According to Mazique calls for civility in discourse often have the consequence of

A.

Question

According to Mazique, calls for civility in discourse often have the consequence of:

A.

maintaining oppressive systems by protecting whites from feelings of discomfort.

b. facilitating free and equal dialog between all members of a society, regardless of their social power.

c. disrupting oppressive hierarchies by allowing for equal participation in non-violent social justice movements.

d. building consensus around the most radical programs for social transformation.

e. No answer text provided.

Philosophy

According to Mazique calls for civility in discourse often have the consequence of

A.

Question

According to Mazique, calls for civility in discourse often have the consequence of:

A.

maintaining oppressive systems by protecting whites from feelings of discomfort.

b. facilitating free and equal dialog between all members of a society, regardless of their social power.

c. disrupting oppressive hierarchies by allowing for equal participation in non-violent social justice movements.

d. building consensus around the most radical programs for social transformation.

e. No answer text provided.

Philosophy

Google has a core belief that the challenges of work should be fun

Therefore, if you give employees the

Question

Google has a core belief that the challenges of work should be fun. Therefore, if you give employees the

necessary tools to properly perform their jobs, they will be key contributors to the organization’s overall success.

When looking at the timeline of the history of management theory and the accompanying historical events that triggered changes in the practice of management, does the Google philosophy of management signal a shift in how work is managed? Could this philosophy work in an organization? Would you feel comfortable managing in this type of environment?

Management

Google has a core belief that the challenges of work should be fun

Therefore, if you give employees the

Question

Google has a core belief that the challenges of work should be fun. Therefore, if you give employees the

necessary tools to properly perform their jobs, they will be key contributors to the organization’s overall success.

When looking at the timeline of the history of management theory and the accompanying historical events that triggered changes in the practice of management, does the Google philosophy of management signal a shift in how work is managed? Could this philosophy work in an organization? Would you feel comfortable managing in this type of environment?

Management

The rational choice view is based on the premise that humans are rational reasoning and selfinterested

Question

The rational choice view is based on the premise that humans are rational, reasoning, and self-interested.

This view maintains that if people do not fear the consequences of their crimes, they are likely to violate the law. A basic premise of this school of thought is that if the real, or perceived, threat of criminal punishment is increased, then crime can be controlled.

Crime control policies that depend on fear of criminal sanctioning are based on the philosophy of general deterrence. Such policies are also based on the assumption that the perception of retribution can be as real a deterrent as the actual certainty of the punishment.

Let’s review a few concepts before you make a decision about this scenario.

  1. The foundation of the rational choice view is based on a famous equation: the greater the severity, certainty, and speed of legal sanctioning, the less likely people will be to commit crime. Which person introduced this equation to criminal justice?

A. Jeremy Bentham

B. Edwin Sutherland

C. Cesare Beccaria

D. James Q. Wilcon

2) Let’s suppose that when police are called to the scene of a fight between drunk fraternity brothers, they choose to arrest some of the drunken brawlers and let others go with a warning. If those who get arrested are less likely to repeat the offense, compared to those who got a warning, arrest is said to produce a _____.
Social Science

The rational choice view is based on the premise that humans are rational reasoning and selfinterested

Question

The rational choice view is based on the premise that humans are rational, reasoning, and self-interested.

This view maintains that if people do not fear the consequences of their crimes, they are likely to violate the law. A basic premise of this school of thought is that if the real, or perceived, threat of criminal punishment is increased, then crime can be controlled.

Crime control policies that depend on fear of criminal sanctioning are based on the philosophy of general deterrence. Such policies are also based on the assumption that the perception of retribution can be as real a deterrent as the actual certainty of the punishment.

Let’s review a few concepts before you make a decision about this scenario.

  1. The foundation of the rational choice view is based on a famous equation: the greater the severity, certainty, and speed of legal sanctioning, the less likely people will be to commit crime. Which person introduced this equation to criminal justice?

A. Jeremy Bentham

B. Edwin Sutherland

C. Cesare Beccaria

D. James Q. Wilcon

2) Let’s suppose that when police are called to the scene of a fight between drunk fraternity brothers, they choose to arrest some of the drunken brawlers and let others go with a warning. If those who get arrested are less likely to repeat the offense, compared to those who got a warning, arrest is said to produce a _____.
Social Science

I am working on a critical thinking assignment where I need to formulate 3 critical thinking questions on the

Question

I am working on a critical thinking assignment where I need to formulate 3 critical thinking questions on the

subject of the opioid overdose crisis/epidemic. I have came up with on question of What is the leading cause of the opioid overdose crisis/epidemic. I also need to identify the domain of thinking for each question and list the intellectual standards for each. Thank you.

Philosophy

I am working on a critical thinking assignment where I need to formulate 3 critical thinking questions on the

Question

I am working on a critical thinking assignment where I need to formulate 3 critical thinking questions on the

subject of the opioid overdose crisis/epidemic. I have came up with on question of What is the leading cause of the opioid overdose crisis/epidemic. I also need to identify the domain of thinking for each question and list the intellectual standards for each. Thank you.

Philosophy

In chapter 5 Shaeffer states how Christianity should address environmental issues What we

Question

In chapter 5, Shaeffer states how Christianity should address environmental issues:

What we

should have, individually and corporately, is a situation where, on the basis of the work of Christ, Christianity is seen to be not just pie in the sky, but something that has in it the possibility of substantial healings now in every area where there are divisions because of the fall. First of all, my division from God is healed by justification, but then there must be the existential reality of this moment by moment. Second, there is the psychological division of man from himself. Third, the sociological divisions of man from other men. And last, the division of man from nature, and nature from nature. In all of these areas we should do what we can to bring forth substantial healing.1

Formulate your personal philosophy of how Christians should Biblically respond to environmental issues.

1. Schaeffer FA, Middelmann UW. Pollution and the Death of Man. Wheaton, IL: Crossway; 2011:67.

Science

In chapter 5 Shaeffer states how Christianity should address environmental issues What we

Question

In chapter 5, Shaeffer states how Christianity should address environmental issues:

What we

should have, individually and corporately, is a situation where, on the basis of the work of Christ, Christianity is seen to be not just pie in the sky, but something that has in it the possibility of substantial healings now in every area where there are divisions because of the fall. First of all, my division from God is healed by justification, but then there must be the existential reality of this moment by moment. Second, there is the psychological division of man from himself. Third, the sociological divisions of man from other men. And last, the division of man from nature, and nature from nature. In all of these areas we should do what we can to bring forth substantial healing.1

Formulate your personal philosophy of how Christians should Biblically respond to environmental issues.

1. Schaeffer FA, Middelmann UW. Pollution and the Death of Man. Wheaton, IL: Crossway; 2011:67.

Science

Can somebody please specify the difference views of Freud and Nietzsche on the rationality of religious belief

The Rationality of Religious Belief
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) famously said, quot;God is dead!quot; Although in truth he
did not believe God had died, but rather, he had never existed in the first place.
It was his view that if you are and intelligent person that is able to reason, then you
understand that God is a fable, a fairy tale used by the powerful (like Roman
Emperors) to control the weak.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) had a similar take upon religious belief. In the
book, The Future of an Illusion (1927), Freud applies his psychological theory to reli-
gious belief. According to Freud, most religious belief is captured by the idea that
there is a God, one who cares about us, and that will provide us with a eternal happi-
ness after this life. An archetypal protective father figure. Freud argues that the origin
of such a belief, which is lacking almost any empirical evidence, is wish fulfillment.
It is the result of the psychological desire for protection from a cold brutal reality.
Ultimately, belief in God is simply wishful thinking on our part. As Freud says,
quot;Ignorance is Ignorance; no right to believe anything can be derived from it . . . .
Scientific work is the only road which can lead us to knowledge of reality outside of
ourselves.quot; And in Freud’s view, the logical, scientific answer is that belief in God is
not a viable, rational belief.
CHAPTER 6 What about God?
159
SOREN KIERKEGAARD
1813
1855
X
2
KGL.POST
30
DANMARK
Boris1 5/Shutterstock.com
In an opposite vain, Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) argues that belief in God
and Jesus is not (or perhaps, beyond human rationality). True understanding of God
is beyond our comprehension. In his view, God exist in a realm that is beyond time
and space and yet Jesus became part of time part of space. Jesus, as the son of God
and part of the trinity (in which the father, son, and Holy Spirit are all one) became
a contradiction, a paradox. In Kierkegaard’s view, truth is subjective and relative.
And although belief in God is contradictory and irrational, it is still possible.
Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) expresses a similar view to that of Kierkegaard in his
work, the Confessions (1880). In the Confessions, he notes that the notion that faith is
irrational has long been pervasive in philosophy. The dichotomy between faith and
reason dates back to antiquity and was taken for granted by medieval thinkers such
as St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas. Tolstoy was searching for the meaning
and purpose of life. He says that quot;I realized that it was impossible to search for an
answer to my questions in rational knowledge; rational knowledge had led me to rec-
ognize that life is meaningless. My life came to a halt and I wanted to kill myself.quot;
He felt that science and reason could not provide any answer to the question
as to why we are here, only the how-if that. He goes on to say, quot;As I looked around
at people, at humanity as a whole, I saw that they lived and affirmed that they knew
the meaning of life. I looked at myself-I had lived as long as I knew the meaning of
life. For me, as for others, faith provided the meaning of life and the possibility of
livingquot; Tolstoy would not disagree with Nietzsche or Freud, he would simply say
there is more to life than rational belief.
Philosophy

Can somebody please specify the difference views of Freud and Nietzsche on the rationality of religious belief

The Rationality of Religious Belief
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) famously said, quot;God is dead!quot; Although in truth he
did not believe God had died, but rather, he had never existed in the first place.
It was his view that if you are and intelligent person that is able to reason, then you
understand that God is a fable, a fairy tale used by the powerful (like Roman
Emperors) to control the weak.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) had a similar take upon religious belief. In the
book, The Future of an Illusion (1927), Freud applies his psychological theory to reli-
gious belief. According to Freud, most religious belief is captured by the idea that
there is a God, one who cares about us, and that will provide us with a eternal happi-
ness after this life. An archetypal protective father figure. Freud argues that the origin
of such a belief, which is lacking almost any empirical evidence, is wish fulfillment.
It is the result of the psychological desire for protection from a cold brutal reality.
Ultimately, belief in God is simply wishful thinking on our part. As Freud says,
quot;Ignorance is Ignorance; no right to believe anything can be derived from it . . . .
Scientific work is the only road which can lead us to knowledge of reality outside of
ourselves.quot; And in Freud’s view, the logical, scientific answer is that belief in God is
not a viable, rational belief.
CHAPTER 6 What about God?
159
SOREN KIERKEGAARD
1813
1855
X
2
KGL.POST
30
DANMARK
Boris1 5/Shutterstock.com
In an opposite vain, Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) argues that belief in God
and Jesus is not (or perhaps, beyond human rationality). True understanding of God
is beyond our comprehension. In his view, God exist in a realm that is beyond time
and space and yet Jesus became part of time part of space. Jesus, as the son of God
and part of the trinity (in which the father, son, and Holy Spirit are all one) became
a contradiction, a paradox. In Kierkegaard’s view, truth is subjective and relative.
And although belief in God is contradictory and irrational, it is still possible.
Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) expresses a similar view to that of Kierkegaard in his
work, the Confessions (1880). In the Confessions, he notes that the notion that faith is
irrational has long been pervasive in philosophy. The dichotomy between faith and
reason dates back to antiquity and was taken for granted by medieval thinkers such
as St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas. Tolstoy was searching for the meaning
and purpose of life. He says that quot;I realized that it was impossible to search for an
answer to my questions in rational knowledge; rational knowledge had led me to rec-
ognize that life is meaningless. My life came to a halt and I wanted to kill myself.quot;
He felt that science and reason could not provide any answer to the question
as to why we are here, only the how-if that. He goes on to say, quot;As I looked around
at people, at humanity as a whole, I saw that they lived and affirmed that they knew
the meaning of life. I looked at myself-I had lived as long as I knew the meaning of
life. For me, as for others, faith provided the meaning of life and the possibility of
livingquot; Tolstoy would not disagree with Nietzsche or Freud, he would simply say
there is more to life than rational belief.
Philosophy

This is what i have answered Say’s law states that supply creates its own demand

Question

this is what i have answered.

Say’s law states that supply creates its own demand

because:

prices are such that producers know exactly how much to produce in the short run.

In the classical model, the economy will tend toward full employment because of

the lack of inflation

The quantity theory of money held that, in the long run, the level of output was dependent on the stock of money and the price level.

True

Classical economists believed that the level of real output is determined by the:

labor market equilibrium.

Say

Keynes felt that a failing of classical theory was that neither labor markets nor product markets can be counted on to be self-regulating.

A major shortcoming of the quantity theory of money is that it cannot explain short-run fluctuations in the level of output and employment.

True

Keynes blamed economic downturns primarily on:

declines in the interest rate.

poor governmental management.

the instability of consumption.

the instability of investment.

Classical economists believed that the role of the government should be

limited, more prominent, while Keynes believed the government should intervene when necessary.

According to the Keynesian consumption function, if disposable income increases, saving will increase but consumption will be unchanged.

False

If U.S. spending for foreign-made autos increases while foreign spending for autos made in the United States decreases, ceteris paribus, then

U.S. national income will increase.

A given change in business investment spending will cause a larger change in equilibrium national income. This statement expresses an important Keynesian concept called the marginal propensity to consume,consumption function

If MPS = 1/3, the value of the expenditure multiplier is 5.0.

False

If the AE curve shifts upward, then the AD curve shifts to the right.

What is the appropriate fiscal policy when an economy goes into recession?

Increasing taxes

An increase in government spending shifts the AD curve to the

right

If Y = $3,000, Y* = $3,900, and MPC = 0.9, the economy is not experiencing high inflation False

Discretionary fiscal policy has primarily demand side effects but can affect aggregate supply as well through the structure of tax changes or the composition of spending.

Excise taxes are not an automatic stabilizer.

If MFC is 0.8, then a $30 billion decrease in business investment spending will cause national income and output to increase by $150 billion.

False

Milton Friedman believes that the Keynesian consumption function does NOT reflect the way people behave because it considers only the current income of a household.

.

The lags for fiscal policy can be long and variable, thus making fiscal policy difficult to implement.

The political business cycle is a result of the use of fiscal policy to influence the outcome of elections.

False

Which of the following is NOT a Keynesian argument for using fiscal policy to influence the level of output and employment?

Inflation will necessarily accompany unemployment unless there is direct government intervention.

The difference between this year’s receipts and this year’s expenditures by the federal government is revenue

.

The philosophy of a cyclically balanced budget calls for the budget to be balanced every year.

True

If the structural deficit is negative (= structural surplus), fiscal policy is

neutral.

A structural deficit is the part of a deficit that would persist even if the economy were at the full-employment level.

Which of the following is true about the effects of running a budget deficit on a recession?

It can help end a recession by decreasing spending.

Indirect crowding out is a positive effect of running a deficit.

Steadily growing defense spending is one of the reasons deficits persist even during the expansionary phase of the business cycle.

False

If the government borrows to expand the productive capacity of the economy and put idle resources to work, then future generations will

inherit a larger capital stock and enjoy a higher output.

In the long run, internal debt will hurt the economy because when money leaves the country, it is not being used to help the economy.

The effect that debt has on an economy depends upon how large the debt is relative to the size of the economy.

True

Macroeconomics

This is what i have answered Say’s law states that supply creates its own demand

Question

this is what i have answered.

Say’s law states that supply creates its own demand

because:

prices are such that producers know exactly how much to produce in the short run.

In the classical model, the economy will tend toward full employment because of

the lack of inflation

The quantity theory of money held that, in the long run, the level of output was dependent on the stock of money and the price level.

True

Classical economists believed that the level of real output is determined by the:

labor market equilibrium.

Say

Keynes felt that a failing of classical theory was that neither labor markets nor product markets can be counted on to be self-regulating.

A major shortcoming of the quantity theory of money is that it cannot explain short-run fluctuations in the level of output and employment.

True

Keynes blamed economic downturns primarily on:

declines in the interest rate.

poor governmental management.

the instability of consumption.

the instability of investment.

Classical economists believed that the role of the government should be

limited, more prominent, while Keynes believed the government should intervene when necessary.

According to the Keynesian consumption function, if disposable income increases, saving will increase but consumption will be unchanged.

False

If U.S. spending for foreign-made autos increases while foreign spending for autos made in the United States decreases, ceteris paribus, then

U.S. national income will increase.

A given change in business investment spending will cause a larger change in equilibrium national income. This statement expresses an important Keynesian concept called the marginal propensity to consume,consumption function

If MPS = 1/3, the value of the expenditure multiplier is 5.0.

False

If the AE curve shifts upward, then the AD curve shifts to the right.

What is the appropriate fiscal policy when an economy goes into recession?

Increasing taxes

An increase in government spending shifts the AD curve to the

right

If Y = $3,000, Y* = $3,900, and MPC = 0.9, the economy is not experiencing high inflation False

Discretionary fiscal policy has primarily demand side effects but can affect aggregate supply as well through the structure of tax changes or the composition of spending.

Excise taxes are not an automatic stabilizer.

If MFC is 0.8, then a $30 billion decrease in business investment spending will cause national income and output to increase by $150 billion.

False

Milton Friedman believes that the Keynesian consumption function does NOT reflect the way people behave because it considers only the current income of a household.

.

The lags for fiscal policy can be long and variable, thus making fiscal policy difficult to implement.

The political business cycle is a result of the use of fiscal policy to influence the outcome of elections.

False

Which of the following is NOT a Keynesian argument for using fiscal policy to influence the level of output and employment?

Inflation will necessarily accompany unemployment unless there is direct government intervention.

The difference between this year’s receipts and this year’s expenditures by the federal government is revenue

.

The philosophy of a cyclically balanced budget calls for the budget to be balanced every year.

True

If the structural deficit is negative (= structural surplus), fiscal policy is

neutral.

A structural deficit is the part of a deficit that would persist even if the economy were at the full-employment level.

Which of the following is true about the effects of running a budget deficit on a recession?

It can help end a recession by decreasing spending.

Indirect crowding out is a positive effect of running a deficit.

Steadily growing defense spending is one of the reasons deficits persist even during the expansionary phase of the business cycle.

False

If the government borrows to expand the productive capacity of the economy and put idle resources to work, then future generations will

inherit a larger capital stock and enjoy a higher output.

In the long run, internal debt will hurt the economy because when money leaves the country, it is not being used to help the economy.

The effect that debt has on an economy depends upon how large the debt is relative to the size of the economy.

True

Macroeconomics

Which of the following is an inductive argument?A All beings are made up of matter and

Question

Which of the following is an inductive argument?

A. All beings are made up of matter and

form.

All living beings are beings.

Therefore, all living beings are made up of matter and form.

B. All living beings are made up of matter and form.

Hylomorphism is a theory that best explains why all living beings are made up of matter and form.

Therefore, hylomorphism is true.

C. No one has proved that there is a living being entirely made up of form without any matter.

Therefore, all living beings are made up of matter and form.

D. If Aristotle’s theory of hylomorphism is true, then all living beings are made up of matter and form.

Aristotle was just some clueless guy who died a long time before Darwin.

Therefore, Aristotle’s theory of hylomorphism is false.

Philosophy

Which of the following is an inductive argument?A All beings are made up of matter and

Question

Which of the following is an inductive argument?

A. All beings are made up of matter and

form.

All living beings are beings.

Therefore, all living beings are made up of matter and form.

B. All living beings are made up of matter and form.

Hylomorphism is a theory that best explains why all living beings are made up of matter and form.

Therefore, hylomorphism is true.

C. No one has proved that there is a living being entirely made up of form without any matter.

Therefore, all living beings are made up of matter and form.

D. If Aristotle’s theory of hylomorphism is true, then all living beings are made up of matter and form.

Aristotle was just some clueless guy who died a long time before Darwin.

Therefore, Aristotle’s theory of hylomorphism is false.

Philosophy

Here is a description of a classic experiment in social psychology that I am curious to know your thoughts

Question

Here is a description of a classic experiment in social psychology that I am curious to know your thoughts

about:

From 1951-1958, social psychologist Solomon Asch conducted experiments to explore individual conformity to group pressure. He told subjects that he was conducting a vision test. He showed subjects a single line, and then asked the subjects to compare the single line to a set of three lines and to identify which of the three lines was the same length as the single line. The correct answer was always obvious, and subjects had no trouble getting the right answer – when they were alone.

Asch had actors pretending to be fellow subjects come into the room to take the test with a real subject, but he had the actors give the wrong answers.

If there were only one or two actors giving the wrong answers, the subjects typically continued to give the obvious, correct answer. But when there were three or more actors in the room, all giving the wrong answers before it was the subjects’ turn to answer, the subjects began conforming to group opinion and gave the obviously wrong answer 33% of the time.

However, when there was at least one actor giving the correct answer before the subjects’ turn to answer came up, the subjects reverted back to giving the correct answer.

What are your thoughts on this experiment? Why did those people give the wrong answer when it was obvious what the right answer was? Do you think this experiment says something more general about the way we think or act in group situations?

Philosophy

Here is a description of a classic experiment in social psychology that I am curious to know your thoughts

Question

Here is a description of a classic experiment in social psychology that I am curious to know your thoughts

about:

From 1951-1958, social psychologist Solomon Asch conducted experiments to explore individual conformity to group pressure. He told subjects that he was conducting a vision test. He showed subjects a single line, and then asked the subjects to compare the single line to a set of three lines and to identify which of the three lines was the same length as the single line. The correct answer was always obvious, and subjects had no trouble getting the right answer – when they were alone.

Asch had actors pretending to be fellow subjects come into the room to take the test with a real subject, but he had the actors give the wrong answers.

If there were only one or two actors giving the wrong answers, the subjects typically continued to give the obvious, correct answer. But when there were three or more actors in the room, all giving the wrong answers before it was the subjects’ turn to answer, the subjects began conforming to group opinion and gave the obviously wrong answer 33% of the time.

However, when there was at least one actor giving the correct answer before the subjects’ turn to answer came up, the subjects reverted back to giving the correct answer.

What are your thoughts on this experiment? Why did those people give the wrong answer when it was obvious what the right answer was? Do you think this experiment says something more general about the way we think or act in group situations?

Philosophy

Need help with these questions! For Exercise 6 1 it’s 2 3 4 6 8 For exercise 6 2 it’s 2 5 6 7 11 For exercise

Question

Need help with these questions! For Exercise 6.1 it’s 2,3,4,6,8. For exercise 6.2 it’s 2,5,6,7,11. For exercise

6.4 it’s 1,3,4,6. And for Exercise 6.6 it’s 1,3,6,7,8,10. I need all correct answer to get an A please!

Exercise 6.1
2. Disjunction- either, or
3. Conditional – if
4. Disjunction- that
6. Disjunction- either, or
8. Conjunction- and
Exercise 6.2
2. S→I
5. ~C
6. X→Y
7. P↔Q
10. ~B
Exercise 6.4
1….
Philosophy

Need help with these questions! For Exercise 6 1 it’s 2 3 4 6 8 For exercise 6 2 it’s 2 5 6 7 11 For exercise

Question

Need help with these questions! For Exercise 6.1 it’s 2,3,4,6,8. For exercise 6.2 it’s 2,5,6,7,11. For exercise

6.4 it’s 1,3,4,6. And for Exercise 6.6 it’s 1,3,6,7,8,10. I need all correct answer to get an A please!

Exercise 6.1
2. Disjunction- either, or
3. Conditional – if
4. Disjunction- that
6. Disjunction- either, or
8. Conjunction- and
Exercise 6.2
2. S→I
5. ~C
6. X→Y
7. P↔Q
10. ~B
Exercise 6.4
1….
Philosophy

What statement is true of postmodernism?Question 1 options it denies our ability to be

Question

What statement is true of post-modernism?

Question 1 options:

it denies our ability to be

fully subjective

it denies our ability to have absolute certainty in knowledge

it affirms our use of the idealist approach to philosophy

it affirms our use of the concept of progress

Question 2

Post-modernism has favored which form of historical thinking?

Question 2 options:

nominalism

skepticism

the meta-narrative (grands recit)

the micro-narrative (petit recits)

Question 3

The pre-modern age is typically defined by what main paradigm?

Question 3 options:

use of critical sources for scholarship

the myth of progress

the presence of bias (subjective)

the content of facts (objective)

Question 4

Who said Truth is what works?

Question 4 options:

Husserl

Hegel

Heidegger

James

Question 5

Phenomenology, which rejects classical metaphysics, is also known as:

Question 5 options:

pragmatism

post-modernism

continental philosophy

existentialism

Question 6

Scientism is a concept that:

Question 6 options:

focuses on the world as we experience it, as it appears to us

breaks down claims into clear, logical statements and eliminates nonsensical ones

reduces truth to matters that can be verified by empirical means

argues that only particular things, not universals, really exist

Question 7

Schopenhauer believed:

Question 7 options:

we could know the world, just not through our reason

we can know the world around us through universal forms

we cannot change the world (skepticism)

we cannot know the world as it really is

Question 8

Post-modernism encompasses all of these terms except:

Question 8 options:

post-structuralism

reconstruction

pragmatic realism

deconstruction

Question 9

‘American exceptionalism’ is a term meaning:

Question 9 options:

America is the exception to the rule for culture and tradition

America accepts anyone as part of a pluralistic society

America is distinct from, or superior to, other nations of the world

Americans are practical people

Question 10

Hegel’s method of dialectic included all but

the following:

Question 10 options:

exegesis

thesis

synthesis

antithesis

Philosophy

Plato and Aristotle held different views about the value of the influence of poetry plays and dramatic or

Question

Plato and Aristotle held different views about the value of the influence of poetry, plays, and dramatic or

literary narratives on people’s moral character and ethical knowledge. Briefly explain the views of each philosopher on this issue, and then compare their positions with the discussion in society today about the subject of violence in films, television, and video games. In your view, who gets it right, Plato or Aristotle? Explain and defend your choice using whatever evidence you believe to be relevant.

Philosophy

What statement is true of postmodernism?Question 1 options it denies our ability to be

Question

What statement is true of post-modernism?

Question 1 options:

it denies our ability to be

fully subjective

it denies our ability to have absolute certainty in knowledge

it affirms our use of the idealist approach to philosophy

it affirms our use of the concept of progress

Question 2

Post-modernism has favored which form of historical thinking?

Question 2 options:

nominalism

skepticism

the meta-narrative (grands recit)

the micro-narrative (petit recits)

Question 3

The pre-modern age is typically defined by what main paradigm?

Question 3 options:

use of critical sources for scholarship

the myth of progress

the presence of bias (subjective)

the content of facts (objective)

Question 4

Who said Truth is what works?

Question 4 options:

Husserl

Hegel

Heidegger

James

Question 5

Phenomenology, which rejects classical metaphysics, is also known as:

Question 5 options:

pragmatism

post-modernism

continental philosophy

existentialism

Question 6

Scientism is a concept that:

Question 6 options:

focuses on the world as we experience it, as it appears to us

breaks down claims into clear, logical statements and eliminates nonsensical ones

reduces truth to matters that can be verified by empirical means

argues that only particular things, not universals, really exist

Question 7

Schopenhauer believed:

Question 7 options:

we could know the world, just not through our reason

we can know the world around us through universal forms

we cannot change the world (skepticism)

we cannot know the world as it really is

Question 8

Post-modernism encompasses all of these terms except:

Question 8 options:

post-structuralism

reconstruction

pragmatic realism

deconstruction

Question 9

‘American exceptionalism’ is a term meaning:

Question 9 options:

America is the exception to the rule for culture and tradition

America accepts anyone as part of a pluralistic society

America is distinct from, or superior to, other nations of the world

Americans are practical people

Question 10

Hegel’s method of dialectic included all but

the following:

Question 10 options:

exegesis

thesis

synthesis

antithesis

Philosophy

Plato and Aristotle held different views about the value of the influence of poetry plays and dramatic or

Question

Plato and Aristotle held different views about the value of the influence of poetry, plays, and dramatic or

literary narratives on people’s moral character and ethical knowledge. Briefly explain the views of each philosopher on this issue, and then compare their positions with the discussion in society today about the subject of violence in films, television, and video games. In your view, who gets it right, Plato or Aristotle? Explain and defend your choice using whatever evidence you believe to be relevant.

Philosophy

1) What is religion not?

2) Select one of the following proofs for the existence of God:

Question

religion not?

2) Select one of the following proofs for the existence of God:

the ontological, cosmological, or teleological proof. Explain how the proof attempts to explain God’s existence and identify the associated with your selected proof. What are the merits of the argument? What does the argument take seriously about God’s existence?

3) Now, identify at least two counterarguments against the proof you selected in the previous question. Who is the philosopher associated with each counterargument? What do they say is flawed about the ontological or cosmological or teleological proof? What are the merits of their counterargument?

Philosophy

1) What is religion not?

2) Select one of the following proofs for the existence of God:

Question

religion not?

2) Select one of the following proofs for the existence of God:

the ontological, cosmological, or teleological proof. Explain how the proof attempts to explain God’s existence and identify the associated with your selected proof. What are the merits of the argument? What does the argument take seriously about God’s existence?

3) Now, identify at least two counterarguments against the proof you selected in the previous question. Who is the philosopher associated with each counterargument? What do they say is flawed about the ontological or cosmological or teleological proof? What are the merits of their counterargument?

Philosophy

Are we free or determined?Behaviorists such as John Watson and B F Skinner believed that human behavior

Question

Are we free or determined?

Behaviorists such as John Watson and B. F. Skinner believed that human behavior

is determined by past events in our lives. Rather than being free, autonomous agents, we are the products of past conditioning. This raises serious questions about what extent we can hold people morally responsible for their actions.

Existentialists believe we as humans are defined by our freedom. Thus we have the responsibility to choose and follow moral principles and can be held entirely accountable for our actions and choices.

Philosophy

Are we free or determined?Behaviorists such as John Watson and B F Skinner believed that human behavior

Question

Are we free or determined?

Behaviorists such as John Watson and B. F. Skinner believed that human behavior

is determined by past events in our lives. Rather than being free, autonomous agents, we are the products of past conditioning. This raises serious questions about what extent we can hold people morally responsible for their actions.

Existentialists believe we as humans are defined by our freedom. Thus we have the responsibility to choose and follow moral principles and can be held entirely accountable for our actions and choices.

Philosophy

Page Requirements This is to be a

3-5 page essay on human nature. In this paper, you

Question

Page Requirements: This is to be a 3-5 page essay on human nature. In this paper, you

should discuss theories of two or three philosophers which we have discussed in class. You should incorporate into your paper some key ideas and central points made by at least two articles (Human All Too Human by Friedrich Nietzsche Existentialism, Humanism, and Bad Faith by Jean-Paul Sartre) which have been assigned; parenthetical notation will be sufficient for citing any sources contained in our textbook. Outside sources, if used, must be properly cited. If no outside sources are used, then no bibliography is needed.

Page Format: Typed, double-spaced, 12-point font Times Roman, with one inch margins and pages numbered. Label your paragraphs Introduction, Reason 1, Reason 2, Objection, Reply to Objection and Conclusion.

Paper is due on December 18th. Thank you in advance!

Running head: HUMAN NATURE 1 Human Nature
Student Name
University Name
December 15, 2016 HUMAN NATURE 2
Human Nature Human nature is essentially the very ground of each development of man. Nature…
Philosophy

What is the causal claim at issue?Scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National

Question

What is the causal claim at issue?

Scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National

Laboratory in California report that they have isolated and cloned two human genes that control and repair defective and damaged cells. A biophysicist and a biologist at the laboratory inserted the cloned normal genes from human DNA into the genetically defective cells of Chinese hamsters. The human repair genes took over the cellular machinery of the hamsters and corrected their defects, the scientists said. Approximately two-thirds of the cells that received the cloned genes returned to normal, while only about one-tenth of one percent of similar, untreated cells achieved a normal condition. It is hoped that the research will eventually produce an effective treatment for radiation-damaged tissue in humans, according to a spokesman for the laboratory.

The figures are hypothetical, invented to illustrate studies at Lawrence Livermore laboratores, as reported by David Perlman in the San Francisco Chronicle. [MP]

A. Certain cloned human genes can repair damaged cells in hamsters.

B. Scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California report that they have isolated and cloned two human genes.

C. Approximately two-thirds of the cells that received the cloned genes returned to normal, while only about one-tenth of one percent of similar, untreated cells achieved a normal condition.

D. A biophysicist and a biologist at the laboratory inserted the cloned normal genes from human DNA into the genetically defective cells of Chinese hamsters.

Philosophy

I’m doing a research paper on Phaedo’s account of the soul I have been reading plato’s arguments for the

Question

I’m doing a research paper on Phaedo’s account of the soul. I have been reading plato’s arguments for the

immortality of soul: argument of the opposites, recollection argument, affinity argument, Theory of Forms. I think i have a rough picture but having a hard time putting together what exactly is the Socrates/ platonic belief of the soul. Could you give clarification on what’s important to take away from the arguments and generally what did he believe the soul exactly is? To help me, have less brain stress and start typing with clear ideas. Thank you.

Philosophy

One of the concepts in this week’s reading is called

availability error, which is the tendency to be

Question

One of the concepts in this week’s reading is called availability error, which is the tendency to be

persuaded by information not because it is strong, but because it is psychologically available: fresh or recent in our minds, or particularly striking or vivid as a mental image or memory. For instance, I know that the odds of being on a commercial jet plane when it crashes are very, very low; in fact, it is safer to be up in the air in a commercial jet plane than it is to be down here on the ground! I know that rationally, and yet, if I see a news story about a plane crash around the same time that I have a plane trip scheduled, I must admit to getting a little nervous about flying. The news story makes me feel that the chances of being in a plane crash are stronger than they really are.

In the 1970s, two psychologists created a question designed to provide evidence for the concept of availability error. They asked this question to professional statisticians, people who should definitely not get the wrong answer. (We can be forgiven for getting the wrong answer, though, and I must confess that I chose the wrong answer the first time I answered this question.) Here is the question:

Linda is 31 years old, single, outspoken, and very bright. She majored in philosophy. As a student, she was deeply concerned with issues of discrimination and social justice, and also participated in anti-nuclear demonstrations.

Which statement is more probable:

A) Linda is a bank teller.

B) Linda is a bank teller and is active in the feminist movement.

Did you choose B? (I chose B the first time.) But, alas, the correct answer is A.

Why does B seem like the right answer? How does the description of Linda lead us to answer B? And how do you think this an example of availability error? Does the idea of availability error seem correct to you? Can you think of any examples of availability error from your life or from your own observations?

Philosophy