Lab 4Configuring Distributed File System (DFS)This lab contains the following exercises and activities: Exercise 4.1 Installing DFS Exercise 4.2 Configuring DFS Namespace Exercise 4.3 Configuring DFS Replication Lab Challenge Creating a Fault-Tolerant Shared Folder BEFORE YOU BEGINThe lab environment consists of student workstations connected to a local area network, along with a server that functions as the domain controller for a domain called contoso.com. The computers required for this lab are listed in Table 4-1.Table 4-1Computers Required for Lab 4 Computer Operating System Computer Name Server (VM 1) Windows Server 2012 R2 RWDC01 Server (VM 2) Windows Server 2012 R2 Server01 Server (VM 3) Windows Server 2012 R2 Server02 In addition to the computers, you also require the software listed in Table 4-2 to complete Lab 4. Table 4-2Software Required for Lab 4 Software Location Lab 4 student worksheet Lab04_worksheet.docx (provided by instructor) Working with Lab WorksheetsEach lab in this manual requires that you answer questions, take screen shots, and perform other activities that you will document in a worksheet named for the lab, such as Lab04_worksheet.docx. You will find these worksheets on the book companion site. It is recommended that you use a USB flash drive to store your worksheets so you can submit them to your instructor for review. As you perform the exercises in each lab, open the appropriate worksheet file using Word, fill in the required information, and save the file to your flash drive. After completing this lab, you will be able to:§ Install DFS§ Implement and configure DFS namespace§ Implement and configure DFS replication§ Use DFS for fault tolerant shared foldersEstimated lab time: 80 minutes Exercise 4.1 Installing DFS Overview In this exercise, you will install DFS (namespace and replication) on Server01 and Server02. In Exercise 4.2 and Exercise 4.3, you will configure DFS. Mindset Distributed File System improves on the use of the shared folders by enabling you to organize your shared folders and enabling you to distribute shares on multiple servers. Completion time 10 minutes 1.Log into Server01 as contoso\administrator with the password Pa$$w0rd. The Server Manager console opens.2.Click Manage < Add Roles and Features. The Add Roles and Feature Wizard opens.3.On the Before you begin page, click Next.4.Select Role-based or feature-based installation and then click Next.5.When you are prompted to select a server, click Next. 6.Scroll down and expand File and Storage Services and then expand File and iSCSI Services. Select File Server (if not already installed), DFS Namespaces, and DFS Replication. When you are prompted to add features to DFS Namespaces, click Add Features. Question 1 What does the File Server role do? 7.When you are back on the Select server roles page, click Next.8.On the Select features page, click Next.9.On the Confirm installation selections page, click Install.10. When the installation is complete, take a screen shot of the Add Roles and Features Wizard page by pressing Alt+Prt Scr and then paste it into your Lab04_worksheet file in the page provided by pressing Ctrl+V.11. Click Close.12. Repeat the process to install File Server, DFS Namespaces, and DFS replication on Server02. End of exercise. Exercise 4.2 Configuring DFS Namespace Overview In this exercise, you will create several shared folders and then link them together with DFS Namespace. Mindset You work for a corporation that has several file servers with multiple shared folders. You want to make it easier for users to access the shared folders. What can you do? Completion time 25 minutes 1.On Server01, open File Explorer and create folders named C:\Share1 and C:\Share2.2.Right-click Share1 and choose Properties. The Properties dialog box opens.3.Click the Sharing tab and then click Advanced Sharing.4.Select the Share this folder check box. 5.Click Permissions. Click Allow Full Control for Everyone. Click OK to close the Permissions dialog box. Question 2 Because we allow everyone full control, how do you make sure that the shared files are secure? 6.Click OK to close Advanced Sharing dialog box and click Close to close the Share1 Properties dialog box.7.On Server01, repeat the process to share Share2.8.On Server02, unlock the screen, if needed, then open File Explorer and create folders named C:\Share1 and C:\Share2.9.Similar to what was done on Server01, share the Share1 and Share2 on Server02.10. On Server01, with Server Manager, click Tools < DFS Management to open the DFS Management console.11. In the left-pane, right-click Namespaces and choose New Namespace. The New Namespace Wizard starts. 12. On the Namespace Server page, in the Server text box, type Server01 and then click Next.13. On the Namespace Name and Settings page, in the Name text box, type Shares.14. Click Edit Settings. The Edit Settings dialog box opens (see Figure 4-1).Figure 4-1Specifying Share permissions for a DFS namespace Question 3 What is the default location for the shares folder? 15. Click All users have read and write permissions. Click OK to close the Edit Settings dialog box. 16. On the Namespace Name and Settings page, click Next. Question 4 What is the name of the domain-based namespace? 17. On the Namespace Type page, with Domain-based namespace already selected and Enable Windows Server 2008 mode selected, click Next. Question 5 What is the advantage of Windows Server 2008 mode? 18. On the Review Settings and Create Namespace page, click Create.19. Take a screen shot of the New Namespace Wizard page by pressing Alt+Prt Scr and then paste it into your Lab04_worksheet file in the page provided by pressing Ctrl+V.20. When the name space is created, click Close.21. On the DFS Management console, in the left pane, expand the Namespaces node and then click \\contoso.com\Shares.22. Under Actions, click New Folder. The New Folder dialog box opens. 23. In the Name text box, type Server01 Share1.24. To specify the shared folder, click Add.25. In the Add Folder Target dialog box, in the Path to folder target text box, type \\Server01\Share1. Click OK to close the Add Folder Target dialog box.26. Click OK to close the New Folder dialog box.27. Click New Folder. Create a new folder named Server01 Share2 that points to \\Server01\Share2. Click OK and then click OK again.28. Click New Folder. Create a new folder named Server02 Share1 that points to \\Server02\Share1. Click OK and then click OK again.29. Click New Folder. Create a new folder named Server02 Share2 that points to \\Server02\Share2. Click OK and then click OK again. 30. On Server01, open File Explorer. In the Location text box, type \\contoso.com\shares and then press Enter.31. Take a screen shot of the Shares folder by pressing Alt+Prt Scr and then paste it into your Lab04_worksheet file in the page provided by pressing Ctrl+V.32. Close File Explorer.33. On the DFS Management console, right-click the \\Contoso.com\Shares namespace and choose Properties. The Properties dialog box opens.34. Click the Advanced tab.35. Select the Enable access-based enumeration for this namespace checkbox.36. Take a screen shot of the \\contoso.com\Shares Properties dialog box by pressing Alt+Prt Scr and then paste it into your Lab04_worksheet file in the page provided by pressing Ctrl+V. Question 6 What does the Enable access-based enumeration for this namespace option do? 37. Click OK to close the Properties dialog box.End of exercise. Leave the DFS Management console open for the next exercise. Exercise 4.3 Configuring DFS Replication Overview In this exercise, you will configure two folders, each on a different server. You will then configure DFS to replicate the content of one folder to the other server. Mindset You have a project folder that must be available in New York and Paris. Some of these files are large, so they take some time to open over a slow WAN link. You can use DFS Replication to create a replicate of the file share at both offices. Completion time 30 minutes 1.On Server01, create a folder named C:\Share3. Share the folder as Share3. Assign Allow Full Control Share permissions to Everyone.2.On Server02, unlock the screen, if needed, then create a folder named C:\Share3. Share the folder as Share3. Assign Allow Full Control Share permissions to Everyone.3.On Server01, in the DFS Management console, right-click Replication and choose New Replication Group.4.On the Replication Group Type page, click Next.5.On the Name and Domain page, in the Name of replication group text box, type Rep1 and then click Next.6.On the Replication Group Members page, click Add.7.In the Select Computers dialog box, in the Enter the object names to select text box, type Server01 and then click OK. If you are prompted to enter a network password, use contoso\administrator and a password of Pa$$w0rd.8.Click Add and then add Server02.9.Take a screen shot of the New Replication Group Wizard page by pressing Alt+Prt Scr and then paste it into your Lab04_worksheet file in the page provided by pressing Ctrl+V.10. Back on the Replication Group Members page, click Next.11. On the Topology Selection page, click Next. 12. On the Replication Group Schedule and Bandwidth page, click Next. Question 7 If you have limited available bandwidth between two sites, what can you do to make better use of the available bandwidth so that users are not hampered when accessing remote resources? 13. On the Primary Member page, select Server01 as the Primary member and then click Next.14. On the Folders to Replicate page, click Add.15. In the Add Folder to Replicate dialog box, in the Local path of folder to replicate text box, type C:\Share3 and then click OK.16. Back on the Folders to Replicate page (see Figure 4-2), click Next.Figure 4-2Adding folders to replicate17. On the Local Path of Share3 on Other Members page, with Server02 selected, click Edit.18. Click Enabled and in the Local path of folder text box, type C:\Share3. Click OK to close the Edit dialog box. Click Yes to continue.19. Back on the Local Path of Share3 on Other Members page, click Next.20. On the Review Settings and Create Replication Group page, click Create.21. When the replication group has been created, click Close.22. If a Replication Delay message is displayed, click OK.23. Expand the Replication node and then click the Repl node.24. Take a screen shot of the DFS Management console by pressing Alt+Prt Scr and then paste it into your Lab04_worksheet worksheet file in the page provided by pressing Ctrl+V. 25. On Server01, open the C:\Share3 folder with File Explorer.26. Right-click the opened folder and choose New < Text Document. Name the document Doc1.txt.27. Open the Doc1.txt file and type your name. Save and then close the document.28. On Server02, open the C:\Share3 folder and verify that the Doc1 text file has replicated to Server02. It may take a minute or two to replicate.29. Using the DFS Management console, on the Memberships tab, right-click the SERVER01 Share3 and choose Properties.30. In the SERVER01 (Share3) Properties dialog box, click the Staging tab. Question 8 What is the default quota for the staging path? 31. Change the quota to 8192 MB. 32. Click the Advanced tab. Question 9 What is the default quota for the Conflict and Deleted path? 33. Click OK to close the SERVER01 (Share3) Properties dialog box.34. Right-click the SERVER02 Share3 and choose Properties.35. Click the Staging tab.36. Change the Quota to 8192 MB.37. Click OK to close the SERVER02 (Share3) Properties dialog box.38. Take a screen shot of the DFS Management console by pressing Alt+Prt Scr and then paste it into your Lab04_worksheet worksheet file in the page provided by pressing Ctrl+V. End of exercise. Close any windows that are open on Server01 and Server02.Lab REview Questions Completion time 5 minutes 1.In Exercise 4.2, what technology was used to create a shared folder of shared folders?2.In Exercise 4.2, where is the configuration for domain-based namespaces stored?3.In Exercise 4.3, what technology is used to automatically copy files from one server to another?4.In Exercise 4.3, what topology is used to have files replicate from one member to all other DFS members? Lab Challenge Creating a Fault-Tolerant Shared Folder Overview To complete this challenge, you will create a high-level list that describes how to create a fault-tolerant shared folder. Mindset You have content that is contained in a folder that you want to make available, even if a file server becomes unavailable. What do you need to do in order to accomplish this? Completion time 10 minutes Write out the steps you performed to complete the challenge. End of lab. You can log off or start a different lab. If you want to restart this lab, you’ll need to click the End Lab button in order for the lab to be reset.