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CHAPTER1The Dynamic Environment of Health CareCHAPTER OBJECTIVES• Describe the healthcare environment as it has evolved since the middle to late 1960s with attention to the dynamic interplay of key factors.• Examine megatrends in the healthcare environment with attention to:○Client characteristics○Professional practitioners and caregivers○Healthcare marketplace and settings○Applicable laws, regulations, and standards○Impact of technology○Privacy and security considerations○Financing of health care○Social and cultural factors• Identify the role set of the healthcare practitioner as manager.• Review the classic functions of the manager.• Define and differentiate between management as an art and a science.• Conceptualize the characteristics of an effective manager.THE DYNAMIC ENVIRONMENT OF HEALTH CAREThe contemporary healthcare environment is a dynamic one, combining enduring patterns of practice with evolving ones to meet challenges and opportunities of changing times. The healthcare organization is a highly visible one in most communities. It is a fixture with deep roots in the social, religious, fraternal, and civic fabric of the society. It is a major economic force, accounting for approximatelyone-sixth of the national economy. In some local settings, the healthcare organization is one of the major employers, with the local economy tied to this sector. The image of the hospital is anchored in personal lives: it is the place of major life events, including birth and death, and episodes of care throughout one’s life. Families recount the stories of “remember the time when we all rushed to the hospital …” and similar recollections. The hospital is anchored in the popular culture as a common frame of reference. People express, in ordinary terms, their stereotypic reference to the healthcare setting: “He works up at the hospital,” “Oh yes, we made another trip to the emergency room,” or “I have a doctor’s appointment.” Popular media also uses similar references; television shows regularly feature dramatic scenes in the acute care hospital, with the physician as an almost universally visible presence. Care is often depicted as happening in the emergency department.On closer examination, one recognizes that, in fact, many changes have occurred in the healthcare environment. The traditional hospital remains an important hub of care but with many levels of care and physical locations. The physician continues to hold a major place on the healthcare team, but there has been a steady increase in the development and use of other practitioners (e.g., nurse midwife, physical therapist as independent agent, physician assistant) to complement and augment the physician’s role. A casual conversation reflects such change; a person is just as likely to go to the mall to get a brief physical examination at a walk-in, franchised clinic as he or she would be to go to the traditional physician’s office. One might get an annual “flu” shot at the grocery store or smoking cessation counseling from the pharmacist at a commercial drug store. One might have an appointment for care with a nurse practitioner instead of a physician. Instead of using an emergency service at a hospital, one might receive health care at an urgent care service or clinic.Although the setting and practitioners have developed and changed, the underlying theme remains: how to provide health care that is the best, most effective, accessible, and affordable, in a stable yet flexible delivery system. This is the enduring goal.Those who manage healthcare organizations monitor trends and issues associated with the healthcare delivery system in order to reach this goal. Thus, a manager seeks to have thorough awareness and knowledge of the interplay of the dynamic forces. It is useful, therefore, to follow a systematic approach to identify, monitor, and respond to changes in the healthcare environment. The following template provides such a systematic approach. The starting point is the client/patient/recipient of care. This is followed in turn by considerations of the professional practitioners and caregivers; healthcare market place and settings; applicable laws, regulations, and standards; impact of technology; privacy and security considerations; financing; and social-cultural factors.CLIENT/PATIENT CHARACTERISTICSThe demographic patterns of the overall population have a direct impact on the healthcare organization. For example, the increase in the number of older people requires more facilities and personnel specializing in care of this group, such as continuing care, skilled nursing care, and home care.Clinical conditions associated with aging also lead to the development of specialty programs such as Alzheimer’s disease and memory care, cardiac and stroke rehabilitation, and wellness programs to promote healthy aging. At the other end of the age spectrum, attention to neonatal care, healthy growth and development, and preventive care are points of focus. Particular attention is given to adolescents and young adults who engage in contact sports, where concussion, permanent brain injury, fractures, and sprains are common. In all age groups, there is a rising rate of obesity; type 2 diabetes; and addictions to substances, such as heroin, opioids, methadone, and assorted “street drugs.”Diseases and illnesses are, of course, an ever-present consideration. Some diseases seem to have been conquered and eliminated through timely intervention. Some recur after long periods of absence. Tuberculosis, polio, smallpox, and pertussis are examples of successes in disease management and prevention. Sometimes, however, new strains may develop or compliance with immunization mandates may decrease so that these types of communicable diseases reappear.Decades of use of antibacterial medicines has given rise to superbugs, resistant to the usual treatment. Another element of concern is the appearance of an almost unknown disease entity (e.g., Ebola or a pandemic agent). New clinical conditions may also arise within certain age groups, necessitating fresh approaches to their care. By way of example, consider the rise in autism and childhood obesity.Other characteristics of the client/patient population reflect patterns of usage and the associated costs of care. The identification of superusers—patients who have high readmission rates and/or longer than average lengths of stay or more complications—gives providers an insight into practices needing improvement (e.g., better discharge planning or increased patient education). The geographic region that constitutes the general catchment area of the facility should be analyzed to identify health conditions common to the area. Examples include rural farm regions, with associated injuries and illnesses; heavy industry, with work-related injuries; and winter resort areas, with injuries resulting from strenuous outdoor activity (e.g., fractures from skiing injuries).TRENDS RELATING TO PRACTITIONERS AND CAREGIVERSThe trends and issues relating to practitioners and caregivers cluster around the continuing expansion of scope of practice, with the related increase in education and credentialing. The traditional attending physician role has given way to the inpatient physician, the hospitalist. The one-to-one physician–patient role set continues to shift from solo practice to group practice and team coverage. Licensed, credentialed nonphysician practitioners continue to augment the care provided by the physician. These physician-extenders often specialize—for example, the physical therapist in sports-related care, the occupational therapist in autism programs, the nurse practitioner in wellness care for the frail elderly, the nurse midwife, the nurse case manager in transition care, and the physician assistant in emergency care. Educational requirements include advanced degrees in the designated field.There is a related shift in the practice settings for these various practitioners. The move away from inpatient-based care leads to an increase in independent practice. Sometimes the franchise model is favored over self-employment. Regional and national franchises provide a turnkey practice environment with the additional benefits of a management support division.The Family as CaregiverAlthough the provision of care by family members is a practice that long predates formal healthcare models, these caregivers are the focus of renewed attention. As shorter stays for inpatient care, or subacute care to reduce inpatient care, become the norm, the role of the family caretaker intensifies. The patient care plan, with emphasis on the discharge plan, necessarily includes instruction to family members about such elements as medication regimen, wound care, infection prevention, and injection processes. If the patient does not have a family member who is able to assist in these ways, or if the patient (often a frail, elderly person) lives alone, coordination of services with a community agency or commercial company is needed. This gives rise to related issues. Can family members be reimbursed by insurance providers? If so, what is needed by way of documentation and billing? And there is yet another related issue: how can employers assist workers to meet the demands of work as well as help the family member? Practices such as flexible work hours and unpaid leave become both desirable and necessary elements.Changes in Management Support ServicesBehind the scenes, there is the wide network of management support services within the healthcare organization. The trend toward specialization increases within these ranks, with new job categories being developed in response to related trends. With regard to finances and reimbursement, chief financial officers (or similar administrators) augment their teams with clinical reimbursement auditors, coding and billing compliance officers, physician coder-educators, and certified medical coders. The regulatory standards manager specializes in coordinating the many compliance factors flowing from laws, regulations, and standards. The chief information officer augments that role with specialized teams, including nurse informaticians, clinical information specialists, and information technology experts.Patterns of CareImprovements in patient care services, the utilization of advanced technologies such as telemedicine, and the financial pressures to reduce the length of stay for inpatient care have resulted in shorter stays, more transitional care, and (possibly) a higher readmission rate. To offset a high readmission rate, additional attention is given to the discharge plan. The increased use of the observation unit in the emergency department also helps reduce admission and readmission rate. These issues and trends lead to a discussion of the healthcare setting.THE HEALTHCARE SETTING: FORMAL ORGANIZATIONAL PATTERNS AND LEVELS OF CAREEach healthcare setting has a distinct pattern of organization and offers specific levels of care. Characteristics include ownership and sponsorship, nonprofit or for-profit corporate status, and distinct levels of care. These elements are specified in the license to operate as well as in the corporate charter. Ownership and sponsorship often reflect deep ties to the immediate community. A sector of the community, such as a fraternal organization, a religious association, or an academic institution, developed and funded the original hospital or clinic, almost always as nonprofit because of their own nonprofit status. These organizations purchased the land, had the buildings erected and equipped, and provided continued supplemental funding for the enterprise. Federal, state, city, and county units of government also own and sponsor certain facilities (e.g., facilities for veterans, state behavioral care facilities, county residential programs for the intellectually disabled). For-profit ownership and sponsorship include owner-investor hospital and clinic chains; long-term care facilities; franchise operations for specialty care (e.g., eye care, rehabilitation centers, retail clinics in drugstores and big-box retailer stores). Over the past several decades, sponsorship by religious or fraternal organizations has diminished, with the resulting sale of these healthcare facilities to other entities. The original name is often retained because it is a familiar and respected designation in the community.Provider Growth: Mergers, Joint Ventures, and Collaborative PartnershipsHealthcare organizations periodically change or augment their service offerings, with a resulting change in corporate structure. This restructuring may take the form of a merger, a joint venture, or a collaborative partnership. Why do healthcare organizations seek restructuring? The reasons are several:• The desire to express an overall value of promoting comprehensive, readily accessible care by shoring up smaller community-based facilities, keeping them from closure• The need for improved efficiencies resulting from centralized administrative practices such as financial and health information resource streamlining or public relations and marketing intensification• The desire and/or need to penetrate new markets to attract additional clients• The desire and/or need to increase size so as to have greater clout in negotiations with managed care providers who tend to bypass smaller entitiesAs cost-containment pressure began to grow, providers—primarily hospitals—initially moved into mergers mostly to secure economies of scale and other operating efficiencies and sometimes for reasons as basic as survival. The growth and expansion of managed care plans provided further incentiveto merge among hospitals, which seems to have inspired health plan mergers in return. Each time a significant merger occurs, one side gains more leverage in negotiating contracts. The larger the managed care plan, the greater the clout in negotiating with hospitals and physicians and vice versa.Clarification of TermsThe termmergeris used to describe the blending of two or more corporate entities to create one new organization with one licensure and one provider number for reimbursement purposes. One central board of trustees or directors is created, usually with representation from each of the merged facilities. Debts and assets are combined. For example, suppose a university medical center buys a smaller community-based hospital. Ownership and control is now shifted to the new organization. Sometimes the names of the original facilities are retained as part of public relations and marketing, as when a community group or religious-affiliated group has great loyalty and ties to the organization. Alternatively, a combined name is used, such as Mayfair Hospital of the University Medical System.Thejoint venturediffers from a merger in that each organization retains its own standing as a specific legal/corporate entity. A joint venture or affiliation is a formal agreement between or among member facilities to officially coordinate and share one or more activities. Ownership and control of each party remains distinct, but binding agreements, beneficial to all parties, are developed. Shared activities typically include managed care negotiations, group purchasing discounts, staff development and education offerings, and shared management services. Each organization keeps its own name with the addition of some reference to its affiliated status, as in the title: Port Martin Hospital, an affiliate of Vincent Medical Center.Acollaborative partnershipis another interorganizational arrangement. As with the joint venture, each organization retains its own standing as a specific legal–corporate entity. The purpose of the collaborative partnership is to draw on the mutually beneficial resources of each party for a specific time period associated with the completion of agreed-on projects. An example from research illustrates this point: a university’s neuroscience and psychology departments and a hospital pediatric service combine research efforts in the area of autism. A formal letter of agreement or mutual understanding is exchanged, outlining the essential aspects of the cooperative arrangement.Such restructuring efforts, especially the formal merger, are preceded by mutual due diligence reviews in which operational, financial, and legal issues are assessed. Federal regulations and state licensing requirements must be followed. Details of the impact of the restructuring on operational levels are considered, with each manager providing reports; statistics; contractual information, leases (as of equipment); and staffing arrangements, including independent contractors and outsourced work.In the instance of a full merger, practical considerations constitute major points of focus. Examples include redesigning forms, merging the master patient index and record system into one new system, merging finance and billing processes, and officially discharging and readmitting patients when the legally binding merger has taken place.Present-day mergers and joint ventures can have a pronounced effect on the health professional entering a management position. Consider the example of a laboratory manager who must now oversee a geographically divided service because a two-hospital merger results in this person’s having responsibility in two sites that are miles apart. There is far more to consider in managing a split department than in managing a single-site operation. The manager’s job is made all the more difficult. Overall, however, mergers, joint ventures, and collaborative partnerships are an opportunity for the professional-as-manager with greatly increased responsibility and accountability and a role of increasing complexity.Range of Service and Levels of CareOne of the most distinguishing features of a specific healthcare organization is the range of service, along with levels of care. This feature identifies the organization as a particular kind of organization, explicitly defined in its license to operate (e.g., an acute care hospital, an adult day care center, a hospice). An organization may offer many different services, both inpatient and outpatient. The range of service and levels of care are part of the overall definition of the organization; the specific types of care are delineated. Groups such as the American Hospital Association (AHA), The Joint Commission (TJC) and similar associations, and various designated federal and/or state agencies, define types and levels of care. Thus, a hospital might develop its range of services at an advanced level, with a variety of specialty services, to meet the definition of tertiary care. A small, rural hospital might seek to meet the basic standards for a critical access facility, capitalizing on the flexibility such designation permits.Clinics vary in their range of service from the relatively small, walk-in clinic, to more complex services such as an urgent care clinic or specialty clinic associated with a hospital. In this latter arrangement, the inpatient service coordinates care with its companion outpatient clinic. Examples include surgery, cardiac care, and prenatal and postnatal care.Another way of noting the variety of care services is to group organizations by client characteristics and treatment needs: geriatric behavioral care, rapid treatment for drug-dependent clients, women’s health, comprehensive cancer care, sports medicine, hospice care, and intensive day treatment for at-risk youth. Care of frail, elderly people has been and is a growth industry because of the simple fact of demographics—the increasing numbers of older individuals. The variety of levels of care include independent living units; personal care assistance, including secured units for dementia care; skilled nursing care; and comprehensive continuing care facilities. Adult day care programs augment residential care.Further details about the range of care can be found by identifying the organization’s place in the overall continuum of care. For the purposes of this discussion, the acute care, inpatient facility will be placed at the center, with the continuum of care segmented as subacute and postacute, although it should be noted that not all care involves inpatient admission. Thus, an organization might tailor its services to support transitional care, either temporary or permanent care, with a postacuterehabilitation center, a long-term nursing care center, and assisted living and secured personal care for frail elderly people. The current emphasis on reducing readmission rates for inpatient care gives new impetus to the development and/or expansion of these types of services. A traditional nursing home, specializing in “balance of life” care of frail, elderly people, might restructure its programs to add posthospitalization care, with the expectation that the length of stay will be weeks or (a few) months—not indeterminate and permanent. Home care programs have increased in prominence because of their place in the sequence of care. Shortened inpatient stays, outpatient same-day surgery, transitional care from hospital to nursing home to the patient’s personal residence intensify the need for home care by nurses, along with a variety of other caregivers (e.g., health aides, homemaker aides).Hospice care represents a model of service that utilizes several levels of care. Care of the terminally ill (regardless of age) is rendered in the home, in the hospital when needed, and in a nursing care facility. A hospice might be owned and sponsored by an inpatient facility or operate as a stand-alone organization. One way to describe hospice care is this: the hospice program follows the patient and family as they move through the various changes in location.In the continuing search for the best care, with flexibility and affordability, there has been renewed interest in domiciliary care for the elderly or developmentally disabled. The underlying idea is a return to home-like, individual care provided by paid caregivers, often in a patient’s own homes. Some states have active programs to increase the number and quality of such arrangements, along with active plans to decrease the number of nursing home beds.The group home for adolescents or developmentally disabled people continues to be an area of change. The movement is away from large, institutional-based care to very small units (e.g., four to six clients in a family-like group home).LAWS, REGULATIONS, AND ACCREDITING STANDARDSLaws, regulations, and accrediting standards are a major consideration in the delivery of health care. They affect every aspect of the healthcare system. The sheer volume of such requirements, some of which are in contradiction to others, has increased to the point that most organizations have a formally designated compliance officer. This high-level manager, assigned to the chief executive division, has the responsibility of assessing compliance with current requirements, monitoring proposed changes, and helping departments and services prepare for upcoming changes. Other responsibilities of this officer include the preparation of required reports and studies, the coordination of site visits, and the preparation of any follow-up action or plan of correction. In addition, this officer provides liaison with the Board of Trustee’s corporate compliance committee. Managers at the operational level work closely with this office in order to comply—indeed excel—at meeting all requirements.The operational level managers, while assisted by the compliance office, must take the initiative on their own to ensure that day-to-day practices and systems are in order. A systematic review of laws, regulations, and standards facilitates this practice. A manager can sort through the thicket of requirements by analyzing them in terms of several features:• Setting. Licensure laws at the state level authorize the owner/sponsors to offer specific types of care (e.g., acute care hospital, behavioral care facility, rehabilitation center). The definitions and requirements in this fundamental law are the starting point, for without meeting this set of binding elements, the organization would not be permitted to function. Changes in program offerings, including expansion, termination, or sale, trigger an update in licensure status.• Patient/client group. Certain issues concerning definition of the patient/client must be considered: when does the relationship begin; who is eligible for certain programs of care; what aspects of reimbursement for care apply; who may consent for care; and what, if any, special provisions attach to certain patient groups (e.g., any patients needing protective care).• Professional practitioners and the support staff. Professional practitioners are required to have a license to practice. Both the individual and the organization’s officials must be mindful of the necessity of meeting this set of rules. In addition to this requirement, there are many laws and regulations governing working conditions, hours and rates of pay, and nondiscrimination.• Systems requirements. Specific aspects of the administrative and support systems are often laid out in detail, including time frames; requirements for record development and retention; and review processes relating to patient care, safety, and privacy. Required documentation of care is delineated in terms of content and time (e.g., development of plan of care, discharge plan, medication profile, restraint usage).The sources of law are both state and federal governments. In addition to these, local units of government, such as counties and cities, have laws that apply to most or all formal organizations in their geographic jurisdiction. The usual ones are fire and safety codes, zoning regulations, environmental requirements, and traffic controls.Regulations Stemming from LawsThe usual practice in lawmaking is this: the basic law is developed and passed, with the lawmakers recognizing that further details will be needed. The specific law usually indicates which government department or agency is invested with this rule making power. Healthcare providers are most familiar with the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) and its Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS—formerly the Health Care Financing Administration) division that has the authority to develop Medicare rules and regulations. Other current “headliner” laws and companion regulations include the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH), the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996, and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) of 2010.Accrediting StandardsAlthough these standards or elements of performance are not required as such, most healthcare facilities seek to meet them and have official recognition by an appropriate accrediting agency. Some of the usual nationwide accrediting bodies are TJC, Continuing Care Accreditation Commission, and the Accrediting Commission for Health Care.Within the accrediting process for the overall facility, there are additional criteria for certain programs, with the resulting assurance of quality care. By way of example, TJC has a gold seal of approval rating for rehabilitation services. It also has disease-specific care certification.Professional Association Standards and GuidelinesProfessional associations develop standards of practice and related guidelines in their area of expertise. These guidelines reflect best practices and provide practical methods of developing and implementing operational level systems. In addition to the practical aspect of meeting such optional standards, there is prestige value associated with gaining recognition by outside groups. Receiving magnet designation from the American Nurses’ Credentialing Center illustrates this dual benefit.Sources of Information about RequirementsManagers face a challenge in trying to keep up to date regarding the many requirements. They must take a proactive stand, especially for those aspects relating to their department or service.One’s professional association is a reliable source of timely and thorough information. The umbrella organizations such as the AHA monitor current and prospective issues and make the information readily available. A useful practice for managers to adopt is the regular monitoring of theFederal Registerfor federal regulations, and the companion publication at state level. These agencies publish agenda listings on a periodic basis (e.g., annually, semiannually) to alert the public about probable new regulations. This is augmented by an official Notice of Proposed Rulemaking about a specific topic.Government agencies, public and private “think tanks,” and other associations prepare position papers; national, state, or regional health initiatives proposals; and similar plans. Healthy People 2020 or the DHHS’s national health goals or a state governor’s long-range plan are examples of readily available documents to alert managers of trends and issues.THE IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGYA survey of any health discipline would readily provide examples of the impact of technology. New treatment modalities emerge. For example, specialty care is taken to the patient (e.g., bedside anesthesia, mobile vans with chemotherapy, portable diagnostic equipment). There is rapid and constant adoption of computerized devices. Several areas of interest are highlighted here to illustrate the trends and issues of a high-tech world and its implications for healthcare delivery.eHealth and Virtual HealthThis segment of health care has several names: eHealth, Virtual Health, and Digital Connectivity. The eVisit, wherein patient and provider communicate by means of technological interaction instead of face-to-face, in an office, has become commonplace.Telemedicineortelehealthis a broader and slightly older term, reflecting the same kind of interaction. Both methods utilize video conferencing, telephone systems, and computers. The eVisit by the patient with the clinician is a particularly good method for patients who are in rural areas without easy access to their primary care provider; it is useful in the same way for the homebound patient without transportation or whose chronic illness is exacerbated by going outside the home. Virtual counseling is another example of this kind of care; the sufferer of posttraumatic stress disorder or depression might find easier access to interventions and care because it is readily available through technology. Also, the eVisit is a useful alternative when inclement weather makes travel to on-site care unwise or impossible. In addition, remote monitoring provides real-time feedback to providers and patients, allowing them to make more timely interventions when indicated. Common applications include monitoring heart-related conditions, diabetes, and pulmonary hypertension.Teleconferencing provides clinicians with ready access to specialists in another setting, thus providing the patient and care team with expert advice and avoiding the transfer of the patient. The telestroke program exemplifies this type of interaction where time is of the essence. The popular use of apps for self-monitoring, both for a clinical condition as well as wellness, provides clients and caregivers with some baseline information about a client’s ongoing condition. The user can set up reminders about medication use, blood sugar levels, or blood pressure monitoring. Diet and exercise information can be tracked. Coupled with popular web searches for health information (e.g., getting a “second opinion” from a Web site), the consumer of health care generates his or her own personal health record.The Personal Health RecordThis is not a new concept. Conscientious individuals routinely keep important health documents, including immunization records, summaries of episodes of care, and their own tracking notes about a chronic condition. What is new is the increased computerization of such notes. With the emphasis on developing and maintaining an electronic health record system, healthcare organizations encourage the incorporation of client-generated portfolios and the official documentation from healthcare providers into a comprehensive document. Patients’ rights to access and receive a copy of their health records has been well established and is encouraged. This is a gradual change from the days when there was limited or no routine access. Thepersonal health record(PHR) does not replace the legal record of the healthcare provider—the PHR is developed and maintained by the patient/client and the official record by the provider. There is a related trend: having the patient access the ongoing, official record through electronic systems. Providers make this possible through the development of secure portal access to the information and encourage its use through patienteducation about the process. Information includes access to test results, discharge instructions, procedure information, and similar data. The goal is to increase patients’ involvement in their own care. The electronic health record is more fully discussed in the chapter on the challenges of change in the healthcare system.Data Warehousing and Data MiningAs the electronic data capture and retention and manipulation increases, so does the sheer volume of data. These electronic measures incorporate and enhance the more historical methods of the hard copy record, decentralized indexes and registries, and special studies.Data warehousingrefers to the centralized depository of data collected from most or all aspects of the organization (e.g., patient demographics, financial/billing transactions, clinical decision making) gathered into one consistent computerized format. Easy connectivity to national and international data bases (e.g., National Library of Medicine, Medicare Providers Analysis and Review) is yet another feature of this process.Data miningis the analysis and extraction of data to find meaningful facts and trends for real-time interventions in clinical decision-making support, studies and oversight review of administrative and clinical practice by designated review groups, budget support, and related data usage. Trend analysis and predictive indicators (e.g., injury prediction outcomes in pediatric emergencies or predictions of impending arrhythmia and sudden death, mortality predictions) are readily available to clinicians. Data mining is also a business; a medical center, with its fast compilation of core data and specialty data elements, may sell nonidentifiable patient data to pharmaceutical, medical device, and biotech industries.Translational MedicineWith the ready availability of support data, clinicians seek to more effectively and rapidly complete the cycle of bench to bedside to bench. Translational medicine emerges as an area of intensified interest, with hospitals coordinating these efforts through a clinical innovation office headed by a physician with an appropriate support staff. This strengthens both research capabilities and clinical practice.The Health Information ExchangeThe electronic health record enhances patient care within the organization because of its real-time, comprehensive features. But what of the situations in which care is given in more than one setting? The release of information process, using traditional hard copy or even electronic transmission, usually starts after the patient is admitted. Why not develop systems of interchange of information, regardless of the point of care? Such a system would facilitate communication among providers, reduce the number of unneeded tests, and provide a more comprehensive review of patients’ past and ongoing care. Technology supports this concept; the electronic movement of health-related information is available. The coordinated efforts to make this a reality have led to the development of regional health information exchange of patient-consented information.Privacy and Security IssuesThe positive aspects of technology as applied to health care are clear. But along with these positive benefits, there arise new concerns for privacy and security issues. Hackers can access and even destroy computerized data bases. Identify theft, including medical identity, is an increasing problem for individuals and organizations. Consequently, safeguards are increased to secure the data, yet keep it easily accessible by legitimate users. There is a growing body of laws and regulations relating to these issues, foremost of which is HIPAA, mandating a variety of controls and practices to ensure patient privacy is protected. A more detailed discussion of this law and its requirements is in the chapter on the challenge of change.Informatics Standards and Common LanguageThe goals of data sharing in support of patient care are generally well accepted, with active implementation of systems. To make this effective, there is the continuing need for interoperability of systems along with informatics standards and common language. These efforts include the development of standard vocabulary and classification systems, such as the National Library of Medicine’s Unified Medical Language System as well as the standards developed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers and the Health Level-7 standards. HIPAA regulations requires uniform protocols for electronic transactions for both format and content of data capture and transmission. The development of a national healthcare information infrastructure has the support of key advocates who support the development and implementation of national standards.The Virtual EnterpriseThe concept of the virtual enterprise has emerged as a result of available technology in both the for-profit and nonprofit sectors. Organizations develop contractual partnerships with independent companies and individuals who provide goods and services. Instead of on-site departments, services, or units, or direct employer–employee relationships, organizations outsource many functions. By way of example, consider the contemporary health information department that has outsourced several functions: transcription, billing and coding support, release of information, and document storage and retrieval. Another example, drawn from a direct patient care program, is reflected in a chronic disease management service within a home health agency. The home health agency coordinates services from other health providers who remain independent agents. This trend is so common that, in job descriptions and want ads, the job location is noted as to on-site or virtual as the setting.REIMBURSEMENT AND PATTERNS OF PAYMENTPatterns of payment for health care have changed in response to social, political, and economic pressures. Hospitals and clinics have deep historical roots in charitable, not-for-profit models; alongwith this early approach to care there was also the fee-for-service approach as patients made payments directly to practitioners.Health insurance programs, both nonprofit such as Blue Cross and Blue Shield and commercial insurance plans, emerged in the 1930s as partners in the payment for healthcare services. The form of insurance that many of these early plans offered was frequently referred to as “hospitalization” insurance; it covered costs when one was hospitalized, but the majority of early plans did not cover common ancillary services such as visits to physicians.The 1960s saw the introduction of federally funded care with the creation of Medicare coverage for the elderly and Medicaid, essentially a welfare program, to provide coverage for low-income persons and the indigent. Medicare and Medicaid were established by the same federal legislation but they differ as sources of payment. Medicare reimbursement is fully federal, but Medicaid reimbursement is shared, with 50% coming from the federal government and the remaining 50% split between state and county. In some instances, the second 50% is split evenly between state and county and in some the split is different (e.g., 34% state and 16% county).Concern for healthcare costs has been gathering momentum since the 1960s, as have efforts to control or reduce these costs. Costs clearly took a leap upward immediately following the introduction of Medicare and Medicaid; however, Medicare and Medicaid are not the sole cause of the cost escalation. Rather, costs have been driven up by a complex combination of forces that include the aforementioned programs and other government undertakings, private not-for-profit and commercial insurers, changes in medical practice and advancements in technology, proliferation of medical specialties, increases in physician fees, advances in pharmaceuticals, overexpansion of the country’s hospital system, economic improvements in the lot of healthcare workers, and the desires and demands of the public. These and other forces have kept healthcare costs rising at a rate that has outpaced overall inflation two- or threefold in some years.As concern for healthcare costs has spread, so have attempts to control costs without adversely affecting quality or hindering access. The final two decades of the 1900s and the beginning of this century have seen some significant dollar-driven phenomena that are dramatically changing the face of healthcare delivery. Specifically, these include the following:• The rise of competition among providers in an industry that was long considered essentially devoid of competition• Changes in the structure of care delivery, such as system shrinkage as hospitals decertify beds; an increase in hospital closures, mergers, and other affiliations that catalyzed the growth of healthcare systems; and the proliferation of independent specialty practices• The advent and growth and expansion of managed careIn one way or another, most modern societal concerns for health care relate directly to cost or, in some instances, to issues of access to health care, which in turn translate directly into concern for cost. Massive change in health care has become a way of life, and dollars are the principal driver of this change.THE MANAGED CARE ERAThe Managed Care “Solution” and the Beginning of Restricted AccessAside from technological advances, most of what has occurred in recent years in the organization of healthcare delivery, and payment has been driven by concern for costs. Changes have been driven by the desire to stem alarming cost increases and, in some instances, to reduce costs overall. These efforts have been variously focused. Government and insurers have acted on the healthcare money supply, essentially forcing providers to find ways of operating on less money than they think they require. Provider organizations have taken steps to adjust expenditures to fall within the financial limitations they face. These steps have included closures, downsizing, formation of systems to take advantage of economies of scale, and otherwise seeking ways of delivering care more economically and efficiently. In this cost-conscious environment, managed care evolved.Managed care, consisting of a number of practices intended to reduce costs and improve quality, seemed, at least in concept, to offer workable solutions to the problem of providing reasonable access to quality care at an affordable cost. Managed care included economic incentives for physicians and patients, programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services, increased beneficiary cost-sharing, controls on hospital inpatient admissions and lengths of stay, cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery, selective contracting with providers, and management of high-cost cases.The most commonly encountered form of managed care is the health maintenance organization (HMO). The HMO concept was initially proposed in the 1960s when healthcare costs began to increase all out of proportion to other costs and so-called “normal” inflation following the introduction of Medicare and Medicaid. The HMO was formally promoted as a remedy for rising healthcare costs by the Health Maintenance Organization Act of 1973. The full title of this legislation is “An Act to amend the Public Health Service Act to provide assistance and encouragement for the establishment and expansion of health maintenance organizations, and for other purposes.” From today’s perspective it is interesting to note that in implementing the HMO Act, it was necessary to override laws in place in a number of states that actually forbade the establishment of such entities.The HMO Act provided for grants and loans to be used for starting or expanding HMOs. Preempting state restrictions on the establishment and operation of federally qualified HMOs, it required employers with 25 or more employees to offer federally certified HMO options if they already offered traditional health insurance to employees. (It did not require employers to offer health insurance if they did not already do so.) To become federally certified, an HMO had to offer a comprehensive package of specific benefits, be available to a broadly representative population on an equitable basis, be available at the same or lower cost than traditional insurance coverage, and provide for increased participation by consumers. Portions of the HMO Act have been amended several times since its initial passage, most notably by HIPAA.Specifically, an HMO is a managed care plan that incorporates financing and delivery of a defined set of healthcare services to persons who are enrolled in a service network.For the first time in the history of American health care, the introduction of managed care placed significant restrictions on the use of services. The public was introduced to the concept of the primary care physician as the “gatekeeper” to control access to specialists and various other services. Formerly, an insured individual could go to a specialist at will, and insurance would usually pay for the service. But with the gatekeeper in place, a subscriber’s visits to a specialist were covered only if the patient was properly referred by the primary care physician. Subscribers who went to specialists without referral suddenly found themselves billed for the entire cost of the specialists.By placing restrictions on the services that would be paid for and under what circumstances they could be accessed, managed care plans exerted control over some health insurance premium costs for employers and subscribers. In return for controlled costs, users had to accept limitations on their choice of physicians, having to choose from among those who agreed to participate in a given plan and accept that plan’s payments, accept limitations on what services would be available to them, and, in most instances, agree to pay specified deductibles and copayments.Managed care organizations and governmental payers brought pressure to bear on hospitals as well. Hospitals and physicians were encouraged to reduce the length of hospital stays, reduce the use of most ancillary services, and meet more medical needs on an outpatient basis. Review processes were established, and hospitals were penalized financially if their costs were determined to be “too high” or their inpatient stays “too long.” Eventually, payment became linked to a standard or target length of stay so that a given diagnosis was compensated at a predetermined amount regardless of how long the patient was hospitalized.As managed care organizations grew larger and stronger, they began to negotiate with hospitals concerning the use of their services. Various plans negotiated contracts with hospitals that would provide the best price breaks for the plan’s patients, and price competition between and among providers became a reality.By the end of the 1900s, approximately 160 million Americans were enrolled in managed care plans, encompassing what many thought to be the majority of people who were suitable for managed care. In-and-out participation of some groups, such as the younger aging (people in their 60s or so) and Medicaid patients, was anticipated. However, the bulk of people on whom managed care plans could best make their money were supposedly already enrolled. But managed care continued to grow in a manner essentially consistent with the growth of the population overall. According to the trade association America’s Health Insurance Plans, approximately 90% of insured Americans were enrolled in plans with some form of managed care by 2007,1and total participation today continues at or near this 90% level.Much of the movement into managed care was driven by corporate employers attempting to contain healthcare benefit costs. However, during this same period of growing managed care enrollment, the number of managed care plans experiencing financial problems also increased steadily.It appears that managed care was able to slow the rate of health insurance premium increases throughout most of the 1990s. However, early in the first decade of the 2000s, the cost of insurance coverage again began climbing at an alarming rate. The increase continued; it was reported in 2005 that health insurance premiums would increase in some areas by more than 12% for 2006, making 2006 the fifth straight year of double-digit premium increases for many.2This grim prediction for 2006 was fulfilled, and the trend has continued, with increases for most years since then averaging in excess of 10%.By the end of the 1990s, it appeared that the majority of average middle-class subscribers had reached a negative consensus about managed care. This caused some damage to the political viability of for-profit managed care, and it hurt managed care overall. Indeed, it seemed increasingly likely that managed care might not be financially affordable in the long run.The year 2000 was especially grim for the relationship between managed care plans and Medicare. As a result of decisions made during that year, nearly a million beneficiaries from 464 counties in 34 states lost their coverage on January 1, 2001, when 118 HMOs withdrew from Medicare. In addition, many of the plans that remained in Medicare increased premiums and reduced benefits in response to what were described as continually rising costs and the effects of cuts in reimbursement rates. In December 2000, Congress voted to allocate billions of additional dollars to Medicare HMOs, supposedly to reduce premiums or increase benefits to subscribers. However, wording of the legislation also allowed HMOs to pay more to their networks of hospitals and healthcare professionals, thus consuming the majority of the additional funds. As a result, only 4 of the 118 HMOs that had withdrawn returned to Medicare.Managed care organizations and elements of government brought additional pressure to bear on hospitals. Hospitals and physicians were encouraged to reduce the length of hospital stays, cut back on the use of ancillary services, and meet more medical needs on an outpatient basis. Review processes were established such that hospitals were penalized financially if their costs were determined to be too high or their inpatient stays too long. Eventually payment became linked to a standard, or target, length of stay so that any given diagnosis was compensated at a specific amount regardless of how long the patient was hospitalized.As they grew larger, managed care organizations began to deal directly with hospitals, negotiating the use of their services. As various plans contracted with hospitals that would give the best price breaks for the plan’s patients, price competition between and among providers became a factor to be considered.It is reasonable to say that although managed care provided cost-saving benefits at least for a time, it is evident that managed care plans have not been able to sustain their promises of delivering efficient and cost-effective care. An aging population, newer and more expensive technologies, newer and higher priced prescription drugs, new federal and state mandates, and pressure from healthcare providers for higher fees have essentially wiped out the savings from managed care for employers and subscribers alike. It is likely, however, that without managed care, costs and costincreases would be even more pronounced than at present. Essentially the managed care model became a permanent and common feature in the coordination of and payment for care.The Balanced Budget Act of 1997The Balanced Budget Act (BBA) of 1997 is worthy of mention in this discussion of managed care. This act was adopted in part because of: the increased fiscal pressure caused by the growth of Medicare payments, concern over Medicare overpayments, the desire for more rational payment methods, and a stated wish to offer beneficiaries greater choice. By mandating that federal revenues and federal expenditures be balanced each fiscal year, the BBA fundamentally altered the rules of fiscal policy making in the United States.3(It perhaps need not be said that the mandate to balance the federal budget has been dramatically overridden in many years since then.) A balanced budget would of course be sensible, but it was the manner in which budget balancing was implemented that forced disproportionate reductions in healthcare reimbursement. In terms of its overall effects, the BBA became the most significant piece of healthcare legislation since Medicare and Medicaid were established in 1965.4The reductions required to balance the budget were not taken uniformly from all elements of the budget. More than half of the federal budget—specifically the very large piece of the budget, including Department of Defense spending, Social Security, and interest on the federal debt—was insulated from cuts, meaning that the entire balancing reduction would have to come from the remaining portion (less than half) of the budget. Medicare had some time earlier become a significantly large third-party payer for healthcare services, so as a direct result of the BBA, drastic cuts occurred in Medicare reimbursement, therefore affecting the income of healthcare providers.Some degree of relief from the BBA arrived in the form of the Balanced Budget Refinement Act (BBRA) of 1999, arising perhaps out of recognition that the act itself went too far in reducing reimbursements. When the BBRA became law, it suspended the cap that had been placed on outpatient rehabilitation services and paved the way for the design of a new payment mechanism. Regardless of these positive steps, however, the BBA brought some irreversible consequences to healthcare providers.WHO IS REALLY PAYING THE BILLS?Payment for health care flows from a number of sources, some major and well known and some less recognizable and relatively specialized. A number of these sources can be grouped together under the heading of “government,” the largest being, of course, Medicare and Medicaid. Yet in addition to Medicare and Medicaid, there are other government programs that reimburse for health care at both state and federal levels. There are, for example, specific programs for providing health services to the dependents and survivors of military personnel and there is the health care for former military personnel provided by the hospital system of the Veterans Administration. Also under “government” are a number of state programs including, for example, Workers’ Ccompensation, whichpays for health care for sick or injured workers as well as compensating for lost income. Many of the states also have unique programs designed to serve certain specific population segments (e.g.,Healthy New Yorkprograms in New York State).Next, outside of government programs, various programs can be gathered under the heading ofprivate insurance. This collection of payers includes not-for-profit entities such as Blue Cross–Blue Shield, commercial (for-profit) insurance companies, and the many HMOs that comprise a large proportion of payers. These entities just named interlock to a considerable extent; for example, many managed care programs are operated by not-for-profits such as Blue Cross and Blue Shield, which also administer insurance programs designed to supplement Medicare benefits.Much health care delivered by the HMOs and other insurers subjects users to deductibles and copays, making patients and families payers to a considerable extent. (A “deductible” is a designated amount a patient must pay before certain coverage kicks in, and a “copay”—common to essentially all programs to some extent—is a designated portion of the cost of a specific service that must be borne by the patient.)Some larger organizations have essentially entered into the health insurance business by self-insuring for their employees. Practical (and permissible) for only sizable organizations with sufficient financial capability, these self-insurers pay their employees’ claims directly using, in most instances, an administrative claim service to handle the transactions. However, most self-insurers also carry additional coverage against the possibility of catastrophic claims.However, getting down to absolute basics, it is the population at large that pays for health care through taxes, through insurance premiums, and out of their own pockets.Related ConsiderationsA number of additional programs or practices in place or under active consideration affect payment for health care. To enumerate just a few:Reference pricingis the concept under which a patient’s plan pays 100% of costs within one’s network and the patient pays 100% of costs incurred outside of the network. Reference pricing also allows insurers and employers to place a dollar limit on what the plan pays for expensive procedures, potentially resulting in some large medical bills for patients. Presently it is believed that CMS may ban reference pricing.Regional pricingis another concept that has come under consideration in some quarters. In its simplest form, this is pricing that has its basis in the economy of a specified geographic area, suggesting that the same service may cost more in a “wealthier” region than in a “poorer” area.Although still evolving, the concept of themedical homeoffers financial incentives for providers to focus on the quality of patient outcomes rather than the volume of services provided. The medical home can be a physical or virtual network of providers; the keys to its success are said to be information technology and payment reform. The medical home is designed around patient needs and aims to improve access to care and improve communication in what is promoted as aninnovative approach to delivering comprehensive patient-centered preventive and primary care. The PPACA contains provisions that support use of the medical home model including new payment policies.In addition, the financial and practical advantages of membership in thehealth networksubject to its coordination of the provision of care and payment for care are addressed to some extent in the PPACA.Built into the formal reimbursement methods of the principal programs and organizations that pay for healthcare services are numerous requirements and conditions the purpose of which iscost containment. For example, there is the routine review forpreventable readmission within 30 daysunder which some amount of reimbursement may be denied if a particular readmission within that time frame is considered not medically necessary. There is also the increased use of temporary admission to anobservation unitrather than to aformal inpatient unit, reacting to the knowledge that the former, often associated with the emergency department, is less costly than a regular hospital admission and does not unnecessarily tie up a bed in an acute care unit.Another practice that serves both coordination of patient care and cost containment is the concept ofbundling for continuum of care, involving discharge planning and coordination of posthospital care, recognizing that acute hospital care is but one step in addressing a patient’s needs and that complete recovery requires organized posthospital follow-up to ensure return to health and to minimize the chances of readmission.A fairly long-standing practice relating to both quality of care and cost containment isutilization review. Here hospital discharges are examined in detail to identify unnecessary treatments, excessive lengths of stay, and quality issues, with the intent of potentially improving quality of care while containing costs.In general, virtually all of the reimbursement practices of the payers for health care have builtin rules, regulations, and requirements that place limits on certain practices (e.g., limiting length of hospital stays for specific diagnoses) and attendant penalties in the form of reduced or denied reimbursement.REIMBURSEMENT SYSTEM WEAKNESSESIt holds generally true that the larger and more complex a system or program, the greater the chances of error and the more opportunity there is for misuse or mistreatment of the process itself. The overall healthcare reimbursement structure is both large and complex. There are many chances for the occurrence of honest errors, and there are many opportunities for deliberate fraud and abuse. Here are a few examples:• “Upcoding,” a process that occurs when someone submits the diagnosis-related group (DRG) code for a higher reimbursement level than what the actual case should receive (e.g., entering the code for “appendectomy with complications” in place of “routine appendectomy)• Double billing or false billing by providers, perhaps billing twice for certain procedures, or—rather common among fraud cases—billing for services never rendered• Billing for more service than was rendered, as in billing for more treatment than actually was provided and billing payers for appointments that patients had actually canceled (consider the case of the provider who actually billed as much as 33 hours for a single date)• Billing for services that are actually not covered under the prevailing reimbursement mechanism• “Double dipping” in Medicaid programs by individuals using addresses in two states and collecting benefits from both for the same careAll manner of medical providers have been involved in fleecing, or attempting to fleece, the reimbursement system: physicians, dentists, pharmacists, physical therapists and other individual providers, as well as individuals working in institutional settings and falsifying records as in “upcoding” and claiming reimbursement for services not rendered. Reimbursement structures are generally large and complex, and there is undoubtedly the feeling among some providers that what they are doing will never be detected or that their practices will never be examined in detail (similar to the attitude of the individual who feels that “the Internal Revenue Service will never auditme”). Yet numerous providers have lost their livelihoods when caught committing fraud or otherwise abusing the system.Fraud and abuse constitute significant problems for present reimbursement mechanisms, and constant vigilance and regular monitoring are required to keep them in check. It is likely that any complex, multilayered system can be “gamed” in some way, and thanks to Medicare and Medicaid and all else that has risen around the major payers, healthcare reimbursement is and will likely present opportunities for fraud and abuse capable of continually siphoning off an eye-opening percentage of the healthcare dollar.SOCIAL AND ETHICAL FACTORSThe use of technology, privacy concerns, and continuing issues related to healthcare availability and financing give rise to new debates about social and ethical factors. These norms have always been a part of the healthcare ethos, but from time to time, more urgent considerations are required. As noted above, a technological breakthrough occasions such renewed interest. At another time, a new legislative mandate, such as the Patient Self-Determination Act, brings about fresh consideration of enduring concerns. Increased sensitivity to patient or consumer wishes is yet another source of attentiveness to social and ethical issues. For example, the increased use by patients of alternative therapies and interventions has reopened the question about proper integration of nontraditional care with the more standardized modes. The debate reaches into the questions of reimbursement as well; healthcare plans are increasingly approving some alternative or complementary intervention as reimbursable costs. Another ethical issue stemming from healthcare financing stems from a newpractice: the embedded nurse, one who is an employee of the insurance company but assigned to the direct care team within a healthcare facility. Whose agent is this employee? What ethical dilemmas does this worker face? Do patients know that their care is being rendered by one whose assignment includes cost effectiveness as a direct part of his or her work? Rationing of health care is yet another area of continuing discussion, including “quality-adjusted remaining years” indicators and “complete lives” measures. Finally, the use of marijuana for medical purposes showcases another example of societal norms shifting to greater acceptance of such substances.Ethical considerations such as the these result in the increased use of the ethics review committee, the institutional review board, and similar clinical and administrative review groups.THE ROLE SET OF THE HEALTHCARE PRACTITIONER AS MANAGERThe dynamic setting of healthcare organizations constitutes the environment of the manager, specifically the healthcare practitioner as manager. Often unseen by the patient or the public, the managers of departments and services work behind the scenes to support direct patient care interactions. In this specialized environment of a healthcare organization, qualified professional practitioners may assume the role of unit supervisors, project managers, or department heads. The role may emerge gradually as the numbers of patients increase, as the number and type of services expand, and as specialization occurs within a profession. The role of manager begins to emerge as budget preparations need to be made, job descriptions need to be updated and refined, and staffing patterns need to be reassessed and expanded.For example, a physical therapy staff specialist may develop a successful program for patients with spinal cord injuries. As the practitioner most directly involved in the work, this individual may be given full administrative responsibility for that program. Alternatively, an occupational therapist may find that a small program in home care flourishes and is subsequently made into a specialized division. Again, this credentialed practitioner in a healthcare profession may be given a managerial role. Practitioners who develop their own independent practices assume the role of manager for their business enterprises. The role of the practitioner as manager is reinforced further by various legal, regulatory, and accrediting agencies, which often require chiefs of service or department heads to be qualified practitioners in their distinct disciplines.Classic Management FunctionsThe healthcare practitioner–manager engages in traditional management activities—the circle of actions in which each component (e.g., planning, decision making) leads to the next. These activities are a mix of routine, repeated activities of an ongoing nature, along with periodic major activities such as preparation for and participating in accreditation processes, or major projects such as a complete systems overhaul.Figure 1–1illustrates the interrelationships of management functions.Table 1–1provides examples of daily activities of the professional practitioner as manager.FIGURE 1–1Interrelationship of Management FunctionsManagement functions typically include the following:• Planning: the selection of objectives, the establishment of goals, and the factual determination of the existing situation and the desired future state• Decision making: part of the planning process in that a commitment to one of the several alternatives (decisions) must be made. Others may assist in planning, but decision making is the privilege and burden of managers. Decision making includes the development of alternatives, conscious choice, and commitment.• Organizing: the design of a pattern of roles and relationships that contribute to the goal. Roles are assigned, authority and responsibility are determined, and provision is made for coordination. Organization typically involves the development of the organization chart, job descriptions, and statements of work flow.• Staffing: the determination of personnel needs and the selection, orientation, training, and continuing evaluation of the individuals who hold the required positions identified in the organizing process• Directing or actuating: the provision of guidance and leadership so that the work performed is goal oriented. It is the exercise of the manager’s influence as well asthe process of teaching, coaching, and motivating workers.• Controlling: the determination of what is being accomplished, the assessment of performance as it relates to the accomplishment of the organizational goals, and the initiation of corrective actions. In contemporary management practice, the larger concepts of performance improvement and total quality management include controlling.MANAGEMENT AS AN ART AND A SCIENCEManagement has been defined as the process of getting things done through and with people. It is the planning and directing of effort and the organizing and employing of resources (both human and material) to accomplish some predetermined objective. Management is both an art and a science. Especially in its early years of development at the turn of the 20th century, management’s scientific aspects were emphasized. This scientific approach included and continues to include research and studies about the most efficient methods, leadership styles, and patterns of organization. However, management science tends to lack the distinct characteristics of an exact discipline, such as chemistry or mathematics. A more intuitive and nuanced set of elements reflect management as an art as well as a science. One speaks of the art of leadership and motivation. One relies on intuition and experience in situation of conflict or crisis.Managers seek to combine the best of both approaches, striving to becomeeffectivemanagers.Characteristics of an Effective ManagerThe classic functions of a manager have been noted in the previous section. The highlighting of the characteristics of the effective manager augment this role set. Five major characteristics of effective managers are:1. They know the internal structure and characteristics of their organization:○Its overall mission○Its client characteristics and needs○Its specific products or services offered to meet these needs○Its specific setting or combination of settings and formal organizational category (e.g., acute care, freestanding clinic)○Its specific laws, regulations, and accrediting standard applicable to each type of healthcare unit2. They know the internal and external dynamics of their organization:○The organization’s strengths○The challenges to its survival○The areas requiring adaptation and innovation○Its life cycle○Its network of internal and external relationships○Its survival strategies3. They lead and motivate the workforce by doing the following:○Developing and maintaining a positive workplace environment○Reducing conflict○Increasing worker satisfaction through training and ongoing development and the provision of proper wage and benefits○Maintaining effective communication4. They engage in the search for excellence through continuous quality improvement.5. They remain aware of and respond to the following:○Trends (e.g., changes in technology, patterns of reimbursement, social issues)○The challenge of change and the necessity of being a change agent and a leaderThe manger’s responsibility to identify and respond to change is the focus of the following chapter.EXERCISE: BECOMING A SPLIT-DEPARTMENT MANAGERImagine that you are the manager of a department organized to provide service in your chosen profession. In other words, if your career is medical laboratory technology, you are a laboratory manager; if your field is physical therapy, you manage physical therapy or rehabilitation services; and so on. You are employed by a 60-bed rural hospital, an institution sufficiently small that you represent the only level of management within your function (unless your profession is nursing, in which case there will be perhaps two or three levels of management). This means that unless you are a first-line manager in nursing (e.g., head nurse), you report directly to administration.You have been in your position for about 2 years. Following some stressful early months, you are beginning to feel that you have your job under control most of the time.A possibility that for years had been talked about and argued throughout the local community, the merger of your hospital with a similar but larger institution (90 beds) about 10 miles away, recently became a reality. One of the initial major changes undertaken by the new corporate entity was realignment of the management structure. In addition to placing the new corporate entity under a single chief executive officer, the realignment included, for most activities, bringing each function under a single manager. Between the merger date and the present, most department managers have been involved in the unpleasant process of competing against their counterparts for the single manager position.You are the successful candidate, the survivor. Effective next Monday, you will be running a combined department in two locations consisting of more than twice the number of employees you have been accustomed to supervising.InstructionsGenerate a list of the ways in which you believe your responsibilities and the tasks you perform are likely to change because of the merger and your resulting new role.Hint:It may be helpful to make lists of what you imagine to be the circumstances before and after your appointment. For example, two obvious points of comparison involve the number of employees (which implies many necessary tasks) and the travel inherent in the job. See how long a list you are able to generate.If possible (e.g., within a class or discussion group), after individual lists have been generated, bring several people together, combine their lists with yours, and see if a group process can further expand the list.Also, address the following questions:1. What does this split-department situation do to your efficiency as a manager, and how can you compensate for this change?2. On which specific management skill should the newly appointed split-department manager be concentrating?NOTES1. “Fast facts.”Healthdecisions.org. America’s health insurance plans.www.healthdecisions.org/learningcenter/facts.aspx.2. “Premiums for Health Insurance Up 12.7%,” Rochester (New York)Democrat & Chronicle, August 31, 2005.3. K. M. Paget, “The Balanced Budget Trap,”The American Prospect(November/December 1996): 1–2.4. W. H. Ettinger Jr., “The Balanced Budget Act of 1997: Implications for the Practice of Geriatric Medicine,”The Business of Medicine46 (1998): 530–533.Healthcare Administration Capstone – Week #1 Lecture 1The Problem StatementStarting your researchBy now, you should have had an opportunity to review the project outline. Perhaps the most important task in this early stage is taking the opportunity to select a problem that is worthy of your time and efforts. At this juncture, it certainly doesn’t hurt to conduct some preliminary research on some of the problems you may have identified throughout your program. If you are having a hard time thinking of some issues, chapter one of your text provides an overview of the current healthcare environment and is full of various issues that could translate into a workable research problem.In the past, students have struggled with the project, simply because they did not take the time to adequately define the problem. Sometimes, students remain too broad whereas in other instances, they are too narrowly focused. It is a delicate balance that is often difficult to gauge.Let’s look at a few examples. One student identified the growing aging population as a healthcare problem. As you can imagine, this is far too broad. The student had a difficult time trying to stay on task as the subject matter is enormous. One week, they were focused on access and the next they were focused on cost. They spent a lot of time and completed a lot of unnecessary work before they were able to hone in on a suitable problem.Another student went far too narrow. This student had identified a problem in their geographic area; however, the problem was only specific to this location. The student could not find any information to support their position. As such, the student ended up changing topics midcourse and did nearly twice the work!You might be asking yourself at this point, what does a good problem statement look like? How do I even get started? The following resources are available and provide a great overview of the research process:Research Problem:http://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/introduction/researchproblemhttps://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/ppt/20120629105941_957.pptAfter reading the above material, if you still have questions, post them in the “Project Questions” discussion area.

Week4info

Assignment Content Top of FormPurpose of AssessmentApply theories about leadership, structure, and culture to real-world scenarios that have occurred in various organizations.You will be measured on how you narrate various leadership styles to foster innovation and lead change in a dynamic environment. Use the chart you created in Week 3 as a quick reference as you work.Reviewthe following cases from Organizational Behavior: Ch. 12:Case Incident 1: Sharing is Performing Review questions: 12-13, 12-14, and 12-15. Ch. 15: Case Incident 2: Turbulence on United Airlines Review questions: 15-10, 15-11, and 15-12. Ch. 16: Case Incident 2: Active Cultures Review questions: 16-16, 16-17, and 16-18. In 780- to 1050-words, do the following: For each of the above cases: Describe, through a story, the leader’s use of the leadership style in response to the situation. Use various action verbs in your story. Explain what makes the selected leadership style effective for the particular situation. Compare and contrast the leadership styles leaders chose for each case. Explain why the leadership styles should differ for each case. Use at least two references. The textbook is required as is the plagiarism checker. Please include APA Section Headers, a cover page and properly formatted reference page. Bottom of FormCH. 12 Case Incident 1: Sharing Is PerformingReplacing Nicholas Dirks as the chancellor of University of California at Berkeley, Carol T. Christ is taking on a strategy that her predecessors did not utilize: sharing leadership. Notably, the prior chancellor and provost would not consult other decision makers and stakeholders at the university when they proposed to dissolve completely the College of Chemistry. Christ, on the other hand, met with Frances McGinley, the student vice president of academic affairs, reaching out to “get a beat on what [student government] was doing and how [she] could help.” This move was unusual because McGinley would often have to track down the other administrators to even get a meeting (or would be merely delegated work). Another such arrangement between Jill Martin and David Barrs at a high school in Essex, England, designates special interest areas where each takes the lead, and they both share an educational philosophy, meet daily, have the authority to make decisions on the spot, and challenge one another.As Declan Fitzsimons suggests in a Harvard Business Review article, the twenty-first century moves too quickly and is too dynamic to be handled by one person. By sharing leadership among multiple individuals, the organization can respond more adaptively to challenges, share disparate but complementary perspectives, and ease the burden experienced by the traditional charismatic leader figurehead. However, sharing leadership leads to its own issues and obstacles, which are apparent in the multiple relationships between team members, subordinates, and other employees. Not only do individual identities become involved, but so do collective identities shared as a group. It is also important to recognize that shared leadership is not about delegation but about putting in effort to coordinate and collaborate, along with balancing individual and collective goals.Recent reviews of the research on shared leadership suggest that, overall, shared leadership is effective at improving team performance, attitudes, and behaviors, especially when the leadership is transformational or charismatic and when the team tasks are complex.Questions 12-13. What kind of obstacles can you foresee in taking a shared leadership approach? How might they (or can they) be solved?12-14. How would you implement a shared leadership initiative in a company where you were the CEO? What elements of job design and redesign might you draw on to increase the effectiveness of the shared leadership initiative?12-15. Can you think of any instances in which nonshared, traditional approaches to leadership would be preferable to a shared leadership approach? What are they, and how are they preferable? What sort of situational or individual factors lead to the traditional approach being more effective in these instances? (Robbins, 20180110, p. 426)Robbins, S. P., Judge, T. A.  (20180110). Organizational Behavior, 18th Edition [VitalSource Bookshelf version].  Retrieved from vbk://9780134729749CH. 15 Case Incident 2: Turbulence on United AirlinesThe beginning of 2017 was not good for United Airlines. Several incidents involving United Airlines personnel enforcing a variety of rules, regulations, and protocols in employees’ interactions with customers caused international outcry. The first incident involved two teenagers who were wearing leggings for their flight from Minneapolis to Denver. They were stopped by the gate agent and not allowed to board for violating the United Airlines travel perk program. These travel perk passes hinge on a requirement for users of the passes to dress themselves so that the airline is presented in a favorable light. United defended its decision via Twitter: “Leggings are not inappropriate attire except in the case of someone traveling as a pass rider.” Comedian Seth Rogan tweeted, “We here at @United are just trying to police the attire of the daughters of our employees! That’s all! Cool, right?”A second, more severe incident occurred when David Dao, a doctor who needed to see his patients the following morning, was aboard a Louisville-bound flight from Chicago in April. Four United employees needed to get to Louisville at the last minute, and it was announced that four people needed to give up their seats or else the flight would be cancelled. Attendants called the police after no one complied. The police approached Dao and forcibly removed him from the plane. Dao suffered a broken nose and concussion after his head smashed into an armrest. United policy allowed for the involuntary removal of passengers from flights, although this time United was not as defensive. Dao later filed a lawsuit against United for its actions.A third incident, in Houston, involved a soon-to-be-married couple, Michael and Amber, headed to Costa Rica for their wedding. When they entered the plane, they noticed a man sleeping in the row where their seats were assigned. Instead of disturbing him, they found some seats three rows up and sat there instead. They were soon asked by an attendant to return to their seats and they complied. A U.S. marshall approached them soon after and ejected them from the plane. According to United statements, the couple “repeatedly” tried to sit in upgraded seats and would not follow the instructions of the attendants and crew members, and, as such, they were within their power to eject the passengers.These incidents suggest that, starting with the structure as created by the CEO, United employees do not have much latitude or flexibility when dealing with day-to-day policy breaches. Taking cost-minimization and efficiency-boosting strategies to the extreme may also have had an effect given that the focus drifted from the customer and toward rule following. Many attribute this inflexibility to the strict, rule-following bureaucracy created by United managers. In this bureaucracy, their 85,000 employees may be reluctant to deviate from the rules—intracompany historical precedent suggests that many employees face termination if they break the rules.Questions 15-13. How do you think United Airlines should have handled the recent string of incidents? Do you think that United Airlines was within its power to have removed these people from the flights? Why or why not?15-14. What are the pros and cons of having a bureaucratic organizational structure for an airline? Do you think the pros and cons are justified for United Airlines and that they should keep the structure they have? Why or why not?15-15. What do you think United Airlines should do in the future? Do you have any suggestions for enhancements or improvements to the United Airlines organizational structure? Would you consider restructuring? Why or why not? (Robbins, 20180110, pp. 536-537)Robbins, S. P., Judge, T. A.  (20180110). Organizational Behavior, 18th Edition [VitalSource Bookshelf version].  Retrieved from vbk://9780134729749Always check citation for accuracy before use.Ch. 16 Case Incident 2: Active CulturesEmployees at many successful companies start the day by checking the economic forecast. Patagonia’s Ventura, California, employees start the day by checking the surf forecast. The outdoor clothing company encourages its workforce to take time from the workday to get outside and get active. For Patagonia, linking employees with the natural environment is a major part of the culture.New hires are introduced to this mindset very quickly. Soon after starting at Patagonia, marketing executive Joy Howard was immediately encouraged to go fly fishing, surfing, and rock climbing all around the world. She notes that all this vacationing is not just playing around—it’s an important part of her job. “I needed to be familiar with the products we market,” she said. Other practices support this outdoors-oriented, healthy culture. The company has an on-site organic café featuring locally grown produce. Employees at all levels are encouraged through an employee discount program to try out activewear in the field. And highly flexible hours ensure that employees feel free to take the occasional afternoon off to catch the waves or get out of town for a weekend hiking trip.Are there bottom-line benefits to this organizational culture? Some corporate leaders think so. As Neil Blumenthal, one of the founders of Warby Parker eyewear, observes, “[T]hey’ve shown that you can build a profitable business while thinking about the environment and thinking about your team and community.” As Patagonia CEO Rose Marcario says, “People recognize Patagonia as a company that’s … looking at business through a more holistic lens other than profit.” However, she is quick to add, “Profit is important; if it wasn’t you wouldn’t be talking to me.”Patagonia’s culture obviously makes for an ideal workplace for some people—but not for others who don’t share its values. People who are just not outdoor types would likely feel excluded. While the unique mission and values of Patagonia may not be for everyone, for its specific niche in the product and employment market, the culture fits like a glove.Questions 16-16. What do you think are the key dimensions of culture that make Patagonia successful? How does the organization help to foster this culture?16-17. Does Patagonia use strategies to build its culture that you think could work for other companies? Is the company a useful model for others that aren’t so tied to a lifestyle? Why or why not?16-18. What are the drawbacks of Patagonia’s culture? Might it sometimes be a liability and, if so, in what situations? (Robbins, 20180110, pp. 574-575)Robbins, S. P., Judge, T. A.  (20180110). Organizational Behavior, 18th Edition [VitalSource Bookshelf version].  Retrieved from vbk://9780134729749

W52 9

Lesson 2.9IntroductionCourse ObjectivesThis lesson will address the following course outcomes: 6. Demonstrate an understanding of the connection between the distribution of data and various mathematical summaries of data (measures of central tendency and of variation).Specific ObjectivesStudents will understand that numerical data can be summarized using measures of central tendency. how each statistic—mean, median, and mode—provides a different snapshot of the data. that conclusions derived from statistical summaries are subject to error.Students will be able to calculate the mean, median, and mode for numerical data. create a data set that meets certain criteria for measures of central tendency.Measures of CenterPeople often talk about “averages,” and you probably have an idea of what is meant by that. Now, you will look at more formal mathematical ways of defining averages. In mathematics, you call an average, ameasure of centerbecause an average is a way of measuring orquantifyingthe center of a set of data. There are different measures of center because there are different ways to define the center.Think about a long line of people waiting to buy tickets for a concert. (Figure A shows a line about100-feet long and each dot represents a person in the line.) In some sections of the line people are grouped together very closely, while in other sections of the line people are spread out. How would you describe where the center of the line is?Would you define the center of the line by finding the point at which half the people in the line are on one side and half are on the other (see Figure B)? Is the center based on the length of the line even though there would be more people on one side of the center than on the other (see Figure C)? Would you place the center among the largest groups of people (see Figure D)? The answer would depend on what you needed the center for. When working with data, you need different measures for different purposes.Measures of CenterMean (Arithmetic Average)Find the average of numeric values by finding the sum of the values and dividing the sum by the number of values. The mean is what most people call the “average.”ExampleFind the mean of 18, 23, 45, 18, 36Find the sum of the numbers: 18 + 23 + 45 + 18 +36 = 140Divide the sum by 5 because there are 5 numbers: 140 ÷ 5 = 28The mean is 28.ExampleFind the mean of 1.5, 1.2, 3.7, 5.3, 7.1, 2.9Find the sum of the numbers: 1.5 + 1.2 + 3.7 + 5.3 + 7.1 + 2.9 = 21.7Divide the sum by 6 because there are 6 numbers: 21.7 ÷ 6 = 3.6166666666Since the original values were only accurate to one decimal place, reporting the mean as 3.61666666 would be misleading, as it would imply we knew the original values with a higher level of accuracy. To avoid this, we round the mean to one more decimal place than the original data.The mean is 3.62.MedianFind the median of numeric values by arranging the data in order of size. If there is an odd number of values, the median is the middle number. If there is an even number of values, the median is the mean of the two middle numbers.Example (data set with odd number of values)Find the median of 18, 23, 45, 18, 36.Write the numbers in order: 18, 18, 23, 36, 45There is an odd number of values, so the median is the number in the middle.The median is 23.Example (data set with even number of values)Find the median of 18, 23, 45, 18, 12, 50.Write the numbers in order: 12, 18, 18, 23, 45, 50There is an even number of values, so there is no one middle number. Find the median by finding the mean of the two middle numbers:18 + 23 = 4141 ÷ 2 = 20.5The median is 20.5.ModeFind the mode by finding the number(s) that occur(s) most frequently. There may be more than one mode.ExampleFind the mode of 18, 23, 45, 18, 36.The number 18 occurs twice, more than any other number, so the mode is 18.For another explanation, watch this video: Mean, Median, and Mode[+]Note on terminologyThe terms mean, median, and mode are well defined in mathematics and each gives a measure of center of a set of numbers. In everyday usage, the word “average” usually refers to the mean. But be aware that “average” is not clearly definedand someone might use it to refer to any measure of center.#1 Points possible: 10. Total attempts: 5Consider the data set. 5 5 4 4 7 8 3 1 9 6 7 Find the mean:Find the median:#2 Points possible: 10. Total attempts: 5Consider the data set 7 7 2 6 9 9 1 5 3 5 Find the mean:Find the median:Credit CardsProblem Situation: Summarizing Data About Credit CardsA revolving line of credit is an agreement between a consumer and lender that allows the consumer to obtain credit for an undetermined amount of time. The debt is repaid periodically and can be borrowed again once it is repaid. The use of a credit card is an example of a revolving line of credit.U.S. consumers own more than 600 million credit cards. As of 2015 the average credit card debt per household with a credit card was $15,863. In total, American consumers owe $901 billion in credit card debt. Worldwide the number of credit card transactions at merchants was over 135 billion in 2011.Surveys indicate that the percentage of college freshmen with a credit card was 21% in 2012, while 60% of college seniors had a credit card. One-third of the college students reported having a zero balance on their credit card. The average balance carried across all students’ cards was $500. However, the median balance was $136.Atwww.creditcards.comit explains that card issuers divide customers into two groups: “transactors” who use their cards for purchases and pay off the balances each month. Transactors pay off the balance before any interest charges are applied. “revolvers” who carry balances on their cards, paying interest charges month to month.The number of people who carry credit card debt, the “revolvers”, has been steadily decreasing in the U.S. since 2009. By 2014 only one-third of adults surveyed said their household carries credit card debt. Fifteen percent of adults carry $2,500 or more in credit card debt each month.In the first part of this lesson, you will use the information about credit cards given above to learn about some ways to summarize quantitative information.#3 Points possible: 10. Total attempts: 5The population of the United States is slightly more than 300 million people. There are about 100 million households in the United States. Use the information above to find:a)What is the average number of credit cards per person?cards per personb) What is the average number of credit cards per household?cards per household#4 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5In the U.S. the average number of credit cards held by cardholders is 3.7. Why is this number different than the average number of credit cards per person you found in the last question? The last question answer was when the credit cards are averaged over all the people in the country, including children and people who have no cards. 3.7 is the number of cards for person when averaged over only the people with cards. The last question answer was based on inaccurate, rounded values People lie about how many cards they have Some people have lots of cards#5 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5Consider the statement, “Average credit card debt per household with a credit card is $15,863.”What does this statement tell us? (Assume the “average” they’re using is the mean) Half the households with credit cards owe less than $15,863, and half owe more That most households with credit cards owe $15,863 That if we added up all the credit card debt and spread it evenly among the households with credit cards, each would owe $15,863 That every household with a credit card has this much debt That if we added up all the credit card debt and spread it evenly among all households in the U.S., each would owe $15,863#6 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5If about 45% of households with credit cards carry no debt, what does that indicate about the amount of debt of some of the other 55% of households? The others must have debt that averages to 15,863 Since a lot of households have no debt, the others must have debt much higher than $15,863 so the mean will come out to 15,863 Since a lot of households have no debt, the others must have debt much lower than $15,863 so the mean will come out to 15,863#7 Points possible: 24. Total attempts: 5The introduction states that the average balance carried across all college students’ cards was $500. Imagine you ask four groups of six college students what their credit card debt is. The amount of dollars of debt for each student in each group is shown in the table, values listed in order of size.Find the mean and median debt of each group of college students and record it in the table. Make sure the values you find are reasonable given the values for that group. Group A Group B Group C Group D 0 500 410 0 100 500 460 0 110 500 480 0 170 500 490 0 1000 500 550 0 1620 500 610 3000 Mean Median #8 Points possible: 10. Total attempts: 5Observe themediansand thedata valuesof each of the groups. For each statement below, indicate if it is true for:Noneof the groups,Some but not allof the groups, orAllof the groups.i) Half of the data values are less than the median.Select an answer None Some All ii) Half of the data values are either less than or equal to the median.Select an answer None Some All iii) Half of the data values are greater than the median.Select an answer None Some All iv) Half of the data values are either greater than or equal to the median.Select an answer None Some All v) Half of the data values equal the median.Select an answer None Some All #9 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5Recall that college students’ credit cards carry a mean balance of $500 while having a median balance of $136. What does this indicate about the distribution of credit card debt among various students? Does one of the Groups in the table have a distribution similar to this? Group A Group B Group C Group D#10 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5A survey in 2012 indicated that college freshmen carry a mean credit card debt of $611 but the median of their credit card debt is $47. Create a data set of five freshmen students so that the data set has a mean and median that is the same as that of the surveyed college freshmen.,,,,Weighted MeanProblem Situation 2: Weighted MeansSometimes you want to find the mean average of some numbers, but the numbers are not “equally important” or in other words they don’t have the same “weight” or “frequency”. In that case we find the “weighted average” of the numbers.Example: mean credit card debt:Suppose researchers at a small two-year college surveyed students who have credit cards and report the following:Mean credit card debt of $350 for 114 freshmen surveyedMean credit card debt of $285 for 220 sophomores surveyedIf we want to know overall for all the surveyed students what their mean credit card debt was, we cannot simply average $350 and $285 since these numbers are not equally “weighted”. The $350 was an average for only 114 people while the $285 was an average for a larger group of 220 people. The way to find the overall average credit card debt for all students surveyed is to multiply each of the values by its “weight” or “frequency” or “importance” before adding them together, and then divide by the total “weight” or “frequency”.Overall mean =350(114)+285(220)114+220=102600334=307.19350(114)+285(220)114+220=102600334=307.19Conclude: The mean credit card debt of all the students surveyed was about $307Example:Weighted grade averages in a course:Suppose a History course has a midterm, a final exam, and a 20 page report, and the syllabus states they have these weights in determining the final course grade:midterm – 20%; final exam – 45%; report – 35%.Kim’s grades in the course were these:Midterm – 82; final exam – 89; report – 93.Kim’s final grade in the course is found by the weighted average:82(.20)+89(.45)+93(.35).20+.45+.35=891.00=8982(.20)+89(.45)+93(.35).20+.45+.35=891.00=89 Kim’s final course grade is 89.Note: If the grades were not weighted, Kim’s average would be (82 + 89 + 93)/3 = 88#11 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5Researchers at Acme groceries studied how long customers had to stand in the check-out line. One day 35 customers spent on average 7.7 minutes each in the check-out line. The next day 24 customers spent an average of 6.5 minutes each. What is the overall average time customers spent in line? Round your answer to two decimal places.minutes#12 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5Your college GPA is a weighted mean. The grade earned in each class needs to be weighted by the number of credits for the class. Compute the GPA for a student who has earned the following credits: English 101 (5 credits) with a grade of 3.0, Math 96 (7 credits) with a grade of 3.2, Public Speaking (5 Credits) with a grade or 3.6, Chemistry 100 (5 credits) with a grade of 2.7, and College Success (3 credits) with a grade of 3.8.Round the GPA to two decimal places.GPA:HW 2.9#1 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5Which of the following was one of the mainmathematicalideas of the lesson? U.S. college students carry far too much credit card debt. The mean is calculated by adding all the numbers and dividing by the number of data points. The mean, median, and mode all give important information about a data set, but they do not give a complete picture of the data set. Any of the three measures of central tendency (mean, median, and mode) are good representations of data. It does not matter which one you use.#2 Points possible: 10. Total attempts: 5Consider the data set 2 6 1 2 1 4 Find the average (mean):Find the median:#3 Points possible: 10. Total attempts: 5Consider the data set 8 9 4 1 6 8 6 3 3 2 2 Find the average (mean):Find the median:#4 Points possible: 24. Total attempts: 5Use the following data set to answer the questions.13 15 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 23 27 31 a. What is the mean?b. What is the mode?c. What is the median?d. What fraction of the numbers in the data set are less than the median?e. What fraction of the numbers in the data set are greater than the median?f. Which of the following statements are correct?o The median is the middle of a data set. Half of the data points are always less than the median, and half are always greater than the median.o The median is the middle of a data set. Half of the data points are either less than or equal to the median.o The median is the middle of a data set. At least half of the data points are always equal to the median.o The median is not the middle of a data set. You cannot predict the distribution of the numbers in relationship to the median.#5 Points possible: 10. Total attempts: 5Consider the statement “Worldwide, there are more than $2.5 trillion in credit card transactions annually.”a. What is the daily average dollar amount of transactions? Round to the nearest hundred million dollars.$b. How many dollars in credit card transactions are made on any particular day?o $6,849,315o $6,849,315,068o $1,460,000,000o $1,460,000o It is impossible to know.#6 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5Students at Dover Community College (DCC) have a mean credit card debt of $3,600 with a median of $1,500. Students at Ralton Community College (RCC) have a mean credit card debt of $3,000 with a median of $2,800. Which statements about the two groups are true based on this information? There may be more than one correct answer. About three-fourths of DCC students have debt less than $3,600. The total debt of RCC students is less than the total debt of DCC students. No more than half of RCC students have debt less than $2,800. The total debt of RCC students is larger than the total debt of DCC students. At least one DCC student has debt in excess of $3,600. The largest debt of the RCC students is less than the largest debt of the DCC students.#7 Points possible: 12. Total attempts: 5Decide whether the following statements must be true or might be false, based on the information provided. Be prepared to explain your reasoning.a. The median of 25 numbers is 13. Twelve of the numbers must be greater than 13.Select an answer Must be True Might be False b. The average of 11 numbers is 130. None of the 11 numbers are more than 260.Select an answer Must be True Might be False c. The average of 25 numbers is 100, and the median of those 25 numbers is also 100. The mode of the 25 numbers must be 100.Select an answer Must be True Might be False d. The mean of 45 numbers is 70. If you pick any group of 10 numbers from the 45, the mean will be 70.Select an answer Must be True Might be False e. The average of 42 numbers is 20. The sum of all 42 numbers is 840.Select an answer Must be True Might be False f. The average of 49 numbers is 100. If a 50th number is added and the average remains at 100, the 50th number must have been 100.Select an answer Must be True Might be False #8 Points possible: 9. Total attempts: 5Rio Blanca City Hall publishes the following statistics on household incomes of the town’s citizens. The mode is given as a range.Mean:$257,000Median:$65,000Mode:$20,000–$30,000 Which measure would be the most useful for each of the following situations?a. State officials want to estimate the total amount of income of the citizens of Rio Blanca.o meano mediano modeb. The school district wants to know the income level of the largest number of students.o meano mediano modec. A businesswoman is thinking about opening an expensive restaurant in the town. She wants to know how many people in town could afford to eat at her restaurant.o meano mediano mode#9 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5A course has five exams, and passing the course requires a 75% average on the exams. Maria scored 60%, 72%, 80%, and 70% on the first four exams. What is the minimum score on the fifth exam that will let Maria pass the class?%#10 Points possible: 12. Total attempts: 5Use Figures 1 and 2 for the following questions.a. Select the figure(s) with 40% shaded.o Figure 1o Figure 2o Both Figure 1 and Figure 2o Neither Figure 1 or Figure 2b. Which of the following statements are correct? There may be more than one correct answer.o The shaded area of Figure 1 is larger than the shaded area of Figure 2 because Figure 1 is larger than Figure 2.o The shaded area of Figure 1 is the same as the shaded area of Figure 2 because they are both 40% of the square.o The shaded area of Figure 1 is the same proportion of the figure as the shaded area of Figure 2 because they are both 40% of the square.c. These figures illustrate what important concept?o Percentages cannot be used for comparisons unless the reference values are equal.o Percentages compare measures relative to thesize of the reference values, but do not give information about absolute measures.o Percentages are a ratio out of 100, so they can always be compared directly. In other words, 60% of one value is equal to 60% of another value.#11 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5In a psychology class, 58 students have a mean score of 81.4 on a test. Then 21 more students take the test and their mean score is 73.7.What is the mean score of all of these students together? Round to one decimal place.mean of the scores of all the students =#12 Points possible: 5. Total attempts: 5To compute a student’s Grade Point Average (GPA) for a term, the student’s grades for each course are weighted by the number of credits for the course. Suppose a student had these grades:4.0 in a 5 credit Math course2.6 in a 2 credit Music course2.6 in a 4 credit Chemistry course3.1 in a 6 credit Journalism courseWhat is the student’s GPA for that term? Round to two decimal places. Student’s GPA =

Chemistry homework

These are a portion of the questions that are needed to be answered. If you decided to complete this assignment I will screenshot and send the remaining 9 questions.1. The equilibrium constant KP for the reaction is 203 at a certain temperature. CalculatePO2ifPNO = 0.411 atm and PNO2 = 0.385 atm.2NO2(g)⇆ 2NO(g) O2(g) PO2 = atm2. Enter your answer in the provided box. For the reaction N2(g) 3H2(g)⇆ 2NH3(g) KP is 0.000817 at 683°C.What is Kc for the reaction? Kc =3. A reaction vessel contains NH3, N2, and H2 at equilibrium at a certain temperature. The equilibrium concentrations are [N2] = 0.41 M, [H2] = 1.26 M, and [NH3] = 0.40 M.Calculate the equilibrium constant, Kc, if the reaction is represented as (1/2)N2(g) (3/2)H2(g) ⇌ NH3(g)4. Ammonium carbamate, NH4CO2NH2,decomposes as follows: NH4CO2NH2(s) ⇆ 2NH3(g) CO2(g) Starting with only the solid, it is found that at 40°C the total gas pressure(NH3 and CO2) is 0.263 atm.Calculate the equilibrium constant KP5. Enter your answer in the provided box.A 2.180 mole quantity of NOCl was initially placed in a1.150 L reaction chamber at 400°C. After equilibrium was established,it was found that 28.60 percent of the NOCl has dissociated:2NOCl(g) ⇆ 2NO(g) Cl2(g)Calculate the equilibrium constant Kc for the reaction.6. At 1000 K, a sample of pure NO2 gas decomposes:2NO2(g) ⇌ 2NO(g) O2(g)The equilibrium constant, KP, is 158. Analysis shows that the partial pressure of O2 is 0.43 atm at equilibrium. Calculate the pressure of NO and NO2 in the mixture.13/05/202015chemistry

Chemistry

Crystal Violet Lab Report:1. Based on your data and graphs, determine the order of the reaction in crystal violet. Explain the reasoning for your choice.2 Determine the pseudo rate constant, K’, for Trial # 1.3. Using the pseudo rate law, determine the rate of the reaction for trial # 1 after 5 minutes, 10 minutes, and 15 minutes.4. Write the integrated form of the rate law for Trial #1 relating [CV] to time.5. Determine the half- life for Trial 16. Using the data from the two runs, determine the order of the reaction in OH. Round the closest integer.7. Calculate the Value of the true rate constant for Trial #1 and Trial #2 and include the units.8. Write the rate law for this reaction using the average rate constant found in question 7.11/05/202020chemistry

Essay

⁞ Essay Writing TipsChoose either Topic 1,Topic 2, or Topic 3. To answer these topics completely, it takes a minimum of 350 words. Use the topic questions and the scoring rubric to see if your draft responds fully to all parts of the question. A complete thoughtful answer is more important than word count.⁞ Topics for your Essay, Choose oneTopic 1:Respond toThe Moral Dilemma of Climate Changeat the top of page 440. Should we pay now to try and rein in global warming and its awful effects, or should we let our kids pay? Do we have moral obligations to future generations, to people who don’t yet exist? If we do have obligations to them, how much should we sacrifice now to do our duty?ORTopic 2:Explain and defend your views on the following:Is there anything wrong in offering unauthorized immigrants “a path to citizenship”? Should children brought into a country illegally ever be deported?.ORTopic 3:Respond toSinger or Hardinat the top of page 829. What would be the proper moral response of rich nations to this impending tragedy? Do you favor Garrett Hardin’s approach in which rich countries would not send food aid? Or Peter Singer’s path in which affluent individuals would be obligated to give much of their wealth to feed the hungry? Or a middle way in which the rich would have a duty to give some aid but would also have obligations to themselves and to their family and friends? Explain your view.Posted: an hour agoDue: 25/04/2020Budget: $15Tags: HomeworkAnswers 0Bids 110MusyokionesMiss DeannaDr CloverMadem_JenniferEARNESTWRITERabdul_rehman_Amanda SmithAleena Sheikhhassan0906Asad UllahGuruu MathEssays GuruBridget YoungPROVEN QUALITY Rosie Septemberuniversity workAgher EditorRihAN_MendozaRanchoddas Chanchad PhDElprofessoriMathStat GeniusMalik TutorPROF. ANNWIZARD_KIMStano 001Master WorkerBrainy BrianDexterMastersrunge-kutta acersmart-tutorprofessor mitchUltimate GEEKProff work phd Emily MichaelUNDISPUTED GEEKPROF_TOMMYUrgent TutorCatherine Owensbrilliant answersProf.MacQueenTutor Cyrus Kenmichael smithPaula HogAngelina MayJOHN JUNIOR001Michelle OwensEva GreenProf James KelvinProf BerryDr shamille ClaraChrisProfDr WillymartinsRESPECT WRITERbennetsandovawork solutionsNursing_MissKATHERINE BECKSDr_Hakuna_MatataDrNicNgaoHomework ProRELIABLE PAPERSWendy LewisPhd christineJenny BoomCotton CandyMiss Professorwizard kimAshley Ellie kim woodsprof avrilResearchGuru555Emily ClareRey writerTerry RobertsANN HARRISSaburBTutorJoeKimExpert AhmedAdrian MonroeAbdullah Anwarjuliusmu33JudithTutorfirstclass tutorSaad FahimA-Grade Writermadam-professorphyllis youngMichelle Lewis PhdJen Tech1Senior Advanced WriterMadam JosephineJessica LuisPROFJUMAAAQuickly answer suniyaziaMiss Lily J.Tutor-paulaMiss_AqsaGuruWriter24Amelia IrisEssayProfessorAmerican Academic Writer 1The KnightEUROPEAN WRITERkatty_julietperfect hamzaHELPER WRITERqualitywork51827Research GeniusHawks EyeOther questions 10Mastering Chemistry HomeworkAre there communication issues with the overuse of fm radio signals?Understanding how to properly value a vanilla bond is essential for finance. Add the criteria of long-term debt do assets to ensure the company has debt. Add the criteria of dividends per share. MGT431 Development and Training Paper Week 3 Team PaperAssignment 1: Product PackagingCritique your employer's method(s) for granting pay raises. 6 pagesETH 125 homeworkGeometry HW – Q 1- 12, and question # 16 – Need in 8 HOURS MAX!!What is Socially or Culturally Deemed “Normal”?Rated 1 timesPHI2604-PhilosophyChoose either Topic 1,Topic 2, or Topic 3. To answer these topics completely, it takes a minimum of 350 words. Use the topic questions and the scoring rubric to see if your draft …25/04/202015english

Biomolecules Discussion

I need 300 words initial Post and 3 replies of 75-100 words replies each on three given replies. No Plagiarism. Due in 6 hours.1. Give a brief description of each of the 4 macromolecules.(Protein, Lipids, Carbohydrates, Nucleic Acids)2. Write what you ate at your last complete meal and categorize each food carbohydrate, lipids, protein and nucleic acids. Be detailed and must be original writing.3. Comment on at least 3 others posts with three or more sentences.No cutting and pasting or list of ingredientsoff labels.Reply.docxPosted: 7 hours agoDue: 12/04/2020Budget: $6Tags: urgent BestAnswers 1Bridget Young5.0 (1)5.0 (138)Chat2 hours agoPurchase the answer to view itBiomoleculesDiscussion.docxResponses.docxTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $6Bids 66WIZARD_KIMProfRubbsuniversity workhassan0906Michelle OwensBridget YoungJessica LuisUltimate GEEKjuliusmu33Prof AllanBrooklyn Milan MusyokionesDexterMastersElprofessorikatetutorRosie SeptemberEmily MichaelRESPECT WRITERProf.MacQueenProf. MassarraBrainy BrianAgher EditorTiny ChrisperfectoSOPHIE BLAKEkim woodssarapaul2013Catherine Owensbrilliant answersDr WillymartinsWendy LewisSaburBNursing_MissTutorJoeKimCasey CeliaDrNicNgaoUNDISPUTED GEEKRihAN_MendozaLizluvwriterwork solutionsPROF. ANNprof avrilTutor Cyrus KenSaad FahimAbdullah AnwarCotton Candysmart-tutorMiss Emily BluntJen Tech1phyllis youngPaula HogJenny BoomChrisProfansRohanQuickMentorMiss Lily J.A-Grade WritersuniyaziaRandyaHickeyElaine CarterDr Candice_2547Homework ProPROFJUMAAATop Notch AnswerJessicaDoll007sir juliusOther questions 10Economics -Fed ReservechemistryExcel Only for HifsaHRCurrent Events 2Business I need RAMIREZ COMPANY Statement of Cash FlowsWhat are the five guidelines for effective reports?Assignment 2: Ethical (Moral) Relativism In America, many are comfortable describing ethics as follows: “Well, what’s right for me is right for me and what’s right for you is right for you. Let’s just agree to disagree.” This is an affirmation of what phiBlog ArchiveCopyright © 2019 HomeworkMarket.com Read MoreApplied SciencesArchitecture and DesignBiologyBusiness & FinanceChemistryComputer ScienceGeographyGeologyEducationEngineeringEnglishEnvironmental scienceSpanishGovernmentHistoryHuman Resource ManagementInformation SystemsLawLiteratureMathematicsNursingPhysicsPolitical SciencePsychologyReadingScienceSocial Science window.__REDUX__STATE__ = ‘{“appMeta”:{“serverRendered”:true},”apiRequests”:{“pendingRequestCount”:0,”succeededRequestCount”:4,”failedRequestCount”:0,”requestCounters”:{“GET_FIELDS_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_PENDING”:0,”GET_FIELDS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_ENTITY_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1}},”currentUserMeta”:{“id”:0,”isGuest”:true,”isReceivingEmails”:null,”authMethod”:null,”approvalTicket”:null,”fees”:null,”disputesAmount”:null,”earningsStats”:{“questions”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0},”tutorials”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0}}},”modal”:{},”joyride”:{“steps”:[]},”users”:{“guest-0”:{“role”:”student”,”isGuest”:true}},”usersStatuses”:{},”usersThreads”:{},”usersReviews”:{},”usersQuestions”:{},”reviewsPage”:{“results”:[]},”reviews”:{},”answersReviews”:{},”threads”:{},”questions”:{“8772757”:{“body”:”Assignment 2: Ethical (Moral) RelativismIn America, many are comfortable describing ethics as follows: “Well, what’s right for me is right for me and what’s right for you is right for you. Let’s just …”,”id”:8772757,”title”:”Assignment 2: Ethical (Moral) Relativism In America, many are comfortable describing ethics as follows: “Well, what’s right for me is right for me and what’s right for you is right for you. Let’s just agree to disagree.” This is an affirmation of what phi”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-03-23T03:17:00.000Z”,”budget”:15,”fieldOfStudyId”:300,”userId”:562863,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-19T22:08:44.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:300,”name”:”Literature”,”anchor”:”Literature”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886121,”path”:”/fields/literature”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1031044,”path”:”/content/assignment-2-ethical-moral-relativism-america-many-are-comfortable-describing-ethics-follo-0″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8774275″:{“body”:”Q10. What are the five guidelines for effective reports?Your response should be at least 75 words in length.”,”id”:8774275,”title”:”What are the five guidelines for effective reports?”,”isTutorial”:true,”isEssay”:true,”budget”:5,”fieldOfStudyId”:200,”userId”:325803,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-20T01:56:48.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:200,”name”:”English”,”anchor”:”English”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886117,”path”:”/fields/english”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1031200,”path”:”/content/what-are-five-guidelines-effective-reports”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8774841″:{“body”:”I need RAMIREZ COMPANY Statement of Cash Flows”,”id”:8774841,”title”:”I need RAMIREZ COMPANY Statement of Cash Flows”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:3,”fieldOfStudyId”:1900,”userId”:325155,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-20T04:02:29.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1900,”name”:”Business Finance – Accounting”,”anchor”:”Accounting”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886183,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-accounting”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1031262,”path”:”/content/i-need-ramirez-company-statement-cash-flows”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8774867″:{“body”:””,”id”:8774867,”title”:”Business “,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:3,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:578075,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-20T04:14:28.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1031266,”path”:”/content/business-8774867-2″,”sitemap”:false,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8775411″:{“body”:”MAKE SURE THAT YOU DO ALL THE THINGS LISTED UNDER REQUIREMENTS.Assignment instructions:The goal here is to be looking at things currently happening in the world, in our country, in our …”,”id”:8775411,”title”:”Current Events 2″,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2016-03-21T00:27:00.000Z”,”budget”:10,”fieldOfStudyId”:200,”userId”:611215,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-20T08:27:59.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:200,”name”:”English”,”anchor”:”English”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886117,”path”:”/fields/english”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1031316,”path”:”/content/current-events-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8777481″:{“body”:”………”,”id”:8777481,”title”:”HR”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2016-03-20T15:40:00.000Z”,”budget”:8,”fieldOfStudyId”:2600,”userId”:577795,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-20T14:25:19.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:2600,”name”:”Human Resource Management”,”anchor”:”Human Resource Management”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886191,”path”:”/fields/human-resource-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1031534,”path”:”/content/hr-8777481-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1070305,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”8782755″:{“body”:”Please read instructions carefully Final PaperThis paper will demonstrate your understanding of the key concepts at the core of good project management practices covered throughout this …”,”id”:8782755,”title”:”Only for Hifsa”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-03-21T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:20,”fieldOfStudyId”:4400,”userId”:60655,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-20T21:57:05.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:4400,”name”:”Business Finance – Operations Management”,”anchor”:”Operations Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886211,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-operations-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1032002,”path”:”/content/only-hifsa-8782755-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1070375,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”8783283″:{“body”:”I need Tuter for Comuter Information System and i have 2 homeworks one of them is due after 5 hours and the other one is after 13 hours ,,”,”id”:8783283,”title”:”Excel “,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-03-21T03:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:25,”fieldOfStudyId”:1700,”userId”:449127,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-20T22:31:59.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1700,”name”:”Computer Science”,”anchor”:”Computer Science”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886179,”path”:”/fields/computer-science”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1032038,”path”:”/content/excel-8783283-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8783771″:{“body”:”from an online source (i.e., science related web site or major news organization, not someone’s blog), you must identify and briefly summarize (in 2 or 3 sentences) two chemistry related web …12/04/20206biology

HRMT101 wk6 paper

Virtual Teams: Making It WorkVirtual teams are composed of employees who are physically dispersed throughout the nation or around the world. They are linked by various forms of electronic technology. Face-to-face contact is usually minimal or nonexistent. Virtual teams face several challenges: time zone differences, which make quick information exchanges difficult, and cultural miscues, which can cause misunderstandings. When teams don’t meet in person, its less likely they will develop the kind of chemistry common to productive teams that have face-to-face meetings. Many virtual teams are in continuous danger of becoming dysfunctional.Recent research has identified certain traits and practices common to most virtual teams. Here are a few important rules for making these teams productive. Choose a few team members who already know each other. This will speed up the process of building networks among team members. Invest in online resources that help all team members quickly learn about one another. Ensure the task is meaningful to team members and the company. Assign tasks that are challenging and interesting. The virtual team should include “boundary spanners,” persons who have many connections to useful people outside of the team. Develop a team mission statement along with teamwork expectations, project goals, and deadlines. Create an online site where team members can collaborate, exchange ideas, and motivate one another. The team should have a shared online work space that all members can access 24 hours a day. Encourage frequent communication and try to reach agreement about preferred communication tools. If you are a virtual team leader, find ways to mark team progress toward goals.Instructions: Answer the questions below for this assignment. Keep in mind the information preceding the instructions when preparing your paper, and ensure that you follow the format for this assignment provided immediately following the Questions.Assignment Questions:1. In your opinion, which of the five dysfunctions of a team would be the greatest barrier to virtual team productivity? Defend your answer. Absence of trust: Trust is considered the foundation of effective teamwork. Fear of conflict: Teams that lack trust are not capable of engaging in open, unfiltered debate. Lack of commitment: When team members fail to voice their views openly during passionate debate, they rarely buy-in and commit to decisions. Avoidance of accountability: Without commitment and buy-in, team members are often hesitant to call their peers on actions and behaviors that seem counterproductive to the good of the team. Inattention to results: Failure to hold one another accountable creates an environment where team members put their own needs above the collective goals of the team.2. What can be done to avoid information overload when a virtual team is made up of 25 or more members?Research Paper Instructions:IMPORTANT!!Submit your work as an MS WORD ATTACHMENT in either a .doc, .docx, or .rtf format. No other file format can be accepted (i.e., no .pdf, read-only, or Apple file formats).Write a 1-2 page paper regarding your findings, using APA format, and submit no later then Sunday, midnight. Your paper must have an introduction, body, and conclusion. In addition, papers longer than 2 pages will not be read after the second page. As such, please ensure that all questions are answered within the first two pages, as your grade will be based on the first two pages received. Your paper must include a reference page, title page, and in-text citations for all listed references in accordance with the APA manual, 6th edition chapters 6 (citation formatting) and chapter 7 (reference/source formatting).Please support your ideas, arguments, and opinions with independent research, include at least three (3) supporting peer-reviewed references or sources (do NOT use Wikipedia, encyclopedias, unknown, undated, or anonymous sources, such as websites), include a reference section, and cite all listed references properly in your paper, in accordance with the 6th edition of the APA manual, chapters 6 & 7.Reminder:Please ensure that you review the grading rubric (click on checkerboard under grade details above) for this assignment carefully, to ensure that you receive the highest possible grade for your work!Posted: an hour agoDue: 11/04/2020Budget: $15Tags: urgent Answers 0Bids 112Dr. Michelle_KMRewrick PatandceterisDaniel JohnsonGenuine GeniusSteve JobsFortifiedEARNESTWRITERAmanda SmithEmily Clareabdul_rehman_WIZARD_KIMDr_BiyaGabriella Malkhassan0906Megan Tillmanquality work for allPROF. ANNProf Bila ShakaKATHERINE BECKSmichael smithQuickly answer juliusmu33Karim Asadwizard kimEssay-tutorCatherine OwensProf.MacQueenEmily MichaelGreat-WritersRanchoddas Chanchad PhDProf. MassarraPROF_TOMMYrunge-kutta acerRESPECT WRITERDexterMastersDr shamille ClaraBrainy BrianANN HARRISJessica LuisChrisProfPhd christineTerry RobertsperfectoTutorJoeKimElprofessoriEva Greenbrilliant answersRey writerCasey CeliakatetutorJenny BoomFizzsProf. ClariseNursing_MissDrNicNgaoRihAN_MendozaAsad Ullahkim woodsWendy LewisAngelina MaySaburBUltimate GEEKMiss Professorimhmd.fBrilliant GeekDr. Elahisarapaul2013prof avrilDr Candice_2547Agher EditorProf AllanDr R Judy MarkTiny Chrismadam-professorfastestwriter1Michelle OwensSaad FahimMathStat GeniusUrgent Tutorphyllis youngbennetsandovaSuper ProffGuruu MathTutor Cyrus KenAtta ur RehmanProf SheizAcademic MentorAbdullah AnwarA-Grade WriterAdrian MonroeCotton CandyMiss MutheuJen Tech1Dr WillymartinsSasha Spencerfirstclass tutorPROFJUMAAAProff work phd ansRohanshujatBestOfArizonaPeter DianesuniyaziageraldwaitaProfGladdy01WittyPenman001HomeworkNerd2turtor odengiQuick AnswersHurairaqualitywork51827Other questions 10C ProgramACC 557 Week 2 Chapter 3 (E3-6,E3-7,E3-11,P3-2A) 100% ScoredThe game called Lotto sponsored by the Louisiana Lottery Commission pays its largest prize when a contestant matches all 6…Prompt,highly customised & non-plagiarized work.MAT300 MIDTERMNeed done fastTwo assignments one is a powepointUse Inference and Extrapolation to Answer Questions about a Social Sciences TextDrugs Power PointHUM110 questionNot ratedHRMT homework Virtual Teams: Making It WorkVirtual teams are composed of employees who are physically dispersed throughout the nation or around the world. They are linked by various forms of electronic technology. …Not ratedVirtual Teams- making it workVirtual teams are composed of employees who are physically dispersed throughout the nation or around the world. They are linked by various forms of electronic technology. Face-to-face contact …Not ratedVirtual Teams- making it workVirtual teams are composed of employees who are physically dispersed throughout the nation or around the world. They are linked by various forms of electronic technology. Face-to-face contact …11/04/202015businessfinance

Looking for American writer

I have a discussion question PayStructuresTextBook.pdfPayStructuresTextBook.pdfPosted: a day agoDue: 12/02/2020Budget: $20Tags: urgent englishAnswers 1The quA lity5.0 (4)5.0 (352)Chat4 hours agoPurchase the answer to view itPaystructure1.docxPlagiarismreport.pdfTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $20Bids 89The quA lityTeacher TrumahnPapersGuruDr.Qura-tul-ainProf BerryDr Ava_MiaAmerican TutorWIZARD_KIMAmanda SmithPaula HogRELIABLE PAPERSProWritingGuruProf. KaylinlopezRosie SeptemberBrooklyn Milan Doctor_EdwardElprofessoriProf SheizPremiumprofessor mitchBill_Williamswizard kimbrilliant answersabdul_rehman_Prof.MacQueenAsad UllahDrNicNgaoperfectonadia tutorRasWriterwork solutionsDr. ElahiEmily ClareCatherine OwensRESPECT WRITERGlobalTutorsANN HARRISDr shamille ClaraBeaverlyTiny ChrisGreat-WritersWorld-ClassansRohanYourstarDr Candice_2547writerlexPHD doctoratekim woodsFirst-rate writerYhtomitTerry RobertsKATHERINE BECKSPhd christineBrainy BrianPhd isaac newtonHomework ProJenny BoomEmily MichaelMathStat GeniusStano 001Miss ProfessorChrisProfBridget YoungmbithehCasey CeliaQuickly answer Madam SarahJessica Luisphyllis youngAngelina Mayrunge-kutta acerSasha SpencerDr R Judy MarkQuickstack001Kaya ScodelarioBrilliant GeekUltimate GEEKSaburBSaad FahimLiza_Julietprof avrilsmart-tutorTopAcademicTutorquality work for allNursing_MissEva Greenuniversity worksuniyaziaSolutionMartOther questions 10Behavioral TheoristsDue in 1 hour 30 minutes. Copy the answers from the pics and type them below the respective questions. STR 581 Week 2 Capstone Final Examination Part 1Media Essay – Women Studies6.1. Week 6 Discussion The topics for this weeks Discussion are: 1. The text states that due to government’s ever-increasing reliance on “leveraging the activity of a vast and complex network of partners in both the for-profit and nonprofit sectorsPrincessMary tutorCase study Analysis – Strategic Management Assignment – TATA MOTOR – 2000 WordsAD for Computer Sience Proi have a chmemistry Aleks HW i need help withlyBlog ArchiveCopyright © 2019 HomeworkMarket.com Read MoreApplied SciencesArchitecture and DesignBiologyBusiness & FinanceChemistryComputer ScienceGeographyGeologyEducationEngineeringEnglishEnvironmental scienceSpanishGovernmentHistoryHuman Resource ManagementInformation SystemsLawLiteratureMathematicsNursingPhysicsPolitical SciencePsychologyReadingScienceSocial Science window.__REDUX__STATE__ = ‘{“appMeta”:{“serverRendered”:true},”apiRequests”:{“pendingRequestCount”:0,”succeededRequestCount”:4,”failedRequestCount”:0,”requestCounters”:{“GET_FIELDS_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_PENDING”:0,”GET_FIELDS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_ENTITY_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1}},”currentUserMeta”:{“id”:0,”isGuest”:true,”isReceivingEmails”:null,”authMethod”:null,”approvalTicket”:null,”fees”:null,”disputesAmount”:null,”earningsStats”:{“questions”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0},”tutorials”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0}}},”modal”:{},”joyride”:{“steps”:[]},”users”:{“guest-0”:{“role”:”student”,”isGuest”:true}},”usersStatuses”:{},”usersThreads”:{},”usersReviews”:{},”usersQuestions”:{},”reviewsPage”:{“results”:[]},”reviews”:{},”answersReviews”:{},”threads”:{},”questions”:{“12003895”:{“body”:””,”id”:12003895,”title”:”ly”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:0.01,”fieldOfStudyId”:2300,”userId”:651201,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-09-26T20:15:58.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:2300,”name”:”Business Finance – Economics”,”anchor”:”Economics”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886187,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-economics”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1261462,”path”:”/content/ly-0″,”sitemap”:false,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1109067,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”12005071″:{“body”:”i have a chmemistry Aleks HW i need help with”,”id”:12005071,”title”:”i have a chmemistry Aleks HW i need help with”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-10-02T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:20,”fieldOfStudyId”:400,”userId”:679351,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-09-26T21:03:54.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:400,”name”:”Chemistry”,”anchor”:”Chemistry”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886123,”path”:”/fields/chemistry”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1261530,”path”:”/content/i-have-chmemistry-aleks-hw-i-need-help”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”12005431″:{“body”:”Plz follow the instructions I gave u Thanks”,”id”:12005431,”title”:”AD for Computer Sience Pro”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-09-28T03:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:60,”fieldOfStudyId”:2000,”userId”:449407,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-09-26T21:21:32.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:2000,”name”:”Information Systems”,”anchor”:”Information Systems”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886185,”path”:”/fields/information-systems”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1261546,”path”:”/content/ad-computer-sience-pro”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”12008333″:{“body”:”FOCUS ON TATA MOTOR, Refer to attached file for more detailed requirementsSource Problems: (100 words)Secondary Problems: (200 words)Analysis:(1000 words)SWOT -TATA MOTOR…”,”id”:12008333,”title”:”Case study Analysis – Strategic Management Assignment – TATA MOTOR – 2000 Words”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-09-22T21:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:40,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:675025,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-09-26T22:52:06.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1261690,”path”:”/content/case-study-analysis-strategic-management-assignment-tata-motor-2000-words”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”12008873″:{“body”:”presentationabout Space-x company we are going to present how space-x do their work lunching, landing the rocket again , and the business model we work as a group my part is a brief history …”,”id”:12008873,”title”:”PrincessMary tutor”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:15,”fieldOfStudyId”:1800,”userId”:548997,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-09-26T23:06:36.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1800,”name”:”Science”,”anchor”:”Science”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886181,”path”:”/fields/science”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1261716,”path”:”/content/princessmary-tutor-12008873-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”12015929″:{“body”:”6.1. Week 6 DiscussionThe topics for this weeks Discussion are:1.The text states that due to government’s ever-increasing reliance on “leveraging the activity of a …12/02/202020businessfinance

Cities and states have slashed spending on infrastructure—from highways to sewage systems to EnSci100 Exam 1 ReviewTwo questionsI need a 1225 word strategic analysis Attached is the information from part 1 that was previously submitted FOR EXCEPTIONAL PROFF ONLY&quot

we talked about it College chemistry 2 (1046)Web Development HomeworkFor FLOVODOH ONLY!!!!! Topic: The Music and life of Pierre Schaeffer *A brief biography of him. The paper must focus on his musical career and his compositions. How long would it take to write a paper over Political Writings? Not ratedwrite a paperCh. 1 “Know Why You’re Writing” (p. 3) Ch. 2 “Understand Your Readers” (p. 7)

Ego Integrity Presentation

Assignment DescriptionEgo Integrity PresentationImagine you are working as a charge nurse in an assisted living facility. Your unit houses twenty older adults. The residents of this unit are cognitively functional without evidence of cognitive decline. The residents are elderly and do require varying degrees of physical assistance with ADLs. Create a PowerPoint outlining strategies you can incorporate in the assisted living facility to promote ego integrity for your residents. What group and individual activities can you incorporate?Assignment Expectations:Length: 10-15 content slidesStructure: Include a title slide, objective slide, and reference slide in APA format. These do not count towards the minimum content slide count for this assignment. Be sure to fully explain all slides in the Speaker Notes.References: Use appropriate APA style in-text citations and references for all resources utilized to answer the questions. A minimum of two (2) scholarly sources are required for this assignment.Posted: 10 months agoDue: 22/04/2019Budget: $20Answers 2Wendy Lewis4.8 (650)4.7 (5k )ChatAssignmentAnswer rating:5Stars out of1ratings10 months agoPurchase the answer to view itEgoIntegrityPresentation.pptxTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $20Research for you (Not rated)0.3 (3)Chat10 months agoPurchase the answer to view itOrder10186798.docxTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $20Bids 45Great-WritersAmanda SmithProf Double RProCastrol01Queen of BrainsSynco_Solutionskite_solKATHERINE BECKSDiscount AssignBill_WilliamsDr. Claver-NNColossal GeniusAngelina Maybrilliant answersWendy LewisDr shamille ClaraJessica LuisAll Works solverENS. writerCatherine OwensperfectoTiny Chriskim woodsprof avrilANN HARRISExpert Essay WriterkatetutorJenny BoomGoodwriterMiss ProfessorRey writerwork solutionsDr Stuart SolsProf.MacQueennadia tutorphyllis youngChrisProfDrNicNgaoimhmd.fDr Candice_2547librarysmartsKIBBZMORIAUrgent Tutorallenwest038chamgei2Other questions 10can I get help with this math question2 pages paper in chemistry about (gases, liquids,solids Systems Development Life CircleGlobalization ArgumentSuicide death investigationsBusiness Term paperwrite down about movie that I given belowDiscussions responsesI need help with a statistics test assignment 2Rated 1 timesPowerpoint 10 Slides APAAssignment DescriptionEgo Integrity PresentationImagine you are working as a charge nurse in an assisted living facility. Your unit houses twenty older adults. The residents of this unit are …Not ratedPowerpoint 10 Slides APAAssignment DescriptionEgo Integrity PresentationImagine you are working as a charge nurse in an assisted living facility. Your unit houses twenty older adults. The residents of this unit are …Blog ArchiveCopyright © 2019 HomeworkMarket.com Read MoreApplied SciencesArchitecture and DesignBiologyBusiness & FinanceChemistryComputer ScienceGeographyGeologyEducationEngineeringEnglishEnvironmental scienceSpanishGovernmentHistoryHuman Resource ManagementInformation SystemsLawLiteratureMathematicsNursingPhysicsPolitical SciencePsychologyReadingScienceSocial Science window.__REDUX__STATE__ = ‘{“appMeta”:{“serverRendered”:true},”apiRequests”:{“pendingRequestCount”:0,”succeededRequestCount”:4,”failedRequestCount”:0,”requestCounters”:{“GET_FIELDS_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_PENDING”:0,”GET_FIELDS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_ENTITY_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1}},”currentUserMeta”:{“id”:0,”isGuest”:true,”isReceivingEmails”:null,”authMethod”:null,”approvalTicket”:null,”fees”:null,”disputesAmount”:null,”earningsStats”:{“questions”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0},”tutorials”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0}}},”modal”:{},”joyride”:{“steps”:[]},”users”:{“guest-0”:{“role”:”student”,”isGuest”:true}},”usersStatuses”:{},”usersThreads”:{},”usersReviews”:{},”usersQuestions”:{},”reviewsPage”:{“results”:[]},”reviews”:{},”answersReviews”:{},”threads”:{},”questions”:{“9321725”:{“body”:”This assignment is an analysis of William Shakespeare, his plays and their impact on Hollywood. The object is to better understand and appreciate similarities and differences between …22/04/201920nursing

Safe Harbor provisions under HIPAA

Write an essay of at least 500 words discussing the Safe Harbor provisions under HIPAA.Do not copy without providing proper attribution. This paper will be evaluated through SafeAssign.Write in essay format not in outline, bulleted, numbered or other list format.Do not submit attachments.Use the five paragraph format. Each paragraph must have at least five sentences.Include an interesting meaningful title.Include at least one quote from each of 3 different articles, place the words you copied (do not alter or paraphrase the words) in quotation marks and cite in-line (as all work copied from another should be handled). The quotes should be one full sentence (no more, less) and should be incorporated in your discussion (they do not replace your discussion) to illustrate or emphasize your ideas. Each quote must be cited in-line and at the end.Cite your sources in a clickable reference list at the end. Do not copy without providing proper attribution (quotation marks and in-line citations). Write in essay format not in bulleted, numbered or other list format.It is important that you use your own words, that you cite your sources, that you comply with the instructions regarding length of your submission Do not use spinbot or other word replacement software. It usually results in nonsense and is not a good way to learn anything. I will not spend a lot of my time trying to decipher nonsense. Proof read your work or have it edited. Find something interesting and/or relevant to your work to write about. Please do not submit attachments unless requested.Posted: 37 minutes agoDue: 11/01/2020Budget: $10Tags: IT500Answers 0Bids 65reliablewriterESSAYS EXPERT PROFESSORAmanda SmithnicohwilliamGreat-WritersPaula HogEssays Gurufactorised_factsRasWriterErick TylerCallie ThorneMusyokionesGradesMaestroDr Ava_MiaEmily ClareMath GuruuQuickly answer Dr Candice_2547wizard kimquality work for allCatherine Owensbrilliant answerskatetutorBethuel Besttutorthammysarapaul2013ElprofessoriJessica LuisRey writerProf.MacQueenEmily MichaelRESPECT WRITERDrNicNgaohassan0906university worksmart-tutorRELIABLE PAPERSWIZARD_KIMWendy Lewisimhmd.fkim woodsJenny Boomprof avrilTerry RobertsperfectoDr. Elahiphyllis youngStano 001Eva GreenansRohanChrisProfDexterMastersCasey CeliaDr shamille Claraabdul_rehman_Liza_JulietSaad FahimSaburBCourseCrackerQuickMentorSouthern-Tutorsjudge mikeTopAcademicTutorUnique_ProfchuckprofessorOther questions 103 PageDifferential Model Equations A workLab 3 EasyPHP and MySQL Setup*****A Rated Tutorial Already***** Use as a Guide Paper*****ENG 215 Assignment 3 Persuasive Paper Part I – A Problem Exists*****Already A Rated Tutorial use as Guide paper*****FOR JAPMAN ASSIGNMENT 4Project management Chemistry homework helplegal writing 3-2What are the basic characteristics of services compared with goods? What are the implications of these characteristics for Southwest Airlines?Rated 1 timesthe reasons for the two new auditing roles in Oracle 12c. Why did Oracle consider them necessary? What problems do they solve? How do they benefit companies?Write an essay of at least 500 words discussingthe reasons for the two new auditing roles in Oracle 12c. Why did Oracle consider them necessary? What problems do they solve? How do they benefit …Rated 1 timesEssay..Write an essay of at least 500 words discussing how database auditing and monitoring fit within a SOX compliance framework.Do not copy without providing proper attribution. This paper …Rated 1 timesEssay pn use of encryption to protect data at rest, in motion, and in useWrite an essay of at least five hundred wordsdiscussing the use of encryption to protect data at rest, in motion, and in use.Do not copy without providing proper attribution. …Rated 1 timesTypes Of Database Exploits- Sqlmap, An Automated Tool For Sql Injection And Database TakeoverResource : SQL Injectionhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h-9rHTLHJTYhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_jKylhJtPmIhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ciNHn38EyRcWatch this video on the SQL …Rated 1 timesPreventive controlsWrite an essay of at least five hundred words discussing the use of encryption to protect data at rest, in motion, and in use.Write in essay …Rated 1 timesRegulatory frameworksWrite an essay of at least 500 words discussing the Safe Harbor provisions under HIPAA. Do not copy without providing proper attribution. This paper will be evaluated through SafeAssign.Rated 1 timesSqlmapWrite an essay discussingsqlmap, an automated tool for sql injection and database takeover in 500 words or more. Why do we need an automated tool for sql injection?Do not copy without …Not ratedSafe Harbor provisions under HIPAAWrite an essay of at least 500 words discussingthe Safe Harbor provisions under HIPAA.Do not copy without providing proper attribution. This paper will …Not rated IAM in a federated cloud applicationWrite an essay of at least 500 words discussing discussing IAM in a federated cloud application.Do not copy without providing proper attribution. …Not rated500 wordsWrite an essay of at least five hundred words discussing the use of encryption to protect data at rest, in motion, and in use. Write in essay format not in outline, bulleted, …11/01/202010informationsystems

Decisions to support healthcare and patients 5b

Attached.questions to answer: 2,3,41,5-2 pgs long.Thank you.16FC0CCB-EB6A-438C-81A0-0C4990794D09.jpeg6102CD81-21BB-4AA5-9F14-713FC0C2D6AA.jpegPosted: 39 minutes agoDue: 19/12/2019Budget: $20Tags: asapurgent Answers 0Bids 58Mukul5078ESSAYS EXPERT PROFESSORProf. NicholasPaula HogDr Ava_MiaLilliana_Smithprofessor mitchDr R Judy MarkDr Candice_2547brilliant answersJessica LuisRey writerProf.MacQueenEmily Michaelsarapaul2013RESPECT WRITERDrNicNgaoPROF_TOMMYuniversity workProff work phd runge-kutta acerMiss ProfessorWendy Lewisimhmd.fhassan0906kim woodsJenny Boomprof avrilTerry RobertsGradeSaverAngelina Maybennetsandovaperfectojim clairephyllis youngSamann060Urgent Tutormagz64Stano 001ansRohanTopanswersUltimate GEEKYoung Kim hoodsChrisProfClytemnestraJamie Ackerprof.TimetestUmair_ArifTalentedtutorfastestwriter1Computer_Science_ExpertSaad FahimKaya ScodelarioLiza_JulietUnique TeacherSaburBAZHARAKRAM300Unique_ProfOther questions 10ASSIGNMENTCollaborative reportscreen shot1 page outline 6 pages in total personalitychemistrycan you give feedback to my peers/classmate (follow the red guide please) 1 paragraph Assume that the low-calorie frozen, microwavable food company from AssignmentsETHICAL BEHAVIOROrg ManagementBlog ArchiveCopyright © 2019 HomeworkMarket.com Read MoreApplied SciencesArchitecture and DesignBiologyBusiness & FinanceChemistryComputer ScienceGeographyGeologyEducationEngineeringEnglishEnvironmental scienceSpanishGovernmentHistoryHuman Resource ManagementInformation SystemsLawLiteratureMathematicsNursingPhysicsPolitical SciencePsychologyReadingScienceSocial Science window.__REDUX__STATE__ = ‘{“appMeta”:{“serverRendered”:true},”apiRequests”:{“pendingRequestCount”:0,”succeededRequestCount”:4,”failedRequestCount”:0,”requestCounters”:{“GET_FIELDS_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_PENDING”:0,”GET_FIELDS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_ENTITY_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1}},”currentUserMeta”:{“id”:0,”isGuest”:true,”isReceivingEmails”:null,”authMethod”:null,”approvalTicket”:null,”fees”:null,”disputesAmount”:null,”earningsStats”:{“questions”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0},”tutorials”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0}}},”modal”:{},”joyride”:{“steps”:[]},”users”:{“guest-0”:{“role”:”student”,”isGuest”:true}},”usersStatuses”:{},”usersThreads”:{},”usersReviews”:{},”usersQuestions”:{},”reviewsPage”:{“results”:[]},”reviews”:{},”answersReviews”:{},”threads”:{},”questions”:{“8872659”:{“body”:”Learning Activity 1Accordingto James Kotter, the difference between “changemanagement” and “changeleadership,” and whether it’s just a matter of semantics…these terms are not …”,”id”:8872659,”title”:”Org Management”,”isTutorial”:true,”isEssay”:true,”budget”:3,”fieldOfStudyId”:200,”userId”:320301,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-26T17:43:14.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:200,”name”:”English”,”anchor”:”English”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886117,”path”:”/fields/english”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1039294,”path”:”/content/org-management-0″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8873223″:{“body”:”Most people know what is right and what is wrong. With matters of ethical versus unethical behavior, sometimes people tend to rationalize their behavior. For example, some people feel that taking …”,”id”:8873223,”title”:”ETHICAL BEHAVIOR”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-03-27T12:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:5,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:607311,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-26T19:06:51.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1039424,”path”:”/content/ethical-behavior-8873223-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8876029″:{“body”:”Long-Term Investment DecisionsAssume that the low-calorie frozen, microwavable food company from Assignments 1 and 2 wants to expand and has to make some long-term capital budgeting decisions. The …”,”id”:8876029,”title”:”Assume that the low-calorie frozen, microwavable food company from Assignments”,”isTutorial”:true,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:15,”fieldOfStudyId”:2300,”userId”:187669,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-27T00:54:40.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:2300,”name”:”Business Finance – Economics”,”anchor”:”Economics”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886187,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-economics”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1039708,”path”:”/content/assume-low-calorie-frozen-microwavable-food-company-assignments”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8882295″:{“body”:”Guided Response:As you respond to a minimum of two peers, consider responding to at least one peer who addressed a different question than you did. Offer additional unique …”,”id”:8882295,”title”:”can you give feedback to my peers/classmate (follow the red guide please) 1 paragraph “,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2016-03-28T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:5,”fieldOfStudyId”:200,”userId”:524405,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-27T17:10:05.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:200,”name”:”English”,”anchor”:”English”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886117,”path”:”/fields/english”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1040246,”path”:”/content/can-you-give-feedback-my-peersclassmate-follow-red-guide-please-1-paragraph-8882295-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8882753″:{“body”:”.”,”id”:8882753,”title”:”chemistry”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-03-28T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:5,”fieldOfStudyId”:400,”userId”:607677,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-03-27T17:42:30.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:400,”name”:”Chemistry”,”anchor”:”Chemistry”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886123,”path”:”/fields/chemistry”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1040296,”path”:”/content/chemistry-8882753-2″,”sitemap”:false,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”8883123″:{“body”:”Paper 250 minimum words with referencesHenry Murray felt that in addition to our physiological needs, human beings have many emotional and psychological needs. Identify and describe three of …19/12/201920informationsystems

PHD INTERVIEW QUESTIONS

WRITTEN INTERVIEW QUESTIONSDoctoral candidates should provide an authentic personal statement to each of the five following questions/prompts reflecting on their own personal interest. In the event that any outside resources are used, resources should be cited in APA format. Submissions should be a maximum of 500 words or 125 words per question/prompt. It is best to response to each prompt/question individually for clarity of the reviewer. Writing sample should be submitted in Microsoft Word format and include candidate’s name.PhD IT Tell us about yourself and your personal journey that has lead you to University of the Cumberlands. What are your research interests in the area of information technology? How did you become interested in this area of research? What is your current job/career and how will this program impact your career growth? What unique qualities do you think you have that will help you in being successful in this program? How canobtaining a doctorate impact your contribution to the practices of information technology? Where do you see yourself after obtaining a doctorate from UC?Posted: 2 months agoDue: 30/10/2019Budget: $10Tags: asapAPA FormatAnswers 2Amanda Smith4.9 (456)4.9 (9k )Chat2 months agoPurchase the answer to view itTheValueofPursuingaPHDinuniversityCumberlands1.docxTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $10KATHERINE BECKS5.0 (479)4.8 (3k )Chat2 months agoPurchase the answer to view itWRITTENINTERVIEWQUESTIONS.docxTry it first(plagiarism check)Buy answer $10Bids 70Madam MichelleAmanda SmithKATHERINE BECKSWIZARD_KIMTeacher A Workwizard kimprofessor mitchDr Candice_2547RESPECT WRITERsmart-tutorProf Double RDoctor OkumuColossal Geniusrunge-kutta acerMiss LynnPROF washington watsonPeter ArthurJenny BoomCatherine OwensClytemnestraPhd christineDr Jamlicnadia tutorMegan TillmanQuickly answer All Works solverChrisProfmbithehansRohanEmily MichaelUNDISPUTED GEEKprof avrilWendy LewisYourstarDrNicNgaobrilliant answersDr R Judy MarkshackwriterYhtomitENS. writerimhmd.fProff work phd ANN HARRISRey writerMiss ProfessorAngelina MayDr. Benevework solutionscomputerscienceSamann060Prof.MacQueenkim woodsPh.D A GradeperfectoTerry RobertsComputer_Science_Expertsarapaul2013katetutorDexterMastersBridget Youngphyllis youngAcademic MentorSuper GeekElprofessoriUltimate_WriterSaad FahimUnique_ProfmiftikhargadolaTutorlukamA studentsOther questions 10GreenResearch with StatistsBus. Man. Powerpoint hw. due SaturdayDNA HOMEWORK*****A Rated Tutorial Already***** Use as a Guide Paper*****Bus 430-1 week 3 discussion 2 part 2Erikson due tomorrow by noon. Quality Management and Quality Controlsummary Reaction KineticsTIMED TEST 2 Rated 1 timesquestion and answerPh.D. in information technologyeach question 125 words Tell us about yourself and your personal journey that has to lead you to the University of the Cumberlands. What are your …Rated 1 timesPHD INTERVIEW Tell us about yourself and your personal journey that has lead you to University of the Cumberlands. What are your research interests in the area of information technology? How did you …Rated 1 timesPHD ITDoctoral candidates should provide an authentic personal statement to each of the five following questions/prompts reflecting on their own personal interest. In the event that any outside resources …Rated 1 timesPHD interview Question in APA formatWRITTEN INTERVIEW QUESTIONSDoctoral candidates should provide an authentic personal statement to each of the five following questions/prompts reflecting on their own personal interest. In the …Rated 1 timesGeneral QuestionsTell us about yourself and your personal journey that has lead you to University of the Cumberlands.?What are your research interests in the area of information technology? How did you become …Not ratedPhD Interview questions WRITTEN INTERVIEW QUESTIONSDoctoral candidates should provide an authentic personal statement to each of the five following questions/prompts reflecting on their own personal interest. In the event …Not ratedAdmission QuestionsWRITTEN INTERVIEW QUESTIONSDoctoral candidates should provide an authentic personal statement to each of the five following questions/prompts reflecting on their own personal interest. In …Not ratedPhD IT Interview QuestionsWRITTEN INTERVIEW QUESTIONSDoctoral candidates should provide an authentic personal statement to each of the five following questions/prompts reflecting on their own personal interest. In the …Not ratedPhD IT Interview QuestionsWRITTEN INTERVIEW QUESTIONSDoctoral candidates should provide an authentic personal statement to each of the five following questions/prompts reflecting on their own personal interest. In the …Not ratedPhd Interview QuestionsWRITTEN INTERVIEW QUESTIONSDoctoral candidates should provide an authentic personal statement to each of the five following questions/prompts reflecting on their own personal interest. In the …Blog ArchiveCopyright © 2019 HomeworkMarket.com Read MoreApplied SciencesArchitecture and DesignBiologyBusiness & FinanceChemistryComputer ScienceGeographyGeologyEducationEngineeringEnglishEnvironmental scienceSpanishGovernmentHistoryHuman Resource ManagementInformation SystemsLawLiteratureMathematicsNursingPhysicsPolitical SciencePsychologyReadingScienceSocial Science window.__REDUX__STATE__ = ‘{“appMeta”:{“serverRendered”:true},”apiRequests”:{“pendingRequestCount”:0,”succeededRequestCount”:4,”failedRequestCount”:0,”requestCounters”:{“GET_FIELDS_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_PENDING”:0,”GET_FIELDS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_ENTITY_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1}},”currentUserMeta”:{“id”:0,”isGuest”:true,”isReceivingEmails”:null,”authMethod”:null,”approvalTicket”:null,”fees”:null,”disputesAmount”:null,”earningsStats”:{“questions”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0},”tutorials”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0}}},”modal”:{},”joyride”:{“steps”:[]},”users”:{“guest-0”:{“role”:”student”,”isGuest”:true}},”usersStatuses”:{},”usersThreads”:{},”usersReviews”:{},”usersQuestions”:{},”reviewsPage”:{“results”:[]},”reviews”:{},”answersReviews”:{},”threads”:{},”questions”:{“12507189”:{“body”:”FOOD NUTRI.1 HOUR TIMED TEST = 50 QUESTION”,”id”:12507189,”title”:”TIMED TEST 2 “,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-10-21T15:24:00.000Z”,”budget”:25,”fieldOfStudyId”:1800,”userId”:592363,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-19T03:25:24.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1800,”name”:”Science”,”anchor”:”Science”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886181,”path”:”/fields/science”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1291176,”path”:”/content/timed-test-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1114691,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”12509261″:{“body”:”deleted”,”id”:12509261,”title”:”Reaction Kinetics”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:15,”fieldOfStudyId”:400,”userId”:667413,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-19T07:45:53.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:400,”name”:”Chemistry”,”anchor”:”Chemistry”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886123,”path”:”/fields/chemistry”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1291314,”path”:”/content/reaction-kinetics”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1114701,”grade”:60,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”12513935″:{“body”:”summary”,”id”:12513935,”title”:”summary “,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”budget”:3,”fieldOfStudyId”:200,”userId”:671281,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-19T13:22:57.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:200,”name”:”English”,”anchor”:”English”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886117,”path”:”/fields/english”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1291656,”path”:”/content/summary-12513935-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”12516253″:{“body”:”Computeandanalyzethe financial data using a Microsoft� Excel� spreadsheet. Make sure all calculations can be seen in the background of the applicable spreadsheet cells. In other …”,”id”:12516253,”title”:”\tQuality Management and Quality Control”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-10-21T12:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:20,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”userId”:532771,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-19T15:32:49.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:900,”name”:”Business & Finance”,”anchor”:”Business & Finance”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886163,”path”:”/fields/business-finance”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1291794,”path”:”/content/quality-management-and-quality-control”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”12517083″:{“body”:”When considering Erikson’s stages of development, the 2 psychological stages of middle adulthood (generativity vrs stagnation) and late adulthood (integrity vrs despair) have specific …”,”id”:12517083,”title”:”Erikson due tomorrow by noon. “,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2016-10-20T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:3,”fieldOfStudyId”:1000,”userId”:282059,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-19T16:11:09.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1000,”name”:”Psychology”,”anchor”:”Psychology”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886165,”path”:”/fields/psychology”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1291846,”path”:”/content/erikson-due-tomorrow-noon-0″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”12522007″:{“body”:” Is it a good idea for Bracket International to partner with its vendors or suppliers to implement the RFID technology? If so, how would Bracket International pursue it? Any thought? …”,”id”:12522007,”title”:”Bus 430-1 week 3 discussion 2 part 2″,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-10-20T19:22:00.000Z”,”budget”:5,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:512487,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-19T20:25:50.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1292156,”path”:”/content/bus-430-1-week-3-discussion-2-part-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”12527595″:{“body”:”1) What is Touch DNA? How is Touch DNA detected, preserved, and collected?2) Describe the collection of biological stains including variances between dry, wet, and liquid stains. What are the four …”,”id”:12527595,”title”:”DNA HOMEWORK*****A Rated Tutorial Already***** Use as a Guide Paper*****”,”isTutorial”:true,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:15,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:89582,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-20T01:04:14.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1292544,”path”:”/content/dna-homeworka-rated-tutorial-already-use-guide-paper-0″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”12531923″:{“body”:”To demonstrate your understanding of decision making, summarize the Challenger case study, the major decisions that were made, and how the concept of Groupthink contributed to the shuttle’s demise. …”,”id”:12531923,”title”:”Bus. Man. Powerpoint hw. due Saturday”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-10-22T21:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:15,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:661135,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-20T09:05:20.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1292928,”path”:”/content/bus-man-powerpoint-hw-due-saturday”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”12533059″:{“body”:”SOCIAL WORK with Research Experience OnlyWK8 Assignment – Agency Memo – FinalPurposeIn this assignment you will be crafting a memo detailing your recommendations for an intervention to use with a …30/10/201910computerscience

40 MUTIPLE CHOICE WORDS

Question 1 Connie, the president of a company that makes paper, has a new interest in the environment. She recently went to a seminar on environmental dangers and has decided to take steps to clean things up. She started at home and was also committed to change things at work. Connie had to face the fact that her company has been cheating and is not in compliance with applicable environmental regulations due to dumping in a nearby river. Her company has never been cited, however, because it employs a very large number of people in the community, including the mayor’s wife and the chief-of-police’s brother. On her mission to clean things up, Connie has decided to go even further than the law requires and install the very latest environmental protections. When she announced her plan, the chair of the company’s board of directors, Brooke, had a meeting with Connie. Brooke told Connie to analyze the situation carefully because the cost of the additional equipment would mean no dividend to shareholders and no raise for employees. Furthermore, Brooke told Connie that installing all of the new equipment would result in higher prices for the company’s paper products and could bankrupt the company because of foreign competition. Brooke hinted that Connie could be fired if she persisted. Brooke suggested that Connie just be concerned with a minimal standard of ethics. Which of the following would be a stakeholder in the company?The community onlyThe shareholders onlyFuture generations onlyThe community and shareholders onlyThe community, shareholders, and future generations2 points Question 2 Which of the following is TRUE regarding the liability in tort of employers for the actions of employees and independent contractors?Employers are generally liable in tort for the actions of their employees, while they are generally not liable for the actions of independent contractors.Employers are generally liable in tort for the actions of independent contractors, while they are generally not liable for the actions of employees.Employers are not generally liable in tort for the actions of independent contractors or for the actions of employees.Employers are generally liable in tort for the actions of independent contractors and also for the actions of employees.Employers are generally liable in tort for the actions of independent contractors and the actions of employees, but only if the employer has agreed to be liable in a written contract with the employee or independent contractor.2 points Question 3 Which of the following was the result on appeal in the case of Webster v. Blue Ship Tea Room Inc.—the case in which the plaintiff sued after getting a bone caught in her throat while eating clam chowder?That the plaintiff could recover based upon the implied warranty of merchantabilityThat the plaintiff could recover based upon the implied warranty of fitness for a particular purposeThat the plaintiff could recover based on an express warrantyThat the plaintiff could not recover because she waited too long in which to sue and also because she was not the direct purchaser of the fishThat the plaintiff could not recover for reasons including that the bone should not have been unexpected2 points Question 4 A partnership in which the partners divide profits and management responsibilities and share unlimited personal liability for the partnership’s debt is called a __________.general partnershiplimited partnershiplimited liability partnershipcorporationlimited liability company2 points Question 5 A person who contracts with another to do something for him or her but who is not controlled by the other nor subject to the other’s right to control with respect to his or her physical conduct in the performance of the undertaking is a(n) __________.employeeindependent contractorauthorized contractortask-specific contractorpartial contractor2 points Question 6 Which of the following occurs when a party to a contract transfers his or her rights to a contract to a third party?AssignmentReferralDisgorgementPrivityTransfer2 points Question 7 Penny is investigating what she needs to do to legally to open a dog grooming business in her city. Which of the following would govern the business?State statutesCity ordinancesModel lawsState statutes, city ordinances, and model lawsState statutes and city ordinances, but not model laws2 points Question 8 Sally agrees to mow Paul’s yard for $300 for the summer. Paul wishes to assign the contract to his grandmother. Sally objects because Paul’s yard is very small while the grandmother’s yard is over an acre. Which of the following is the correct legal outcome for the dispute between Sally and Paul?Sally will win because Paul’s attempted assignment would increase the duties to which she agreed.Sally will win because all assignments are invalid without the obligor’s consent.Sally will win unless Paul paid her the $300 in advance in which case Paul will win.Paul will win because he may validly assign the contract without Sally’s consent.Paul will win so long as he tells Sally about the assignment prior to the time she begins any performance whatsoever.2 points Question 9 Which of the following is FALSE regarding a sole proprietorship?A sole proprietorship requires few legal formalities.A sole proprietor has complete control of the management of the business.The sole proprietor keeps all the profits from the business.Profits are taxed as the personal income of the sole proprietor.A sole proprietor is not personally liable for obligations of the business.2 points Question 10 If the plaintiff wants a court order that requires the defendant to fulfill the terms of the contract, the plaintiff is seeking __________.specific performancedirectiveinstructional edictdemandinjunction2 points Question 11 Gretchen offers $100 to anyone who can return her lost dog, Sparky. Haley returns the dog and requests the money. Gretchen says that there is no binding contract. Which of the following is TRUE regarding Gretchen’s statement?Gretchen is incorrect because there is a binding bilateral contract.Gretchen is incorrect because there is a binding unilateral contract that Haley accepted by performing.Gretchen is correct because there is no binding bilateral contract.Gretchen is correct because there is no binding unilateral contract.Gretchen is correct because Haley acted incorrectly by her manner of attempted acceptance.2 points Question 12 Stewart, the owner of ABC Construction, agreed with Joan, the owner of XYZ Hotel, that he would complete renovations on her upscale hotel on the beach in Florida by October 1. The amount due to Stewart under the contract was $250,000. The contract contained a clause by which Stewart would pay Joan $50,000 for each day he was late on completing the project. Unfortunately, a strong earthquake shook the area, and while the earthquake did not damage the hotel itself, Stewart encountered significant difficulty in getting supplies due to the high demand for building material following the earthquake. Because he believed that traveling, himself, to other states to obtain supplies would be prohibitively expensive, he delayed the project for two weeks while waiting for local stores to have sufficient supplies available. Stewart finished renovations six days late. Joan told Stewart that she owed him nothing but that he owed her $50,000. Stewart told Joan that he was suing for the entire $250,000 because it was not his fault the earthquake delayed matters. Which of the following is the appropriate term for the agreement that Stewart would pay Joan $50,000 for each day he was late in completion?Mitigated damages termLiquidated damages clauseStipulated damagesAcknowledged damages clauseApproved and acknowledged damages clause2 points Question 13 Which of the following are the two primary kinds of performance?Partial and significantPartial and completePartial and substantialComplete and substantialComplete and significant2 points Question 14 The “public disclosure” test is also known as the __________ test.televisionPowellself-consciousgoldenprimary2 points Question 15 Which of the following is FALSE regarding a limited liability partnership?A limited liability partnership is considered a separate legal entity.Limited liability partnerships are fairly new.The business name must include “Limited Liability Partnership” or an abbreviation in the name.The parties must file a form with the secretary of the state to create a limited liability partnership.Each partner pays taxes on his or her share of the income of the business.2 points Question 16 Positive abstractions that capture our sense of what is good or desirable are __________.ethical ideasvaluesconscience demandsdesirable principlesaction goals2 points Question 17 Which of the following is TRUE regarding the mirror-image rule and the UCC?The mirror-image rule applies under the UCC the same as it is applies under common law.The mirror-image rule that applies under common law does not apply under the UCC.The mirror-image rule that applies under the common law applies under the UCC only if a lease is involved.The mirror-image rule that applies under the common law applies under the UCC only if a sale of goods is involved.The mirror-image rule under the UCC does not apply to common law.2 points Question 18 Which of the following provides that a portion of a copyrighted work may be reproduced for purposes of criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarships, and research?The limited-use doctrineThe copyright-use doctrineThe fair-use doctrineThe trade-use doctrineNone of these because there is no such provision2 points Question 19 __________ are investor-owners of a corporation.Profit ownersProfit and loss ownersApproved investorsLimited partnersShareholders2 points Question 20 Which of the following is FALSE regarding trade-secret protection?Competitors may not legally discover trade secrets by doing reverse engineering.Competitors may discover secrets by going on public tours of plants and observing the use of the trade secret.Lawful discovery of a trade secret means there is no longer a trade secret to be protected.An invention may be considered a trade secret.A design may be considered a trade secret.2 points Question 21 Mistakes in contracts may be classified as __________.void and voidableenforceable and voidableunilateral and voidmutual and enforceableunilateral and mutual2 points Question 22 Kitty, who had a love of baking, decided to open her own bakery. She decided that she did not need and did not want to pay for a lawyer to advise her on different forms of ownership. Unfortunately, Kitty had not paid attention in business law class. She proceeded, with little thought, to simply open her business called Kitty’s Baking. Bobby came in to order some cookies for his girlfriend, Bitsy, who was allergic to peanuts. Bobby told Kitty that he needed some cookies for Bitsy, but he explained that Bitsy had allergies to peanuts. Kitty told him not to worry because she would make up a special batch just for him. Kitty had hired some assistants because she was so busy. She told an assistant, Cathy, to make up several batches of cookies for different customers, including Bobby, and to leave out the peanuts in Bobby’s order. Cathy, however, forgot the instruction and proceeded to make Bobby’s cookies with crushed peanuts. Bobby picked up the cookies and gave one to Bitsy in the car while they were on the way to the movie in Bobby’s new car. Bitsy became violently ill, vomited in Bobby’s car, and had to have her stomach pumped. Bobby and Bitsy sought recovery from Kitty who told them that Bitsy’s doctor bill and Bobby’s car-cleaning bill were business debts, that the business was new and not making any money at the moment, and that she had no personal liability. Following the incident involving Bobby and Bitsy, Kitty discussed with her parents her problems with the bakery. Kitty’s parents would like to invest in her business and share in any profits, but they do not want to share in the management responsibilities. What type of business did Kitty initially set up?A limited liability companyA sole proprietorshipAn individual proprietorshipA general companyAn S corporation2 points Question 23 The __________ is the supreme law of the land.United States ConstitutionDeclaration of IndependenceUnited States Codemodel lawUniform Commercial Code2 points Question 24 Which of the following are types of warranties?Express and unknownImplied and understoodAcknowledged and expressExpress, implied, and acknowledgedExpress and implied, but not acknowledged2 points Question 25 A breaching party’s right to provide conforming goods when nonconforming goods were initially delivered is known as __________.substantial impairmentusage of tradecureperfect tender rulecourse of dealing2 points Question 26 Heather innocently misrepresented the status of a puppy as being a full-blooded Pomeranian when actually it was a mixed breed. Brad had contracted to purchase the dog, but the problem was discovered prior to his paying for the dog and picking it up. Nevertheless, Brad was very angry and felt that Heather should have been more careful. He said that he planned to rescind the contract and also sue her for damages to punish her and deter others from behaving similarly. Which of the following is true regarding the remedies available to Brad?Because Heather violated the contract to provide a full-blooded Pomeranian, Brad is entitled to rescind the contract and also to the damages he seeks.Because Heather violated the contract to provide a full-blooded Pomeranian, Brad is entitled to rescind the contract, but he is not entitled to the damages he seeks.Because Heather is not guilty of any wrongdoing, Brad is entitled to no remedy, and Heather has an additional 30 days in order to honor the contract.Because Heather is not guilty of any wrongdoing, Brad is entitled to no remedy, and Heather has an additional 60 days in order to honor the contract.Because Heather is not guilty of any wrongdoing, Brad is entitled to no remedy, and Heather has an additional 90 days in order to honor the contract.2 points Question 27 Monique was licensed to train massage therapists. A new federal agency, the Aesthetic and Massage Commission, was committed to enforcing the statute that licensed massage therapists must refrain from “any act or conduct indicating bad faith, incompetence, dishonesty, or improper dealing.” Monique, while driving home late one night from a party, was stopped by the police and arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol. She pled guilty to the offense. When the Aesthetic and Massage Commission discovered the offense, the officials of the agency met, decided that Monique might drink on the job, and concluded that she might pose a danger to students. Accordingly, her license to teach massage therapy was revoked. Monique threatened to sue to retain her license and was told by the agency head that she had no right to appeal to court because of the nature of the Aesthetic and Massage Commission, and that, in any event, action by an agency is always upheld. Which of the following is TRUE regarding the statement of the agency that Monique had no right to appeal to court?The agency representative was wrong, and if Monique cannot resolve the issue within the agency, she may appeal to court for judicial review.Because the agency was set up to protect the safety of the public, the agency representative is correct unless Monique can establish that she entered into a separate contractual arrangement with the agency when she was hired that gave her the right to appeal decisions to court.Further information is needed regarding whether the agency was an executive agency or an independent agency because while actions of an independent agency may be appealed to court, actions of an executive agency may not be appealed to court.Further information is needed regarding whether the agency was an executive agency or an independent agency because while actions of an executive agency may be appealed to court, actions of an independent agency may not be appealed to court.Because the agency was set up to protect the safety of the public, the agency representative is correct, and Monique has no right to a court action and no right to enter into a contractual agreement with the agency regarding appeal rights.2 points Question 28 Which of the following refers to the right of an offeror to revoke an offer?The offeror is the “originator of his offer.”The offeror is the “master of his offer.”The offeror is the “proponent of his offer.”The offeror is the “adjudicator of his offer.”The offeror is the “arbiter of his offer.”2 points Question 29 What was the result in the case in the textbook of Lucy v. Zehmer involving whether allegations of joking involving the sale of land prevented the formation of a contract?The court ruled that the contract would not be enforced because one of the parties was subjectively joking.The court ruled that the contract would not be enforced because one of the parties was joking, and a reasonable person should have known that.The court ruled that the contract would not be enforced because the parties had been drinking although they were not intoxicated.The court ruled that the agreement would be enforced because of the outward manifestations of agreement.The court ruled that the contract would be enforced because of what the parties verbally said regardless of whether an objective person would have thought joking was involved.2 points Question 30 Jim, who is a bit eccentric, says that he is fed up with the way a certain employer in his town treats employees and that he is going to sue that employer in an effort to improve matters. Jim also says that he is going to start his case at the appellate court level, skipping over all of those “lesser” judges. Jim says that those justices will surely hear him out and that he will also seek a jury. Although he is not a lawyer, Jim believes that the offenses of the employer are so severe that the justices will appreciate his attempt to make things better for the employees involved. Will Jim get a jury at the appellate court level?Only if the opposing party agreesIn some states but not in othersOnly if he is in federal courtOnly if he is in state courtNo2 points Question 31 Which of the following is a person who has a duty to act primarily for another person’s benefit?PrincipalEmployerFiduciaryTrustorBenefitor2 points Question 32 Which of the following is TRUE regarding whether the shape of a product or package may be a trademark?The shape of a product may be a trademark if it is nonfunctional, but the shape of a package may not be the subject of a trademark.The shape of a product may be the subject of a trademark if it is functional, but the shape of the package may not be the subject of a trademark.The shape of a product or package may be a trademark if it is functional.The shape of a product or the shape of a package may be a trademark if it is nonfunctional.The shape of a package may be a trademark if it is nonfunctional, but the shape of a product may not be the subject or a trademark.2 points Question 33 Which of the following BEST determines the obligations of sellers/lessors and buyers/lessees?Terms the parties outline in agreementsCustomRules outlined by the UCCTerms the parties outline in agreements, custom, and rules outlined by the UCCTerms the parties outline in agreements and custom, but not rules outlined by the UCC2 points Question 34 In a limited partnership, which of the following have no part in the management of the business?General partnersLimited partnersSpecial partnersGeneral partners, limited partners, and special partnersGeneral and special partners but not limited partners2 points Question 35 Patricia, the president of a company that makes batteries, has a new interest in the environment. She recently went to a seminar on environmental dangers and has decided to take steps to clean things up. She started at home and was also committed to change things at work. Patricia had to face the fact that her company has been cheating and is not in compliance with applicable environmental regulations due to dumping in a nearby river. Her company has never been cited, however, because it employs a very large number of people in the community, including the mayor’s wife and the chief-of-police’s brother. On her mission to clean things up, Patricia has decided to go even further than the law requires and install the very latest environmental protections. When she announced her plan, the chair of the company’s board of directors, Cindy, had a meeting with Patricia. Cindy told Patricia to analyze the situation carefully because the cost of the additional equipment would mean no dividend to shareholders and no raise for employees. Furthermore, Cindy told Patricia that installing all of the new equipment would result in higher prices for the company’s batteries and could bankrupt the company because of foreign competition. Cindy hinted that Patricia could be fired if she persisted. Cindy suggested that Patricia just be concerned with a minimal standard of ethics. Which of the following is the minimal standard that a business must meet in a consideration of business ethics?Decisions must be legal.Decisions must meet the criteria of a follower of the WPH Framework for Business Ethics.Decisions must meet the requirements of the most important stakeholders.Decisions must receive a majority vote of acceptance by employees.Both that decisions must be legal and that decisions receive a majority vote of acceptance by employees.2 points Question 36 Which of the following is FALSE regarding the agency relationship?It is a consensual relationship.It may be formed by formal written contracts.It may usually be formed by informal oral agreements.It exists when the principal takes action to ask another individual to act on behalf of the principal.People must be trained in the field involved in order to qualify as agents.2 points Question 37 Barry, an auctioneer, was holding an auction on a Saturday morning. At the beginning of the auction, Barry announced that the auction was being held without reserve. At the auction, Mary saw a great deal on a used table. She bid $20 on it. No one else bid anything. Barry announced that $20 was clearly insufficient for the table, that it was worth much more than that, and that he was taking it out of the auction. Mary sued Barry, attempting to obtain possession of the table. What is the likely result in the lawsuit brought by Mary against Barry for the table?Barry will win because Mary was simply making an offer that he was free to decline.Barry will win because the price was clearly insufficient for the table.Barry will win because no acceptance occurred.Mary will win because the auction was without reserve, and Barry had agreed to accept the highest bid.Barry will win because he did not inform attendees in writing that the auction was without reserve.2 points Question 38 Which of the following articles of the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) governs sales contracts?22(A)44(A)62 points Question 39 A __________ is a FALSE representation of a material fact that is consciously false and intended to mislead the other party.negligent misrepresentationfraudulent misrepresentationscienter misrepresentationnegligent misrepresentation, fraudulent misrepresentation, and a scienter misrepresentationnegligent or fraudulent misrepresentation, but not a scienter misrepresentation2 points Question 40 Which of the following do NOT meet the UCC definition of a good?Real estateCorporate stocksCopyrightsNeither real estate, corporate stocks, nor copyrights meet the definition of goodsReal estate and corporate stocks do not, but copyrights do meet the definition of goodPosted: 2 years agoDue: 03/10/2017Budget: $25Answers 1Miss Professor4.6 (456)4.5 (16k )ChathihiAnswer rating:0.5Stars out of1ratings2 years agoPurchase the answer to view it40questions.docx40questions1.docxBuy answer $25Bids 41Jane the tutorMiss ProfessorTop-Performerchichi..2Arizona WriterRue haulProf. FarellDr. Peter WrightEliteExpertsTimecheckerDr. KennedyTruman parkmartha92phyllis youngYhtomitkokowoocaspianoHillary YoungsmartwriterSteve JobsDoctor OwensLizluvwriterHomework SolutionMberiahAshliey WriterPrincessMary tutorGoodwriterOnTimekim woodsbrilliant answersCatherine OwensProf. GoodwillProf Tim WilsonProf. ScriptBlessedWriterProf. Allwood SonnerbergPERFECT GENIUSQueen of BrainsTeacher hyrankscoco_soboMiss LynnOther questions 10Business Law Case 9, 10, 11Business HW HelpDq 1-2PRO MET 5helpUNIT I ESSAY COMPUTER CLASSchemistrymarketing assignementcrj as2Week 1 – Discussion 1 – Legal and Ethical Environment of Business – for Prof Eluid P OnlyNot rated42 QUESTIONS TWO OF THE QUESTIONS NEED TO BE ANSWERED IN 200 WORDS EACHQuestion 1 …Blog ArchiveCopyright © 2019 HomeworkMarket.com Read MoreApplied SciencesArchitecture and DesignBiologyBusiness & FinanceChemistryComputer ScienceGeographyGeologyEducationEngineeringEnglishEnvironmental scienceSpanishGovernmentHistoryHuman Resource ManagementInformation SystemsLawLiteratureMathematicsNursingPhysicsPolitical SciencePsychologyReadingScienceSocial Science window.__REDUX__STATE__ = ‘{“appMeta”:{“serverRendered”:true},”apiRequests”:{“pendingRequestCount”:0,”succeededRequestCount”:4,”failedRequestCount”:0,”requestCounters”:{“GET_FIELDS_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_PENDING”:0,”GET_FIELDS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_ENTITY_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1}},”currentUserMeta”:{“id”:0,”isGuest”:true,”isReceivingEmails”:null,”authMethod”:null,”approvalTicket”:null,”fees”:null,”disputesAmount”:null,”earningsStats”:{“questions”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0},”tutorials”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0}}},”modal”:{},”joyride”:{“steps”:[]},”users”:{“guest-0”:{“role”:”student”,”isGuest”:true}},”usersStatuses”:{},”usersThreads”:{},”usersReviews”:{},”usersQuestions”:{},”reviewsPage”:{“results”:[]},”reviews”:{},”answersReviews”:{},”threads”:{},”questions”:{“12175841”:{“body”:”Discussion Boad Week 1Thinking about what you already know about law and commerce,How does the role of law impact business and commerce?Why are laws necessary to govern business in an …”,”id”:12175841,”title”:”Week 1 – Discussion 1 – Legal and Ethical Environment of Business – for Prof Eluid P Only”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-10-05T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:15,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:682109,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-04T17:12:06.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1270758,”path”:”/content/week-1-discussion-1-legal-and-ethical-environment-business-prof-eluid-p-only”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1110869,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”12178561″:{“body”:”(NBA) from 1981 to 2014. In April 2014, Sterling was banned for life from the NBA after private recordings of him making racist comments were made public. In this case study, you will investigate the …”,”id”:12178561,”title”:”crj as2″,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-10-12T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:45,”fieldOfStudyId”:2700,”userId”:524619,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-04T19:28:51.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:2700,”name”:”Law”,”anchor”:”Law”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886193,”path”:”/fields/law”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1270920,”path”:”/content/crj-as2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”12180919″:{“body”:”Frith’s Levels of Analysis:The Surface Meaning: What is your overall impression at first glance after viewingthe attached print advertisement. At this level, you will describe/list all objects, …”,”id”:12180919,”title”:”marketing assignement”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-10-05T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:5,”fieldOfStudyId”:2400,”userId”:653665,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-04T21:11:30.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:2400,”name”:”Business & Finance – Marketing”,”anchor”:”Marketing”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886189,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-marketing”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1271040,”path”:”/content/marketing-assignement-12180919-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”12188983″:{“body”:”Question 1a) Which metals from Table 8.1 ( copper, zinc, lead, magnesium)are considered VERY ACTIVE (react with water and aqueous hydrochloric acid), MODERATELY ACTIVE (react with aqueous …”,”id”:12188983,”title”:”chemistry”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:25,”fieldOfStudyId”:400,”userId”:642563,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-05T07:20:20.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:400,”name”:”Chemistry”,”anchor”:”Chemistry”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886123,”path”:”/fields/chemistry”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1271478,”path”:”/content/chemistry-12188983-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”12191587″:{“body”:”Please read the instruction for essay, absolutely no plagiarism, cite and referenced scholary referenced, times roman ft 12, at least 4 pages long. Please have the assignment in on due date.”,”id”:12191587,”title”:”UNIT I ESSAY COMPUTER CLASS”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2016-10-07T17:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:15,”fieldOfStudyId”:4400,”userId”:642083,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-05T10:27:01.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:4400,”name”:”Business Finance – Operations Management”,”anchor”:”Operations Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886211,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-operations-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1271600,”path”:”/content/unit-i-essay-computer-class”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”12198825″:{“body”:”hi”,”id”:12198825,”title”:”help”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:3,”fieldOfStudyId”:1900,”userId”:675999,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-05T16:21:48.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1900,”name”:”Business Finance – Accounting”,”anchor”:”Accounting”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886183,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-accounting”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1271958,”path”:”/content/help-12198825-2″,”sitemap”:false,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1111111,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”12208287″:{“body”:”The purpose of this assignment is to help you better understand how Learning Curves work.Using Chapter 18 in your text, research why a Learning Curve Analysis is used for project management, and …”,”id”:12208287,”title”:”PRO MET 5″,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2016-10-08T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:50,”fieldOfStudyId”:2600,”userId”:264091,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-05T21:55:32.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:2600,”name”:”Human Resource Management”,”anchor”:”Human Resource Management”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886191,”path”:”/fields/human-resource-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1272380,”path”:”/content/pro-met-5″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”12209609″:{“body”:”Dq1Explainthe dynamics of how self esteem affects self efficacy. Provide an example of an internal or external force that impacts your self-efficacy.Dq2Discuss the importance …03/10/201725businessfinance

Chemistry labIodine Clock

See the file down there.IodineClock_Theory_Procedure.docxIodineClock_Calculations.docxHowtowritethelabreport.docxPosted: 2 years agoDue: 06/10/2017Budget: $80Answers 0Bids 11PrincessMary tutorThe perfect tutor01PROFESSOR_ELIUDMath_ArtMiss LynnCallie ThorneMBA_SOLUTIONTutorJuddy-PHDfarhatullahThe26thChemistjudge mikeOther questions 10see attached 2DUE: 10/27/2016 @ 12 pm est. ((two pages for $12)) **please charge the whole $12. THXS!Discusshomework helporaclePlease read (33 pages long) article and submit a 3 pages response paper on this topic.CMGT 445 APPLICATION IMPLMENTATIONBusiness EthicsLAW Week 5 Disc 2Enviornmental GeologyBlog ArchiveCopyright © 2019 HomeworkMarket.com Read MoreApplied SciencesArchitecture and DesignBiologyBusiness & FinanceChemistryComputer ScienceGeographyGeologyEducationEngineeringEnglishEnvironmental scienceSpanishGovernmentHistoryHuman Resource ManagementInformation SystemsLawLiteratureMathematicsNursingPhysicsPolitical SciencePsychologyReadingScienceSocial Science window.__REDUX__STATE__ = ‘{“appMeta”:{“serverRendered”:true},”apiRequests”:{“pendingRequestCount”:0,”succeededRequestCount”:4,”failedRequestCount”:0,”requestCounters”:{“GET_FIELDS_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_PENDING”:0,”GET_FIELDS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_ENTITY_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1}},”currentUserMeta”:{“id”:0,”isGuest”:true,”isReceivingEmails”:null,”authMethod”:null,”approvalTicket”:null,”fees”:null,”disputesAmount”:null,”earningsStats”:{“questions”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0},”tutorials”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0}}},”modal”:{},”joyride”:{“steps”:[]},”users”:{“guest-0”:{“role”:”student”,”isGuest”:true}},”usersStatuses”:{},”usersThreads”:{},”usersReviews”:{},”usersQuestions”:{},”reviewsPage”:{“results”:[]},”reviews”:{},”answersReviews”:{},”threads”:{},”questions”:{“12621397”:{“body”:”I chose to do my assignment on what would happen if we built an underwater oil pipeline in the San Fransisco Bay. If you would like to change topic I would need to know in advance. I understand this …”,”id”:12621397,”title”:”Enviornmental Geology”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-11-08T10:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:20,”fieldOfStudyId”:2900,”userId”:688029,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-24T19:45:37.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:2900,”name”:”Environmental science”,”anchor”:”Environmental science”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886199,”path”:”/fields/environmental-science”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1298918,”path”:”/content/enviornmental-geology”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1116073,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”12631725″:{“body”:”\”Contracts and Companies.\” Please respond to the following: Evaluating Thompson v. Voldah as government takes on more and more functions, explain if it makes sense for the rules to be different for …”,”id”:12631725,”title”:”LAW Week 5 Disc 2″,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2016-10-27T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:5,”fieldOfStudyId”:1100,”userId”:203451,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-25T03:42:28.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:1100,”name”:”Government”,”anchor”:”Government”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886167,”path”:”/fields/government”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1299586,”path”:”/content/law-week-5-disc-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1116219,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”12634123″:{“body”:”Learning Activity #1 (of 2)Your boss has asked that you give a written presentation detailing the major difference between ethics and the law. He is concerned that, although a certain practice …”,”id”:12634123,”title”:”Business Ethics”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”budget”:10,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:679589,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-10-25T08:46:30.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1299776,”path”:”/content/business-ethics-12634123-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1116239,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”12634181″:{“body”:”CMGT445 APPLICATION IMPLEMENTATIONI need some one who know their way around an online classroom/class attached you will find a five week assigment with full instructions. You need to be will to …06/10/201780chemistry

“Please Read the case study &quot

The Invisible Sponsor&quot on page 658 form attachment and then pick one (1) of the following sets of three (3) questions to answer on page 660: Set 1 – questions 1-3 Set 2 – question 4-6″Please ensure the answere has zero plagarism and some meaning with 400 words in the statement.ProjectmanagementTextBook.pdfPosted: a year agoDue: 21/06/2018Budget: $4Answers 1Gabriella Owens4.6 (31)4.8 (2k )Chata year agoPurchase the answer to view itsponsoredited.docxBuy answer $4Bids 25mistyeyezPROF washington watsonTeacher SteveKATHERINE BECKSProf FontinantoNick90deeRanju LewistutorthammyMiss BrigitCatherine OwensBest of BestProf AllanJulie WayneACEIT TUTORcomputerscienceTerry Robertsbrilliant answersphyllis youngperfectoQuick-wittedGabriella OwensDr.AmandaTop-PerformerTeacher hyranksMalik teacherOther questions 10DR. ALISHAhomeworkSelect Two Compliance PlansAfter the 1850’s, several advancements occurred and the commercial milk-processing industry began to evolve. Select an element/development you think is…What’s in a Name of an Ethics Code?financePROF ANTHONY ONLY!!homeworkinternational market projectprotecting the polar bearRated 1 timesInformation Systems Security, Project ManagementInformation Systems Security:-Week 5 Discussion QuestionWeek 6 Discussion QuestionWeek 6 Written Assignmenttextbook – Principles_of_Computer_Security_Fourth_EProject Management:-Discussion 3Rated 1 timesproject managementneed help with the assignmentRated 1 timesProject ManagementRead the case study “McRoy Aerospace” on page 332 and answer questions 4 and 5 on page 333.please write minimum of 550 words with 0% plagarism in API format.Rated 1 timesproject managementneed help with below assignmentRated 1 timesProject ManagementRead the case study “Communication Failures” starting on page 329 and answer the questions on page 332.Please find the attachment for Text book and write minimum of 600 words wih 0 % …Rated 1 timesMinimum of 150 words each questionTask 1:Read the case study “The Estimating Problem” on page 734 and then answer the questions on page 735.Task 2:Read the case study “Teloxy Engineering (A)” on page 948 and answer …Not ratedDiscussionRead the case study “To Bid or Not to Bid” on page 1011 and then answer the questions on page 1012 from attached file.Minimum 350 words limit with 2 references.Not ratedDiscussionRead the case study “Creating a Methodology” on page 108 and then answer one (1) of the questions on page 110.Around 250 words along with References.Not ratedPM assignment 4I have attached files. need to complete 3 of them.1) Discussion Question — assignment.docx2) Need to response1 to classmates discussion.3) Need to response2 to classmates …Not ratedProject ManagementRead the case study “To Bid or Not to Bid” on page 1011 and then answer the questions on page 1012.Please answer with 300 wordsBlog ArchiveCopyright © 2019 HomeworkMarket.com Read MoreApplied SciencesArchitecture and DesignBiologyBusiness & FinanceChemistryComputer ScienceGeographyGeologyEducationEngineeringEnglishEnvironmental scienceSpanishGovernmentHistoryHuman Resource ManagementInformation SystemsLawLiteratureMathematicsNursingPhysicsPolitical SciencePsychologyReadingScienceSocial Science window.__REDUX__STATE__ = ‘{“appMeta”:{“serverRendered”:true},”apiRequests”:{“pendingRequestCount”:0,”succeededRequestCount”:4,”failedRequestCount”:0,”requestCounters”:{“GET_FIELDS_PENDING”:0,”GET_ENTITY_PENDING”:0,”GET_FIELDS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_ENTITY_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_PENDING”:0,”GET_SIMILAR_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1,”GET_OTHER_QUESTIONS_SUCCESS”:1}},”currentUserMeta”:{“id”:0,”isGuest”:true,”isReceivingEmails”:null,”authMethod”:null,”approvalTicket”:null,”fees”:null,”disputesAmount”:null,”earningsStats”:{“questions”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0},”tutorials”:{“totalPurchases”:0,”totalIncome”:0}}},”modal”:{},”joyride”:{“steps”:[]},”users”:{“guest-0”:{“role”:”student”,”isGuest”:true}},”usersStatuses”:{},”usersThreads”:{},”usersReviews”:{},”usersQuestions”:{},”reviewsPage”:{“results”:[]},”reviews”:{},”answersReviews”:{},”threads”:{},”questions”:{“9184125”:{“body”:””,”id”:9184125,”title”:”protecting the polar bear”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2016-04-17T16:59:00.000Z”,”budget”:10,”fieldOfStudyId”:200,”userId”:567905,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-04-15T19:36:13.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:200,”name”:”English”,”anchor”:”English”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886117,”path”:”/fields/english”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1067080,”path”:”/content/protecting-polar-bear”,”sitemap”:false,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”9186941″:{“body”:”detailed instruction attached”,”id”:9186941,”title”:”international market project”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-04-18T13:07:00.000Z”,”budget”:10,”fieldOfStudyId”:2400,”userId”:304819,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-04-16T00:11:34.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:2400,”name”:”Business & Finance – Marketing”,”anchor”:”Marketing”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886189,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-marketing”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1067394,”path”:”/content/international-market-project”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”9189451″:{“body”:”It is time to select a company for your Strategic Management Plan. In 1-2 paragraphs provide a brief description of the organization you selected(I chose Starbucks) and the reason why you chose that …”,”id”:9189451,”title”:”homework”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-04-17T07:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:15,”fieldOfStudyId”:6700,”userId”:505254,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-04-16T07:57:22.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:6700,”name”:”Business Finance – Management”,”anchor”:”Management”,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886227,”path”:”/fields/business-finance-management”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1067630,”path”:”/content/homework-9189451-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1076451,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”9190253″:{“body”:”need 3 pages on this question by monday the 18thWhat is globalization according to O’Neil? What are the positive aspects of globalization? What are its negative consequences? Who …”,”id”:9190253,”title”:”PROF ANTHONY ONLY!!”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-04-18T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:30,”fieldOfStudyId”:400,”userId”:594877,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-04-16T09:22:17.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:400,”name”:”Chemistry”,”anchor”:”Chemistry”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886123,”path”:”/fields/chemistry”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1067686,”path”:”/content/prof-anthony-only-9190253-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”9193987″:{“body”:”the answers has to be entered in excel in formulas”,”id”:9193987,”title”:”finance”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:false,”due”:”2016-04-16T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:8,”fieldOfStudyId”:900,”userId”:264041,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-04-16T14:49:39.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:900,”name”:”Business & Finance”,”anchor”:”Business & Finance”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886163,”path”:”/fields/business-finance”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1067972,”path”:”/content/finance-9193987-2″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”},”rating”:{“id”:1076511,”grade”:100,”num”:2,”createdAt”:”2018-03-18T08:20:56.000Z”}},”9197763″:{“body”:”What’s in a Name of an Ethics Code?ReadConsider: What’s in a Name of an Ethics Code?in Chapter 9, then answer these following questions from the text:� How does the title of a …”,”id”:9197763,”title”:”What’s in a Name of an Ethics Code?”,”isTutorial”:false,”isEssay”:true,”due”:”2016-04-20T00:00:00.000Z”,”budget”:5,”fieldOfStudyId”:4000,”userId”:538089,”published”:true,”newBids”:0,”createdAt”:”2016-04-16T21:07:36.000Z”,”fieldOfStudy”:{“id”:4000,”name”:”Social Science”,”anchor”:”Social Science”,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:15:16.000Z”,”path”:{“id”:5886207,”path”:”/fields/social-science”,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:false,”createdAt”:”2017-12-24T22:55:21.000Z”}},”path”:{“id”:1068372,”path”:”/content/what’s-name-ethics-code-1″,”sitemap”:true,”amp”:true,”createdAt”:”2017-09-06T03:23:07.000Z”}},”9198077″:{“body”:”After the 1850’s, several advancements occurred and the commercial milk-processing industry began to evolve. Select an element/development you think is the most important and justify why you feel …21/06/20184informationsystems

BCO221GLOBALECONOMICSTaskBriefFinaltask2

BCO221 GLOBAL ECONOMICS – Task brief & rubricsTask briefDescription:Individual task.First, answer the following two questions (60%) Then, write a report (40%).Questions (60%)Question 1 (30%). Explain the Bretton Woods system. You should refer to:o As a result of the Bretton Woods system, what happened with the exchange rates? Was it fixed? Was it floating? (10p)o Why did the Bretton Woods system collapse? (10p)o Would be such a system feasible nowadays?Question 2 (30%). With reference to real world examples assess the pros and cons of different exchange rate systems. In your answer you should refer to:o Floating exchange rate regimes – you should in particular consider whether floating currencies are condusive to promoting international trade.o Pegged exchange rate regimes and pegged with bands exchange rate regimes – you should consider the possibility of currency crises in relation to the pegged with bands currency regimes and should consider an actual currency crisis such as the 1992 Black Wednesday Crisis for the pound and its membership of the ERM.o Single currencies – in relation to single currencies you should consider the pros and cons of the Euro, you should bring in the Optimal Currency Area argument, and you should in particular consider whether a nation like Greece in the aftermath of the 2008 Financial Crisis suffered more than it would have if it had not been a part of the Eurozone (due to its inability to devalue its currency or implement a looser monetary policy) and you should also consider whether the ECB has reponsed adequately to the economic challenges of the current coronavirus crisis (i.e. should the ECB be implementing a looser monetary policy in particular right now). You should consider whether a one size monetary policy does fit all.Report (40%)You are asked to develop and write a final report to assess the case study of the transition to electric mobility and its effects in global economics. Your work should come with in-depth reasoning and justification with well founded facts, events, figures and academic arguments. Please also refer to authors, models, themes and concepts learned in the course. You may define, evaluate and apply these when needed. Critical thinking is welcomed when justyfiying your alternatives and answers. Please read the following case study summary about the 2019 edition of the Global EV Outlook, which is the flagship publication of the Electric Vehicles Initiative (EVI) within the IEA (International energy agency), at the 10th Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) meeting that was held in Vancouver on 27 May 2019.Electric car deployment has been growing rapidly over the past ten years, with the global stock of electric passenger carspassing 5 million in 2018, an increase of 63% from the previous year. Around 45% of electric cars on the road in 2018 were in China – a total of 2.3 million – compared to 39% in 2017. In comparison, Europe accounted for 24% of the global fleet, and the United States 22%.Table 1. Global electric car sales and market share, 2013-18The number of charging points worldwide was estimated to be approximately 5.2million at the end of 2018, up 44% from the year before. Most of this increase was in private charging points, accounting for more than 90% of the 1.6million installations last year.Electric mobility is expanding at a rapid pace. In 2018, the global electric car fleet exceeded 5.1 million, up 2 million from the previous year and almost doubling the number of new electric car sales. The People’s Republic of China remains the world’s largest electric car market, followed by Europe and the United States. Norway is the global leader in terms of electric car market share.Policies play a critical role. Leading countries in electric mobility use a variety of measures such as fuel economy standards coupled with incentives for zero- and low-emissions vehicles, economic instruments that help bridge the cost gap between electric and conventional vehicles and support for the deployment of charging infrastructure. Increasingly, policy support is being extended to address the strategic importance of the battery technology value chain. Policies continue to have a major influence on the development of electric mobility. EV uptake typically starts with the establishment of a set of targets, followed by the adoption of vehicle and charging standards. An EV deployment plan often includes procurement programmes to stimulate demand for electric vehicles and to enable an initial roll-out of publicly accessible charging infrastructure. Fiscal incentives, especially important as long as EVs purchase prices are higher than for ICE vehicles, are often coupled with regulatory measures that boost the value proposition of EVs (e.g. waivers to access restrictions, lower toll or parking fees) or embedding incentives for vehicles with low tailpipe emissions (e.g. fuel economy standards) or setting zero-emissions mandates. Policies to support deployment of charging infrastructure include minimum requirements to ensure EV readiness in new or refurbished buildings and parking lots, and the roll-out of publicly accessible chargers in cities and on highway networks. Adoption of standards facilitates inter-operability of various types of charging infrastructure.Table 2. EV-related policies in selected regionsTechnology advances are delivering substantial cost cuts. Key enablers are developments in battery chemistry and expansion of production capacity in manufacturing plants. Other solutions include the redesign of vehicle manufacturing platforms using simpler and innovative design architecture, and the application of big data to right size batteries. Technology developments are delivering substantial cost reductions. Advances in technology and cost cutting are expected to continue. Key enablers are developments in battery chemistry and expansion of production capacity in manufacturing plants. The dynamic development of battery technologies as well as recognition of the importance of EVs to achieve further cost reductions in the broad realm of battery storage has put the strategic relevance of large-scale battery manufacturing in the limelight of policy attention.Other technology developments are also expected to contribute to cost reductions. These include the possibility to redesign vehicle manufacturing platforms using simpler and innovative design architecture that capitalise on the compact dimensions of electric motors, and that EVs have much fewer moving parts than ICE vehicles. As well as the use of big data to customise battery size to travel needs and avoid over sizing the batteries, which is especially relevant for heavy-duty vehicles.The private sector is responding proactively to the policy signals and technology developments. An increasing number of original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) have declared intentions to electrify the models they offer, not only for cars, but also for other modes of road transport. Investment in battery manufacturing is growing, notably in China and Europe. Utilities, charging point operators, charging hardware manufacturers and other stakeholders in the power sector are also increasing investment in the roll-out of charging infrastructure. This takes place in an environment that is increasingly showing signs of consolidation, with several acquisitions by utilities and major energy companies.Other developments to induce continued cost cuts include options to redesign vehicle manufacturing platforms to use simpler and innovative design architecture, taking advantage of the compact dimensions of electric motors and capitalising on the presence of much fewer moving parts in EVs than in ICE vehicles. This is in line with a recent statement from Volkswagen concerning the development of a new vehicle manufacturing platform to achieve cost parity between EV and ICE vehicles. Adapting battery sizes to travel needs (matching the range of vehicles to consumer travel habits) is also critical to reduce cost by avoiding “oversizing” of batteries in vehicles. For example, instruments allowing real-time tracking of truck positioning to facilitate rightsizing of batteries. Close co-operation between manufacturers to design purpose-built EVs are not only relevant for freight transport, but also in order to meet range, passenger capacity and cargo space requirements for vehicles used in shared passenger fleets (e.g. taxis and ride-sharing).Technology is progressing for chargers, partly because of increasing interest in EVs for heavy-duty applications (primarily buses, but also trucks). Standards have been developed for high-power chargers (up to 600 kilowatts [kW]). There is growing interest in mega-chargers that could charge at 1 megawatt (MW) or more (e.g. for use in heavy trucks, shipping and aviation).Private sector response to public policy signals confirms the escalating momentum for electrification of transport. In particular, recent announcements by vehicle manufacturers are ambitious regarding intentions to electrify the car and bus markets. Battery manufacturing is also undergoing important transitions, including major investments to expand production. Utilities, charging point operators, charging hardware manufacturers and other power sector stakeholders are also boosting investment in charging infrastructure. The private sector is responding proactively to the EV-related policy signals and technology developments. Recently, German auto manufacturers such as Volkswagen announced ambitious plans to electrify the car market. Chinese manufacturers such as BYD and Yutong have been active in Europe and Latin America to deploy electric buses. European manufacturers such as Scania, Solaris, VDL, Volvo and others, and North American companies (Proterra, New Flyer) have been following suit. In 2018, several truck manufacturers announced plans to increase electrification of their product lines.Battery manufacturing is undergoing important transitions, notably with increasing investment in China and Europe from a variety of companies, such as BYD and CATL (Chinese); LG Chem, Samsung SDI, SK Innovation (Korean) and Panasonic (Japanese). This adds to the already vast array of battery producers, which led to overcapacity in recent years, and confirms that major manufacturers have increased confidence in rising demand for battery cells, not least because major automakers such as BMW, Daimler and Volkswagen are looking to secure supply of automotive batteries.Utilities, charging point operators, charging hardware manufacturers and other stakeholders in the power sector are increasing investment in charging infrastructure. This is taking place in a business climate that is increasingly showing signs of consolidation, with several acquisitions from utilities as well as major energy companies that traditionally focus on oil. This covers private charging at home, publicly accessible chargers at key destinations and workplaces, as well as fast chargers, especially on highways. Examples of investments covering various types of chargers come from ChargePoint, EDF, Enel (via Enel X), Engie (via EV-Box). Some utilities (e.g. Iberdrola), automakers and consortia including auto industry stakeholders (e.g. Ionity) focus mostly on highway fast charging.The projected EV stock in the New Policies Scenario would cut demand for oil products by 127 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe) (about 2.5 million barrels per day [mb/d]) in 2030, while with more EVs the in the EV30@30 Scenario the reduced oil demand is estimated at 4.3 mb/d. Absent adjustments to current taxation schemes, this could affect governments’ tax revenue base derived from vehicle and fuel taxes, which is an important source of revenue for the development and maintenance of transport infrastructure, among other goals. Opportunities exist to balance potential reductions in revenue, but their implementation will require careful attention to social acceptability of the measures. In the near term, possible solutions include adjusting the emissions thresholds (or the emissions profile) that define the extent to which vehicle registration taxes are subject to differentiated fees (or rebates), adjustments of the taxes applied to oil-based fuels and revisions of the road-use charges (e.g. tolls) applied to vehicles with different environmental performances. In the longer term, gradually increasing taxes on carbon-intensive fuels, combined with the use of location-specific distance-based approached can support the long-term transition to zero-emissions mobility while maintaining revenue from transport taxes. Location-specific distance-based charges are also well suited to manage the impacts of disruptive technologies in road transport, including those related to electrification, automation and shared mobility services.The EV uptake and related battery production requirements imply bigger demand for new materials in the automotive sector, requiring increased attention to raw materials supply. Traceability and transparency of raw material supply chains are key instruments to help address the criticalities associated with raw material supply by fostering sustainable sourcing of minerals. The development of binding regulatory frameworks is important to ensure that international multi-stakeholder co-operation can effectively address these challenges. The battery end-of-life management – including second-life applications of automotive batteries, standards for battery waste management and environmental requirements on battery design – is also crucial to reduce the volumes of critical raw materials needed for batteries and to limit risks of shortages.Absent adjustments to current transport-related taxation schemes, the increasing uptake of electric vehicles has the potential to change the tax revenue base derived from vehicle and fuel taxes. Gradually increasing taxes on carbon-intensive fuels, combined with the use of location-specific distance-based charges can support the long-term transition to zero-emissions mobility while maintaining revenue from taxes on transportation.Questions to answer in your report (10% each): The electric car is an innovation that will be a high disruptive change and that will have an important effect into the global economics and the geopolitical international relations. As you know, petroleum is a key driver for geopolitics and an innovation from the technological point of view can imply different global economics relations and geopolitics relations. Please answer the following questions based on the previous text 1) What will be the effects of the transition to electric mobility on the oil market (demand, price, supply, …). What will be the economic impacts and consequences in the world’s top oil producers? 2) What type of trading and economic policies should be developed and promoted by the economic blocs (EU, ASEAN…) or groups of countries (BRICS, N-11 …) to enhance this transition and prospect for their enhanced growth? How will this transition impact into their trade balances? How will this transition affect the exchanges rates of the main world currencies? 3) What will be the effects on the multinational automotive companies and their international operations? How should they react to this disruptive innovation in order to adapt to this transition? How will this innovation affect their 3 main types of foreign investments (vertical, horizontal and conglomerate)? 4) How the international relations could be changed because of this disruptive innovation and its international consequences? Do you consider these new international relations could add new values for the society so the corporate social responsibility can be developed and it can imply a positive impact into society welfare?Formalities:Wordcount: From 2000 to 3000 words.Cover, Table of Contents, References and Appendix are excluded of the total wordcount.Font: Arial 12,5 pts. Text alignment: Justified. The in-text References and the Bibliography have to be in Harvard’s citation style.Assignment Launch: Week 10.Submission: Week 13 – Via Moodle (Turnitin). Submission will be accepted all Week 13: From the 4thto the 10th of May.Weight: This task is a 40% of your total grade for this subject.Outcomes: This task assesses the following learning outcomes:Develop a complex understanding of the main concepts of international economics and how to apply them.Understand and analyze the different global economic theories.Rubrics: Exceptional 90-100 Good 80-89 Fair 70-79 Marginal Fail 60-69 Theoretical analysis (30%) Student effectively employs a variety of relevant theoretical paradigms/models and data for analysis. Student engages with theory/data in a critical manner.  Student employs some relevant theoretical paradigms/models and data for analysis (a few key aspects might be missing). Student makes an attempt to engage with theory/data in a critical manner. Student employs a limited range of theoretical paradigms/models and/or data for analysis (although some key aspects might be missing). Student may be unsuccessful in attempts to engage critically with theory/data. Student employs insufficient/irrelevant theoretical paradigms/models and/or data for analysis. Student makes no attempt to engage with theory/data in a critical manner. Critical evaluation (30%) Student effectively engages in critical evaluation of all aspects presented in the brief. Student makes a good attempt at engaging in critical evaluation of most aspects presented in the brief. Student makes a fair attempt at engaging in critical evaluation of some aspects presented in the brief (argument might be weak). Student makes an insufficient attempt to critically evaluate aspects presented in the brief. Critical discussion & formulation of proposals (30%) Student effectively leads discussion towards strong theory/data-driven proposals. Student makes a good attempt at leading discussion towards theory/data-driven proposals. Student makes a fair attempt at leading discussion towards theory/data-driven proposals. Student fails to lead discussion towards relevant proposals. Communication (10%) Student includes all relevant sections, meeting professional standards of presentation. Correct referencing format. Student includes all relevant sections, but falls short of professional standards of presentation. Largely correct referencing format. Student includes most relevant sections, but falls short of professional standards of presentation. Some incorrect referencing. Student fails to submit several relevant sections and/or falls significantly short of professional presentation standards. Largely incorrect referencing format.

Unknown and Undiluted Titration Date

Unknown and Undiluted Titration DateIntroductionDry Chelating agent is dissolved in the nanopure water to make the product that is NA2H2EDTA.2H2O, which is a standard solution. Furthermore the EDTA solution is calculated and analysis has it that, it is 0.0018+-0.00004M.hence the unknown fraction with a factor of 5 is diluted and titrated three times, the total concentration of Mg2+ and Ca2+ was calculated using one of the factor in unknown sample. Notably the total concentration is 0.050+-0.005M due to calculations. Moreover, the unknown sample is three times titrated hence the concentration of the Ca2+ only, is used to calculate the data that did result to 0.0230+-0.0004M.Furthermore,the concentration of Cca2+ is again subtracted from all the total concentration, in addition the Mg2+ concentration is 0.0227+-0.005M after calculation.Experimental sectionAll the calculation did use Ca/Mg solution of quantity 1.00ml50.00ml of solution under goes dilution in unknown 10.00mlOutcomesStandard EDTA solution concentration After Na2H2EDTA.2H2O is prepared, and goes in contamination by water in 0.3 wtpercentage the standard solution has to be corrected. Here below are the equations that analyses and further determines the EDTA solution concentration. Mass without impurity is the mass corrected and the mass actual is the dried chelating agent. EDTA concentration bears the name as CEDTA. the initial MW represents molecular weight. and the volume of the solution (500 ml) is V solution. Propagation of the errors calculates the uncertainty. Balance of uncertainty is +- 0.0001g and that of volumetric flask’s uncertainty is +-0.15 ml. standard relative deviation is initialized by SRD.Calculation of results is in tabulation in the table. Results show that, both relative derivation volume and relative derivation balance is +-0.0003.Moreso, after calculating using the values above EDTA concentration solution is 0.0018+-0.0004M.Unknown sample titration1.00ml Ca/Mg solution in spike is contained in the blank titration, Ph 10 buffer solution, water in conjunction with the indicator. From all the titration, the data in trial one from all the titrations undergoes nullification due to it being carried out hastily. Additional of 1.00ml in dilution of the unknown sample to the blank titration is put in performance. Equation below is used to calculate V total:Sample of unknown and undiluted titrationSpike solution of1.00ml Ca/Mg, NAOH, water and lastly indicator did perform titration, all-inclusive. Furthermore, the unknown titration bears additional 1.00ml of which in calculates blank titration.DiscussionUnknown sample concentration of Mg2+ and Ca2+Both the standard deviation and the mean of part one and part two titrations are as follows and in illustration in table 4.Concentration of Mg2+ and Ca2+ can be identified from the values in the unknown sample. Dilution factor will be multiplied with the total concentrations of the calculations results, since the unknown sample is involved in the titration.5 is a dilution factor because 10.00 mL of sample that is unknown is used in the 50.00 mL volumetric flask.1.00ml is the entire value of Valiquote.Ca2+ concentration calculation as in equations (11) and (12), since the unknown diluted samples is used then there is no dilution factor (Masterton 121). It is pertinent to note that, by subtracting the concentration of the Ca2+ from the resultant concentration, the Mg2+ is found following the example in (13) and (14) equations. Due to propagation of the errors, uncertainties come in and are notable. The numerical values are in illustration in table 5 and represent each equation:0.0049+- 0.0001M results from the unknown samples and the total concentration of Mg2+ and Ca2+.Ca2+ has the concentration of 0.0032+-0.0003M and 0.0017+-0.0001M is the concentration of Mg2+ . Preparation of standard EDTA solution was in association with uncertainties, pipetting the concentration of the unknown is neglected due to availability of the possibility of ignoring unfair accuracies.Mg2+ to Ca2+ molar ration is 0.5 which is less that 0.1 value. Therefore, there is no significant contamination of the unknown samples.Work cited Masterton , William. Chemistry: Principles and Reactions, 2nd Edition, New York: Cengage Learning, 2009.

Research Paper on Methamphetamine

This paper will discuss the history and occurrence of abuse of the drug, its synthesis and characteristics of abuse, effects of its abuse as well as recommended treatments. In addition to these, the paper will give brief descriptions of the physiological characteristics of its abuse. History and Prevalence of Methamphetamine abuse Methamphetamine is a derivative of the stimulant amphetamine. In 1893, a Japanese pharmacologist, Nagayoshi Nagai first manufactured the drug from ephedrine. However, it did not become popular until 1940s, when American, German, and Japanese military personal used it to fight fatigue and boost performance, Japanese factory workers also used it during World War II. When the war ended, the remaining military stocks flooded the Japanese market, resulting to an epidemic of abuse. Because of the abuse, studies indicate that probably 5% of the population abused methamphetamine, with one-tenth of them thought to have suffered MA-induced psychotic symptoms (Meredith et al, 142). Studies indicate variant prevalence in abuse of the drug. For instance, several studies indicate that in 2004, about 1.4 million persons with 0.6 percent aged 12 or older had used methamphetamine in the past year, 0.2 percent about 583,000 people had used in the past month, and approximately 318,000 used methamphetamine for the first time in the past year. Between 2002 and 2004, there was a balance between the number of methamphetamine users and the number of new methamphetamine users. However, during the same 2002 to 2004 period, there was an increase in the number of past month methamphetamine users who met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual criteria for substance abuse or dependence in the past year. In this regard, there was about 164,000 that is 27.5 percent of past month methamphetamine users in 2002 compared to 346,000 about 59.3 percent in 2004 (Otero et al, 2). Synthesis of Methamphetamine The primary components for manufacturing methamphetamine are precursor chemicals. The ways of production are usually available on the internet or in underground journals and anyone can perform it so long as they have some high school chemistry experience. It is also difficult to regulate most of the chemicals because many of them are household products (Hunt et al, 7). Administration of Methamphetamine There are different routes of methamphetamine administration. Generally, there is a progression following the start of use, from oral ingestion regularly in gelatin capsules or presently in small wads of toilet tissue, or nasal insufflations, to intravenous use. In the 1980s, smoking of methamphetamine became widely popular in Asia and Hawaii, and occurred as Ice, which was smoking of larger crystals of methamphetamine in a pipe, similar to that of crack cocaine. Although this phenomenon attracted media coverage, it never achieved extensive popularity as a means of administration, and in comparison to others it remains minor (Logan, 137). Distribution of Methamphetamine Although methamphetamine distribution occurs throughout the human body, it is higher for some organs than for brain. This distribution of methamphetamine in the human body and in the organs is similar to the one in non-human primates and rats. In the human body, the uptake of methamphetamine is highest in lungs and kidneys, transitional in stomach, liver, spleen and pancreas and lowest in brain and heart

Argumentative and Assignment

One of these alternatives of giving remedies to diseases and ailment is referred to as homeopathy. In homeopathy, the proponents propose that when highly diluted form of infection substances are injected into the body of an ailing person with the same disease. he/she is able to realize normalcy since the highly diluted form of the antigens injected in the body will eradicate the ailment. This proposal has elicited serious rejection form different quarters with the proponents and the opponents maintaining equal position with reference to the effectiveness of homeopathy. Thesis Statement Having conceptualize the information surrounding homeopathy and how it gives remedies to diseases and ailment, I have not found any scientific backing as to whether the proposed form of rendering remedy can indeed work as stated. I therefore hold a contrary opinion about the process, believe that the process is short of basic science, and cannot be relied upon in giving medication in the contemporary medication arena. In the Article titled ‘Evidence and Simplicity. Why we should Reject Homeopathy’ by Scott Sehon and Donald Stanley, there is a logical criticism on the functionality of homeopathy as a form of medication. In the criticism of the way homeopathy works, the article sought to address two fundamental questions about the remedy. is there a plausible explanatory theory about homeopathy that will make it appreciable by the opponent and if that is the case. Can we fully rely on homeopathy as a way of giving remedies given it usefulness as proposed by the proponent and is there sound and empirical evidence that the effectiveness of homeopathy is real (Sehon and Stanley, 4). The tow questions that were sought in the articles drew party answers from the proponents leaving a row of speculation on the efficacy of their proposed method of remedies. The proponents of this method of medication themselves accept that they don’t understand the science behind it and all they know is that it works miraculously, this response is irresponsible in the science domain. In science, cogent evidence, clarity, examples, and inferences are important facets of convincing eager audience about a proposal. Without scientific backing, such proposals are at best considered bad jokes. According to science, for anything to be considered able to give remedy, it must consider to explain the chemistry art of the medication and how it interacts with the body physiology. These important facts are ignored by homeopathy making its belief significantly impossible. The only defense the proponents of homeopathy are putting forth is that the medication needs not to march the western medication. The reason as to why I find the functionality of homeopathy patchy is the principle known in the medicinal field. Small microorganisms called antigens are responsible for the occurrence of diseases. The diseases are caused by the antigens, which are specific, and exhibit similar clinical symptoms from one person to another. The antigens are different and can only be cleared by the different drugs or prevented by vaccines. In homeopathy, this is not the case. the same antigens responsible for the occurrence of a disease are also responsible for the remedies upon dilution. This argument have no scientific reasoning and that explains why it has been disregarded by most scientist as

Research Process and Terminology

There are many research methods that once can choose in the field of criminal justice research. Most of them include the perceiving, gathering, analyzing and then carefully researching by bringing into use the scientific method, and in all these steps, the knowledge of terminology regarding the field plays an important role in fulfilling the requirements of all these steps (Hagan, 2010). Many experts argue that many of the terms which are used in the everyday life have been originated from social sciences research. and little credit has been given to the undertakings that have been achieved through theoretical knowledge because quickly after the discoveries, they were dissolved into the conventional astuteness (Brennett, Briggs Triola, 2003). The experts seem to support their assertions by stating the fact that various numbers of practitioners from the field of criminal justice had to face failure every time because they relied more upon their common sense rather than concentrating upon the terminology that has been specially specified for this field (Ellis, Hartley Walsh, 2010). Over the years, the criminal justice professionals have been facing a lot of challenges in their efforts to restore the tear created in the social fabric. It is a well known fact that one can’t even begin to flourish in any field in this world without a foundation from which to build, and knowledge if terminology is the foundation of criminal justice research (Ellis, Hartley Walsh, 2010). Having to go forward in a field without building a solid foundation increases the problems and would continuously perplex the situation further. Having the sound knowledge of the proper terminology and knowledge to the professionals of the field can prove to be very beneficial in incorporation of scientific knowledge and research methods in collecting and analyzing the data and ultimately the results that are extracted from these researches can greatly influence the professionalism and career building ethics (Hagan, 2010). It is a well known fact that research is the fundamental part of any field of science such as biology, physics and chemistry. Moreover, the same research analysis is also needed in the fields of social sciences, criminal management research and education as well. Experiments are conducted for every research, and in every experiment two types of variables are there, namely. independent variables and independent variables (Brennett, Briggs Triola, 2003). An independent variable is the variable that the person who is conducting the research directly and systematically manipulates, or is that variable that is selected by the researcher to determine the relation of any type of observation. In other words, this is a variable that can be under the control of the researcher, like a treatment, or may be not in control such as an exposure. On the other hand, the dependent variables in an experiment are factors which are observed and measured and determined as a result of manipulation that has been done in the independent variables. In short, the dependent variable is the outcome of the experiment that has been obtained by causing a change in the independent variables (Ellis, Hartley Walsh, 2010). An important point worth mentioning here is that instead of studying specific elementary concepts such as studying the terminology of the field

I Have An Organic Chemistry Exam In A Few Days!! I Found An Old Copy Of An Exam And I Am Trying To Work Through

2. Structure. Answer the following questions with respect to Molecule A shown below (10
marks). i) Draw the shorthand (skeletal) structure. H 05F
Molecule A: H3C/ 2 \CH3
l 3
ii) Draw the lone pairs on the fluorine atom.
iii) Assign a hybridization state to all carbon atoms. iv) Calculate the degree of unsaturation using the appropriate formula. v) Give a systematic name. vi) Draw a Newman projection of Molecule A in its staggered conformation looking
down the Carbon 3- carbon 2 bond (Carbon 3 in front). vii) Draw a constitutional (structural) isomer of Molecule A. viii) Is Molecule A chiral? Why or why not? ix) Draw the carbocation derived from loss of fluorine from Molecule A (1 mark).
Add a proton to the fluorine atom of Molecule A and draw the resultant structure (1
mark) Science

1) In Chemistry The Ph Of An Aqueous Solution Is A Measure Of Its Acidity

A solution with a pH of 7 is said to

Question

1) In chemistry, the pH of an aqueous solution is a measure of its acidity. A solution with a pH of 7 is said to

be neutral, a solution with a pH greater than 7 is basic, and a solution with a pH less than 7 is acidic. we need a vector of structures with various solutions and their pH values. and need a function that will determine acidity. Add another field to every structure for this.

mysol(3)=struct(‘name’,’bleach’,’PH’,12);

mysol(1)=struct(‘name’,’juice’,’PH’,5);

mysol(2)=struct(‘name’,’milk’,’PH’,7);

function acidity=deter(mysol)

for i=1:length(mysol)

if mysol(i).PH7

mysol(i).acidity=’acidic’;

elseif mysol(i).PH==7

mysol(i).acidity=’neutral’;

elseif mysol(i).PH7

mysol(i).acidity=’basic’;

end

end

end

Can someone please tell me where i got it wrongjQuery22402895685611183094_1571272908984

Statistics and Probability

I Am Looking For Help With General Chemistry Equations Results I Need Help With Determining What The Resultants

Question

I am looking for help with general chemistry equations results. I need help with determining what the resultants

are from the following reaction:

  1. pentane + sulphuric acid and potassium permanganate = ?
  2. cyclohexane + sulphuric acid and potassium permanganate = ?
  3. phenyl acetylene + sulphuric acid and potassium permanganate = ?
  4. biphenyl + sulphuric acid and potassium permanganate = ?
  5. toluene + + sulphuric acid and potassium permanganate = ?
  6. pentane + ammoniacal silver = ?
  7. cyclohexane + ammoniacal silver = ?
  8. phenylacetylene + ammoniacal silver = ?
  9. biphenyl + ammoniacal silver = ?
  10. toluene + ammoniacal silver = ?
  11. pentane + sulphuric acid = ?
  12. cyclohexane + sulphuric acid = ?
  13. phenylacetylene + sulphuric acid + ?
  14. biphenyl + sulphuric acid = ?
  15. toluene + sulphuric acid = ?

Thank you in advance for your help. I am struggling with the resulting chemicals from these equations (right side of the equations)

Science

Hello So I Need To Assign The Hybridizations For A Molecule I Remember From Lecture Our Prof Said

Question

Hello,

so I need to assign the hybridizations for a molecule.

I remember from lecture, our prof said

that if there is possibility of delocalization of electrons through resonance that can lead to formation of a double bond on one atom, that atom’s hybridization will be an SP2 instead of an SP3. I have attached pictures of two molecules as examples. however, when I was watching the organic chemistry tutors video on this topic, he did not consider this and assigned SP3 to the N atom. could you please assign the hybridization on N atom in the two pictures and explain to me how I can determine this by myself?

thank in advance

A famous drug which is marketed for its
famous quot;side effectquot;… Assign hybridizations!
This chemical
Rosmula belongs to viagra. a
-7
2
CH3
2
Z
spe
HaC- N:
ZI
O
2
Sp2
CH3
2
CH3
hilite
resonanceScience

Hi Am Learning About Conversions In My General Chemistry Class And I Have No Clue How To Cancel Things Like My

Question

Hi, am learning about conversions in my general chemistry class and I have no clue how to cancel things like my

professor does while solving a problem. For example, we had a question where we had to convert kilograms to picograms and I simply do not understand how she knows where exactly to place the numbers in order to start cancelling and end up with the right answer. Would you please help me solve any conversion problem it can be from kg to picogram or km per hour to miles per second since that is what we have been learning in my chem class.

Thanks.

Science

11 4 3 Lab Molecular Models Chemistry 1the Number Of Bonds An Atom Can Form

Question

11.4.3. Lab: Molecular Models

Chemistry 1

  1. The number of bonds an atom can form

without violating the octet rule is reflected in the number of holes the ball for that atom has in the ball-and-stick model set. Based on that information, how many holes would you expect to see in models of atoms for each of the following elements:

a. Carbon (C)

b. Nitrogen (N)

c. Oxygen (O)

d. Hydrogen (H)

Science

What is the Important Thing in Your Life and What have You Done in Order to Achieve It

As such, I would like to pursue a master’s degree in materials science and engineering, a field of study I am immensely enthusiastic about.
I graduated with a bachelor’s degree in materials science and engineering at UCLA. I have acknowledged that the university was successful in inculcating the theoretical frameworks needed to firmly establish concepts for future work applications. The undergraduate degree had provided the building blocks for confirming the interest in materials science as a field of discipline. The courses taken included chemistry, mathematics, physics, as well as engineering sciences. I affirm that the conceptual frameworks provided the knowledge and skills set that assisted in preparing me to apply them in future endeavors.
One of the noted activities that were undertaken was the creation of a Facebook group for Koreans since there was no way to communicate with each other in 2011. The move was considered very effective in terms of enabling the sharing of personal, family, and relationship information over the course of time. Currently, over 2000 people joined the group. The initiative to come up with the design and process to make Facebook accessible to Koreans was acknowledged to be commendable. given the popularity of the social network site. However, cultural and language barriers make access to Facebook in its original English format was deemed to be intimidating to youngsters, who were identified to form the majority portion of Facebook users. Therefore, enabling Facebook to be accessed in the native language with options to tap offered services and applications was considered timely then, and effective to achieve the purpose of social networking.

INTRODUCTION of FRIEDELCRAFTS ACYLATION

Friedel-Crafts alkylation and Acylation reactions are normally in the special of the electrophilic aromatic substitution where the underlying electrophile is either a carbocation or acylium ion. The reaction is highly significant since it entail carbon-carbon bond formation thus permitting alkyl and acyl groups to be substituted onto the underlying aromatic rings. Clemmensen reduction method is normally preferable in cases where there is introduction of an n-alkyl group onto the underlying aromatic ring subsequent with the acylation. This is because clemmensen reduction route normally hinders secondary alkyl substitution that results from corresponding carbocation on rearrangement (Klein, 195-269). Nevertheless, in direct alkylation, the underlying ratio of the primary to secondary alkyl substitution can differ depending on the existing aromatic substrate and reaction conditions.
Mechanism for the Friedel-Crafts acylation of benzene
Acyl halide first reacts with the underlying Lewis acid resulting to formation of more electrophilic C, an acylium ion. The n-electrons of the underlying aromatic C=C which act as nucleophile then attack the electrophilic C+ thereby destroying aromaticity resulting to the cyclohexadienyl cation intermediate. Finally proton is removed from sp3 C bearing the acyl-group reforms the corresponding C=C and the required aromatic system resulting to the creation of HCl and regeneration of the active catalyst.
Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction occur when an alkyl group is added to a benzene molecule through electrophile aromatic substitution reaction.
The reaction commence with the generation of methyl carbonation from the corresponding methyl bromide. Carbonation then reacts with underlying n electron system of the benzene in order to form a nonaromatic carbocation that subsequently loses a proton to in order to regenerate aromaticity of the system (Klein, 53-134). The reaction takes place in steps with an electrophile formation via reaction of the methylchlorine and aluminium chloride.
The underlying electrophile then attacks the underlying n-electron system of the existing benzene ring to result to a nonaromatic carbocation.
Positive charge on the resultant carbonation is delocalized via molecule Aromaticity is then restored through the loss of a proton from the corresponding atom that is bonded to the methyl group.
Prevailing proton the reacts with the underlying AlCl 4 − to restore the AlCl 3 catalyst thus forming HCl Carbocation then rearranges during the process to form unpredicted products.
Work Cited
Klein, David R. Organic Chemistry Ii As a Second Language: Translating the Basic Concepts. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley, 2011. Print.

Chaingrowth polymerization reactions

Task: Chain Growth Polymerization Outline Chain growth polymerization is a polymerization process or technique Chain growth polymerization has the chemical equation. (-M-)N (polymer) +M (monomer) -&gt. (-M-) n+1
It leads to the generation of different material composites and polymers
Polystyrene is a polymer of styrene consists of adjoined identical molecules.
Polythene is composed of–CH2– units
Chain growth polymerization corresponds to a polymerization process or technique in which unsaturated monomer molecules add to the active site of a growing polymer chain. These occurs one monomer at a time. This process has distinct characteristics because of the limited number of active sites on the polymer. Chain growth polymerization can be symbolized using this chemical equation. (-M-)N (polymer) +M (monomer) -&gt. (-M-) n+1 (Peacock and Allison 86). In this case, n refers to the degree or extent of polymerization and M occurs as an unsaturated compound. Chain growth polymerization occurs in distinctive steps. The first step involves chain initiation in which an initiator commences the chemical process. The next step involves chain elongation followed by chain transfer. Chain transfer concludes the chain after which the active site is moved to the new chain. Polymers, solvents and monomers can facilitate this. This processes leads to an increase in the branching of the ensuing polymer. Chain termination occurs as the last step through disproportion or combination. Termination in fundamental polymerization occurs when free radicals combine.
The active center for a chain growth polymerization can assume the state of a free radical in the corresponding polymerization. Radical polymerization in this case involves the successive addition of radical building blocks. This can occur through several mechanisms, which involve different initiator molecules (Wünsch 131). After the generation process, the initiating radical adds monomer units, which leads to the growth of the polymer.
Chain growth polymerization such as radical polymerization reactions leads to the generation of different material composites and polymers. Radical polymerization involves different initiators such as thermal decomposition in which the bond is homolytically cleaved leading to the production of two radicals. Photolysis involves the use of radiation in cleaving bonds homolytically. The initiation step is followed by the propagation in which the polymer increases its chain length. The termination process follows unless the reaction has contaminants, which can contribute to the addition of monomers (Richardson, and Erik 92). Chain transfer occurs as the last step, which leads to the destruction of a radical and construction of another radical. However, the new radical usually does not have propagation capabilities.
Chain growth polymerization leads to the formation of an elevated molecular weight polymer at low conversion. In this case, the mass depends on the rate of chain termination upon comparison to the rate of propagation. This incorporates both chain termination, as well as chain transfer steps. Temperatures above the ceiling temperatures disrupt the polymerization process (Wünsch 77).
Practical Uses of Polystyrene and Polythene
Polystyrene is a polymer of styrene consists of adjoined identical molecules. It appears as a neutral and oily substance. It has a structure that resembles inflexible and transparent thermoplastic or stiff white foam (Wünsch 101). It is a common plastic found in home and industrial applications. Polystyrene is used by the package industry in making packaging bags that keep delicate materials safely enclosed. It is also used in DVD cases and plastic forks, models of cars, housing computers and most plastic materials. Polythene is relatively soft, and facilitates the construction of plastic films. The common categories of polythene are known based on their density.
Works Cited
Peacock, Andrew J, and Allison Calhoun. Polymer Chemistry: Properties and Applications. Munich [u.a.: Hanser, 2006. Print.
Richardson, Terry L, and Erik Lokensgard. Industrial Plastics: Theory and Application. Albany, NY: Thomson Delmar Learning, 2003. Print.
Wünsch, J R. Polystyrene: Synthesis, Production and Applications. Shawbury, Shrewsbury: Rapra Technology Ltd, 2000. Print.

Influence Of Slope Aspects On Woodland Ecosystem Of Duhok

Studies have shown that position of a slope in an ecosystem affect the quality of organic material, soil chemistry, and nutrient cycling, largely. it affects the soil quality than even the type of bedrock beneath the soil (Yimer, Sting and Adelkadir 2006, p.95). Research that has been conducted on influence of topographical features on soils in southern Italy clearly demonstrate that soils originating from the same parent material, with the same vegetative covering and climate, with the only difference being the position of the landscape produced different and varied microclimatic conditions (Chen, Hsieh, Jiang, Hsieh and Sun 1997, p.230).
In the northern temperate climatic zone, the aspect of a slope was found to be a huge influence of the microclimatic conditions of the area mainly influenced by the temperature levels (Coleman, Crossley and Hendrix 2004, p.312). This is because the amount of solar that area experiences will determine the levels of temperature and water in the soil, the inherent characteristics of the soil will be affected (Fu, Liu, Ma and Zhu 2004, p.48). In the Pinus laricio forests of southern Italy, the north-facing slope receives higher insolation and as a result, there is low moisture content that is also connected to the scanty vegetative cover and insolating effects of small vegetation (Gong, Chen, Fu and Wei 2007, p.1).
Differences in the soil microbial activities offer the different type of plant species. These plant species depend on the soil moisture, root activities, temperature and organic matter that return to the soil through the litter that falls from the plants (Gong, Brueck, Giese, Zhang, Sattelmacher and Lin 2008, p.484). Studies have been carried out to determine the effects of climatic conditions on the soil and vegetation properties, however no studies have been carried to determine the influence of aspect in the soil and vegetation properties(Tewksbury and Lloyd 2001, p.426).

Psychoanalysis and Family Therapy

While psychology may be one of the oldest learned sciences, it remains still one that is shrouded in darkness and mystery. In the past, psychiatry was chiefly being carried out with the help of theories, ideologies and concepts with no idea about their true depth. The evolution of this field led to a world of revolutions and proposals. Some claimed that there is the role of biological factors while others blamed on the environmental factors etc.
The complications in the treatment of various mental disorders are still lagging behind due to many reasons. There is still much to be learned about the efficacy of various treatment strategies that have been introduced in the field of psychology. More structured information needs to be made in order to achieve better results (Fonagy, 2004, p. 357).
Psychoanalysis has been identified as one of the most efficient method of assessing various personality types and disorders. An invention of Freud, this methodology has been able to provide an alternative to hypnosis, a once very popular method of psyche assessment. Through in depth assessment of the person through verbal and symbolic communications, the psychiatrist is able to identify issues that are affecting the person (Fonagy, 2004, p. 357).
“the deficiencies in our description would probably vanish if we were already in a position to replace the psychological terms with physiological or chemical ones…..we may expect [physiology and chemistry] to give the most surprising information and we cannot guess what answers it will return in a few dozen years of questions we have put to it. They may be of a kind that will blow away the whole of our artificial structure of hypothesis.” (Freud, 1920, pp 60).
Psychoanalysis has been identified as one of the most effective methods in psychiatric treatments, and has been widely accepted in many health care systems of the world (Hau and Leuzinger- Bohleber, nd, pp 4). Many names have been given to this

Garage Sale by Janet Fox

Critical Review of "Garage Sale" There are different modes that are utilized by people for shopping. It all depends upon the preferences of specific people. Means of shopping include malls, markets and different commercial centers. A different and interesting form of shopping includes garage sales. This sale is unique and as the name indicates it is that sale which is installed in a person’s garage for the purpose of auctioning household products. An interesting short story “Garage Sale” written by Janet Fox presents a scenario of one such garage sale. The story depicts a perfect image of the setting according to the time and place. It shows a flawless chemistry between the characters of the story interweaving the different aspects of the novel in an intriguing manner.
The “Garage Sale”, by Janet Fox (100 Great Fantasy Short Stories, 1984) begins with the introduction of two friends, Stella and Jen who are out on a drive. They are both explained as different characters with Jen being presented as more sober and Stella as a fun loving girl. Stella drives to the wrong road and they end up locating a garage sale in a suburban locality. Both the friends enter the garage sale. They see a lady sitting over there and both of them start looking at different things. It is here that Jen comes across a man who appears to be dead to her. She tries to grab the attention of her friend Stella but before that the lady of the sale intervenes and makes the attempt of Jen unsuccessful. It is then known that the lady is actually a witch. She presents an offer to Jen that she can purchase the man as her husband in ten dollars. Though this appears to be a strange offer but Jen gets convinced and pays the bill and purchases Ben. The witch infuses life into the still man who is Ben. Jen and Ben enter a different era immediately where they are together in a house. Towards the end it can be understood that there is a loss of coordination between the husband and wife and they present with a complex relationship.
Janet Fox gives a perfect presentation of the story and the characters are designed in a manner to completely fit their picture in the story. From the beginning of the plot till the end she explains the characters with reference to their roles and their dialogues are designed in a way to provide an in depth explanation of their nature. She begins with the description of the characters of Jen and Stella presenting their physical appearances. Stella is explained as a girl who changes her style every now and then whereas comparatively Jen is simpler. This can be seen when Fox says “Jen was to Stella as the wren is to the cardinal, not noticeable beside the more flamboyant display, yet having a quiet style of her own.” (Fox, 100).
Stella seems to be very engaged in her own life and enjoying her life in a different manner. She is not worried when they turn the wrong way and then they reach the garage sale. Her attitude can also be seen in the garage when she goes around looking at things and not caring about her surroundings. On the other hand, Jen appears to be a very observant girl who notices the fact when Stella goes wrong on the roads. She also appears to be quiet comparatively and looks at things around attentively. This is seen when she figures the man who seems to be dead in the garage. The character of Jen can also be considered to be lonely as well as sympathetic. This judgment can be reached when she thinks that she could not leave Ben lying there and she also accepts him as her husband. This part of Jen’s character is explained by Fox in this way”She didn’t think she could just leave him there like that, staring into space and sitting in that ratty recliner for all eternity. And then, she hadn’t had much luck getting a husband the usual way, so….” (Fox 103).
The “Garage Sale” is presented by Janet Fox with a plot that closely relates to the characters and explains their relation with respect to the story. This story is set in a fascinating manner which captures the reader and keeps him engaged in the plot till the end. The story runs in a smooth manner with the display of the characters of Stella and Jen. It then moves to the garage sale and the character of Jen is further explained and there is introduction of Ben and the witch as well. Thus the story interweaves the flow of the story with the characters.

Analysis of Frankenstein by Mary Shelley

She also helped in editing and promoting the poems written by her husband. Through this, Shelley’s skills in writing developed greatly. When she was just 18, Shelley began writing the novel Frankenstein, and it was published two years later. This has remained to be one of her most popular works. She passed away in 1853 aged 53 (Pastore, ed., 14). The novel mainly centers on a scientist named Victor Frankenstein, who creates a being like a man, but more powerful. By reading the novel, it is evident that the idea of the Gothic novel and the Romantic Movement are infused. There are a number of similarities between Victor Frankenstein and the creature he made. This essay explores some of these similarities and differences.
A deeper reading of this novel reveals that both Victor Frankenstein and his creature have similar characteristics and personalities. First, both are self-centered people whose main aim is to pursue happiness and fulfill their dreams. Victor’s desire to create life is a personal wish he fulfills with total disregard of the people around him. In fact, Victor says that “One of the phenomena which had peculiarly attracted my attention was the structure of the human frame” (Shelley, 50). This was his main desire. It was at this point that he decided to make a “to make the being of gigantic stature” (Shelley, 50). He does not take time to look at the consequences of what he is about to do. In the end, his creation ends up affecting everybody. When Victor enters Ingolstadt University, he studies chemistry and philosophy. It is while still at the university that he is consumed by a strong desire to understand the secret of life. He is later convinced that he has found the secret of life. He then spends months making his creature from body parts and chemicals. Clearly, this illustrates the self-centered nature of Victor, whose main aim is to fulfill his dreams without any regard for the people around him. In the end, the monster creates havoc, killing people in the process. Similarly, Victor’s creation can be seen as a self-centered being. When Victor abandons this creature, it attempts to integrate into society and live with other humans. Unfortunately, the creature realizes that he is different and takes revenge by hurting people. Just like Victor, the creature is mainly concerned about pursuing its own happiness, and in the process, hurting others. His emotions and instincts lead him to hurt others, including murdering of Victor’s brother and friend.

Photosynthesis (why does is matter to us)

Why Does Photosynthesis Matter To Us Photosynthesis is described as a process by which plants and some bacteria utilize the solar energy to convert carbon dioxide in to organic matter. Photosynthetic life forms have chlorophyll that is responsible for extracting solar energy used to power photosynthetic process. On this note, it is important to point out that the photosynthetic process plays important role in supporting other functions on earth. This essay will discuss the importance of photosynthetic process to human beings.
To start with, the photosynthetic process utilizes a small portion of the light energy to produce more stable chemical compounds. According to the University of Illinois, photosynthetic plants utilize a small portion of the radiant energy to perform a series of transduction reactions that lead to formation of stable chemical compounds (n.d). The formation of the chemical compounds involves several steps that can be divided into light depended and light in depended reactions. During the light dependent reactions, light is utilized by the chlorophyll to make ATP, free oxygen, hydrogen and electrons, produced from water, and a carrier molecule, NADPH (Royal Society of Chemistry n.d).
During the light independent reactions, that take place in the stroma, the ATP and NADP produced during the light depended reactions are used to produce carbohydrates from carbon dioxide (Royal Society of Chemistry n.d). During these reactions, sugars and oxygen are produced as the final products. The photosynthetic process can be summarized in the following equation:
6CO2&nbsp.+ 6H2O + Energy –&gt. C6H12O6&nbsp.+ 6O2 (Clinton Community College n.d)
Of more importance, the products of photosynthesis make the process to be important to most of the living creatures on earth. This is because the process contributes largely to the sustainability process of living ecosystems. Firstly, the process is credited for the vast amount of oxygen released into the air. Most of the living creatures including human beings require oxygen to perform various physiological functions that are important for their survival. According to Faunce, the photosynthetic process accounts for approximately 1011 t/yr flux of oxygen on earth (2012). This means that the process is vital for the survival of human beings and other creatures that rely on oxygen to carry out physiological processes.
Secondly, photosynthesis serves as means of storing solar energy. According to Blankenship, photosynthesis utilizes the solar energy and converts it in to chemical energy that is stable (2013). Faunce expresses the entire photosynthetic process as a free energy equation as shown below (2012).
(ΔG) in eV→2H2O→2H2O→2H2+2O2
Faunce, further states that the electrons produces are then stored in terms of ATP and NADPH which are energy storage molecules (2013). In addition, fossils of photosynthetic bacteria are known to produce oil after being decomposed for several years (Faunce 2012).
On the other hand, photosynthesis helps to reduce the green house effect on earth. Many physiological processes carried out by human beings and animals result in production of carbon dioxide as a byproduct. In addition, human activities such as burning of fossil fuel lead to production of carbon dioxide gas that is responsible for the green house effect on earth. This emitted carbon dioxide is utilized in photosynthetic process which intern releases the much needed oxygen. Therefore, photosynthesis helps to maintain the balance in the atmospheric composition for the two gases. According to Faunce, the photosynthetic process accounts for carbon dioxide flux of about 124PgC/Yr (2012). This indicates that the photosynthetic process is essential for maintaining the atmospheric composition of oxygen and carbon dioxide hence reducing the green house effect.
In conclusion, photosynthetic process matters a lot to human beings. This is because the products of the process facilitate sustainability of human beings and other creatures. From the above discussion, it is evident that photosynthesis not only provides essential products like oxygen and carbohydrate to human beings, but also creates a good living environment for humans and other creature by reducing the green house effect on earth.

References
Clinton Community College. (n.d). Photosynthesis. Retrieved from http://faculty.clintoncc.suny.edu/faculty/michael.gregory/files/bio%20101/bio%20101%20lectures/photosynthesis/photosyn.htm
Royal Society of Chemistry. (n.d). Photosynthesis. Retrieved from http://www.rsc.org/Education/Teachers/Resources/cfb/photosynthesis.htm
University of Illinois. (n.d). The Photosynthetic Process. Retrieved from http://www.life.illinois.edu/govindjee/paper/gov.html
Faunce, T. A. (2012).&nbsp.Nanotechnology for a sustainable world: Global artificial photosynthesis as nanotechnologys moral culmination. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
Blankenship, R.E. (2013). Molecular Mechanisms of Photosynthesis. Chichester: John Wiley &amp. Sons.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

In the discover y of drugs, cellular and genetic factors that play a role in specific diseases are identified by scientists, chemists and pharmacologists. A search is carried out for chemical and biological substances targeting biological markers and likely to have drug-like effects.
Out of the many new compounds identified during the discovery process, a few are clinically evaluated and considered safe for testing in humans. Further clinical testing is done and effective compounds are approved for treatment.
There are many new scientific approaches being used to identify targets and obtain lead compounds. They include the use of synthetic chemistry, genomic and proteomic technology, laboratory automation, recombinant DNA and bioinformatics.
a. Physiology based drug discovery: It follows physiological readouts where compounds are screened and profiled based on the read out. Purely physiology-based approaches jump right into screening, identification of drug target and action mechanism follows in later stages. This is done through deduction based on the specific pharmacological properties that lead compounds poses.
b. Target-based drug discovery: Identification of the function of a possible therapeutic target and its role in disease is done first. This is sometimes a difficult task, given the huge number of human or pathogen genes and the different types of their gene products.
Understanding the mechanism of a disease guides research and develops a possible treatment to reverse the disease process. Disease mechanisms can be classified into genetic disorders, infection by bacteria, fungi or viruses, immune or autoimmune disease, trauma and acute disease based on organ failure or injury and multicausal disease.
Particular gene defects that cause hereditary disorders have been identified in a number of diseases. Advancements in DNA sequencing technology have facilitated prompt identification of disease genes through genetic

Clinical Chemistry Study

The only conclusive tests recommended for establishing whether a person is infected with Hepatitis A virus is by obtaining a blood sample and then conducting serological tests on the blood sample. The tests include looking for Immunoglobulin M antibody to Hepatitis A virus and Immunoglobulin G antibody for Hepatitis A virus (Palmer, 2004).
The laboratory investigations revealed that the levels of urea, creatinine, bilirubin AST and Alk. Phos., above the reference range implying that the patient general had a disease of the liver. Urea and creatinine are usually used to test for liver diseases and higher levels are indicators of renal failure. Bilirubin is usually an indicator of pre-hepatic or posts hepatic block depending on the rations while AST and Alk. Phos., are indicators of damage to the biliary tree (Basten, 2010).
Biochemical investigations of the liver primarily involve finding out the level of biomolecules found in the liver and the exact position of these biomolecules. Since studies have been able to establish the normal ranges for these biomolecules any ranges outside the normal or when particular biomolecules are found at suspicious sites, then these could indicate liver disease (Sheety, 2009).
Urine tests aids in the monitoring of the functioning of the liver and establishing whether the liver is diseased or not. Urine tests also target biomolecules that would otherwise not be found in urine or measures the levels of normal biomolecules found in the urine. An example is the compound Delta Aminolevulinic Acid that is produced from amino acids in the liver. Reduction in the levels of the compound might indicate chronic liver disease. In essence, urine tests target such compounds to establish the condition of the liver at a given time (Schiff, 2011).

Dmitri Mendeleev vs Lothar Meyer who is the father of the periodic table

Dmitri Mendeleev vs. Lothar Meyer – Who is the father of the periodic table? The periodic table is a complete displayof chemical elements that are categorically arranged in terms of atomic number, chemical properties and electron configuration (Levi 3). According to historical studies, Dmitri Mendeleev is regarded as the father of the periodic table. However, various scientists have significantly contributed vital information with regard to the present form of the periodic table. There has been continued disagreement concerning who should receive the credits as the father of the periodic table between Lothar Meyer and Dmitri Mendeleev. This article will discuss the individual who deserves the credentials as the father of the periodic table between Dmitri Mendeleev and Lothar Meyer.
Dmitri Mendeleev was a Russian professor in the Chemistry department of various institutions. According to several sources, he is credited as the creator of the first version of the period table in 1869 (Scerri 9). He also predicted some of the properties that were yet to be discovered by using the first version of the periodic table which he had created. During this era, Mendeleev was also studying the capillarity of liquids and the functioning of the stethoscope. The first version of the periodic table comprised of 56 elements (Levi 5). In his predictions, Mendeleev made it clear that the eight elements he predicted would have the prefixes dvi, tri and eka in their naming.
On the other hand, Julius Lothar Meyer was a German chemist who published an expanded version of the periodic table in 1870. His table consisted of 44 elements, which were arranged in terms of their valency. He is also honored for his contribution in the periodic classification of elements. It is quite clear that Meyer was also doubtful about the periodic table published by Mendeleev just like several other scientists (Gordin 34). The main contribution of Meyer included the concept, which asserts that the carbon atoms found in benzene are arranged in the form of a ring. The table presented by Meyer was virtually identical to the table created by Mendeleev. After constructing the table, Meyer gave it to a colleague for proper evaluation. He also criticized Mendeleev since. he changed some of the atomic weights of the existing elements.
Most individuals claim that both Mendeleev and Meyer are co- creators of the period table. However, most individuals virtually agree that Mendeleev made an accurate prediction compared to Meyer. In addition, he also predicted more elements such as gallium and germanium, which were discovered in 1875 and 1886 respectively (Scerri 17). After Mendeleev’s periodic table was published, it became available to the scientific community all over the world. Most of his predictions were correct because most of the elements were discovered at a later date.
Mendeleev and Meyer worked independently to construct the periodic table, hence. both of them are highly acknowledged for the development of the modern periodic table. Meyer had compiled a duplicate of the periodic table using molar volume. According to the global view, it is quite evident that Mendeleev is the sole originator of the periodic table because he created an expanded periodic table. Most of the elements contained in the table by Meyer were similar to those documented by Mendeleev (Levi 25). Hence, Mendeleev is the father of the periodic table.
Works Cited
Gordin, Michael. A Well-Ordered Thing: Dmitri Mendeleev and the Shadow of the Periodic Table. New York: Basic Books, 2004. Print.
Levi, Primo. The Periodic Table. New York: Everymans Library, 1996. Print.
Scerri, Eric. The Periodic Table: Its Story and Its Significance. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. Print.

Assignment3

In other world, in real life, a tree is made up of the main stem and the branches. The branches get support or originate from the main stem. In my example, the same situation ensue, B, C, D and E explain more about A. as you go down the tree, it is clear that branch C and E also have branches. Those are referred to as sub-branches. They explain further on A through C and E.
Like I mentioned in the above discussion, this is the most reliable form of diagramming techniques which is easier to explain and understand. The second that I consider my favorite diagramming technique is the dataflow diagram. This example explains how the operation flows from one level to another. The objects that represent data are shown and they obviously relate to the procedure in place. In this case, the diagram is only useful in indicating or rather showing how data flow. It does not require much explanation, in fact if there is any explanation required, it must be very basic.
The diagram I have used as my example is self-explanatory, a step explains more about the previous. The other major advantage of this format is that there are writings on the side of the arrow. the writings explain what happens between the stages.
Lastly on examples, I will talk about my third favorite diagramming technique. The name of the diagramming technique is Data flow graphs. This is a graph which is in other words referred to as directed graph. It consists of some kind of edges. The edges represent the flow of data. It also contain nodes, the nodes represent all operations that goes on in the graph. The diagram below explains.
My response to the question why we should do conceptual analysis of visual images is that it does well in explaining the point deeper. I will use an example of a classroom environment where a teacher, for instance, is lecturing and giving notes to students in titration in Chemistry (this is just an example to explain my point

The energy flow among organisms of a food chain

Energy flow in deciduous forest Maple tree (P) Oak tree (P) Barred owl (C)
Wood bearing beetle (C) (C) White tailed deer
Red squirrel (C)
Wood pecker (C)
(C) Wood land vole (C) garter snake

Long tailed weasel (C)
Service berry (P) Fungi, Bacteria (D)
Organisms found in the ecosystem:
White tailed deer, long tailed weasel, red squirrel, wood frog, garter snake, newt, woodland vole, ground and wood bearing beetle, barred owl, golden crowned knight, wood pecker, chipmunks,&nbsp.mice, snakes, black bear,&nbsp.rabbits,&nbsp.hares, bobcats,&nbsp.fox,&nbsp.coyote,&nbsp.fisher, and skunk.
The barred owl is well adapted for the deciduous forest. The two main organs that are involved include firstly. the eyes. Their eyes are set forward on their heads, are large and extremely sensitive to light. This enables them to see in the dark. Secondly. their wings consist of fringed flight feathers thus allowing them to fly quietly and enabling them to hunt.
The red squirrel is also well adapted. Firstly, the skin is adapted well for camouflage and protection from the predators. Secondly, their eyes are sensitive to such an extent that they have clear vision in the night and thus can hunt for food.
There are two main types of consumers:
Primary consumers in the deciduous forest ecosystem
Woodland vole, red squirrel, white tailed deer and wood boring beetle
Secondary consumers in the deciduous forest ecosystem
Garter snake, long tailed squirrel, wood pecker and barred owl
Food chains in the deciduous forest ecosystem
1. The woodland vole eats the oak tree and is eaten by the garter snake
The wood land vole adapts to the changing climate of the deciduous forest via their ability to hibernate. The rodent builds a furrow and enters into a state of dormancy during harsh climates and decreases its metabolic rate and finally coming out of the hibernacula at the time of spring.
2. The wood bearing beetle eats the oak tree and is eaten by the wood pecker which is eaten by the barred owl
3. The maple tree is eaten by the woodland vole which in turn is eaten by the weasel which in turn is eaten by the barred owl
The weasels are mainly adapted in the ecosystem through their ability change fur color via molting. During molting the weasel sheds the existing layer of fur and slowly alters it to a color that fits the environment. This adaptation makes these organisms successful predators particularly with their ability to blend into the pure white snow
Almost all deciduous forests have been a subject to human impact. Due to changes in the atmosphere chemistry, indirect elevation of CO2 has shifted the forest productivity as well as the composition of the forest species has been shifted. A greater factor affecting the population of animal species in the ecosystem is the raised levels of nitrogen deposition. This could have an impact on the specie population within the habitat, litter quality and nutrient mass cycling rates. The major hazard caused by human population is the deforestation. This affects the climate of the ecosystem and is observed to cause changes in the evaporation rate as well as the precipitation rate. &nbsp.In those areas where evaporation increases more than precipitation, soil will tend to become drier, the lake levels will drop, and the rivers will carry less water. Other threats involve the air pollution, global warming and human development. Regarding the population growth of the ecosystem is concerned. the biotic potential can produce an exponential growth. However, this exponential role cannot be continued indefinitely and will be affected by certain factors. The population regulation within the ecosystem is done mainly by environmental resistance as well as through the competition for resources. Furthermore, density-Independent Factors tend to limit Populations regardless of their density while the Density-Dependent factors tend to become more effective as population density increases and lastly, the predators and parasites are seen to exert density-dependent controls on populations within the deciduous forest (Audesirk &amp. Audesirk, 2005).
Reference
Amsel, Sheri (2014), “Forests of the World.” Deciduous Forests. Exploring Nature Educational Resource. © 2005 – 2014. June 22, 2014. http://exploringnature.org/db/detail.php?dbID=44&amp.detID=573
Lee.F &amp. Peter.B, (2002), Temperate Deciduous Forests, Volume 2, The Earth system: biological and ecological dimensions of global environmental change, pp 565–569, John Wiley &amp. Sons, Ltd, Chichester, 2002
Audesirk, T., &amp. Audesirk, G. (2005).&nbsp.Biology: Life on earth. New Jersey: Pearson.

NMR

NMR determination of Keto-Enol Equilibrium constant Introduction NMR has been very effective in organic chemistry. Indetermining Keto-Enol equilibrium constant, Proton NMR spectroscopy is used to evaluating a number of keto-mixtures. The spin-spin splitting and the chemical shift pattern are employed. The equilibrium constant is affected by both temperature and solvent.
Material and methods
The NMR spectrometer is used. Several milliliters of acetylacetone (CH3OCH2COCH3) and ethyl acetoacetate (CH3CH2OCOCH2COCH3) together with two solvents are used in the experiment. The two solvents represent a non-polar and polar solvent because both are very important in determining the effect of solvent on the equilibrium constant. Hydrogen bonding stabilizes the enol form in polar solvents contrary to the non-polar solvents that lack hydrogen bonding. Stabilization of the enol form is attained by intramolecular hydrogen bonding.
Results/ Data Analysis
The HNMR spectrum for compound CH3OH display two peaks with a chemical shift of 4.9287 and 3.3721 and integration of 1 and 3 respectively. The computed equilibrium constant for acetylacetone in CCl4 is higher than the equilibrium constant for acetylacetone in CH3OH.
Discussion
The equilibrium constant for acetylacetone in CCl4 is higher than that in CH3OH because it is a non-polar solvent. The equilibrium constant is a ratio of the quantity of enol form to the quantity of keto form. Therefore, the quantity of keto form is inversely proportional to the equilibrium constant. The keto form increases with increase in solvent polarity because keto is favored by hydrogen-bonding solvents. The CH3OH compound used in this experiment display only two peaks in the NMR spectrum. The spectrum lacks the OH peak thus gives a slightly lower keto form than expected.
The main factor in stabilizing any form is the intermolecular hydrogen bond. From research, the polar solvent has the capability of establishing two intermolecular bonds in one molecule and the non-polar solvent establishes only one intermolecular hydrogen bond. (Malcolm). However, in this case, the polar solvent only establishes one intermolecular hydrogen bond. The temperature affecting the equilibrium constant is related to the equilibrium change in enthalpy to that of entropy.
Work cited
Malcolm, Levitt. Spin Dynamics: Basics of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. Chichester: John Wiley &amp. Sons, 2001.

Oes the molecular weight of polymers affect the performance of polymer (organic) solar cells

Effects of Molecular Weight on Performance of PSC I. Introduction (a) Thesis ment: molecular weight is one of the main factors that can alter the polymer’s characteristics.
(b) General information: As the world continues seeking renewable energy, solar cells have been proven to have the highest potential, due to its wide abundance. The efficiency of the solar cell is growing due to the vast conducting research. Integrating new materials in designing the solar cells can be one of possible way of enhancing efficiency. The large industry of polymers has introduced conducting polymers that can be used in the solar cells to improve the energy transformation. Physical and chemical properties of polymers may vary based on different factors. &nbsp.
II. First Topic: Understanding Photovoltaic effect
(a) Photovoltaic effect is the formation of electric current or voltage in the material upon exposure to light, and it is the principle that solar cells run on.
(b) Solar cells’ characteristics such as current, voltage, and resistance vary when exposed to light.
(c) Thus, examining the effect of the polymer molecular weight on those characteristics is a necessity, because these are the key factors for developing more efficient cells.
III. Second Topic: Performance of polar solar cells
(a) The performance of polar solar cells relies on a number of factors including the structure of the device, active layer material and interfaces between distinct layers.
(b) Key among these factors is the physical properties of bulk heterojunction, which plays a significant role (Kingsley et al. 22). Components of bulk heterojunction require a broad absorption response in the solar spectrum, which then ensure efficient harvesting of the photons.
(c) In addition, the energy levels donor, which is usually a conjugated polymer, need to match with that of the electron acceptor, which typically is a derivative of fullerene (Intemann et al. 3190). This implies that the donor polymer needs to possess a deep highest occupied molecular orbital, which will ensure a large open circuit voltage (Xiao et al. 75).
IV. Third Topic: Need for improvement
(a) Currently, the recovery of the light is considered to be very low, but it can be improved via changing the properties of the polymers, so the absorption of the light can be more effective.
(b) On this research paper, the effect of the molecular weight will be examined to see if it affects the performance of polymer solar cells. &nbsp.
V. Conclusion
(a) The molecular weight of a conjugated polymer influences the effective conjugated chain (Liu et al. 12165). Therefore, molecular weight makes the electrical and optical properties of the polymers to vary, which improves the performance of polymer solar cells.
(b) Prior to conducting and finalizing the research papers, the writers expect that correlations will be evident between the molecular weight and voltage, light absorbance, and current density of solar cells. These correlations will be further investigated and addressed in depth in the final report.
Works Cited
Intemann, Jeremy J. et al. “Molecular Weight Effect on the Absorption, Charge Carrier Mobility, and Photovoltaic Performance of an Indacenodiselenophene-Based Ladder-Type Polymer.” Chemistry of Materials 25.15 (2013): 3188–3195. ACS Publications. Web. 5 Mar. 2015.
Kingsley, James W. et al. “Molecular Weight Dependent Vertical Composition Profiles of PCDTBT: PC71BM Blends for Organic Photovoltaics.” Scientific Reports 4 (2014): n. pag. www.nature.com. Web. 5 Mar. 2015.
Liu, Chang et al. “Molecular Weight Effect on the Efficiency of Polymer Solar Cells.” ACS Applied Materials &amp. Interfaces 5.22 (2013): 12163–12167. ACS Publications. Web. 5 Mar. 2015.
Xiao, Zeyun et al. “Effect of Molecular Weight on the Properties and Organic Solar Cell Device Performance of a Donor–Acceptor Conjugated Polymer.” Polymer Chemistry (2015): n. pag. pubs.rsc.org. Web. 5 Mar. 2015.

Bioaccummulution

Bioaccumulation Bioaccumulation Bioaccumulation is the process occurring in aquatic ecosystem wherein the chemical concentration in an organism has a higher level than that of the water due to different chemical uptakes such as dietary absorption, respiration or through dermal absorption. There are two contributing processes leading to bioaccumulation namely bioconcentration and biomagnification (Gobas et al., 2003). The issue of bioaccumulation can be considered as one of the detrimental effects the humans have on the environment. By studying the process of bioaccumulation the movement of xenobiotic pollutants (found within the body of the organisms) through the food chain (Kim and Kim, 2013)
One of the foci in the issue of bioaccumulation is the lack of intensive research and accumulated knowledge specifically in terms of the bioaccumulation of hazardous chemicals and their long-term effects in humans. One of the main reasons for the said lack of knowledge and efforts for research is the fact that the understanding of the concept is “superficial” which means humans are detaching themselves to what is happening in the aquatic ecosystem though there is a great probability that the effects of accumulated toxic materials would be more potent for terrestrial organisms. The superficial view on bioaccumulation lessens the impact and the urgency for in depth study. In addition, as explored by the study conducted by Kim and Kim, the concept is at a certain degree lost in translation specifically in non-English speaking nations. This is also related to the issue that the lack of in depth exploration on the subject causes educational institutions to disseminate misconceptions that can cause escalation of more misconceptions to students as well as the other members of the general population (Kim and Kim, 2013).
References
Gobas, F.A.P.C., Mackintosh, C.E., Webster, M.I., Parkerton, T.F. and Robillard, K. (2003). Bioaccumulation of Phthalate Esters in aquatic food-webs. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, 3 (Q): 201-225. Doi: 10.1007/b11467.
Kim, H.T. &amp. Kim, J.G. (2013). How do high school science textbooks in Korea, Japan, and the U.S. explain bioaccumulation-related concepts? Science Education International, 24(4), 416-436.

Chemistry of Hazardous Materials

Liquid oxygen is primarily used in hospitals and for propulsion purposes.
The hazardous aspect of liquid oxygen is derived from the fact that oxygen accelerates combustion. Although oxygen by itself is not flammable, it enhances burning processes. When liquid oxygen comes into contact with organic materials, it can easily trigger fires and explosions. this is the reason why spillage of liquid oxygen on asphalt pavement is potentially hazardous (Beeson &amp. Smith, 2007). Asphalt is an organic material and liquid oxygen is highly concentrated. Spilled liquid oxygen is absorbed by the asphalt material, making the pavement potentially prone to fire and/or explosion.
The ongoing activities on the asphalt pavement at the time of liquid oxygen spillage can raise or reduce the underlying hazards. Fumes of concentrated oxygen could be absorbed by the clothes passersby are wearing and any kind of spark or glowing material (burning cigarette) could trigger a fire. On the same note, vehicle impacts on asphalt-soaked in liquid oxygen could result in massive explosions, thereby destroying lives and properties (Beeson &amp. Smith, 2007). Area of spillage should be avoided until safety is restored.

Process Analysis on How to Choose a College Major

This is a process analysis essay on how to choose a college major. For many who are on their last year of high school, college can be a daunting idea. There are so many things to consider like tuition fee, location and, most importantly, what major to take. It is necessary to know the proper steps in choosing a college major primarily so as not to waste time studying a major that is useless in one’s future career.
The first thing a high school student should do is to decide on his strengths and weaknesses. (Stewart, E., n.d.) Does he excel in the arts, science or literature? Is he more comfortable talking to people or being by himself? Does the idea of working in an office appeal to him more than working outdoors? Does he mind working with numbers? Can he stand working at a high altitude or having someone barking orders at him most of the time? Answering these questions will lead the individual to a specific job he would probably enjoy doing. This is very significant. Individuals who only follow their friends to college or comply with their parents’ choice end up studying half-heartedly.
After this evaluation, the individual should then compare occupations where he can apply his strengths. This may seem trivial but is also another important step because the individual will be tied to whatever job he chooses to apply for. There are positions that can explore the individual’s strengths but may also inadvertently tap into the person’s weakness. A good example is someone who loves being with people but cannot handle stress well. With the interpersonal skills, this person would make a good salesperson. However, if the salesperson position comes with quotas and deadlines this person would not be fit for the job because of the stress.
The next step is to find a major that serves as a prerequisite for the individual’s choice of job. There are several majors in college which can lead to a certain job post. For example, someone who wants to be a doctor may start with an undergraduate degree in Psychology, Biology, Physics, Chemistry or the like. An individual who wants to be in business can study Economics, Business Administration or Finance. An individual with the appropriate college degree can confidently apply for a job since some jobs advertise only for graduates of a specific major and do not entertain applicants with other degrees regardless of previous experience in a similar position. Moreover, learning principles which are associated with a certain profession will serve to make the individual a more effective worker. Due to the insight the person acquires in college, he is able to have the necessary skills for the tasks assigned to him.
Lastly, an individual needs to do research on universities that offer the course he intends to take up. During this step, the individual should also do a comparison of several factors such as the schools’ cost, location, facilities, size, quality of education, campus security, extra-curricular activities, etc. These are essential. The individual can lose motivation to study in a certain college if, outside of his classes, his experiences are unpleasant. College life can be a rewarding period of an individual’s life if controllable factors were planned well.
Choosing a college major may prove to be hard for some individuals. Proper planning, however, can make the decision much easier. If an individual only takes time to evaluate his personal skills, interests, universities of choice and future career goals, deciding on an undergraduate degree will be a piece of cake.
References:
Stewart, E. (n.d.) Strategy Tips for for Deciding on a College Major. Retrieved from http://www.collegeview.com/articles/article/strategy-tips-for-deciding-on-a-major

Worlds Poorest Countries Are at a Competitive Disadvantage in Every Sector of Their Economies

The essay aims to suggest how three different countries are coping up with the changing times whereby their economic activities are not that thriving, and they have been marred by issues that have had a very important bearing upon their own selves.
It is a fact the world over that those countries which are remarked as poor and not so affluent are the ones who are losing out on one context or the other. This was the case in the yesteryears and the same has continued even in the present times. There is reason enough to believe why such an anomaly has come about and how the problem can be stemmed once and for all. However much work needs to be done in order to curtail the negativities that are connected with the problem that the world’s poorest countries are facing at this juncture in time. The world’s poorest countries are constantly at war with their own selves (Satz 2005). They cannot make both ends meet when it comes to their respective resources and hence lack of planning and control results due to the same. The lack of capital is another element which poses a significant problem here. The underdeveloped nations of the world are usually those which are facing severe problems and that too on a consistent basis. These are hampered by the lack of structural reforms, a basic shortcoming of measures and undertakings which are needed in entirety, and so on and so forth. The underdeveloped nations are usually facing these problems because they do not know how to get out of the rot and do something different. Their leaders and decision-makers have not helped their cause much. If only there is perfect chemistry between the developed countries and the underdeveloped nations, and if only there is more proper distribution of wealth across the board, this world would surely become a much better place in the days to come.
There are a number of nations which are going through some serious problems of late. These have included the third world countries that have been involved in quagmires, not essentially of their own making.

The Problem of a Role of Transnational Companies in the North Africa

The modern world is the world of changes. It is characterized by a range of influential trends. One of such trends is the growing role of multinational companies not only in the business world but in the whole society. Transnational companies have an influence equal to the influence of some countries. That is why it is important to study their role and predict possible future. It is going to be the main task of this research paper. The big attention is going to be paid to national economies and place of TNCs in the countries of North Africa.
To begin with, it would be reasonable to provide background information about the region under consideration. North Africa is the widest part of the mainland. This region of Africa includes the following countries: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, and Western Sahara. Canary Islands, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Madeira are also sometimes referred to North Africa.
North Africa is the most developed among African countries. The most developed are the following countries: Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Morocco, and Algeria. This region has a favorable economic and geographical position, situated at the crossroads of three continents – Europe, Asia, and Africa. Trade has always played an important role, especially after the construction of the Suez Canal. Then the region gained important military-strategic importance.
Countries in the region are heterogeneous in terms of economic development. Basis countries are members of OPEC, where GDP per capita is 17-20 thousand dollars. The region is rich in minerals (phosphates, chromite, bauxite, zinc), but the main resource is energy – oil and natural gas.
Profits from the sale of oil – "petrodollars" in recent decades have been invested in the economy. According to experts, this figure reaches more than a trillion dollars. Most of them went to the creation of new industries in these countries: automotive, petroleum, chemistry, organic synthesis, basic chemistry, light industry, and others.&nbsp.

Frankinstein Book

As his knowledge in science increased, his passion to answer his questions increased also. As a result, he created a living thing secretly in the hope that someday, he will prove his studies to have been true after all and, that his critics were mere scholars who were afraid to indulge in the studies he pursued. Unfortunately, in contrast to what he expected, the beautiful creation he anticipated proved to be nothing but a monster which will soon make his life miserable. The monster killed people whom Frankenstein loved and adored and the once, sweet dream of the young student. became his most horrible nightmare. The story may be a work of fiction but it somehow shows readers the value not only of science but also of ethics in performing scientific experiments using the scientific method as exemplified in the story.
Frankenstein’s pursuit to find answers to his questions led him to perform an experiment. Like any educated scientist, it could be said that he followed the scientific method. First, he had this unquenchable question which he knew, only natural science could answer. As the main character of the story mentioned, “”Whence, I often asked myself, did the principle of life proceed?” (Shelley) Having a problem, he then came up with a purpose and that is, to experiment on bringing life, a being from the dead parts of men. However, before he begun, he first closely observed living things and how dead animals and men decomposed. The character describes his activities, “I paused, examining and analyzing all the minutia of causations exemplified in the change from life to death, and death to life” (Shelley). He read more books on the subject of Agrippa’s principles and he also expanded his knowledge on other natural sciences such as chemistry. He was very diligent in his studies and he had extensive preparations. Frankenstein possessed and portrayed certain characteristics

The Role of a Biomedical Scientist

As quoted by Iles, the clinical test reports demanded by a doctor are used to diagnose, monitor and screen the patient’s condition and provide appropriate treatment. Here comes the role of a biomedical scientist. He should be proficient enough to properly collect and examine the sample, carry out the appropriate lab tests and finally prepare and provide accurate reports timely to the consulting doctor. Being a registered biomedical scientist thus involves huge and important responsibility of conducting and supervising the laboratory activities. (Iles &amp. Docherty n.d. p. 370). These vital contributions of biomedical scientists occur without much direct contact with the patient. But since the job of biomedical scientists “further relates to the diagnosis and treatment of a patient” (Compositions and Methods for Modulating Vascular Development 2009) they should be very well trained and are expected to be extremely motivated to give high-level performance always. The training of biomedical scientists is not a onetime activity but a continuous one because it is necessary to keep the self-updated with the advancements and developments in the field of laboratory testing and also require learning the new techniques and equipment.

Being a biomedical scientist involves an initial learning period where the individual familiarizes himself with the varied physiological and pathological aspects of diseases. Here only, he gets introduced to the different diagnostic techniques as well. Further, the biomedical scientist needs to specialize. The area of specialization could be hematology, cytology, virology, histopathology, medical microbiology or clinical chemistry depending on an individual’s choice and interest. According to Iles and Docherty in the initial stages, a trainee gets exposure to all the areas of laboratory testing and this carves the area for further development. While working as a biomedical scientist, the individual gets to explore his area of interest and can attain further expertise in the same by learning&nbsp.through varied diplomas, degree and certificate courses available.

Why I Choose to Study Medicine

Why I choose to study Medicine I am applying for the MD program for High School graduates (6 years). I’m 24, an American, and may be older than mostof the applicants to the school but I have been really lucky to travel around the world. Both my parents work for the airlines (My mom is a stewardess and my dad is a pilot). I have been to countries such as China, India, South Africa, Brazil, almost all EU countries, New Zealand, and many others. I have seen and lived many different cultures throughout my short life. Because of this, I can easily adjust to different cultures.
I am halfway through working on my private pilots’ license (PPL) which includes study of Air Regulations (Air Law), Navigation Meteorology, and Aeronautics Pilotage (Airmanship).
I am applying for the 6year (out-of-high-school) program instead of the 4year out of University program. Perhaps because of my early fascination with frequent traveling with my parents, I have never really put a big effort into my BSc. (I am about 90 credits in.)
Completion into something is what I meant to do now. I have taken courses in Kinesiology, Philosophy Calculus, Physics, Chemistry, and English. I would like to go through Medicine if in order.
Saving other people’s lives is something that I would like to do. I feel like I have taken enough from this world and now its time to put a little back in it. There is a pride, I think, in being a doctor, but there is also the challenge to make good. Imagine the beat of life lying in your hands but you would have to think and move to be an instrument to let that beat continue on and live. Imagine that those lives are the very ones to also let other lives beat on. If I were that doctor, how great is the challenge to answer the hopes of families gaping at you for answers.
This is the kind of life I would like to go into. There is meaning and there is purpose. All the time my life was suspended on air, I would think of these things. Life are precious it could crumble anytime. But it could also be saved. If given the chance, I would like to join the medical world. At least, I could say I am useful for others after all.
I am a voracious reader of all types of books. As such, it will not be strange to me to be meeting requirements in school for much reading and research. I am proficient in English besides. Aside from my concern for mental health, I also go for physical health. I exercise regularly and enjoy all sorts of sports but mainly skiing.
Ive been told that Im very personable and easy to get along with. Therefore, if I would be mixing with other cultures in school, I am ready for it. Over in my church community, I meet all sorts of people. I think I am of the gregarious kind and this is no problem. When one becomes a doctor, he doesn’t look into the color of the patient’s skin before he decides to serve.
I volunteer at a Union Gospel Mission soup kitchen whenever I get to church as this is my way of mixing with the community. I love the feeling that I can be of use to others, especially the underprivileged. I’m a manager of a restaurant – a small fish and chips place. We do a really high volume business so I know how to work under stress which is also shown in my flying lessons.
In my restaurant, I am a multi-tasking king and keep a level head during stressful times.
At work, I am in charge or everything, including payroll, schedules, making sure everything during the day goes smoothly, cooking, cleaning, and dealing with customers. I guess, from all of these experiences, I have grown a lot. If given the chance to study medicine, I know the things I have learned at work will come in handy.

A LongTerm Career in the Field of Medicine

Personal ment Having a close relationship with my father, he has inspired me to pursue a long-term career in the field of medicine. Since he works as a physician, I grew up witnessing how my father took great pain in reaching out for the needy. For this reason, I have decided to follow his footstep by pursuing a career in dentistry.
At the ______ University, I am currently graduating from _____ course. In general, I excel in subjects related to Mathematics, Biology, and Chemistry. Since I wanted to learn more from other students and Science professors, I actively participate in school as Biology teaching staff.
Aiming to pursue a career in Dentistry, I have spent a lot of time reading books related to dental care during my free time. Aside from going through a lot of self-learning process, I have recently joined a job shadow in a dental clinic.
Aside from having a competitive knowledge on the basic dental care, I also have a strong communication skill which I have gained from being active in school activities. Although I have a little experience when I joined a job shadow in a dental clinic, I was able to learn the importance of public relations in the field of dentistry.
As a person, I am not only known for being a career motivated person but also a self-motivated and self-directed individual. I consider these characteristics as a personal strengths since having a positive attitude will enable me to become a successful dentist one day.
Part of my personal weaknesses includes the lack of formal education and work experience related to Dentistry. In order to narrow down the gap associated with my personal weaknesses, I have strongly decided to strengthen my qualification by taking a Dentistry course from a reputable university.
My long-term career goal is to become a professional dentist. By taking a dentistry course, I will be able strengthen my existing skills and knowledge on proper dental care. Being able to finish a degree in Dentistry will give me the opportunity not only in becoming a licensed dentist but also the privilege to work with people who will need my professional services in the near future.
My strong desire to learn more and improve my personal skills and knowledge in Dentistry encouraged me to perform well academically. Since there is a tight competition in the field of Dentistry, I consider taking a Dentistry course as a first step in making my long-term goal possible. As soon as I finish Dentistry and pass the license exam, I plan to work as a dentist for a short span of 5 years. Since I strongly believe in the importance of continuous learning, I plan to take up further studies related to Dentistry after having work as a professional dentist for some time.
Given that I am about to graduate from the university, I have applied in several nearby schools that offer Dentistry courses last year. Although I was invited for an interview at some schools, I was placed on the waiting list since it was almost Christmas season when I submitted my application.

Physician Assistants as a Filling Gap

SSN CASPA ID As she gave the woman’s hand a squeeze, having administered her a dosage of intravenous medicine, I watched days later in owe as the woman’s face transformed from a state of near hopelessness, to one of positive expectation, convinced now, more than ever I had chosen the right career path. The place was a small health center in my home town, and the woman had been diagnosed of liver cirrhosis, and had been visibly agitated convinced that the end had come for her. She was a waitress in one of the five coffee centers in my home town and lived alone with her six year old daughter. I had known her all my life and couldn’t help the elation of pride I felt working with Elizabeth Gobber PA-C. It was my sixth job shadowing experience in health care delivery but it was my first with a Physician Assistant.
I had previously shadowed Dr. Keith Shuey, a rural family doctor who has had great experience with patients of varying kinds, Dr. William Coady, an urban family physician from whom I learnt so much, Dr. Asha Wurdeman, a Geriatric Physician who treats her patients with so much compassion that re-enforces my conviction that health care is a perfect synonym for community service, Dr. Jodi Hedrick, OB/GYN from whom I learnt how physicians can truly be best friends with patients, and Dr. Judith Scott, OB/GYN who offered me the rear opportunity to observe two surgeries and follow her during her round and clinic appointments.
I graduated from Wayne State University in August 2010 having majored in Biology, Chemistry Health Science and psychology. I believe I was born with a heart to serve, and that perhaps was responsible for the great affinity I had for my service at a community service group in my school I had the rear privilege to lead. The memories of the smiles on the faces of the retirees to whom we sang Christmas carols every Christmas is something I consider of great value until this moment. The kids for whom we packaged and served food linger today in my mind. I am driven by a desire to serve, especially the underserved in the community, and that again was responsible for my switch from pharmacy to pursuit of a career in medicine.
In my mind’s eyes, no other school epitomizes health care training better than SLU. The 25th rank awarded the Physician Assistant Education in SLU in the 2012 edition of News and World Report Best Graduate School was to me, in reality No1. Has your school not maintained a 98 percent first time pass rate in PANCE?
I am confident I will be greatly challenged at your school’s PA education and will come out equipped to do what I have always wanted to do – serve the underserved.
Name :
SSN :
CASPA ID :
The Increasing Role of the Physician Assistant
The role of the physician assistant has increased over the past decades in response to the challenges faced in our health care delivery supply, the changing health care need of the population and the increasing cost of health care delivery. Since the development of the PA profession in the mid 1960s, physician assistants have continued to be in increasingly high demand to supplement the services rendered by physicians. AAPA census reports have shown over the years that clinically serving physician assistants have increased, as physicians and patients alike have found them increasingly needful in the health care industry.
Majorly, they have improved access to health care as they have been proven to handle large volume of patients in primary health care services with ease. they provide quality care, conduct examination on patients, diagnose and treat illnesses, educate patients, assist in surgery and prescribe medications. The use physician assistants has resulted in an increase in patients flow since they create room for physicians to focus on the more critically sick patients, while the PA takes charge of chronic conditions, patients’ education and follow ups, thus improving access to health care.
As the cost of health care increases, and health care service providers are forced to make changes resulting from a decrease in re-imbursement and the increasing need to cut cost, physician assistants have taken on a role that help increase health care productivity at cost effective level. In Steve Crane, Ph.D., executive vice president and CEO of the American Academy of Physician Assistants, view, the use of physician assistants has spread not only to primary health needs, but also to highly specialized practices.
Since PAs do their jobs with a high level of professional and ethical discipline, there has been a significant improvement in patients, and physician satisfaction. Physicians who started out engaging a PA with stated precaution are developing greater confidence in the professionalism of the PA. In the 2010 AAPA census report, the use of physician assistants was discovered to have spread from primary health services, across intensive/critical care units of hospitals, in and out patients unit of hospitals, hospital emergency rooms, free standing health care center, surgical centers, to mention but a few.
Physician assistants are filling a gap in our health care delivery system in such ways that not only control cost, but improves accessibility and delivery effectiveness. That is perhaps why they are present in all fifty states of the union in hundreds, and sometimes thousands. I am convinced that the cost effectiveness PAs bring stands out as a reliable model of sustainability for our health care system.

Music assigment

Blues after Dark a ndI remember Clifford by Benny Golson In blues after dark by Benny Golson, the physical performance incorporates the mind, body and soul as the musicians has mastered the right elements of performing on stage. As he performs, the musicians tactfully and precisely sing while on the stage, he deals with the spatial awareness on his audiences, thus are able to know what the audiences expect of him on the stage and give them that. In addition, his performance can also be witnessed from his character as he sings from the character as he is able to successfully move from his speech to song. The performance space is fabricated to depict his songs and musical concepts, thus easily altering the mood of his audiences from one stage to the next. The audiences are particularly attentive as the songs are being played as they find themselves knocked off their feet by the skillfulness and humor of the band. Moreover, the success of the majority of his albums has positively influenced the reception of his Benny performances as audiences are always eager to learn more from performances done by the band. The use of visual aspects in performances featuring blues after dark by Benny Golson add to the performance as they make the show lively, hence retaining the audience attention in listening the different bands being played.
Blues after dark by Benny Golson is a piece of the album gone with Gibson. The duration of the piece is eight minutes and thirty seven seconds and the original date which it was released was January 20, 2009. The tune reminds an audience of the artistry involved in the composition of the piece since it is associated with synchronized swimming. The piece also has a wonderful team of blues which is carefully coordinated to show the chemistry and teamwork resulting to the melancholy of the piece. The sound produced from the piece is rich and compelling to audiences as its simple and passionate.
I remember Clifford by benny Gibson is piece paying homage to the hard bop jazz trumpeter Clifford Brown. The use of lyrics versions in this piece has improvised the use of instrumental solos, making the piece interesting to the different audiences present at the performance. The sound effects used in the piece also compliments the use of instruments like the piano, thus creating a rhythm that augurs well with audiences listening to the performance. Instrument use like use of string, brass enhances the beats of the piece thus making the performance to be conducted at the stipulated time.
Blues after dark by Benny Golson and I remember Clifford by benny Gibson are similar as they share the same vocal version. Moreover, the two pieces show that Gilson’s performances and playing are still edgy while also being philosophical when situations call for it. The sound effects, instruments and lyrics used in the two pieces goes in harmony with the songs thus making the pieces worthy for the audiences their expectations are of the songs and performance are met. However, the two pieces may be different as they both relay different messages and there are some instruments which are used in one piece but not used on the other piece.
In sum, the performance by Benny was astonishing as it kept me lively throughout the session. I liked how organized the band playing the performance was on the stage, but was not completely satisfied as not all the band members were participating in the performance by character. In the future, I will still attend Benny’s performances as I am a jazz fanatic and would strive to meet with the event coordinators to share my recommendations of the performances like on ways of involving the band to participate in character by advising them to dance to the different pieces being played.
Work Cited
Discography. Benny Golsons Official Website. Web. 8 Nov. 2014. .

The Discovery of Double Helix

The physical sciences interrelate with each other and may burrow some concept for example in Chemistry and Biology. There is some biological invention that was informed by the Chemistry knowledge in the two researchers disagreed on the mode of communications. The invention and discovery of DNA by Watson and Crick have no difference as from the above argument. This paper is an attempt of reflection of the double helix discovery and its contributions in the scientific inquiries. Biology as a discipline that studies animals and plant have on record the history of the discovery of the DNA double helix structure. The work is attributed to Watson and Crick whose work depended on the data gathered by Rosalind Franklin.
Franklin’s work paves the way as without her knowledge Watson and Crick gain access to her findings and the x-ray image of the DNA. It is the foundation of one of the most discoveries in science and the greatest injustice ever.
Narrator: In 1962, the three scientists Watson, Crick, and Wilkins were awarded Noble Prize for their ground bearing invention of DNA which is considered as one of the greatest achievement n histories and unlock the secrets of
The original thinker of the model that was used in the discovery process was Rosalind Frank. A chemist by profession she discovered the photo 51 that provided crucial information to derive the model of DNA. The photo 51 showed the diffraction pattern which could be used the basis of her discoveries. The famous image of the DNA model using x-ray techniques that did not require a sample to be crystal.DNA are big molecules that do not form crystal prefers the form of organized fibers. The diffraction pattern determined the helical nature of the double strand that is anti-parallel. She figured out two forms of DNA which made solving the whole structure possible. The backbone of A form is ant parallel B form which is antiparallel.nbsp.

EntrepreneurshipStrengths and weaknesses of family businesses

Entrepreneurship- Strengths and weaknesses of family business Various forms of business patterns exist in market and are practiced throughout the world. While some are purely corporate and no kin relationship based, others are explicitly family oriented businesses where the chain of command and disciplinary authority is transferred within the family generation after generation. Such businesses have their own peculiarities, trends, strengths and weaknesses.
Strengths:
Various features are attributed to the family businesses which primarily include the informal means of conducting the daily operations. Another feature that is often tagged to this kind of business includes the loyalty factor and long term relationship between the company and its employees. The degree of control over inter departmental affairs is relatively strongly managed in family businesses. The culture is considerably flexible, informal and occasional use of local language might be seen in practice. Long term dependencies and affiliations are another feature of family businesses.
Such businesses are not total loss. rather have lots of positives to them. The first and foremost advantage being enjoyed in such cultures is that of trust, reliability and endurance. The chemistry amongst the members of the kin creates a benevolent atmosphere in itself which is very fruitful for the overall working environment.
For many, the family businesses perform much better than other kinds of businesses and evidences have been seen where the throughputs have been far better compared to their non allegiance based enterprises. Weaknesses:
The weak links in any family business often starts with the succession of an individual by a family member which might be compromising in context of the merit and requirements of professional operations. The resistance to change is relatively more deep routed in the company as personal biases are involved directly or indirectly.
The family business environment is often termed as closed loop business atmosphere, since it in contrast to the conventional form of business environment, has relatively related faces around that are more loosely in the organization and business because of personal belonging and affiliations.
The existence of obligation to transfer the power amongst family member regardless of the capabilities and professional experience, this serves as serious draw back in this concept of business world. Meritocracy is often believed to be compromised in such forms of business. Personal enmity and competition in a negative way can be another damning factor in the working environment of an industry.
Factor of consideration, ability to understand the strengths and weaknesses of an individual are easily manageable in cases of family oriented businesses.
Experts view on Family Business:
The exponents of quality and marketing success believe that a professional paradigm is often compromised in this kind of business setup. Since the rules and obligations of professional business norms are not followed and are compromised to some extent due to the family factor, such businesses might not make it to the top of list due to the reasons characteristic of this model of business.
Bottom Line:
A competent company member who has been in the organization for many years might not be able to reach the top rank and be the decision maker just because he is not from the family. Hence this is one of the serious drawbacks in such systems. The doors of transparent and without any hurdle promotion to the highest rank might not be possible. On the other hand, a realistic approach would invite introduction of entrepreneurship in the organization by giving space to the non family member to nurture and come up with his own possibilities that benefit the incumbent business.
Conclusion:
Having discussed the strengths and weakness of family business, certain pre requisites may be advised to such businesses because it can be easily said that the margin for growth, excellence and achieving the degree of entrepreneurship are relatively constrained due to the family hierarchy.
References:
Moores, K amp. Barrett, M 2002, Learning Family Business: Paradoxes and Pathways, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd, Hampshire.
Stewart, A, Lumpkin, GT amp. Katz, JA 2010, Entrepreneurship and Family Business, 12th edn, Emerald Group Publishing.Press.

Description of Water Pollution Sources in Lake Victoria

Lake Victoria has a surface area of 68800 km2 hence making it the second largest lake in the world. Currently, the lake is characterized by eutrophication and low dissolved oxygen due to pollution from human activity (Scheren et al., 2000). The pollution load is mainly domestic in nature with little industrial pollution. The article tries to identify a reliable method to gauge this pollution in terms of intensity and quantity from the various sources. Since the lake shares among three nations, Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania, the research determines the pollution load from each side and the management policies in place and their effectiveness is curbing the pollution into the lake. The article also views policies for sustainable development useful in the region (Scheren et al., 2000).
The lead researcher and author of the article are M. Scheren. A member of The United Nations Industrial Development Organisation based in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire (Scheren et al., 2000). The organization is responsible for monitoring and advising both the region and the United Nations Security Council on the effects of Industrial development on the environment.
The second Author, H.A. Zanting is a member of the Faculty of Technology Management and center technology for sustainable development in the Eindhoven University of Technology in the Netherlands (Scheren et al., 2000). His expertise in sustainable development is key to the research as pollution due to increased human activity is an issue of sustainable development. A. M. Lemmens is a corresponding author in the research and often consulted on technical matters that require specialized opinion (Scheren et al., 2000).
The increased pollution of Lake Victoria is the recent past that has subsequently resulted in immense alterations in the chemistry and biology of the lake’s ecosystem necessitated the research.

Chemistry assignment

Thus we must multiply 3 to get the integers 3 and 4, for Fe and O subscripts respectively. This is the simplest, or empirical, formula because the subscripts are the smallest integers that express ratios of atoms present in the compound.
Certain elements appear to violate the rules in electron configuration. The electron configuration of chromium is rather than , as one might have expected. Similarly, the configuration of copper is instead of . This anomalous behavior is largely a consequence of the closeness of the 3d and 4s orbital energies. It frequently occurs when there are enough electrons to lead to precisely half-filled sets of degenerate orbitals (as in chromium) or to completely filled d subshell (as in copper).
Increasing the distance from the nucleus decreases the attraction between the electrons and the nucleus. As this attraction decreases, it becomes easier to remove the electron and, thus, lower ionization energy. Element A has the largest atomic number (greatest distance between outer electron and nucleus) because it has the least ionization energy.
The ionization energies for an element increase in magnitude as successive electrons are removed. But when the next electron removed is an inner-shell electron, there is a sharp increase in ionization energy. The figure shown below tells us which group elements A-E should be placed.
19. 27.823g of Na2CO3.xH2O crystals were dissolved in water and made up to 1000 cm3 of solution. 25 cm3 of this solution required 48.8 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 HCI for complete neutralisation. Find the value of x in Na2CO3.xH2O using the following steps:
20. 4.00g of lawn sand (a mixture of sand and ammonium sulphate) was weighed into a conical flask, and 25 cm3 of 2.0 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution was pipetted into the same flask. The conical flask was boiled for 20 minutes, after which time all the ammonia had been driven off,

Trace the scientific Method in a Primary Scientific Article

Trace the scientific method in a primary scientific article due: Trace the scientific methodin a primary scientific article
This paper is a discussion of a scientific method published in an article by the Science Daily web-site New Evidence. The study was conducted by Fumuhiko Horio and colleagues to determine if regular coffee taking minimizes the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Steps of the scientific method
The main steps include separating the laboratory mice into two groups. The second phase is to make the living environment and the diet same for the two groups. The next step includes feeding one group of 10 laboratory mice with two-fold diluted black coffee and the other group of 11 mice on regular drinking water. The final step includes monitoring the blood glucose every week for five weeks (American Chemical Society, 2010).
Observations
There was no difference in the body mass of the laboratory mice in the two groups.
Specific hypothesis
The hypothesis of the study was to test the antidiabetic impact of coffee and caffeine in the laboratory mice used to test diabetes.
Experimental design
The experimental design consists of a control group that is made up of a control group that comprised of 11 mice given regular water. The treatment group comprise of 10 laboratory mice that were fed on diluted coffee. The independent variables are diluted water and regular drinking water. The dependent variables are the mice and the blood glucose.
Summary of the results and the conclusion
The outcomes indicate that drinking coffee may prevent the growth of high blood sugar as well as enhance insulin responsiveness in the laboratory mice. The conclusions suggest that caffeine is a very effective antidiabetic compound in coffee (American Chemical Society, 2010).
Criticism
The test subjects and the treatment were important and appropriate because the issue of concern in this study was to test if coffee could reduce the level of blood glucose. Therefore, it was paramount for one group to be fed with coffee and the other with regular water. The restriction of the conclusion drawn by the study is that it does not specify the quantity of coffee drank by each mouse in the control group. Therefore, it difficult to conclude which amount of diluted coffee is suitable to suppress diabetes.
Relevance of this research
This research is important because it gives a comprehension of how the caffeine in the coffee is assumed to lower the blood glucose. The caffeine is ingested hence causing amelioration of hyperglycemia and also enhances fatty liver. As a result, coffee puts a suppressive impact on hyperglycemia through the improvement of insulin reactivity (Yamauchi et al., 2010).
Hypothesis of this experiment
It is assumed that drinking coffee regularly reduces the development of blood glucose in diabetic patients.
References
American Chemical Society. (2010, June 10). New evidence that drinking coffee may reduce
the risk of diabetes. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 11, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/06/100609111316.htm
Yamauchi, R., Kobayashi, M., Matsuda, Y., Ojika, M., Shigeoka, S., Yamamoto, Y., … amp.
Horio, F. (2010). Coffee and caffeine ameliorate hyperglycemia, fatty liver, and inflammatory adipocytokine expression in spontaneously diabetic KK-Ay mice. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 58(9), 5597-5603.

Chemistry Paper

Chemistry al Affiliation) Nuclear Test Ban The article talks about the formation of the comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty that imposed a ban for nuclear tests across the world. This was after a series of nuclear tests that lead to environmental pollution and even death. This ban ensured that there is proper handling of chemicals to reduce their exposure to the environment.
The comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty was formed in September of 1996 when the states came together to ban the explosives that were mostly used as tests for nuclear explosives to environment. The first explosive to be tested was by the United States and was 1940s. The treaty had over 300 stations that were used as sniffers of the radionuclides. It also had the ability to listen to the lowest frequencies, and had the ability to record the tremors. The main purpose of this treaty was to exercise the chemistry principle that went be the terms safer chemistry for accident prevention.
The main reason for this concept or principle was to exercise all activities that were environment friendly. The establishment of this treaty led to more emphasis on environment consciousness by all countries including the super powers like the United States. The international monetary system supports the CTBT process with over 1 billion dollars’ worth of funds. The funding has ensured that the treaty is implemented successfully, which is attributable to the reduction of activities involving testing of explosives.
The plan was set up that would enable institutions and some individuals to work with CTBT was a good step as this will enable them to learn more from each other hence making sure the environment friendly activities are exercised fully. Most of these institutions handle chemical substances. Working with CTBT will ensure proper use and exposure of these chemicals.

Reference
Clery, D. (2015). Plundering a nuclear test ban treasure-trove. News.sciencemag.org. Retrieved 23 June 2015, from http://news.sciencemag.org/people-events/2015/06/plundering-nuclear-test-ban-treasure-trove?rss=

Summary and poems

Chemistry: Summary and poems Summary Electrochemistry is a subsidiary of chemical sciences. It is ed to reactions that occur in electrified solutions with electron conductor (semiconductor or a metal) and an electrolyte. It observes at the electron transfer from the species or electrolyte solution to the electrode. Electrochemical reactions occur when a chemical reaction is followed after application of external voltage in a process known as electrolysis. This can be clearly illustrated by what takes place in a battery. In the same way, chemical reactions do occur in molecules. these reactions are simply known as REDOX reactions (oxidation and reduction. Reduction involves removal of oxygen molecule or additional of hydrogen molecules, while reduction involves additional oxygen and removal of hydrogen molecules. In summary, chemistry analyzes situations where reduction and oxidation reactions are separated by time or in space by external electric circuits (Carl, H. Hamann, Andrew, Hamnett, and Wolf, Vielstich, 22).
Poem on reduction and oxidation
Electrochemistry the back bone of electrolysis,
Forms the basis of our car batteries,
Our dry cell and fuel cell fall the truck,
Oxidation and reduction is the foundation of our chemistry.
Half reactions are encompassed with simplicity,
Rendering comprehension to all,
Young scholars enjoy every bit,
Oxidation and reduction is the foundation of our chemistry.
The knowledge facilitates our daily activities,
Apparatus under the subject are comprehensible,
Tutors and instructors have an easy time in illustrations,
Oxidation and reduction is the foundation of our chemistry.
Tools under the line are variety,
Voltmeter to galvanometer,
Standard hydrogen electrode and standard reduction potentials terminologies follow the trend,
Oxidation and reduction is the foundation of our chemistry.
Awareness of the subject’s significance is crucial,
Corrosion protections by galvanizing,
Corrosion protection by painting, cathodic protection most efficient,
Oxidation and reduction is the foundation of our chemistry.
Gratitude goes to Faraday,
His knowledge has driven us to where we are,
Let us work hard and improve his ideologies,
Oxidation and reduction is the foundation of our chemistry.
Retrieved from: (Carl, H. Hamann, Andrew, Hamnett, and Wolf, Vielstich, 23)
Work cited
Carl, H. Hamann, Andrew, Hamnett, and Wolf, Vielstich. Electrochemistry Electrochemistry. Wiley-VCH, 2007.

What is ADHD

Prof’s Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) are the most common behavioral issues that children face (Furman 994). The exact origin of ADHD and ADD, and even their very existence, has been a matter of intense debate for some time now (Kirkpatrick 19), because many of the conditions are simply considered normal or slightly abnormal expressions of childhood behavior. The exact cause of ADHD is unknown as of yet, but the two main contenders for its cause are neurochemical imbalance (as in the case with other behavioral issues such as depression) and social conditioning factors such as family life and lived experience. While it is clear that brain chemistry plays some role, the latter explanation seems more compelling and fully developed.
Brain chemistry is one of the two main ways that one can theoretically approach ADHD and ADD. Using this theory, one would treat ADHD like a number of other neurological problems such as depression and anxiety, and treat it with drugs that affect the brain’s chemical balance in order to solve the underlying problem. The problem with this approach, however, is the fact that ADHD has never been conclusively linked to any particular brain imbalance, and no neurological test can be used to definitively identify its symptoms, unlike a large series of other neurological disorders (Furman 994). Thus, it seems that what we consider a disorder is actually a collection of symptoms that has not actually been associated with other neurological issues (Furman 998). The cause of ADHD thus does not appear to be a chemical imbalance in the brain.
The competing hypothesis is essentially that there has been a great deal of social and lived experience that contributes to the development of these disorders. There is a great deal of support for such an argument: primarily, it seems that treating the co-morbid issues of children facing ADHD (such as family issues, learning problems and so forth) has a direct impact on their experience of ADHD, a reason why a variety of treatments, including family counseling and educational assessments, are necessary in dealing with ADHD (Furman 999). This theory, thus, constructs ADHD as more of a volitional disorder (Garro and Yarris 603), which, like many behavior problems, has its roots in choices that children make along with the environment in which they develop. This cause-effect relationship is better supported by evidence than the brain-chemical model, which is directly disputed by the prevalence of co-morbid issues, and the fact that no neurological test can actually identify ADHD.
ADHD is a complex disorder, and it is unlikely that anyone will ever truly uncover exactly what its cause is. The two competing theories are a brain-chemical model and a social-behavioral model, each of which has its issues. The fact is, however, that the brain-chemical model has been directly refuted by a number of tests that would help identify its veracity, so we must conclude that ADHD is caused by more social and behavioral factors.
Works Cited
Furman, Lydia. What is Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorer (ADHD)? Journal of Child Neurology 20.12 (2005): 994-1002. Print.
Garro, Linda C., and Kristen E. Yarris. ‘A massive Long Way’: Interconnecting Histories, a ‘Special Child,’ ADHD, and Everyday Family Life. Cult Med Psychiatry 33 (2009): 559-607. Print.
Kirkpatrick, LaVonne. ADHD Treatment and Medication: What Do you Need to Know as an Educator? Delta Kappa Gamma Bulletin (2005): 19-26. Print.

Report The Elements A Very Short Introduction by Philip Ball

1250

They used to believe that these are the only four elements which are needed by the modern world scientists in creating the elements like hassium and meitnerium. Philip also writes in his book that, earlier he paid less attention and respect to the Periodic Table portrait. The Periodic Table is a famous and helpful term of all the chemical elements which are being used in chemistry. The author also mentions that the chemists only promote the notions related to the elements, and they also believes that chemistry starts with the portrait of Periodic Table only. They forget to bring up the full acknowledgement of these elements, where and how these elements have derived from. Author says that today, the molecular science needs only few and selective list of hundred or more elements, as contained in the Periodic Table today. By clearing his point, Philip quotes some famous examples either such as. a piano teacher would never start to teach the pupil by giving the details to play every note of the keyboard. He will only give the lessons by focusing on the few keys, to play some specific tune. Music is all about tunes, chords and harmonies, instead of every note. Philip relates this example with the chemistry and the Periodic Table, that chemistry is all about molecules and compounds not elements. Philip states that no chemist in the entire world, including me can ever resist the elements. Wecan just not consider elements, if they don’t comprise in chemistry.Philip refers to one chemist named Oliver Sack, who used to collect elements in his childhood, instead of coins or stamps, in comparison to other kids.Sack used to spend his pocket money on a lump of sodium. Philip refers to his own self saying that I would just smuggle the lumps of sulphur and bottles of mercury from my school, as compared to Sack. The author shares his feelings about the smell and preciousness of the elements, which forced him to write a book

Hi I am with these problems from General Chemistry 21 For propanoic acid (CH3CH2COOH Ka =

Question

Hi I am with these problems from General Chemistry 2

1. For propanoic acid (CH3CH2COOH, Ka =

1.3 x 10-5), determine the concentration of all species in solution (H3O+, OH-, CH3CH2COOH, and CH3CH2COO-), the pH, and the percentage of dissociation of a 0.100 M solution

3. Monochloroacetic acid (ClCH2COOH, Ka = 1.35 x 10-3) is a skin irritant that is used in chemical peels intended to remove the top layer of dead skin from the face and ultimately improve the complexion. Calculate the pH of a 0.10 M solution of monochloroacetic acid.

4. Determine the pH of an HNO2 (Ka = 4.5 x 10-4) solution of each concentration. In which cases can you not make the simplifying assumption that x is too small? a) 0.500 M b) 0.100 M c) 0.0100 M

Science

Hi I am with these problems from General Chemistry 21 For propanoic acid (CH3CH2COOH Ka =

Question

Hi I am with these problems from General Chemistry 2

1. For propanoic acid (CH3CH2COOH, Ka =

1.3 x 10-5), determine the concentration of all species in solution (H3O+, OH-, CH3CH2COOH, and CH3CH2COO-), the pH, and the percentage of dissociation of a 0.100 M solution

3. Monochloroacetic acid (ClCH2COOH, Ka = 1.35 x 10-3) is a skin irritant that is used in chemical peels intended to remove the top layer of dead skin from the face and ultimately improve the complexion. Calculate the pH of a 0.10 M solution of monochloroacetic acid.

4. Determine the pH of an HNO2 (Ka = 4.5 x 10-4) solution of each concentration. In which cases can you not make the simplifying assumption that x is too small? a) 0.500 M b) 0.100 M c) 0.0100 M

Science

1 …

Traditionally in chromatography the eluting solvent is an organic compound, such as hexane or

Question

1. Traditionally in chromatography the eluting solvent is an organic compound, such as hexane or

acetonitrile. Explain, in terms of green chemistry, why this experiment uses environmentally friendly compounds, such as table salt, water and isopropyl alcohol. Research an alternative solvent that is currently being used in chromatography to reduce costly wastes and describe the benefits of that solvent, as well as any complications that may be related to the use of the alternative solvent.

Science

1 …

Traditionally in chromatography the eluting solvent is an organic compound, such as hexane or

Question

1. Traditionally in chromatography the eluting solvent is an organic compound, such as hexane or

acetonitrile. Explain, in terms of green chemistry, why this experiment uses environmentally friendly compounds, such as table salt, water and isopropyl alcohol. Research an alternative solvent that is currently being used in chromatography to reduce costly wastes and describe the benefits of that solvent, as well as any complications that may be related to the use of the alternative solvent.

Science

This is a pre lab for general chemistry 2

Question

This is a pre lab for general chemistry 2.

NAME:
Pre-Lab Questions
quot;Titration of the Carbonate Buffer Systemquot;
1. Write the formulas and calculate the molar masses of the two compounds you will
be using in this experiment.
a) Sodium carbonate
b) Sodium bicarbonate
2. Write the reaction for each compound from #1 with water:
get
carbonate + Bicarbonate
a)
right
b )
Go
3. What volume of 0. 100 M HCI is required to titrate 0.100 g of sodium bicarbonate to
its equivalence point?
Titration of the Carbonate Buffer System
153
Science

This is a pre lab for general chemistry 2

Question

This is a pre lab for general chemistry 2.

NAME:
Pre-Lab Questions
quot;Titration of the Carbonate Buffer Systemquot;
1. Write the formulas and calculate the molar masses of the two compounds you will
be using in this experiment.
a) Sodium carbonate
b) Sodium bicarbonate
2. Write the reaction for each compound from #1 with water:
get
carbonate + Bicarbonate
a)
right
b )
Go
3. What volume of 0. 100 M HCI is required to titrate 0.100 g of sodium bicarbonate to
its equivalence point?
Titration of the Carbonate Buffer System
153
Science

In chemistryassigning oxidation numbers to elements

Question

In chemistry

assigning oxidation numbers to elements

Oxidation numbers are assigned to elements using these rules:
1. All elements in their free state (uncombined with other elements) have an oxidation number of
zero.
Examples: Na, Cu, Mg, H2 , O2 ,…
Science

In chemistryassigning oxidation numbers to elements

Question

In chemistry

assigning oxidation numbers to elements

Oxidation numbers are assigned to elements using these rules:
1. All elements in their free state (uncombined with other elements) have an oxidation number of
zero.
Examples: Na, Cu, Mg, H2 , O2 ,…
Science

# 1 Solve the system of elimination if he system is inconsistent or has dependent equations say so

;x -;

Question

# 1 solve the system of elimination. if he system is inconsistent or has dependent equations, say so

;
x –

4y = – 4

-4 – 3y= – 3

#2. Jill is 17.5 kilometers away from joe. both begin to walk toward each other at the same time. Kill walks at 2 kilometers per hour. they meet in 5 hours. how fast is Joe walking?

#3 In a chemistry class, 9 liters of a 4% silver oxide solution must be mixed with 10% solution to get a 6% solution. How many liters of the 10% solution are needed?

#4 divide

42×4-36×3+12×2

# 1 Solve the system of elimination if he system is inconsistent or has dependent equations say so

;x -;

Question

# 1 solve the system of elimination. if he system is inconsistent or has dependent equations, say so

;
x –

4y = – 4

-4 – 3y= – 3

#2. Jill is 17.5 kilometers away from joe. both begin to walk toward each other at the same time. Kill walks at 2 kilometers per hour. they meet in 5 hours. how fast is Joe walking?

#3 In a chemistry class, 9 liters of a 4% silver oxide solution must be mixed with 10% solution to get a 6% solution. How many liters of the 10% solution are needed?

#4 divide

42×4-36×3+12×2

Chemistry 1 Journal Article Report (JAR) I have a JAR that is due this Wednesday (32817)

Question

Chemistry 1 Journal Article Report (JAR).

I have a JAR that is due this Wednesday (3-28-17).

Attachment Images 3014, 3016, 3017, and 3018 cover the experiment as it was presented to us.

The Exp 10 Data attachment is the data I collected.

Attachment Jar basic 1-4 are the JAR instructions given in the lab book. As you can see in my notes, we were asked to add additional information, those being: *the Introduction to also include explanation of what elemental analysis is. *the Results to also include sample calculations. *the Discussion and Conclusion section to also include a comparison of the two trial, and if they are different then why?, as well as explanation on how you would know if you put enough aluminum in, and what will happen if all the copper didn’t precipitate?

The final attachment is the grading rubric.

The JAR must always be in third person.

EMPIRICAL FORMULA OF A HYDRATE
PURPOSE
Understanding how to determine the empirical formula of a hydrate compound. In addition to
grasping the concept of empirical formula determination, the…
Science

Chemistry 1 Journal Article Report (JAR) I have a JAR that is due this Wednesday (32817)

Question

Chemistry 1 Journal Article Report (JAR).

I have a JAR that is due this Wednesday (3-28-17).

Attachment Images 3014, 3016, 3017, and 3018 cover the experiment as it was presented to us.

The Exp 10 Data attachment is the data I collected.

Attachment Jar basic 1-4 are the JAR instructions given in the lab book. As you can see in my notes, we were asked to add additional information, those being: *the Introduction to also include explanation of what elemental analysis is. *the Results to also include sample calculations. *the Discussion and Conclusion section to also include a comparison of the two trial, and if they are different then why?, as well as explanation on how you would know if you put enough aluminum in, and what will happen if all the copper didn’t precipitate?

The final attachment is the grading rubric.

The JAR must always be in third person.

EMPIRICAL FORMULA OF A HYDRATE
PURPOSE
Understanding how to determine the empirical formula of a hydrate compound. In addition to
grasping the concept of empirical formula determination, the…
Science

A chemistry student weighs out 0 500 kg of an unknown solid compound X and adds it to 6 00 L of distilled water at

Question

A chemistry student weighs out 0.500 kg of an unknown solid compound X and adds it to 6.00 L of distilled water at

29.° C . After 10 minutes of stirring, only some of the X has dissolved. The student drains off the solution, then washes, dries and weighs the X that did not dissolve. It weighs 0.710 kg.

1) Using the information above, can you calculate the solubility of X?

2) If so, calculate it. Remember to use the correct significant digits and units

Science

A chemistry student weighs out 0 500 kg of an unknown solid compound X and adds it to 6 00 L of distilled water at

Question

A chemistry student weighs out 0.500 kg of an unknown solid compound X and adds it to 6.00 L of distilled water at

29.° C . After 10 minutes of stirring, only some of the X has dissolved. The student drains off the solution, then washes, dries and weighs the X that did not dissolve. It weighs 0.710 kg.

1) Using the information above, can you calculate the solubility of X?

2) If so, calculate it. Remember to use the correct significant digits and units

Science