19 How are the big five personality factors (McRae and Costa, 1990, 1996) also known?
A. RIVER scale
B. BROOK scale
C. PONDS scale
D. OCEAN scale
3.20 In leadership trait theory what is a trait?
A. A list of the things that make leaders different to everyone else.
B. A list of the key things that a leader should do to be great.
C. The list of key behaviors a leader exhibits.
D. A list of key characteristics that makes a leader great.
3.21 Contingency theory is based on the assumption that the ideal leader:
A. Shapes their leadership style depending on the situation.
B. Provides clear instructions to the followers so that they know what they are doing.
C. Knows what their strengths are and makes the most out of them.
D. Spends time with their followers and therefore listens and responds to their needs.
3.22 A transactional leader is one who:
A. Inspires people and has strong interactions with them
B. Does deals with people in order to get them to do things the leader wants
C. Is the ideal form of leadership
D. Works for long-term goals of the organization
3.23 What is a transformational leader?
A. Someone who is involved in organizational change.
B. A leader, like Taylor, who provided new ways of carrying out management.
C. A leader who inspires the workers to new levels by offering them a vision of a better future.
D. A leader who tries to transform their staff by giving them rewards for what they do.
3.24 Which of these is not a key feature of a team?
A. Mutual independence
B. Mutual purpose
C. Shared responsibility
D. Working in the same department that is called a team
3.25 The Five-Stage Model of team formation go in what order?
A. Norming, storming, forming, performing, adjourning
B. Forming, storming, norming, performing, adjourning
C. Founding, storming, norming, performing, adjourning
D. Forming, staining, norming, performing, adjourning
3.26 Which of the following best describes the reason for bureaucratic rules and procedures in organizations?
A. People have a moral duty to abide by the rules set.
B. They are designed to ensure that everyone across the organizational hierarchy is acting in the same way.
C. They create jobs within an organization.
D. They allow all managers to have a manageable span of control.
3.27 Fill in the missing word in this definition of cuure: ‘the basic assumptions and _______which are shared by members of an organization’
3.28 Which of these is a core underlying discipline that informs organizational behavior?
3.29 Which personality measuring instrument uses four scales and is derived from the work of Jung?
A. Cattell’s 16PF traits
B. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
C. Big five personality factors
D. Keirsey’s temperament sorter
3.30 According to Mehrabian (1971), what percentage of meaning is communicated through actual words?
3.31 Who, in this list, has power in the organization?
A. Only executives
B. Only management level
C. Only workers
D. Executives, management, and workers