Legal and Ethical Issues Confronting the Education of English Language Learners (ELLs)

Legal and Ethical Issues of Education Task: Legal and Ethical Issues of Education A number of legal and ethical issues affect the Education of English Language Learners, ELL. For instance, there have been discussions on whether it is fair to offer all kids an education using the principal language of their country of birth. Furthermore, there is also the ethical issue of imparting knowledge to students on a language they do not comprehend. Additionally, scholars have questioned the legality of using funds for students who are non-English speakers instead of those who communicate in the language. On the other hand, whether it is the legal or moral duty of public schools to offer proficiency programs in English for ELL learners has come to the fore. Lastly, the use pedagogical method to teach the ELLs in mastering the English Language has also been debated.
Most schools meet the needs of ELLs in several ways without breaking the law. For example, the state requires the ELLs to excel on all state exams before the school year of 2013/14. In addition, most schools ensure there is integration of the ELLs into the accountability system of the law and other annual progress goals like other learners (Bustamante 2007). Furthermore, schools ensure that the ELLs participate in all state assessment systems. Integration into the state assessment systems is effected promptly by all schools to incorporate the ELLs into learning. There are two tests offered by schools to assist the ELLs in learning, namely English Proficiency tests and academic content tests. In the English Proficiency test, the school evaluates the improvement of the ELL in understanding English.
References
Bustamante, M. (2007). Schools to Refocus on ELL Students. Tusconcitizens. Retrieved on 16 October 2011 from:
http://tucsoncitizen.com/morgue/2007/09/06/62127-schools-to-refocus-on-ell-students/
Mount-Cors, M. (2008). The Middle Age School Challenge for English Learners in Mexican Origin.
Retrieved on 16 October 2011 from:
http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/brdglangbarriers/

Assignment III Qualitative Critique of Research

According to Grove, Burns amp. Gray (2013), to generate the experiences of the nurses, the researchers collected data in the form of views and perspectives of the experienced nurses. The researcher entirely used a narrative enquiry as the methodology of the research. According to Munhall (2007), ‘a narrative Inquiry is a qualitative approach in which data are gathered for research through the telling of stories.’ The research considered nurses with five years of practice experience and employed at the time of the study. The research also involved sampling of new graduates in their first year of practice and experienced nurses who were willing to participate in an English interview (Melnyk amp. Fineout-Overholt 2011). Data was gathered through both observation and semi-structured interviews. Data was collected from a population of eight nurses from two hospitals in Canada (Grove et al. 2013).
The researcher was able to control biases and preconceptions through purposive and snowball sampling by allowing free and divergent views from different nurses in different hospitals (American Psychological Association 2009). In addition, the choice of methodology gave opportunity to gain insight of the nurses and compare with the preconceptions (Kelly amp. Howie 2007). The report of the study includes specific themes generated from the research. In addition, there are quotes and references from previous research of the same themes. The researcher summarized the main results of the study in three themes namely (a) New graduates are coming, (b) keeping the nurses on their toes and (c) carrying the load.
The source of the research study requires peer review. The research study was published in SAGE, a leading global publisher of books, journals, and electronic media for educational, academic, and professional markets that necessitates

Paraphrase and Quote

Paraphrase and Quote Paraphrase and Quote Quote … Although learning many s in different languages may be time consuming for teachers, it is a first step in affirming who students are rather than who we may want them to become… (Nieto amp. Bode, 2012, p. 241)
I chose this excerpt as it resounds to the fact that learning and teaching a second language is a collective responsibility. Students ought to be provided with an opportunity to explore their capabilities in the course of language learning. I am at this instant of the view that for learners to be successful second language learners, the educator must ensure that the learners are well conversant with the basics of their first language. This will make work easier for the teacher whilst teaching the second language. I will take this into practice by always ensuring that prior to teaching a language. I test my learners on their mastery of their first language. I will also not complain of the time consumed by each learner in learning a language. This will allow me transfer some of the regulations of the learner’s primary language to the second language.
Paraphrase
What you can do: …Accept students language including language used by both new speakers of English and those who speak another variety of it without … (Nieto amp. Bode, 2012, p. 249)
I chose this particular quotation from the readings as it gives the educator the solution to a linguistic diverse classroom. This validates my appreciation of the fact that learners’ diversity cannot be ignored. In the course of practice, therefore, I will ensure that all learners despite their variety of English will be incorporated in the learning setting. However, this will be extremely tasking to the teacher. They should nonetheless ignore the fact that all learners are exceptional in their own way.
Reference
Nieto, S. amp. Bode, P. (2012). Affirming diversity: The Sociopolitical Context of
Multicultural Education. 6th Ed. Boston: Pearson.

Paraphase Summary and Quotation Assinment

PARAGRAPH PARAPHRASE There was an important difference in height and weight between soldiers who fought in the first and second world wars. The latersoldiers usually knew how to drive and had some education. He probably knew how to dance and grew up in an urban environment. Unlike his father he probably only spoke English and didn’t do much hunting. When he joined the army he was taken care of—receiving a uniform, a haircut, and his own weapon. He would think of the army as a methodical place, but one that was fairly alien to his normal world.
SUMMARY
This paragraph talks about the differences between soldiers in the first and second world war, and especially how different the latter were. One big difference is where soldiers in the second war grew up: they usually came from a city or big town, while their fathers had grown up on farms. These latter-day soldiers were also a bit soft. They had probably never used a gun and were more interested in the Jitterbug or the Big Apple . . . The author talks about how memorable the experience of joining the army would be for these young men.
QUOTATION
The author of this paragraph, C.L Sulzburger, uses evocative words such as Jitterbug, and Lindy, to bring the reader close to this period. When he talks about a flappy olive-drab oufit we see exactly what he’s talking about. likewise when he calls a buck sergeants hard-cussing. Throughout the paragraph, Sulzberger really shows us what it was like to join the army in the 1930s.

Literature Review on Improving Reading Fluency

LITERATURE REVIEW ON IMPROVING READING FLUENCY Due Literature Review Matrix Year The purpose of the study is… (one sentence, your own words)
Subjects/ Participants
Measurement Instruments
Intervention(s)
Outcomes/ Results
Critique amp. Comments
Observation
Interview
or Survey
Academic Performance Measure
1.
Krohn, K. R., Skinner, C. H., Fuller, E. J., amp. Greear, C.
2012
Using taped interventions to target basic numeracy skills
4 kindergarten students (two boys and two girls)
3 Hispanic students (Anita, Cristina, and Carlos)
1 African-American (David)
Survey
Survey
Corresponding worksheets to audiotape recordings of numbers, trials consisting of one second tone signals at the start of the trial, two seconds delay of student attempts to read numbers aloud, reading of recorded numbers in English
Using multiple baseline design to evaluate the effects of tapped numbers interventions
Results indicated an increasing number of accuracy identification among all participants.
Tape assisted interventions supported a wider population of learners.
2.
Aldemir, O., amp. Gursel, O.
2014
Using constant time delay when teaching a group of children to enhance speech fluency.
4 children with developmental disabilities ageing between 4-6
3boys and 1 girl
No observations made
Survey
Training sessions to determine constant time delay procedures, use of small-group teaching arrangements to evaluate individual criteria for acquired skills
Teaching academic skills to pre-school children in small-group arrangements as a measure of preparing them to a future education environment.
Participants yielded positive results as children’s performances and learning rates increased in the small group teaching arrangement.
The quality of research and responses validate the research study as well as validate the hypothesis. Interestingly, the rewarding of children with food must have been a good motivation that propelled them to performance. On the other hand, ignoring wrong reactions might have not worked well for some children who necessarily might have felt the need to be recognized. I tend to think that appreciating and correcting them would be better.
3.
Yeunjoo lee
2005
To measure the ability of computer programs in teaching sight word recognition to children with developmental disabilities.
4-young children with developmental disabilities with no previous experience and systematic teaching procedures (David, Jeff, Joe and Carl)
There is need for careful teacher observation to student interaction with computer programs so as to integrate more content into the curriculum. Additionally, careful examination should be conducted on computer programs that record the best interaction rates with students.
Survey
The use of constant time delay procedures involving sounds, texts, videos and animations
Using multimedia computer program inserted to a 5-second constant time- delay procedure was effective in teaching sight words
Graphs recording data for each participant revealed that the intervention program was effective in teaching sight to the students with learning disabilities
The choice of using computer programs is commendable especially when dealing with young children. In addition, the combination of both qualitative and quantitative data gives the study a sense of professionalism.
4.
Reutzel, D.
2014
Integrating silent reading fluency into literacy instructional programs as a means of increasing fluency among elementary school children.
No participants
Silent reading and the amount of time spent reading is associated with improved students reading achievement.
Survey
Combining allocated reading time with motivational practices to increase reading stamina
Developing discussions for the betterment of both oral and silent reading practice and frequent reading.
Marrying instructional strategies such as developmental considerations, and conditions of reading practice that encourage and motivate silent and fluent reading.
Using supportive class environment such as the physical outlook and organization of literacy classrooms to improve fluency.
Silent reading interventions such as Scaffolded Silent Reading and R5 have the ability of increasing fluency among elementary school children
A marvelous research article with relevant literature review equis learners with the ability to maintain their interests in books and keep their eyes on books.
5.
Kuhn, M., Rasinski, T., amp. Zimmerman, B
2014
Developing cultures of effective reading with understanding as a measure to gain effective fluency
18 children randomly selected from 5 classrooms
FORI and FDL fluency lessons are viable approaches for developing reading fluency among elementary students experiencing fluency difficulties.
Hasbrouck and Tindal’s fluency norms assessed students’ reading fluency improvement.
Wide Reading Fluency Oriented Reading Instruction, repeatedly reading three texts for a period of five days, pre-reading activities for the primary text of the week, developing vocabulary, making predictions about the content of passages, teachers reading sections of texts while the students echo read the same text to provide students with the chance to work with their partners in order to re-read the text again.
Intensive repetition over multiple days to master fluency, Echo reading of several sentences to prevent students from relying on their memory when repeating the next time,
Reading rates of words per minute in children increased tremendously.
Fluency lessons were also viable approaches towards the development of reading fluency
This is a very good approach towards the development of teaching programs that can be altered to fit particular student and teacher circumstances.
6.
John C. Begeny, Hailey E. Krouse, Sarah G. Ross amp. R. Courtney Mitchell
2009
The purpose of the study was to examine the use of small group interventions in increasing reading fluency among elementary aged students
4 second-grade students with average – below average reading skills from a rural school
No observations recorded
Survey
Assessment of reading fluency by reading passages using CBM administrative and scoring procedures
Oral Reading Fluency Intervention Reading Probes, Listening Passage Preview in groups, making Repeated Readings in groups and Grouping students together and reading the scripted instructions.
Students were able to read words correct per minute 2 days after the intervention.
There was also improvement from all interventions 2 days later.
Compared to other intervention conditions, Repeated Reading conditions was recorded as the most effective one.
A very good study with both qualitative and quantitative research. The use of a group of students from a rural school in the experiment is exceptional in the piece of work.
7.
John Begeny
2006
Compare oral reading fluency treatments which utilize different response prompts
3rd grade student- Lucas
No observations recorded
Survey
Reading a novel passage twice
Rewards were awarded when passages were read more quickly and with minimal errors
Phase drill error corrections and repeated reading heightened a participant’s ability to read fluently.
8.
Staudt, Deborah Hill
2009
Using Repeated readings to improve language and word retrieval skills
2 fourth-grade readers with learning disabilities
No observations were recorded
Survey
vocabulary-building exercises, spelling patterns, roots and affixes
Repetitive mention of spellings of words
There were impressive improvements in listening skills, decoding information and reading fluently.
The use of spelling patterns was quite interesting and helpful to the participants. In the addition, creation of semantics, morphology, orthography, and phonological awareness enables participants be able to decode important figures of speech.
Article 1
Complete one copy of this table for each article you read.
Title
Improving Oral Reading Fluency Through Response Opportunities: A Comparison of Phrase Drill Error Correction with Repeated Readings
Author
John Begeny
Year
2006
The purpose of the study is…
(one sentence, your own words)
Compare oral reading fluency treatments which utilize different response prompts
Subjects/ Participants
3rd grade student- Lucas
Type of Study
Experimental
Measurement Instruments
Readability formula and novel passage
Observation
No observations recorded
Interview or
Survey
Survey
Academic
Performance
Measure
Reading a novel passage twice
Intervention(s)
Rewards were awarded when passages were read more quickly and with minimal errors
Outcomes/Results
Phase drill error corrections and repeated reading heightened a participant’s ability to read fluently.
Critique Comments
Relevance to your Purpose
This study helps children to improve their reading skills which in turn improves their fluency
Other Comments

Article 2
Complete one copy of this table for each article you read.
Title
Increasing Reading Fluency in Elementary Students with Low Vision through Repeated Readings
Author
A. Koenig
Year
1998
The purpose of the study is…
(one sentence, your own words)
Find a strategy that will successfully improve reading fluency
Subjects/ Participants
Four Elementary Students
Type of Study
Experimental
Measurement Instruments

Observation
No observations recorded
Interview or
Survey
Survey
Academic
Performance
Measure
Reading comprehensions
Intervention(s)
Outcomes/Results
Repeated reading increased reading fluency of students with low vision without affecting any error rates
Critique Comments
Relevance to your Purpose
Repetitive reading enables students to understand the concepts and thus increased fluency in their speech.
Other Comments
Article 3
Complete one copy of this table for each article you read.
Title
Intensive Word Study and Repeated Reading Improves Reading Skills for Two Students with Learning Disabilities
Author
Staudt, Deborah Hill
Year
2009
The purpose of the study is…
(one sentence, your own words)
Using Repeated readings to improve language and word retrieval skills
Subjects/ Participants
2 fourth-grade readers with learning disabilities
Type of Study
Experimental
Measurement Instruments

Observation
No observations were recorded
Interview or
Survey
Survey
Academic
Performance
Measure
vocabulary-building exercises, spelling patterns, roots and affixes
Intervention(s)
Repetitive mention of spellings of words
Outcomes/Results
There were impressive improvements in listening skills, decoding information and reading fluently.
Critique Comments
The use of spelling patterns was quite interesting and helpful to the participants. In the addition, creation of semantics, morphology, orthography, and phonological awareness enables participants be able to decode important figures of speech.
Relevance to your Purpose
The ability to master language patterns has great impact on the fluency of languages
Other Comments
Article 4
Complete one copy of this table for each article you read.
Title
Examining the Impact of Feedback and Repeated Readings on Oral Reading Fluency: Lets Not Forget Prosody
Author
Ardoin, Scott P., Morena, Laura S., Binder, Katherine S.. amp. Foster, Tori E.
Year
2013
The purpose of the study is…
(one sentence, your own words)
Assessing the impact of prosody, Repeated Reading, content directions and feedback on fluency.
Subjects/ Participants
76 Elementary students
Type of Study
Experimental Research Study
Measurement Instruments
Rates or prosody of focused Repeated Reading interventions
Observation
No observations were made
Interview or
Survey
Rates were used to assess prosody
Academic
Performance
Measure
Rates and Repetition of syllable properties
Intervention(s)
Outcomes/Results
Just like previous research, repeated reading improved fluency. However, components of fluency were directly influenced by the nature of instructions and performance feedback exposed to students.
Critique Comments
Relevance to your Purpose
Repetition of syllables enables learners to decode certain elements of vocabularies and speech and are thus equipped with the ability to have fluent speech.
Other Comments
Article 5
Complete one copy of this table for each article you read.
Title
Increasing Elementary-aged Students’ Reading Fluency
with Small-group Interventions: A Comparison
of Repeated Reading, Listening Passage Preview,
and Listening Only Strategies
Authors
John C. Begeny, Hailey E. Krouse, Sarah G. Ross amp. R. Courtney Mitchell
Year
2009
The purpose of the study is…
(one sentence, your own words)
The drive of the study was to examine the use of small group interventions in increasing reading fluency among elementary aged students.
Subjects/ Participants
4 second-grade students with average – below average reading skills from a rural school
Type of Study
Experimental
Measurement Instruments
CBM administrative and scoring procedures
Observation
No observations were recorded
Interview or
Survey
Survey
Academic
Performance
Measure
Assessment of reading fluency by reading passages using CBM administrative and scoring procedures
Conducting Repeated Reading procedures on different passages on individual students to assess fluency
Intervention(s)
Oral Reading Fluency Intervention Reading Probes, Listening Passage Preview in groups, making Repeated Readings in groups and Grouping students together and reading the scripted instructions.
Outcomes/Results
Students were able to read words correct per minute 2 days after the intervention.
There was also improvement from all interventions 2 days later.
Compared to other intervention conditions, Repeated Reading conditions was recorded as the most effective one.
Critique Comments
A very good study with both qualitative and quantitative research. The use of a group of students from a rural school in the experiment is exceptional in the piece of work.
Relevance to your Purpose
Good explanation on using group interventions to improve students’ reading fluency.
Other Comments
Article 6
Complete one copy of this table for each article you read.
Title
Integrated Fluency Instruction: Three Approaches for Working with Struggling Readers
Authors
Kuhn, M., Rasinski, T., amp. Zimmerman, B
Year
2014
The purpose of the study is…
(one sentence, your own words)
Developing cultures of effective reading with understanding as a measure to gain effective fluency
Subjects/ Participants
18 children randomly selected from 5 classrooms
Type of Study
Research and Evperimental
Measurement Instruments
Fluency Oriented Reading Instruction (FORI) and Fluency Development Lesson (FDL)
Observation
FORI and FDL fluency lessons are viable approaches for developing reading fluency among elementary students experiencing fluency difficulties.
Interview or
Survey
Hasbrouck and Tindal’s fluency norms assessed students’ reading fluency improvement.
Academic
Performance
Measure
Wide Reading Fluency Oriented Reading Instruction, repeatedly reading three texts for a period of five days, pre-reading activities for the primary text of the week, developing vocabulary, making predictions about the content of passages, teachers reading sections of texts while the students echo read the same text to provide students with the opportunity to work with their partners in order to re-read the text again.
Intervention(s)
Intensive repetition over multiple days to master fluency, Echo reading of several sentences to prevent students from relying on their memory when repeating the next time,
Outcomes/Results
Reading rates of words per minute in children increased tremendously.
Fluency lessons were also viable approaches towards the development of reading fluency
Critique Comments
This is a very good approach towards the development of teaching programs that can be altered to fit particular student and teacher circumstances.
Relevance to your Purpose
The development and use of instructional approaches as a means of developing accurate and automatic word recondition, and thus improving fluency.
Other Comments
Article 7
Complete one copy of this table for each article you read.
Title
Supporting the Development of Silent Reading Fluency: An Evidence-Based Framework for the Intermediate Grades (3-6).
Author
Reutzel, D.
Year
2014
The purpose of the study is…
(one sentence, your own words)
Integrating silent reading fluency into literacy instructional programs as a means of increasing fluency among elementary school children.
Subjects/ Participants
No participants
Type of Study
Research (Literature Review)
Measurement Instruments
Scaffolded Silent Reading (ScSR) and R5 reading methods
Observation
Silent reading and the amount of time spent reading is associated with improved students reading achievement.
Interview or
Survey
Survey
Academic
Performance
Measure
Combining allocated reading time with motivational practices to increase reading stamina
Developing discussions for the betterment of both oral and silent reading practice and frequent reading.
Intervention(s)
Marrying instructional strategies such as developmental considerations, and conditions of reading practice that encourage and motivate silent and fluent reading.
Using supportive class environment such as the physical outlook and organization of literacy classrooms to improve fluency.
Outcomes/Results
Silent reading interventions such as Scaffolded Silent Reading and R5 have the ability of increasing fluency among elementary school children.
Critique Comments
A marvelous research article with relevant literature review equis learners with the ability to maintain their interests in books and keep their eyes on books.
Relevance to your Purpose
Assessment of expression and comprehension is very important in developing oral reading accuracy and fluency.
Other Comments
Article 8
Complete one copy of this table for each article you read.
Title
Computer-Based Reading Instruction formYoung Children with Disabilities
Author
Yeunjoo lee
Year
2005
The purpose of the study is…
(one sentence, your own words)
To measure the ability of computer programs in teaching sight word recognition to children with developmental disabilities.
Subjects/ Participants
4-young children with developmental disabilities with no previous experience and systematic teaching procedures (David, Jeff, Joe and Carl)
Type of Study
Experimental
Measurement Instruments
The use of Word Wizard to identify critical features of sound instructional designs.
Observation
There is need for careful teacher observation to student interaction with computer programs so as to integrate more content into the curriculum. Additionally, careful examination should be conducted on computer programs that record the best interaction rates with students.
Interview or
Survey
Survey
Academic
Performance
Measure
The use of constant time delay procedures involving sounds, texts, videos and animations
Intervention(s)
Using multimedia computer program inserted to a 5-second constant time-
delay procedure was effective in teaching sight words.
Outcomes/Results
Graphs recording data for each participant revealed that the intervention program was effective in teaching sight to the students with learning disabilities.
Critique Comments
The choice of using computer programs is commendable especially when dealing with young children. In addition, the combination of both qualitative and quantitative data gives the study a sense of professionalism.
Relevance to your Purpose
The ability of memorizing sight words through computer based interactions reveals that children are able to learn word recognition and transfer acquired skills to functional materials.
Other Comments
Article 9
Complete one copy of this table for each article you read.
Title
The Effectiveness of the Constant Time Delay Procedure in Teaching Pre-School Academic Skills to Children with Developmental Disabilities in a Small Group Teaching Arrangement.
Author
Aldemir, O., amp. Gursel, O.
Year
2014
The purpose of the study is…
(one sentence, your own words)
Using constant time delay when teaching a group of children to enhance speech fluency.
Subjects/ Participants
4 children with developmental disabilities ageing between 4-6
3boys and 1 girl
Type of Study
Experimental
Measurement Instruments
Comparison of children target skills performance levels s and that of their peers’, baseline sessions and constantly delaying children responses for four seconds
Observation
No observations made
Interview or
Survey
Survey
Academic
Performance
Measure
Training sessions to determine constant time delay procedures, use of small-group teaching arrangements to evaluate individual criteria for acquired skills
Intervention(s)
Teaching academic skills to pre-school children in small-group arrangements as a measure of preparing them to a future education environment.
Outcomes/Results
Participants yielded positive results as children’s performances and learning rates increased in the small group teaching arrangement.
Critique Comments
The quality of research and responses validate the research study as well as validate the hypothesis. Interestingly, the rewarding of children with food must have been a good motivation that propelled them to performance. On the other hand, ignoring wrong reactions might have not worked well for some children who necessarily might have felt the need to be recognized. I tend to think that appreciating and correcting them would be better.
Relevance to your Purpose
The idea of reinforcing children’s responses verbally offers an opportunity for such learners to improve their fluency abilities.
Other Comments
Article 10
Complete one copy of this table for each article you read.
Title
Using a taped intervention to improve kindergarten students number identification.
Author
Krohn, K. R., Skinner, C. H., Fuller, E. J., amp. Greear, C.
Year
2012
The purpose of the study is…
(one sentence, your own words)
Using taped interventions to target basic numeracy skills.
Subjects/ Participants
4 kindergarten students (two boys and two girls)
3 Hispanic students (Anita, Cristina, and Carlos)
1 African-American (David)
Type of Study
Experimental
Measurement Instruments
Employing tones to signals with the introduction of new trials and selecting timely delays of two seconds.
Observation
No observations were Made
Interview or
Survey
Survey
Academic
Performance
Measure
Corresponding worksheets to audiotape recordings of numbers, trials consisting of one second tone signals at the start of the trial, two seconds delay of student attempts to read numbers aloud, reading of recorded numbers in English
Intervention(s)
Using multiple baseline design to evaluate the effects of tapped numbers interventions
Outcomes/Results
Results indicated an increasing number of accuracy identification among all participants.
Critique Comments
Relevance to your Purpose
Tape assisted interventions supported a wider population of learners.
Other Comments
References
Ardoin, S. P., Morena, L. S., Binder, K. S., amp. Foster, T. E. (2013). Examining the impact of feedback and repeated readings on oral reading fluency: Let’s not forget prosody. School Psychology Quarterly, 28(4), 391.
Aldemir, O., amp. Gursel, O. (2014). The Effectiveness of the Constant Time Delay Procedure in Teaching Pre-School Academic Skills to Children with Developmental Disabilities in a Small Group Teaching Arrangement. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 14(2), 733-740.
Begeny, J. C., Krouse, H. E., Ross, S. G., amp. Mitchell, R. C. (2009). Increasing elementary-aged students’ reading fluency with small-group interventions: A comparison of repeated reading, listening passage preview, and listening only strategies. Journal of Behavioral Education, 18(3), 211-228.
Begeny, J. C., Daly III, E. J., amp. Valleley, R. J. (2006). Improving oral reading fluency through response opportunities: A comparison of phrase drill error correction with repeated readings. Journal of Behavioral Education, 15(4), 229-235.
Krohn, K. R., Skinner, C. H., Fuller, E. J., amp. Greear, C. (2012). Using a Taped Intervention to Improve Kindergarten Students’ number Identification. Journal of applied behavior analysis, 45(2), 437-441.
Kuhn, M., Rasinski, T., amp. Zimmerman, B. (2014). Integrated Fluency Instruction: Three Approaches for Working with Struggling Readers. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 7(1), 71.
Layton, C. A., amp. Koenig, A. J. (1998). Increasing reading fluency in elementary students with low vision through repeated readings. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 92, 276-292.
Lee, Y., amp. Vail, C. O. (2005). Computer-based reading instruction for young children with disabilities. Journal of Special Education Technology, 20(1), 5.
Reutzel, D. (2014). Supporting the Development of Silent Reading Fluency: An Evidence-Based Framework for the Intermediate Grades (3-6). International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 7(1), 27.
Staudt, D. H. (2009). Intensive word study and repeated reading improves reading skills for two students with learning disabilities. The Reading Teacher, 63(2), 142-151.

English (rough draft )

The difference then is that I was apprehensive about being away from my parents and spend hours with other kids I hardly know. In San Diego, I did not mind being away from my folks but I also could not settle easily with the idea that I would be away from my close friends at home and be in a school I never planned to be in. This is exactly the problem, the cause of tension between me and my parents. There were other things that I can write and be introspective about. However, every time I encountered troubles with classmates, friends, and even with my studies, I could not help thinking again of the problem in my relationship with my parents.
People cannot blame me if I still feel this way even if I already face the prospect of graduating soon and leaving UCSD for good. Studying in San Diego was an idea I never dared to entertain. It was my folks’ decision and although I tried explaining to them that a school within LA would be a better option, but with the sheer obstinacy characteristic of Asian parents towards their kids, they managed to send me to San Diego and finish a college degree far from my home. There was nothing I could do but comply with their wishes. It was not just because I was brought up to be fearful of parental authority. It was also because I wanted to succeed in a career too and if college education is a guarantee, I would certainly need my parents help.
I would like to think that my parents sent me to UCSD simply because they want me to have the best employment opportunities in the future. It is weird, but even in a country as free as the United States an individual still has to get the best education in order for her to have the doors of better employment opened. Otherwise, the individual can just end up with a mediocre job and a corresponding unsatisfactory pay. It goes without saying though that there are hundreds of thousands who still graduate from college every school year who end up with

Indigenous Studies/Bachelor of Nursing

However, these policies have not benefited the people as expected and the indigenous population is at a social, political and economic disadvantage when compared to their non indigenous counterparts. These factors have had a direct impact on the overall health and well being of the aborigines. The purpose of this report is to critically analyze the effect of the segregation and assimilation policies on the current health status of the aboriginals.
Australia was originally inhabited by the aboriginal people. However, the life of the indigenous society suffered devastating and irreversible changes due to successive episodes of immigration into the country. The country saw an influx of European settlers in the year 1788 which was followed by immigrants from different countries and societies (Australian Government, 2008, p.23). These settlers organized themselves into colonies and disrupted the aboriginal way of life and society (MSN Encarta, 2008, p.4). The arrival of the immigrants signalled a drastic reduction in the population of the aborigines. Hostile aboriginals were killed by the immigrants while aborigines also suffered fatally due to various European diseases such as small pox, tuberculosis and measles. Since these immigrants usurped the land and resources of the aborigines they were forced to live in the fringes of the immigrant colonies. The aborigines were also domesticated and made to work on farms (MSN Encarta, 2008, p.4).
The Christian missionaries in the mid 1800’s provided food and other needs to these aborigines in turn expecting these people to let go of their basic traditions and adapt themselves to the English way of life. The gold rush in 1850’s saw another wave of immigration and between the years 1880 and 1911 many restrictive polices were imposed on the aborigines. Children were removed from their families. The aborigines’ were also

Nutrition Science with menu I created

NSC 358 R — Menu Purchasing and Pricing Assignment Assignment is due in the purchasing amp. pricing dropbox by noon on Wednesday, April 10 **Please read the entire document before you begin the assignment. **
You are required to do this assignment independently. That means not in groups or with a partner.
What’s Included:
1. Instructions
2. Samples
3. Form 1 for one day menu
4. Form 2 for purchasing information
5. Form 3 for pricing information
6. List of foods with prices
What’s required:
1. A one-day menu for breakfast, lunch and dinner using foods from food list in this assignment.
2. A purchase order for all the foods needed that day including information HOW MANY CASES PURCHASED AND INFO on case size INCLUDING number of cans or packages that come in one case
3. Pricing, including price per case or purchased unit and price per serving.
Instructions
From the foods listed at the end of this document, you will need to plan a one day menu with one selection for each of the categories. The menu will be similar to what you handed in when you completed the Selected Menu with portion sizes for Part Two Menu Planning Assignment.
Use Form 1 which follows for this part of the assignment.
YOU ARE LIMITED TO THE FOODS LISTED IN THIS ASSIGNMENT. PLEASE CONSULT TABLE 4.1 IN THE 13TH EDITION OF FOOD FOR FIFTY or TABLE 1 OF CHAPTER 4 THE CUSTOM TEXT AS YOU COMPLETE THIS ASSIGNMENT! ALSO, COMPLETE THE ASSIGNMENT ON THE FORMS PROVIDED IN THIS DOCUMENT.
On Form 2, place your menu in column one, the amount needed to serve 50 in column 2 and the amount you will order in column three. When ordering, you will not order partial cases. For example, if you need 8 No 10 cans, order two cases.
STEP ONE:
Plan a one-day menu including serving sizes from the foods listed at the end of this document. When a food is portioned to be an individual serving in the list included in this assignment, use that as the serving size. For example, dry, uncooked cereal is on the list in single serving boxes/cartons that range from 0.75 to 1.375 ounces. If you use one of them as a menu item, the serving size will be the same as the weight on the list. For other foods, Table 2.4 (12th edition) in Food for Fifty or 4.1 (13th Edition) is very helpful in determining some serving sizes. For example, nearly all vegetables, which are typically portioned with a number 8 dipper, i.e., ½ cup, are listed in the table as being a 3 oz portion. This means they weigh 3 oz. This does not mean 3 fluid ounces. USE FORM 1 FOR YOUR MENU PLAN. Failure to use the form will result in a 5 point deduction.
STEP TWO:
You will need to prepare a purchase order for the foods and ingredients you need to serve your newly planned menu to 50 people. Use the attached form, FORMAT FOR DETERMINING PURCHASE INFORMATION, Form 2. The list of foods includes the price. It will also indicate the size of an institutional package/case and the contents of the case.
1. Using FORM 2, list all the menu items including any ingredients you will need to make the menu item in the first column. For example, in the sample, for scrambled eggs, both eggs and milk are listed. Then in the second column, list the amount you will need to make 50 servings. If you need a partial can or package please indicate that in the column titled Quantity to serve 50. If the product comes in 1 oz or approximately 1 oz (cereal) or 4 or 6 oz portions (juice, pudding, yogurt, etc), indicate in the Quantity to serve 50 column that you need 50 1-oz boxes or 50 4-oz cartons, etc. See the sample format sheet that follows, milk illustrates this process. There is a table in Food for Fifty, Table 2.4 (12th edition) and 4.1 (13th Edition), devoted entirely to: Amounts of food to serve 50. When you use it, you should also note that a serving size is also indicated, which you might find extremely helpful to use when you PLAN YOUR MENU. When you are purchasing items in number 10 cans or number 3 cylinders, you need to indicate under quantity needed to serve 50, how many of these cans will be needed. You can include the amount from Table 2.4, but that is not as useful as knowing the number of cans needed.
2. In the third column on the form denote how you would purchase the item institutionally, denoting the number of cases needed and then the number of cans, packages or pieces in a case and the size of the individual cans, pieces or packages in the case. For example, 1 case of canned tomatoes contains 6 No.10 cans. One case of individually packaged cereal contains 72 0.75 to 1.375-oz boxes. Order in whole cases only, don’t break the case. This means that sometimes you will be ordering extra. Also, if you order something that you will use in more than one meal, for example a condiment or seasoning, note on Form 2 that the purchase was part of the breakfast or lunch purchase and will accommodate the needs for the additional meal. (You can note ordered for breakfast or ordered for lunch.)
3. IF YOU DO NOT USE THE FORM PROVIDED IN THIS DOCUMENT, YOU WILL RECEIVE A 5-POINT DEDUCTION IN YOUR GRADE.
STEP THREE:
Price your menu. Using the list provided, you will now need to price your menu per serving. In other words, the price is based on the amount on the plate, not the amount you purchased, as you may have purchased more than what is needed for the number of single servings you will actually serve. If you purchased the case of potatoes for example, you would not divide that price by the number you are serving. You would instead determine how much of the case you will use and divide that by the number of servings or figure the price per ounce and multiply that by the n umber of ounces served. The pricing information will also provide institutional quantities, i.e., case sizes and the number of pieces (cans, boxes, cartons, etc. per case). Using Form 3 below, (again, copy and paste into a new document) provides a place for you to indicate the price per serving and the price per can, case or pound. Also indicate the size of the can or case. The filled in examples should help illustrate this. DO NOT USE PRICES FROM THE SAMPLE, USE ONLY THE PRICES IN THE LIST. THE PRICES MAY NOT BE THE SAME. Please ask questions if you don’t understand.
You Must Submit:
All Forms are provided in this assignment.
1. Completed Form 1 – that includes menu items and serving sizes (Remember to use portions from the food list.)
2. Purchasing information on completed Form 2. (The pricing sheet and Table 4.1 (Food for Fifty) will help with this part.)
3. Use Form 3 provided below, to prepare a summary for the menu where you indicate the price per serving for each item on the menu.
4. Then figure a price per person for the day’s menu.
5. If your costs are more than $6 per person per day, indicate what you might change to reduce the cost of your menu. YOU DO NOT NEED TO ACTUALLY CHANGE THE MENU.
DUE: WEDNESDAY, APRIL 10
GRADING:
Not using the forms included will result in a 5-point deduction from each section that does not use the appropriate form.
Points for Assignment:
MENU WITH SERVING SIZES– 10 POINTS.
PURCHASING LIST WITH CASE INFORMATION — 40 POINTS.
MENU PRICING — 50 POINTS
FORM 1 – Menu Planning Form
Breakfast
Item
Serving size
Fruit/Juice: orange
4oz
Cereal: Bran flakes
0.875oz
Bread: French toast
2.55oz
Entree: Beef steak Top sirloin
4oz
Beverages: coffee,
2lbs,
Skim milk
8oz cartoons
Condiments:
Ketchup, sugar, pepper, salt
9g, 2000ct, 1000ct, 1000ct
Lunch
Starters: Pear half, in juice 30-35 ct
NO 10
Entrée with starch: fresh diced potatoes
8lb
Vegetable: salad mix
5lb
Bread: multi grain
2lb
Dessert: Cheese cake, 10-inch frzn
42oz
Beverages: Apple juice
4oz
Condiments: mustard, ketchup, pepper, salt
9g, 5oz, 1000ct, 1000ct
Dinner
Starters: Apple sauce
NO 10
Entrée with starch : Chick brst cooked skinless glazed
2.75oz
Vegetable: Baby carrot
20lb
Bread: Rolls
1.25ct
Dessert: Yogurt, fruit flavored
6oz
Beverages: Bottled water
.5lt
Condiments:
Ketchup salt
9g, 1000ct
Form 2: SAMPLE – Determining Purchase Information (Select Menu for one day only)
Sample: Item
Quantity needed to
serve 50
Number of Cases needed to purchase: then describe the number of pieces, cans or packages per case and size of cans, packages in case
Breakfast
Examples
Fruit/Juice: Cantaloupe
13
1 case – 16 pieces (cantaloupes)
Cereal: Cream of wheat
2 lb
1 case-12 28 oz boxes
Bread: Multigrain Toast
50 slices
3 loaf 1.5 lb loaf
Entree: Poached Egg
8 doz,
1 case 15 doz eggs
Beverages: Coffee
1 lb ground coffee
12 2 lb cans/case
nonfat milk
50 8 oz cartons
2 cases 48—8 oz cartons/case
Condiments: salt, pepper, sugar, jam
50 packets of each
1 case salt – 3,000 pkts. pepper – 3,000 pkts. sugar – 1,000 pkts, jam – 200 .5 oz /case
Form 3: Sample – Pricing Format
Sample
Price/serving
Price/case or can (identify case or can)
Breakfast
Breakfast
Fruit/Juice: Cantaloupe
$.75
$.99/lb 1-melon averages 3 lbs
Cereal: Cream of Wheat
.07
$34.64/case
Bread: Multigrain Toast
.10
3 loaves. 1.48/loaf
Entree: Scrambled Egg
.20
eggs 14.85/Case
Beverages: Coffee, nonfat milk
.40
3.99/lb coffee. 15.36/case-48/ 8 oz cartons milk
Condiments: salt, pepper, sugar, jam
.02
Salt –4.81/cse. pepper—6.97/case. sugar – 7.85/case
Form 2: Determining Purchase Information (Select Menu for one day only)
Item
Quantity needed to serve 50
Number of Cases ordered: # of pieces, cans or packages per case and size of cans, packages in case
Breakfast
Fruit/Juice: orange
400oz
2 48-4oz cases
Cereal: Bran flakes
50 0.875oz
1 96-0.875oz carton/case
Bread: French toast
11.25oz
5 12-2.55oz
Entrée: Beef steak Top sirloin
400oz
2 40-4oz cases
Beverages: coffee
skim milk
2lbs
50 8oz cartons
5 12-2lb cases
2 48-8oz carton/case
Condiments:
Ketchup, sugar, pepper, salt
50 packets of each
1000 9g case. 1 2000ct case.1 3-1000ct cases. 1 3-1000ct case
Lunch
Starters: Pear half, in juice 30-35 ct
3 No 10
1 6-No 10 cases
Entrée with starch: fresh diced potatoes
35lb
5 8lb cases
Vegetable: salad mix
25lb
2 4-5lb cases
Bread: multi grain
50 slices
3 1.5lb loaves
Dessert: Cheese cake, 10-inch frzn
100oz
7 8-42oz cases
Beverages: Apple juice
400oz
3 48-4oz cases
Condiments: mustard, ketchup, pepper, salt
50 packets each
500 1/5oz case. 1000 9g case. 3-1000ct case. 3-1000ct case
Dinner
Starters: Apple sauce
3 No 10
1 6-No 10 case
Entrée with starch : Chick brst cooked skinless glazed
50 2.75oz
1 64-2.75oz case
Vegetable: Baby carrot
10lb
1 20lb case
Bread: Rolls
50 1.25oz
1 240ct
Dessert: Yogurt, fruit flavored
300oz
13 12-6oz case
Beverages: Bottled water
25lt
3 24-0.5lt case
Condiments:
Ketchup salt
50 packets
1000g case. 3-1000ct case
Form 3: Pricing Format
Menu Item
Price/serving
Price/case or can (identify case or can)
Breakfast
Fruit/Juice: orange
$ 0.31
$7.33/ 48-4oz case, $15.27/400oz
Cereal: Bran flakes
$0.29
$27.60/ 96-0.875oz case, $0.28/0.875oz carton
Bread: French toast
$0.14
$19.02/12-2.55 oz /case, $0.62/oz
Entrée: Beef steak Top sirloin
$0.79
$15.70/40-4oz case, $0.10/oz
Beverages: coffee
skim milk
$0.01 + $0.49 = $0.5
$0.33/lb of coffee. $0.49/8oz of skim milk
Condiments:
Ketchup, sugar, pepper, salt
$0.02
$0.02/9g of ketchup. 0.0017/sachet of salt. 0.0029/sachet of pepper.
Breakfast cost/person
$ 2.05
Lunch
Starters: Pear half, in juice 30-35 ct
$0.27
$13.60/No 10 can
Entrée with starch: fresh diced potatoes
$0.72
$1.04/lb of fresh diced potatoes
Vegetable: salad mix
$0.32
$0.65/lb
Bread: multi grain
$0.06
$0.06/slice of bread (only 23 slices are served per bread)
Dessert: Cheese cake, 10-inch frzn
$0.29
$0.14/oz of cake
Beverages: Apple juice
$0.30
$o.o4/oz of apple juice
Condiments: mustard, ketchup, pepper, salt
$0.03
$0.01/sachet of mustard. $0.02/9g of ketchup. 0.0017/sachet of salt. 0.0029/sachet of pepper
Lunch cost/person
$ 1.99
Dinner
Starters: Apple sauce
$0.19
$3.22/No. 10 can of Apple sauce
Entrée with starch : Chick brst cooked skinless glazed
$0.62
$0.62/2.75oz of chicken
Vegetable: Baby carrot
$0.15
$0.77/lb of baby carrot
Bread: Rolls
Dessert: Yogurt, fruit flavored
$0.57
$0.10/oz of youghurt
Beverages: Bottled water
$0.31
$0.63/L of bottled water
Condiments: ketchup, salt
0.02
$0.02/9g of ketchup. 0.0017/sachet of salt
Dinner cost/person
$ 1.86
Total day’s cost/person
Summary
$ 5.9
List of Products
Item
Case/quantity
Price
Beverages
Apple juice
48/ 4 oz /case
7.10
Orange juice
48/ 4 oz /case
7.33
V8 juice
48/ 5.5 oz /case
19.68
Cranberry cocktail
48/ 4 oz /case
6.35
Tomato juice
48/ 5.5 oz /case
12.72
Gatorade
24/ 20 oz /case
17.62
Bottled water
24/ .5 liter /case
7.52
Tea
500 count tea bags /case
24.53
Coffee
12/ 2 lbs /case
71.76
Skim milk
48/ 8 oz cartons /case
23.36
2% milk
27/ 8 oz cartons /case
15.02
Milk
6/ 1 gal /case
16.25
Breads
Bran muffins
40/ 2 1/8 oz muf /case
12.21
Blueberry muffins
48/ 2 2/8 oz muf/case
14.98
Flour tortilla
12/ 1 doz /case
20.99
Rolls
1/ 240 ct / 1.25 oz /case
32.27
Bread sticks
170/ 1.5 oz /case
19.44
Bagelettes
4/ 96/ 9 oz /case
14.17
White bread (don’t serve ends)
Order by loaf – 2 lb loaf ~34 slices
1.29
Multi grain (don’t serve ends)
Order by loaf 1.5 lb loaf ~25 Slices
1.43
English muffin
12 pack
1.70
Rye bread
Order by loaf 2 lb loaf ~34 slices
1.78
Pita bread
120/ 2.4 oz /case
16.31
Saltines, single serve-(ss)
500/ 2ct /case
8.44
French toast, frzn
12/ 6/ 2.55 oz /case
19.02
Cereals
Oatmeal
12/ 42 oz /case
27.39
Cream of Rice
12/ 28 oz /case
36.05
Bran flakes
96/0.875 oz /case
27.60
Raisin Bran
72/ 1.375 oz /case
20.85
Shredded Wheat
72/ 1 oz /case
23.19
Special K
72/ .75 oz /case
23.10
Entrees
Ground beef 90/10
2/ 5lb /case
1.89/lb
Meatballs cooked, Frzn
160/ 1 oz /case
17.72
Pork chops bone in, frozen
1/ 10 lb / 5 oz chops /case
2.29/lb
Turkey Franks 8/lb
1/ 10 lb /case
7.37
Beef steak Top sirloin
40/ 4 oz /case
15.70
Manicotti cheese filled
72/ 2.55 oz /case
31.19
Lasagna w/ meat amp. Sce, Fzn
4/ 96 oz trays /case
48.31
Chick brst cooked skinless glazed
64/ 2.75 oz /case
39.63
Cod Loin
40/ 4oz fillets /case
39.30
Turkey breast, sknles, roasted
2/ 8.5 lb average /case
43.48
Cheese, provolone, sliced
8/ 1.25/lb /case
27.51
Eggs
15 doz
10.79
Sauce Marinara
6/ No 10 /case
24.06
Omelette, plain
60/ 3 oz/ case
19.77
Sausage link
96/ 2 oz /case
1.86/lb
Starches
Rice
1/ 25 lb bag/case
8.80
Potatoes
1/ 50 lb 120 count
7.98
Corn
6 No 10 cans /case
22.13
Pasta penne
2/ 10 lb bags /case
13.18
Potato chips
120 .5 oz bags /case
12.41
Fresh diced potatoes
1/ 8 lb /case
8.25
Vegetables, fresh
Lettuce, green leaf
1 24 ct (heads)
14.21
Salad mix
4/ 5 lb /case
12.90
Cut Romaine
6/ 2 lb /case
14.29
Cherry tomatoes
1/ 12 pts /case
18.15
Cucumbers
1/ 20 lb /case
15.13
Broccoli florets
4/ 3 lb /case
16.11
Celery sticks
1/ 5 lb /case
5.37
Carrot sticks
1/ 5 lb /case
4.87
Frozen vegetables
Baby carrot
1 20 lb /case
15.39
Green beans
12/ 2 lb /case
21.93
California vegetable blend
12 2/ lb /case
19.81
Peas sugar snap
12/ 32 oz /case
29.86
Soups
Tomato, condensed
12/ 50 oz (No. 3 cyl) /case
25.02
Tuscan Vegetable, boil in bag
4/ 8lb /case
31.28
Fruits, Fresh
Apples
88 count /case
20.15
Bananas
1/ 40 lb /case
13.50
Oranges
1/ 113 ct /case
12.40
Red seedless grapes
1/ 2 lb /case
3.70
Canned Fruit
Fruit cocktail in juice
6/ No 10 /case
24.45
Applesauce
6/ No 10 /case
19.35
Pear half, in juice 30-35 ct
6/ No 10 /case
27.19
Pineapple, sliced in juice
6/ No 10 /case
20.62
Desserts
Cheese cake, 10-inch frzn
8/ 42 oz (10-inch) /case
48.07
Pudding, vanilla
6/ No 10 /case
22.78
Yogurt, fruit flavored
12/ 6 oz /case
6.88
Oreos
120/ 4pk /case
27.13
Honey graham cracker ss
200/ 2 ct /case
11.60
Ice cream
1/ 3 gal /case
12.38
Cookie Dough Oatmeal frzn
240/ 1.33 oz /case
33.26
Cherry pie deep dish 10-inch frzn
6/ 47 oz /case
31.16
Chocolate cake 9-inch frzn
1/ 4 ct /case
30.56
Condiments
Ketchup SS
1000/ 9g /case
19.13
Mustard SS
500/ 1/5 oz /case
5.62
Italian salad dressing SS
200 7/16 oz /case
8.97
Maple syrup SS
100/ 1.5 oz /case
13.58
Sugar SS
1/ 2000 ct /case
8.90
Pepper SS
3/ 1000 ct /case
8.71
Creamer SS
10/ 100 ct /case
15.15
Miracle whip SS
200/ 7/16 oz /case
10.71
Asst jelly amp. jam SS
200 .5 oz /case
9.11
Sugar substitute SS
3000/ 1 gr /case
18.19
FF Italian Salad dressing SS
200/ 7/16 oz
10.40
Sweet relish SS
500/ 9 gr /case
19.80
Salt SS
3/ 1000 ct /case
5.23
Caesar dressing SS
60/ 2 oz /case
11.81
Margarine SS
600/ 5 g /case
12.

English 2

Reflection Almost every has some elements of research writing. this task is perceived as a challenge by many students. They are expected to demonstrate their knowledge and solid writing skills alongside with meeting specific writing criteria. Even though it is really difficult sometimes to write effectively, I believe that research writing is beneficial for all students because it teaches them to communicate in writing and express their thoughts clearly,
I perceive any writing assignment as a challenge because there is no limit of perfection in this case. For instance, any solid writing requires relevant sources to be based on. I have learned to pay more attention to pre-writing research in order to have enough valid information for own research. Researching can be time consuming. however, it shows different points of view on the same issue which helps to develop own opinion and express it in writing.
There is a great difference between oral communication and written communication. While it is possible to make mistakes and correct them immediately while speaking, there is a need to spend additional time on revising the paper to make sure that there are no ambiguities in writing.. Any research paper needs an outline to follow to cover all necessary points. Inaccurate expressions can confuse the reader. working on my last written assignment I read it to my friend to make sure that it sounded clearly. The process of peer revision is very helpful because it gives an objective feedback about ones work. I cannot say that I can assess my writing totally objectively as I always treat it as my achievement. In this way, help of my peers can be really valuable to see ho I can improve my writing.
Overall, I understand that I need to work hard to become a better writer. Currently I lack some experience in research writing and this course is really helpful because it complexly improves my writing skills. Now I see the difference between relevant and irrelevant sources of information and understand why I need to spend more time on selecting the best sources for my research. I am learning to keep my writing clear and concise and any writing assignment greatly contributes to my writing and researching skills.

Age And Acquisition Of English As A Foreign Language

4000

The ‘age factor’ has at all times been one of the chief issues in terms of research and investigations focused on the acquisition of second/foreign language. Nonetheless, the crucial point has now shifted from investigating the question of whether there exists a crucial phase, as observed during the 1970s and 80s, to the suitable time to begin education in L2. Such a trend is mainly applicable in foreign language acquisition perspectives across Europe and visibly apparent in countries like Spain where the age of instruction for teaching English was significantly reduced from 11 years of age to 8 years by the Reforma. It is hence, highly likely that advance improvements might press forward the starting age for learning a foreign language to age 6. Although these changes fail to consider the conclusions from current research, they do, however, replicate the common fear regarding the significance of languages, particularly English, in our every day lives. This book review is, as a result, of supreme significance to teachers as well as students of English as a second/foreign language. It accumulates certain chosen contributions in two parts. The first part deals with Theoretical Issues discussed in three chapters which present a general idea about the role of age in learning languages. Chapter 1 in part 1 titled Critical Period or General Age Factor(s) written by David Singleton provides a methodical introduction to the CPH Critical Period Hypothesis as well as the theory of CP Critical Period.

The Importance of Outside Classroom Activities in Promoting Oral Fluency in an EFL Context

Consequently, creating opportunities outside the classroom for students to speak English is an effective strategy in compensating for students’ limited use of the L2. Research studies have shown that external classroom activities have
equal significance in enabling students learn English as a second language. In addition, it has been asserted that such activities provide a non-educational environment from which a student may feel free and comfortable to acquire new language skills.
This study investigates the significance of outside classroom activities in promoting students’ oral proficiency. In addition, it reports on students’ perceptions of such activities. Fifteen participants from the American University of Kuwait took part in this study. Open-ended interviews were done to find out what the participants thought of these activities, and what they gained from them. Interview results show that students found outside classroom activities very effective in improving not only their oral fluency skills, but their confidence and critical thinking skills as well. The implications of this research study are for language practitioners and language programs in the EFL context to be aware of the benefits of incorporating outside classroom activities in language teaching.
Approximations indicate that in the beginning of the 21st century, around 400-500 million English speakers existed [1]. Obviously, by now the number has dramatically increased. The reason for that is many countries have picked up English as the primary foreign language as the world continues to connect more and more. In these countries, it is estimated that there is 20-30% of the population that speaks English. Thus, the author notes that around 1.5 to 2 billion English speakers exist worldwide. The numbers are inclusive of native language speakers who use English as their first language, and non-native English speakers who use English as their secondary language. While studying English in

House in wales

of the English Literature ic and Modern) of the Concerned 25 July House in Wales There is no denying the factthat in Miss Peregrine’s Home for Peculiar Children by Ransom Riggs, the house in Wales is a well rounded character in itself that is well intertwined in the framework of the overall plot. The house in Wales is mysteriously introduced into the plot after the ensuing of the last words of Jake Portman’s paranoid grandfather that were, Find the bird. In the loop. On the other side of the old man’s grave. September Third, 1940 (Riggs 33).
At the start of the story, Jake considers the house to be a figment of the old man’s imagination who declared the house in Wales to be … an enchanted place,…, designed to keep kids safe from the monsters, on an island where the sun shined everyday and nobody ever got sick or died (Riggs 9). However, as Jake Portman starts to rummage into the belongings of his dead grandfather, he begins to believe in the reality of such a house. In that context, the house in Wales catches the imagination of Jake Portman, much before it comes out alive as a real and mysterious entity.
It goes without saying that the house in Wales, very much like a fictional character commanded a fear and reputation. When Jake arrived at the enchanted island and enquired of an old man regarding that particular house, the response of the old man that is, The man chewed his lip and regarded me doubtfully, as if deciding whether to help or to wash his hands of the whole thing (Riggs 69), evinced much mystery and fear. Hence, house in Wales happened to be an intimidating character that had a deep influence on the imagination of Jake.
In the story, Riggs’ has masterfully created a cast of endearing and sometimes intimidating characters, each willing to extend one’s own unique contribution, in consonance with one’s abilities and special talents, in the war against the cannibalistic and evil monsters. However, irrespective of the spooky nature of most of the characters in the story, it is the house in Wales that turns out to be an all enveloping and expansive character, which constraints the mysterious characters residing in it, as Miss Peregrine reveal to Jake, … If children loiter too long on your side of the loop, all the many years from which they have abstained will descend upon them at once, in a matter of hours (Riggs 206).
Throughout the story, the house in Wales exists like a continually looming entity, either in the fanciful tales of Jake’s old grandfather, or as a place that evoked fear and revulsion amongst the denizens of the mysterious island, or as an actual abode where lived the children with strange peculiarities and their monstrous tormentors. The writer starts building a reputation of the house on the readers’ imagination, right from the start, till one shockingly comes to realize that the story of Granpa Portman’s childhood wasn’t a fairy tale at all (Riggs 17).
Works Cited
Riggs, Ransom. Miss Peregrine’s Home for Peculiar Children. New York: Quirk Books,
2011. Print.

Nursing Home Visit and Communicating with Patients

By listening attentively to my patient, I was able to reduce some of her loneliness, anxiety, and frustration regarding her condition (Integrated Medical Publishing, n.d). In order to improve on my verbal communication skills, as I am not a native English speaker, I think I need to improve my English speaking skills through practice and by enrolling in an English language course.
Non-verbal cues include eye contact, touch and use of space, gestures, body posture and presentation, and use of voice. Non-verbal cues reflect the real emotions and feelings of individuals involved in the conversation. Such was the case in my conversation with the patient. By establishing eye contact, I was able to assess the sincerity of her words. I also paid attention to her gestures which told me if my questions were getting uncomfortable for her to answer. And if she got uncomfortable answering, I changed my questions. I noticed that she gestured with her hands a lot. and being a former teacher, I understood why she has this habit. When I first approached her, I maintained a respectful distance between us. Since it was my first time to meet her, I respected her personal space. I asked if I could move my chair closer to her, and she agreed. I maintained a 3-feet distance from her. it was close enough for us to hear each other, and far enough to avoid invading her personal space (Rhode Island Health Literacy Project, n.d). I think I need to improve my non-verbal communication skills by increasing my interaction with patients. Through increased interaction, I will be able to improve my interpretation of patients’ non-verbal cues (Earp, et.al., 2007, p.197).
Establishing rapport is seen in how we relate and perceive our patients. It also involves genuine concern and empathy for our patients (Travelbee, 1963). Upon meeting my patient, I immediately set out to establish rapport by greeting her by her first name, shaking her hand, and introducing myself. I asked permission to converse with her and when she agreed, I sat down next to her. By shaking a patient’s hand and using their first names, patients become more comfortable around caregivers and it sets the tone of the patient-caregiver relationship (Sharma, 2007). In order to improve this communication skill, I think I need to improve my English speaking skills. This will help make it easier for me to engage the patient in an easy and comfortable conversation without running out of words to say.
The barriers in communication may be physiological, psychological, and physical (Integrated Medical Publishing, n.d). Physiological barriers are sensory dysfunctions like hearing impairment. I was fortunate not to have encountered this with my elderly patient. Physical barriers involve environmental factors like noise. Since we were in an enclosed nursing facility, I did not encounter this problem with my patient. As regards psychosocial barriers, these are educational or cultural barriers that prevent effective communication. As I have mentioned previously, I had some trouble communicating with her because English is not my first language, but my patient had a very giving and accommodating nature that made it easy for me to talk to her. In order to improve my language skills, I need to improve my English by possibly enrolling in an English language course. This will assist in overcoming my limitations in communicating with patients. It will help prevent miscommunication and misinterpretation on my part and on the part of the patient.nbsp.

Life and Art of Claude Monet

Claude Monet studied art in one of the local school in Paris. He was also a student of Jacque-Louis David. Then became a mentee of Eugene Boudin who taught him on the outdoor technique of painting. He left school after being his mother dying in the year 1857. Later on, he left France and went to England where he painted more than 25 building and he was suspected of revolutionary activities. At 32 Monet and Camille, Doncieux married. They had two sons, the second one died of tuberculosis where he painted him on the death bed (Kalitina amp. Brodskai︠, 2011, 102-120)

On later life and death, Monet had difficulty life after the death of his wife. The grief gave him the impetus to make the best of his painting. Most of the painting was considered the best for the campaign in France. The prospects of Monet starting changing when he met Paul Durand, dealer, who made his paint sale. His painting such as Rouen Cathedral got popularity. Life changed and he started making better incomes. In the year 1926, Monet succumbed to lung cancer. Only 50 people attended the burial at the cemetery of Givenery church.
Posthumously, the English parliament the painting of Monet was exhibited showing Railway Bridge. The painting was bided at $ 36.5 million (Kalitina amp. Brodskai︠, 2011, 137)

I

The City of Brass

Compare and Contrast Essay – The of Brass When considering the story line on both articles, the articles are explaining a similar issue, which comprise occurrences in the City of Brass. In addition, both use the same title making it easier for the audience to realize the initial similarity between the two stories. It is also easy to note that religion is a very important constituent for the individuals in both stories. This is because they constantly argue on subjects related to religious beliefs. Here, most of the characters acknowledge and tend to believe that there is only one God. Tarmazin is viewed as evil for proclaiming herself as a God. In spite of the various similarities, there are several differences that can be spotted when reading both stories.
First, the use of languages in both stories is very different and the periods within which both stories were set are different. While the Shaitan Preaches article uses modern and simplified mode of English writing, the other story is set during the past. This can be clearly noted through the usage of words such as hath in place of has. This shows that this article was written during the ancient times. Second, the choice of words is also different. This is different in that the newer article uses the easiest language as well as the choice of wordage making it easy to follow by the average speaker. The older article uses a different style, which incorporates a complex sentence structure and a complicated word choice. This article may alienate certain members of the audience especially those that do not speak English as their original language.
On the other hand, while the Shaitan Preaches story talks about an issue that is currently happening, the other article talks from a past perspective. This is because the author of the former article talks about events that are currently taking place such as awakening of the city while the latter mostly concentrates on telling the events as a story from a perspective of the past. Here, the older article is explaining how kings used to put Jinns and devils in glasses of brass while the newer one even involves one of them in the conversation.
Furthermore, in spite of having similar titles and talking about the same issue, one of the articles appears to be a continuation of the other. Here, the newer one appears to have been explaining the fate of the city while the older one explains the earliest days of the city. Specifically, the older article explains how the demons used to be kept in the jars while in the newer one the characters are conversing and reasoning with the imprisoned creature and even considering freeing it. The newer article was also written from a personal conversation perspective where the character’s direct speeches are shown while the older one makes use of the report perspective making the newer one more credible because such a conversation is more believable as compared to the report ones. This is because a conversation makes the scenes livelier promoting the audience to re-create the scenes in their minds which may not be very effective in report stories.

Oral Contracts

Logistics: Oral contracts Oral contracts usually are contracts whose terms have been established by a word of mouth or rather spokencommunication. Oral contracts are also either partially in writing as well as partially dependent, usually on words that are spoken or totally dependent on words that are spoken. Oral contracts are just as valid as written agreements. however the key issue with these types of contracts is proving of their existence or the agreed terms. Oral contracts frequently are provable by activity that is carried out by a single or both parties, mostly depending on the continuation of the given contract. An important difference between written and oral contracts is in the time taken to sue for breaching of an oral contract is at times shorter. For instance in California, limitation is 2 years in regard to oral in comparison to 4 for written. Washington and Connecticut, 3 for oral and 6 for written. Georgia has 4 for oral and 20 for written (Clarkson, et al, 2006).
Oral contracts are enforceable, inspite of popular belief. So long as there is sufficient evidence, any given court will enforce an agreement made orally. However there exists a single exception to this statute. if the subject matter falls within the law of frauds, which is an English law that was adopted in the US, which entails specific contracts to be in written form. This law is designed so as to avert fraudulent conduct especially when the given contract has got stakes that are high or durations that are long. Most states in the US usually call for written contracts in these circumstances. sale of real estates, leases for real estate lasting for more than a year, property transfer upon the death of the owner, agreements to settle another person’s debt and contracts for particular amount of cash (Jentz amp. Miller, 2008).
Generally, a court will deem an oral contract not enforceable, when it falls within any of the above categories. Some sort of writing therefore, must exist and signed by all parties. Exceptions to this rule. claims even if a given oral contract is within its stipulations, it still will be enforced where. one of the parties partly complied with its stipulations or rather the plaintiff depended on the promise of the defendant and in the process suffered some injury as a result. Once again it is the burden of plaintiff to provide such evidence. It should be noted that contract law evidently does not support oral contracts. This is because oral contracts are hard to prove, and frequently form the foundation of deception. People are therefore encouraged to make their agreements of whatever nature in writing (Goldman amp. Sigmund, 2013).
Implied contacts are on the other hand contracts that are agreed by conduct that is non-verbal, rather than use of explicit words. This therefore means that even though the parties may not have exchanged any agreement words, their dealings may depict that there is existence of an agreement anyway (Brian, 2007).For instance, a patient attending a doctor’s appointment, her actions depict that she aims to get treated in exchange for compensating reasonable doctor’s fees. Similarly, by treating the patient, the actions of the doctor portray his intention to attend to the patient in exchange for her payment of his bill. This clearly then indicates that there is existence of contract between the patient and the doctor, even though, there was no words spoken of agreement. These two parties therefore can be said to have agreed to similar important terms and accordingly acted with such an agreement as that. Thus there was mutual consideration and in such a case as that, the court most probably will rule that the two individuals had an implied contract. This means that if the patient does not pay after examination, she will have violated this implied contract (Brian, 2007).
Normally, a contract that is implied has got similar legal impact just like an express contract. It may however be quite hard proving terms as well as existence of an implied contract in case a dispute arises. In some authorities, real estate contracts may not be formed on the basis of implied -in-fact. Frequently, unilateral contracts are the focus of these kinds of contracts.
References
Brian, B. (2007). Contracts:Examples and Explanations. New York,NY: Aspen Publishers.
Clarkson, K., Miller, R.,amp. Jentz,G. (2006). Wests Business Law. New York,NY: Thomson South Western Company.
Goldman, A., amp. Sigmund, W. (2013).Cengage Advantage Books:Business Law:Principles and Practices . New York,NY: Cengage Learning.
Jentz ,G., amp. Miller, R. (2008). Cengage Advantage Books:Business Law Today:The Essentials. New York,NY: Thomson Advantage Books.

Bilingual Education in the US

The problem faced by those who oppose bilingual education in the US is of a cultural sort. to state that children should only be taught English is to suggest that no respect is attached to their heritage, their native tongue, and in turn their own culture. This is not necessarily so. to prefer the teaching of English in school is not to state that a child should be brought up in a wholly English environment. It cannot be said with certainty that bringing a child up in an English only speaking school will stunt their native cultural influences. It could be argued that the child could receive ample teaching and immersion in their native language through extra-curricular activities, familial influences, and religious practice. Thus, the child is then able to receive ample influences from both sides of the coin. he is able to learn English to a proper degree whilst receiving his native influence from those around him. This would enable him to integrate into the American culture, whilst retaining the identity of his native culture and thus could benefit from both. It is to be remembered that to oppose bilingual teaching is not to shun the respect one has for immigrant culture altogether – it is more to recognize the importance of learning the culture of the country in which one lives, for the overall benefit of the individual. It appears as though the need to learn the English language as a part of integrating into American life has been overlooked and certainly underestimated.nbsp. This could have devastating future effects for the secularization of groups within the US.

Discrimination and Racism against foreign immigrant people in United States

These data were collected from 2508 randomly selected adolescent immigrant children between 12 to 18 years age. The study could not find statistically significant relationship either between citizenship and discrimination, or between knowledge of English and discrimination, nor could it find any statistically significant relationship between discrimination and education expectation of respondents when controlling for age.
In the US, as the administration struggles to contain racial discrimination, cross-border terrorism had added new dimension to it. Many miles may have been covered from that ugly day, when the U.S. Supreme Court in 1896 in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson, held that racially segregated railway cars were both constitutional and reasonable did not violate the rights of Blacks. The majority opinion of the court stated,
Laws permitting, and even requiring, their separation in places where they are liable to be brought into contact do not necessarily imply the inferiority of either race to the other, and have been generally, if not universally, recognized as within the competency of the state legislatures in the exercise of their police power. The most common instance of this is connected with the establishment of separate schools for white and colored children, which has been held to be a valid exercise of the legislative power.
Legislation is powerless to eradicate racial instincts or to abolish distinctions based upon physical differences, and the attempt to do so can only result in accentuating the difficulties of the present situation. If the civil and political rights of both races be equal, one cannot be inferior to the other civilly or politically. If one race be inferior to the other socially, the Constitution of the United States cannot put them upon the same plane. (Birnbaum and Taylor, 2000, p.166-67. cited by Boston amp. Nair-Reichert, 2004, p.113).
This infamous verdict caused much racial disenfranchisement, which

Of Anger and Disempowerment

The paper shows that the anger of Jimmy in the play is both personal and social and the reader can very well experience the mental struggles and hardships that Jimmy undergoes in his day to day life. In fact, Jimmy raises his voice against all sorts of established and conventional social, gender, class and sexual relations. however, he does not point out any solutions and goes on complaining about each and everything he comes across. As Saugata Mukherjee points out, The young, educated English youth, portrayed in Look Back in Anger, is a confused soul and the post-war changeover in the character of international politics raises doubts to which he finds no answers (Mukherjee, 2006, p. 130)

Jimmy feels that he is living in a dreary world where there aren’t any good, brave causes left (Osborne, p. 89). He tries to escape himself into the animal world and the Bear and Squirrel game in the play is such an attempt of escape from the real world. However, the couples understand the inability of the ‘furry animals’ to bring about any positive changes and Alison rightly confesses that the Bear and Squirrel game is nothing but a silly symphony for people who couldn’t bear the pain of human beings any longer (Osborne, p. 46). However, Jimmy does not want to live a life of inaction. He is fed up with the routine life that he leads. Sundays are so depressing for Jimmy as he can no longer cope up with the same ritual of reading the paper, drinking tea, ironing (Osborne, p. 8). Thus, his life is a replica of the same routine and this adds to his dissatisfaction with the new age. He despises the life of inaction that Cliff and Alison lead and cries out: Nobody thinks, nobody cares. No beliefs, no convictions, and no enthusiasm (Osborne, p. 10). He refers to the Edwardian world of Colonel Redfern as a symbol of the bygone era and the colonel’s world provides him the inspiration to aspire for changes. Similarly, he retreats to Jazznbsp.and trumpet to find solace. in fact, his trumpet is his non-verbal mode of protest, an effort to recreate a world where ‘a little ordinary human enthusiasm’ was not still an impossibilitynbsp.

Three Rhetorical Strategies and Effects

English Language Class Assignment
Explain Three Rhetorical Strategies and Effects
Rhetorical strategies are author’s attempts to persuade, inform or entertain readers. The main aim of rhetorical strategies is to persuade the reader. The application of rhetorical strategies involves the use of words to convey specific meaning and pass certain information to the reader. There are various types of rhetorical strategies.
Cause and effect is a rhetorical strategy that a writer uses to focus on or explain why an event or situation occurs and links this with what might happen. Cause deals with the investigation and analysis of past events while effects deals with the prediction of future events based on past events (Mukalel 80). Writers employ this method when explaining pertinent global issues such as global warming or social issues like the investigation of the reasons for the rise in teenage drug abuse.
Comparing and contrasting: Comparisons are used to look for similarities between things while contrasts look for differences. Application of this strategy requires the writer to locate similarities and differences between two or more things. At first glance only differences may be obvious but upon closer analysis, the writer is likely to find more similarities than earlier anticipated and convey them to the reader. Compare and contrast is mainly used in report writing, giving a speech especially to persuade your audience to hold a particular position, endorsing an individual or party and making an argument. It can be done it two ways. block technique, the writer gives the differences first and then later list the similarities, Point- by- point involves explaining both sides in an alternating manner for instance A,B, A,B to the exhaustion of all points.
Description is a rhetoric technique that involves describing a place, person or thing. The writer when describing often attempts to paint a mental picture of the person, place or thing to the reader in such a way that the reader can visualize the object in detail. He or she achieves this by indicating how the object looks like, feels smells, sounds, tastes. It requires proper choice of verbs, clear adjectives and specific nouns in order to be successful (Mukalel 109). Writers apply description in a variety of writing assignments for instance, visual analysis detailing crucial features of arts like photographs, cultural critiques, and scientific lab reports illustrating the details of an experiment. However, it is worth noting that almost all essays always contain some level of description.
Works Cited
Mukalel, J C. Approaches to English Language Teaching. S.l.: Discovery Publishing, 2013. Print.

Are We Too Dependent on Computers

Are we too dependent on computers?
Not long ago, individuals all over the world were sending telegram and letters to their loved ones and business partners. Gradually, people embraced the use of emails and sending short messages to communicate. The earliest reference on computer dependency was made in the 70’s by two gentlemen who predicted the excitement that would be accompanied by overreliance on computers. A certain spell befell on programmers and not long, other people, as well (Shotton 8). Because of this, fear has gripped Psychologists and socialists who insist that the human mind would be deprived of its creativity if people continue to depend on computers.
Computers were invented to help in solving complex mathematical problems. With time, they have been programmed to store and retrieve data, manage communication, manipulate sounds and images among other functions (Ceruzzi 1). Computer dependence became widespread with growth of the internet and accessibility of the personal computer. These two factors led to misuse, led to people questioning its rampant use, and if it had any negative consequences on individuals and institutions that wholly relied on them.
Computers have made people complacent and have practically shaped peoples way of thinking and relating to others. The plethora of information people can access from the internet is endless. People can shop for virtually almost everything they can ever imagine. Shopping and access to all manner of information is what has got people glued to their computer screens shutting out the rest of the world. If computers stopped working today, people may go berserk and institutions would fall, in short the world would be in chaos (Fleeger amp. Pfleeger, 6). Over reliance has also posed a threat to people, as if security being compromised due to a criminal element in many areas especially the banking sector. Thus, computers can be used as weapons instead of tools of convenience.
It is easy to argue that people have become overly dependent on computers. This statement is not agreeable to all. According to the viewpoint of an individual who thinks currently individuals are not dependent on computers, he would claim that computers are controlled and created by man, so how can we are dependent on them? They are just machines to make life easier. This is based on the fact that computers have enhanced and opened communication channels as families and friends in different countries can communicate. Computers save time for everyone as compared to the times people used to use manual means to get things done. Computing technology has opened economies to growth and development as in the case of Singapore. Moreover, institutions are using computers to advance their business and in the case of terrorism and insecurity, the computing technology has been instrumental in tracking criminal activity (Kizza 10). Learning for students has been made easy, as materials are available online for their usage (Boyer 62). In a nutshell. if computers stopped existing losses would be realized in terms of resources.
It is evident from the discussion above that computers have a profound effect on the society. It is however, important to exercise some form of balance when using these gadgets to avoid alienating ourselves from the realities of life. People need to preserve their culture, retain their individuality and separate themselves from computing technology. Technology, therefore, should be used to improve our lives and not to enslave people.
Works cited
Boyer, Susan, and Leonard Boyer. Understanding English Pronunciation: An Integrated
Practice Course. Glenbrook, N.S.W: Boyer Educational Resources, 2002. Print.
Ceruzzi, Paul E. A History of Modern Computing. Cambridge, Mass: MIT, 2003. Print.
Fleeger, Charles P, and Shari L. Pfleeger. Analyzing Computer Security: A
Threat/vulnerability/countermeasure Approach. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2012. Print.
Kizza, Joseph M. Ethical and Social Issues in the Information Age. London: Springer, 2010.
Print.
Shotton, Margaret A.Computer addiction?: a study of computer dependency. London: Taylor amp.
Francis, 1989. Print.

What changes would you make to the English law of restitution Explain why you think these are desirable but also identify any potential disadvantages that might result from them

fusion of contract and equity based remedies justified under the head of restitution and generally, the courts have been unwilling to recognise restitution as a separate principle of recovery due to alternative common law methods of recovery such a quantum valebat and quantum meruit, the doctrine of waiver in tort and equitable claims3. As such, Tettenborn argues that faced with this situation it is not surprising that the judges chose to remain within the existing categories of recovery rather than postulate any new theory of liability4.
The focus of this paper is to critically evaluate the law of restitution and consider possible reform. To this end, I shall firstly consider the essential principles of restitution and it is submitted that the inherent problem with restitution based claims is the doctrinal difficulty of quantifying the concept of unjust enrichment. As such, the underlying objective of restitution has often been confused with equitable trust law principles, compounding legal certainty in this area as evidenced by the swaps litigation in decisions such as Westdeutsche Landesbank Girozentrale v Islington LBC5
Accordingly, in evaluating the law of restitution and possible reform, I shall contextually consider the swaps litigation and submit the proposition that possible reform in restitution should consider categorisation of according to the nature of the dispute and consider the common intention of the parties in considering the concept of unjust enrichment.
As highlighted above, the underlying basis for restitution under English law is to protect a claimant against the unjust enrichment of a defendant. However, in practice the inherently ambiguous nature of what constitutes unjust in order to merit recovery has led the judiciary to obfuscate the distinction between restitution, equity and contractual principles for recovery6. This in turn has fuelled academic debate as to the appropriate role and applicability of restitution

Combining and using source material

THE DEFINITION OF RESEARCH by Sur 11 March The Definition of Research In our everyday life we face the necessity to do this or that research no matter it is personal or scientific purpose. In this respect it becomes interesting whether our understanding of the word research the same with others or not. Let’s clear it up with the help of different vocabularies.
Our belief is that research is a process of learning or studying of actual in some way issues, questions or problems by the means of doing practical assignments which are able to prove your own theory/ point of view or the one of another researcher.
Both the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (2003), and Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (2004) define research as a learning of an object in order to get new data. Howard and Sharp (1983), in his Doing Your Research Project, and Wisker (2008), in his The Postgraduate Research Handbook, have a similar view but add that there must be methodological processes which can gain benefit for research. These fairly general definitions are further expanded by Nunan (1994), Research Methods in Language Learning, who argues that research must include three elements or components such as 1. a question, problem or hypothesis, 2. data, 3. analysis and interpretation of data. For Wisker what is key is that research has an effect on the world, which is in research results, and finds the realization in our behavior in society. Dawson(2002), however, gives a less general definition and focusses specifically on the purposeful examining of the conduct of other people with the aim of better understanding them or adding new information to knowledge. For the purposes of this essay, the word research will be used to mean specific studying of an object with a particular aim and special methods.

American Revolution and Early British Colonies

American Revolution and Early British Colonies
Part-A
American Revolution is considered as one of the most important events in the history of world as with it begun a new era of prosperity and opportunity. Much before the physical struggle for revolution begun, it had already started as many intellectuals and leaders of that era started to contribute through their writings.
The ideological movement for America and what is called American enlightenment rests on the writings of John Locke. Chief among them were the ideas of liberty, religious tolerance, democracy and republicanism. (John Adams and Wood). There were three most important Patriots whose writings greatly influenced and shaped the way United States is currently formulated. Thomas Paine, Thomas Jefferson as well as Alex Hamilton who were great advocates of the republicanism and advocated the formation of a united country based on different British Colonies. Patriots were the people who actually declared independence of thirteen British Colonies to form what is now called United States of America.
The writings of Samuel Adams specially his circular letter resulted into the famous Boston Massacre. His writings are considered as one of the key efforts towards the development of an environment which led to the revolution.
Thomas Paine’s Common Sense is also considered as one of the most important contribution towards the events leading to the revolution. In this book, Paine extensively advocated the separation of America from United Kingdom. His series of writings with the name of The American Crisis is also considered as important contribution towards the actual revolution which however, materialized after some period of time.
Part-B
The Massachusetts Bay Colony was owned by the Massachusetts Bay Company and covered most of the areas which are now part of the New England. In Virginia, the first colony established was the Jamestown near Chesapeake Bay and it was financed by the London Virginia Company. Plymouth Colony was established by the people who escaped the religious wrath of the English Authorities whereas Cape Ann was also established as a fishing village in the region. (Taylor)
The similarities between these colonies suggest that they were established for the purpose of achieving economic good. The colonies around Chesapeake Bay specially were formulated to find out the gold as well as the tobacco. The colonies around Massachusetts Bay were also formed to achieve specific economic objectives for the companies which actually financed the exploration and settlement of these colonies.
The early years of both these colonies were tough in the sense that the overall death ratio was higher due to diseases, hunger and starvation as well as wars with the local Americans. However, subsequently as these colonies started to spread, more and more people came in to live and adapt a new way of living in these colonies.
The colonies near Chesapeake Bay however, were different in the sense that they were more diverse in terms of economic as well as religious views of the settlers. The colonies in this area shared the power with the royal governor where county courts also played critical role in governing. The colonies in Massachusetts area were however, directly governed and ruled by the company men from England through a Royal Charter.
Bibliography
John Adams and Gordon Wood. John Adams:Revolutionary Writings, 1775-1783. Washington: Library of America, 2011.
Taylor, Alan. American colonies. New York: Penguin Books, 2002.

The Twin Pillars of the Canadian Political System

That is why this paper will establish that Canada’s federal-parliamentary form of government suits its needs and, therefore successful in terms of nation-building.
Canada is the country that introduced a combined two pillars in its constitutional order to the world – parliamentary government and federalism. This brand of the political system was established in 1867 and is fondly referred to by Canadians as confederation more symbolically because Canada is technically a federation. The usage refers to the act of bringing separate units together rather than the essential character of the political structure that was created.nbsp.
Federalism is a form of government that is anchored on a constitutional distribution of power and usually has two chambers in its legislature. (Heinemann-Gruder 2002, p. 22) True federalism, according to Patrick Malcolmson and Richard Myers (2005), rests on the principle that the two levels of government – local and national – are equally sovereign in their own jurisdictions. (p. 72)
The second pillar of the Canadian constitutional structure was the establishment of British parliamentary cabinet institutions, which are responsible to the parliament. The body exercises the legislative power and is consisted of the Monarch’s representative (Governor-General) and the bicameral legislature (House of Commons and the Senate), which is led, by the Prime Minister and his cabinet.
During Canada’s infancy as a country, it was confronted with a serious political division: the split between the English Canadians and the French Canadians. And so, there was a fierce debate on what form of government.

A critical assessment of a marketing execution

Hofstede makes it easy for people studying in the area of global marketing especially executing efficient strategies to understand concepts in the same area. The Hofstede model emerges on top of other models developed over the past fifteen years because of its application in advertising as well as global marketing. Different global institutions continue to apply the model by Geert Hofstede of national culture during the whole marketing and global branding exercise.
Hofstede’s dimensional framework contributes to the development of theories relating to the behaviour depicted by consumers. Other scholars further develop the theory by explaining it in terms of differences that exist in the concepts of personality, self, and identity (Lee, 1966, 112). The elements, then help in explaining differences in the strategy of communication and branding. They also cover processing of information among them variations in categorisation and perception with impact on both mass communication and interpersonal communication aspects. The way marketing works also fall in this category. This paper takes a critical evaluation of the application of Hofstede’s cultural dimensional model in Italy and Canada. At the end, the author of the paper gives his views on the implications of the model when Canadian marketers present their views on the marketing environment in Italy. Cultural elements in Italy and Canada are several and include among others material culture, aesthetics, language, religion, education, social organisation as well as values and attitudes.
A reflection of values of the society and nature takes place through the language. Canadians speak English while Italians speak Latin. Both Canada and Italy boarder countries some of which speak different languages from what the natives in the two countries speak. The influence of Espanyol in Canada as well as the influence of English and French in Italy leads to the development of sub-cultural languages in form

The National Curriculum and Bilingualism

These areas were meant to see the relationship between pupils’ developing understanding of language and language learning. In the end it is concluded that given the fragmented and episodic nature of mush AL work, its full potential contribution to pupils’ development as language users is not being realized. Suggestions for improvement are made.
The project carried out in the case that is being reviewed has been initially taken into consideration for research as the strong curriculum debates about Knowledge about language (KAL) have taken place. This term implies that pupils’ learning language in formal setting started to acquire some explicit understandings and knowledge of the nature of language as well as the development of practical language skills were debated to be needed. Therefore, researches of the project that is being reviewed have found it reasonable to review the range of rationales which have been advanced in recent years in support of this position and to provide review of two important findings about teaching of English and of foreign languages. Overall these projects revealed substantial levels of KAL-related activity in English and foreign languages, and some suggestions of its positive contribution to learning, especially for control and planning in writing.
The case study that is being reviewed is well organized and consists of several parts that cohesively complete a new investigation about knowledge of language. After Abstract, and executive summary, authors provide acknowledgement to those who were helpful to complete the research.
Primary thanks are made to several teachers of English and Modern Language as well as to their 9-year classes, who gave access to visit lessons and thus to willingly share the thought and achievements with researches of the study. Also thanks are made to ESRC who funded the project and for the general encouragement to think in a cross-curricular framework which came

The Role of the Bilingual Teaching Assistant

The results from the questionnaires and observations were weighted against the expert comments in the literature review and findings revealed that in most instances, theories and practices were sufficiently aligned, which are necessary to yield a high level of achievement among pupils.
Of course, there were some areas where the author felt a need for improvement was necessary, for instance, mainstream teachers should engage Bilingual Teaching Assistants in more frequent dialogue. The questionnaire responses indicated that there do not appear to be much interaction between the two entities, other than for the mainstream teachers to inform the assistants about lesson planning. Additionally, the questionnaire revealed that none of the Bilingual Teaching Assistants had received any formal training in languages or any form of pedagogy, prior to being assigned to their jobs.
The government has committed itself to a policy of inclusion, which is geared to address the educational needs of the entire populace. This inclusionary policy and the implementation thereof, has meant that the previously acceptable practice and long-standing curriculum development standards have been realigned to accommodate the diversity which full inclusion encompasses. The aspects of educational inclusion with which this study entails, has to do with addressing the innovations and its accompanying challenges which the educational system is compelled to adjusting and the demands which continual in-migration of (families from a number of non-English speaking) countries around the world, has brought upon the educational community to provide equal opportunity for educational attainment for all, while maintaining a high level of achievement. The challenge to the educational community and the system is not merely immigration, or solely the number of people, but also the special needs which are found within these numbers.

REading Response

Summary, Reflection, and Implications The article by National Association for the Education of Young Children (1995) sheds light upon the problems of linguistically and culturally diverse children. and, how educators can help such children whose first language is not English. National Association for the Education of Young Children is helping these children in accessing high-quality education. Soleno-Flores and Trumbell (2003) have discussed that new paradigm is needed to test the learning capabilities of students with English as first language and those with culturally non-mainstream backgrounds. They assert that there should be an equitable assessment of both kinds of students.
The article by National Association for the Education of Young Children (1995) is an accurate expression of the importance of roles of families and educators in providing linguistically and culturally diverse children with equal learning opportunities. Families must support educators in recognizing their children’s potential. As for Soleno-Flores and Trumbell (2003), I believe that it is very important for the educators to design such polices that give a bit flexibility to students whose first language is not English, so that they are tested fairly. They cannot be tested on equal grounds with students with English as primary language.
I believe that the article by National Association for the Education of Young Children (1995) can be helpful for educators in building classroom communities where all children are encouraged to collaborate with each other while accepting each other’s linguistic and cultural background. A classroom community is a place where children from all backgrounds are encouraged to learn through collaboration and group-based learning. The recommendations presented by Soleno-Flores and Trumbell (2003) can be very helpful for second language learners. Classrooms where diverse population is present, educators can make use of these recommendations to cater to their students’ individual needs.
References
National Association for the Education of Young Children. (1995). Responding to Linguistic and Cultural Diversity: Recommendations for Effective Early Childhood Education. Retrieved March 12, 2014, from https://www.naeyc.org/files/naeyc/file/positions/PSDIV98.PDFhttps://www.naeyc.org/files/naeyc/file/positions/PSDIV98.PDF
Soleno-Flores, G., amp. Trumbell, E. (2003). Examining language in context: The need for new research and practice paradigms in the testing of English-language learners. Educational Researcher, 32(2), pp.3-13.

4 Page literary criticism review on the The Tale of Genji by Royall Tyler (2001)

The novel was read aloud at the court and it became widely popular till date where its appeal has not yet abated. The novel is equally modern in its perspective and this essence has made it eternal. The novel has a wide feminist dimension and does not hesitate to protest the status of women of the time.
The Tale of Genji has been translated by many writers .The first partial translation was done by Suematsu Kencho. Edward Seidensticker made the first complete translation into English and the latest translation was made by Royall Tyler in the year 2001 which is a complete text in itself and doesn’t deviate much from the original one.
Royall Tyler’s superb translation is detailed, poetic and is quite faithful to the original Japanese tale. At the same time it also allows the English readers to appreciate the timeless beauty of Japan as well as the novel. In this extensive abridged text Tyler focuses on the early chapters which evokes Genji vividly as a young man and leave him at his first moment of triumph. Tyler doesn’t change the chronicle at all. He gives a true picture of Genji. Tyler describes him as the Shinning Prince and being the son of an Emperor, he was extremely passionate and of tempestuous nature. His family circumstances, love affairs, alliances and shifting political fortunes forms the crux of the novel. These elements are so exact and true in the translation by Tyler that it presents a two-tier of grand work on the same plane. It serves as an important thesis of Eastern History and at the same time it is a masterpiece of exquisite poetical work and a chronicle turned to drama. Tyler faithfully portrays the grand country life of medieval Japan and the enchanting King and Palaces of the land during the eleventh century.
Anyone who dares to translate Genji must be as much as a cultural interpreter as a linguist. Arthur Waley translated Genji in 1920’s and 30’s and Edward Seidensticker in 1976 and both of them

What political consequences would have occurred if Quebec had voted Yes in the 1995 referendum

not have an implication on Canada alone, but high potential implications on France, Britain and the USA, since a Yes Vote would have influenced the relationship amongst these countries (). The Quebec referendum that was held in 1995 was a second round of vote that was meant to give the residents of the Quebec province in Canada the chance to determine whether they wanted to secede from Canada and thus establish Quebec as a sovereign state (). Quebec has had a long history of wanting to secede from Canada, considering that it is the Canadian providence that is predominantly inhabited by the French-speaking people, whose political relationship with the rest of the Canadian provinces, mostly inhabited by the English-speaking people. Thus, the 1995 referendum was not the first political attempt to have Quebec gain its own independence. Therefore, this discussion seeks to analyze the political consequences that would have followed a yes vote in the 1995 Quebec referendum, with a view to establishing both the argument for a positive and those for a negative political consequence. The discussion holds that the Quebec 1995 referendum would have had both positive and negative implications.
The political consequences would have occurred if Quebec had voted Yes in the 1995 referendum would have granted the aboriginal people the right to self-determination (). This group of people living in the Quebec has had a long history of wanting to be recognized as a core group of the province, who had the right to a sovereign state as did the other groups of the Canadian population, who had gained a sovereign state through the immigration from Britain, France and other parts of Europe, to form an independent and sovereign state in Canada (). Thus, considering that such groups were feeling left out in matters of sovereignty by feeling dominated by the other ethnic groups in Canada, the passing of a yes vote in the 1995 Quebec referendum will have afforded the aboriginal people the

Order in World Politics

Though theoretically, the term international relations are the product of the eighteenth century, when renowned English philosopher and jurist Jeremy Bentham applied it in his works, yet in practice, it is as old as the history of the human state system itself. It is fact beyond doubt that the interaction among individuals belonging to other states has been in vogue since ever and the people had been tied up in social, economic, cultural and political ties outside their country. Looking into the history of the world at large, it becomes evident that the relations between the states existed in ancient Greek, Roman, Chinese, Egyptian and Indian civilizations too, though specific laws had not been introduced by any of these countries while determining the limitations and role of nations entering into foreign relationships. Theories have been articulated and researches have been made in order to estimate and determine the nature, principles, scope, and significance of international relations. International Relations Theory entails the development of conceptual frameworks and theories to facilitate the understanding and explanation of events and phenomena in world politics, as well as the analysis and informing of associated policies and practices. (Quoted in irtheory.com)
Man is rebelled by nature and cannot abide by laws and norms for long. Since his arrival on the Earth and the foundation of human societies, he has spent an imperative part of his life in conflicts and wars. History is replete with the examples of aggression, antagonism, genocide and battles in the name of race, religion, territory and economic gains. The policy of might is right and lust for acquiring more and more territorial areas and economic resources has urged states wage a war against the neighboring countries inflicting indescribable miseries and atrocities on innocent lives costing.

Allocation of the Legal Burden

The burden of proof is a legal obligation for a party to prove its allegations in a court of law. The person who objects or complains has the burden of proof. For instance, if someone has accused another person or party of being guilty or not guilty then it is up to the first person to prove his accusations. Under English law, there are many types of burden of proof. A legal burden refers to an obligation upon a party for the duration of a case. The party can prove its claim once the burden of proof has been discharged by the court1.

Another type of burden of proof is the evidentiary burden that rotates between parties as the evidence comes. For instance, in any case, or hearing if a party submits some evidence than the opposing party has to refute the allegation using evidence. A tactical burden is an obligation when the court can deduce a fact from evidence if the opposing party has failed to refute it with their own evidence.

Criminal courts in England and Wales require a level of proof that must be sufficient to convince the court about a certain suggestion or presupposition. This depends on the circumstances of the suggestion. There are other standards of proof used in courts for criminal proceedings. One of them is the air of reality in which a criminal defense can be used. A test is undertaken which asks the defense whether they will be successful based upon the claimed facts. Reasonable suspicion is the low standard of proof where government officers can stop or conduct a brief search. The intrusion has a low threshold in this type of proof when a police officer searches or seizes any person. The lowest standard of proof is the probable cause which is used by courts for indictments.

However, the minimum standard of proof required in criminal courts in the United Kingdom is the balance of probabilities. This standard states that any proposition which is greater than fifty percent is likely to be more accurate.

Phase 2 Soil and vegetation Survey report for Roudsea wood Natural reserve

Roudsea Wood Natural Reserve Roudsea Wood Natural Reserve In the British Isles, Roudsea wood is considered one of the most varied woodlands. It is found lying west of the Grange-over-sands, and south of the English Lake District. It has been highly valued for its unique range of native Woodland plants (Rosemould 2008). These have grown over the period that the reserve has been in existence. To many, it has become one of the main sites for intensive scientific studies. This is on the ecology of nature, and all that it offers (Hardy 1973). Over time, changes have taken place in the natural wood reserve. Chemical and biological changes in the soil have made it extremely intriguing to watch the natural reserve regenerate. This paper will review the physical background of the reserve over the period it came to be a national reserve.
The climate experienced in this region can mainly be summed up in seasons. There is spring, winter, and autumn. These seasons go throughout the year where the reserve and all its habitants experience a different habitat (Hardy 1973). During some of the seasons, it is highly likely that there are different migrations of animals, and birds in the area.
The two types of rock that are present in the chemical nature of the reserve enable the reserve to have different acidic soils. Slate and limestone are the main types of rock that are present in the reserve. The types of rock have an impact on the soil composition. Often, there is a differing acidic composition. A clear topography of the reserve would be the large space of land that is covered with forest trees (Rothschild amp. Marren 1997). This provides for brilliant scenery. Also, the sloping cliffs present offer the natural reserve a rather varied topography.
The vegetation of the reserve includes abundant existence of fungi that have grown over the years. This is considering the climate that presents itself right through the year. Many scarce and rare plants also find their way in the reserve’s vegetation and make up for the reserves flora (Peterken 1996). The marshes present in the reserve aid, in the growth of an expansive area of rare and unique vegetation. Fungi thrives in such an environment, and hence, their abundance.
The land use of the natural reserve will remain an area that is protected by English Nature. Access is also granted by this group of conservationists. Conservation of this reserve has to be maintained for many reasons. These reasons include recreation, education, and scientific study. The conservation of such land would be beneficial in the above cases since it can act as an income generating activity for all those involved (Holman 2007). The protection of such land has become the priority of many groups as the above mentioned.
In conclusion, it is vital to understand the advantages that come with having such a natural attraction act in one’s favour. Scientifically, it is always going to be something that will be of benefit to the people. Medicine will always be found from the plants that grow there. People will always have time to admire the beauty that is presented by such a reserve. Over time, it is likely to be accepted globally as a natural attraction (Atherden 1992). Moreover, the benefits can reach a larger and wider group of people.
References
Atherden, M 1992, Upland Britain: A natural history, PULP, New York.
Hardy, E 1973, The naturalist in Lakeland, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Holman, T 2007, Lake District miscellany, Macmillan Publishers, London.
Peterken, GF 1996, Natural woodland: Ecology and conservation in northern temperate regions, Free Press, New York.
Peterken, GF 1993, Woodland conservation, and management, Free Press, New York.
Rosemould, LA 2008, Lake District, Macmillan, London.
Rothschild, M amp. Marren, P 1997, Rothschild’s reserves: Time and fragile nature, Springer, New York.
Waltersmithson, M amp. Gibbons, B 2003, Britain, Sage Publishers, London.

Reality TV Shows

The winner in Portugal has tried to commit suicide several times already. German Scientists say other contestants may be at risk form Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, a condition sometimes developed after leaving the armed forces. The racist controversy around Big Brother contestants Shilpa Shetty and Jade Goody generated, 200 newspaper articles just in Britain, 1,200 English spoken language newspapers globally, 3,900 articles in other languages, 22,000 blog postings on the internet. (wiki.2007.BB.The UK)

From the bloody combats in The Coliseum in Rome, where 80,000 or so spectators watched executions and hunting spectacles, viewers have roared in support, booed in rejection and basically embraced whatever means of recreation and fascination available outside everyday routine.

Networks captured massive audience ratings during the Super Bowl, the Olympics, The Academy Awards, and of course world events like terrorist acts and wars such as the first Reality War: Desert Storm, where billions of viewers immersed in the sights, sounds and language of war. According to CNN’s Danny Schechter (Kellner,1991) It was a marathon, a news-action. It hooked us into a state of addictive anxiety promoting the illusion that what we were watching in our living rooms was what was happening in the deserts of Arabia. The Media introduced military jargon such as: neutralizing targets, servicing the target,’ taken out and the old Vietnam terminology was redefined. body bags became Human remains pouches

A Times -Mirror Survey on January 31, 1991, showed that 58% of adult viewers claimed to be addicted to the war news on TV. Twenty-one per cent of these addicts said struggled to concentrate on their jobs or everyday lives. (Kellner.1991)

Marketers have always spotted the trends and the opportunities that come with the trends.
T-shirts in Desert Storm, playing cards with the axis of evil pictures most wanted, although these were meant for the soldiers as to get familiarized with the tracked terrorists.

Cross Cultural Perspectives

1000

The Navajo Indians in particular, have some very specific beliefs and rituals which now pose a problem for their healthcare providers but, thanks to some highly imaginative people and creative execution skills, their religious beliefs and medical science have successfully found a middle ground within which to exist practically side by side. However, in order to understand why the Navajo Indians follow a certain protocol with regards to death and burial, we must first understand the religious belief that their actions are based upon. (North American [Indian] Religions: An Overview) Navajo Indians try to pretend that death does not exist. They do this because they believe that the mere discussion of life threatening illnesses or the slightest negative thought pertaining to death can actually cause any of the two tragic events to happen to them. They have a belief that such acts could actually speed up the dying process for them. These Navajo Indians also have a strong belief in ghosts. Together with that belief is an understanding that the ghosts, because they are now dead and unable to join their friends and family on the physical plain, are now believed to be resentful of the living. Therefore, they believe that there is a strong possibility of some misfortune befalling those acquainted with the dead. The Navajo tribe members who found themselves in direct contact with the deceased faced the most problems which is why they were expected to undergo a tribe specific purification treatment. Some tribesmen, in an effort to avoid such a costly activity tried to bury their dead as quickly and unceremoniously as possible. (Encyclopedia of Death and Dying). In January of this year, Dr. Ben Daitz met up with 76 year old Mitzi Begay. Ms. Begay in her old age is a far more evolved and much more open minded member of the Navajo nation. She has a modern understanding of healthcare, hospice care, and dying in relation to their traditional beliefs. By coordinating the efforts of the Fort Defiance Arizona Hospital under her capacity as cross-cultural coordinator for home based programs with the local Navajo communities, the traditional Navajo beliefs about death and dying have managed to find a way to remain relevant in the modern healthcare scenario. Their healthcare professionals have learned how to read the coded words that the elderly Navajo tribesmen use in order to deliver their advanced healthcare directives and do not resuscitate instructions to their care givers (Daitz). Our modern medical ways are seen as strange and funny by the Navajos. Yet, once the likes of Ms. Begay take over the situation and explains to them that the healthcare professionals only want to help make them comfortable and arrange their physical lives before their death, all inhibitions get thrown out the door. The key to unlocking their trust is discuss the complicated matter of death with them using language that they understood or basically, taking what they know and making it fit the modern medical ways. Which is why the service vehicle of Ms. Begay entices those in the community to listen to her. On the side of her vehicle is the following phrase: When that time comes, when my last breath leaves me, I choose to die in peace to meet Shi’ dy’ in — the creator. Written in both Navajo and English, it serves to open a discussion about living wills and advance directives. This is a belief further supported by an explanation from bio ethicist James S. Taylor in an

THE CAPTIVITY AND RESTORATION OF MRS MARY ROWLANDSON

Mrs. Mary Rowlandson’s Changing Opinions of the Native Americans Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson is real story ofhow an English woman was abducted by Native Americans during the time when England was still in the process of colonizing America. The narrative may be considered as one of the earliest first-hand accounts of how the Native Americans actually treated the English, whom it considered as threats to their domains. As implied by the narrative, the colonists believed that it was their destiny to civilize and Christianize the pagans. From the perspective of the Native Americans though, the presence of the English were clearly threatening their control of the territory in which they have already established agricultural interests. However, Mrs. Rowlandson, who was captured by the Native Americans, was able to observe the cultural values of her captors. During her captivity, she was able to realize that the Native Americans did have their own degree of civilization although this may not fall within the standards of the Europeans.
Just like the rest of the colonists though, Mrs. Rowlandson actually had the impression that the Native Americans were plainly uncivilized brutes. In the narrative, that attack made by Native Americans on the English population only reinforced her very negative impression. She wrote that on the tenth of February 1675, came the Indians with great numbers upon Lancaster.1 She then proceeded to describe the brutality that the Native Americans attacked every household in the community. It was during the attack also that her home was burned down by the raiders and she and the members of her family were abducted. Her children were separated from her. The only one that was with her as she was carried away by a group of Native Americans was her youngest child, who was still a baby. It was not only her prejudice of the Native Americans that made her conclude at this point that they were indeed heathens. What she saw was more than enough to strengthen such notion. However, her religiousness might have been a factor also. Apparently, she had not exactly seen hell but when she saw how the Native Americans celebrate, she described the place as a lively resemblance of hell.2
During the course of her captivity though, she began to notice that the Native Americans are not at all the savages that she thought they are. This perspective was developed during that time when she was already made to work for those whom she considered ‘masters.’ It was also at that time when she noticed that the Native Americans were very resilient as they struggled also to survive the onslaught of the English. In one instance, she was paid by a chieftain to make a shirt. When she tried to give the payment to her master, she was told to keep it and for which she bought a piece of horse flesh.3 Apparently, such acts had made her gradually changed her mind about her captors although she still longs to be freed.
In the final parts of Mrs. Rowlandson’s narrative, it has become obvious that she had begun to appreciate the capabilities of the Native Americans in battling the English. It is no longer just because she saw how brutal their warriors were but how irrepressible they were as a people. She wrote that the Indians derided the slowness and dullness of the English army, in its setting out.4 Through this, it is clear that Mrs. Rowlandson had developed a more objective view of the capabilities of the Native Americans.
Mrs. Rowlandson’s experience with the Native Americans provides an alternative view of how they dealt with the English colonists. It is a fact that most literature at that time that discussed the situation were taken from the perspective of the colonists. Mrs. Rowlandson’s narrative may have been that of a captive but it was, nonetheless, a different account.
Bibliography
Rowlandson, Mary. Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson. 1862.

The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde written by Robert Louis Stevenson

The Elements of Evil (Assignment (Grade Year) It wasnt like a man. it was like some damned Juggernaut (Stevenson, Chapter, 1).
The Elements of Evil
The 1886 born ‘The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde’ is a thrilling allegoric description about a doctor’s change in to an evil human being with excitement growing through the nerves of readers. This wonderful novella was written by renowned English writer Robert Louis Stevenson. This review tends to analyze how effectively Mr. Stevenson tries to figurate the character of dignified Dr. Jekyll into horrific Mr. Hyde, using various symbols of evil. There are ample reasons to support the view that this novel portrays evil in human beings.
To illustrate, the story renders ample ideas to trace the ethical sides of deeds of each character. Jekyll’s counter part, Mr. Hyde, a very important character in the story is rather like a synonym for iniquitous personality. A quote from page 40 reads like this, Mr. Hyde was pale and dwarfish, he gave an impression of deformity without any nameable malformation, he had a displeasing smile, he had borne himself to the lawyer with a sort of murderous mixture of timidity and boldness, and he spoke with a husky, whispering and somewhat broken voice (Stevenson, Chapter, 2). One can easily identify the deliberate attempts the author makes to exhibit the villain in Mr. Hyde.
Take the following for reference. Mr. Earnfield describes to Utterson how the creature trampled over a child in the street-and then came the horrible part of the thing. for the man trampled calmly over the childs body and left her screaming on the ground. It sounds nothing to hear, but it was hellish to see. It wasnt like a man. it was like some damned Juggernaut (Chapter, 1). It gives the greatest visual effect of a narration- here, a man is a brute personified! Irony of the expression is that the narrator calls the Mr. Hyde ‘a man’ and ‘a juggernaut’ at the same time.
There is another example of how Mr. Stevenson visualizes the wicked image of a true brute. Hyde’s encounter with an old guy referred in page 47 runs like this, he broke out in a great flame of anger, stamping with his foot, brandishing the cane, and carrying on (as the maid described it) like a madman., ……………………. ……..the bones were audibly shattered and the body jumped upon the roadway(Stevenson, chapter, 4). It shows the maximum of severity that an individual can posses. It is definitely indisputable that the character of Mr. Hyde is the reflection of the devilish mindset of human. There can be probably nothing more brutal about anyone than killing a fellow being for insistent pleasure.
The evil works out in the transformed life so effectively that Mr. Hyde’s ascendancy over Dr. Jekyll grows to the maximum that he can never make a way back to his previous life without the stuff of the medicine. Later part of the story has much to converse between the lawyer and Mr. Poole. We have come too late, he said sternly, whether to save or punish. Hyde is gone to his account. and it only remains for us to find the body of your master(Stevenson, Chapter, 8).
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is the best work that portrays the elements of evil which transforms a gentle human being into a horrific personality like Mr. Hyde. There are several words and symbols in the texts that represent evil. Stevenson conveys the notion that every human being has an eternal insider hibernating within. Transformation happens to him only when he reacts to his vulnerability.
Works Cited
Stevenson R L. The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Mundus Publishing,
1950.

As the prison system is over burdened judges are giving community service sentences instead of imprisonment for minor nonvilent crimes will this be good in the long run

Essay Prison sentencing is generally considered to be a more effective method of punishing and rehabilitating serious and violent offenders of the law (National Probation service, n.d). However, in case of minor crimes where the criminals do not pose a major threat to the society, prison sentencing may seem unwarranted. Additionally, there is overcrowding and violence inside prisons which altogether provide a very unhealthy atmosphere for the inmates. Hence the observed increase in re-offending rates (Scottish Executive, 2007. Anderson, 1998. Jingyin, 2010. 121st International Training Course, n.d. Beijing Review, 2010). While prison sentencing cannot be avoided, it need not be given for all types of offenders. Those people who commit less violent crimes and are liable to receive a short term prison sentence should instead be allowed to engage in rehabilitation programs which would help them learn specific skills. Many research studies have revealed that such programs have helped in reducing the reoffending rates (National Probation service, n.d). Hence given the present scenario inclusion of minor non-violent offenders in prisons along with the violent criminals would not make their lives any better as it increases their risk of engaging in deviant behavior. Additionally, it would also add to the maintenance costs of the prison. Community sentencing was first introduce into the legal system in the year 1907 and was proposed as an initial punishment for low-level, non-violent. first-time criminals who do not pose any threat to the society at large and hence do not require imprisonment (Scottish Executive, 2007. Anderson, 1998. Jingyin, 2010. 121st International Training Course, n.d. Beijing Review, 2010. National Probation service, n.d). It is issued as an order from the court which requires the offender to perform the specified hours of unpaid labor and several judges have introduced several community service programs for the offenders (121st International Training Course, n.d). It is however, not largely viewed as an alternative to jail sentencing as those offenders who repeat their crime even after being sentenced to community service would be considered as suitable candidates for imprisonment (Scottish Executive, 2007).
Community sentencing involves several requirements which are designed to punish, change and control the behavior of the offender thereby helping him to live a better life (National Probation service, n.d). Community service for petty crime offenders includes public maintenance work such as clearing litter and cutting grass, clerical work, serving in hospitals and nursing homes, supervision and management of convicted criminals (Anderson, 1998. 121st International Training Course, n.d). These programs are aimed to allow the offender to pay back to the communities where they had committed the crime and many believe that imposing such as sentence would actually help the criminal understand the extent of their crime and thus help them to change themselves (National Probation service, n.d). All the programs are designed to make the offenders accountable for their crimes and at the same time help them to develop new job skills (Anderson, 1998). Such jobs provide a means of rehabilitation to the non-violent criminals and help then reengage with the society. It would also help them to contribute to their family while serving their term and hence help in avoiding family break-ups (121st International Training Course, n.d). China introduced a pilot community-based correction program in 2003, which was later extended to 27 provinces and the number enrolled in these programs has only increased ever since. Reports suggest that the number of criminals involved in such programs is larger than the prison inmate population which is reflective of the notion that these programs are considered as a means of improving the legal system of a country and the society at large (Jingyin, 2010). These services are assigned based on the skills of the offenders as well as the crimes committed by them which are determined using an offender assessment system to ensure that they do not pose any kind of risk to the society (National Probation service, n.d. Anderson, 1998). The number of hours served in community service is approximately equated to jail term that needs to be served for the particular offence (Anderson, 1998). The service rendered by the offenders was coordinated and supervised by the probation department (Anderson, 1998. 121st International Training Course, n.d).
Community sentencing is now widely used in many urban states and certain state legislatures have issued mandatory community service for certain offences. With stricter laws being imposed by the government, even the slightest stray from the rules could result in a charge. And it is impossible for prisons to accommodate all the petty offenders within their system and hence such community-based sentences are being considered as a better option and several judges have vouched for the credibility of the program as they not only reduce the reoffending rate but also help to save the taxpayer’s money on unwanted prison costs (Anderson, 1998). In addition to the offender, the entire community will be benefitted by these programs. Considering the beneficial effects of community sentencing legal experts should introduce more such programs with the support of all the participating government and non-profit organizations in order to minimize prison overload and help the non-violent minor criminals rehabilitate themselves. Legal experts are working on introducing more intensive programs and better supervision of the offenders in order to make the programs truly effective. Offenders subjected to these programs should realize its importance and as a learning process to help them correct their behavior (National Probation service, n.d). Nations which lack community sentencing in their legal systems have also expressed that such programs would be a valuable addition to their courts (121st International Training Course, n.d).
References
1. Anderson, D.C. (1998). Sensible justice Alternatives to Prison. The New York Times. [Online] Available from: http://www.nytimes.com/books/first/a/anderson-justice.html [Accessed 14th November 2010]
2. Beijing Review. (2010). Should minor criminals be given leniency? [Online] Available from: http://www.bjreview.com.cn/quotes/txt/2010-09/10/content_297281_2.htm [Accessed 14th November 2010]
3. Jingyin, D. (2010). Experts say community service is key to solving prison overcrowding. Global Times. [Online] Available from: http://china.globaltimes.cn/society/2010-08/567732.html [Accessed 14th November 2010]
4. Scottish Executive Social Research. (2007). Community Sentencing: Public Perceptions amp. Attitudes Summary Research and Report. [Online] Available from: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/203436/0054193.pdf [Accessed 14th November 2010]
5. 121st International Training Course Reports of the Course. (n.d). Enhancement of Community-based alternatives to incarceration at the sentencing stage of the criminal justice process. [Online] Available from: http://www.unafei.or.jp/english/pdf/PDF_rms/no61/ch20.pdf [Accessed 14th November 2010]
6. National Probation Service. (n.d). Community Sentencing- reducing reoffending, changing lives. [Online] Available from: http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/docs/community-sentencing.pdf

Question is in the instruction part

In relation to architecture, it may be useful to define the concept of ‘Gothic’, which first belonged to the medieval period in Europe, from about 12th to 16th centuries. The characteristics included the pointed arch, large ribbed vaults and large, high windows, and later the flying buttress. The style was applied mainly to churches and cathedrals, therefore having religious and ecclesiastical connotations, though stately homes, convents and monasteries also adopted it. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, its revival coincided with the popularity of the Gothic genre in English fiction, often quoted as having originated with Horace Walpole’s ‘The Castle of Otranto’ (Walpole 1764). The underlying ethos seems to be one of highly charged emotional content, thrilling sensationalism and a rejection of the rational and classical clarity with determined the Enlightenment. Gothic fiction and architecture would seem to seek to extend beyond normal, rational boundaries in society and to find instead, a more exciting form of expression and stimulation – almost taking reader and characters to the brink of insanity through the alteration of perceived reality.
Certainly, the Gothic literary conventions call up childhood fears, myths, legends and superstitions, and in so doing, overturn common perceptions and distort reality. Just as it is impossible to fully understand the workings of the human mind, the environments created in the fiction are difficult to grasp, alien and mysterious and possibly reflecting, in the form of the deep, dark pits and dungeons, an allegorical picture of psychic depths beyond our conscious knowledge. Robert Barry (1995) states that:
In ‘The Fall of the House of Usher’, Poe creates an atmosphere of increasing tension and doom, launching into a description which engages the

The Impact of Evolving Technologies

The Impact of Evolving Technologies English Assignment 8 November CGI and Animations The use of computer-generated imagery (CGI) in movies and film has experienced tremendous improvements over the past few decades. The use of computers to simulate the movement of characters in films has been made smoother and much simpler with the advent of this technology (Sikov, 2013). CGI and animations have improved the way stories are told on film. There is enhanced synchronization of actions and sound unlike in the past where sound tended to come before the actual actions or come after the actions have been performed. Therefore, animations look more realistic. In addition, there is production of high-quality animations thereby improving the standards of animations. The costs of animation film production have been reduced by letting the computer carry out most of the technical aspects that would have otherwise been done by other people. Tasks such as preparation of miniatures and the use of other actors have been eliminated (Wright, 2013).
For example, CGI has greatly contributed to the success of the animation Shrek. For example, the appearance of the diverse characters in the film was enhanced by CGI. The number of characters varied from normal-looking ones to weird-looking characters that are not normally seen in other films. The antics of the donkey have been greatly influenced by computer-generated imagery (Shrek, n.d.). The animation also appears bright and colorful due to the intricate balance of color, light and texture (Scaramozzino, 2010). That has been made possible with CGI. Without the advancement of CGI, such an animation may not have made the impact it did by appealing to large audiences.
References
nbsp.Scaramozzino, M. (2010). Creating a 3D animated CGI Short: The making of the autiton archives fault effect pilot webisode. Sudbury, MA: Jones amp. Bartlett.
Shrek. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.rambles.net/shrek_animfilm.html
Sikov, E. (2013). Film Studies: An Introduction. New York: Columbia University Press.
Wright, S. (2013). Digital compositing for film and video. Burlington, MA: Taylor amp. Francis.

Immigration Reform

On June 15, 2012, with immediate effect, the Obama administration declared that the administration would not deport young illegal immigrants arrived in the US as children. To speak precisely, the illegal immigrants will get work permit if they have arrived in the US before age 16 and the current age of the applicant is less than 30. They may also be granted work permit if they have been living in this country for 5 years uninterruptedly, have graduated from a US high school, or have served in the military. Above all, it is necessary that they do not have any criminal history during the stay in the US. Janet Napolitano, the Homeland Security further clarified, It is not immunity. it is not amnesty. It is an exercise of discretion, (Peralta and Memmott, 2012).
This implies that the State is using its discretion powers and allowing people to apply for job permits. In this policy measure, the government decides to bypass Congress because of their inability to enforce the Dream Act that has provision of granting citizenship to illegal immigrants provided they serve in the military or go to college.
For many undocumented children, English is their first language and the US is their home. Many of these illegal immigrants are in the process of completing schooling with the top grades. They do have the potential of becoming future teachers, nurses, doctors and scientists but their illegal status comes in their way. The Presidents initiative will give them an opportunity to exploit their full potential. The initiative is aimed at achieving the following objectives (American Immigration Council, 2012).
a. Initiative provides opportunity not only to enhance their living standards but contribute to the US economy by increasing its GDP and tax contributions. It has been found that those with higher degrees earn two to three times more than a person with only high-school degree

Midterm ONE

However, in 1609 there was some reorganization in the area and the London Company became the Virginia Company. This year also heralded the arrival of Lord De La Warr as the first governor, and the subsequent establishment of strong work ethics (Brinkley, 33). 1612 saw a man named John Rolfe begin to grow tobacco in Virginia, something which turned out to be very profitable for the area and began the expansion of the colony. Additionally, 1619 saw the area gain the first slaves from Africa, as well as the growth in population from women and children, which allowed the culture to begin to thrive. The Virginia colony was also important for providing a model for U.S. government which we still use today, with 1650 seeing the meetings of elected representatives splitting into two chambers as seen in congress today. The later part of the 17th century saw Bacon’s Rebellion, which was essentially a revolt against the governor of Virginia by Nathanial Bacon. The main reason for the uprising was that the people of the Virginia colony were upset that the governor was ignoring pleas for a stronger military presence in the area (Brinkley, 35). Although seeing some minor success, Bacon died before progress was made with the revolution, but this did sow some seeds for a Revolution before the Revolution. …
South Carolina had strong links with the overpopulated Barbados, which had already begun to embrace slavery. The links with the Caribbean and the interest in the economics of slavery in this region are crucial to understanding the build-up to the Revolution. The colony in New England (Massachusetts) began to grow in the early 17th century with the arrival of pilgrims (who were separatists from the Anglican church) left Holland and boarded the Mayflower to settle in Virginia. However, the boat did not arrive in the Hudson River as planned but ended up in Cape Cod, where they landed outside the London Company’s territory. They found some land that had been cleared due to some Native Americans dying of disease and the local residents helped them to found their own colony. William Bradford was elected governor and sought legal permission to found the colony. More people began to arrive who did not agree with the religious tenets of the area but came because of fertile land (Brinkley, 45). In 1664 Charles II gave his brother James territory between Connecticut and the Delaware river, some of which had already been claimed by the Dutch (Brinkley, 28). One of the major settlements in the area was New Amsterdam, but this soon surrendered and became New York. There were tensions in the area between the Dutch who were considered patrons and the wealthy English settlers. Pennsylvania was founded because dissenting English religious group founded by George Fox wanted to find a place for religion and a distinctive social order. Quakers, back in England, had suffered persecution and looked to America to provide a tolerant new land to live in. Pennsylvania had good relations with the Native Americans and always paid

Initial Framework of a Thematic Language and Literacy Learning Package

1500

Besides, some other materials like charts, books and chalk boards are required to successfully teach them. Almost all the students are able to speak English thus communicating to them will not be a hard task. This will be different from a class with students speaking different language as it will require somebody who can translate what is being taught. Some learning materials like movie viewing tools are also necessary. They are majorly used to enhance the student’s memory. According to Pressley, the teacher is supposed to motivate the students, so that they can easily connect the past lessons with the current one and make learning enjoyable. Additionally, providing viable examples to the various studies and providing the necessary guidelines will improve student’s understanding of the various topics being taught. For the students of this grade, the main theme will be. playing for healthy child development. The first topic will be about playing to live. This topic is will majorly be taught to provide information about the importance of playing to the human life. Besides, they are also expected to know the various aspects of playing. The second topic will be about physical education. This topic will be majorly discussing the various reasons why physical education was introduced in the curriculum. Besides, they are expected to go and play in the after some class studies. They are also supposed to be taught on the importance of P.E to their physical and mental health. The third topic is about eating healthy foods. The main objective of this topic is to ensure that the students are aware of the various types of food that are useful to the health of an individual. They are also expected to know the categories of the various foods, for instance, carbohydrates and proteins. The fourth topic will be about parental guidance. At the end of the lesson, students will be expected to be able to give the definition of parental guidance. Besides, they are not only going to be taught the various aspects of parental guidance. The firth topic will dwell on the playing gargets. Here, the students are expected to know the various types of playing gargets and their applications during the physical exercise. The sixth topic is about selecting the preferred playmates. It will discuss the importance of choosing the right playmate who can actively contribute when playing. The last topic will be about Scheduling regular play times. The students will be taught how to manage their time and know the best time for playing and doing other thing that can improve their health. Format for the output: Grade 1 Theme: Playing for healthy child development Topics: The topics are arranged randomly Selections/author/genre Readability (quantitative analysis)/interest/features (qualitative analysis) Objectives Expressive Instructional Playing to live Zuzee961 / short story The text can be easily read and understood by students of grade 1 since it has a Fog reading grade of 8.0. Additionally, it has a good plot as it is interesting. The students are expected to realize that playing improves an individual’s physical health. Besides, they are expected to interpret what they have learned to their normal life. By the end of the lesson, students are expected to identify some words that have the same meaning as the ones used in the book. Additionally, they are expected to describe the settings of the story. Physical education (P.E) Shephard /essay The text can be read with a lot of ease and understood by students of grade 1 because it has a Fog reading grade of 8.0. It also has a good plot because it leaves the reader with a lot of suspense. Students are expect

Analysis of Themes for English B Poem of Langston Hughes

1000

The trend is heightened in the first lines of the poem when the instructor requests that they write a page which will only be true if it comes from their minds. The instructor for that matter is being too subjective when he uses the criteria of truth and originality of the work of the learners to grade them. He insists that it has to be from them or mind. This is an emphasis on the essence of originality. In a nutshell, the poem is satirizing the idea of grading system of persons using truth and originality as the parameters. It obvious that such grading is not objective but rather very subjective.nbsp.The persona compares his age to the elderly and goes on to mention that he is the only colored among the group which also implies some level of inequality and segregation based on their color. This could be a suggestion that colored people are not allowed equal chance to school as it is the case with the white .at higher level, this can be related to the age of the stay of the native white to the land and the colored who are probably not natives there but just happen to be there by historical accident. The steps mentioned in the poem which the person has to climb are another significant suggestion or implication of the poem. That the personal lives in low land and his counterparts, those who are not colored could be living on the hills. This can be compared to the social ladders which in other words tell us that thosenbsp.who are in the upper classes live in the hills and therefore highly placed in the society .this could also serve as the best reason the persona is the only colored student in the whole cohort. It is not easy for one to climb the social ladder to join others.nbsp.

Set of Emotions by Eminem and Rihanna

Peer Reflection Response: Essay #3 The thesis of this essay Set of Emotions could have been worded differently so that the reader could understand it. First of all, the sentence is too long. A thesis needs to be as simple as possible because it sets up the rest of the essay. If a reader does not get the thesis, then the rest of the essay will not make sense to them. If this happens, then there really is no point in writing it. A better thesis would have been: In the video ‘Love The Way You Lie’ by Eminem and Rihanna, the singers, actors, and producers all display anger through the tone of voice that is used and also the color and scenes.

The supporting facts in this essay do back up the thesis because the author uses a direct quote from the song’s lyrics. More than this, the author expands on it by explaining in detail what some of the lyrics mean and how this relates back to the thesis.

Even though this is a popular music video, there may be some people reading this paper who have never seen it before. Because of this, the author could have spent more time in the introduction explaining who the artists are and how the song relates to their lives.

The author does not use any counter argument, but this could be because there are very few counter arguments out there. Most people would agree that Eminem is a violent person, so it makes sense that he would rap a song that spoke of violent actions. Additionally, Rihanna has suffered from domestic violence before, so she understands the consequences of violence.

The style used by this author is one that is easily understandable by most people. From reading the paper, it is easy to tell that the author’s native language is not English. but this does not detract from the way that they wrote the paper because they have largely followed a standard way of writing.

From reading the introduction of the paper, it is very easy to see that the tone of the author is one of authority. they could perhaps not offer their views so strongly and instead let the reader come to the conclusion themselves. The first sentence is a colloquial saying. this is done to soften the audience up.

The grammar in this paper could have been improved because there are quite a few spelling and grammatical errors. I think that the author knows what they want to say but they don’t quite have the English ability to do it. Perhaps they should consider getting their paper checked over by someone whose native language is English. If these mistakes are fixed up, then the paper would be a very good paper.

The author largely appeals to emotion by using pathos. People are generally against violence so the author tries to take advantage of this point.

Brief summery about QMedia company

Brief Summary about Q-Media Company Brief Summary about Q-Media Company There are various companied around the world. Such companies enjoy substantial presence in countries of origin. One such company is q.media. The company is based in Qatar. It enjoys huge presence in the country. The paper seeks to summarize few details relating to q.media company.
Q.media has been a successful company inn Qatar. The company was founded in 2004. Since then, the company has registered success for the last ten years. The company vision is to provide the most innovative and efficient medium tools for premium audience delivery. The company employs the latest technology in advertising. The aim is to connect brands with the consumers in a unique way. This is achieved using multi-channel set of services (Bayt, 2014).
The company also enjoys a strong association with Qatar regulatory authorities. This can be seen through collaborative initiatives on the developmental agenda. For a period the company has been in existence, it has acted as a reliable partner to the state through development of Qatar. Moreover, the company has led to a remarkable improvement of outdoor media in terms of reach, diversity, and quality (Q.Media, 2014).This is reflected in the development of Qatar.
Most of the transactions of the company occur between the states. As a result, the company can be said to involve to business to government (B2G). For example, the company enjoys a close working relationship with regulatory authorities in Qatar. Some of those the company is involved with the transaction includes Doha municipality and major transportation companies such as Mowasalat (Q.Media, 2014). The products offered by the company are in line with the needs of the state. Moreover, the companies work with the state in organizing events. For example, it was recently involved with the Qatar tourism authority to organize Qatar motor show (GL-Events, 2012).
Q.media offers services to diverse people. It offers opportunities to anyone with advertising campaigns. However, the company enjoys valuable clients such as government organizations and authorities. Some of those includes NGOs, banks, corporate, airlines, and advertising agencies.
The company has various divisions that offer services. The first one is q.media outdoor. This provides outdoor advertising in Doha and Qatar (Bayt, 2014). The other product is q.media Decaux. This is an initiative between q.media and JCDecaux (Bayt, 2014). It is a major advertising company world wide and acts as a global leader in outdoor adverting. The other is q.media events. The role is to offer event planning, support, and logistics to the client (Bayt, 2014). The last one is q.media international print. The section offers support to q.media indoor and outdoor advertising business (Bayt, 2014). Support is done by providing exceptional in-house printing services.
The services offered by the company are easily accessible to the clients. This has been possible by listing all available services online. As a result, the clients can plan, budget, and book their media campaigns online (Q.Media, 2014). Moreover, advice and consultancy services are offered through online by sales team. The advice is on media planning processes and booking requirements.
The company has also taken advertising to another level. This is evident as the company seeks international partnership to improve services and place Qatar on a global level of media and advertising (Q.media, 2014). As a result, it has sought the collaboration with televisions such Al Jadeed TV.
References
Q.Media. (2014). About Us. Retrieved 18 October 2014 from http://www.qmediame.com/English/about/Pages/default.aspx.
Q.Media. (2014). FAQs. Retrieved 18 October 2014 from http://www.qmediame.com/English/FAQ/Pages/default.aspx#4.
Bayt. (2014). Q.media. Retrieved 18 October 2014 from http://www.bayt.com/en/company/q-media-1411248/overview/.
Q.media. (2014). Client Access. Retrieved 18 October 2014 from http://www.qmediame.com/English/Pages/Loginpage.aspx.
GL-Events. (2012). Qatar Motor Show 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2014 from http://www.gl-events.com/qatar-motor-show-2012-with-Q-media-and-GL-events.

Admission Essy

Admission Essay UOP During my eighteen-years of teaching I have developed an approach that utilizes strong teaching experience and room management skills to create a learning environment which ensures success and promotes lifelong learning. I possess a Master of Arts Degree in English as a Second Language and have endorsements in ESL and Special Education. Throughout my career, I have sought out challenging and varied work situations to develop my skills and abilities as an educator and this is what I hope to achieve as a student in the University of Phoenix Education Specialist Doctorate Program.
I realize success in this Doctoral Program requires me to apply a financial plan with efficient time management skills. I held a full-time job as a pilot while studying to receive my Master of Arts in English as a Second Language from the University of Phoenix. This combination of work and school challenged my time management skills, allowing me to successfully meet my financial obligations to the University and graduate on schedule.
The difference between this program and my M.A. program is the online environment. I am experienced with the UOP learning model and appreciate its advantages for timely completion of projects. It was instrumental as a support system and the collaborative knowledge I gained was outstanding. The team approach exposed me to new ideas and perspectives in a non-threatening environment. I have an appreciation for constructive criticism as an essential learning tool and the pragmatic knowledge the UOP learning model facilitates.
For many years it has been my goal to pursue a Doctorate, but until discovering the Education Specialist program there wasnt a program I felt passionate enough about to devote the time and energy. The Education Specialist program will enhance my educational background, further develop my intellectual capabilities, and prepare me to provide effective leadership in my diversified fields.
I request admission to the University Of Phoenix Doctoral Program, Education Specialist and look forward to the challenging and enriching journey that follows.

Mayflower A Story of Courage Community and War by Nathaniel Philbrick

It also explicates Leiden. their Calvinistic religion and politics, their fight to achieve and get through New England via the wintry sea. There was a relationship between Wampanoag and pilgrims since they had lived together in the region. The novel demonstrates how the pilgrims got themselves involved with the natives.
The mutuality was that Wampanoag provided teachings on how to survive in New England climatic conditions, while pilgrims put up a way to Wampanoag to justify themselves as a regional super power. Some people, such as Massasoit and the Wampanoag leaders, benefited from the coalition. This coalition with the Wampanoag also enabled Massasoit to attain superiority over the other New England folks.
As other individuals, especially the English settlers, continued to immigrate to the pilgrims’ region, tension began to accelerate. These tensions were heightened by inter-tribal and complex relations, as well as the increase of the English population. Conflicts, wars and genocides ensued that the Massasoit gained recognition of the English speaking population. In accordance to Wampanoag, they sold their property and land to the settlers, leading to the truce among them (65).
As the region developed further, a new tension ensued as a result of the economic competition. The settlers were persuaded, especially William Bradford who was the governor at that particular time, that the Supreme Being should show displeasure at times. This made economic shift imbalances that led to the bloodiest conflict in the history of the region – the King Metacom war. Metacom drew followers from the English settlers creating tension that culminated into the war in which nearly eight percent of English speakers in Plymouth were involved.
The story is extremely significant within the context of the early settlement of New England. It opens an arousing historical adventure that prompts one to rethink the early American history. For instance, it narrates the King

History and Social Sciences

1000

Provide a detailed description of the hunter-gatherer societies while including the development of early tools and the subsequent use of fire.nbsp.Provide a detailed description of the hunter-gatherer societies while including the development of early tools and the subsequent use of fire.nbsp.1.2. Question 2Provide a detailed description of the evolution of language and written forms of language.nbsp.1.3. Question 3Why was slash and burn agriculture practiced by the Stone Age people?A. To fulfill spiritual beliefs. To ease irrigation. To scare away wild animalsnbsp.D. To clear land in readiness for farmingnbsp.2. The constitution of the United States of America and the Early Republic2.1. Question 1Analyze the manner in which the American Revolution affected France.nbsp.2.2. Question 2Compare the lives and different opportunities for the free black Americans living in the north to those of free black Americans that lived in the south.nbsp.2.3. Question 3On what did the writers of the constitution base their ideas while writing the legislative branch?A. Congress of Vienna. Council of Trentnbsp.C. English Parliamentnbsp.D. French Estates General3. The civil wars and their aftermathnbsp.Provide a detailed discussion of the abolition of the slave trade in the United States of America.Provide a list of the original objectives of reconstruction and give a detailed description of the effects it had on social and political structures.nbsp.During the periods following the American Revolution, the constitutions of most Northern states called for…A. Adoption of a state religion. Gradual elimination of slaverynbsp.C. Obliteration of state property taxesnbsp.

Critique an article from a published text

n countries and other countries, Claire Cameron wrote an article entitled ‘Social Pedagogy and Care: Danish and German Practice in Young People’s Residential Care’ which conducted an ethnographic study of social pedagogy as well as residential care in Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, and the Netherlands in order to examine the actual practice and its relationship with the provision of care in England. For this study, the researcher will make some critiques over the Cameron’s statements in the article.
According to Cameron (2004), the concept of social pedagogy which focus on training and practice of social work within the residential care for children and young people is not clearly understood in UK.3 Contrary to her statement in this particular article, there are several schools in UK that is currently promoting the importance of social pedagogy in Europe’s residential care for children. In fact, looking after the children’s welfare is already a part of the main goal of UK social policy.4
The article states that social pedagogy approach in Denmark and Germany is conducted by providing the staff member of residential care homes with proper actual trainings. whereas social pedagogy approach in England is being extended to social workers through formal education in schools.5 According to Petrie et al. (2005), the term ‘pedagogy’ in England is not often used except in classrooms and formal education.6 Instead of using the word pedagogy, English people use words like childcare and early years, youth work, residential care and play work to describe a similar context or idea.
Both approaches to social pedagogy should be accepted in the sense that the learners could learn the appropriate theories behind social pedagogy within a formal educational setting as well as providing the learners an actual learning experience through an on-the-spot training programs to social care workers who are directly handling children within the residential care

Sumary critique on Williams J (2006 Summer2006) Debt Education Dissent

English Summary critique on Williams, J. (2006) Debt Education Higher education has become one of the chiefly privatized ventures in America and calls for loans as the primary way greater part of the American population can pay for it. Over the past few decades, student loan debts have increased tremendously placing strain on the students and their parents. According to the author, this has been attributed to the increase in tuition and fees which have augmented three times the rate of inflation. Though this debt may seem to be a burden to the students, it is entirely a salient thing for the students: to get a well paying job with high lifetime earnings. With the high tuition, fees and interest rates on students’ loans, the author notes that higher education may soon be left to the rich (Williams 54). The author also notes that this debt should not only be treated as a way of financing the students but also as a form of teaching. From the lessons learnt from the student debt, the author proposes that the best way would be to do away with the current system of student debt and move to direct lending controlled by the federal government to colleges (Williams 53-59).
The author clearly explains and shows the significance of debt to the students and their families. The author provides credible evidence to show how majority of American populace depend on the student debt to finance their higher education. Education is a necessity and it is for this reason that the author provides sufficient support to the point that people should not pay back for a necessity (William 57). The author also tries to show how student debt has immensely changed over the past decades. In addition, the author shows that the student debt serves more as a teaching mode than as a financing mode. It teaches us that higher education is a consumer service, teaches us career choices, comprehensive view of the world and human life, civic lessons, and the worth of an individual (Williams 56-58). With this, the author tries to answer to the question ‘why student debt should be scraped off and shift to federal government lending’. Moreover, the author has used significant terms such as draconian, pedagogy and worldview.
However, though the author gives an outstanding proposal, he fails to understand and explain that financing of higher education by the federal government means an increase in taxes, which would be borne by the American Citizens. Increase in taxes would result to increased prices of items, and the poor would again be on the suffering end. In addition, the author fails to give support on why the government ought to reduce its funding on the military and shift it to the student debt.
Works Cited
Williams, J. J. Debt Education. Dissent, Summer 2006 53.3nbsp.(2006): 53-59. Print.

The topics include the following which are identified according to the texts table of contents What Is Criminal Law What is Crime Crimes Against the Person Murder Crimes Against the Person Violence

The hierarchy of statutes in the United States is as follows – the US Constitution or the Bill of Rights and any amendments made thereof is the supreme law in the country. Next in line come the Federal laws which are for trying acts that affect the nation as a whole. As will be seen later in this paper, each of the US states has its own statutes regarding civil and criminal cases. So, state laws come next to Federal laws in the order of importance. Finally, the laws of the local governing bodies (municipal) are placed at the bottom of the list. The foundation of the judiciary and legal system is based on what is referred to as common law. According to an article titled ‘Foundations of US Law’, most law is far from simply a collection of rules and statutes. rather, it is based on a system of precedents, or judicial opinions, that has come before. Every state, except for Louisiana (whose system is based on the French civil code) decides cases based on precedent. This collection of court decisions is known as the common law system, based in part on the English system (Foundations of U.S. Law).
Criminal Law: Criminal law also referred to as penal law in the United States involves government intervention for legal persecution. Unlike civil law, where one individual or organization can sue one another, criminal law requires intervention by the government and its regulatory agencies in areas that are deemed to be public concern. It essentially involves four areas of justice and punishment namely punishment, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation. The basic premise is that punishing the guilty can help to achieve peace and social order in the society.
A crime is any act or omission (of an act) in violation of a public law forbidding or commanding it. Though there are some common law crimes, most crimes in the United States are established by local, state, and federal governments. Criminal laws

The Nature of Evangelical Religion in New England in the 17th Century

250

When the initial attempt was made to colonize England, the effort did not meet with due achievement nor did it give any indication of success in future. One settlement was established at Sagadahoc in Maine but this collapsed soon owing to monetary problems. There was a difference of twelve years after which attempts were made again. The two successful colonies were thus discovered. They succeeded because of profit seeking impulses of gentlemen backers than to a desire to create refuges for English people beset by religious, economic and political woes at home. (Anderson, 195) Diseases like plague destroyed the colonies and measles and the colonists inferred it was God’s action to vacate the colonial land such that His selected men could occupy the same. Puritan religion dominated entire New England except the Rhode Island. The founders of the two successful colonies of New England were of Puritan origin and got themselves involved in hiring people from their co-religious backdrops. Though a few of the settlers did not have common views with that of the founders, they were rather governed b the common purpose. However the Puritans found the growing turn towards Protestant thoughts or Armenianism. Evangelical religion in fact is a reputed movement of Protestants and the turn of thought towards this religion took place during early eighteenth century (Bebbington, 1).

The Impact of Shifting Cultural Trends on Public Education

The Impact of Shifting Cultural Trends on Public Education Over the years, the United s has experienced demographicchanges which have led to shifting linguistic, cultural, and socioeconomic trends. These changes have led to both positive and negative impacts on public education. Areas that have been much affected by these trends are: rate of completion of high school, preschool education and education of learners of English language (CPE 1). Demographic trends have made schools in some places to experience increased enrollment while others have experienced decreased enrollment (CPE 1). This has called for careful planning to enable public schools to meet their objectives. Although much has been done to ensure all Americans acquire education, there is notable education levels disparity among different ethnic groups and races.
English is the commonly used language in all schools. This has made life difficult for children whose first language is not English (CPE 2). Schools have tried to ease things for all children by employing bilingual teachers and English learners’ teachers. This has helped to accommodate children from various cultures and language groups. Preschools have also introduced high-quality programs to help children whose first language is not English (CPE 3). These children experience massive difficulties in there subsequent levels if they fail to be proficient in English. Some schools have introduced prekindergarten programs to prepare children for preschool and subsequent levels of education. Also, children from poor families could not make it to better schools and therefore ended up failing due to poor English base (CPE 3). Before special programs of helping children were put in place, there existed wide gaps in different areas which defined differences in test scores, dropout rates, high school completion rates and rates of college entrance. Policy makers in public education sector have tried to bridge these gaps for future well-being of the United States (CPE 2).
Demographic trends have been challenging to public education in United States. Clear examination of situations has helped authorities to improve situation through introducing new programs and making new policies. This has helped ease the pressure in public schools although much remains to be done to achieve parity among all races and cultures.
Works Cited
Center for Public Education (CPE), The United States of education: The changing demographics
of the United States and their schools, 2012. Web. 27.4.2014.
http://www.centerforpubliceducation.org/

Can You Motivate The Unmotivated

Jenkins emphasizes that restricting the use of L1 does not help develop the positive attitude towards L2. In fact, flexibility to use L1 can motivate the students and provide the necessary foundation on which to build. Dörnyei (2001) agrees that facilitation, not control can motivate humans. Jenkins asserts that restricting the use of L1 is monolingualism and this practice is ineffective in low-level homogenous EFL settings. This is because languages have strong, inseparable and complex ties to culture and insisting on monolingualism is to exert pressure on the students to check their identities. The question then arises whether restricting the use of L1 assists in or inhibits the proper acquisition and learning of the second language, in short, whether it is an asset or a liability. This paper sheds some light on motivation theories and their application with respect to EFL. This would help the teaching fraternity as well as help students in developing a positive attitude towards the target language, thereby enabling them to lay a firm foundation for speaking and writing in L2.
In order to evaluate the issue under consideration, I will look at the recent research works and studies on L2 motivation as a second language (in a foreign environment) or foreign language (in a native English-speaking country). For the analysis of the problem, I have selected a few relevant documents to accumulate knowledge and to establish well-grounded theoretical context and conceptual framework for the paper. So this assignment can also serve as a comprehensive summary of the relevant studies which comprise, for example, Clément and Gardne, (2001), Dörnyei (2001a, 2001c) and MacIntyre (2002).

Cultural Encounter Paper (Culture/CoCulture)

I discovered that senior and disabled passengers pay less fare for their travel. They are charged only $0.75nbsp.for a two-hour one-way trip. They can also pay $0.35nbsp.during off-peak hours that is from 9 AM to 3 PM and from 7 PM to 3 AM. The offer also applies during public holidays and weekends. I later heard from my neighbor in the Green Line train that the best time to travel by these trains are during off-peak hours because of lower prices.
I started my journey on Saturday at 10M from the North Hollywood stop, where I visited the Noho Arts District before boarding the metro rail red line. I observed that most people who boarded the train were the elderly. I sat next to a senior Muslim woman who kept giving me life lessons and how to be a woman of integrity. She was disappointed probably by the manner in which most women in the train dressed, which she termed as indecent according to her religion. I was fortunate enough not to be included in the list of coarse women since I was in simple trousers, thanks to the cold weather. Most of the passengers were women, and everyone was talking in the train making the place noisy. Most people talked to their neighbors, and from the little I heard from those who sat round me, English was the common language. My next stop was at the Universal City station, where I decided to explore the Universal City Walk Hollywood. I then accessed the Red line from the Hollywood station, which dropped me at Tinsel town. Here, I headed to the TCL Chinese Theatre. The setup was more of Chinese culture, with most people roaming in the area being typical Chinese and Thai people. One child came running to me, perhaps asking for money. He was in tattered clothes and spoke in a foreign language. I dropped $1 coin in the bowl he carried in his right hand after which he respectfully bowed and took off chanting strange words.
From here, I boarded the Metro Rail Purple Line at the Wilshire station. The metro Local 20 dropped me at the Western stop

The Acquisition of Tense by L1 Arabic Learners of English Language

Dissertation Proposal The Acquisition of Tense by L1 Arabic Learners of English Language This dissertation proposal seeks to study the acquisition oftense of the English language by those whose first language is Arabic.
Introduction
The acquisition of tense morphemes by learners of the English language is a vulnerable domain for English language learners across acquisition contexts… (Paradis, 2008). This is especially true of the formation of verbal inflections i.e. the regular past progressive (-ed) forms of English verbs. The past tense of English exhibits quasi-regularity (McClelland). The difficulty is compounded by the fact that either a one syllabic [td] or one of two non-syllabic [t or d] allomorphs is possible. So, accurate reproduction of these tense morphemes typically takes time to master. One explanation for the difficulty is the Aspect Hypothesis. There is also a Perceptual Salience Hypothesis (Man, 1990). Others have proposed that syntactic knowledge is not impaired, rather that the cause is extra-syntactic (Prevost amp. White, 2000). Also for Arabic speakers, there is the problem when final consonant clusters occur which are avoided in their L1. Such phonetic differences pose difficulties (Strange, 1995). Confusion of past tenses was one of the main types of errors in tenses reported in a study of Arab learners of English at the University of Sudan (Kambal, 1980).
According to the Aspect Hypothesis, learners associate forms that mark time with the lexical aspect inherent in the meaning of the verb (Robinson, 2008:317). Bardovi-Harlig (1998) and Anderson amp. Shirai (2007) are proponents of the Aspect Hypothesis. Syntactic theory is advocated by the likes of Donna Lardiere (2007) and is a development of Chomsky’s principles. She suggests that the central question is how a learner manages to associate the particular featural specifications of the target language – that is, a syntactic representation – with their overt realization in the input (Archibald, 2000:103). According to the syntactic theory it is either a deficiency in the knowledge of syntax or incorrect mapping of syntactic representations that cause complications in acquiring tense.
Hypothesis
The difficulty in the formation of verbal inflections in L1 Arabic Learners of English Language is due to the influence of L2 acquisition of verbal inflectional morphemes. The applicability of this Aspects Hypothesis will be tested and the alternative hypothesis offered by syntactic theory will be considered within the context of SLA (Second Language Acquisition).
Methodology
Children in schools are readily available subjects for study and suitable because they are at am active learning age. 30 students will be sought at 3 different proficiency levels whose first language is Arabic but who are learning English at school (10 at each level). They will be tested for correctness of verbal inflections using elicitation probes to obtain scores to give a measure of accuracy for the tense morphemes and performing analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results will then be analysed using a lexical-morphological approach and a syntactic morphological approach. The former will check for effects due to inherent lexical aspects i.e. the Aspect Hypothesis, and the latter will check for errors due to deviant L2 syntactic knowledge i.e. the problem of mapping of syntactic representations onto morpho(phono)logy (Lardiere, 1998). If the Aspect Hypothesis is true then the lexical aspect of the verb will show significant influences on the appearance of grammatical morphology as in findings by Anderson amp. Shirai (2007) and others.
References
Al-Aswad, Mohamed Kaleefa. Contrastive Analysis of Arabic and English Verbs in Tense, Aspect, and Structure. 1984.
Archibald, John. Second language acquisition and linguistic theory. Wiley-Blackwell. 2000.
Bardovi-Harlig, K. Narrative structure and lexical aspect: Conspiring factors in second language acquisition of tense morphology. Studies in Second Language Acquisition. Vol. 20, pp. 471-508. 1998.
Kambal, M. An Analysis of Kartoum University Students’ Composition Errors with Implications for Remedial English in the Context of Arabicization. PhD Dissertation. University of Texas at Austin, USA.
Lardiere, Donna. Case and tense in the ‘fossilised’ steady state. Second Language Research. 14:1-26. 1998. Quoted in L2 Perception and Production of the English Regular Past: The Role of L1 and L2 Phonology. www.linguistics.stonybrook.edu/old_events/konf/sunycunyu04/pugach_et_al.pdf [10 May, 2009].
Man. The Function fo Perception in the Acquisition of Non-native Inflectional Morphology: The Case of the Past in English. Upublished Doctoral Dissertation. The City University of New York. Quoted in Klien, Elaine. Past Tense Affixation in L2 English: The Effects of Lexical Aspect and Perceptual Salience. 2004. 128.197.86.186/posters/klein.pdf [11 May, 2009].
McClelland, James L. Rules or Connections in Past-Tense Inflections: What does the Evidence Rule Out? Trends in Cognitive Sciences. N.d.
Paradis, Johanne et al. The Acquisition of Tense in English: Distinguishing child second language from first language and specific language impairment. Applied Psycholinguist. Vol.29, No.4, pp. 689-722. 2008.
Prevost amp. White. 2000. Quoted in Gavruseva, Elena. The Complicity of Telicity in the Root Infinitive Effect in Child L2 English. Proceedings of the 6th Generative Approaches to Second Language Acquisition Conference (GASLA 2002. Juana M. Liceras et al., 106-114. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project. 2003.
Robinson, Peter. Handbook of cognitive linguistics and second language acquisition. Routledge. 2008.
Shirai, Yasuhiro. The Aspect Hypothesis, the comparative fallacy and the validity of obligatory context analysis: a reply to Lardiere, 2003. Second Language Research, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 51-64. 2007.
Strange, Winifred. Cross-language study of speech perception: A historical review. In W. Strange
(Ed.), Speech perception and linguistic experience: Issues in cross-language research, pp. 3-45.
Baltimore, MD: York Press. 1995.

English/wriing

ved observer, perhaps the spirit of the storm itself, it is possible for the reader to gain an understanding of how the outer world is reflecting the inner conflicts of the characters. Thanks to the emotionally unattached omniscient narration of the story, the plot is able to follow a particular period of time in the lives of five different characters despite the fact that they are all in different places at the time. By examining plot, narrative and the main character Calixta, around whom all the action seems to center, one can gain an appreciation for the depth of the story despite its short length.
The story begins at a nearby grocery store where Bibi and Bobinot are purchasing a few things to take back home to Calixta, mother and wife to the above mentioned. They are walking out of the store just as the storm arrives, deciding to wait it out on the front porch of the store rather than attempting to make it all the way home. Within this brief scene, the reader is able to catch a glimpse of the trusting nature of the little boy for his father and establish the relationships that exist between the three people. At the same time, it can be seen that the father, Bobinot, is slightly insecure in his relationship with his wife, taking the time to make a special purchase of something she likes as a means of trying to please her, knowing that he will be walking home through mud and arriving later than planned, possibly upsetting her. This concept is reinforced in the third segment of the story when Bobinot and Bibi return home, full of mud, and sheepishly enter the house after the rain. Their unusually warm reception is explained by the events of the second segment.
The major part of the story occurs in the second segment in which the activities of Calixta and one of her neighbors, caught out when the storm arrived, are described in full detail. As it is revealed through the dialogue and the action described, Calixto once had a relationship with the man Alcee

In what ways have changes in the international economy since the 1960s effected the development of London as a world city

One of the major backdrops to London’s economy is urbanization. In the 1960s, planning proliferated sociologists and architects were determined to change the world, town halls and campuses supported by modernization, morphology, networks and central places. It was therefore confidently believed that London provided a good key to creating a future city and an environment that was wholly planned (Sassen, 106). Since 1960s, changes in the international economy have greatly affected the development of London as a world city.
The success of London in business and service industry is founded on its native language, English. The city also had a good track of openness and space for the other dominant international business languages used in Europe and major business destinations across the globe. Coincidentally, it was the choice of the British Empire for the headquarters as it is situated strategically in relation to other countries of the European Community central time zone thus acting as a bridge between Asian and US markets.
Perhaps the international image and symbol held by the city regarding the country’s diplomatic ideology contributed to its popularity among the international community as well. The strong relationship between US and United Kingdom, and the UK’s good historical relationship with Middle East, African and Asian countries have boosted its success. It is therefore in line to refer to London as victor regarding business positioning in both local and international domains. As such, its status in this context must be considered as an occupant of rare niche held only by a few elite cities whose fortunes can be observed from different angles illustrating how class and might can surpass limitation.
Despite the earlier fame and grandeur that London boasted of within a promising prospect of brilliance into the future,

The Freedom Issue in English Literature

Eventually, he was freed, and he used his education to enlighten the people on slavery. He joined movements that aimed at bringing change to the society. His experiences helped him in creating excellent imagery in the narratives. The use of symbols connected the readers to his life and vowed to change their lifestyle. In addition, the reading campaigned against slavery in Great Britain and the oppression of black people in the region. He played the leading role of an abolitionist and fought for the plight of Africans. Further, he resettles the poor blacks living in London, but his outspoken character facilitates the loss of the position held. He openly speaks against the mismanagement in finances by the company. However, this character enables him in getting opportunities and in return presents the rights of Blacks in London. He pushes for the offering of equal chances in various sector of the economy. Among his agendas was the extension of voting rights to the workers, and this would enable them choose leaders who understood their problems. His desire for freedom initiated many of the projects he worked to represent Africans (Equiano, 98).

The narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglas depicts his encounters in life that molded him into a successful reformist. From his childhood, his freedom was denied as he was born in slavery. His parents were slaves and that undoubtfully made him a slave. His parents work at farm plantation where the workers are mistreated and overworked.

English Pronunciation

By first presenting the language it gives the opportunity to grab and keep the student’s attention before moving to the practice and produce stages. Presenting is perfect for grammar topics. By doing this I can assess students’ prior knowledge of the topic, in this case past regular and irregular forms of verbs.
The practice stage keeps the students’ attention as they will be listening to expressions/lines from movies containing the past regular and irregular verbs. Production is done by having the students think of their favorite vacation and talk about it in class using simple past forms of verbs. The students can also create their own stories using

How Different Actual Practice of Law is from Law School

My placement experience helped me to realize how different the actual practice of law is from law school. According to McDockery, the study of law is different from the practice of law*3 and he highlights the fact that apart from writing and research skills, not much of what is learned at law school will be particularly relevant in practice. My placement experience corroborated this claim because I discovered that mere academic knowledge and the theory of law is not as important as interacting well with clients and professional code and ethics in actual practice. It was a revelation to me, as I watched my supervisor interacting with our clients and I realized that legal interviewing needs to be approached from a different angle as compared to other interviews.*4 The fact-finding mission that this entails often meets with subtle resistance from clients and especially poses a challenge when dealing with clients who are not familiar with English since there is a possibility for distortions during translation.*5 Such clients are often unaware that client privilege is their fundamental civil right as established by the Courts*6 and they are reluctant to be completely honest with their lawyers.
But this was not the only area where I discovered that practice is different from theory. While law school provided me with the background of the law, actual practice concerns the application of the law. Earlier, my understanding of the law was directed towards its mechanics, whereas I obtained a clearer perspective of the law that conditions a lawyer’s actions during my placement experience. As Bernie Marden puts it, professions today operate in a world where public policy applies regulation, co-regulation, and self-regulation in varying degrees*7 and this is why it was deemed necessary to introduce the Professional Standards Act of 1994 in Australia.nbsp.nbsp.

The Krebs Cycle And Its relationship to Aerobic and Anaerobic Metabolism &amp

e balance

The Krebs cycle and its relationship to Aerobic and Anaerobic Metabolism amp. Acid base balance All cells are required to generate energy for survival, be it a eukaryotic or prokaryotic cell. The process involved in the production of cellular energy was defined by Hans A. Krebs in the year 1937. He proposed that the production of cellular energy is association with a particular metabolic pathway in the cells. This is called the Krebs cycle or the citric acid cycle which defines the oxidation of carbohydrates in animal tissues. Consequent to this finding it was later found that the acetyl derivation (a compound produced during fat degradation) has identical properties to the compound produced when pyruvate undergoes oxidative decarboxylation. This proves that the Krebs cycle occurs in the oxidation of fats. It was later found by Krebs that the citric acid cycles is not limited to animal cells but it takes place is almost all aerobic cells. In a cell, the Krebs cycle occurs in the mitochondria or power plant and generated energy need by the organism to function (The Krebs Cycle. Cell Structure and Function).
Krebs metabolic pathway in the cells is responsible for the oxidation of the basic food components that constitute carbohydrates, protein and fat to give out energy. Mitochondria are present in the cells of the human body. The fundamental function of these minute organelles (that range from 500 to 2000 mitochondria in a cell) is to convert energy present in the nutrient molecules and store this energy in the form of ATP (adenosine triphosphate). ATP is the universal energy producing molecules utilised by enzymes to conduct a number of cellular functions. Human being cannot live even for a second without the continuous supply of ATP. Energy conversion requires oxygen and this is supplied by the circulatory and respiratory systems which carry the oxygen to the tissue for further use by mitochondria to remove carbon dioxide. This process is called cellular respiration. During the Krebs cycle, acetyl coenzyme A is metabolised into citric acid which undergoes a complex series of biological oxidation to produce free hydrogen ions. The hydrogen ion then move to a biochemical phase called oxidative phosphorylation which is a highly competitive aerobic energy producer. Oxidative phosphorylation produces 36 molecules of ATP.
There are different phases at which metabolites move into the Krebs cycle. Components of carbohydrates, fat and protein are broken down to molecule coenzyme A before moving into the Krebs cycle. Glucose the basic fuel in the body is initially metabolized into pyruvic acid and later to acetyle coenzyme A. The Embden Meverhof pathway method of glycolysis avails the two molecules of ATP released from the metabolism of glucose. When oxygen is not available for metabolism or when the Krebs cycle is hindered the body changes its energy generation from the Embden Meverhof pathway of glycolysis. Glycolysis produces less energy and also generates lactic acid as a by-product.
Excessive lactic acid leads to acidiotic condition from several metabolic troubles. The accumulation of lactic acid in muscle tissues will lead to muscular tissue pain and inflammation. For example if Krebs cycle is inhibited by catabolic pathways like illness or stress, anaerobic metabolism of glucose takes place with pyruvate. Increase in the acid content leads to decrease in the oxygenation of tissues. Various studies have shown that continuous exercise leads to a reduction of glycogen and carbohydrates that reduces carbon compounds from glycolysis. This leads to deficiency of energy in the Krebs cycles and results in its shut down thereby decreasing the aerobic capacity (Ward amp. English, Cycle Intermediates).
Due to the accumulation of acid in the tissue the acid base balance of the body either increases or decreases. Increase in the acid base balance will decrease Krebs cycle oxidation in muscles and renal cortex and decrease in the acid base balance with increase Krebs cycle oxidation in muscles and renal cortex and lead to disorders in several parts of the body (Powers, Acid-Base Balance).
Works Cited
Dean,Ward amp. English, Jim. Krebs’ Cycle Intermediates. 2008. Available:
http://www.nutritionreview.org/library/krebs.html. Accessed on September 24, 2008.
Powers, Ann. Acid-Base Balance. 2001. Available:
repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?filename=8amp.article=1003amp.context=miscellaneous_papersamp.type=additional. Accessed on September 24, 2008.
The Krebs Cycle. Cell Structure and Function. Available:
http://incolor.inetnebr.com/mcanaday/main.htm. Accessed on September 24, 2008.

English Eassy

Significance of being Conscious Human Creative and critical thinking has become a challenge to most making them to act irrationally driven by stereotypes and superstition hence always fall a prey to irrationally thought. Many people find it very hand to be of conscious mind and develop self-driven thoughts which leads to many people struggling to restore their lost identity. Individualization and self actualization have remained daunting challenges to most writers.
Inferiority drives derailed process to achieving actively conscious humans. The researcher intends to apply David Wallace’s strong position advocating for freedom of thought. Undue influence is a major disastrous tool employed by authority and those in top position to block masses from thinking rationality. The possession of tools of transformation, analysis and evaluation by a rational thinker form the basis upon which a creative and critical thinker should be rated. Such features as inquisitiveness to ascertain finer details based on the analysis of a particular issue on questions are regarded as tools amplifying the ability by people to make independent decisions. This calls for a proper identification and understanding of a particular environment a person lives in terms of people and cultural practices. Culture has led to determent in decision made based on stereotype and superstition as people infer from deeply-rooted culture. The is mind cornered and enclosed thus blocked from developing open-mindedness to see solutions behind every challenge.
The results are that people fall into circumstance motions. Foster rates real freedom as a conglomeration of attentiveness, exposed, discipline, caring to oneself and others as well as appreciating the need to sacrifice for others through own effort. In his book, This is Water, Foster illustrates. essential lonesomeness of a person, the significance of being positively adjusted and the difficulty of empathy as hindrance to attain freedom of mind. Wallace attaches high education to consciously think about meaning, perception of others and defines how to act when faced with situations. Based on this revelation, the researchers self-evaluation indicates that he is still cannot be rated as a conscious human.
Education is viewed as a vessel to redefine individual culminating into sympathy and consciousness making one rated to have climaxed true freedom. Wallace alludes to three fish and water to explain the meaning of liberal arts as making one understand the importance of environment to freedom of mind (Wallace, 167). He calls for properly selecting what to think about against the assumption of totally obvious. Healthy thinking entails a little arrogance, critically aware of oneself and certainties as our interpretation for particular issue is attached to origin of our beliefs.
Wallace presents us with an opportunity to make urgent readjustments so as to help change our deeply-rooted traditions to solve situational problems. Being conscious human calls for critical self-examination benchmarked against Wallace utterance and to appreciate the need for freedom of mind (Wallace, 123). Many people are driven to make disastrous decision out of mind due to lack understanding of their environment and consequential impacts.
Identity stands erected in order to make rational decisions. Inquisitiveness and little arrogance accompanied by flexibility to other points of view shapes and readjust ourselves making us rated as conscious human (Wallace, 187). Understanding issues calls for digging deeper to assess the implications before we finally settle on a direction which is beneficial to solving our daily challenges.
Work Cited
Wallace, David F. This Is Water: Some Thoughts, Delivered on a Significant Occasion, About Living a Compassionate Life. New York, NY: Little, Brown amp. Co, 2009. Internet resource.

Shakespeare Women

Shakespeare, critics claim, was a feminist. Some go so far as to claim that Shakespeare was the noblest feminist of them all. It is common throughout Shakespeares plays for a woman to have a leading role. Shakespeare never directly gave women the power or portrayed them as the potent characters, which directed the course of the play. He brought out subtle qualities in them, which influences the more dominant male characters. This eventually changed the power equations.

I would first like to draw the attention of the reader to King Lear. In the play, King Lear does not trust his youngest daughter Cordelia when she says she has no words to describe the love she has for her father. He divides up Britain between his two daughters, Regan and Goneril, only to discover they do not want him around. Cordelia later hates the treatment meted out by her sisters to their father and returns to the kingdom she was once banished from along with her husband, the King of France, to make amends. Cordelia thus plays an instrumental role in the play and it is her execution that causes King Lear’s death when he was unable to bear the grief.

Looking at Gertrude in Hamlet, we see that Shakespeare uses her submissive natures to bring out the strengths of the characters more vital to the subplot. Queen Gertrude in Hamlet appears to be quite shallow. The Ghost of the deceased King of Denmark tells Hamlet to avenge his death but not to punish Queen Gertrude for remarrying. He says it is her conscience and heaven that will judge her. Later, Queen Gertrude scolds her son but Hamlet instead scolds his mother for her actions. Despite the fact that Queen Gertrude breaks down and starts crying, Hamlet continues scolding his mother but the Ghost reappears, telling Hamlet to be gentle with the Queen. For her part, Queen Gertrude agrees to stop living with King Claudius, beginning her redemption.

A much more direct example of how the women in Shakespeare’s works have worked out to be the real power behind the thrones can be seen in the narrative poem The Rape of Lucrece.

In the poem, Sextus Tarquinius, the King’s son is said to have been entertained by Lucrece, the wife of Collatinus. Sextus Tarquinius immediately develops a liking to her and his passion manifests itself into a beast later in the play. Sextus slides into Lucrece’s chamber and violently rapes her. The next morning when the Romans come to her chamber she narrates what ensued the previous night, takes the name of Sextus Tarquinius as the man responsible for the heinous act, makes them vow for revenge and then suddenly stabs herself to death. They all immediately vow revenge on the Tarquins. Brutus carries Lucrece’s body out to the streets of Rome. This incites and agitates the Roman Citizens against the Tarquins. Finally, the Tarquins are driven out of Rome and the Roman Republic is established.

We see how something that has happened to a woman causes a change not only in the rulers who hold office but the very structure of governance itself.

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

1599: A Year in the Life of William Shakespeare – James Shapiro

The book is a description of a year in Shakespeare’s life : 1599. The year 1599 was an important year in the life of William Shakespeare as it marked a change in his style of writings, his themes and to an extent his life. It was the year he wrote 4 plays, including Hamlet. James Shapiro is a professor of English and comparative literature at Columbia University. The author of Shakespeare and the Jews, he lives in New York City and Thetford, Vermont.

Essential Shakespeare Handbook – Leslie Dunton-Downer, Alan Riding, Karen Wilks (Designer), Elizabeth Wyse (Editor)

Written in an engaging style, this book is as informative as it is entertaining. Each section – history, comedies, tragedies, and romance commences with an essay on the section followed by a detailed discussion of the plays and issues. The individual analysis is thorough, well-laid out and the subtle implications hidden in his writings are very clearly brought out with appropriate reasoning.

The authors also talk about Shakespeare’s poetic genius and the complexities in his poems are unraveled too.

Asimov’s guide to Shakespeare: Isaac Asimov

In this selection, Isaac Asimov selects 38 of William Shakespeare’s plays and two of his poems to analyze the issues represented in them. Along with interesting maps, figures and designs, Asimov vividly portrays the historical and mythological background behind Shakespeare’s writings. The poems selected include The Rape of Lucrece. Dr. Isaac Asimov (c. January 2, 1920 – April 6, 1992, was a Russian-born American author and biochemist, a highly successful and exceptionally prolific writer best known for his works of science fiction.

Alternative cinema

The film Stranger Than Paradise can be subdivided into three parts namely. present or ‘new world’, ‘a year later’ and ‘paradise.’ The film is a depiction of America through a foreign perspective see image 1. Willie the main character in the film speaks in English while responding to Aunt Lotte, who speaks in Hungarian (Andrew, 1999). He persuades Lotte to speak in English an indication that foreigners are not yet ready to give up their identity. Each part of the film can be said to reflect the stages that a foreigner undergoes in America. The film is shot in black and white backgrounds making the film unique since it seems to break away from the normal rule in filming see image 2. Each scene of the film is one take and after every take the screen cuts to black for a moment prior to the commencement of another take. The ‘takes are static shots, and other follows the characters. Each ‘take’ exhibits repeated emotionless sensation.
The film can clearly bring out the emotions of the character. The film devises a new way whereby real lives and emotions of the characters are observed without confusing the audience. The ambient sounds in the scenes that persist even after the cuts to black and the beginning of ‘takes with silence do not deter the in bringing out the emotions of the characters.
In the film Stranger Than Paradise, the effect of simplification is applied in the formal way the story is narrated as opposed to applying the idea to physical objects (Blume amp. Forster, 2006). The scenes are presented in a simple manner but chronological presentation and frequently independent from each other. The presentation involves the selected moments eliminating the bigger part of the theatrical action.
The acting part of the film is very critical. In this order, every shot becomes a masterpiece. Selection or elimination through cutting cannot improve the performance. If a mistake

On a Modest Proposal

A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift Jonathan Swift’s style of satire is praiseworthy and thought provoking. Swift suggests that poor Irish citizens should sell their children to the wealthy in exchange of food. Irish and English economic and political strategies do not favor the vast majority of the population. Using satire, and some metaphors and irony, she indirectly attacks the government.
The story expresses Swift’s frustration through contrasting the insincerity of the wealthy and the squalid conditions in which some Irish people live. A meaningful essay, relevant in the contemporary society, as it explores the oppressions citizens face from politician, and the ever-widening gap of the rich and the underprivileged. In addition, it explores the inability of the Irish population to unite and rise up against oppressive political systems. This is especially true in the contemporary society in which citizens face oppression but do nothing in the end to rectify the situation.
Jonathan Swift challenges political governments to formulate strategies that are mindful of their citizen’s needs. Through this work, Swift shows the severity of the situation when he asks the needy to sell their children in exchange of food (Swift 53). Through literary strategies such as metaphors and irony, she tries to convince governments to ease the pitiful conditions of the underprivileged.
Through the essay, A Modest Proposal, Swift acts as an unacknowledged legislator because he addresses societal concerns through literature. Through rhetorical brilliance, Swift acts as a voice for the oppressed that are unable to better their lives or living conditions. His prophetic attitude reflects the challenges that may occur in future if such unfair actions by the government continue.
Work Cited
Swift, Jonathan. A Modest Proposal. New York: Courier Corporation,nbsp.2012. Print.

The World of Regionalism and Globalism

Globalisation is the process by which the various world economies become increasingly interlinked resulting in a worldwide economy characterized by global economic policymaking conducted by mandated international agencies such as the World Trade Organization (WTO). However, Globalization can also be perceived in terms an emerging global culture in which people consume similar goods and services across boundaries in addition to having a common business language for example English. The continued integration of world economies enables efficient and effective economic interaction and in turn, they are further promoted by it (Todaro and Smith, 2003).
The increased interaction and integration leads to improved openness and willingness of different economies to undertake international trade which paves the way for financial flows and direct foreign investment. Therefore, Globalization enables the increased mobility of factors of production chief among them capital and labor which facilitates business carried out among states and global business actors. Global business actors, in this case, refer to the private sector actors who are in control of assets in more than one country and are also referred to as multinationals or multinational corporations (MNCs). The importance of this group in the assessment of globalization is based on their control over a growing share of international trade flows which are beyond the reach of their parent governments (Bremmer, 2010).

Understanding How People in America Communicate

250

People from other culture may not recognize the ocean as a surface and may refer to its depths while defining it. The audience has been provided with very simple examples that are very easy to understand by any person who has a certain amount of ability to speak and understand the English Language. The article is quite easy to understand for people belonging to the field of study as well as people who may have no connection with what message is being conveyed. The references are quite clear as there are in text references along with page numbers which makes it easier to refer to the document from which the information has been obtained (Stewart 27). As an American student, the article helps me in understanding how people in America communicate and relate to each other. This helps me in developing better interpersonal and professional relationships with my American colleagues.

Analysis of Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe

Opinion Essay on Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart refers to an English-language novel publishedin 1958 by a Nigerian author, Chinua Achebe (Achebe 3). People view the novel as one the most archetypal contemporary African writings, and one of the first African books written in English to ever receive global critical approval. It is considered as a set book in schools all through Africa and widely studied and read in English-speaking nations all round the globe. The name of the book was adapted from William Butler Yeats elegy, The Second Coming (Booker 15). This paper will talk about the positives of Chinua Achebe’s novels.

I like the novel because it shuns away from discussing the pre-colonial life Eden. Instead, the author sketches a world in which war, suffering and violence exist, but are balanced by a powerful sense of social coherence, ritual, along with tradition. I also liked the fact that Achebe’s Ibo protagonist, Okonkwo, was a self-made person (Roberts 14). Okonkwo was the sons of a charming neer-do-well, who worked extremely hard all his life to triumph over his fathers weakness. As the novel progresses, this young fighter eventually gained prosperity, and became a widely respected person in his village, Umuofia (Roberts 17). His villagers could now depend on Okonkwo for advice. Okonkwo was a prosperous farmer, a champion wrestler, father to several children and a husband to three wives. He was also a person who exhibited flaws well-renowned in Greek tragedy (Achebe 34).

Okonkwo controlled his household with a grave hand. His spouses, in particular the youngest, lived in unending fear of his burning temper, and also his little children. This portrays how African families lived before the European exploration. Such a line also shows how African men were powerful in the colonial days (Achebe 36). Maybe Okonkwo, down in his heart, was not a mean person. However, his entire life was subject to fear, the fear of not succeeding and of weakness. It was more intimate and much deeper than the fear capricious gods, evil and magic. Oknokwo was also more fearful of failing than the fear of forests and nature. Okonkwos fear of failing was much greater that the factors mentioned above (Roberts 23). It could not be observed openly, but lay deep within himself. He feared that one day he might follow the steps of his father, living as a deprived person. It is essential to note that Africans, back in the colonial days, were extremely superstitious. Therefore, for a person to not believe in nature among other factors is overwhelming. Such as person, according to me, is a super hero (Booker 56). Reading about him is what keeps a person glued to the book. Even though the book is quite long, I could read it time and again just to interpret the story of Oknokwo. He is a legend as overcoming such circumstances is not any easy task.

Finally, Achebe does not bring in the theme of colonialism till the last 50 pages. This was after discussing how Okonkwo lost everything and went into exile. Nevertheless, within the traditions of Okonkwo’s culture, he still hoped of redemption.

Works Cited

Achebe, Chinua. Things Fall Apart. New York: Anchor Press, 1994. Print.

Booker, Keith. The Chinua Achebe Encyclopedia. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2003. Print.

Roberts, John. A Short History of the World. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Gay Marriage in China

This paper examines the positions of those who deny gay rights as well as those who claim that these rights should be recognized with a view to establishing whether these rights should be recognized. Drawing on an international survey of basically English language literature, the paper will conclude that the Chinese government has no reason whatsoever not to recognize gay rights and then finally examine the role of the government in the gay debate.
There are many reasons that are presented on the need to legalize gay marriages in China. To begin with, those who support gay marriages claim that recognizing marriage rights is a pointer of the realization of human rights and equality in China. This means that recognizing these rights is the only sensible thing to do. This reality has been epitomized by the Taiwanese President Ma, who once said that Gay rights are a part and parcel of human rights. This claim has also been supported by human rights activists who point out that the struggle for the recognition of gay rights is the remaining major human rights struggle. In the nations where gay rights have been recognized, the association between gay marriage and full citizenship rights for gay men and women has been the driving force (Harvey 101).
In addition to this, given that marriage is seen as an attractive institution in the society and the ideal thing for grown ups to do, for gays couples to be able to marry makes their relationship normal and as a result, enables positive recognition of their unions. Analysts have continuously pointed out that lesbians and gay operation comes as a result of the condition of lesbians and gays as outcasts especially in relation to marriage and family. The ability to enter the marriage and family institution without a doubt raises their status in a considerable manner and as a result may improve the strength of those bodies (Harvey 102).
Another argument that has been presented as a reason why China should recognize gay

Regeneration Projects of Europe and Their Implications

The British in particular were more interested in seeing only scenic landscapes through their estates especially in the middle of the eighteenth century. More such actions caused serious imbalance in society.

The effects of the British’s landscapes were realized late and the damage was already done with people fleeing to different places in search of food and shelter. The businesses of the people were affected by the Government’s actions.

In order to take remedial actions for the imbalance created in the society, the Government of British and many other nations that followed suit in developing such landscapes soon plunged into regeneration activities.

The process of regeneration links needs and opportunities, economic growth, social cohesion and cultural development, health, social care, and environmental sustainability and this has helped the Governments to correct to some extent of their lost social balance.

While many regeneration projects have happened in history, only some made a significant impact. The projects in the United Kingdom are some of these because it was here that most of the social inequalities happened at the start of the twentieth century.

The Cleator Moor Business Centre is a good example of many of the regeneration projects taken up by the Government in the UK. It is situated in a small town called Cleator Moor in the English county of Cumbria.

The town’s skyline is dominated by Dent Fell and the town is located on the 190 mile Coast to Coast Walk that spans the North of England. On the outskirts of the town of Cleator Moor lies the village of Cleator with which the town is closely associated.nbsp.

Renaissance to Restoration

The seventeenth-century poetry is marked by the opposition of two main forces differing in an array of religious, political and cultural issues1 – cavalier poetry and metaphysical school. The former were predominantly the members of royalty supporting the reign of the king, while the latter were mainly religious people belonging to middle class and advocating puritanism in Protestantism. Thereby, cavalier and metaphysical poetic schools are recognized as prevailing tendencies in poetry of English Renaissance. Existing side by side, the two schools were supported by certain philosophical and religious ideas and, despite having a number of similarities, were rather different in many aspects of stylistics. Moreover, cavalier poetry might be called more secular and closer to hedonistic values.
Of course, the two schools are similar in terms of general time frame and historical background as well as of the general thematic framework (for instance, representatives of both schools addressed such eternal topics as love, beauty, life and death etc.). In addition, the motif of ‘carpe diem’ was cultivated in both schools: good examples are Marvell’s ‘To His Coy Mistress’ and Herrick’s ‘To the Virgins’. However, it is a wide range of differences that distinguishes cavaliers from metaphysical school.
The difference arresting the reader’s attention at once is the use of form and structure in the two schools. Metaphysical poetry is rather analytical with its structure being mainly complex: use of long sentences incorporating several ideas is common. In Andrew Marvell’s poem ‘A Dialogue between the Soul and Body’, a large part of the stanza might be constituted by a single sentence presenting several thoughts at once: Which, stretch’d upright, impales me so // That mine own precipice I go. // And warms and moves this needless frame, // (A fever could but do the same)

What Is Your Field of Interest

What Is Your Field of Interest? My field of interest is to become a teacher of adults learning English as a Second Language (ESL). Community teaching has always been an area of interest that has been gaining my perception over the years. I believe that the increased level of communication that I have gained over the years is going to develop my ability as a teacher and even act as a benefit to impart knowledge to larger masses (Motteram, 2013). Teaching has always encouraged me as I get to communicate with a larger section of the society and even develop my credibility to communicate with the larger mass. Being with students and communicating with them will help me understand the diverse opinions of students and even develop my level of knowledge (Mlynarczyk amp. Babbitt, 2002). The ability to deal with each student separately has correspondingly enhanced my credibility to meet with the individual needs of the student and develop my ability to impart knowledge in a better way to the students (Mullamaa, 2010).
Dealing with adult students needs to be handled in an effective manner. Adult minds are quite complex and has a huge amount of diligence. The effective communication skills and my interest towards developing the linguistic abilities among masses are going to act as an added advantage for the development of individual skills of the students (Mullamaa, 2010). Furthermore, I have always been interested to develop my individual interest to meet with the diverse challenges of handling individual students. This credibility has further enhanced my abilities to handle diverse situations and manage the individual needs of the adult students. Although imparting linguistic knowledge has always been a tough job, it has provided with an effective method to communicate with the greater and diversified section of the society. Moreover, as imparting linguistic knowledge has been a credible source to identify needs of students, it has even acted as an area of interest for me to communicate with larger community (Richards 2011. Byram, Gribkova, amp. Starkey, 2002).
References
Byram, M., Gribkova, B., amp. Starkey, H. (2002). Developing the intercultural dimension in language teaching. A Practical Introduction for Teachers, 1-41.
Motteram, G. (2013). Innovations in learning technologies for English language teaching. Retrieved from http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/sites/teacheng/files/C607%20Information%20and%20Communication_WEB%20ONLY_FINAL.pdf
Mlynarczyk, R. W. amp. Babbitt, M. (2002). The Power of Academic Learning Communities. Journal of Basic Writing, 21(1), 71-89.
Mullamaa, K. (2010). Going 100% on-line with language courses: Possible? Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 1(5), 531-539.
Richards, J. C. (2011). Competence and performance in language teaching. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Ch10

Chapter 10- Reflection Journal Chapter 10 is part of a larger discussion on issues such as equity in education and closing the achievement gap in education with particular reference to science education. I think the chapter has made me more aware of the diversity in classrooms and why it matters in terms of achievement and equity. At a personal level, I believe what the chapter points out: any student can achieve if provided with the right amount of support and that all students have the right to achieve high in science education and only then equity can be achieved. I find this significant because it is teachers who become responsible to address the gap by adopting a range of suitable instructional strategies in the science classes. It points out the need for science teachers like me to understand the reasons behind achievement gap in science and address those while designing and delivering instruction.
Not only to achieve equity in science education but also to make my teaching effective, I should be following some of the useful suggestions given in the chapter. For example, even though the rule of the thumb is that I must be using all best practices that have been researched and proven effective, if I do not differentiate instruction, it will be like treating students as a homogenous group than to make it an inclusive classroom by addressing the diverse needs. In order to do it, I must take into consideration the individual and special learning needs of my students. I used to wonder whether I must be lowering expectations for some students, but I learnt from the chapter that it does not help. Instead, I must make the classes more supportive. The chapter talks about several ways in which support can be provided, such as providing additional time to complete tasks. Learning and equipping myself with a range of useful instructional support strategies will certainly help me accommodate various needs of my students.
Learning needs are not limited to only those who are usually categorised as underachievers due to disabilities, but also extend to gifted ones. I learnt that I must identify such students as well while doing an assessment of learning needs in my class. I should be approaching them differently by setting more abstract or challenging tasks allowing more room for exploration, at the same time not ignoring the fundamentals they should learn as part of the curricular goals. The chapter also points out the importance of being aware of the cultural needs of students and their level of language proficiency. I should take these into account and adjust the delivery of instruction, in terms of clarity, speed and choice of vocabulary. Sometimes topics and tasks should also be adjusted accordingly.
Overall, the chapter has pointed out the need to be more responsive to the need to acknowledge the need for varying instructional strategies and support for students with special learning needs, those who are gifted, and those with English as a foreign or second language or those from various cultural backgrounds. This awareness will help refine my teaching and make it more effective in the increasingly diverse classrooms.

IP 4 English

Smartphones and their Uses for An Expositor Essay of This expository essay discusses the usage of Smartphones by students as they allow them to manage life, stay updated with information and be quick in response. A number of arguments have also been posed in the paper to show differing perspectives regarding the subject matter.
Smartphones and their Uses for Students: An Expositor Essay
Introduction
The technological advancement in the face of mobile phones or Smartphones is an imperative one in the history of mankind. The mobility of information collection has never been possible before the usage of Smartphones. At one point, people all around the world use Smartphones to stay updated with advanced information but at the same time, it has been made banned in schools where students gain most of their learning experiences. The defenders of Smartphones claim that with the implication of Smartphones in schools, students can stay updated with the current research, they can be could at life management and quick in responding to tasks. The aim of this expository paper is to discuss the subject of Smartphone and its usage from different perspective to understand its effectiveness as a technological advancement.
Updating Information
Critics claim that Smartphones can damage the thought process of humans because it can give access to unimportant facts as well. However, on the other hand, it is claimed by the defenders that Smartphones have allowed humans to stay active regarding things around them. In the present world, where billions of facts and figures are exchanged in a single day, it is imperative for everyone to stay aware of the viral information. Students, being the most active learners, can get a lot of benefits by using Smartphones to gain information (Wankel amp. Blessinger, 2013, p. 50).
Life Management
It is considered that there are roughly 3000 productivity mobile phone applications that are currently being downloaded and used by mobile phone users every day. These phone applications are used by phone users to mark important appointments, tasks, reminders etc. This allows them to stay aware of their responsibilities. At the same time, critics claim that this will make students to rely on Smartphones a lot and not their intelligence. Defenders provide supporting claim that time tables are reasonably used to mark such reminders and tasks already. Smart phones have rather allowed them to stay active more than ever (Wankel amp. Blessinger, 2013, p. 55).
Active Responses
Critics claim that in order to make a person to be active in meeting deadlines and completing tasks, Smartphones are not needed. Such an assertion is presented because defenders claim that students can stay connected to their tutors and peers to stay active when it comes to learning processes. Mobile phones allow creating a joint group of classrooms where they are active and able to grasp quick learning experience (Wankel amp. Blessinger, 2013, p. 56).
Conclusion
From the above analysis, it could be well asserted that Smartphones have becomes basic necessity of everyone’s life. Therefore, students must be given a free-hand of using the Smartphones to get a lot of advantages in their day to day routine. They will not just be updated with information but also be quick in response and manage their tasks.
References
Wankel, L., amp. Blessinger, P. (2013). Increasing Student Engagement and Retention using Mobile Applications: Smartphones, Skype and Texting Technologies. New York: Emerald Group Publishing.

Anayse how language is used in a couple of texts( opening pages of Gone with the wind and Romeo and Juliet

These elements include phonology, lexis, punctuation, syntax, semantics and pragmatics. By comparing the usage of these elements between two classic texts, such as William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet and Margaret Mitchell’s Gone With the Wind, evidence can be found in each element of language that demonstrate how the usage of language changes over time and place as well as through dominant format of the communication goals.
Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet in 1597 reflecting the Elizabethan values and traditions of England while focusing on the story of a young couple in Verona. In this way, he also incorporates some of the values that were understood in his time to have been important to people of an even earlier time. Mitchell wrote Gone With the Wind in 1936 America reflecting the struggles of the Great Depression and capturing some of the major issues that faced people living in the Civil War south. Like Shakespeare, although she didn’t live during that time period, she incorporates many of the values that were understood in her generation to have been important issues a generation or so earlier. In each case, there is a strong sense of identity reflected in every aspect of the language used. While each novel is written in the same general English language, each illustrates the ideas of love coming to bitter conclusions and each struggles to portray a period of time prior to that in which the author lived, each does so in such a unique way as to make it seem as if they were each written in separate languages all together, which can be teased out by examining the various aspects of language used to tell the story.
In Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare establishes early on a formal and literary tone within the lexis of his text. For example, in the Prologue, he indicates the scene of his play is in fair Verona, a use of the word ‘fair’ that falls within the formal lexicon, especially

Self improvement plan

SELF IMPROVEMENT PLAN Good grammar skills are important in life, in relation to education, career, and how we relate with others (Good, E. C. 200). This implies that people want to improve their grammar, but it may be challenging to know how to go about it. My plan of improving my grammar skills is as follows.
Firstly, I will seek getting an overview of English grammar from a textbook that I got from the library by at least reading two pages every night. I will be noting the grammar points that I should work on and I will establish how to work on each for a few days.
Secondly, I will perform some grammar exercises. I practice each grammar point until I can be able to use it easily. I will search for a book that has grammar exercises and answers. Online quizzes and activities will also be helpful. I will be focusing on a particular grammar point every time I study.
Thirdly, I will be concentrating on grammar when reading the newspaper every morning. I will have to understand the reason why each sentence has been written in a certain way. Whenever I come across a sentence, I will be asking myself if I am to make the same sentences. When challenged, I will find exercises from textbooks for the grammar points and practice.
Lastly, I will read and practice. The more I read, the better will be my vocabulary and grammar. If possible, I will be reading aloud. will help in listening to correct grammar as I read. I will also watch television at times more so what I am really interested in with BBC being a great option.
References
Good, E. C. (2001).nbsp.A Grammar Book for You and I–Oops, Me: All the grammar you need to succeed in life. Sterling, VA: Intl Pub Marketing.

At the Resort Southeast Asian Tourist Workers and Regimes of Global Citizenship

With the concentration of wealth and the rising middle class, the global tourism industry has flourished in an optimum level and they are in favor of exploring the authentic culture of the places (Mouforth and Munt, 2003, p.12).
This demand of authenticity and originality of the place in the tourism industry (Bougot, 2011) has been an important issue on which the trans-national companies, as well as the government of the respective countries, has embarked upon and the invited a huge amount of foreign reserves in their respective countries as well. But in this process the attributes of colonialism have crept in and with its spillover effects have imparted negative impacts on the societies of these countries jeopardizing the life of the native people as well as that of a large number of international immigrants who come into this industry in order to sustain their living (Hanna, 2012, p.16). The author has experienced that in the five-star hotel where he visited that almost majority of the employees of the resort where international immigrants from less developed countries like Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh and so on. The question which the author raises is that how can the outsiders exhibit the authenticity of the host place. Later he has shown us that the government sees the outsiders as a threat and imposes stringent rules on them. But the majority of the workers in the tourism industry are international immigrants. Now, the standard for international business in the application of English language and the natives are not well equipped with and so they are subjected to economic inequality and the poverty. Almost everybody is busy in their works with their mobile phones except the younger and the older ones whom the author resembles with surplus labor. Racial discrimination is also a major aspect which the author has put forward.nbsp.

ASTHMA SYMPTOMS AND STAGING

ASTHMA: SYMPTOMS AND STAGING Asthma: Symptoms and Staging Asthma is a condition that affects both young and older generation. Asthma has been rampant in various societies around the world. Therefore, understanding symptoms at various stages are crucial to knowing how to control the condition. Asthma has been characterized by various stages. These stages include intermittent, mild persistent, moderate persistent and severe persistent stage. Each stage is characterized by various symptoms. In intermittent asthma, the symptoms are wheezing and coughing and occurs in two days a week utmost (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2011). The symptoms do not go beyond the two days in a week. The other symptom is a lack of sleep for a maximum of two days in a month. The individual in this stage usually appears normal.
The other type is mild persistent asthma. In this stage, coughing and sneezing occurs in more than two days in a week, but at a reduced rate in a day (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2011). The symptoms in affected individuals are a challenge as they affect normal daily activities. In addition, lung function is reduced for about 20 percent of the standard rate (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2011). In moderate persistent asthma, symptoms are viewed in the affected individual daily (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2011). The interruption of sleep usually occurs in several days. There is a disruption of the normal activities due to persistent coughing and wheezing, and this makes it a challenge for one to sleep normal. Moreover, the lung function is reduced significantly, and it is registered between 60% and 80% of the average rate (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2011). At this level, the condition requires medication. The last stage is severe persistent asthma. At this stage, the symptoms are frequent and occur daily. The activities are also disrupted as well as sleep. Additionally, there is reduced function of the lung and is said to be less than 60% of the usual rate in the absence of treatment (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2011).
The breathing tests are mostly considered in the diagnosis of asthma. The main ones are pulmonary function tests (PFTs). There is standardization to ensure there is uniformity in the interpretation of pulmonary function tests (Asthma Initiative of Michigan, 2011). The first test is spirometry. The test is used to measure lung function and is a most valuable tool for diagnosis in adults. The measures used in this are forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and FEV1/FVC (Khachi, Meynell amp. Murphy, 2014). The ratio of FEV1 and FVC is used to identify whether there is air obstruction. A ratio below 0.7 is taken as an indication of the presence of obstruction in the air route (Khachi, Meynell amp. Murphy, 2014).
The other test is known as assessment of airwave responsiveness. The test entails the use of inhaled drugs to show the response. Such drugs include inhaled mannitol or metacholine. The drugs stimulate the development of spasm in the bronchioles (Khachi, Meynell amp. Murphy, 2014). The presence of asthma in the patient using the test is shown by a reduction of FEV1 of more than 15% (Khachi, Meynell amp. Murphy, 2014). The other test is known as treatment trial. The patient is subjected to a period of trial for about one and a half to two months (Khachi, Meynell amp. Murphy, 2014). At this time, the patient is supposed to take a certain type of drug twice in a day such as beclometasone. The improvement on FEV1 after the trial is taken as a clear diagnosis of asthma.
References
American Academy of Pediatrics. (2011). Mild, Moderate, Severe Asthma: What Do Grades Mean? Retrieved from http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/allergies-asthma/Pages/Mild-Moderate-Severe-Asthma-What-Do-Grades-Mean.aspx.
Asthma Initiative of Michigan. (2011). Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs). Retrieved from http://getasthmahelp.org/pft.aspx.
Khachi, H., Meynell, H amp. Murphy, A. (2014). Asthma: Pathophysiology, Causes, and Diagnosis. Clinical Pharmacist. Retrieved from http://www.pharmaceutical-journal.com/publications/previous-issues/cp-november-2014/asthma-pathophysiology-causes-and-diagnosis/20066997.cpdarticle.

Extra Curricular Activities

250

It was a highly engaging and learning activity for me as I not only got to learn how to speak the English language more fluently, but I also learned a lot about the Australian people and their native country. During our last week in Melbourne, we wrapped up our lessons then headed out to Canberra and Sydney where we ended the summer experience with a party on a yacht.

Response 3 Fielding

JOSEPH ANDREWS The readers and critics maintain different opinions regarding the theme and of Henry Fielding’s first and the most popular novelJoseph Andrews. Some of the critics view Parson Adams as a stupid and nonsense person, who invites the mocking of others because of his absent mindedness and simplicity. it is therefore, the critics declare him as one of the funniest characters of the English Literature. Though there are some valid arguments in favour of the claim, which portray a very humorous picture of the parson, yet there exist so many touching lines and incidents, during the development of the story of the novel, which make the parson as the most loveable character of Joseph Andrews. In addition, I vehemently propose that since the story of the novel revolves around the Parson Abraham Adams, the title of the novel should have been after the name of the parson.
Joseph Andrews is thought to be the protagonist of the novel due to the very fact that the story starts and ends concentrating upon him. Moreover, he is the person whose refusal to the advancements of Lady Booby gives the go to the circumstances. In addition, he undergoes various financial losses and physical torture, faces mental sufferings and troubles during his adventures on his way as soon as he is dismissed from his job. Further, he is the character of the novel that combines different scenes of novel and has relationships with all other characters including his sister Pamela, his mistress Lady Booby, his mentor Parson Adams, his childhood friend and beloved Fanny, his co-worker Mrs. Slipslop and his parents Mrs. amp. Mr. Wilson as well as his patterns and benefactors i.e. the Andrews. Even then the dominant role played and performed by the parson makes him as the central figure of the novel.
The sacrifices made by the parson and the sympathies and love offered by him are beyond any doubt. It is reality that he had no concern with either Joseph Andrews or Lady Booby, nor he was a rich person having pelf or wealth in plenty. Moreover, he had no political plans in his mind, nor he was a social reformer at all. Even then, he appears to the limelight to stand by the hero Joseph Andrews to rescue him in his miseries. Parson Adams has set out on a journey to deliver as well as sell the sermons in order to get some money in the pursuit of earning some money, but unfortunately the most innocent character of the novel i.e. Parson Adams forgets his sermons at his house and has no benefit to accompany Joseph in his miseries and troubles. Instead of returning to his home, he is determined to carry on his journey without containing the purpose of such excursion.
Further, Adams is least careful of the shortage of money as well as the lack of proper sources of travelling. Instead, he is ambitious to provide Joseph best of his assistance and support while travelling to reach his destination and marry Fanny. His relinquishing of seat in favour of Joseph, and setting on the journey without his horse portray him as the most sublime character of the novel. Similarly, his courageous fight with the vagabonds bare-handed to protect the honour and life of a stranger girl, his unsuccessful and humiliating effort to get loan from the unknown parsons and his gallant deeds of fighting with the inn-owner proves the very reality that Parson Adams is not only the most wonderful and kind character of the novel Joseph Andrews, but also he serves as one of the most loveable, sacrificing, remarkable and devoted character of the entire English Literature.

Qualitative Method and Cultural Studies

In terms of media-oriented cultural studies, and with the onslaught of various media brought about by post-globalization, ethnography have developed several methods that have departed itself from the traditional concept of qualitative research to a more reflexive approach that is more dependent in terms of interpretations, analysis, and assumptions of the researcher (Barker, p. 32-33). This paper is aimed at studying the application of various ethnographic methods through up-to-date, relevant examples of its usage and provides an analysis of each of the methods’ strengths and weaknesses.

A classic ethnographic method that has undergone a postmodern approach is participant observation. Traditionally, participant observation involves empirical fieldwork through participation in the day-to-day activities of the object of study with informal interviews towards a better understanding of the meaning and reasoning behind the activities being performed. The time frame of study varies but has steadily declined over the years due to the cost and complexity of the method (as cited in Pickering, p. 107-108).

With the proliferation of mass media such as television and the internet, participant observations have become part of a pop-cultural phenomenon not only dedicated to educating people about various cultures of isolated ethnic groups but creating a spectacle out of it. Take for instance National Geographic Channel’s Meet the Natives UK (2007) and Discovery Channel’s Adventures of Mark and Olly: Living with the Kombai (2007). Both television programs are aimed at documenting culture through the eyes of the observers—through their own interpretation of the culture. Meet the Natives UK (2007), five tribesmen from Tanna in the South Pacific made the journey to Britain to observe and participate in various aspects of the English culture. With it, the tribesmen would constantly analyze and compare Britain’s culture [and technology] from their own thusnbsp.providing viewers of an ethic perspective on the contemporary cultural phenomenon and social dilemmas from the perspective of men who are unaffected of globalization.nbsp.

Additional question for the reaction paper on Azevedo and Davis Religion in the Diaspora

Religion in the Diaspora The church may be considered as a congregation of the faithful that accept and practice theteachings and principles of Christianity (Allen 4). Their faith is built upon a described structure or beliefs. This paper will compare and contrast the features of the churches of North America and the Caribbean, and how they treated black people.
Both in the Caribbean and North America, the church upheld the belief that a God given order bonded black people to slavery and hence their enslavement was in conformity with Christianity (Allen 16). The church in both regions, prior to the 18th century, feared that baptizing and allowing the enslaved black population into Christianity would enlighten them and cause the spread of literacy and knowledge of the English language (Erskine 72). This would further enhance cohesiveness among the slaves, who would rebel against the established order and bring down the rate of production in the plantations.
In North America, even after the slave masters started allowing their slaves to receive church messages and teachings, they restricted the contents to those of submission (Allen 40). They were not permitted to get teachings on brotherhood, equality and love within the human society. On the contrary, in the Caribbean, the church played a role in supporting and educating newly freed slaves (Erskine 69). However, the refusal of the Protestant and Catholic churches to adapt to the cultures of the native black people forced them to break away and form their own churches.
In conclusion, churches in both regions were initially against the enlightening of black people, who were mostly slaves. Endless revolts in the Caribbean plantations, the Jamaican Baptist war and effects of the French Revolution forced the churches of the Caribbean to liberate black people (Erskine 72). In North America, Richard Allen brought into being the African American Church to fight against the equal rights granted to white and black people by the church (Allen 51). He termed the rights given to the black people as a means of control over them, and not based on the fact that the white and black races were equal.
Works Cited
Allen, Robert. Black Awakening in Capitalist America. New York: Doubleday, 1970. Print.
Erskine, Noel. Decolonizing Theory: A Caribbean Perspective. New York: Orbis Books, 1981. Print.

Teaching strategies

Importance of emotions in the learning process al affiliation Importance ofemotions in the learning process
Emotions play an imperative role in the shaping of an individual’s manner of reacting to life. According to Anders (2006) emotions play a major role in determining an individual’s success in learning various concepts. In relation to learning, emotions have been credited for their ability to impact on the learning process of individuals. If individuals cannot manage their emotions, whilst in the learning setting, these emotions are likely to be in command of the manner in which they grasp concepts in the classroom.
In the case of studying language, emotions play a vital role in learning of this language. In an instance whereby, learners learn a second language, it is most likely that they are bound to face major fears that emanate from anxiety, fear of failure or other off-putting emotions. Teachers may incorporate the use of role play in an attempt to teach English. Role play has been credited for its ability to allow learners develop a sense of creativity and innovativeness in the learning setting. During role play, learners are emotionally involved in learning, thus, makes it easier to grasp concepts in the learning English.
Use of group discussions has been credited for their implications on learning. It is during discussion groups that learners’ emotions are altered either positively or negatively. The tutor must fashion the learning groups in such a manner that learners are able to grasp concepts. Anders (2006) argues that, learning of language is only possible if the tutor is able to instill optimistic effect on learners. Learning in this context, is possible through creativity in the learners during English lessons, while others end up being creative especially on personal projects.
Emotions have also been credited for their ability to create an environment, which is favorable for learning language, if properly managed. Language learning works on the human memory and emotions in the learning environment. The learners, tutors and learning setting determine if language will be learnt at that particular time or if the learners will be totally disoriented while learning English. It is important that, human emotions are congruent, for concepts in language to be grasped by learners.
References
Anders, S. (2006). Understanding emotions. New York: Elsevier Publishers.

6 …

Which of the following is a key element in Hellison’s model for teaching personal and social

Question

6. Which of the following is a key element in Hellison’s model for teaching personal and social

responsibility?

A. Student behavior modification and discipline strategies

B. levels of student goal setting and development of self-control

C. rules and procedures for maintaining appropriate behavior

D. Etiquette and guidelines for sports and physical activities

English

6 …

Which of the following is a key element in Hellison’s model for teaching personal and social

Question

6. Which of the following is a key element in Hellison’s model for teaching personal and social

responsibility?

A. Student behavior modification and discipline strategies

B. levels of student goal setting and development of self-control

C. rules and procedures for maintaining appropriate behavior

D. Etiquette and guidelines for sports and physical activities

English

This week you

will submit a draft of your GMO Historical Timeline and Predecessor Assessment. This portion of
Running Head: GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS HISTORICAL TIMELINE Genetically Modified Organisms Historical Timeline
Name:
Institution:
Course:
Date: Introduction
GMO foods are an embedded portion…
English

This week you

will submit a draft of your GMO Historical Timeline and Predecessor Assessment. This portion of
Running Head: GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS HISTORICAL TIMELINE Genetically Modified Organisms Historical Timeline
Name:
Institution:
Course:
Date: Introduction
GMO foods are an embedded portion…
English

Media Analysis Essay minimum 500 words

Detailed instructions are attached.
Turn It In is utilized and must
Name
1 Name
Tutor
Course
Date
Lighting
The Scene is enhanced by theatrical or entertainment lighting. All the stage’s aspects are
pulled together by lighting. It is not just enough to illuminate…
English

Media Analysis Essay minimum 500 words

Detailed instructions are attached.
Turn It In is utilized and must
Name
1 Name
Tutor
Course
Date
Lighting
The Scene is enhanced by theatrical or entertainment lighting. All the stage’s aspects are
pulled together by lighting. It is not just enough to illuminate…
English