As England’s support, especially in defense, to the American colonies dwindled, the settlers in Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut, Plymouth, and New Haven established the New England Confederation in 1643 (U.S. Department of State, 2010). It was the first attempt to unify the colonies in North America (U.S. Department of State, 2010).
There were many events that followed and later, a war erupted between the royal crown of England and the colonies in North America. During the battle of Yorktown, Virginia, the British Army surrendered to the American and French forces that led to the cessation of the war and secured the independence of American through the 1783 Treaty of Paris (U.S. Department of State, 2010). America was beset by a civil war between the north and the south on the issue of slavery during the mid-19th century (that left the largest toll of lives lost in American history) but the contending forces reunified again.
Manifest destiny is a concept that gained popularity in the 19th century expounding on the notion that the United States should expand its territory toward the west of the North American continent (“Manifest Destiny”, 2008). It was believed by some that the movement is motivated by God while others see it as an “altruistic right to expand the territory of liberty” (Lubragge, 2007, as cited in “Manifest Destiny”, 2008). It was initially used to describe a political agenda of occupation but later adopted in historical treatises (“Manifest Destiny”, 2008).