One of the essential questions concerning cultural differences is regarding how liberal democracies do and should respond to these differences in the cultural and religious practices of minorities. “Democratic societies are those in which the authority of those who govern is derived from the will of the people (typically determined by some form of the vote). These societies are liberal to the extent that they are organized to guarantee basic liberties (such as freedom of expression, and religious practice) as well as various protections (for example, against discrimination, coercion, and abuse) to all society members in pursuit of a good life.”
The differences among the liberal democracies in the modern world have been the primary cause for different experiences for the minority groups. The ‘culturalist’ ethos of ‘multiculturalism has been a relevant issue in the Politics of Migration and Ethnicity, though ‘culturalism’ cannot be regarded as equivalent to ‘culture’. One of the most essential consequences of the hiatus of the discussions on the changing configurations of the power relations of economic, political, and cultural elements has been the need for meaningful discussions about ‘cultural difference’ in relation to the politics of equality and justice.
Most often the concept of cultural difference is hijacked in the racialized discourse and practices, though the questions concerning the topic cannot be abandoned into oblivion due to the fact that it is at the heart of the issues of belonging, identity, and politics. Therefore, in the background of the prevalent practice of discarding politics of equality for the cause of cultural differences, one of the essential questions for the Politics of Migration and Ethnicity to consider is whether it is enviable for us now to abandon the politics of equality in favor of cultural differences. .