Budd and Edwards (1997, p. 173) argues that this is an adjunct of decentralization of political and economic powers which have caused regions and cities such as those within France and Germany to become more competitive and seek comparative advantage over other cities. Jessop (1998, p. 78) adds that the Lisbon Strategy of 2000 presented contributed to the competitiveness within the region by presenting a European Union (EU)’s goal of becoming the most competitive, knowledge based and dynamic among the world economies. Past scientific literature demonstrates that cities and regions within the EU compete for several objective based reasons. These include competition for investment, economic growth, population and public funds. This essay gives a critical analysis and discussion of the competition among regions and cities within the EU. A theoretical understanding and explanation of the objectives behind the competition is also presented.Regions and cities within the European Union have demonstrated a competitive approach to development and growth with the support of EU and national policies. According to Lever (1998, p. 1030), cities and regions within the EU compete for mobile investment in manufacturing and production. Each region and city within the EU desires to utilize the resources at its disposal too maximize production or manufacturing and as a result become the most productive of the territories within the Union (Committee On Spatial Development, 1999, p. 9). With the increased competition for resources within the EU, states are currently competing for various forms of wealth (Cox, 1995, p. 213). This involves competitive fight for dominance within the housing and property sector, labor market, information technology and the development of commerce. Lever (1998, p. 1034) explains that the competitiveness of the EU regions and cities is said to be fueled by the support of the EU competition law in additional to the supportive national policies which encourage competition.
This essay compares and contrasts these plays in terms of the social critique they offer. They both criticise the socio-economic structures of their societies for offering empty dreams to workers and skewing definitions of success and happiness, when in reality, their poverty is permanent most of the time. The Cherry Orchard, however, offers a more positive regard for dreamers, who do something about their dreams rather than passively waiting for it to come true, and it also respects the weaknesses of the human race for folly and insecurity as an essential part of their being.Capitalism somehow supports economic equality because of the economic opportunities it can offer to the poor and working classes of society. At the beginning of the twentieth century, feudalism is transitioning to capitalism in Russia. The Cherry Orchard exposes changes in the social class structure, where the defeat of the cultured elite is prominent (Brand and Moe, 2009, p. 1). Chekhov describes Madame Ranevskaya’s household as a representation of the past, in particular, the passing of the semifeudal existence of Russian landowners on their country estates (Buckner, 2010, p. 2). Ranevskaya stands for the weakening Russian aristocracy, which has declined after centuries of being accustomed to an extravagant lifestyle. The aristocrats are used to benign power, and soon, the semi-educated, but determined, middle-class usurped their economic status. Lopakhin is the son of a serf in Ranevskaya’s orchard, but because of his perseverance, which aristocrats seldom had, he became wealthy and powerful. He represents the working class, having fruitfully climbed the social ladder. Despite his success, he has developed learned inferiority and believes that he will always be a lower-class individual: …youll find Im still a peasant down to the marrow of my bones (Chekhov, 1904, Act 1). He is paradoxically rich on the outside, but poor in
He recommends that the enhanced features and additional protections offered by paid-for versions are worth the extra money. One reason consumers don’t protect their computers properly is that they feel shelling out money for anti-virus software is a scam or too painful on the budget, so this article supports my recommendation of using paid-for scanning software.This is an extremely short article but does make some interesting recommendations, such as carefully researching freeware, dashboard add-ons, and screensavers before downloading them. If the company does not pass the research test or other users have experienced problems, those programs should be avoided.Garcia recommends taking a proactive approach to infections by using the most cutting-edge software to prevent rather than cure computer infections. He notes that integrated systems are probably better than standalone software. This article helps to shape my recommendation that preventing computer problems is an overall approach, even though that requires more attention and management from the end user.A series of good tips for avoiding crashes, bugs and virus problems, including the typical advice of using the most up to date antivirus software, carefully checking all incoming files and links, and creating system backups. Good basic support opinion for several points in my essay.Short article containing almost the same tips as several others, but does give the web addresses of a few resources that warrant further investigation for this essay such as the US Department of Energy’s Hoaxbusters page and the Computer Associates Virus Encyclopedia.Historical background for the beginning of computer virus era. Jelinski presents a simplified overview of the origins of viruses and how to avoid them. This is relevant to my essay because the article presents the same simple advice given for the past 12 years.
(Mason, 2007, p.50) As the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act represents the largest reform in health policy in over 50 years, the specific impact needs to be understood for each individual, group, and institution in the sector. Native Americans receive certain benefits under public law that are intended to improve historical conditions related to discrimination and poverty in communities, and these policies can be made more effective by informed implementation. 10 11 Funding for Treatment 11 Funding for Prevention 11 Funding for Education 12 Recommendation to the Institute of Medicine 2010 13 Policy Implementation 13 Policy Implementation Goals 14 The Role of Nursing in Policy Implementation 14 Diabetes Treatment Long Term Care 15 Conclusion 15 The Use of Public Resources in Health Care 16 The Need to Address Minority Issues Related to Ethnic Discrimination 16 Nursing through Educated Care-giving 17 References 18 Appendix 20 Diabetes in Urban Native American Populations Introduction The loss of the traditional Native American lifestyle has led to an increase in the prevalence of diabetes in Indian people across America. As Dorothy Gohdes wrote in Diabetes in North American Indians and Alaska Natives (1995), The epidemic of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in Native American communities has occurred primarily during the second half of this century. Although NIDDM has a genetic component, with rates highest in full-blooded Native Americans, the incidence and prevalence of the disease have increased dramatically as traditional lifestyles have been abandoned in favor of westernization, with accompanying increases in body weight and diminished physical activity. (Gohdes, 1995, p.1) The problem of diabetes in Native American urban populations is one that has been recognized and studied by a wide range of government organizations as a priority in public health care policy. The reasons for this include the fact that Native Americans are statistically in the lower range of socio-economic status in society, often lacking official health care insurance or the means to pay for it for themselves or their children. More than 67% of Native families live below the federal poverty line.(Seva, 2011, para. 1) The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act includes numerous clauses and exceptions that are written specifically for the health care needs of Native Americans living outside of traditional reservations. Additionally, the Act provides for specific policies to be implemented with regard to diabetes treatment. (U.S. Senate, 2011, p.63) According to the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act reauthorize(s) and amend(s) the Indian Health Care Improvement Act. (Effective upon enactment) (The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2011, p.13) This essay is a policy review of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act that will focus specifically on the issues related to diabetes in Native American communities in urban areas, suggesting approaches in treatment, prevention, and education that can work within public
It is no longer a secret that the people responsible for making sure that the financial system is stable in the United States helped because of the 2007-10 crises. The Financial Guardians in the US and Europe established policies that encouraged adverse credit allocation and a lot of risk-taking by their financial institutions. They still stood by the same policies even after learning of the impending financial problems. Financial Guardians in the United States have at many times chose and maintained policies that have always led to the crisis. This counter reacted to the crisis by adding other rules and establishing newer regulatory boards with more powers granted by Congress. Anderson and Timmons (2007), give an example evident where the regulators never reacted to the extraordinary increase in the financial institutions’ advantage. This could not react to the movement of assets worth trillions of dollars from the bank’s balance sheet. This shows how the regulators did not do their work. Increasing the regulator’s power without checking the problem and trying to regulate it helps in solving nothing. The aim of this essay to examine the causes, consequences, and the government responses of the current world financial crisis faced in the United Kingdom and China. When the crisis broke out, it gets believed that the United Kingdom economy would not fall to the financial turbulence.This was because of the thriving real economy that was strong on export growth and substantial financial position of businesses and households. However, according to Anderson and Timmons (2007), this changed in late 2008, following the rescue of Fannie Mae and Freddy Mac, the subsequent bankruptcy of the Lehman brothers and the growing fear of the Insurance powerhouse, American International Group (AIG) dragging down leading financial institutions in United Kingdom and the United States of America in its wake. Market valuations of financial institutions disappeared. panic emerged in stock markets as investors ran for the sovereign bonds. The financial crisis was now a reality. Banks became forced to restrain credit allocation. Asset markets fell rapidly in the UK. With the trade credit getting expensive, firms saw their sales fall and stockpile up. The huge exposure of the United Kingdom to America’s subprime problem was soon evident in 2007 when BNP Paribas froze the resurrection of three investment funds, claiming inability to correctly value the structured products. Because of this, the risks between financial institutions grew drastically as shown by the high-interest rates charged by the bank amongst themselves for short term loans. Still, at this point, the observers were still not alert that the systematic changes will create a problem. According to Adrian Shin (2008), in 2008 with the fall of America’s Bear Steams and Northern Rock Bank and Landes Bank in UK things took a turn.
The emergence of carers’ critical roles in augmenting parental support continues to influence the design and delivery of services catered to children’s needs.The primary purpose of this essay is to critically analyze why support for parents and carers is considered to be important and to determine the implications that this may have for the way in which children’s services are designed and delivered.A parent is simply defined as a father or mother. one who begets or one who gives birth to or nurtures and raises a child. a relative who plays the role of a guardian. (WordNet 2008) By the definition alone, other members of the immediate family who nurtures and raises a child, aside from the biological parents, are also considered under the term. Specifically, carers are defined in the information sheet on the National Respite for Carers Program (NRCP) as a person who, through family relationship or friendship, looks after a frail older person or someone with a disability or chronic illness. Carers look after these people in the community or in their own homes (DoHA, 2006). Although the definition of a carer, in this regard, did not include nurturing or raising children, Leverett (2008) averred that carers…can include siblings, other family members and neighbours, as well as statutory and voluntary care provided by foster carers and residential care staff (p. 48).Due to the expanded roles identified as responsible for the children’s wellbeing, parental responsibility should be emphasized. Leverett (2008, p. 48) stipulated that parental responsibility governs all the rights, duties, powers and responsibilities which by law a parent of a child has in relation to the child. The relevance of identifying person or persons considered as having parental responsibility in determining accountabilities in decision making regarding a child’s welfare.Parenting, being a multifaceted process, involves living with the child and performing discrete activities or physical tasks such as preparing food, buying and washing their clothes or liaising with health and education professionals.
The profession is not to receive honors but to dedicate their lives to the service of God, the pastoral ministry, and humanity. They should lead a simple life in a spirit of self-denial. Things should be given up knowingly and willingly. The burdens and responsibilities of the job should be clearly known before coming into this vocation. The virtues that a priest needs for ministering in the Church are sincerity of mind, a constant concern for justice, fidelity to one’s promises, refinement in manners, modesty in speech coupled with charity. The Pope no more has any jurisdiction over the Church in England. While the selection procedure, the basic training, and practices remain the same, the priests today look at this traditional occupation as a profession. This essay would examine the changes that have taken place in the Church. It would also determine what sort of theological training is necessary for a priest to shoulder his responsibilities.Before understanding the role of priests, it would help to know the attitude and beliefs of the people towards religion and Christianity. Religion is on the decline and the pews are empty. A report by The Children’s Society (2003) states that spirituality has a very positive effect on the well being of young people. The report found that three-fourths of the young people who pray daily have a sense of purpose in life compared to the 40% who never pray. Fifty percent of those who never pray even consider committing suicide. The Reverend Baroness Richardson of Calow, Chairman of the Commission on Urban Life and Faith has rightly said, Spirituality is too often taken for granted, but when it is absent, the results clearly show a negative mark on young peoples well-being. Religion and spirituality of urban young people can definitely enhance their well-being, but what exactly is the reason for their turning away from religion and spirituality?
Moreover, it is likely that overweight children eventually develop into obese adults, who are faced with numerous problems associated with excess weight such as high blood pressure, heart diseases, respiratory problems, and many such complications. In order to save children from problems of obesity, it is important for schools to be more involved with childhood obesity. This essay is a critical discussion of the methods through which schools can assist kids in loose weight. Physical education has been highlighted as one of the significant techniques for facilitating weight loss. Other methods such as controlled lunch programs and classes that teach proper nutrition and body health have been discussed.Physical education is significant in helping the children in schools to become physically active which helps them to burn excess calories in the body. It helps in increasing the amount of energy used thereby helping in weight loss. The benefits associated with physical education are wide-ranging. These are mainly health benefits such as improvement of the blood pressure as well as the fat deposits. It is usually beneficial to children especially when it creates enthusiasm through activities such as playing (ERIC Digest 1990). Competitive sporting activities are also significant in reducing weight but they are not the only way towards the achievement of weight loss in kids. They may even discourage some kids from participating due to the embarrassment caused by losing in competitions.Teachers of physical education can be useful in developing physical education plans that kids can not. Weight loss is achieved when the kids participate in physical activities progressively with the teacher’s guidance. The more enthusiastic they are the higher the achievements in terms of weight loss. The most significant role that schools play in providing an avenue for guided physical activities. This is due to the fact that parents may not have enough time for taking their kids on weight lossexercises due to limited time (American Obesity Association 2002). They may not possess the desired knowledge that is important in determining how to approach the issue of physical education.
of such sanctions were widely covered by the international media and as a result of this coverage, debates have been taking place about the utility and effective use of economic sanctions. When diplomacy has failed and states have entrenched positions about the stand that they have taken, then sanctions can be considered as being a logical outcome of any strong differences, short of an all-out war. However, sanctions have been observed as being rather ineffective in changing the policies of those who have been sanctioned, and those who suffer most are the innocent civilians, as the ruling elites strengthen their control on precious resources. Calls have been made to develop smart sanctions which will have a smaller impact on civilians, but the debate about the use of sanctions in the conduct of international statecraft continues. It is possible for states to use sanctions as a tool for coercion against weaker nations, although in an era of globalization and global institutions, it is less likely that any unilateral sanctions will not be taken into consideration by other nations of the globe. This brief essay presents a discussion about whether sanctions are a humane alternative to war or simply another tool for coercion in statecraft.When Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait in August 1990, the United Nations, which was led by the United States of America, imposed comprehensive economic sanctions on Iraq, including a ban on all financial transactions with the country, a ban on the purchase of Iraqi oil, suspension of all flights to Iraq, the freezing of Iraqi assets overseas and an arms embargo (Bengtsson, 2002, Pp. 1 -6). These sanctions were designed to punish and contain the Saddam Hussein led government of Iraq for its invasion of Kuwait and its threatening stance against other countries in the region. Iraq, under Saddam Hussein, had a demonstrated stance of military aggression against other countries for trivial reasons which had resulted in the loss of numerous human lives and the country had not desisted from the use of weapons of mass destruction.
Product quality and production flow are also factors that affect sales and profit. They have various ways through which they affect sales and profit (Shaharudin, Mansor, Hassan, Omar Harun, 2011, p. 8163. Shetty Buehler, 1991, p. 8). The extent, through which product quality and production flow can increase sales and profit, can only be shown by explaining the effect of these two factors on sales and profit. How improving these factors can lead to increased sales and profit, will clearly be produced in the explanations given about their effects. The essay is, therefore, divided into two main sections: The effects of product quality on sales and profit, and the effect of productive flow-on sales and profit. These will show the relationship between product quality and production flow to sales and profit hence. help in understanding how improving the two factors can lead to increased sales and profit. The main element that brings value to a customer in the market offering is the product. A product is more than a tangible object. It includes performance quality, service features, brand name, design, and packaging. The quality of a product is very important since it affects the product performance and so is connected to customer satisfaction and value (Shaharudin, Mansor, Hassan, Omar Harun, 2011, p. 8164). Consumers of today seek high-quality products. The only problem is different perceptions held by customers about quality. Any company interested in selling its products should conduct thorough market research, depending on the type of product they have, to determine what their consumers perceive as high quality. Consumers in the United States, for example, rank quality based on the reliability of a product, durability, easy maintenance, ease of use, brand name and the price. This is specifically on motor cycle products (Shaharudin, Mansor, Hassan, Omar Harun, 2011, p. 8164). Improving the quality of a product, therefore, increases the sales of a product. Sales depend on customer satisfaction and value, and product quality is one way of satisfying the customer and offering something of value depending on the customer. The extent to which product quality affects sales is great. This is because, for goods to be sold, customers have to want, need or prefer them. Preference is most common where there are a variety of products with different features, prices, brand names, quality and so on. Product quality is a determining factor in preference for a product, so affects sales. Customer satisfaction and value is vast. There are different customers with different tastes, needs, and economic capability. All these determine the preference hence the intent to purchase a product (Shaharudin, Mansor, Hassan, Omar Harun, 2011, p. 8164). Product quality is the totality of a product or service characteristics that give the product or service the ability to satisfy given needs. If a product fulfills a customer’s expectations, the customer becomes satisfied and begins to build loyalty. Loyalty is developed through trust and a positive relationship with the customer. Customer loyalty retains customers and contributes to the number of sales made in a given period of time. This clearly indicates one of the various ways through which product quality affects sales. Increasing sales requires retaining of customers and attracting new ones.
There are some extremely essential services marketing strategy that Adventure out Australia can utilize to maximize its income in its business. The essay below provides several service marketing mix strategies that the company can employ to maximize its profit (Adventure out Australia website). Products For a company to be successful in a competitive market, it ought to have competition advantages over its competitors. Their products should be of high quality and attractive to potential customers. It must also provide variety of quality products to its customers (Borden 2005). Adventure outside Australia has created a variety of quality products. Some of the main service products the tourist company offers to their customers include. rock climbing, abseiling, outdoor and education adventures group games, and trekking. The Adventure outside Australia Company has a good reputation for producing quality services to their customers. Its supremacy in the tourist sector in Australia in 1990s was due to its quality service products. To be in a position to compete in the dynamic market, Adventure outside Australia Company should undertake frequent market survey to identify the customers’ needs. The company survey should focus on local and international markets. The company should also utilize good relationship between the local owners and the company to comprehend the requirements of the customers. On the other hand, due to the emergence of many companies which have copied their products, the company has to advance the quality of their products. The company should also consider opening new market in new geographical areas. To have the competition advantages in the market, Adventure out Australia need to come up and introduce new quality products in the market. It also needs to focus on the performance of their products and how best to improve the quality of its services. People The use of appropriate staffing is exceptionally indispensable ingredients in service delivery. The services offered by the company depend on the company employees. As a result of this, employees in a company have the ability to either make or break a company. For a company to have competition advantage in the market, it must demonstrate that its staffs are better than other competitors staffs (Kotler, 2000). Over the years, Adventure out Australia Company has emerged victorious in offering quality training to its employees. They have quality facilitators and staffs who offer quality services to customers. Adventure out Australia should therefore work toward improving the quality of their employees to meet the modern international market demands. Frequent seminars and training programs is extremely relevant in ensuring employees advancements in their services delivery to customers. To have advantages in the market, the company has the responsibility of maintaining the quality of their employees by mentoring and motivating them. Outstanding performers need to be recognized and rewarded. This initiative will motivate employees toward improving their service delivery. On the other hand, promotion, remuneration, and recruitment should be on merit bases. Adequate staffing is also relevant in improving the quality of the services offered by the company employees to the company customers. Having quality people in the company will in this case place the adventure out Australia at a better position in the market competition. Physical Evidence
The students with special needs are the ones to be cared mostly by the teachers and the society. They have to be given instructions in accordance with the talents in them. They are also a part of the general education. James R. Delisle et al put inclusive education as, inclusion would mean that students with special learning or behavioral needs would spend their days in regular classroom, accompanied by a special education teacher or an aide who would assist them in acclimatizing to their setting (Delisle et al., 2002, p.72). The writers still say that a teacher should understand the way to arrange the students to different groups in order to enhance their learning abilities. Different norms have to be followed to group the students. Sometimes the teacher should make ability grouping, and mixed ability grouping and at other occasions ability co-operative groups and cluster grouping (Delisle et al., 2002, p.72). All these have to enable a clear cut strategy for the evaluation and monitoring of students with special needs in the classroom. The present essay tries to make the different ways of evaluating and monitoring the instructions and its results in inclusive education with a special emphasis to the tool of assessment. … The standard 8 of this program involves with Assessment. It assesses the children with the learning aspects. The proponents of this council say that with the standard 8 certain skills are to be achieved by the students. And so it assesses the development and learning of young children. It gives suitable and specialized formal and informal assessments for infants, young children and their families (Council for Exceptional Children, 2011). This program arranges the need for the specially needed children and their families. It does not stop with their services to the families but evaluate their services to the families of such students. A child’s confrontation with the learning materials is analyzed through assessment and also a teacher can find out whether the materials given to the student is appropriate or not. So assessment helps both the inclusive educator and also the student who is involved in it. Peer reviewed Empirical study If an empirical study is conducted on the tools of evaluation and monitoring of inclusive education it can very well be found out that among various tools and techniques assessment secure a firm place. In the inclusive general education, an educator uses all the sources for the needs of the children. The students are put into various types of assessments and assignments that suit their age and talent. As the standard 8 of the CEC states the children in this level are to be well assessed to keep abreast with the objectives suited to their ability. The writer, Richard M. Gargiulo states the experience of being a teacher in an inclusive classroom. Being a teacher in an inclusive classroom filled with many students with different needs, I have come to understand
This essay declares that the societies are made up of a few filthy rich people and a majority poor. In relation to business organizations, critics of capitalism associate it with the establishment of powerful and monopolistic organizations which are said to oppress the majority less powerful organizations. Other vices that have been associated to capitalism include imperialism, materialism, unemployment as well as exploitation. This discussion explores that capitalism is defined as a system of economics whereby industries, corporations and means of production are owned and controlled by private entrepreneurs. The main objective of these owners is to make as much profits as they can. Therefore, they invest any available capital and re-invest profits. Goods and services are produced with the major objective of selling them for profits. In addition, the production is based on market economy whereby the forces of demand and supply are the once that dictate the prices of goods and services. Under capitalism, the economy is made up of competitive markets. Capital accumulation is a common feature as well as wage labour. A capitalist society is founded on the principle of individual rights. The economic freedom leads to what is referred to as the free market. No regulation or barriers to activities in the market. Capitalism allows for a competitive market. Industries can freely compete for each other. In a political system, capitalism is a system whereby the laissez- faire kind of leadership is exercised. Everyone is at liberty to make their own decision and achieve their own goals in their own way. In a legal system, capitalism refers to a system that is guided by objective laws. It advocates for rule of law rather than the rule of man. Capitalism as a force of progress for business and society At the end of feudal economies, capitalism found its way up the ranks and has since become a dominant phrase in the developed countries as well as some of the developing countries. Though it is may not be easily justifiable whether capitalism has been the force that single handed contributed to the success of the developed countries and business organization, it can be reliably proved that capitalism has had a significant influence to their development. For instance, capitalism allows for free markets where competition is a common feature. Competition gives a motivation for managers of business organizations to work hard in order to win the battle over their rivals (Fulcher, 2004). The organizations will therefore strive to improve their goods and services so as to satisfy their customers and gain the competitive edge. In the process the business improvement as well as the society development will be realised. Further the free market facilitates economic growth. The prices for good and services are not controlled by any organization or any individual. The forces of demand and supply are responsible for the changes that occur in the products in the market. Suppliers and producers
Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allen Poe Today Edgar Allen Poe is recognized as one of the most skilled 19th century writers. His stories explore macabre themes and implement expertly developed literary narratives and offbeat vocabulary. ‘The Cask of Amontillado’ represents one of Poe’s most renowned short stories both for its engaging narrative and its fantastical themes. This essay considers the plot of The Cask of Amontillado’ in relation to what it reveals about the characters, whether it was organic to the story, and the meaning derived from the climax. Edgar Allen Poe does not waste much time in establishing the main plot elements of ‘The Cask of Amontillado’. From the opening of the story the narrator indicates that he can no longer endure the insults of Fortunado and as a result he is seeking a sort of revenge. The narrator indicates, I continued, as was my in to smile in his face, and he did not perceive that my to smile now was at the thought of his immolation (Poe). In these regards, from a very early point in the story, the reader becomes aware of the main intentions. however, Poe withholds the actual means that these intentions will be implemented, allowing the plot to unravel like a mystery. In these regards, the plot is both organic, as well as implementing an element of foreshadowing or superimposition through the opening that underlines Montresor’s main motivation. As the plot advances, it reveals a number of elements about the characters. In terms of Fortunado, a number of background elements are revealed. For the plot, the main element character element that draws Fortunado into the story is his large-scale interest in Amontillado. Understanding this aspect of Fortunado’s personality allows Montresor to drawn him into the cellar, where he claims he has a rare Amontillado he needs looked at. As for Montresor, the plot reveals he is a complex character. In addition to being vindictive, he is also demonstrated to be highly manipulative. One of the most telling instances of Montresor’s manipulative nature occurs when he even pretends to encourage Fortunado to leave the cellar. he states, Come, I said, with decision, we will go back. your health is precious. You are rich, respected, admired, beloved. you are happy, as once I was. You are a man to be missed (Poe). Here Montresor both plays on flattery and feigned concern as means of bringing Montresor further into the cellar. As the plot continues to advance it ultimately reaches the macabre climax wherein Fortunado is sealed in the cellar to die. While there doesn’t seem to be any deep symbolic meaning behind this climax, it does seem to function as a powerful narrative element of surprise and horror. In conclusion, this essay has examined plot elements of Edgar Allen Poe’s ‘The Cask of Amontillado’. The essay considered the structure of the plot and the ways that it contributes to characterization. Finally, the essay examined the interrelation of the plot and the story’s climax, arguing that the climax greatly contributes to a sense of surprise and horror. ReferencesPoe, Edgar Allen. ‘The Cask of Amontillado’ http://xroads.virginia.edu/~hyper/POE/cask.html
These steps will be my beginning in reaching and achieving my expectations for my son and me. The choices I make now will directly be reflected in the future. It is now the time to start making more serious and responsible decisions. Decisions that will help me achieve the best future for my child and me. Making my child and those around me happy are my goals.At this point, I am confused about what to choose, what to do with my future, and what will make me elated. Up until now, I have not been able to set my expectations straight. My life is some practice. I have realized that I have been living a straining life for a future that I have not even begun taking care of. It has now dawned on me that I need to start working on my life. I need to work hard to give my child a better future by working towards providing him with the best education there is. My kid will have the best, more than I had. This alone can give me more zeal to provide and make my son happy. Therefore, Where do I see myself in 5 years? The essay will have covered all my worries.All I want is to be able to live as per the expectations I have for my son and me. Failing to meet this expectation and making my lad happy will be a failure to me. This is something that I will not be able to live with, let alone forgive myself for it. Living with this guilt will be impossible. I have to, therefore, a balance between living my own life, my child’s, supporting and taking care of those around me as well. The past two years have taught me a lot about myself. Things I had not learned about myself until this great realization moment. I have learned that the challenges have only taught me to be stronger and not weak.My lad is my most significant encouragement, and he keeps me going on. If he was not here for with, I do not know where I would be. Nobody knows about what is yet to come. all we can do is look back and see the improvements we have made. All I know is, two decades from now, I’ll look back at my steps and pat myself in the back as a proud father. For me to reach here, I will not give up. Five years from now, I will have been able to meet all my expectations in life for my child and me.
Poems have particular structures and require the appropriate utilization of language in order to depict the feelings of the poet but still maintain the basic poetic nature. Such features do not change and has not changed through time since the earliest poets such John Donne employed them in their poems and so are the modern day poets as discussed in the essay below. Poems tell stories by addressing specific features of the society. They do these by analyzing the social occurrences in the form of thematic issues, which the poets analyze poetically and represent in their works while maintaining the relativity of thought and feelings enjoyed by artists. John Donne did this in his two works in which he portrays several thematic issues. In The Legacy, the poet discussed the gravity of separation, relationships break, and families separate for different reasons. Such separations are always sad and emotion. The pot discusses this using several social factors which he feels best describe the feelings people have whoever separated by their loved ones (Donne 31). Among the social factors, he sues in discussing the importance and gravity of separation is death. Death is a social phenomenon that has been in the society since time immemorial. Humans feel pain whenever they lose their loved ones to death. John Donne thus compares the pain his separation creates to that of his death (Carey 54). He does the same with The Flea in which he discusses sexual sin. Sex just as death in the Legacy has been a part of humanity since time immemorial. People attach immense importance to sexual relations and so does John Donne in the poem. The persona in the poem tries to convince a woman to sleep with him and in doing so. the persona explains his belief in relation to sexual intercourse. He for example explains that during the intercourse their blood would mingle thus making them one. In composing the poem, the author discusses several social and physical phenomena that help describe the nature of his society. One of such is Christianity, religion. By personifying the flea, the poet represents the trinity a basis of the Christianity. He uses the flea and its blood sucking nature to portray the mingling of human blood during sexual intercourse. Poems have natural features that help them qualify as such. As a renowned poet, John Donne portrays immense understanding of the structure and features of poetry thus employ them effectively. Among the important features of poetry and poems is the need for rhythm. Rhythm refers to the specific sound patterns that poems have thus making their recital easier. The poet employs different poetic elements in establishing rhythm in his poems. Among the most evident elements, he uses are rhymes and the use of chorus among many others. Rhymes are an essential aspect of poems that help develop the rhythm thus making recital of poems easier. The poetic element refers to the use of words with similar sound patterns in the lines of a stanza. The words placed at the end of the lines should have similar sound patterns during pronunciation thus helping recite the poems as they lead the audience from a line to the next. Rhymes thus have patterns and The Flea has one definite rhyme patterns throughout the entire poem. The first two lines end in a similarly sounding word as so are the second two lines as the poem progresses. Such a pattern is known as the aa, bb, cc, dd, ee. The poet creates the
In essay Prostate cancer among African American men author describes the connection between genetics, social status, health and cancer occurrence among Afro-American in the USA. Despite an intensive campaign that is directed to men in order for them to undergo regular medical screening, the majority of them are still reluctant resulting to increased cases of deaths caused by prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is a major type of cancer that affects the reproductive system of males especially those above the age of 45 years. However, there are cases of insistent prostate cancer that results in major complications on the reproductive system. This paper seeks to discuss medical compliance treatment of prostate cancer among African American men. As mentioned earlier, African-American men are at high risk of prostate cancer development. According to the 2003-2007 US medical report, for every 100,000 African American men, 234.6 cases of prostate cancer were reported in the US as compared to 150.4 cases per 100,000 white men. Due to the high number of cases of prostate cancer among the African American men, their mortality rate is more than double as compared to the white men. For example, between 2003 and 2007, 54.2 cases of mortality rates were reported for every 100,000 African-American while only 22.3 cases of mortality rates occurred among the white men. In 2001, more than 31,500 deaths due to prostate cancer were reported. Since 2001, at least 221,000 cases of prostate cancer are reported per year (Chronic Disease Indicators, 2012). One of the major obstacles that are affecting the efforts of the medical personnel is lack of early detection guidelines. In the same way, men are hesitant to screening thus making it difficult to curb the diseases during its early stages. In its endeavor to address the challenges faced by the African American men as far as control of prostate cancer is concerned, American Cancer Society, advocates for adoption of two major strategies. First, it recommends that men at the age of 45 years should emulate digital rectal examination (DRE). Secondly, the society recommends for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test for men who are between the ages of 45 and 50 years. Even though a task force that is concerned with prevention services depicts that there is insufficient evidence on the implications of DRE and PSA on the prevention and control of prostate cancer, the task force argues that a strong relationship between doctors and patients should be maintained to ensure that men are interested in undertaking regular screening. Additionally, the task force maintains that PSA is a better strategy of early detection. However, it is still unclear of how early detection
She has been part of my life since birth and has been an essential part of my upbringing, having sacrificed a lot to take care of me until today. Her unconditional love is unquestionable, and honestly, I have become the person I am today because of my mom. That is why I adore my mom with all my heart, not only because she is my mom, but because she has all the qualities that you can desire in a mother.We are a family of three siblings. I have a little brother and a big sister, but I am the favorite in our family. I have learned various lessons from my mom which are:To be kind and loving.My mom told me how to adapt these personal values without being vulnerable to people who take advantage of such qualities from someone.To be resilient when facing a lot of troubles.My mom’s life is a great inspiration not only for me but for my other siblings, especially my little brother, who is looking up to me for guidance.Resilient Amidst the Biggest TroublesIt has not always been a smooth road for my mom as she went through misfortunes and troubles in her life. She said that she once had parents but told me that she lost them at only five years old, which was quite a traumatic experience. After the tragedy, she went to live with her aunt. My mom’s childhood was rocky, and you can easily know from her protective upbringing of her children. One of the most amazing things about my mom is that regardless of the trouble she faces, she always comes out strong. It is the resilience that I admire most, and when I discovered that I am her favorite child, I was heavily impressed.At one time, when I was only five, I requested my mother to take me to my godmother, and her answer perplexed me. She was resentful of the idea and even said that she did not have time to take me to her. I was a resilient child, a trait that I picked from my mother, and the next day while at school, I tricked my godmother’s sister. I came up with a convincing story of how my mom had requested her to spend the entire weekend with me at their house. Having given a compelling account, she couldn’t resist and did as she was told. She took me with her, and when our maid came to school to pick me up, she couldn’t find me. Our maid started getting worried about my disappearance and called my mom’s office to inform her about the turn of events. They started looking for me everywhere and even involved family members, neighbors, and friends, but no one could come up with a hint of my whereabouts. You see, my mother had no idea that I could have been with my godmother.The worst thing about all this is that my father was out of the country for a job mission. Surprisingly, I made it to the radio, and my godmother heard my name being announced. Immediately, she connected the dots and realized I had lied to her sister. She took me back home, where I found my mother crying in intense pain. Seeing her agony, I apologized for my mistake and wept deeply. My mother has a kind heart to tolerate mistakes, and she went ahead to forgive me immediately. Nothing changed as she gives my endless love asking nothing in return.The Hardest Part – Leaving My MotherI don’t know how I got lucky, but the day I won the lottery (green card), I was stunned as it was a life-changing moment. I loved my mother’s company and told my sister that I don’t desire to leave my mother to take a pane to the United States. Although my sister told her of my worries, I never got to know her reply. That day, I went to a friend’s house for a party, and my mother came to pick me up later. She noticed my gloominess out of the reality of going far away from my mother. That was one of the hardest decisions that I ever had to make.With simple and encouraging words, my mother smiled and said that everything is going to be okay from that day. She informed me that it was an excellent opportunity for me to grow and that I should stop thinking about leaving her. You are going to be fine, just concentrate on school and remain your mom’s favorite, she said. This was one of the most inspiring moments and is my inspiration for Someone Who Inspires Me Essay. Every time I feel down, I remember what my mother said, which provides me the strength and will power to overcome difficulty. Over time, I have been working towards becoming as strong and resilient as my mother and don’t want to be weak anymore.
From this essay it is clear thatprofessional development deals with improvement of individual’s effectiveness in practise, while organizational development entails the ways in which organizations can be enhanced through overall productivity, human fulfilment, and the response that is necessary towards the environment.This study highlights thatscholars such as Rittel and Weber have proposed the concept of wicked problems and wicked projects as a class of problems that has difficulty in definition and has no ultimate solution. Moreover, they argue that these wicked problems are found in several forms that are in different organizations, as well as, environments. It is worth noting that wicked problems generate from a dense network of interconnected factors that are challenging in understanding how a particular decision is viable towards influencing decisions in other areas.Change has numerous definitions that go in line with where it has been used. Never the less, a change agent could be best explained as a helper, advisor, coach, and leader or consultant. Its main function is the catalyst effect that entails bringing change to an organization or businesses in specific ways. In light of this, many companies, as well as, organizations hire change agents to foresee specific changes in organizations.The practitioner must be adversely knowledgeable about organization development theory…. It is expected that the practitioner has self management skills which makes it easier to practise interpersonal skills to members of the organization. Besides, the practitioner must be adversely knowledgeable about organization development theory (Beyerlin and Marauhn, 2011). Of importance to note is that change is constant as it occurs in both national and international levels, over and above, physical environment particularly in ways that organizations are structured and ways in which the organizations operated politically, socially and economically. Apparently, the world has become so complex and is continuously integrated to the extent of changes that seem too far being affective. Moreover, change appear to be frequent and random, a situation that makes the world a global village. According to Fitzmaurice 2009, incredible amount of change that is being witnessed globally has put the world in a position where individuals and organizations are now able to see the big picture in relation to how events are affecting them and vise versa. Change Applications Application of organization development in terms of change ensures that organizations and individuals are aware of the changes and how they are affecting them. Besides, the applications of organizational development support individuals and organizations to deal with change through events such as team building efforts and improvement of functions within the organization, over and above, those that are external through the introduction of planned change efforts (Griffiths 2007). In every organization development change, there are three practitioners’ who are involved ensuring that there is change in
I think from the way I have managed to carry out myself, I may say that I am a responsible and dedicated individual. Several contestants have made promises to you. however, I will be honest, and I cannotpromisesomething that I know is not possible to fulfill. What I maypromiseis that, if given a chance, as a leader, I will have time for you, listen to your complaints and present them to the right departments.If youvoteme in as thestudents’leader, Ipromiseto do the following for my fellowstudents. First, I will do my best to create a good rapport betweenteachersand learners. Secondly, I will try my best to make sure student’s pleas are heard, and a solution to them found. I will organize with theschooladministration so that we may come up with a WAC organization to help learners through fundraisings. I am also thinking of the idea of coming up with a GreenDay specifically meant to ringstudents together through planting flowers and recycling water bottles. I would also request the administration to build a GradeWall. Each grade will be given awall to beautify it. By showing the artistic and fun part of your drawing, you will be able to leave back a legacy for the incoming class to see.I will also campaign for a read for cause mouth, which will act as a competition betweenstudents.teachers. Each side will be given certain books to read, then once done, there will be a sort of election where youvotefor the book you feel is the best. We may also come up with aday, and this day will have to be included in theschoolactivitiescalendar. There will be a sports competition between learners .teachers. I will also recommend the administration to set aside some time meant for entertainment. We will call it the movie night. There is also the PinchDay, and studentswill get a chance to dine from outside as they interact with one another.I will also campaign for fundraising and charityactivitiesto help the less fortunate. However, what we all need to understand is that this is my resolutions when elected. Some will be fulfilled in time, while others may need added time. I believe I have the right personalities to lead you and help better ourschoolinto a top-notch learning institution.My student council speech essay says a lot about me. Voteme in for a change. Regards, Raga Rachuru.
The most significant people in my life are my parents. They have been of major impact in my life. Even though they separated at an early stage of their marriage, my father did not forget us. He was always in the picture and has never let us down even with the many challenges we faced. We stood together as a family and battled out our major things and challenges as a family.If I get into any trouble, I know I have my parents to tell and trust. They will always have a listening ear and will never lack any encouraging words to say to me. They raised me to be confident, independent, and transparent in everything I do. This is why I say they have had a major effect on my life. My parents raised me and shaped the person I have become in life. The challenges we have faced together have also played a big part in shaping my current destiny.Today, the media has also been a significant contribution to how people live their lives and the things they do. Mine is not excluded. Their looks now define people, their code of dressing, how they act, how the media defines them, and so much more. All of these things affect my life, just like what we see in the magazines, on the media and books. Do I have to think before I eat, dress, talk, What makes me, me? Essay among others asking myself what the media will say? This is also similar to my associates, and all that revolve around me.Life without acquaintances is boring. You, at times, wondering what to do without them. They have influenced my today’s lives in a big way. We have fun together. I tell them everything I do, ask for support from them, and vice versa. The guidance from friends has profoundly helped me during tough times and has helped me go through these times. This is why my friends have also played a big part in my life. I would not know what to do if they were not in my life.Their upbringing often distinguishes a person. My life was easy. I was able to live in a good house and a very comfortable area with security. You cannot compare this to Melbourne, which is a big city and a little safer. Where I grew up, security was tight than the big cities, and that is why I always say I grew up in a good area with explicit knowledge of the laws and the people protecting them.Finally, every person is unique in their way. They have all been raised differently and have made different choices. Everything that happens in my life does for a reason, and that is why I never regret any choice or decision I have made. The many challenges and troubles I have gone through have sharpened me. They have made me be what I have become currently. I would never have gone this far without my friends and family who have been of great support and guidance all through. They are the rocks in my life, my support, and helper any time that I am in trouble, well at least that is what friends and family are to me. I believe that everyone has their own life to live.
As the discussion stressescolonization in Algeria began in the 5th century B. C. Native people of Algeria were forced to move back from the coastal areas by the successive waves of Roman, Byzantine, Turkish, Arab and French invaders. Among these Arab invaders have greatly influenced the natives of the country in terms of religion and language. However, Phoenicians were the first to invade the northern Algeria during 12th century B.C. Then the Romans came into the country and united the northern part of it. Under Roman rule Christianity flourished. However, it was ended by the Vandals, though a large section of area was still under the control of Berbers. Arabs started to dominate the area since 7th century.This essay declares thatduring World War I many Algerians were brought to the mainland of France for making them work in the French Army and various factories. After the World War I first organized movements began in the country for complete independence under the headship of Messali Hadj. Such movements started to gain momentum after World War II. Muslims were given some political rights in 1947 after a massive nationalist demonstration caused death of almost 88 Frenchmen and thousands of Muslims. In November, 1954 Algerians started their uprising in a way that could not be ignored by the French government. National Liberation Front (FLN) which was the main nationalist party introduced attacks on French people in both France and Algeria. The war resulted in the fall of the government. In 1958 Charles de Gaulle came back in power and in 1962, Algeria’s independence was proclaimed (Phillip C. Naylor. ALGERIA – Part 3). History since Independence In 1963 Ahmed ben Bella took charge as Algeria’s first president. Under Bella’s rule, abandoned colonial holdings were nationalized. He supported various liberation movements in the country.
Scholars have been trying to identify whether immigration has a negative impact on the employment of native workers or whether it takes up an important economic role. This essay argues that immigration has indeed negatively affected the wage rate and unemployment opportunities of U.S.-born or native workers. In order to fulfill the essay’s objective, several important themes are taken into account. The first theme is about the historical development of the U.S. immigration policy. This historical analysis will demonstrate how the dramatic increase in immigration, spurred by changes in the immigration policy of the country, eventually affected the employment opportunities and earnings of native workers. The second theme is about the immigration debate. In order to understand the precise nature of the impact of immigration on the labor market, it is important to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the arguments of pro- and anti-immigration groups. The third theme tackles concrete proofs that the economic benefits of immigrations have been negligible. The last theme focuses on the rise in the unemployment rates of least skilled and unskilled native workers due to immigration. Historical Background The dramatic growth in immigration recently may be due partly to modifications in the immigration policy of the United States. The Immigration Act of 1965 was a decisive moment in the historical development of the immigration policy of the country. The clearest impact of the changes brought about by that policy has been a dramatic growth in the population of foreign-born individuals. These immigrants are younger than the U.S.-born individuals and are comprised of more males than females (Briggs 1996, 372). Moreover, according to the U.S. Department of Labor (1995), immigrants made up 10.8% of the total number of workers in 1994 (Briggs 1996, 372). Another issue is that immigrants are significantly concentrated in few urban areas. However, these labor markets are one of the biggest in the United States, which considerably adds to the impact of their concentration. In 1994, these five urban areas were Washington, D.C., Chicago, Miami, New York, and Los Angeles. Together, they comprised 51% of all immigrants in 1994 (Briggs 1996, 372-373). Thus, the effect of immigration on the labor market is considerably larger than is shown by population data. Immigration has intensified the competition in the low-skilled labor market. Recently, the number of unskilled occupations has failed to keep up with the growth of the unskilled labor force. With regard to skilled occupations, immigration can be temporarily advantageous as a way of supplying capable workers where short supplies of eligible local workers are present. However, the permanent goal should be that these jobs should be occupied by nationals or native residents (Cornelius 2004, 39). In 1989, the Commission on Workforce Quality and Labor Market Efficiency already informed the U.S. Secretary of Labor: by using immigration to relieve shortages, we may miss the opportunity to draw additional U.S. workers into the economic mainstream (U.S. Department of Labor et al. 1989, 32).
In order to react quickly to the ever growing and changing customer demands, there is a need for efficient manufacturing system that are capable of expanding and re-configuring during their course of operation. It should also have the ability to accommodate new procedures in the assembly techniques in such a way that it does not make any investments for manufacturing obsolete products (Fliedner, 2011). The lean manufacturing concept is also applicable to the service operation. There have been huge changes in the service operation too from that of the past. The lean principle for the continuous improvement and respect for the employees are applied to every service. It includes the healthcare services, call centre services, higher education, public and professional services and also in the software development services. The Lean manufacturing approach in both the manufacturing and services operation highly depends on the workplace organization and the flexibility of the production system. Lean manufacturing can be defined as an outstanding initial point for the companies those who want to create a fresh and new look for their existing manufacturing system by introducing innovative methods of production. … The environment is cautiously tuned in accordance with the demands of the manufacturers (McGiven, 2013). The manufacturing of the products are carried out once at a time, after getting confirmation from the customers and are not done in batches, which adds up to the stock of the companies if not sold. The main goal of the lean manufacturing is to produce what is needed and not more than that. As there is production of limited number of products, it is important to change the processes during the day. It is required so as to accommodate various parts of the products and employ maximum effort from the workers, proper utilisation of the equipments and the floor space so as to save the scarce resources (Wincel, 2004). The flexibility that is inbuilt in the manual assembly cells is preferable for the automated assemblies. Thus, there is a prerequisite for the utmost flexibility so as to create unique demands on lean work cells and also, for the mechanism that are used for making the lean work cells. However, it can be observed that the lean approach is not always a resolution for the manufacturing problems. It is realised that it offers unique flexibility to the solutions for the assembling of the complex products. The essay thus elaborates the principle and the techniques of the lean management along with examples (Toyota Production System). It also highlights the lean just-in-time practice that is exercised by the companies. The essay also highlights the assumption whether lean principles can be applied in the low volume high variety manufacturing. Lean Management Principles and Techniques (including Just-in-time) The lean concept originated from the Japanese manufacturing areas. Lean can be described as the group of tools
In this case, what Finn is trying to emphasize is the fact that most of the agencies responsible for the monitoring and regulating of video games (in Australia, the Office of Film and Literature Classification), especially on video games with a violent and interactive content, usually fall short in properly classifying games that is to be played and not to be played by the Australian public. given that the game GTA3 has already been generating much sales on the video game playing public, and have already become one of the most popular games played by video game enthusiast before it was banned by the said agency (Finn 2006). The fact here is that the violent game Postal 2 also shared the same experience, and even worse, wherein despite being involved with controversy due to its violent content, even gaining opposition from the American politician Senator Joe Lieberman, who decried in it Congress (Wolpaw 2003), the game was not banned in the United States (although it was banned in other countries) (Wolpaw 2003). Another important concept that was revealed by Finn in his essay is the fact that the reason why the Office of Film and Literature Classification actually bans video games is because if the fact that it actually exceeded limitations of how games are going to be classified. that is, according to the standards of morality, decency and propriety generally accepted by reasonable adults. the literary, artistic or educational merit (if any) of the publication, film or computer game. the general character of the publication, film or computer game. the persons or class or persons or who amongst whom it is published or intended or likely to be published (Finn 2006) From the said standards, it can be seen that the game Postal 2 certainly exceeds the limitation of these classificatory descriptions. With regards to the the standards of morality, decency and propriety generally accepted by reasonable adults (Finn 2006), Postal 2 ultimately fails, given that the game actually shows and encourages players to …drop-kick grenades and whip scythes at unsuspecting civilians if they refuse to participate in your everyday life story (which is, after all, the plot behind the game). Of course, this includes using cat carcasses as silencers on your gun, hitting people with anthrax-laden cow heads and playing ‘fetch’ with dogs using the severed heads of your dismembered victims (Chomick n. d.). Of course, such kind of behavior does not pass any standard of morality or decency of reasonable adults, given that such kind of behavior, which expresses and encourages cruelty, murder and defamation are considered totally unreasonable and unacceptable. In no way can drop kicking grenades and whipping scythes to
It has aggrandized my desires for self-gratification through the creation of the epitome beauty and perfection portrayed through Rebecca Bloomwood. The movie indicates that Rebecca lives in New York with her best friend, Suze, and works as a journalist and is a shopaholic.Through this shopaholic lady, the media portrays every other woman as addicted consumers that are unlikely to live without shopping fashionable clothes. Women are portrayed as unable to resist shopping for fancy items and through the media film I chose, it offers the viewer an unexpected reminder of what many people have unexpectedly become because of the influence of media. In fact, women are depicted in distress and men coming to their rescue. This essay explores how media misrepresent women and justifies how media influence has affected many people’s lifestyles. It does so by describing the types of identity being presented in the media and this representation is problematic.To begin with, media seems obvious and inevitable and it shows situations and relationships from other people’s perspectives. It is a culmination of how others live and how their lives are likely to affect other people’s lives, identities, and beliefs. So, before embracing media as a source of entertainment, it is noteworthy to investigate the manner in which everyday media materials affect people’s lives. Studies have attempted to do this before. nonetheless, without much success. Furthermore, it is important to establish the relative positions of men and women in modern Western democracies (Chaudhuri, 2006. pp. 36). This will help understand if there is a battle of sexes, which many writers will agree that identity battles exist every day on the media. Some of the battles are aimed at portraying women as materialistic and men as the wealthiest and supportive of women.For instance, Confessions of a Shopaholic tell us, by failing so decisively to prove the opposite, that buying stuff is a good idea. It further indicates that being materialistic enabled people to define their identities by making choices.
As such, children were often asked, or forced, to give up their education and work from an early age. In a sense, they grew up much too quickly and took on roles that today we reserve strictly for adults. As we have read and discussed at length, the children in America during the 1800s and early 1900s often worked hard. While society today has evolved towards a changing perspective about what the function of children should be in the family, other cultures today in the world are still in the same cycle of child labor and a lost childhood. As Stephanie Coontz portrays, the traditional idea of a family in the 50’s and 60’s has gradually shifted as well. While children were largely cared for and given a good education, they were subject to performing certain gender roles that society had thrust upon them. Coontz contends that we have evolved as a society and that few individuals would ever want to revert to a time where gender roles were so rigid and racial lines limited what children were allowed to do and whom they were allowed to do it with (1998). In years gone by, the mother typically was able to do much of the child rearing on her own. This created the concept of the nuclear family and served America well for decades. Children typically knew their place in the family and they could usually depend on specific roles that their father and mother performed respectively. As will be discussed in the next section, however, this concept of childhood has changed in recent years as mothers are now increasingly in the workforce. This has created an effect where many more segments of society are involved in the raising of a child than ever seen before in history. In Africa, we have the tribal elders that… This essay approves that many would argue that the media has robbed today’s child of their innocence. Others would content that the media has taken the job of parenting and socializing out of the hands of mom and dad and put it solely in the lap of outside influences. For many concerned parents, this is frightening, as they seem to be losing control. As mentioned in class, this is a global phenomenon, and not one reserved solely for the West. In many respects, many Asian and Middle Eastern cultures have been in this state for quite some time. The reality, as well, is that the media will likely continue this role of being actively involved in way today’s young person experiences childhood. Their messages will be prevalent and will probably continue to be the motivating factor behind many of the decisions that are made and the behaviors that are exhibited on a daily basis. This report makes a conclusion that childhood has certainly not been lost, but in many countries around the world, it has been misdirected. Western countries may be looked up to today in terms of how children are treated and that way that society embraces them to be free, but other cultures do not often enjoy the same luxuries that we do. When there are few options available to the people, childhood becomes a foreign concept reserved only for the wealthy. Let us hope that the day soon comes when childhood truly becomes a concept that is available for everyone. Children need to be allowed to develop at their own pace, putting off adulthood as long as possible. That would be a marvelous day indeed.
The essay will discuss what is done normatively, touching upon individual rights and responsibilities at the institutional level. Benefits A number of things have evolved normatively and also at the institutional level to incorporate individual responsibilities and rights in international law. This has led to the significant advancements and benefits for individuals. Firstly, the individual rights are recognized in a more formal and appropriate capacity, as it is evident within the context of the Universal Declaration of The Human Rights. It identifies the people’s dignity and also the equal and inseparable rights of individuals, such as freedom of belief and speech. These rights should be protected by the rule of law. It became adopted in 1948 by the General Assembly of the United Nations. It indicated that member-countries had to publicize the Declaration text, disseminate, display, and have it revised principally in all educational institutions, without distinctions based on the status of the political mood of nations or territories. This has enabled the education of individuals about their rights on a global scale (Diehl, 2009). The fact that there is the documentation of the rights and they have become codified provided people with confidence to step forward and seek protection when their rights are violated. For example, the Geneva Convention and its two added protocols regulate the behaviour in an armed conflict. It is now common for soldiers globally to treat each and every person injured in combat with the same respect and dignity even if he or she is an enemy. The more people become aware of their fundamental human rights, the easier it is to take steps in cases of abuse. Citizens who have their rights violated with no action taken by their government will become aware that justice is possible within the framework of the International Law (Sharon, 2010). Not only is the International Law efficient or effective but it also is a departure point, and it contains extensive potentials. In different instances, individuals seek compensation for injuries and are able to help other sufferers in the future. There are other instances where individuals do not have their government on their behalf. For example, when the 16 year old Michael Dominiques sentenced to death for committing murder in the state of Nevada lost his appeal in 2000 at the Supreme Court, he took it forward to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. His state had failed to protect the third article of the United Nations Charter, the right to life. He had the opportunity of taking the law into his own hands and claiming that the application of the death penalty would violate the United States treaty and the customary international law refusing the execution of juveniles. Based on the fact that the execution of criminal offenders under the age of 18 was considered an issue of jus cogens in international customary law, the sitting judge concluded that executing a minor would be a grave and irreparable violation. Dominique’s life was spared due to the international law. Also, with the help of Roper versus Simmons case, by 2005 America changed its stance and proclaimed that the death penalty for minors would be considered
It is not justified for a financially and economically very stable country with a long line of modern warfare to take advantage of another country’s disadvantaged position. However, sadly, this is exactly what the US has been doing for more than a decade now in the name of extricating terrorism from the face of the earth. These attacks could have been considered effectively beneficial even were they generating any good in the countries in which these attacks take place or in the US from where these attacks are planned. In contrast, the gigantic proportions of hatred spurred by this US policy in the public for the Americans and the multitude of terrorists born with every single attack strongly advise against continuing these attacks. This essay principally seeks to explain how the US drone attacks are potentially damaging in nature by comprehensively discussing some major effects produced by it and identified in the latest research. It will also argue that the US should concentrate focus on giving plenty of political and economic aid to Yemen instead of making it politically and economically more dependent.Drone attacks were started back in 2002 with the Yemeni government’s seal of approval according to the US officials (Almasmari). Small nations like Yemen are economically so unprivileged and their weaponry is so meager that they are not in a position to stand up against the US when a policy is to be implemented to control terrorism. Their officials without acknowledging the public’s viewpoint agreed on letting America commit drone attacks in their country which indicates an absolute absence of democracy. The Yemeni nation is strictly against American drones, but it holds no power whatsoever to stop this destruction from happening which has become a daily routine now. When the nation is not acknowledged by the government, the outsiders become more confident and invasion picks momentum. American drones simply translate into the invasion of Yemen because the people of this country abhor America and the American nation for this excruciatingly painful calamity.
The travails on the path from an instinctual child to a relatively rational adult can veer off into so many insightful directions. In this Saving Sourdi Summary Essay, it is easy to showcase to the reader that the direction for the story the author chose was one of not leaving behind childhood instincts. However, we can arrive at a greater point that goes beyond the mere sibling relationship.Saving Sourdi, authored by May-Lee Chai, hits all the marks as a tale of transition from childhood to adulthood. Chai’s story plot revolves around two sisters, Sourdi and Nea, which grow up along two starkly different paths. The tension is mostly generated by the younger sibling, Nea, who struggles with maturing. Instead of meeting life’s obstacles with a cool head, Nea makes poor life decisions, as emotional turbulence in the form of contrarian antagonism informs her decision-making process.As a tragic protagonist in Saving Sourdi, Nea can be commended for trying to protect her sister, but these attempts stack up an abysmal record of failure. As a character, she doesn’t grow. Instead, she is stuck in her childish mode of thinking, expecting the reality to conform to her prepubescent-formed will. Nea’s mother framed her character arc, or the lack of, in the early stage, by saying to her daughter (Chai 70), You not thinking. That your problem. You always not think!.Although one could fault Saving Sourdi for making Nea a flat character, we all know individuals who fail to heed life’s lessons. Such characters may pour their passion into worthy causes initially, but as they fail to take invaluable feedback, they become a burden to those around them. Viewing it in this light, Saving Sourdi diligently showcases that we all need to recognize the sad fact of life that some people never grow out of their emotional immaturity. Nea is the perfect exemplar of this. Adolescent traits such as impulsiveness, stubbornness, and selfishness never leave her. To be fair, the story does put Nea within the environment in which such traits could be beneficial, as she struggles against predictable prejudices of being a foreigner. However, Nea’s failure is the inability to distinguish between situational contexts. She only has two modes of behavior – belligerency and manipulation. While it may aid her in some situations, such a restricted range of behavior leads to needless conflicts in most situations. More importantly, Nea showcases the pitfall of forming bad habits to deal with life’s problems, instead of being adaptable to your surroundings.One commendable trait that Nea does exhibit is her overwhelming need to protect her sister Sourdi, or her China Doll (69), as she prefers to call Sourdi. This reveals that Nea believes her sister Sourdis more beautiful than her and, therefore, more alluring and advantageous than her. It’s almost as if she forgoes her own improvement for the sake of her sister in an ultimately selfish manner where her Sourdis an object of her selfishness. Early on in the story, Nea defends her sister from two men who were harassing her in their family restaurant. This leads us to believe that Nea perceives her sister Sourdis a precious thing that can’t defend herself. In truth, she makes her sister’s protection the focal meaning of her life. Thus, crippling herself in her own growth.As Nea’s intransigence progresses in the story, Chai shows us Sourdi in a completely different light than what Nea perceives her. Instead of a fragile China Doll, Sourdi does not need help from her sister. Such contrast further exacerbates Nea’s flaws, which are amply demonstrated in her interaction with other people. Self-centered, she often deceives people as her main mode of behavior. Seeing through her toxicity, Sourdi eventually leaves her behind. This propels her to new heights of deceit. In order to find her home, she lies and exaggerates to Duke. To Nea, the only thing that matters is getting her sister back, no matter if she hurts her in the process.Nea’s own statement perfectly illustrates her toxic obsession with her sister (72), I would stay awake all night pinching the inside of Sourdis arm, the soft flesh of her thigh, to keep my sister from falling asleep and leaving me alone.Again, we clearly see that Nea is just superficially protective. Rather, she merely extends her selfishness to Sourdi.Another interesting aspect of Chai’s story is the portrayal of the corrosive nature of multiculturalism. Although the media complex of many Western nations celebrates multiculturalism at every opportunity without pause, we can clearly see that it introduces many conflicts and instabilities, both on the societal and intra-familial level. Ma and Sourdi have retained their traditional culture in America, due to their age, but Nea fully succumbed to the American way of thinking, thus creating a cleavage in her family. We often see these cultural rifts opening within migrant families. Unfortunately, the remedy for them is almost always a message of further inclusion and cultural standardization instead of preserving distinct, native cultural traditions.Like in so many traditional cultures, Ma’s only ambition in her late years is to see her daughters succeed. In her mind, this means being more financially successful than her. After all, this is an objective metric by which one can measure success. To promote that goal in Sourdi, Ma dissuades her from seeing Duke as someone who she deems lower in class than what is proper for her daughter Sourdis future. Sourdi, as a daughter who imbibed their native culture and who obeys her elders, complies with her mother’s wishes. On the other hand, Nea is the younger sister with little recollection of the old ways. Such beliefs seem alien to her, if not outright hostile to her newly-formed identity as an American.No doubt, if Nea had remained in her country with her family, the subsequent events would not have happened. She wouldn’t have rebelled against her mother, lied to Duke, and have him punch Mr. Chhay in a supposed attempt to save Sourdis life. At the time, Sourdi already led an established home life caring for her child. Under the toxic influence of American culture, Nea immediately assumes that this lifestyle is abusive by nature. She even constructs a fairytale in her own head after having received a somewhat agitated phone call from Sourdi.Culminating in Duke punching Mr. Chhay, Nea’s series of poor decisions are laid bare for all to see, even herself by saying at the end (83), Sourdi looked at me then, so disappointed. I knew what she was thinking. She has grown up, and I had merely grown unworthy of her love.Although at that moment, Chai portrays Nea as finally having a eureka movement on her actions, it remains uncertain if Nea truly matured, or will she merely redirect her childish and selfish traits to other persons in her life. After all, we know how difficult it is to stamp out bad habits if they continue to tag along from childhood. One could say that the story is about a sibling who never grows up and, therefore, attaches her childish needs of belonging to her sibling, which harms them both in the end. However, the greater point of the story seems to be the dysfunctional nature of multiculturalism.The clash between the American feminized culture of entitlement and the traditional culture instills in Nea, as a younger sibling, seeds of strife, rebellion, and immaturity. The question arises if her personality, as such, would have developed at all if she had remained in her homeland. This leads us to believe that one’s free will can operate only within a tightly controlled space. Pincered between genetics and cultural environment, a situation that is seemingly created by personality failures may ultimately just be a manifestation of dysfunction incurred by migration into a foreign land.It would be difficult to believe Nea’s unpleasant and manipulative personality, as portrayed in the story, would have developed at all without her family leaving their homeland. I believe this may not have been the author’s original intention. nonetheless, Chai should be lauded for providing us with such a revealing insight.Resources Cited:Chai, May-Lee. Dragon Chica: a Novel. Boston, Gemma, 2011.
An adverse incident is a situation whereby a process of healthcare intervention has resulted in the patient being injured, and the injury sustained has not been brought about by the condition. On the other hand, an incident is termed as near-miss when healthcare intervention could have resulted in injury for the patient. This essay aims to shed more light on patient safety and medication, notably focusing on the role of pharmacists in the provision of healthcare services. Moreover, it compares the function of pharmacists in Saudi Arabia to that of the United Kingdom.During the mediation process, the major role that pharmacists are tasked with is a minimization of errors that may come up. According to Gable and Stunson (2010), errors can be registered during medication within five steps. These steps include that of prescription, documentation as well as a dispensation. In like manner, errors can be registered in the course of drug administration and during patient monitoring. In an attempt to make all the concerned stakeholders aware of the imperative role that pharmacists play, the WHO has re-classified the above-mentioned stages into three basic periods: prescription, dispensation, and administration. It has been established that 39% of the errors that take place during medication take place during the prescription phase. This is brought majorly about by inadequate drug prescription knowledge, as well as the absence of an amicable relationship between the healthcare provider and the patient. At the same time, it has been established that some of the errors in the course of the prescription can be brought about by mental slips in case of a distraction and calculation errors. (Gable and Stunson, 2010) similarly argue that quite a lot of medication-related errors, notably 38% take place during the phase of administration. This high error incidence is majorly brought about by the event of using similar materials to package different drugs, lack of clear orders on how the drugs should be administered,d and sadly enough, the failure to double check. Poor handwriting, inability to make sense out of abbreviations, as well as the misuse of the trailing zero,s has also been pointed out to result into about 12% of errors during medication.
This reduction, or the area preserved, is the difference between the area actually burned and the counterfactual area that would have burned absent of fire suppression.6 Fire regimes and historical records in North American boreal forests function in a manner that prevents this effect from being detected or estimated directly. 7 In this essay I will examine two different studies that are representative of the dissention within the community of fire suppression. Arguing in support of Ward and Thithecott and a measurable reduction in forest area burned is Cumming. while Miyanishi and Johnson contend the results inferred by Ward and Thithecott.8 The purpose of this study is a comparative analysis of the competing perspectives on fire suppression in an effort to identify what makes them significant, unique, and similar. A Re-examination of the Effects of Fire Suppression in the Boreal Forest: Miyanishi and Johnson base their study on the foundation that Ward and Thithecott’s report is filled with serious flaws that invalidate the conclusions regarding effects of fire suppression on fire size and fire frequency.9 They argue that because fire-size data from the unprotected zone are censored in small size classes due to detection resolution, comparisons of shapes of the distributions between the protected and unprotected zones do not hold up. 10 Due to lack of uniformity in plotting scales, Miyanishi and Johnson content that the report gives the false appearance of large differences in the number of large fires between the two zones. In addition, the authors argue that change in fire frequency does not infer evidence of fire oppression, and could likely be attributed to climate change.11 In a later study, Ward and Mawdsley draw the conclusion that the landscape-scale impact of fire suppression on the protected zone is that fire is creating far fewer moderate- and large-sized disturbance patches than in the unprotected zone. 12 However, as noted by Ward and Tithecott, in the unprotected zone, detection is biased towards those fires that got large enough to be detected, and thus underestimating the number of fires in the smaller size classes.13 This bias has led to a significant skewing of data between number of fires in the protected (1,700), and unprotected zones (100). Miyanishi and Johnson contend such significant disparity. citing a failure to detect and record fires in the unprotected zone as the primary factor for inaccuracy.14 Their second criticism of the study, 15 and with their comparison of the two distributions of fires, is a difference of scales used for plotting the fires that misrepresents what Miyanishi and Johnsons believe to be a little difference between the two zones in the number of moderate- and large-sized fires. They contend this invalidates the shape of the fire distributions due to the unreliably low number of small fires in the data set for the unprotected zone.16 Without an accurate representation of the shape of fire distribution between the protected and unprotected zone, the authors refute Ward and Mawdsley’s conclusion that such data indicate fires are creating
This roadmap for this gender equality has set six top priority areas to be implemented. These six priority areas are:Based on these priority areas, the EU set to implement a roadmap to achieve wider means to strike a balance between the roles of women and men within the society. However, though the roadmap carries excellent prospects however there are also opportunities as well as challenges which regulators within the EU will face to successfully implement the roadmap. One more important issue which may also come up is how successfully the EU meets those challenges. The following will discuss the opportunities and obstacles that roadmap for the equality of men and women may face.This essay will look into some of the opportunities and obstacles involved in the process of implementing the roadmap. However, before discussing these issues, it is very important that a historical analysis of the issue must be taken to set the stage for discussing the roadmap.While deciding upon rolling in the road map for gender equality. The purpose of this roadmap was to drive forward the gender equality in the region. Essentially building on the Framework Strategy for equality between women and men, this roadmap takes this framework and further re-enforces the proposed guidelines and recommendations put forward in the Framework Strategy. Building on the Framework, the roadmap for the equality between men and women set six priority areas and set other objectives and goals besides suggesting some key actions for creating gender equality in the region.The roadmap defines some existing areas and proposes other completely new areas of action. A total of six priority areas have been selected: equal economic independence for women and men, reconciliation of private and professional life, equal representation in decision-making, eradication of all forms of gender-based violence, elimination of gender stereotypes, and promotion of gender equality in external and development policies.(Europa, 2006).
This essay compares two stories, ‘Poe and the cask of Amotillado’ and ‘The story of an hour’ on the subject of symbolism, that is evident in both novels. The researcher states that in the story of ‘Poe and the cask of Amotillado’ symbolism is explicit and obvious. The person can understand that the Amotillado being the title and focus of the story has a main role to play. The death is caused with the help of amontillado and same goes with the clown outfit. The outfit directs to the readers about the mockery of the victim and same is with the situation in which the person is killed. In the novel ‘The story of an hour’ one of the symbol which is death is evident, but other ones like open window is not so projected but can be understood with more investigation. The patches of clouds is a symbol which subtle and deep. However, the authors have used much imagination and creativity in using which enhanced the richness of the story. It is concluded that the ‘Poe and a Cask of Amontillado’ is a story of humiliation and revenge. The author Poe tries to answer many questions in the story and some imagination is left to the readers as well. The symbolism in the story has given background theme and depth to the characters. The settings and actions of the characters in the story are the main symbolism. It is concluded that it is same in the case of ‘The Story of an Hour’ where the characters are surrounded by symbols, which are spread in the story and enriches the character to a great extend. … The way he killed fortunate was cruel and torturous. The Amontillado represents a precious thing in his life just as his wife.Fortunoto was stoned and chained and killed by Montreso. He wanted to get the happiness by torturing, and insulting Fortunato.The absence of light in the setting is also a symbol in the story. Montreso humiliate Fortunato to forget what he had undergone himself. He gave him the death he deserved. The author intentionally made the readers wonder whether that Montreso was mentally ill or he had real reasons for killing Fortunato. The killing of Fortunato probably gave Montreso his happiness back to an extent. Montreso felt real shame when he was cheated by his wife and Fortunato and for this he planned a insulting and humiliating death to Fortunato .The manner in which Fortunato was killed shows how much pain Montreso has undergone when was cheated. So he chose the right time and outfit for Fortunato to die. The clown outfit of Fortunato showcases him as a fool to the reader. A clown outfit is what a fool would wear and symbolizes his character in the story. There are some symbols in the novel The story of an hour and they are heart trouble, the open window, the patches of blue sky, and death. The heart trouble which the character Louise experience is both a symbolic and physical malady which shows her restriction and unhappiness in life. The first thing one know about Louise is her heart attack and this is what makes the death of Brently threatening. A person with weak heart cannot handle news of death easily. When Louise gets freedom her heart races and pumps blood through her veins. Her death in the end
Traditions in the Middle East are strictly observed. The Sharia law upholds morals and values of women in a strict manner. Girls are supposed to behave in such manners as dictated by the Sharia law. The law requires women to cover their faces. Girls going to a single-gender school interact with other girls of their age-set. For girls attending primary school education becomes cheap to comprehend and follow. According to Hill traditions are the basis of the Arab culture, and at no time will leverage be used to measure the value of people (Hill, 1993, p. 201). The Islam religion makes it easy for students to uphold values in an appropriate manner. The culture practiced in the Arab countries conforms to their traditions based on the Sharia law. The Muslim sorority is always keened on defending values, morals and the integrity of the society. In perchance, the best that girls achieve in primary schools is proactive in their day-to-day lives. The veracity with which decent is sustained goes a long way in advocating for the education rights of the girl child. The system of education in Middle East has been formed with an aim of integrating all genders. The students are given an opportunity to learn together and socialize. The primary education is made up of kindergarten schools, nursery and primary schools. Single-sex school system boosts intellectual attainment. Girls do not feel repressed or constrained in this environment. Gender bias and lack of attention to girls by teachers are not evident in single-gender schools, unlike in a mixed school. Girls in this school get motivated and receive broad experiences (Hill, 1993, p. 156). There is implementation of culture-centered models in the single-sex system. The system centers on the… This essay approves that the effectiveness of a girl child from a single-sex school going to a mixed-sex higher school is slow and often leads to a poor showing of performance by the girl child. Girls who come from Middle East and attended primary education in their native country will have a lot of difficult in class. For one to be effective in any field, experience and habits are very essential to such people. Being used to a scenario will promote the behavior of a person. Mixed-sex higher school is effective to the girl child from the single-sex school. This is because there is no close correlation between gender and performance. Girls have the ability to perform well in any system no matter the environment. Mixed higher learning will give the girl child the strength to compete favorably well with the boy child. Since, the system is in the higher level it does not have any bearing in the performance of the girls. Studies show that the coeducational system is the most efficient as it gives both gender the opportunity to engage and find solve the problems facing them as members of different gender.This report makes a conclusion that the disadvantages outweigh the advantages. Girls from the single sex schools will not be effective in their studies when they are taken to mixed higher learning in the Middle East. The traditions, values and the environment they are used to form a big base of their success. It does not matter the essence of gender, girls will do and perform normally whether in single-sex schools or the mixed-gender schools.
From the essay The Irony of Ironing in Olsen’s I Stand Here Ironing it is clear, that Olsen shows that poor and working-class families cannot hold high hopes for economic development in their lives. Poor parents cannot earn enough money to provide the basic needs of their children, which makes them physically vulnerable. Emily gets sick with measles and the mother is forced to send her to the only convalescent home that she can afford. The irony is that Emily might have felt better physically to some extent, but she grew thin from bad food and bad love. Emily reveals to her mother that she barely eats because of bad food: They had runny eggs for breakfast or mush with lumps… (Olsen 4). The image of runny eggs and mush represent something that is not properly cooked, like her children. They can never have enough basic necessities because the mother cannot sufficiently provide it. Aside from bad food, Emily gets bad love. The mother believes that a rule quietly hangs before the parents: Not To Be Contaminated by Parental Germs or Physical Affection (Olsen 4). Nowadays, medicine is calling parents to show affection toward their children, like kissing and hugging them, because it can help their children grow healthy or recover from illnesses. Paradoxically, in the convalescent home, children hardly get well because of these rules against physical affection. But the mother cannot do anything about it. She is always ironing. In other words, she is always working. Her work keeps her family afloat and broken at the same time. Ironing is a woman’s job, like the rest of the jobs that becomes more challenging when the protagonist is a poor working-class single mother. As a woman, the mother does various household chores, such as ironing and feeding her children, but it gets more difficult when the father leaves her. At least the father had a choice. he left because could no longer endure…sharing want with us (Olsen 2). Can a mother do that to her children? Apparently in the case of the protagonist, she can, but she did not. She chose to silently bear her cross, even if it multiplies with every child. Aside from not being able to meet their children’s basic needs, low-social-class parents cannot provide quality care for their children. The mother has a crushed tone in her voice because she has too many children. Too many children mean too many household work and financial demands: I was a young mother, I was a distracted mother. There were the other children pushing up, demanding (Olsen 7). She knows that she has her faults. As a young mother, she lacks parenting knowledge and skills. As a poor mother, she must work at home and outside it to make ends meet. The ultimate price is not being equally there for her children. The mother remembers having another child, and how it affects Emily. The result is sibling rivalry because two young children have to demand the attention and love from one mother:
Reflective Essay The Aston Manor Brewery is a United Kingdom based brewery and beer bottling company. It is situated in Aston, Birmingham, England. The Aston Manor’s major products include cider, beer, and perry. In the year 2008, Aston brewery emerged the third largest cider producing company in the United Kingdom. This rating was based on the market share and in the same capacity, it was rated the fourth largest producer of the same product in the world. Peter Ellis, the son of Doug Ellis is the manager of the Aston Company (Aston Manor Brewery, 2013. Pg. 01). In the year 2008, Frosty Jack’s Cider was the United Kingdom’s leading white cider brands. It is also worth noting that it is among other three Hammer brands. Four former employees of the Ansells founded Aston Manor in the year 1981 after Ansells closed one of its brewery that was known as the Aston Cross brewery. This led to the opening of a new brewery in the nearby lane, the Thimble Mill Lane. In the year 1984, Michael Hancocks, the then Herefordshire hop farmer and one of the major suppliers of the company, bought into the business. By the end of the year 1998, Aston Manor reported a profit turnover of ?1 million that included mainly over 70 percent sales of cider. However, by the year ending 2001, the company experienced immense competition leading to a decline of its profit to ?740,500. Nonetheless, by the end of the financial year 2009, the company reported immense profit of ?3 million. This significant increase in profit was pegged on the increased demand for the company’s products in the entire United Kingdom. It is worth noting that during the same year, the company took over the management of the Devon Cider Company that was based in the Tiverton. Devon up to that time had expanded its manufacturing facilities at its site of operation (Martin Information, Ltd, 1900. Pg. 92) and merging these two companies gave the Aston Manor a new face of production come its success. Despite being an international business, the Aston Company remains 100 percent family owned, a factor that makes it deliver the finest products in the market (Aston Manor Brewery, 2013. Pg. 01). Additionally, the company owns over 300 acres of orchards from which it is stocked with Bittersweet apple trees that it uses to produce a wide range of cider drinks that covers the whole market. The products range from high end premium brands of mass market products with the former including Duchy Originals while that latter includes Frosty Jack’s Cider. The main strategic objective of the Aston Manor is to craft a range of ciders to suit everyone and very taste and this will expand the market for all the Aston manor’s products. The Aston Manor is a leading brewery for drinks in a business of its own. It creates its own market as well as distributed a series of cider brands both in the United Kingdom and globally. In all its products, Aston Manor produces a range of quality cider products that are made from sustainable means that are responsible for sourcing customers and markets and this is the means the company intends to expand its market for all its products. It is worth noting Aston Manor is committed to the industry best practice that has accelerated its accentuated membership into the national association of cider manufacturer (NACM). Moreover, it is a member of the British Retail Consortium (BRC) that ensures that it adheres to the global standards for food
The essay discusses that a budget is a manuscript that translates plans into money. It is a financial plan where the estimation of expenditure and revenue is done. The budget is an estimate, forecast about what you will need in fiscal terms to do your work. The budget is the most important tool in the business. It is almost impossible to run a business without having the budget. Budgeting is the process of preparing the budget, where the operational plans are the plans for real work. At the time of budget preparation, trade-offs and prioritization with program are ought to be made to make sure that the budget fits government policies and priorities. The cost effective variants which should be the best option for the organization must be selected. At last, the means of rising operational efficiency, which is effective, must be sought. None of these can be fulfilled unless financial constraints are built into the course from the starting. Budgeting is very responsible and difficult job. So, all the companies always depend on the experts in the field for preparing the budget. Incremental budgeting is a budgeting method where the budget is organized using a preceding period’s budget or else actual performance as a foundation with incremental amounts added for the new budget period. In the incremental budgeting, the actual performance of the company in the last months is taken into consideration and appropriate changes will be made for better result in upcoming months. This budgeting method encourages the spending of money up to the budget. Benefits that can be Realized from a Budgetary Control System: Maximization of Profit: The budgetary control system has an aim at the maximization of profits of the project. To attain this objective, a suitable plan and co-ordination of various functions are to be conducted. There is appropriate control over a diverse capital and revenue expenditures. The available resources are put into the best uses. Co-Ordination: Better co-ordination always results better profits. The functioning of the various units and sectors is correctly co-ordinate as a result of budgetary control system. The co-ordination of different executives and subordinates is essential for attaining the targets as specified in budgets. Tool for Measuring Performance: By giving the specific aims to various departments, budgetary control acts as a tool for measuring performance of companies. The fixed targets are compared to actual achievements and deviations are taken into consideration. Economy: The setting up of expenses will be methodical and there will be optimum economy in spending. The money will be put to use on the best. The ultimate benefits will go to the nation and it will be a national profit. The national assets will be used cost-effectively and wastage will be reduced. Consciousness: The budgetary control system helps in creating budget consciousness among the employees. By setting up targets for the workers, the system tries to make the employees responsible towards their jobs. Every person knows what he is anticipated to do and he can do his work without any interruption. Reduces Costs: Now days, the business is so competitive and the role of budgetary control is significant. All the businessmen try to diminish the cost of manufacturing and rising sales. They will try to have those perfect mixtures of products where profitability is at the maximum. The budget process consists of activities that encompass the development, implementation, and evaluation of a plan for the provision of services and capital
The teaching culture in Japan differs greatly from that of schools in the west. Teachers are particularly concerned about developing the holistic child and regard it as their task to focus on matters such as personal hygiene, nutrition, sleep that are not ordinarily thought of as part of the teacher’s duties in the west. Students are also taught proper manners, how to speak politely and how to address adults as well as how to relate to their peers in the appropriate manner. They also learn public speaking skills through the routine class meetings as well as many school events during the school year (Education in Japan). Japanese educational system is trying to develop the complete personality of a child. Unlike the western educational system, the teachers in Japan undertake more responsibilities in the making of a Japanese child into a socially acceptable and professionally skilled future citizen. Elementary educational system is completely different in Japan when we compare it with that of other countries. The supervision of teachers in elementary classes is negligible. The children are free to make noises and have the freedom to engage in whatever the activities they like. At the same time, teachers may not give the burden of home works or assignments during this period. In short, Japanese children were able to enjoy the elementary education as much as possible. Such a curriculum approach is undertaken in Japan in order to prevent children from hating education. Even though elementary education is enjoyable to the children, the education following elementary education may not be so. The sense of competitiveness is created during the high school… This essay stresses that Japan is not adamant in sticking with any particular system of education always. They update their educational system and curriculum time to time to meet the changing needs of the students. They are not reluctant in introducing or incorporating new technologies with the educational system in Japan. Computer assisted education is prominent in Japan at present. In fact the ability to adapt with new situations and challenges is the major reason why Japan is still able to maintain highest quality in educational sector. The influence of American culture was earlier visible in Japanese educational system after WW2. However, Japan has realized that the American model may not be suitable to their educational requirements and currently they are trying to move in the opposite direction. As a result of that, currently, Education reformers in Japan are seeking some decentralization of control, greater diversification of institutions, less uniformity and standardization of curriculum, more flexibility in teaching, and more individualization of instructionThis report makes a conclusion that Japan was able to maintain one of the highest standards of education in the world because of the creative educational reforms implemented in educational sector after WW2. Before WW2, japan was trying to imitate German and French education system and after WW2, they tried to imitate American educational system. However, they realized later that Japan needs an indigenous educational system and the above realization helped them to provide high quality education to its children.
The most important factor is the huge consumption of fast food and canned food compared to fresh food. It has also been observed that teenagers in the U.K. sit idle most of the times watching television or playing games which is also an important factor. This essay will discuss the significance and effects of obesity in teenagers of the United Kingdom.The World Health Organization has identified teenage obesity is one of the most serious public health challenge of the world in the 21st century. According to a number of studies and report obesity is one of the highest factors in the young population of the world. Countries like America, the United Kingdom, and Australia etc. are tremendously suffering from this problem. The term Obesity means gaining extra fat in the body by overconsumption of food. Obesity increases in the human body when the amount of calories consumed is more the number of calories required to burn by the body to produce energy (NHLBI, 2013, p.1). The extra calorie continuously deposits in the human body and forms as fat in the stomach and another part of the body. The formation of extra fat in the body slows down the flow of fluids in the body and it finally becomes the reason for severe diseases. According to the latest survey in the year 2012-13, it has been observed that there are mainly three reasons for the increase in Obesity in teenagers. Consumption of fast food at a large scale, lack of proper sleep and spending more time in front of the television by sitting idle.The most important factors for large scale Obesity is the consumption of fast food. In the modern world, it has become a trend towards fast food rather than consumption of proper fresh food. Children from a very small age prefer having fast food by skipping meals that are required for the proper function of the body. Most of the shopping malls have fast food restaurants rather than restaurants that provide a complete meal.
Ralph Waldo Emerson in his text ‘self reliance’ argues that an individual should not conform to the standards that have been imposed on him by the society. An individual should however seek to follow his own wishes, desires, and convictions. According to the essay, the society often has negative impacts on the individual, and often makes the individual give up his values and convictions. Instead of conforming to the society, the individual should trust himself and realize his self worth. Emerson argues that each person is a unique genius and if he (the individual) can trust himself against what the society dictates, he will realize the genius in him. An individual should think for himself and value himself against the society. Emerson’s ideas have been used to analyze different situations tests one of which is ‘Bartleby the Scrivener’ by Herman Melvile. The main character in the story can be seen to fulfill what is asked of an individual by Emerson in ‘Self Reliance.’ The narrator in ‘Bartleby the Scrivener’ is an old lawyer who has been in contact with many scriveners. The narrator after giving information about some of the scriveners and their characters introduces Bartleby who is hired after the lawyer places an ad. Initially, Bartleby seems like the ideal employee who works day and night and always pleases his boss (the lawyer). On one occasion however, he declines a request from his boss to examine a document. He responds that I would prefer not to’ (‘Bartleby the Scrivener’) which surprises his boss (the lawyer is used to instant obedience). The defiance is soon revealed to be Bartleby’s character. This defiance is termed by the lawyer as ‘passive resistance.’ Bartleby continues to refuse to perform even the routine tasks that are expected of him. He even refuses to find a place to live. All he does is write, but at some point he gives up writing and takes up staring at the wall. His defiance can be seen to fulfill what I expected of him by the society. He (Bartleby) is defiant to the society and does what he as an individual wishes to do. The attempts that are made by the lawyer to persuade him to perform different chores do not move him. Bartleby also goes ahead to live in the office as he believes that it is the right thing for him to do. Ordinarily, one would be expected to find a house to live in not make the office his dwelling place. When he (Bartleby) is thrown out of the office, he refuses to move out of the building and lives on the stairs. Offers for housing are turned down, and Bartleby simply says that ‘I would prefer not to’ (‘Bartleby the Scrivener’) Bartleby exercises the free will and self worth that is advocated for in ‘Self Reliance.’ He is able to isolate himself from the demands of the society hence he is able to access his ‘inner genius’. His ability to defy the expectations of the society gives him a sense of freedom that helps him do whatever he believes is right and what gives him satisfaction. Despite the fact that his exercise of self reliance eventually causes his death, he is able to live and die in his own terms as Emerson would advocate. Works cited Melville, Herman. ‘Bartleby the Scrivener’ retrieved from http://www.bartleby.com/129/
Reference List 15Appendices 17Appendix A 17Appendix B 18Skills and Character AuditIn this essay, I will shed light on my personal skill set and try to create a framework with which I can develop my existing skill level up to a greater extent. This document will also try to analyze my character and skill set that I developed during Masters Programme. After auditing my present skill set, I will conduct a personal SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) in order to identify critical skill areas which I need to improve in order to ensure my academic and professional development. Before going to the discussion about my skill level, I will try to shed light on the question that why personal skill development is an essential part for a management professional or for a student pursuing management course?Wilson (2009) pointed out that students in the management course should be encouraged to write reflective essays and such reflective writing helps them to identify their skill gaps. Ertmer and Newby (1996, p. 18) defined importance of reflective skill auditing as reflection is critical for transforming the knowledge gained in and on action into knowledge available for action. … halyi (1996) and Maani and Maharaj (2004) defined intellectual skills as the combination of linear thinking approaches such as empirical testing, analytic thinking, imagination and visualization, creativity, intuition, holistic evaluation and emotional intelligence. However, I cannot boast myself for having all the above mentioned linear intellectual skill sets but I believe that at present, I am complemented with certain level of intellectual skills. Losada and Heaphy (2004) and Vance et al. (2007) stressed on the fact that modern managers use non-linear dynamic pattern of intellectual thinking in order to solve complex business problems. Hence, it is evident from the discussion that developing intellectual skill plays vital role for a modern day managers. In such context, auditing my intellectual skill set will definitely help me to judge whether I am competent enough to handle corporate world challenge or not? Intellectual (thinking) skills Strongly Agree Agree Disagree Strongly Disagree 1. I am a creative person who can adapt my thinking to circumstances 2. I am able to organise my thoughts, analyse, synthesise and critically appraise situations 3. I can identify assumptions, evaluate statements in terms of evidence, detect false logic or reasoning, identify implicit values, define terms adequately and generalise appropriately The first skill set is identifying my capability of being flexible and creative enough to adapt to the situational demand. I believe that my instinct works in well balance manner when it comes to being creative or develop new thinking. For example, during my MSc program in Management from University of Glamorgan, I got the opportunity to showcase my creative when it comes to preparing project with team members or solving a business case study
In the article Towards a New Model of ‘Customer Compliance’ Service Provision, Kasabov and Warlow (2010) used secondary sources to determine the similarities and differences between customer-centric business models and the customer-compliance business model (CCBM) in service industries. In an earlier article, Automated Marketing and E-Marketing Practices of ‘Customer Compliance’ Providers, Kasabov and Warlow (2009) examined the concepts and processes of customer compliance providers. Dellande and Nyer (2007) empirically tested the effect of public commitment on role compliance in Using Public Commitment to Gain Customer Compliance. This essay critically evaluates the research designs and methodology strategies of these articles. Critical Evaluation of Methodologies Based on the data collection and analysis processes of Kasabov and Warlow (2010), they conducted a qualitative research, where they used existing studies on their topic to form their conclusions and to conduct their conceptual analysis. This research design is effective for their research because it considers the development of the service management literature on compliance models, and it helps determine research gaps. The constructionist approach that they employed explores the growth and much needed direction for the research on compliance models (Eriksson and Kovalainen, 2008: 80). The weaknesses of their research design are poor validity and reliability in generating conclusions and sampling research issues. They cannot generalise their findings too because of lack of empirical information that can provide tested results on compliance models. Kasabov and Warlow (2010) did not present their research design anymore, such as what systematic reviews normally do, but they did try to adopt numerous studies on customer compliance. Their sampling includes studies conducted from the 1990s to the 2000s, with more studies on the 1990s. This range of references shows extensive consideration to the development of the literature, but more recent articles and studies are necessary to ensure the relevance of their findings. Without further details on their research design, however, it is hard to replicate their methods and to come up with the same conclusions, which reduced the article’s reliability (Wilson, 2010: 116). A careful analysis of the arguments and use of sources is needed to explore the reliability and validity of their claims and conclusions. Kasabov and Warlow (2010) collected information about the CCBM through reviewing related literature. They have enhanced the validity of their research by including the doubts surrounding service provision and complaint management. They avoided the straw man fallacy, which happens when they only respond to weak arguments to their own claims. In order to critically evaluate their article, their main findings must be discussed. Kasabov and Warlow (2010) argued that CCBM cannot apply the same values and norms used in traditional service provisions and complaints management literature. Furthermore, they complained that current studies have not fully explored the importance and extensive applications of CCBM. They asserted that service management scholars often focused on outcomes and disregarded the importance of CCBM’s novel processes. In doing so, these studies were not able to wholly
The condition is defined as a group of congenital heterogeneous disorders in which there is either complete or partial absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes because of the absence of or a defect in an enzyme involved in the production of melanin (Park et al, 2011). The pattern of inheritance of albinism is variable. It can be X-linked, autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive. It is mainly autosomal recessive in oculocutaneous albinism (Park et al, 2012). Clinical presentation is at birth and depends on the type of oculocutaneous albinism. There are basically ten types of oculocutaneous albinism of which four are common and merit importance. They are oculocutaneous albinism: type 1A, type 1B, type 2, type 3 and Hermansky–Pudlak syndrome (Park et al, 2012). The methodology of oculocutaneous albinism is clearly understood. In this essay, the methodology of oculocutaneous albinism will be discussed. Methodology Albinism is a genetic disorder that is hereditary. Genetic disorders are those conditions in which alteration of a specific gene leads to abnormal enzyme or protein production, leading to clinical manifestations. The main pathogenesis in albinism is abnormal synthesis or distribution of melanin. Melanin is a pigment that is responsible for the coloration of eyes, skin and hair. It is a protein and is synthesized in melanocytes from tyrosine, an aminoacid. Melanocytes are present in the skin, hair bulbs and eyes. The synthesis takes place in specialized organelles known as melanosomes. The most important enzyme in the production of melanin is tyrosinase. This enzyme converts tyrosine to dopa. The gene for tyrosinase is located in the chromosome 11. Mutations in the locus concerned with tyrosinase enzyme can lead to defective or absent tyrosinase. This can result in complete or partial absence of pigmentation of the skin, hair and eye. This type of oculocutaneous albinism is type-1. When the defect lies in P-polypeptide, which is a transporter for melanosomal tyrosine, type-2 oculocutaneous albinism arises. Tyrosinase is present in this type. Its functioning is also normal. But, the transporter is defective leading to the disease. The P gene is in chromosome 15. Patients with type-2 oculocutaneous albinism have some pigmentation, but it is lighter. Epithelial pigmentation of the retinal pigment around the macula is necessary for normal foveal development. Dopa, derived from tyrosine is essential normal retinal development as it is a mitotic agent. Lack of dopa leads to foveal hypoplasia and this can lead to decreased visual activity. Eventually the optic nerve fibers decussate abnormally and this leads to strabismus and monocular vision. Transillumination defects due to depigmented iris result in photophobia (Wei et al, 2011). In type-1 A, the clinical presentation is obvious at birth and the baby is born with blue-grey irides, light pink colored skin, depigmented white hair and predominant red reflex (Wei et al, 2011). As the infant grows more symptoms related to eyes become obvious. These include nystagmus, decreased vision, strabismus, monocular vision and poor stereopsis. The skin can never develop pigmented lesions even after prolonged exposure to sunligh
Within the description, an attempt focusing on the choice of vocabulary, noun use, adjectival use, verbs, and adverbs, among others, are of importance. The grammatical analysis looks at essential grammatical features as used within the text including the type of sentence, the structure of sentences, sentence complexity, clause structure and type, noun and verb phrases, and word classes among many other grammatical issues as used by the artist. Given the foregoing background information, this paper dedicates its analysis to looking at the general stylistic features of three literary materials that fall into written text, spoken text and multimodal text. The three texts are compared and analyzed within the lexical and grammatical point of view. While tracing the theme of love, this paper compares and analyzes Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby, Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet and Hamilton’s Baucis and Philemon within the linguistic and stylistic literary categories. Lexical Analysis: Adjectival use Within various literary settings, Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby virtually considered an American classic owing to its use of language. The language used in the essay is full of figurative language with imagery use. The artist often uses adjectives in a bid to create a romantic feeling and compound the theme of love. Face was sad and lovely with bright things in it, bright eyes and bright passionate mouth- but there was an excitement in her voice that men who had cared for her found difficult to forget… The above line is full of adjectives. Quite often than not, the artist uses contradictory adjectives, for instance, sad and lovely, but as Fitzgerald exposes in the text, this is a character exemplified by Daisy, and as such, the deliberate use of the word ‘bright’ largely captures Daisy’s character. However, earlier use of the word ‘sad’ deprives Daisy of this trait, thus creating a suspicion intention.
The essay would hereby initially trace the historical background of using corporal punishment, particularly smacking, as a tool for childhood discipline. In addition, the discourse would present a general overview of different positions or contentions on the issue of smacking as the most effective technique for childhood discipline. Finally, the concluding portion would highlight the crucial points discussed and present a speculation and recommendation on the most effective tool for childhood discipline in the future. Relevant History and Background The roots of corporal punishment could be traced from the earliest published article in a periodical, the San Francisco Call, dated March 23, 1893 entitled Slap or Spank?: School Punishment Query in Alameda where the School Board of Alameda supposedly sought to determine the manner by which parents would agree and stipulate the kind of chastisement to be used to discipline the children (corpun.com 1). At that time, the contents of the article generated different reactions and responses from school administrators, teacher and parents. with the final recommendation that the general verdict of all those seen is to the effect that the spanking process is far superior to the regulation strap method, but all concurred in saying that the best way of all in such matters was to leave it entirely with the teachers, who should be kept within bounds regarding the severity of the punishment inflicted by rules laid down by the Board of Education (corpun.com 1). Suffice it to say that even at the earliest published article on corporal punishment through spanking or smacking, the issue was elicited diverse and conflicting arguments. Some parents averred that they do not want their children to be spanked at all. Other parents support smacking on prescribed areas of the body, but never on the face. And still, surprisingly, one parent remarked that ’taken across the knee and spanked, by all means. That’s the old way, and I have found it very efficient.’ And the obedience of the little ones clustered about her was good evidence of the truth of the statement (corpun.com 1). These diverse reactions have evolved through centuries and until contemporary times, smacking continues to be a controversial issue. In current times, Gershoff and Larzelere disclosed that, corporal punishment remains a widely used discipline technique in most American families, but it has also been a subject of controversy within the child development and psychological communities (par. 1). The controversial nature is clearly depicted from the contradictory arguments advocated by parents, to wit: The consultation document issued this month by the Department of Health on the physical punishment of children states clearly that ‘many parents would welcome support in learning effective measures of disciplining their child which do not involve physical punishment’ while adding that ‘there may still be occasions when parents … may consider it appropriate to discipline a child through physical punishment’ (Waterston 261). In this regard, parents, social workers, health professionals and policymakers all provide different perspectives on the subject of corporal punishme
This essay examines the background to trade growth in the past five decades, non-tariff barriers imposed by some countries, and the arguments against free trade. Finally, a few of the commonly used trade terms for the movement of goods and their significance for international trade are dealt with.According to WTO Report 2005, world trade in merchandise grew at an average of 7 percent per year between 1955 and 2004. This rate of growth is significant over the long period under consideration and reflects the overall strong growth of economies of the world despite periods of the slow down in some countries. Three important reasons for this impressive growth rate can be identified as (i) successive efforts among nations since 1947 to negotiate and put in place policies for non-restrictive trade, including tariff reductions (ii) significant growth of information and communication technologies and (iii) growing economies, populations and incomes in many of the developing countriesTrade is an important element of a nation’s economy and not surprisingly, the USA and the UK as the leading economies of the world at the end of World War II took the initiative in 1947 on removing restrictions for the free flow of goods (Six decades of world trade growth, WTR 2007, pp.180 – 187). While the US pushed for non-discrimination without exceptions, the UK with its historical background, argued for temporary barriers and preferential treatment of commonwealth nations. Beginning with this and successively moving to the formation of International Trade Organization (not ratified by the US) under UNESCO, and formation of General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs in 1947 (GATT) with the main objectives of removing trade restrictions, reducing tariffs, limiting quotas and dispute settlement process – all gave a fillip to international trade. Western European nations benefited with the increased access to the US market, while the latter exported more capital goods to the former.
Argumentative Essay: Windows or Linux Owing to the increase in use of computers in daily activities and the rise in technological awareness, the issue of choosing a computer with Windows or Linux, has become rather pressing. Although, the trend in Linux usage has improved over time, yet Windows continues to rule its dominance in the market (W3Schools, 2011). In contrast to Linux, Windows may be less superior in certain features. yet, Windows is still the priority of majority of computer industrialists and consumers. The most important factor that ensures the dominance of a system is its usability. Most Linux products still require a slight level of technical knowledge from their users. On the other hand, even a nontechnical user can perform even the most technical tasks by merely clicking a button on screen, through the user interfaces provided by Windows. This feature of ease of use alone is the most essential factor that has kept Windows at the top in consumer market over the years. The improvement in the sales of Linux over these years is because the Linux community has started focusing its development efforts on the usability of the products. But the rich interfaces of Windows still stand unmatchable. Windows may not be an easy system to learn, but it is still easier to operate than Linux. Therefore, in the comparison of the usability of the two systems, Linux still has a substantial ground to cover. Another important factor for comparison of the two systems is the availability and reliability of utility software. Windows has been dominating the market for a long time. So the utility programs available for Windows are considerably more than Linux and also in a variety of price ranges. Although some free, well supported and well documented Linux products are available in market which are in fact comparable in performance and even better than Windows. But as the Windows users are more, and the fact that the Linux products cannot be run on Windows machines, these few products remain within the circle of Linux users. Secondly, the success of a utility program amongst its users is considered a proof of its reliability too. A utility program made for Windows is subjected to being tested by a large database of users. And therefore a success of a product in that big a community is considered higher in terms of reliability. Another issue with the development of Linux is that in order to keep up with technological changes it has shifted too much to support the untested technologies. This attributed to a non consistent technological record of Linux products and a state of unreliability in its users or those that wished to try it. Windows on the other hand has been consistent in following only the tried and tested technologies. Another factor in which Linux has always been considered superior to Windows is the fact that being platform independent and less hungry on resources, Linux could be installed on any and even the oldest low memory and slow set of hardware. In the present day however, the x86 platforms, required for Windows, are cheaply available and so are the other related hardware. This somewhat resolves the issues of memory and speed. Alongside that, computer hardware is constantly undergoing advancements. The designs are being revised for lower power consumption and faster processors. The computer users are upgrading their hardware and the older hardware is becoming nearly obsolete. So, the aspect of superiority Linux once had has almost vanished now. Presently Linux supports many hardware devices, yet its driver support is still not comparable to that of Windows. Owing to the number of Windows users worldwide, the hardware manufacturers design their hardware while targeting Windows. And Windows is simultaneously upgrading itself in order to keep in pace with the advancing hardware. Another important factor to consider is the security and speed of the system. Linux has always been considered securer than Windows. This is visible from the fact the number of documented virus and hacking attempts on Linux systems are very less as compared to that of Windows. But with the advancements in the Windows system over time, the claims that were made in the past by the Linux community do not surface anymore. Windows is a large operating system and consumes more space and resources as compared to Linux. And therefore is slower than Linux in performance. This is the reason why mostly the servers that offer real time services choose Linux over Windows (Security Space, 2011). In these servers, the users are mostly technical people that do not require a rich, user friendly interface to work with. One of the reasons of slower performance in Windows is in fact its rich graphical interface. The factor of open and closed source system cannot be ruled out while comparing the two systems. Linux is open source while Windows is closed source. Majority of the available Linux utilities are customizable and so the end user can have them adjusted to the specific organizational needs. With Windows utilities that option is unavailable and at times the organization may have to be altered in order to use the available utilities. Linux being open source offers room for innovation on one hand but may also result in less perfect software due to clashing egos of developers. Since the development may not be according to recognized standards, the reliability may be questionable. And it may not be worthwhile for corporations or end users with critical agendas to utilize it. The final most important factor considered in the debate of Windows and Linux is the factor of cost. Linux is an open source program and most of its distributions are free. Even the few commercial products available in the market are lowly priced as compared to the corresponding Windows alternatives. However, the business corporations still avoid opting for the free and low cost Linux products in contrast to the apparently more expensive Linux products. The reason lies within the difference between the support services and utility programs available for the two. So there are two aspects to consider while making the cost comparison. software and support price and the price of ownership (Microsoft, 2006). The aspect of price and support can be explained by comparing the most dominant commercial product of Linux called Red Hat Enterprise Linux with the alternative Windows Server 2008 Enterprise edition. The Linux server costs subscription charges of approximately $1,499 per year or $4,047 for three years for its support which includes the patching and bug fixing. The software itself is free. However, this software does not include advanced features set which will have to be acquired separately with additional free software with another yearly subscription package. On the hand, the Windows server can be purchased entirely for approximately $3,999 which includes a lifetime of patching and bug fixing support. The advanced utilities can also be purchased one time with a lifetime support. The second aspect is to compare the ownership costs which include the staffing and administration, hardware and downtime costs. IT professionals for Windows are available in abundance in contrast to Linux. These Windows experts are more experienced, more productive and relatively cheaper to hire (Microsoft, 2006). Basing on the above comparative arguments on factors of cost, ease of use, reliability, utility software and their costs, hardware support, security, open source, it can be concluded that Windows is a more stable operating system as compared to Linux. Due to its consistent design, long market life and enormous user community, it remains the top priority of consumers and hardware and software vendors worldwide. References Microsoft (2006). Get the Facts: Total Cost of Ownership. White Paper. Retrieved from http://download.microsoft.com/download/a/0/6/a0628eee-0114-4444-9793-e52a92dc4cf4/GetTheFacts_ExecSummary_TCO.DOC Security Space (2011). Web Server Survey. Retrieved from https://secure1.securityspace.com/s_survey/data/201101/index.html W3Schools (2011). OS Platform Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_os.asp
It was likewise mentioned that the producers in the developing countries do not profit a lot from trade because they have to split profits and royalties with the governments. At times, they even have to pay those who are in charge of granting licenses thereby going through a number of red tapes within a the bureaucratic structure (Jaffee 2008). Fair trade is defined as that organized social movement which is regarded as a market-based approach aim towards helping producers from developing countries in ensuring the development of better trading conditions and also to ensure sustainability (Ferrer 2008). Basically, the movement is concerned with the need to pay higher prices to producers as well as the development of higher social and environmental standards. In the same manner, fair trade also highlights the export of goods from the developing countries to developed countries. Most of the said goods involve, but are not limited to the following: handicrafts, sugar, coffee, tea, bananas, cocoa, wine, cotton, honey, fresh fruits, flowers, chocolate and gold. The concept related to free trade generally surface as a response to environmental and social goals. Basically, fair trade was considered as a long term approach by which problems related to poverty can be addressed (Jaffee 2008). Thus, through fair trade, it has been argued that producers such as farmers in the developing countries are ensured of a better, sustainable future. In addition thereto, the establishment of the concept of fair trade was also brought about by the inability of free trade in the globalized market economy to cater to the needs of smaller industries thereby contributing to its slow demise. Parenthetically, the proponents of the idea of fair trade mentioned that there is indeed a need for the latter because of the failure of the liberalization of trade to protect small industries which at the same time, also contributes to the exploitation of its members (Ferrer 2008. Jaffee 200). Having established the main definition of the concept of free trade as well as the purpose behind the introduction of the said idea, this essay presents the common issues surrounding the topic. More or less, it aims to give an overview as to the history of fair trade, the purposes behind its establishment and its ability to actually help developing countries attain the sustainable development that it has envisioned (Lyon and Moberg 2011). The Need for Fair Trade The importance in establishing free trade has been premised on the inability of world trade to contribute to the betterment of all the members of the global market, most especially, the developing countries, more specifically the producers and industries therein. Evidently, meetings of the World Trade Organization, the primary international body tasked with the regulation of global trade, were able to show that free trade was relatively successful (Stiglitz and Charlton 2005. Ransom 2006. Nicholls and Opal 2005). Contrary to what the organization envisioned, it was shown that free trade tends to favor the developed nations. Unfortunately, there are even instances when the members of the developed world even come up with measures by which they block and delay important trade agreements. Consequently, because of this, there was a tendency for the members of the
PerceptionsCurrent Event on Values, Attitudes Perceptions The essay aims to select, read, and analyze a recent event or article gathered from magazines, journals, newspapers, or World Wide Web media on the topic covering values, attitudes and perceptions in organizational behavior. The discourse would include the following: (1) a brief reaction to the article/work of your choice that pertains to topics covered in this module. (2) an explanation on the reason why this article pertains to class by providing a summary of the article in terms of the importance of the topic versus our class learning. Current Event on Values, Attitudes Perceptions: The Definition of Workplace Values Summary The article entitled The Definition of Workplace Values written by Juarez on January 18, 2011 and published by Demand Media, Inc. aimed to determine the factors that define values, attitudes and perceptions in the workplace. As initially averred, these factors are ultimately grounded from cultural orientations that have been specifically examined by Dr. Geert Hofstede who founded five specific patterns in cultural dimensions, to wit: power distance, individualism, gender, avoidance and traditions. Background The author based the contents of the article from Hofstede’s Cultures and Organizations that examined the five dimensions of culture, found to be instrumental in determining expressions and manifestations of values and attitudes in organizational setting. The author aimed to write a concise abstract of each dimension as applicable in the workplace. The study of organizational behavior manifests the inclusion of diversity in culture to provide a more comprehensive understanding of why and how people behave the way they do. Findings The author clearly averred that different cultures have different workplace values along five cultural dimensions, which help us define our own workplace values (Juarez, 2011, par. 1). By describing the five dimensions in detail, readers are made more aware of the differentiating characteristics of each dimension to clearly recognize their specific applications diverse work settings that span comparative details across the globe. Reaction The contents in the article are significant as it provides crucial information on the role of culture in the formation of values, attitudes and perceptions that are exhibited by workers in the organization. The information are most useful in global organizations that encourage diversity in culture as part of their policies and composition of human resources. The five dimensions of culture provide explanations on distinctive characteristics of people depending on their cultural orientation, and have been known to continually be manifested in organizational settings. By understanding these dimensions, decision makers could apply appropriate strategies to enhance motivation and solicit the appropriate behavior towards the accomplishment of organizational goals. Juarez, A. (2011). The Definition of Workplace Values. Retrieved 11 May 2011. lt. http://www.ehow.com/info_7808221_definition-workplace-values.htmlgt.
She did this by saving lives and giving hopes to people in a place where giving birth was risky (Holloway 78, 2007). Kris majors on exemplifying the passion of changing the lives of women facing poverty and unhappy marriages. In this essay, the obstacles faced by Malian Minianka women in achieving higher status, and relating gendered inequality to anthropological concepts such as marriage, economy, and reproductive health issues are aptly discussed. Part 2. Gender Norms and Stratification in MaliIn gender norms in Mali, the local culture in which Monique was brought up had strict guidelines that guided women on how to handle themselves. For example, the society was against the idea of using birth control pills. thus, she had to this secretly. The issue of health inequality was the core factor that caused the obstacles experienced by women in this region. In gender stratification, it is established that it is responsible for the maternity-related deaths of 500 000 women annually. The mortality rate for women losing their lives during birth was about 1 in every 12 women. Kris writes on how the region has the highest maternal mortality rates and highest fertility in sub-Saharan Africa. It is estimated that less than 6% of women in their fertility season used contraception, and women that suffered genital ablation was above 96% in their childhood. 1 in 5 children born die immaturely before they reach their 5th birthday. Part 3. Marriage Marriage in this region was not gender sensitive since women were limited in doing certain jobs and denied credit for their hard work in the society. For example, Monique failed to get support from her husband and was trapped in an arranged marriage. They were forced to stay in a marriage despite the problems they encountered since annulment was not encouraged in marriages. Women that divorced their partners were snatched their children. The marriage system was gender insensitive since men were perceived in the society as low and had no value in the society. They were strained into marriages at an exceptionally tender age. hence, facing the challenges of giving birth. Part 4. Economy According to the Kris, the socio-political issues and instable economy was another factor that increased the obstacles women had to face in the society. Women’s economy was low to extent that they could not access proper medical services. For example, Monique suffered from severe mouth pains and was unable to access apt treatment on her dental pains. Women received exceptionally low salary despite the amount of work they did in division of labor. For example, Monique worked incessantly by edifying the community on health issues, but was paid a low salary unfortunately (Holloway 11, 2007). Women in this region also lacked recognition despite the efforts they enacted to the society, and were also not given time rest. There was the lack of running water, skilled and trained doctors, and lack of adequate medical equipments especially for emergencies. Part 5. Reproductive Health Issues The obstacle faced by Malian Minianka women is receiving quality and apt health care services to secure their health. The book recounts the story of a local health worker located at Nampossela in Mali. Women at this region faced the intricacy of accessing apt medication from the government and nongovernmental organizations. Kris shows how Monique offered health care services like prenatal consultations, health demonstrations freely (Holloway 78, 2007). Others included. assisting pregnant ladies in giving birth, administering vaccinations, and solving minor health predicament she had the ability to treat (Holloway 2007, 8). Monique and the Mango Rains highlights a
This essay is structured in different sections, with each section dealing with one factor of crucial influence on performance. The first section discusses the various theories of motivation including the works of Maslow (1943), Alderfer (1972), McClelland (1955) and evaluates the impact of motivation on the group’s performance. The second section discusses theories of leadership by XYZ, and assesses the impact of leadership style on the performance of our group. The third section of the essay covers performance measurement as the factor that impacts on the team performance. The final section of this essay covers my conclusions and the recommendations that can help in better performance management. The first factor that I intend to relate to performance of team is motivation. Motivation has been one of the most studied and discussed topics relevant to performance. According to one of the oldest and most popular theories of motivation, motivation is the result of drives or needs that human beings have. For example, Maslow’s Theory of Hierarchy of Needs (1943) states that there are several stages of needs, like the basic needs for food, shelter and security. social needs related to feeling a sense of belongingness or affection, status and self-esteem needs, and self-actualization needs. As a person is able to fill his lower order needs, the higher order needs become operant and motivate him. See Figure 1 below: Figure 1: Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory (Source: Maslow, 1943). Another version of the derive theory is that proposed by Alderfer (1972), which segregates these needs into only three categories – ERG or existence, Relatedness and Growth needs. According to Alderfer (1972), all three types of needs can be operational at the same time. Similarly, a theory of need is proposed by McClelland (1955), which states that people are motivated by different needs and the prominent need defines what factors may motivate them. For example, according to McClelland (1955), people who have a high need for achievement are motivated by challenging tasks and lofty objectives, while people who have a high need for affiliation are motivated by opportunities that furnish them with more social interactions or recognition. Need for power is high in people who are motivated to obtain positions of high status and power. These theories root the basis of motivation into an internal need of the person. In contrast to these theories, theories like that of Vroom (1964), consider the external rewards and expectations as the driving forces for motivation and performance. Vroom’s theory states that people gauge if their efforts are capable of getting them the desired performance, and if the performance outcome can lead them to their goals or rewards. This means that there are basically two aspects to motivation one is the expectations of a link between effort and performance, and the other a direct link between the performance and rewards. Another essential aspect of motivation according to this theory is the desirability of the reward or the expected value of the reward. People are motivated to expend the effort only if the reward has value for them. As such, motivation according to this theory is a product of: Motivation = Expectancy X Instrumentality X Valence Where, Expectancy is expectation that the effort leads to performance Instrumentality is the perception that the performance will be instrumental in attaining the reward Valence is the value of the reward for the person In addition, motivation can be both extrinsic, as in the case where rewards and incentives are the motivating factors, and intrinsic, where the person wants to fulfil an internal need –
The Group’s production unit in Forest, Brussels, is considered as one of the most important production units of the organization. The production process developed in the particular unit is analyzed in this paper. Emphasis is given on the potentials of the Group to reduce this unit’s costs without affecting the Group’s performance or the quality of the products involved. At the same time, the unit’s logistic process is reviewed focusing on the fact that the various parts of the firm’s cars are coming from different places in Europe and are assembled in Brussels to be then sold all around the world. 2. Production process in Volkswagen Group in Forest, Brussels 2.1 Description of the process In order to understand the performance of the firm’s production unit in Forest, Brussels it would be necessary to present primarily the key characteristics of the production unit involved. Then, the production process should be analytically described, as all of its phases. Finally, the phases of the process that are of key value for its success, meaning the cost management techniques and the quality management techniques as used in the specific production unit, should be further analyzed, followed by suggestions as of their potential update or alteration for supporting the increase of the Group’s performance. Volkswagen Group incorporates a high range of brands (see Figure 1, Appendix). This means that the terms of operation of the Group’s production units internationally need to be carefully reviewed, so that delays or failures in regard to the quality of the products (cars) are avoided. In Figure 2 (Appendix) the monthly deliveries of the Group are presented. It is made clear that the orders of customers in… This essay focuses on the examination and the analysis provided by the researcher, on the topic of the production process of a well-known corporation – the Volkswagen Group. The researcher of the essay discusses the processes that are employed in the Group’s production unit in Forest, Brussels. These processes are reviewed and evaluated emphasizing on the effectiveness of unit’s quality and cost management. The essay aims to show that the production processes used by the Volkswagen Group organization are well organized despite the fact that the logistics management of the organization is quite challenging, since the parts of cars are sent to the firm’s unit in Brussels by various places across Europe and have to be assembled so that the finished product is promoted to the European market. It is concluded by the researcher that the firm’s production unit in Forest, Brussels, meets most requirements of a successful production unit. Still, certain changes are required so that the performance of the unit to be standardized in the long term. The evaluation of the effectiveness of a production process is quite important for estimating the current and future potentials of the organization involved. The review of the production process in Volkswagen’s production plant in Brussels has revealed the strengths of the specific process. It is also assumed that the firm’s performance in the global market, as reflected in its financial statements is highly related to the high performance of the production plant in Brussels.
The forces that define the business environment normally range in various aspects as can be realized in the modern age. Some of these factors can be controlled by the business whereas others are beyond the manipulation of the business. These factors are the core subject matter in this essay. It seeks to address how external environmental forces influence operations.The modern business environment is defined by myriad factors that vitally influence the operations of all players in the market. In an increasingly global and competitive business environment, it is impossible for any business to evade the influence of these factors as a function of its operations.In most cases, some of these factors affect the organizations directly while others impact indirectly on the organizations. In that manner, the modern business environment is classified into. internal environment, the operational environment, and external environment. The first two classifications are normally a function of the organization’s own operations and can, therefore, be influenced whereas the external environmental factors are broad in scope and cannot easily be manipulated by the operations. Economic environment The economic business environment usually refers to the combination of the nature of economic system prevailing in the country of operations, the anatomical structure of the economy in terms of economic policies, the government’s regulation of the capital markets and such other factors as the socio-economic infrastructure. Such market situations are normally great determinants of the success or failure of entirely all organizations (Becker, 2001). In any case, a supportive economic environment is the best condition an organization may imagine. Most multinationals today operate in entirely different economic systems from their home countries and areas such usually compelled to adapt to the conditionality in existence. In many countries, governments in place have tried to promote investment activities through the creation of favorable economic environments that support the operations of investors. The economic systems in many countries differ in many respects and this has a great influence on investment viability. The economic systems in the Eastern countries are totally different from the systems in the Western economies.An American multinational corporation aspiring to operate in Africa should, therefore, be well acquitted with the economic environment evidenced in Africa.
In contrast to an individualist purpose for attending college, Boyer believes the college has an obligation to teach a more coherent view of knowledge and a more integrated life (Steltenpohl J. Shipton, 1995, p. 18). In addition, he warns that we must be mindful of the consequences of selfishness (p. 18). Boyer does not provide a defense of individualism, even though he says it is necessary (p. 18). Instead, Boyer relies only on his defense of community in making his case for two essential goals. The problem is that Boyer does not actually believe in individualism when he claims colleges have an obligation (or duty) to enforce this idea of a more coherent or integrated life. A perspective that believes in individuals to develop their own views on knowledge or life would advocate for an obligation or duty for colleges to present knowledge to students and to allow them to form their own judgments. The purpose, or goal, of college is not to give students a passage, but rather to present facts and objective information. A passage sounds inherently biased toward whatever values the college seeks to supply their students with. While this kind of education—such as that provided by Christian private colleges—has a demand, but that demand is specific and does not represent the general purpose of college. Indeed, having students personally powered and committed to the common good is potentially valuable, but not if that commitment undermines their autonomy. The result of Boyer’s perspective is clearly laid out by Perkinson in his essay The Educated Person: A Changing Ideal, specifically in his treatment of John Dewey and socialization (Steltenpohl J. Shipton, 1995, p. 36). Dewey and pragmatist philosophers advocated schools as tools for producing intelligent decision-makers in a participant democracy. In reality, what this meant was that loyal citizens coming out of public schools were not leaders, but functionaries (p. 36). Everyone coming out of schools was equipped with common values, beliefs, and attitudes serving the American status quo. Economically, every child was prepared to accept his or her role as a cog in a production system. This is the logical result of the kind of solution that Boyer seeks by telling colleges that they have an obligation to teach their students how to be members of a community. However, Boyer and Dewey have been influential enough to change American education at their core. One can see this influence even in our Brandman catalog, which withholds degrees from students who have not completed the sometimes-irrelevant education requirements. The opposite perspective—that we ought to be honoring the role of the individual in education—is borne out by Whitehead in Universities and their Function (Steltenpohl J. Shipton, 1995, p. 38). Whitehead locates the proper function of a university in the imaginative acquisition of knowledge (p. 39). Imagination is an individual ability and does not depend on a community. When one looks around a college classroom, one does not see a group of people engaged in the attempt to better their community through the process of learning. While Boyer would think this is a problem, Whitehead is more concerned with whether individuals are involved in an imaginative acquisition of knowledge. The imaginative pursuit of knowledge, one would suspect, might lead to an individual developing his own
When Kraft took over Cadbury, this was a major change that was disruptive to the Cadbury organisation, which had implications for the all the stakeholders involved. Included in the stakeholders was the UK government, which rebuked the organisation for shuttering a plant that it promised to keep open. The workers felt job insecurity. However, the change was not all bad, as both companies gained market share throughout the world. This essay will examine the changes that were made, including the mistakes that Kraft made, and how the change affected all the stakeholders involved. Cadbury Nature of Change The triggers for change The triggers and forces promoting the change was that Kraft, in September of 2009, offered a takeover for Cadbury, valuing it at the time at ?10.2 billion (Wearden, 2010). This offer was initially rejected. Kraft eventually went hostile without a change in terms, despite the fact that Cadbury upped its sales and profit margins, along with a warning that the firm, Cadbury, would lose its unique culture if Kraft took it over. In the end, despite Cadbury’s resistance to the takeover, Cadbury’s board recommended that the firm be sold to Kraft for ?12 billion (Wearden, 2010). The triggers for change, in this case, was that Kraft wanted to expand its brand, and Cadbury was struggling in the marketplace. In applying the models of change, one of the pertinent models is that of Lewin’s Force Field Model. In this model, an organisation is beset by driving forces on one side and resisting forces on the other. Change upsets the equilibrium of the company, and the driving forces for change are opportunities and threats (Lewin, 1951). The driving force in this case was Kraft’s will to obtain the company, by any means, because it wanted to expand its market share. The resisting forces came when Cadbury repeatedly rejected Kraft’s offers, and, finally, Kraft had to take the company in a hostile takeover (Wearden, 2010). The opportunity that was represented by change was that both companies could gain market share. The threats was that Kraft’s takeover would threaten jobs, and would make workers, and the UK government, feel insecure about the future of the Cadbury company. Another model that is applicable is Lewin’s Ice Cube model. This assumes that there must be a transition state, that is the unfreezing of people’s beliefs – beliefs are frozen, and they must unfreeze for there to be change. The present state is the frozen belief system, while the desired state is what occurs after the beliefs are unfrozen, change takes place, and there is a new desired state that takes the place of the old belief system (Lewin, 1951). This is applicable in the Kraft case, as people in the Cadbury firm had a certain corporate culture and belief system, which is explained below, and they had to learn to adopt a new culture which was imposed by Kraft.
G InsecKill Insecticide in the UKNonetheless, PG intends to launch and market a new product in the United Kingdom, which it is manufacturing for the first time. PG is a popular brand in the country for its high innovativeness, and a strategic position there, therefore, this is expected that InsecKill will receive a good reception.A research has been conducted on the target segment. This has mainly based on the information on consumer demographic distribution and spending behavior in the UK from the company, with regard to its other products sale in the UK market. Different strategies have been identified about how information about InsecKill will be disseminated in the target market. Direct marketing, public relations, sales promotion, and advertising are combined in to a single marketing mix to achieve this.Finally, reviews have been conducted on the customer, market, internal and external contexts. In addition, the objectives, strategies, and budget of this marketing plan have been outlined and are discussed. Furthermore, different tactics to ensure successful business experience in the UK have been identified, basing on the consumer research findings. Nonetheless, PG will assess and review its marketing activities time to time, with regard to changing consumer behavior, for better results. Introduction Procter Gamble (PG) Company is a popular multinational company specializing in consumer goods. It produces a wide range of products, including household products, personal care products, cleaning agents, pet foods, among others. This company is highly innovative, thus the wide variety of products. In addition, PG is known to develop new products in the market at a higher rate, compared to other companies. Overall, PG is a high performer in the market, registering high profits each year (PG 2012). PG values its customers, and develops products that suit their needs. This is the reason for the wide range of brands the company produces. Market research is a crucial aspect for this company, as it is through this that the company identifies the needs of its customers (Rehtmeyer 2010). PG has been successful in the consumer goods market. In this essay, it is assumed that PG has developed a new product, which it needs to introduce in the United Kingdom (UK). This is an insecticide named InsecKill, which is meant for household use to kill stubborn and harmful insects in homes. PG
While several centuries have passed since the publication of the tale of Romeo and Juliet, it appears that even in today’s world, love has preserved the same themes as those observed centuries ago. The plot of Romeo and Juliet revolves around the two families who profoundly despise each other. The play commences with Montague and Capulet, who are engaged in a street fight until the Prince of Verona imposes that any deviation from peace would result in death penalty. Capulet is sent a proposal for his daughter, Juliet by Count Paris for marriage yet Capulet refuses the proposal as she is too young. Capulet invites Paris to the Capulet ball and requests him to delay the marriage proposal for a few years. In the meantime, Romeo meets Juliet at the Capulet ball and falls in love with her. In the famous ‘balcony scene’, Juliet expresses her love to Romeo who claims to have the same feelings for her. They decide to be married despite the animosity that exists between their families. The subsequent day, they are secretly married with the help of Friar Laurence, who wishes to unite the two families. Later, when Juliet requests to delay the marriage proposal by Capulet, she is rejected by her mother. She then drinks a drug potion that would put her in a stage of coma for some time, while Friar Laurence assures her Romeo would be informed of the plan. However, the message is not received by Romeo, who upon receiving news of Juliet’s death visits her grave and meets Paris there. In rage, he kills Paris and drinks the poison himself. Upon the awakening of Juliet, she finds the dead Romeo by her side and ends her life with his dagger. Once the families arrive, they are reconciled by the romantic yet tragic deaths of their children. From the plot, it can be concluded that the themes of the story of Romeo and Juliet revolve around love. More specifically, the story is based on the power of love, and love being a cause for violence. Moreover, the story depicts the struggle of individuals against the society. In the end, the story of Romeo and Juliet portrays that fate is inevitable, like being carved in stone. In accordance with these themes and references that will be presented in the following essay, it can be justified that young, teenage love stories of today are quite similar to the classic love stories such as Romeo and Juliet. The forcefulness and power of love, which often makes love, appear to some as a strong belief, almost like a religion and excels all metaphors. Its strength cannot be described in mere words and therefore, it overpowers the lovers, which then believe in themselves as individuals struggling against the laws of society (Cahn 1996). For instance, Romeo and Juliet, after confessing their feelings to each other, were plotting a plan to run away and secretly be wed. This is because they were aware that their families’ enmity would certainly result in a disapproval of their relationship. Hence, they were in it on their own and decided to be in charge of their own lives and its decisions. Similarly, there are constant reports of teenagers in love running away because of their parent’s disapproval of the relationship. For example, the recent case of Miami Palmetto High School students, Nicole and Jackson, strongly reflects the theme of fighting against the society and lovers deciding to be together without parental influence (Sydney Morning Herald 2011). In the news report, these run-away
The number of fast food chains has also been on the increase since the early 1970s with the number of operational food chain stores having doubled over the years (Schlosser 3). With this, researchers have blamed the increase in the number of fast food chains to blame for the increase in obesity reported cases across the US. However, two sides exist in the debate in which others argue that fast foods also allow people that have lower income rates or the homeless to access affordable food (Bagchi Preuss 854). As much as critics have suggested that obesity and fast food chains have a direct correlation, it has been difficult to establish empirical evidence supporting or negating this fact hence making the debate to be inconclusive. With this as a basis, this research essay will delve intowhether fast foods are legally or socially responsible to blame for their influence on consumer obesity because they do not disclose the ingredients or calorie levels in the foods that they sell. Further, the essay will assess the ways in which this scenario is likely to affect the economy of the US in terms of profit generation and customer oriented services. Linking obesity and fast food establishments In a definition, obesity refers to having a condition in which a person’s body fat is more than 30% of the ideal body weight in relation to their height. Over the years, children with obesity have received a diagnosis of chronic conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and hypertension among a list of many other preventable diseases. In the past, these lifestyle conditions only afflicted adults but the emerging trend has been that children and young adults alike have developed these conditions over time. The costs of treating obesity related conditions have been soaring over the years and critics have shifted focus to the possible cause of obesity rather than preventing the gain of unnecessary body weight of the young population. For one, critics argue that fast food chains are to blame for the increased rates of obesity because of the many offers that they give to their customers in order to edge out market competition for themselves. For instance, McDonalds and Burger King have in recent times introduced offers on oversized burgers as a way of reciprocating customer loyalty where they dished out large servings of fizzy drinks and French fries at discounted prices. Further, families that have incredible busy work schedules also rely on fast food for ready-cooked meals as they do not have time to prepare home cooked meals for their young ones. Therefore, many families rely on taking out from fast food establishments because of the convenience and the minimal costs attached to acquiring meals from these joints. Subsequently, the consumption of greasy foods on a regular basis without engaging in active physical exercises leads to increase in a person’s BMI hence making them to become obese. In relation to litigation suits, lawyers have sought to establish the link between obesity and fast food joints in the same way that they illustrated that tobacco companies are partly to blame for the increased rates of complications associated with cigarette smoking. The argument that lawyers present is that fast food companies sell greasy foods to unknowing consumers without disclosing the calorie percentage in the foods that they retail. Therefore, fast food compani
Other than the Burial Army, the Great Wall is another miracle initiated by the Qin Emperor. All those heavy constructions required thousands and hundreds of people sacrificing their lives to finish this masterpiece. The Emperor of Qin has always emphasized on his wealth and kingdom, so not only is the burial army represented as his guard of his kingdom afterlife but also the Great Wall, which supposed to prevent the Xiongnu from invading China. Especially since Chinese emphasized so much on their afterlife. We can see the Emperor of Qin has great plans for his afterlife or death for both of these constructions started building since he first became the King and was young (O’Connor 13). In this essay, I am going to investigate the relation between the Mausoleum of the First Emperor of Qin and the Great Wall and the importance of the army to the Emperor by going into details of the inside of the tomb. The Relationship between Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor and the Great Wall After he got to power, around the 246BC, Emperor Qin’s main aim was to unify the city-states of China into one kingdom. He was indeed successful in his aim to unify China. After the unification of China, he joined the separate walls of china to form the Great Wall of China, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Great Wall of China was a way of protecting his kingdom. The huge number of life sized terracotta warriors that were found in his mausoleum are believed to be a symbol of his ability to protect the newly unified China even in death the same way he could protect it by building the wall in life (Turnbull 30). The complexity and technicality that were used in the construction of the mausoleum of the first emperor of China is both a wonder and a mystery. From the life sized and uniquely made terracotta armies, bronze chariots and horses, the underground pits to the yet to be discovered tomb. All this shows the advanced technology that the emperor used that beats the modern day technology. The mausoleum is considered the eighth wonder of the world. The same advanced technology was used in the building of the Great Wall of China. The scientist has tried to find the technological mystery behind it in vain and ended up calling it a wonder (Ferrante-Wallace 83). The mausoleum of the emperor Qin of construction began as soon as he ascended the throne around the year 246BC at the age of 13. He wanted his afterlife to be a replica of his life and wanted to assure it is prepared before he dies. The construction of the Great Wall of China started around the year 220BC. The wall and the mausoleum of the emperor were hence built around the same time, when the emperor was in power, and this could be evidence that the emperor of china is the one who ordered its construction. The Chinese believed in after life and regarded it with great importance. According to them, one would need most if not all of the things that they needed when they are alive in their afterlife, life after death. They really took time preparing for the afterlife and took with them all that they thought they might need in their next life after death. They would hence be buried with their pottery, slaves, horses, livestock, farming equipment, and everything they thought they
Her husband, Kwabena, is 5ft, 8inches tall and weighs about 148 pounds because he likes to exercise to keep fit unlike Christiana who is not so much into exercises. Christiana always argues that she gets enough at work. They two have been married for about 30 yrs and both originate from Ghana in West Africa. Therefore, they have the same cultural experiences. This paper will discuss the various developmental stages that a child born between Christiana and Kwabena may go through. Essay One Christiana and Kwabena speak the same language, eat spicy foods and are Christians. However, Christiana is more of an introvert, that is, a laid back person, she is hardly seen among groups of people and is always indoors (Baron, 2010). She does not like to call people, but when any of us calls her, she takes her time and hardly wants to get off the phone. Looking at her social life, she only has a few friends that I have seen her communicate with. On this, she says that she prefers associating and confiding in only one person, that is her best friend. I must say she has never fallen prey to the law. Christiana is one person who is always keen on doing what is right. One can also say she has a type B personality, because no matter what the husband and the children put her through, she does not get irritated or angry. She is not competitive or aggressive towards things. she is always tolerable and flexible to some of the things her husband does. I suppose she has adapted to her husband’s behaviour and way of doing things. One thing l admire about her is the way she is organized and rationale. She is never hasty in making her decisions, and always ready to help when a friend or family member is in need. Christiana has a history of diabetes, hypertension and heart disease in her family, and she herself is hypertensive, though she is on treatment (Baron, 2010). During her pregnancy, her husband told her to stay home and take care of her pregnancy. she was 24years old at that time. She said that since she was not exercising, she tried eating well, so that she and the baby could stay healthy. Her diet included more of fresh fruits and vegetable, she also ate a lot of grains and other foods that were rich in fibre to avoid getting constipated. Generally, she tried getting balanced meals that entailed all the three classes of food, which are proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. During her pregnancy, she was also regular with the pre-natal visits to the doctor so that her development together with that of the baby could be monitored. In addition to this, she also kept away from alcohol bearing in mind that alcohol is not good for the development of the baby. However, one unique thing that Christiana had during her pregnancy was the fact that she craved for hot spicy foods. Therefore, all the time she cooked, she always added more hot pepper than was necessary, this she argued was just one of the cravings that usually come with pregnancy. She tried to maintain the required weight that was recommended by the doctor. When the child was born, it went through different and unique developmental stages as influenced by its parents. The only problem that she experienced during her pregnancy was a bit of morning sickness. This was exhibited by nausea and vomiting that was frequent during her first trimester. To alleviate this, she resorted to eating small bits of food frequently other than heavy meals at one
As a result of near-shoring activities, enhancement of cultural affinity takes place which acts as a boon to the modern businesses with respect to their value chain activities. The cultural affinity being developed provides strong prospect for the long-term relationship development among the various entities of the supply chain. As a result of this, the supply functions of the companies enhance up to a considerable extent. Finally, it is worthy to mention that the new approach of near-shoring as a sourcing strategy offers cost advantages to the companies. The proximity of time zone allows the companies to reduce the extra amount of work required to match with the time of the entity in other ends of the supply chain. The cultural affinity leads to reduced amount of time spend upon the cycles required for reaching a consensus (Neoris Practical Visionaries, 2010). However, the activities within near-shoring strategy for sourcing are not without risk associated with it. Although it is better to go for near-shoring than off-shoring as according to the contemporary managers, near-shoring cannot lead the companies towards achievement of goal when applied alone. A combination of off-shoring, onsite and near-shoring would provide better result than being used alone. Thus, instead of determining the advantage of near-shoring over off-shoring, it would be beneficial for the contemporary mangers to identify the most effective combination through which goals can be achieved (Bell, 2005). On-Shoring Along with near-shoring, on-shoring has also been evolving as an innovative concept in the businesses where efficient supervision of supply… This essay stresses that the opportunity cost associated with outsourcing at times triggers the interest among the companies to remain preset to this process. This is because through outsourcing the production units can derive the advantage of lower production costs in the developing nations of the world which would not be possible with the process of in-sourcing. Another noticeable disadvantage of in-sourcing is that the focus of the company gets deviated from its core competencies because of in-sourcing. In-sourcing might bring about the necessity of concentrating upon certain activities like that of IT in which the company is not expert at. In such a situation, the time, the efforts and the resources that will be spend over activities other than the core activities would be considered as extra amount of cost This paper makes a conclusion that development of various combinations of the modern sourcing strategies would be essential. The companies can then adopt various means of assessing each of the combinations in a critical way. The combination that anticipates the most effective output for the companies should be selected. These actions of the companies in relation to the adoption of one best sourcing strategy are helpful for both the short-term as well as the long-term prospects of the companies. This is because effectiveness of the sourcing strategies leads towards enhanced competency of the supply functions of the companies which is a competitive aspect in the context of the modern businesses.
Sometimes it presents an opportunity to reflect on related episodes in practice. The most important, however, is the fact that a nurse learns more about oneself, develops courage and skills to deal with complicated situations (Chesney, 1996 p. 9). The essay is a reflection of one similar experience during placement. It brings out the importance of personal and interpersonal relationships in handling patients with postpartum depression. This occurs soon after delivery whereby a mother experiences depression, tearfulness, loss of appetite, anxiety, suicidal thoughts and a sense of worthlessness as a parent (Poobalan et al 2007 p. 380). A nurse must feel a strong psychological and sociological connection with the mother and family (Takase, Maude, Manias, 2006 p. 335).Most women are not aware of having this problem and therefore try to battle it out on their own. They continue to suppress these feelings and fail to open up to those around them. The process can be challenging. It is important the mother understands her situation. After she has come to terms with the condition, corrective measures can be applied. It is ideal that she is given enough support from close family members more so husband, sisters or even friends. Developing a therapeutic relationship with both parents, friends, and family, makes it easier for the mother to cope with her situation. Considering the nurse precisely understands a mother’s experience, it becomes natural to mirror own behavior in relation to the situation (Huynh, Alderson Thompson, 2008 p. 198). The reflection process presented in the essay is guided by the Gibbs model of reflection. The choice of this model is strategic since it gives clear and steps by step guidelines on how to conduct the process. I chose King’s theory because it aids to clearly bring out personal values and beliefs. The theory involves three interacting systems apparent during the episode in placement.
Change is a necessary component in an organization in order to respond to inefficiencies, conflicts and environmental developments. As the necessity for change looms larger than ever, a more positive attitude toward it is essential. Managers need to plan and control change to give direction and consistency to it. As change agents, their aim is to raise the level of performance of people and groups. Managers must be open to continuous change if they are to be able to cause the change in others. According to Martires Fule (2000, 357) change, no matter how elegant it appears to be on paper, becomes effective only when it results in people and group actually improving their collective performance.In this regard, the objective of the essay is to address and discuss the response to the question: when undertaking a planned change, it is the process of change rather than the outcome that requires managing. In developing the response to the issue, theories of change and theories of management, as well as examples of planned change in an organization would be used. For this purpose, the experience of Océ, a multinational organization primarily engaged in providing document management, output and printing solutions would be examined in the light of contemporary perspectives in management and change.As part of this Dutch organization that has over a 100-year history, one is faced with an uphill task of managing a change in organizational culture. With a team of people from various departments, the organization provided opportunities for lean training. and a group has been assigned to pilot this task.The change process necessitates cascading and spreading the training to the rest of the organization. However, one is faced with the adverse effects of resistance to change due to a variety of factors, of which merger, is one.
Dramatic Irony initiated in the Greek plays and gradually with time was incorporated in the rest of the tragedies largely and comedies at particular places. Dramatic irony is a rhetorical device or a literary technique that employs a climactic consequence.It is essential to understand the meaning of dramatic irony before analysing the impact of the device used in one of the greatest plays by Sophocles, Oedipus the King and understand the perspective from which Sophocles treated this literary device into the plot of the play. Particularly this type if irony is implemented in the situation where the character in the play is about to make any mistakes or commit one without any priori but the audience or the reader is more educated and aware of the consequence. In the play Oedipus the King also the situational irony is manifested through the dramatic ironies where Oedipus passes comments that are in a way indications of his forth-coming actions about which he is not unaware. The awareness of the audience about the ignorance of the protagonists at various places heightens the sympathy and manifestation of the ironic destiny of Oedipus. Thesis Statement The essay intends to explore the ways dramatic ironies are incorporated in to the plot of the play, Oedipus the King to generate tragedy, empathy and conflict in the play.Use of Dramatic Irony in the Play Oedipus the King Dramatic ironies are more common with tragedies. … Such occurrence takes place at the outset of the play, when Oedipus proclaims to trace the murderer of Laius and the speech which captivates a great threat and curse for the murderer and one who has given shelter to him reclaims the irony as the audience are well aware that Oedipus is cursing and abusing none other than his own self as according to the prophecy, he himself is going to be Laius’ murderer, Oedipus: Upon the murderer I invoke this curse- whether he is one man and all unknown, or one of many- may he wear out his life in misery to miserable doom! (Sophocles, Oedipus the King) The scene between Teiresias and Oedipus is full of dramatic irony. Becoming impatient by the impulsive instinct, Oedipus compels Teiresias to unveil the fact of his prophecy. Oedipus loses control over his rage, accuses the wise prophet of his physical blindness and abuses him. Whereas, the truth is that Oedipus despite of having the power of physical sight is mentally blind. He cannot see or perceive the truth and therefore despite of being physically complete, he is actually incomplete with his half-sighted insight, and he remarks the following lines which evoke optimum tragedy and irony at the same time. Oedipus: It has, but not for you. it has no strength for you because you are blind in mind and ears as well as in your eyes. (Sophocles, Oedipus the King) The involvement and effect of dramatic ironies are also pertinent in the scene with Creon. Creon requests Oedipus not to confine him into exile or pass death sentence against him. With the last scene of the play, the audience encounter a complete role reversal where Oedipus requests Creon to look after his daughters and pass the sentence of
Running head: INTERVIEW ESSAY 1 Interview Essay
Date INTERVIEW ESSAY 2
Interview Essay My interview focused on a local businessperson who started a resource management…Business
One of the biggest accomplishments of my life that I am proud of is earning a college
degree, despite not being born in the United States and not having much money when
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Running head: RELIGION AND WAR 1 Institution:
Topic: Religion and War
Student Name: RELIGION AND WAR 2 A religious war is a war brought on or legitimized by contrasts in religion. The record of
Rebuttal Essay –Outline Template I. Introduction
A. Attention grabber: Can you believe a disease that is not real yet people suffer from it? P[atients
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Running head: GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS: ARE THEY LABELED IN THE US? Genetically Modified Foods: Are they labeled in the United States? 2GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS: ARE THEY LABELED IN THE US?…
Mythology can refer to the collected myths of a group of people—their collection of stories they
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Running head: MUSIC: ESSAY 1 Music: Essay
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(My questions keep being deleted…..for clarity, I’m not asking for support with content,
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2. How to use references to make an argument. For example, do I provide an opinion, then back it up with a reference, or does this type of writing render my opinion invalid?
3. Approximaty how many references to use in this short section of the assessment. (Each part is 1000, this is just one of 5).
4. Are references direct quotes, or must they be paraphrased?
I’ve attached the question incase the context helps.
‘Student’s should draw from the literature and policy context to discuss the purposes that leadership serves within educational settings and how this frames and has framed our understanding of leadership (what a leader is) over time.
on the transformation of American society after WWII. Discuss important topics like suburbanization, the GI Bill,
the automobile, and the effects of consumerism on society and gender spheres, racial experiences, and youth culture. Conclude your essay by answering the following question: What was the role of religion in post-WWII society?
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Helen Keller once said There are no shortcuts to any place worth goingquot; which I
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Running head: ANALYZING POLLUTION SITUATIONS IN SUDBURY Analyzing Pollution Situations in Sudbury and effects on environment
Professor A. Keane
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Running head: THE RISE AND FALL OF CLASSICAL COMMUNISM The Rise and Fall of Classical Communism
Institutional Affiliation: 1 THE RISE AND FALL OF CLASSICAL COMMUNISM 2 1. What were…History
Tim Hortons Inc.’s (TMI)(Click here to review the TMI Case
You have been asked by the President of Tim Hortons Inc.’s (TMI) (Click here to review the TMI Case
Study) to provide some consulting (advisory) service. Tim Hortons is considering opening its line of restaurants in China and is looking for a feasibility study that will include macroeconomic analysis and estimates of market potentials for THI products.
There is a strong interest from investors in Hong Kong because there are a large number of Canadians in that country. Hong Kong, a former British colony, operates as an autonomous state but it is part of China. Opening THI restaurants in China can be considered as a two-stage process: (1) first open in Hong Kong and then (2) move into China.
Hot on the heels of the success (or perhaps trying to show you can improve upon a less-than-satisfying performance) of your first foray into the assessment of macroeconomic conditions of a country (i.e., your research essay), you have decided to join forces with three of your peers to take it to the next level. You have formed a small consulting company and are bidding on a major project with a major client – Tim Horton’s Incorporated (THI).
THI has issued a challenge asking for recommendations on whether they should or should not strengthen their investment in one of the fastest growing economies of the world: the People’s Republic of China (China). Your team will consider the macroeconomic environment of China and its trends, and then examine the feasibility of establishing a formal presence for Tim Hortons within the boundaries of China. If you recommend that THI should enter this market, then you must also list the various steps that it should take to ensure its success. Should you recommend that the market is not suitable, then you must present a strong argument as to why.
As a further twist, your team will have some competition. Other teams will be given the same opportunity to prepare their recommendations on the same project using the same case study as a starting point, so you need to find a way to find, select, and package your information that will be the most engaging, creative, and persuasive. THI will hire the most convincing group to help them in the broader project.
Some questions to think about as you approach your research are:
- Should you use Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) to get an idea of the buying power of the Chinese consumers?
- How about the exchange, inflation, and interest rate? How do they have any bearing on your analysis?
- How about the unemployment rate in China – how does it affect your analysis?
- What are the expected price and income elasticities of demand for THI products in China?
- Do you think that THI should modify its menu for the Chinese market? If so, elaborate on this.
- Starbucks, McDonald’s, and many other Western fast food chains are already in China. How these will affect THI’s growth and success?
- Work constructively and collaboratively in a small group to produce an engaging and informative package.
- Review all the required chapters from the course textbook:
Ragan, C.T.S., (2013). Macroeconomics (14th Canadian ed.). Don Mills, Ontario: Pearson Education Canada.
- Business journal databases from Yorkville U Library
- Case study: Should Tim Horton’s Expand into the Chinese Market (also outlined below)
- Data about the Chinese economy is available from various reputable internet sources including the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Mundi, etc.
Overall, your team will study the case study provided and then conduct additional research on the country of China in order to get information to address the following questions:
- How big is the Chinese market? What is the real GDP adjusted for Purchasing Power Parity?
- What is the current state of the economy that you have chosen? Collect the latest available data on nominal GDP, real GDP, per capita real GDP, unemployment rate, inflation rate, interest rates, exchange rate(s), and any other important macroeconomic data.
- How is this economy doing? What is the growth rate of the real GDP? What is the trend in this variable?
- How fast is the per capita real GDP growing? This is an indication of the buying power.
- Is the country experiencing an inflationary or a recessionary gap?
- What kind of macroeconomic policy should this country follow?
- Can you find the relevant data for the last couple of years or more?
- At what stage of the Business Cycle is this country presently in? Is there an inflationary or recessionary gap?
- What kind of fiscal and monetary policies is this country presently following? Expansionary or contractionary?
- What is the price elasticity of demand for fast food in China? Is it elastic or inelastic?
- How are the Western fast food companies doing in China? McDonald’s, Starbucks, and KFC are here. Can Tim Hortons learn something from the experiences of these companies in China?
- What is the Income Elasticity of demand for coffee and fast foods in Canada? Can we assume that in China the elasticities will be somewhat similar?
- What other issues with regards to the social, political, labour, or environmental practices in China should be taken into consideration by THI?
- Is it going to be easy to find skilled persons to work at THI?
Your ultimate goal is two-fold:
- to provide the best evidence to support your recommendations to Tim Hortons company; and
- to do so in the most compelling, informative, and creative way you can.
CASE STUDY: Should Tim Hortons Expand into the Chinese Market?
Tim Hortons Inc. (THI)
Tim Hortons, arguably, is the best known Canadian brand. Its restaurants provide premium coffee, espresso-based hot and cold specialty drinks, cappuccinos and espresso shots, fruit smoothies, home-style soups, fresh baked goods, grilled Panini and classic sandwiches, wraps, soups, prepared foods, and other food products.
THI was founded in 1964 in Hamilton, Ontario, by Canadian hockey player Tim Horton. Tim Hortons franchises spread rapidly and eventually overtook McDonald’s as Canada’s largest food service operator. The company opened twice as many Canadian outlets as McDonald’s and system-wide sales also surpassed those of McDonald’s Canadian operations as of 2002. Tim Hortons commands 76% of the Canadian market for baked goods (based on the number of customers served) and holds 62% of the Canadian coffee market (compared to Starbucks, in the number two position, at 7%).
As of December 30, 2012, the company had 4,264 restaurants, including 3,436 in Canada, 804 in the United States, and 24 in the UAE and Oman. Tim Hortons’ international expansion strategy has been categorized as careful and slow. In comparison, Starbucks, a U.S. based competitor, has been very aggressive in international markets for several years, and has already expanded into China.
However Tim Hortons’ international presence has some interesting features. To provide moral support to the Canadian soldiers in Afganistan, it opened a restaurant on a military base outside Kandahar, Afghanistan. Two more outlets are located in military bases at Fort Knox, Kentucky, and Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia. Tim Hortons’ other international expansions include a small outlet at the Dublin Zoo. Tim Hortons also made a deal with the Spar convenience store chain in the UK and Ireland, resulting in Tim Hortons coffee and donuts being sold at small self-service counters in many Spar stores.
Its busiest branch is located in Fort McMurray, Alberta; its location in Iqaluit is the northernmost store.
In November 2010, Tim Hortons extended Interac debit payment system acceptance to most of its stores. The company previously began accepting Interac in its stores in Western Canada in 2003 and, later, MasterCard and MasterCard Pay Pass across most of its stores in 2007. The company often indicated the delay of broader or wider electronic payment acceptance was to ensure speed of service. In 2012, Tim Hortons began accepting Visa cards.
Twenty years ago, Tim Hortons used to sell mainly donuts and coffee but today it offers breakfast and lunch menus. Product lines have been diversified and the stores are getting better furniture and free Wi Fi. Investors in THI stocks have been rewarded very well.
Since initiating market reforms in 1978, China has shifted from a centrally planned to a market based economy and experienced rapid economic and social development. GDP growth averaging about 10% a year has lifted more than 600 million people out of poverty.
With a population of 1.3 billion, China recently became the second largest economy and is increasingly playing an important and influential role in the global economy.
Yet China remains a developing country and its market reforms are incomplete. In 2011, China’s gross national income per capita of $4,940 ranked 114th in the world; over 170 million people still live below the $1.25-a-day international poverty line. With the second largest number of poor in the world after India, poverty reduction remains a fundamental challenge.
Rapid economic ascendance has brought on many challenges as well including high inequality, rapid urbanization, challenges to environmental sustainability, and external imbalances. China also faces demographic pressures related to an aging population and the internal migration of labor.
Significant policy adjustments are required in order for China’s growth to be sustainable. Experience shows that transitioning from middle-income to high-income status can be more difficult than moving up from low to middle income.
China’s 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-2015) forcefully addresses these issues. It highlights the development of services and measures to address environmental and social imbalances setting targets to reduce pollution, to increase energy efficiency, to improve access to education and healthcare, and to expand social protection. Its annual growth target of 7% signals the intention to focus on quality of life rather than pace of growth.
Running Head: LIFESPAN DEVELOPMENT 1 Lifespan Development
Institution LIFESPAN DEVELOPMENT 2 Lifespan Development
The development of a person takes several steps and those stages are…Social Science
These sources have ultimately been proven and needed to sustain life and uphold the objective of providing a cleaner and healthier environment as a legacy to the next generations to come.
“Fueling the World: What Are the Alternatives for Energy?” In addition, from the perspective of the stakeholders, the essay would explore the benefits and challenges of switching to an alternative fuel source and determine ethical and environmental issues concerning alternative fuels.
The author of “Fueling the World” emphasized the implications of continued over-reliance to traditional fuel sources. An introduction to the discourse was presented by utilizing the most innovative invention of all times, the car. With all its functionality and aesthetic value, the fact remains that vehicles consume a vast amount of fuel. Elliot (2004) averred that “about 70 percent of our oil consumption is used for transportation”. The United States is identified as the biggest consumer of oil from among all the countries in the world. With this issue at hand, the author stipulated the problematic state of conventional energy sources, to wit: coal, oil, natural gas and nuclear power.
The source and potentials for coal remain vast but the risks to humans and to the environment are tremendous. Oil, on the other hand, is running out and the world is currently besieged by price increases due to its depleting reserves. Natural gas was found to be the most environmentally sound but is difficult to mine and to ship. Nuclear power had already achieved such notoriety despite its potentials.
Having determined the state of traditional energy sources, alternative fuel sources were highlighted: hydropower, solar energy, fuel cells, and by simply engaging in energy conservation. Potentials for alternative energy sources abound. .One relevant solution to environmentally ethical dilemma such as addressing alternative sources of energy is to call the attention of government officials to reduce government subsidy that encourages growth in high-risk natural resources areas. There are numerous conservation, recreation, and civic organizations that call on local government officials to the unit with their efforts and be the representative to establish a unified and coordinated government leadership for natural resource. . .
The essay "What’s True About the Mind?" talks about the functioning of the human mind. The faculty which is responsible for man’s thought, actions, feelings, and speech is his mind. This entity is what sets man apart from other lower animals. The mind determines a man’s intellect or his intelligence.
Aristotle called a man a ‘rational animal’ juxtaposed to Freud’s opinion of human beings as being ‘irrational’. Rational or irrational, we must agree that we possess powers of reasoning and arguing for what we believe. We become irrational only when we make a mistake in reasoning and not due to an absence of reasoning power itself. The mind is able to judge situations and act accordingly. It has the capacity to be aware of things around us. It follows a certain logical pattern and works within a time frame called memory. It distinguishes near memory from distant memory. How else can we know yesterday from last year? The mind is conditioned into taking certain basics for granted. We underplay our knowledge because some of it is so common¬ place, so familiar from our everyday acquaintance with us and other people. Our mind is like a kite, capable of transporting us on a mental plane wherever we want to without moving an inch. The mind rambles when we want it to and can also be conditioned to stay where we want it to. We hold the strings/controls. It is an ocean of energy which flashes in and out of places in a fraction of a second.
This essay "Cause and effect of childhood obesity in America" outlines the reasons for children’s obesity and difficulties that person who suffer the obesity in the childhood can face once he/she growth. Obese individuals suffer from a host of social, economic and educational prejudice. Because of teasing and stigmatisation among their peers, obese children tend to suffer from psychosocial morbidity, particularly among adolescents and girls. The obese child develops poor self-esteem, depression and eating disorders. (Reilly, 2007) When they grow into adulthood, the obese individuals tend to experience discrimination at work. Difficulty in getting a job is a particularly prevalent and oppressive effect of the social prejudice against obesity because a person’s very lifelihood and economic well-being is affected.
Chernov (2006) conducted a study that identified some of the reasons why obese people are discriminated against. Most commonly expressed by employers are: (1) negative portrayal of store image (customers perceive the store negatively if they have an obese employee). (2) higher insurance costs coupled with the uncertain future health conditions of the obese applicant. and (3) physical limitations of the obese applicant to comply with the dictates of the job. Of these three excuses, only the third, physical limitations, may constitute a legitimate reason for not hiring an obese person. And oftentimes, even if the person has been hired, he has trouble being promoted and is often passed over in career advancement opportunities.
Task Junction A roundabout refers to a type of circular intersection, which allows road traffic to flow continuously in one directionaround a central land mass. It is imperative to note that, the modern forms of the roundabout was standardised in the UK. This essay seeks to defend the choice of the roundabout over the T-junction or Light Controlled Junctions in our project (Thomas, 2007).
As a point of departure, the roundabout junction provides a simple pedestrian visual since the traffic comes from one direction unlike the traffic and T-junctions, which involves numerous movements from diverse directions. We focused on the roundabout junction in our project because it is easy to understand compared to the traffic and T-junctions (Thomas, 2007). For instance, the roundabout junctions allow for slow movement of traffic, which facilitates the visual engagement of the pedestrians. On the other hand, the movement of traffic on the traffic and T- junctions is too fast that the pedestrians cannot comprehend the movements and respective directions.
The other aspect that characterizes the simplicity of the roundabout over the traffic and T-junctions is attributed to the ability to allow the U-turn within a normal traffic flow. The other forms of junctions do not allow this kind of turns, which are fundamental for any driver. The choice of the roundabout is beneficial because it provides in-depth information on the required guidelines to be observed before making the U-turns (Thomas, 2007).
In conclusion, this study considered the roundabout over the traffic and T-junctions because the modern are a common phenomenon across the world, particularly in Belgium, china, Iceland, Qatar, Israel, Ireland, Costa Rica, Australia, Morocco among many other nations. This provides immense supporting evidence to our study.
Kielinger, Thomas. Crossroads and Roundabouts: Junctions in German-British Relations. Bonn, Germany: Bouvier, 2007. Print.
In this Essay I will focus on Tatsuo’s three main ideas of sovereignty, Asian culture and tradition, and religious diversity.
Tatsuo views the Asian values as unauthentic and driven from an anti-West centric stance. In fact, the Asian governments invented this concept to increase their power and silence Asians’ voices by restricting their liberties. According to Tatsuo, the term Asian value is a concept used by Asian leaders to protect their societies from being invaded by Western concepts that contradict with their culture and tradition.
Indeed, Tatsuo suggests that even though Asian leaders do not like the idea of democracy – viewing it as a Western value that is being forced into their society, they contradict themselves by accepting the term sovereignty, which is also a Western concept that was introduced by philosophical westerners such as Jean Bodin and Machiavelli. In fact, Tatsuo points that Asian society uses sovereignty as a way to place the power of the state above the individual rights. A good example is Bangkok Declaration that manipulates the meaning of sovereignty by illustrating the importance of respecting the nation and not interfering with foreign affairs.
In my opinion, Tatsuo’s argument on sovereignty is valid. Introducing democracy to Asian society will disrupt the hierarchy system that places the state on top of its citizens. In fact, increasing the individuals’ respect and love for their state will increase their feeling of responsibility towards their nation and consider protecting their states as their first priority regardless of their human rights. Indeed, the more value is given to the state the more power it will have and the less power individuals will feel, which will increase their fear of expressing their voices even if their rights are violated. Indeed, this hierarchy system allows the state to control its citizens easily under the right of sovereignty and disregarding the rights of
This shows how different interpretations can be given to one concept. These different interpretations of liberal principles form the basis for various democratic theorists. Deliberative theorists like Habermas try to eliminate this pluralism of ideas by developing a rational consensus while theorists like Laclau and Mouffe insist on agonistic democracy whereby pluralism is appreciated. These interpretations of ethico-political principals lead to different political groupings such as the liberal-conservatives, neo-liberals, social-democrats, and radical-democrats among others. The big question here will be whether conflict is bad for democracy hence should be eliminated or whether conflict is essential for growth of democracy. This essay will discuss the idea of conflict as constituted by Mouffe using his agonistic model of democracy. I will argue that conflict is an inevitable and important element of democracy as it allows for politics of pluralism hence liberty.
When we hear of the word liberalism what comes into mind is freedom or to do whatever one pleases without any constraints. In line with principles of the constitution, one should have liberty to enjoy the fruits of democracy and to pursue happiness. This was based on the conception of individuals as rational beings who pursue self interests. But what if such freedoms result in constraining others from enjoying their rights? Should our liberties be limited for the sake of common good? This leads to the conception of liberty as negative, that is, citizens are prohibited from pursuing their interests if such pursuits are to the detriment of others in the society. In a democracy, the citizens choose representatives to the government in free and fair elections and these people are supposed to represent the interests of the community or of the people who choose them. As such, liberal democracy has been the
[Supervisor’s How they Formed their Identity Identity formation is that phenomenon that results to an individual by serving one with a distinct personality. There can be couple of factors which might lead into identity formation of an individual. This may include environment or the notions that one prefers to follow. In order to understand such phenomenon, two of the essays are to be evaluated that will be serving in extracting the motivational elements for these individuals to form their identities.
Firstly, an essay written by Oscar Casares ‘Crossing the Border without Losing Your Past’ is to be examined. The essayist Casares starts its journey by presenting his father’s views of identity, though. he said, ‘To him, ancestry is what determines your identity’. This shows that since he was a child, his parents started to encode him about his identity, which was related back to his ancestry. Although, author was born in United States yet his father was a Mexican. Additionally, by describing the population of his home town, Brownsville, he sates, ‘almost everyone I know is Mexicano: neighbors, teachers, principals, dropouts, doctors, lawyers, drug dealers, priests’. Therefore, this cultural environment made him to feel himself a Mexican. The thing that made him closer to his Mexican identity was the annual four day celebration of Mexican heritage, under the name of Charro Days (Casares).
The experiences described above are the author’s childhood experiences. however, when he grows up and leaves his town his exposure towards his identity formation expands with significant extent. As he starts exploring the world, he seemed to believe that in United States immigrants and minorities have always been exploited by the media, as they know well how to stereotype an ethnic group. While experiencing through the events of his life, author acquired realization that the stereotypic image created in the minds of Americans describes the Mexicans as criminals, involved in dirty and lustful activities. As Casares was called as Mexican-American by natives. nevertheless, after realizing that being a Mexican is dealt as an abuse in America, no matter how honest and innocent one is. Thus, author later appeared believing like his father that he was a proud Mexican (Casares).
Moreover, the other essay ‘American Dreamer’ written by Bharati Mukherjee shows the other side of identity formation. The essayist, from the start of the essay appears claiming to be a naturalized American. The actual birth place of the writer is Calcutta, India, where she experienced all the true essence of his culture. Before and after moving to Iowa, she always felt herself as an Indian, due the deep penetration of Indian culture in her blood. However, while during her academic years at University of Iowa, she entered in a love relationship with a Canada based American, though. she got married with him (Mukherjee). The essayist is also found describing the identity formation in India in a way that, ‘A Hindu Indian’s last name announced his or her forefathers’ caste and place of origin’. Unlike Casares, Mukherjee is not much influenced from the core of her culture. She spent her ten years in Canada with her husband and children, where she felt lonely and seemed quite nostalgic in terms of his memories with America. As the time blurred her memories with India, though. she claimed herself as a naturalized American. At the end, she again appeared to be claiming, ‘I am a naturalized US citizen and I take my American citizenship very seriously’. By her stances, it can be analyzed that her orthodox Indian family would not have accepted her, as she got married out of their family. therefore, she made her individual identity by adjusting into American culture (Mukherjee).
The analysis has demonstrated that the identity formation of an individual is greatly influenced by the environmental one experience in the present time, along with the influence of one’s own perceptions towards the society.
Casares, Oscar. "Crossing the Border without losing Your Past." New York Times Company 2003: 115-117.
Mukherjee, Bharati. "American Dreamer." Mother Jones (1997): 119-124.
Health Policy Reflection The 21st century has ushered in an array of new global challenges. While the United s has tremendous issues it must face, one of the most prominent of these difficulties is health care. Despite placing considerable emphasis on health care, the United States continues to spend considerably more on this need than other nations. Despite paying more, the United States receives less comprehensive health care than many international countries. Through a comparison of the United States’ health care policy with the health care policy in Canada, this essay attempts to determine why others countries can achieve better health care for less money.
When comparing the United States’ health care system to the Canadian health care system one of the most prominent recognitions is that the United States charges considerably more for the same procedures. Mack (2011) indicates that the average cost of an appendectomy in the United States is $8,000. This is compared with Canada where the average cost of this operation is $5,000. There are a variety of reasons for this price disparity. One of the most prominent recognitions is that in the United States considerable amount more money goes towards administrative costs. These costs extend to the medical professionals as well. It’s recognized that many qualified medical professionals leave Canada to pursue higher paying jobs in the United States. While United States medical administrators and physicians receive higher salaries, this does not directly translate into improved quality of care.
Another prominent difference between the United States and Canadian health care systems is the type of medical interventions that are implemented. In the United States there is considerable emphasis placed on expensive interventions. For instance, United States medical treatment regularly involves tonsillectomies, knee replacements, and MRIs. While these interventions are implemented in the Canada, the Canadian health care system places more focus on treatment at the primary care physician level. Klune (2011) indicates that in great part the Canadian primary care system is able to treat these issues before they become more large-scale and require expensive interventions.
A final consideration is the nature of attitudes and socioeconomic conditions within the United States. An amount of research has argued that one of the major reasons the United States must spend more on health care costs than Canada is because the United States crime rate is higher (O’Neil 2007, p. 42). This higher crime rate then results in more treatment for victims. Still other perspectives consider that the United States doesn’t place a high enough emphasis on exercise as a health care strategy (Weir 1992, p. 313). These socioeconomic conditions and attitudes then contribute to higher health care costs.
In conclusion, this essay has compared the United States’ health care policy with Canada’s policy. The essay has demonstrated that the United States pays more for health care yet receives worse results. Among the major reasons include the United States higher costs of physicians and medical administrators, the Canadian system’s more effective primary care system, and finally because of dysfunctional attitudes and poor socioeconomic conditions in the United States.
Klune, S. (2011). Why does health care cost so much in the united states? . Retrieved from
Mack, J. (2011). why does u.s. health care cost so much?. Retrieved from
ONeill, D. M., (2007) "Health Status, Health Care and Inequality: Canada vs. the U.S.",
National Bureau of Economic Research, NBER Working Paper 13429.
Weir M.R. (1992). "Childhood Obesity and treatment mechanisms". American Journal of
Diseases of Children 146 (3): 313–6.
Sustainability reporting in Australia is voluntary, meaning that the organizations are not bound by law to report it in their financial statements. So, the purpose of this essay is to emphasize on the fact that Australian companies should adapt sustainability reporting in the present century and to establish why and how the organizations should meet the requirements of sustainability reporting and how will it be profitable to them.
Sustainability reporting involves the display of a company’s economic, social and environmental performance and its impacts through the company’s annual reports. There are various reasons as to why a company should report its performance. Sustainability reporting helps in establishing a stronger trust relationship with the stakeholders. The stakeholders view the company as being honest about their actions and performance, thus it strengthens the image of an organization as being sincere and considerate towards the environment it operates in. The key towards establishing strong relations is not to report the good part only but the discrepancies as well. it leads the stakeholders like employees to trust their employers and execute hard work to enhance the performance of the company (Blackburn, 2007). Such actions give the sense of legitimate reporting of corporate activities. This ensures acceptance by the key stakeholders of the company especially towards the management decisions and activities that may be sometimes seen as of compromising nature (Schaltegger, Bennett and Burritt, 2006). By incorporating sustainability reporting into the strategic designing of an organization, a company can link all its operations to achieve those goals that are expected of it. Various operational benefits can also be derived through implementing sustainability reporting. The various costs that are incurred because of the irresponsible use of materials
This alone was a violation of the subcontractors’ contract with Primark. furthermore, the third party employed children (another violation) and the wages of even those who were of legal working age were only about half the minimum wage permitted by the State (yet another violation).
Business performance is no longer just measured by their market performance. it is also affected by their strategies in non-market environments (Baron, 2000). As evidenced by the reaction to BBC’s feature on Primark (Arnott, 2008a), activists and media groups particularly in pluralist Western societies have inflated the importance of these non-market strategies (Orlitzky et al, 2003). One of the foremost construct which captures non-market strategies collectively is the concept of corporate social responsibility or CSR.
Carroll (1983) defined CSR as involving “the conduct of a business so that it is economically profitable, law abiding, ethical and socially supportive” (608). This is only but one definition among the many that proliferated in the literature since the 1950s but they all underscore the companies’ responsibility for public good (Blowfield &. Murray, 2008). Some of the issues subsumed under the CSR concept include human rights, environmental protection, sustainable development, and philanthropy. Further, the European Commission’s (2004) definition emphasizes the voluntary integration of social and environmental concerns in businesses’ operations and in their interactions with stakeholders. The concept of stakeholder in the definition equates to the company’s accountability to them (Jacobs, 1997).
In this essay, Primark’s approach to CSR is reviewed using Carroll’s CSR pyramid as the analytical framework. Carroll’s model is used because it has been the most durable as well as the most widely cited framework for understanding the various components
Nurse Staffing Ratios" Unlicensed Personnel and Nurse Staffing Ratios The essay aims to address a two-fold objective to wit to express your opinion whether unlicensed assistive personnel be licensed by the individual state boards of nursing. and (2) to support your response with evidence from two professional sources.
Unlicensed Personnel and Nurse Staffing Ratios
Unlicensed personnel are used in medical practice to provide a cost-effective quality care (Gravlin and Bittner, 2010, 330). They are grouped under unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) and positions range from being a medical assistant to a nursing assistant. The unprecedented growth of aging population while having nursing shortage calls for the increasing demand for UAP. Meanwhile, safety concerns due to educational qualifications and accountability issues emerged simultaneously with the increasing demand for UAP because of documented incidental errors. Some say that the UAP is accountable because he committed the error while others say that it was the nurse to blame for errors because of the responsibility inclined with the license. In this case, should unlicensed assistive personnel be licensed by the individual state boards of nursing?
As mentioned earlier, UAPs lack enough educational qualifications and training compared to those with baccalaureate degree. Giving these UAPs licenses will neither solve the increasing number of errors in the hospital settings nor make them solely accountable for negligence. In fact, this might just deteriorate nursing education in the future because of the lack of clear boundaries. UAPs are given certificate or diploma or training for low level tasks like toileting, bathing, feeding, skin care, and ambulating whereas nurses are given licenses for high level tasks which require critical thinking, reasoning skills, and nursing judgment such as in making nursing assessments. If the individual state boards of nursing would give license to UAPs, nursing students might think that there are no differences at all and might prefer the shorter track. thus, making future nurses less qualified for the job. In addition, giving UAPs licenses will not make them solely free from accountability as proper delegation is one of the key responsibilities of nurses. If UAP committed an error, the nurse is also accountable for negligence because the National Council of State Boards of Nursing provide specific guidance about scope of practice and proper delegation among nurses (Sherman and Eggenberger, 2009, 7).
Instead of giving UAPs licenses, why not strengthened the delegation practices of nurses? Most of the documented errors committed by UAPs were due to ineffective delegation and not on their lack of licenses (Gravlin and Bittner, 2010, 330). Giving UAPs licenses by the individual state boards of nursing is not the answer but the provision of a clear, extensive, and up-to-date delegation system.
Gravlin, G. and Bittner, N.P. (2010). Nurses and Nursing Assistants Reports of Missed Care and Delegation. The Journal of Nursing Administration, 329-335.
Sherman, R.O. and Eggenberger, T. (2009). Taking Charge: What Every Charge Nurse Needs to Know. Nurses First, 1-27.
AMERICAN LITERATURE "THIS I BELIEVE" Bequeathed Benchmarks In the year July 4, 1776 our ancestors, the great men we ought to preserve in most melodious song fought and earned for our independence. The freedom of American people was not only an act of courage. it was a gift to the generations then and the posterity. We must honor those who died those who lived with bitter tales to tell. However, we take pleasure in one thing. that despite the documented long hours engagement blood and great breath of loss of limb, life and property, we are free than eve. Our great ancestors did not stop at that! They gave us the most progressive essay of all the time, and they called it the American declaration of independence. If you have not read, memorized, and kept at heart that immeasurable and invaluable gift by our great ancestors, you had better do. Otherwise, your commitment to the cause of justice, the cause of equality may be legitimately question. One cannot have an answer why you have not read the American declaration of independence. No excuse can be heard from the anybody’s mouth why they have not read their declaration of independence. I believe in its content, intents, and purports. As for my case, I will up to the word, phrases, and the meaning intended by our great ancestors. What else can we ask for? (American Declaration of Independence, para.2).
The declaration tells us what to do and what not to. Our declaration of independence ought to be declared a wonder of the world. It ought to be a legal document with a force of law. It should be the grundnorm against which we measure our behaviors.
Have we pursued to the fullest our right to be happy? Are American people happy, as we all deserve? Do we believe it is true that happiness is a truth that is self-evident? Do we believe that our right to right to life and liberty and happiness are inalienable? Do we think we should lead by example and infect all the nations of the world with our firm believe that we ought to be happy?
If we fully understand, our declaration of independence do we treat the other nations as they deserve. Whether the non-derogable are rights to life, freedom, and pursuit of happiness limited to Americans only?
The American people, we ought not to interpret the words literary. They must be given the widest possible interpretation. In our pursuit of the right to life and pursuit of happiness, we should conserve the world environment. We should not be partakers in the complicity of degrading the world environment. We ought to lead by example and have other people’s happiness in having a clean and healthy environment. Their enjoyment of the right to the environment ought. As we degrade the world situation, we end up derogating our inalienable right to life and pursuit of happiness. All this can only be done in a healthy and clean environment. I believe that was our dream of our great ancestors when they bequeathed the declaration as lifetime benchmarks to measure actions to themselves to us (American Declaration of Independence, para.3).
American Declaration of Independence, 04.06.1776. Web 15.12.2014 .
Moreover, aside from being the greatest leader he could be, he had also proven himself of how the greatest speaker he could be. On the eve of Quit India Movement on August 8, 1942, Gandhi had communicated his Quit India speech which was a call for a determined but a passive resistance.
Given this brief background, this essay would obtain observation and insights on Mahatma Gandhi’s “Quit India” through the use of rhetorical analysis while focusing on the metaphors of the said rhetoric.
Upon my analysis of “Quit India,” I could say that his speech was definitely one excellent illustration of what was called a good rhetoric. Mahatma Gandhi’s Quit India was a really persuasive speech for it was indeed a success for him to appeal his audience’s rational, emotional and principled sense.
His speech which was motivational and inspirational, was effective in moving his audience into a non – violent and passive movement against the British power. His ideas, attitudes, stand, and even his own self had been victorious in influencing his fellow Indian citizens through “Quit India.”
Furthermore, Gandhi’s manner of style was not directed to any particular class or group of Indian people. He used the word “we” in some portions of his speech instead of just referring to himself to address an audience who were diverse in terms of their culture and religion.
His speech had not appealed any divided sector of Indians but he called for unity when he said Hindus and Muslims must forget about their differences in identity but what should remain in them was their Indian identity. By the word “we,” whether they were not totally the same, they were one because they were all Indians.
For me, in my attempt to discover his worldview, I could say that democracy would only begin once Indians had forgotten the differences in their being Hindus or Indians. It was only through forgetting their differences that would start their unity and equality.
Organisation Development" Organisation development dwells more on ensuring that people achieve effectiveness for an organisation to achieve its overall success.
Organisation problems can be a set of challenges that hinder an organisation from working at maximum efficiency. The problems could be resulting from poor leadership, which affects the structure of an organisation or the systems established within the same. W.L Gore Associates is a company within the textile industry that applies a unique leadership format. The company does not have a hierarchical system of leadership, which is an ancient command and control system. The challenge that this brings is that there is familiarity when it comes to leadership and team members are allowed to act as they will. Based on this, this essay will focus on this problem and use the functional structure and the classical organization theories in addressing the same.
Gore Associates believe in having a horizontal leadership structure in which all employees are equal and do not have to be answerable to anyone. The flat leadership also allows for an inclusive decision-making process where team members have to be consulted before making important decision making (Ruairc, Ottesen, &. Precey 2013, p. 116). The company’s CEO also focuses more on being friendly to the employees rather than on getting the job done. The company also works under the assumption that the employees hired are aware of their responsibilities, meaning that supervision should not be a key practice. Employees have the autonomy of planning their work schedules as long as they get the work done, which at times can be chaotic.
Essentially, there is no system of operation that employees have to follow meaning that everyone is their boss (Obolensky 2014, p. 72). When it comes to the CEO, the employees get to choose who should be in charge,
Marissa Mayer: Leadership skills Marissa Mayer: Leadership skills Marissa Mayer, a former Google vice president, is the Yahoo CEO. She has been poised to turn around the company following her strong and remarkable leadership traits as will be discussed in this essay.
According to Gallo (2012), Mayer is a person who is committed and passionate about her job. Following a previous interview with Mayer, Gallo learnt that Mayer woke up very early and slept late answering her emails. He claims that Mayer proved to be a person committed to her brand basing on the way she spoke about her company, Google.
Mayer is a great communicator. According to Gallo, Mayer is an apt communicator who has a record of moving crowds with her strong oratory skills and presentation prowess. In her speeches, Gallo notes, Mayer tells stories and complements them with pictures.
According to Gallo (2012), Mayer dedicates part of her time to employees in the office. Through this method, she would ensure that the employees felt close to the management and therefore more motivated. She makes employees feel the meaning in the work process. Gallo states that the course of the interview proved to him that Mayer was a very committed person to her work as Google vice president. Other sources indicate that Mayer’s commitment to employees surpasses many people. She is known to spend a lot of time travelling worldwide to meet various teams. She is known to trust in team building using a face to face approach.
Mayer advocates for simple straight forward approach to solution designs. In this regard, she calls for solutions such as apps to be designed with users in mind. Using this style, Mayer has been accorded great respect by many users who admire her simplicity approach.
Committed to vision
Marissa Mayer is a person focused on mobile and design and prioritizing of the same. Mayer is known to be committed to this vision and usually reciprocates it in her seminars. By publicly stating her vision and keeping clearly focused on it, through the various referrals she makes to it, Mayer shows great leadership skills on commitment towards what one believes in. she exemplifies how a leader should lead others in focusing on their goals.
In her leadership roles at the organizational level, Mayer has been known to allow employees to practice their skills at their best. This is a method that brings many employees associated to her line of command able to perform a lot. She does not believe in putting down a set of guidelines to be followed by the employees but lets the employees’ practice what is expected of them.
The noted cases are practical examples of the extemporal leadership traits and skills exhibited by Marissa Mayer as noted by various analysts. The skills are enviable traits that any person would love to emulate, and traits that can be said to have contributed to her current status as CEO, Yahoo.
Gallo, C. (2012). Google’s Marissa Mayer: 3 leadership traits she’ll bring to Yahoo. Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/carminegallo/2012/07/17/googles-marissa- mayer-3-leadership-traits-shell-bring-to-yahoo/
This essay stresses that fluency is an important aspect of teaching how to read, albeit it’s rather difficult task to accomplish this. However, fluency in reading is the key that enables the reader to understand completely, quickly, and expressively what he has read along with good comprehension. Effective instruction in fluency leads to overall improvements in reading, which is reached through accuracy in word recognition, assisted reading, and synergistic instructional routines. Parents must be aware of incorporating teaching into their children’s daily lives, which would then be enhanced in the classroom.
This paper makes a conclusion that reading is an activity that every child must improve skills on, and educators must focus on different strategies in order for the child to enhance his reading skills. This paper claims that the main principles of effective practice in the teaching and assessment of reading are involves attention to minor aspects of reading such as letters and individual words, understanding the whole meanings of the text, and application of relevant models/theories in the reading process. Guided reading is an effective reading strategy that enables teachers and parents to achieve this goal for the child, which is likewise supported by different models and theories. The Balanced Reading Approach is the specific approach that may be employed in guided reading through effective combination of instructional approaches and accommodating different learning styles.
92250 Apart from the definition attributed to this term, the variations pertaining to the different regimes for design law are effectively a manifestation of the diverse cultures and philosophies underlying the pedigree of Member States.2 However, the most tangible reason why the law for design protection is ambiguous, scattered and does not touch a unified, coherent base in today’s times, is due to the very fact that it combines aspects of form and functionality, simultaneously running parallel to those of expression, identification and instrumentality. Burdened with all these elements, it crosses the boundaries of being singularly categorized or molded into a single frame. thereby blending in and ultimately comprising characteristics usually identified with copyright, patents and even trademarks.3 Customary intellectual property regimes lack the creativity and flexibility to deal with this intersection of the earlier mentioned major branches of intellectual property. In the context of this essay, the five core systems (Registered Design Act 1949. Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 governing unregistered design right. the Design Directive, and finally the Community Design Right under the European Council, which makes provisions for both unregistered and registered design right) formulated for design protection shall be briefly analyzed with a view to understanding the discrepancies in being able to effectively implement the laws therein, and the complexities therein. which have rendered design law ambiguous, scattered and a skeptical, risky subject to venture, without a touch of certainty. The Community Design Regulation being almost identical to the Design Directive, the focus shall be on the other three systems of design protection. In order to understand the complexities and the inconsistency in the laws to design protection, it is imperative that a brief comparative study be drawn between the two extremes which govern design law at present- the old system .under the Registered Designs Act 1949 and the Design Directive 98/71/EC which was implemented by the Registered Designs Regulations 2001.
This essay argues that realism has helped in setting the big things right within the international arena.
Realism is a school of thought that derives the concept of things as they are, regardless on the way people may want them to be, with a tendency to be practical and more pragmatic. This idea juxtaposes with the idea of idealism which refers to the conception of things as they should be and the way people would want them to be. In the international relations theory, there has evolved a big controversy on which concept best describes how nations relate and how conflict among international states can be resolved. The concept of classical political realism evolved in the early 431 BC during war between Sparta and Athens (Monten, 2006). When Thucydides witnessed this war, he made a historical analysis of the war defying the popular belief of Gods during this period. He argued that war can be analysed by considering the facts of the war, hence defying the idealistic approach that the people used at this time. In this period, people had an idealistic mentality and they believed in gods and that everything happened as it should be. Thucydides pointed out that history should be analysed from an objective perspective bearing in mind that nations are monarchs that are always seeking for economic and political power. He stated that it was only practical that the strong nations should always rule the weaker nations.
Political realism has three important tenets that apply within the international relations theory. First, realism describes the concept of ‘statism’ and describes states as the major role players in international politics. Unlike the liberalism theories that consider the role of non-states sectors within the international politics, realism theory is state-centric. Another important concept of realism is that international politics is a tag of war as anarchic states
Aspect of the year 1968 that contributed to it being a unique year in world history The year 1968 goes down in history as an exceptionally unique year, given myriad of events that occurred in this year that shaped the direction of the world. However, the decision not to seek re-election by then incumbent president, and Democratic Party front-runner, Lyndon Johnson, overrides all other events. His decision sent shock waves across the country, and contributed to 1968 being a unique year in world history, and American presidency. This essay seeks to analyze why this decision topped the list of events that happened in the event year of 1968. To achieve this, the essay shall rely on Mark Kurlansky’s book, “1968: The Year That Rocked the World,” and Selection from Lady Bird Johnson’s March 31, 1968 diary entry, concerning Johnson’s failure to run for re-election.
Kurlansky (2005) argues that his decision had several and far reaching implications on the country and presidency. He was leaving a country that was deeply divided and facing unprecedented crisis both locally and abroad. His decision to give up when the nation needed leadership most surprised many. Kurlansky’s arguments are supported by Abbie Hoffman, who asserts that the decision came at a bad time when America had involved itself deeply in the Vietnam War under Johnson’ leadership, and had already generated a negative public opinion, both locally and globally. Kurlansky quotes Hoffman that “we were standing still. How could we pull our pants down? America was already naked. What could we disrupt? America was falling apart at the seams,’ (Kurlansky 229). This confirms the surprise of the Americans after the president’s decision. Kurlansky points to the division that had arisen in the country and especially in the Democratic Party because of the Vietnam War. The president was facing stiff opposition from his own party while, ironically, it was the republicans who supported him on the war. The decision also came at a time when the American citizens and the soldiers at the battle front were becoming demoralized due to the losses they had encountered in Vietnamese battle fronts and the desire by the people to end the war.
The president himself had foreseen the effect his resignation would have on the morale of the troops on the battle front. According to Lady Bird Johnson’s March 31, 1968 diary entry, the president had consulted General Westmoreland, who was in command of the troops, in the battle front, and who had assured him that it would have little impact. While dismissing a suggestion from his wife who had talked to wives of two young soldiers, he argues that the general was more authoritative, given that he was with the soldiers at the battle front. According to the diary, the president took this decision to preserve credibility of the office of the presidency, and that the he could not allow his presidency and political pursuit to destabilize the country: “what we won when all of our people united just must not now be lost in suspicion, distrust, selfishness, and politics among any of our people.”
In summary, the decision by President Johnson to withdraw from the race led to the division of the Democratic Party in the 1968 election and ultimately to the end of the unpopular Vietnam War. It led to the republican win, and impacted negatively on the morale of the soldiers in the battlefront, and the Americans, who questioned the participation of U.S in the war. Moreover, it prevented the escalation of the war, because it prevented the Russians and Chinese from entering into the war. His decision, moreover, helped to preserve the integrity of the office of the presidency, and reunited Americans who were heavily divided at that time. The fact that the decision showed a U.S president resigning because of a war gone bad contributed to 1968 being a unique year in world history.
Kurlansky, M. 1968: the Year that Rocked the World. Random House Publishing Group.2005.
“Selection from Lady Birds Diary on Johnson not running for re-election.” 1968. Web. 17th Nov
Sex Offenders: When Both Parties are Victims The essay aims to present a research on individuals being charged as sex offenders when both parties have consented to the act. As indicated, the discourse would focus on methods of nonviolent techniques using the information provided in "198 Methods of Nonviolent Actions" from The Albert Einstein Institution. From among the techniques, one would determine the appropriate method that could be used for this issue.
Sex Offenders: When Both Parties are Victims
Violence has been manifested in many forms. The Federation of Asian Bishops Conferences (FABC) has published a paper entitled “The Christian Response to the Phenomenon of Violence in South Asia” that encouraged the use of nonviolent actions to address diverse types of violence in societies. Sex offenses are sexual forms of violence which could likewise fall under social or gender violence and could produce drastic negative effects to both the offender and the victim.
Methods of Nonviolent Action
Using Albert Einstein Institution’s 198 Methods of Nonviolent Action, compiled by Dr. Gene Sharp and first published in his 1973 book, The Politics of Nonviolent Action, Vol. 2: The Methods of Nonviolent Action, sexual violence could be addressed using a collaboration of the following nonviolent methods of intervention such as physical intervention (pray-in, nonviolent obstruction and occupation). social intervention (use of alternative social institutions and communication system) and political intervention (seeking imprisonment for offenders).
In FABC’s article, a section written by Bishop John Joseph entitled “Our Response to Violence” revealed that the appropriate nonviolent response to abuse of women, particularly those that were sexually abused, is to “try to organize the people to protest strongly but non-violently… The secret of success is peoples organizations. The more organized they are, the better informed they are, the more contacts they form, and the stronger their force is, the more afraid the official powers will be” (Joseph, 1998, p. par. 26).
By using physical intervention of prayers, one who is a victim of sexual abuse could gain strength from religious values and beliefs. Further, through nonviolent obstruction, one’s thoughts would be diverted from the pains of the abuse to more positive directions. such as optimistic plans for the future and the need to be back on one’s feet to work on improving personal plans for growth and development. This intervention requires nonviolent occupation that would entail the use of one’s personal knowledge, skills and abilities into being a productive member of society. The secret is to focus on optimistic perspectives that would aim to develop the person’s abilities to be production.
In terms of being the offender, nonviolent physical interventions like prayers and the need to focus on nonviolent occupation should first require retribution by subjecting oneself to the dictates of legal confines.
Social interventions required community groups to address sexual offenses through immediate reporting of the incidents and according appropriate counseling to the victim and to the offender, with appropriate legal sanctions to be imposed.
Political interventions are society’s imposition of law for sexual violence requiring sexual offenders to be incarcerated to prevent future possible offenses. At the same token, if the offenders are juveniles, appropriate interventions through counseling, imposition of occupation, and applying psychological treatment, as needed, in preparing for future reentry to society.
The essay was able to achieve its objective of determining nonviolent methods to address sexual offenses when both parties are victims. Through physical, social and political nonviolent interventions, victims and offenders are assisted in /addressing the crime committed and redirecting thoughts and actions towards positive activities, with the help of the community and the law, to make both parties productive members of society in the future.
Joseph, J. (1998). FASB. Retrieved July 24, 2011, from http://www.ucanews.com/html/fabc-
Sharp, G. (1973). The Politics of Nonviolent Action, Vol. 2: The Methods of Nonviolent Action.
Boston: Porter Sargent Publishers.
The Albert Einstein Institution. (N.D.). 198 Methods of Nonviolent Action. Retrieved July 24,
2011, from http://www.aeinstein.org/organizations103a.html
The Federation of Asian Bishops Conferences (FABC) . (1998). The Christian Response to the.
Retrieved July 24, 2011, from http://www.ucanews.com/html/fabc-papers/fabc-82.htm