half of Aberdeen city, and act as a pilot project for the aims of turning the country into Europe’s green energy. The Scottish government approved the development of the wind farm resulting in Trump taking to the courts to challenge the project to which he subsequently lost despite the use of misleading campaigns and threats about the fall of the Scottish economy. He also made use of his celebrity status through different media channels and campaigns to influence the court decision, but he was not successful.

The aim of the project is to find a Competitive inhibitor which will inhibit the methylation of Protein phosphate 2A (PP2A) Via LCMT1

This means that the methylation of PP2A may be an important regulatory mechanism on the condition that the PP2A methylation is tightly regulated.
Tamanoi and Clarke (2006, p. 316) further presents that there are two main levels of regulation of the PP2A. This is may be achieved either through demethylating enzyme LCMT1 or PME-1 or the regulation at the C-terminal tail of PP2AC site (Tamanoi and Clarke, 2006, p. 316). Furthermore, they advance that the methylation of PP2A can also be regulated or deregulated by certain diseases(Sheng 2013). Seshacharyulu, Pandey, Datta and Batra (2013, p.9) elaborates that PP2A serves to regulate the function by dephosphorylating numerous important cellular molecules such as the p53 and Akt. The PP2A is significant in critical cellular processes including signal transduction, proliferation and apoptosis.
PP2A is structurally multifarious made up of catalytic, support and regulatory subunits. The support and catalytic sub-units of the PP2A comprise of two major isoforms, whereas the regulatory sub-unit has four distinct families of different isoforms. Of these sub-units, the regulatory sub-unit is considered the most diverse in terms of spatial and temporal specificity.
The PP2A usually undergoes certain post-translational changes such as methylation and phosphorylation that serve to regulate the enzymatic activity of PP2A. Certain somatic alterations, mutations and aberrant expression of the PP2A support and regulatory sub-units have been common in a variety of malignancies in humans including skin, breast and lung cancers. This demonstrates that the role of PP2A as a tumor suppressor (Seshacharyulu 2013). A group of heterogeneous genes encode the individual subunits of the enzyme. This gives rise to a multitude of various PP2A holoenzyme complexes (Schönthal 2013, p.2). Some of the observations that PP2A puts certain stimulatory and

Case study

This will result in many followers and will raise the popularity of cloud computing.
a) For a new entrant it is hard to invest huge amount in infrastructure to build own data centre. Here cloud computing lessens their cost to substantial level (Pay-Per-Use facility might be recalled of as an example).
Capacity Planning: – This is a course of action that an organization use to determine the production required to meet varying demands for its products. Here though Amazon is a retail organization, they shift their business from retail to cloud computing technology, since lots of small organization who are dealing with large data sets are opting to be their clients. In the long run to reduce the risk of server downtime they are simultaneously useing public and private cloud.
Scalability: This is the capacity of a system to accomplish large number of works in a competent style with ultimate achievement of growth. Amazon is handling a large number of data of many organizations with flexible computing power, messaging and other services. Circumscribing this dimension, Amazon is equipped with huge resources directed towards helping an array of small firms entering new business and struggling to maintain huge database. On the other way, subscribers of Amazon for example, Zynga is using a business model where they use private and public cloud jointly. At the juncture when Zynga decides to launch any new application they use public cloud because they are uncertain about their future applicability. Once this application stabilizes in the market they shift to its own cloud computing dynamics for the reduction of risk related to the server downtime problems.
TCO: Total cost of ownership is an estimation of cost method and is used to assist consumers and project managers to establish direct and indirect costs of a product or

Higher ratings and wider range of the audience

The new late night show program has been aired for three months now but still suffers from low ratings. At first, we had high ratings because our program is officially the first late night show that directed and produced similarly to an American late-night show but then ratings went down from 16% to 7% during last three months. From the survey we conducted, the style of the production is unfamiliar to the viewers because they have not seen this style of the production before. To increase viewer ratings, the program needs more promotions and system that makes the audience engages in the program. For the above reasons, Taeho Kim assigned me to find ways to increase ratings and promote the program. Mr Kim gave me a set of criteria for the new system. First, the total budget allowed for the project is $15,000. Second, the new system must give the evidence that we have higher ratings and wider range of the audience. Third, the new system needs to be more cost-effective and has a long-term effect.
Through the research I have conducted, three appropriate options were realized for the improvement of the program. Social networks, hiring of celebrities as co-host, and changing and improving the script are among the options that this paper will be dealing with.
Locally, it is relevant to say that all these networks have the capacity to promote shows especially the late night shows and thus, could give people the idea and the knowledge of the advantages the viewers could get by watching the show.

Alternative Work Arrangements

Flextime is the arrangement where the employees report to work for a fixed number of hours which is not less than 50 percent of the required total for a day, say 5 hrs. It is after this that the employees chose the other time to continue working within the day or week to compensate for the deficit (Sharing 2010). This increases efficiency since employees do work at times of their choice.
Job sharing is the other arrangement that can be adopted where two or more employees are to share the same job at different times (Sharing 2010). This will enable employees to work in the sort of shifts one taking from where the other has left.
Consulting is adopted where experts in certain fields like human resources need not report to the office but offer their advice when required (Sharing 2010).
These are good ways to solve the highlighted issue although only the hardworking and good performing employees can be enlisted into the program (Sharing 2010). A pilot project needs to be conducted first to attest feasibility in our particular company context.&nbsp.

Interview with an adolescent

She made sure that I went to church regularly and she taught me never to say lies. As for my father he didn’t care about anything like that.
Puberty has not been too easy. I get quite annoyed that I do not have proper parents to take care of things because my grandparents are old and yet I have to depend a lot on them and it is very stressful.
The interview with Michael’s dad was scheduled for another day. I asked Michael to arrange to meet with his dad at the same pond because it was quiet and peaceful here. Michael had telephoned his father and he arranged to meet us there on Saturday by 11:00 in the morning.
From this interview I learned to show restraint in dealing with a young child. I also learned to be patient, understanding and the polite and show a lot of care. Listening to Michael’s story I empathized with him because I could understand the way he felt about his parents. This project gave me a lot of interest and kindled my curiosity. It also helped me to gain experience in engaging in a case history interview. This experience has encouraged me to shed some of my own inhibitions and impatience. The theory part of the project has helped me to gain new knowledge as well as improve my analytical and problem solving skills.
Michael’s story made me realize how different parents, dealt differently with their children. In Michael’s case he had parents who were totally different not only in their outlook in life, but also in dealing with their son Michael. Michael seemed to love his mother with all his heart because she had been a kind, loving and understanding mother. But in the case of Michael’s dad he seemed to be aloof and did not seem to like him much because Michael had been a victim where he was concerned. Since Michael’s mother had passed away when he was very young, the parenting style of the father could be taken into consideration.
Michael’s father was very strict

5 Discuss the characteristics of group decision making Identify the benefits and issues in a hospitality or tourism context using relevant examples

GROUP DECISION MAKING al Affiliation) According to Kusluvan (2003, p.12), “decision making is one of the primary responsibilities of managers in tourism and hospitality organizations and it occurs in 3 levels: individual, group and organizational level. Decision making is done on a daily level basis and ranges from small to large scale. An area examinable day in day out remains the issue of what decisions should be made by individuals or taken on by groups. also the type of group decisions are they programmed ones or non-programmed, as well as when best to use group decision making in the hospitality industry.
There are certain situations that group decision making is more preferable to individual decision making as it may be more efficient. In the hospitality industry however, its particularly stated that when creativity and efficiency is most essential, and there is relatively limited time group decision is the least preferred (Kusluvan 2003, p.18). Nevertheless, group decision making is beneficial as it has the advantage of individuals having diverse skills, experience and knowledge. Organizations in the hospitality industry are encouraged to incorporate more group decision making as its participative. Participative decision making in the sense that employees at different levels are asked to participate in the decision making process more so in decisions that affect them. Groups that are incorporated include task forces, project teams and committees as an attempt to achieve better decisions and more commitment to include employees.
Decision making at group level will enhance the effectiveness of decision making and enhances problem solving. The combined effort of individuals is believed to improve the quality of decisions made. Some of the characteristics that are exhibited by successful groups include the following: the group is quite small, it exudes open communication among its members and they all have a common mind set, the group members easily identify with each other and they are all agreeable on acceptable group behavior (Walker, 2009, p.43).
Group decision making does work best however when all the group members are accustomed to working together and there’s some overall commitment. Setbacks associated with group decision making however are it can be seen as a time consuming activity and more so when the members have a differing expertise point of view. There is also the fear that mediocre decisions are more likely to be made as group leaders at times tend to be more manipulative and dominating and likely to take credit when the group is commended for making good decisions (Walker 2009, p.50).
When it comes to group decision making however, there are several setbacks associated with it. interpersonal influence is one such setback. Some individuals in the group may have outgoing personalities that override those who are less outgoing. Another limitation of using group decision making is groupthink. a phenomena that is characterized by immature decision making as a result of hasty decision making so as to avoid conflicts (Pizam 2010, p.15), or as a result of anxiety leading to the less likely chance of exploring new options. Group decision making sometimes does lead to suboptimum decision making and the desire to avoid non-traditional ideas.
Kusluvan, S. 2003, Managing employee attitudes and behaviors in the tourism and hospitality
industry, Nova Publishers, London.
Pizam, A. 2010, International encyclopedia of hospitality management, Butterworth-Heinemann,
Boston, MA.
Walker, J. R, 2009, Supervision in the hospitality industry, John Wiley and Sons, New York.

The Perspective of Project Management

After a simulation is analyzed, project management can discover many aspects of the project. The first of these is that it may be possible for a project to have a concrete starting point but not a predetermined finishing point. As an example, a project to do with rehabilitating endangered animals has some unplanned risks that could delay the project from being completed. In this situation, no fixed end date would be set because it is possible that the project would yet to be completed.
Although the Work Breakdown Structure breaks activities down into more manageable tasks, one downside is that some unforeseen circumstances may arise. Let’s say that a project has many problems through on each stage of execution. During the beginning stage, a project may face the difficulty of trying to fix a broken down car in the middle of the highway. In the next stage, a weather problem could prevent an airplane from landing, which would decrease its fuel. In the final stage, a project may face a problem of dealing with the heath of a newborn animal, and this may delay a project further. Therefore, every project can contain many different perspectives that derive from project management.
As was mentioned above, we have now increased our knowledge about the positives and negatives of project management concerning any given problem. This background will assist in understanding all the holdups that occur in project management. In addition to this, also to be discussed are the issues that can harm the objective of a mission statement of a company.
Understanding the basics of project management helps companies and employees alike to make decisions based on project management techniques. Forecasting can assist in identifying results in terms of scope, scheduling, price, and quality.&nbsp.

Recommendation Letter for East Sussex County Council for Two Comparative Development Projects

In reconstructing an existing pier, one requires considering the level of rot in the old one and the costs needed to redevelop the project to the specifications of the county. In this quest, it is, therefore, necessary to consider a number of options to arrive at a well thought through decision regarding the project. Considering the social impact that the project will have the business viability and the cultural significance of the project to the people of Sussex County. The details of the study aim at unveiling the information with regard to these that will help the county government arrive at a decision in relation to the two projects.
The two projects under consideration are part of the development plan of the East Sussex County Council and ensuring that these are achieved provides for the county a good reputation and an improved livelihood for the locals. The county has interests in this project for a number of reasons but most of all because of the need to provide credible services for the people of East Sussex County. Banking on the renewed debate over the proposal of whether to build a new pier or reconstruct the old one, many of the Sussex County residents would like to see a new pier. According to the polls conducted by Argus, 44% of the people considered a new pier while 35% considered the remainder being left and 21% would want the pier demolished. According to these reports, the government is considering options in either reconstructing the old pier or developing a new one in another location (Fletcher, 2014). The county government seeks to make a decision that best applies resource application needs and ensures that the resources are utilized well and provide value for money for the people of Sussex. It is basing on these grounds that the government seeks to obtain information on the recommendations on which pier project option to consider as a viable one for the locals.

Why is an understanding of research techniques important

Understanding research techniques Question The press release and news story here, provide the findings of the study by the Pew Research Center, an organization that focuses on analyzing the attitudes, trends, and behaviors that have characterized American politics and the polarization of the same. The survey on how Americans view and perceive other religious groups was conducted one thousand adults and the funding for the research came from part sponsorship from the John D and Catherine T. Mac Arthur Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation in conjunction with Jeane M. Bertsch and Don C. Essentially, the June 2014 press release meets the requirements posted by CASRO (Council of American Research Organization) in which a study has to have a sponsor so as to support its successful completion. The director of Survey Research at Pew Research Mr. Scott Keeter explains why they chose to sample 10,000 instead of 1, 000 in which the reason is that the research was able to describe the attitudes of people in smaller fragments within the larger public.
Another requirement by CASRO met in the July 2014 article by Pew Research is that it provides actual dates of when the survey was conducted are documented and also indicates the actual group that conducted the same, which in this case is the American Trends Panel, an arm created by the Pew Research Center. However, neither the press release nor the article provides the exact wording for the questions as required, hence influencing one of the shot falls on the same. Other information available as presented in the survey finding that a person reading the report would find helpful are data coding for easy interpretation of confusing data and analysis of the same. The survey also provides the data collection methods applied in order for the panelist to obtain the required attitudes of the sampled population as part of studying political polarization. In total the guidelines applied in the press release are five while one is applied in the full survey report.
Question 2
The media coverage of the June 2014 press release partly serves the public interest, but is somehow a political tool that politicians can use to gain popularity and win in elections. The positive trait brought about by this press release is that it helps in promoting ethnic tolerance among ethnic groups as it does not portray any of them in bad light. It also serves as a way of evaluating the stereotypes associated with certain ethnic groups and trying to work against for the good of the American population despite the religious affiliations that each may belong to.
Additionally, the study report also provides insights on the religious affiliation that Americans are not most receptive towards based on existing prejudices and stereotypes. This can be used as a unifying factor in which politicians can advocate for the elimination of these prejudices in order for people to be treated as individuals and not based on whether they are Muslims or Hindus. Based on this, this proper media coverage of this July 2014 article will help in creating awareness and sensitization of the American public against the prejudices that they hold towards people from other ethnic groups, which is a matter of public interest.
Work cited
Goo, Sara. “How Pew Research conducted the polarization survey and launched a new research panel.” Pew Research Center. 12 June 2014. Web. 21 October 2014.
Pew Research Center. “How Americans Feel About Religious Groups: Jews, Catholics &amp. Evangelists Rated Warmly, Atheists and Muslims More Coldly.” Pew Research Religious &amp. Public Life project. 16 July 2014. Web. 21 October 2014.

Europe in the International Economic Order

The European Union was formed with the aim of strengthening the economic and political powers of the European countries and emerge as an international superpower. The emergence of the Euro is also a part of this project. Euro was introduced as a common currency for the participating European nations to remove the exchange rate risks within the internal market, to boost up trade across nations and most importantly to bring in monetary stability in Europe. (Fedee, n.d.) Another major purpose was to challenge the increasingly monopolistic power of the currency dollar as a single international currency and to rescue its members from the fluctuations of the dollar. The introduction of Euro has been the most important development in the international economy. it has become the major medium of trade especially in the euro area and other European countries. “ Euro has played a major role in fostering harmony among diverse economies, which had conflicting monetary and fiscal policies, tariffs and other restrictions on trade and investments” quotes Haruhiko Kuroda, head of Asian Development Bank at this years Brussels Economic forum (Vucheva, 2009).
The Eurozone formed covering 11 countries in 1999, “Belgium, Germany, Spain, Italy, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal and Finland” (Q&amp.A: Euro basics, 2002). Greece was allowed to join only after 2001, later Slovenia Malta and Cyprus followed the suit, Slovakia became the 16th country to join the group. (Vucheva, 2009) Joining Eurozone it had the advantage of trading its inflation prone home currency to the stable Euro. It also gained an upper hand in the borrowing activities, which led to an increase in liquidity in the market which in turn improved the standard of living of the Greek citizens. Loans for individuals, governments as well as corporate houses were available at very low-interest rates, which are available only among the developed nations like Germany.&nbsp.

Managing Financial Resources for Human Services Organizations

Managing Financial resources for Human Service Organization APPENDIX B Budget matrix Determine which of the budget items listed would be necessary in order to calculate a functional, line-item, and program budget. Mark an “X” for each budget item that would be used in each budget type. Budget items may be used more than once.
Budget Items
Functional Budget to determine Personnel Costs per patient
Line-Item Budget to determine total non-salary costs
Total Program Budget
Physician salary

Insurance coordinator

Front office staff
Malpractice insurance
Office supplies


Number of patients seen annually


Line item Budget Table showing the Cost for Personnel
1. Physicians’ Salaries $ 200,000 X 3 600,000
2. Administration (Full time) 50,000
3. Insurance Coordination (Full time) 35,000
4. Nurses (15,000 X 3) 45,000
5. Front office staff 25,000
6. Benefits: to full time staff:

Administration 10,500
Insurance costs 7,350
Nurses 9,450
Front office staff 5,250
———– 32,550

Total estimated budget cost/year 787,550

Functional budget to calculate Personnel cost/per patient visit
1. Physicians’ Salaries $ 200,000 X 3 600,000
2. Administration (Full time) 50,000
3. Insurance Coordination (Full time) 35,000
4. Nurses (15,000 X 3) 45,000
5. Front office staff 25,000
6. Benefits: to full time staff:

Administration 10,500
Insurance costs 7,350
Nurses 9,450
Front office staff 5,250
———– 32,550
7. Rent (2500 X12) 30,000
8. Utilities (3000 X 12) 36,000

9. Office supplies (1500 X 12) 18,000
10. Equipment leasing (700 X 12) 8,400
11. Miscellaneous (200 X 12) 2,400

Total costs incurred on patients for year 882,350
Total costs apportioned per patient= 882,350/30,000 = $29.40

Total Program Budget for providing Healthcare Services for 30,000 patient visits
1. Physicians’ Salaries $ 200,000 X 3 600,000
2. Physicians’ malpractices insurance (20000 X3) 60,000
2. Administration (Full time) 50,000
3. Insurance Coordination (Full time) 35,000
4. Nurses (15,000 X 3) 45,000
5. Front office staff 25,000
6. Benefits: to full time staff:
Administration 10,500
Insurance costs 7,350
Nurses 9,450
Front office staff 5,250
———– 32,550
7. Rent (2500 X12) 30,000
8. Utilities (3000 X 12) 36,000
9. Office supplies (1500 X 12) 18,000
10. Equipment leasing (700 X 12) 8,400
11. Miscellaneous (200 X 12) 2,400
A total program budget for providing healthcare services
For 30,000 patients 942,350
Managing Financial Resources for Human Services Org.
This paper encompasses a detailed examination of the process of managing financial resources for a human services organization. More specifically it examines the purpose of a budget for a human services organization and will differentiate between line-item, functional, and program budgeting.
There are several aspects to the purpose of a budget for a human service organization, They include:
It helps provide health insurance to growing numbers of American families, especially children who do not have it.
It helps families raise strong and healthy children by strengthening our investment in Head Start, teen pregnancy prevention and abstinence education. increasing opportunities for adoption. and bolstering our efforts to reduce tobacco and drug abuse among youth.
It provides assistance and support to States as they assume new responsibilities under welfare reform and to families as they make the transition to work.
It creates a strong public health agenda for the next century by sustaining biomedical research at the National Institutes of Health, developing a new food safety initiative, combating infectious diseases and providing life-extending drug therapies to people with AIDS.
It emphasizes tough management strategies that cut costs, ensure program integrity, create technological opportunities, promote effectiveness, respond to our customers and empower our partners.
Additionally, the budget provides funds to allow these organizations he option to extend one year of continuous Medicaid coverage to children, thus increasing continuity and security for children and families and reducing administrative burdens on States, families, and health care plans which now have to determine eligibility on a monthly basis.
“The definition of a line-item is the classification of expenditures on the basis of categories called objects-of-expenditure (personnel services, contractual services, capital outlay, etc.) and within each category more detailed line-items (salaries, travel, telephones, etc.). This type of budget focuses attention on how much money is spent and for what purpose rather than the activity affected or its outcomes.” (Elsass. Financial Management in Local Government: Frequently used Terms, 2001).
It is easiest to build performance-based budgets on the foundation of a program-based budget system. Under performance, or “outcome-based budgets”, each major program or function is measured using a set of benchmarks. Benchmarks are snap shots of particular activities or functions at a beginning date and time. These benchmarks are used for comparison purposes to measure progress in attaining specific program or functional goals over periods of time (i.e., six months, a year, or several years). Programs, activities, and functions may also be measured quantitatively and qualitatively against other internal and external comparables. As an example, a county land conservation program’s shore land restoration project may be measured against those conducted in another neighboring county or against statewide averages. Criteria might include number of frontage feet of shore land restored to a natural state. (Elsass. Primer on Basic Approaches to County Budgeting, 2003).
“Program budgeting is the classification of expenditures on the basis of programs, significant problems or policy issues each attempts to deal with, and alternatives for dealing with them.” (Financial Management in Local Government: Frequently used Terms. 2001).
This type of budget focuses attention on the kinds of problems and policy issues chief executive.

Elsass, Dan. (2001). Financial Management in Local Government: Frequently used Terms. Dan Elsass: UW Extension Local Government Center: Fact Sheet: No.17. Retrieved November 2, 2007, from
Elsass, Dan. (2003, July 30). Primer on Basic Approaches to County Budgeting. Retrieved November 2, 2007, from

“Stanley Black &amp

Decker Company" Stanley Black &amp. Decker Company upholds integrity as its, first, main business ethics. The Company conducts its dealings with clients with honesty. They show credibility by producing high-quality products to improve the company’s status (Mitchell, 2009).
Respect is the second main business ethics in the company. This is the treating of individuals with formality and humility. Respect for customers boosts sales and reduces rivalry among competitors.
The last business ethics by Stanley Black &amp. Decker is loyalty to the company. The organization anticipates its workforce to stay faithful to the company, and avoid the use of the company for any personal gains (Mitchell, 2009). Information that might expose the company is not to be abused by the employees.
Capital Turnover
Capital turnover known as asset turnover is the measure of how capital exhaustive a business is (Quiry &amp. Vernimmen, 2011). The formula for finding the capital turnover is annual sales of the company, divided by the average stakeholder’s equity known as equity turnover (Quiry &amp. Vernimmen, 2011). The higher the percentage of the extra resourcefully the company is using its capital. Stanley Black &amp. Decker has an active capital turnover having had its share of ups and downs in the past years.
Stanley Black &amp. Decker has a receivable turnover of 15% which has grown progressively to a $ 15 billion in revenue over the years. This is seen in the realistic price and sales figures which intimidate new rival companies. The company’s inventory, asset, and receivable turnover are quite high, in that there is a 20% + revenues from emerging markets. Stanley Black &amp. Decker Company has set the pace in its rate of capital spending that is a 15% plus operating margin rate. The company’s revenue flow continues to 10 working capital turns to lure investors, and maintain shareholders. Since 2003, the company has risen to 20% income per allocate, (EPS) and 1% compound annual growth rate (Stanley Black and Decker 2011 Annual Report, 2011).
Current Events
Stanley Black &amp. Decker is a developed company that continues its growth by acquiring and merging with other promising companies. The most recent acquisition is the acquisition of Lista North America, Holliston, MA on 2012 January 1st. The second recent event at Stanley Black &amp. Decker is the acquisition of Niscaya on 2011 September 9th rate (Stanley Black and Decker 2011 Annual Report, 2011).
In July 2010, Stanley Black &amp. Decker announced its acquisition of CRC-Evans Pipeline International, a company that provides total project support for pipeline construction constructors with automatic welding and other pipeline construction equipment and personnel. The merger between Stanley and Black and Decker took place in 2009 November 2nd but was completed on March 12th, 2010.
The investment quality of Stanley Black &amp. Decker Company is bent on growth. Following the recent merges and the Company’s business ethics, the tools industrialized company is a success story.

Value chain

Identify what you believe to be the firms "core" competencies and its "distinctive" competencies. Explain how, or if, these competencies result in a competitive advantage that is valuable, rare, and inimitable.
Google is multi-billion dollar organization that deals in internet search, advertising and cloud computing. It started as a college project for the founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin and soon grew to become one of the largest and fastest growing organizations in the world. Its growth was not simply due to the rapidly growing online industry, but based on carefully determined strategy based on its core competencies. This paper discusses the core competencies of Google and how they provided the company with a competitive advantage in a market that was undefined, undifferentiated and had enormous number of potential competitors.
Core Competencies
Core Competencies are those capabilities or products of the organization that form the central base of its operations, or on which the organization can add on or build further its products or services (Campbell and Luchs, ). It is that set of capabilities that are central to the organization and that form the inner platform on which it can build the business further. In the case of Google, its core competency is the ‘Internet Search’ ability. ‘Internet Search’ is not only the basic format for Google on which the multi-billion dollar organization initially started, but, it also forms a core part of its additional business operations like Google AdWords, Google AdSense, Google Applications and other innovative business models that Google has developed overtime. The Internet search capacity is based on accuracy, credibility and speed at which Google is able to deliver its search results – and its ability to do so better than its competitors makes it the favourite search engine among the customers and determines the business revenues that it can generate on add business like AdWords, AdSense etc.
Distinct Competencies
Distinct Competencies is a related concept to core competency, and it again means a set of distinct capabilities that make the organization differentiated and better at doing things than its competitors. In the case of Google, its distinct competencies that underpin its Search Engine operations are its technology, its highly trained and creative workforce, and its innovative and creative approach to making Internet search quicker and accurate and its commitment to balancing ethics and personal freedom in its online operations.
Competitive Advantage
A firm is said to have a competitive if it is able to sell its products at a much higher price than the costs that it had incurred during the procurement and production of that product, and the difference in its revenues and costs is higher than it is for the competitors (Porter &amp. Kramer, 2006). A competitive advantage is achieved when the organization is able to produce a product that cannot be produced or replaced by other organizations, – meaning that the product is rare – in appearance, in quality or any other feature. In addition, a competitive advantage is also gained when the organization is able to streamline all its activities, its value chain, in such a manner that the most cost effective combination of processes are achieved which deliver better value to the customer.
In the case of Google, its core competency of providing ‘lightening fast high quality Internet search’ differentiates it from other search engines.
The core competency of Google in Search Engine makes it the best suited service provider for not only direct generic searches but also establishes its credibility for online ads delivery as it uses the same technology for matching ads to the contents. The value that it gives the customer (advertisers and website owners) is in terms of cost and time savings and more targeted promotion of their services or products as the visitors are already searching for the product. Other search engines are also do the same – but, they do not have the underpinning attribute of accuracy, credibility, access to extremely large database, speed of search, or ethical search results. Thus it can be seen, that based on its core capabilities (technology, people, strategic perspective), Google is able to deliver value that is rare in the age of an open Internet that lacks regulations or external policing
The search engine module can be emulated and modified and as such it is not inimitable, but, it is the act that Google manages to provide the customers the benefits of a large database search, delivers high quality results at a fast speed, and balances freedom with self-developed ethical frameworks, makes it inimitable.
Campbell, A. and Sommers, K. L.(1997), Core Competency-Based Strategy. KY: Cengage Learning
Business Press
Ghemawat, P. and Rivkin, J. W. (2006). Creating Competitive Advantage. MA: Harvard Business School
Porter, M.E. &amp. Kramer, M.R. (2006). Strategy and Society: The Link Between Competitive Advantage and
Corporate Social Responsibility. Harvard Business Review, pp. 78-92.

Three Cups of Tea by Greg Mortenson and David Oliver Relin

He promises to come back and build a school for the girls (Mortenson 8). The novel reports that villagers and girls are not opposed to seeing their daughters getting the better education. This is because they understand that the key to bringing a positive change to the Muslim religion. This is the reason why they are receptive to Mortenson’s idea of building schools for the Muslim girls.
For instance, girls like Tahira, Shakeela, and Jahan who might have played a very little role in their village were it that they had no education, soon became triggers for change in their villages after attending CAI school built for them by Mortenson (Mortenson and Relin 16). In the end, these girls ended up improving the quality of health care, educate women and change the attitudes women. We get to understand that educated girls, unlike the boys who tend to migrate to the city to look for jobs, remain in the villages, thus share the rewards of their education with people around them. Mortenson also understands that the best way to turn these Muslim people from the terrorist act is through education.
However, a certain conservative declares Fatwa to frustrate Mortenson’s efforts, with the aim of preventing building schools in the region (Mortenson and Relin 18). The novel reveals that all of Mortenson’s village protagonists are Muslims. However, they lack the authority to arbitrate directly on Mortenson’s behalf. Instead, they opt to petition the “supreme leader” of the Shia based in northern Pakistan, who immediately declares fatwa inconsistent with Islam. He also offers full support to Mortenson’s project.
The conservative leader, in this case, is a representation of those who still leave in the past. These are male chauvinist who does not see any good in women or girls for that matter. For instance, they see that in case a girl gets educated, this will empower them to challenge the men in the society.&nbsp.&nbsp.

Big data technology optimizes and stores the user generated data in exabytes using the distributed backup mechanism which significantly increases the performance and storage space in the software industry

In recognition of the magnitude of the problems involved in the management of big data, many companies are investing considerable amounts of money in researching better methods of big data management. These companies seek reliable ways of organizing, storing and managing their machine, user and application data, which is rapidly growing in size to exabytes and petabytes. The volumes of big data are considerably large, such that many organizations find it difficult to process, store and access the data they need using the traditional databases and systems of storage (BVT, n.d.).
Further complexity comes about in the now common scenario, where companies dispatch teams to different places around the world, yet the nature of their work requires them to collaborate on the same data since they are involved in the same project. This highlights the need for data solutions that allow these companies to change, add, check in content and modify them without creating problems for other employees within the organization (Kumar, 2012).
Conventional systems of storage typically require revision of the systems or tech refreshes every three years (sometimes four) so that the company can keep up with new requirements and growth. This, in many instances, requires expensive and disruptive data migrations, replacement of void storage capacity and regular upgrades of software licenses (Leavitt, 2013). This paper looks into how companies use big data technology to store data generated by users in exabytes by making use of the distributed backup method.
The distributed backup method of storage provides companies with the opportunity to store more data in a scalable way across storage node networks. It is imperative to note that the main purpose of backing up data is so that an organization can have at least a copy of what may the company may consider as important. In the event that there is a failure in the storage systems within an organization,

Value Management for TechWatt Corporation

Value Management (VM) is a process whereby team efforts are made to understand the functions of a system in order to realize the essential functions of that system at the lowest possible life-cycle cost (Younker 2003, cited in Mao et al., 2009, p. 417). As a definitive tool to improve the value of a system, VM has been widely used by government agencies, financial institutions, manufacturers, construction designers, and contractors.

The objective of the value management study for TechWatt Corporation is a construction of a regional headquarters, which will accommodate management and administrative employees, a workshop for hi-tech light manufacturing processes, a receiving area for guests and potential clients, and some tourist facilities.

The architects and engineers are the main participants of the VM study, but the VM workshop will include all valued stakeholders of a new regional headquarters for TechWatt Corporation. The workshop will also include branch managers and department heads, the selected staff of the different departments, and other important personnel who can contribute their ideas and talents for the success of the workshop and the project.

One way of creating a sound business atmosphere is to produce and show to the client and the stakeholders the good ‘valuing’ of the project/s being undertaken. This requires greater knowledge of value management.

TechWatt Corporation is in the IT business, involved in computer hardware and software systems. It is still growing and needs to expand amidst the challenges of globalization. Its CEO wants to know the costs of building a regional headquarters and in attaining this, the functions in the construction have to be analyzed. This is the main focus of the agenda: the TW management wants to know how the regional headquarters can be constructed at the lowest cost, without sacrificing quality.

TechWatt Corporation can benefit from value management through a careful study of the functions involved in the proposed regional headquarters. Creative minds will come from the members of the VM study group.&nbsp.&nbsp.

Effects of Perception of the Use of Helmets among Motorcyclists

Considering present changes in the behavior of motorcyclists and requirements on the road, the wearing of helmets has been considered as necessary and even mandatory to prevent road accidents that could in most cases lead to head injury for motorcyclists. However, wearing of helmets should be considered as ‘cool’ and ‘trendy’ or sporty at the same time rather than old fashioned and only then more consumers could be persuaded to wear helmets to protect themselves with a headgear while on the road and driving or riding a vehicle.

In the case of motorcyclists, brain damage or head injury is the likely consequence of accidents and accidents are common for such drivers. The focus is thus on the methods to raise awareness among motorcyclists so that they can wear helmets regularly as a means to protect themselves and the other riders from any serious head or other kinds of injury due to any road accident.

This research is based on the argument that if motorcyclists are shown that using helmets is trendy and even useful, then this will help to raise awareness about its necessity which is to primarily prevent injury from accidents and also make the use of helmets more popular among motorcyclists and other riders and drivers (Dickson et al, 2008).
The sample on whom this research project will be conducted consists of young 21-40-year-old motorcyclists or riders and their use of helmets and perceptions towards a use of helmets will be studied to understand the attitudes that they hold about the use of helmets while driving or riding motorcycles and how these attitudes are positive or negative or are changed due to change of awareness or due to social perceptions.

A Significant Difference between Online and Traditional Marketing Exists

The arrival of technology has transformed advertising, where diverse firms have the option to opt for either online advertisement or traditional advertisement modes. Both advertisements applicable and firms should consider their suitability before deciding on one. This document will look into the differences between both advertisement means while looking into the merits and demerits of both advertisement means.
It is every firm’s attempt to strategize on minimizing cost while maximizing the suitability of the chosen mode of advertising. As such, as business organizations make an effort to minimize cost, it is imperative to determine that it reaches the target audience (Barker &amp. Angelopulo, 2005). To begin with, in traditional marketing, businesses must utilize billboards and advertisement placards and coupons, all of which require materials and expertise in their manufacture. This leads to increased costs since these materials have to be manufactured, stored and transferred to various regions within the target audience’s reach (Viglia, 2014). Additionally, it requires an increased labor force in the printing and distribution of the advertisement materials. This highlights the cost-effectiveness of online marketing. However, in online marketing, there must be a skilled employee, tasked with the responsibility of placing an advertisement on the internet, and ensuring that it reaches the target audience. A key advantage is a fact that numerous sites are available which provide free advertisement services to the business investors.
The project of advertisement in various business ventures is to have the largest coverage within its target audience (Kurtz &amp. Boone, 2010). In traditional marketing, the coverage of the products and services published on materials or advertised through radio or television. This indicates that the traditional advertisement mode will significantly cover individuals who have remote&nbsp.access to the internet, those that have access to the radio and television services.

Managing Projects of Jones Ltd

As part of the company’s expansion plan, Jones Ltd. is about to make its newly purchased building operational. Aside from making use of the same staffing structure at the existing site, Jones Ltd. will invest in new sets of computers and information technology in order to keep the company’s supply chain more up-to-date and efficient. As a newly hired project manager, activities within the specified time frame and budget needed to successfully manage the business expansion plan of Jones Ltd. will be tackled in detail.

As part of the project planning team, a group of IT experts, competitive electrician, and interior designer with ergonomics background will be subcontracted to set-up computers and teach Jones Ltd’s internal stakeholders on how to use the IT system.

The main objective of the project is to review and implement strategies for the opening of the trade of the new building. As part of the main objective, proper selection and installation of the IT system should be decided upon by the IT subcontractor and the rest of the internal stakeholders to enhance the supply chain process of Jones Ltd.

A simplified work breakdown structure (WBS) will be used to increase the chances that the IT subcontractor and Jones Ltd’s stakeholders would all agree to the proposed scope of the project. Doing so will make it easier on the part of the project manager to subdivide the projects into smaller components.

After defining WBS, a logical network diagram with an estimated duration will be organized by the team to enable the project manager to easily monitors the specific activities that will take place over a certain period of time. (See Table I – Schedule for Initial Plan below)

Since the warehouse department will be utilizing the use of the IT system, there is a need to cut down on the number of warehouse staff from three down to two. Basically, cutting down the number of warehouse staff will enable the company to save on unnecessary operational costs for manpower.&nbsp.&nbsp.

Financial Decision Making and Risk

The new assembly cell will require three call programmer/operators who will be recruited at a salary of £20,000 per year each. The cell robots are expected to last for 5 years, after which they can be sold off for an estimated price of £1,000 each. Your company’s cost of capital is currently 10%.
As the Financial Director of your company, you are required to submit a detailed report to the Managing Director and your fellow Board members evaluating the proposed investment, fully justifying any recommendation you will make and identifying any potential problem areas and offering potential solutions.
“Investment appraisal is the process of assessing potential investment projects to see which ones are most viable (and profitable) for the firm.” (Samuels et al, 2000). This report is aimed at understanding whether investing in the automated assembly cell will be beneficial for the company. To analyze the benefits of the investment a number of different calculations including the payback period and sensitivity analysis have been made. These have been included in the next few sections along with the investment decisions based on the calculations.
Payback period is one of the simplest methods of investment appraisal. This method is generally beneficial for short-term projects and for projects where the returns are fixed and accurate. The most beneficial feature of this method is that it takes into account the liquidity of the project, which is useful for businesses to understand and concentrate on the cash flows of the company. Also, this is a very simple method comparatively (Samuels et al, 2000).
Net Present Value (NPV) is the most commonly used method and it utilizes the discounted cash flows to compute the returns from an investment. In this method, initially, all the future cash flows that will be generated by the project are discounted to present value.&nbsp.

Institutional and Strategic Barriers to PublicPrivate Partnership

It has come into the housing project in a big way and is showing every sign of remaining there as a collaborator to the public sector, a move that has been proving beneficial to all concerned. It is important to understand the extent to which the capability of PPP could be made use of. PPP has been gaining steady importance in the construction field, and under the circumstances, has been even viewed as inevitable. Any collaboration between the public sector and the private companies for projects is referred to as the Public-Private Partnership (PPP).
The Labour Government has been very keen on expanding PPP into most of the fields because this partnership can not only bring more efficiency into the public sector projects, but also the investment that is very necessary. The private sector has shown the determination of investing in public projects and wait for the returns. It is said that unencumbered with the bureaucratic approach that plagues the public bodies, private parties can move, plan and work quicker than their public counterparts. The government also hopes that the tax-payers money is safer in this partnership supported by the skills, knowledge, technology and financial know-how of the private sector. The Labour Government seems to have realized the importance and valuable contribution of such a partnership in various fields. It is a fact that PPP has ventured into the construction area very effectively and its future opportunities in other areas are still tentative. As a firm part of the construction management, PPP and its work modes and approach deserve a closer look from the research perspective. With the increasing mobility that the partnership has procured in recent years, it definitely deserves research backing and is already presenting many research gaps and possibilities that could be useful for the construction management and to the stakeholders involved.

Organizational Behaviour

Organizational Behaviour Organizational Behaviour 5.7 Concluding Comments Major Issues within Xciting Company Organizational behaviour forms an important aspect in every organization. Xciting Company as reported by Amish Gupta faces various organization behaviour issues. After conducting the recruitment and selection process Xciting Company engages in the process of inducting its fresh employees. However, the training induction process does not meet the specific requirements of its clients. Thus, in most cases this leads to the premature termination of various projects. The premature termination of projects leads to employees being made redundant. This is evident in the case study as Gupta’s project was terminated prematurely leaving her with no work or being idle until another project was sought (Ivey, 2014).
Additionally, the main goal of Xciting Company is centred towards client satisfaction. The culture of the organization therefore focuses towards client satisfaction while the needs of the employees are neglected. This is evident in the case study whereby the new entrants are not assisted in any way by the company to effectively settle within the company’s working environment. In the case study Gupta and other new employees face a lot of difficulty in settling within their new working environment.
Xciting Company is a well renowned Indian information technology that engages in hiring a large number of fresh graduates. The main aim of the induction process involves impacting organizational behaviour and culture on the fresh employees. An effective induction process should therefore involve the objectives and goals of the company. In this case Xciting Company should involve training of fresh employees in specific requirements of the company. This will ensure that the fresh employees are able to meet the goals of the company and ensure a productive workforce after the induction process.
Furthermore, Xciting Company should be both employee and client centred. The organizational behaviour should be geared with the aim of satisfaction of clients while meeting the needs of the employees. New entrants within the company should be inducted into the organizational culture that will effectively meet their needs as employees. This will ensure that the new entrants are able to adjust well within the company’s working environment. Productivity among the fresh employees will also be maintained (Jennifer &amp. Gareth 2005).
Reasoning for Acting on the Action Plan
Xciting Company as a large company that engages in employing fresh graduates should engage in some form of action plan that will ensure that various organizational behaviour issues are resolved. The company should device a system whereby the welfare of employees is taken into consideration. For an effective and productive workforce to be maintained the welfare of the employees need to be considered. Xciting Company should therefore integrate organizational behaviour within the induction process that will acquaint the new employees with knowledge of the goals and objectives of the company. This will further ensure that the induction process meets the requirement of the organization (Hitt 2006).
Positive Call to Action Ending
The implementation of various recommendations within Xciting Company should revolve around the organizational culture and behaviour. There should be an end in the situation whereby the fresh employees are not readily prepared for the various tasks within the induction process (Ivey, 2014). The positive call should entail.
Engage in organizational behaviour or culture
Emphasize on the welfare of employees
Induction should involve meeting the specific requirements of the company
Ivey Publishing (2014). Amish Gupta’s First Year of Work. London: Richard Ivey School of Business Foundation. Pdf.
Hitt, Michael A., Miller, Chet., &amp. Colella, Adrienne. (2006). Organizational Behavior: A Strategic Approach. John Wiley &amp. Sons, Inc.
George, Jennifer M., &amp. Jones, Gareth R. (2005). Understanding and Managing Organizational Behavior. Prentice-Hall, Inc. A Pearson Education Company .


Capacity refers to the number of units a facility is able to hold or to produce in a given span of time. Capacity available would refer to that which is at the disposal of the hospital and this is affected by among other factors: changes that are specific to the available capacity operations, the mix of different uses of the current available capacity and the speed and/or pace with which the workforce utilises this capacity. In measuring capacity, a unit standard of measure is often required, and in this case of St. Marks’s hospital beds resources are used.
Capacity management involves capacity planning and this squarely falls on the duty responsibilities of the strategic planners in the organization. Its major aim in most organisations is to try and match the level at which the operations are taking place to that of the demand. It is carried out bearing in mind the future growth and the expansion plans of the organizations and also to a greater extent the market trend, in this case of the hospital, the patients’ trend. Normally with a fluctuation in demand, capacity planning becomes a tedious and a very unpredictable exercise.
It is broadly concerned with the defining of both the short term and long term needs of an organization and finding means to satisfy them basing the decisions on the customer demands. This is done considering both the human and financial resources available to the organization. Usually, making capacity planning for the long term utilisation of resources is risky, uncertain and difficult in most organisations. This is mainly because a lot of changing parameters are to be considered for the planning process to have some accuracy. It involves major issues and those that would affect the organisation in a major way. Short term strategies on the other hand involving changes in a one year period are usually easier to

Analysis of OD Letter

OD letters CASE: THE OD LETTERS Larry, I enjoyed seeing you last month at the company picnic. I’ve been trying to reach you by phone, but no luck. I decided this e-mail would do until we can talk. Your secretary said you’re working on another project out in the field and couldn’t be reached except for emergencies. I have several projects my work teams are involved with, and managing them all gets to be pretty hectic. So I know what you must be up against. I’ve just been assigned a new project team to manage, the XRS Laser group, and it seems like you had some dealings with them several years back. Is that true? I could sure use someone to bounce some ideas off. I’d appreciate any insights.
Thanks, Ryan
Sorry to have missed your call but I was in Oklahoma City doing some work with one of my new field teams. And now that I’m back, your secretary said you were out of the area on company business. So this is what we get paid the big bucks for! I thought I’d zap this e-mail off instead of waiting for you to get back at headquarters. Your e-mail triggered some old memories. Excuse my rambling in what I will share with you. I’ll add the details when I see you. Please keep this confidential. Yes, you were right about me working with the XRS project team. I looked in my records and it was three years ago that I worked with XRS. I have been indirectly keeping in touch with how things are going there through one of my old contacts. Their project manager, John Everet, had been under a lot of pressure from his department head, Kate Pringle, to get the project moving at a faster pace. It seems that the team was not turning out any results, and John had been the team manager for over two years. Kate talked to me about the team. She seemed to think there was some friction among members andmaybe that John was causing some problems.
Anyway, Kate contacted me to see if I would go along on the team’s annual retreat and maybe help them with severalissues—mainly personnel stuff—and, me being an outsider, bring in a new perspective. Because the company requires an out- sider from another division to go along and help with the training on team retreats, John didn’t have much choice about me being there. He sure didn’t go out of his way to make me feel welcome. I decided it would be wise to go easy at first until I got the lay of the land, and retreats generally have gone pretty well. Most teams have gone away from the retreat thinking they have worked out some team issues. Well, this retreat broke the mold.
Anyway, the three-day retreat was weird. The retreat started when we were all loaded up in a bus. None of the participants were told where they were going, so it was to be a big surprise. We traveled about three hours to a dude ranch in the local mountains. I was in charge of the team meetings for the initial afternoon and through the early afternoon of the next day. We initially did a few icebreaker fun exercises, followed by some nonthreatening team exercises. This was followed by re- ports from the teams on what they thought were effective team skills. It was really low-key stuff and, to get them going, not specific at all about their own work team.
You know, I can remember what happened next as if it were yesterday. John remained really aloof. I had previously arranged for him, like everyone else, to be in a team. He joked around with several other men for about 30 minutes before joining his team. Meanwhile, his team went to work without him. When he finally joined them, he didn’t say much. After a few minutes he got up and went over to another team and talked about getting a late-night poker game going. I did not con- front him at the time, which, reflecting back on things, may have been a mistake on my part.
Well, that was the afternoon session. Not exactly a roaring success, but a number of the participants were really getting into the team exercises. The morning session of the next day went about the same. John played the part of the social butterfly. His behavior was a bit obvious to others. Reflecting back on things, I think he was intimidated. This was his first job as a project manager and I think he thought of himself as the “big cheese,” the old-fashioned macho manager. I know he went through the company’s team leadership courses, but he must have been sleeping.
We had a team-building exercise followed by a discussion on how team members in general could work better together—again, nothing specific. I remember that one fellow got really annoyed at John’s team for joking around. He said something to the effect that this was why it took so long to get anything done. Several others agreed, but then John said that what we were doing in the teams was just a fun game and did not mean anything. That guy got the message from John and got real quiet. And so did several others. The morning session ended OK for the most part, though John and several others left early. They went for a canoe ride out on the lake. You could hear them laughing while everyone else was in their team meetings. When John and several others did not come back for the early afternoon session, everyone kind of drifted off into little groups and did what they wanted. Nothing more happened because the company structures these retreats so that the last day and a half is open for everyone to do what they want. Also, since the company provides no effective way for an outsider like me to make a report or continue to work on issues uncovered at the retreat, I had to let it go.
220 Part 3 • Improving Excellence in Individuals
Well, it looks like John is no longer there and you have inherited the XRS group. There really are some good folks with a lot of potential. Sure, I’d be glad to talk to you in more detail about the situation there. Give me a call when you get back in town and you can buy me lunch.
(Use the Case Analysis Form on the following page.)
Name: ______________________________________
I. Problems
A. Macro
1. Lack of appropriate team work among the employees
2.Ineffective leadership due to lack of the required leadership skills
3.Inability of the project to record any results or progress
B. Micro
1. Lack of employee motivation
2. The project manager does not have good relation with the employees
3. Lack of effective communication between the organization and the employees
II. Causes
1. The project manager viewed himself as the boss and did not value the opinion of his employees
2. The company did not have the appropriate means of motivating its employees
3. The company lacked the appropriate communication channels to communicate with the employees
4. The company was not organized in how it conducted its activities and this was evident during the retreat when members organized themselves into small groups and did whatever they pleased
III. Systems affected
1. Operational systems since the operations in the organization did not yield results
2. Management systems since the project manager did not relate well with employees
3. Strategic systems
4. Information systems since the level of communication between the management and the employees was low
IV. Alternatives
1. Transaction possessing systems to increase the efficiency of operations in the organization (Bernstein &amp. Newcomer, 2009).
2. Management information systems to come up with effective technology advancement required in the organization and come up with data that is effective for the operation of the organization.
3. Decision support systems to support the management system with appropriate data to enable them in making important decisions in the organization
4. Executive support systems to enable the managers and top officials to have quick access to reports in all departments to trace the progress
V. Recommendations
To see the required success that the organization wants in its project, it could start by hiring a new project manager with the required leadership skills and knowledge. He or she will be in a position to come up with means of motivating the employees and enhancing good relations with them. The organization could then result into coming up with better means of communication with the employees since communication is key. The company should also cultivate team work among its employees.
Bernstein, P. A., &amp. Newcomer, E. (2009). Principles of transaction processing. Burlington, MA: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.

Green Computing Research Project Part 5

Case Study 2: Green Computing Research Project – Part 5
There are seven basic tools and techniques for quality improvement include cause and effect diagrams, control charts, flowcharting, histogram, Pareto chart, run chart and scatter diagram. These tools are utilized to scrutinize the development processes, discover major and minor issues, manage uncertainty of quality of developing product and facilitate to present solutions to the identified problems and avoid prospect deficiencies (Kapur, 2007).
After reviewing the seven (7) tools for quality improvement, I have selected ‘Cause-and-Effect’ diagram for the ‘Green Computing’ project. The cause and effect diagram is also known as Ishikawa or Fishbone Diagram for the reason that the diagram look likes the skeleton of a fish. The Cause and effect diagrams would help the project manager of the Green Computing project to identify a number of major and minor causes of an issue rather than just the most obvious causes. The approach of developing the diagram compels the project manager and team to brainstorm with the use of concept mapping facilitates to recognize and graphically represent, in growing factors, all of the possible reasons pertaining to a problem or condition that lead to discover the core causes. Usually, the quality issues are not straightforward. These issues typically entail the multifaceted combination and relations of multiple causes.
I chose the cause and effect diagram keeping in view the research oriented objective of the project that is improving the environment and revenues with reduced costs. Therefore, it is necessary before recommending any solution to the ‘We are Big, Inc’ to identify the root causes that impact badly on the environment and uncontrolled costs. The root cause analysis would help the project manager by becoming a road map for collecting data to concisely move ahead to achieve the objectives of the project by researching on avoiding/removing the root causes and recommending suitable software applications/solutions for the company. And finally, it is recommended that the cause and effect diagram should become part of the major research report.
The second reason for selection of cause and effect quality tool that it would facilitate the project manager to easily identify the mainstream of the problems that would be faced during execution of the Green Computing project. In order to relate the quality tool with the project, the first problem that the project manager would face is the communication between the team with a webcam, as the team of the project is scattered and located at different geographical locations. The cause and effect diagram facilitates the project manager to write down the communication problem and the causes that generate the problem. In this way, the project manager would realize the root causes and develop a plan to remove/avoid the root causes so that the communication problem would not rise again. Furthermore, it is worthwhile to write down the stakeholders that are involved or affected by the problem, when and where the problem usually arises. In order to draw the diagram, the project manager does not require Microsoft Excel. it can even be developed in Microsoft Word or Visio. The tool recommends the project manager to write down the main problem in a rectangular box on the extreme right or left side of a MS Word document, draw a line from the box to across the document horizontally, and then brainstorm and note down the causes of the problem. Eventually, the diagram would look like bone of fish, as the box would represent the head and the causes are like the spine of a fish.
Kapur, S. (2007). The 7 Quality Management Tools. Retrieved from:
Ilie, G. (n.d). Cause-And-Effect Diagram. Retrieved from:

A Group Decisionmaking Technique in the Marketing Project Team

Management Case Study Questions
Question 3
The marketing project team would have employed a group decision making technique which began with identification of the decision which they would ultimately make (Chen and Kyaw-Phyo 32). This means that the members of the project would have worked as a team to set the goal or purpose of the advertisement. Integrated involvement of all members of the project would have been included in the project so that all members would have a contribution in ensuring that the purpose was congruent with the norms of the client company and what it represented in the market. If the group implemented group cohesion in the decision making process, Derek would have contributed his idea towards the final decision since he had a working experience with the client company and understood its needs.
More importantly, the project team would have employed a critical analysis technique in decision making. This means that the group members should have lost their individuality and the possible psychological intimacy barriers that would have existed among them and as a result give objective critique to the contributions of each member. Moreover, the project group should have come up with criteria of evaluating the decisions made (Chen and Kyaw-Phyo 37). This is important because it would have enabled the most creative ideas which were in conformity with the needs of the client company to be included in the final decision about the design and presentation of the advertisement. The technique of evaluation in decision making would have also helped the group to select the best idea through a group cohesion approach and equal participation in the evaluation and decision making. As a result, dissimilarity would have been achieved in the implementation of the decision.
Question 4
Collaborative communication would have been employed by the project team to ensure effectiveness and conformity of the marketing idea with the norms and needs of the client company. Active participatory communication should have also been used by the project team (Lee 210). This means that all members of the team should have been given a chance of communicating their idea elaborately and hence leading to the evaluation process. Participatory and collaborative communication should have been used by the group in the evaluation process so that the team work process would have cohesively reached the idea that was in conformity with the set criteria and purpose of the project. Because active participation in communication was not used, it was only Conner who had the chance of communicating his idea to the team. Derek was passive in the communication process and as a result his idea of the advertisement was not presented to the group regardless of the fact that this idea was very congruent with the needs of the client and the image the company wanted to portray to the market.
Diversity would have been considered in the selection of the team members so that psychological intimacy and social loafing barriers would have been eliminated in the communication process. Open mindedness would have also been encouraged among the members of the project team so that rapport was created and each individual allowed to communicate ideas freely and collaborative manner. Additionally, a critique based form of communication should have been implemented (Lee 202). This would have allowed the members of the group to give positive criticism to Conner’s idea of the advertisement and as a result encouraging communication of alternative ideas from the other members of the group for consideration and implementation.
Works Cited
Chen, Jengchung, Victor and Linn Kyaw-Phyo. "User Satisfaction with Group Decision Making Process and Outcome." Journal of Computer Information Systems 52.4 (2012): 30-39
Lee, Bian. "Cognitive Team Diversity and Individual Team Member Creativity: A Cross-Level Interaction." Academy Of Management Journal 55.1 (2012): 197-212

Personal organization and time management

PERSONAL ORGANIZATION AND TIME MANAGEMENT The four components of office organization&nbsp. The components that will be discussed arethe ones that give an office or organization a structure, by outlining the responsibilities of all members. A good structure allows all people in the work place or office to work together in an efficient way, as they develop and practice good ethics and attitudes (Galloway, 1921). The components are:
Functional structure-this is where people who have the same responsibilities or have tasks of similar nature, same skills and jobs are grouped. The benefit of this structure is that members here can communicate easily and also learn from each other faster because of their similarities in the area they are working on.
Divisional structure-this structure entails division of labour amongst staff members. The workers can also be divided geographically to meet the needs of individuals in the regions they are placed in.
Matrix structure-this structure divides people into two different categories, one category is by the specific task they perform and the other is by the team of product they are working with. The major advantage of this structure is that productivity is increased and also the members have greater chances to be more creative and innovative because the members are expected to take responsibility for their work (Galloway,1921). This also allows managers and supervisors to make decisions easily to solve problems through interactions with the group. This is the most important element of all to me.
Project-organizational structure-here, the members/workers are grouped together according to the number of staff required to produce a product or complete a task. Each significant task and the number of people it requires is put into consideration while using this structure to ensure that the right people are selected to participate in a particular project.
Time management Tips
There are around 18 tips for time management but three tips will be discussed to
Expect the unexpected-be ready for anything. Most of the time, things do not go as planned due to unavoidable circumstances, therefore it is important to always be ready for inconveniences (Forsyth, 2010). An example is in planning for activities by scheduling time for them. In most cases, lateness may occur due to unavoidable reasons. Therefore, allowing 15minutes earlier in the schedule will cover for any time lost.
Avoid procrastination-this applies mostly to tasks that one does not like or tasks that are unpleasant. Instead of postponing them, it is important to do them as soon as possible so as to clear your schedule and make time for more important tasks (Limoncelli, 2009). Once you are done, it leaves you more energised to focus on the important ones. An example is when I did not feel like organising files for every athlete. I pushed the task for so long it ended up piling and I had to use a lot of time to organize and finish the task.
Keep track of time-it is important to investigate how your time is spent and where it goes. This can be done by one trying to keep a time log for a short period of time like a week. This will show how much time you loose on less important things. An example is where I used to feel like I have short time to perform a task. Upon analysing and keeping a time log, I identified a lot of activities that consume my time and I was able to eliminate them.
Forsyth, P. (2010).&nbsp.Successful time management. London: Kogan Page.
Galloway, L. (1921).&nbsp.Office management: Its principles and practice . covering organization, arrangement, and operation with special consideration of the employment, training, and payment of office workers. New York: Ronald Press Co.
Limoncelli, T. A. (2009).&nbsp.Time Management for System Administrators. Sebastopol: OReilly Media, Inc.

Conceptual Models to Represent Relationships

Now that the project is concluded, we have edited it and made a digital copy. It is now necessary to make a decision on which is the best way to examine the information collected to best understand the interviewees and the issues that they reported about their experience at the restaurant.
&nbsp.Hypothesis: i/ Customers with two or more children are more likely to drive over three miles to the restaurant than customers with one child., are more likely to drive more than 3 miles to come to the Restaurant compared to those with only one child.
&nbsp.The best techniques to test the above hypothesis and relationships are ANOVA three to four means, CHI-SQUARE, and the T-TEST. These techniques were chosen after analyzing the types of data that we collected. Each technique analyzes data in a different way.
&nbsp.The ANOVA technique was selected because it is useful for finding statistical variation between three or more averages. For example, question twelve asks customers if they think Santa Fe Grill has friendly employees. The data is taken from single, married and divorced customers, so the statistical technique that can be used will be ANOVA.
&nbsp.The Chi-square was selected because it can be used to examine relationships involving nominally scaled data, unlike other statistical techniques. This technique was used for question number 32 where customers are supposed to classify their sexual orientation and other similar questions such as a question that asks the surveyed to indicate marital status.

My Big Fat Greek Wedding

The present project aims at analyzing the types of speech acts, the illocutionary points and the request strategy types in this movie, taking into account the theory of speech acts proposed by Searle.
The selected data for this research consists of all utterances of the movie “My Big Fat Greek Wedding”, which were transcribed in order to assure a clear analysis of speech acts. It is possible to distinguish between the film dialogues and the narration of Toula, the main character, mostly at the beginning of the film. The dialogues taken from a movie resemble natural interactions between people, although this material is scripted and fictive, and they enable an empirical study of speech acts. In this sense, it is important to consider the role played by the conversation in the speech act theory, since the reference to conversational sequences is presupposed in the study of speech acts, as stated by Sbisà (102). The analysis of the movie data allows an empirical study from conversation to individual speech acts, as Sbisà suggests (110), and not in the other direction since the theory must explain the facts instead of trying to adapt the findings to the theory. Most of the time, the movie represents conversations between the characters, and, despite not being its main goal, the results of this research can be useful for further insights regarding the relationship between speech acts and conversation. The present study analyzes the realization of the speech acts of requests and provides an overview of the illocutionary points. The analysis is focused on the area of speech act verbs.
The theory of speech acts was applied to analyze the data, because it provides insights about the language used, and allows studying films in a detailed way, which can reveal the communicative practices represented on them. Searle’s approaches regarding illocutionary points, verbs, indirect speech acts, and conversation are taken into account for the application.

Methodological Approach in a Quantitative Research

“Qualitative research allows you to explore perceptions, attitudes and motivations and to understand how they are formed.” (Kivlichan). The result of qualitative research is depended on the analytical skills of the researcher. The researcher should possess a good observation skill in order to make a proper analysis of the situation.

As the name describes quantitative research deals with numbers or items that can be expressed in numbers. It gives information about the number of people involved in the topic of the research. “Quantitative research is all about quantifying the relationships between variables. Variables are the things you measure on your subjects, which can be humans, animals, or cells.” (Hopkins 1998). Quantitative research is usually made by making an analysis of the data collected from the public through a questionnaire or interview. The survey is always regarded as the best way to collect data for quantitative research.

The given two case studies are related to quantitative and qualitative research each. The given qualitative paper is related to the perception of women in managing arthritis. A data of two years have been gathered in order to gather information on the given topic. In the given qualitative paper the required information is gathered from the respondents through interview. For the purpose of getting better results, the women were divided into two groups. They were selected from the local branches of Arthritis care. The approach is different in the case of quantitative method. The quantitative paper is related to occupational therapy. The topic is “a randomized controlled trial of occupational therapy for people with early rheumatoid arthritis.” (Hammond et al 2004, p.23-30).

Research design is the structure on which the research is based. “Research design provides the glue that holds the research project together.” (Trochim 2006). Research is based entirely on research design. The research designs to be employed in both cases are different.&nbsp.

Should Eliot Conviser Buy the Brimmer Street Garage and Convert It to a Garage Condominium

92250 The decision to convert the garage into a garage condominium depends on the preferences of the market, that is, the preferences of the tenants and other prospective tenants. If the market needs a parking space, and they want to own it, then the garage condominium concept is possible. If the market does not want it, what happened with the previous owner’s failed venture will only repeat in Eliot Conviser’s.For Eliot Conviser to make a good decision, he must survey the market again as regards the feasibility of the idea. If the markets’ preference changes, say if parking space within the area has been scarcer than ever before, and ownership would definitely be a great substitute to renting the space, then the project can pursue. With the sentiment of the market to back up the idea of ownership of parking space, then the garage condominium concept would prove to be successful. However, as there is no evidence to any of these as stated in the case, it cannot be assumed that market sentiments and preferences have already changed to support the idea of garage condominium. With this, Eliot Conviser’s decision should be not to go ahead with the garage condominium.He, however has another option in order to make the business profitable. If he cannot sell the condominiums because the market decides that parking space should remain for rent, he can continue to rent the property, however, he could increase the price in order to increase his profits and cover the costs of renovations, in order for him to recover his capital faster. This increase in price is possible because of the factors that support the strong demand for the parking space. For one, the demand for the parking space is strong because of the scarcity of parking space within the area. Also, the garage has been a historic site that increases its market value. Lastly, the perception of exclusivity that garage offers to its tenant because of the very low supply, the higher rental price can be increased.&nbsp.

Technology Management

The theories that are related to the strategic decision-making process and the organizational structure and culture, could be important for realizing the challenges that such initiatives would have to face, either in the short or the long term.
The technology management process can have a series of forms. In any case, every technology management process needs to be based on Strategy (Figure 1 below). Strategy, as the key elements of the technology management process, is supported by certain activities, such as identification, selection, acquisition, exploitation, and protection (Figure 1).
Among the activities supporting the technology management process, particular emphasis should be given to exploitation. the specific activity reflects the methods used for converting the technologies into products that would have many chances to succeed in the global market (Lecture Notes). Supporting exploitation activities can highly benefit modern firms since exploitation is related to important benefits, such as the realization of the value of knowledge in the development of daily business operations and the increase of the involvement of technology in the implementation of business plans (Lecture Notes).
In any case, the technology management strategies used in organizations are not standardized. Rather, they can be differentiated according to the organizational culture, the resources available and the targets set in regard to the relevant project.
In addition, the technology management strategy introduced in each organization needs to be aligned with the organization’s existing strategies, as based on organizational culture and vision. For example, in businesses where innovation and initiatives are not particularly supported, the efforts for implementing a technology management process could face barriers and delays. this is the case of hard companies, as described in the model presented in Figure 2.
On the other&nbsp.hand, firms operating globally tend to follow a hard business model, aiming to secure their profits in markets worldwide. indeed, in the context of hard business models risks are low since standardized strategies and processes are preferred.&nbsp.

Piracy in the Film Industry

Each year, due to piracy, whether via Internet downloads or bootleg DVDs, the film industry loses billions of dollars because people have stopped purchasing their products in a legal manner.
"Downloading copy-written material has moved from the hacker’s basement into the common household. With more media than ever being shared online, Hollywood is faced with an ever increasing threat" (Lasheras, 2009). Piracy used to be an act that was performed by a select few, usually those that were really talented with working their way around computer systems. However, due to the increase of technology, the skills to achieve piracy are available for anyone who seeks it owns a computer and has a connection to the Internet. Whether it involves sneaking a video camera into a movie theatre or ripping a DVD to a computer to make multiple copies, people are finding ways to avoid paying for movies. They are also finding plenty of ways to share these illegal copies with others, forming a community of movie pirates.
While it is usually the potential consumer that can be blamed for piracy, there have been many piracy acts that have involved someone within the movie project itself. For example, before its theatre release, an unfinished full-length version of X-Men: Origins Wolverine was leaked onto the Internet (Marikar, 2009). As it is an unfinished version, the only people that could have gotten a hold of it are those actually working on the project. therefore, the only people that can have leaked it were within that film company. Though the movie was removed immediately from the Internet, it had been available long enough for others to begin downloading it. 20th Century Fox, the distributor of the film, is concerned with what this leakage will do to the box office income of the film when it is released. Other movies that were leaked prior to their releases are Hulk and Star Wars: Revenge of the Sith, both of which were followed by lawsuits when the box office income did not meet the production budget.

The Role of African American Black in the History of New York

&nbsp.Both the provided video documentaries project The excavated burial ground was termed as the “Negroes Burial Ground” during the late 1700s (YouTuber, “The African Burial Ground: An American Discovery (Part 2 – A History”). The documentaries also highlighted the role played by the African slaves in the preliminary development of Manhattan. Facts regarding the participation of black slaves in the ‘American Revolutionary War’ also got highlighted as a result of this archeological survey. The enslaved black people, primarily from Africa were subject to oppression and were forced to work for the colonial empire (Europeans). Many enslaved workers were also prohibited from leading family life. The Africans during 1600 appeared as an important segment of colonial workforce. Alongside, the enslaved black African-American continued to demand freedom. With the rapidly growing black African-American population, the reliance of European colonial empire increased on enslaved African-American people (Harris 10-47). All these aspects project the reliance of the Europeans towards black slave labor in Manhattan (YouTube, “Columbia Archaeologist Unearths Remnants of 19th-Century Village beneath Central Park”).

Taking into consideration the above facts, it can be stated that the African enslavement has played a major role during the European regime in Manhattan. The enslaved black men and women were subjugated and were forced to work for the colonial empire.

Can the Cognitive Approach Be Used to Conquer Fear

At the conclusion of the project, the patient demonstrated a much-reduced fear of high bridges, indicating that the cognitive/behavioral approach was successful in bringing relief.
For most people, occasional feelings of anxiety, worry or fear are a normal part of life hardwired into the human system as a means of preparing the body for any kind of reaction that might be necessary, the famed fight or flight response. This reaction is even necessary as “being able to anticipate things that might happen allows us to make plans and to consider the possible consequences of choices we make, enabling us to have better lives” (Anxiety Disorders, 2006). Accompanied by physical responses such as increased heart rate, trembling, dry mouth, sweating, nausea or clammy hands, anxiety indicates our body is ready to do whatever it takes to keep us safe from the negative or threatening situation we are anticipating.&nbsp. Unfortunately for some people, anxiety has become a significant problem as it becomes applied to issues or objects that are unlikely to cause any harm or present any true danger. This irrational fear has come to be known as a phobia and these phobias can sometimes become so severe that they significantly reduce a person’s quality of life and ability to function within normal society.
In determining whether the cognitive/behavioral approach is an appropriate and effective treatment to combat incapacitating fear caused by anxiety, it was determined to use a test subject who suffered from a specific phobia. She experienced significant fear every time it was necessary for her to cross over a high bridge, particularly (but not necessarily only) when she had to cross over water.&nbsp.

Read articals and answer in discussion

Answering Questions Answer to Question As the claims that IT doesn’t matter, and goes ahead to that IThas become a commodity rather than a distinguishing factor in business, I chose to disagree with the statements. This is because in the present digital age, IT is a dynamic field of study and a defining factor for all business operations. In fact, the success of Information System in an organization usually manifests in its level of infrastructure. Information technology is like a railway line or a road, a super highway for data transfer. That doesn’t make it a common and ordinary commodity that does not matter. Information Systems have the capacity to distinguish the performance of an organization from another. There are areas of information technology that have not been explored and fully exhausted. For example, the area of data mining, artificial intelligence and robotics, decision support system and system automation. In the dynamic business world, there are newly emerging needs of information technology that continues to raise the new needs of information System solutions. For example, the present business world requires real time systems such as mobile applications. The demand for new data communication methodologies is continuously rising and their efficiencies place organizations in different ranks (Dyché 10).
Answer to Question 2
The third rule for IT management is right. IT managers should place more emphasis on the vulnerability as opposed to the opportunities that it offers. There reason for this is that IT already has a guarantee of opportunities, so there is no need of wasting efforts searching for them. Secondly, Information Technology faces unpredictable threats that can be extremely costly. IT systems should be able to take care of information within an organization and guard them from external malicious attacks. There is especially an emerging trend of cyber crime threat against Information System Solutions. This is what should worry an organization. In fact, for as long as the system is exposed to vulnerability, even the opportunities do not serve any purpose to the organization. Information Systems Risk management is an essential function that an organization cannot do without unless it is planning to remain at risk of attacks. The management of an organization must therefore have a method of identifying possible risks, their causes and possible controls to put in place to regulate the exposure of sensitive data to external entities. There should be a continuous review of the risks to identify the most critical dangers that the information system exposes the organization to (Proctor 12).
Answer to Question 3
Duke Nukem is a system that what developed as an idea of two people from Dallas, Broussard and Miller. The two contracted a programmer from Rhodes Island. The programmed developed a three dimensional game (Duke Nukem), which was very addictive and showed indecent images such as naked photos and quickly attracted criticism from certain quotas. The game presented a virtual real world in which players could easily interact with other objects. From the sale of 3.5 million copies of the game Broussard and Miller instantly acquired a lot of wealth. The game brought a lot of excitement to its users. In order to change the face of Duke Nukem, I would have eradicated the indecent naked images and used common objects such as vehicles, balls etc. To manage the emerging issues with IT change process, there has to be a documentation of every system developed. Duke Nukem needed exactly that to continue in the right path (Reynolds 17).
Works Cited
Dyché, Jill. Turning Data into Information with Data Warehousing. London: Addison Wesley, 2000. Print.
Proctor, Scott. Optimizing and Assessing Information Technology: Improving Business Project Execution. New York: John Wiley &amp. Sons, 2011. Print.
Reynolds, George. Ethics in Information Technology. London: Cengage Learning, 2009. Print.


To warrant a good stable, paying job in this busy, globally competitive world, one must learn to possess the skills that will give you the leverage which will carry you on top of your competitors. An attempt to earn and possess these skills requires the completion of an academic degree. Driven by my passion to learn and absolute desire to succeed in the future, I have opted to take an advance step as I understand that my intellectual capacity is a gift which I intend to use for this purpose to the utmost of my substantial capabilities.
Driven by what I want my future to be, I have decided to apply for admission to Middlesex University – the National Centre for Project Management, a well-known, established university in London and to be specifically part of its MSC Managing Major Projects and Programmes course. My decision to specialize in this course was based on its close relation to my present job requirements, existing acquired skills and experiences. I have also arrived at this decision considering the recent business trends emerging like the widespread of project management base work around the globe, the wider coverage of project management, the thin layer of available project managers against the soaring demand for them and the issue of a popular published international corporate magazine which rated “project management” as the number one career choice of this millennium.
I have chosen Middlesex university amongst the rest because of what it offers, its school facilities, quality of mentors and most importantly, its impressive distinguished achievements like being the first university in London to be awarded four Queen’s Anniversary Prizes in four different categories. It also received positive feedback from the Quality Assurance Agency for maintaining globally competitive academic standards to its students. These achievements, brought to the attention of the public, have drawn more enrolees including myself. It will be my honour and pleasure to learn the needed knowledge and skills with the world‘s greatest mentors and at the same time exchange with and compete against the best students in the world. I am confident that these two factors will provide me with lifelong benefits. Only by driving myself into this highly competitive academic arena will I be sure that my outstanding potentials can be elicited into the fullest, and therefore, enable me to further develop my courage and stance to face challenges, enhance my endurance, and improve my analytical thinking.
My motivation for charting my career path was strongly influenced by my father. Since I was a small boy, I was trained and advised by my father to be patient in working my way up to the top if I wanted to possess and achieve anything I had in mind. He mentioned that it was like a ball game where you face your opponents and do your thing to win. Winning, he emphasized, is all that matters. It becomes your ultimate goal, the prize you have worked for. He continued to remind me that I must always have my mindset focused on winning. This is one childhood lesson that became one of the guiding principles I followed all throughout my growing years.
I am now 26 years old, born in Turkey but raised in U.K. I am proud to say that I have earned more winnings for myself through self initiative and self determination.&nbsp. My proud winnings include my captured experiences as hired Manager in 2007 by McDonalds and my current work as Project Planning Manager of Royal Mail. With these jobs, I was able to go through a lot of experience like dealing with multi-tasking work, team-building, supervising, direction-setting, responsive management decision-making, dealing with crisis management, among others. These jobs also gave me valued-added skills. In the same way, these experiences have also helped me build my character to become a better responsive person in terms of becoming more creative, resilient, assertive and attentive as a listener, more open-minded, among others, resulting to building better interpersonal relationships among peers and subordinates and becoming a potential asset to my future employer. Needless to say, I am happy and proud too that I was able to pass two important qualifying exams: (PRojects IN Controlled Environments) Prince2 Foundation Exam and Prince2 Practitioner Exam. Passing these two exams gave more weights as added features to my qualifications for being hired as a project planning manager. PRINCE2 is in the public domain, offering non-proprietorial best practice guidance on project management and is also a registered trademark of OGC. Other parts of my winnings earned include special certificates from Private and University Trainings, Course Completion, namely: the Business analysis British Computer Society – (ISEB) Professional Foundation Certificate. Basics of Aviation Management and the driving force behind the Aviation sector. Shift Manager’s Diploma from McDonalds and First Aid at Work from NUCO.
Choices made determine what life a person will have. My future depends on the choices I make. With that premise, I would like to always make the right choices in my life. After pursuing this degree course, I intend to significantly give back a legacy or memento to my alma mater whether it is a research work, sponsorship and the like. Thus, this becomes one of the crucial moments of my life, fulfilling my dream by crossing the crossroads of challenge to success. I, for one, am strongly determined to pursue a more advanced education by earning a degree as my choice to stepping up my career path in the future. But I cannot do it alone. I need to achieve that academic excellence which your university is offering. Now my future lies in your hands.

ICT Solutions for Development of Ghana

To provide the solution The Environmental Information Network (EIN) Project was implemented. The EIN Project of Ghana uses ICT to link the databases of two national environmental agencies. The database is publicly available for free use. Local and international researchers, government agencies and other environmental organizations can use its information to support decision-making, intervention strategies, and awareness campaigns about environmental protection, and they can also contribute to this knowledge pool (IICD, par. 2).
Apart from mentioned in the previous paragraph stakeholders, there are decision-makers, consultants, students, private companies and the general public (IICD, par.22), that are also influenced by the project and involved in it directly or indirectly.
Decision makers being representatives of authorities or private companies can greatly benefit from using this system and can be able to make more environmentally friendly decisions. Now, before making decision manager can access environmental data to investigate whether this activity will be environmentally safe or not.
Consultants play a very important role in making decisions as long as they are experts and their judgments are often taken as a ‘final word’. They provide recommendations for decision makers. In case these recommendations are based on mistaken information, results could be disastrous. If they have an access to the up-to-date environment they can make more well-thought decision recommendations leading to more sustainable activities.
Students are also important stakeholders. Those who are involved in programmes focused on environmental issues can use EIN data to support their diploma. In addition, now they have more up-to-date data what means that they can study with better quality and after graduation, they will not need additional training to be able to contribute on their workplace.
Private companies represent a vital part of the economy of any country.

System development life Cyc

System development life Cycle Systems development life cycle is a conceptual model used in project management and thus describes the various stages involved in an information system development project, from an initial feasibility study through maintenance of the completed application.
Systems development life cycle is important as it helps business organization facing a keen competition in the market, thus ensuring rapid change of technology and fast internal demand, as the system development is necessary in helping to fast-track the competition. During the system development, a business organization could adopt the systematic method for such development to help them face out rising competition. Most popular system development method is system development life cycle (SDLC) which supports the business priorities of the organization, solves the identified problem, and fits within the existing organizational structure. System development life cycle is important in developing IT projects, describing the different stages involved in the project designed from the initial stage to its completion.
There are various models in the system development life cycle that include. Waterfall model, Iteration model, V-shaped model, Spiral model, and Extreme model that play a great role in software processes. (McGonigle &amp. Mastrian, 2011)
The various models have similarities and differences in their functioning. It is noted that the model are all vital in developing systems for different sizes of projects and the various requirements to be achieved in the different projects. Waterfall model and spiral model are the most commonly used models for developing of the systems. Each model has advantages and disadvantages for the development of the systems, thus each model tries to eliminate the disadvantages of the previous model. The Waterfall model is the oldest, thus the models are progressive from the Waterfall model to the extreme model as they get to improve their systems from one model to the other.
McGonigle, D., &amp. Mastrian, K. (2011). Nursing Informatics and the Foundation of Knowledge. Burlington: Jones &amp. Bartlett .


This rear connection can either be removable or permanent (Constructions methods and technical specifications of Clinton county Engineer: Online). The backhoe loader is small and versatile.
The excavator is earth moving equipment that is used for digging works and demolition of structures. They normally come in different sizes but they all have the same design. They are normally made with a pivotal cab that is located on the undercarriage. An arm that extends from the middle is connected to a bucket and on each side. the excavator has tracks that are normally used for mobility.
Thirdly, the bulldozer is an item that comes in the form of a tractor and has an undercarriage in the form of a track (Winch, 2008). It has a metal blade that is connected to the front part of the bulldozer and it is used to push loads that are very heavy including sand and refuse after structures have been demolished. The blades of the bulldozer can be changed from time to time.
The dump trucks are earth moving equipments that normally allow the transportation and deposition of materials at construction sites. An important feature of the dump trucks is that they provide an efficient mode of transport. The dump trucks are capable of being driven for distances that are long without causing any conflicts with the flow of the normal traffic (Winch, 2008).
Skid steer loaders are also earth moving equipment that are simple and are capable of turning on their own footprints. They have wheels and this increases their traction in surfaces such as mud, snow and this helps to reduce the amount of soil compaction while their trend system prevents any damage to the finished parts (Winch, 2008).
Trenchers are heavy equipment that is used to dig trenches for laying down pipe networks. They are very appropriate for trenching asphalt and other hard surfaces (Reese et al, 2004). The trencher normally has a conveyor system that carries the excavated materials and deposits it next to the

Leadership in Sustainability Certificate and Project Proposal

The California High-Speed Rail: A Smart Investment for the State’s Environment will take place in San Joaquin Valley. Ideally, the California High-Speed Rail (CHSR) relates to the multibillion-dollar project that seeks to connect the various regions across California with minimal emissions. The issue at hand relates to the fact that the proposed California High-Speed Rail has attracted diverse debates on its environmental impact. Many people consider the California High-Speed Rail as a possible way for efficient and environmentally friendly long-distance travel. However, opponents claim that the project will not be environmentally friendly. As such, our proposed project seeks to establish whether the California High-Speed Rail is environmentally friendly. The proposed project will equally allow me to manifest my leadership in sustainability.
It is quite clear that building California High-Speed Rail in San Joaquin Valley will lead to detrimental environmental effects like air pollution and the emission of greenhouse gases. Moreover, the demolition, human activity, machine work, and other activities that define railway building will demean the benefits of the California High-Speed Rail since they will lead to carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions. However, there are numerous benefits related to the proposed project. As such, it is necessary to investigate the result of the project since San Joaquin Valley is already heavily polluted. The goals of the project will include establishing the environmental impact of California High-Speed Rail. Another goal relates to establishing the efficiency of the project. It will also involve establishing whether the project is economically viable. The proposed project will include five colleagues that will adopt different responsibilities to present a complete report of the project.&nbsp.

The Last Graduation (film)

Order 611309 Topic: The Last Graduation (film)
The one who is lodged within the prison is not always guilty. In majority of the cases, one lands there caught in the web of the legal provisions. Also, a good of number of crimes are committed at the spur of the moment, without any deep planning for such crimes. When an individual is constantly harassed by the administering authorities of the society, he turns bitter and revengeful. For such an individual prison turns out to be the training ground for committing crimes of a higher magnitude, once he is released from the prison, on completion of the sentence. To stall this eventuality in the life of a prisoner, education is the best answer. It helps his reformation and rehabilitation processes.
The movie, “The Last Graduation,” directed by Barbara Zahm, makes the viewer ponder deeply about some serious issues confronting the prison administration. The 1971 uprising of the prisoners at Attica, hastened the reforms process in USA prisons, the results of which proved to be crucial in the future management of the prisons. The downward march of a prisoner in the path or criminality can be reversed to take him to the upward march and ultimately make him a worthy individual and a citizen who would contribute to the progress and prosperity of the nation.
Barbara Zahm worked as an instructor in a prison college program in the early 1990s and her practical experience in the prison environment inspired her to get involved in the movie project. The graduation program in the prisons, progressed well until the 1995 National Crime Bill, gave a telling blow to the initiative and this set the right-thinking people to do something tangible to challenge the government. The movie explores the relevant issues from the introduction of higher education to the prison population to the last graduation from the Marist College program at New York’s Greenhaven Prison in 1995.
The issues dealt with in the movie may not be to the liking of the general audience, which mainly seeks adventures and entertainment. Basically, prisoners do not evoke sympathy and understanding from the society. rather they are disliked, as people have a feeling that they get in the prison, what they deserve for their crimes. This is a lopsided view and indicates poor understanding about the root cause of the problem. By reforming an individual, you are reforming a generation! With the entry in to the four walls of the prison, the psychologically shaken prisoners get completely shattered and the hard core ones turn more vengeful and become stone-hearted. With hardened attitudes, such people, upon release from jail, turn into more violent perpetrators of crime. Thus, the movie shows that it is necessary that the prisoners be afforded an opportunity to change themselves through education.
“The Last Graduation,” is critical of the rescinded college programs in the prison and advocates for their active continuance. Prison managements all over the globe have realized that punishment, though called for, for heinous crimes, does not afford an opportunity for redemption and inner transformation. It rather leads to more damage to the personality of the prisoners. I feel reformation through education is the best bet in the rehabilitation process of an individual. Once out of the prison, the communities will be proud to own such an educated individual.
Works Cited
Zahm, Barbara (Director) The Last Graduation: The Rise and Fall of College Programs in Prison (Movie) 2005

Construction of Additional Warehouse Space

This could affect the completion of the project. However, the legal department is working closely with the valuation company to secure a loan within a month.
The project stage-wise completion is according to the schedule agreed in the contract. The completion of the warehouse has been carried out without major modifications that have allowed restricting the construction cost from exceeding the targeted values.
Financial Status
The financial status of the project is presented in the tabular form and payments to the contractor are based on the completion stage:
Recommended Actions
It is recommended the external financing from other sources should also be considered as delays in the payment can cause major problems for the company.
It is also recommended that further alterations to the designs must be avoided to ensure completion of the project on time.
Operations in the existing warehouse need to be shifted from the location where the adjustment will be made to connect both warehouse facilities.
Summary Conclusion
The progress report of the construction project suggests satisfactory completion. There are no major issues that could lead to construction activities halt. However, a major concern is regarding the external financing that is required for payment to the contractor and other options must be urgently considered to avoid any breach of contract.

Opportunities for the Development of Positive Environmental Outcomes during the Planning and Development Process

The urban centers including big towns are the engines for development and foundations of concentrated ecological harms. People flock urban centers in order to seek employment opportunities and carry out business activities. thus creating pressure on scarce environmental resources. The expansion of lands for development activities such as the expansion of agriculture and infrastructure development in order to cater to the ever-increasing population has posed a threat to biodiversity. The inevitable congestion contributes to environmental hazards and degradation. thus environmental planners and developers should employ effective strategies for reversing environmental consequences. However, despite the opportunities for the development of positive environmental outcomes, cultural, political, legislative and financial barriers tend to prevent the effective outcomes during planning or developmental process.

Implementing or adopting environmentally sound focused broadband policies that can accelerate global progress towards a low-carbon economy is crucial. Buckingham and Evans (1996, p. 123) argue that environmentally planning and sustainability had been a prominent role in the global agenda that sets principles for achieving the desired environmental goals. During the planning and development process, planners should implement environmentally sound policies and set objectives that should be met. The objectives should be realistic and the planners should integrate decision making to include effective millennium development goals framework in order to achieve their targets successfully. Field and Keller (1998 P. 52) also argue employing effective project management strategies and monitoring will offer a wider scale opportunity for tracking progress.

Planners, designers and interested groups should focus on regional food planning and implement effective policies to guide the community on sustainable food production. Food is an essential sustaining and enduring necessity for human beings across cultures.&nbsp.

MGMT 305

MGMT 305 This is a scenario of a case that the president of Northwest Canadian has to decide on whether to reinvestment or cut down expenses in one of her sawmill. The sawmill by the name Jackson, BC has been producing low quality lumber and yet the costs of operating the enterprise is very high. It is the worst performing of the five sawmills. The president has been considering downsizing it because of being hit by the worst strike and the poor labor management relationships.
The management, safety committee and the workers do not agree on a single thing. The management complain of time wastage, low production, arrogance and lousy attitude from the workers while, the workers protest the poor treatment from the managers. The president has to decide whether to downsize or reinvestment considering the factors like the cost of reinvesting, compensation for the workers in case they are laid off and the time it will take to establish a new premise of sawmilling ( Eckes, pg. 492).
The company establishes and grows, if it establishes these group member competencies that lack in Jackson, BC. The organization has to apply strategic conflict resolving, comforting behaviors where the team from the subordinate to the seniors relate in a friendly manner and incase of problems the employer support the workers either financially or emotionally. Teamwork has to prevail in an organized firm where resources and ideas are freely shared. Communication is vital in a company where flow of information must be maintained through memos, messaging e.t.c.
Finally, the following Team Environment should be enhanced. Reward system should be introduced on either performance bases or on any other criteria. Also, proper channel of communication should be enhanced. Physical space should be available for individual growth and privacy. Organizational structure should be observed where different department supervise personal department (Eckes, pg.498.). Finally, organizational leadership should always be a key point where the channel of passing command should be observed.
Work cited
Eckes, George. Six sigma team dynamics. the elusive key to project success. John Wiley. New
York. 2003. Print.

HR assignment for BP

HUMAN RESOURCE (HR) – CASE STUDY OF BRITISH PETROLEUM Tariq Al-Sharif of Plymouth BA (Hons) Business Administration Big companiesare made up of individuals who are mandated to take charge of every single aspect of the operations. This ensures that everything is done right and that there is always someone that the buck stops with in case of any inefficiency in production or supply chain. BP has both supply and production levels, both of which need to be managed properly. A line manager, sometimes referred to as a direct manager, is in charge of functional and administrative management of the employees in their charge (Gomez-Mejia and Robert, 2008). They manage them directly and report any issues related to their duty to the top management. They are a very core part of the human resource management of any big company. Still under line managers, there are front-line managers who act as teams leaders and supervisors and report to the line mangers they work under. Having line managers makes the overall management function of a company simple and well coordinated (Gomez-Mejia and Robert, 2008).
To understand how important line managers are, it is necessary to find out what their general duties are(Gomez-Mejia and Robert, 2008). Line managers perform the following management functions:
Handling clients/customers
Checking quality and monitoring work
Allocating rotas and duties
Provision of technical expertise
Managing operation costs
Measuring operational performance

IT training has become an indispensable part of managing a big business with ease. It involves imparting computing skills to employees who run the virtual functions of a business. Today’s big businesses have immensely reduced paper-works and resorted to having very secure databases, and networked computer system which make global outreach not much of a hustle. In this front, BP conducts IT training on regular basis to ensure that the IT systems run effectively and are secure from hacking and other cyber-threats (Han et al, 2006). No business competes favorably today without integrating IT in their core operations. Training must be carried out from time to time in order to conform to the dynamicity of the computer world. At the end of such training, assessments need to be conducted to check if it was done in a manner that meets the prescribed standards (Proctor, 2011).
Line managers and IT training are thus two different sections of a business, but that doesn’t rule out the fact they work harmoniously in order to achieve the goals of a company. They both are very important and must be run efficiently and competently.
Proctor, Scott. (2011). Optimizing and Assessing Information Technology: Improving Business Project Execution, John Wiley &amp. Sons
Han, J., Chao, M. &amp. Wright, P.M. (2006). The HR competencies-HR effectiveness link: A study in Taiwanese high-tech companies, Human Resource Management, 45(3), pp.391-406
Gomez-Mejia, R and Robert L. Cardy (2008). Management: People, Performance, Change, 3rd edition. New York, New York USA: McGraw-Hill. p. 20.


conflict, as well as multiple contributing factors are explored, and secondly, the study addresses issues of timeliness, adequacy and effectiveness of the international reaction. The logic behind this structure of the research is as follows – while the former could produce sound understanding of both the duration of the conflict and the extent of the atrocities perpetrated by all belligerent parties, hence the scale of the disaster, the latter – the evaluation of the international response – inter alia might help explain the relative failure of the humanitarian efforts, as demonstrated by the current situation in the region (IRIN, 2014).
The crisis in the Darfur – which literally means land of the Fur – region of Sudan could be said to have begun in October 2002 when the Janjaweed militia, trained and equipped by the Sudanese army, carried out violent attacks on the local people from camps in Jabal Kargu, Boni, and Idalghanam in southern Darfur (Collins, 2005: 156. de Waal, 2005: 129). Being characterised by extreme cruelty, involving killings, mutilations, rapes, and abductions, those raids also bore indubitable signs of ethnic cleansing – not only the Fur, Massalit, and Zaghawa were targeted, but also the fields, wells, irrigation works, schools, clinics and other infrastructure was methodically destroyed in order to drive the local population from their holdings (Collins, 2005: 156).
In the early 2003, the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA/M) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), who are believed to have themselves attacked civilians in Darfur, started attacking the government forces in response to raids mounted by the government-backed militias (Bellamy, 2005: 31. Collins, 2005: 156. BBC News, 2010).
The killings and displacement escalated during the summer and autumn of 2003, while the Sudanese army defeated the SLA north of Kutum in late August. in September 2003, the Chadian government mediated a ceasefire between the belligerent sides, which

Rise of Nationalism

The Rise of Nationalism The rise of nationalism has been linked to colonization and imperialism. It emerged as a reaction to the dominance of one race over the other. This has been demonstrated in the manner by which nations struggled to be free from foreign influence and intervention. This is not surprising because nationalism highlights how the interests and values of a nation take precedence over all other interests and values (Sabanadze, 22). This was reflected in China’s transition from a dynastic empire to the Republic of China.
The rise of nationalism in China has been linked to one of the countries most important political figures, Sun Yat-sen. Through his works – from his writings, lectures to his activities – Sun Yat-sen was able to introduce doctrines that would form the foundation of Chinese nationalism. They served as the cause of the political movement that brought people together and the soul that lent fervor and passion to the demands for change.
Nationalism played a role in China’s attempts to effectively pursue self-determination. The Qing dynasty was widely perceived as a bastard government having been established with the aid of Japan and existed with Japanese control. Even the Soviet Republic was threatening to control outer Mongolia (Linebarger, 2). The intellectual elite led by Sun Yat-sen rallied the people and effectively mobilized them in a struggle against the regime. The objective is to rid the country of foreign control by rising against the empire. Nationalism became the ideology that unified the people towards achieving this goal (Linebarger, 61). In 1911, the Qin dynasty was defeated and a nationalist government was finally established.
Works Cited
Linebarger, Paul Myron Anthony. The Political Doctrines of Sun Yat-sen: An Exposition of the San Min Chu I. Project Gutenberg. Digital File.
Sabanadze, Natalie. Globalization and Nationalism: The Cases of Georgia and Basque Country. Budapest: Central European University Press, 2010. Print.

Project Management Zeropain Project case

Acquisitions offer one of the quickest ways for a company to grow and improve performance. they also represent the largest area of risk taking. The acquisition of Teutonia Pharma AG by Alpex was a case of a ‘horizontal’ (DePamphilis, 2002, p7) acquisition where both companies were in the same line of business with the intent of finding operational synergy and an effort to diversify into higher growth products and markets. The fact that Teutonia owned a licence from CPW for the European market made it an attractive preposition for Alpex. However, Alpex paid a premium on the basis of sales projections of a product which was not even tested by the original manufacturer.
Roll (1986) argues that takeover gains are overestimated, if they exist at all. Any bids made over the market price represent an error and are made on the basis of an overbearing presumption by the bidders that their valuation is correct. The entire handling of Zeropain represents an attempt to justify the acquisition. The basic rules for the testing, positioning, promotion, and launch of a product were ignored by Alpex management – to disastrous consequences.
New products are the ‘lifeblood of the research-intensive pharmaceutical industry’ (Taylor et al, 2002, p106-7). Given the huge cost of development, in this case the premium paid, and limitations placed on patent protection at the time of approval for marketing, the need to bring products to market quickly is very real

Business Management Systems

The daily delivery of goods from the factory to the retailer or wholesaler is a project in itself, with its unique CBA (Cost Benefit Analysis) and risks. Therefore we can safely assume that the entire systems of a corporation perform as collage of small projects and if each project is not executed with perfection, the corporation will face difficulties. This bad project management results in bad financial performance and thus shareholders divest, moving to better investment options.
The above argument is just a glimpse of the importance of project management. Whenever a project is undertaken a complete analysis of activities is therefore very important. There are a number of things which are very important when analyzing projects. A few significant ones are as follow:
Deadlines are very important when it comes to analyzing the time it takes to complete a project. The best method to ensure that there are no problems when it comes to meeting deadlines is to divide the entire time into smaller segments. These smaller segments must then be allocated to each single activity. This gives a twofold advantage. First of all the project remains on schedule, secondly no activity is missed and times are allocated according to significance. The project manager has a better understanding of removing or adding activities according to time constraints or unforeseen developments.
Most projects are oriented at generating revenues, except the nonprofit ones. The main aim of each manager engaged in a project is to find ways to reduce project cost. The reduction in cost however should not compromise on quality. The total project cost consists of many different categories. Many costs are negotiable and controllable, others however are not negotiable. The effects of inflation must also be taken into account when estimating project cost. This is another factor which emphasizes again on projects being on time. The project

Quality Pioneers (F)

Quality Pioneers Quality pioneers Part1 Edwards Deming as one of the pioneers of total quality management believed that employees had nothing to do with the quality. he instead insisted that it is the problem of the management. Edwards made it clear by letting it known that for any achievement, quality of the process required proper management. He developed statistical control techniques that defined the need for managers to involve themselves in the production process. His ideas have grown beyond nations, and he remains vital for the role he played on shaping quality of services (Schulmeyer, 2008). Edwards was the symbol of quality, he always insisted on the quality way of doing things more on the roots. He believed in the principal of putting efforts on the production part rather than concentrating on making profit.
The fitness for use theory proposed by Joseph Juran has been embraced all over the globe. Joseph insisted on meeting the customers expectations in terms of quality and explained the advantages of the product meeting or even exceeding their expectations. Being a prolific author, Joseph emphasized on customer satisfaction and shifted his focus on technical and management level. He believed in three principals, quality of planning, controlling, and improvement (K. Heldman &amp. M. Heldman, 2007). Joseph made greater contributions in shaping the business world. he is seen as a mentor to many. His principals of ensuring the quality and customer satisfaction has made it easy for organizations to embrace his theory (Bou, and Beltran, 2005)
Philip Crosby who tolerated the zero defects theory. For this to be achieved he proposed that the prevention is more important than anything is, so there must be a balance at the start of the project for quality results. He strongly believed it was wiser and cheaper to meet quality standards rather than redoing the process again. The zero defects in accordance with his book Quality free says that it must be planned (K. Heldman &amp. M. Heldman, 2007). Researchers have found it necessary to appreciate the role he played in shaping the economic factors. Philip in his writings insisted on the need of serving the interests of customers first before that of the organization (IFLA Satellite Meeting, Savard , International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, 2002).

Professionalism in the field of business economy must be guided by ethics. This means that each organization has to follow certain rules for its growth. The theories have raised more confusion as compared to solutions. This is because some organizations have embraced them fully resulting to improved performance as opposed to others that have failed totally. Researchers have found it necessary to opt to other means to solve this arising crisis in these theories. In this case, many have doubted the credibility of these theories terming them as failure, however. they still apply them in their day-to-day business dealings (Schulmeyer, 2008).
Researchers have come up with ways and methods in order to create a balance between customers and organizations. The theories work in organizations. One needs to be more careful on how he presents and treats the employees, by motivating them and taking them to seminars to learn the need of ensuring customers satisfaction (Goetsch &amp. Davis, 2006). This helps in showing that one cares for their wellbeing rather than concentrating on organizational growth. It feels great for any employer to have loyal employees, and it is even more fulfilling to have the loyal customers. Success can be achieved by treating all stakeholders with absolute respect (K. Heldman &amp. M. Heldman, 2007).
Researchers have proved that improvement is a continuous process (Bou &amp. Beltran, 2005). For this case, Edwards, Joseph and Philip theories about total quality management have influenced development of organizations and have changed the way things work. Despite the challenges, they have provided the facts that are more useful at present, and they will apply in the future.
Heldman, K., &amp. Heldman, W. (2007). Excel 2007 for project managers. Indianapolis:
Wiley Publishing, Inc
Schulmeyer, G. G. (2008). Handbook of software quality assurance. Boston: Artech House.
Goetsch, D. L., &amp. Davis, S. B. (2006). Quality management: Introduction to total quality
Management for production, processing and services. Upper Saddle River (N.J.:
Pearson/Prentice Hall.
Bou, J.C., and Beltran, I., (2005). Total Quality Management, High-Commitment
Human Resource Strategy and Firm Performance: An Empirical Study. Total Quality Management &amp. Business Excellence.&nbsp.16 (1), 71-86.
IFLA Satellite Meeting, Savard, R., &amp. International Federation of Library Associations and
Institutions. (2002). Education and research for marketing and quality management
in libraries =: La formation et a recherche sur le marketing et la gestion de la qualité
en bibliotheque: satellite meeting/colloque satellite: Québec, August 14-16 Août 2001.

Application Form (a)

Asides from being torn away from my family at such an early age, I had to get used to relating to people from different social and cultural backgrounds. At first, it was a dark time in my life as I had no friends and I had difficulties getting used to the culture in the new environment. This had an adverse impact on my performance in my first two semesters. I was worried that I would lose my scholarship if I continued performing poorly in my studies.
My life changed when I joined the school’s athletic team. I found real a family here and found a way to vent my stress. Additionally, the coach taught us very important lessons that were not only applicable in sports but also in studies and social life. My grades improved immensely and I developed better time management skills as I learnt how to balance between my studies any other co- curricular activities. This was a defining moment in as it shaped my character and taught me that I could overcome any challenges in life as long I worked hard and if I had people that supported me. I could have joined the athletics team as when I first joined the school and this could have given be the necessary leverage in my social life.
Team work is important in institutions of learning and work places. Teams are made up of members with different opinions and ideas. I have been a part of a team in various settings both in the classroom and on the field. This has taught me various lessons on team work and how to successfully manage a team towards the successful completion of a task. In my last semester, we were required to hand in a project paper in groups of five. The instructor placed us in groups of five as he believed that this number was ideal to complete the work efficiently and on time. Since the members of the groups were randomly chosen, several challenges came up. To start with, we were not sure about the academic or leadership capabilities of each member. The group

International Business Dissertation/Project (MAIB)

Chapter 5 consists of empirical analysis, presenting the data, analyzing it and discussing the growth of FDI as contributed by implementation of governmental policies in the Istanbul region and its impact on tourism. Chapter 6 concludes the study. 9
FDI has been found to be an important aspect of economic growth. an underpinning generates financial inflows that aid in shoring up aspects of both developed and developing economies (De Soysa, 2003, p. 40). Dunning and Naurla (1996, p. 1) tell us “The notion that the outward and inward direct investment position of a country is systematically related to its economic development, relative to the rest of the world …”. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) represents investment inflows on an economic level that encompasses a broad cross section of industries. This study shall narrow down that range to one sector, tourism, to seek to understand the impact of FDI in this segment with regard to Turkey for the period 2000 through 2008 in Istanbul.
Legislation and political changes in the country in 2001 that shall be delineated in later segments of this study have resulted in a significant upswing in FDI inflows for the period indicated. The foregoing, along with transaction cost benefits as represented by low labour costs, the positioning of the country as a gateway to the west, and the advantages of shipping finished goods back to Europe were also important factors that aided in FDI inflows. As shall be shown herein, increased FDI investment in manufacturing, technology and other areas has primarily been concentrated in Istanbul, which has received the lion’s share of FDI firms at 63.3%, representing $19,892,086,507 in capital (Berkoz and Turk, 2004). With respect to tourism, Istanbul has always been a preferred location in Turkey, and that appeal has been enhanced as a result of increased FDI. Overall that resulted in more business being conducted


82000 Tutor Signature: Date: TABLE OF CONTENT Individual Development needs……………………………………………………………4 Ways to implement these plans and outcomes……………………………………………5 Strength and Weaknesses (SWOT Analysis)………………………………………………5 Plan for future……………………………………………………………………………..7 Objectives and targets……………………………………………………………………10 Opportunities in learning…………………………………………………………………11 References………………………………………………………………………………..13 Appendices……………………………………………………………………………….14 Individual Development needs For succeeding in my career I found the importance of assessing my individual requirement through which I can move ahead. After completing my students, I got a job, where I experienced the difficulty in establishing my place within my team due to the big personalities present in the team. I felt that my contribution was not accepted by the other team members and I feel de-motivated. As the project progressed I found that I was able to fulfill some important roles in my team. I was appointed the role of an organizer. I got this role because I pay attention towards the duty and check the work before its submission in order to know whether it is of high standard or not. When I got the individual work I complete it according to my set standards, and within the time frame, but whenever I get the work within the group I face the problem. I assess the while working in a group I faced many problems and challenges. But there was some positive points like team members motivate me to move ahead and do my best in the team when the situations become tedious. While working with the team I learn that team spirit is the important factor, as it is essential in working on a group task. I analyze that at some places I don’t get motivated by others, so I found that I need to be motivated by the other team members during the session of the project (Bergan and Damian 2010). While working in a group I analyzed that I have the peace maker capabilities in order to reduce the conflicting situations that usually occur when people work in a group. Conflicts usually create hindrance in the productivity. At the time of conflict I analyze that I become the mediator and try to bring the things at smoother level. I use my peace maker characteristics in reducing the conflicts that affect the team member at different angles. Ways to implement these plans and outcomes Personal action plans make the things easier and gives the way of handling the problems. I made my action plan throughout that define my present state of the problem, and for that I set some objectives, which will help me in planning my actions. I have allotted this time, so that I could manage my problem within the time limit. In my personal action plan, I define my three problems, such as lack of innovative ideas, managing difficult projects, and problem of changing the plans. I reviewed that through some course I can revise my concepts, which help me in generating new ideas for improving my professional life. I was allotted the time of 2 months, as I believe that my course would complete within 2 months. In my higher education, I

Area of interest

Research Area of Interest Introduction This research is based on identification of various challenges facing underserved people in the Baltimore region in Maryland. The current society is faced with various social challenges that basically emerge from poor governance. This has resulted into biasness in regard to the distribution of resources facilitating increased rates of poverty in some parts of the society. This research shall focus on the Baltimore people in Maryland and attempt to provide solutions to their challenges, majorly social challenges resulting from poor governance.
Scope of the Study
The study shall cover the underserved people of Baltimore, specifically those in Maryland occupying in area codes: 21217, 21216 as well as 21215. The main focus of the research shall focus on their health records and their capacity to keep health records. Identified gaps in regard to the community’s capacity to keep health record shall form the basis of this project.
Advantage of Keeping Personal Health Records among the Baltimore Community
One of the advantages of keeping personal health records among the Baltimore community occupying the study area is the fact that it shall assist local health care givers to co-ordinate the health services offered to the local populace at Baltimore. Additionally, it shall facilitate reduction of health care costs by reducing errors that are usually facilitated by lack of personal health care records. Moreover, keeping health care records shall improve health care services offered to the Baltimore community by improving accuracy in relation to healthcare service provision.
Work Cited
Black, Douglass. "Guest Editorial: Personal Health Records." Journal of Medical Ethics 18.1 (2012): 5-6. Print.
Kidd, Michael. "Personal Electronic Health Records: MySpace or HealthSpace?." BMJ: British Medical Records 336.7652 (2008): 1029-1030. Print.
Pagliari, Claudia. "Benefits of Personal Health Records." BMJ: British Medical Records 335.7615 (2007): 330-333. Print.

Songo fipaza

Article, Journalism, mass media and communication Topic: Songo Fipaza
The wise saying goes, ‘Great deeds are done when man and mountain meet.’ Songo Fipaza is one such story. It is an extraordinary partnership of Christoph Sauser, world champion mountain biker, and Songo Fipaza, a renowned local frontrunner. They have created a welfare platform Sauser is from Switzerland. He had been visiting South Africa often since 1997 and he used to often mention about his love for Stellenbosch. His love for the country is profound and meeting with Songo Fipaza was incidental in 2008. In this man he recognized the talents and how helpful he would be in the plan envisaged. . Fipaza was an industrious individual and had the passion to make his children’s dreams possible.
Saucer was on the lookout for a solid buddy for the 2008 Cape Epic. The rules and regulations were strict as race organizations allowed identical racers to form a team. In South Africa it was difficult to find a sportsperson in this category in Specialized gear for this race. Top racers at that level were hard to find who were free from contracts. As the problem defied solution, Saucer thought of a charity run by creating own charity. Some Specialized seconded the idea and they were willing to come forward and Saucer negotiated with a South African, the GT rider of the time, Burry Stander. With this arrangement both would run in special uniform, specifically designed for the charity.
With the major problem solved, the next issue was organizing the event. Charity and its objectives need to be notified. Ruth Bird rendered help and with his support they were fairly confident that everything would be in proper place to enable them to utilize the Cape Epic event to collect funds in support of some local sports organizations. Saucer mentions “At an ABSA Bank dinner, by sheer coincidence, we met Songo Fipaza and heard of the need for sport in the Kayamandi township of Stellenbosch. Songo mentioned the need for a BMX facility, and that was it – our goals were aligned! Extraordinary!”(Christoph…) The project began to take shape.
They christened the charity as “Songo.”The procedural aspects of establishing a charity were still there. The authorities of “the JAG Foundation” came forward to help. They made available the leverage of their infrastructure. They had good reputation and they were associated with “the Mighty Meters program already running in Kayamandi” and they were well known in South Africa. Their next focus was to collect funds to build a BMX track. Another renowned individual Erica Green, “the former South African MTB Olympian” offered her help and expertise in getting the BMX track ready. It took 4 months to raise adequate funds for the BMX track and then they moved to their next target to establish a mountain biking club in Kalamandi for the children in the higher age groups.
“Saucer informs “By the end of 2009 the Cycling4Kayamandi project was up and running and beginning to make waves wherever the kids showed up to race. With over 25 Specialized Rockhopper and Stump jumper hardtail mountain bikes at their disposal Songo and the kids have been training and racing local events which include duathlons, multisport races and showing the mountain bike community what they are all about!”(Christoph…)
Sports activities one after another began to be introduced under the umbrella of “Songo”. In 2010 they began with their next project of setting up their own structure. That was part of their future plans to give a boost to the sports activities in South Africa. Many participate in a number of events in “the Western Cape and around South Africa”. Participation in these activities has developed their confidence and has contributed to the growth of their personality. Kayamandi is now a great place for children to realize their dreams.

Work Cited
Christoph Sauser | World Mountain Biker | Songo Fipaza –
Accessed on January 24, 2014

How can project managers reduce the risk of project failure describe and relate tools and concepts Illustrate with examples

The risks can comprise problems of parts superiority and material. stoppages in delivery of adequate resources to convene project requirements. budgetary and workers transforms. and, imperfect research or knowledge of the project manager. These risks lead speedily to holdup in release dates and financial plan overages that can be harshly weaken assurance in the development of the project management (Martin et al, 2004).
There are lots of risk those are attached to the project development and cause a serious problem for the better management and administration of the project. These risks are also the main reasons for the failure of the most of the projects. At project management viewpoints, project managers have to find out the most recent insights, methods and developments in project management field. This will provide him a better understanding regarding the efficient project management and solutions for emerging risks (Johnson et al, 2005). A lot of projects would be unsuccessful for the reasons of declining behind timetable, cost overruns and so forth. Such type of risks can be decreased, if the project manger has good qualities of project risk finding. If a project manager is able to identify the main stakeholders and makes sure that they evidently make out the project scope and main objects of the project.
What we can do to diminish the project failure risk? As I have accessed a solid step project managers are able to acquire to augment the accomplishment of all their projects: is the process of enhancing the skills of their team members (Martin et al, 2004). By means of making sure that the project development and management group is properly capable/ trained previous to start a multifarious project. This is very best way through which project manager can be able to significantly diminish the project cost. augment project effectiveness and risk of project collapse predominantly in high-risk projects. So we can say that a project

SAP implementation Project Managment

Project Memo Our project involved the analysis of the operations of IBM Project Management under the leadership of Prakash as the Senior Project Manager. The projects carried out by this project management group particularly involve the implementation of SAP projects, both in the USA and abroad depending on tenders they win. Our analysis of this project clearly demonstrates several pertinent points with regard to the application of project management strategies and good practice as provided in the PMBOK. An examination of what the IBM PM team do on a typical project illustrates the application of various project management principles and practices that are desirable for project success and are largely covered in the PMBOK.
This project is quite simple, the IBM PM Team works under a well predefined scope covering major areas such as putting out fires, preventing scope-creep, and managing risks. The most important point coming out here is that the team understands what they need to do and develop the scope well in advance, it is also quite impressive that they determine the risks involved during scope development. This kind of practice is well covered in the PMBOK under the chapter called scope management where project scope definition is identified as a very important area where boundaries of the project are determined. The fact that Prakash and his team start by going to the client site, gathering the requirements, and calculating the plan schedule indicates that they are very serious with project integration management. This is well defined in the PMBOK as a chapter dealing where integration management is presented as an aid towards project planning, execution and control. The preliminary actions of the team culminating in site visit for planning indicates a deep understanding of the importance of this aspect of project management. In my opinion, this action can be enhanced by coming up with a document that clearly maps out all the actions at the site visit level and indicate the project roadmap from this time.
The project also includes another very important aspect dealing with stakeholders. After award of the contract it is clear that the Project Manager start implementation by defining objectives, purpose and justifying important actions. The scope is verified to fit within a measurement developed by the team that mainly involves determination of the commitment of stakeholders, performance is good, the schedules are predictable and that the risks identified are well mitigated. It is clear that the team is putting into consideration all important principles laid down by the PMBOK. Chapter 6 of the PMBOK clearly identified time management as one of the most important principles of project management. This involves development of a project schedule and ensuring that it is met just as Prakesh and his team has done. Their performance assurance plans are well within PMBOK’s principles of quality management, it is clear by development of WBS to help in management of the schedule and outcome is an effort towards quality. On the other hand stakeholder mapping is a demonstration of good appreciation of human resource management good practices as all stakeholders are part of the human resource that affects the operations of the project working with the project team.

Ncm 512 session long project module 4 Negotiation Styles and Communication (unites states post office)

XXXXXXX Number: XXXXXXXX XXXXXXX XXXXXXX XXXXXXXX of XXXXXXX NCM 512 Session Long Project Module 4 Negotiation Styles And Communication
The Organization: The focus here is to deal with the postal service provider. The company chosen here is one which has been in the industry for a very long time and has been in the industry for a number of years. The company has built a brand image for itself across the country and is recognized by all across the country.
The Conflict:
One of the major conflicts that had been faced by the organizations is the recent case of a postal shooting. One of the 24 hours postal service counters was faced with an angry lady opening up fire on the building where almost forty to fifty people working in the building. The shooting led to 6 people being killed on the spot and one person was seriously injured in this event. The underlying issue of this shooting was that the person was waiting for a long time and was not being served. The parties to the conflict include the lady shooter and the employees of the postal service. The chosen party for this paper is the postal service employees.
There was no clear negotiation that was brought out here in this case. The angry lady instead of taking up the issue with the employees went on to take a serious step of opening fire to the building. There was a slight negotiation that was present where the lady showed signs of urgency and her body language did show a level of urgency. However my side of the parties seems to have ignored this urgency and have not been able to provide the required service to the lady. There was clearly no verbal message that was shown by the lady except the one request of asking the employees to deal with her requested service. The negotiation method adopted for this case was not a cooperative one in any manner and there was more of a competitive behavior that was seen which led the lady to take the intense step of shooting at the employees of the organization.
Personal Opinions:
Considering myself in this position as the employee at the counter, I would have acknowledged the request of the lady and would have explained to her that once I was done with the other customer, she would be attended to next. If there was a possibility for another employee to cater to her, I would have requested my coworker to deal with the situation. Also, based on this experience, I would have suggested to the company the need for two counters one which dealt with the urgent requests while the other which deals with the normal work. The conflict is one which cannot be anticipated, hence any decision taken at the spur of the moment would be the best that one could do. Hence I personally believe that nothing could have stopped the lady from not shooting at the building or avoiding this conflict or even negotiate in a better manner.

The Success of Project Management

1250 Most importantly, the order of the building components assists the project managers in ensuring that the building is of high performance in terms of health (Sommer, 2010). Safety, as well as durability of the structure, are key concerns that engineers meet by guaranteeing compatibility of the building components. Top on the list of the challenges that an FPM manager is likely to face due to the disregard for fundamental building systems is a misallocation of building systems. FPM managers play a significant role in project management, especially at the construction stage. According to Sommer (2010), in the event that such a manager is unfamiliar with building systems, it will be difficult to identify accurately the category where each of the building components falls. This means that the facility and the property manager will not meet both client and user needs. Coupled with the mentioned aspect is the challenge of either under or overestimating the cost of the basic construction components (Sommer, 2010). Ultimately, poor cost estimation interferes with the operations making the project to fall short of delivering strategic needs. The building may be incapable of solving disaster and emergency cases due to poor implementation of basic systems.

Feeding America Eastern Wisconsin

My participation at Feeding America Eastern Wisconsin was a humbling and learning experience. I was pleased to take part in the activities that aimed at touching the lives of people by providing food in March 2015. Specifically, the Feeding America Eastern Wisconsin was a prime target for me because I have a passion for fighting hunger, solving community-related problems, and improving the lives of the people. My passion aligns with the organization core mission and objective to end hunger and provide hope for families by collaborating with different agencies. In effect, I offered the organization with outstanding service to enable it to engage all the stakeholders in order to solve the hunger problem in the communities.
The volunteering service at Feeding America Eastern Wisconsin used to start at 9 A.M and end at 4 P.M with breaks between the tasks. My primary task was to assist in sorting and labeling of various foodstuffs in the warehouse to distribute to the hungry people in the community. I used as heavy at fifteen-pound foodstuffs. My objectives were to meet the community needs and learn how organizations address them while gaining practical skills to apply and effect a positive change in the real world. In the course of the community service, my objective evolved according to the demands of different tasks. I constantly applied leadership skills that I mastered during the execution of tasks in the warehouse. Largely, I met my objectives of serving the community and bringing a positive change to people’s lives.
It was a pleasure to learn that apart from donating and volunteering at Feeding America Eastern Wisconsin an individual can hold food drives. I did not know that the organization invites such drives aimed at collecting foodstuffs to assist in alleviating hunger. In fact, I can now hold food drives in my learning institution to help the organization get enough foodstuffs. In effect, the Feeding America Eastern Wisconsin exercises a high level of social responsibility in issues central to humanity. Notably, the organization collaborates with other agencies to ensure that the hunger-stricken communities live a pleasant life. The level of interaction between the organization and the community aims at enhancing the quality of society. Similarly, the interaction between the volunteers and the organization’s workforce is remarkable and allows individuals to dedicate their efforts towards alleviating poverty. The harmonious relationship enabled me to contribute positively to the organization. In effect, I sorted and labeled many foodstuffs that benefited communities during my volunteering at the Feeding America Eastern Wisconsin.
The communication with the people associated with the project was both formal and informal. Majorly, the communication involved email and briefings. The emailing was a regular channel of informing the participants about different tasks that needed attention. Similarly, briefing through meetings enabled me to communicate with other members. Fundamentally, the communication strategies differed from what I use to communicate with my fellow college students. Mostly, the communication with the other students entails chats through social media and texting using mobile devices. Nonetheless, I liked the formal communication channel because it was timely and facilitated a harmonious working relationship to achieve the goal of improving the lives of the communities. If I were to repeat the project, I would take part in the food drives to collect foodstuffs for the needy people. The experience at the Feeding America Eastern Wisconsin instilled a spirit of humanity and quest to touch people’s lives in a positive way.

Main Aspects of Professional Development

I was able to elaborate on the legal, ethical and safety matters of the project which mainly focused on the information system. I was able to show the correlation between the issue of ethics and privacy in the information systems and indicated the recommendations of ensuring that ethics, legal and safety measures of the information system were upheld.
Fortunately, my understanding of the role did not change throughout the project. The reason is that from the start, I knew that my role as one of the team specialists would be to research matters regarding legal, safety and ethical matters in the information system. This was the role I took up throughout the entire project and the role did not change at all. I was able to do what I do best and this led to the smooth flow of the entire project (Paul, C.D., et al 2005). Moreover, considering that every team member played their part, I think we did exceptionally well as a team. Teamwork is about working together and ensuring that everyone takes their role seriously and creates time for the team. In addition, every group member embarked on serious research on the allocated duty thus ensuring that the project was based on facts and previous researches conducted. This made us function better as a team.
We always responded to questions that every team member came up with to the best of our knowledge to ensure that we helped each other for the best results of the team. This made the team more us stronger together as a team than if we assigned the entire project individually. The reason is that specializing in one assigned role makes room for thorough and deeper research and this made us learn about each other’s topics. This happened when we met at the scheduled time to find out the progress that each team member had made and if any team member had any burning questions that needed to be addressed. In this case, I learned a lot from my fellow team members including the qualities of a good team leader.

Hopitality Companies Project

It is not intended to be a vacation destination, but rather a clean and comfy place to rest before moving on with the journey. It is headquartered in Columbus, Ohio.
Best Western International offers franchise rights to independent owners, therefore all Best Western hotels are independently owned. Other than any assets that are corporately-owned, this hotel administration acts as the team that handles marketing promotions and makes sure that the brand image is being sent consistently through the licensing efforts. Red Roof Inn has just over 325 locations across the country that are owned by the parent company.
Best Western offers many different promotions aimed toward their target markets: the business traveler and the low-resource buyer. During a particular period, the buyer can stay twice and receive a $50 gift card (, 2010). There is another promotion that involves completing a voting survey to win one million rewards points for Best Western. These promotions show how they have cost in mind and trying to build loyalty in mid-priced target segments.
Red Roof Inn has the RediCard which is another type of promotion offering reward points for multiple stays at the chain (, 2010). This promotion is aimed at the budget-minded traveler by offering more incentives to get them to remain loyal to Red Roof. There are many smaller, inexpensive hotels and motels that compete with Red Roof therefore they need to remain focused on cost and efficiency.
Both Best Western and Red Roof have locations in Miami. Red Roof has a hotel at the Miami Airport with a nice exterior. Best Western has a facility known as the Floridian as well as another location at the Miami Airport.
Best Western is located in over 30 different countries, including Belgium, Croatia, Ireland, New Zealand and India (, 2010). This chain has a very large international presence which would

Starbucks CO

Running Head Starbucks CO Starbucks CO Starbucks is often considered a leading coffee retailer in the world thus it provides an impressive policy aimed to support local communities and meet environmentally friendly policies. The relationship of business with the community has had a long and changing role and involves many areas. It starts out by creating and supplying an employment base within the community where the business resides. from this point it expands into involvement in the areas of education, the arts, environment, urban development, job training, volunteerism, minority enterprises, summer jobs for youth, health, housing, alcohol and drug abuse, nutrition, philanthropy, prison rehabilitation, and many other areas. It is almost impossible for any business not to become involved in some kind of community affairs. Some of this involvement is primarily charitable, while other community affairs with which business becomes involved pays a direct return to the company. It is difficult to separate one from the other because in most instances both community and business reap positive rewards from any business participation in community affairs.
Starbucks pays a special attention to stakeholder responsibility and environmental policies. Pollution is, unfortunately in most cases, a by-product of everyday living. The operation of a "free market" system may fail to serve the best interests of society because of the inability of the market to adjust itself independently and adequately to certain kinds of side effects such as pollution. Also, the buyers and sellers in the marketplace often lack the quantity and quality of information necessary to undertake effectively and efficiently the proper transactions to optimize the side effects for the best interests of both parties involved. Under a free market economy, private industry, local governments, and county, state, and federal governments can, and do, sometimes relieve themselves of certain costs associated with disposal of waste materials by using the atmosphere, oceans, lakes, rivers, and landfills, as free waste receptacles. If it is to the economic advantage of the particular emitter to do so, it will normally take advantage of this free resource. The general theory behind much of it is that by business participating in community affairs it makes the community a better place in which to live. By making the community a better place to live, it helps improve the community for all those who live there and as an inducement for hiring new employees from distant communities, possibly needed experts from other cities (Starbucks Corporation serving More than Coffee 2009).
Societal responsibility followed by Starbucks means that impact on community is achieved through employees and their skills. Both have been sympathetic to this area and have employed and trained people whenever practical. Today, most programs are operated by individual firms. It is imperative, however, if these people are not to end up in the unemployment lines of the future that the training be in meaningful work areas and not just "handout" jobs where the person is paid something like summer work but actually gains very little useful work experience. It is just as important to know the community and its needs as it is to know the companys capabilities. Someone within the company must work with the community to become familiar with the community needs, or the company must establish some type of internal committee or board to study community problems. The committee or board should be composed of people from the company and various representatives of community organizations. Once both company capabilities and community needs are established, then some form of selection process must be established for determining which project or projects will be undertaken by the company.
Profit responsibility means that Starbucks does everything possible to ensure stable position on the market and job safety for millions of its employees around the world. In spite of this, social objectives and goals exist in an area that is not always easy to assess and objectively appraise. Just because it is not easy is no excuse for not trying to do something constructive about it. To gain some semblance of control in this area and to make certain that social objectives are actually being met, more companies have started using a social audit to measure, monitor, and evaluate the contributions that the company is making to society. By being able to bring in needed key people from other localities, the business will be able to remain competitive, increase sales and profits, and make more money for the stockholders and Starbucks. The result is that everyone is happy and better off because of community involvement by business, the community, the business and its employees, the stockholders, and the local, state, and federal government
Starbucks Corporation serving More than Coffee. Retrieved 02 February 2009 from
Understanding Social Responsibility in Marketing. Pp. 86-88.

Organizational Structure in Small Business Organization

1250 Organizations having divisional structure have set of autonomous units, each typical machine bureaucracy unto itself which is coordinated by a central headquarters. Some examples with the divisional structure are General Motor, Microsoft, 3M Company, AT&amp.T, General Electric Company, International Business Machine (IBM), Coca-Cola Company, United Technologies Corporation, and the Walt Disney Company. Adhocracy is suited for those organizations which are having low formalization and standardization and are organic and dynamic in nature. Within these organizations, the decision making tends towards decentralization. Companies having adhocracy form of the structure are flexible and adaptable. Example of adhocracy is the project for the construction of the commercial building.

Puberty stage

Overcoming Difficulties During Puberty Stage The of the article “Puberty and Its Crisis. Educational Help in Overcoming Difficulties” Johannes Bockemühl revealed such questions as the problem of relationships between an adolescent and his parents, their mutual understanding, different ways of help to overcome difficulties during this period. He considered puberty as not only as sexual maturity, but also earthly maturity. “Earthly maturity identifies the possibility of familiarizing oneself with the world: the laws and principles at work on the earth, with other people and how to encounter them thoughtfully, sentiently, and actively.” (Bockemühl 2004). A special attention is paid for inner life of the young people, the search of their place in this world and self-acceptance.
The study of the peculiarities of puberty was conducted on the basis of the experience of educators, psychologists specializing in adolescence, school physicians and psychiatrists in natural conditions. There were three case studies on the examples of which the author showed consequences of negative influence of the incorrect childrearing. He distinguished three styles of such upbringing: intellectualizing, soulless and overprotective style. Three adolescent, two boys and one girl, who were brought up this way were taken for studies. It was clarified that parents’ excessive protection, masculine-imprinted form of interaction and inclination for explaining a child everything without giving him an opportunity to think independently caused to psychological shortcomings, alcohol or drugs addiction and criminal future. The author stated that “this could be avoided if parents and educators learn to recognize their own unbalanced behavior.” (Bockemühl 2004).
The results of the study exceeded expectations because appropriate pieces of advice for parents were selected. Johannes Bockemühl made a major contribution by proving that “it is important that parents and educators understand the young person not only as thinking individual, but also as someone who feels and acts.” (Bockemühl 2004). This way he advised not to use moralization, but on the contrary to listen to young people and understand them, to be compliant and to look back on the troublesome situation without making judgment.
Although puberty is the stage of tremendous physical and mental changing accompanied by different problems, it is still an important period of formation of personal identity. Following this article author’s recommendations parents will be successful in helping to overcome difficulties their adolescent children.

Bockemühl, J. (2004). Puberty and Its Crisis. Educational Help in Overcoming
Difficulties. Waldorf Journal Project, 3, 1-20.

Coca Cola

The manager in charge of the project, John Fisher was accused of paying somebody to buy the frozen drinks worth 10000 dollars to help in convincing the Burger King to become a pioneer in frozen Coke promotion that would take place nationally the following year (Lovell, 2012).
From this case study, several stakeholders are involved in the malpractice. There is the Burger King franchise that was the organ to help in the testing as a business partner. From their point of view, they felt cheated and moved to court to seek compensation for the loss and expenses incurred. They also were angered that a partnering company used their reputed business name in malpractice in business. The other stakeholder was the customer that was taking the frozen coke. The customer in this scenario was neither aware of the malpractice nor harmed by the malpractice. The customer, however, was betrayed by the fact that the biggest beverage company could afford to generate false results to promote a new brand. Though the research was not done to evaluate the drop in the customer loyalty of Coca-Cola then, this angered the customer and made the customer question the trust of other famous products of Coca-Cola (Laufer and Coombs, 2006).
The other main stakeholder was Coca-Cola itself. Given the reputation of the company, it was hard for the company to explain the malpractice as well as the firing of employees who attempted to blow the whistle on the company. From the employees’ perspective, the question of ethics in this scenario is whether to quit or to blow the whistle. For the employee, Matthew Whitley, who blew the whistle the dilemma was in either choosing his job or his integrity. In the end, when he chose his integrity, he and other employees lost their job. The management of the company had a decision to either preserve their name and fire the then manager, John Fisher or retain the manager and deny the claims of malpractice.

Importance of the Development of the New Transformation Process Gas to Liquids

Some of the production or operational barriers that Shell must overcome to make GLT successful
One of the barriers that Shell needs to overcome is the high cost of the production process that might render the process infeasible. High level of energy input that the process requires is another operational barrier that faces the company. The required energy input may also make the process uneconomical besides its adverse effects on energy and environmental sustainability initiatives (Ferrell, Hirt and Ferrel 161).
Shell’s commitment to the project should the project fail to pay off within five years
Shell should continue with its commitment to the project even if it does not pay off within five years. This is because the project may be highly profitable in the end. The company may also benefit from the project’s marginal revenues after the period and the revenues can be used towards paying off the start-up cost. Shell should also maintain its commitment to the project because of identifiable secondary benefits such as future business relations (Ferrell, Hirt and Ferrel 161).

CAPSIM Capstone team simulation project

Capstone Team Simulation Project Opportunities There is an opportunity to increase sales realized by the company. Currently the profits of the company are hurt by the stock-out costs. The less market share taken by the company could be due to the poor inventory policy. The customers could have gone to buy competitors’ products because the item was not present at the time the customer needed that product. The company should adopt a good inventory policy that will ensure that there is sufficient stock to meet the demand. If the company takes advantage of this opportunity, the sales will increase tremendously. In addition, the market share of the company will increase.
Moreover, there is an opportunity of improving the cash management. There should be a reduction in the days given for the debtors to pay the amount outstanding. This is because they are currently holding cash. Quicker payment will make cash more readily available in running the company. In addition, it would avoid situations where the company will need emergency loans to sustain the business.
Furthermore, there is an opportunity of increasing profit by reducing the variable costs of the company. In addition, the company has an opportunity to increase its market share in the low-end segment. It has the potential of having a market share of 29 percentage as compared to the current market share of 18 percentage. Besides, it has an opportunity to expand its market share in the high-end and size segment.
Ultimately, the company has an opportunity to increase the efficiency of workers. It can achieve this by allocating money in the budget for quality initiative training. In addition, there is an opportunity to gain acceptability by the community by allocating funds for the UNEP Green program. The program will make the company to exercise social responsibility, which will have positive effects to the company. Customers will feel more attached to the products of the company.
The market share has reduced this year as compared to other years. This means that competitors have an edge over the Chester Company. The consumers have shifted to other products over the years. This is a threat because if the situation continues then the company will again start making losses due to poor sales. In addition, the firm’s financial structure is currently poor for the last 2 years.
There is a threat of having excessive inventory levels. The company when setting an inventory policy may set a policy that will retain some stock at the end of the period. Inventory consumes cash and eats up profits made by the company. In extreme cases, it may make a company to opt for emergency loans. For instance, in the 3rd year, it made the company to incur losses.
Moreover, there is a production threat. Chester’s production capacity is excessively low as compared to Baldwin, Digby and Erie companies. Due to the less capacity, Chester achieves less production as compared to its competitors. Greater capacity and production by the competitors is a threat because they are able to meet customer needs by producing more products. In turn, this increases the competitors’ sales. Moreover, this limits the Chester’s chance to increase its market share to exceed those of the competitors.
Work Sited
"Business Simulations to Develop and Assess Business Acumen Capsim." N.p., Web. 3&nbsp.June&nbsp.2014.

Environmental Planning

Environmental planning activities are most pronounced in cities and urban places due to the fact that they are the regions most concentrated with development activities in addition to the large populations that reside in such places. In such a case, poor planning would lead to environmental damage. social, economic, and cultural exclusion. and strains on the transport system.
In the quest for enhancing sustainability is such places, planners should keep in mind that sustainable cities and urban places are an important factor in economic and social development which makes it the main engine of growth. They should also keep in mind that environmental degradation is the greatest obstacle to social equity and economic efficiency. The planners need to carefully study the components of federal or state regulations to understand the complex interactions between environment and development so that sustainability will be enhanced through a proactive management approach that is based on the understanding of these interactions. In this manner, all the future projects will be sustainable in terms of enhancing growth and development, which is supposed to be the main aim of any developmental project.

The Request for Proposal

The technical section will have the details regarding the vendor’s projects, timeline and entire schedule that is designed to complete the project. The time cost section will contain information regarding the time that the vendor has specified. The proposal may include a reference section that shows the reference used in preparing the proposal.
Before preparing the request for proposal, the information regarding the vendors and the companies must be properly known. This will help in the easy development of the request for proposal. The RFP must be prepared in such a way that it is easy to understand and evaluate. This will enable the vendors to establish a connection between the developers. The people who request for the proposals specify a completion date before which the proposal has to be prepared.
The important factor in the preparation of request for proposal is the ability to deliver well in advance. The RFP must be distributed only to vendors who have the ability to make use of the proposal. To accomplish this, the people who prepare the proposal must provide the vendors with sufficient time so that they can analyze the proposal. Once the request for proposal is completed, the vendor and organization analysis must be carried out to find the organizations that are interested. (Asner, 2000).The audience must be properly decided before preparing the RFP. Since most of the organizations do not have people who can prepare such proposals, the opportunities for preparing such proposals are given to the private agencies. The request for proposals will ensure that the information provided by the vendor is completely included in the format of the proposal.

Monthly Status Reports

Project Monthly Status Report Project Summary Tax Preparation Software, 19 February, Project Manager, X Software Company. Monthly Status Report.
Tax preparation software for the next tax season being developed by our company consists of a project development team of ten software developers working together but located across the country.
Deliverables: Tax preparation software that is fully operational before the next tax season for preparing and filing taxes with IRS automatically. The software is under development and budget and due for approval shortly.
Project Risks: The two risks pertinent to this project are
Tax Domain Expertise – Software developers are chosen with proficiency in Tax laws.
Trust in security and privacy – Secured encrypted software is developed
Also the tax season is hectic, there is no scope for loopholes or flaw, the final product needs to be perfect, therefore enough testing is being carried out to make it function exactly according to the software requirements.
Project Performance Update Report
Project Costs : Under budget and there has been no need for overtime
Project Delivery Schedule : Nine of the developers are on track to finish their tasks 2 weeks early
Project Issues :
1. One software developer took the recently announced "early retirement" package, and is leaving in one week however is confident that he will be able to finish his piece of the work before he leaves.&nbsp.
2. It is hurricane season in Florida, where three of the developers are located therefore completion of tasks on time might get delayed however as they are ahead of their schedules it might not have much impact.
3. There is a three day weekend in the coming month&nbsp.
4. The developer who is retiring is the only person who knows how to get approval for the final product from the IRS.&nbsp.
Till date the project is on schedule and under the budget however the recent issues that might affect the delivery and costs are: leaving of one developer who is critical to get approval from the IRS, hurricane season where three developers are located and three day long weekend. Therefore it is being recommended that one more developer needed to be added in the team who knows how to get approval for the final product from the IRS and his contribution will put the project on schedule if it gets affected by any of these issues.

A Local Health Promotion Project White City Food Cooperative

Finally, the application of theory to practice will be used to analyze various theories and their relation or application in the project. The rationale for choosing this project is because White City is considered as one of the most disadvantaged areas in the country. Limited socialization within the community can be blamed for the area’s untapped potential for an extended time. Inadequate access to fruits and vegetables by the locals is a serious health concern. in addition, the residents also have limited access to dietary information hence putting them at higher risk of health-related complications (WellLondon). For this reason, the paper will be used to assess the different strategies that the project organizers are using to drive the project successfully forward. According to the business’ background, White City Food Co-op was introduced, not only to supply nutritious meals to the locals but also to serve as a good project to enhance intercultural community cohesion.

The farm vegetables brought by White City Food Co-op are important in ensuring that the society has access to a balanced diet that is essential for ensuring that the population is healthy. The program is managed in partnership with Phoenix High School Farm that is involved in supplying the farm products. Other patterns involved include Leading Zone Corporation along with the Staying Put Services that are essential for ensuring smooth running and operation of the program (Andrews, 2008). The provision of farm products is essential to the society as it makes them readily available and accessible to the locals thus. it becomes easy to prepare a well-balanced diet to promote optimal health.

It is important to understand that the collective health of the population is key to the overall well-being and growth of a society. It is for such reasons that the main aim of the project is to promote health awareness among the locals, and its main outlook is to provide the best quality services and foods to the society in an effort to improve their health.&nbsp.

Net Present Value Payback Period Internal Rate of Return

The Internal Rate of return (IRR) is the rate at which the NPV is equal to 0.This rate can be determined by interpolating between two rates, one of which has a positive NPV and the other a negative NPV.
Various financial metrics are used to evaluate the feasibility of a project. Some of the popular metrics in use include the Payback Period, the Net Present Value (NPV) and the Internal Rate of Return (IRR).
The payback period is one of the simplest methods for assessing the feasibility of a project and can be calculated quickly. The Payback period is the number of years it takes to recover the investment made in a project and is calculated by interpolating between the two consecutive years when the cumulative cash flows from the project are respectively below and above the investment made. Suppose an investment of 100,000 results in cash flows of 20,000, 30,000, 40,000 and 50,000 in four years. The cumulative cash flows are 20,000, 50,000, 90,000 and 140,000. It is clear that the investment of 100,000 is recovered in the fourth year. The actual figure of the payback period is calculated by interpolation between the last two figures.
The disadvantage of the payback period is that it fails to take into account the time value of money. Time value of money arises from the fact that cash received at an earlier point in time is more valuable than the same amount of cash received at a later point in time. If one were to invest the amount of $10,000 received today at an interest rate of 10%, that person would receive $11,000 after one year. Thus receiving $10,000 today is worth more than receiving $10,000 after one year.
The second disadvantage with the Payback method is that it ignores the cash flows that accrue after the payback period is over. If the payback for Project A is 3 years and that for Project B is 5 years, using the payback method one would conclude that Project A is better. However, this need not be so. Suppose Project A has a total life of 5 years and generates 120% of the investment during the entire life of the project, while Project B has a 15-year life and generates 200% of the investment in this period, it is apparent that Project B is better although it has a longer payback period.&nbsp.

An Extension of the Resourcebased View

The author explains that during the time frame, the activity where slack or float time is observed can be delayed to a certain extent without delaying the overall completion of the project (Chitkara, 2007). It is evident from Figures 1 and 2 given above that float time or slack is associated with activity D and E. This indicates that activity D and E can be delayed by a definite extent without delaying the overall completion of the project. The float time for activity D is 140 weeks and that of activity E is 115 weeks. Therefore, the total float time for activity D and E is 255 weeks.
Critical Path: The longest path in a project is referred to as the critic path (Clarke, 2008). The project-related activities which fall within the critical path cannot be delayed by any means as delaying these activities would mean delaying the overall completion of the project (Crawford, Pollack and England, 2008). In figure one and two given above, the project-based activities highlighted in red are the critical tasks.
Taking into account the fact that there is a delay of 6 weeks in activity H, it can be seen that a delay of such scale and magnitude will certainly delay in the completion of the project. The major reason behind that is the fact that activity H is a critical task that falls within the critical path of the project and henceforth project managers cannot afford to let loose anything which might result in a delay in any of the critical tasks. However, a project is always associated with external factors and therefore uncertainty. There are various risk factors that can push the overall duration of a project. Therefore, it is the duty of the project managers to adopt appropriate countermeasures in order to be prepared for any adverse scenarios which in turn will allow them to prevent the overall delay of the project. In this case, a delay is noticed on activity H (user acceptance testing). Multiple courses of action can be taken in order to prevent delays& the overall completion of the project.&nbsp.&nbsp.

Outline of the application of the learning concept to realworld problem due

Learning Skills Learning Skills There is a major concern by many managers and educators if students have the capability to transfer procedures and concepts learned in school into the real world and working field. There is need for improved project based and problem solving approach activities in learning. This assists in preparing the students mentally for the main problems they will have to solve in the working environment or the real world (Creswell, 2008). When a child is taught a skill, for instance solving a problem in mathematics, they often don’t realize that such skill can be used to solve other problems outside school environment. For students to learn effectively and use their skills for success in school and beyond, it is necessary they equip themselves with the ability to think critically, think creatively, and be able to collaborate and more importantly to communicate effectively.
Learning transfer is affected by several factors. They include whether the learner understands concepts or simply tries to memorize knowledge, the time spent on learning a particular task, student motivation, problem presentation and the conditions for the transfer of skills (Creswell, 2008). Teaching approach through problem solving gives the learner a challenge to understand through engaging in a real problem. Learning through solving a problem is a good approach that is student centered. Students get to work in group or teams as the real world while handling real scenarios and projects.
Problem solving and projects based approach to learning equips the student with various skills that can be transferred into real world. In representation, the person solving the problem mentally exemplifies the problem. His or her representation is directly linked to the knowledge of the problem. Through understanding, student knowledge of the problem and his or her ability to transfer the known concepts to the new problem is linked to his or her abilities to symbolize the problem (Creswell, 2008). Getting experience plays a key role in solving a similar problem in future and in the real world. Experiences among students differ. The conceptual knowledge among people also differs. When a person solving the problem understands completely the problem and the structure underlying it, then transferring such ideas to similar situations can easily occur (Creswell, 2008). Problem solving and project based approach are therefore vital for the transfer of knowledge from the school to the real world experience.
Creswell, J. (2008). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

In times of crisis such as the one currently experienced in Europe new ideas of how to manage and organise are required for the creation of new businesses jobs and the protection of individuals wellbeing In line with this statement how can

In this context it will specifically highlight the Euro crisis and its impact on the affected countries. It will also emphasize the importance of new company establishments and job creation in a country. The report will also shed light on how individuals influence the management practices of an organization. Finally the report will conclude stating the extent to which an individual impacts in company establishment and management practices.
During the last 15 years, countries around the world have been able to make impressive advancement and historical transformations in their economical policies. With rapid globalization and based on the institutional establishments nations have been successful in building up effervescent private sector. It has also led the countries to participate in international trade (Rutkowski and Scarpetta, 2005, p.xiii). The economic growth has in turn helped the nations to reduce the level of poverty as well as brought higher incomes. However the global economic downturn has disrupted the growth process and clearly indicated that no economic policy is stable enough to face economic crisis. Many scholars thus highlighted that it is important for the nations to focus on reforming the financials of a country. In this context a number of scholars have highlighted that financials of a country can be best reformed by creating new business ventures and thereby creating new jobs. According to Global Entrepreneur Monitor (GEM) around the world there are 200 million who are engaged in the creation of new jobs. There are another 200 million people who are the managers or owners of newly established firms. The study was carried out in 75 countries of the world and which covered nearly 80% of the total population of the world (Reynolds and Curtin, 2010, p.1).
The focus of the project will be therefore based upon the issue of how creation of new business and jobs

Facebook and events management

Quantitative research focuses on the numerical data or the data which can be converted into numeric form (Sekaran, 2006). Using this technique, primary and secondary data could be collected through various sources (Stewart, 1993). Here secondary data would include the past facts and figures regarding the uses of facebook by marketers for promoting their events. For that purpose, the researcher can collect the data through past researches available in local and online libraries. The data might also be taken directly by the Data collection organizations such as Gallup and AC Nielsen. The researcher can collect the relevant data by these organizations at a minimal cost. In addition to that, various other authentic websites are available which can provide the relevant figures for our research. Moreover, the researcher can also collect secondary data using Newspaper, magazines and other similar periodicals. The primary data can be collected with the help of different data collection tools like questionnaires or surveys.
This method would project the number of marketers who will be promoting their events using facebook. However the method is totally based on the past growth rates and does not account the current attitudes and behaviors of marketers towards facebook. For instance, the marketers want new features in the facebook which further help them to promote upcoming events quickly to a large number of people. The method is unable to consider other factors which could impact event managers in using facebook in future. Moreover, the researcher would be objectively separated by the research using this method (Saunders, Thornhill, and Lewis, 2009).
Another method to conduct this research is Qualitative method. The Qualitative method is closer with the subject matter of the research. This method is used to find people’s experience, belief, behaviors, and attitudes (Patton, 2002). In qualitative approach,

Financial Performance of La Suite Plc

The sales revenue of the company has been increasing over the past four years rapidly only the sales figure does not represent the performance of the company. The involvement of the cost incurred by the company should be analyzed as well. With the increasing sales revenue, the cost is increasing as well. The company no doubt improved the sales but was not able to control the cost incurred for the period. Although the sales increased the operating profit and profit before tax does not show such improvement which reflects a company’s poor performance regarding cost-effectiveness.
In the statement of the chief executive, the sure way for the increase in the shareholders’ wealth is the increase in sales and the increase in the assets of the company. Shareholders’ wealth shall be increasing when the company performance increases and the reserves of the company increases. The increase in the net profit of the company shall be the determinant factors, which ensures shareholders’ wealth as the performance of the company enhances.
The increases in the assets of the company compose of inventory and receivables. The increase in the inventory of the company reflects that the company s not able to sell the inventory and the inventory is stocking up. The increase in the receivables increase the risks of defaults and there is no provision for the doubtful debts thus the increase in such assets shall not be depicting the increase in the shareholders’ wealth.
The statement of the chief executive of the company reflects that the relevant costs of the investment project have not been taken accordingly and there are many errors in that too. All the relevant costs are not accounted for in the appraisal of the project. There are costs that are completely ignored in the evaluation of the project.
The opportunity cost of the contribution foregone of the existing hotels that amounts to the total of £570,000 per year which when accounted for shall amount to the financial acceptability of the project.&nbsp.

Characteristics of Effective Teams

Openness was a positive ambiance in the team but the same freedom was taken for granted and the members forgot to empathize with John and Shaun. All the responsibility was overburdened to John and Shaun and it made them weak emotionally and physically. Shaun was yelling and John was cursing himself for what was happening to him which is a perfect reflection of the ineffective team. Shaun could not handle the situation in an emotionally balanced manner and his approach was not constructive. Mutual help was missing among them and frequent discussions on the difficulties they face did not happen. On the whole, the team spirit was missing which let the team down.
1) Every team member must be aware of what is in its factor. Each of them must know their goals and what is the personal benefit they get out of the project. Once this awareness exists, eventually this motivates the team and the team members will show a sense of belongingness and accountability.
2) Instead of forcing responsibilities to members, self delegation is a better approach which makes them accountable. Conduct meetings and ask team members to volunteer to take responsibilities. Ensure that a leader is declared in the same meeting.
3) Organize team meetings frequently and get to discuss problems that the members of the team face. Invite solutions and suggestions from every team member. Appreciate the team members for their smallest effort.
4) Team rapport can be built by organizing team hangouts, group lunch /dinner by which a personal bonding is developed. This helps them understand each other better and empathize with each other.

Occupational Health and Safety

Confined space is a component of the Occupational Health and Safety Regulations 2007. The probable hazards associated with confined spaces include asphyxiation, loss of consciousness, injury, death, fire, and many more.
According to Auburn University (2012), a Hot Work Permit is required where a temporary operation requires work involving open flames or producing heat and/or sparks. Welding and soldering are some examples of such work.
According to Work Safe Victoria (2012), a job safety analysis (JSA) which brings together accepted safety and health principles and practices, and applies it to a particular task or operation. It indentifies each basic step of a job, and then addresses the most safest manner in which the job should be performed (Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety 2008).
A Safe Work Methods Statement (SWMS), is quite similar to a JSA. However, a SWMS is created for high risk construction work, as well as other work activities. These statements are to be provided, regardless of the cost of the project (Housing Industry Association 2004).
According to the Best Practice Regulation Handbook (2010), a Regulation Impact Statements (RIS), is compulsory for all decisions made by the Australian Government and its agencies which will most likely affect the regulations on business or government activity, unless the impact is of a minor nature.
6) Review your workplace and list 15 or more hazards that you and or someone else would be exposed to on a regular basis. You are to also list the consequences of being exposed to such hazards and would they now become risks?
The unit is quite narrow and small, and had various objects that tend to stick out, such as the hooks for the tongs and the cash registers drawer. This could lead to staff members getting hit by these objects, causing injury.
We have a vault drop box, in which we bank our takings daily. In order to bank we need to deposit in a small compartment in the top drawer which then

Team evaluation

Team Evaluation al Affiliation: Team Evaluation Team B members worked collaboratively in order to sustain nursing professionalism through organizing themselves. Each team member was given her role and assigned duties. Team B roles were assigned through the teams course link which analyzed members strengths, talents and their backgrounds. Pamela Herrera-Oshaben was given the role of the team organizer. Her responsibilities included setting deadlines and expectations for the team. She also utilized the vision of the team which guided her in making decisions and unite all participants by ensuring a positive and effective work environment. Pamela as the organizer also evaluated the working style of each team member for quality performance and high productivity. Team Evaluation
There also existed team co-editors, Isabella Hyde and Barbara Holland. Their responsibility was evaluating team work for arising problems or practical errors thus ensuring quality final product. Through the same evaluation they also ensured that structure of the team was in line with the team’s vision. Marion Johnson was selected as the team presenter and her duty was to summarize the vital information for every assignment and establishing the final product. The expectation for the role of the team presenter was to coordinate all team efforts while combining information and relating it to team vision.
As a team B member, I really learnt a lot, the most important experience I got from the group was how to work in a team. I learnt how important it is to listen to other people’s views and respect them. The team leaders were very talented people and they helped me realize my abilities as a professional nurse and since them I developed a high level of confidence in my services. However, I faced a few challenges while in the team. at first it was hard for me to work with strangers and I was feeling out of place. Another challenge was how to handle my impatience when it comes to team work, however by the end of it all I was a different person, very patient.
Team B was such a good team to work with, however in there are better strategies which if they were put in place the team would have emerged as excellent. One of these strategies is ensuring a well established communication network in which a team member knows where to enquire/report what. Another strategy is ensuring professionalism in nursing practices and learning how to handle patients in a clinical scenario as suggested by Cohen and Cesta (2005).
The team processes in this course gave me good lessons for a future health care framework. For instance, I learnt how determine collaborative division of work and how to establish a good conflict resolution framework .I also acquired good skills in case management as well as nursing techniques to ensure a professional group project in future.
Cohen,E. &amp. Cesta, T. (2005). Nursing Care Mnagement: From Essentials of Advanced Practice Applications, 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.

Construction Project Management

The possible dispute resolution processes were included such as using a formal contract law within the partnering business. This is essential because the formal contract will help in resolving disputes that may arise in case one violates the contract laws. Lastly, the conclusion was included and it offered a summary of the research project.

Partnering is a collaboration method that has been in existence for many decades in the construction industries globally. For the past decades, construction industries have implemented formalized and acceptable standard documentation for using in the partnering arrangement. In the rethinking process report produced by Sir John Egan about the construction task force, Egan argued that an effective partnering process does not rest on contracts. This is because contractors can add to the project costs and even they cannot add value to the customer. However, in case the relationship between the employee and the business, developer or contractor is soundly based, as well as, both parties recognize the need for mutual interdependence. the formal contract should steadily be obsolete (Rethinking Construction 1998, 199). Construction industries have attempted to make significant changes in the construction management costs in order to improve the performance level in the construction industries. Although the formal document is used as a legal binding document for solving disputes in the construction industries, sound relationships between a contractor and an employee based on mutual interdependence can lead to cost reduction. thus improving the project performance.

Partnering does not only involve systems or methods employed in the construction project management but is about empowering people to perform the work more efficiently in order to achieve the desired goals of the company (Pratt 2012, p. 79). Merging this in the joining process in the construction agreement is effective because they can contribute to the desired welfares. The benefits can be achieved in case both parties maintain good and mutual relationships as intended.


Research shows, investment in corporate social responsibility has a positive effect on business revenues (Aras and Crowther 498). Volunteer service learning is an engaged teaching and learning strategy that allows the student to participate in an organized service that target to fulfill a certain community need. The student are supposed to reflect, critically evaluate and analysis the service activity to enhance their sense of civic responsibility, help in understanding the course content and appreciate the discipline they are undertaking.
One of the most engaging and interesting service activities that a person can undertake is helping the elderly. In most cases, they are unable to clean their home properly and hence are exposed to diseases. The elderly occupy a special place in our society, and they act as the link between the previous generation and the current one. They preserve knowledge and hence it is the duty of the society to take care of them. I chose this service activity for the knowledge and wisdom that the elderly share with you work in their home. The elderly has a lot of experience, and as you work with them, you can get a glimpse of the previous century.
The service learning project involved visiting the homes of the elderly to help them clean their house and yard. The group met in the designated venue early in the morning, and we were a lot of people. Hence, the principal in charge of volunteering divided us into groups. Some groups were to clean the street while others were to visit the elderly homes and help them clean their house and yard. My group was to visit an old couple and clean their house and yard. We left the volunteer office and headed for the old couple home. We started by cleaning the house, where we scrubbed the floors and repainted the kitchen walls. The couple was very old and hence was unable to move furniture and hence we rearranged the house

Study of Bordley Margolis Stuart Lannon and Keyes

Study of Bordley, Margolis, Stuart, Lannon and Keyes (2001) What is the organizational affiliation of the All are affiliated with the University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill. Drs. Bordley, Margolis and Lannon and Ms. Stuart work at the Children’s Primary Care Research Group, Department of Pediatrics of UNC. Dr. Keyes is at the UNC’s Frank Porter Graham Center for Child Development.
What was the setting for this research study? The setting for the research study is a group of eight practices, enrolling at least 5 newborns each month, located in Durham, North Carolina, identified in the study as the “1 community” and with a population of 182,000.
Who were the participants? Participating in the study were physicians, nurses, and clerical staff working in eight practices: 2 family practice group practices, 3 pediatric group practices, the pediatric department of a large HMO, a university medical center, and a federally qualified community health center in the specified research study setting. All are identified in the study.
What was the purpose of study and what were the outcomes of interest? List the outcomes and describe how they were measured. The purpose of the study was to determine whether a group of primary care practices in 1 community could significantly improve their delivery of childhood preventive services by implementing an office-based quality improvement system, which breaks targeted services down into their component steps and focuses on improving processes involving the interactions of patients, staff, and providers to ensure that each step is performed on every eligible patient at every encounter. The study aimed at finding out whether an office-systems approach, which proved effective in a previous study in a larger community-wide intervention, would work in a pediatric primary care setting where delivery rates are lower than national goals and providers’ estimates. The research study focused on two sets of outcomes: process outcomes and preventive service outcomes. Process outcomes refer to the office systems developed and adopted at each practice and measured according to complexity and frequency of use. Surveys were used to collect baseline information on existing office systems prior to developing and adopting new office systems. During implementation, the project staff used structured observation, chart reviews, and informal “drop-in” visits to assess the extent to which new systems were actually used. Tables 1, 2 and 3 show the findings.
Preventive service outcomes were the study’s primary outcomes and refer to the proportions of children up-to-date on immunizations at 12, 19, and 24 months and the proportions screened for anemia, TB, and lead exposure. Baseline data was gathered by auditing 40 randomly selected practice charts of 24 to 36-month old patients in each practice. These were then compared with follow-up data by auditing a second random sample of charts 12 months after each office’s systems were operational. The trends were statistically analyzed, graphed, and interpreted.
What did the researchers do (interventions)? Researchers assisted the eight practices by involving office staff at all levels in assessing and developing office-based quality improvement systems for prevention, adapting the principles of continuous quality improvement, adult learning theory, and academic detailing. The researchers conducted visits and feedback sessions to push practice change, form and monitor working groups, review performance data and gaps, develop and implement solutions, monitor improvements and revise interventions as needed. Table 1 of the study summarizes each working group’s analysis of their office’s delivery system.
Describe the results in relation to the outcomes. The researchers found that implementing office-based quality improvement systems to improve the delivery of preventive services (process outcomes) seemed to be both feasible and effective, as shown in the increases in the overall rates of immunization coverage and rates of screening for anemia and lead exposure (preventive service outcomes). The researchers pointed out many limitations for further study.
Reference List
Bordley, W.C., Margolis, P.A., Stuart, J., Lannon, C. and Keyes, L. (2001) Improving preventive service delivery through office systems. Pediatrics 108 (3), p. e41. Available 19 May 2009 from:

Reflection 10

1250 11 April Reflection: Kanzi is a very popular male bonobo or chimpanzee who has beenextensively featured in myriad research studies done on linguistic aptitude in apes. Among many other researchers who have made contributions to demonstrating linguistic aptitude in apes, Sue Savage-Rumbaugh stands distinguished in respect that she dedicated her whole life to studying Kanzi. The main argument put forth by Savage-Rumbaugh is that Kanzi’s advanced linguistic aptitude denounces all such ideas which are skeptical of the ape language project. Among many critics of Kanzi project is Wynne who argues that advanced language aptitude is something which is possessed by humans alone and the decisive factor which differentiates humans from apes. The kind of linguistic abilities exhibited by Kanzi are only the result of his imitations, so the very idea of ape language synonyms with parroting. Savage-Rumbaugh, on the other hand, defends her argument in favor of Kanzi and ape language by claiming that the linguistic achievements of her subject, Kanzi, are a living proof that apes can also learn a human language. This idea that language and many other unique cognitive abilities are uniquely possessed by humans is groundless and prejudiced. One important reason why Savage-Rumbaugh’s research on Kanzi cannot be equated to parroting is that Kanzi did not develop his linguistic capacities through rote learning or behaviorist methods. Rather, his learning began from a very young age when he was younger. This young age is a very critical period for learning language for both ape and human babies. Like human babies, Kanzi’s responses also reflect same tendencies.

Management of Mitt Telecoms

The one-off penalty of $500 as a result of pulling out two engineers from Contract X is not included. This is because penalties or damages paid to statutory authorities or other third parties do not form part of the cost ((Bhattacharyya, 2005. Wildman, 2009). Included – $3,000. Not included – $500.
(3) The technical advisor will work for eight hours at an hourly rate of $40. However, because he is currently occupied, he will be paid overtime. The cost pertaining to the eight regular hours are included. The extra cost of overtime is not included. Overtime pay is an abnormal cost, for which reason it will not form part of the project cost (Bhattacharyya, 2005. Van Derbeck, 2007). Included – $320. Not included – $160.
(4) The site inspector, an independent contractor not connected with MT Co, charged his two visits directly to Push Co., at $200 per visit. This is not included in the costing as it has not been incurred by MT Co. (Wildman, 2009) Not included – $400
(5) MT Co’s trainer will deliver one day’s training at Push Co., equivalent to $50 of his regular salary ($1500/30). He is also paid a commission of $125 for onsite training, which is justified for extra expenses incurred, effort expended, and risks assumed in conducting onsite rather than in-house training, and therefore a variance due to normal reasons. These expenses are both regular and normal for the project, and hence should form part of the costing (Van Derbeck, 2007. Wildman, 2009). Included – $125 and $50.
(6) Materials shall be charged at their actual cost. The actual costs of the first 80 telephone handsets were bought at $16.80, and the next 40 units will be acquired at $18.20. Assuming the company’s inventory management is on a first-in-first-out (FIFO) basis, the 80 telephone handsets will be provided to Push Co. at the actual costs they were acquired (Bhattacharyya, 2005). Included – $1,344
The specified computerized control system for Push Co.’s system is Swipe 2. As such, only Swipe 2 should be used in the system, at its acquisition cost.&nbsp. Included – $10,800.

Conflict and Dispute in Commercial Project

To safeguard against all possibilities, conflict management and dispute resolution are very essential. Conflict and disputes are inevitable on commercial projects right from the beginning of business itself.
It is quite clear that conflict and dispute are inevitable in commercial projects. To check whether the contention is right, a deep understanding of the terms like conflict, dispute, etc. are essential.
Conflict: The term conflict can be defined as “Friction or opposition resulting from actual or perceived differences or incompatibilities” (Business Dictionary). Conflict can be destructive as well as constructive. It has positive and negative aspects. Conflicts mainly arise from the difference of perception among the people. Individuals and groups perceive things in a different manner and thus the difference in perception becomes the basis of conflict. The difference in perception can lead to conflict and thereby the emergence of new ideas takes place. That’s why it is said that to an extent conflict should be encouraged. So conflict is good and constructive to a certain extent and after the level, it is bad and destructive. It is very difficult to determine the degree to which conflict in an organisation is to be encouraged.
Dispute: The term dispute is defined as “ a disagreement or difference that arises in connection with the entering into, renewing, or revising a collective agreement and in respect of which arbitration or conciliation may be requested’’ (Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat). Disputes can be in connection with any matter concerning two or more individuals or groups. Unlike conflict, a dispute is not so constructive in nature. The subject matter of a dispute can be anything related to the entering into, renewing of, or revising a collective agreement.

Methods section

The real motivation behind this research project was to figure out if a particular research subject that was chosen could work in an available or accessible setting. Any impacts or findings apparent in this study can be summed up to the population that have similar characteristics as the sample selected. To compensate them for their time as well as participation, the participants were compensated $10 per hour. All participants were assured of confidentiality to ensure that they give truthful answers.
The data has been accumulated from both primary and secondary sources. Cameron (2009) determined that while primary data is original by nature and collected from the chosen sample. the secondary details are basically past studies on the current topic. Both primary and secondary details have been included in order to meet the research objectives. The secondary data detail has collected from: books, journals, articles, website, blogs and past publications. So the researcher does not have to devote money, time, energy, and other resources to this phase of research. Moreover, uses of texts and images will be looked at for data collection, and also documentaries and online surveys. Further, meta-analysis was used for the research investigation. Meta-analysis combines the results of several studies that address a set of related research hypotheses. Hand searching of key journals and checking of the reference lists of papers obtained is also vital. The key terms used to search the database – needs to be developed with care. The strategy is written as a sequence of requirements: include papers with specified terms, excluding papers that do not meet certain criteria.
The instructional equipments and materials that were used in the research consisted of first hand information as well as experiences of the participants regarding the chosen

Human Genome Project Using PCR

Annexin A5 is a classical member of the chordate annexin family. It displays essential tetra structure and calcium-dependent phospholipid binding. It is one of the few annexins that can be found within the extracellular matrix. Annexin A5 has been postulated to be an inhibitor of coagulation due to its ability to attach to anionic phospholipids exposed of surfaces of platelets (Gerke &amp. Moss, 2010). Consequently, this important gene inhibits platelet aggregation and down regulates surface presentation of tissue factor. The annexin A5 gene covers approximately 9 kb of the human chromosome 4q27. It comprises of one non-translated exon and 12 coding exons. Little is known about the regulation of the annexin A5 gene expression. Annexin A5 is an abundantly and ubiquitously expressed protein with highest concentrations in the liver, placenta and kidney. The human annexin A5 gene produces numerous transcripts and has a complex promoter which is subject to intricate regulation mechanism (Gerke &amp. Moss, 2010).
Annexin A5 has been implicated in a wide range of disease phenotypes and etiology including recurrent pregnancy losses and cancer. It is a calcium and phospholipid protein localized within the surface of the placental syncytiotrophoblast layer. This protein performs vital anticoagulant function within the maternal blood and specifically at the intervillous space. Recently, it has been reported that polymorphisms in the promoter region of the annexin A5 gene can significantly be linked to recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Particularly, women who possess the M2 haplotype have more than two-fold higher risk of fetal loss compared to non-carriers (Bogdanova, Horst, Chlystun, Croucher, Nebel, Bohring, et al. 2010).
Additionally, annexin A5 has been reported to be a vascular anticoagulant-?, placental anticoagulant protein I, liporcotin V, endonexin II, anchorin CII and placental protein 4. The annexin A5 gene spans 29 kilobases and has 13 exons which encode a single transcript of approximately 1.6 kb. The protein product of this gene has a molecular weight of approximately 35 kDa (Carcedo, Iglesias, Bances, Morgan &amp. Fernandez, 2011). Official name of the gene: annexin A5 Official symbol: ANXA5 Gene type: protein coding Other names: PP4, ANX5, ENX2, RPRGL3 Chromosomal location: 4q27 ( Annexin A5 is a classical member of the chordate annexin family. It displays essential tetra structure and calcium-dependent phospholipid binding. It is one of the few annexins that can be found within the extracellular matrix. Annexin A5 has been postulated to be an inhibitor of coagulation due to its ability to attach to anionic phospholipids exposed