I hoped that the program would provide me with a broad overview of the interdisciplinary field of conflict analysis and resolution, introduce me to faculty and the work they are doing in this field, and help me to develop a framework for diagnosing and responding to conflicts within my personal area of interest. I also hoped to be engaged with program participants from a wide range of fields, such as education, business, human resource management, child and family development, social work, community development, mediation, criminal justice, communication, social work, ministry, and public service. I wanted to study family, neighbourhood, and divorce cases, hoping to receive some understanding of how to approach these conflicts.I am going to graduate this December with a Bachelors of Arts in Conflict Analysis and Resolution. If I could start my educational career at Mason again, I believe that I would choose CAR only as a minor, to supplement my skills in other disciplines. While I have learnt a lot from experiences here, the overriding focus on international conflict has been a detriment to me. Yes, I have been developing strong analytical and practical skills in order to better understand and respond to conflict dynamics, but it mostly applies to international conflicts, with a little attention to the community, and almost no attention to interpersonal conflicts. Simply put, it is not exactly what I expected. I had no idea that I would take the majority of classes to study International Conflict, with a few credits left for community conflict, and almost nothing for interpersonal conflict. I am aware and have no problem with the fact that the majority of ICAR students have concentrations in interpersonal conflict.From different conflict classes, I have learnt that conflicts are an inevitable part of people’s lives, a natural part of diversity and in the world of human relationships and that it is so important to train our minds to deal with conflicts effectively rather than trying to hide from them.
Quite the most prominent role, television is one of the best forms of entertainment in the society of today. A significant number of people all over the world watch television daily. In essence, the first invention of television happened in 1927. Many households have made the device one of the almost impossible items to live without in a family. Ideally, it is hard for someone to find a house that doesn’t have a television.The popularity of television is a great driving force for manufacturing companies. One of their most important goals is to look in the entertainment industry to establish a source of making TV programs more functional and elegant. As such, many television companies have developed smart television sets which run almost the same way as computers. They run various media applications for entertainment, have a higher screen resolution, and run multiple applications, to mention a few aspects. While there is a profound truth in the fact that the gadgets take up most peoples’ attention via entertainment media, the argument is whether people benefit from them or not. Looking into it below is a detailed discussion of the role of television in our life:It is an Important Source of EntertainmentAs seen earlier, people watch television for entertainment. Well, one may not know it, but it takes hard work and commitment to play several movies and channels. In essence, musicians, actors, actresses, and other social media figures come together to bring more sense to entertainment. Due to their effort, people are entertained occasionally. hence they do not experience boredom when they are in the house. During their free time, people get to watch popular media such as sports, telenovelas, animation, and movies, and other entertainment shows.One would agree that almost everyone has a favorite channel that excites them every time they switch on the TV. It is of more interest than even the old generation is at some point, intrigued by watching television. What’s more, the innovation and diversity of technology have increased its popularity beyond the borders of modern society. Nowadays, even families in rural areas have access to television sets. While the gadgets are known to bring family members to close together, people’s choices and the advent of technology prove that there’s more to it than an entertainment source and getting people close.The Devices are Important Educational ToolsTelevision has more to it than one can imagine. Other than being a source of media entertainment, television also adds sense to the lives of students who are in school. Primarily, many educational channels and programs add value to their lives rather than gluing them for other reasons. Children get exposure to different teachings and important practices that increase the value of life. Similarly, they also learn various discoveries that have made society a better place and the world at large.In the religious aspect of it, TVs also teach people how to source their spirituality. In the same light, it educates people to hold on to what they believe in firmly. These include their cultures and traditions. Television programs air or present multiple important cultural beliefs for various communities. As such, people get to learn and appreciate the significance of each source of culture in society. Many times, people think that watching television wastes one’s precious time. Well, they haven’t discovered the educational benefits that they can get from sitting in front of the gadget and watching various shows. People learn to do what they couldn’t do before most comfortably and conveniently. For instance, they know how to cook, exercise professionally, do important projects with the most available and cheapest tools, among other teachings. Simply put, television enhances one’s intelligence.Television is an Important Informing Tool for CommunicationThe gadgets disseminate information to millions of viewers across the globe to keep them updated with all current affairs of their surroundings. Primarily, one cannot think of a better and easy way of knowing what’s happening in the world without watching television. While there are other media devices such as radios for communication, many people prefer watching TV. Perhaps it’s because of its capacity to provide visual information on different programs.What’s more, television broadcasts news both globally and locally. Look at a newspaper, for example, as a source of communication. It wouldn’t be easy for you to read through every page of the paper to keep up with the current affairs. As part of evolved technology, the discovery of satellites has enhanced the broadcast of live television shows and several channels that inform. The communication satellite devices ensure that information is widespread on various programs on all corners of the earth.Some programs on TV are dedicated to creating awareness of various subjects. For instance, multiple channels are committed to providing information on matters that affect people’s lives. Such programs include those that give attention to diseases, fashion updates, tips to make home a better place, and how to live healthily.Television as a Source of Mass CommunicationTelevision plays a vital role in the lives of human beings. As part of an essential household item, it emphasizes and enhances the dynamic and modern nature of the society. Essentially, human beings have always sought easy ways that enhance communication to mankind also over the globe. As such, television is an excellent example of a device that enhances mass communication. It has become an easy and essential ingredient that passes information from one place to another. Moreover, history recorded the progression of man in the field of mass communication ever since the television was discovered. The development has enabled them to overcome barriers of mileage and time, which limit communication.Television has Brought More Sense to PoliticsTelevision has built a significant alliance via communication between politicians and reporters in the respective countries. Ideally, no candidate who is campaigning for a political seat can ignore a communication device that reaches millions of persons worldwide. In the political fields, television networks take their time to broadcast the interests and views of various political figures. They broadcast political speeches, conventions, and other programs of communication that cover the industry of politics. On that note, television is appreciated for bringing citizens and political figures closer.Television is a Good Companion when One is LonelyWhat would you do when you are home alone with nothing to do or no one to talk to? Well, one may argue that there is an option of sleeping or chatting on the phone. Apparently, you wouldn’t do any of the two the whole day. Thus, TV programs can keep your company any time you feel lonely. According to studies conducted by individuals such as Psychologists, the technical device is excellent at keeping one busy, to a point where one doesn’t realize that there’s no one else around. One experiences that feeling, particularly when watching a popular or favorite show.Television Promotes Social Surrogacy among IndividualsIn this world, the more you are informed, the better for you. The phenomenon of social surrogacy brings out the aspect of mind expansion when utilized in the right way. Studies have shown that human beings who watch television programs are more informed than those who do not watch television at all. Correspondingly, one who has acquired more knowledge is better equipped to succeed in life.As an aspect of knowledge, television also enhances creativity. Individuals learn vital skills that are necessary to solve problems. Subsequently, people also discover many activities that can make the world a better place. These include easy reusing or recycling materials for better disposal. Logically, individuals need each other to succeed. As such, television has ensured that individuals are exposed to inspirational programs and speeches to facilitate their success. By listening to individuals who have achieved their goals, they source easy skills that would help them to realize their dreams.ConclusionOne would agree that the innovation of the technical box has brought more good than harm to society. Other than a source of communication, other aspects that make it better are the fact that it continued to become cheaper as technology continues to diversify. Another advantage, the upgrade of the device gets better when people think they’ve seen it all. Innovations have people buying new television sets, in an attempt to keep up with the pace of programs, communication, and the moving technology. As much as television was innovated for the greater good, the time that people, particularly children, spend on it should be controlled.
Performance-based companies more frequently compensate sales and other staff at least partially on customer satisfaction scores. This type of business requires an effective and unique set of management tools in order to reach a customer and retain him. The aim of the paper is to prove, analyze and evaluate success factors of relationships and impact of these strategies on customer relations1.In order to build effective relations with customers, the organization and salespeople should investigate the preferences and needs of a customer group. In this case, salespersons should deal mainly with motivation, direction, and control. For example, effective communication has a great impact on sales, motivation, and direction. If management, therefore, can identify significant traits that indicate sales success, and test applicants for them, sales productivity should be increased2. To do this, some companies compare the characteristics of their most and least successful salesmen. Others start with sales tasks and objectives and impute the traits required. Still, others rely on general lists of characteristics of successful salesmen and try to establish tests that determine whether applicants have these traits.Although guidelines may be developed, particularly by analyzing sales-task requirements, there is no magic list of personal characteristics that assure success, since much depends on the motivation of individual salesmen. Procedures for selecting salesmen vary from simple informal interviews to interviewing committees aided by batteries of psychological tests. Companies are placing increasing reliance on test results, and many industries and firms have developed special psychological tests. To develop valid and reliable tests is a demanding activity3. Moreover, test results are not perfect predictors and should be considered simply another piece of information to be used in conjunction with other data.
Construction companies are an example of companies faced with high possibilities of developing crisis. This is due to the risky environment within which they operate that may result to an injury of their employees due to accidents, lawsuits that may be as a result of injured persons claiming compensation and also the possibility of laborers getting involved in boycotts due to poor salaries etc.A crisis is an event that occurs as a result of the disagreement between two or more people, or out of the conflict of interest on a subject which may result to disruption of normal activities. In businesses, a crisis can have negative effects on the financial status if they are not well handled. A crisis can occur due to natural disaster, human error or technological failure (Friedman 2003 p 85). Crisis management is the process through which a company dedicates its efforts to ensuring that threats that occur without the anticipation of the management are solved professionally and effectively.Unlike the risk assessment process which concentrates on the prevention of risks from occurring, crises management is concerned with managing threats that have already occurred (Reason 2002 p 51). It, therefore, requires understanding and experience in the field which is important in saving time and resources required in containing the threat. It involves various strategies and set guidelines which are followed when responding to threats. These guidelines include well-defined methods of solving threats that have already happened, the well-established definition of crisis into categories that would determine the response period and the communication between the various personnel involved in executing the response mechanismsThis refers to the challenges that face the construction industries. These industries are faced with many risks due to the working environment that pose danger to humans.
The progress of browsers in the early 1990s which facilitated web pages to be viewed in a graphical format in color after that brought the benefits of the Internet to a wider community. 3The World Wide Web was to develop at an exponential rate together in terms of the number of websites as well as users as shown in Figures 1. This changed some in the business community to its potential as a means of communication also as a sales and marketing channel. 4Thus the notion of the New Economy has been hit hard since the dot.com bubble burst in early 2000. NASDAQ, the high-tech stock index, shortly after soaring to slightly over 5,000 in the first quarter of 2000, dropped precipitously in the second and the third quarters of 2000, continuing its downward trend through 2002 to roughly one-fifth its peak value. 5But the problem ran deeper than the failure of most dot.coms to make a profit. The hype around the Internet during the late 1990s included a widely accepted statistic that Internet traffic was doubling every three months. Analysts estimate that Internet traffic actually grew at a rate closer to 100 percent a year. (Marc J. Epstein, 2004)This is still hefty by most standards, but nowhere near the volume that led more than a dozen companies to build expensive fiber-optic networks, most of which remain unused. 6Millions of miles of fiber-optic lines were buried beneath streets and oceans, but only an estimated 2.7 percent of this capacity is actually being used. Much of the remaining fiber could lie dormant forever. Meanwhile, the resulting fiber glut caused bandwidth prices to plummet by an average of 65 percent, forcing most of the long-haul data-transmission companies to file for bankruptcy protectionHence two major areas of technological innovation, the Internet and advanced telecommunications hailed as ushering in a new Industrial Revolution, and indeed did help fuel the remarkable economic boom of the late 1990s, in the end, seemedto be instrumental in triggering a recession and one of the worst stock market crashes in Wall Street history.
British companies were at the forefront of such practices in those early days leading to a situation when most parts of the world were ruled by Britain. In modern times, the situation is very different, now the world is a vastly different society with modern means of communication and technology, ideologies, international treaties etc. But the growing influence of Multi-National Corporations (MNCs) in almost all walks of life is being termed as a cause of worry by some analysts. What provides fuel to such concerns is the fact that these MNCs come from those very nations who were involved in such practices in those early days. Bodies like United Nations (UN) and World Trade Organisation (WTO) have been trying to implement a code of conduct for business practices, but at times these international organisations appear openly dependent on the so-called developed nations. Such international organisations have been asking for the reduction in cross border tariffs, international movements of people, global circulation of ideas, exchange of cultural values, increasing activities of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) or voluntary organisations etc.Media plays a very important role in telling the people about the values, ideas, opinions and culture of any country and organisation. Organisations hire Public Relation companies to undertake such tasks. Media is supposed to influence the communicative practices of individuals and institutions, which in turn influence the people and societies. Of late the growing influence of media in all spheres of life is leading to a belief that Media globalisation is indeed leading to a kind of cultural imperialism. Manuel Castells proposed the growth of an Information Communication Technology (ICT) dominated informational society in which the social interaction becomes dependent on the use of such technology.
The combination of a low-cost strategy and distinctive culture has allowed Southwest Airlines to position itself as an industry leader while remaining a very popular place to work.Southwest Airlines is truly unique among the major carriers in America. Started in 1966 by founder Rollin King, the company has moved from being a small shuttle between three cities in Texas to one of Fortune magazines’ most admired airlines in the world. The story of its evolution, from a rocky and difficult beginning fraught with litigation to today’s industry leader in the low-cost, no-frills segment leader is fascinating.The issues relevant to understanding the company and its success are many, but only two will be explored for the purposes of this paper. The first is Southwest’s entrance in, and leadership of, the market segment known as low-cost, no-frills. In the years immediately after the company was formed and developing its strategy, the concept of a budget airline was foreign to the industry. While all airlines are focused upon the safety of their passengers first, the primary carriers of that day targeted passenger services through a hub-and-spoke delivery system as their key secondary goal. After airline deregulation, budget airlines began to emerge. These have a different product and market strategy from the charter carriers…namely to offer low-price services. This business model was successfully developed for domestic services…most notably by Southwest Airlines (Doganis, 2002). The second major issue contributing to the success of Southwest Airlines is that of the corporate culture. Each company has a unique set of values and traditions, as reflected by the dress, conduct, and methods of communication within the organization. hence, its culture. As explored further herein, there could hardly be a more distinctive corporate culture than that of Southwest Airlines.
Children are not excluded from the cruelty of negative stories from the multiple methods of communication. This paper will explore the ways in which the constant stream of negative stories via multiple methods of modern communication impact on peoples emotional health (Clark 25). Further, the write up will discuss the possible consequences of negative stories, which include feelings of anxiety, stress and depression. Many people have had the opportunity of sitting in their homes, or waiting rooms while watching the news and other programs in the television, which disturbed their emotional balance. The negative events that are repeatedly emphasized by the news are emotionally distracting (Clark 28). Television sets at the airports are constantly filled with negative scenes that form part of the travelers’ memories causing anxiety to them during the flight. Nothing frightens people who are taking a flight more than the idea that the plane might be attacked or get hijacked. Fear can heighten an individual’s emotions resulting to anxiety. Individuals can adapt to feeling of anxiety and successfully deal with them if it happens only once. However, repeated negative information results to constant build up anxiety that develops to stress and eventually depression. Another instance that results to anxiety is watching tragic events in the television in a hospital waiting room (Clark 43). News of disease outbreak and the toiling number of people who have died from the disease will cause anxiety to a patient. Such news will increase the patients’ anxiety, as well as escalate their suffering and pain. Negative media stories have a negative effect on an individual’s mental health especially when they are suffering. Watching and listening to murder stories while you wait for a doctor in the hospital is extremely traumatizing (Clark 51). These stories are disturbing and menacing, and they impact negatively on an individual well being. The frightening accounts of destruction and death bring anxiety to the human psyche and eventually develop to more serious emotional conditions like stress and depression. The bad stuffs that form part of the news bulletins bring a lot of frustrations to people. They are paraded with mayhem and muck, and the stories that have the greatest shock value win the attention of media houses (Clark 55). The unfortunate side is that these stories are dehumanizing, and any time one watches such news he feels like emaciated. The influence of unenthusiastic news is not with reference to cultural wars or political philosophies. Torment is an unavoidable of element of an individual condition. people require information to be able to redirect their effort towards making the world a better place to live. However, our continuous access to every part of news that troubles comes with authentic shock on physical and mental health. A group of people were shown a movie that was featuring traumatic events (Clark 73). Most of them reported that they were experiencing symptoms that were associated en route for post traumatic stress disorder after watching the footage. Violent activities and encounters wear away our sense of safety and generate intense feeling of anxiety, stress, helplessness, fear and anger. Those people who watch negative events, and experience the anguish of those people whom are suffering have their emotional
The youth also start to effectively discover the roles of adults in the society such as relationships with others in the workplace and also their place in the community. Among adults, social skills are significant in upholding strong relationships at the family level as well as with peers. This helps in developing problem-solving skills that are significant in conflict resolution. In adolescents, social skills are known to positively impact their performance in school (Gladding 2006 p 61). Those who possess these skills are likely to establish a friendship with peers and are more tolerable to others. They are also known to do well in school due to the tendency of developing strong attentiveness in education.The process of developing a strong friendship from a normal association usually takes long. People usually find it difficult to link and preserve their relationship with associates, regardless of whether the relationship is nonsexual or romantic. Maintenance of social bonds is usually difficult particularly when people are not bound together by day to day activities such as occupation, family duties, or institutions where people share common values and beliefs. Through self-disclosure, personal information is shared with other people, leading to the development of intimacy as well as strong interpersonal connections. In other words, it involves the provision of information to others, which they may not be able to find out on their own (Roberts 2005 p 46).At certain times, self-disclosure involves taking risks by the individual who shares private information with others. This is because the information may be damaging especially when revealed to inappropriate persons who might be unable to keep it to themselves. For example, a person disclosing personal information about various challenges encountered in life would certainly expect it to be between him/her and the recipient of the information. It helps the other person to acquire information about the one who discloses information, thereby helping him to be capable of making predictions concerning the feelings and opinions of the individual.
All the senses are involved, and a back to back non-verbal communication between the speaker and the listener is important to show interest. Active listening requires a five-stage process that includes. receiving the message, understanding it, evaluation, always remembering, and responding appropriately (LEFEVRE, 2010).Active listening is very significant to one’s daily activities from maintaining a personal relationship, acquiring and entirely handling a job, taking lecture notes, and so on. It is also important in developing particular speaking skills and holistic strategies for understanding texts. Therefore, it leads to an understanding of facts, concepts, and ideas. Listening skills are also necessary to the employer since it leads to better customer satisfaction and greater productivity. Most importantly, it improves ones’ self-esteem and confidence, professional and academic excellence, and general well-being. Most successful entrepreneurs and leaders attribute their success to active listening. Active listening is the first step in learning and the greatest building block towards success (LEFEVRE, 2010). The general context that drives policy and practice to encourage listening to children and young people has developed over the years and are still receiving support world over. The main aims of the context seek to demonstrate the critical understanding of how policy and practice have developed listening and understanding children and young people. It outlines the general importance of listening to children and young people and the consequences that come with not paying attention to them. It attempts to analyze and describe the tension between control and care and how they have influenced the development of policy and practice. Finally, the context tends to debate and investigate critical issues around listening to children and young people. The primary driving force is to produce achievingand the active younger generation who will provide better outcomes for a brighter future.
In order for a client to fully understand his conflicts, he needs to re-experience significant scenes in his life that are responsible for it. The therapist is a trusted companion in the experience who helps him gain a better understanding of the consequences of such experience. It is believed that no matter how painful that experience is, the client needs to confront it with the help of creative techniques or experiments facilitated by a skilled therapist who uses his wise judgment and perfect timing in the choice of a productive experiment. The client needs to go through the painful experience again with more objective and sensitive thinking in the able company of the therapist. It is like gold going through the fire so that it can be refined and polished. The therapist needs to be thoroughly trained in reading and interpreting a client’s verbal and more importantly, non-verbal communication and adept enough in bringing out the real feelings and thoughts of the client out in the open.Gestalt theories seem to have borrowed ideas from Psychoanalytic theories and modified it to suit its own theories. Its channels of resistance to contact parallels Freud’s defense mechanisms. Likewise, it delves deep into an individual’s dreams. Such focus on deep, underlying meanings behind a person’s actions and speech entails thoroughness and depth in the study of the unconscious.The wisdom expected of a Gestalt therapist is reminiscent of the biblical Joseph the dreamer who has used his gift of interpreting dreams accurately to win the favor of men while giving glory to God, as he always acknowledged that the interpretation of the dreams came from Him. Joseph was humble enough to admit that God was only using him as an instrument to uncover truths.If Joseph’s ability for dream interpretation is natural, a Gestalt therapist is acquired through careful study.
Some of these scholars choose to define interpersonal communication based on the number of participants and the current situation as is seen in the case of Dainton Zelley (2011), who states that interpersonal communication essentially occurs between two individuals if these individuals are nearby. The communication, in this case, is seen to occur to utilize multiple senses and provide immediate feedback. Interpersonal communication has also been variously defined based on the actual degree of perceived quality or personalness in a given interaction (Kolodziej, 2011). According to this perception, interpersonal communication essentially occurs between persons that are found to be more than acquaintances. To help the two of you understand interpersonal communication, we can argue that interpersonal communication essentially encompasses a number of these definitions. In this cause we can point out that interpersonal communication includes messages that are seen to occur between two independent persons. These messages are usually offered to define, initiate, further, or maintain a given relationship.As a couple, you should understand that interpersonal communication provides several key concepts that if well utilized can be used in providing you with a better understanding of relationships. These concepts are seen to help in explaining why people tend to behave how they do as well as why some relationships succeed and others eventually fail. If utilized correctly, these concepts can be of great aid in improving your relationship and ensuring that it succeeds.One of these key concepts is the concept of stages in a relationship. According to Ehrlich (2000), it was Mark Knapp who first offered an interesting paradigm explaining the development of relationships with a significant other in 1967. Harvey Omarzu (2006) point out that Knapp suggested that relationships generally underwent a series of about ten stages that range from initiating, experimenting,g and intensifying through to stagnation, avoidanceand eventually termination.
Center of discussion in this paper is the company that has a global reputation in fashion. It has many stakeholders who have helped build a global reputation. The contribution of stakeholders to the welfare of the company is very crucial. The company strives to maintain a high level and effective communication with its stakeholders. Marks and Spencer has both internal and external stakeholders. Internal stakeholders include the staff, management, owners, and shareholders. Staff and management devote time working for the company in order to earn a source of livelihood. Approximately, the company has 78000 workers. On the other hand, owners stand as internal stakeholders because the company’s profits are a source of income to them. Shareholders provide the company with capital of expansion while anticipating an increased a higher value of their shares as the company continues to make profits. On the other hand, it has stakeholders from the external front who include customers, suppliers, competitors or substitutes and the public. The customers play a very crucial role as stakeholders. They buy the company’s products to derive a form of utility from them and through this way, the company’s sales increase. Suppliers form the other category of external stakeholders of the company. Through the sale of goods to the company, they gain profits while the company utilizes the supplies in its business. The public forms a larger category of stakeholders because the company’s products create an impact on the welfare of the society. … Each of the stakeholders exerts a form of pressure that affects the standing of the company. Therefore, the type of communication and relationship that the company maintains with each of the stakeholders affects it. This has necessitated the company to have different forms of communication with each of its stakeholders. Relationship of the Organization with its Stakeholders The founders of Marks and Spencer emphasized on the importance of maintaining an effective and trustworthy relation with its stakeholders at all times. The basis of the relationship is the crucial value of trust. Trust has been the company’s value for the company for a long time. The company’s corporate and social responsibility department concentrates on formulating strategies of trust enhancement. The company strives to stay updated on the expectations of its stakeholders as circumstances change. For example, the emerging need for production and promotion of healthy food products has placed higher expectations from the customers. In addition, the public expects the company to maintain the trust by producing products that present limited adversity to the environment. The company has to maintain its trust with stakeholders at different fronts because the future of the company depends on these stakeholders (L’Etang, and Pieczka, 2006:216-225). In all of its dealings, the company believes strongly in using the right approach to tackle the right things. Marks Spencer and its Customers Customers form the most important category of stakeholders of any organization. The same applies for Marks and Spencer. According to Davis (2010), the company realizes this important aspect and makes efforts to
Penny Company Inc. is one of the largest chains of American mid-range department stores, catalog, and e-commerce retailers. with headquarters in Piano, Texas. It operates over 1, 100 departmental stores in U.S’s 50 states, Mexico, Chile and Puerto Rico (JC Penney 2012). It also runs 49 Renner department stores in Brazil.J.C. Penny began as a partnership between James Cash Penney, Guy Johnson and Thomas Callahan on April 14, 1902. The three created two more stores. In 1907, Johnson and Callahan dissolved their partnership and Penney purchased a full interest in all three locations. In order to be closer to banks and railroads, Penney moved his company headquarters to Salt Lake City, Utah in 1909. The stores expanded and by 1912, there were 34 stores in Rocky Mountain States. The following year, all the stores were consolidated under the name J.C. Penney with William Henry McManus as co-founder. The company’s expansion was mainly due to its diversity of products and affordability. After much struggle in the 1970s, following stiff competition from upstart companies such as Wal-Mart that sold goods at discounted prices, the company reverted to a fashion-oriented marketing strategy in the 1980s. It also moved its headquarters from New York to Texas, which reduced operational costs. The company was the first to sell zero-coupon bonds in the public market. JCP stores are mainly located in suburban shopping malls, which is strategic in its operations. With about 1100 stores in America’s 50 states as well as Puerto Rico and Mexico, it is the second largest department store retailer and the largest catalog merchant in America. J.C Penny mainly targets juniors. The company focuses on value-priced fashion with an emphasis on classification and key-items focussed merchandising. JC Penney focuses on its pricing vis-a-vis its competition. Also, it focuses on providing mid-tier fashions in the malls. Its stores are located in attractive markets, that attract customers. It increasingly incorporating Sephora inside its locations, aimed at upgrading customers’ experiences in the stores. For the year ending January 2012, the company made sales totaling $17,260.0M and realized an annual growth of 2.8%. its net income for the year amounting to $152.0M (JC Penny 2012). 1.Background of Sears Holdings Corporation. Sears Holdings Corporation is America’s fourth-largest broad-line retailer with over 4,000 full-line and specialty retail stores in the U.S. and Canada. Its headquarters are based in Hoffman Estates, Ill. It became a multi-channel store when it opened its first store to complement its catalog channel which was launched in 1886 (Sears 2009). It provides quality merchandise and exceptional service, leading in the retail of appliances, tools, lawn and garden, consumer electronics, and automotive repair and maintenance. The company provides diversified products through a wide range of retail channels. It was crowned the 2011 Energy Star Retail Partner of the year. Its leading brands are Kenmore, Craftsman and Diehard along with broad apparel offering including well-known labels as Lands’ End, Jaclyn Smith and Jose Boxer, the Apostrophe and Covington brands. It is the country’s leading home service provider with over 11 million calls made annually.
Imagery can be described as instantaneous visual, tactile and auditory impressions created through nouns and adjectives (Kelly and Hacht 2004, p. 45 Imagery appeals to emotions and feelings force us to become active readers and ‘doers’ of events and actions depicted in poetry.Imagery connects us to understanding through the generalization of concepts and notions depicted by a poet. In poetry, imagery serves as a bridge to communication between voice and audience. The symbol in poetry fosters a movement between the realm of the imaginary, the poetic content, and the real, the audience eager to interpret the content. In many cases, the generalizing statement is connected with the illusory nature of communication between poet and reader. Symbolic imagery in poetry invites depth and a variety of interpretations but does not seek to avoid contact with concrete reality.Some authors choose to write poetry because it allows them to express ideas and thoughts more clearly and concisely than in fiction. Whether linked to scenes painted in the past or present tense, poetry frequently manages to transcend temporal limits and invite the reader or audience into the mind of the subject or main character. Poetry allows a writer to use such specific techniques as alliteration, rhyme, and meter. These techniques add emotional tension and allow the poet to stress the main ideas and thoughts. In contrast to fiction or non-fiction, the repetition clearly strengthens the captivating rhythm of poems. Also, poetic elements and concise language help the poet to maintain cohesiveness at the temporal level through the repetition of the same verb in the same tense, which pose a gradual movement from the broad to the narrow. Of course, the utterance of the poetic word, or the reading of it, inevitably establishes an immediacy of time and place (Kelly and Hacht 2004). This effect either supports or contradicts the content of the poem, depending on the verb tenses and spatial references it employs.
Hence it will be equivalent to a contract only when an offeree, in this case, all the people who view the advertisement, shows a final and unqualified acceptance of the terms of the offer. In the case of Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co1, the placing of an ad where there was a promise to pay 100 pounds on the fulfillment of certain conditions was held to be an offer because the words of the advertisement showed that there was an intention to be bound if anyone accepted. On the same basis, TGT’s ad will be equivalent to an offer.However, the offer of payment will amount to a contract only if there is a final and unqualified acceptance of the terms of the offer. As McKendrick states, for a contract to be valid, there must be a definite offer mirrored by a definite acceptance.2 The time factor, in this case, is part of the offer, since TGT has specified a definite time and if offeree’s fail to accept the offer within the specified time, it will automatically expire.3 In the case of Joseph, TGT has received his review only after the stipulated time period of the offer, i.e, the 25th has expired. Acceptance will be said to occur when the offeree’s words or conduct can give rise to an objective reference that he/she has assented to the terms offered.4 Therefore, Joseph’s communication of the review to TGT may be deemed to be an acceptance because he is acting in accordance with the requirements of the offer, i.e, preparing a review and sending it to TGT.However, the Courts may not hold TGT liable for paying the 50 pounds to Joseph for his review, the reason being that they did not receive the review in time. According to Lord Denning, no contract will come into existence unless and until the acceptance has been communicated to the offerer5. An offer cannot be accepted by the offeree unless and until the offer is communicated to him/her and silence cannot be construed to be accepted.
GuideStar seeks to strengthen the role of CSOs through transparent reporting, which will serve to make the CSO more visible, and thus, more able to receive a fair contribution of resources for its programs and initiatives. In addition to supporting the growth of individual CSOs, GuideStar strives to create clear communication between the stakeholders involved, including the CSO, donors (governmental bodies and citizens) and supporters. In order to support these objectives, GuideStar has two visions: first, the systems employed by GuideStar will be running in over 30 countries, which will provide a comprehensive database of information that will create global networks, and promote trans-national charity. second, information on the operations and objectives CSOs will become available to its stakeholders, and this transparency will ensure that programs of value will be more likely to receive the funding necessary on a voluntary basis. The central vision involves the effective and generous allocation of [society’s] resources to legitimate and deserving CSOs (GuideStar International, 2011).GuideStar started in 1994 in the U.S. by founder Buzz Schmidt, and has become the US’ premier non-profit database and is used extensively by most philanthropic institutions, non-profit organizations, corporations, individual donors, and government grant-making agencies and regulators (GuideStar International, 2011). After receiving the award of Non-profit Executive of the Year in 2001, the company expanded to the UK, where it launched a web service that provided information about charitable organizations in the UK. This has resulted in generating world interest in implementing the GuideStar system into global CSOs.The central founding figures in GuideStar are Buzz Schmidt, William H. Dietel, Dr. Virginia Hodgkinson, and Lady Hilary Browne-Wilkinson.
As such, this paper seeks to describe how Nike Fuel Band is currently utilizing each of the components of the IMC mix mentioned above. Nike, a giant in manufacturing and selling athletic and other sporting related products has announced a new and more colourful Nike+ FuelBand SE that will be available on 6th November 2013. According to Berg (2013), this product enables users to track individual sessions and see the points earned in real time. The band is still largely based around Fuel points. The image below shows how the fuel band looks like. Given that this is a new product in the market, Nike ought to utilize the IMC Promotional Mix in order to successfully market the product to the targeted audiences. Advertising is a very effective strategy that can be used by Nike in order to market this new product. As stated by Kotler Armstrong (2010), advertising can reach masses of geographically dispersed people at low cost and it enables the seller to repeat messages. For instance, television advertising can reach huge audiences and this is the reason why this strategy is ideal for this new product. Nike is also given the opportunity to say something positive about the brand and it can use integrated media such as print as well as broadcasting services to advertise this product to the targeted customers across the globe. Direct marketing involves the use of SMS, direct mail, online marketing as well as telephone and it is designed to promote dialogue between the marketing team and the consumer (Kotler Armstrong, 2010). In order for Nike to successfully utilise this strategy, the marketers need to identify the people they can target in the first place and then compile a list. This can be a very effective strategy since it is intended to build one to one relationships between the marketers and the customers of this product. The other strategy that can be used is that Nike can target institutions of learning or other important gatherings specifically meant for sport and try to create personal contacts with enthusiasts in sporting activities. This contact list can then be used to send direct messages to the targeted customers so that they may be attracted to buy this new product. The other effective strategy is the use of internet marketing. This is the application of the internet and related digital technologies to achieve marketing objectives, (Strydom, 2004, p. 240). The main advantage of using this particular strategy is that the company can be in a position to reach a wide range of people located in diverse backgrounds. The internet is fast and it enhances marketing communication in various ways. It enables the company to carry out market research and it can also enable the marketers to interact directly with their customers regardless of the distance that may exist between them. Through the use of specially designed website, Nike can appeal to the interests of as many people as possible since research has shown that online business has significantly gained prominence over the past years. The other advantage for Nike in using this strategy is that it has a two way communication channel such that the marketers can get feedback from the customers about their perceptions towards the new Nike FuelBand. Sales promotion is a strategy that seeks to attract the customers and offers them strong incentives to buy the product (Kotler
An effective communication process in the partnership program enables to obtain significant benefits to accomplish overall objectives, and it also provides efficient support to sustain effective understanding among the partners (Fitzgerald Kay, 2008). The concept of partnership programme is usually formed between different individuals or agencies with shared interest. With this particular concern, it has been observed that the partners within the context of partnership working need to be much cooperative as well as better communicators for the motive of accomplishing a co-ordinated service (Thanet District Council, 2008). The paper intends to briefly discuss the notion of partnership working and its significant aspects including policy as well as practice implication, required skills and quality concerning partnership working. … Partnership Working and its Importance Partnership working is considerably recognised as one of the effective approaches that involve adequate communication and coordination between the individuals or groups to achieve shared objectives. An effective partnership can be recognised more beneficial for an organisation in terms of achieving competitive position through efficiently addressing the challenges that are generated within the business process. A successful partnership approach involves various elements that are significantly relevant to achieve interests of each individuals or groups. In an organisation viewpoint, adequate process of communication, coordination as well as cooperation is the major elements of an effective partnership programme. In order to identify the major elements of partnership programme, an effective form of communication among the partners is also essential, which facilitates the construction of a favourable relation between the partners. Moreover, an effective form of communication can also reduce possible risks which can hinder the overall performance of the programme (Branfield Beresford, 2006). Importance of Partnership Working The significance of partnership working has been experienced by different individuals, agencies, groups or organisations by a significant degree (Department of Health, 2008c). An effective partnership working generally involves the deliverance of co-ordinated packages that ensures to improve the practices of each individual within the business or operational process. It also facilitates the groups or organisations to effectively handle the issues which impose adverse impact upon the process. An effective partnership working amid the agencies or organisations can also provide beneficial
Today’s age is the age of information. We proudly use terms like ‘knowledge society’ or ‘knowledge economy’ to refer to our highly developed and rapidly advancing society. Today we have multiple modes of communication to access a variety of target audiences effectively. When looked from the perspective of a marketer or marketing communication planner, these advancements are an opportunity as well as a challenge. It is an opportunity because now the marketers are available with a number of options to choose from, in order to make sure that their products and the key messages reach the target audience successfully. (Varey 2002) It is a challenge because of the fact that every day newer modes of communication are being invented and more rapid to that is the accelerated rate of using these modes creatively. Those marketers who still rely solely on the traditional methods and deny any chances of creativity in the marketing communication, they are ultimately at high risk, in most of the cases, of being left behind by the more creative marketing communication plans, which are capable of appealing the customers in a more efficient manner, provided the claims in these communication plans are supported by the product availability and quality. (Taylor 2004) The knowledge society is not the only dimension that the marketers need to consider, rather there are multiple dimensions that need to be considered and duly taken care of while conceiving, developing, and implementing the communication plan. These factors include the changing behaviors and preferences of the target audience, the need for the product, availability of alternatives, communication plans of the competitors, and so on. Thus it is imperative for the marketing communication planner to take into account all these factors while developing a marketing communication plan. (Hooley et. al 1984).In a recent market research report by Market Assessment Publications Ltd, there are more than 70% of the household are already having an audio hi-fi system. It is also reported that many households possess more than one.
Some of the factors they have found include employee pay, promotion, supervision, fringe benefits, contingent rewards (performance-based rewards), operating procedures (required rules and procedures), co-workers, nature of work and communication.Job satisfaction is important to both employees and employers because they both benefit from a perfect fit. In other words, when an employee is happy in their job, they seem to perform better. As they perform better, the employer makes a profit. Organizations often struggle to keep employees satisfied to maintain their top talent and grow their company. Companies find that the behaviour within the culture of an organization must match those behaviours that the employee finds important to feel satisfied. Lastly, it could imply that if the organizational culture behaviours do not match employee’s expectations, employees may move to a different company that has a better overall fit. Loughborough (1995), wrote, The concept of job satisfaction derives from our reflection about different ways that people experience their job. It is clear that some people enjoy their work, while others dislike their jobs intensely (p.37).In final consideration, this is why applied research provides a thorough, complete, and tailored system for acquiring information. understandable an organization that desires to be productive, efficient, and informed they need to have the tools and resources to facilitate their goals. The argument of this thesis and the position of the researcher is that in order to extensively examine and add to the research of job performance and its perceived impact on job satisfaction that an empirical examination deserves immediate consideration.The significance of this research is to understand the importance of the correlation between job performance and its perceived impact on job satisfaction. Moreover, there are many models on job performance and much of the literature deals with the employee’s view of what job performance is, and why they are satisfied.
A workplace is not only a common roof under which people work and implement productivity in order to fulfill certain tasks but also serves as a ground for employer-employee interaction and also amongst employees. In this era of competition and increasing hours of work and pressing deadlines, disputes, and dissatisfaction are common occurrences. Such disputes show a greater tendency to crop up between employers and their employees, rather than within the employee community to a large extent. Next, the intervention of Employment Law and the existence of the Employment Contract is explained, in the context of the rights and duties prescribed to the employers and employees.Further, moving on to Collective Dispute and Bargaining, a clear distinction is brought about between the concept and that of Individual Dispute and Bargaining, with reference to the Employment Law. The paper attempts to point out that the Employment Law has supported Individual Bargaining. A final conclusion supporting the fact that the Law succeeds in supporting the resolution of Individual Disputes and Bargaining to a greater degree, than that of Collective Bargaining.It is but natural that when numerous individuals come together with different sets of values and temperaments. More importantly, it occurs between employers and employees due to varied reasons, such as differences in viewpoints and opinions, expectations, terms, and conditions. and the output generated. Here is an analysis of the varied causes that could lead to the employer-employee dispute and conflict.Poor Communication: One of the prime causes of the disputes that arise between employers and employees, is poor communication. When one or both the parties are not explicit or detailed and clear in their expression of a certain idea or expectation, it perhaps does not reach out to the other party.
Marketing is now focused on external factors in the organization and aims at increasing the overall sales and maximizing profits. Marketing has a large number of meanings in different areas. Marketing is described as the performance and execution of business activities that are responsible for directing the flow of services and products from the initial producers to consumers. It is also known as the process of performing, planning, promotion, pricing, and distribution of goods, ideas, and services to create exchanges that lead to the achievement of organizational objectives and individual satisfaction. Marketing is referred to as a function of the organization and processes that involve the creation, communication, and delivery of value to consumers and management of customer relationships to benefit stakeholders and the organization.Although the marketing concept was developed in ancient times, the concept received more attention and development during the industrial revolution experienced in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. During the industrial revolution, there was an advancement in technology, rapid social change, and scientific innovation.According to Davis (2013), marketing began informally in 1741 when the first magazine was produced. Additional development in marketing was experienced in 1800 when first billboards were used to attract public attention and to convert the attention to sales. The development of marketing has been experienced through different phases as illustrated by White (2010). Thesimple trade erawas the first era in marketing. The simple trade era was characterized by the limited supply of goods and services, utilization of hands for production, and focus on economic activities. The simple trade era ended in the mid-19th century after lasting for several decades from civilization period.In the mid-19th century, the production era replaced the simple trade era during the industrial revolution period.
A community is where a collection of people owns a common interest or a common place to live. There are several types of communities. These include national community, international community, virtual community, etc. In a living community people may have different beliefs, resources, preferences and needs. Regardless of these differences the members in the community remain devoted to the idea of joining hands together to improve enhance their lifestyle. In a successful community people are active. People want their children to enhance their learning skills and participate in healthy integrated activities. Efforts to improve lifestyles are also done. A successful community can be formed by joining hands together for this initiative. Several practices are recommended to initiate a successful community partnership. These practices can be carried out by communities of a small or a larger scale.The Partnership will result in healthy outcomes providing excellent results for children and their families. Other groups having this common interest can be invited to join in. Moreover, several meetings can be scheduled which will lead to participation of several groups. In this way, new ideas will be explored along with the addition of funds and resources. Communication is necessary to form a discourse community. A significant step is to remain patient. To achieve the desired outcome groups must remain firm. It may require a little time before things start to work accordingly. Early Head Start (EHS) is a foundation which works to assist low-income families. This foundation serves infants, toddlers and pregnant women. EHS has made a series of goals. These goals include the need for primary education for parents to meet up with their needs and to provide for their children efficiently. EHS also works to make sure the children are in a safe environment. Other communities are also made to participate in the generation of funds and resources. EHS has several services. These services include, center-based services for children in their early stages. Home-based services include weekly visits to the helped families to help maintain them. Moreover, Family Child Care Services provides educational funds for the children. (Eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov)I live in Maple Leaf Dr,League City. It is an active community where adults and children are always witnessed indulge in their activities. A school bus is responsible to pick and drop the children to the nearby school. In this way, adults which do not work from home do not have to worry about dropping their children to school. My community continues to thrive and work for a better future, due to which It can be positively be considered of good quality. People assemble their garbage in the corner of their houses from where it is collected. Gardening is also actively practiced. In this way, lawns are maintained keeping the environment clean. People are responsible for their safety. Community members remain active so theft is best avoided. Noise pollution is the least as my community is a distance away from industries. People have built their own houses. Some are also living on rent. Most of the people in my community work from home, the rest move out to other businesses. A departmental store was opened nearby few years ago. This makes it easier for the community members to purchase grocery easily. Although malls are a distance far from the community. Hospital is a few kilometers away. A family clinic is present within the community. This clinic holds a pharmacy too. Last year a Bake Sale was held by the community. This Bake Sell involved children to participate too. Little girls enhanced their baking skills. The income generated was spent on the water filtration plant. This local plant made clean drinking water available for the community`s residents. With the passage of time the community has changed. New people have moved in while a lot have left too. The departmental store now holds electronics too. A section of kids is also opened. Unfortunately, the community`s library is not welcoming books of new genres. This is due to lack of funds.
The dynamics of Web 2.0 have been modified to reflect the true purpose of creating new avenues of communication that have never been utilized. The whole essence of Web 2.0 is to generate means of cloud computing in which collaboration and discussion is encouraged. In this particular scenario, blogs can be critical towards achieving Salford Sports Village goals. One of the critical things to implement in order to thrive in blogging is understand search optimization engine key words. In essence, search engines such as Google tend to send spider bots that crawl and search for key words whenever an individual types in the Google search bar. A successful blogger must understand this technique and use it to their advantage. Blogging for this specific purpose is to clearly transition from subject matter to another subject in a very transitive manner. For example, blogging should be conducted and discussing the advantages of sports and community. Using keywords such as sports, community, football, street, parks and recreation, stress reliever can tremendously help. Another huge element towards expanding this horizon is offering free services. For instance, giving a free view of upcoming programs in the community can really engage all the individuals, which can boost clicks on the webpage. The best thing Suzane can do is write something along the lines ofToday, I have realized that the parks and recreation center needs drastic improvements. I had a brilliant opportunity to visit the Glenside Public District which has transformed the dynamics of their recreation. They have implemented a senior center that has been a catalyst for healthy aging. The kids have an amazing new playground that accommodates to their needs. Moreover, creating a playground for the kids is a long-term investment because it will add value to the community. Since tax money already is allocated, hiring construction workers will also raise employment and the value of the community. One of the key things to exploit is to get sponsorship from outside vendors. Suzanne must overcome the challenge of a budget and seek outside resources through blogs, videos, audio podcasts that will continue to grab attention. Blog post 2 – Write a blog post (100+ words) that embeds a relevant image and/or video combines with text that shows Suzanne Bolt how visual media can help her achieve Salford Sports Village goals, 21 November Deadline for posting for maximum marks (paste the blog post url into the Reflection section of your assignment – see page 3) The best way to advertise oneself is through youtube because of many reasons. First and foremost, Youtube allows individuals to sign up for a policy in which the user uploads videos that Youtube will compensate the user for. Moreover by clicking the subscription button, individuals are allowed to penetrate the online community because people will constantly receive updates on new videos posted. It is crucial that Suzanne continues to make videos that engage people to discuss ideas and
It defines their values, beliefs and relationships. Knowledge of the Dreaming has promoted the development of the land. The aboriginals have many dreaming stories, which describe their own origins and how the landscape was formed. They also serve to teach children about various things, such as the world of nature and spirit, right and wrong behaviour, and social norms. As such, they are not merely stories, but expressions of their belief system that once also involved ritual and totemic associations (Tunbridge, 1988). In fact, they describe the history of the people, which was rich in culture and oral literature. Behavioural lessons include examples for demonstrating the importance of good manners, sharing, honesty, respect for elders, etc. The American ethnographer, Deborah Bird Rose, observed, the inherent ethos of the Dreaming regarding human behaviour can be summarised as four basic laws … [which] emphasise balance, response, symmetry and autonomy (McBride, 2000: 4). Balance is necessary for a system to be able to enhance the quality of life, and each part shares responsibility for sustaining itself and for balancing the others. Response emphasises the reciprocity of communication, and it reminds of the obligation to learn, understand, pay attention and respond. Symmetry ensures the parts in a balance are equivalent and that no one dominates another. Autonomy stresses, authority and dependence are necessary within parts, but not between parts (Rose, 1993: 4-5 in McBride, 2000: 5), so no species, group or country should lead over another. A number of further important aspects of The Dreaming also deserve attention. One of these is that it assumes a considerable knowledge on the part of listeners. In particular, there are allusions which can only be understood by those with comprehensive linguistic and cultural knowledge (Tunbridge, 1988: xxx). Even an outsider who is culturally immersed would find some points difficult to grasp, and some would only be able to be understood by the initiated. However, this shows the need to study a narrative within the context of its roots. Another aspect is change and ‘death’, which are dynamic qualities. For example, there are some accounts of the substitution of species, some site locations become lost due to changes in the social environment, and the accounts too sometimes change as they do in space. The latter demonstrates the need for adaptation due to both physical and social changes. As far as the characters in The Dreaming are concerned, the spirits (nguthuna) feature a lot besides people (yuras), animals, etc. They can assume a variety of forms including mammals and birds, but they have human powers and more besides. They also appear in various social relationships. Sometimes they appear as first stage initiates (vardnapas), sometimes with adult responsibilities, whereas sometimes they are punished for unacceptable behaviour. The Dreaming also leaves behind certain ‘signs’ as evidence of the reality of events. These indicate the spiritual ancestors’ presence or passing. Sometimes a character could even leave multiple images behind during an event, which are different manifestations. These include marks such as in the form of rock carvings. All of these provide evidence that a Dreamtime Spirit has passed through the place and that the places
Secondly, both of them emphasize on police-community relationship, whereby there is emphasis on communication through mutual understanding, even though such communication is practiced and projected on different levels in both programs. Thirdly, both programs deploy target hardening together with augmented community participation as part of their crime prevention initiative. This is evident through the assignment of specific officers and patrol officers in conducting security surveys (McElvain, Kposowa, Gray, 2013). The major difference between NYPD Crime Control Model and the Community policing is that, community policing initiative focuses more so on the three Rs of decentralized policing (McDonald, 2002). That is rapid reactions, random patrols, as well as reactive investigations. However, NYPD Crime Control Model focuses on the refined three Rs principles, and which entails directing police resources to modern crime-control strategies, rather than just observing the three Rs principles alone (McDonald, 2002). In other words, the NYPD Crime Control Model key mission and duty of the police is to prevent crimes, while the key mission and responsibilities of police under community policing is to respond to crimes and which is pegged on numbers of arrests, clearance rates, in addition to response time. (McDonald, 2002). CompStat emphasizes on risk taking instead of risk adversity through an accountability-focused strategies and management principles. Community policing has feel-good collaborative frameworks through its watered-down departmental versions, as the objective is to lessen policing to just standard regulations and routines (Walsh Vito, 2004). Thus, the community-relation specialists under community policing are tasked in performing uncomplicated and repetitive functions, which requires no discretion. As such, the police role is to be law enforcers instead of also entailing crime prevention. In particular, success under community policing is measured by number of arrests made rather than the level and number of crimes being committed (McDonald, 2002). However, the NYPD Crime Control Model acknowledges long-term service delivery with specific objectives, like decreasing drug sales by a certain percentage of the in general crimes. Furthermore, the model focuses on attaining precise and timely intelligence, so as to direct resources and personnel to crime areas. Hence, the police officers, patrol officers and detectives are deployed more efficiently compared to community policing (McDonald, 2002). On the contrary, Community policing does not place a huge emphasis on crime data or even communication between principal law enforcers, but on making the public to feel that the police are existing. It is this difference that community policing is known for making police leaders together with their units to operate independently. As a consequence, the patrols are not held liable for crimes within their geographic regions since investigations are conducted by specialized units separately, in order to attain their own individual objectives (McDonald, 2002). However, NYPD Crime Control Model ensures that patrols are held accountable for crimes in their region, and that, investigators and specialized units support them in patrol activities, so as to attain a common objective under an accountability framework. The assumption in community policing is that commanders are better able to conduct decisions solely, as they are filled with wisdom and creativity in fighting crimes compared to their line officers (McDonald, 2002).
Company profiles of Cadbury and Nestle Cadbury limited, founded in 1824 and headquartered in London, is one of the world’s largest candy makers to share 10 percent of the market. It produces and sells confectionary products offering chocolate bags, boxes and tins and chocolate bars and drinks. It is world’s second largest chewing gum makers and has merged to be a multi-million multinational company (Bloomberg Business Week, 2013). Nestle, a food and beverage multinational company headquartered in Vevey, Switzerland, is world’s No-1 food and Drink Company in terms of sales and world’s leader in coffee market. It is world’s top bottled water maker and biggest frozen pizza maker and is one of the most reputed brands name across the world (Hoovers.com, 2013). Objectives and Vision A business organization needs to describe the purpose and major objectives for which the organization exists. Objectives of an organization provide information, direction and inspiration to explicitly outline the future of the firm. The vision of a firm consists of practical ideals that offer certain goals to be accomplished in terms that can be evaluated (Hitt, Ireland and Hoskisson, 2011, p. 18). For Cadbury, quality is its promise as its reputation has been built upon quality and it promises to ensure quality in its six products line- confectionary, candy, desserts, gums, snacks and beverages. Its objectives include delivering superior shareholder returns, managing resources efficiently to ensure growth and achieve high performance. With its vision to be the biggest and the best confectionery company in the world, Cadbury always attempts to deliver supreme values and quality so as to become the best and biggest confectionary company in the world (Bloomberg.com, 2013). Nestle promises ‘Good Food, Good Life’ to provide best tasting, fresh and nutritious choices in a different segments of food and beverage to its targeted markets. Nestle’s objective is to become the leader in nutrition, health and wellness trusted by all its stakeholders (Nestle, 2012). Its vision is to ‘be a leading, competitive, nutrition, health and wellness company that delivers improved shareholder value’ (Nestle.co.za, 2013). Organizational Culture and Structure Organizational structure in a firm designates formal relationship including number of levels in the management hierarchy and grouping together of individuals in to departments to ensure effective communication, coordination and integration of efforts among departments (Daft, 2010, p. 90). Organizational culture is a system of shared values, beliefs and assumptions that are established in an organization so as to influence and motivate people towards achieving the desired goals. Cadbury employs more than 4500 employees in over six countries. In 2009, the company has eliminated the regional structure to operate seven business units and leverage the category leadership across its markets. At Cadbury, the board of directors plays vital roles and responsibilities for overall management and performance and for the approval of long-term objectives. As shown in the diagram, the span of control and communication is spread among different
Because of the nature of this new mode of computer interaction, this technology is now referred to as natural user interface. In terms of the core functionality of this technology, it’s noted that this technology is primarily concerned with visibility in terms of the main computer menus. Such interfaces have a history dating back to the 1960s, with multiple-touch systems debuting in the 1980s. prominently these interfaces have existed within game design and electronic input devices such as musical instruments. Still, one recognizes that such incorporations of the technology provide a liberal definition of the interface. Notably, Norman (2010) indicates that gestural interaction is not an objective element of human existence, but is culturally specific. In these regards, one considers that these technological innovations are not simply altering the way humans interact with computers, but extending the nature of cultural non-verbal communication globally. Still, Norman (2010) notes that gestures also present a number of problems in successful computer integration. Many individuals will remember the poor functionality of the Nintendo Power Glove in the 1980s. still, Norman (2010) contends that with technological advancements many of these functional challenges can be overcome. While the contemporary implementation of Nintendo gestural technology in the Wii is demonstrated to have much higher functionality, the article notes that there still remain a number of complications in this incarnation. In terms of necessary technological advancements that still must be developed there are a number of specific elements considered. The article notes that momentum and viscous friction need to be combined so that motions on the screen continue to move after they occur. Another prominent area of concern is multiple computer interaction. Norman (2010) wonders if computers should designed so that an individual can make a gesture from one computer screen that will carry an object over to another. Norman (2010) compares such technological challenges to the challenges that were faced by individuals in developing Windows type operating systems. Some of the remaining questions are the extent that the technology should incorporate partial gesture systems or full-body gestural interaction. In these regards, Norman (2010, p. 9) notes, We need ways of specifying scope, range, temporal order, and conditional dependencies. The article also notes that the systems must develop sufficient feedback systems for continued technological development. There are a number of notable sociological contributions such technological advancements have been argued to contribute to the contemporary cultural lexicon. For instance, Norman (2010) notes that human gestural interaction with computer interfaces has created new structural modes of signification. Norman (2010, p. 8) states, Shaking a device is starting to mean ‘provide another alternative.’ A horizontal wiping motion of the fingers means to go to a new page. In these regards, one considers that gestural interaction, or ‘natural use interface,’ not only constitutes a new mode of technology, but also a higher level of union between humans and technology. To an even greater extent, technology has become an extension of the human rather than a simple tool. The article also considers
Cutbacks, budget crunching have become the buzz word in most of the organization which aftermaths in increased job security, uncertainty and fear which give way for increased level of stress and thus its is very important to find new ways to get away from stress Though an old saying, it’s a reality that time and tide waits for none. Time is the scarcest resource available on earth and something which rules the world. Conceptualizing time management is very easy, but to practice is continuously and religiously is a difficult task as time slips away time and again. People do say that time will repeat but till date it tends to remain as a saying because once you miss the time, it will never ever come back. In this fast moving world catching up with time is not as easy task. 24 hours have become insufficient for human beings because advent has increased incredibly. Defining Stress and time management Stress is a feeling that bars your pragmatism, maneuverability and curbs you from the gleaming torment less life. According to Richard S Lazarus stress is a feeling experienced when a person thinks that the demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize.Extend to which stress management is given prominence to, in our daily life, analogously time management also plays a significant role. Managing time matters a lot in when it come to handling a lot of activities effectively, efficiently and delivering it within the time line. Claessens et al. (2007) defines time management as ‘‘behaviors that aim at achieving an effective use of time while performing certain goal-directed activities Importance of stress time management Managing stress has become a serious issue of concern in recent years as the number people getting stressed out have no boundaries. Managing stress comes into picture once you accost with stressful situations in both personal and professional life. It is very important to manage stress as a continuing negative stress can negatively impact your body and mind, which in turn debilitates your health. The importance of managing stress is left untouched till it impinge your equanimity and lucre. (Griffin) Managing stress has become very crucial in your professional life as it helps you to increase your productivity, enable you to meet your deadline, ameliorates to motivate your employees and lead them, hinders deceitful practices, and enhances the flurry of communication. For each and every one a hassled economy will be like a roller coaster ride. A lower level of stress at work place not only improves your physical and mental health but also decides on your success and failure at profession. Managing stress in your personal life is also very important as it influence the quality of relationship with those you interact. The more positively you interact with people around, the less negatively other’s stress have influence on you. Building a strong bond among the family members can effectively reduce personal stressors and your home a place to rejuvenate, relax and energize your body and mind. (Segal, Smith and Robinson) A day begins with the list of activities that need to be accomplished within a specific time line. hence if you are unable to accomplish the tasks set for that particular day, the work gets mounted for the next day and the when the second day arrives your work will be doubles as you were unable to meet the timeline the previous day. As it keeps repeating the
As far as realism is concerned, states work towards solely increasing their own power in relation to that of other states while considering that the world is a dangerous place and the only way to attain certainty is to have power. When realism is considered, there is the perception a nation, which is influential, should always do better than those competing against it which are relatively weaker while the most vital form of power which can be relied on is military power(Baylis and Smith, 2001, p. 4). Realism considers the primary interest of a nation to be self-preservation and therefore a nation should look for influence and should be in a position to protect itself at all times. The international system makes different states employ military might and war and even though leaders are capable of being moral, they are not supposed to let their ethical concerns be a source of guidance for their foreign policy.Politicians have always been practicing realism for as long as there has been an existence of states and most of them as well as other scholars during the Cold War looked at international relations through a realist perspective. The United States and the Soviet Union did not trust each other and they both looked for allies that would assist them in safeguarding their interests as well as increasing their political and military command outside their borders.When considering liberalism, the emphasis is placed on the fact that the broad ties existing between states have made it harder to identify the interest of a particular nation while they have also decreased the worth of military power (Brown, 2001, p. 22). Liberalism is a concept that came up in the 1970s when some scholars were of the opinion that realism had been outmoded and the escalating globalization, enhancement in the communication technology industry as well as growing international relations were not in a position to depend on simple power politics to make decisions on issues.
The deficits in the cognitive capacity come as a result of a syndrome that disrupts the development of cognitive and social knowledge. There are various theories that have ventured to explain the behavioral results or the social skill outcomes of the children with autism. One of these theories is the central coherence theory, which suggests that children with autism have a weakened capacity of conceptualizing an array of presented information. In this regard, children with autism exhibit the preferences of focusing on small details and largely count on the rote memory to meet the demands of the highly complex environment. Limited central coherence of cognition, also referred to as the gestalt processing, has the ability of rendering one to miss the cues that are essential to understanding the social contexts, and this could include the difficulties to comprehend the main ideas in the paragraphs or even in the general conversations (Waltz, 1999). Another theory is the executive dysfunction, which also gives acknowledgement to the point that child with autism have a limited capacity of manipulating the tasks before them to realize desirable outcomes. It is worth noting that there may be limited concurrence on what executive dysfunction could entail. However, it alludes to lack of essential skills that enable the executives to handle their job and include multi-tasking, planning, organizing and prioritizing. This implies that the executive dysfunction makes it difficult for the children with autism to exercise controls on their languages and speech. A child with autism may also exhibit characteristics of difficulties in organizing written expression or even planning to complete the class assignments. The theory of mind suggests that children with autism exhibit difficulties in accommodating other people’s insights, behaviors and even motives. They may also exhibit the tendency of talking about themselves at the expense of other people. Mastrangelo (2009) observes that the challenges in the social skills among the children with autism lie in the incapability to decipher essential cues that the environment presents. The common approaches and methods for language and speech for children with autism include standardized assessment and evaluation tools and methods and pragmatic assessment approaches. Standardized approaches are often used by clinicians, as well as diagnosticians and are very useful in offering information about the social abilities for children with autism. One of the underlying impediments in such approaches is that standardized tests have the allowance of constraining the pragmatic assessment tests. This is because the nature of social skills is such that it even defies the approaches that are founded on the standardized test structures (Zachman Orman Blagden, 1991). The depiction of desirable behaviors is perceived as the individual’s social skill that relies on various signals of communication for spontaneous processing. This is reacted through the encoding process of responses that are multilayered that suits the purpose of communication, as well as the context. The most important point is that the rapid exchange of signals of communication should be fluid, allowing the participants in the communication to decipher the
The relationship of people with their environment is not same in all places. Some places its environment are harsh for human sustainability whereas some places are most suitable for living. This Portfolio is an endeavor to portray the relationship of people of different places with their environment, with the shift in their location. The places vary from Asian countries like Tibet to countries in the American continent like USA. It depicts the way in which the environment determines the different aspects of their life like population growth, nourishment economic development of the whole community etc. It describes how people are in different types of relationship with the environment the way their dependency, wellbeing, etc. varies with the change in location. In the present age, human beings have started to affect the environment enormously through their actions. The environment is harmed considerably by the actions of people. But the harm the environment suffers, through the actions of people varies from place to place. Fig. 1 Nomads of Tibet Fig. 2 People of New York City Fig. 3 People in Sahara desert Fig. 4 Earthquake in Sumatra Fig. 5 Java Rice Paddy Workers Fig. 6 People in Sumatra In Fig. 1 the image of a Nomad of Tibet is given. The population of the area is low due to its rugged relief, creating obstacles in the construction of roads, railways communication (Richabraj). The nomads come out in the warm weather roam in mountain pastures with their herds of yaks and sheep. In the cold weather they go to Lhasa, the capital of Tibet for many reasons (Tibetan Nomads: A focus on the Tibetan culture). Thus, this people completely depend on nature for their survival. In Fig. 2 we can see an image of New York City, a highly industrialized city of a developed country. Environment is most suitable in all aspects due to its location. But unlike the developing countries the city causes pollution thus harms the environment. In Fig. 3 we can see the inhabitants of Sahara Desert, which has a population of only 2.5 million despite its area of 3.5 million. It has one of the harshest environments. The majority of the population being Nomads move from place to place in search of better living conditions (The Living Africa: The People). In Fig. 4 we can see people in Sumatra trying to rescue survivors from a house destroyed by earthquake. These people are tormented by the environment through its natural disasters. Yet, the desire for survival impels these people to fight with the environment. In Fig. 5 we can see workers in Java Island of Indonesia. The Java islands of Indonesia have fertile soil, as such agriculture flourished, making the area densely populated (Richabraj). Thus the environment is perfectly suitable for human beings over here less industrialization does not allow the environment to be harmed. We can call this a healthy relationship of people, place environment. In Fig. 6 we can see migrating people of Sumatra. Due to the environmental conditions they are forced to migrate in search for a better place. They don’t harm the nature by themselves but instead they are being ruled by the forces of nature. Works Cited Richabraj.Elaborate relationship between man and environment? Wikianswers.com. N.d. Web. 25th Feb 2011. Tibetan Nomads: A
This research begins with the statement that mentoring, or coaching, refers to the training of an individual or a group of people. A single or a corporate entity, with the aim of developing positive outcomes in a mentee, may undertake it. The teachers’ responses to the pre-established questions on the characteristics and types of support offered by a mentor or a coach corresponded with slight differences in the mentor’s approach to the mentoring process. The teachers, for example, agreed that a mentor must be a person of integrity who is honest and ethical in the mentoring process. They both cited advantages of honesty and morality in the process towards effectiveness. While honesty develops the mentee’s trust and facilitates freedom between the two parties, the mentor’s morality induces the mentee’s confidence. These allow the mentee to express strengths and weaknesses, comfortably, for an effective mentoring process. The teachers also stressed that integrity is core to every mentorship relationship. They also shared a common opinion on the mentor’s passion in the process and they argued that the passion is likely to motivate the mentored party who may associate it with his or her already developed qualities. One teacher, however, suggested that such passion should be moderately expressed while the other argued for total expression of the mentor’s passion. There was however, a conflicting opinion on whether the mentor should be willing to learn more from the process. One teacher expressed the opinion that the mentor is a trainer and should learn outside, and before mentoring process. He identified research on effective mentoring skills as an approach towards learning about the mentoring process and pointed out that learning from the process my adversely affect the mentee’s confidence, and the overall effectiveness of the learning process. The other teacher however supported an open approach that allows a mentor to learn from each process. She identified differences among mentored subjects as an avenue towards learning and argued that published mentoring skills are mere guidelines. Awareness of each mentee and the mentoring environment should therefore be allowed for development of appropriate mentoring techniques. There was however an agreement between the respondents that a mentor be enthusiastic and committed to any assignment that may arise from the process. This, they argued, facilitates the same characteristics in the mentored parties and promotes effectiveness of mentoring processes (Zachary, 2000). A mentor should further be focused on solving problems and empowering others to capacity by delegating work. A transformational form of influence should however follow this to ensure effective transfer of skills and potentials to the mentee. There were however, conflicting opinion on a mentor’s need to understand reformation and transformational processes. While one teacher argued that effective mentorship is about influence and empowerment that is attainable through demonstrations, the other teacher insisted on the significance of transformation and reformation processes in molding a mentee to a desired level of potential. They however agreed that a mentor should be a catalyst to motivate development of the mentee’s potentials. They also agreed that a mentor should desire to grow and should be able to identify other people’s interest and to facilitate development of such interests. He or she should therefore strife for personal excellence while interacting with other people to understand their abilities. A good mentor should also have good communication skills to facilitate understanding in the mentoring process. This is because the skills enable the mentor to communicate objectives to a mentee
THE NATURE OF MANAGERIAL WORK Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Discuss and provide three words which could help identify effective leadership. 3 What is meant by role conflict? How can it be reduced and to what extent is it inevitable? 3 Reference 5 Prolonged highly political decision processes is likely when decisions involve important and complex problems for which no ready-made good solutions are available, when many affected parties have conflicting interest and when a diffusion of power exists among the parties. Discuss and provide three words which could help identify effective leadership. For an effective solution to critical problems that might arise in an organisation leader must have a decision making skill to understand the situation and take decision very tactfully to keep the situation under control. There will be influences from different parties in complex situation but after analysing the situation individual should take decision to satisfy in a political way. Time manager is another quality a leader should possess. Taking instant decision within the time constraints for good solution is very important for being a leader. Monitoring and negotiation after proper communication is a vital skill the leader should have to understand the demand of the environment and settle the conflict amongst parties after evaluation of problems arising from all side and take control of the diffused power. What is meant by role conflict? How can it be reduced and to what extent is it inevitable? At different level of the organisation individuals are assigned with different roles and functions. Each and every people have a certain responsibility to perform and it has a direct relation with the other roles of the organisation. There is a centre of focus in the organisation which influences the other roles through direct or indirect way. The effect can be just at the next level or it can also be distributed at several levels without any reason for the conflict. This conflict in roles at different levels of the organisation due to the logical incompatibility is known as role conflict (Harigopal, 1995, p. 12). The role conflict can be avoided through proper communication process and make people understand the expectation from the levels. Well evaluation of the responsibilities and the conflicting demands can be discussed to find solutions and resolve the conflict. Reference Harigopal, K. (1995). Organizational Stress: A Study Of Role Conflict. Universities Press.
There are various forms of communication through which people can communicate with each other by use of nonverbal communication as well as verbal communication. Apart from that I also learned how somebody’s feelings can be wounded by other people’s actions. For example, I watched as Sam together with his daughter makes use of nonverbal communication all through the film to communicate with one another. In addition to that, I watched how Sam’s lawyer learned to communicate with her son. of course after Sam taught her. Thus Sam’s lawyer realized she just had to take her time and hear what her son had to say.A specific scene in the movie, I am Sam, portrays how characters make use of relationship and nonverbal elements of communication. The 3 main elements of communication in I am Sam. relation dialectics, compromising as well as eye contact. These 3 elements are exhibited throughout the movie. In the movie, I was able to observe scenes in which there are openness and closeness, connection and autonomy as well as predictability and novelty (West Turner, 2010).The first scene that exhibits predictability and novelty is the one where Sam together with his daughter, Lucy, are both communicating at the IHOP restaurant. Thus, this scene portrays predictability and novelty. Sam’s behavior is predictable since he is always ordering just the same thing all throughout. Lucy, on the other hand, exhibits novelty since she has this urge to try out a new restaurant. one where she has never been before. Interpersonal communication usually entails every individual in a given relationship experiencing the somewhat specific set of wants (West Turner, 2010). Lucy, for instance, is aware that Sam’s behavior is predictable and wants to stick to the same habit. however, Lucy, on the other hand, craves novelty.
It also describes and shows the block diagram, power source wiring, and the electrical cable routing for the three systems. The paper also details the operation and functionality of the remaining two systems in reference to their block diagram, power source wiring, and the electrical cable routing. The report describes the system in depth including the exact functions of the systems, detailing their peripherals and their form of redundancy. The chosen hypothetical avionics systems include communication and navigation system, cabin and cockpit information system, flight instruments (flight recorders), hazard detection system, and surveillance system. Discussion. Communication and Navigation Systems. Receivers and transmitters are widely used in aviation communication and navigation systems. The transmitters and receivers are used together with one ore antennae, which are responsible in implementation of the vital and crucial link between the ground stations, aircrafts, satellites, and other aircrafts. One of the devices used in facilitating navigation and communication is a simple radio communication system. The radio comprises of the receiver and the transmitted that uses the continuous wave signal. Communication is attained through keying or switching the radio frequencies on and off. Switching the radio signal is achieved through interruption of power supple or the oscillator stage, it is usually applicable within the stage of the driver operating at a modest power level. The oscillator stage of keying normally leads to impaired frequency stability. However, the appreciable currents and voltages appearing in the power amplifier stage also prove to be problematic. A simpler CW consists of the radio amplifier, audio amplifier and the detector. The detector stage mixes a domestic generated signal of the radio frequency that is produces by beat frequency oscillator with the coming signals that produces a signal within the radio frequency ranging between 300 Hz and 3.4 KHz. Antennas are normally used for navigation purposes in aircrafts. There are various practical kinds of antenna used in aviation related applications that include vertical quarter wave antenna, vertical half wave antennas, and also 5/8th wave vertical antennas. Vertical quarter wave antennas produce an omnidirectional radiation pattern in the radiate vertically polarised systems and the horizontal plane. The antennas can be produced for the high HF and VHF bands but the length is prohibitive for usage on the LF bands and low HF (Lombardo, 1993). To produce a flat radiation design it is important to include an effective ground plane. At VHF, it can be attained by employing the 4 quarter wave radial elements. The vertical half wave antennas is voltage fed rather than the current fed. Antennas that are voltage fed requires resonant transformer that is connected between antenna’s end and low impedance coaxial feeder. The arrangement is liable to loses because it needs high quality, and low loss components. It also requires careful adjustment in order to achieve results and therefore they are usually preferred. The5/8th wave vertical antennas offer a compact solution to the essentiality of an Omni-directional VHF. Radio systems: Antennae. Cabin and Cockpit Information Systems In the aviation sector, accessing the correct information in the proper place, at the right period, is important in supporting decisions and enhancing operations. The information system,
In the case of standard contracts, it is not always straightforward to recognize any exemption clauses. For instance, in the case of the supplier, the contract may state that the supplier is not liable to pay any damages in case of a delay in delivery for a specified period beyond the date stated in the contract. In this context, it is important to incorporate exemption clauses as terms under the contract and make it an integral part of the component2. As such, any clause appearing in any other document or communication that states the same purpose is not considered as incorporated and is therefore not accepted as an exemption clause under the contract.In this context, it is important to discuss the issue of whether there is a requirement to stress the meaning of exemption clauses in standard contracts under the law. In order to analyze this, the discussion will make extensive use of the provisions of the ‘Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977’ as well as the ‘Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts Regulations 1999’.In several cases, a party to the contract does include a term that is meant to exclude or minimize the liability in the event that the contract is breached as mentioned in the above example. In such cases, the term under the contract might read as ‘the (company) will not be liable for any damage caused to the goods after a period of 7 days from the date of dispatch’. In other cases, the terms could be stated as ‘the (company) will not be subject to a liability of more than $50 in the event of a breach of contract’3. In both cases, the party mentioned as (company) is seeking to minimize any losses that may occur due to forces beyond its control and is looking to reduce its liabilities as such.However, such terms of exemption care not always acceptable amongst parties or otherwise, the parties do not manage to reach an agreeable compromise on the contractual terms.
For any organizational structure tosucceedtowardsperformance, it needs tohaveoutstandingleadership skills and strategies such as those depicted by Rossetti’s organizational leadership in the agency (Rainey and Thompson, 2006). Through exemplary leadership techniques, performance can be improved within anagencybutagaintheemploymentof such techniques requires theapplicationof appropriate organizational structures that are in accordance with the nature and missions of the agency. In his time at the IRS Rossetti applied variousleadershiptechniques in implementing reforms and a new organizational structure to change thefaceof theagencyand improve performance.In thispaperIrelatehow Rossetti integratedthe useof his outstanding leadership strategies in implementation of the new organizational structure.The manner of functioning of this new organizational structure and thedifferencefrom thepastorganizational structures and Rossetti’s strategies in ensuring the success of this organizational structure in theagencyand improvement of performance in customer servicesdeliveryand dealing with complaints. … He further enhanced communication within the structural levels of theorganizationupon taking the leadership role. He depictedleadershipthrough being the first to leave his office door open throughout as a symbol of openness in communication. Thiseffectivecommunication strengthened the relationship among the different department of the organization and in the overall improving the performance. Hefurtherembraced participation .partnershipboth within the organization and with outsiders. He ensured this through the buildup ofactivityteams and groups within the employees to facilitateaidand decision making among the employees. He also made the decision tobringprofessional outsiders within theorganizationtoaidin the running of the organization incompletionof its mission. Throughout and after his employment period Rossetti became a legend in the IRS for his ability todepictkeenintellect and analytical abilities within the organizational structure. Through this, he became a staunch analyst in the management and running processes of theorganizationand later became referred to as agenius and managementgenius by his colleagues in the IRS. Upon the employment of Rossetti in the IRS, various structural and reforms changes authorized with his innovation and commitment to make the nsucceedin spite many people’scriticismof his plans .abilitytoensuechange within the IRS.Before his employment, the IRS was incorporating the use of a fragmented organizational structure. On his emergence into the IRS, Rossetti regarded thisuseof fragmented organizational structure as a
This analysis of the process involved in health care professionals’ consultations to patients includes a discussion of both good practices as well as techniques that should be avoided as identified by leading authorities in this field of study. It also addresses proper body language postures, types, and appropriateness of questions and the various barriers that the health care professionals face when attempting to effectively communicate to patients.Concepts and structuring theories regarding the consultation process have and will continue to develop. One of the most recognized early works describing the importance of the consultation process was in the 1957 book The Doctor, the Patient, and his Illness by Michael Balint (updated 1964). In 1977, the definition of the duties for general practice by the Royal College of General Practitioners included the concern for not only the physical condition of the patient but their social and psychological needs as well. In 1984, in a collaborative effort that included several GP’s in the Oxford area, David Pendleton et al (1984) wrote about what was then the new method of consultations via videotaping.The health care professional (HCP) cannot allocate consultations with the patient if positive results are expected. Generally speaking, for the communication to be effectual, this essential clinical task involves politely and considerately listening to every patient while demonstrating respect for their viewpoint. The HCP should also provide the patient with honest information delivered in such a way that the patient fully comprehends it while, at the same time, observing their entitlement to be totally involved in the decisions made concerning their treatment (General Medical Council, 1998).
Similarly, I participated in group work which enhanced the manner in which I relate to people from various backgrounds. At the same time, by actively getting involved in group work we were able to do large volumes of tasks as the adage goes many hands are better than one and more heads are better than one. Usually, the university is a place where people from different backgrounds meet. It is also paramount to note that these individuals have distinct ways of doing things and in order to operate as a team to accomplish tasks, all the members have to function effectively in a course context. In that regard, the group members ought to attend to both the procedure to accomplish their tasks and climate within the group. Vital to a healthy climate and the active process is strong communication skills. Personally, I was relatively not interested in group work at first. I used to prefer working as an individual rather than work in a group setting because I thought working as a group is a waste of time (Sweet Michaelsen,2012). Working alone was comfortable and convenient since I worked according to my schedule as compared to group work where meeting time had to favor all the members. Little did I know that working as a team is the best technique to learn and acquire more skills essential for life.In essence, learning is a continuous process. The more I interacted with my classmates, the more I learned new things. Thus, I came to realize that working as a team can be relatively beneficial. Surprisingly, through the class blogs, I noted that working in a group. you can do less but comprehensive work. This means that one does not have to do multiple tasks at the same time but only a few at a go. Virtually, it gives one the advantage to work carefully and go in detail. In addition, group projects boosted me to develop a host of skills that are increasingly substantial in the professional world as well as in community development.
Weiner, a native of New York City and former New York City Council member, has been famous for his straight-forward liberal views and his fiery speeches on the floor of the US House of Representatives (BBC News, 2011). Weiner was forced to resign due to his scandalous online flirtations. After losing political power, Weiner is planning to return back in politics through his wife, Abedin who has been instrumental by supporting Weiner in amassing funds and participating in public events. Weiner knows that winds are not blowing politically in his favor, as months ago he spoke to Bill and Hillary Clinton, who have not backed any candidate in the mayoral race. As he said, I have given wide berth to my colleagues in public life because I know I have a lot to prove to them (Bacon, 2013). Weiner is the perfect example of how public leaders gain and lose power in public policy environment. Factors such as communication, leadership, constituents, and organization played a significant role in his gaining and losing power. Weiner’s candidature for the rank of New York mayor was risked through his extra-marital sexting but the news that he might be playing a role in Hillary Rodham Clinton’s 2016 presidential election, if it happens (Bacon, 2013). It only indicates that political power and those who become instrumental for their party leaders in gaining that political power whatever ethical irregularities they commit are ignored by their leaders and the masses after an interval of time. Weier’s wife, Huma Abedin, is sure that future political prospects are going to brighten up for Weiner. It shows that various political ranks like that of Weiner play a significant role as constituents of both losing and gaining power. Weiner (Bacon, 2013) has been forthcoming in accepting his scandalous actions publically for hurting his wife’s political career growth for getting distanced for her insider role with Clinton. This kind of communication is going to help Weiner in the long run, as people start viewing the unethical traits of their leaders from human perspective by not awarding lifelong punishment to them and welcoming them back in the leading political environment. Weiner’s own political dignity as US Congressman was endangered when it was revealed that he sent underpants photo, compelling him to publically apologize to his family and his voters although he remained adamant on not submitting his resignation over this revelation. His public acceptance through a news conference, telling that he was deeply ashamed of my terrible judgment, could possibly break the ice for his political ambitions if it is revealed that he might be engaged for launching a campaign in favor of Hillary Rodham Clinton in 2016 presidential election or there is a possibility that that such falsified communication from Weiner and his wife’s side could bring him and his wife back in the public limelight, giving the expression that his mistakes of the past have been forgotten, letting him to start afresh. It could be a communication tactic as well because until this news is confirmed by Clinton herself, nothing can be said for sure (BBC News, 2011). There has been a history of political figures committing blasphemy but with a fine line differentiating their return back, as in the case of Bill Clinton, the US president who survived in office amidst his affair with Monica Lewinsky. And that fine line creating the difference and letting Clinton not lose power has been Clinton’s remark, stating: I did not have sexual relations with that woman (BBC News, 2011). Others who had to lose power include Eliot Spitzer, Governor of New York, who has been a regular visitor of prostitutes from the Emperors Club VIP agency and had to resign in March 2008. Chris Lee, New York
The analyzed research study involved a sample of 27 patients struggling with Cerebral Palsy utilizing the Lifestyle Assessment Questionnaire. 11.1% of patients described severe effects related to quality of life, 25.9% reported moderate impact on QOL, and 37% reported mild impact on QOL. Findings indicated that the variety of care and quality of care have the most predictable impact on QOL. Cerebral Palsy and Quality of Life: Patients and their Families Introduction The complex combination of physical problems and emotional issues associated with Cerebral Palsy oftentimes reduce the quality of life of children suffering from this disease. Caregivers that are charged with taking responsibility for children with Cerebral Palsy are often burdened with a variety of sociological and psychological challenges such as dealing with recurring sleep disorders (Newman, O’Regan Hensey, 2006) and impaired communication with others in the social environment. As such, it is important to determine how the severity of symptoms associated with the disease impacts quality of life for the child and their familial caregivers. The differences in QOL between care systems in developed countries and non-developed countries is an especially important variable in determining quality of life, making it important to study how to improve or sustain quality of care for children suffering with Cerebral Palsy to improve QOL worldwide. … Having to deal with the complexities of physical symptoms combined with emotional disturbances often places significant stress on parents and other caregivers (Mihaylov, Jarvis, Colver Beresford, 2004). This can radically decrease the quality of life for not only the child, but the familial dynamic. Children suffering from Cerebral Palsy often experience intense pain coupled with fatigue with even more severe symptoms including permanent vision loss (Hirsh, Gallegos, Gertz, Engel Jensen, 2010). All of these symptoms prevent the child from achieving self-care, which is an autonomous method of performing common lifestyle activities such as bathing, eating and even dressing oneself, demanding that the child seek alternative care methods that include professional assistance or even more reliance on family members to perform these activities. Again, the burden of attempting to provide care dramatically impacts the quality of life, especially for caregivers. Unfortunately, in most instances, Cerebral Palsy is a progressive disease, meaning that the quality of life for the individual becomes increasingly less positive as the full range of their disabilities absolutely prevents self-care well into adulthood assuming that the child maintains a reasonable life span. Quality of life is also impaired for both the child and family members due to the high financial costs of providing care to the child. Research indicates that it costs, on average, $43,431 per year to provide care to children suffering from this disease (Cerebral Palsy Alliance 2012). Only approximately 33 percent of these costs are absorbed by the Federal government in the form of welfare programs or other supplementary care provision. This could have serious implications for children not only
The recent media coverage has really been in the focus of Muslim society, which has allegedly become a causal agent of worldly violence. For instance, terrorism activities have dominated parts of nations in recent decades because of Muslims’ violent activities engagement. Muslims are a religious community found in almost all parts of the world. The long-term objectives of every religious group are to influence the world and take pre-eminence in regards to religion, economy, politics, and social aspects. This is the long-term reason for their engagement in terrorist activities, especially Muslims. This factor leads to the recent excessive media coverage of Muslim society. Moreover, recent decades have seen researchers, academicians and scholars gaining enthusiasm and interest in the study of why media coverage on Muslims is so outstanding among others coverages (Allen and Seaton, 1999).The feelings generated from the intense expression of an issue considered a social threat constitutes moral panic. The concept of moral panic is considered essential in enhancing the processes of societal sensitization in moral issues. It also entails the creation of awareness in regards to challenges that threaten the social order, as well as the acceptable virtues in the society, and are caused by deviant groups or individuals. Arguments and social tension become a rationale for various controversies, where disagreements do not have room since society becomes a back-up tool for the proposed agendas. The main agent for the spread of moral panic in the media, owing to the recent technological developments in the adoption of integrated communication frameworks (Allen and Seaton, 1999).A cluster of characteristics is attributed to the concept of moral panic, which includes moral concern. This entails awareness creation to the society that the activities of a certain group are likely to cause societal disorder, leading to long-term negativity.
The functionality of the university’s performance is based on the institutional collaboration. All the parties bound to it are expected to play their role, and this aspect is evaluated from time to time in order to monitor progress and success over time. The different faculties in UTS observe common performance development procedures, making it easy for all the persons involved to contribute to an enhanced employee performance. The system acknowledges the role played by other parties that indirectly influence performance practices in the university. This extends to the entire university fraternity and encompasses students and other stakeholders that are not direct participants in the process of evaluating institutional performance but are critical to account for in order to enhance the final outcome of the underlying pursuits. Through this, the academic staff and all other stakeholders in the UTS cooperate thereby realizing an enhanced ground for performance. Rewarding and acknowledgement of the staff efforts under the performance procedures are undertaken from time to time, and this is meant to motivate the staff (Aguinis, 2008, p. 283). In so doing, the staff morale is boosted by the system in place, and they are also encouraged to achieve even higher for more rewards and acknowledgements. Through the system in palace at UTS, talents are identified and put to use accordingly. The strengths and weaknesses of the university staff are evaluated and matched with the strategic plans of the institution under performance development. The idea is to tap and exploit as many talents as possible while making it possible for the university staff to realize opportunities from their weaknesses, as well as device ways in which those weaknesses can be transformed into beneficial aspects through correcting them. As a result, individual and institutional growth and development is encouraged at the university. While the institution has designed ways to improve the overall performance of staff and the institution at large, the failure to cooperate and collaborate is a critical stumbling block to the process. In the UTS context, not all performance and development work plans produce the desired results, and the time to time reviews are not always positive (UTS, 2008, p.4). This implies that amid the vibrant programs and processes run by UTS to revolutionize performance in the institution. there are loopholes that are bypassed in the process. These loopholes are information-based where the primary players in the UTS performance system lack an enhanced mode of information and communication flow. The UTS performance cycle fails to identify these loopholes creating informational gaps that constitute a critical limitation to the outcome of the university’s performance. While a UTS’s monitoring program in this line has been implemented, this shortcoming is yet to be addressed. University of Sydney Different institutions formulate and implement different performance procedures depending on the specific performance needs to be accounted for. Just like any other institution, University of Sydney has developed performance procedures that are deeply rooted in its organizational goals and objectives. The institution acknowledges the roles and responsibilities of every single party factored in the organizational pursuits. In the context of University of Sydney, institutional performance is primarily rooted in Smart, Measurable, Achievable,
The concept of fear as it relates to terrorism Question One: Terrorism is a systematic use of terror, especially as a means of coercion. Terrorism instills fear to the victims, and this affects their normal lifestyles in that the people may move from their homes to live in places they think are secure (Doerner, 2012). This however, has not been the case with Shady Oaks city in the United States. There is therefore dire need to create awareness on the residents of Shady Oaks of possible terrorism so as to prepare them in case of any attacks. For any issue to be considered of importance in the society, it should be brought up to the residents. According to Sackin (2011), working with various people such as the mayor, the police, hospitals, highway patrol, fire department and the media is important. These departments should work with media houses to bring up the concern. This is a good approach as journalism is one way to raise awareness on social issues. However, in order not to instill fear to the residents, the departments involved must assure the residents of maximum protection. For instance, the fire department should respond to fire attacks immediately, hospitals should offer their immediate services. The government should take care of residents when attacks occur. This way, the residents of Shady Oaks will be prepared for possible attacks without fear. Residents will now be confident and will work with the various departments in discussing the concept of fear and how it is related to terrorism and how people should respond to fear. Question Two: It is important to approach the subject of terrorism with sensitivity. One should consider the fact that residents of Shady Oak city have always felt safe due to their historically safe community. The people are not prepared for terrorism or even catastrophic attacks (Sackin, 2011). Some of the residents living in Shady Oaks are elderly and disabled. People there live in peace and bringing up the issue may bring up conflicts in the city. Some residents may not want the issue of terrorism brought up in the community and therefore one should keep this in mind if objectives are to be accomplished. The issue should therefore be explained step by step in order not to provoke the residents. Question Three: According to Ratcliffe (2008), terrorism triggers fear. One of the major consequences of not approaching the subject of terrorism with sensitivity is fear to the residents. The residents may start moving from their homes as the may think that an attack is planned in their community. Another negative consequence of not being sensitive with the issue of terrorism is that the residents may as well ignore any important issue raised and in case of any attacks may be highly affected. This is because the vocabulary terrorism is not a part of their lives and may not consider it as a problem until when they are hit by one. Question Four: Considering the elderly and the disabled residents of Shady Oaks, one should consider some factors. For instance, it is important to take into account the fact that this group of people may require some special needs. These people need healthcare and rehabilitation, residential care and other important services to improve their lives. People with a disability are very sensitive and this may require additional services before the subject of terrorism is brought to their attention. It is also important to determine an appropriate approach to use so as not to instill irrational fear to this sensitive group of people as terrorism triggers fear (Ratcliffe, 2008). Question Four A: The issue of elderly and disabled people in Shady Oaks will affect the approach on the subject of terrorism. In most cases, disabled people feel that they are not part and parcel of the community. It is therefore important for them to be integrated in decision making and policy implementation to change this attitude. In discussing the subject of terrorism with the residents of Shady Oaks, those who cannot make it to the mass education venues should be visited at their specific homes, either residential or nursing homes. The issue should be discussed step by step considering their situation. Issues on how to respond to fear brought about by terrorism should be emphasized. Question Five: Ways of initiating communication a) Defining the people living in Shady Oaks b) Establishing why it is important to raise the issues of fear and terrorism c) Defining what should be done and the departments involved d) Highlighting the objectives to be achieved e) Establishing resources to achieve maximum communication Importance of preparing for terrorist attacks a) It helps in mitigating impacts where attacks cannot be stopped b) It also creates awareness on measures to take during attacks and how to respond to fear. c) It helps the society in general to have a broader knowledge on the subject of terrorism Question Six: a) Working with various people such as the mayor, the police, hospitals, highway patrol, fire department and the residents is essential (Sackin, 2011). b) Calling on public meetings (mass education) to discuss the issue of terrorism. c) In the cases of the elderly and the disabled residents, a house to house visits with representatives from all departments. Question Seven: Importance of door-to-door visits a) They consider the aged and the disabled. b) People get a clear understanding of the issues brought to them. c) Trust may be acquired especially when other representatives are involved. Disadvantages a) They may be tedious and time wasting especially when the population is big. Question Eight: Appropriateness of the approach a) It considers all residents in Shady oaks. b) It addresses the concepts of terrorism and fear. c) It addresses the issue of terrorism sensitively. References Doerner, W. G., Lab, S. P. (2012). Victimology. Amsterdam: Elsevier/AP. Sackin, J. (2011). Iglu. S.l.: Authorhouse Ratcliffe, J. (2008). Intelligence-led policing. London: Routledge.
Drucker states that ‘most of what you hear about entrepreneurship is all wrong (Drucker, 2009 cited in Kuratko, 2007 p.2). It’s not magic, it’s not mysterious. and it has nothing to do with genes. It’s a discipline and like any discipline, it can be learned’. Effective strategic planning is a function of academic competence in the related fields of an entrepreneur’s venture (Kuratko Hodgetts, 2007). In his work, Kent (1990. p.6 ) states that the purpose of entrepreneurial education is directed towards fostering creative activity and independent actions backed with a mind aware of theory and practice currently intact in the world. Family Business usually includes individuals who are practical and have experience for research. There is a new trend of family business education programs which includes disciplines like management development, financial planning, family systems, retirement, transitional planning and communication, etc (Kent, 1990, p.127). Entrepreneurial education imperative, different and opposing convergence, equips the individuals towards efficiency and sure-footedness.Starting up a venture of our own has been an exciting, exhilarating, and overwhelming experience. Our decided venture is a company specializing in producing customized cakes and crepes. As I have plunged deeper into the intricacies of managing my own business, I daily find myself facing many unanticipated challenges like maintaining the food inventory to cater to our customer’s demands, finances to buy the ingredients and maintenance of our cooking and kitchenware. We had worked out an initial business plan with my team as a basis for our operations. Our business plan had all the important sections including finances, operations, milestone objectives and marketing covered.Practically speaking, having a business plan significantly reduces risks.
3). While these three steps aim to improve a product, they also compel the manager to learn about organizational behavior. Organizational behavior refers to the study of factors, which influences employee behavior, as well as the factors that affect the response of the organization towards the behavior displayed by the employees. In reality, employees have positive and negative experiences in the workplace environment that may affect their motivation (George Jones, 2012, p. 3). This situation makes it necessary for managers to develop organizational behavior tools, which may be taken up in the short term, and long term. tools that hopefully may mitigate the negative, and increase the positive experiences of employees in the workplace environment (George Jones, 2012, p. 4). The manager has to begin at the individual level, and apply short term organizational behavior tools that will help unveil an employee’s personality. Personality inventories may be conducted to gauge the personality of an employee. In this method, the reaction of employees regarding statements that are in line with personality dimensions will be asked that will reveal their level of agreement or disagreement (Ashraf, n.d., p. 157). An assessment centre can also be developed that will guide employees in their career choices (Folsom Boulware, 2004, p. 21). These tools will help the manager in developing motivational strategies that are in keeping with the preferences of the employees. Personality inventories and the evaluations done in the assessment centre are usually administered for a short period. After the individual level, organizational behavior tools that are intended to address issues at the group level have to follow, and be implemented for a long period. After the process of personality evaluation and enhancement, the manager has to focus on work motivation, and this has to include all employees. One way to enhance employee motivation level is by building quality circles. Quality circles refer to semi autonomous work groups comprised of employees from the same work areas who regularly gather to talk over issues connected with their work responsibilities (Ashraf, n.d., p. 158). Constant communication is imperative to build a socially-dynamic workplace environment. The manager should encourage subordinates to form quality circles to inspire employees to engage themselves in activities that will help them connect with other employees and the company. It will be hard on the part of the managers to implement changes if employees do not fully trust them or the organization. Trust is something that can never be bought through extravagant rewards, or through flowery words. The trust of the employees to the capacity of the managers in dealing with the happenings within the organization is essential to keep them motivated and to retain them for a long period. As one of the foundations of an organization, the manager has to take part in shaping a culture of trust (Pride, Hughes, Kapoor, 2013, p. 203). This is an effective big picture strategy that if applied will bring positive transformation in the workplace environment. When there is a culture of trust, rapport is increased, and the relationship between the manager and employee becomes better. One way to build the trust of employees
Communication is the transfer of information and understanding from one person to another person. It is a way of reaching others by transmitting ideas, facts, thoughts, feelings, and values. It is the goal of the receiver to understand the message as it was intended.When communication is effective, it provides a bridge of meaning between the two people so that they can share what they feel and know. By using this bridge, both parties can safely cross the river of misunderstanding that sometimes separates people.Society cannot exist without communication. If there is no communication, coordination of work will not be possible as well as the establishment of social relationships. Communication helps accomplish all the basic social functions so that groups even with varying cultures can achieve their goals and meet their challenges.When communication is effective, it tends to encourage better performance and understanding overcoming cultural and language barriers. People understand their roles better and feel more involved in them. In some instances they will even voluntarily give up some of their long-established privileges because they see that sacrifice and compromise are necessary.Open communication is generally better than restricted communication. In effect, is people of different cultures know the problems society is facing and hear what the higher-ups are trying to, they will usually respond favorably.Not only is it important to know and observe common practice about the nature of the underlying relationships (intimate, friendly, work-related, or casual) between two parties. it is also imperative that these practices prevail.For example, Latin American and Asian cultures generally favor closer distances for personal conversations, and workers in Arab countries often maintain extremely close contact. Therefore, the sender should be aware of cultural norms and the receiver’s preferences, and make an effort to understand and adapt to them.
The information provided is user friendly and telephone numbers and contact address have been given for further queries. The information is available in the larger print, audio form and Braille. The information clearly conveys the messages and objectives of the organisation. The pictures used in the informational and promotional material shows the emotional bonding in the family. It has included many photographs of children of approximately age group of eight to eleven. The layout, colour scheme and pictures used are effective but still, there are areas which can be worked upon.It should include an activity chart along with some photographs of children participating. This will increase the enthusiasm and motivation of the child and parents to opt for the service. The photograph will give a rough idea about the safety measure, fun and educative environment for a child.It should also mention the age group of children, which would be served by the organisation. Various age groups of children will have varying needs. Parents might have a question of activities their child will fit into.The large picture used in it includes a picture of mother-daughter and a family with two children. The info-commercial can have a picture of children in the centre involve in activities. In any service intangibility is one factor that poses challenges for any communication process. Factors like hygiene, space, activities and safety can be done very well with pictures. Testimonials of children and parents are another way to communicate about the services received by children.One of the important factors of anti-oppressive practices is the engagement of the client.1 Client centeredness is the basis of this approach. Incorporating the above-mentioned factors the client centeredness approach will be more obvious. These will help in creating an impact that will promote client involvement.
FRAMINGWith the help of Aljazeera, a local network, the issue was known around the world despite the great pressure placed on it by the government. What the new media does to agenda setting and framing is a concern where not only the elite are considered but includes the public because of their opinion created through the suggestions made through news reports. It is said that media forms the ideas or pictures in the minds of viewers about an issue through the absence or presence of agenda setting and framing as they serve as gatekeepers to what can be published, sifting what will be emphasized or not, what will be given importance or less discussed (Scheufele Tewksbury, McCombs). The choice of headlines also affect the opinions formed in the minds of readers and viewers as such matters give great impacts on what is to search further or what could be disregarded. In addition, the frequency of the news item also affects what is given importance or not in the field of media reporting, encouraging people to think a frequently published issue is important while a subject matter placed at the back of a newspaper with a very short caption says it is of less significance. Framing and agenda setting both work together hand in hand to paint the desired picture in readers or viewers, letting them decide on what has already been decided by the media. For instance, in the case of the Egyptian revolution on January, 2011, the desire to dethrone President Hosni Mubarak from his three decade-reign might have been a predetermined objective in the breaking of the news. This got the attention of people all around the world including the president of the United States who offered his request of resignation to the strong man of Egypt. Protesters felt strengthened with the overwhelming hostility against the Egyptian president so that they resolved to fight for their freedom despite the fear brought by the administration in imprisoning key people involved in the protests (BBC News). Although internet and phone services were greatly interrupted in the attempt to minimize if not stop the protests, help came through alternative media, pioneered by Aljazeera (Zeynalov). In Conclusion, the issues brought into a decision the situation in Egypt through what was magnified through the media picturing how new media along with alternative media affect public opinion and policy agenda which in turn gets back to dictating media agenda. The overlapping effects of these aspects affected by media finds its cause in the initial objective set through what is published. References n.a. Egypt Protests Escalate in Cairo, Suez and Other Cities. BBC News Middle East. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-12303564 McCombs, Maxwell. n.d. The Agenda-Setting Role of the Mass Media in the Shaping of Public Opinion. Retrieved from http://www.infoamerica.org/documentos_pdf/mccombs01.pdf Scheufele, Dietram A and David Tewkbury. 2007. Framing, Agenda Setting, and Priming: The Evolution of Three Media Effects Models. Journal of Communication. Retrieved from
Franciscan Values in Cardinal Stritch UniversityCardinal Stritch University offers course to teach the learners principles of self management in general and Franciscan values in particular. In his writings, Bonaventure suggests that an intelligent, compassionate, aware person can’t separate knowledge from knowledge of God. (St. Bonaventure University, n.d.).One sets certain values for one to respect and conform to in order to deal with the matters of everyday life as per the dictations of ethics. These values form part of the fundamental principles of self management that help one in managing one’s personal and social relationships and fulfill one’s social obligations in the best possible way. Therefore, the Cardinal Stritch University offers a course in Franciscan values that is intended to better human beliefs and actions in the best interest of mankind. This paper explains some elements included in the course on Franciscan values offered by the Cardinal Stritch University, their merits and the intended outcomes.A brief description of the course:The Franciscan values taught in the Cardinal Stritch University fundamentally comprise the following categories:1. Creating a Caring Community2. Showing Compassion3. Reverencing All of Creation4. Making Peace. (Caridnal Stritch University, n.d.).Merits:The fundamental purpose of delivering this knowledge is to make people love and respect one another. People sharing similar values become affiliated to one another and become united. The multicultural faculty and learners expand the horizons of the university beyond limits. The university offers indiscriminate and unbiased teaching to people belonging to all classes. The values emphasize upon maintaining the environmental health and safety. The Franciscan values discourage violence by resolving interpersonal clashes.Intended outcomes:Through this course, Cardinal Stritch University becomes home to disabled and socially excluded people where they can acquire similar lifestyle as others. People from all ethnic backgrounds are able to benefit from the course. The university intends to develop increased communication links and hence better understanding between teachers and students. The course aims at addressing issues related to sustainable development and ensuring environmental health and safety by developing and implementing such programs. The course is also intended to play a big role in eliminating inter-racial conflicts and spread love, peace and harmony between people belonging to different races and cultures.Critical analysis: Critiques may argue that learning manners in such a formal programme as that offered by the Cardinal Stritch University is a waste of time and may question the justification of such courses. However, a deep analysis of the course suggests that it is a comprehensive course of Franciscan values and has the potential to bring positive results for the society.Conclusion: The course on Franciscan values offered by the Cardinal Stritch University provides a comprehensive understanding of these values. Acceptance and adoption of Franciscan values not only improves one’s management of personal issues but also makes one able to develop oneself as a responsible citizen and respectable social member. One learns how to fulfill one’s social obligations in the best manner. Franciscan values teach people to respect one another’s rights and hence, build a strong nation.References:Franciscan Values, (n.d.). Retrieved September 12, 2010, from St. Bonaventure University. Web site: http://www.sbu.edu/about_sbu.aspx?id=1858Franciscan Values, (n.d.). Retrieved September 12, 2010, from Caridnal Stritch University. Web site: http://www.stritch.edu/about/franciscanvalues.aspx
ANO requires that the commander of the aircraft do the following before take-off: that equipment required under the rules to be carried by aircraft are fit for use or that the flight is in accordance with the permission given by the authorities. that the aircraft is fit for the flight. that the load being carried is in accordance with the aircraft specs and is so distributed within the aircraft that it won’t hamper the flight’s safety. that it carries sufficient fuel, coolant and oil for the duration of the flight with sufficient margins for emergencies. that sufficient ballast is carried. any scheduled pre-flight maintenance check had been complied with (§ (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (h)). Jack had not performed any of these pre-flight activities except look at the instrumentation cursorily.Similarly, under s 98 on small aircraft, the Air Navigation Act 2005 specifically mandated any person-in-charge of a small aircraft not to fly it unless he has performed certain acts that will ensure the safety of such flight. These particular regulations apply to aircraft weighing more than 7 kg without fuel. The CESSNA 172, of the CESSNA family of planes, is a 3-passenger capacity small plane and is classified as a non-EASA small aeroplane, with a single-piston engine A/C (Non-EU Aircraft p 25). It has a weight of 743 kg when empty and 1,111kg as its maximum take-off load (MTOL) (CESSNA 172 Specs) making it fall within the ambit of s 98 of ANO which prohibits among others, flying the aircraft without ensuring that the flight can be made safely which should include checking fuel sufficiency, prior permission of the air traffic controller for Class A, C, D, or E airspace before flying the aircraft over their airspace. In the case at hand, Jack flew the CESSNA 172 over Luton and eventually in Leeds airport, itsdestination, without prior communication and approval of their ATCs before the flight initiation.
O’Reilly and Anderson (1980) in their research concluded that to certain extent, feedback is related to satisfaction and better employee performance. The communication in order to demonstrate performance appraisal is imperative as it directly correlates with performance of subordinates and their level of satisfaction. Levy and Williams (2004) in their study revealed that the impact of feedback is significantly important for the outcomes of performance appraisal and it has now become a focus of interest for theoretical as well as applied research. They further stated that there are many other areas like HR, technology and economic conditions which require the attention of further research in order to maintain, improve and reveal the importance of performance appraisal and feedback. Professional accountability is a way to hold someone responsible for a certain task, duty or obligation. Professional accountability has primarily been used for clinical and medicinal purposes especially because this field requires huge amount of responsibility. A single mistake can take away the life of a person. But in the changing world, the importance of accountability and negotiation is growing in every field. In business management, the importance of these two characteristics cannot be denied as there lay the matter of survival of the organization, job security of employees and long term relationships with the clients. Successful conflict management is the matter of attention of HR experts as serious disputes can lead to severe losses. A basic training needs to be provided to every single individual so that the overall possibility of arising conflicts can be minimized. Negotiation and Professional Accountability Skills Negotiations and professional accountability requires a regulatory body to set and maintain credible and helpful standards for its employees. Different school of thought has provided different ways of developing the set of professional accountability standards. Thought Leadership Report (2003) mentioned a three step process which can be helpful for both the parties to reach a fair conclusion without any conflicts or disputes. The process includes the following steps: 1. Providing employees the management tool in order to demonstrate skills related to ownership. Employees should be given relevant training and expertise in order to deal not only with clients but with other co-workers, employees, subordinates as well. These types of training can be done on-the-job as well as off-the-job. It will help to create a peaceful and better working environment at workplace. 2. Establishing accountability through better communication Only better communication can resolve the conflicts and can lead to a greater level of understanding. Methodologies of developing accountability and negotiation should be established so the conflict of interest can be reduced. 3. Improving accountability and negotiation skills through flexible tools. The most effective tool for coping up with negotiating is better level of understanding which can only be gained through better communication. Successful Negotiation Process Many authors have provided different ways of successful negotiation processes. The best and most popular method is the eight step process which leads to a slower yet higher value negotiation. The process includes the following steps: 1. Prepare: Know what you need to discuss and develop ways for understanding the other party. 2.
However, the Lutheran church was further divided into several denominations due to doctrinal differences. Some retained some rituals conducted by catholic faith while some did away with them altogether. Divisions continued and up to date many denominations continue to crop up. The birth of Pentecostalism however, can be attributed to the Azusa street revival led by William J. Seymour an African American preacher in 1906.2 Seymour was born in a catholic family but was later converted into born again Christian owing to his numerous travels. He believed in the baptism of individuals with the Holy Spirit and the filling of individuals with the Holy Ghost as stated in the book of Acts: 2 by Apostle Luke.3 The Pentecost was thus a renewal of the church and was referred as a revival. There are many events that led to the Azusa street revival that affected and continue to influence the church even today. These will be the focus of attention in this paper but first, a short history of the church will be given. The rest of the paper will be based on the events in the life of William Seymour which led to the revival. Brief History of Christianity The early church mostly was comprised of the Jews hence was regarded as Jewish Christianity. Its roots can be traced in the New Testament where Jesus used to walk with His disciples preaching the gospel to all nations. When He ascended to Heaven, He promised the Apostles He would send them a helper in the name of the Holy Spirit to enable them to preach the gospel widely and this was fulfilled on the day of Pentecost.4 The apostles established a church and spread the gospel far and wide. However, they were all persecuted for holding on to their faith but this did not stop the gospel from spreading. These early churches practiced hymn singing and also believed in miracles such as healing. According to Noll, the Jews were attacked by Romans on 66AD and the war continued for seven years.5 This resulted in taking over of Jerusalem which was the centre of Christianity’s communication, organization and authority and consequently replacing it with Rome. This according to Noll served to expand Christianity from Jewish Christianity to universal Christianity, that is, from Judaism to Christianity. The church became independent and creeds were established to mark out boundaries of Christian faith. 6 Christian reform did not end with transformation from Judaism to Christianity. rather, more reforms were in the offing. The Roman Catholic was the dominant denomination and followed the structure that was used by the apostles with the pope as the head of the church. However, the church entangled itself with politics and materialism leading to decay of some moral values. The congregation was supposed to pay taxes, women were not allowed to preach, indulgencies.7 Besides, some people were not happy with the doctrine of celibacy. As such, the protestant movement cropped up and led to reformation of the church. In the protestant church, women were allowed to preach and clergy were allowed to marry. The doctrine of repentance or confession was done away with as people could communicate directly with God instead of confessing sins to priests.8 The protestant church also differed on several issues leading to formation of many other denominations such as Calvinists, Anabaptist, Lutherans and Anglicans.9 The ruling king decided on the denomination to be adopted by the country. some countries were
Alexandria is situated in the suburbs of the capital city of the country. it is in a very strategic place to receive the best concentration of goods band other quality services that will grow the economy in the community of Virginia. The stakeholders and the persons abiding in the society of Virginia are one of the highest profile ranked employees of the national government. Therefore the town will grow and have a high income due to the value of goods and other high income drawers in the society (Howell, 2011). Therefore the infrastructure in the area is excellent because it is very strategic from the Washington DC the capital of the United States of America. The state’s major favors are also targeted to the society such as the major governmental offices are situated in the area of Alexandria. The government offices are like the Trademark office that was transferred to Alexandria. This shows that Alexandria from the views of stakeholders and audience should be of appraisal to the federal government over the major favors to the community. Question Two – Analysis of the Community Stakeholders and Audience The demographics of Alexandria in the Northern Virginia represent it to be not a very populated society due to the standards of living of the inhabitants of the persons living in that community. The persons who abide in the society of Alexandria are highly ranked persons in the government of the USA and the most inhabitants are personnel from the defense department including the naval center for analysis. The geographical position of the Alexandria society is very strategic in such a manner that it can receive major governmental offices by the government of the United States of America. The short distance the society of Alexandria is from the capital city of the country gives it more advantage to get more favors from the federal government. This gives the society the high economic value according to the good business position of the society (Howell, 2011). Therefore the society of Alexandria is a very strategic state in terms of economy due to the nearness to the business center of the country of America. The lifestyles that are exhibited by the residents of Alexandria are much higher of admirable opportunities by the other persons in all other societies around the country (Smith, 2009). This is because the society is endowed with high rank restaurants and products that are of high caliber persons in the society. This will make the attitudes of the inhabitants of the Alexandria society and their lifestyle that is very high. This is facilitated by the nearness of the society to the capital of the country USA where the state gets a variety of favors from the federal government of the United States of America. On the social scene of the society of Alexandria that is in the Northern Virginia the persons who live in this area must have very improved social standards due to the improved social gathering areas that are endowed by the society of Alexandria. It is a tourist attraction area and has very improved restaurants. The usergraphics of the Alexandria society are of major importance so as to define the regions of domain of the society that is to be occupied by the inhabitants of the society (Smith, 2009). The webographics are incorporated in the communication and the technological position of t
The achievements at Google globally are in one way or another related to corporate culture and diversity at Google forming the basis of the research that aims at analyzing the Google culture, reasons for the culture, suitable leader for the culture identified, and change in culture to tame demand deficiency. Organizational culture involves the manner in which work is done in an organization characterized by shared values, practices, behavior, attitudes, and goals of an organization, institution, firm or group (Herling et al., 2008). The Google culture is a high-performance culture that ensures the employees and management work together in harmony in achieving the best results for the company and the personal development of the employees (Google, 2009). The determination of the high-performance culture at Google came about from the different measures undertaken by Google to achieve the culture. The measures include taking paramount importance on goals and values at Google with each employee hired on the basis of sharing the same goals and values (Finney, 2008). The impact is that employees who are innovative and able to sustain high performance in an organization are chosen and inducted for high performance at Google. The culture is also evidenced by the flexibility of structures including fewer formal meetings and no strict dressing code and cross-communication allowing for free information sharing between the employees and the management/leadership at Google. Agreement with the goals and values at Google by the employees allows Google staff to provide 100% dedication to high-performance meeting the culture at Google. Other signs that depicted a high-performance culture at Google are that employees take responsibility and are tasked with decision-making aimed at solving problems without having to seek permission reducing bureaucratic red tape. Theeffect is that each employee is accountable for performance ensuring they achieve the best performance possible depicting the high-performance culture at Google (Finney, 2008).
A Good Parent A child’s first school is his home and it is the teaching of the parents which forms the first stage of learning for children. The role of parents in shaping the character and the future of a child cannot be ignored. Parents play a pivotal role in training their children and they teach them how to lead a good life. A good parent can make the life of a child bright whereas a bad parent may do the reverse. Every individual has their own definition of a good parent and people coming from different backgrounds may stress upon a certain aspect more than the other. But a good parent would truly be one who would be able to nurture their child by instilling all the good qualities that are needed to make a good person. A good parent is defined as one who shows understanding for the needs of their children, supports them to boost their confidence and at the same time teaches the importance of ethics and values to the child. For effective parenting, it is essential that a parent is aware of the needs of their children. A good parent is considerate and understands the needs of their child and helps them accordingly. A perfect example is that of the children who are slow and do not outshine in their academics due to different reasons which may include lack of concentration or poor learning skills. It is the duty of the parent to be thoughtful towards the need of their child rather than scolding the child for not being able to achieve the best grades in class. A parent should be able to assess where their child stands and they should have an effective communication with their children to improve understanding of the physical as well as psychological demands of the young growing mind. This would provide for a healthy upbringing for the children as they would not be under stress and exertion. When children are young, they always expect support from their parents because at younger ages they cannot turn towards other people for help. A good parent would be one who would not only know of the special requirements of their children but would also be ready to support them. Support from parents enhances the confidence of the young children because they are aware that they can always turn to their parents for help. If a child would not be assured of the support of their parents, he would be shy and would not be able to effectively communicate with their parent. For example, children who face bullying in schools do not share their problems with their parents because they are not very sure if their parents would stand by them. It is the duty of a good parent to make their children feel secure by providing them with warmth and love so that children are assured that their parents are by their side and they can look forward to seek their assistance in difficult times. One of the most essential tasks of a parent is to raise their children to become good human beings. A good parent is one who would teach their children regarding the importance of ethical and moral values since a young age. A parent should be able to draw a line for their child to differentiate between right and wrong. For example, it is the duty of the parents to teach their children that stealing is bad or misbehaving with elders is wrong. They should be able to explain to their children that they should not be of harm to others but rather be helpful towards the people who are in need. A good parent is one who is able to complete this duty so that their child grows up to be a good person. Young minds need to be directed on the right track and it is the work of a good parent to correctly focus their children. A good parent is defined as one who disciplines their children to become good moral beings, shows understanding towards the children and provides them with undue support when they are in need of it. A good parent is one who gives time to their children, accepts their shortcomings and helps them towards overcoming them. Also, a good parent supports the children if they are being harmed or if they are under stress. It is also a job of a good parent to teach their children regarding ethical values so that the children are able to demarcate between good and bad.
These managers, in particular, are the ones who most of us are familiar with, as unless we are lucky enough to land a top job right away, we will be with these guys. If something comes up in the department, they are usually the first to know – being in charge, they should be. As the title implies, a manager is expected to supervise – to manage – his department and his subordinates. Specifically, he is expected to get things done efficiently (minimum cost, maximum output) and effectively (attaining goals and doing the right things). This means that it is highly desirable to attain one’s goals while using the least possible amount of resources. This process is called management. The first step in management is to plan – to set goals, come up with a strategy, and develop plans to coordinate abilities. This answers the questions of what you want, how you plan to get it, and what you will do to get it. The next step is to organize, that is, the manager then delegates tasks to his subordinates, decides how tasks are to be grouped and what needs to be done. In this step, it is important to take into account who is best suited to handle certain tasks. For instance, if your plan calls for the use of print ads, hire a graphic artist – or better yet, find someone on the team who has talent in that area. This step is where a manager’s interpersonal skills are needed most. As he is expected to know his subordinates relatively well, this is an important decision one must take great caution in making – and which one has absolutely no excuse for fumbling. Next would be to lead one’s subordinates – that is, to motivate them, direct them, choose an effective means of communication, and resolve conflicts should they arise. Finally, to control – monitoring performance, comparing it with company goals, and making changes when necessary.
For dysarthria however, the person can remember the words and how to speak, how to read, or how to write the words, but due to motor affectations in his motor-speech system, he cannot speak the words (Duffy, 2005). Where dysarthria refers to the improper or poor articulation of words or phonemes, aphasia refers to the disorder in the content of the language. Cognitive language is not affected, but the difficulty in speaking the words is based on motor muscles neurologically impaired (Duffy, 2005). Due to lesions in the motor cortex, there would also likely be impairment in respirations, resonance, as well as phonation, and articulation causing issues in the patients’ intelligibility, audibility, and vocal communication (Duffy, 2005). 2. Why was lobotomy administered on a wide scale between 1950 and 1970? Lobotomy was administered on a wide scale between 1950 and 1970 because at that time, mental health and the neurological functions were not adequately understood (McManamy, 2011). Although lobotomies were first performed on humans in the 1890s, it was considered a strong and effective remedy for many years after (McManamy, 2011). It reached widespread use in the 1940s and 1950s simply because there were no alternative forms of treatment at that time. Lobotomies were also considered an effective remedy in order to eliminate many social issues linked to mental health issues, including the overcrowding of mental health institutions and the rising cost of mental health care (Tartakovsky, 2011). There were about 40,000 to 50,000 lobotomies carried out from 1936 and on to the late 1950s. They became popular interventions because Freeman, the Father of lobotomy believed that these lobotomies were effective forms of treatment. He explained that this procedure cut of connections between the frontal lobes and the thalamus, thought to control human emotions which mental health professionals, at that time, believed to be in abundance among the mentally ill (McManamy, 2011). By the 1970s, these beliefs were discredited and when other forms of treatment were made available, lobotomies were soon banned from the mental health practice. 3. You are in the MRI scanner room and on the control room console you see activations of the hand region of the motor cortex in a participant’s being scanned. Does it automatically mean that the participant is moving? Justify your answer. This does not automatically mean that the participant is moving. In instances where a patient mentally stimulates an activity, the corresponding area stimulated would also indicate a response (Mao, et.al., 1998). This is often seen in paralyzed patients where electrodes would be implanted in some regions in the brain in order to detect responses, stimulate communication, and yes or no responses. A yes/no communication can be triggered based on brain activity by detecting electrical responses from the electrode implants in the brain (Mao, et.al., 1998). As the patient mentally makes yes or no responses, the corresponding areas of the brain would manifest some activity (Mao, et.al., 1998). For a patient having an MRI, the patient mentally thinking of moving his hand would likely trigger some form of activation in the hand region, even without the hand actually moving. The activation of the motor cortex would indicate that even if patients are not moving, they still have motor control. Moreover, motor imagery and actual motor
5 Question 4 Evaluate how the existing processes channels of communication might have affected team-working and the organisation’s performance and make recommendations for improvement. 6 Question 5 Justify how the implementation of your recommendations will benefit the organization ensure greater integration of communication systems. 7 References 9 Question 1 What are the current issues and problems relating to Graham’s company and his teams? Write your analysis of the case study. Graham’s company currently faces a series of problems which seem to be related to the following fact: the lack of effective communication between employees at all organizational levels. More specifically, in Graham’s company conflicts have become a daily phenomenon in the workplace. At managerial level, the lack of awareness of employees’ needs have led to the development of ineffective strategies. Indeed, managers ignore the challenges that employees face and promote strategies that are quite difficult to be implemented. Graham has repeatedly tried to intervene and promote appropriate solutions but the elimination of conflicts in the workplace seems to be impossible. The expansion of conflicts across the company can be explained if taking into consideration the company’s development through the years. The company has faced a quite rapid growth. In its first form, the company had just four managers who were the company’s founding members. Through the years, the expansion of business activities led necessarily to the hiring of staff, including managers. The changes on the company’s culture have been inevitable. However, no plan was implemented for managing change and for securing effective communication in the workplace. The lack of such plan has resulted to the company’s current communication problems. The lack of respect and trust in the workplace has caused the further expansion of the company’s communication problem. The elimination of communication problems in Graham Company is primarily related to the willingness of managers and staff to collaborate so that team-working is promoted across the organization. Question 2 Do you agree with the strategies used by Impact Consulting? Justify your answer and make recommendations as what other strategies the company could use to promote team spirit to help motivate provide support to the teams. In general, Impact Consulting has focused on the improvement of the leading skills of the firm’s managers. Indeed, at a first level a questionnaire has been used for identifying the managers’ thought on critical issues. in this way, the strengths and weaknesses of managers, as leaders, can be revealed. The response of the managers to the particular initiative has been positive setting the basis for the development of an effective communication plan between managers and employees at lower levels of the organizational hierarchy. In addition, a series of sessions has been arranged for helping managers to improve their strategic planning and collaboration skills. Particular emphasis has been given on the CEO’s training. Coaching sessions have been arranged for increasing the CEO’s skills in managing culture changes. This means that the consultants in Impact Consulting have understood the vital role of culture in the firm’s performance. However, the effective management of culture in each organization is not related only to the
•Comparison and contrast the ways that the leader used messaging (communication) to institute MyBlueprint and prepare HCL Technologies and Axon for the acquisition Although such an approach was deemed as somewhat radical, the fact of the matter is that it allowed for the end reviews, high end management, to gain a more informed and realistic model of action with regards to what changes and development was necessary in helping to firm to engage in a further level of profitability for each component part and individual sector. This was useful due to the fact that it allowed the middle management to derive and achieve a level of accountability and honesty with regards to the processes and goals that they were ultimately responsible for. rather than merely putting forward talking points that would likely deviate from the root goals and endeavors that the firm sought to effect. What was noticed was that although such a process was radical and engendered a degree of risk, it nonetheless was highly useful in providing a degree of oversight that was instrumental in detailing and establishing a baseline of performance with regards to any and all upcoming changes that could seek to promote further responsibility and profitability within the firm. With regards to Axon and the strategy that was employed as a result of the merger, this too differentiated itself from the approach that so many firms mistakenly make with respect to the way in which such a business marriage takes place. As such, rather than seeking to bring Axon directly in line with the directives that HCL Technologies had previously been operating under, they CEO determined that the best way in which to maximize the potential that could exist between the two was to seek to leverage an understanding of the fact that Axon was acquired due to the fact that it had the potential to maximize the relationship that the two firms could sustain working in a symbiotic relationship. What is meant by this is that Axon was not acquired so that the two could behave in an identical manner. rather, the CEO came to the understanding that the firms, although now part of a singular entity, must continue to exhibit the key strengths that they had prior to being organized under one banner. Moreover, the weaknesses that the two firms exhibited must be approached from the baseline of understanding that these should be worked to be minimized without reducing the effectiveness that had formerly been exhibited by either entity. In such a manner, a differentiated and unique plan of management and standardization, as well as oversight, was required to be initiated to ensure that the synergy could be maximized without diminishing the overall competence that they formerly brought to bear. •Analyze the effectiveness of the internal and external messaging (communication) With regards to the effectiveness of the internal and external messaging (communication) that was utilized as a function of making the aforementioned goals a reality, the CEO opted first and foremost to review the process in its entirety among fellow stakeholders (upper and middle management) as a means of targeting any weaknesses within the model that had formerly
Discussed in this paper are the differing standpoints with regard to the role of violence in maintaining a moral society. Violence is an immoral act Throughout the years, scholars struggled to explain the concept of morality. They tackled issues such as, good and evil, origin of sin among others in attempt to understand the complexity of morality. Pacifists view violence as an immoral act that results in further degradation of the society. Individuals with this standpoint believe in amicable resolution of conflicts whereby, opposing sides set their differences aside and work towards reaching a compromise. The process of conflict resolution is lengthy and riddled with many barriers. therefore, ensuring proper communication channels exist proves crucial in mitigating the conflict. Effective communication hinges on both parties listening to each other’s grievances without passing any judgment or exuding verbal or non-verbal mockery. It also entails developing sensitivity to each other’s cultural background whereby, each party must make a conscious effort to avoid using language and actions that are automatically perceived by the other party as overt disregard for their culture. For example, throwing a shoe at person in the Arab culture symbolizes the highest level of disrespect. in 2008, a journalist threw his show at the former president G.W. Bush during his visit to Iraq for conflict resolution talks. The presence of a neutral third party charged with the responsibility of mediating the conflict enable feuding parties to address their concerns in a rational manner. For example, feuding countries rely on peace delegates to mediate their amicable conflict resolution talks in order to prevent the onset of war, which is likely to result in civilian casualty and immense destruction of property. Pacifists encourage the use of non-violent methods, which entail preventing the infliction of injury or harming others. These methods negate the use of physical force or verbal threats by encouraging the use of peaceful methods to foster lasting, positive political and social change. Pacifists bear in mind the negative repercussions of resorting to violence such as counter-violence. The vengeful nature of majority of humans compels them to engage in counter-violence aimed at retaliating against instigators of preceding violent acts. This perpetuates enmity failing to address initial problems that triggered violent outbursts. Individuals using non-violent methods have greater control over their message making these methods an effective form of protest. For example, in Mahtma Ghandi led the Non Cooperation Movement in 1920s, which entailed resignation from nominated positions in the legislative government and surrendering of titles with the sole intention of protesting oppression by the government. The media provides a platform for these protestors to express their grievances. However, dealing with the media might result in complications especially when conflicts exist between a minority group and large institutions such as the government. The latter have the power to censure the media. for example, the government might pass absurd statutes that restrict the freedom of the media. Such circumstances are responsible for triggering violent outbursts, which result in degradation of
The censorship put on the British media had the effect of crippling the assumptions of the editors, civil servants and military personnel. During the war, th e newspapers or channels which even so much as a new and improved strategy for the war was threatened to shut down or worse put through a law suit. As the war saw the British television rise as the means of mass communication, so it saw the press services plummet. Although not many areas had television in the 1947s except for London, but the 1950s saw such an increase in that number that now most of the households has a television set in them. As television became to main mode of media, newspapers had to take a sideline and become a little softer, incorporating more and more non-political news. Another impact of television going mainstream was that newspapers now had to hire more and more specialized journalists and reporters. In 1957, finally, again, the most number of newspapers were sold. After this the newspaper sale steadily declined. Under a censorship agreement which had been undertaken during the war which banned the process from publishing any facts about the war at all. This lifted as immediately as the war was announced over. And now the press was declared free and the master of its own self. The lack of reel meant that there were no cinemas for people so people could only go to see events was to wait for the event to be played again after a few days. Anything that could help people feel normal again was welcome with open arms, be it radio, or TV, or newspaper. It was becoming uincreasingly necessary for the British public to normalize and come back to positive thinking, as everything was still dark and sad even after the war had ended. People were grieving, cities were bombed and food was scarce. Since 1925, BBC had been the prime wireless radio network for the public (www.bbc.co.uk, 2008). Britain was extremely patriotic. After the war, they issued cartoons of other nations in the daily news. They also made many war-songs to keep up the spirits of the public. Near the 1990s, the British now had emerged after long and hard years of industrial age, and a new market. Now all they had to worry about where the stock exchange an the war worries. Churchill had become prime minister and john major gave Britain a heart-attack in the form of the Black Wednesday, 19992. As a result the British journalism suffered from such a bad switch in the power. Now press was more involved with any form of negative statements, and moral issues. People found it easier top raise their voice against an injustice with the help of media. Consumerism was in the air, and more and more ways of selling papers were found and pondered upon. The answer to this dilemma was found in the form of fear. It was a pioneer act to sell papers and was an old one at that as the sale of The Times was nearly 278000 the day World War II broke out. Entertainment and politics were merged a little while after the scandals in the John Major era on the Tory issue. New Labor now accepted the power of media. Now the invasion into the personal lives of ‘celebrities’ is everyday news (Andrew Marr, 2005, TV) it was claimed that the need for such news involving scandals of the celebrities and the hunger bad news was always there in the media, (Stephenson, 1998). Now it was only just heightened. To really calculate the change in the British media from the 1940s to present, one need to know the part that censorship played. In World War II all photos were
However, the practice is associated with critical concerns that demands high attention. As such, expertise in conducting these concerns determines the success of the management process. Therefore, I present my informed reflection notes in this paper, which explores various aspects of management. Understanding self and others Different individuals have varied personalities, which mainly state our habits and beliefs. Sometimes our characters may fail to be in coherent with our environment. For instance, one’s characters may clash with corporate ethics. thus, demanding adjustments to blend well with the industry. Consequently, understanding how to modify our characters to suit the desired environment is essential. As a means of realizing such an aspect, an individual must initially have knowledge about self. Thus, I have learned the need of understanding my strengths and weakness, a practice that has enabled me capitalize on my strengths while watching my weakness to augment with the intention of enhancing productivity. In the course of operations related and unrelated to work, we frequently associate with others. Our performances are highly influenced by the activities of the people we relate with. thus, understanding other people’s personality is essential. … This has enabled me establish a strong work force, which has succeeded in driving my organization’s activities effectively. Communicating honestly and effectively Effective Communication and honesty are vital competencies in all relationships. Good communication is a primary factor in the quest to attain success in all organizations. Communication is not a simple process as portrayed since it involves the transfer of information to an intended recipient. Communication poses a challenge to most leaders today since poor communication may limit both relationships and careers. Communication entails expressing ourselves and allowing others to have a glimpse of what we are thinking. Efficient communication ability entails listening to the other party. An essential element of communication in all organizations is to listen first. This includes listening to self and to other people. However, these skills can be inculcated through the learning processes articulated in the society’s moral values especially honesty. Efficient communication influences the level of trust, enhances collaboration and efficiency. Strong relationships often emerge from honesty and good communication, which are instrumental in developing emotional connections. Furthermore, integrity is important since it allows one to do right and respects all persons (Smith 2011). Consequently, lack of integrity can lead to emotional pain to the persons involved destroying the trust needed in the relationship. Efficient and honest communication is influenced by a multiplicity of factors such as the environment and the attitudes of the sender and the recipient respectively.
This manifests that Sirkin et al’s DICE is not just any other theory concocted by the fancy of academicians but in fact have in fact proved to be grounded on reality. The article focused on the importance of the hard side of change management which could be directly or indirectly quantified as a critical factor in the success of change management over soft side (communication, motivation, etch). The article stressed that the hard factors should be addressed first because failure to address such will result in failure that soft initiatives of change could not even take off because the initiative has already failed. The recommendations/conclusion to address change was also realistic and cognizant of the problems which change initiatives faces in the real world that is why it resulted to an overwhelming success when applied to the real world. The article however was published in 2005 and discussed a study that was conducted in 1992 and completed in 1994. While the change management approach of DICE was unquestionably successful, it was conducted aeon ago. It goes without saying that the business reality today is way different compared to 1994. Businesses today are already globalized and highly competitive where customers are increasingly getting sophisticated to name few changes in business environment that is different when Sirkin et al’s study was conducted. Thus, the study may have been more relevant if a revisit or a review on its efficacy was conducted to check if it is still valid in today’s present reality. The article could have been timely if it had integrated more recent studies about change management. One of those more recent studies is the Murthy’s concept of change management that dealt with the soft factors of change management which Sirkin et al touched in their articles. The article focused on the importance of people in implementing change in any business organization because it is the people who will ultimately cause the change to be a success or a failure. The implications of change on individuals are important without which we can never really hope to manage large scale change effectively (Murthy 2007: 23). According to Murthy, to effectively implement individual change, there are four approaches to make such change successful. they are behavioral, cognitive and psychodynamic. Murthy’s behavioral approach is to make the reward strategies right to make individuals receptive to change. Basically this entails understanding how individuals perceive change and to understand what makes an individual tick. These approaches are important because without understanding an individual’s behavior, no amount of reward strategy can be successful. The cognitive approach is to link goals to motivation. When an individual is already understood on how he or she perceives change and has already identified the factors that will motivate the individual to be receptive to change, such willingness to adapt to change should be aligned with the organizational goals. The psychodynamic approach is to treat people as individuals and understand their emotional states as well as your own (Murthy 2007). Simply put, treat others in the same manner we would like to
In developed and developing countries, overexposure to dust has resulted in negative implications such as permanent and temporary disabilities, diseases, and deaths. This paper seeks to discuss the controls of airborne dust including the ineffectiveness of dust masks in dealing with the problem.A dust mask is a flexible pad that has elastic rubber straps to protect the workers against dust that is generated from natural sources such as handling dusty materials or the generation of dust by cutting, grinding, and milling of materials. In many working places, the provision of dust masks to workers is a common feature that has turned out to be a poor occupational hygiene practice based on various issues. First, they do not provide eye protection even though eyes are also likely to be affected by the dust especially when grinding of metals and other wooden materials. For the workers who perform their duties in areas with chemicals, dust masks do not provide protection against gases such as ammonia (Occupational Health and Safety Act 1991). As a result, workers’ health has jeopardized an aspect that may affect their performance as well as the firms’ profitability.For the workers in an environment that is hot, dust masks can add to the heat burden that may result in more health problems. While some of the companies aim at producing dust masks that meet the needs of the customers, many of the models that are produced do not have adjustable head straps thus making them not fit well while they are being used. It is worth to note that misfitting masks provide a danger since they allow harmful materials to bypass the mask entirely (Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances in Air No 14). While the employees are working for example in areas which are dusty and the level of noise is high, communication between the workers is difficult. In their process of communication, the workers have to open their dust masks a practice that may expose them to dusty articles or dangerous vapor. Inward leakage at gaps in face seal is another issue that makes the dust masks to be ineffective in providing protection for workers.
..7 References…………………………………………………………………………….7 ABSTRACT The focus of this project proposal is the development of a new paging system that will be both efficient and effective for the needs of Tufts Health Plan. The proposal is an overview of what is required for the project research. It justifies the choice of this project and sets the objective for the research. The proposal identifies the most suitable approach towards achieving the aims of this project. The proposal, in order to be complete, draws out an estimated timeline for the proposed research and development of the entire paging system. NEW PAGING SYSTEM PROJECT DESCRIPTION The new paging system project seeks to create a new system for Tufts Health Plan that is network based and managed through use of servers. The new software will be installed on servers whereby clients who are authorized by the systems administrator will be able to page support staff and key heads of the department in case of trouble OBJECTIVE OF THE RESEARCH The objective for the research into the new paging system project is the development of a network based paging system that will enable fast efficient paging of staff members. The project aims to enable fast and agile communication among staff members of the Tufts Health plan. The project research seeks to solve the problems posed by the stand alone system. These problems include inefficient communication, slow response to emergencies. Time wastage brought about by needing to access the support desk in case of an event so that they can page the relevant parties. JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY The reason for choosing this project is to provide a system that can aide in the saving of lives and treatment of the sick. Therefore the new paging system will provide for users in the Tufts health plan a better means of communication and paging framework for its staff. Cases of unattended emergency situations due to the standalone system will be reduced. Staff will be able to be notified from different points in the organization and thus work faster and more efficiently. It will enable the different departments in the organization to be able to deal with its own issues rather than try access the single point paging system at the support desk. APPROACH TO THE STUDY The approach to this project will be based on existing software development methodologies. The most suitable methodology will be determined with more in depth research into the problem. The beginning point of the project will be gathering requirements for the new system at the Tufts health plan and research on the exact needs of the different departments in the organization. The next step will be to analyse the requirements and develop feature lists for ease of development of use cases the system. After establishing a proper foundational system analysis I will move into system design and develop the class diagrams and the whole design of the system accompanying them with appropriate logical diagrams. The next phase of the project will be the implementation and testing of the system, which will finally lead us to successful deployment of the system.(Pressman,2010) The presentation of the system will be the endpoint for the
Emphasis must also be placed on exchanging and sharing ideas on ‘good’ practice in specific cultures, as well as establishing expectations of self and others and the role power plays in shaping these. The approach taken to explore concepts of the course has been to place emphasis on the continuous group work which proved to be the most efficient way of learning and gaining knowledge. Group exercises, discussions and academic reading have all been used as methods in order to develop a greater understanding of business and management as a whole. The predominant areas to be analyzed are Group Dynamics, Decision Making, Management by Results and Implementation/Project Management, theoretical and practical aspects of which are presented in the assignment. The process by which people interact and behave in a group environment is called group dynamics. Group dynamics involves the influence of personality, power, and behavior on the group process, as well as several other elements that have to be aligned in order to generate a desirable outcome. The issues concerning group dynamics are various and often complex involving internal, external and personal factors. The theory in this field is contradictory, and therefore generalizing is impossible. One correct answer for all situations will never be found. With the latter in mind, we will introduce the theory our group believes is relevant for our situation, assessed with relation to our group’s experiencesfrom the Sonique Sound System case. Elements of diversity, communication, expectations, leadership, norms, roles, and cohesiveness are all important when group dynamics are to be analyzed.
Despite the well-developed strategies, certain inherent risks are associated with a foreign direct investment which calls for additional caution when a company decides to invest in a host country. This report will attempt to assess social, environmental and political risk associated with foreign direct investment projects.Political and macro-economic stability is often regarded as the most significant pre-requisite for foreign investors. A stable, transparent and non-discriminatory legal and regulatory environment encourages multinational organizations since it promises an efficient and non-corrupt judicial system in case of conflict. Institutional rigidities and bureaucratic procedures are not intended as significant time is wasted in making strategies to fight with bureaucratic procedures and negotiations. Multinational organizations now require a free foreign exchange system with repatriation and a flexible labor market. An appropriate social and economic environment is also a prerequisite for the MNCs. A flourishing market, an efficient communication system, qualified labor, fiscal incentives and privatization programs are some of the ingredients that make a host country attractive to foreign investors (Michalet, 2000, pp7- 9).As mentioned earlier, foreign investors zero down on a specific country based on certain parameters. Earlier, organizations used to think the bureaucracy as a cost of getting entry into the domestic country. Nowadays the foreign investors consider these as a risk to their business. Apart from this, there can be certain political risks. Unfavourable political events and ambience of the host country can pose a potential risk for foreign investors. Changing relationships between the host and the home country as well as between the host and the third country is supposed to influence the economic well being of the multinationalcompanies in that host country.
Performance management has been promoted, researched and emphasised upon in small and large enterprises since long. The topic has evolved from much technical performance appraisal system. However, with the passage of time, increased complexity in businesses and emerging concepts of knowledge transfer, innovation, strategic human resources and greater attention on capabilities of human assets have transformed the way performance has been perceived, measured, judged and understood in organizational perspective. Even its application to subsequent HR policies and strategies has also changed drastically with the advent of information systems, international operations and establishing cultural symmetries between multinational offices of firms. In such context, it becomes essential to revisit the definitions of these two areas of HRM, chalk out differences between the two and identify reasons for prevailing confusion. Performance management can be defined as a process for establishing a shared understanding about what is to be achieved and how it is to be achieved, and an approach to managing people that increases the probability of achieving success (Armstrong 2009). Thus, thriving on this basic definition of performance management, it can be deciphered that performance management is concerned with synchronisation of individual and organizational goals, setting up of expectations, duties and responsibilities and providing for the development of employees through a modification in their attitude, work behavior, skills and abilities. The characteristics of performance management can now be charted out. Armstrong (2009) next opines that performance management system is the sum total of five basic elements- agreement, dialogue, measurement, feedback and reinforcement. Agreement takes place between what organizations want to achieve with the help of contribution of its employees and what employees want to achieve with the help of organizational culture, structure and policies. Dialogue is the sharing and dissemination of ideas, data and information to and fro employer and employees. In this respect, not only the managerial heads, but also line managers are responsible for the establishment of a two-way communication channel that exhibits transparency, reliability and truthfulness. Measurement of individual performance is based on continuously evolving standards, indicators and targets. Combination of these three tenets serve as foundation for constructive feedback mechanism through which employees identify their own deficiencies and shortcomings and policy makers also allow and arrange for their development and reinforcement of positive behavioural traits. Secondly, performance management is a flexible, continuous and evolving process which takes note of both past experiences and future requirements to chalk out present policies and strategies. It is not in the nature of authoritative or bureaucratic management where commands and orders follow from the upper echelons of hierarchy. Rather, it is a process done in partnership with employees themselves. As such, continuous changes in role expectations, job requirements, skills and competencies needed and other work aspects keep on surfacing out. Known by various names like merit rating, merit evaluation and others, performance appraisal is a narrower concept with respect to performance management. It is more formally and operationally focused upon evaluating the performance and work behavior of employees through the use of various rating techniques. Grote (1996:3) state that performance appraisals serve to fulfil three major objectives- one organizational and two individual. Organizations use it as a tool to determine the contribution of employees towards the achievement of
Running head: WORLD WAR I 1 World War I
March 1, 2017 WORLD WAR 1
1. 2 Propaganda refers to the method of communication used to control or impact the supposition of the…World History
Types of verbal communication used by both men and women
Verbal communication entails expressing oneself with the use of sound and words. There are
majorly two types of verbal communication, and…Sociology
Running Head: Analysis Of Communication And Leadership. Analysis of Communication and Leadership.
Institution: Analysis Of Communication And Leadership. 2 The work scope gives an…Communications
Running head: FUTURE OF STRATEGIC COMMUNICATION Future of Strategic Communication
Institution 1 FUTURE OF STRATEGIC COMMUNICATION 2 Future of strategic communication
promotion ,explain with suitable examples the 4 type of promotion adopted by consumer productPromotion is any form of communication that is adopted by an organization or firm designed to
inform, persuade, remind and influence consumers in the course of making the decision to buy.
The essay question is: How does the general model of communication as presentedFUNDAMENTALS OF HUMAN COMMUNICATION
There have been many attempts to define communication Dance and Larson (1976)
Listed 126 different published definitions of communication but it may be more useful to
identify the essential elements of communication rather than reviewing each of these
In any communication event there are two general types of actions taking place; creating
messages or displays, and interpreting message/ displays. The Random House Dictionary
of the English Language (1987) says that quot;to display is literally to spread something out
so that it may most completely and favorable be seen quot; Thus to display is to make
something plainly viewable usually in a favorable position for specific observation.
A message is either a visual or auditory display that we make so that others may observe
it.quot;The visual display could be in the form of writing a graphic display, or nonverbal
behavior. An auditory display could be spoken language or other sounds.
For a display to be communicative behavior it must stand for something at least in the
mind of the observer of the display. There are two general kinds of displays, verbal an
In verbal communication, the first act in a communicative series of events then is to make
a symbolic display for the observation of someone else. When we are planning a public
speech we are planning the symbolic displays we will present to our audience. This
display is our message.
This message/display that we present is the information we make available. Information
in this context refers to the words, sounds, and visual information we make available for
others to observe.
Information can be transferred to others in messages/displays but meaning cannot.
Meaning is the result of the second type of action which takes place in any
communication situation-interpretation. Interpretation is the act of making sense of
something. The Random House Dictionary says that to interpret means quot;to construe or
understand something in a particular way.quot;
Frame of Reference
Frame of Reference
Barriers to Communication
A big part of an organization’s culture is the communication process.
Effective communication is important for quality care delivery and to enhance employees performance to meet expectations. While people engage in sharing information all the time, the communication process may not be effective because of certain barriers. Some communication barriers identified by Hitt, Miller, Colella (2015) include:
1. Information distortion or suppression
2. Use of jargon
3. Time pressure
4. Cross-cultural barriers
5. Network breakdown.
Can you discuss some strategies that can be used to reduce or remove communication barriers?
A team is composed of a group assembled for a common purpose that coordinates the activities of members to
assist in performing the tasks needed to reach goals. A team’s performance includes the concept of synergy: when two things are put together, their value is more than the sum of both.
For a team to be effective in time management, it needs both communication and coordination. To improve team time management and productivity, give 5 suggestions on what leaders can do to assist teams with keeping on track. Explain why?
Imagine that you are a manager of a real or fictitious small to medium sized business where you have middle
managers who report to you.
The business is a company that has experienced rapid growth and is struggling to manage an expanded workforce.
Analyze how your communication choices will facilitate trust and team building within the organization.
which barrier to communication is responsible for most communication problems as they
apply to criminal
justice organizations or agencies? Which barrier is the hardest to correct? What are some
strategies for removing this barrier?
These skills can foster a positive attitude, effective communication, courteous and respectful interaction, and
the ability to remain calm and in control in difficult situations.
Group of answer choices
Anger management skills
What is your personalty?
behavior is a complex issue: Every individual has a unique way to behave and a lot in common, but most influences are their cultural background and lifestyle. Individual behavior is how a person reacts in different situations; P.48 There are dozens, including anger, contempt, enthusiasm, envy, fear, frustration, disappointment, embarrassment, disgust, happiness, hate, hope, jealousy, joy, love, pride, surprise, and sadness a person may show a wave of anger in one situation and other incident may be seeing joy depends on the situation. As a human all above mentioned can impact your personal life, job and ultimately your ability to advance your career. Even though my work and family is different behavior when it comes to real personality and how I behave, because my workplace has a different feeling when it comes to individual behavior, than home, and I deliberately believe how I behave both places are not the same.
My Work Behavior
The way our workday goes colors our moods, but our moods also affect the way we see our jobs. chapter 4 P.6.
At work, attitude value and emotion play an essential role in my behavior, at the happy moment, my responses are in a good mood, and hard things bother me. It is easy for me to be obedient and follow the rules as the way it is. However, when I am in sad moments like anger and frustration at that time, things are different. As a person, I can hide my excitement and my emotions when I am working to respect the organization and the healthy environment of my job. I usually display a high level of contrast in my behavior when it comes to organizational commitment. Even though I believe I am an average person, and my strongest is, I can wait for something and be Patient.
According to myself, I am analytic; my communication under stress is balanced, and I am good at avoiding, controlling, and withdrawing. And I am excellent communication skills, delivers my ideas and thoughts effectively. I am also a good listener with an uncanny ability to note the little details of a conversation. The one aspect that I need to improve is my ability to handle tough messages from my coworkers. I can call myself an open person and willing to accept feedback and coaching.
My mood always translates into a change in workplace behavior, and this is a perfect situation, and I need to keep it. But my manager wants to see me a significant difference in my socializing with colleagues, even though I am doing my job in excellent with quality and on-time delivery. So if I want to be a successful person particular in my organization, I have to stop socializing.
It seems to me that I am growing in general, but now I need to develop my personality skills, communication style under stress, and conflict handling style.
The key to coordination is to ensure that functional areas maintain:
A. ability to envision
B. consensus at all organizational levels
C. agreement on major marketing functions
D. ample time for planning
E. open lines of communication
Which of the following is needed to develop goals and objectives?
B. Mission statement
C. A SWOT analysis
D. Marketing plan
E. Competitive intelligence
Hi, I’m doing a nursing assignment on inter/intra professional communication, within the case study scenario it
says the patient wants to let their son know they are in hospital, would this fall under inter-professional communication? I understand intra is a nurse to nurse, and inter is one profession to another profession. Also, whos job is it to let family members know their relative is in hospital, would this be the nurses job to inform family? Thanks
Principle One: Be aware of your communication with yourself and
Communication simply refers to the transfer of information between a sender and
receiver whereby the main purpose is to derive a common level of understanding.
What is an example of a communication roadblock you have experienced in the classroom, and how did you handle it? What roles do human nature and emotions play for both teacher and student in a discipline situation?English Literature
Foes the fact that both federal and state legislators feel the need to regulate or otherwise contain SPAM suggest
(1) that SPAM is an effective way to reach many potential customers and (2) in the process of reaching those customers, many recipients of SPAM get really annoyed?
How might companies approach the mass advertising efforts in a way that is more effective? For example, TV ads have become a source of entertainment by themselves. Dilly-Dilly anyone? Could SPAM also become a form of entertainment or communication that is interesting and helpful to most consumers?
olgtltligtWhat type of conflict is occurring in this case, and what conflict management style would you,
olliWhat type of conflict is occurring in this case, and what conflict management style would you,
as the manager use? Justify your choice./liliWhat are the challenges to effective communication in this case and how can these challenges be mitigated?/liliHow would evidence-based decision making help in resolving this case? /li/ol
Answer: 1) The type of conflict presented in this case is an example of quot;Inter Group conflictquot;, where the workers
are up against the CEO (management), because of the imminent threat of…Management
•What is critical thinking?
•Why is it important in
•What is the role of communication in critical thinking?
•What is one example from your own life when language or communication had influenced your critical thinking?
•What are your final thoughts about the roles of reason, emotion, and communication in critical thinking?
Assignment along with the related case study .
Note: Kindly go through
Running head: COMMUNICATION TITLE:
DAY, MONTH, YEAR 2 Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE…Communications
Imagine that you are the leader of a newly formed virtual work team. The team includes six people all from
different geographical regions across the globe. What communication methods will you employ? What challenges will you face (esp. regarding communication) and how will you handle these? Be specific in your response.
Email communication strategy to correct Diego’s performance issue. Plan to schedule a face-to-face meeting with
Diego to address the matter. First, notify Diego of the meeting via email. Next, plan the agenda for a face-to-face meeting with Diego.
Effective communication and the nurse-patient relationship are known to be important in the provision of
person-centred care. Select two (2) of the
following communication and nurse-patient relationship concepts listed below, and discuss how they are important to person-centred care:
a/ professional boundaries
b/ inclusive nursing practice
c/ assertive communication
d/ therapeutic communication
ination of how much interest rates can be charged, and the budget that the government operates with as well as the labour market, the national ownership and more other sectors that the government provides intervention in the economy of that particular company. These policies are normally subjective of international institutions such as the International Monetary Fund or The World bank and also the political beliefs that are harboured as well as the policies that the parties that are affected have.
Globalisation has many scopes and it brings out different meanings to different people who are In different academic disciplines where others look at it as economic capitalism while there is a group that perceives it as a way of coming up with a culture that has high breed characteristics. Generally, globalisation can be seen as the increase in the amount of interconnectedness that exists in the world and is escalated by the blitz of market capitalism that has taken place all over the world and the improvements in electronic communication and the technologies that are related to transport. The forms of urbanisation that exist in the post-globalisation era exhibit an increased growth and concentration of population in the cities that are larger and urban economic growth has progressively contributed by services sectors, deteriorating share of industrial sector and greater labour output. Largely, the growth consequences of these relative analyses suggest a need for going on with economic globalisation and for a national methodology for the improvement of large cities (Narayana, 2010, p. 91-116).
Agglomerations in the services which is normally measured by the specialisation index of the region multiplied by the size in the financial intermediation has normally been seen as having a positive impact on the growth and this kind of results can have implications that are particular for urban regions since financial intermediation mainly exists in the areas that are
The response and action of Tim to talk with both Maggie and William independently was appropriate for this case. This is because the sharing process of the information resulted in the identification of individual concerns. However, I would have acted as a mediator and invite both Maggie and William in the mediation table. The mediation process would then result in solving of the pertinent issues between Maggie and William.
The pertinent leadership issues pertinent in this case are problem-solving and team leading and management. This is because Tim, who was managing the diabetes clinic, was faced with a challenge of resolving the relationship conflict between Maggie and William. In addition, Tim was not in a position to create and manage an effective team for the diabetes clinic staff members.
In order to manage this situation, I would ensure that I develop the team effectively. This would include the identification of weaknesses, strengths, and talents of the staff members (Pingree, 2011). Further, I would embrace the element of communication, which would facilitate decision-making and sharing of information. This would create an ethical culture where employees respect each other.
The significant issue in the case was team building and management. This is because the staff members in this clinic could not work in unison. In additional, ethical culture was a significant issue in the case. This was evidenced by the conflict in the relationship between Maggie and William.
Arguments in this paper flow from four cultural traits of effective organizations that include involvement, consistency, adaptability, and mission. The paper compares and contrasts the organizational cultures of the U.S and those of the Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates by applying elements such as collectivism versus individualism, femininity versus masculinity, orientation, and power distance.
America organizational culture features a system of inclusive involvement whereby employees are rewarded for taking initiatives. The American system values accountability and empowerment. The American organization cultures stress the significance of accountability. The U.S. organizational culture provides a favorable environment for peak performance accompanied by extrinsic rewards. Aspects such as individual bonuses are tied to initiative and personal accountability. The organization culture of the U.S. establishes conditions for achieving operational objectives. U.S. organization culture stresses the importance of values such as communication, innovation, collaboration, and stability, which influences the employees’ roles and expectations. The organizational culture of U.S. also encourages innovation and risk taking.
Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates, which comprise part of Arab World, exhibits unique values and beliefs as reflected on the organizations practices and systems development, implementation and management. The two countries are heavily dependent on foreign labor, especially in essential professional and skilled or technical fields. Expatriates in the countries are hired contractually. their jobs attract high extrinsic rewards. There is a strong inclination in both countries for an increased preference for managerial positions. Survey conducted in organizations in both countries highlights conflicting attitudes towards Western business models. However, most agree that they enhance organizational performance. Regulatory decisions within the
Analysis of Business Operations Using Hoshin Kanri Planning There are seven management and planning tools that have their origins in the fields of operations research. They originated from the researches carried out by the Japanese during World War II and were performed to ensure total controls on quality. The seven tools utilized were the affinity diagram, interrelationship digraphs, tree diagrams, prioritization matrixes, matrix diagrams, process decision program charts and the activity network diagrams (Hutchins 25). The tools that are familiar to me are the first four listed tools whereas the latter three are new to me. The management tool of my choice will be the affinity diagram when it comes to applying one of them in my business which deals with the sales and marketing of various products.
The use of the affinity diagram greatly requires the utilization of team efforts. It therefore requires the complete attention of the whole team that is operating in the business. The importance of utilizing the diagram in my business arises from the fact that there is a lot of information generated. The team therefore requires to sort through this information to come up with the most effective measures of increasing a products sale. It is also applicable since the answers required are not just obvious to all the team members working on a presented problem. The solutions that are normally adopted come from the general consensus reached by all the team members. The tool is vital since it helps in establishing connections that were previously invisible between the information collected (Hutchins 56). It also greatly assists in the brainstorming of the causes and the solutions to various problems being experienced especially in situations where there is little information availed.
The business benefits in a variety of ways through the use of the affinity diagram. This is because the diagram assists in making breakthroughs in various problems occurring and it also enables the establishment of greater teamwork activities. The diagram additionally helps in revealing relationships between various pieces of information and building of greater skills of critical thinking within my business team. The creation of these skills within the business greatly assists in solving the problems that our clients forward to us through the development of the most cost effective along with efficient solutions. The use of the affinity diagram has enabled the team members within the business to develop better communication skills when dealing with any problems that are brought to the company. This move has enabled the business to remain profitable and on course in achieving the set objectives. It also allows for the complete participation and contribution of all team members in the development of solutions along with the decision making processes within the business.
In order to effectively utilize the diagram and achieve the above benefits in the business, I have to ensure that the sales along with the marketing solutions development team are comprised of the appropriate team members. This will be achieved by staffing the team with members who are qualified and have the required skills. The problems at hand are then described in full for clarification purposes to the team members and followed by the carrying out of a brainstorming exercise. This is done so as to positively identify the challenges and responses that the team needs to address. All the ideas generated are then recorded on a posting note book for the eventual sorting of the notes in groups of three to four members. This activity is carried out silently as a consensus is reached among the team members. Finally, a summary posting for each participating group is created for the adoption of the best implementable decisions.
Hutchins, David, C. Hoshin Kanri: The Strategic Approach to Continuous Improvement, 2008.
Hampshire: Gower Publishing, Ltd.
EMs programs EMS (Emergency Medical Services) education programs are significant in any community because theyact as the solutions to many EMS related issues especially in the rural areas. These programs are aimed at increasing the health situation to the vulnerable areas and the provision of emergency medical care.
Serious cases are either air lifted or facilitated by use of vehicles.
The communities targeted in this research are the rural African and marginalized communities. These are the areas that are most vulnerable in illnesses. These are mostly the rural areas where development is less and the people there receive less or inadequate resources such as ambulance, first aid care, physicians for an immediate action.
Such areas are majorly faced by the EMS problem of disease outbreak. These areas are constantly faced with malaria outbreak thus high mortality rate of both children and adults. Accessing health facilities is a problem to such people because of the following reasons. Poverty level, poor transport, poor communication. Unless health facilities and governments come up with long lasting strategies to avert the situation, then the nationals in such areas continue to suffer more and more.
The community education program that can be employed to avert the above situation of malaria epidemic is first to develop, collect and disseminate the necessary information on the importance of good health to individuals and the importance of living in clean environment. In this case, professionals trained in the field of medicine should be given the first priority to undertake the exercise. The training programs should also be made affordable and accessible so as to achieve the entire goal.
There are some established communities agencies which I can well involve myself in and provide the program. These agencies are either private or public but with a common goal of providing quick response to any medical care in a certain community. These agencies include NHTSA. This agency has been leading for the past forty years in the provision of a system approach to emergency medical services in various communities. Volunteers and other trained medical personnel have teamed up in the past to provide much assistance to these communities. NEMSIS (National Emergency Medical Services Information System) is another cooperative agency in the same ( Brenna, pg. 60).
Research shows that there few developed programs designed to provide emergency medical services. This is due to some challenges faced such as lack of adequate trained personnel to conduct such services, slow response to cases of emergency in rural areas, poor communication and undeveloped infrastructure.
Carrying out health assessment periodically is the first step to determine the effectiveness of the EMS program applied to a given community is the first remedy to determine the effectiveness of any program applied. Besides professionals and agencies can also find out if an EMS program is effective by conducting both qualitative and quantitative research in a given community. By this doing they will be able to analyze both past and current situation and come up with a correct finding on the same. An effective EMS program should be one that provides a quick solution to medical services in a given community ( Brenna, pg. 50).
Brenna, John. Principles of EMS Systems. 3rd ed. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett, 2006. Print.
61500 This paper illustrates that the effective way to implement a SAN requires computing different or all the existing servers by deploying multiple servers thereby allowing them to organize automatically by creating unconnected information islands. However, in the case of Carlson SAN approach, each of these created islands will be accessible to only one computer. therefore, if computer B needs to use information created by computer A, then computer B needs to copy such information from computer A. In this case, the computer A and B are not connected to a central server, but to independent servers. However, the current implementation of SAN requires a mode of operation or computation where the sourcing of information is from a central point, but accessing such information must be with a high degree of security. Moreover, the Carlson SAN approach mode of implementation requires backup, inter-process communication, and data transfer between different data source. however, the today’s implementation will not require backup since that data or the computing information will be in the cloud. Cloud computing does not require backup or interruption of systems or the flow of information during such implementations as such data or inhumation will be readily available to both the organization’s management and customers in the cloud. Cloud computing allows server Virtualization that does not require physical servers that reducing the interference of worker at some point of network maintenance or advancement.